chicory

Summary

Summary: A thick-rooted perennial (Cichorium intybus) native to Europe but widely grown for its young leaves used as salad greens and for its roots, dried and ground-roasted, used to flavor or adulterate coffee. (From Webster, 3d ed)

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Sesquiterpene lactones in a hairy root culture of Cichorium intybus
    Janusz Malarz
    Department of Phytochemistry, Institute of Pharmacology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Smetna Street 12, 31 343 Krakow, Poland
    Z Naturforsch C 57:994-7. 2002
  2. pmc The ybiT gene of Erwinia chrysanthemi codes for a putative ABC transporter and is involved in competitiveness against endophytic bacteria during infection
    Arancha Llama-Palacios
    Departamento de Biotecnología UPM, E T S Ingenieros Agronomos, E 28040 Madrid, Spain
    Appl Environ Microbiol 68:1624-30. 2002
  3. ncbi Antimalarial activity of lactucin and lactucopicrin: sesquiterpene lactones isolated from Cichorium intybus L
    Theodore A Bischoff
    Department of Pharmacy, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    J Ethnopharmacol 95:455-7. 2004
  4. ncbi Antibacterial activity of Cichorium intybus
    J Petrovic
    Faculty of Science, 34000 Kragujevac, Serbia and Montenegro
    Fitoterapia 75:737-9. 2004
  5. ncbi Dietary fructooligosaccharides alter the cultivable faecal population of rats but do not stimulate the growth of intestinal bifidobacteria
    C Gourgue-Jeannot
    Bureau of Nutritional Research, Food Directorate, Health Products and Foods Branch, Health Canada, Banting Research Centre, Ottawa, ON, Canada
    Can J Microbiol 52:924-33. 2006
  6. pmc Validation of reference genes for gene expression analysis in chicory (Cichorium intybus) using quantitative real-time PCR
    Asad Maroufi
    Department of Plant Production, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Coupure Links 653, Gent University, 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    BMC Mol Biol 11:15. 2010
  7. doi Ameliorating effect of chicory (Cichorium intybus L.)-supplemented diet against nitrosamine precursors-induced liver injury and oxidative stress in male rats
    Hanaa A Hassan
    Zoology Department, Faculty of Science, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt
    Food Chem Toxicol 48:2163-9. 2010
  8. ncbi Comparative analysis of NBS domain sequences of NBS-LRR disease resistance genes from sunflower, lettuce, and chicory
    Alex Plocik
    Department of Biology, University of Massachusetts, Boston, MA 02125 3393, USA
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 31:153-63. 2004
  9. doi Characterisation of two cold induced dehydrin genes from Cichorium intybus L
    Dominique Mingeot
    Biotechnology Department, Centre Wallon de Recherches Agronomiques, Chaussée de Charleroi 234, Gembloux, Belgium
    Mol Biol Rep 36:1995-2001. 2009
  10. doi Gastrointestinal tolerance of chicory inulin products
    Angela L Bonnema
    Department of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Minnesota St Paul, MN 55103, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 110:865-8. 2010

Detail Information

Publications214 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Sesquiterpene lactones in a hairy root culture of Cichorium intybus
    Janusz Malarz
    Department of Phytochemistry, Institute of Pharmacology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Smetna Street 12, 31 343 Krakow, Poland
    Z Naturforsch C 57:994-7. 2002
    ..The yield of 8-desoxylactucin reached 0.03 g l(-1) at the early stationary phase of the culture...
  2. pmc The ybiT gene of Erwinia chrysanthemi codes for a putative ABC transporter and is involved in competitiveness against endophytic bacteria during infection
    Arancha Llama-Palacios
    Departamento de Biotecnología UPM, E T S Ingenieros Agronomos, E 28040 Madrid, Spain
    Appl Environ Microbiol 68:1624-30. 2002
    ..A ybiT mutant (BT117) was constructed by marker exchange. It retained full virulence in potato tubers and chicory leaves, but it showed reduced ability to compete in planta against the wild-type strain or against selected ..
  3. ncbi Antimalarial activity of lactucin and lactucopicrin: sesquiterpene lactones isolated from Cichorium intybus L
    Theodore A Bischoff
    Department of Pharmacy, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    J Ethnopharmacol 95:455-7. 2004
    ..Preparative isolation and bioassay against HB3 clone of strain Honduras-1 of Plasmodium falciparum identified the previously known light-sensitive sesquiterpene lactones Lactucin and Lactucopicrin to be antimalarial compounds...
  4. ncbi Antibacterial activity of Cichorium intybus
    J Petrovic
    Faculty of Science, 34000 Kragujevac, Serbia and Montenegro
    Fitoterapia 75:737-9. 2004
    ..All the tested extracts showed antibacterial activity, the ethyl acetate extract being the most active. Water extract inhibits Agrobacterium radiobacter sp. tumefaciens, Erwinia carotovora, Pseudomonas fluorescens and P. aeruginosa...
  5. ncbi Dietary fructooligosaccharides alter the cultivable faecal population of rats but do not stimulate the growth of intestinal bifidobacteria
    C Gourgue-Jeannot
    Bureau of Nutritional Research, Food Directorate, Health Products and Foods Branch, Health Canada, Banting Research Centre, Ottawa, ON, Canada
    Can J Microbiol 52:924-33. 2006
    ..Culturing of faecal material using chicory inulin as the sole carbohydrate source revealed the presence of a greater diversity of inulin-utilizing bacterial ..
  6. pmc Validation of reference genes for gene expression analysis in chicory (Cichorium intybus) using quantitative real-time PCR
    Asad Maroufi
    Department of Plant Production, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Coupure Links 653, Gent University, 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    BMC Mol Biol 11:15. 2010
    ..Thus far, only actin-2 has been used as a reference gene for qRT-PCR in chicory, and a full comparison of several candidate reference genes in chicory has not yet been reported.
  7. doi Ameliorating effect of chicory (Cichorium intybus L.)-supplemented diet against nitrosamine precursors-induced liver injury and oxidative stress in male rats
    Hanaa A Hassan
    Zoology Department, Faculty of Science, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt
    Food Chem Toxicol 48:2163-9. 2010
    The current study was carried out to elucidate the modulating effect of chicory (Cichorium intybus L.)-supplemented diet against nitrosamnine-induced oxidative stress and hepatotoxicity in male rats...
