plant epidermis

Summary

Summary: A thin layer of cells forming the outer integument of seed plants and ferns. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)

Top Publications

  1. pmc The SHINE clade of AP2 domain transcription factors activates wax biosynthesis, alters cuticle properties, and confers drought tolerance when overexpressed in Arabidopsis
    Asaph Aharoni
    Plant Research International, 6700 AA, Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Plant Cell 16:2463-80. 2004
  2. ncbi Stomatal patterning and differentiation by synergistic interactions of receptor kinases
    Elena D Shpak
    Department of Biology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    Science 309:290-3. 2005
  3. ncbi Arabidopsis interdigitating cell growth requires two antagonistic pathways with opposing action on cell morphogenesis
    Ying Fu
    Center for Plant Cell Biology, Institute for Integrative Genome Biology, University of California, Riverside, Riverside, CA 92521, USA
    Cell 120:687-700. 2005
  4. pmc WIN1, a transcriptional activator of epidermal wax accumulation in Arabidopsis
    Pierre Broun
    Mendel Biotechnology, 21375 Cabot Boulevard, Hayward, CA 94545, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:4706-11. 2004
  5. doi Stomagen positively regulates stomatal density in Arabidopsis
    Shigeo S Sugano
    Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Sakyo ku, Kyoto 606 8502, Japan
    Nature 463:241-4. 2010
  6. ncbi Plant cuticular lipid export requires an ABC transporter
    Jamie A Pighin
    Department of Botany, University of British Columbia UBC, 6270 University Boulevard, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada
    Science 306:702-4. 2004
  7. pmc The secretory peptide gene EPF1 enforces the stomatal one-cell-spacing rule
    Kenta Hara
    Department of Biological Science, Graduate School of Sciences, Osaka University, Toyonaka, Osaka 560 0043, Japan
    Genes Dev 21:1720-5. 2007
  8. doi Epidermal cell density is autoregulated via a secretory peptide, EPIDERMAL PATTERNING FACTOR 2 in Arabidopsis leaves
    Kenta Hara
    Department of Biological Science, Graduate School of Sciences, Osaka University, Toyonaka, Osaka, Japan
    Plant Cell Physiol 50:1019-31. 2009
  9. pmc CER4 encodes an alcohol-forming fatty acyl-coenzyme A reductase involved in cuticular wax production in Arabidopsis
    Owen Rowland
    Department of Botany, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada V6T 1Z1
    Plant Physiol 142:866-77. 2006
  10. ncbi Protecting against water loss: analysis of the barrier properties of plant cuticles
    M Riederer
    Julius von Sachs Institut fur Biowissenschaften, Universitat Wurzburg, Julius von Sachs Platz 3, D 97082 Wurzburg, Germany
    J Exp Bot 52:2023-32. 2001

Detail Information

Publications209 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc The SHINE clade of AP2 domain transcription factors activates wax biosynthesis, alters cuticle properties, and confers drought tolerance when overexpressed in Arabidopsis
    Asaph Aharoni
    Plant Research International, 6700 AA, Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Plant Cell 16:2463-80. 2004
    ..We propose that these diverse functions are mediated by regulating metabolism of lipid and/or cell wall components...
  2. ncbi Stomatal patterning and differentiation by synergistic interactions of receptor kinases
    Elena D Shpak
    Department of Biology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    Science 309:290-3. 2005
    ..Our findings suggest that the negative regulation of ER-family RLKs by TMM, which is an LRR receptor-like protein, is critical for proper stomatal differentiation...
  3. ncbi Arabidopsis interdigitating cell growth requires two antagonistic pathways with opposing action on cell morphogenesis
    Ying Fu
    Center for Plant Cell Biology, Institute for Integrative Genome Biology, University of California, Riverside, Riverside, CA 92521, USA
    Cell 120:687-700. 2005
    ..We propose that the counteractivity of these two pathways demarcates outgrowing and indenting cortical domains, coordinating a process that gives rise to interdigitations between adjacent pavement cells...
  4. pmc WIN1, a transcriptional activator of epidermal wax accumulation in Arabidopsis
    Pierre Broun
    Mendel Biotechnology, 21375 Cabot Boulevard, Hayward, CA 94545, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:4706-11. 2004
    ..This observation indicates that induction of wax accumulation in transgenic plants is probably mediated through an increase in the expression of genes encoding enzymes of the wax biosynthesis pathway...
  5. doi Stomagen positively regulates stomatal density in Arabidopsis
    Shigeo S Sugano
    Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Sakyo ku, Kyoto 606 8502, Japan
    Nature 463:241-4. 2010
    ..Our findings provide a conceptual advancement in understanding stomatal development: inner photosynthetic tissues optimize their function by regulating stomatal density in the epidermis for efficient uptake of CO(2)...
  6. ncbi Plant cuticular lipid export requires an ABC transporter
    Jamie A Pighin
    Department of Botany, University of British Columbia UBC, 6270 University Boulevard, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada
    Science 306:702-4. 2004
    ..We found that the CER5 gene encodes an ABC transporter localized in the plasma membrane of epidermal cells and conclude that it is required for wax export to the cuticle...
  7. pmc The secretory peptide gene EPF1 enforces the stomatal one-cell-spacing rule
    Kenta Hara
    Department of Biological Science, Graduate School of Sciences, Osaka University, Toyonaka, Osaka 560 0043, Japan
    Genes Dev 21:1720-5. 2007
    ..EPF1 activity is dependent on the TOO MANY MOUTHS receptor-like protein and ERECTA family receptor kinases, suggesting that EPF1 may provide a positional cue interpreted by these receptors...
