Genomes and Genes
Summary: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. The gums and tanning agents obtained from Acacia are called GUM ARABIC. The common name of catechu is more often used for Areca catechu (ARECA).
Publications207 found, 100 shown here
- Physiological and morphological responses to water stress in two Acacia species from contrasting habitatsD O Otieno
Department of Plant Ecology, University of Bayreuth, P O Box 95440, Bayreuth, Germany
Tree Physiol 25:361-71. 2005Container-grown seedlings of Acacia tortilis Forsk. Hayne and A. xanthophloea Benth. were watered either every other day (well watered) or every 7 days (water-stressed) for 1 year in a greenhouse...
- Flavonoids from Acacia pennata and their cyclooxygenase (COX-1 and COX-2) inhibitory activitiesAlain B Dongmo
Faculte de Pharmacie, Laboratoire de Pharmacognosie, Unite de Molecules d Interet Biologique, UMIB, UPRES EA 3660, Universite de Bourgogne, Dijon, France
Planta Med 73:1202-7. 2007..4), and isovitexin (5) were isolated from the leaves of Acacia pennata Willd. (Mimosaceae) and tested for their anti-inflammatory activity...
- Free radical scavenging activity from leaves of Acacia nilotica (L.) Wild. ex Delile, an Indian medicinal treeT Kalaivani
School of Bio Sciences and Technology, VIT University, Vellore 632 014 TN, India
Food Chem Toxicol 48:298-305. 2010The present study compares the two extraction methods and evaluates the free radical scavenging activity of Acacia nilotica...
- Antioxidant activity of extracts from Acacia confusa bark and heartwoodS T Chang
Department of Forestry, National Taiwan University, Taipei 106, Taiwan
J Agric Food Chem 49:3420-4. 2001The antioxidant activity of extracts from bark and heartwood of Acacia confusa was evaluated by various antioxidant assays, including free radical and superoxide radical scavenging assays and lipid peroxidation assay as well as hydroxyl ..
- Preparation of microencapsulated liposomes, II. Systems containing nylon-gelatin and nylon-gelatin-acacia walling materialJ R Nixon
Chelsea Department of Pharmacy, King s College London
J Microencapsul 6:43-52. 1989Liposome suspension was encapsulated and isolated in nylon-gelatin and nylon-gelatin-acacia walled microcapsules. The resulting liposomal microcapsules could be stored in the dry state as a free-flowing powder...
- Identification of lignin genes and regulatory sequences involved in secondary cell wall formation in Acacia auriculiformis and Acacia mangium via de novo transcriptome sequencingMelissa M L Wong
School of Environmental and Natural Resource Sciences, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, UKM Bangi 43600, Selangor, Malaysia
BMC Genomics 12:342. 2011b>Acacia auriculiformis × Acacia mangium hybrids are commercially important trees for the timber and pulp industry in Southeast Asia. Increasing pulp yield while reducing pulping costs are major objectives of tree breeding programs...
- Antioxidant activities of natural phenolic compounds from Acacia confusa barkYu Tang Tung
School of Forestry and Resource Conservation, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan
Bioresour Technol 98:1120-3. 2007The present study showed that the ethanolic extracts from the bark of Acacia confusa exhibited a strong antioxidant activity...
- Antigenotoxic activities of crude extracts from Acacia salicina leavesHédi B Mansour
Unité de Pharmacognosie Biologie Moléculaire degrees 99 UR 07 03degrees Faculté de Pharmacie de Monastir Rue Avicenne, 5000 Monastir, Tunisie
Environ Mol Mutagen 48:58-66. 2007..In the present study, we investigated the effects of extracts of Acacia salicina leaves on the genotoxicity of benzo[a]pyrene (B(a)P) and nifuroxazide in the SOS Chromotest...
- Antioxidant and anti-quorum sensing activities of green pod of Acacia nilotica LBrahma N Singh
Nutraceutical Chemistry, National Botanical Research Institute, Lucknow, India
Food Chem Toxicol 47:778-86. 2009The antioxidant and anti-quorum sensing activities of eight extracts were studied in green pods of Acacia nilotica...
- Online RP-HPLC-DPPH screening method for detection of radical-scavenging phytochemicals from flowers of Acacia confusaJyh Horng Wu
Department of Forestry, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung 402, Taiwan
J Agric Food Chem 56:328-32. 2008b>Acacia confusa is traditionally used as a medicinal plant in Taiwan. In this study, phytochemicals and antioxidant activities of extracts from flowers of A. confusa were investigated for the first time...
- Isolation and structures of avicins D and G: in vitro tumor-inhibitory saponins derived from Acacia victoriaeGamini S Jayatilake
Hauser, Inc, 6880 N Broadway, Suite H, Denver, CO 80221, USA
J Nat Prod 66:779-83. 2003Two new saponins named avicins D (1) and G (2) were isolated from the seed pods of the desert legume plant Acacia victoriae...
- Effects of Acacia condensed tannins on urinary parameters, body mass, and diet choice of an Acacia specialist rodent, Thallomys nigricaudaColleen T Downs
School of Botany and Zoology, University of Natal, Private Bag X01, Scottsville, Pietermaritzburg, 3209, South Africa
J Chem Ecol 29:845-58. 2003....
- Isolation, characterization, and emulsifying properties of wattle seed (Acacia victoriae Bentham) extractsS Agboola
School of Wine and Food Sciences, Charles Sturt University, Private Bag 588, Wagga Wagga 2678, Australia
J Agric Food Chem 55:5858-63. 2007..25-1% NaCl), and retorting (115 degrees C for 30 min). The study showed that water-soluble wattle extracts have great potential as emulsifiers and stabilizers for the food industry, especially at low pH levels...
