xanthosoma

Summary

Summary: A plant genus of the family ARACEAE. The common names of 'Coco Yam' (Cocoyam) or 'Elephant's Ear' may be confused with COLOCASIA and other ARACEAE or with common yam (DIOSCOREA). It contains LECTINS.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Ethnobotany and natural products: the search for new molecules, new treatments of old diseases or a better understanding of indigenous cultures?
    Michael Heinrich
    Centre for Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy, The School of Pharmacy, Univ London, 29 39 Brunswick Square, London, WC1N 1AX, UK
    Curr Top Med Chem 3:141-54. 2003
  2. ncbi In vitro availability of some essential minerals in commonly eaten processed and unprocessed Caribbean tuber crops
    Lowell L Dilworth
    Biochemistry Section, Department of Basic Medical Sciences, University of the West Indies, Mona, Kingston, 7, Jamaica
    Biometals 20:37-42. 2007
  3. ncbi Arsenic, cadmium, and mercury in cocoyam (Xanthosoma sagititolium) and watercocoyam (Colocasia esculenta) in Tarkwa a mining community
    D K Essumang
    Environmental Research Group, Department of Chemistry, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana
    Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 79:377-9. 2007
  4. ncbi Production and characterization of Xanthosoma sagittifolium and Colocasia esculenta flours
    E E Perez
    Instituto de Ciencia y Tecnología de Alimentos, Facultad de Ciencias, University Central de Venezuela
    J Food Sci 72:S367-72. 2007
  5. doi A Kunitz proteinase inhibitor from corms of Xanthosoma blandum with bactericidal activity
    Thaís B Lima
    Centro de Análises Proteômicas e Bioquímicas, Programa de Pós Graduação em Ciências Genômicas e Biotecnologia, Universidade Católica de Brasília, Brasília, Brazil
    J Nat Prod 74:969-75. 2011
  6. doi Nanocasting technique to prepare lotus-leaf-like superhydrophobic electroactive polyimide as advanced anticorrosive coatings
    Kung Chin Chang
    Department of Chemistry and Center for Nanotechnology, Chung Yuan Christian University CYCU, Chung Li, Taiwan 32023, Republic of China
    ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 5:1460-7. 2013
  7. ncbi Lectin structure-activity: the story is never over
    Irwin J Goldstein
    Department of Biological Chemistry, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 0606, USA
    J Agric Food Chem 50:6583-5. 2002
  8. ncbi In vitro antimalarial activity of extracts of some plants from a biological reserve in Costa Rica
    Misael Chinchilla
    Laboratorio de Investigación Universidad de Ciencias Medicas Dr Andrds Vesalio Guzmin UCIMED, San JosC, Costa Rica, Amdrica Central
    Rev Biol Trop 60:881-91. 2012
  9. ncbi Screening of antifungal agents using ethanol precipitation and bioautography of medicinal and food plants
    Gracilene Schmourlo
    Nucleo de Pesquisas de Produtos Naturais, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro UFRJ, Centro de Ciencias da Saude CCS, Bloco H, Cidade Universitaria, Ilha do Fundao, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 21941 590, Brazil
    J Ethnopharmacol 96:563-8. 2005
  10. doi Genetic analyses of Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. dieffenbachiae strains reveal distinct phylogenetic groups
    R S Donahoo
    University of Florida, FL, USA
    Phytopathology 103:237-44. 2013

Scientific Experts

  • Andreas Graber
  • Sandra Fernandes Arruda
  • Laura C Okpala
  • Antonio Fernando Morais de Oliveira
  • Misael Chinchilla
  • Monica Hofte
  • David Kofi Essumang
  • E E Perez
  • Eduardo A Favret
  • Michael Heinrich
  • P R Shewry
  • O S Lawal
  • Maaike Perneel
  • Kung Chin Chang
  • R S Donahoo
  • Elisa de Almeida Jackix
  • Anne E Sama
  • Gisele Lopes de Oliveira
  • Thaís B Lima
  • Guillermo Reyes
  • E U Eyong
  • Lowell L Dilworth
  • Amayana Adiobo
  • M Perneel
  • J Carreras-Carbonell
  • P S Bahado-Singh
  • Thaddée Boudjeko
  • Josep Carreras-Carbonell
  • Gracilene Schmourlo
  • S K Offei
  • D Dan Ramdath
  • Jimaima Lako
  • Patrizia Picerno