  8. ncbi Comparative analysis of NBS domain sequences of NBS-LRR disease resistance genes from sunflower, lettuce, and chicory
    Alex Plocik
    Department of Biology, University of Massachusetts, Boston, MA 02125 3393, USA
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 31:153-63. 2004
    ..from the family Asteraceae: Helianthus annuus (sunflower), Lactuca sativa (lettuce), and Cichorium intybus (chicory)...
  9. doi Characterisation of two cold induced dehydrin genes from Cichorium intybus L
    Dominique Mingeot
    Biotechnology Department, Centre Wallon de Recherches Agronomiques, Chaussée de Charleroi 234, Gembloux, Belgium
    Mol Biol Rep 36:1995-2001. 2009
    ..They were among the most abundant sequences obtained from 10 cDNA libraries constructed from chicory roots grown under field conditions...
  10. doi Gastrointestinal tolerance of chicory inulin products
    Angela L Bonnema
    Department of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Minnesota St Paul, MN 55103, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 110:865-8. 2010
    ..The use of inulin in foods as a fiber source has increased recently. Consumption of inulin products can cause gastrointestinal (GI) distress. Acceptable intakes of inulin need to be determined...
  11. ncbi Anti- and pro-oxidant activity of water soluble compounds in Cichorium intybus var. silvestre (Treviso red chicory)
    Adele Papetti
    Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Pavia, Via Taramelli 12, 27100, Pavia, Italy
    J Pharm Biomed Anal 30:939-45. 2002
    ..silvestre was investigated. This vegetable is domestically known as Treviso red chicory recalling its cultivation in the area of Treviso (Italy)...
  12. ncbi Chicory extracts from Cichorium intybus L. as potential antifungals
    D Mares
    Department of Natural and Cultural Resources, University of Ferrara, C so Porta Mare 2, I 44100, Ferrara, Italy
    Mycopathologia 160:85-91. 2005
    ..This behaviour is discussed on the basis of the presence in the chicory extract of the two main sesquiterpene lactones, 8-deoxylactucin and 11 beta,13-dihydrolactucin.
  13. ncbi Evaluation of the phenolic content in the aerial parts of different varieties of Cichorium intybus L
    Marzia Innocenti
    Dipartimento di Scienze Farmaceutiche, Universita di Firenze, Via Ugo Schiff 6, 50019 Sesto F no, Florence, Italy
    J Agric Food Chem 53:6497-502. 2005
    Fresh aerial parts of different chicory varieties: green chicory (c.v...
  14. ncbi N-glycosylation affects substrate specificity of chicory fructan 1-exohydrolase: evidence for the presence of an inulin binding cleft
    Katrien Le Roy
    K U Leuven, Laboratory of Molecular Plant Physiology, Institute of Botany and Microbiology, Kasteelpark Arenberg 31, B 3001 Leuven, Belgium
    New Phytol 176:317-24. 2007
    Recently, the three-dimensional structure of chicory (Cichorium intybus) fructan 1-exohydrolase (1-FEH IIa) in complex with its preferential substrate, 1-kestose, was determined...
  15. ncbi Polyphenol content and antioxidative activity in some species of freshly consumed salads
    Daniela Heimler
    Dipartimento di Scienza del Suolo e Nutrizione della Pianta, Universita degli Studi di Firenze, P le delle Cascine 18, 50144 Firenze, Italy
    J Agric Food Chem 55:1724-9. 2007
    ..intybus cultivar exhibited the highest polyphenol content, while a wild C. intybus genotype exhibited the highest antiradical activity. In every case, the characteristics of the different salads as functional foods have been pointed out...
  16. doi Chicory inulin does not increase stool weight or speed up intestinal transit time in healthy male subjects
    Joanne Slavin
    Department of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Food Funct 2:72-7. 2011
    ..We examined the effect of a 20 g day(-1) supplement of chicory inulin on stool weight, intestinal transit time, stool frequency and consistency, selected intestinal ..
  17. pmc Identification of novel genes potentially involved in somatic embryogenesis in chicory (Cichorium intybus L.)
    Anca Lucau-Danila
    UMR USTL INRA 1281, Stress Abiotiques et Différenciation des Végétaux cultivés, Université Lille1, Cité Scientifique SN2, F 59650 Villeneuve d Ascq, France
    BMC Plant Biol 10:122. 2010
    In our laboratory we use cultured chicory (Cichorium intybus) explants as a model to investigate cell reactivation and somatic embryogenesis and have produced 2 chicory genotypes (K59, C15) sharing a similar genetic background...
  18. ncbi The temporal development in a hybridizing population of wild and cultivated chicory (Cichorium intybus L.)
    B S Sørensen
    Biosystems Department, Risø National Laboratory, Frederiksborgvej 399, DK 4000 Roskilde, Denmark
    Mol Ecol 16:3292-8. 2007
    ..In conclusion, all results indicate that no barriers exist to the temporal persistence of chicory hybrids in a natural environment.
  19. doi Caffeoylquinic acid-rich extract from chicory seeds improves glycemia, atherogenic index, and antioxidant status in rats
    Adam Jurgoński
    Division of Food Science, Institute of Animal Reproduction and Food Research, Polish Academy of Sciences, Olsztyn, Poland
    Nutrition 28:300-6. 2012
    ..diet supplemented with rutin, a phenolic compound with well-recognized bioavailability and bioactivity, and a chicory (Cichorium intybus L...
  20. doi Dissecting the regulation of fructan metabolism in chicory (Cichorium intybus) hairy roots
    Ute Kusch
    HIP, Heidelberg University, INF 360, Heidelberg D 69120, Germany
    New Phytol 184:127-40. 2009
    ..Here, we have explored chicory (Cichorium intybus) hairy root cultures (HRCs) to study the regulation of fructan metabolism in sink tissues in ..
  21. pmc Inclusion of chicory (Cichorium intybus L.) in pigs' diets affects the intestinal microenvironment and the gut microbiota
    Haoyu Liu
    Department of Animal Nutrition and Management, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden
    Appl Environ Microbiol 78:4102-9. 2012
    ..This study investigated the effects of the dietary inclusion of chicory forage and roots on the intestinal microenvironment of pigs...