  8. doi Epidermal cell density is autoregulated via a secretory peptide, EPIDERMAL PATTERNING FACTOR 2 in Arabidopsis leaves
    Kenta Hara
    Department of Biological Science, Graduate School of Sciences, Osaka University, Toyonaka, Osaka, Japan
    Plant Cell Physiol 50:1019-31. 2009
    ..Although targets of EPF1 and EPF2 are different, both EPF1 and EPF2 require common putative receptor components TOO MANY MOUTHS (TMM), ERECTA (ER), ERECTA LIKE 1 (ERL1) and ERL2 in order to function...
  9. pmc CER4 encodes an alcohol-forming fatty acyl-coenzyme A reductase involved in cuticular wax production in Arabidopsis
    Owen Rowland
    Department of Botany, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada V6T 1Z1
    Plant Physiol 142:866-77. 2006
    ..These data indicate that CER4 is an alcohol-forming FAR that has specificity for very-long-chain fatty acids and is responsible for the synthesis of primary alcohols in the epidermal cells of aerial tissues and in roots...
  10. ncbi Protecting against water loss: analysis of the barrier properties of plant cuticles
    M Riederer
    Julius von Sachs Institut fur Biowissenschaften, Universitat Wurzburg, Julius von Sachs Platz 3, D 97082 Wurzburg, Germany
    J Exp Bot 52:2023-32. 2001
    ..Open questions concerning the mechanistic understanding of the plant cuticular transport barrier and the role the plant cuticle plays in ensuring the survival and reproductive success of an individual plant are indicated...
  11. pmc The Arabidopsis DESPERADO/AtWBC11 transporter is required for cutin and wax secretion
    David Panikashvili
    Department of Plant Sciences, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100, Israel
    Plant Physiol 145:1345-60. 2007
    ..Thus, DSO is not only essential for developmental plasticity but also plays a vital role in stress responses...
  12. ncbi Control of stomatal distribution on the Arabidopsis leaf surface
    Jeanette A Nadeau
    Department of Plant Biology, Ohio State University, 1735 Neil Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
    Science 296:1697-700. 2002
    ..TMM appears to function in a position-dependent signaling pathway that controls the plane of patterning divisions as well as the balance between stem cell renewal and differentiation in stomatal and epidermal development...
  13. ncbi An ancient mechanism controls the development of cells with a rooting function in land plants
    Benoît Menand
    Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, John Innes Centre, Norwich NR47UH, UK
    Science 316:1477-80. 2007
    ..If this hypothesis is correct, our data suggest that the increase in morphological complexity of the sporophyte body in the Paleozoic resulted at least in part from the recruitment of regulatory genes from gametophyte to sporophyte...
  14. pmc Variability in the control of cell division underlies sepal epidermal patterning in Arabidopsis thaliana
    Adrienne H K Roeder
    Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California, United States of America
    PLoS Biol 8:e1000367. 2010
    ..Models and observations together demonstrate that variability in the time of cell division is a major determinant in the formation of a characteristic pattern...
  15. pmc Resistance to Botrytis cinerea in sitiens, an abscisic acid-deficient tomato mutant, involves timely production of hydrogen peroxide and cell wall modifications in the epidermis
    Bob Asselbergh
    Laboratory of Phytopathology, Ghent University, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    Plant Physiol 144:1863-77. 2007
    ..cinerea...
  16. pmc Overexpression of the epidermis-specific homeodomain-leucine zipper IV transcription factor Outer Cell Layer1 in maize identifies target genes involved in lipid metabolism and cuticle biosynthesis
    Marie Javelle
    Universite de Lyon, Ecole Normale Superieure de Lyon, Universite Lyon 1, Institut Fédératif de Recherche 128 BioSciences Lyon Gerland, Unité Reproduction et Développement des Plantes, F 69364 Lyon, France
    Plant Physiol 154:273-86. 2010
    ..Our data demonstrate that, in addition to AP2/EREBP and MYB-type transcription factors, members of the HD-ZIP IV family contribute to the transcriptional regulation of genes involved in cuticle biosynthesis...
  17. pmc The small GTPase ROP6 interacts with NFR5 and is involved in nodule formation in Lotus japonicus
    Danxia Ke
    State Key Laboratory of Agricultural Microbiology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China
    Plant Physiol 159:131-43. 2012
    ..These data demonstrate a role of ROP6 as a positive regulator of infection thread formation and nodulation in L. japonicus...
  18. doi Early gene expression programs accompanying trans-differentiation of epidermal cells of Vicia faba cotyledons into transfer cells
    Stephen J Dibley
    School of Environmental and Life Sciences, The University of Newcastle, Callaghan, New South Wales 2308, Australia
    New Phytol 182:863-77. 2009
    ....
  19. pmc The Arabidopsis R2R3 MYB proteins FOUR LIPS and MYB88 restrict divisions late in the stomatal cell lineage
    Lien B Lai
    Department of Plant Cellular and Molecular Biology, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
    Plant Cell 17:2754-67. 2005
    ..Our results suggest that two related transcription factors jointly restrict divisions late in the Arabidopsis thaliana stomatal cell lineage...
  20. pmc Phosphorylation switch modulates the interdigitated pattern of PIN1 localization and cell expansion in Arabidopsis leaf epidermis
    Hongjiang Li
    National Laboratory of Protein Engineering and Plant Genetic Engineering, College of Life Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
    Cell Res 21:970-8. 2011
    ..Our findings suggest a common mechanism for the regulation of PIN1 polarity formation, a fundamental cellular process that is crucial for pattern formation both at the tissue/organ and cellular levels...
