mycoplasma gallisepticum

Summary

Summary: A species of gram-negative bacteria causing chronic respiratory disease in POULTRY.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Disposition kinetics of doxycycline in chickens naturally infected with Mycoplasma gallisepticum
    M M Ismail
    Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Cairo University, Egypt
    Br Poult Sci 45:550-6. 2004
  2. ncbi Floor pen study to evaluate the serological response of broiler breeders after vaccination with ts-11 strain Mycoplasma gallisepticum vaccine
    S R Collett
    Rainbow Farms Ltd, Hammarsdale, 3700, South Africa
    Avian Dis 49:133-7. 2005
  3. ncbi The effect of a live vaccine on the horizontal transmission of Mycoplasma gallisepticum
    A Feberwee
    Animal Health Service, Deventer, The Netherlands
    Avian Pathol 35:359-66. 2006
  4. doi Effects of time-specific F-strain Mycoplasma gallisepticum inoculation overlays on prelay ts11-strain Mycoplasma gallisepticum inoculation on performance characteristics of commercial laying hens
    A M Vance
    Poultry Research Unit, Agricultural Research Service, USDA, Mississippi State, MS 39762, USA
    Poult Sci 87:655-60. 2008
  5. doi Comparative assessment of a metabolically attenuated Mycoplasma gallisepticum mutant as a live vaccine for the prevention of avian respiratory mycoplasmosis
    A E Gates
    Center of Excellence for Vaccine Research, The University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, United States
    Vaccine 26:2010-9. 2008
  6. pmc Ultrafast evolution and loss of CRISPRs following a host shift in a novel wildlife pathogen, Mycoplasma gallisepticum
    Nigel F Delaney
    Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
    PLoS Genet 8:e1002511. 2012
  7. ncbi Evolutionary genetics of Carpodacus mexicanus, a recently colonized host of a bacterial pathogen, Mycoplasma gallisepticum
    Christopher M Hess
    Department of Biology, University of Washington, Seattle, USA
    Genetica 129:217-25. 2007
  8. pmc Comparative genomic analyses of attenuated strains of Mycoplasma gallisepticum
    S M Szczepanek
    Department of Pathobiology and Veterinary Science and Center of Excellence for Vaccine Research, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut 06269, USA
    Infect Immun 78:1760-71. 2010
  9. ncbi Experimental evidence for transmission of Mycoplasma gallisepticum in house finches by fomites
    Andre A Dhondt
    Laboratory of Ornithology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14850, USA
    Avian Pathol 36:205-8. 2007
  10. doi Detection and quantification of Mycoplasma gallisepticum genome load in conjunctival samples of experimentally infected house finches (Carpodacus mexicanus) using real-time polymerase chain reaction
    Jessica L Grodio
    Department of Microbiology and Immunology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Avian Pathol 37:385-91. 2008

