flowers

Summary

Summary: The reproductive organs of plants.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi FT protein movement contributes to long-distance signaling in floral induction of Arabidopsis
    Laurent Corbesier
    Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Carl von Linne Weg 10, D 50829 Cologne, Germany
    Science 316:1030-3. 2007
  2. doi The genetic architecture of maize flowering time
    Edward S Buckler
    U S Department of Agriculture USDA Agricultural Research Service USDA ARS, USA
    Science 325:714-8. 2009
  3. ncbi miR156-regulated SPL transcription factors define an endogenous flowering pathway in Arabidopsis thaliana
    Jia wei Wang
    Department of Molecular Biology, Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biology, D 72076 Tubingen, Germany
    Cell 138:738-49. 2009
  4. pmc Efficient control of population structure in model organism association mapping
    Hyun Min Kang
    Department of Computer Science, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095 1596, USA
    Genetics 178:1709-23. 2008
  5. ncbi A microRNA as a translational repressor of APETALA2 in Arabidopsis flower development
    Xuemei Chen
    Waksman Institute, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 08854, USA
    Science 303:2022-5. 2004
  6. doi Regulation of flowering time: all roads lead to Rome
    Anusha Srikanth
    Department of Molecular Biology, Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biology, Spemannstrasse 37 39 VI, Tubingen, Germany
    Cell Mol Life Sci 68:2013-37. 2011
  7. doi Regulation of flowering time and floral patterning by miR172
    Qian Hao Zhu
    CSIRO Plant Industry, GPO Box 1600, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia
    J Exp Bot 62:487-95. 2011
  8. doi Seasonal and developmental timing of flowering
    Richard Amasino
    Department of Biochemistry, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA
    Plant J 61:1001-13. 2010
  9. doi The control of developmental phase transitions in plants
    Peter Huijser
    Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Carl von Linne Weg 10, 50829 Cologne, Germany
    Development 138:4117-29. 2011
  10. ncbi Arabidopsis microRNA167 controls patterns of ARF6 and ARF8 expression, and regulates both female and male reproduction
    Miin Feng Wu
    University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Department of Biology, CB 3280, Coker Hall, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 3280, USA
    Development 133:4211-8. 2006

Detail Information

Publications280 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi FT protein movement contributes to long-distance signaling in floral induction of Arabidopsis
    Laurent Corbesier
    Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Carl von Linne Weg 10, D 50829 Cologne, Germany
    Science 316:1030-3. 2007
    ..Finally, we provide evidence that FT does not activate an intermediate messenger in leaves. We conclude that FT protein acts as a long-distance signal that induces Arabidopsis flowering...
  2. doi The genetic architecture of maize flowering time
    Edward S Buckler
    U S Department of Agriculture USDA Agricultural Research Service USDA ARS, USA
    Science 325:714-8. 2009
    ..Thus, a simple additive model accurately predicts flowering time for maize, in contrast to the genetic architecture observed in the selfing plant species rice and Arabidopsis...
  3. ncbi miR156-regulated SPL transcription factors define an endogenous flowering pathway in Arabidopsis thaliana
    Jia wei Wang
    Department of Molecular Biology, Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biology, D 72076 Tubingen, Germany
    Cell 138:738-49. 2009
    ....
  4. pmc Efficient control of population structure in model organism association mapping
    Hyun Min Kang
    Department of Computer Science, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095 1596, USA
    Genetics 178:1709-23. 2008
    ..An R package implementation and webserver of our EMMA method are publicly available...
  5. ncbi A microRNA as a translational repressor of APETALA2 in Arabidopsis flower development
    Xuemei Chen
    Waksman Institute, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 08854, USA
    Science 303:2022-5. 2004
    ..Therefore, miRNA172 likely acts in cell-fate specification as a translational repressor of APETALA2 in Arabidopsis flower development...
  6. doi Regulation of flowering time: all roads lead to Rome
    Anusha Srikanth
    Department of Molecular Biology, Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biology, Spemannstrasse 37 39 VI, Tubingen, Germany
    Cell Mol Life Sci 68:2013-37. 2011
    ..The molecular mechanisms of these pathways have been studied extensively in Arabidopsis thaliana and several other flowering plants...
  7. doi Regulation of flowering time and floral patterning by miR172
    Qian Hao Zhu
    CSIRO Plant Industry, GPO Box 1600, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia
    J Exp Bot 62:487-95. 2011
    ..In addition to its conserved roles, miR172 has also acquired specialized species-specific functions in other aspects of plant development such as cleistogamy and tuberization...
  8. doi Seasonal and developmental timing of flowering
    Richard Amasino
    Department of Biochemistry, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA
    Plant J 61:1001-13. 2010
    ..Arabidopsis research has contributed greatly to understanding these systems at a molecular level...
  9. doi The control of developmental phase transitions in plants
    Peter Huijser
    Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Carl von Linne Weg 10, 50829 Cologne, Germany
    Development 138:4117-29. 2011
    ..In addition, we discuss the evolutionary conservation of the functions of these miRNAs in regulating the control of plant developmental phase transitions...
  10. ncbi Arabidopsis microRNA167 controls patterns of ARF6 and ARF8 expression, and regulates both female and male reproduction
    Miin Feng Wu
    University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Department of Biology, CB 3280, Coker Hall, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 3280, USA
    Development 133:4211-8. 2006
    ..Two Arabidopsis Auxin Response Factors, ARF6 and ARF8, regulate gynoecium and stamen development in immature flowers. Wild-type pollen grew poorly in arf6 arf8 gynoecia, correlating with ARF6 and ARF8 expression in style and ..
  11. ncbi Hd3a protein is a mobile flowering signal in rice
    Shojiro Tamaki
    Laboratory of Plant Molecular Genetics, Nara Institute of Science and Technology, 8916 5 Takayama, Ikoma 630 0101, Japan
    Science 316:1033-6. 2007
    ..We show that the protein encoded by Hd3a, a rice ortholog of FT, moves from the leaf to the shoot apical meristem and induces flowering in rice. These results suggest that the Hd3a protein may be the rice florigen...
  12. ncbi FD, a bZIP protein mediating signals from the floral pathway integrator FT at the shoot apex
    Mitsutomo Abe
    Department of Botany, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Sakyo ku, Kyoto 606 8502, Japan
    Science 309:1052-6. 2005
    ..FT may represent a long-distance signal in flowering...
  13. pmc The Jasmonate-ZIM domain proteins interact with the R2R3-MYB transcription factors MYB21 and MYB24 to affect Jasmonate-regulated stamen development in Arabidopsis
    Susheng Song
    School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
    Plant Cell 23:1000-13. 2011
    ....
  14. ncbi The wheat VRN2 gene is a flowering repressor down-regulated by vernalization
    Liuling Yan
    Department of Agronomy and Range Science, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Science 303:1640-4. 2004
    ..Reduction of the RNA level of VRN2 by RNA interference accelerated the flowering time of transgenic winter-wheat plants by more than a month...
  15. pmc Temporal regulation of shoot development in Arabidopsis thaliana by miR156 and its target SPL3
    Gang Wu
    Department of Biology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6018, USA
    Development 133:3539-47. 2006
    ..We conclude that vegetative phase change in Arabidopsis is regulated by an increase in the expression of SPL3 and probably also SPL4 and SPL5, and that this increase is a consequence of a decrease in the level of miR156...
