mycelium

Summary

Summary: The body of a fungus which is made up of HYPHAE.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Cordyceps sinensis mycelium protects mice from group A streptococcal infection
    Chih Feng Kuo
    Department of Nursing, I Shou University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
    J Med Microbiol 54:795-802. 2005
  2. pmc Genome-wide gene expression profiling of fertilization competent mycelium in opposite mating types in the heterothallic fungus Podospora anserina
    Frédérique Bidard
    Univ Paris Sud, Institut de Génétique et Microbiologie UMR8621, Orsay, France
    PLoS ONE 6:e21476. 2011
  3. pmc Intimate bacterial-fungal interaction triggers biosynthesis of archetypal polyketides in Aspergillus nidulans
    Volker Schroeckh
    Department of Molecular and Applied Microbiology, Leibniz Institute for Natural Product Research and Infection Biology Hans Knöll Institute, 07745 Jena, Germany
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:14558-63. 2009
  4. ncbi Nitrogen transfer in the arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis
    Manjula Govindarajulu
    Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico 88003, USA
    Nature 435:819-23. 2005
  5. pmc Spatial differentiation in the vegetative mycelium of Aspergillus niger
    Ana M Levin
    Microbiology, Institute of Biomembranes, Utrecht University, Padulaan 8, 3584 CH Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Eukaryot Cell 6:2311-22. 2007
  6. ncbi Fungal mycelia allow chemotactic dispersal of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon-degrading bacteria in water-unsaturated systems
    Shoko Furuno
    Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research UFZ, Department of Environmental Microbiology, 04318 Leipzig, Germany
    Environ Microbiol 12:1391-8. 2010
  7. ncbi Production of ectomycorrhizal mycelium peaks during canopy closure in Norway spruce forests
    Håkan Wallander
    Department of Microbial Ecology, Lund University, SE 223 62 Lund, Sweden
    New Phytol 187:1124-34. 2010
  8. ncbi Spatially resolving the secretome within the mycelium of the cell factory Aspergillus niger
    Pauline Krijgsheld
    Microbiology and Kluyver Centre for Genomics of Industrial Fermentation, Utrecht University, Padualaan 8, 3584 CH Utrecht, The Netherlands
    J Proteome Res 11:2807-18. 2012
  9. ncbi AGS3, an alpha(1-3)glucan synthase gene family member of Aspergillus fumigatus, modulates mycelium growth in the lung of experimentally infected mice
    D Maubon
    Aspergillus Unit, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France
    Fungal Genet Biol 43:366-75. 2006
  10. pmc MVE1, encoding the velvet gene product homolog in Mycosphaerella graminicola, is associated with aerial mycelium formation, melanin biosynthesis, hyphal swelling, and light signaling
    Yoon E Choi
    Department of Botany and Plant Pathology, Purdue University, USDA ARS, Crop Production and Pest Control Research Unit, 915 West State Street, West Lafayette, IN 47907 2054, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 77:942-53. 2011

Detail Information

Publications259 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Cordyceps sinensis mycelium protects mice from group A streptococcal infection
    Chih Feng Kuo
    Department of Nursing, I Shou University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
    J Med Microbiol 54:795-802. 2005
    ..sinensis mycelium extract against GAS infection. Force-feeding mice with C...
  2. pmc Genome-wide gene expression profiling of fertilization competent mycelium in opposite mating types in the heterothallic fungus Podospora anserina
    Frédérique Bidard
    Univ Paris Sud, Institut de Génétique et Microbiologie UMR8621, Orsay, France
    PLoS ONE 6:e21476. 2011
    ..FMR1 and FPR1 are the major regulators of fertilization, and this study presents a genome-wide view of their target genes and analyzes their target gene regulation...
  3. pmc Intimate bacterial-fungal interaction triggers biosynthesis of archetypal polyketides in Aspergillus nidulans
    Volker Schroeckh
    Department of Molecular and Applied Microbiology, Leibniz Institute for Natural Product Research and Infection Biology Hans Knöll Institute, 07745 Jena, Germany
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:14558-63. 2009
    ....
  4. ncbi Nitrogen transfer in the arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis
    Manjula Govindarajulu
    Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico 88003, USA
    Nature 435:819-23. 2005
    ..fungus outside the roots is incorporated into amino acids, translocated from the extraradical to the intraradical mycelium as arginine, but transferred to the plant without carbon...
  5. pmc Spatial differentiation in the vegetative mycelium of Aspergillus niger
    Ana M Levin
    Microbiology, Institute of Biomembranes, Utrecht University, Padulaan 8, 3584 CH Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Eukaryot Cell 6:2311-22. 2007
    ..the central part of the colony has been (partly) degraded, whereas it is still unexplored at the periphery of the mycelium. We here assessed whether substrate heterogeneity is a main determinant of spatial gene expression in colonies of ..
  6. ncbi Fungal mycelia allow chemotactic dispersal of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon-degrading bacteria in water-unsaturated systems
    Shoko Furuno
    Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research UFZ, Department of Environmental Microbiology, 04318 Leipzig, Germany
    Environ Microbiol 12:1391-8. 2010
    ..we studied the movement of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon-degrading Pseudomonas putida PpG7 (NAH7) along a mycelium of Pythium ultimum...
  7. ncbi Production of ectomycorrhizal mycelium peaks during canopy closure in Norway spruce forests
    Håkan Wallander
    Department of Microbial Ecology, Lund University, SE 223 62 Lund, Sweden
    New Phytol 187:1124-34. 2010
    ..The variation in EM biomass production over the rotation period has implications for carbon sequestration rates in forest soils...
  8. ncbi Spatially resolving the secretome within the mycelium of the cell factory Aspergillus niger
    Pauline Krijgsheld
    Microbiology and Kluyver Centre for Genomics of Industrial Fermentation, Utrecht University, Padualaan 8, 3584 CH Utrecht, The Netherlands
    J Proteome Res 11:2807-18. 2012
    ..Unexpectedly, protein release was increased by cycloheximide in the intermediate and central zones of the mycelium when compared to nontreated colonies...
  9. ncbi AGS3, an alpha(1-3)glucan synthase gene family member of Aspergillus fumigatus, modulates mycelium growth in the lung of experimentally infected mice
    D Maubon
    Aspergillus Unit, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France
    Fungal Genet Biol 43:366-75. 2006
    ..These results suggest an indirect role for AGS3 in virulence through an adaptive mechanism...