  22. ncbi Lettuce and chicory byproducts as a source of antioxidant phenolic extracts
    Rafael Llorach
    Research Group on Quality, Safety and Bioactivity of Plant Foods, Department of Food Science and Technology, CEBAS CSIC, P O Box 4195, Murcia 30080, Spain
    J Agric Food Chem 52:5109-16. 2004
    ..Methanol extraction yielded a raw extract with a high phenolic content, the baby and chicory extracts being the richest with approximately 50 mg of phenolics/g of freeze-dried extract...
  23. ncbi Increased amount of Bifidobacterium thermacidophilum and Megasphaera elsdenii in the colonic microbiota of pigs fed a swine dysentery preventive diet containing chicory roots and sweet lupine
    L Mølbak
    National Veterinary Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark
    J Appl Microbiol 103:1853-67. 2007
    ..The study focussed especially on Bifidobacterial species by using a noncultureable approach...
  24. doi Comparison of native or reformulated chicory fructans, or non-purified chicory, on rat cecal fermentation and mineral metabolism
    Christian Demigne
    UMR1019, Unité Nutrition Humaine, INRA, Centre Clermont Ferrand Theix, 63122, St Genes Champanelle, France
    Eur J Nutr 47:366-74. 2008
    b>Chicory inulin has been identified as an effective prebiotic to promote active fermentation and lactobacilli proliferation in the large intestine, and to enhance calcium (Ca) digestive absorption and deposition in bones...
  25. doi Antioxidant activity of minimally processed red chicory (Cichorium intybus L.) evaluated in xanthine oxidase-, myeloperoxidase-, and diaphorase-catalyzed reactions
    Vera Lavelli
    DISTAM, Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Alimentari e Microbiologiche, Universita degli Studi di Milano, Via Celoria 2, 20133 Milano, Italy
    J Agric Food Chem 56:7194-200. 2008
    Minimally processed red chicory products (Cichorium intybus L. var...
  26. doi Effects of maternal protein nutrition and subsequent grazing on chicory (Cichorium intybus) on parasitism and performance of lambs
    A Kidane
    Animal Health, Scottish Agricultural College, West Mains Road, Edinburgh, EH9 3JG, Scotland
    J Anim Sci 88:1513-21. 2010
    ..their 24-d-old twin lambs were used to assess the effects of maternal protein nutrition and subsequent grazing on chicory (Cichorium intybus) on performance and parasitism...
  27. doi Hydroxycinnamic acid derivatives occurring in Cichorium endivia vegetables
    Adele Papetti
    Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Viale Taramelli 12 27100 Pavia, Italy
    J Pharm Biomed Anal 48:472-6. 2008
    ..The combined approach enabled identification of four hydroxycinnamic derivatives in each chicory extract; three derivatives (5-O-caffeoylquinic acid, 3,4-di-O-caffeoylquinic acid, and 5-O-feruloylquinic acid) ..
  28. ncbi Sucrose assimilation during early developmental stages of chicory (Cichorium intybus L.) plants
    N Druart
    , , France
    Planta 212:436-43. 2001
    The activities of enzymes of both sucrose and fructan metabolism were measured in chicory (Cichorium intybus L. cv. Turbo) plants during early vegetative growth...
  29. pmc Biosynthesis of costunolide, dihydrocostunolide, and leucodin. Demonstration of cytochrome p450-catalyzed formation of the lactone ring present in sesquiterpene lactones of chicory
    Jan Willem de Kraker
    Laboratory of Organic Chemistry, Wageningen University, Dreijenplein 8, 6703 HB Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Plant Physiol 129:257-68. 2002
    b>Chicory (Cichorium intybus) is known to contain guaianolides, eudesmanolides, and germacranolides. These sesquiterpene lactones are postulated to originate from a common germacranolide, namely (+)-costunolide...
  30. ncbi The effects of birdsfoot trefoil (Lotus corniculatus) and chicory (Cichorium intybus) when compared with perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) on ovine gastrointestinal parasite development, survival and migration
    C L Marley
    Institute of Rural Sciences, University of Wales, Aberystwyth SY23 3AL, UK
    Vet Parasitol 138:280-90. 2006
    Two experiments were conducted to investigate the effects of birdsfoot trefoil and chicory on parasitic nematode development, survival and migration when compared with perennial ryegrass...
  31. ncbi The effect of birdsfoot trefoil (Lotus corniculatus) and chicory (Cichorium intybus) on parasite intensities and performance of lambs naturally infected with helminth parasites
    C L Marley
    Institute of Rural Studies, University of Wales, Aberystwyth SY23 3AL, UK
    Vet Parasitol 112:147-55. 2003
    ..it was found that under UK environmental conditions lambs with naturally acquired helminth infections grazing chicory (Cichorium intybus) and birdsfoot trefoil (Lotus corniculatus) had fewer helminth parasites than sheep grazing ..
  32. ncbi Jerusalem artichoke and chicory inulin in bakery products affect faecal microbiota of healthy volunteers
    Brigitta Kleessen
    Institute of Bacteriology and Mycology, Veterinary Faculty, University of Leipzig, An den Tierkliniken 29, D 04103 Leipzig, Germany
    Br J Nutr 98:540-9. 2007
    A study was conducted to test the effects of Jerusalem artichoke inulin (JA) or chicory inulin (CH) in snack bars on composition of faecal microbiota, concentration of faecal SCFA, bowel habit and gastrointestinal symptoms...
  33. doi Influencing the binding configuration of sucrose in the active sites of chicory fructan 1-exohydrolase and sugar beet fructan 6-exohydrolase
    Katrien Le Roy
    K U Leuven, Laboratory of Molecular Plant Physiology, Kasteelpark Arenberg 31, Box 2434, B 3001 Leuven, Belgium
    New Phytol 178:572-80. 2008
    ..It is demonstrated for the first time that invertase activity can be introduced in an S101L mutant of chicory (Cichorium intybus) 1-FEH IIa by influencing the orientation of Trp 82...
  34. ncbi Red chicories as potent scavengers of highly reactive radicals: a study on their phenolic composition and peroxyl radical trapping capacity and efficiency
    Monica Rossetto
    Dipartimento di Chimica Biologica, Universita di Padova, Via G Colombo 3, 35121 Padova, Italy
    J Agric Food Chem 53:8169-75. 2005
    ....