  16. pmc An efficient approach to finding Siraitia grosvenorii triterpene biosynthetic genes by RNA-seq and digital gene expression analysis
    Qi Tang
    Institute of Medicinal Plant, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100193, China
    BMC Genomics 12:343. 2011
    ..Among them, mogroside V is nearly 300 times sweeter than sucrose. However, little is known about mogrosides biosynthesis in S. grosvenorii, especially the late steps of the pathway...
  17. ncbi Parallel declines in pollinators and insect-pollinated plants in Britain and the Netherlands
    J C Biesmeijer
    Institute of Integrative and Comparative Biology and Earth and Biosphere Institute, University of Leeds, Leeds, LS2 9JT, UK
    Science 313:351-4. 2006
    ..Taken together, these findings strongly suggest a causal connection between local extinctions of functionally linked plant and pollinator species...
  18. ncbi Integration of spatial and temporal information during floral induction in Arabidopsis
    Philip A Wigge
    Department of Molecular Biology, Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biology, 72076 Tubingen, Germany
    Science 309:1056-9. 2005
    ..A primary response to floral induction is the activation of FT RNA expression in leaves. Because flowers form at a distant site, the shoot apex, these data suggest that FT primarily controls the timing of flowering...
  19. pmc Regulation of flowering time and floral organ identity by a MicroRNA and its APETALA2-like target genes
    Milo J Aukerman
    E I duPont de Nemours and Company, Agriculture and Nutrition, Newark, Delaware 19711, USA
    Plant Cell 15:2730-41. 2003
    ..Gain-of-function and loss-of-function analyses indicate that two of the AP2-like target genes normally act as floral repressors, supporting the notion that miR172 regulates flowering time by downregulating AP2-like target genes...
  20. ncbi Regulation and identity of florigen: FLOWERING LOCUS T moves center stage
    Franziska Turck
    Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding, D 50829 Cologne, Germany
    Annu Rev Plant Biol 59:573-94. 2008
    ..At the shoot apical meristem (SAM), florigen causes changes in gene expression that reprogram the SAM to form flowers instead of leaves...
  21. pmc Transcriptome sequencing and comparative analysis of cucumber flowers with different sex types
    Shaogui Guo
    1National Engineering Research Center for Vegetables, Beijing 100097, China
    BMC Genomics 11:384. 2010
    ..breeding, we performed transcriptome sequencing of cucumber flower buds of two near-isogenic lines, WI1983G, a gynoecious plant which bears only pistillate flowers, and WI1983H, a hermaphroditic plant which bears only bisexual flowers.
  22. pmc Interactions of mitochondrial and nuclear genes that affect male gametophyte development
    Maureen R Hanson
    Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 0001, USA
    Plant Cell 16:S154-69. 2004
  23. pmc Flowering time variation in oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) is associated with allelic variation in the FRIGIDA homologue BnaA.FRI.a
    Nian Wang
    Plant Breeding Institute, Christian Albrechts University of Kiel, Olshausenstr 40, D 24098 Kiel, Germany
    J Exp Bot 62:5641-58. 2011
    ..The putative functional polymorphisms identified here may facilitate adaptation of this crop to specific environments through marker-assisted breeding...
  24. pmc On reconciling the interactions between APETALA2, miR172 and AGAMOUS with the ABC model of flower development
    Heike Wollmann
    Department of Molecular Biology, Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biology, 72076 Tubingen, Germany
    Development 137:3633-42. 2010
    ..Moreover, AP2 never expands uniformly into the center of ag mutant flowers, while miR172 is largely unaffected by loss of AG activity...
  25. pmc FLOWERING LOCUS T protein may act as the long-distance florigenic signal in the cucurbits
    Ming Kuem Lin
    Section of Plant Biology, College of Biological Sciences, University of California, Davis, California 95616, USA
    Plant Cell 19:1488-506. 2007
    ..maxima FT, but not FT mRNA, crossed the graft union in the phloem translocation stream. Collectively, these studies are consistent with FT functioning as a component of the florigenic signaling system in the cucurbits...
  26. pmc Linkage and association mapping of Arabidopsis thaliana flowering time in nature
    Benjamin Brachi
    Laboratoire Génétique et Evolution des Populations Végétales, Unité Mixte de Recherche CNRS 8016, Université des Sciences et Technologies de Lille 1, Villeneuve d Ascq, France
    PLoS Genet 6:e1000940. 2010
    ..Instead, we found a prevalence of genes involved in the regulation of the plant circadian clock. Furthermore, we identified new genomic regions lacking obvious candidate genes...
  27. pmc ARGONAUTE10 and ARGONAUTE1 regulate the termination of floral stem cells through two microRNAs in Arabidopsis
    Lijuan Ji
    Department of Botany and Plant Sciences, Institute of Integrative Genome Biology, University of California Riverside, Riverside, California, United States of America
    PLoS Genet 7:e1001358. 2011
    ....
  28. ncbi CO/FT regulatory module controls timing of flowering and seasonal growth cessation in trees
    Henrik Böhlenius
    Umea Plant Science Centre, Department of Forest Genetics and Plant Physiology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, S 90183 Umeå, Sweden
    Science 312:1040-3. 2006
    ..This regulatory mechanism can explain the ecogenetic variation in a highly adaptive trait: the critical daylength for growth cessation displayed by aspen trees sampled across a latitudinal gradient spanning northern Europe...
  29. pmc Comparative genomics of flowering time pathways using Brachypodium distachyon as a model for the temperate grasses
    Janet A Higgins
    Department of Crop Genetics, John Innes Centre, Norwich, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 5:e10065. 2010
    ..Overall, results suggest that an ancient core photoperiod pathway promoting flowering via the induction of FT has been modified by the recruitment of additional lineage specific pathways that promote or repress FT expression...
  30. doi Regulation of flowering in rice: two florigen genes, a complex gene network, and natural variation
    Hiroyuki Tsuji
    Nara Institute of Science and Technology, 8916 5 Takayama, Ikoma, Nara 630 0192, Japan
    Curr Opin Plant Biol 14:45-52. 2011
    ..This review summarizes photoperiodic flowering control in rice, including the interaction of complex layers of gene networks contributed from evolutionarily unique factors and the regulatory adaptation of conserved factors...
  31. pmc Genetic architecture of flowering-time variation in Arabidopsis thaliana
    Patrice A Salome
    Department of Molecular Biology, Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biology, Tubingen, Germany
    Genetics 188:421-33. 2011
    ..While this finding parallels results obtained for maize, in contrast to maize much of the variation in flowering time in A. thaliana appears to be due to large-effect alleles...
  32. ncbi The timing of developmental transitions in plants
    Isabel Bäurle
    Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, John Innes Centre, Norwich NR4 7UH, UK
    Cell 125:655-64. 2006
    ..Parallel themes are beginning to emerge from a molecular comparison of these two developmental transitions...
  33. pmc Auxin biosynthesis by the YUCCA flavin monooxygenases controls the formation of floral organs and vascular tissues in Arabidopsis
    Youfa Cheng
    Section of Cell and Developmental Biology, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 0116, USA
    Genes Dev 20:1790-9. 2006
    ....
  34. ncbi The miRNA156/157 recognition element in the 3' UTR of the Arabidopsis SBP box gene SPL3 prevents early flowering by translational inhibition in seedlings
    Madhuri Gandikota
    Department of Molecular Plant Genetics, Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, 50829 Cologne, Germany
    Plant J 49:683-93. 2007
    ..As a consequence of precocious translation of the constitutively expressed SPL3 transgene, due to the absence of a functional MRE, plants exhibit very early flowering in addition to frequent morphological changes...