  10. pmc MVE1, encoding the velvet gene product homolog in Mycosphaerella graminicola, is associated with aerial mycelium formation, melanin biosynthesis, hyphal swelling, and light signaling
    Yoon E Choi
    Department of Botany and Plant Pathology, Purdue University, USDA ARS, Crop Production and Pest Control Research Unit, 915 West State Street, West Lafayette, IN 47907 2054, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 77:942-53. 2011
    ..to hypersensitivity to shaking, reduced hydrophobicity, and blindness to light-dependent stimulation of aerial mycelium production. However, pathogenicity was not altered in Δmve1 strains...
  11. ncbi Hyphal differentiation in the exploring mycelium of Aspergillus niger
    Arman Vinck
    Institute of Biomembranes, Microbiology, University of Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Mol Microbiol 58:693-9. 2005
    ..Our findings indicate that a fungal mycelium is highly differentiated, especially when taking into account that hyphae in the exploration zone were exposed to ..
  12. ncbi BLR-1 and BLR-2, key regulatory elements of photoconidiation and mycelial growth in Trichoderma atroviride
    Sergio Casas-Flores
    Instituto de Investigacion en Biologia Experimental, Facultad de Quimica, Universidad de Guanajuato, Apartado Postal 187, Guanajuato 36050, Mexico
    Microbiology 150:3561-9. 2004
    ..This response was not altered in the mutants. A novel effect of both red and blue light on mycelial growth was found involving another light receptor, which is compensated by the BLR proteins...
  13. ncbi Deep RNA sequencing improved the structural annotation of the Tuber melanosporum transcriptome
    E Tisserant
    INRA, UMR INRA Nancy Université Interactions Arbres Micro Organismes, INRA Nancy, Champenoux, France
    New Phytol 189:883-91. 2011
    ..melanosporum at different major developmental stages, that is free-living mycelium, fruiting body and ectomycorrhiza. • Sequencing of cDNA libraries generated a total of c...
  14. ncbi Conidiophore stalk-less1 encodes a putative zinc-finger protein involved in the early stage of conidiation and mycelial infection in Magnaporthe oryzae
    Zhuangzhi Zhou
    Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, P R China
    Mol Plant Microbe Interact 22:402-10. 2009
    ..oryzae...
  15. ncbi Anti-tumor and immunomodulating activities of proteoglycans from mycelium of Phellinus nigricans and culture medium
    Xia Li
    Laboratory of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, School of Life Sciences, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China
    Int Immunopharmacol 8:909-15. 2008
    Two proteoglycans, PNW1 and PNM1, were isolated from the mycelium of Phellinus nigricans through submerged fermentation and culture medium, respectively...
  16. ncbi Isolation and characterization of some mycelia inhabiting Tuber ascomata
    Giovanni Pacioni
    Department of Environmental Sciences, University of L Aquila Italy, Via Vetoio Loc Coppito, I 67010 L Aquila, Italy
    Mycol Res 111:1450-60. 2007
    ..truffle-hosted mycelia grew stuck to the hyphal wall of their partner when co-cultivated with the Tuber borchii mycelium, but not when co-cultivated with the test species Agaricus macrosporus...
  17. ncbi Gene expression studies of the dikaryotic mycelium and primordium of Lentinula edodes by serial analysis of gene expression
    Winnie Wing Yan Chum
    Department of Biology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, N T, Hong Kong SAR, China
    Mycol Res 112:950-64. 2008
    ..fruit of the species have been identified, little is known about the process of differentiation from dikaryotic mycelium to primordium...
  18. ncbi Genomic profiling of carbohydrate metabolism in the ectomycorrhizal fungus Tuber melanosporum
    P Ceccaroli
    Dipartimento di Scienze Biomolecolari, Universita degli Studi di Urbino Carlo Bo, Urbino, Italy
    New Phytol 189:751-64. 2011
    ..These data indicate a high degree of lifecycle stage specialization for particular branches of carbohydrate metabolism in T. melanosporum...
  19. ncbi Disruption of the alternative oxidase gene in Magnaporthe grisea and its impact on host infection
    Cruz Avila-Adame
    Department of Plant Pathology, Cornell University, New York State Agricultural Experiment Station, Geneva 14456, USA
    Mol Plant Microbe Interact 15:493-500. 2002
    ..Rather, alternative respiration provided protection from azoxystrobin during both saprophytic and infectious stages of the pathogen. The nature of similar oxidative stress conditions in the ecology of M. grisea remains an open question...
  20. ncbi Extraradical development and contribution to plant performance of an arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis exposed to complete or partial rootzone drying
    Elke Neumann
    Institute of Vegetable and Ornamental Crops, Grossbeeren 14979, Germany
    Mycorrhiza 20:13-23. 2009
    ..Controls remained well watered. Low soil moisture generally had a negative effect on the amount of extraradical mycelium of G. intraradices extracted from the fungal tubes...
  21. ncbi Anti-oxidation activity of different types of natural Cordyceps sinensis and cultured Cordyceps mycelia
    S P Li
    Department of Biology and Biotechnology Research Institute, The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, China
    Phytomedicine 8:207-12. 2001
    ....
  22. ncbi GintAMT1 encodes a functional high-affinity ammonium transporter that is expressed in the extraradical mycelium of Glomus intraradices
    Agustín López-Pedrosa
    Departamento de Microbiologia del Suelo y Sistemas Simbioticos, Estacion Experimental del Zaidin, CSIC, Profesor Albareda 1, 18008 Granada, Spain
    Fungal Genet Biol 43:102-10. 2006
    ..These data suggest that GintAMT1 is involved in NH(4)(+) uptake by the extraradical mycelia from the surrounding media when it is present at micromolar concentrations...
  23. ncbi Fengycin antibiotics isolated from B-FS01 culture inhibit the growth of Fusarium moniliforme Sheldon ATCC 38932
    Liang Bin Hu
    College of Life Sciences, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, China
    FEMS Microbiol Lett 272:91-8. 2007
    ..Further toxic assay of AAC in vitro against F. moniliforme indicated that AAC could strongly inhibit the growth of both mycelia and spores. In addition, treatment with AAC significantly modified the maize seed infection by ATCC 38932...
  24. pmc A potent sphingomyelinase inhibitor from Cordyceps mycelia contributes its cytoprotective effect against oxidative stress in macrophages
    Shwu Huey Wang
    Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China
    J Lipid Res 52:471-9. 2011
    ..7 cells. Results suggest that CME-1 protects RAW264.7 cells against oxidative stress through inhibition of SMase activity and reduction of C16- and C18-ceramide levels...