  21. pmc Functional analysis of the epidermal-specific MYB genes CAPRICE and WEREWOLF in Arabidopsis
    Rumi Tominaga
    Plant Science Center, RIKEN, Tsurumi ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa 230 0045, Japan
    Plant Cell 19:2264-77. 2007
    ..Furthermore, we showed by gel mobility shift assays that WER chimera proteins do not bind to the GL2 promoter region. However, a CPC chimera protein, which harbors the WER R3 motif, still binds to the GL2 promoter region...
  22. pmc Differential effects of prenylation and s-acylation on type I and II ROPS membrane interaction and function
    Nadav Sorek
    Department of Molecular Biology and Ecology of Plants, George S Wise Faculty of Life Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel
    Plant Physiol 155:706-20. 2011
    ..Taken together, our studies show how prenyl and S-acyl lipid modifications affect ROP subcellular distribution, membrane interaction dynamics, and function...
  23. doi Sealing plant surfaces: cuticular wax formation by epidermal cells
    Lacey Samuels
    Department of Botany, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T1Z4, Canada
    Annu Rev Plant Biol 59:683-707. 2008
    ..An overview of our present knowledge of wax biosynthesis and transport and the regulation of these processes during cuticle assembly is presented, including the evidence for coordination of cutin polyester and wax production...
  24. pmc Epidermal cell death in rice is confined to cells with a distinct molecular identity and is mediated by ethylene and H2O2 through an autoamplified signal pathway
    Bianka Steffens
    Botanisches Institut, Universitat Kiel, 24118 Kiel, Germany
    Plant Cell 21:184-96. 2009
    ..Pro-death signals regulated several transcription factor genes with a proposed function in cell type specification. It is hypothesized that induction of cell death is dependent on epidermal cell identity...
  25. ncbi Developmental regulation of cell interactions in the Arabidopsis fiddlehead-1 mutant: a role for the epidermal cell wall and cuticle
    S J Lolle
    Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA
    Dev Biol 189:311-21. 1997
    Although the plant epidermis serves primarily a protective role, during plant development some epidermal cells specialize, becoming competent to interact not only with pollen but also with other epidermal cells...
  26. pmc The ERECTA gene controls spatial and temporal patterns of epidermal cell number and size in successive developing leaves of Arabidopsis thaliana
    Sébastien Tisné
    Laboratoire d Ecophysiologie des Plantes sous Stress Environnementaux, INRA AGRO M, UMR 759, 2 place Viala, 34060 Montpellier Cedex 1, France
    Ann Bot 108:159-68. 2011
    ..Previous work demonstrated a role for ERECTA in the control of compensation between epidermal cell expansion and division in leaves...
  27. pmc The glossyhead1 allele of ACC1 reveals a principal role for multidomain acetyl-coenzyme A carboxylase in the biosynthesis of cuticular waxes by Arabidopsis
    Shiyou Lü
    Center for Plant Stress Genomics and Technology, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal 23955 6900, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
    Plant Physiol 157:1079-92. 2011
    ....
  28. pmc The development and geometry of shape change in Arabidopsis thaliana cotyledon pavement cells
    Chunhua Zhang
    Department of Agronomy, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 2054, USA
    BMC Plant Biol 11:27. 2011
    ..The microtubule and actin cytoskeletons are highly polarized along the cortex of the anticlinal wall; however, the relationships between these arrays and cell morphogenesis are unclear...
  29. pmc A core subunit of the RNA-processing/degrading exosome specifically influences cuticular wax biosynthesis in Arabidopsis
    Tanya S Hooker
    Department of Botany, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6T 1Z4, Canada
    Plant Cell 19:904-13. 2007
    ..To our knowledge, CER7 is currently the only example of a core exosomal subunit specifically influencing a cellular process...
  30. doi Glucose and ethylene signalling pathways converge to regulate trans-differentiation of epidermal transfer cells in Vicia narbonensis cotyledons
    Felicity A Andriunas
    School of Environmental and Life Sciences, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW 2308, Australia
    Plant J 68:987-98. 2011
    ..A model is presented describing the interaction between glucose and ethylene signalling pathways regulating the induction of wall ingrowth formation in adaxial epidermal cells...
  31. ncbi The role of wheat awns in the seed dispersal unit
    Rivka Elbaum
    Biomaterials Department, Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces, Golm, Germany
    Science 316:884-6. 2007
    ..This suggests that the dead tissue is analogous to a motor. Fueled by the daily humidity cycle, the awns induce the motility required for seed dispersal...
  32. doi Cell identity mediates the response of Arabidopsis roots to abiotic stress
    JOSE R DINNENY
    Department of Biology, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA
    Science 320:942-5. 2008
    ..By performing a similar analysis using iron deprivation, we identified common cell-type-specific stress responses and revealed the crucial role the environment plays in defining the transcriptional outcome of cell-fate decisions...
  33. doi An epidermal-specific ethylene signal cascade regulates trans-differentiation of transfer cells in Vicia faba cotyledons
    Yuchan Zhou
    School of Environmental and Life Sciences, The University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW, Australia
    New Phytol 185:931-43. 2010
    ..A cell-specific burst of ethylene biosynthesis functions as an inductive signal initiating and sustaining trans-differentiation to a TC morphology in vitro. These events are reproduced for developing V. faba seeds in planta...
  34. pmc Cloning and characterization of the WAX2 gene of Arabidopsis involved in cuticle membrane and wax production
    Xinbo Chen
    Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907, USA
    Plant Cell 15:1170-85. 2003
    ..These studies provide new insight into the genetics and biochemistry of plant cuticle production and elucidate new associations between the cuticle and diverse aspects of plant development...