  35. pmc Biosynthesis of germacrene A carboxylic acid in chicory roots. Demonstration of a cytochrome P450 (+)-germacrene a hydroxylase and NADP+-dependent sesquiterpenoid dehydrogenase(s) involved in sesquiterpene lactone biosynthesis
    J W de Kraker
    Plant Research International, P.O. Box 16, 6700 AA Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Plant Physiol 125:1930-40. 2001
    Sprouts of chicory (Cichorium intybus), a vegetable grown in the dark, have a slightly bitter taste associated with the presence of guaianolides, eudesmanolides, and germacranolides...
  36. pmc Defoliation induces fructan 1-exohydrolase II in Witloof chicory roots. Cloning and purification of two isoforms, fructan 1-exohydrolase IIa and fructan 1-exohydrolase IIb. Mass fingerprint of the fructan 1-exohydrolase II enzymes
    W Van den Ende
    Department of Biology, Laboratory for Developmental Biology, Botany Institute, K U Leuven, Kasteelpark Arenberg 31, B 3001 Leuven, Belgium
    Plant Physiol 126:1186-95. 2001
    The cloning of two highly homologous chicory (Cichorium intybus var. foliosum cv Flash) fructan 1-exohydrolase cDNAs (1-FEH IIa and 1-FEH IIb) is described...
  37. doi A chicory cytochrome P450 mono-oxygenase CYP71AV8 for the oxidation of (+)-valencene
    Katarina Cankar
    Laboratory of Plant Physiology, Wageningen University and Research Centre, Wageningen, The Netherlands
    FEBS Lett 585:178-82. 2011
    b>Chicory (Cichorium intybus L.), which is known to have a variety of terpene-hydroxylating activities, was screened for a P450 mono-oxygenase to convert (+)-valencene to (+)-nootkatone...
  38. ncbi Fructan biosynthetic and breakdown enzymes in dicots evolved from different invertases. Expression of fructan genes throughout chicory development
    Wim Van den Ende
    Department of Biology, Laboratory for Developmental Biology, Botany Institute, KULeuven, Kasteelpark Arenberg 31, B 3001 Leuven, Belgium
    ScientificWorldJournal 2:1281-95. 2002
    ..progress has now succeeded in elucidating the biochemistry and molecular biology of fructan biodegradation in chicory, an economically important species used for commercial inulin extraction...
  39. ncbi Tumour inhibitory activity of chicory root extract against Ehrlich ascites carcinoma in mice
    B Hazra
    Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Jadavpur University, Calcutta 700 032, India
    Fitoterapia 73:730-3. 2002
    The tumour-inhibitory effect of an ethanolic extract of chicory root was studied against Ehrlich ascites carcinoma in mice; significant results were obtained at doses from 300 to 700 mg/kg.
  40. pmc Properties of fructan:fructan 1-fructosyltransferases from chicory and globe thistle, two Asteracean plants storing greatly different types of inulin
    Rudy Vergauwen
    K U Leuven, Laboratory for Developmental Biology, 3001 Leuven, Belgium
    Plant Physiol 133:391-401. 2003
    ..Echinops ritro) store fructans with a considerably higher degree of polymerization than the one observed in chicory (Cichorium intybus) and Jerusalem artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus)...
  41. ncbi Gastrointestinal and immunological responses of senior dogs to chicory and mannan-oligosaccharides
    Christine M Grieshop
    Department of Animal Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana 61801, USA
    Arch Anim Nutr 58:483-93. 2004
    ..Dogs were randomly allotted to treatments [1% chicory (CH), 1% mannan-oligosaccharide (MOS), 1% chicory + 1% MOS (CM), or no supplementation (control, CON)] in a ..
  42. ncbi Expression analysis of a chicory fructan 1-exohydrolase gene reveals complex regulation by cold
    An Michiels
    Laboratory for Molecular Plant Physiology, Institute of Botany and Microbiology, KU Leuven, Kasteelpark Arenberg 31, B 3001 Leuven, Belgium
    J Exp Bot 55:1325-33. 2004
    ..Characterization of the FEHIIa promoter may provide tools to study cold-induced expression and to increase freezing tolerance in agricultural crops...
  43. pmc Construction of 12 EST libraries and characterization of a 12,226 EST dataset for chicory (Cichorium intybus) root, leaves and nodules in the context of carbohydrate metabolism investigation
    Nicolas Dauchot
    Unité de Recherche en Biologie Cellulaire et Moléculaire Végétale, Facultés Universitaires Notre Dame de Paix Namur, Rue de Bruxelles 61, 5000 Namur, Belgium
    BMC Plant Biol 9:14. 2009
    The industrial chicory, Cichorium intybus, is a member of the Asteraceae family that accumulates fructan of the inulin type in its root...
  44. ncbi Induction of 1-FEH in mature chicory roots appears to be related to low temperatures rather than to leaf damage
    W Van den Ende
    Department of Biology, Laboratory for Developmental Biology, Botany Institute, KULeuven, Kasteelpark Arenberg 31, B 3001 Leuven, Belgium
    ScientificWorldJournal 2:1750-61. 2002
    Large-scale inulin production from chicory roots (Cichorium intybus L...
  45. ncbi The use of chicory for parasite control in organic ewes and their lambs
    S Athanasiadou
    Animal Nutrition and Health Department, Scottish Agricultural College, West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JG, UK
    Parasitology 134:299-307. 2007
    ..The aim of the present study was to investigate the potential benefits of grazing lactating ewes and their lambs on chicory (Cichorium intybus)...
  46. ncbi Polymeric surfactants based on inulin, a polysaccharide extracted from chicory. 1. Synthesis and interfacial properties
    C V Stevens
    Department of Organic Chemistry, Faculty of Agricultural and Applied Biological Sciences, Ghent University, Coupure Links 653, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    Biomacromolecules 2:1256-9. 2001
    Inulin, the polydisperse reserve polysaccharide from chicory, has been modified by carbamoylation in organic solvents...
  47. ncbi Dietary chicory inulin increases whole-body bone mineral density in growing male rats
    Marcel B Roberfroid
    Universite Catholique de Louvain, B 1348 Louvain la Neuve, Belgium
    J Nutr 132:3599-602. 2002
    b>Chicory inulin is a natural linear fructan that is not digested in the upper part of the gastrointestinal tract but is fermented in the cecocolon...