- Biosorption of nickel from aqueous solutions by Acacia leucocephala bark: Kinetics and equilibrium studiesM Venkata Subbaiah
Biopolymers and Thermophysical Laboratories, Department of Chemistry, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati 517 502, A P, India
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces 74:260-5. 2009The biosorption of nickel(II) ions from aqueous solution by Acacia leucocephala bark was studied in a batch adsorption system as a function of pH, initial metal ion concentration, adsorbent dosage, contact time and temperature...
- Variation in antioxidant activity of extracts of Acacia confusa of different agesYu Tang Tung
School of Forestry and Resource Conservation, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan
Nat Prod Commun 5:73-6. 2010The antioxidant activity of extracts of Acacia confusa of different ages has been evaluated...
- Genetic characterization of root-nodule bacteria associated with Acacia salicina and A. stenophylla (Mimosaceae) across south-eastern AustraliaMohammad S Hoque
CSIRO Plant Industry, PO Box 1600, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 61:299-309. 2011..For example, nutrient-poor Australian soils are often dominated by shrubby legumes (e.g. species of Acacia)...
- In vitro bioactivity-guided fractionation and characterization of polyphenolic inhibitory fractions from Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd. ex DelKamaljit Kaur
Department of Botanical and Environmental Sciences, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar 143005, India
J Ethnopharmacol 99:353-60. 2005The present study was undertaken to evaluate antimutagenic and cytotoxic effects of different extracts/fractions of Acacia nilotica prepared by maceration method...
- Acacia honey and chrysin reduce proliferation of melanoma cells through alterations in cell cycle progressionElena Pichichero
Department of Biology, Honey Research Center, University of Rome Tor Vergata via della Ricerca Scientifica 1, I 00133 Rome, Italy
Int J Oncol 37:973-81. 2010..Chrysin (5,7-dihydroxyflavone) is a natural flavone commonly found in acacia honey. It has previously been shown to be an anti-tumor agent...
- Phenolic antioxidants from the heartwood of Acacia confusaJyh-Horng Wu
School of Forestry and Resource Conservation, National Taiwan University, Taipei 106, Taiwan
J Agric Food Chem 53:5917-21. 2005In the present study, the ethanolic extracts from the heartwood of Acacia confusa, a species indigenous to Taiwan, exhibit strong antioxidant effects...
- Comparison of antifungal and antioxidant activities of Acacia mangium and A. auriculiformis heartwood extractsRie Mihara
Faculty of Bioresources, Department of Environment Science and Engineering, Mie University, 1515 Kamihama, Tsu 514-8507, Japan
J Chem Ecol 31:789-804. 2005The effect of heartwood extracts from Acacia mangium (heartrot-susceptible) and A. auriculiformis (heartrot-resistant) was examined on the growth of wood rotting fungi with in vitro assays. A...
- Antioxidant activities and xanthine oxidase inhibitory effects of phenolic phytochemicals from Acacia confusa twigs and branchesChing Yu Hsieh
School of Forestry and Resource Conservation, National Taiwan University, Taipei 106, Taiwan
J Agric Food Chem 58:1578-83. 2010..bioactivities and active phytochemicals of the extracts of twigs and branches from the indigenous Taiwanese tree Acacia confusa Merr. The bioassay-guided fractionation yielded 8 potent antioxidative phytochemicals...
- Isolation and characterization of flower-specific transcripts in Acacia mangiumXing Jun Wang
Temasek Life Sciences Laboratory, 1 Research Link, The National University of Singapore, 117604, Republic of Singapore
Tree Physiol 25:167-78. 2005b>Acacia mangium Willd. is a legume tree species native to subtropical and tropical regions of Asia and Australia. Many features of its flower development are common to other legume tree species...
- Osmoadaptative responses in the rhizobia nodulating Acacia isolated from south-eastern Moroccan SaharaMohammed Essendoubi
Departement Osmorégulation chez les Bactéries, UMR CNRS 6026, IFR 140, Universite de Rennes 1, Campus de Beaulieu, Av du Général Leclerc, 35042 Rennes, France
Environ Microbiol 9:603-11. 2007Four strains of rhizobia nodulating Acacia were isolated from the Moroccan desert soil by trapping with seedlings of Acacia gummifera and Acacia raddiana, and were studied for their ability to tolerate high salinity and dryness conditions...
- Proapoptotic triterpene electrophiles (avicins) form channels in membranes: cholesterol dependenceXiao Xian Li
Department of Biology, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, USA
Biophys J 88:2577-84. 2005Avicins, a family of triterpenoid saponins from Acacia victoriae, can regulate the innate stress response in human cells. Their ability to induce apoptosis in transformed cells makes them potential anticancer agents...
- Parallel diversification of Australian gall-thrips on AcaciaM J McLeish
South African National Biodiversity Institute, Kirstenbosch Research Centre, Private Bag X7, Claremont, Cape Town, South Africa
Mol Phylogenet Evol 43:714-25. 2007The diversification of gall-inducing Australian Kladothrips (Insecta: Thysanoptera) on Acacia has produced a pair of sister-clades, each of which includes a suite of lineages that utilize virtually the same set of 15 closely related host ..