  35. ncbi Integration of plant responses to environmentally activated phytohormonal signals
    Patrick Achard
    John Innes Centre, Norwich NR4 7UJ, UK
    Science 311:91-4. 2006
    ..The growth restraint conferred by DELLA proteins is beneficial and promotes survival. We propose that DELLAs permit flexible and appropriate modulation of plant growth in response to changes in natural environments...
  36. pmc Flowering time quantitative trait Loci analysis of oilseed brassica in multiple environments and genomewide alignment with Arabidopsis
    Y Long
    National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China
    Genetics 177:2433-44. 2007
    ..The number of QTL, interacting loci, and aligned functional genes revealed a complex genetic network controlling flowering time in B. napus...
  37. pmc De novo sequence assembly and characterization of the floral transcriptome in cross- and self-fertilizing plants
    Rob W Ness
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Toronto, 25 Willcocks Street, Toronto, ON M5S 3B2, Canada
    BMC Genomics 12:298. 2011
    ..paradoxa. By sequencing mRNA from tissues sampled at various stages of flower development, our goal was to sequence and assemble the floral transcriptome and identify differential patterns of gene expression...
  38. ncbi Transcription factor PIF4 controls the thermosensory activation of flowering
    S Vinod Kumar
    Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, John Innes Centre, Norwich NR4 7UH, UK
    Nature 484:242-5. 2012
    ..Flowering time is an important trait in crops as well as affecting the life cycles of pollinator species. A molecular understanding of how temperature affects flowering will be important for mitigating the effects of climate change...
  39. ncbi Regulation and function of SOC1, a flowering pathway integrator
    Jungeun Lee
    National Research Laboratory of Plant Developmental Genetics, School of Biological Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul, 151 742, Korea
    J Exp Bot 61:2247-54. 2010
    ..Therefore, SOC1 is necessary to prevent premature differentiation of the floral meristem...
  40. pmc AUXIN RESPONSE FACTOR8 regulates Arabidopsis petal growth by interacting with the bHLH transcription factor BIGPETALp
    Emilie Varaud
    Reproduction et Developpement des Plantes, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Universite Lyon 1, Ecole Normale Superieure, 69364 Lyon Cedex, France
    Plant Cell 23:973-83. 2011
    ..The data provide evidence of an interaction between an ARF and a bHLH transcription factor and of its biological significance in regulating petal growth, with local auxin levels likely influencing such a biological function...
  41. pmc Arabidopsis BRANCHED1 acts as an integrator of branching signals within axillary buds
    José Antonio Aguilar-Martínez
    Departamento de Genética Molecular de Plantas, Centro Nacional de Biotecnología Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Campus Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, 28049 Madrid, Spain
    Plant Cell 19:458-72. 2007
    ..The conservation of BRC1/tb1 function among distantly related angiosperm species suggests that a single ancestral mechanism of branching control integration evolved before the radiation of flowering plants...
  42. doi Arabidopsis lox3 lox4 double mutants are male sterile and defective in global proliferative arrest
    Daniela Caldelari
    Department of Biology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, USA
    Plant Mol Biol 75:25-33. 2011
    ..compared to wild type; lox3 lox4 double mutants are taller and develop more inflorescence shoots and flowers. Further analysis revealed that developmental arrest in the lox3 lox4 inflorescence occurs with the production of ..
  43. pmc ARABIDOPSIS DEHISCENCE ZONE POLYGALACTURONASE1 (ADPG1), ADPG2, and QUARTET2 are Polygalacturonases required for cell separation during reproductive development in Arabidopsis
    Mikihiro Ogawa
    CSIRO Plant Industry, Private Mail Bag, Merbein, Victoria 3505, Australia
    Plant Cell 21:216-33. 2009
    ..These results demonstrate that multiple cell separation events, including both abscission and dehiscence, require closely related PG genes...
  44. pmc Digital gene expression signatures for maize development
    Andrea L Eveland
    Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor, New York 11724, USA
    Plant Physiol 154:1024-39. 2010
    ..Results from this study provide a basis for the analysis of short-read expression data in maize and resolved specific expression signatures that will help define mechanisms of action for the RA3 gene...
  45. doi A gene network for long-day flowering activates RFT1 encoding a mobile flowering signal in rice
    Reina Komiya
    Laboratory of Plant Molecular Genetics, Nara Institute of Science and Technology NAIST, Takayama, Ikoma, Japan
    Development 136:3443-50. 2009
    ..We have thus exposed a network of genes that regulate LD flowering in rice...
  46. doi A pair of floral regulators sets critical day length for Hd3a florigen expression in rice
    Hironori Itoh
    Photosynthesis and Photobiology Research Unit, National Institute of Agrobiological Sciences, Tsukuba, Japan
    Nat Genet 42:635-8. 2010
    ..Thus, two distinct gating mechanisms--of the floral promoter Ehd1 and the floral repressor Ghd7--could enable manipulation of slight differences in day length to control Hd3a transcription with a critical day-length threshold...
  47. pmc WIN1, a transcriptional activator of epidermal wax accumulation in Arabidopsis
    Pierre Broun
    Mendel Biotechnology, 21375 Cabot Boulevard, Hayward, CA 94545, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:4706-11. 2004
    ..This observation indicates that induction of wax accumulation in transgenic plants is probably mediated through an increase in the expression of genes encoding enzymes of the wax biosynthesis pathway...
  48. ncbi MIR166/165 genes exhibit dynamic expression patterns in regulating shoot apical meristem and floral development in Arabidopsis
    Jae Hoon Jung
    Molecular Signaling Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, Seoul National University, Seoul, 151 742, South Korea
    Planta 225:1327-38. 2007
    ....
  49. pmc Unraveling the complex trait of crop yield with quantitative trait loci mapping in Brassica napus
    Jiaqin Shi
    National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China
    Genetics 182:851-61. 2009
    ..The idea of estimating indicator QTL for yield QTL and identifying potential candidate genes for yield provides an advance in methodology for complex traits...
  50. pmc The GIGANTEA-regulated microRNA172 mediates photoperiodic flowering independent of CONSTANS in Arabidopsis
    Jae Hoon Jung
    Molecular Signaling Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea
    Plant Cell 19:2736-48. 2007
    ..Therefore, it appears that GI-mediated photoperiodic flowering is governed by the coordinated interaction of two distinct genetic pathways: one mediated via CO and the other mediated via miR172 and its targets...
  51. pmc Two coordinately regulated homologs of FLOWERING LOCUS T are involved in the control of photoperiodic flowering in soybean
    Fanjiang Kong
    Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Harbin, China
    Plant Physiol 154:1220-31. 2010
    ..Taken together, our results suggest that GmFT2a and GmFT5a coordinately control flowering and enable the adaptation of soybean to a wide range of photoperiodic environments...
  52. doi An antagonistic pair of FT homologs mediates the control of flowering time in sugar beet
    Pierre A Pin
    Umea Plant Science Centre, Department of Forest Genetics and Plant Physiology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, 901 83 Umea, Sweden
    Science 330:1397-400. 2010
    ..These data suggest that the beet has evolved a different strategy relative to Arabidopsis and cereals to regulate vernalization...