  35. pmc Isolation and characterization of mutants defective in seed coat mucilage secretory cell development in Arabidopsis
    T L Western
    Department of Botany, University of British Columbia, 6270 University Boulevard, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada V6T 1Z4
    Plant Physiol 127:998-1011. 2001
    ..MUM3 and MUM5 may be involved in the regulation of mucilage composition, whereas MUM1 and MUM2 appear to play novel roles in post-synthesis cell wall modifications necessary for mucilage extrusion...
  36. pmc Fatty acid export from the chloroplast. Molecular characterization of a major plastidial acyl-coenzyme A synthetase from Arabidopsis
    Judy A Schnurr
    Institute of Biological Chemistry, Washington State University, P O Box 646340, Pullman, Washington 99164 6340, USA
    Plant Physiol 129:1700-9. 2002
    ..Although another isozyme contributes to the activation of fatty acids during their export from the chloroplast, LACS9 is a major chloroplast ACS...
  37. doi Extracellular transport and integration of plant secretory proteins into pathogen-induced cell wall compartments
    Dorit Meyer
    Department of Plant Microbe Interactions, Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research Cologne, Carl von Linne Weg 10, Koln, Germany
    Plant J 57:986-99. 2009
    ....
  38. ncbi The effects of stress on plant cuticular waxes
    Tom Shepherd
    Quality Health and Nutrition, Scottish Crop Research Institute, Mylnefield, Invergowrie, Dundee DD2 5DA
    New Phytol 171:469-99. 2006
    ....
  39. pmc The PEN1 syntaxin defines a novel cellular compartment upon fungal attack and is required for the timely assembly of papillae
    Farhah F Assaad
    Department of Plant Biology, Carnegie Institution, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Mol Biol Cell 15:5118-29. 2004
    ..By contrast, PEN1 appears to have a basal function in secretion and a specialized defense-related function, being required for the polarized secretion events that give rise to papilla formation...
  40. pmc The Arabidopsis SPIKE1 gene is required for normal cell shape control and tissue development
    Jin Long Qiu
    Department of Agronomy, Purdue University, 1150 Lilly Hall of Life Sciences, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 1150, USA
    Plant Cell 14:101-18. 2002
    ..The assembly of laterally clustered foci of microtubules and polarized growth are early events in cotyledon development, and both processes are misregulated in spike1 epidermal cells...
  41. pmc Cell polarity signaling in Arabidopsis
    Zhenbiao Yang
    Center for Plant Cell Biology, Department of Botany and Plant Sciences, University of California, Riverside, California 92521 0124, USA
    Annu Rev Cell Dev Biol 24:551-75. 2008
    ....
  42. doi Stomatal density is controlled by a mesophyll-derived signaling molecule
    Tatsuhiko Kondo
    Graduate School of Bioagricultural Sciences, Nagoya University, Chikusa, Nagoya, Japan
    Plant Cell Physiol 51:1-8. 2010
    ..We also suggest that stomagen increases stomatal density by competing with negative regulators EPF1 and EPF2 for the receptor-like protein TOO MANY MOUTHS...
  43. pmc Movement and remodeling of the endoplasmic reticulum in nondividing cells of tobacco leaves
    I Sparkes
    School of Life Sciences, Oxford Brookes University, Oxford OX3 0BP, United Kingdom
    Plant Cell 21:3937-49. 2009
    ....
  44. doi Surface lipids and plant defenses
    José J Reina-Pinto
    Max Planck Institut fur Zuchtungsforschung, Ab Molekulare Pflanzengenetik, Koln, Germany
    Plant Physiol Biochem 47:540-9. 2009
    The major function of the plant epidermis is to form the cuticle, a functional permeability barrier of the cell wall which prevents excessive water loss and the entry of harmful substances and pathogens into the host...
  45. doi Changes in properties of wheat leaf cuticle during interactions with Hessian fly
    Dylan K Kosma
    Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA
    Plant J 63:31-43. 2010
    ....
  46. ncbi Dualex: a new instrument for field measurements of epidermal ultraviolet absorbance by chlorophyll fluorescence
    Yves Goulas
    Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Batiment 203, Centre Universitaire Paris Sud, BP 34, F91898 Orsay Cedex, France
    Appl Opt 43:4488-96. 2004
    ....
  47. ncbi ABA-activated SnRK2 protein kinase is required for dehydration stress signaling in Arabidopsis
    Riichiro Yoshida
    Laboratory of Plant Molecular Biology, RIKEN Tsukuba Institute, 3 1 1, Koyadai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305 0074 Japan
    Plant Cell Physiol 43:1473-83. 2002
    ..ABA-inducible gene expression of rd22 and rd29B was suppressed in srk2e. These results show that SRK2E plays an important role in ABA signaling in response to water stress...
  48. doi Root hair-specific EXPANSIN A7 is required for root hair elongation in Arabidopsis
    Changfa Lin
    Department of Biological Sciences and Genomics and Breeding Institute, Seoul National University, Seoul 151 742, Korea
    Mol Cells 31:393-7. 2011
    ..Our results provide in vivo evidence that expansins are required for root hair tip growth...
  49. pmc Model-based analysis of Arabidopsis leaf epidermal cells reveals distinct division and expansion patterns for pavement and guard cells
    Leila Kheibarshekan Asl
    Department of Applied Mathematics and Computer Science, Ghent University, 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    Plant Physiol 156:2172-83. 2011
    ..We conclude that cell division seems to occur independently from the status of cell expansion, whereas the cell cycle might act as a timer rather than as a size-regulated machinery...