  25. ncbi Cordyceps sinensis mycelium activates PKA and PKC signal pathways to stimulate steroidogenesis in MA-10 mouse Leydig tumor cells
    Yung Chia Chen
    Department of Cell Biology and Anatomy, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan, Republic of China
    Int J Biochem Cell Biol 37:214-23. 2005
    Cordyceps sinensis (CS) mycelium stimulates steroidogenesis in MA-10 mouse Leydig tumor cells, but the mechanisms remain unclear...
  26. ncbi Cordyceps sinensis mycelium induces MA-10 mouse Leydig tumor cell apoptosis by activating the caspase-8 pathway and suppressing the NF-kappaB pathway
    H Y Yang
    Institute of Molecular and Cellular Biology, College of Life Science, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China
    Arch Androl 52:103-10. 2006
    ..CS blocked NF-?B protein expression in a dose-dependent relationship. CS induces MA-10 cell apoptosis by activating caspase-8-dependent and caspase-9-independent pathways and downregulating NF-?B protein expression...
  27. pmc Mycelium differentiation and antibiotic production in submerged cultures of Streptomyces coelicolor
    Angel Manteca
    Area de Microbiologia, Departamento de Biologia Funcional and IUBA, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Oviedo, 33006 Oviedo, Spain
    Appl Environ Microbiol 74:3877-86. 2008
    ..Spores germinate as a compartmentalized mycelium (first mycelium). These young compartmentalized hyphae start to form pellets which grow in a radial pattern...
  28. ncbi Chemical characterization, antiproliferative and antiadhesive properties of polysaccharides extracted from Pleurotus pulmonarius mycelium and fruiting bodies
    Iris Lavi
    Institute of Biochemistry, Food Science and Nutrition, Faculty of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Quality Sciences, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, P O Box 12, Rehovot 76100, Israel
    Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 85:1977-90. 2010
    ..Thus, the present study compared polysaccharides extracts produced by Pleurotus pulmonarius from mycelium grown in liquid culture (ME) or fruiting bodies (FBE)...
  29. ncbi Enzyme production by Mycena galopus mycelium in artificial media and in Picea sitchensis F1 horizon needle litter
    Arundhati Ghosh
    Division of Life Sciences, King s College, University of London, Franklin Wilkins Building, 150 Stamford Street, London SE1 9NN, UK
    Mycol Res 107:996-1008. 2003
    ..Mycena galopus produced water- and buffer-extractable mannases and xylanases when grown on needle litter...
  30. ncbi Interaction of airway epithelial cells (A549) with spores and mycelium of Aspergillus fumigatus
    Zhihong Zhang
    Department of Pulmonology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Jixi Road 218, Hefei, Anhui 230022, China
    J Infect 51:375-82. 2005
    To study the interaction of airway epithelial cell line A549 with fragments of mycelium, spores of Aspergillus fumigatus in vitro and to determine if toll-like receptors (TLRs) are involved in the process.
  31. pmc Two phosphodiesterase genes, PDEL and PDEH, regulate development and pathogenicity by modulating intracellular cyclic AMP levels in Magnaporthe oryzae
    Haifeng Zhang
    Department of Plant Pathology, College of Plant Protection, Nanjing Agricultural University, and Key Laboratory of Monitoring and Management of Crop Diseases and Pest Insects, Ministry of Agriculture, Nanjing, China
    PLoS ONE 6:e17241. 2011
    ..Moreover, microarray data revealed new insights into the underlying cAMP regulatory mechanisms that may help to identify potential pathogenicity factors for the development of new disease management strategies...
  32. ncbi Expression of phenol oxidase and heat-shock genes during the development of Agaricus bisporus fruiting bodies, healthy and infected by Lecanicillium fungicola
    Michèle L Largeteau
    UR1264, Mycologie et Sécurité des Aliments, INRA, BP81, 33883 Villenave d Ornon, France
    Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 85:1499-507. 2010
    ..The six strains exhibited a comparable expression in the vegetative mycelium, non-receptive to L. fungicola.
  33. pmc Regulation of the nitrogen transfer pathway in the arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis: gene characterization and the coordination of expression with nitrogen flux
    Chunjie Tian
    Department of Plant Biology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824, USA
    Plant Physiol 153:1175-87. 2010
    ..The current model of N handling in the AM symbiosis includes the synthesis of arginine in the extraradical mycelium and the transfer of arginine to the intraradical mycelium, where it is broken down to release N for transfer to ..
  34. ncbi MHP1, a Magnaporthe grisea hydrophobin gene, is required for fungal development and plant colonization
    Soonok Kim
    School of Agricultural Biotechnology and Center for Agricultural Biomaterials, Seoul National University, Seoul 151 742, Korea
    Mol Microbiol 57:1224-37. 2005
    ..Taken together, these results indicate that MHP1 has essential roles in surface hydrophobicity and infection-related fungal development, and is required for pathogenicity of M. grisea...
  35. ncbi Prevention of the development of preneoplastic lesions, aberrant crypt foci, by a water-soluble extract from cultured medium of Ganoderma lucidum (Rei-shi) mycelia in male F344 rats
    H Lu
    Department of Environment and Mutation, Research Institute for Radiation Biology and Medicine, Hiroshima University, Minami-ku, Hiroshima 734-8553, Japan
    Oncol Rep 8:1341-5. 2001
    ..In an additional in vitro experiment, MAK inhibited anchorage-independent growth of several colon carcinoma cell lines. The present results thus indicate that dietary MAK could act as a preventive agent for colon carcinogenesis...
  36. ncbi Soil-fungi transfer coefficients: Importance of the location of mycelium in soil and of the differential availability of radionuclides in soil fractions
    A Baeza
    Department of Physics, Faculty of Veterinary, University of Extremadura, Avda Universidad s n, Caceres 10071, Spain
    J Environ Radioact 81:89-106. 2005
    ..The location of the mycelium in the soil profiles of these ecosystems was determined by means of the ergosterol concentration...
  37. ncbi Effects of selenium and light wavelengths on liquid culture of Cordyceps militaris Link
    J Z Dong
    Key Laboratory of Biologic Resources Protection and Utilization of Hubei Province, School of Biological Science and Technology, Hubei University for Nationalities, Enshi, China
    Appl Biochem Biotechnol 166:2030-6. 2012
    ..by selenium except for 20 ppm; there were significant differences in cordycepin contents, adenosine contents, and mycelium growth caused by light wavelengths: cordycepin, blue light > pink light > daylight, darkness, red light; ..