  48. ncbi Insights into the fine architecture of the active site of chicory fructan 1-exohydrolase: 1-kestose as substrate vs sucrose as inhibitor
    Maureen Verhaest
    Laboratorium voor Biokristallografie, Faculteit Farmaceutische Wetenschappen, KU Leuven, Herestraat 49, O and N II, bus 822, B 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    New Phytol 174:90-100. 2007
    ..Here we report on complexes between chicory (Cichorium intybus) 1-FEH IIa with the substrate 1-kestose and the inhibitors sucrose, fructose and 2,5 dideoxy-2,..
  49. pmc Characterization of expressed sequence tags obtained by SSH during somatic embryogenesis in Cichorium intybus L
    Sylvain Legrand
    UMR USTL, INRA 1281 Stress Abiotiques et Différenciation des Végétaux Cultivés, Universite de Sciences et Technologies de Lille, Bâtiment SN2, 59655 Villeneuve d Ascq, France
    BMC Plant Biol 7:27. 2007
    ..In chicory, genetic variability with respect to the formation of somatic embryos was detected between plants from a ..
  50. ncbi Cloning and functional analysis of chicory root fructan1-exohydrolase I (1-FEH I): a vacuolar enzyme derivedfrom a cell-wall invertase ancestor? Mass fingerprint of the 1-FEH I enzyme
    W Van den Ende
    K U Leuven, Department of Biology, Botany Institute, Kardinaal Mercierlaan 92, B 3001 Leuven, Belgium
    Plant J 24:447-56. 2000
    This paper describes the cloning and functional analysis of chicory (Cichorium intybus L.) fructan 1-exohydrolase I cDNA (1-FEH I). To our knowledge it is the first plant FEH cloned...
  51. ncbi Prebiotic effects of chicory inulin in the simulator of the human intestinal microbial ecosystem
    Tom Van de Wiele
    Laboratory Microbial Ecology and Technology LabMET, Ghent University, Coupure Links 653, B 9000 Gent, Belgium
    FEMS Microbiol Ecol 51:143-53. 2004
    The prebiotic potential of native chicory inulin was assessed in the Simulator of the Human Intestinal Microbial Ecosystem (SHIME) by monitoring microbial community from the colon compartments, its metabolic activity and community ..
  52. pmc Toxicological evaluation of a chicory root extract
    Barbara M Schmidt
    Biotech Center, Cook College, Rutgers University, 59 Dudley Road, New Brunswick, NJ 08901 8520, USA
    Food Chem Toxicol 45:1131-9. 2007
    ..sub-chronic toxicity study in male and female Sprague-Dawley rats were conducted to evaluate the safety of a chicory root extract being investigated as a therapeutic for inflammation...
  53. ncbi Growth, fructan yield, and quality of chicory (Cichorium intybus L.) as related to photosynthetic capacity, harvest time, and water regime
    Andrea Monti
    Department of Agroenvironmental Science and Technologies, University of Bologna, Viale G Fanin 44 46, I 40127, Bologna, Italy
    J Exp Bot 56:1389-95. 2005
    ..At present, fructans are mostly supplied by chicory, which is only grown and processed in The Netherlands, France, and Belgium...
  54. ncbi Inhibition of the expression and activity of cyclooxygenase-2 by chicory extract
    C Cavin
    Quality and Safety Department, Nestle Research Center, P O Box 44, Vers chez les Blanc, CH 1000 Lausanne 26, Switzerland
    Biochem Biophys Res Commun 327:742-9. 2005
    b>Chicory is a major source of fructans with reported prebiotic-bifidogenic properties. In the present study, the potential anti-inflammatory activities of chicory were investigated...
  55. ncbi A glutathione S-transferase cDNA identified by mRNA differential display is upregulated during somatic embryogenesis in Cichorium
    R Galland
    , , , , 59655 Cedex, Villeneuve d'Ascq, France
    Biochim Biophys Acta 1522:212-6. 2001
    CHI-GST1, a cDNA encoding a glutathione S-transferase, was isolated by differential display in leaf tissues of chicory, during the early stages of somatic embryogenesis...
  56. pmc Isolation and characterization of two germacrene A synthase cDNA clones from chicory
    Harro J Bouwmeester
    Plant Research International, Business Unit Cell Cybernetics, P O Box 16, 6700 AA Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Plant Physiol 129:134-44. 2002
    b>Chicory (Cichorium intybus) sesquiterpene lactones were recently shown to be derived from a common sesquiterpene intermediate, (+)-germacrene A...
  57. doi In vivo effect of dried chicory root (Cichorium intybus L.) on xenobiotica metabolising cytochrome P450 enzymes in porcine liver
    Martin Krøyer Rasmussen
    Department of Food Science, Aarhus University, Denmark
    Toxicol Lett 200:88-91. 2011
    ..In porcine liver, CYP1A2, 2A and 2E1 are important for the metabolism of skatole. Feeding chicory roots to pigs is known to decrease the skatole concentration in plasma and fat...
  58. ncbi Relative effects on virulence of mutations in the sap, pel, and hrp loci of Erwinia chrysanthemi
    E López-Solanilla
    Departamento de Biotecnologia, Universidad Politecnica de Madrid, ETS Ingenieros Agronomos, Ciudad Universitaria, Spain
    Mol Plant Microbe Interact 14:386-93. 2001
    ..The relative effects on virulence of those mutations have been analyzed on potato tubers and chicory leaves...
  59. pmc Biomass allocation is an important determinant of the tannin concentration in growing plants
    D A Haring
    Agroscope Reckenholz Tanikon, Research Station ART, Reckenholzstrasse 191, 8046 Zurich, Switzerland
    Ann Bot 99:111-20. 2007
    ....
  60. ncbi Efflux pump gene expression in Erwinia chrysanthemi is induced by exposure to phenolic acids
    Ramani S Ravirala
    Department of Biological Sciences, Center for Biotechnology and Genomics, Texas Tech University, Lubbock 79409, UA
    Mol Plant Microbe Interact 20:313-20. 2007
    ..This ability of plant-pathogenic bacteria to co-opt plant defense-signaling molecules to activate multidrug efflux pumps may have evolved to ensure bacterial survival in susceptible host plants...