  50. doi Quantitative analysis of heterogeneous spatial distribution of Arabidopsis leaf trichomes using micro X-ray computed tomography
    Eli Kaminuma
    Bioinformatics and Systems Engineering Division, RIKEN Yokohama Institute, 1 7 22 Suehiro cho, Tsurumi ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa 230 0045, Japan
    Plant J 56:470-82. 2008
    ..On the other hand, CPC does affect trichome growth and developmental progression. Hence, quantitative phenotyping based on microCT enables precise phenotypic description for elucidation of gene control in morphological mutants...
  51. pmc RDR1 and SGS3, components of RNA-mediated gene silencing, are required for the regulation of cuticular wax biosynthesis in developing inflorescence stems of Arabidopsis
    Patricia Lam
    Department of Botany, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z4, Canada
    Plant Physiol 159:1385-95. 2012
    ....
  52. ncbi Induction of wall ingrowths of transfer cells occurs rapidly and depends upon gene expression in cotyledons of developing Vicia faba seeds
    T Wardini
    School of Environmental and Life Science, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, New South Wales, Australia
    Protoplasma 231:15-23. 2007
    ..We conclude that transfer cell induction is rapid and that signalling and early events leading to wall ingrowth formation depend upon gene expression. In addition, these gene products have a high turnover rate...
  53. pmc The NAC transcription factors NST1 and NST2 of Arabidopsis regulate secondary wall thickenings and are required for anther dehiscence
    Nobutaka Mitsuda
    Gene Function Research Center, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 8562, Japan
    Plant Cell 17:2993-3006. 2005
    ..None of the genes involved in programmed cell death were similarly affected. Our results suggest NAC transcription factors as possible regulators of secondary wall thickening in various tissues...
  54. ncbi Embryonic control of epidermal cell patterning in the root and hypocotyl of Arabidopsis
    Y Lin
    Department of Biology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Development 128:3697-705. 2001
    ..Thus, epidermal cell specification in the Arabidopsis seedling relies on the embryonic establishment of a patterning mechanism that is perpetuated postembryonically...
  55. ncbi The morphogenesis of lobed plant cells in the mesophyll and epidermis: organization and distinct roles of cortical microtubules and actin filaments
    Emmanuel Panteris
    University of Athens, Faculty of Biology, Department of Botany, Athens GR 15784, Greece
    New Phytol 167:721-32. 2005
    ..The genes that are possibly involved in the molecular regulation of the above morphogenetic procedure by MT and AF array organization are reviewed...
  56. pmc The Arabidopsis DCR encoding a soluble BAHD acyltransferase is required for cutin polyester formation and seed hydration properties
    David Panikashvili
    Department of Plant Sciences, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100, Israel
    Plant Physiol 151:1773-89. 2009
    ..Therefore, this study extends our knowledge regarding the functionality of the cuticular layer and the formation of its major constituent the polymer cutin...
  57. ncbi A new method for rapid visualization of defects in leaf cuticle reveals five intrinsic patterns of surface defects in Arabidopsis
    Toshihiro Tanaka
    Division of Biological Science, Graduate School of Science, Nagoya University, Furo cho, Chikusa ku, Nagoya 464 8602, Japan
    Plant J 37:139-46. 2004
    ..The cuticle-defective regions of leaves of the mutants revealed five intrinsic patterns of surface defects (classes I through V), suggesting that formation of functional cuticle on leaves involves various spatially regulated factors...
  58. doi Developmental patterning by mechanical signals in Arabidopsis
    Olivier Hamant
    INRA, Laboratoire de Reproduction et Développement des Plantes, 46 allee d Italie, 69364 Lyon Cedex 07, France
    Science 322:1650-5. 2008
    ....
  59. pmc Natural variation in stomatal abundance of Arabidopsis thaliana includes cryptic diversity for different developmental processes
    Dolores Delgado
    Departamento de Ciencias Ambientales, Facultad de Ciencias del Medio Ambiente, Universidad de Castilla La Mancha, Avda Carlos III s n, Toledo, Spain
    Ann Bot 107:1247-58. 2011
    ..The aim was to discover if naturally occurring viable phenotypes would be useful for studying stomatal development in a species that enables further molecular analysis...
  60. ncbi Non destructive analysis of the wax layer of apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) by means of confocal laser scanning microscopy
    E A Veraverbeke
    Flanders Centre Laboratory of Postharvest Technology, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Heverlee, Belgium
    Planta 213:525-33. 2001
    ..The changes in the wax ultrastructure and cell morphology are likely related to water losses and specific protection of the apple cultivars against water losses during storage and shelf life...
  61. doi Analysis of IIId, IIIe and IVa group basic-helix-loop-helix proteins expressed in Arabidopsis root epidermis
    Rumi Tominaga-Wada
    Interdisciplinary Research Organization, University of Miyazaki, 1 1 Gakuen Kibanadai Nishi, Miyazaki, Japan
    Plant Sci 181:471-8. 2011
    ..Taken together, AtbHLH006 and AtbHLH020 may function in root epidermal cells, but other GL3-like bHLH proteins may have evolved to regulate different processes...
  62. ncbi Optical properties and contribution of cuticle to UV protection in plants: experiments with apple fruit
    Alexei Solovchenko
    Department of Physiology of Microorganisms, Faculty of Biology, Moscow State University, 119992, GSP 2 Moscow, Russia
    Photochem Photobiol Sci 2:861-6. 2003
    ....
  63. pmc A permeable cuticle in Arabidopsis leads to a strong resistance to Botrytis cinerea
    Michael Bessire
    Department of Plant Molecular Biology, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
    EMBO J 26:2158-68. 2007
    ..Arabidopsis plants with a permeable cuticle have thus an altered perception of their environment and change their physiology accordingly...