  38. pmc Expressed sequence tag analysis of the human pathogen Paracoccidioides brasiliensis yeast phase: identification of putative homologues of Candida albicans virulence and pathogenicity genes
    Gustavo H Goldman
    Faculdade de Ciencias Farmaceuticas de Ribeirao Preto, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Eukaryot Cell 2:34-48. 2003
    ..brasiliensis. Furthermore, we have analyzed the expression of some of these genes during the dimorphic yeast-mycelium-yeast transition by real-time quantitative reverse transcription-PCR...
  39. pmc In situ identification of intracellular bacteria related to Paenibacillus spp. in the mycelium of the ectomycorrhizal fungus Laccaria bicolor S238N
    J Bertaux
    Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, UMR Interactions Arbres Micro Organismes, Centre de Nancy, 54280 Champenoux, France
    Appl Environ Microbiol 69:4243-8. 2003
    ..bicolor S238N. They were small (0.5 micro m in diameter), rare, and heterogeneously distributed in the mycelium and were identified as Paenibacillus spp...
  40. ncbi Quantitative detection of Lactarius deliciosus extraradical soil mycelium by real-time PCR and its application in the study of fungal persistence and interspecific competition
    J Parladé
    IRTA, Departament de Protecció Vegetal, Ctra Cabrils, Km 2, 08348 Cabrils, Barcelona, Spain
    J Biotechnol 128:14-23. 2007
    Real-Time PCR has been applied to quantify extraradical soil mycelium of the edible ectomycorrhizal fungus Lactarius deliciosus in an interspecific competition experiment under greenhouse conditions...
  41. ncbi Lectin activity of Lentinus edodes
    O M Tsivileva
    Institute of Biochemistry and Physiology of Plants and Microorganisms, RAS, Saratov, Russia
    Int Microbiol 4:41-5. 2001
    The hemagglutinating activity of submerged mycelium and culture liquid for four strains of Lentinus edodes (Berk.) Sing [L. edodes (Berk.) Pegler] was studied in the search for lectins...
  42. ncbi Comparison of culture methods on exopolysaccharide production in the submerged culture of Cordyceps militaris and process optimization
    J D Cui
    College of Bioscience and Bioengineering, Hebei University of Science and Technology, Shijiazhang, China
    Lett Appl Microbiol 52:123-8. 2011
    ..To improve exopolysaccharides (EPS) production of Cordyceps militaris (C. militaris), effects of different culture method on mycelial biomass and EPS production in the submerged culture of C. militaris were investigated...
  43. ncbi Structural characterization of the cell wall D-glucans isolated from the mycelium of Botryosphaeria rhodina MAMB-05
    Maria de Lourdes Corradi da Silva
    Departamento de Fisica, Química e Biologia, Faculdade de Ciencias e Tecnologia, Universidade Estadual Paulista, CP 467, CEP 19060 900, Presidente Prudente, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Carbohydr Res 343:793-8. 2008
    Three D-glucans were isolated from the mycelium of the fungus Botryosphaeria rhodina MAMB-05 by sequential extraction with hot-water and hot aqueous KOH (2% w/v) followed by ethanol precipitation...
  44. pmc Transcriptome and proteome exploration to provide a resource for the study of Agrocybe aegerita
    Man Wang
    State Key Laboratory of Virology, College of Life Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan, People s Republic of China
    PLoS ONE 8:e56686. 2013
    ..Several bioactive extracts from A. aegerita have been found to exhibit antitumor and antioxidant activities. However, limited genetic resources for A. aegerita have hindered exploration of this species...
  45. ncbi Extraradical mycelium of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi radiating from large plants depresses the growth of nearby seedlings in a nutrient deficient substrate
    Martina Janousková
    Department of Mycorrhizal Symbioses, Institute of Botany, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, 252 43 Pruhonice, Czech Republic
    Mycorrhiza 21:641-50. 2011
    ..inodorum, were planted in lateral compartments, which were colonised by the extraradical mycelium (ERM) of the pre-cultivated T. inodorum in the inoculated treatments...
  46. ncbi Tolerance to and accumulation of cadmium by the mycelium of the fungi Scleroderma citrinum and Pisolithus tinctorius
    Rogelio Carrillo-González
    Instituto de Recursos Naturales, Edafología, Colegio de Postgraduados, Carr Mexico Texcoco km 36 5 Montecillo, 56230, Texcoco, Edo de Mexico, Mexico
    Biol Trace Elem Res 146:388-95. 2012
    ..The mycelium of both Pt strains accumulated more Cd than the Sc mycelium...
  47. pmc The role of mycelium production and a MAPK-mediated immune response in the C. elegans-Fusarium model system
    Maged Muhammed
    Harvard Medical School, Massachusetts General Hospital, Division of Infectious Diseases, Boston, MA, USA
    Med Mycol 50:488-96. 2012
    ..Interestingly, mycelium production appears to be a major contributor in nematode killing in this model system, and C...
  48. ncbi Production of cordycepin and mycelia by submerged fermentation of Cordyceps militaris in mixture natural culture
    Chun yan Xie
    Department of Food Science and Technology, Nanjing Agricultural University, 1 Weigang street, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210095, China
    Appl Biochem Biotechnol 158:483-92. 2009
    ..militaris in shaking flasks. The effects of the ratio of three natural materials on dry mycelium weight (DMW) and on cordycepin yield (CY) were analyzed...
  49. ncbi An optimized method for mycelial compatibility testing in Sclerotinia sclerotiorum
    Michelle R Schafer
    Biology Department, University of Toronto at Mississauga, 3359 Mississauga Road North, Mississauga, ON, L5L 1C6, Canada
    Mycologia 98:593-7. 2006
    ..Workers are advised to optimize conditions before screening a new population sample...
  50. ncbi Evidences of high carbon catabolic enzyme activities during sporulation of Pleurotus ostreatus (Florida)
    Tapas K Chakraborty
    Indian Institute of Chemical Biology, 4 Raja S C Mullick Road, Kolkata 700 032, India
    J Basic Microbiol 43:462-7. 2003
    ..Concentrations of all the major sugars of the fruiting body (mannitol, glucose and trehalose) decreased in the mature fruiting body and gill tissue. This indicated high catabolic activities at this stage of development...