  53. ncbi 14-3-3 proteins act as intracellular receptors for rice Hd3a florigen
    Ken Ichiro Taoka
    Laboratory of Plant Molecular Genetics, Graduate School of Biological Sciences, Nara Institute of Science and Technology, 8916 5 Takayama, Ikoma, Nara 630 0192, Japan
    Nature 476:332-5. 2011
    ..Our results indicate that 14-3-3 proteins act as intracellular receptors for florigen in shoot apical cells, and offer new approaches to manipulate flowering in various crops and trees...
  54. pmc Association mapping of local climate-sensitive quantitative trait loci in Arabidopsis thaliana
    Yan Li
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:21199-204. 2010
    ..Our results suggest that these major, environmentally sensitive FT QTL play an important role in spatial and temporal adaptation...
  55. ncbi Adaptation of photoperiodic control pathways produces short-day flowering in rice
    Ryosuke Hayama
    Laboratory of Plant Molecular Genetics, Nara Institute of Science and Technology, 8916 5 Takayama, Ikoma 630 0101, Japan
    Nature 422:719-22. 2003
    ....
  56. doi Hd3a and RFT1 are essential for flowering in rice
    Reina Komiya
    Laboratory of Plant Molecular Genetics, Nara Institute of Science and Technology, 8916 5 Takayama, Ikoma 630 0101, Japan
    Development 135:767-74. 2008
    ..These results indicate that Hd3a and RFT1 act as floral activators under SD conditions, and that RFT1 expression is partly regulated by chromatin modification...
  57. ncbi AUXIN RESPONSE FACTOR1 and AUXIN RESPONSE FACTOR2 regulate senescence and floral organ abscission in Arabidopsis thaliana
    Christine M Ellis
    Department of Biology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, CB 3280, Coker Hall, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 3280, USA
    Development 132:4563-74. 2005
    ..However, unlike arf2 mutations, an arf1 mutation increased transcription of Aux/IAA genes in Arabidopsis flowers, supporting previous biochemical studies that indicated that ARF1 is a transcriptional repressor...
  58. ncbi Natural variation in Hd17, a homolog of Arabidopsis ELF3 that is involved in rice photoperiodic flowering
    Kazuki Matsubara
    National Institute of Agrobiological Sciences, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan
    Plant Cell Physiol 53:709-16. 2012
    ....
  59. pmc Gibberellin acts through jasmonate to control the expression of MYB21, MYB24, and MYB57 to promote stamen filament growth in Arabidopsis
    Hui Cheng
    Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology, Agency for Science, Technology and Research, Proteos, Singapore
    PLoS Genet 5:e1000440. 2009
    ..Therefore, we have established a hierarchical relationship between GA and JA in that modulation of JA pathway by GA is one of the prerequisites for GA to regulate the normal stamen development in Arabidopsis...
  60. pmc The microRNA156-SQUAMOSA PROMOTER BINDING PROTEIN-LIKE3 module regulates ambient temperature-responsive flowering via FLOWERING LOCUS T in Arabidopsis
    Jae Joon Kim
    Creative Research Initiatives, Division of Life Sciences, Korea University, Seoul 136 701, Korea
    Plant Physiol 159:461-78. 2012
    ..Taken together, our data suggest that the interaction between the miR156-SPL3 module and FT is part of the regulatory mechanism controlling flowering time in response to ambient temperature...
  61. doi Pollinator choice in Petunia depends on two major genetic Loci for floral scent production
    Ulrich Klahre
    Institute of Plant Sciences, University of Bern, Altenbergrain 21, CH 3013 Bern, Switzerland
    Curr Biol 21:730-9. 2011
    ..The two species can easily be crossed in the laboratory, which makes it possible to study the genetic basis of the evolution of scent production and the importance of scent for pollinator behavior...
  62. pmc The first Illumina-based de novo transcriptome sequencing and analysis of safflower flowers
    Huang Lulin
    Department of Traditional Chinese Medicine Study, Industrial Crop Institute, Sichuan Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Jianyang, Sichuan, China
    PLoS ONE 7:e38653. 2012
    The safflower, Carthamus tinctorius L., is a worldwide oil crop, and its flowers, which have a high flavonoid content, are an important medicinal resource against cardiovascular disease in traditional medicine...
  63. ncbi A transposon-induced epigenetic change leads to sex determination in melon
    Antoine Martin
    INRA CNRS, UMR1165, Unite de Recherche en Genomique Vegetale, 2 rue Gaston Cremieux, F 91057 Evry, France
    Nature 461:1135-8. 2009
    Sex determination in plants leads to the development of unisexual flowers from an originally bisexual floral meristem...
  64. pmc Repression of FLOWERING LOCUS C and FLOWERING LOCUS T by the Arabidopsis Polycomb repressive complex 2 components
    Danhua Jiang
    Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Republic of Singapore
    PLoS ONE 3:e3404. 2008
    ..Given the central roles of FLC and FT in flowering-time regulation in Arabidopsis, these findings suggest that the CLF-containing PRC2-like complexes play a significant role in control of flowering in Arabidopsis...
  65. pmc Cell-type specific analysis of translating RNAs in developing flowers reveals new levels of control
    Yuling Jiao
    Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
    Mol Syst Biol 6:419. 2010
    ..Finally, we identified a new class of noncoding RNAs associated with polysomes. Findings from our profiling lead to new hypotheses in the understanding of flower development...
  66. doi Glutamate receptor-like genes form Ca2+ channels in pollen tubes and are regulated by pistil D-serine
    Erwan Michard
    Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciencia, Rua da Quinta Grande, 6, P 2780 156 Oeiras, Portugal
    Science 332:434-7. 2011
    ..Our findings reveal a novel plant signaling mechanism between male gametophyte and pistil tissue similar to amino acid-mediated communication commonly observed in animal nervous systems...
  67. pmc EMF genes maintain vegetative development by repressing the flower program in Arabidopsis
    Yong Hwan Moon
    Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, USA
    Plant Cell 15:681-93. 2003
    ..Expression profiles of emf seedlings before flower development were similar to that of Arabidopsis flowers, indicating the commitment of germinating emf seedlings to the reproductive fate...
  68. pmc Over-expression of miR172 causes loss of spikelet determinacy and floral organ abnormalities in rice (Oryza sativa)
    Qian Hao Zhu
    CSIRO Plant Industry, GPO Box 1600, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia
    BMC Plant Biol 9:149. 2009
    ..To determine whether these rice AP2-like genes are regulated by miR172 and investigate the function of the target genes, we studied the effect of over-expressing two members of the miR172 family on rice plant development...
  69. doi Flowering time control and applications in plant breeding
    Christian Jung
    Plant Breeding Institute, Christian Albrechts University of Kiel, D 24098 Kiel, Germany
    Trends Plant Sci 14:563-73. 2009
    ..This article reviews the major floral regulatory pathways and discusses current and novel strategies for altering bolting and flowering behavior in crop plants...
  70. pmc Microarray analysis of the abscission-related transcriptome in the tomato flower abscission zone in response to auxin depletion
    Shimon Meir
    Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
    Plant Physiol 154:1929-56. 2010
    ..Our results shed light on the regulatory control of abscission at the molecular level and further expand our knowledge of auxin-ethylene cross talk during the initial controlling stages of the process...
  71. pmc A timing mechanism for stem cell maintenance and differentiation in the Arabidopsis floral meristem
    Bo Sun
    Temasek Life Sciences Laboratory TLL, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore
    Genes Dev 23:1791-804. 2009
    Developmental regulation of the floral meristem ensures that plants of the same species have similarly sized flowers with a fixed number of floral organs...
