- Current situation of mycotoxin contamination and co-occurrence in animal feed--focus on Europe
BIOMIN Research Center, Technopark 1, 3430 Tulln, Austria
Toxins (Basel) 4:788-809. 2012
..Regarding animal feed, five mycotoxins (aflatoxins, deoxynivalenol, zearalenone, fumonisins and ochratoxin A) are covered by EU ..
- Formation, determination and significance of masked and other conjugated mycotoxins
Department for Agrobiotechnology IFA Tulln, Christian Doppler Laboratory for Mycotoxin Research, Center for Analytical Chemistry, University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Vienna BOKU, Konrad Lorenz Str 20, 3430 Tulln, Austria
Anal Bioanal Chem 395:1243-52. 2009
..This transformation process is not only important regarding food safety but also for the resistance of plants towards fungal-induced diseases, such as Fusarium head blight of wheat...
- Mycotoxin detoxication of animal feed by different adsorbents
Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Laboratory of Technical Chemistry, , 8092, Zurich, Switzerland
Toxicol Lett 122:179-88. 2001
The contamination of animal feed with mycotoxins represents a worldwide problem for farmers. These toxins originate from molds whose growth on living and stored plants is almost unavoidable particularly under moist conditions...
- Genome-wide association analysis for feed efficiency in Angus cattle
M M Rolf
Division of Animal Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, 65211, USA
Anim Genet 43:367-74. 2012
..While our study identifies panels of SNPs significant for efficiency traits in our population, validation of all SNPs in independent populations will be necessary before commercialization...
- Effect of aquaculture on world fish supplies
R L Naylor
Stanford University, Institute for International Studies, California 94305 6055, USA
Nature 405:1017-24. 2000
- Sirtuin activators mimic caloric restriction and delay ageing in metazoans
Jason G Wood
Department of Pathology, Harvard Medical School, 77 Ave Louis Pasteur, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
Nature 430:686-9. 2004
..Lifespan extension is dependent on functional Sir2, and is not observed when nutrients are restricted. Together these data indicate that STACs slow metazoan ageing by mechanisms that may be related to caloric restriction...
- Residual intake and body weight gain: a new measure of efficiency in growing cattle
D P Berry
Animal and Grassland Research and Innovation Centre, Teagasc, Moorepark, Fermoy, Co Cork, Ireland
J Anim Sci 90:109-15. 2012
..The advantages of both reduced daily DMI and greater ADG in animals superior for RIG are demonstrated compared with animals superior for either RFI or RG...
- Ameliorative effect of a microbial feed additive on infectious bronchitis virus antibody titer and stress index in broiler chicks fed deoxynivalenol
Institute of Animal Nutrition, Department for Farm Animals and Veterinary Public Health, University of Veterinary Medicine, A 1210 Vienna, Austria
Poult Sci 91:800-7. 2012
..However, the dietary Mycofix select supplementation as a detoxifying agent was successful in overcoming the mycotoxin-related effects...
- Effects of increasing dietary concentrations of corn naturally contaminated with deoxynivalenol on broiler and turkey poult performance and response to lipopolysaccharide
Department of Animal Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA
Poult Sci 90:2766-74. 2011
..aureus by cecal tonsil cells in non-LPS-challenged broilers, and greatly decreased heterophil to lymphocyte ratios in LPS-challenged broilers...
- Genetic and phenotypic variance and covariance components for feed intake, feed efficiency, and other postweaning traits in Angus cattle
P F Arthur
NSW Agriculture, Agricultural Research Centre, Trangie, NSW 2823, Australia
J Anim Sci 79:2805-11. 2001
..17, r(p) = 0.14). These results indicate that genetic improvement in feed efficiency can be achieved through selection and, in general, correlated responses in growth and the other postweaning traits will be minimal...
- Occurrence of mycotoxins in feed as analyzed by a multi-mycotoxin LC-MS/MS method
Laboratory of Food Analysis, Ghent University, Harelbekestraat 72, 9000 Ghent, Belgium
J Agric Food Chem 58:66-71. 2010
Crops used for animal feed can be easily contaminated by fungi during growth, harvest, or storage, resulting in the occurrence of mycotoxins...
- Environmental fate of roxarsone in poultry litter. I. Degradation of roxarsone during composting
J R Garbarino
National Water Quality Laboratory, U S Geological Survey, P O Box 25046 MS407, Denver Federal Center, Denver, Colorado 80225 0046, USA
Environ Sci Technol 37:1509-14. 2003
..Samples collected from a variety of litter windrows in Arkansas, Oklahoma, and Maryland also showed that roxarsone originally present had been converted to arsenate...