  61. doi Metabolic response of the gastrointestinal tract and serum parameters of rabbits to diets containing chicory flour rich in inulin
    J Juskiewicz
    Institute of Animal Reproduction and Food Research of the Polish Academy of Sciences, Olsztyn, Poland
    J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl) 92:113-20. 2008
    ..carried out on 54-day-old rabbits addressed the analysis of physiological properties of diets supplemented with chicory roots flour...
  62. pmc Differential role of ferritins in iron metabolism and virulence of the plant-pathogenic bacterium Erwinia chrysanthemi 3937
    Aïda Boughammoura
    Laboratoire des Interactions Plantes Pathogènes, UMR 217 INRA UMPC AgroParisTech, 16 rue Claude Bernard, 75005 Paris, France
    J Bacteriol 190:1518-30. 2008
    ..chrysanthemi depending on the host, indicating the importance of a perfect control of iron homeostasis in this bacterial species during infection...
  63. ncbi Tol-Pal proteins are critical cell envelope components of Erwinia chrysanthemi affecting cell morphology and virulence
    Jean Francois Dubuisson
    Unité de Microbiologie et Génétique, UMR 5122 CNRS INSA UCBL, Universite Claude Bernard Lyon I, bât André Lwoff, 69622 Villeurbanne Cedex, France
    Microbiology 151:3337-47. 2005
    ..Moreover, tol-pal mutants showed a reduced virulence in a potato tuber model and on chicory leaves...
  64. ncbi Utilization of chicory roots for microbial endoinulinase production
    J P Park
    Department of Biotechnology, Taegu University, Kyungsan, Kyungbuk 712-714, Korea
    Lett Appl Microbiol 33:183-7. 2001
    AIMS: The optimal culture conditions for endoinulinase production using chicory roots were studied in shake-flask culture. METHODS AND RESULTS: Much higher enzyme production was achieved with Xanthomonas sp...
  65. ncbi The role of several multidrug resistance systems in Erwinia chrysanthemi pathogenesis
    Alfredo Maggiorani Valecillos
    Departamento de Biotecnologia, Universidad Politecnica de Madrid, E T S Ingenieros Agronomos, Avda Complutense s n, E 28040 Madrid, Spain
    Mol Plant Microbe Interact 19:607-13. 2006
    ..These results indicate that the function of these systems in plants could be related to the specificity to extrude a toxic compound that is present in a given host...
  66. ncbi Effect of chicory products with different inulin content on rat caecum physiology
    J Juskiewicz
    Institute of Animal Reproduction and Food Research of the Polish Academy of Sciences, Olsztyn, Poland
    J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl) 90:200-7. 2006
    ..of physiological properties of model casein diets supplemented with 5% cellulose or different preparations of chicory roots: flour, pulp, high- and low-molecular inulin (IN(HM) and IN(LM) respectively)...
  67. ncbi Effects of the ethanol extract of Cichorium intybus on the immunotoxicity by ethanol in mice
    Joung Hoon Kim
    Department of Newly Developed Drugs, Professional Graduate School of Oriental Medicine, Wonkwang University, Iksan, Chunbuk, South Korea
    Int Immunopharmacol 2:733-44. 2002
    ..These findings indicate that the immunotoxicity induced by EtOH is significantly restored or prevented by CIEE treatment...
  68. ncbi Inulin-type fructans of longer degree of polymerization exert more pronounced in vitro prebiotic effects
    T Van De Wiele
    Laboratory Microbial Ecology and Technology LabMET, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    J Appl Microbiol 102:452-60. 2007
    ..We assessed to what extent fructans of different degrees of polymerization (DP) differ in their prebiotic effectiveness towards in vitro microbial communities from the proximal and distal colon...
  69. ncbi How chicory fructans contribute to zootechnical performance and well-being in livestock and companion animals
    Jan van Loo
    Orafti, B3300 Tienen, Belgium
    J Nutr 137:2594S-2597S. 2007
    ..Animals in general seem not to be able to hydrolyze beta-glycoside bonds, such as the chicory inulin beta(2-1) bond...
  70. ncbi Low metal bioavailability in a contaminated urban site
    Ying Ge
    Department of Natural Resource Sciences, McGill University, Ste Anne de Bellevue, Quebec, Canada
    Environ Toxicol Chem 21:954-61. 2002
    ..Three field-collected plant species (dandelion, bladder campion, and chicory) varied in their tendency to accumulate metals in either their leaves or roots...
  71. pmc Erwinia chrysanthemi tolC is involved in resistance to antimicrobial plant chemicals and is essential for phytopathogenesis
    Ravi D Barabote
    Department of Biological Sciences, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas 79409, USA
    J Bacteriol 185:5772-8. 2003
    ..These results suggest that by conferring resistance to the antimicrobial compounds produced by plants, the E. chrysanthemi tolC plays an important role in the survival and colonization of the pathogen in plant tissue...
  72. ncbi Application of the in combo screening approach for the discovery of non-alkaloid acetylcholinesterase inhibitors from Cichorium intybus
    J M Rollinger
    Institute of Pharmacy Pharmacognosy, Josef Moeller Haus, Innrain 52c, Austria
    Curr Drug Discov Technol 2:185-93. 2005
    ..extract screening of Tyrolean plants using an enzyme assay with Ellman's reagent, the dichloromethane extract of chicory roots (Cichorium intybus L.) showed a pronounced inhibitory effect on AChE...
  73. ncbi [The effect of cichorium root extract on the morphofunctional state of liver in rats with carbon tetrachloride induced hepatitis model]
    S G Krylova
    Eksp Klin Farmakol 69:34-6. 2006
    ....
  74. ncbi Analgesic and sedative activities of lactucin and some lactucin-like guaianolides in mice
    A Wesołowska
    Department of New Drugs Research, Institute of Pharmacology, Polish Academy of Sciences, 12 Smetna Str, 31 343 Krakow, Poland
    J Ethnopharmacol 107:254-8. 2006
    ..Lactucopicrin appeared to be the most potent analgetic of the three tested compounds. Lactucin and lactucopicrin, but not 11beta,13-dihydrolactucin, also showed sedative properties in the spontaneous locomotor activity test...
