Summary: Minute free-floating animal organisms which live in practically all natural waters.
Publications240 found, 100 shown here
- Giant virus with a remarkable complement of genes infects marine zooplanktonMatthias G Fischer
Department of Microbiology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6T 1Z4
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:19508-13. 2010..CroV is a highly complex marine virus and the only virus studied in genetic detail that infects one of the major groups of predators in the oceans...
- Bacteria of the gamma-subclass Proteobacteria associated with zooplankton in Chesapeake BayJ F Heidelberg
Center of Marine Biotechnology, University of Maryland Biotechnology Institute, Baltimore, Maryland 21202, USA
Appl Environ Microbiol 68:5498-507. 2002..mimicus, Vibrio cincinnatiensis, and Vibrio vulnificus in the Choptank River of Chesapeake Bay associated with zooplankton was monitored from April to December 1996...
- Experimental evidence that phenotypic divergence in predators drives community divergence in preyEric P Palkovacs
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520 8106, USA
Ecology 90:300-5. 2009..To examine the effects of predator trait divergence on prey communities, we exposed zooplankton communities in lake mesocosms to predation from either anadromous or landlocked (freshwater resident) alewives, ..
- Association of Vibrio cholerae O1 El Tor and O139 Bengal with the Copepods Acartia tonsa and Eurytemora affinisTonya K Rawlings
Institute for Advanced Computer Sciences, University of Maryland, 296 Biomolecular Sciences Building, Room 3103, College Park, MD 20742, USA
Appl Environ Microbiol 73:7926-33. 2007The association of Vibrio cholerae with zooplankton has been suggested as an important factor in transmission of human epidemic cholera, and the ability to colonize zooplankton surfaces may play a role in the temporal variation and ..
- Assessment of the environmental fate and effects of ivermectin in aquatic mesocosmsHans Sanderson
National Environmental Research Institute, Department of Policy Analysis, Aarhus University, Frederiksborgvej 399, Post Box 358, DK 4000 Roskilde, Denmark
Aquat Toxicol 85:229-40. 2007..This is the first study to demonstrate the potential environmental risk of ivermectin at or below the predicted environmental concentration using a standardized test methodology (mesocosm) with minimal extrapolation uncertainty...
- Assessing structural and functional plankton responses to carbendazim toxicityDiana M E Slijkerman
TNO Environment, Energy and Process Innovation, Department of Ecological Risk Studies, PO Box 57, 1780 AB Den Helder, The Netherlands
Environ Toxicol Chem 23:455-62. 2004..magna were compared with effects on zooplankton species richness (ecosystem structure) and development of phytoplankton biomass (ecosystem function)...
- Habitat structure determines resource use by zooplankton in temperate lakesTessa B Francis
Department of Biology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA School of Aquatic and Fishery Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
Ecol Lett 14:364-72. 2011..Estimates of terrestrial contributions to lake zooplankton have omitted a key food source, phytoplankton produced below the mixed layer...
- Allee effect limits colonization success of sexually reproducing zooplanktonAndrew M Kramer
Department of Fisheries and Wildlife, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824, USA
Ecology 89:2760-9. 2008..Together, these lines of evidence support the importance of the Allee effect to population recovery of H. shoshone in the Sierra Nevada, and to diaptomid copepods in general...
- Zooplankton diversity analysis through single-gene sequencing of a community sampleRyuji J Machida
Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo, 1 15 1 Minamidai, Nakano Ku, Tokyo 164 8639, Japan
BMC Genomics 10:438. 2009..Among the components of the ocean ecosystem, zooplankton play vital roles in energy and matter transfer through the system...
- The noncosmopolitanism paradigm of freshwater zooplankton: insights from the global phylogeography of the predatory cladoceran Polyphemus pediculus (Linnaeus, 1761) (Crustacea, Onychopoda)S Xu
Great Lakes Institute for Environmental Research, University of Windsor, ON, Canada
Mol Ecol 18:5161-79. 2009..In contrast, little genetic subdivision is apparent across the formerly glaciated regions of Europe and North America, areas that historical demographic analyses suggest that were recolonized just 5500-24 000 years ago...
- High plankton densities reduce mercury biomagnificationCelia Y Chen
Department of Biological Sciences, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire 03755, USA
Environ Sci Technol 39:115-21. 2005..4-45 microm), two size classes of zooplankton (45-202 and >202 microm), and fish to phytoplankton and zooplankton densities from 20 lakes in the northeastern ..
- Trophic cascades in a formerly cod-dominated ecosystemKenneth T Frank
Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Bedford Institute of Oceanography, Ocean Sciences Division, Post Office Box 1006, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, B2Y 4A2, Canada
Science 308:1621-3. 2005..Several cod stocks in other geographic areas have also collapsed without recovery, suggesting the existence of trophic cascades in these systems...
- Effects of global climate on infectious disease: the cholera modelErin K Lipp
Center of Marine Biotechnology, University of Maryland Biotechnology Institute, Baltimore, Maryland 21202, USA
Clin Microbiol Rev 15:757-70. 2002..The cholera model provides a template for future research on climate-sensitive diseases, allowing definition of critical parameters and offering a means of developing more sophisticated methods for prediction of disease outbreaks...