  64. pmc Disruption of a guard cell-expressed protein phosphatase 2A regulatory subunit, RCN1, confers abscisic acid insensitivity in Arabidopsis
    June M Kwak
    Cell and Developmental Biology Section, Division of Biology and Center for Molecular Genetics, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 0116, USA
    Plant Cell 14:2849-61. 2002
    ..These data show that RCN1 functions as a general positive transducer of early ABA signaling...
  65. ncbi The slow and the quick anion conductance in whole guard cells: their voltage-dependent alternation, and the modulation of their activities by abscisic acid and CO2
    Klaus Raschke
    Albrecht von Haller Institut fur Pflanzenwissenschaften, Georg August Universitat Gottingen, Untere Karspüle 2, 37073 Gottingen, Germany
    Planta 217:639-50. 2003
    ..They were correlated with periodic activations and inactivations of QUAC and required the simultaneous activity of an electrogenic pump...
  66. pmc The ROP2 GTPase controls the formation of cortical fine F-actin and the early phase of directional cell expansion during Arabidopsis organogenesis
    Ying Fu
    Department of Botany and Plant Sciences, Center for Plant Cell Biology, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521, USA
    Plant Cell 14:777-94. 2002
    ....
  67. ncbi Localization of iron in Arabidopsis seed requires the vacuolar membrane transporter VIT1
    Sun A Kim
    Department of Biological Sciences, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH 03755, USA
    Science 314:1295-8. 2006
    ..We have uncovered a fundamental aspect of seed biology that will ultimately aid the development of nutrient-rich seed, benefiting both human health and agricultural productivity...
  68. doi Conical epidermal cells allow bees to grip flowers and increase foraging efficiency
    Heather M Whitney
    Department of Plant Sciences, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EA, UK
    Curr Biol 19:948-53. 2009
    ..This facilitation of physical handling is a likely explanation for the prevalence of conical epidermal petal cells in most flowering plants...
  69. ncbi Stromule formation is dependent upon plastid size, plastid differentiation status and the density of plastids within the cell
    Mark T Waters
    Plant Sciences Division, University of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington Campus, Loughborough, LE12 5RD, UK
    Plant J 39:655-67. 2004
    ..By modifying the plastid surface area, we propose that stromules enhance the specific metabolic activities of plastids...
  70. pmc The epidermis-specific extracellular BODYGUARD controls cuticle development and morphogenesis in Arabidopsis
    Sergey Kurdyukov
    Max Planck Institut fur Zuchtungsforschung, 50829 Köln, Germany
    Plant Cell 18:321-39. 2006
    ..We propose that BDG codes for an extracellular synthase responsible for the formation of cuticle. The alternative hypothesis proposes that BDG controls the proliferation/differentiation status of the epidermis via an unknown mechanism...
  71. pmc Distortion of trichome morphology by the hairless mutation of tomato affects leaf surface chemistry
    Jin Ho Kang
    Department of Energy Plant Research Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    J Exp Bot 61:1053-64. 2010
    ....
  72. ncbi Shaping in plant cells
    C Martin
    Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, John Innes Centre, Colney, NR4 7UH, Norwich, UK
    Curr Opin Plant Biol 4:540-9. 2001
    ..Although turgor has long been assumed to be a rather passive contributor to cell shaping, recent reports show that, in some cells, differential changes in turgor may have a role in establishing specialised cell form...
  73. ncbi Stomatal development and pattern controlled by a MAPKK kinase
    Dominique C Bergmann
    Carnegie Institution, Department of Plant Biology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Science 304:1494-7. 2004
    ..A putative transcription factor from this set was shown to regulate the developmental behavior of stomatal precursors...
  74. pmc Barley MLO modulates actin-dependent and actin-independent antifungal defense pathways at the cell periphery
    Marco Miklis
    Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, D 50829 Cologne, Germany
    Plant Physiol 144:1132-43. 2007
    ..These pathways act synergistically and appear to be under negative control by the plasma membrane-resident MLO protein...
  75. pmc DISTORTED3/SCAR2 is a putative arabidopsis WAVE complex subunit that activates the Arp2/3 complex and is required for epidermal morphogenesis
    Dipanwita Basu
    Agronomy Department, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 2054, USA
    Plant Cell 17:502-24. 2005
    ..These results demonstrate the utility of the Arabidopsis trichome system to understand how the WAVE and ARP2/3 complexes translate signaling inputs into a coordinated morphogenetic response...
  76. pmc A systems approach reveals regulatory circuitry for Arabidopsis trichome initiation by the GL3 and GL1 selectors
    Kengo Morohashi
    Department of Plant, Cellular, and Molecular Biology, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA
    PLoS Genet 5:e1000396. 2009
    ....
  77. doi Arabidopsis stomatal initiation is controlled by MAPK-mediated regulation of the bHLH SPEECHLESS
    Gregory R Lampard
    Department of Biology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Science 322:1113-6. 2008
    ..The coupling of MAPK signaling to SPEECHLESS activity provides cell type specificity for MAPK output while allowing the integration of multiple developmental and environmental signals into the production and spacing of stomata...
  78. ncbi Tomato fruit cuticular waxes and their effects on transpiration barrier properties: functional characterization of a mutant deficient in a very-long-chain fatty acid beta-ketoacyl-CoA synthase
    Gerd Vogg
    Universitat Wurzburg, Lehrstuhl für Botanik II, D 97082 Wurzburg, Germany
    J Exp Bot 55:1401-10. 2004
    ....