  72. doi The flowering gene SINGLE FLOWER TRUSS drives heterosis for yield in tomato
    Uri Krieger
    Institute of Plant Sciences, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem Faculty of Agriculture, Rehovot, Israel
    Nat Genet 42:459-63. 2010
    ..Our findings provide the first example of a single overdominant gene for yield and suggest that single heterozygous mutations may improve productivity in other agricultural organisms...
  73. pmc The SUMO E3 ligase, AtSIZ1, regulates flowering by controlling a salicylic acid-mediated floral promotion pathway and through affects on FLC chromatin structure
    Jing Bo Jin
    Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907 2010, USA
    Plant J 53:530-40. 2008
    ....
  74. ncbi Changes in tomato ovary transcriptome demonstrate complex hormonal regulation of fruit set
    Wim H Vriezen
    Department of Plant Cell Biology, Radboud University Nijmegen, Toernooiveld 1, 6525ED Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    New Phytol 177:60-76. 2008
    ....
  75. pmc The birds and the bees and the flowers and the trees: lessons from genetic mapping of sex determination in plants and animals
    Deborah Charlesworth
    Department of Zoology, Edward Grey Institute, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3PS, United Kingdom
    Genetics 186:9-31. 2010
    ....
  76. doi Vernalization: winter and the timing of flowering in plants
    Dong Hwan Kim
    Section of Molecular Cell and Developmental Biology and Institute for Cellular and Molecular Biology, University of Texas, Austin, Texas 78712, USA
    Annu Rev Cell Dev Biol 25:277-99. 2009
    ..We also discuss the similarities and differences in vernalization between Arabidopsis and cereals...
  77. doi The flowering of Arabidopsis flower development
    Vivian F Irish
    Department of Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520 8104, USA
    Plant J 61:1014-28. 2010
    b>Flowers come in a variety of colors, shapes and sizes. Despite this variety, flowers have a very stereotypical architecture, consisting of a series of sterile organs surrounding the reproductive structures...
  78. pmc OsC6, encoding a lipid transfer protein, is required for postmeiotic anther development in rice
    Dasheng Zhang
    School of Life Science and Biotechnology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China
    Plant Physiol 154:149-62. 2010
    ..These data suggest that OsC6 plays a crucial role in the development of lipidic orbicules and pollen exine during anther development in rice...
  79. doi Targeted 3' processing of antisense transcripts triggers Arabidopsis FLC chromatin silencing
    Fuquan Liu
    Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, John Innes Centre, Norwich NR4 7UH, UK
    Science 327:94-7. 2010
    ..Targeted 3' processing of antisense transcripts may be a common mechanism triggering transcriptional silencing of the corresponding sense gene...
  80. pmc Floral initiation and inflorescence architecture: a comparative view
    Reyes Benlloch
    Laboratoire iRTSV PCV, UMR CEA CNRS 5168 INRA1200 UJF CEA, 17 rue des Martyrs, Bat, C2 38054 corrected
    Ann Bot 100:659-76. 2007
    ..This is particularly noticeable for inflorescences, the region of the plant that contains the flowers. The architecture of the inflorescence depends on its branching pattern and on the relative position where ..
  81. ncbi ABA regulates apoplastic sugar transport and is a potential signal for cold-induced pollen sterility in rice
    Sandra N Oliver
    CSIRO Plant Industry, Canberra, ACT, Australia
    Plant Cell Physiol 48:1319-30. 2007
    ..Our results indicate that the cold tolerance phenotype of R31 is correlated with lower endogenous ABA levels and a different regulation of ABA metabolism...
  82. pmc Molecular and functional characterization of PEBP genes in barley reveal the diversification of their roles in flowering
    Rie Kikuchi
    Plant Genome Research Unit, National Institute of Agrobiological Sciences, Tsukuba 305 8602, Japan
    Plant Physiol 149:1341-53. 2009
    ..Genomic sequence analyses revealed that Morex possesses an intact HvFT3 gene, whereas most of this gene has been lost in Steptoe. These data strongly suggest that HvFT3 may be identical to Ppd-H2...
  83. pmc The molecular biology of seasonal flowering-responses in Arabidopsis and the cereals
    Aaron Greenup
    Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization, Division of Plant Industry, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory 2601, Australia
    Ann Bot 103:1165-72. 2009
    ..FT is a promoter of flowering activated by long days and by warm conditions. FLC represses FT to delay flowering until plants experience winter...
  84. ncbi Molecular and structural characterization of barley vernalization genes
    Jarislav von Zitzewitz
    Department of Crop and Soil Science, Oregon State University, 253 Crop Science Building, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA
    Plant Mol Biol 59:449-67. 2005
    ..All reported barley vernalization QTLs can be explained by the two-locus VRN-H1/VRN-H2 model based on the presence/absence of VRN-H2 and a winter vs. spring HvBM5A allele...
  85. doi Repression of the floral transition via histone H2B monoubiquitination
    Xiaofeng Gu
    Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, Singapore
    Plant J 57:522-33. 2009
    ..These findings are consistent with a model in which HUB1 and HUB2 specifically interact with and direct UBC1 and UBC2 to monoubiquitinate H2B in developmental genes, and thus regulate developmental processes in plants...
  86. ncbi Control of the transition to flowering by chromatin modifications
    Yuehui He
    Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117543
    Mol Plant 2:554-64. 2009
    ..Regulation of FLC expression provides a paradigm for control of the expression of other developmental genes in plants through chromatin mechanisms...
  87. doi The transcriptome landscape of Arabidopsis male meiocytes from high-throughput sequencing: the complexity and evolution of the meiotic process
    Hongxing Yang
    State Key Laboratory of Genetic Engineering, Institute of Plant Biology, Center for Evolutionary Biology, School of Sciences, Fudan University, 220 Handan Road, Shanghai 200433, China
    Plant J 65:503-16. 2011
    ..In summary, our RNA-Seq transcriptome data provide an overview of gene expression in male meiocytes and invaluable information for future functional studies...
  88. ncbi C/D class MADS box genes from two monocots, orchid (Oncidium Gower Ramsey) and lily (Lilium longiflorum), exhibit different effects on floral transition and formation in Arabidopsis thaliana
    Hsing Fun Hsu
    Graduate Institute of Biotechnology, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung, Taiwan 40227 ROC
    Plant Cell Physiol 51:1029-45. 2010
    ..The mRNA for these three genes can be detected in flowers and is absent in vegetative leaves...
  89. ncbi Gibberellin regulates Arabidopsis floral development via suppression of DELLA protein function
    Hui Cheng
    Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology, 30 Medical Drive, Singapore 117609
    Development 131:1055-64. 2004
    The phytohormone gibberellin (GA) regulates the development and fertility of Arabidopsis flowers. The mature flowers of GA-deficient mutant plants typically exhibit reduced elongation growth of petals and stamens...
  90. pmc Gibberellin mobilizes distinct DELLA-dependent transcriptomes to regulate seed germination and floral development in Arabidopsis
    Dongni Cao
    Functional Genomics Laboratory, Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology, Proteos, Singapore 138673
    Plant Physiol 142:509-25. 2006
    ..Our data shown here not only confirm many previous reports but also single out some novel aspects of DELLA functions that are instructive to our future research...