  51. ncbi Anti-inflammation effects of Cordyceps sinensis mycelium in focal cerebral ischemic injury rats
    Zhenquan Liu
    School of Basic Medical Sciences, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, 100102, China
    Inflammation 34:639-44. 2011
    ..To test the neuroprotective efficacy of Cordyceps sinensis mycelium (CSM) in a rat model of focal cerebral IR, ischemic animals were treated with CSM...
  52. ncbi Organic and mineral fertilization, respectively, increase and decrease the development of external mycelium of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in a long-term field experiment
    M Gryndler
    Institute of Microbiology CAS, Division of Ecology, Videnska 1083, CZ 142 20, Prague 4, Czech Republic
    Mycorrhiza 16:159-66. 2006
    ..WCFA) 18:2omega6,9 levels, a biomarker of saprotrophic fungi, indicating that visual measurements of the AMF mycelium were not distorted by erroneous involvement of hyphae of saprotrophs...
  53. pmc Competitive PCR for quantitation of a Cytophaga-Flexibacter-Bacteroides phylum bacterium associated with the Tuber borchii Vittad. mycelium
    Elena Barbieri
    Giorgio Fornaini Institute of Biochemistry, University of Urbino, Pesaro Urbino, Italy
    Appl Environ Microbiol 68:6421-4. 2002
    ..The estimated number of bacteria was found to be approximately 10(6) cells per 30-day-old T. borchii mycelium culture...
  54. ncbi Immunological alterations in lupus-prone autoimmune (NZB/NZW) F1 mice by mycelia Chinese medicinal fungus Cordyceps sinensis-induced redistributions of peripheral mononuclear T lymphocytes
    Jiun Liang Chen
    Graduate Institute and School of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chang Gung University, Center for Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan, Taiwan, ROC
    Clin Exp Med 9:277-84. 2009
    ..Our purpose was to investigate the immunological effects of an orally administered hot-water extract cultured mycelium of C. sinensis in lupus-prone (NZB/NZW) F1 hybrids...
  55. ncbi Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation of the vegetative dikaryotic mycelium of the cultivated mushroom Flammulina velutipes
    Tomomitsu Okamoto
    Division of Applied Biology, Faculty of Textile Science and Technology, Shinshu University, Ueda, Nagano, Japan
    Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 74:2327-9. 2010
    Agrobacterium tumefaciens was used to transform the vegetative dikaryotic mycelium of Flammulina velutipes using a hygromycin B resistance gene as selectable marker...
  56. ncbi Characterization of glucuronic acid containing glycolipid in Aspergillus fumigatus mycelium
    Thierry Fontaine
    Institut Pasteur, Paris, France
    Carbohydr Res 344:1960-7. 2009
    ..This acidic glycolipid was extracted from the membrane of mycelium and purified by two successive chromatographic steps on DEAE-Sephadex and Silica columns...
  57. pmc Assessing the risk that Phytophthora melonis can develop a point mutation (V1109L) in CesA3 conferring resistance to carboxylic acid amide fungicides
    Lei Chen
    Department of Plant Pathology, College of Agriculture and Biotechnology, China Agricultural University, Beijing, China
    PLoS ONE 7:e42069. 2012
    ..Based on this mutation, an efficient allelic-specific PCR (AS-PCR) method was developed for rapid detection of CAA-resistance in P. melonis populations...
  58. ncbi Apoptosis of human hepatocarcinoma (HepG2) and neuroblastoma (SKN-SH) cells induced by polysaccharides-peptide complexes produced by submerged mycelial culture of an entomopathogenic fungus Cordyceps sphecocephala
    Jung Young Oh
    Department of Biotechnology, Daegu University, Kyungsan 712 714, Korea
    J Microbiol Biotechnol 18:512-9. 2008
    ..We conclude that PPC has potential as a novel therapeutic agent for the treatment of both HepG2 and SK-N-SH cancer cells without any cytotoxicity against normal cells...
  59. ncbi Extraction of extraradical arbuscular mycorrhizal mycelium from compartments filled with soil and glass beads
    Elke Neumann
    Institute of Plant Nutrition 330, Hohenheim University, Stuttgart, Germany
    Mycorrhiza 15:533-7. 2005
    This study presents a novel method for the extraction and quantification of extraradical mycelium (ERM) of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) from a substrate that simulates soil better than previously used artificial growth media...
  60. ncbi Cordyceps sinensis mycelium extract induces human premyelocytic leukemia cell apoptosis through mitochondrion pathway
    Qiao Xia Zhang
    Department of Applied Biology and Chemical Technology, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong
    Exp Biol Med (Maywood) 232:52-7. 2007
    This study was to identify the signaling pathways for the induction of HL-60 cell apoptosis by Cordyceps sinensis mycelium extract (CSME)...
  61. ncbi Differential proteomic analysis of temperature-induced autolysis in mycelium of Pleurotus tuber-regium
    Bifang Huang
    School of Life Sciences, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China
    Curr Microbiol 62:1160-7. 2011
    ..the enzymes secreted by temperature-induced (40°C as treatment versus 10°C as control) autolysis of the mycelium of P. tuber-regium grown in submerged cultivation...
  62. ncbi Nutritional factors determining sclerotial formation of Polyporus umbellatus
    Y Y Liu
    Laboratory of Medicinal Fungi, Institute of Medicinal Plants, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China
    Lett Appl Microbiol 49:283-8. 2009
    ..To find out which nutritional condition is the determining factor for sclerotial formation of Polyporus umbellatus...
  63. ncbi Indole compounds in fruiting bodies of some selected Macromycetes species and in their mycelia cultured in vitro
    B Muszynska
    Department of Pharmaceutical Botany, Jagiellonian University, Collegium Medicum, Krakow, Poland
    Pharmazie 64:479-80. 2009
    ..Contents of the compounds investigated varied widely, from 0.182 to 2.851 mg/100g d.w. in fruiting bodies and from 0.322 to 2.096 mg/100g d.w. in biomass from in vitro cultures, respectively...
  64. ncbi Role of the fungal mycelium in the retention of radiocaesium in forest soils
    Mykhaylo M Vinichuk
    Department of General Ecology, University of Agriculture and Ecology, Stary Blvd 7, 10001, Zhytomyr, Ukraine
    J Environ Radioact 78:77-92. 2005
    ..In fruit bodies of mycorrhizal fungi, 68% of the total 137Cs inventory was found to be water soluble at room temperature and 93% at 80 degrees C...