- Postsecretory hydrolysis of nectar sucrose and specialization in ant/plant mutualismM Heil
Department of Bioorganic Chemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology, Hans Knoll Strasse 8, D 07745 Jena, Germany
Science 308:560-3. 2005Obligate Acacia ant plants house mutualistic ants as a defense mechanism and provide them with extrafloral nectar (EFN). Ant/plant mutualisms are widespread, but little is known about the biochemical basis of their species specificity...
- Minimum recruitment frequency in plants with episodic recruitmentKerstin Wiegand
Institute of Ecology, University of Jena, Dornburger Strasse 159, 07743, Germany
Oecologia 141:363-72. 2004There is concern about the lack of recruitment of Acacia trees in the Negev desert of Israel. We have developed three models to estimate the frequency of recruitment necessary for long-term population survival (i.e...
- Ensifer mexicanus sp. nov. a new species nodulating Acacia angustissima (Mill.) Kuntze in MexicoLourdes Lloret
Centro de Ciencias Genomicas, UNAM, Apdo Postal 565 A, CP 62251, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico
Syst Appl Microbiol 30:280-90. 2007A new lineage of Ensifer nodulating the American legume Acacia angustissima in the tropical forest of Chiapas and Morelos, Mexico is described. Bacteria were identified as Ensifer with ssb or nolR specific primers...
- Host-driven diversification of gall-inducing Acacia thrips and the aridification of AustraliaMichael J McLeish
South African National Biodiversity Institute, Kirstenbosch Research Centre, Private Bag X7, Claremont, Cape Town, 7735, Republic of South Africa
BMC Biol 5:3. 2007....
- Phylogenetic analysis of partial bacterial 16S rDNA sequences of tropical grass pasture soil under Acacia tortilis subsp. raddiana in SenegalMoudjahidou Demba Diallo
Laboratorium voor Microbiologie WE10, Universiteit Gent, K L Ledeganckstraat 35, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
Syst Appl Microbiol 27:238-52. 2004We used direct recovery of bacterial 16S rRNA gene sequences to investigate the bacterial diversity under Acacia tortilis subsp. raddiana, a legume tree naturally growing in the dry land part of Senegal (West Africa)...
- A novel symbiotic nitrogen-fixing member of the Ochrobactrum clade isolated from root nodules of Acacia mangiumAmy Ngom
Laboratory of Plant and Microbe Interaction, Department of Chemistry and Bioscience, Faculty of Science, Kagoshima University, Kagoshima 890-0065, Japan
J Gen Appl Microbiol 50:17-27. 2004Ten strains of root nodule bacteria were isolated from the nodules of Acacia mangium grown in the Philippines and Thailand. Partial sequences (approx. 300 bp) of the 16S rRNA gene of each isolate were analyzed...
- Larvicidal activity of Acacia nilotica extracts and isolation of D-pinitol--a bioactive carbohydrateRohini Chaubal
T. R. Ingle Research Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, Sir Parshurambhau College, 411 030 Pune, Maharashtra, India
Chem Biodivers 2:684-8. 2005..than glucose, fructose, sucrose, or myo-inositol showing lipophilic nature was isolated from the EtOH extract of Acacia nilotica. The structure of the compound was determined by spectral methods...
- Antibacterial activity of ethanolic and aqueous extracts of Acacia aroma Gill. ex Hook et ArnM E Arias
Life Sci 75:191-202. 2004..The A. aroma extracts of leaves and flowers may be useful as antibacterial agents against Gram- negative and Gram-positive antibiotic multi-resistant microorganisms...
- Evolutionary change from induced to constitutive expression of an indirect plant resistanceMartin Heil
Department of Bioorganic Chemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology, Hans Knoll Strasse 8, Beutenberg Campus, D 07745 Jena, Germany
Nature 430:205-8. 2004..Here we report that extrafloral nectar, a usually inducible trait, is constitutively secreted by Central American Acacia species that are obligately inhabited by ants...
- Positive and negative effects of grass, cattle, and wild herbivores on Acacia saplings in an East African savannaCorinna Riginos
Department of Plant Sciences, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
Oecologia 153:985-95. 2007..experiment designed to quantify the positive, negative, and net effects of grasses, wild herbivores, and cattle on Acacia saplings in a Kenyan savanna...
- Hydraulic lift in Acacia tortilis trees on an East African savannaF Ludwig
Sub department of Nature Conservation, Wageningen University, Bornsesteeg 69, 6708 PD Wageningen, The Netherlands
Oecologia 134:293-300. 2003..HL in large Acacia tortilis trees was studied during the first 3 months of the dry season during a relatively wet year (1998) and a ..
- Huizache (Acacia farnesiana) whole pods (flesh and seeds) as an alternative feed for sheep in MexicoL R García-Winder
Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia, Universidad Autonoma del Estado de Mexico, Instituto Literario 100, Col Centro, 50000 Toluca, Mexico
Trop Anim Health Prod 41:1615-21. 2009Two experiments were undertaken to evaluate the use of pods from Huizache (Acacia farnesiana), common in the arid and semiarid regions of Mexico, on the perfromance and apparent digestibility in Pelibuey Mexican hair growing ewe lambs...
- A correlative study on antimutagenic and chemopreventive activity of Acacia auriculiformis A. Cunn. and Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd. Ex DelKamaljit Kaur
Department of Botanical Sciences, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar 143 005, India
Drug Chem Toxicol 25:39-64. 2002..b>Acacia auriculiformis and Acacia nilotica...