- Global biodiversity patterns of marine phytoplankton and zooplanktonXabier Irigoien
AZTI, Arrantza eta Elikaigintzarako Institutu Teknologikoa, Herrera Kaia Portualdea, 20110 Pasaia, Spain
Nature 429:863-7. 2004..the oceans cover 70% of the Earth's surface, our knowledge of biodiversity patterns in marine phytoplankton and zooplankton is very limited compared to that of the biodiversity of plants and herbivores in the terrestrial world...
- In deep trouble: habitat selection constrained by multiple enemies in zooplanktonEllen Decaestecker
Laboratory of Aquatic Ecology, Catholic University of Leuven, Charles De Beriotstraat 32, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99:5481-5. 2002..This tradeoff highlights a substantial cost of predator-induced changes in habitat selection behavior. Tradeoffs caused by multiple enemies may explain genetic polymorphism for habitat selection behavior in many natural populations...
- Effects of the pyrethroid insecticide, cypermethrin, on a freshwater community studied under field conditions. I. Direct and indirect effects on abundance measures of organisms at different trophic levelsUrsula Friberg-Jensen
Freshwater Biological Laboratory, University of Copenhagen, Helsingørsgade 51, DK 3400 Hillerød, Denmark
Aquat Toxicol 63:357-71. 2003....
- Trajectories of zooplankton recovery in the Little Rock Lake whole-lake acidification experimentThomas M Frost
Trout Lake Station, Center for Limnology, University of Wisconsin, 10810 County Highway N, Boulder Junction, Wisconsin 54512, USA
Ecol Appl 16:353-67. 2006..Here we report on zooplankton community recovery following the experimental acidification of Little Rock Lake, Wisconsin, USA...
- The species sensitivity distribution approach compared to a microcosm study: a case study with the fungicide fluazinamR P A Van Wijngaarden
Alterra, Wageningen University and Research Centre, P O Box 47, 6700 AA Wageningen, The Netherlands
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 73:109-22. 2010..The 10 microgL(-1) treatment resulted in short-term effects on a few zooplankton taxa. Clear effects were observed at 50 and 250 microgL(-1)...
- Measuring and modeling dispersal of adult zooplanktonMichael R Allen
Program in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
Oecologia 153:135-43. 2007..Wetlands are one such system that have undergone excessive destruction and fragmentation in recent years. Zooplankton within these communities have historically been considered frequent and widespread dispersers, but direct, ..
- Effects of ultraviolet radiation on pigmentation, photoenzymatic repair, behavior, and community ecology of zooplanktonLars Anders Hansson
Lund University, Institute of Ecology Limnology, Ecology Building, SE 223 62, Lund, Sweden
Photochem Photobiol Sci 8:1266-75. 2009In this report, we provide a perspective on how zooplankton are able to respond to present and future levels of ultraviolet (UV) radiation, a threat that has been present throughout evolutionary time...
- Harmful effects of un-ionised ammonia on the zooplankton community in a deep waste treatment pondM Arauzo
Centro de Ciencias Medioambientales, C S I C, Serrano 115 dpdo, 28006 Madrid, Spain
Water Res 37:1048-54. 2003The harmful effects of NH(3) on the zooplankton community in a deep waste treatment pond were evaluated under natural conditions...
- Effect of algal and bacterial diet on methyl mercury concentrations in zooplanktonMartin Kainz
Water and Watershed Research Program, Department of Biology, University of Victoria, STN CSC, Victoria BC V8W 3N5, Canada
Environ Sci Technol 39:1666-72. 2005We studied the effect of zooplankton diet on MeHg accumulation in different zooplankton size-fractions from lakes of different trophic status...
- Impact of triphenyltin acetate in microcosms simulating floodplain lakes. I. Influence of sediment qualityI Roessink
Alterra, Wageningen UR, P O Box 47, 6700 AA, Wageningen, The Netherlands
Ecotoxicology 15:267-93. 2006....
- Swimming against the flow: a mechanism of zooplankton aggregationAmatzia Genin
Interuniversity Institute for Marine Sciences and the Hebrew University, Eilat, Israel
Science 308:860-2. 2005b>Zooplankton reside in a constantly flowing environment...
- Effects of lambda-cyhalothrin in two ditch microcosm systems of different trophic statusIvo Roessink
Alterra, Wageningen UR, PO Box 47, 6700 AA Wageningen, The Netherlands
Environ Toxicol Chem 24:1684-96. 2005..Indirect effects (e.g., increase of rotifers and microcrustaceans) were more pronounced in the plankton-dominated test systems, particularly at treatment levels of 25 ng/L and higher...
- Large nonlethal effects of an invasive invertebrate predator on zooplankton population growth rateKevin L Pangle
Michigan State University, Department of Fisheries and Wildlife, 13 Natural Resources Building, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 1222, USA
Ecology 88:402-12. 2007..We focused on the effects of an invasive invertebrate predator, Bythotrephes longimanus, on zooplankton prey populations in Lakes Michigan and Erie...
- Ecological impact of repeated applications of chlorpyrifos on zooplankton community in mesocosms under Mediterranean conditionsPatricia López-Mancisidor
Laboratory for Ecotoxicology, Department of the Environment, National Institute for Agricultural and Food Research and Technology, A 6, km 7 5, 28040 Madrid, Spain
Ecotoxicology 17:811-25. 2008..Indirect effects on zooplankton populations were observed due to shifts in competition and predation between populations...