  75. ncbi Excretion of major odor-causing and acidifying compounds in response to dietary supplementation of chicory inulin in growing pigs
    T C Rideout
    Department of Animal and Poultry Science, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1, Canada
    J Anim Sci 82:1678-84. 2004
    The excretion of major odor-causing and acidifying compounds in response to dietary supplementation of chicory inulin extract was investigated with six Yorkshire barrows, with an average initial BW of 30 kg, according to a balanced two-..
  76. pmc Role of the PhoP-PhoQ system in the virulence of Erwinia chrysanthemi strain 3937: involvement in sensitivity to plant antimicrobial peptides, survival at acid Hh, and regulation of pectolytic enzymes
    Arancha Llama-Palacios
    Departamento de Biotechnología UPM, ETS Ingenieros Agronomos, Madrid, Spain
    J Bacteriol 187:2157-62. 2005
    ..These results suggest that the PhoP-PhoQ system plays a role in the virulence of this bacterium in plant tissues, although it does not contribute to bacterial growth at acid pH...
  77. ncbi Effects of oligofructose-enriched inulin on intestinal absorption of calcium and magnesium and bone turnover markers in postmenopausal women
    Leah Holloway
    Clinical Studies Unit and Geriatric Research Education and Clinical Center, VA Palo Alto Health Care System, Palo Alto, California, USA
    Br J Nutr 97:365-72. 2007
    ..The purpose of the present investigation was to test the hypothesis that treatment with a spray-dried mixture of chicory oligofructose and long-chain inulin (Synergy1; SYN1) would increase the absorption of both Ca and Mg and alter ..
  78. ncbi Toxicological profile of carboxymethyl inulin
    F R Johannsen
    Environmental, Safety and Health, Solutia, Inc, 575 Maryville Centre Drive, St Louis, MO 63141, USA
    Food Chem Toxicol 41:49-59. 2003
    Carboxymethylinulin (CMI), formed by carboxylation of a natural carbohydrate obtained from the chicory plant, is particularly effective in sequestration of hard water cations, and thus serves as a unique anti-scalant which could find ..
  79. ncbi Enrichment of higher molecular weight fractions in inulin
    Frank T Moerman
    Faculty of Agricultural and Applied Biological Sciences, Laboratory of Food Chemistry, K U Leuven, Kasteelpark Arenberg 20, B 3001 Heverlee, Belgium
    J Agric Food Chem 52:3780-3. 2004
    ..crystallization from aqueous solution, and precipitation from solvent/water mixtures were used to enrich native chicory and dahlia inulin in the higher molecular weight fractions...
  80. ncbi Effect of cold stress on early vigour, photosynthesis, chlorophyll A fluorescence and pigment content of industrial chicory
    S Devacht
    Institute for Agricultural and Fisheries Research ILVO, Plant Burg Van Gansberghelaan 109 box 1, BE 9820 Merelbeke, Belgium
    Commun Agric Appl Biol Sci 72:165-9. 2007
  81. ncbi Effects of condensed tannins and crude sesquiterpene lactones extracted from chicory on the motility of larvae of deer lungworm and gastrointestinal nematodes
    Abdul L Molan
    AgResearch Limited, Grasslands Research Centre, Palmerston North, New Zealand
    Parasitol Int 52:209-18. 2003
    ..determine the effects of condensed tannins (CT) and an extract containing crude sesquiterpene lactones (CSL) from chicory (Cichorium intybus) on the motility of the first-(L1) and third-stage (L3) larvae of deer lungworm Dictyocaulus ..
  82. ncbi Pseudomonads associated with midrib rot and soft rot of butterhead lettuce and endive
    B Cottyn
    Department of Crop Protection, Agricultural Research Centre Burg Van Gansberghelaan 96, BE 9820 Merelbeke, Belgium
    Commun Agric Appl Biol Sci 70:101-9. 2005
    ..morphology and fluorescence on pseudomonas agar F medium, oxidase reaction, and soft rot ability on detached chicory leaves...
  83. ncbi cDNA-AFLP display for the isolation of differentially expressed genes during chicory root development
    Pascale Goupil
    Universite des Sciences et Technologies de Lille, Physiologie et Génétique Moléculaire Végétales, Bâtiment SN2, F 59655 Villeneuve d Ascq, France
    J Plant Physiol 160:303-9. 2003
    To identify genes expressed during root enlargment during the early vegetative growth of chicory (Cichorium intybus L.), we used the cDNA-AFLP technology...
  84. ncbi Polymorphism and modulation of cell wall esterase enzyme activities in the chicory root during the growing season
    Cécile Thonar
    Unité de Recherche en Biologie Cellulaire Végétale, Facultes Universitaires Notre Dame de la Paix, Rue de Bruxelles 61, B 5000 Namur, Belgium
    J Exp Bot 57:81-9. 2006
    ..Proteins extracted by NaCl treatment from root cell walls of two chicory varieties (Cichorium intybus L. cv...
  85. ncbi Use of a Plackett-Burman experimental design to examine the impact of extraction parameters on yields and compositions of pectins extracted from chicory roots (Chicorium intybus L.)
    Christelle Robert
    Faculte Universitaire des Sciences Agronomiques de Gembloux, Unité de Chimie biologique industrielle, Passage des Déportés 2, B 5030 Gembloux, Belgium
    J Agric Food Chem 54:7167-74. 2006
    b>Chicory root pectin was isolated by acid extraction followed by alcohol precipitation...
  86. ncbi Influence of harvest date on the yield and quality of chicory (Cichorium intybus L.)
    Isabelle M François
    Laboratorium voor Plantenteelt, De Croylaan 42, BE 3001 Heverlee, Belgium
    Commun Agric Appl Biol Sci 71:145-9. 2006
  87. ncbi RNA interference (RNAI) as a tool to engineer high nutritional value in chicory (Chicorium intybus)
    M Asad
    Department of Plant Production, Faculty of Agricultural and Applied Biological Sciences, Ghent University Coupure Links 653, BE 9000 Gent, Belgium
    Commun Agric Appl Biol Sci 71:75-8. 2006
    The major component of chicory (Chicorium intybus) root is inulin, which is a polymer of fructose. Inulin production from chicory is hampered by the enzyme fructan 1-exohydrolase (1-FEH) that degrades inulin and limits its yield...