  65. ncbi Carbohydrate and amino acid metabolism in Tuber borchii mycelium during glucose utilization: a (13)C NMR study
    Paola Ceccaroli
    Istituto di Chimica Biologica Giorgio Fornaini, Universita degli Studi di Urbino, Via A Saffi, 2, 61029 PU, Urbino, Italy
    Fungal Genet Biol 39:168-75. 2003
    The metabolism of [1-13C]glucose in the vegetative mycelium of the ectomycorrhizal ascomycete Tuber borchii was studied in order to characterize the biochemical pathways for the assimilation of glucose and amino acid biosynthesis...
  66. ncbi A new cytotoxic agent from solid-state fermented mycelium of Antrodia camphorata
    Tzong Huei Lee
    Graduate Institute of Pharmacognosy, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC
    Planta Med 73:1412-5. 2007
    Antroquinonol ( 1), an ubiquinone derivative, was isolated from the solid-state fermented mycelium of Antrodia camphorata (Polyporaceae, Aphyllophorales), a parasitic fungus indigenous to Taiwan...
  67. ncbi Phosphoribosylamidotransferase, the first enzyme for purine de novo synthesis, is required for conidiation in the sclerotial mycoparasite Coniothyrium minitans
    Li Qin
    State Key Laboratory of Agricultural Microbiology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, Hubei Province, China
    Fungal Genet Biol 48:956-65. 2011
    ..Furthermore, when dual cultured with its host, this mutant produced conidia in the host mycelium and on the sclerotia of S. sclerotiorum, but not in dead mycelium or on dead sclerotia, suggesting that C...
  68. ncbi Secretome of the free-living mycelium from the ectomycorrhizal basidiomycete Laccaria bicolor
    Delphine Vincent
    INRA, UMR1202 BIOGECO, Cestas, France
    J Proteome Res 11:157-71. 2012
    ..We analyzed the extracellular proteins secreted in growth medium by free-living mycelium of L. bicolor as a proxy for its saprotrophic phase...
  69. ncbi A quantitative view of the morphological phases of Paracoccidioides brasiliensis using proteomics
    Tereza C V Rezende
    Laboratorio de Biologia Molecular, Instituto de Ciencias Biologicas, Universidade Federal de Goias, Goiania, Goias, Brazil
    J Proteomics 75:572-87. 2011
    ..The analysis of the functional categories to which these proteins belong provided an integrated view of the metabolic reorganization during the morphogenesis of P. brasiliensis...
  70. pmc Involvement of an alternative oxidase in oxidative stress and mycelium-to-yeast differentiation in Paracoccidioides brasiliensis
    Vicente P Martins
    Departamento de Analises Clinicas, Toxicologicas e Bromatologicas, Faculdade de Ciencias Farmaceuticas de Ribeirao Preto, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Av Café, S N, 14040 903 Ribeirao Preto, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Eukaryot Cell 10:237-48. 2011
    ..brasiliensis...
  71. ncbi Gene expression analysis of Paracoccidioides brasiliensis transition from conidium to yeast cell
    Ana M Garcia
    Unidad de Biología Celular y Molecular Corporación para Investigaciones Biológicas, Medellin, Colombia
    Med Mycol 48:147-54. 2010
    ..This is the first report identifying genes expressed during the C-Y transition process, the initial step required to understand the natural history of P. brasiliensis conidia induced infection...
  72. ncbi Growth, compatible solute and salt accumulation of five mycorrhizal fungal species grown over a range of NaCl concentrations
    G Bois
    Centre de recherche en biologie forestière, Pavillon C E Marchand, Universite Laval, Quebec, Canada
    Mycorrhiza 16:99-109. 2006
    ..The basidiomycete species accumulated mainly mannitol and/or proline in response to increasing concentrations of NaCl...
  73. pmc The cAMP pathway is important for controlling the morphological switch to the pathogenic yeast form of Paracoccidioides brasiliensis
    Daliang Chen
    Centre for Infectious Diseases, Wolfson Research Institute, School of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, University of Durham Queen s Campus, Stockton on Tees TS17 6BH, UK
    Mol Microbiol 65:761-79. 2007
    Paracoccidioides brasiliensis is a human pathogenic fungus that switches from a saprobic mycelium to a pathogenic yeast...
  74. ncbi Comparison of transcription of multiple genes during mycelia transition to yeast cells of Paracoccidioides brasiliensis reveals insights to fungal differentiation and pathogenesis
    Juliana Alves Parente
    Laboratorio de Biologia Molecular, ICB II, Campus II, Universidade Federal de Goias, 74001 970 Goiania, Goias, Brazil
    Mycopathologia 165:259-73. 2008
    ..related to protein synthesis and to protein folding/modification/destination expressed during morphogenesis from mycelium to yeast...
  75. pmc Phosphorus availability influences elemental uptake in the mycorrhizal fungus Glomus intraradices, as revealed by particle-induced X-ray emission analysis
    Pål Axel Olsson
    Department of Plant Ecology and Systematics, Ecology Building, Lund University, SE 223 62 Lund, Sweden
    Appl Environ Microbiol 74:4144-8. 2008
    ..We concluded that the availability of P influences the uptake and accumulation of several elements in spores. It is demonstrated that PIXE analysis is a powerful tool for quantitative analysis of elemental accumulation in fungal mycelia...
  76. ncbi The 4-acetylantroquinonol B isolated from mycelium of Antrodia cinnamomea inhibits proliferation of hepatoma cells
    Yu Wei Lin
    Institute of Food Science and Technology, National Taiwan University, No 1 Sec 4 Roosevelt Road, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC
    J Sci Food Agric 90:1739-44. 2010
    ..In this study, a 5-ton fermenter was used to prepare sufficient mycelium of A. cinnamomea for active compound isolation and identification.
  77. ncbi Prevention of type 1 diabetes by immature dendritic cells treated with an ethanol extract of Paecilomyces hepiali Chen mycelium
    Chengliang Zhang
    Department of Pharmacology, Tongji Pharmaceutical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China
    Methods Find Exp Clin Pharmacol 30:421-9. 2008
    ..Paecilomyces hepiali Chen (PHC) mycelium, as a substitute for Cordyceps, has been used extensively as an immunomodulator to treat numerous diseases...