  • Alexander Laurentin
  • Irwin J Goldstein
  • Emerielle Cristine Vanzela
  • Helena Fonseca Raposo
  • Sheng Chieh Hsu
  • Min Hsiang Hsu
  • G H Lacy
  • Chi Hao Chang
  • Yen Wei
  • Hsin I Lu
  • Elisa Bernardes Monteiro
  • Jui Ming Yeh
  • J B Jones
  • Mei Chun Lai
  • D J Norman
  • Yuan Kai Tsai
  • Wei I Hung
  • Chih Wei Peng
  • V K Stromberg
  • Jaime Amaya-Farfan
  • Mohamed A Shahba
  • Laise de Holanda Cavalcanti Andrade
  • Harrison G Hughes
  • Mohamed S Abbas
  • Ludovico Migliolo
  • Osmar N Silva
  • Octavio L Franco
  • André C Amaral
  • Ilka M Vasconcelos
  • Jose T A Oliveira
  • Eduardo G Gonçalves
  • Carlos R Souza-Filho
  • Jon N E Ramsell
  • Anders Kvarnheden
  • Marie Nyman
  • Korneel Rabaey
  • Liesbet D'hondt
  • Katrien De Maeyer
  • T I Ogu
  • M U Eteng
  • A Adiobo
  • J Heyrman
  • Helen N Asemota
  • E E Edet
  • K De Maeyer
  • P de Vos
  • A O Igiri
  • Felix O Omoruyi
  • J M Raaijmakers
  • I B Umoh
  • Francisco Saborío
  • Denis Omokolo Ndoumou
  • André Lévesque
  • Maïté Vicré
  • E Macpherson
  • A O Wheatley
  • M H Ahmad

Detail Information

Publications35

  1. ncbi Ethnobotany and natural products: the search for new molecules, new treatments of old diseases or a better understanding of indigenous cultures?
    Michael Heinrich
    Centre for Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy, The School of Pharmacy, Univ London, 29 39 Brunswick Square, London, WC1N 1AX, UK
    Curr Top Med Chem 3:141-54. 2003
    ..Other species investigated include Begonia heracleifolia, Crossopetalum gaumerii, Epaltes mexicana, Pluchea symphytifolia and Xanthosoma robustum.
  2. ncbi In vitro availability of some essential minerals in commonly eaten processed and unprocessed Caribbean tuber crops
    Lowell L Dilworth
    Biochemistry Section, Department of Basic Medical Sciences, University of the West Indies, Mona, Kingston, 7, Jamaica
    Biometals 20:37-42. 2007
    ..and Mg and the extent of their availability were assessed in four commonly eaten Caribbean tuber crops [dasheen (Xanthosoma spp...
  3. ncbi Arsenic, cadmium, and mercury in cocoyam (Xanthosoma sagititolium) and watercocoyam (Colocasia esculenta) in Tarkwa a mining community
    D K Essumang
    Environmental Research Group, Department of Chemistry, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana
    Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 79:377-9. 2007
    Cocoyam (Xanthosoma sagititolium) and Watercocoyam (Colocasia esculenta) have gained increased importance in the diets of majority of people in developing countries such as Ghana...
  4. ncbi Production and characterization of Xanthosoma sagittifolium and Colocasia esculenta flours
    E E Perez
    Instituto de Ciencia y Tecnología de Alimentos, Facultad de Ciencias, University Central de Venezuela
    J Food Sci 72:S367-72. 2007
    ..rate of flours produced by conventional dehydration techniques of the edible portions of the aroids Xanthosoma sagittifolium and Colocasia esculenta were investigated...
  5. doi A Kunitz proteinase inhibitor from corms of Xanthosoma blandum with bactericidal activity
    Thaís B Lima
    Centro de Análises Proteômicas e Bioquímicas, Programa de Pós Graduação em Ciências Genômicas e Biotecnologia, Universidade Católica de Brasília, Brasília, Brazil
    J Nat Prod 74:969-75. 2011
    ..In this report, an initial screening of proteins with antibacterial activity from corms of 15 species of the Xanthosoma genus was conducted...
  6. doi Nanocasting technique to prepare lotus-leaf-like superhydrophobic electroactive polyimide as advanced anticorrosive coatings
    Kung Chin Chang
    Department of Chemistry and Center for Nanotechnology, Chung Yuan Christian University CYCU, Chung Li, Taiwan 32023, Republic of China
    ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 5:1460-7. 2013
    ..was used to obtain a biomimetic superhydrophobic electroactive polyimide (SEPI) surface structure from a natural Xanthosoma sagittifolium leaf. An electroactive polyimide (EPI) was first synthesized through thermal imidization...