- Effects of short-term feeding of Bt MON810 maize on growth performance, organ morphology and function in pigs
Maria C Walsh
Teagasc, Pig Development Department, Animal and Grassland Research and Innovation Centre, Moorepark, Fermoy, County Cork, Republic of Ireland
Br J Nutr 107:364-71. 2012
..The biological significance of these findings is currently being clarified in long-term exposure studies in pigs...
- Effects of chronic exposure of diets with reduced concentrations of aflatoxin and deoxynivalenol on growth and immune status of pigs
A C Chaytor
Department of Animal Science, North Carolina State University, Raleigh 27695, USA
J Anim Sci 89:124-35. 2011
- Dietary supplementation with a probiotic fermented four-herb combination enhances immune activity in broiler chicks and increases survivability against Salmonella Gallinarum in experimentally infected broiler chicks
Bock Gie Jung
College of Veterinary Medicine, Chonnam National University, Gwangju, Republic of Korea
J Vet Med Sci 72:1565-73. 2010
- Primary genome scan to identify putative quantitative trait loci for feedlot growth rate, feed intake, and feed efficiency of beef cattle
J D Nkrumah
Igenity Livestock Production Business Unit, Merial Ltd, Edmonton, Alberta, T6G 2P5, Canada
J Anim Sci 85:3170-81. 2007
..Further studies will be required to confirm these QTL in other populations so that they can be fine-mapped for potential applications in marker-assisted selection and management of beef cattle...
- Deoxynivalenol as a contaminant of broiler feed: effects on bird performance and response to common vaccines
A W Yunus
Institute of Animal Nutrition, Department for Farm Animals and Veterinary Public Health, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, Veterinarplatz 1, A 1210 Vienna, Austria
Poult Sci 91:844-51. 2012
..Further studies are therefore required to clarify the implications of these results on the welfare of chickens...
- Global gene expression profiling reveals genes expressed differentially in cattle with high and low residual feed intake
Industry and Investment NSW Primary Industries, Beef Industry Centre, Armidale, NSW 2351, Australia
Anim Genet 42:475-90. 2011
- Immunochemical methods for ochratoxin A detection: a review
Eline P Meulenberg
ELTI Support VOF, Ambachtsweg 5, 6581 AX Malden, The Netherlands
Toxins (Basel) 4:244-66. 2012
..Further, the application of the various formats to the detection and quantification of ochratoxin will be described, including the use of commercially available kits...
- Zebrafish (Danio rerio) as a model for investigating dietary toxic effects of deoxynivalenol contamination in aquaculture feeds
National Institute of Nutrition and Seafood Research NIFES, N 5817 Bergen, Norway
Food Chem Toxicol 50:4441-8. 2012
..We do not know if effects observed on fecundity and larvae swimming activity are attributed to a direct interaction of DON with the reproductive organ or secondary to the maternal/paternal liver oxidative imbalance...
- Antibiotics in animal feed and their role in resistance development
Henrik C Wegener
Danish Zoonosis Centre, Danish Veterinary Institute, Bulowsvej 27, DK 1790 V, Copenhagen, Denmark
Curr Opin Microbiol 6:439-45. 2003
..The data shows that although the levels of resistance in animals and food, and consequently in humans, has been markedly reduced after the termination of use, the effects on animal health and productivity have been very minor...
- Transcriptomic responses to functional feeds in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar)
Scottish Fish Immunology Research Centre, Institute of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Tillydrone Avenue, Aberdeen AB242TZ, UK
Fish Shellfish Immunol 31:704-15. 2011
..Together these changes appear to result in less energy wastage in fish and an enhanced growth and performance...
- Limited and excess protein intake of pregnant gilts differently affects body composition and cellularity of skeletal muscle and subcutaneous adipose tissue of newborn and weanling piglets
Research Unit Muscle Biology and Growth, Leibniz Institute for Farm Animal Biology, Wilhelm Stahl Allee 2, Dummerstorf, Germany
Eur J Nutr 51:151-65. 2012
- Diet and murine atherosclerosis
Godfrey S Getz
Department of Pathology, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 26:242-9. 2006
..Cholate should not be used unless its effects are being specifically investigated...
- Experimental feed induction of ruminal lactic, propionic, or butyric acidosis in sheep
INRA, UR1213 Herbivores, Centre de Recherches de Clermont Ferrand Theix, F 63122 Saint Genes Champanelle, France
J Anim Sci 88:3041-6. 2010
..We developed an original model that promoted differentiated fermentation pathways in the rumen of sheep. It will be used to study the ruminal microbiome changes involved in different acidosis situations...