- Independent gradients of producer, consumer, and microbial diversity in lake planktonAllyson Longmuir
Department of Zoology, University of British Columbia, 6270 University Boulevard, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z4, Canada
Ecology 88:1663-74. 2007..Here we examine correlations in diversity among zooplankton, phytoplankton, and bacteria in the pelagic zone of 31 lakes in British Columbia, Canada...
- Does dispersal limitation impact the recovery of zooplankton communities damaged by a regional stressor?Derek K Gray
Department of Biology, Queen s University, 116 Barrie Street, Kingston, Ontario K7L 3J9, Canada
Ecol Appl 21:1241-56. 2011..In this study, we sought to determine if dispersal limitation could impede the recovery of zooplankton communities affected by a regional stressor...
- The scale of divergence: a phylogenetic appraisal of intercontinental allopatric speciation in a passively dispersed freshwater zooplankton genusSarah J Adamowicz
Department of Biology, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, Ont, Canada N2L 3G1
Mol Phylogenet Evol 50:423-36. 2009Molecular studies have enlightened our understanding of freshwater zooplankton biogeography, yet questions remain regarding the scale and commonality of geographic speciation...
- Trophic transfer of cyanobacterial toxins from zooplankton to planktivores: consequences for pike larvae and mysid shrimpsMiina Karjalainen
Finnish Institute of Marine Research, P O Box 33, FIN 00931 Helsinki, Finland
Environ Toxicol 20:354-62. 2005The aim of this study was to evaluate the potentially harmful effects of zooplankton preexposed to cyanobacteria on two planktivorous animals: a fish larva (pike, Esox lucius) and a mysid shrimp (Neomysis integer)...
- Zooplankton community responses to chlorpyrifos in mesocosms under Mediterranean conditionsPatricia López-Mancisidor
Department of the Environment, Laboratory for Ecotoxicology, National Institute for Agricultural and Food Research and Technology, Madrid, Spain
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 71:16-25. 2008The effects of chlorpyrifos (organophosphate insecticide) on zooplankton were studied in outdoor experimental tanks (mesocosms) sited in the Mediterranean Region (Madrid, Spain) at two nominal concentrations of chlorpyrifos (0...
- Uptake and accumulation of dissolved, radiolabeled nodularin in Baltic Sea zooplanktonM Karjalainen
Finnish Institute of Marine Research, PO Box 33, FIN-00931 Helsinki, Finland
Environ Toxicol 18:52-60. 2003..Therefore, we wanted to use a precise and sensitive method to study toxin uptake and accumulation in zooplankton. We used chemically tritiated nodularin, (3)H-dihydronodularin, to study the uptake of dissolved nodularin, a ..
- Temporal, spatial, and between-host comparisons of patterns of parasitism in lake zooplanktonMeghan A Duffy
School of Biology, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332 0230, USA
Ecology 91:3322-31. 2010..dentifera. Overall, this study demonstrates a method for parsing patterns of variation and covariation in infection prevalence data, providing greater insight into the relative importance of different underlying drivers of parasitism...
- Tracking the small with the smallest--using nanotechnology in tracking zooplanktonMercy Lard
Institute of Biology, Limnology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
PLoS ONE 5:e13516. 2010..in close cooperation between biologists, chemists and physicists, offers new opportunities to routinely study zooplankton responses to light, food and predation, opening up advancements within research areas such as diel vertical/..
- Polarization sensitivity as a contrast enhancer in pelagic predators: lessons from in situ polarization imaging of transparent zooplanktonSonke Johnsen
Biology Department, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 366:655-70. 2011..sensitivity found in certain pelagic species may serve to enhance the contrast of their transparent zooplankton prey...
- Strong evidence for terrestrial support of zooplankton in small lakes based on stable isotopes of carbon, nitrogen, and hydrogenJonathan J Cole
Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies, Millbrook, NY 12545, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:1975-80. 2011..Here, we adopt a unique approach by using stable isotopes of H, C, and N to estimate terrestrial support to zooplankton in two contrasting lakes...
- Phytoplankton, not allochthonous carbon, sustains herbivorous zooplankton productionMichael T Brett
Department of Civil Engineering, Box 352700, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 2700, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:21197-201. 2009..suggest terrestrial particulate organic carbon (t-POC) inputs account for a disproportionate portion of zooplankton production...
- Effects of time-variable exposure regimes of the insecticide chlorpyrifos on freshwater invertebrate communities in microcosmsMazhar Iqbal Zafar
Department of Aquatic Ecology and Water Quality Management, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands
Environ Toxicol Chem 30:1383-94. 2011..These results suggest that for this combination of concentrations and duration of the TWA, the TWA concentration is more important for most species than the peak concentration for the assessment of long-term risks of chlorpyrifos...
- Environmental context determines community sensitivity of freshwater zooplankton to a pesticideNathalie C Stampfli
Department of System Ecotoxicology, Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research UFZ, Permoserstraße 15, 04318 Leipzig, Germany
Aquat Toxicol 104:116-24. 2011..We conducted an outdoor microcosm experiment in which zooplankton communities were exposed to the insecticide esfenvalerate (0.03, 0...