- Anthelmintic activity of Ziziphus nummularia (bark) and Acacia nilotica (fruit) against Trichostrongylid nematodes of sheepHafiz Allah Bachaya
Chemotherapy Laboratory, Department of Parasitology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad 38040, Pakistan
J Ethnopharmacol 123:325-9. 2009Ziziphus nummularia (Rhamnaceae) and Acacia nilotica (Fabaceae) are being used as anthelmintics in ethnoveterinary medicinal system of Pakistan.
- Avicins, a family of triterpenoid saponins from Acacia victoriae (Bentham), inhibit activation of nuclear factor-kappaB by inhibiting both its nuclear localization and ability to bind DNAV Haridas
Department of Molecular Therapeutics, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 98:11557-62. 2001..reported the extraction of avicins, a family of triterpenoid saponins obtained from the Australian desert tree Acacia victoriae (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae) that inhibit tumor cell growth and induce apoptosis, in part, by perturbing ..
- Avicins, a family of triterpenoid saponins from Acacia victoriae (Bentham), suppress H-ras mutations and aneuploidy in a murine skin carcinogenesis modelM Hanausek
Center for Cancer Causation and Prevention, American Medical Center Cancer Research Center, Denver, CO 80214, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 98:11551-6. 2001We tested the ability of avicins, a family of triterpenoid saponins obtained from Acacia victoriae (Bentham) (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae), to inhibit chemically induced mouse skin carcinogenesis...
- Potential chemoprevention of N-nitrosodiethylamine-induced hepatocarcinogenesis by polyphenolics from Acacia nilotica barkBrahma N Singh
Department of Mycology and Plant Pathology, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India
Chem Biol Interact 181:20-8. 2009Chemopreventive potential of Acacia nilotica bark extract (ANBE) against single intraperitoneal injection of N-nitrosodiethylamine (NDEA, 200mg/kg) followed by weekly subcutaneous injections of carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4), 3 ml/kg) for 6 ..
- Divergent investment strategies of Acacia myrmecophytes and the coexistence of mutualists and exploitersMartin Heil
Departamento de Ingeniería Genética, Centro de Investigacion y de Estudios Avanzados del Instituto Politecnico Nacional, Libramiento Norte, CP 36821 Irapuato, Guanajuato, Mexico
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:18091-6. 2009..physiological, ecological, and phylogenetic approaches to study the evolution and coexistence of strategies in the Acacia-Pseudomyrmex system. Host plant species represented 2 different strategies...
- Triterpenoid saponins from Acacia victoriae (Bentham) decrease tumor cell proliferation and induce apoptosisK Mujoo
Department of Molecular Therapeutics, The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
Cancer Res 61:5486-90. 2001..saponins [Fraction 35 (F035)] and two pure biologically active derivatives (termed avicins D and G) from Acacia victoriae, an Australian desert tree of the Leguminosae family...
- Small-subunit rRNA genotyping of rhizobia nodulating Australian Acacia sppB Lafay
Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, CSIRO Plant Industry, Canberra ACT 2601, Australia
Appl Environ Microbiol 67:396-402. 2001The structure of rhizobial communities nodulating Acacia in southeastern Australia from south Queensland to Tasmania was investigated by a molecular approach...
- Inhibition of iron induced lipid peroxidation and antioxidant activity of Indian spices and Acacia in vitroAmit Singh Yadav
School of Biochemistry, Devi Ahilya University, Indore, India
Plant Foods Hum Nutr 65:18-24. 2010..such as Star anise (Illicium verum), Bay leaves (Cinnamomum zeylanicum) and Cobra's saffron (Mesua ferrea), and Acacia (Acacia catechu), which have medicinal value, were used as test samples, to find their effect on in vitro lipid ..
- Termites, vertebrate herbivores, and the fruiting success of Acacia drepanolobiumAlison K Brody
Biology Department, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont 05465, USA
Ecology 91:399-407. 2010..of high soil fertility), vertebrate herbivores, and symbiotic ants, on the fruiting success of a dominant plant, Acacia drepanolobium, in East African savannas...
- MALDI-TOF MS analysis of condensed tannins with potent antioxidant activity from the leaf, stem bark and root bark of Acacia confusaShu Dong Wei
Key Laboratory of the Ministry of Education for Coastal and Wetland Ecosystems, School of Life Sciences, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China
Molecules 15:4369-81. 2010The structures of the condensed tannins from leaf, stem bark and root bark of Acacia confusa were characterized by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) analysis, and their antioxidant ..
- Pathogenesis-related proteins protect extrafloral nectar from microbial infestationMarcia González-Teuber
Department of General Botany Plant Ecology, University of Duisburg Essen, Universitatsstrasse 5, 45117 Essen, Germany
Plant J 58:464-73. 2009..We investigated the proteins and anti-microbial activity in the EFN of two Central American Acacia myrmecophytes (A. cornigera and A. hindsii) and two related non-myrmecophytes (A...
- Phenotypic and genotypic characteristics of Acacia senegal (L.) Willd. root-nodulating bacteria isolated from soils in the dryland part of SenegalD Fall
Département de Biologie Végétale, Universite Cheikh Anta Diop, Laboratoire Commun de Microbiologie, IRD ISRA UCAD, Dakar, Senegal
Lett Appl Microbiol 47:85-97. 2008We characterized phenotypically and genotypically root-nodulating bacteria associated with Acacia senegal (L.) Willd. isolated from the soils surrounding A. senegal trees in the dry land area of Senegal.
- Mortality, recruitment and change of desert tree populations in a hyper-arid environmentGidske L Andersen
Department of Biology, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
PLoS ONE 2:e208. 2007..recruitment and change in populations of the ecologically and culturally important and drought persistent Acacia tortilis and Balanites aegyptiaca are therefore estimated in the Eastern Desert of Egypt, and are related to the ..