- A three-year survey on the worldwide occurrence of mycotoxins in feedstuffs and feed
BIOMIN Singapore Pte Ltd, 3791 Jalan Bukit Merah 08 08, Singapore
Toxins (Basel) 4:663-75. 2012
- Assessment of the health impact of GM plant diets in long-term and multigenerational animal feeding trials: a literature review
University of Nottingham, School of Biosciences, Sutton Bonington Campus, Loughborough, Leicestershire LE12 5RD, United Kingdom
Food Chem Toxicol 50:1134-48. 2012
..The studies reviewed present evidence to show that GM plants are nutritionally equivalent to their non-GM counterparts and can be safely used in food and feed...
- Feed efficiency differences and reranking in beef steers fed grower and finisher diets
O N Durunna
Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, T6G 2P5, Canada
J Anim Sci 89:158-67. 2011
..Each feeding test lasted for a minimum of 10 wk, and all steers were fed ad libitum. Individual animal feed intakes were collected using the GrowSafe feeding system, and BW were measured every 2 wk...
- Effect of subtherapeutic administration of antibiotics on the prevalence of antibiotic-resistant Escherichia coli bacteria in feedlot cattle
T W Alexander
Agriculture and Agri Food Canada Research Centre, 5403 1st Ave South, P O Box 3000, Lethbridge, Alberta T1J 4B1, Canada
Appl Environ Microbiol 74:4405-16. 2008
..coli in cattle. However, resistance to antibiotics may be related to additional environmental factors such as diet...
- Mycotoxins in ethanol co-products: modeling economic impacts on the livestock industry and management strategies
Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, University of Pittsburgh, Bridgeside Point 560, Pittsburgh, PA 15219, USA
J Agric Food Chem 56:3900-11. 2008
..If mycotoxin surveillance is implemented by ethanol producers, losses are shifted among multiple stakeholders. Solutions to this problem include methods to reduce mycotoxin contamination in both pre- and postharvest maize...
- Phylogenetic characterization of fecal microbial communities of dogs fed diets with or without supplemental dietary fiber using 454 pyrosequencing
Ingmar S Middelbos
Department of Animal Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois, United States of America
PLoS ONE 5:e9768. 2010
..This work aimed to use 16S rDNA tag pyrosequencing to phylogenetically characterize hindgut microbiome in dogs and determine how consumption of dietary fiber affects community structure...
- Effects of deoxynivalenol on general performance and electrophysiological properties of intestinal mucosa of broiler chickens
W A Awad
Institute of Nutrition, Department of Veterinary Public Health and Food Science, University of Veterinary Medicine, Veterinarplatz 1, A 1210 Vienna, Austria
Poult Sci 83:1964-72. 2004
..The addition of Eubacterium sp. may be useful in counteracting the toxic effects of DON on intestinal glucose transport...
- A theoretical introduction to "combinatory SYBRGreen qPCR screening", a matrix-based approach for the detection of materials derived from genetically modified plants
Marc Van den Bulcke
Division of Biosafety and Biotechnology, Scientific Institute of Public Health, J Wytsmanstreet 14, 1050 Brussels, Belgium
Anal Bioanal Chem 396:2113-23. 2010
..Together, these analyses provide guidance for semi-quantitative estimation of GMO presence in a food and feed product...
- Studies on the toxicity of deoxynivalenol (DON), sodium metabisulfite, DON-sulfonate (DONS) and de-epoxy-DON for porcine peripheral blood mononuclear cells and the Intestinal Porcine Epithelial Cell lines IPEC-1 and IPEC-J2, and on effects of DON and DONS
Institute of Animal Nutrition, Friedrich Loeffler Institute, Federal Research Institute for Animal Health, Braunschweig, Germany
Food Chem Toxicol 48:2154-62. 2010
..Further studies should clarify the possible impact of SBS on the porcine immune system...
- Residues of veterinary antibiotics in manures from feedlot livestock in eight provinces of China
State Key Laboratory of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210008, People s Republic of China
Sci Total Environ 408:1069-75. 2010
..The residue levels for most antibiotics showed significant statistical differences among the sampling districts and the animal species...
- Tailoring of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) flesh lipid composition and sensory quality by replacing fish oil with a vegetable oil blend
Bente E Torstensen
National Institute of Nutrition and Seafood Research, N 5817 Bergen, Norway
J Agric Food Chem 53:10166-78. 2005
..At the same time, 75% of the dietary fish oil can be replaced without compromising flesh VLCn-3 PUFA content, thereby providing a beneficial nutritional profile for human consumption...
- Feeding barley grain steeped in lactic acid modulates rumen fermentation patterns and increases milk fat content in dairy cows
Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
J Dairy Sci 92:6023-32. 2009
..In conclusion, results demonstrated that treatment of barley grain with LA lowered the risk of subacute rumen acidosis and maintained high milk fat content in late-lactating Holstein cows fed diets based on barley grain...