- Interactions between zooplankton feeding, photosynthesis and skeletal growth in the scleractinian coral Stylophora pistillataFanny Houlbrèque
Centre Scientifique de Monaco, Avenue Saint Martin, MC 98000 Monaco Principality
J Exp Biol 207:1461-9. 2004We investigated the effect of zooplankton feeding on tissue and skeletal growth of the scleractinian coral Stylophora pistillata...
- The electric sense of the paddlefish: a passive system for the detection and capture of zooplankton preyLon A Wilkens
Center for Neurodynamics, Department of Biology, University of Missouri St Louis, 8001 Natural Bridge Road, St Louis, Missouri 63121, USA
J Physiol Paris 96:363-77. 2002..We also describe the ascending and descending neuronal circuitry of the electrosensory system in the brain based on tracer studies using dextran amines...
- Patterns of mercury accumulation among seston in lakes of the Adirondack Mountains, New YorkRyan M Adams
Center for the Environment, Clarkson University, Potsdam, New York 13699, USA
Environ Sci Technol 43:4836-42. 2009..2-2 microm size class. The results suggest that surface water Al concentrations and seston density influence Hg accumulation at the base of the aquatic food chain...
- Recovery after local extinction: factors affecting re-establishment of alpine lake zooplanktonRoland A Knapp
Sierra Nevada Aquatic Research Laboratory, University of California, HCR 79, Box 198, Mammoth Lakes, California 93546, USA
Ecol Appl 18:1850-9. 2008..introduction of fishes into naturally fishless mountain lakes often results in the extirpation of large-bodied zooplankton species...
- Changes in zooplankton abundance and diversity after ballast water exchange in regional seasTracy McCollin
Fisheries Research Services, Marine Laboratory Aberdeen, PO Box 101, 375 Victoria Road, Aberdeen AB11 9DB, United Kingdom
Mar Pollut Bull 56:834-44. 2008..b>Zooplankton samples were taken before and after exchange on ten voyages where BWE took place (North Sea, English Channel, ..
- Extrinsic and intrinsic controls of zooplankton diversity in lakesDag O Hessen
University of Oslo, Department of Biology, Norway
Ecology 87:433-43. 2006Pelagic crustacean zooplankton were collected from 336 Norwegian lakes covering a wide range of latitude, altitude, lake area, mean depth, production (as chlorophyll a), and fish community structure...
- Environmental stability and lake zooplankton diversity - contrasting effects of chemical and thermal variabilityJonathan B Shurin
Department of Zoology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
Ecol Lett 13:453-63. 2010..The net effect of environmental variation on diversity is largely unknown. We examined the association between zooplankton species richness in lakes and environmental variability on interannual, seasonal and shorter time scales, as ..
- Can overwintering versus diapausing strategy in Daphnia determine match-mismatch events in zooplankton-algae interactions?Lisette N de Senerpont Domis
NIOO KNAW, Centre for Limnology, Rijksstraatweg 6, 3631 AC, Nieuwersluis, The Netherlands
Oecologia 150:682-98. 2007..Here, we examine the potential for climate change induced mismatches between zooplankton and algae during spring succession, with a focus on Daphnia and its algal food...
- Diversity-stability relationship varies with latitude in zooplanktonJonathan B Shurin
Department of Zoology and Biodiversity Research Centre, University of British Columbia, 6270 University Blvd, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6T 1Z4
Ecol Lett 10:127-34. 2007..We examined patterns of diversity and community stability in zooplankton time series data from 36 lakes sampled over a combined 483 years...
- Impacts of zooplankton composition and algal enrichment on the accumulation of mercury in an experimental freshwater food webPaul C Pickhardt
Department of Biological Sciences, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH 03755, USA
Sci Total Environ 339:89-101. 2005..lower levels of the food web where mercury is bioconcentrated to phytoplankton and transferred to herbivorous zooplankton. Prior research derived patterns of mercury accumulation in freshwater invertebrates from field collected ..
- The role of virus infection in a simple phytoplankton zooplankton systemBrajendra K Singh
Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Uppal Road, Hyderabad, A.P. 500 007, India
J Theor Biol 231:153-66. 2004..To study the role of viral diseases in the planktonic species, we model the phytoplankton-zooplankton system as a prey-predator system...
- The effect of temporal scale on the outcome of trophic cascade experimentsThomas Bell
Department of Zoology, University of British Columbia, 6270 University Blvd, Vancouver, V6T 1Z4 Canada
Oecologia 134:578-86. 2003..We found that, as predicted by our literature review, there was no decline in the strength of the trophic cascade as the experiment progressed...
- Influence of light in acute toxicity bioassays of imidacloprid and zinc pyrithione to zooplankton crustaceansFrancisco Sanchez-Bayo
Laboratory of Applied Entomology and Zoology, Faculty of Horticulture, Chiba University, 648 Matsudo shi, Chiba 271 8510, Japan
Aquat Toxicol 78:262-71. 2006....
- Biodiversity and ecosystem function in the Gulf of Maine: pattern and role of zooplankton and pelagic nektonCatherine L Johnson
Bedford Institute of Oceanography, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, Canada
PLoS ONE 6:e16491. 2011..It synthesizes current data on species diversity of zooplankton and pelagic nekton, including compilation of observed species and descriptions of seasonal, regional and cross-..