  91. doi A survey of flowering genes reveals the role of gibberellins in floral control in rose
    Arnaud Remay
    INRA d Angers Nantes, IFR 149 QUASAV, UMR 1259 GenHort, BP60057, 49071 Beaucouzé cedex, France
    Theor Appl Genet 119:767-81. 2009
    ..The GA pathway appears to be a key regulator of flowering in rose. We postulate that GA metabolism is involved in floral initiation and GA signalling might be responsible for the recurrent flowering character...
  92. doi Carbohydrate mobilization and gene regulatory profile in the pseudobulb of Oncidium orchid during the flowering process
    Chih Yu Wang
    Institute of Plant Biology, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan
    Planta 227:1063-77. 2008
    ..These results demonstrated a novel functional profile of polysaccharide mobilization pathway as well as their relevant gene expression in the pseudobulb of Oncidium orchid during the flowering process...
  93. doi Simultaneous analysis of anthocyanins and flavonols in petals of lotus (Nelumbo) cultivars by high-performance liquid chromatography-photodiode array detection/electrospray ionization mass spectrometry
    Rui Zhen Yang
    Beijing Botanical Garden, Institute of Botany, The Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093, China
    J Chromatogr A 1216:106-12. 2009
    ..This work is valuable for both the hybrid breeding on lotus oriented to flower color and the utilization of lotus petals as functional food materials...
  94. pmc Strategies for functional validation of genes involved in reproductive stages of orchids
    Hsiang Chia Lu
    Department of Plant Pathology and Microbiology, National Taiwan University, Taipei 106, Taiwan
    Plant Physiol 143:558-69. 2007
    ..Flower morphology was affected in the MADS-box family gene-silenced plants as well. This in vivo experiment demonstrates an efficient way to study genes involved in the reproductive stage of plants with a long life cycle...
  95. pmc A genetic network of flowering-time genes in wheat leaves, in which an APETALA1/FRUITFULL-like gene, VRN1, is upstream of FLOWERING LOCUS T
    Sanae Shimada
    Department of Bioscience, Fukui Prefectural University, Eiheiji cho, Fukui, Japan
    Plant J 58:668-81. 2009
    ..The mvp mutant has a null allele of VRN2, as well as of VRN1, because it was obtained from a spring einkorn wheat strain lacking VRN2. The fact that FT is not expressed in the mvp mutant supports the present model...
  96. pmc Neural correlates of behavior in the moth Manduca sexta in response to complex odors
    Jeffrey A Riffell
    Department of Neuroscience, University of Arizona, Tucson AZ 85721 0077, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:19219-26. 2009
    ..We used gas chromatography coupled with multiunit neural-ensemble recording to identify key odorants from flowers of two important nectar resources, the desert plants Datura wrightii and Agave palmeri, that elicited responses ..
  97. doi Coming into bloom: the specification of floral meristems
    Chang Liu
    Department of Biological Sciences and Temasek Life Sciences Laboratory, National University of Singapore, Singapore
    Development 136:3379-91. 2009
    ..This review provides an overview of the molecular mechanisms that underlie floral meristem specification in Arabidopsis thaliana and, where appropriate, discusses the conservation and divergence of these mechanisms across plant species...
  98. ncbi Ability of honeybee, Apis mellifera, to detect and discriminate odors of varieties of canola (Brassica rapa and Brassica napus) and snapdragon flowers (Antirrhinum majus)
    Geraldine A Wright
    Department of Entomology, Ohio State University, Columbus 43210 1220, USA
    J Chem Ecol 28:721-40. 2002
    Honeybees (Apis mellifera) use odors to identify and discriminate among flowers during foraging...
  99. pmc A genomic and expression compendium of the expanded PEBP gene family from maize
    Olga N Danilevskaya
    Pioneer Hi Bred International Inc, A DuPont Business, Johnston, IA 50131, USA
    Plant Physiol 146:250-64. 2008
    ..The expression of other ZCN genes in roots, kernels, and flowers implies their involvement in diverse developmental processes.
  100. pmc FRIGIDA delays flowering in Arabidopsis via a cotranscriptional mechanism involving direct interaction with the nuclear cap-binding complex
    Nuno Geraldo
    Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, John Innes Centre, Norwich NR4 7UH, United Kingdom
    Plant Physiol 150:1611-8. 2009
    ..Our data suggest that FRI up-regulates FLC expression through a cotranscriptional mechanism involving direct physical interaction with the nuclear CBC with concomitant effects on FLC transcription and splicing...
  101. pmc Involvement of the MADS-box gene ZMM4 in floral induction and inflorescence development in maize
    Olga N Danilevskaya
    Pioneer Hi Bred International, Inc, A DuPont Company, Johnston, Iowa 50131, USA
    Plant Physiol 147:2054-69. 2008
    ..Our results suggest ZMM4 may play roles in both floral induction and inflorescence development...

Research Grants78

  1. Transcriptional Regulation in Early Flower Development
    Detlef Weigel; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..activated in floral primordia, is both necessary and sufficient for converting vegetative shoots into flowers. A unique feature of LEAFY compared to animal transcription factors is that it can be exported to adjacent cells, ..
  2. IMMUNOCHEMICAL ASSAY OF AEROALLERGENS
    Charles Reed; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..We find allergen in other plant parts such as flowers, leaves and stems. Also, we find easily measurable quantities of moth allergen in the summer and fall...
  3. Auxin Biosynthesis and Signaling Mechanisms
    Yunde Zhao; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The npy1 yuc1 yuc4 triple mutants developed pin-like inflorescences and failed to form any flowers, a hallmark phenotype caused by defects in auxin pathways...
  4. Auxin Biosynthesis and Signaling Mechanisms
    Yunde Zhao; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The npy1 yuc1 yuc4 triple mutants developed pin-like inflorescences and failed to form any flowers, a hallmark phenotype caused by defects in auxin pathways...
  5. Evolutionary genetics of flower color in lochroma (Solanaceae)
    Stacey Smith; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..the genetic changes in the anthocyanin pathway responsible for the evolutionary transition from purple to white flowers in I. loxense and from purple to red flowers in I. gesnerioides...
  6. Evolutionary genetics of flower color in lochroma (Solanaceae)
    Stacey Smith; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..the genetic changes in the anthocyanin pathway responsible for the evolutionary transition from purple to white flowers in I. loxense and from purple to red flowers in I. gesnerioides...
  7. BLOTING TRANSITION SPECIFIC GENETIC & BIOCHEMICAL EVENTS IN ARABIDOPSIS THALIANA
    ROBERT VELLANOWETH; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..meristem from one giving rise to leave to one forming a floral meristem which produces a long bolt with terminal flowers. We have demonstrated that the bolting transition is associated with a decline in measured ascorbate peroxidase (..
  8. Arrested Development of Arabidopsis
    F Pickett; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..and CLAVATA 3 genes to begin with) and leaf developmental genes (ASYMMETRIC LEAVES 1, YABBY3 and FILAMENTOUS FLOWERS)...
  9. MOLECULAR STUDY OF GIBBERELLIN REGULATED GENE EXPRESSION
    Neil Olszewski; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..The effects of this plant hormone on growth and development are seen in the flowers of tomato plants that are deficient in gibberellin...
  10. BEHAVIORAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL MECHANISMS OF OLFACTION
    Brian Smith; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..to detect and respond to a very large number of odors because they depend on locating many different types of flowers to harvest carbohydrate resources in nectars...