- Bacterial mechanisms to overcome inhibitory effects of dietary tannins
Alexandra H Smith
Department of Microbiology, University of Texas, Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390, USA
Microb Ecol 50:197-205. 2005
- Genetics of efficient feed utilization and national cattle evaluation: a review
D H Denny Crews
Agriculture and Agri Food Canada Research Centre, Lethbridge, Alberta, T1J 4B1, Canada
Genet Mol Res 4:152-65. 2005
..These costs need to be compared to expected, and, if possible, realized rates of genetic change and the associated reduction in feed input requirements...
- Absorption, metabolism and excretion of 3-acetyl DON in pigs
G S Eriksen
Department of Animal Nutrition and Management, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden
Arch Tierernahr 57:335-45. 2003
..Furthermore, the experiment shows that the main part of DON is rapidly excreted and does not accumulate in plasma, but a minor part of the toxin is retained and slowly excreted from the pigs...
- Effects of feeding a blend of grains naturally contaminated with Fusarium mycotoxins on swine performance, brain regional neurochemistry, and serum chemistry and the efficacy of a polymeric glucomannan mycotoxin adsorbent
H V L N Swamy
Department of Animal and Poultry Science, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada
J Anim Sci 80:3257-67. 2002
- Effects of different selenium sources on tissue selenium concentrations, blood GSH-Px activities and plasma interleukin levels in finishing lambs
College of Veterinary Medicine, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China
Biol Trace Elem Res 116:91-102. 2007
..However, there were no significant differences in plasma interleukin levels of lambs between organic and inorganic Se sources...
- Effect of a preparation of Saccharomyces cerevisiae on microbial profiles and fermentation patterns in the large intestine of horses fed a high fiber or a high starch diet
Alltech France, Goussainville
J Anim Sci 80:2600-9. 2002
..When the digestion of starch in the small intestine was saturated, the effect of the addition of a S. cerevisiae preparation appeared to limit the extent of undesirable changes in the intestinal ecosystem of the horse...
- The intestine as a possible target for fumonisin toxicity
Laboratoire de Pharmacologie Toxicologie, INRA, Toulouse, France
Mol Nutr Food Res 51:925-31. 2007
- Immunochemical methods in health risk assessment: cross reactivity of antibodies against mycotoxin deoxynivalenol with deoxynivalenol-3-glucoside
National Institute of Public Health in Prague, Centre for the Hygiene of Food Chains in Brno, Czech Republic
Cent Eur J Public Health 16:34-7. 2008
- A crucial role of sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1 in the regulation of lipogenic gene expression by polyunsaturated fatty acids
Department of Metabolic Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113 8655, Japan
J Biol Chem 274:35840-4. 1999
- What do we feed to food-production animals? A review of animal feed ingredients and their potential impacts on human health
Amy R Sapkota
Johns Hopkins Center for a Livable Future, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
Environ Health Perspect 115:663-70. 2007
..In this article we review current U.S. animal feeding practices and etiologic agents that have been detected in animal feed. Evidence that current feeding practices may lead to adverse human health impacts is also evaluated.
- Genetic and phenotypic relationships of feeding behavior and temperament with performance, feed efficiency, ultrasound, and carcass merit of beef cattle
J D Nkrumah
Igenity Livestock Production Business Unit, Merial Ltd, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
J Anim Sci 85:2382-90. 2007
- Impact of reduced marker set estimation of genomic relationship matrices on genomic selection for feed efficiency in Angus cattle
Megan M Rolf
Division of Animal Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211 5300, USA
BMC Genet 11:24. 2010
..The number of SNPs needed to accurately estimate a genomic relationship matrix was evaluated in this population...
- Dietary protein concentration affects intestinal microbiota of adult cats: a study using DGGE and qPCR to evaluate differences in microbial populations in the feline gastrointestinal tract
D C Lubbs
Department of Animal Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl) 93:113-21. 2009
..39 vs. 10.83 CFU/g). In this experiment, a high-protein diet resulted in a dramatic shift in microbial populations. Decreased Bifidobacterium population in cats fed HP may justify prebiotic supplementation for such diets...
- Response to soy: T-cell-like reactivity in the intestine of Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L
A M Bakke-McKellep
Aquaculture Protein Centre, a CoE, Norway
J Fish Dis 30:13-25. 2007
..In conclusion, a T-cell-like response appears to be involved in this example of a food-sensitive enteropathy...
- Chemical contaminants in aquafeeds and Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) following the use of traditional- versus alternative feed ingredients
Marc H G Berntssen
National Institute of Nutrition and Seafood Research NIFES, P O Box 2029 Nordnes, 5817 Bergen, Norway
Chemosphere 78:637-46. 2010
..The paper also compares the levels of contaminants in farmed Atlantic salmon expected in the future with those levels reported in the literature and currently on the market...