- Pesticide exposure and inducible antipredator responses in the zooplankton grazer, Daphnia magna StrausJoão L T Pestana
CESAM and Department of Biology, University of Aveiro, Campus Universitario de Santiago, 3810 193 Aveiro, Portugal
Chemosphere 78:241-8. 2010..play a key role in population dynamics, the combined direct and indirect effects of sub-lethal concentrations of pesticides could induce maladaptive responses in zooplankton populations in the field, reducing their long-term viability.
- Accumulation of microcystins by a tropical zooplankton communityAloysio da S Ferrão-Filho
Departamento de Biologia, Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciencias e Letras de Ribeirao Preto, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto, Brazil
Aquat Toxicol 59:201-8. 2002In the current study, the hepatotoxic peptide microcystins, were measured in the zooplankton community of Jacarepaguá Lagoon during a 6-month period. Concurrent phytoplankton and seston samples were obtained...
- LOX-induced lipid peroxidation mechanism responsible for the detrimental effect of marine diatoms on zooplankton grazersAngelo Fontana
CNR, Istituto di Chimica Biomolecolare, Via Campi Flegrei 34, 80078, Pozzuoli, Napoli, Italy
Chembiochem 8:1810-8. 2007Some marine diatoms negatively affect the reproduction of dominant zooplankton grazers such as copepods, thus compromising the transfer of energy through the marine food chains...
- Sublethal effects of silver in zooplankton: importance of exposure pathways and implications for toxicity testingS E Hook
Marine Sciences Research Center, State University of New York, Stony Brook 11794-5000, USA
Environ Toxicol Chem 20:568-74. 2001..We compared the response of marine and freshwater crustacean zooplankton to silver following dissolved and food exposure...
- MtDNA sequencing from zooplankton after long-term preservation in buffered formalinA Bucklin
Ocean Process Analysis Laboratory, 142 Morse Hall, University of New Hampshire, Durham NH 03824, USA
Mol Phylogenet Evol 30:879-82. 2004Molecular genetic analysis of zooplankton has been slowed by the usual practice of preservation and storage of samples in dilute formalin solutions, which are not always adequately buffered for pH...
- The impact of ultraviolet radiation on the vertical distribution of zooplankton of the genus DaphniaS C Rhode
, Department of Ecology, Zoological Institute, Germany
Nature 412:69-72. 2001The vertical migration of zooplankton into lower and darker water strata by day is generally explained by the avoidance of visually orienting predators, mainly fish; however, it is unclear why daily zooplankton migration has been ..
- Mechanism of phototaxis in marine zooplanktonGaspar Jekely
Developmental Biology Unit, European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Heidelberg 69117, Germany
Nature 456:395-9. 2008..They are characteristic for the zooplankton larvae of marine invertebrates and are thought to mediate larval swimming towards the light...
- Optimal foraging by zooplankton within patches: the case of DaphniaRicardo Garcia
Center for Neurodynamics, University of Missouri at St Louis, St Louis, MO 63121, USA
Math Biosci 207:165-88. 2007..Search strategies that lead to optimization is a topic of high current interest across many disciplines [D. Wolpert, W. MacReady, No free lunch theorems for optimization, IEEE Transactions on Evolutionary Computation 1 (1997) 67]...
- An indoor mesocosm system to study the effect of climate change on the late winter and spring succession of Baltic Sea phyto- and zooplanktonUlrich Sommer
Leibniz Institute for Marine Sciences, Kiel University, Düsternbrooker Weg 20, 24105, Kiel, Germany
Oecologia 150:655-67. 2007An indoor mesocosm system was set up to study the response of phytoplankton and zooplankton spring succession to winter and spring warming of sea surface temperatures...
- Microcystin production by Microcystis aeruginosa exposed to different stages of herbivorous zooplanktonMin Ho Jang
Department of Biology Education, Kongju National University, Kongju, 314 701, South Korea
Toxicon 51:882-9. 2008..was evaluated in response to infochemicals (indirect exposure) released from different stages of herbivorous zooplankton (neonate/juvenile and adult Daphnia magna and Moina macrocopa)...
- Polarization contrast of zooplankton: a model for polarization-based sighting distanceShai Sabbah
The Interuniversity Institute of Eilat, Steinitz Marine Biology Laboratory, P.O. Box 469, 88103 Eilat, Israel
Vision Res 46:444-56. 2006Transparency is commonly used by zooplankton for camouflage in open waters. Polarization vision allows planktivorous animals to increase their prey's detectability...
- Escape from UV threats in zooplankton: a cocktail of behavior and protective pigmentationLars Anders Hansson
Institute of Ecology Limnology, Lund University, Lund SE 223 62 Sweden
Ecology 88:1932-9. 2007..in high-latitude Siberia and in temperate Sweden, we show for the first time that, among freshwater crustacean zooplankton, the defense against threats from ultraviolet radiation (UV) is a system where phenotypic plasticity and ..
- Geographical and genetic distances among zooplankton populations in a set of interconnected ponds: a plea for using GIS modelling of the effective geographical distanceE Michels
Laboratory of Aquatic Ecology, K U Leuven, Ch De Beriotstraat 32, B 3000 Leuven, Belgium
Mol Ecol 10:1929-38. 2001In systems of interconnected ponds or lakes, the dispersal of zooplankton may be mediated by the active population component, with rivulets and overflows functioning as dispersal pathways...