- Polymerase chain reaction denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis analysis of the N2-fixing bacterial diversity in soil under Acacia tortilis ssp. raddiana and Balanites aegyptiaca in the dryland part of SenegalMoudjahidou Demba Diallo
Laboratorium voor Microbiologie WE10V, Universiteit Gent, K L Ledeganckstraat 35, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
Environ Microbiol 6:400-15. 2004..DGGE) of amplified nifH gene fragments was used to study the diazotrophic community of soil samples under Acacia tortilis ssp...
- Sinorhizobium americanus sp. nov., a new Sinorhizobium species nodulating native Acacia spp. in MexicoIvonne Toledo
, , Cuernavaca, Morelos,
Syst Appl Microbiol 26:54-64. 2003The sinorhizobia isolated from root nodules of Acacia species native of Mexico constitute a diverse group of bacteria on the basis of their metabolic enzyme electromorphs but share restriction patterns of the PCR products of 16S rRNA ..
- Antimicrobial activity of saponins from Acacia auriculiformisP Mandal
Centre for Biotechnology, Visva-Bharati University, Santiniketan-731235, West Bengal, India
Fitoterapia 76:462-5. 2005Acaciaside A and B, two acylated bisglycoside saponins originally isolated from the funicles of Acacia auriculiformis, are known to have antihelminthic activity. Their antifungal and antibacterial activities were investigated...
- A medicinal extract of Scutellaria baicalensis and Acacia catechu acts as a dual inhibitor of cyclooxygenase and 5-lipoxygenase to reduce inflammationB P Burnett
Primus Pharmaceuticals, Inc, Scottsdale, AZ 85251, USA
J Med Food 10:442-51. 2007..extract containing two naturally occurring flavonoids, baicalin from Scutellaria baicalensis and catechin from Acacia catechu, was tested for cyclooxygenase (COX) and 5-lipoxygenase (5-LOX) inhibition via enzyme, cellular, and in ..
- Interspecific and temporal variation of ant species within Acacia drepanolobium ant domatia, a staple food of patas monkeys (Erythrocebus patas) in Laikipia, KenyaLynne A Isbell
Department of Anthropology, University of California Davis, Davis, CA 95616, USA
Am J Primatol 69:1387-98. 2007The ants that live in the swollen thorns (domatia) of Acacia drepanolobium are staple foods for patas monkeys (Erythrocebus patas)...
- Two new Fusicoccum species from Acacia and Eucalyptus in Venezuela, based on morphology and DNA sequence dataSari Mohali
Department of Microbiology and Plant Pathology, Forestry and Agricultural Biotechnology Institute FABI, Faculty of Natural and Agricultural Sciences, University of Pretoria, 74 Lunnon Road, Hillcrest, Pretoria 0002, South Africa
Mycol Res 110:405-13. 2006..are common endophytes of woody plants, and they also include some serious pathogens of Eucalyptus and Acacia species...
- Conflict resolution in an ant-plant interaction: Acacia constricta traits reduce ant costs to reproductionE Fleur Nicklen
Institute of Arctic Biology, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK 99775 7000, USA
Oecologia 148:81-7. 2006..However, ants can interfere with plant reproduction when they visit flowers. This study tests whether Acacia constricta separates visiting ant species temporally or spatially from newly opened inflorescences and pollinators...
- Anticancer and antimutagenic properties of Acacia nilotica (Linn.) on 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene-induced skin papillomagenesis in Swiss albino micePunar Dutt Meena
Radiation and Cancer Biology Laboratory, Department of Zoology, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur-302 004, India
Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 7:627-32. 2006We report the chemopreventive activity of Acacia nilotica (Linn.) gum, flower and leaf aqueous extracts, on 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA) induced skin papillomagenesis in male Swiss albino mice...
- Putting ant-acacia mutualisms to the fireRoland Cochard
Science 319:1759-61; author reply 1759-61. 2008
- Breakdown of an ant-plant mutualism follows the loss of large herbivores from an African savannaTodd M Palmer
Department of Zoology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
Science 319:192-5. 2008..We investigated the effects of removing large mammals on an ant-Acacia mutualism in an African savanna...
- Browsing lawns? Responses of Acacia nigrescens to ungulate browsing in an African savannaD A Fornara
Mammal Research Institute, University of Pretoria
Ecology 88:200-9. 2007We measured browsing-induced responses of Acacia trees to investigate "browsing lawns" as an analogy to grazing lawns in a semiarid eutrophic African savanna...
- Look before leaping: foraging selectivity of capuchin monkeys on acacia trees in Costa RicaHilary Young
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Calgary, T2N IN4 Calgary, AB, Canada
Oecologia 155:85-92. 2008b>Acacia trees in Costa Rica have an obligate mutualism with three species of Pseudomyrmex ants, which vigorously defend their host tree from insect and mammalian herbivores...
- In vitro antiviral activity of plant extracts on goatpox virus replicationV Bhanuprakash
Division of Virology, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Mukteswar 263 138, India
Indian J Exp Biol 46:120-7. 2008..Of the 4 plants, extract of Acacia arabica (Babul) and Eugenia jambolana (Jamun) leaves had inhibition (%) 99.70 and 99...
- Mutualism as reciprocal exploitation: African plant-ants defend foliar but not reproductive structuresTodd M Palmer
Center for Population Biology, University of California, Davis, California 95616, USA
Ecology 88:3004-11. 2007..We studied ant aggression, damage by herbivores and seed predators, and fruit production among Acacia drepanolobium trees occupied by four different acacia-ant species in an East African savanna...