- Evaluation of stress- and immune-response biomarkers in Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., fed different levels of genetically modified maize (Bt maize), compared with its near-isogenic parental line and a commercial suprex maize
National Institute of Nutrition and Seafood Research, NIFES, Bergen, Norway
J Fish Dis 30:201-12. 2007
..GM maize seemed to induce significant changes in white blood cell populations which are associated with an immune response...
- A high-protein, high-fat, carbohydrate-free diet reduces energy intake, hepatic lipogenesis, and adiposity in rats
UMR INRA 914 Physiologie de la Nutrition et du Comportement Alimentaire, Institut National Agronomique Paris Grignon, F75231 Paris Cedex 05, France
J Nutr 136:1256-60. 2006
..These reductions in adipose tissue development with decreases in the C:L ratio of the diet seemed to be due primarily to reduced hepatic lipogenesis...
- Selection response and genetic parameters for residual feed intake in Yorkshire swine
Department of Animal Science, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011, USA
J Anim Sci 86:287-98. 2008
..05% with P < 0.0001). In conclusion, RFI is a heritable trait, and selection for low RFI has significantly decreased the feed required for a given rate of growth and backfat...
- Effects of graded levels of Fusarium toxin-contaminated wheat and of a detoxifying agent in broiler diets on performance, nutrient digestibility and blood chemical parameters
Institute of Animal Nutrition, Federal Agricultural Research Centre, Braunschweig FAL, Braunschweig, Germany
Br Poult Sci 44:113-26. 2003
..Moreover, some clinical-chemical serum parameters were significantly altered due to Mycofix Plus but also independently of the dietary mycotoxin concentration...
- Relationships of feedlot feed efficiency, performance, and feeding behavior with metabolic rate, methane production, and energy partitioning in beef cattle
J D Nkrumah
Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, T6G 2P5, Canada
J Anim Sci 84:145-53. 2006
..51), DE (r = -0.52), ME (r = -0.55), and RE (r = -0.60). These results have practical implications for the selection of animals that eat less at a similar BW and growth rate and for the environmental sustainability of beef production...
- Clostridium perfringens in poultry: an emerging threat for animal and public health
Filip Van Immerseel
Department of Pathology, Bacteriology and Avian Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Salisburylaan 133, B 9820 Merelbeke, Belgium
Avian Pathol 33:537-49. 2004
..The most cost-effective control will probably be achieved by balancing the composition of the feed...
- Isolation of antibiotic-resistant bacteria from the air plume downwind of a swine confined or concentrated animal feeding operation
Shawn G Gibbs
University of Texas Health Science Center, School of Public Health, El Paso, Texas, USA
Environ Health Perspect 114:1032-7. 2006
..In this study we evaluated the levels of antibiotic- and multidrug-resistant bacteria in bioaerosols upwind, within, and downwind at locations 25 m, 50 m, 100 m, and 150 m from a swine confined animal feeding operation...
- A direct method for fatty acid methyl ester synthesis: application to wet meat tissues, oils, and feedstuffs
J R Busboom
Department of Animal Sciences, Washington State University, Pullman 99164, USA
J Anim Sci 85:1511-21. 2007
..The method saves time and effort and is economical when compared with other methods. Its unique performance, including easy sample preparation, is achieved because water is included rather than eliminated in the FAME reaction mixtures...
- Assessing the transfer of genetically modified DNA from feed to animal tissues
Instituto di Agronomia generale e Coltivazioni erbacee, Universita Cattolica S Cuore, via E Parmense, 84, Piacenza 29100, Italy
Transgenic Res 14:775-84. 2005
..From the data obtained, we consider it unlikely that the occurrence of genetic transfer associated with GM plants is higher than that from conventional plants...
- Paradoxical resistance to diet-induced obesity in UCP1-deficient mice
Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70808, USA
J Clin Invest 111:399-407. 2003
..We propose that in the absence of nonshivering thermogenesis, alternative, calorically more costly pathways of metabolism must be used to maintain body temperature...
- Commercial potential for Haematococcus microalgae as a natural source of astaxanthin
R T Lorenz
Cyanotech Corporation, 73 4460 Queen Kaahumanu Highway, Suite 102, Kailua Kona, HI 96740, USA
Trends Biotechnol 18:160-7. 2000
..Cultivation methods have been developed to produce Haematococcus containing 1.5-3.0% astaxanthin by dry weight, with potential applications as a pigment source in aquaculture, poultry feeds and in the worldwide nutraceutical market...