- Rapid evolutionary radiation of marine zooplankton in peripheral environmentsMichael N Dawson
Biological, Earth, and Environmental Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales 2052, Australia
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:9235-40. 2005..Marine lakes present situations rare in their clarity for studying evolution in marine taxa...
- Oceans. Climate drives sea changeCharles H Greene
Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
Science 315:1084-5. 2007
- Temperature sensitivity of vertical distributions of zooplankton and planktivorous fish in a stratified lakeIngeborg Palm Helland
Department of Biology and Ecology of Fishes, Leibniz Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries, P O Box 850 119, 12561, Berlin, Germany
Oecologia 151:322-30. 2007..Here, we studied the vertical distribution of two planktivorous fish species (Coregonus spp.) and their zooplankton prey in the deep, oligotrophic Lake Stechlin (Germany)...
- The effect of different zooplankton grazing patterns resulting from diel vertical migration on phytoplankton growth and composition: a laboratory experimentElke S Reichwaldt
Department Biologie II, Abteilung Aquatische Okologie, Ludwig Maximilians Universitat, Grosshadener Str 2, 82152 Martinsried, Germany
Oecologia 141:411-9. 2004Diel vertical migration (DVM) of herbivorous zooplankton is a widespread behavioural phenomenon in freshwater ecosystems. So far only little attention has been paid to the impact of DVM on the phytoplankton community in the epilimnion...
- Causes and projections of abrupt climate-driven ecosystem shifts in the North AtlanticGregory Beaugrand
Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Laboratoire d Océanologie et de Géosciences, UMR LOG CNRS 8187, Station Marine, Université des Sciences et Technologies de Lille Lille 1 BP 80, 62930 Wimereux, France
Ecol Lett 11:1157-68. 2008..These findings offer a way to anticipate major ecosystem changes and to propose adaptive strategies for marine exploited resources such as cod in order to minimize social and economic consequences...
- Influence of season, location, and feeding strategy on bioaccumulation of halogenated organic contaminants in Arctic marine zooplanktonIngeborg G Hallanger
Norwegian Polar Institute, Fram Centre, Tromsø, Norway
Environ Toxicol Chem 30:77-87. 2011..biphenyls, chlorinated pesticides, and brominated flame retardants) was investigated within an Arctic zooplankton food web...
- Studies on phyto-and-zooplankton composition and its relation to fish productivity in a west coast fish pond ecosystemKwan Soon Park
Department of Marine Biotechnology, Soonchunhyang University, Asan City, 336 745, South Korea
J Environ Biol 28:415-22. 2007..The total cell density during the study period ranged from16 x 103 to 13.59 x 10(5) cells l(-1). As for the zooplankton, the monthly density ranged from 26 - 8.684 x 10(3) cells m(-3) with an average of 126...
- Small phytoplankton and carbon export from the surface oceanTammi L Richardson
Marine Sciences Program and Department of Biological Sciences, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
Science 315:838-40. 2007..We suggest that all primary producers, not just the large cells, can contribute to export from the surface layer of the ocean at rates proportional to their production rates...
- Nature of phosphorus limitation in the ultraoligotrophic eastern MediterraneanT F Thingstad
Department of Biology, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
Science 309:1068-71. 2005..Copepods may thus be coupled to lower trophic levels through interactions not usually considered...
- Modelling PCB bioaccumulation in a Baltic food webErick Nfon
Department of Applied Environmental Science, Unit for Environmental Toxicology and Environmental Chemistry, Frescativägen 50, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden
Environ Pollut 148:73-82. 2007..Parameters such as feeding rate, growth rate and lipid content of organism are only important at higher trophic levels...
- Allochthonous subsidy of periodical cicadas affects the dynamics and stability of pond communitiesWeston H Nowlin
Department of Zoology, Miami University, Oxford, Ohio 45056, USA
Ecology 88:2174-86. 2007..e., the amount of cicada detritus). Our study underscores the need for theory to further explore consequences of pulsed allochthonous subsidies for food web stability...
- Seasonal plankton dynamics along a cross-shelf gradientNils Chr Stenseth
Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Synthesis, Department of Biology, University of Oslo, PO Box 1066 Blindern, 0316 Oslo, Norway
Proc Biol Sci 273:2831-8. 2006..Using 10 years of monthly data on phyto- and zooplankton abundance from the Bay of Biscay (coastal to shelf-break sites), we demonstrate that the interaction between ..
- Impact of polychlorinated biphenyl and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon sequestration in sediment on bioaccumulation in aquatic food websCaroline T A Moermond
Aquatic Ecology and Water Quality Management Group, Department of Environmental Sciences, Wageningen University, 6700 DD Wageningen, The Netherlands
Environ Toxicol Chem 26:607-15. 2007..Thus, aging may translate directly into reduced uptake at higher trophic levels...
- Revisiting carbon flux through the ocean's twilight zoneKen O Buesseler
Department of Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
Science 316:567-70. 2007..This large variability in transfer efficiency is poorly represented in biogeochemical models. If applied globally, this is equivalent to a difference in carbon sequestration of more than 3 petagrams of carbon per year...