- Ecology. The importance of being eatenMitch Leslie
Science 319:146-7. 2008
- Litter-forager termite mounds enhance the ectomycorrhizal symbiosis between Acacia holosericea A. Cunn. Ex G. Don and Scleroderma dictyosporum isolatesRobin Duponnois
Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement, Laboratoire des Symbioses Tropicales et Méditerranéennes, Montpellier, France
FEMS Microbiol Ecol 56:292-303. 2006..We tested the effect of this feeding group mound material on (i) the ectomycorrhization symbiosis between Acacia holosericea (an Australian Acacia introduced in the sahelian areas) and two ectomycorrhizal fungal isolates of ..
- Use of community genome arrays (CGAs) to assess the effects of Acacia angustissima on rumen ecologyDenis O Krause
CSIRO Livestock Industries, St Lucia, Australia
Microbiology 150:2899-909. 2004This research developed a community genome array (CGA) to assess the effects of Acacia angustissima on rumen microbiology. A...
- Activity of some Mexican medicinal plant extracts on carrageenan-induced rat paw edemaM Meckes
Unidad de Investigación Médica en Farmacología de Productos Naturales, Centro Medico Nacional Siglo XXI, IMSS, Av Cuauhtemoc 330, Col Doctores, Mexico DF, Mexico
Phytomedicine 11:446-51. 2004..Moderate inhibition of edema formation was also demonstrated with the methanol extracts of Astianthus viminalis, Brickellia paniculata, C. tepejilote and Justicia spicigera...
- Symbiotic and taxonomic diversity of rhizobia isolated from Acacia tortilis subsp. raddiana in AfricaSalif Ba
Laboratoire des Symbioses Tropicales et Méditerranéennes, IRD INRA CIRAD ENSAM, Baillarguet, Montpellier, France
Syst Appl Microbiol 25:130-45. 2002A collection of rhizobia isolated from Acacia tortilis subsp. raddiana from various sites in the North and South of Sahara was analyzed for their diversity at both taxonomic and symbiotic levels...
- Interesting biological activities from plants traditionally used by Native AustraliansMarcello Pennacchio
Institute for Plant Conservation, Chicago Botanic Garden, 1000 Lake Cook Drive, Glencoe, IL 60022, USA
J Ethnopharmacol 96:597-601. 2005..Methanol extracts of Eremophila maculata, Acacia auriculoformis and Acacia bivenosa exhibited antibiotic effects, while Eremophila alternifolia yielded an extract ..
- 4th International Symbiosis Society Congress. Fixers in the skyElizabeth Pennisi
Science 301:1467. 2003
- Antimicrobial and buffer capacity of crude extracts of chewing sticks (Miswaki) from KenyaA M Kemoli
Department of Cariology Endodontology Pedodontology, Academic Centre for Dentistry Amsterdam ACTA, Louwesweg 1, 1066 EA Amsterdam, The Netherlands
ASDC J Dent Child 68:183-8, 152. 2001..Three of the Miswaki had significant acid buffer capacity. None of the eight Miswaki showed any significant fluoride release...
- Induced changes in biochemical parameters of the molluscan tissues non-infected using two potent plants molluscicidesSanaa A Aly
Department of Medicinal Chemistry, National Research Centre, Dokki, Giza, Egypt
J Egypt Soc Parasitol 34:527-42. 2004Effect of Capparis spinosa (C. spinosa) and Acacia arabica (A. arabica) dry powder as plant molluscicide on some glycolytic and gluconeogenic enzymes on snail tissues, was investigated...
- Sporocarps of Pisolithus albus as an ecological niche for fluorescent pseudomonads involved in Acacia mangium Wild - Pisolithus albus ectomycorrhizal symbiosisRobin Duponnois
UMR 113 CIRAD INRA IRD AGRO M UM2, Laboratoire des Symbioses Tropicales et Méditerranéennes, Campus International de Baillarguet, Montpellier, France
Can J Microbiol 50:691-6. 2004Fresh sporocarps and root and soil samples were collected under a monospecific forest plantation of Acacia mangium in Dagana in Northern Senegal and checked for the presence of fluorescent pseudomonads...
- Isolation and X-ray study of an anti-inflammatory active androstene steroid from Acacia niloticaRohini Chaubal
Planta Med 69:287-8. 20033beta-Acetoxy-17beta-hydroxy-androst-5-ene was isolated from aerial parts of Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd (Mimosaceae). The structure of this compound was established by spectral analysis and single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis...
- Arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis changes the colonization pattern of Acacia tortilis spp. Raddiana rhizosphere by two strains of rhizobiaS Andre
Unité de Recherche IBIS Interactions Biologiques dans les sols des systèmes anthropisés tropicaux, IRD, BP 1386, Dakar, Senegal
Microb Ecol 45:137-44. 2003..The fungal symbiosis could modify the development of bacterial inoculants along the root systems. This effect is of particular interest in the controlled inoculation of selected rhizobia...
- Effects of biotic and abiotic constraints on the symbiosis between rhizobia and the tropical leguminous trees Acacia and ProsopisLeena A Räsänen
Department of Applied Chemistry and Microbiology, PO Box 56, Biocenter 1, FIN 00014 University of Helsinki, Finland
Indian J Exp Biol 41:1142-59. 2003N2-fixing, drought tolerant and multipurpose Acacia and Prosopis species are appropriate trees for reforestation of degraded areas in arid and semiarid regions of the tropics and subtropics...