- Epidemiology of resistance to antibiotics. Links between animals and humans
A E van den Bogaard
Department of Medical Microbiology, University of Maastricht, P O Box 616, NL 6200 MD, Maastricht, The Netherlands
Int J Antimicrob Agents 14:327-35. 2000
..Discontinuing the practice of routinely adding AMGP to animal feeds would reduce the amounts of antibiotics used for animals in the EU by a minimum of 30% and in some member states even by 50%...
- Review on the toxicity, occurrence, metabolism, detoxification, regulations and intake of zearalenone: an oestrogenic mycotoxin
Laboratory of Food Toxicology, National Institute of Health INH, BP 769 Agdal, 27 Avenue Ibn Battouta, Rabat, Morocco
Food Chem Toxicol 45:1-18. 2007
..w./day for the USA. The Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA) established a provisional maximum tolerable daily intake (PMTDI) for ZEA of 0.5 microg/kg of body weight...
- High-fat diets: modeling the metabolic disorders of human obesity in rodents
Department of Internal Medicine I, University of Regensburg, 93042 Regensburg, Germany
Obesity (Silver Spring) 15:798-808. 2007
..Therefore, in this review, metabolic data obtained with different HF diet approaches are compiled. Both whole-body and organ-specific diet effects are analyzed...
- Factors affecting beef cattle producer perspectives on feed efficiency
J D Wulfhorst
Social Science Research Unit, University of Idaho, Moscow, 83844, USA
J Anim Sci 88:3749-58. 2010
..Additional data collection in a future social assessment will continue to elaborate the proportion of producers who perceive feed efficiency as an increasingly important decision and management tool for beef production...
- The carnivore connection to nutrition in cats
Debra L Zoran
Department of Small Animal Medicine and Surgery, College of Veterinary Medicine, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843 4474, USA
J Am Vet Med Assoc 221:1559-67. 2002
- Development of an immunochromatographic strip test for rapid detection of melamine in raw milk, milk products and animal feed
Department of Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of Veterinary Medicine, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, People s Republic of China
J Agric Food Chem 59:6064-70. 2011
..a monoclonal antibody was developed for the detection of melamine (MEL) residues in raw milk, milk products and animal feed. The limit of detection was estimated to be 0...
- Fermentation of animal components in strict carnivores: a comparative study with cheetah fecal inoculum
Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Heidestraat 19, B 9820 Merelbeke, Belgium
J Anim Sci 90:2540-8. 2012
..Further research is warranted to assess the impact of fermentation of each type of animal tissue on gastro-intestinal function and health in the cheetah and other felid species...
- Organic and inorganic selenium: III. Ewe and progeny performance
W C Stewart
Department of Animal and Rangeland Sciences, College of Agriculture, Oregon State University, Corvallis 97331, USA
J Anim Sci 90:4536-43. 2012
..We conclude that supranutritional supplementation of ewes with Se-yeast at 24.5 mg Se/wk improves lamb growth and ewe health without negatively affecting reproductive performance...
- Preparation of monoclonal antibody for melamine and development of an indirect competitive ELISA for melamine detection in raw milk, milk powder, and animal feeds
The School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong, People s Republic of China
J Agric Food Chem 58:8152-7. 2010
..The intra-assay and interassay coefficients of variation were <12.0 and <13.0%, respectively. Finally, the application of the cELISA in quantity evaluation of MEL in various feeds from local markets was evaluated and discussed...
- Zearalenone--undesirable substances in feed
Department of Veterinary Prevention and Feed Hygiene, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Warmia and Mazury, Oczapowskiego 13, 10 718 Olsztyn, Poland
Pol J Vet Sci 5:117-22. 2002
..organizations, which confirm the significance of problems connected with the presence of zearalenone in animal feed materials and their influence on the safety of food materials are shown in this review article...
- Density-dependent effects in experimental larval populations of Anopheles arabiensis (Diptera: Culicidae) can be negative, neutral, or overcompensatory depending on density and diet levels
J R L Gilles
Insect Pest Control Laboratory, Joint Food and Agriculture Organization International Atomic Energy Agency, Division of Nuclear Techniques in Food and Agriculture, International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, Austria
J Med Entomol 48:296-304. 2011
..We discuss these results in the context of diet and larval densities for mass rearing and the effect of larval competition on control strategies...
- The effect of maternal linseed supplementation and/or lamb linseed supplementation on muscle and subcutaneous adipose tissue fatty acid composition of indoor lambs
AgroParisTech, Département de la Vie et Santé, 16 rue Claude Bernard, 75 005 Paris, France
Meat Sci 90:548-57. 2012
..Softer and more colored fat was associated with a decrease in even medium-chain saturated FA and increases in odd and methyl FA proportions but not with ALA proportion in subcutaneous adipose tissue...