  79. pmc Significance of the expression of the CER6 condensing enzyme for cuticular wax production in Arabidopsis
    Tanya S Hooker
    Department of Botany, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z4, Canada
    Plant Physiol 129:1568-80. 2002
    ..These experiments indicate that the expression level of CER6 in the epidermis is one of the factors controlling wax accumulation on Arabidopsis stems...
  80. pmc Wax-deficient anther1 is involved in cuticle and wax production in rice anther walls and is required for pollen development
    Ki Hong Jung
    National Research Laboratory of Plant Functional Genomics, Division of Molecular and Life Sciences, Pohang University of Science and Technology, Pohang 790 784, Republic of Korea
    Plant Cell 18:3015-32. 2006
    ..Our findings provide new insights into the biochemical and developmental aspects of the role of waxes in microspore exine development in the tapetum as well as the role of epicuticular waxes in anther expansion...
  81. ncbi Transcription factor control of asymmetric cell divisions that establish the stomatal lineage
    Cora A MacAlister
    Department of Biological Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA
    Nature 445:537-40. 2007
    ..Similar molecules and regulatory mechanisms are used during muscle and neural development, highlighting a conserved use of closely related bHLHs for cell fate specification and differentiation...
  82. ncbi How do cells know what they want to be when they grow up? Lessons from epidermal patterning in Arabidopsis
    John C Larkin
    Department of Biological Sciences, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70803, USA
    Annu Rev Plant Biol 54:403-30. 2003
    Because the plant epidermis is readily accessible and consists of few cell types on most organs, the epidermis has become a well-studied model for cell differentiation and cell patterning in plants...
  83. ncbi GhDET2, a steroid 5alpha-reductase, plays an important role in cotton fiber cell initiation and elongation
    Ming Luo
    Key Laboratory of Biotechnology and Crop Quality Improvement of Ministry of Agriculture, Biotechnology Research Center, Southwest University, Chongqing 400716, China
    Plant J 51:419-30. 2007
    ..Therefore, GhDET2 and BRs play a crucial role in the initiation and elongation of cotton fiber cells, suggesting that modulation of BR biosynthesis factors may improve fiber quality or yield...
  84. ncbi Integration of cytokinin and gibberellin signalling by Arabidopsis transcription factors GIS, ZFP8 and GIS2 in the regulation of epidermal cell fate
    Yinbo Gan
    CNAP, Department of Biology, University of York, York, UK
    Development 134:2073-81. 2007
    ..Our findings show that functional specialization within a transcription factor gene family can facilitate the integration of different developmental cues in the regulation of plant cell differentiation...
  85. pmc Mutations in LACS2, a long-chain acyl-coenzyme A synthetase, enhance susceptibility to avirulent Pseudomonas syringae but confer resistance to Botrytis cinerea in Arabidopsis
    Dingzhong Tang
    Department of Biology, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana 47405, USA
    Plant Physiol 144:1093-103. 2007
    ..All three displayed an enhanced resistance to B. cinerea. Our results indicate that plant cutin or cuticle structure may play a crucial role in tolerance to biotic and abiotic stress and in the pathogenesis of B. cinerea...
  86. ncbi GFP-tagging of cell components reveals the dynamics of subcellular re-organization in response to infection of Arabidopsis by oomycete pathogens
    Daigo Takemoto
    Plant Cell Biology Group, Research School of Biological Sciences, Australian National University, PO Box 475 Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia
    Plant J 33:775-92. 2003
    ..This result indicates that the induction of cytoplasmic aggregation in Arabidopsis epidermal cells was neither suppressed by the virulent strain of Peronospora, nor effective in stopping infection...
  87. doi Harnessing plant trichome biochemistry for the production of useful compounds
    Anthony L Schilmiller
    Departments of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology and Plant Biology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 1319, USA
    Plant J 54:702-11. 2008
    ..We review the literature on the biochemistry of trichomes and consider the attributes that might make them highly useful targets for plant metabolic engineering...
  88. pmc SCREAM/ICE1 and SCREAM2 specify three cell-state transitional steps leading to arabidopsis stomatal differentiation
    Masahiro M Kanaoka
    Department of Biology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA
    Plant Cell 20:1775-85. 2008
    ..Stomata, valves on the plant epidermis, are formed through a series of differentiation events mediated by three closely related basic-helix-loop-..
  89. ncbi Equivalent genetic regulatory networks in different contexts recover contrasting spatial cell patterns that resemble those in Arabidopsis root and leaf epidermis: a dynamic model
    Mariana Benítez
    Instituto de Ecologia, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Coyoacan 04510, Mexico, DF, Mexico
    Int J Dev Biol 51:139-55. 2007
    ..Our results thus support the idea that in this and other cases, contrasting spatial cell patterns and other evolutionary morphogenetic novelties originate from conserved genetic network modules subject to divergent contextual traits...
  90. ncbi Positional information and mobile transcriptional regulators determine cell pattern in the Arabidopsis root epidermis
    Liam Dolan
    Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, John Innes Centre, Norwich NR4 7UH, UK
    J Exp Bot 57:51-4. 2006
    ....
  91. pmc Cell pattern in the Arabidopsis root epidermis determined by lateral inhibition with feedback
    Myeong Min Lee
    Department of Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA
    Plant Cell 14:611-8. 2002
    ..These results provide a molecular genetic framework for understanding the determination of a cell-type pattern in plants...
  92. ncbi Long-distance CO(2) signalling in plants
    Janice A Lake
    Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Western Bank, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK
    J Exp Bot 53:183-93. 2002
    ..Analysis of mutant plants suggests that the plant hormones abscisic acid, ethylene and jasmonates are implicated in the long-distance signalling pathway and that the action may be mediated by reactive oxygen species...