- In vitro larval migration and kinetics of exsheathment of Haemonchus contortus larvae exposed to four tropical tanniniferous plant extractsM A Alonso-Díaz
Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia, Universidad Autonoma de Yucatan, Km 15 5 carretera Mérida Xmatkuil, Merida, Yucatan, Mexico
Vet Parasitol 153:313-9. 2008..The anthelmintic effect of four TTP (Acacia pennatula, Lysiloma latisiliquum, Piscidia piscipula, Leucaena leucocephala) on Haemonchus contortus was measured ..
- Properties of resorcinol-tannin-formaldehyde copolymer resins prepared from the bark extracts of Taiwan acacia and China firWen Jau Lee
Department of Forestry, National Chung Hsing University, 250, Kuo Kuang Road, Taichung 402, Taiwan
Bioresour Technol 97:257-64. 2006Resorcinol-tannin-formaldehyde copolymer resins (RTF) were prepared by using the bark extracts of Taiwan acacia (Acacia confusa) and China fir (Cunninghamia lanceolata) to substitute part of the resorcinol...
- Solid sampling technique for direct detection of condensed tannins in bark by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometryYasuyuki Ishida
Research Division of Energy Science, EcoTopia Research Institute, Nagoya University, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-8603, Japan
Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom 19:706-10. 2005....
- The exotic legume tree species Acacia holosericea alters microbial soil functionalities and the structure of the arbuscular mycorrhizal communityP Remigi
IRD, UMR 113 CIRAD INRA IRD SUP AGRO UM2, Laboratoire des Symbioses Tropicales et Méditerranéennes, TA10 J, Campus International de Baillarguet, Montpellier, France
Appl Environ Microbiol 74:1485-93. 2008..as well as its resistance to stress or disturbances caused by the introduction of an exotic tree species, Acacia holosericea, ectomycorrhized or not with Pisolithus albus, was examined...
- Genetic diversity of Acacia tortilis ssp. raddiana rhizobia in Tunisia assessed by 16S and 16S-23S rDNA genes analysisS Ben Romdhane
Institut National de Recherches en Génie Rural, Eaux et Forêts, BP 2, 2080 Ariana, Tunis, Tunisia
J Appl Microbiol 100:436-45. 2006In order to understand the genetic diversity of Acacia tortilis ssp. raddiana-rhizobia in Tunisia, isolates from nine geographical locations were obtained and analysed.
- Ectomycorrhizal symbiosis enhanced the efficiency of inoculation with two Bradyrhizobium strains and Acacia holosericea growthS Andre
UMR 113 CIRAD INRA IRD AGRO M UM2, Laboratoire des Symbioses Tropicales et Méditerranéennes, TA10 J, Campus International de Baillarguet, 34398 Montpellier, France
Mycorrhiza 15:357-64. 2005..From a practical point of view, the role of ectomycorrhizal symbiosis is of great importance to N2 fixation and, consequently, these kinds of symbiosis must be associated in any controlled inoculation...
- Growth rate and survivorship of drought: CO2 effects on the presumed tradeoff in seedlings of five woody legumesH Wayne Polley
Grassland, Soil and Water Research Laboratory, U S Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, 808 E Blackland Road, Temple, TX 76502, USA
Tree Physiol 22:383-91. 2002..To the extent that seedling persistence in grasslands correlates with drought survivorship, our results indicate a positive effect of CO2 enrichment on recruitment of woody legumes that are currently tolerant of drought...
- Influence of leaf angle on photosynthesis and the xanthophyll cycle in the tropical tree species Acacia crassicarpaLi xia Liu
School of Life Sciences, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China
Tree Physiol 23:1255-61. 2003We examined the effects of artificially altering leaf angle of the tropical tree species Acacia crassicarpa (A. Cunn. ex Benth...
- Genomic DNA methylation of juvenile and mature Acacia mangium micropropagated in vitro with reference to leaf morphology as a phase change markerFranc-Christophe Baurens
CIRAD-AMIS, Programme BIOTROP, TA 40/03, Avenue Agropolis, 34398, Montpellier 5, France
Tree Physiol 24:401-7. 2004Genomic DNA methylation was analyzed in Acacia mangium Willd. microshoots micropropagated in vitro from juvenile and mature explants, and in relation to leaf morphology of the microshoots, which is considered a phase change indicator...
- Acclimation of whole-plant Acacia farnesiana transpiration to carbon dioxide concentrationW A Dugas
Blackland Research and Extension Center, Texas Agricultural Experiment Station, 720 E. Blackland Road, Temple, TX 76502, USA
Tree Physiol 21:771-3. 2001Transpiration per unit leaf area of Acacia farnesiana (L.) Willd. plants grown at a CO2 concentration ([CO2]) of 385 micromol x mol(-1) was about twice that of plants grown at 980 micromol x mol(-1)...
- Genetic diversity of rhizobia associated with Acacia longifolia in two stages of invasion of coastal sand dunesSusana Rodríguez-Echeverría
Center for Functional Ecology, Department of Botany, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal
Appl Environ Microbiol 73:5066-70. 2007We examined the genetic diversity of root nodule bacteria associated with the Australian legume Acacia longifolia in two stages of invasion of a coastal sand dune system. All isolates belonged to the genus Bradyrhizobium...
- [Litterfalls of major forest stands at Baiyunshan scenic spot of Guangzhou]Shucai Zeng
College of Forestry, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, China
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 14:154-6. 2003..g., Pinus massoniana plantation, secondary evergreen broadleaved forest, Acacia mangium plantation and Schima superba-Acacia mangium plantation at the scenic Baiyunshan of Guangzhou were studied...