  78. ncbi Transcriptional profiles of the human pathogenic fungus Paracoccidioides brasiliensis in mycelium and yeast cells
    Maria Sueli S Felipe
    Departamento de Biologia Celular, Universidade de Brasilia, 70910 900, Brasilia, DF, Brazil
    J Biol Chem 280:24706-14. 2005
    ..This report depicts the results of the analysis of 6,022 assembled groups from mycelium and yeast phase expressed sequence tags, covering about 80% of the estimated genome of this dimorphic, thermo-..
  79. ncbi New constituents with iNOS inhibitory activity from mycelium of Antrodia camphorata
    Sien Sing Yang
    Department of Internal Medicine, Cathy General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
    Planta Med 75:512-6. 2009
    In continuing our investigation on the bioactive constituents of mycelium of Antrodia camphorata, antroquinonol B (1), 4-acetyl-antroquinonol B (2), 2,3-(methylenedioxy)-6-methylbenzene-1,4-diol (3) and 2,4-dimethoxy-6-methylbenzene-1,3-..
  80. ncbi Tit for tat? A mycorrhizal fungus accumulates phosphorus under low plant carbon availability
    Edith C Hammer
    Microbial Ecology, Department of Biology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
    FEMS Microbiol Ecol 76:236-44. 2011
    ..Other elements such as potassium and chorine were also accumulated, but to a lesser extent, while no accumulation of iron or manganese was found. Our results suggest a functional linkage between C and P exchange...
  81. ncbi Microencapsulated mycelium-bound tannase from Aspergillus niger: an efficient catalyst for esterification of propyl gallate in organic solvents
    Xiao Wei Yu
    Zhejiang University, College of Life Science, Yuquan Campus, Hangzhou 310027, P R China
    Appl Biochem Biotechnol 126:177-87. 2005
    Microencapsulated Aspergillus niger with mycelium-bound tannase activity was employed to investigate the esterification of propyl gallate from gallic acid and propanol in organic solvents...
  82. ncbi 1,3-β-d-Glucan synthase of Paracoccidioides brasiliensis: recombinant protein, expression and cytolocalization in the yeast and mycelium phases
    Patrícia Kott Tomazett
    Departamento de Bioquimica e Biologia Molecular, Instituto de Ciencias Biologicas, Universidade Federal de Goias, Goiania, GO, Brazil
    Fungal Biol 114:809-16. 2010
    Paracoccidioides brasiliensis is a thermo-dimorphic human pathogenic fungus that in the mycelium phase lives at 23°C in environment and in the yeast phase at 37°C in the host tissues. In P...
  83. ncbi Fine-scale distribution of pine ectomycorrhizas and their extramatrical mycelium
    David R Genney
    School of Biological Sciences, Plant and Soil Science, University of Aberdeen, St Machar Drive, Aberdeen AB24 3UU, UK
    New Phytol 170:381-90. 2006
    ..to relate their abundance and distribution as mycorrhizas to their abundance and distribution as extramatrical mycelium (EMM). We divided each of four 20 cm x 20 cm x 2 cm slices of pine forest soil into 100 cubes of 2 cm x 2 cm...
  84. ncbi Growth-inhibitory effects of a beta-glucan from the mycelium of Poria cocos on human breast carcinoma MCF-7 cells: cell-cycle arrest and apoptosis induction
    Mei Zhang
    Department of Biology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, P R China
    Oncol Rep 15:637-43. 2006
    ..cocos beta-glucan still needs further investigation, this study provides preliminary insights into its mode of action and perspectives of its development as a water-soluble anti-tumor agent...
  85. ncbi The influence of culture conditions on the biosynthesis of secondary metabolites by Penicillium verrucosum Dierck
    Barbara Casellato Elias
    Departamento de Ciencias Farmaceuticas, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Avenida do Cafe s n, CEP 14040 903 Ribeirao Preto, SP Brazil
    Microbiol Res 161:273-80. 2006
    ..verrucosum, and the extract trypanocidal activities...
  86. ncbi Ecological aspects of mycorrhizal symbiosis: with special emphasis on the functional diversity of interactions involving the extraradical mycelium
    Roger D Finlay
    Department of Forest Mycology and Pathology, Uppsala BioCenter, SLU, Box 7026, Uppsala SE 750 07, Sweden
    J Exp Bot 59:1115-26. 2008
    ..In addition to increasing the nutrient absorptive surface area of their host plant root systems, the extraradical mycelium of mycorrhizal fungi provides a direct pathway for translocation of photosynthetically derived carbon to ..
  87. ncbi Implication of mycelium-associated laccase from Irpex lacteus in the decolorization of synthetic dyes
    K Svobodová
    Institute of Microbiology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Videnska 1083, 142 20 Prague, Czech Republic
    Bioresour Technol 99:463-71. 2008
    ..that this type of dye decolorization is mainly related to a laccase-like enzyme activity associated with fungal mycelium. In its bound form, the enzyme detected showed a pH optimum of 3...
  88. ncbi Mycelium-bound lipase production from Aspergillus niger MYA 135, and its potential applications for the transesterification of ethanol
    Veronica Leticia Colin
    PROIMI CONICET, Tucuman, Argentina
    J Basic Microbiol 51:236-42. 2011
    ..To this end, the effect of environmental conditions on mycelium-bound lipase production from this strain was studied, when cultured either in the absence or presence of 2% olive ..
  89. ncbi Regulatory mechanism of Cordyceps sinensis mycelium on mouse Leydig cell steroidogenesis
    Chih Chao Hsu
    Department of Cell Biology and Anatomy, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, 1 Ta Hsueh Road, 701, Tainan, Taiwan
    FEBS Lett 543:140-3. 2003
    We demonstrate the mechanism by which Cordyceps sinensis (CS) mycelium regulates Leydig cell steroidogenesis...
  90. ncbi The North American mushroom competitor, Trichoderma aggressivum f. aggressivum, produces antifungal compounds in mushroom compost that inhibit mycelial growth of the commercial mushroom Agaricus bisporus
    Oliver Albert Krupke
    Department of Biological Sciences, Brock University, St Catharines, Ontario, Canada
    Mycol Res 107:1467-75. 2003
    ..bisporus growth, is predominant in infested compost and likely has a inhibitory effect on the mycelia present in mushroom compost, resulting in devastating crop loss...
  91. ncbi Tracking mycorrhizas and extraradical mycelium of the edible fungus Lactarius deliciosus under field competition with Rhizopogon spp
    Sara Hortal
    Centre de Cabrils, IRTA, Ctra Cabrils, Cabrils, Barcelona, Spain
    Mycorrhiza 18:69-77. 2008
    ..luteolus, and control-control. Eight months after transplantation, root colonization and extraradical soil mycelium for each fungal species were quantified...