  11. BEHAVIORAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL MECHANISMS OF OLFACTION
    Brian Smith; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..to detect and respond to a very large number of odors because they depend on locating many different types of flowers to harvest carbohydrate resources in nectars...
  12. BEHAVIORAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL MECHANISMS OF OLFACTION
    Brian Smith; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..to detect and respond to a very large number of odors because they depend on locating many different types of flowers to harvest carbohydrate resources in nectars...
  13. BEHAVIORAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL MECHANISMS OF OLFACTION
    Brian Smith; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..to detect and respond to a very large number of odors because they depend on locating many different types of flowers to harvest carbohydrate resources in nectars...
  14. BEHAVIORAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL MECHANISMS OF OLFACTION
    Brian Smith; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..to detect and respond to a very large number of odors because they depend on locating many different types of flowers to harvest carbohydrate resources in nectars...
  15. BEHAVIORAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL MECHANISMS OF OLFACTION
    Brian Smith; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..to detect and respond to a very large number of odors because they depend on locating many different types of flowers to harvest carbohydrate resources in nectars...
  16. GENETICS OF AGAMOUS ACTION IN ARABIDOPSIS
    Elliot Meyerowitz; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..thaliana, and the patterns to be studied are the patterns of organ identity and differentiated cell type in flowers. The choice of flowers and of Arabidopsis is for experimental convenience and speed: the plant is small, grows ..
  17. GENETICS OF AGAMOUS ACTION IN ARABIDOPSIS
    Elliot Meyerowitz; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..thaliana, and the patterns to be studied are the patterns of organ identity and differentiated cell type in flowers. The choice of flowers and of Arabidopsis is for experimental convenience and speed: the plant is small, grows ..
  18. GENETICS OF AGAMOUS ACTION IN ARABIDOPSIS
    Elliot Meyerowitz; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..thaliana, and the patterns to be studied are the patterns of organ identity and differentiated cell type in flowers. The choice of flowers and of Arabidopsis is for experimental convenience and speed: the plant is small, grows ..
  19. GENETICS OF AGAMOUS ACTION IN ARABIDOPSIS
    Elliot Meyerowitz; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..thaliana, and the patterns to be studied are the patterns of organ identity and differentiated cell type in flowers. The choice of flowers and of Arabidopsis is for experimental convenience and speed: the plant is small, grows ..
  20. Network processing of olfactory mixtures in the brain
    JOSHUA P MARTIN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..advantage of the relationship between the moth Manduca sexta and the innately attractive odor of Datura wrightii flowers, to investigate how the network of neurons in the primary olfactory center, the antennal lobe, processes this ..
  21. SOCIAL AND NEUROENDOCRINE REGULATION OF THE PERIOD GENE
    Gene Robinson; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Young bees, which work in the hive, have no behavioral circadian rhythms while older bees, which forage on flowers, do; per mRNA levels in the brain change in association with this behavioral maturation...
  22. SOCIAL AND NEUROENDOCRINE REGULATION OF THE PERIOD GENE
    Gene Robinson; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Young bees, which work in the hive, have no behavioral circadian rhythms while older bees, which forage on flowers, do; per mRNA levels in the brain change in association with this behavioral maturation...
  23. SOCIAL AND NEUROENDOCRINE REGULATION OF THE PERIOD GENE
    Gene Robinson; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Young bees, which work in the hive, have no behavioral circadian rhythms while older bees, which forage on flowers, do; per mRNA levels in the brain change in association with this behavioral maturation...
  24. Molecular Mechanisms Underlying Odorant Recognition
    Hiroaki Matsunami; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..our sense of smell and taste is essential to maintain the quality of our daily life, from enjoying meals and flowers to detecting fire and spoiled food...
  25. Molecular Mechanisms Underlying Odorant Recognition
    Hiroaki Matsunami; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..our sense of smell and taste is essential to maintain the quality of our daily life, from enjoying meals and flowers to detecting fire and spoiled food...
  26. GENETICS OF SEX DETERMINATION AND CELL DEATH IN PLANTS
    Stephen Dellaporta; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..mechanisms or sex determination in the model genetic organism Zea mays (maize), a species that produces unisexual flowers (called "florets") through the action of sex determination (SD) genes...
  27. GENETICS OF SEX DETERMINATION AND CELL DEATH IN PLANTS
    Stephen Dellaporta; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..mechanisms or sex determination in the model genetic organism Zea mays (maize), a species that produces unisexual flowers (called "florets") through the action of sex determination (SD) genes...
  28. GENETICS OF SEX DETERMINATION AND CELL DEATH IN PLANTS
    Stephen Dellaporta; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..mechanisms or sex determination in the model genetic organism Zea mays (maize), a species that produces unisexual flowers (called "florets") through the action of sex determination (SD) genes...
  29. GENETICS OF SEX DETERMINATION AND CELL DEATH IN PLANTS
    Stephen Dellaporta; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..mechanisms or sex determination in the model genetic organism Zea mays (maize), a species that produces unisexual flowers (called "florets") through the action of sex determination (SD) genes...
  30. Role of the CLAVATA1 Receptor Kinase in Plant Stem Cell Regulation
    Elliot Meyerowitz; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..forms in embryos and is the source of all of the above-ground parts of the plant, including stem, leaves, and flowers. This plant has been chosen because its stem cells are particularly amenable to experiment - not only is there a ..
  31. Role of the CLAVATA1 Receptor Kinase in Plant Stem Cell Regulation
    Elliot M Meyerowitz; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..forms in embryos and is the source of all of the above-ground parts of the plant, including stem, leaves, and flowers. This plant has been chosen because its stem cells are particularly amenable to experiment - not only is there a ..
  32. DEVELOPMENTAL REGULATION OF THE EPSP SYNTHASE GENE
    Philip Benfey; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..EPSPS RNA is expressed at high levels in mature flowers with a dramatic increase in RNA abundance as the flower opens...
  33. DEVELOPMENTAL REGULATION OF THE EPSP SYNTHASE GENE
    Philip Benfey; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..EPSPS RNA is expressed at high levels in mature flowers with a dramatic increase in RNA abundance as the flower opens...
  34. DEVELOPMENTAL REGULATION OF THE EPSP SYNTHASE GENE
    Philip Benfey; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..EPSPS RNA is expressed at high levels in mature flowers with a dramatic increase in RNA abundance as the flower opens...
  35. Molecular analysis of the autonomous pathway
    Scott Michaels; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..g. leaves) to produce the reproductive structures (flowers)...
  36. Molecular analysis of the autonomous pathway
    Scott Michaels; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..g. leaves) to produce the reproductive structures (flowers)...
  37. Molecular analysis of the autonomous pathway
    Scott Michaels; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..g. leaves) to produce the reproductive structures (flowers)...
  38. GENETICS OF AGAMOUS ACTION IN ARABISOPSIS DEVELOPMENT
    Elliot Meyerowitz; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..be done by studying in depth the genetics and molecular genetics of a key homeotic gene in the development of flowers of the plant Arabidopsis thaliana...
  39. GENETICS OF AGAMOUS ACTION IN ARABISOPSIS DEVELOPMENT
    Elliot Meyerowitz; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..be done by studying in depth the genetics and molecular genetics of a key homeotic gene in the development of flowers of the plant Arabidopsis thaliana...
  40. GENETICS OF AGAMOUS ACTION IN ARABISOPSIS DEVELOPMENT
    Elliot Meyerowitz; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..be done by studying in depth the genetics and molecular genetics of a key homeotic gene in the development of flowers of the plant Arabidopsis thaliana...