- Stable annual pattern of water use by Acacia tortilis in Sahelian AfricaFrederic C Do
Agronomy Section IRD, Faculty of Agriculture, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, 40002 Thailand
Tree Physiol 28:95-104. 2008Water use by mature trees of Acacia tortilis (Forsk.) Hayne ssp. raddiana (Savi) Brenan var. raddiana growing in the northern Sahel was continuously recorded over 4 years...
- Effect of polyethylene glycol 4000 supplementation on the performance of indigenous Pedi goats fed different levels of Acacia nilotica leaf meal and ad libitum Buffalo grass hayM R Motubatse
Dept of animal production, University of Limpopo, P Bag X1106, Sovenga 0727, South Africa
Trop Anim Health Prod 40:229-38. 2008..levels ofAcacia) Factorial arrangement in a Completely Randomised Design to determine the effect of the level of Acacia nilotica leaf meal supplementation plus 23 g polyethylene glycol 4000 on diet intake and digestibility, and growth ..
- [Regeneration of Acacia glauca and Leucaena leucacephala plantations in Yuanmou dry and hot valley]Jiangming Ma
Research Institute of Resource Insects, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Kunming 650224, China
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 17:1365-9. 2006..dispersal pattern, seed density, and the numbers of seedlings and saplings was conducted at the sampling sites of Acacia glauca and Leucaena leucacephala plantations...
- Rhizobial populations in soils from natural Acacia senegal and Acacia nilotica forests in Mauritania and the Senegal river valleyAmadou Sarr
Dept. Forestier du CIRAD, UPR 80 ETP, Laboratoire Commun de Microbiologie (IRD/UCAD/ISRA, IRD Bel Air, BP 1386, Dakar, Senegal
Microb Ecol 50:152-62. 2005..These soil samples were collected from natural stands of Acacia nilotica and Acacia senegal...
- Role of exudation of organic acids and phosphate in aluminum tolerance of four tropical woody speciesNguyen Tran Nguyen
Graduate School of Biosphere Sciences, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima 739-8528, Japan
Tree Physiol 23:1041-50. 2003Responses of Melaleuca leucadendra (L.) L., Melaleuca cajuputi Powell, Acacia auriculiformis A. Cunn. ex Benth. and Eucalyptus camaldulensis Dehnh. to aluminum (Al) toxicity at low pH are poorly understood...
- [Characterization of rhizobia causing nodules on leguminous trees native to Uruguay using the rep-PCR technique]A Rodriguez
Departamento de Biología Vegetal Microbiología, Facultad de Agronomia, Av Garzón 780, Montevideo, Uruguay
Rev Argent Microbiol 35:193-7. 2003..Besides, it demonstrated that the profiles of the isolates recovered from nodules of Acacia caven, were identical to the ones used as inoculants; this confirmed the efficiency of these methods to follow ..
- Ecology. Sucrose-free sips suit acacia antsElizabeth Pennisi
Science 308:481-2. 2005
- Assessing nitrogen fixation in mixed- and single-species plantations of Eucalyptus globulus and Acacia mearnsiiDavid I Forrester
Cooperative Research Centre for Greenhouse Accounting, G P O Box 475, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia
Tree Physiol 27:1319-28. 2007Mixtures of Eucalyptus globulus Labill. and Acacia mearnsii de Wildeman are twice as productive as E...
- Antimutagenic, antigenotoxic and antioxidant activities of Acacia salicina extracts (ASE) and modulation of cell gene expression by H2O2 and ASE treatmentInes Bouhlel
Unité de Pharmacognosie Biologie Moléculaire 99 UR 07 03, Faculté de Pharmacie de Monastir, Rue Avicenne 5000 Monastir, Tunisia
Toxicol In Vitro 22:1264-72. 2008The total oligomers flavonoids (TOF), chloroform, petroleum ether and aqueous extracts from Acacia salicina, were investigated for the antioxidative, cytotoxic, antimutagenic and antigenotoxic activities...
- The antimicrobial effects of seven different types of Asian chewing sticksK Almas
Division of Peridontics, King Saud University-College of Dentistry, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Odontostomatol Trop 24:17-20. 2001..It was found that at there was antimicrobial effect on Streptococcus fecalis at 50% concentration of Kikar (Acacia arabica) from Pakistan and Arak (Salvadora persica) from Saudi Arabia...
- Reproductive performance, blood testosterone, lipid peroxidation and seminal plasma biochemistry of rabbits as affected by feeding Acacia saligna under subtropical conditionsMokhtar I Yousef
Department of Environmental Studies, Institute of Graduate Studies and Research, Alexandria University, 163 Horreya Avenue, PO Box 832, Alexandria 21526, Egypt
Food Chem Toxicol 43:333-9. 2005Thirty-two New Zealand White growing rabbits (eight-week old) were used to determine the effect of feeding acacia-based diets on semen characteristics, plasma testosterone, free radicals, seminal plasma enzymes and lipids...
- Flavocoxid: A Medical Food Therapy for OsteoarthritisSarah Morgan; Fiscal Year: 2004..Flavocoxid is a botanical extract or medical food ingredient derived from two plants, Scutellaria baicalensis and Acacia catechu that inhibit COX-I and COX-2 as well as 5-LO...
- The role of LKB1 in the maintenance of genomic stability.Zhi Xiang Xu; Fiscal Year: 2010..Thus, the findings from these studies will be widely applicable. ..