- Spring bloom succession, grazing impact and herbivore selectivity of ciliate communities in response to winter warmingN Aberle
IFM GEOMAR Leibniz Institute of Marine Sciences, Düsternbrooker Weg 20, 24116, Kiel, Germany
Oecologia 150:668-81. 2007..During the spring bloom ciliates and copepods showed a strong dietary overlap characterized by a wide food spectrum consisting mainly of Chrysochromulina sp., diatom chains and large, single-celled diatoms...
- Trophic dilution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in a marine food web from Bohai Bay, north ChinaYi Wan
College of Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
Environ Sci Technol 41:3109-14. 2007..This study analyzed 18 PAHs in phytoplankton/seston, zooplankton, five invertebrate species, five fish species, and one seabird species collected from Bohai Bay, and trophic ..
- How green is my river? A new paradigm of eutrophication in riversJohn Hilton
Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Winfrith Technology Centre, Winfrith Newburgh, Dorchester, Dorset DT2 8ZD, United Kingdom
Sci Total Environ 365:66-83. 2006..The implications of this conceptual model are discussed and a series of observable effects are predicted, which should result if the model is correct...
- The role of environmental and spatial processes in structuring lake communities from bacteria to fishBeatrix E Beisner
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Quebec at Montreal, C P 8888, Succ Centre Ville, Montreal, Quebec H3C3P8, Canada
Ecology 87:2985-91. 2006..We use taxonomic presence-absence and abundance data for bacteria, phytoplankton, zooplankton, and fish from 18 lakes in southern Quebec, Canada...
- Comment on "Nature of phosphorus limitation in the ultraoligotrophic eastern Mediterranean"Michelle S Hale
Ocean Science Centre, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John s, NL A1C 5S7, Canada
Science 312:1748; author reply 1748. 2006..However, because of a lack of replication and a misinterpretation of their statistical analyses, that conclusion is not supported by the data...
- Response of plankton communities in freshwater pond and stream mesocosms to the herbicide metazachlorS Mohr
Umweltbundesamt, Schichauweg 58, 12307 Berlin, Germany
Environ Pollut 152:530-42. 2008..The effects on zooplankton were caused by changes in habitat structure due to the strong decline of macrophytes...
- Parametric analysis of a predator-prey system stabilized by a top predatorAndrew Y Morozov
Ecological Complexity and Modeling Laboratory, Department of Botany and Plant Sciences, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521 0124, USA
J Math Biol 53:305-35. 2006..Although the model here is applied to the plankton communities with fish (or carnivorous zooplankton) as the top trophic level, the general form of the equations allows applications of our results to other ..
- Oceans. Picoplankton do some heavy liftingRichard T Barber
Science 315:777-8. 2007
- Establishment of trophic continuum in the food web of the Yellow Sea and East China Sea ecosystem: insight from carbon and nitrogen stable isotopesDeling Cai
Key Laboratory of Marine Sedimentology and Environment Geology, SOA, First Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration, Qingdao 266061, China
Sci China C Life Sci 48:531-9. 2005..This result indicates that the stable isotope method is a potential useful means for further studying the complete marine food web trophic continuum from viruses to top predators and food web stability...
- Inter-annual variations of planktonic food webs in the northern Adriatic SeaSerena Fonda Umani
Laboratorio di Biologia Marina, Via A Piccard 54, 34010 Trieste, Italy
Sci Total Environ 353:218-31. 2005..A large part of the microphytoplankton blooms, although not particularly intense, was exported to the bottom in the particulate phase, where it was processed by bacteria, enhancing the production of refractory dissolved material...
- Multi-indicator assessment of water environment in government environmental auditingGui Zhen He
Research Centre for Eco Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, China
J Environ Sci (China) 19:494-501. 2007..This method can be used to evaluate the performance of national environmental protection programs and provide technical support for environmental auditors...
- Ecosystem and human health assessment to define environmental management strategies: The case of long-term human impacts on an Arctic lakeT I Moiseenko
Water Problems Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Gubkina 3, GSP 1, Moscow, 119991, Russia
Sci Total Environ 369:1-20. 2006..We argue that prospects for implementation of such a system are quite bleak at this time, and that more likely we will see a continued depopulation of these Northern regions...
- Nutrient and grazing factors in relation to phytoplankton level in a eutrophic shallow lake: the effect of low macrophyte abundanceS S S Lau
Department of Geography, University of Cambridge, UK
Water Res 36:3593-601. 2002..5%) in the context of nutrient-phytoplankton-zooplankton interaction in a eutrophic shallow lake...
- Fatty acid trophic markers in the pelagic marine environmentJohanne Dalsgaard
University of Copenhagen, Danish Institute for Fisheries Research, Charlottenlund Castle, DK-2920 Charlottenlund, Denmark
Adv Mar Biol 46:225-340. 2003..particularly in herbivorous calanoid copepods, which accumulate large lipid reserves, and which dominate the zooplankton biomass in high latitude ecosystems...
- The effect of cannibalism intensity on net primary production and dynamics of trophic links in aquatic ecosystemsI M Shirobokova
Institute of Biophysics of Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Akademgorodok, Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Adv Space Res 31:1737-41. 2003..principal trophic links: limiting nutrient concentration, producers (phytoplankton), nonpredatory and predatory zooplankton. The model takes into account the age structure of the predator and includes two age groups (the young and ..