  7. ncbi Lectin structure-activity: the story is never over
    Irwin J Goldstein
    Department of Biological Chemistry, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 0606, USA
    J Agric Food Chem 50:6583-5. 2002
    ..An unusual lectin with two distinctly different carbohydrate-binding sites is present in tubers of Xanthosoma sagittifolium (L). One species of sites recognizes clusters of oligomannosyl residues...
  8. ncbi In vitro antimalarial activity of extracts of some plants from a biological reserve in Costa Rica
    Misael Chinchilla
    Laboratorio de Investigación Universidad de Ciencias Medicas Dr Andrds Vesalio Guzmin UCIMED, San JosC, Costa Rica, Amdrica Central
    Rev Biol Trop 60:881-91. 2012
    ..tridentata (Acanthaceae); Xanthosoma undipes (Araceae); Iriartea deltoidea (Arecaceae); Neurolaena lobata (Asteraceae); Senna papillosa, Pterocarpus ..
  9. ncbi Screening of antifungal agents using ethanol precipitation and bioautography of medicinal and food plants
    Gracilene Schmourlo
    Nucleo de Pesquisas de Produtos Naturais, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro UFRJ, Centro de Ciencias da Saude CCS, Bloco H, Cidade Universitaria, Ilha do Fundao, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 21941 590, Brazil
    J Ethnopharmacol 96:563-8. 2005
    ..The most susceptible yeast was Trichophyton rubrum and the best antifungal activity was shown by Xanthosoma sagittifolium supernatant...
  10. doi Genetic analyses of Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. dieffenbachiae strains reveal distinct phylogenetic groups
    R S Donahoo
    University of Florida, FL, USA
    Phytopathology 103:237-44. 2013
    ..Other phylogenetic subclusters consisting primarily of strains isolated from xanthosoma and philodendron in clusters III and IV, respectively, may yet represent other undescribed species or pathovars ..
  11. pmc An efficient in vitro propagation protocol of cocoyam [Xanthosoma sagittifolium (L) Schott]
    Anne E Sama
    Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture, Fort Collins, CO 80523 1173, USA
    ScientificWorldJournal 2012:346595. 2012
    ..Shoots produced with BAP were larger and more normal in appearance than those produced with TDZ, which were small, compressed, and stunted. The use of stationary liquid media is recommended for economic reasons...
  12. doi Taioba (Xanthosoma sagittifolium) Leaves: Nutrient Composition and Physiological Effects on Healthy Rats
    Elisa de Almeida Jackix
    Dept of Food and Nutrition, School of Food Engineering, Univ of Campinas Unicamp, R Monteiro Lobato, 80, PO Box 6121, Campinas, SP 13083 862, Brazil
    J Food Sci 78:H1929-34. 2013
    ..Taioba (Xanthosoma sagittifolium) is an edible aroid widely grown in many parts of Africa, America, and Asia...
  13. doi Optimization of composite flour biscuits by mixture response surface methodology
    Laura C Okpala
    Department of Food Science and Technology, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Nigeria
    Food Sci Technol Int 19:343-50. 2013
    ..Optimization suggested biscuits containing 75.30% sorghum, 0% pigeon pea and 24.70% cocoyam flours as the best proportion of these components. This sample received good scores for the sensory attributes...
  14. doi Xanthosoma sagittifolium and Laportea aestuans: species used to prevent osteoporosis in Brazilian traditional medicine
    Gisele Lopes de Oliveira
    Department of Botany, Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife, PE, Brazil
    Pharm Biol 50:930-2. 2012
    b>Xanthosoma sagittifolium Schott. (Araceae) and Laportea aestuans (L.) Chew (Urticaceae) are two medicinal species used as food and to prevent and treat bone diseases, such as osteoporosis, in traditional Brazilian medicine.
  15. ncbi Atherogenic potentials of some Nigerian meals
    E U Eyong
    Department of Biochemistry, College of Medical Sciences, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria
    Niger J Physiol Sci 22:15-8. 2007
    The atherogenic potentials of peeled grated cocoyam (Xanthosoma maffafa scot) "ekpang nkukwo", pounded yam (Discorea spp) with plain soup "afia efere", and plantain porridge (Musa paradisiaca) "iwuk ukom" meals were investigated...
  16. doi Sequence characterization of Dasheen mosaic virus isolates from cocoyam in Nicaragua
    Guillermo Reyes
    Department of Plant Biology and Forest Genetics, Uppsala Biocenter SLU, Uppsala, Sweden
    Arch Virol 154:159-62. 2009
    Dasheen mosaic virus (DsMV) is an important constraint to production of cocoyam (Xanthosoma spp.) in Nicaragua...