  41. PETAL A1 AND REGULATING FLOWERING AND ARABIDOPSIS
    Martin Yanofsky; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..these genes, APETALA1 (AP1) plays a pivotal role in this process since it is sufficient to signal plants to form flowers rather than shoots...
  42. PETAL A1 AND REGULATING FLOWERING AND ARABIDOPSIS
    Martin Yanofsky; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..these genes, APETALA1 (AP1) plays a pivotal role in this process since it is sufficient to signal plants to form flowers rather than shoots...
  43. Temporal Regulation of miR156
    KEITH WILLIAM EARLEY; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Finally, the plants produce flowers, marking the final stage of plant development. The miRNA, miR156, is a major regulator of this process...
  44. Temporal Regulation of miR156
    Keith Earley; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Finally, the plants produce flowers, marking the final stage of plant development. The miRNA, miR156, is a major regulator of this process...
  45. CHROMOSOME 3P RECESSIVE ONCOGENES IN CERVICAL CANCER
    Lisa Flowers; Fiscal Year: 2000
    DESCRIPTION (Applicant's Description): The candidate, Lisa Cecile Flowers, M.D., is an obstetrician gynecologist of Cuban and African-American descent. She seeks a career in academic gynecologic oncology...
  46. Transcriptional Regulation in Early Flower Development
    Joanne Chory; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..activated in floral primordia, is both necessary and sufficient for converting vegetative shoots into flowers. A unique feature of LEAFY compared to animal transcription factors is that it can be exported to adjacent cells, ..
  47. CHROMOSOME 3P RECESSIVE ONCOGENES IN CERVICAL CANCER
    Lisa Flowers; Fiscal Year: 1999
    DESCRIPTION (Applicant's Description): The candidate, Lisa Cecile Flowers, M.D., is an obstetrician gynecologist of Cuban and African-American descent. She seeks a career in academic gynecologic oncology...
  48. Transcriptional Regulation in Early Flower Development
    Joanne Chory; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..activated in floral primordia, is both necessary and sufficient for converting vegetative shoots into flowers. A unique feature of LEAFY compared to animal transcription factors is that it can be exported to adjacent cells, ..
  49. Transcriptional Regulation in Early Flower Development
    Joanne Chory; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..activated in floral primordia, is both necessary and sufficient for converting vegetative shoots into flowers. A unique feature of LEAFY compared to animal transcription factors is that it can be exported to adjacent cells, ..
  50. GENETICS OF AGAMOUS ACTION IN ARABIDOPSIS
    Elliot Meyerowitz; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..of organ type specification, by each of the master regulatory genes engaged in spatial pattern formation in flowers. This in turn will provide fundamental information on a critical process in development that is shared by plants ..
  51. GENETICS OF AGAMOUS ACTION IN ARABIDOPSIS
    Elliot Meyerowitz; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..of organ type specification, by each of the master regulatory genes engaged in spatial pattern formation in flowers. This in turn will provide fundamental information on a critical process in development that is shared by plants ..
  52. GENETICS OF AGAMOUS ACTION IN ARABIDOPSIS
    Elliot Meyerowitz; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..of organ type specification, by each of the master regulatory genes engaged in spatial pattern formation in flowers. This in turn will provide fundamental information on a critical process in development that is shared by plants ..
  53. GENETICS OF AGAMOUS ACTION IN ARABIDOPSIS
    Elliot Meyerowitz; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..of organ type specification, by each of the master regulatory genes engaged in spatial pattern formation in flowers. This in turn will provide fundamental information on a critical process in development that is shared by plants ..
  54. A Genomic Analysis of Complex Trait Variation in Mimulus
    John Kelly; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The proposed research will have broader impacts thorough both education and the development of scientific resources. ..
  55. Vernalization a cold-induced regulatory network establishing cellular memory
    Richard Amasino; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..A general understanding of epigenetic regulation in a range of multi-cellular organisms should ultimately contribute to the development of strategies to treat disease states. ..
  56. Vernalization a cold-induced regulatory network establishing cellular memory
    Richard Amasino; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..A general understanding of epigenetic regulation in a range of multi-cellular organisms should ultimately contribute to the development of strategies to treat disease states. ..
  57. Vernalization a cold-induced regulatory network establishing cellular memory
    Richard Amasino; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..A general understanding of epigenetic regulation in a range of multi-cellular organisms should ultimately contribute to the development of strategies to treat disease states. ..
  58. Vernalization a cold-induced regulatory network establishing cellular memory
    Richard M Amasino; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..A general understanding of epigenetic regulation in a range of multi-cellular organisms should ultimately contribute to the development of strategies to treat disease states. ..
  59. Vernalization a cold-induced regulatory network establishing cellular memory
    Richard Amasino; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..A general understanding of epigenetic regulation in a range of multi-cellular organisms should ultimately contribute to the development of strategies to treat disease states. ..
  60. A Genomic Analysis of Complex Trait Variation in Mimulus
    John Kelly; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The proposed research will have broader impacts thorough both education and the development of scientific resources. ..
  61. A Genomic Analysis of Complex Trait Variation in Mimulus
    John Kelly; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The proposed research will have broader impacts thorough both education and the development of scientific resources. ..
  62. A Genomic Analysis of Complex Trait Variation in Mimulus
    John Kelly; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The proposed research will have broader impacts thorough both education and the development of scientific resources. ..
  63. Genomic Analysis of Complex Trait Variation in Mimulus
    John Kelly; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The proposed research will have broader impacts thorough both education and the development of scientific resources. ..
  64. DISEASE ON NEW HOSTS: MICROBOTRYUM AS A MODEL SYSTEM
    Janis Antonovics; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Determine the role of genetic factors in the transmission of a pathogen to a new host, c. Determine the role of pathogen specialization in persistence on new hosts. ..
  65. MUTATOR TRANSPORTABLE ELEMENTS OF MAIZE
    Virginia Walbot; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Host factors that regulate MuDR/Mu activities will also be characterized, because transposable element activities are an evolved nartnershiD of the transDoson and its host. ..
  66. Molecular analysis of the autonomous pathway
    Scott Michaels; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..g. leaves) to produce the reproductive structures (flowers)...
  67. MUTATOR TRANSPORTABLE ELEMENTS OF MAIZE
    Virginia Walbot; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..In vitro biochemical studies will examine the DNA binding properties and enzymatic activities of the transposes encoded by MuDR to determine if different transposases are required for "cut and paste" and replicative transposition. ..
  68. MUTATOR TRANSPORTABLE ELEMENTS OF MAIZE
    Virginia Walbot; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Host factors that regulate MuDR/Mu activities will also be characterized, because transposable element activities are an evolved nartnershiD of the transDoson and its host. ..
  69. MUTATOR TRANSPORTABLE ELEMENTS OF MAIZE
    Virginia Walbot; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Host factors that regulate MuDR/Mu activities will also be characterized, because transposable element activities are an evolved nartnershiD of the transDoson and its host. ..
  70. MUTATOR TRANSPORTABLE ELEMENTS OF MAIZE
    Virginia Walbot; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..In vitro biochemical studies will examine the DNA binding properties and enzymatic activities of the transposes encoded by MuDR to determine if different transposases are required for "cut and paste" and replicative transposition. ..
  71. Molecular Mechanism of Photoperiodic Time Measurement
    Takato Imaizumi; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....