  93. pmc Simultaneous visualization of peroxisomes and cytoskeletal elements reveals actin and not microtubule-based peroxisome motility in plants
    Jaideep Mathur
    Botanical Institute III, University of Koln, Gyrhofstrase 15, 50931 Cologne, Germany
    Plant Physiol 128:1031-45. 2002
    ..Microtubule depolymerization or stabilization had no effect...
  94. ncbi The epidermal-growth-control theory of stem elongation: an old and a new perspective
    U Kutschera
    Institute of Biology, University of Kassel, Heinrich Plett Str 40, D 34109 Kassel, Germany
    J Plant Physiol 164:1395-409. 2007
    ....
  95. ncbi Creating a two-dimensional pattern de novo during Arabidopsis trichome and root hair initiation
    Martina Pesch
    Universitat zu Koln, Lehrstuhl für Botanik III, Gyrhofstr 15, Koln, Germany
    Curr Opin Genet Dev 14:422-7. 2004
    ..A complex of transcription factors appears to be involved in creating the pattern and cell-cell movement of small transcription factors is postulated to mediate cell-cell communication...
  96. ncbi ENHANCER of TRY and CPC 2 (ETC2) reveals redundancy in the region-specific control of trichome development of Arabidopsis
    Victor Kirik
    Botanical Institute, University of Cologne, Gyrhofstrasse 15, Germany
    Plant Mol Biol 55:389-98. 2004
    ..The etc2 single mutant shows an increase in trichome number on leaves and petioles. Double and triple mutant analysis indicates that the ETC2 gene acts redundant with TRY and CPC in trichome patterning...
  97. pmc Histone acetylation affects expression of cellular patterning genes in the Arabidopsis root epidermis
    Cheng Ran Xu
    PKU Yale Joint Research Center of Agricultural and Plant Molecular Biology, National Key Laboratory of Protein Engineering and Plant Gene Engineering, College of Life Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:14469-74. 2005
    ..We propose a working model to suggest that histone acetylation may function in mediating a positional cue to direct expression of the patterning genes in the root epidermal cells...
  98. pmc An Arabidopsis mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase gene family encodes essential positive regulators of cytokinesis
    Patrick J Krysan
    Biotechnology Center, University of Wisconsin Madison, 425 Henry Mall, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA
    Plant Cell 14:1109-20. 2002
    ..The molecular and structural phenotypes displayed by the double mutants support a model in which the ANP family of MAPKKKs positively regulates cell division and growth and may negatively regulate stress responses...
  99. ncbi Cell-to-cell movement of the CAPRICE protein in Arabidopsis root epidermal cell differentiation
    Tetsuya Kurata
    Plant Science Center, RIKEN, 1 7 22 Suehiro cho, Tsurumi ku, Kanagawa 230 0045, Japan
    Development 132:5387-98. 2005
    ..Furthermore, the fusion of CPC to tandem-GFPs defined the capability of CPC to increase the size exclusion limit of plasmodesmata...
  100. pmc Functional analysis of the LACERATA gene of Arabidopsis provides evidence for different roles of fatty acid omega -hydroxylation in development
    K Wellesen
    Max Planck Institut fur Zuchtungsforschung, Cologne, Germany
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 98:9694-9. 2001
    ..Strikingly, the same pathway seems to control trichome differentiation, the establishment of apical dominance, and senescence in plants...
  101. pmc The impact of water deficiency on leaf cuticle lipids of Arabidopsis
    Dylan K Kosma
    Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907, USA
    Plant Physiol 151:1918-29. 2009
    ..Taken together, these results show that Arabidopsis provides an excellent model system to study the role of the cuticle in plant response to drought and related stresses, and its associated genetic and cellular regulation...

Research Grants25

  1. Epidermal specification mutants of Arabidopsis
    Dominique Bergmann; Fiscal Year: 2004
    Development of an organism requires the successive generation of specialized tissues. The plant epidermis is a particularly interesting tissue because it one of the first to be established, yet it continues to differentiate throughout ..
  2. Control of epidermal self-renewing populations by bHLH and MAPK regulatory system
    Dominique Bergmann; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The proposed studies will thus help to inform strategies to induce stem cells to differentiate into specific tissues while restricting the potential for cancerous overgrowth. ..
  3. Self recognition and signaling in plant reproduction
    JUNE NASRALLAH; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  4. Signaling to Cell Intercalation in Arabidopsis
    Zhenbiao Yang; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Because failure in convergent extension causes neural tube defects (NTDs), a common developmental disorder (1 out of 1000 pregnancies), this research is relevant to human health improvements. ..
  5. Control of epidermal self-renewing populations by bHLH and MAPK regulatory system
    Dominique C Bergmann; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The proposed studies will thus help to inform strategies to induce stem cells to differentiate into specific tissues while restricting the potential for cancerous overgrowth. ..
  6. Signaling to Cell Intercalation in Arabidopsis
    Zhenbiao Yang; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Because failure in convergent extension causes neural tube defects (NTDs), a common developmental disorder (1 out of 1000 pregnancies), this research is relevant to human health improvements. ^_^^ ..
  7. SIGNALING ARREST OF POLLEN ACTIVATION THROUGH AQUAPORINS
    JUNE NASRALLAH; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  8. RNA EDITING IN PLANT ORGANELLES
    Maureen Hanson; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The proposed research should enhance understanding of other forms of RNA processing in the biological world, especially the mechanisms of tRNA, mRNA and rRNA modification and editing. ..