  17. doi Elimination of phenols, ammonia and cyanide in wash water from biomass gasification, and nitrogen recycling using planted trickling filters
    Andreas Graber
    Institute of Natural Resource Sciences, Zurich University of Applied Sciences, Gruental, Waedenswil 8820, Switzerland
    Water Sci Technol 60:3253-9. 2009
    ..However, the questions of long-term performance and possible accumulation of phenols and heavy metals in the produce still have to be studied...
  18. doi Fluorescent pseudomonads as biocontrol agents for sustainable agricultural systems
    Monica Hofte
    Laboratory of Phytopathology, Department of Crop Protection, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University, Coupure Links 653, Gent, Belgium
    Res Microbiol 161:464-71. 2010
    ..In both case studies, access to reference strains from public and private collections was essential for identification, phylogenetic studies and metabolite characterization...
  19. ncbi Genetic structure of seventy cocoyam (Xanthosoma sagittifolium, Linn, Schott) accessions in Ghana based on RAPD
    S K Offei
    Molecular Biology Laboratory, Department of Crop Science, University of Ghana, Legon, Ghana
    Hereditas 140:123-8. 2004
    ..The 70 accessions did not cluster into their distinct geographical regions suggesting that there may have been movement of germplasm across the two regions...
  20. ncbi Carotenoids from malanga (Xanthosoma sagittifolium) leaves protect cells against oxidative stress in rats
    S F Arruda
    Instituto de Ciencias Biologicas, Departamento de Biologia Celular, Laboratorio de Biofisica, Campus Universitário Darci Ribeiro, Universidade de Brasilia, Asa Norte, Distrito Federal, Brazil
    Int J Vitam Nutr Res 75:161-8. 2005
    ..The results indicate that at physiological levels, beta-car, malanga carotenoids extract, and malanga leaf powder have antioxidant effects in rats...
  21. ncbi Phenolic constituents and antioxidant properties of Xanthosoma violaceum leaves
    Patrizia Picerno
    Dipartimento di Scienze Farmaceutiche and Scuola di Specializzazione in Scienza e Tecnologia Cosmetiche, University of Salerno, Invariante 11 C, 84084 Fisciano, Salerno, Italy
    J Agric Food Chem 51:6423-8. 2003
    An extract of Xanthosoma violaceum leaves was subjected to a polyphenol profile determination, including total polyphenols, and antioxidant activity evaluation...
  22. ncbi Preparation of indigestible pyrodextrins from different starch sources
    Alexander Laurentin
    Instituto de Biologia Experimental, Universidad Central de Venezuela, P O Box 47069, Caracas 1041 A, Venezuela
    J Agric Food Chem 51:5510-5. 2003
    ..Experiments with lentil and cassava starches showed that changing dextrinization conditions also affects the susceptibility to enzymatic hydrolysis of the product...
  23. ncbi Tuber storage proteins
    Peter R Shewry
    Long Ashton Research Station, Department of Agricultural Sciences, University of Bristol, Long Ashton, Bristol BS41 9AF, UK
    Ann Bot 91:755-69. 2003
    ..and taro (Colocasia, Cyrtosperma and Xanthosoma spp.)...
  24. doi Phenazines and biosurfactants interact in the biological control of soil-borne diseases caused by Pythium spp
    Maaike Perneel
    Department of Crop Protection, Laboratory of Phytopathology, Ghent University, Coupure Links 653, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    Environ Microbiol 10:778-88. 2008
    ..in the biological control of Pythium splendens on bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L) and Pythium myriotylum on cocoyam (Xanthosoma sagittifolium L Schott)...
  25. ncbi The glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) of five commonly consumed foods of the South Pacific
    Jimaima Lako
    Asia Pacific Health and Nutrition Centre, Monash Asia Institute, Monash University, Clayton 3800, Victoria, Australia
    Pac Health Dialog 11:47-54. 2004
    ..The foods tested were plantain (Musa AAB), tannia (Xanthosoma sagittifolium), roti or chappati, homemade pancake and Lees cabin crackers...
  26. ncbi Rapid radiation and cryptic speciation in mediterranean triplefin blennies (Pisces: Tripterygiidae) combining multiple genes
    Josep Carreras-Carbonell
    Centre d Estudis Avançats de Blanes CSIC, Carrer d accés a la cala Sant Francesc 14, Blanes, 17300 Girona, Spain
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 37:751-61. 2005
    ..m. melanurus and T. m. minor) are endemic of the Mediterranean, and T. delaisi (T. d. delaisi and T. d. xanthosoma) is found in both areas...