  92. ncbi In vivo stimulatory effect of Cordyceps sinensis mycelium and its fractions on reproductive functions in male mouse
    Yuan Li Huang
    Department of Cell Biology and Anatomy, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, 1, Ta Hsueh Road, Tainan, Taiwan 70101, ROC
    Life Sci 75:1051-62. 2004
    ..05). In general, CS, F2 and F3 didn't have considerable effect on the weights of reproductive organs. Taken together, these studies illustrate that CS and its fractions significantly stimulated in vivo mouse testosterone production...
  93. pmc Identifying phase-specific genes in the fungal pathogen Histoplasma capsulatum using a genomic shotgun microarray
    Lena Hwang
    Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, University of California Berkeley, 94720, USA
    Mol Biol Cell 14:2314-26. 2003
    ..Unexpectedly, differential regulation of the site of transcript initiation was also observed in the two phases. These findings identify genes that may determine some of the major characteristics of the mycelial and yeast phases...
  94. ncbi Characterization of a protein kinase C gene in Sporothrix schenckii and its expression during the yeast-to-mycelium transition
    E Aquino-Piñero
    Department of Microbiology and Medical Zoology, University of Puerto Rico, San Juan 00936 5067, USA
    Med Mycol 40:185-99. 2002
    The yeast-to-mycelium transition in Sporothrix schenckii has been shown to respond to protein kinase C (PKC) effectors, indicating the involvement of PKC in this regulation...
  95. pmc Genomic DNA microarray comparison of gene expression patterns in Paracoccidioides brasiliensis mycelia and yeasts in vitro
    Jomar Patricio Monteiro
    California Institute for Medical Research, San Jose, CA, USA
    Microbiology 155:2795-808. 2009
    ..These findings expand our knowledge of the different morphological forms of P. brasiliensis during growth in culture...
  96. ncbi A gene repertoire for nitrogen transporters in Laccaria bicolor
    Eva Lucic
    Research Unit INRA UHP 1136 Tree microbe Interactions, Nancy University, BP 239, F 54506 Vandoeuvre les Nancy Cedex, France
    New Phytol 180:343-64. 2008
    ..This work represents a major advance in the establishment of a transportome blueprint at a symbiotic interface, which will guide future experiments...
  97. ncbi Adjuvant effect of water-soluble polysaccharide (PAP) from the mycelium of Polyporus albicans on the immune responses to ovalbumin in mice
    Yongxu Sun
    Department of Pharmacology, Qiqihar Medical University, Qiqihar 161042, China
    Vaccine 26:3932-6. 2008
    In our previous work, a new water-soluble polysaccharide (PAP) from the mycelium of Polyporus albicans was identified for the first time...
  98. ncbi Polysaccharides of basidiomycetes. alkali-soluble polysaccharides from the mycelium of white rot fungus Ganoderma lucidum (Curt.: Fr.) P. Karst
    M S Evsenko
    Zelinsky Institute of Organic Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, 119991, Russia
    Biochemistry (Mosc) 74:533-42. 2009
    Two polysaccharides were isolated from submergedly cultured mycelium of the basidiomycete Ganoderma lucidum by extraction with alkali followed by fractionation with Fehling reagent...
  99. ncbi Light accelerates the splicing of srh1 homologue gene transcripts in aerial mycelia of Trichoderma viride
    Peter Vargovic
    Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, Slovak University of Technology, Bratislava, Slovakia
    FEMS Microbiol Lett 254:240-4. 2006
    ..Furthermore, they suggested that mRNA processing could represent another regulation level of gene expression by light during the photo-induced conidiation in T. viride...
  100. pmc Evidence for the role of calcineurin in morphogenesis and calcium homeostasis during mycelium-to-yeast dimorphism of Paracoccidioides brasiliensis
    Claudia B L Campos
    Instituto de Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento, Universidade do Vale do Paraiba, Urbanova, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Eukaryot Cell 7:1856-64. 2008
    ..The dimorphic transition from mycelium to yeast (M-Y) is triggered by a temperature shift from 25 degrees C to 37 degrees C and is critical for ..
  101. ncbi Photostimulation of Hypocrea atroviridis growth occurs due to a cross-talk of carbon metabolism, blue light receptors and response to oxidative stress
    Martina A Friedl
    Research Area of Gene Technology and Applied Biochemistry, Institute of Chemical Engineering, Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria
    Microbiology 154:1229-41. 2008
    ..We further deduce that this process involves oxidative stress response and the two blue light receptor proteins BLR-1 and BLR-2, the former playing the major role...

Research Grants8

  1. Relationship of Antibiotic Production and Development in Streptomyces coelicolor
    AMY GEHRING; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..secondary metabolites concurrently with broader developmental events that result in the generation of an aerial mycelium on the colony surface whose filamentous cells ultimately sporulate...
  2. Ras signaling in C.neoformans virulence and development
    J Alspaugh; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Among fungi, Ras elements regulate many differentiation events including yeast-mycelium transitions...
  3. Spore Dispersal and Germination in Stachybotrys
    NICHOLAS MONEY; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Students involved in this work will benefit by gaining extremely valuable laboratory experience, and by making important contributions to our understanding of the biology of Stachybotrys. ..
  4. Genetic analysis of Cryptococcus neoformans virulence
    Joseph Heitman; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..These studies will enable a genome-wide definition of the gene set contributing to virulence of this common human fungal pathogen. ..
  5. GPCR signaling cascades in Cryptococcus neoformans
    Joseph Heitman; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  6. Genetics of mating and fruiting in Cryptococcus neoformans
    Joseph Heitman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..neoformans and C. gattii applicable to development of treatment approaches, diagnostics, or environmental interventions to reduce exposure to infectious spores. ..
  7. Role of Calcineurin in Fungal Virulence
    Joseph Heitman; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Importantly, this pathway can be targeted for therapeutic intervention using non-immunosuppressive calcineurin inhibitors that retain antifungal activity and synergistic drug combinations that we have discovered. ..
  8. Enzyme Targets-Sterol Synthesis-Opportunistic Pathogens
    WILLIAM NES; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The results from these studies will facilitate the design of therapeutic strategies aimed to provide species-specific discrimination of inhibition in the ergosterol biosynthetic pathway. ..