- Antimicrobial residues in animal waste and water resources proximal to large-scale swine and poultry feeding operations
Enzo R Campagnolo
Epidemic Intelligence Service, Epidemiology Program Office, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd NE, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
Sci Total Environ 299:89-95. 2002
..More sensitive LC/ESI-MS techniques are required in environmental samples, where low levels of antimicrobial residues are more likely...
- mRNA expression of genes regulating oxidative phosphorylation in the muscle of beef cattle divergently ranked on residual feed intake
Alan K Kelly
UCD School of Agriculture, Food Science and Veterinary Medicine, College of Life Sciences, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin, Ireland
Physiol Genomics 43:12-23. 2011
..04) in the low compared with the high RFI phenotype while on LF but not the HF diet (P = 0.22). These data suggest an association between cellular energetic efficiency and RFI in cattle...
- Effect of feeding maternal colostrum or plasma-derived or colostrum-derived colostrum replacer on passive transfer of immunity, health, and performance of preweaning heifer calves
Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville 32610, USA
J Dairy Sci 96:3247-56. 2013
..Given the conditions of this trial, feeding 3.8L of MC was superior to feeding one dose of CR. Further research is needed to evaluate calf performance when a higher dose of CR is fed...
- The effect of feeding Bt MON810 maize to pigs for 110 days on intestinal microbiota
Stefan G Buzoianu
Teagasc, Pig Development Department, Animal and Grassland Research and Innovation Centre, Moorepark, Fermoy, Ireland
PLoS ONE 7:e33668. 2012
..To assess the effects of feeding Bt MON810 maize to pigs for 110 days on the intestinal microbiota...
- Nutritional equivalency evaluation of transgenic maize grain from event DP-O9814O-6 and transgenic soybeans containing event DP-356O43-5: laying hen performance and egg quality measures
AHPharma, Salisbury, MD 21801, USA
Poult Sci 90:377-89. 2011
- Nutritional modulation of insulin resistance in the true carnivorous cat: a review
Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, Ghent University, Merelbeke, Belgium
Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 52:172-82. 2012
..Secondly, this literature review deals with nutritional modulation of insulin sensitivity, focusing on dietary macronutrients, carbohydrate sources, and dietary fiber for prevention and treatment of insulin resistance...
- Aging and survival: the genetics of life span extension by dietary restriction
The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
Annu Rev Biochem 77:727-54. 2008
..Here, we discuss how recent work in nonmammalian model organisms has revealed new insight into the genetics of DR and how the discovery of DR-specific transcription factors will advance our understanding of this phenomenon...
- Effects of feed-borne Fusarium mycotoxins with or without yeast cell wall adsorbent on organ weight, serum biochemistry, and immunological parameters of broiler chickens
Department of Animal Sciences and Technology, Shandong Agricultural University, Shandong, People s Republic of China
Poult Sci 91:2487-95. 2012
- Effect of feeding treatment during the backgrounding phase of beef production from pasture on: II. Longissimus muscle proximate composition, cholesterol and fatty acids
A J Pordomingo
National Institute of Agricultural Research, INTA Anguil, La Pampa, Argentina
Meat Sci 90:947-55. 2012
..041) conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) concentration in the lipid fraction than 40% hay. Results suggested that residual effects of backgrounding strategies could be detected in intramuscular fat of pasture finished heifers...
- Sequestration of glucosinolates and iridoid glucosides in sawfly species of the genus Athalia and their role in defense against ants
Sebastian E W Opitz
Department of Chemical Ecology, Bielefeld University, Universitatsstr 25, 33615, Bielefeld, Germany
J Chem Ecol 36:148-57. 2010
..rosae larvae. The results show that glucoside sequestration is widespread in the genus Athalia, but that the specific glucoside uptake can result in different defense effectiveness against a predator species...
- Correlation of particular bacterial PCR-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis patterns with bovine ruminal fermentation parameters and feed efficiency traits
Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada
Appl Environ Microbiol 76:6338-50. 2010
..This is the first study correlating PCR-DGGE bands representing specific bacteria to metabolites in the bovine rumen and to host feed efficiency traits...
- Effects of feeding Bt MON810 maize to pigs for 110 days on peripheral immune response and digestive fate of the cry1Ab gene and truncated Bt toxin
Maria C Walsh
Teagasc, Pig Development Department, Animal and Grassland Research and Innovation Centre, Moorepark, Fermoy, County Cork, Ireland
PLoS ONE 7:e36141. 2012
- Biodegradation of ochratoxin a for food and feed decontamination
IBB, Institute for Biotechnology, Bioengineering, Centro de Engenharia Biólogica, Universidade do Minho, Campus de Gualtar, Braga, Portugal
Toxins (Basel) 2:1078-99. 2010
..A critical discussion about the technical applicability of these strategies is presented...