- The PCB pollution of Lake Iseo (N. Italy) and the role of biomagnification in the pelagic food webA Binelli
Department of Biology, University of Milan, Via Celoria 26, 20133 Milan, Italy
Chemosphere 53:143-51. 2003..because its physiological characteristics and population size do not change much with time (as do algae and zooplankton) but also because it takes up toxicants exclusively from the water, as shown by the application of two ..
- [Using chlorella and effective microorganisms to optimize aquatic ecological structure and to regulate water quality]Shiqun Han
Center of Special Aquatic Products Research and Development, Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Nanjing 210014, China
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 14:101-4. 2003..92 and 4.76 times of CK. The zooplankton biomass reached to 4.32 mg.L-1 and 2.84 mg.L-1, increasing by 19.3% and 2.5%, compared with CK, respectively...
- The status of the ecological environment and a proposed protection strategy in Sanya Bay, Hainan Island, ChinaLiangmin Huang
Key Laboratory of Tropical Marine Environmental Dynamics, South China Sea Institute of Oceanology, CAS, 510301, Guangzhou, China
Mar Pollut Bull 47:180-6. 2003..Sanya Bay is rich in natural resources and biodiversity with 235 species of phytoplankton and 129 species of zooplankton identified in the survey...
- Effects of the pyrethroid insecticide cypermethrin on a freshwater community studied under field conditions. II. Direct and indirect effects on the species compositionLina Wendt-Rasch
Department of Ecology, Chemical Ecology and Ecotoxicology, Lund University, Ecology Building, Solvegatan 37, S 223 62 Lund, Sweden
Aquat Toxicol 63:373-89. 2003..The direct acute effect of exposure to cypermethrin was a rapid decrease of many species of crustacean zooplankton. The alterations in crustacean species composition were probably due to variations in susceptibility to the ..
- Effects of metsulfuron methyl and cypermethrin exposure on freshwater model ecosystemsL Wendt-Rasch
Department of Ecology, Chemical Ecology and Ecotoxicology, Lund University, Ecology Building, Solvegatan 37, S 22362 Lund, Sweden
Aquat Toxicol 63:243-56. 2003..The zooplankton communities in the enclosures were dominated by rotifers, which were not affected by the exposure to ..
- EPIDEMIOLOGY & ECOLOGY OF VIBRIO CHOLERAE IN BANGLADESHRichard Sack; Fiscal Year: 2000..non-culturable forms, using sensitive sampling techniques (including PCR), 3) the growth of phytoplankton and zooplankton in these areas, using direct sampling and identification techniques as well as remote sensing by satellite, and ..
- Epidemiology and Ecology of Vibrio cholerae in BangladeshRichard Bradley Sack; Fiscal Year: 2010..A significant finding was that zooplankton, namely copepods, serve as an effective host for V. cholerae...
- Vibrio Cholerae Colonization of Chitin SurfacesGary Schoolnik; Fiscal Year: 2007..In these habitats, it associates with the chitinous exoskeletons of zooplankton. The principal objective of this research project is to characterize the interaction of this human pathogen ..
- EPIDEMIOLOGY & ECOLOGY OF VIBRIO CHOLERAE IN BANGLADESHRichard Sack; Fiscal Year: 2007..cholerae attached to specific zooplankton species, using direct fluorescent antibody techniques and fluorescent in situ hybridization assays...
- DNA REPLICATION AND GENE EXPRESSION OF CHLORELLA VIRUSESJames Van Etten; Fiscal Year: 2009..Thus, chlorella viruses are an important model for studying large nucleocytoplasmic dsDNA viruses because they have evolutionary ties to important mammalian viruses, such as the pox viruses and the quarantined African swine fever virus. ..
- DNA REPLICATION AND GENE EXPRESSION OF CHLORELLA VIRUSESJames Van Etten; Fiscal Year: 1993..v) To determine by genetic, molecular genetic, immunological, and biochemical methods those genes and gene products encoded by the prototype virus, PBCV-1, which glycosylate the virus major capsid protein...
- DNA REPLICATION AND GENE EXPRESSION OF CHLORELLA VIRUSESJames Van Etten; Fiscal Year: 2000..Such mutants could be important in structure-function analyses and in providing an assay for new inhibitors of these proteins, which would bear on treatments for heart disease and cancer. ..
- DNA REPLICATION & GENE EXPRESSION OF CHLORELLA VIRUSESJames Van Etten; Fiscal Year: 1991..v) Isolate and characterize virus DNA and RNA polymerases from different virus-host combinations and compare the ability of the enzymes to function with different methylated DNA templates...
- DNA REPLICATION AND GENE EXPRESSION OF CHLORELLA VIRUSESJames Van Etten; Fiscal Year: 2004..We propose to initiate studies on the role of Kcv in PBCV-1 replication. ..
- PAH/Metal exposure and effects assessment in ChattanoogaSean Richards; Fiscal Year: 2004..5) Quantify the potential for the residents of South Chattanooga to be exposed and affected by PAHs and metals present in area soil by using the data generated in this study in a probabilistic risk assessment. ..