  88. ncbi Effects of anthracene on development of an arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus and contribution of the symbiotic association to pollutant dissipation
    A Verdin
    Laboratoire de Mycologie Phytopathologie Environnement, Universite du Littoral Cote d Opale, Calais, France
    Mycorrhiza 16:397-405. 2006
    The influence of anthracene, a low molecular weight polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH), on chicory root colonization by Glomus intraradices and the effect of the root colonization on PAH degradation were investigated in vitro...
  89. ncbi [Studies on chemical constituents of root of Cichorium intybus]
    Yi He
    National Institute for the Control of Pharmaceutical and Biological Products, Beijing 100050, China
    Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 27:209-10. 2002
    ..To study the chemical constituents in the root of Cichorium intybus...
  90. ncbi Cloning and functional analysis of a high DP fructan:fructan 1-fructosyl transferase from Echinops ritro (Asteraceae): comparison of the native and recombinant enzymes
    Wim Van den Ende
    KU Leuven, Laboratory of Molecular Plant Physiology, Kasteelpark Arenberg 31, B 3001 Leuven, Belgium
    J Exp Bot 57:775-89. 2006
    ..scolymus), and Viguiera discolor biosynthesize fructans with a considerably higher DP than Cichorium intybus (chicory), Helianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke), and Dahlia variabilis...
  91. doi The effects of different plant extracts on nematodes
    Sven Klimpel
    Biodiversity and Climate Change Center BiK F, Goethe University Frankfurt, Frankfurt, 60325, Germany
    Parasitol Res 108:1047-54. 2011
    ..The plants used were bulbs of onions, garlic, chives, coconut, birch tree, ananas, cistrose, banana, chicory, date palm fruit, fig, pumpkin, and neem tree seeds...
  92. ncbi Dietary effects on bifidobacteria and Clostridium perfringens in the canine intestinal tract
    J Zentek
    Veterinary University of Vienna, Vienna
    J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl) 87:397-407. 2003
    ..Two extruded, dry diets, one supplemented with 3% chicory (1...
  93. ncbi Testing for direct anthelmintic effects of bioactive forages against Trichostrongylus colubriformis in grazing sheep
    S Athanasiadou
    Animal Nutrition and Health Department, Scottish Agricultural College, West Mains Road, Edinburgh, Scotland EH9 3JG, UK
    Vet Parasitol 127:233-43. 2005
    ..Lotus pedunculatus (lotus), Hedysarium coronarium (sulla), Onobrychis viciifolia (sainfoin), Cichorium intybus (chicory) and Lolium perenne/Trifolium repens (grass/clover)...
  94. ncbi Introducing inulin-type fructans
    Marcel B Roberfroid
    Universite Catholique de Louvain, Louvain la Neuve, Belgium
    Br J Nutr 93:S13-25. 2005
    Inulin is a generic term to cover all beta(2-->1) linear fructans. Chicory inulin is a linear beta(2-->1) fructan (degree of polymerisation (DP) 2 to 60; DPav=12), its partial enzymatic hydrolysis product is oligofructose (DP 2 to ..
  95. doi The effects of different plant extracts on intestinal cestodes and on trematodes
    Fathy Abdel-Ghaffar
    Department of Zoology, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt
    Parasitol Res 108:979-84. 2011
    ..polyethylene glycol/propylene carbonate) PEG/PC extracts were made from coconut, onion, garlic, fig, date tree, chicory, ananas, and cistrose...
  96. doi Performance and dietary preferences of white-tailed deer grazing chicory, birdsfoot trefoil or alfalfa in north central Alberta
    G A Chapman
    Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada
    J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl) 93:794-801. 2009
    ..visitation of white-tailed deer grazing alfalfa (Medicago sativa), birdsfoot trefoil (Lotus corniculatus) or chicory (Cichorium intybus) in north central Alberta, Canada...
  97. ncbi Analysis of carbohydrates by anion exchange chromatography and mass spectrometry
    Cees Bruggink
    Dionex B V, Lange Bunder 5, 4854 MB Bavel, The Netherlands
    J Chromatogr A 1085:104-9. 2005
    ..The applicability of the method was demonstrated analysing carbohydrates in real world samples such as chicory inulin where polyfructans up to a molecular mass of 7000 g/mol were detected as quadrupoly charged lithium ..
  98. ncbi The consequences of short-term grazing of bioactive forages on established adult and incoming larvae populations of Teladorsagia circumcincta in lambs
    O Tzamaloukas
    Animal Nutrition and Health Department, Scottish Agricultural College, West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JG, UK
    Int J Parasitol 35:329-35. 2005
    ..On day 21 p.i., lambs were allocated to one of three bioactive forage grazing treatments; chicory (Cichorium intybus), sulla (Hedysarum coronarium), lotus (Lotus pedunculatus), and the control grass/clover (..
  99. doi Sensory and microbiological quality of yogurt drinks with prebiotics and probiotics
    L C Allgeyer
    Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, University of Illinois, Urbana 61801, USA
    J Dairy Sci 93:4471-9. 2010
    ..Three selected prebiotics, soluble corn fiber, polydextrose, and chicory inulin, were each present individually at an amount to claim an excellent source of fiber (5 g of fiber/serving) ..
  100. doi In vitro analysis of the anthelmintic activity of forage chicory (Cichorium intybus L.) sesquiterpene lactones against a predominantly Haemonchus contortus egg population
    Joyce G Foster
    USDA, Agricultural Research Service, Appalachian Farming Systems Research Center, 1224 Airport Road, Beaver, WV 25813 9423, USA
    Vet Parasitol 180:298-306. 2011
    The anthelmintic activity of chicory (Cichorium intybus L.) herbage has been attributed to sesquiterpene lactones...
  101. ncbi Effect of plant species on the larvae of gastrointestinal nematodes which parasitise sheep
    J H Niezen
    AgResearch Grasslands, Palmerston North, New Zealand
    Int J Parasitol 28:791-803. 1998
    ..four contaminations in each of 2 years on plots of browntop, Yorkshire fog, ryegrass, tall fescue, lucerne, chicory, cocksfoot, white clover, and prairie grass and in the second year a mixed sward of ryegrass/white clover...