  27. ncbi Loss of pectin is an early event during infection of cocoyam roots by Pythium myriotylum
    Thaddée Boudjeko
    UMR CNRS 6037, IFRMP 23 Centre Commun de Microscopie Electronique, Universite de Rouen, 76821 Mont Saint Aignan, France
    Planta 223:271-82. 2006
    Cocoyam (Xanthosoma sagittifolium) is an important tuber crop in most tropical zones of Africa and America. In Cameroon, its cultivation is hampered by a soil-borne fungus Pythium myriotylum which is responsible for root rot disease...
  28. ncbi Studies on the hydrothermal modifications of new cocoyam (Xanthosoma sagittifolium) starch
    Olayide S Lawal
    Department of Chemical Sciences, Olabisi Onabanjo University, P M B 2002, Ago Iwoye, Ogun State, Nigeria
    Int J Biol Macromol 37:268-77. 2005
    ..The regelatinization peak also became larger and shifted to higher temperature range when the storage days increased from 2 to 7...
  29. ncbi Intraspecific variability of Pythium myriotylum isolated from cocoyam and other host crops
    Maaike Perneel
    Laboratory of Phytopathology, Ghent University, Coupure Links 653, 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    Mycol Res 110:583-93. 2006
    Intraspecific variability within 51 isolates of Pythium myriotylum from cocoyam (Xanthosoma sagittifolium) and other host crops was analysed using optimum growth temperature, esterase banding patterns, AFLPs, rDNA-ITS sequencing, and ..
  30. ncbi Quantitative study of Xanthosoma violaceum leaf surfaces using RIMAPS and variogram techniques
    Eduardo A Favret
    Instituto de Suelos, Centro de Investigaciones de Recursos Naturales CIRN, Instituto de Tecnología Agropecuaria INTA, De Las Cabañas y Los Reseros S N, B1712WAA, Castelar, Buenos Aires, Argentina
    Microsc Res Tech 69:684-8. 2006
    ..b>Xanthosoma violaceum was analyzed to illustrate the characteristics of both techniques...
  31. ncbi Food processing methods influence the glycaemic indices of some commonly eaten West Indian carbohydrate-rich foods
    P S Bahado-Singh
    Biotechnology Centre, University of the West Indies, Mona Campus, Kingston 7, Jamaica
    Br J Nutr 96:476-81. 2006
    ..and sweet yams (Dioscorea alata), sweet potato (Solanum tuberosum), Irish potato (Ipomoea batatas), coco yam (Xanthosoma spp...
  32. ncbi Malanga (Xanthosoma sagittifolium) and purslane (Portulaca oleracea) leaves reduce oxidative stress in vitamin A-deficient rats
    Sandra F Arruda
    Instituto de Ciencias Biologicas, Departamento de Biologia Celular, Laboratorio de Biofisica, Campus Universitário Darci Ribeiro, Universidade de Brasilia, Asa Norte, DF, Brazil
    Ann Nutr Metab 48:288-95. 2004
    ..This study examined the ability of tropical vegetables to reduce oxidative stress induced by vitamin A deficiency...
  33. ncbi Glycaemic index of selected staples commonly eaten in the Caribbean and the effects of boiling v. crushing
    D Dan Ramdath
    Department of Preclinical Sciences, Faculty of Medical Sciences, The University of the West Indies, St Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago
    Br J Nutr 91:971-7. 2004
    ..antiquorum; 61 (sem 10)), Irish potato (Solanum tuberosum; 71 (sem 8)), tannia (Xanthosoma sagittifolium; 60 (sem 5)) and white yam (Dioscorea alata; 62 (sem 6)), and, in study 3, crushing did not ..
  34. ncbi Characterization of CMR5c and CMR12a, novel fluorescent Pseudomonas strains from the cocoyam rhizosphere with biocontrol activity
    M Perneel
    Laboratory of Phytopathology, Department Crop Protection, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    J Appl Microbiol 103:1007-20. 2007
    ..To screen for novel antagonistic Pseudomonas strains producing both phenazines and biosurfactants that are as effective as Pseudomonas aeruginosa PNA1 in the biocontrol of cocoyam root rot caused by Pythium myriotylum...
  35. ncbi Population structure within and between subspecies of the Mediterranean triplefin fish Tripterygion delaisi revealed by highly polymorphic microsatellite loci
    J Carreras-Carbonell
    Centre d Estudis Avançats de Blanes CSIC, Car Acc Cala St Francesc 14, Blanes, 17300 Girona, Spain
    Mol Ecol 15:3527-39. 2006
    ..In T. d. xanthosoma, isolation by distance was detected between the eight analysed populations, and six genetically homogeneous ..