- Ochratoxin A in feed of food-producing animals: an undesirable mycotoxin with health and performance effects
Sofia C Duarte
Group of Health Surveillance, Center of Pharmaceutical Studies, University of Coimbra, Polo III, Azinhaga de Sta Comba, 3000 548 Coimbra, Portugal
Vet Microbiol 154:1-13. 2011
..For the unpredictability and unavoidability of occurrence, OTA will definitely be an enduring problem in animal production...
- Trans-18:1 and CLA isomers in rumen and duodenal digesta of bulls fed n-3 and n-6 PUFA-based diets
Key Laboratory of Animal Physiology and Biochemistry, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, 210095, People s Republic of China
Lipids 46:831-41. 2011
..The concentration of trans-16-18:1 was significantly decreased in the rumen of n-3 PUFA supplemented-fed bulls compared to n-6 PUFA supplemented-fed bulls...
- Forage as a primary source of mycotoxins in animal diets
Faculty of Agronomy, Mendel University in Brno, Zemedelska 1, CZ 613 00 Brno, Czech Republic
Int J Environ Res Public Health 8:37-50. 2011
..Moreover, the level of the occurrence of mould was quantified as ergosterol content, which was higher at the specific date of cut. All results were statistically processed and significant changes were discussed...
- Detection of corn intrinsic and recombinant DNA fragments and Cry1Ab protein in the gastrointestinal contents of pigs fed genetically modified corn Bt11
E H Chowdhury
National Institute of Animal Health, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 0856, Japan
J Anim Sci 81:2546-51. 2003
Genetically modified corn has been approved as an animal feed in several countries, but information about the fate of genetically modified DNA and protein in vivo is insufficient...
- Dietary phosphate restriction decreases stem cell proliferation and subsequent growth potential in neonatal pigs
Lindsey S Alexander
Laboratory of Developmental Nutrition, Department of Animal Science, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695, USA
J Nutr 140:477-82. 2010
..Nutritional programming of tissue-specific stem cells by dietary PO(4) may have profound implications for life-long growth potential...
- Effect of protein level in commercial diets on pork meat quality
Department of Animal Production and Food Science, University of Zaragoza, 50013 Zaragoza, Spain
Meat Sci 85:7-14. 2010
..Finally, WBSF appeared to be a good predictor of the tenderness for grill-cooked pork...
- Maternal diet modulates the risk for neural tube defects in a mouse model of diabetic pregnancy
Department of Developmental Biology, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University System, 6400 Perkins Road, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, USA
Reprod Toxicol 31:41-9. 2011
- Cell-cycle blockage associated with increased apoptotic cells in the thymus of chickens fed on diets high in fluorine
Department of Veterinary Medicine, Sichuan Agricultural University, Ya an, Sichuan, China
Hum Exp Toxicol 30:685-92. 2011
- The effect of feeding system in the expression of genes related with fat metabolism in semitendinous muscle in sheep
Unidad de Tecnologia en Produccion Animal, CITA, Zaragoza, Spain
Meat Sci 89:91-7. 2011
..Feeding strategy is an important tool to manipulate intramuscular fatty acid profile in meat through altering gene expression of enzymes related with fat metabolism...
- Feeding co-extruded flaxseed to pigs: effects of duration and feeding level on growth performance and backfat fatty acid composition of grower-finisher pigs
Agriculture and Agri Food Canada, Lacombe Research Centre, 6000 C and E Trail, Lacombe, Alberta, Canada
Meat Sci 84:578-84. 2010
- Effects of diet particle size on digestive parameters in D+ and D- genetic chicken lines selected for divergent digestion efficiency
Unité de Recherches Avicoles, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique INRA, 37380 Nouzilly, France
Poult Sci 88:1206-15. 2009
..The D(+) chickens showed high digestion efficiencies in all cases, independently of diet particle size...
- Occupational sensitization to fungal enzymes used in animal feed industry
Maria Luisa Caballero
Servicio de Inmunologia, Hospital Carlos III, Madrid, Espana
Int Arch Allergy Immunol 144:231-9. 2007
..Our objective was to study workers occupationally exposed to fungal enzymes in 2 animal feed factories to determine if the sensitization originated in the enzymes or was caused by the microorganism used ..
- Diet-induced obesity in C57BL/6J mice causes increased renal lipid accumulation and glomerulosclerosis via a sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1c-dependent pathway
Department of Medicine, The University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, 80262, USA
J Biol Chem 280:32317-25. 2005
..Our results therefore suggest that diet-induced obesity causes increased renal lipid accumulation and glomerulosclerosis in C57BL/6J mice via an SREBP-1c-dependent pathway...