Detail Information

Publications195 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Disposition kinetics of doxycycline in chickens naturally infected with Mycoplasma gallisepticum
    M M Ismail
    Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Cairo University, Egypt
    Br Poult Sci 45:550-6. 2004
    ..properties of doxycycline were determined in healthy chickens and chickens naturally infected with Mycoplasma gallisepticum after a single intravenous (i.v.) and oral administration of the drug at 20 mg/kg body weight...
  2. ncbi Floor pen study to evaluate the serological response of broiler breeders after vaccination with ts-11 strain Mycoplasma gallisepticum vaccine
    S R Collett
    Rainbow Farms Ltd, Hammarsdale, 3700, South Africa
    Avian Dis 49:133-7. 2005
    To determine the Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG) rapid serum plate agglutination (RSPA) test response of broiler breeders after ts-11 strain vaccination, 55 Cobb pullets derived from a nonvaccinated, MG-negative, commercial, broiler breeder ..
  3. ncbi The effect of a live vaccine on the horizontal transmission of Mycoplasma gallisepticum
    A Feberwee
    Animal Health Service, Deventer, The Netherlands
    Avian Pathol 35:359-66. 2006
    The effect of a live Mycoplasma gallisepticum vaccine on the horizontal transmission of this Mycoplasma species was quantified in an experimental animal transmission model in specific pathogen free White Layers...
  4. doi Effects of time-specific F-strain Mycoplasma gallisepticum inoculation overlays on prelay ts11-strain Mycoplasma gallisepticum inoculation on performance characteristics of commercial laying hens
    A M Vance
    Poultry Research Unit, Agricultural Research Service, USDA, Mississippi State, MS 39762, USA
    Poult Sci 87:655-60. 2008
    Mycoplasma bacteria are virtually ubiquitous in layer chicken flocks, and Mycoplasma gallisepticum is the species of greatest concern to commercial egg producers. Live M...
  5. doi Comparative assessment of a metabolically attenuated Mycoplasma gallisepticum mutant as a live vaccine for the prevention of avian respiratory mycoplasmosis
    A E Gates
    Center of Excellence for Vaccine Research, The University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, United States
    Vaccine 26:2010-9. 2008
    ..attenuated mutants induced varying levels of protection against intratracheal challenge with virulent Mycoplasma gallisepticum strain R(low)...
  6. pmc Ultrafast evolution and loss of CRISPRs following a host shift in a novel wildlife pathogen, Mycoplasma gallisepticum
    Nigel F Delaney
    Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
    PLoS Genet 8:e1002511. 2012
    ..b>Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG) is a pathogenic bacterium that has evolved predominantly in poultry and recently jumped to wild ..
  7. ncbi Evolutionary genetics of Carpodacus mexicanus, a recently colonized host of a bacterial pathogen, Mycoplasma gallisepticum
    Christopher M Hess
    Department of Biology, University of Washington, Seattle, USA
    Genetica 129:217-25. 2007
    ..These results will be further expanded using experimental studies as well as examination of evolution of the pathogen genome itself...
  8. pmc Comparative genomic analyses of attenuated strains of Mycoplasma gallisepticum
    S M Szczepanek
    Department of Pathobiology and Veterinary Science and Center of Excellence for Vaccine Research, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut 06269, USA
    Infect Immun 78:1760-71. 2010
    b>Mycoplasma gallisepticum is a significant respiratory and reproductive pathogen of domestic poultry. While the complete genomic sequence of the virulent, low-passage M...
  9. ncbi Experimental evidence for transmission of Mycoplasma gallisepticum in house finches by fomites
    Andre A Dhondt
    Laboratory of Ornithology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14850, USA
    Avian Pathol 36:205-8. 2007
    Ever since Mycoplasma gallisepticum emerged among house finches in North America, it has been suggested that bird aggregations at feeders are an important cause of the epidemic of mycoplasmal conjunctivitis because diseased birds could ..
  10. doi Detection and quantification of Mycoplasma gallisepticum genome load in conjunctival samples of experimentally infected house finches (Carpodacus mexicanus) using real-time polymerase chain reaction
    Jessica L Grodio
    Department of Microbiology and Immunology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Avian Pathol 37:385-91. 2008
    ..quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) assay utilizing the mgc2 gene was developed to detect Mycoplasma gallisepticum in conjunctival swabs of experimentally infected house finches...
  11. doi The Mycoplasma gallisepticum α-enolase is cell surface-exposed and mediates adherence by binding to chicken plasminogen
    Hongjun Chen
    Shanghai Veterinary Research Institute, The Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, 518 Ziyue Road, Shanghai 200241, PR China
    Microb Pathog 51:285-90. 2011
    ..enolase protein is reported to be an adhesin in several pathogenic bacterial species, but its role in Mycoplasma gallisepticum is unknown. In this study, the M...
  12. ncbi A cDNA macroarray approach to parasite-induced gene expression changes in a songbird host: genetic response of house finches to experimental infection by Mycoplasma gallisepticum
    Zhenshan Wang
    Department of Biology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    Mol Ecol 15:1263-73. 2006
    In 1994, the bacterial parasite Mycoplasma gallisepticum expanded its host range and swept through populations of a novel host--eastern US populations of the house finch (Carpodacus mexicanus)...
  13. ncbi Effects of Mycoplasma gallisepticum on reproductive success in house finches
    Paul M Nolan
    Department of Biological Sciences, 331 Funchess Hall, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849, USA
    Avian Dis 48:879-85. 2004
    Long known as a pathogen of poultry, Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG) was first detected in house finches in 1994...
  14. doi Development and immunogenicity of recombinant Mycoplasma gallisepticum vaccine strain ts-11 expressing chicken IFN-gamma
    Yoshihiro Muneta
    Department of Veterinary Science, Veterinary Preclinical Centre, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria 3010, Australia
    Vaccine 26:5449-54. 2008
    b>Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG) is a poultry pathogen that causes respiratory disease and loss of egg production worldwide. A live attenuated vaccine, ts-11, has been used for the control of MG in several countries...
  15. pmc Identification of lipoprotein MslA as a neoteric virulence factor of Mycoplasma gallisepticum
    S M Szczepanek
    Center of Excellence for Vaccine Research, Department of Pathobiology and Veterinary Science, University of Connecticut, 61 N Eagleville Rd, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
    Infect Immun 78:3475-83. 2010
    ..Homologues of family 2 lipoproteins are Mycoplasma specific and include the lipoprotein of Mycoplasma gallisepticum, encoded by the MGA0674 gene. Comparative transcriptomic analysis of the M...
  16. ncbi Characterization of experimental Mycoplasma gallisepticum infection in captive house finch flocks
    Keila V Sydenstricker
    Wildlife Health Laboratory, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
    Avian Dis 50:39-44. 2006
    ..For that reason, we characterized in 2002, horizontal transmission of Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG) in two flocks of 11 wild-caught house finches housed in outdoor aviaries over a 6-mo period...
  17. ncbi Aerosolization of Mycoplasma synoviae compared with Mycoplasma gallisepticum and Enterococcus faecalis
    W J M Landman
    Animal Health Service Poultry Health Centre 7400 AA P O Box 9 Deventer, The Netherlands
    Avian Pathol 33:210-5. 2004
    ..3 m3) to assess the yield and viability of M. synoviae with time compared with Mycoplasma gallisepticum and Enterococcus faecalis...
  18. doi Extensive variation in surface lipoprotein gene content and genomic changes associated with virulence during evolution of a novel North American house finch epizootic strain of Mycoplasma gallisepticum
    E R Tulman
    Department of Pathobiology and Veterinary Science and Center of Excellence for Vaccine Research, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA
    Microbiology 158:2073-88. 2012
    b>Mycoplasma gallisepticum, a significant respiratory and reproductive pathogen of domestic poultry, has since 1994 been recognized as an emergent pathogen of the American house finch (Carpodacus mexicanus)...
  19. ncbi Genotypic analyses of Mycoplasma gallisepticum isolates from songbirds by random amplification of polymorphic DNA and amplified-fragment length polymorphism
    John J Cherry
    Population Biology, Ecology and Evolution, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    J Wildl Dis 42:421-8. 2006
    b>Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG) conjunctivitis emerged in 1994 as a disease of free-ranging house finches (Carpodacus mexicanus) in North America and has also been isolated from other songbirds with conjunctivitis...
  20. ncbi Molecular variability of house finch Mycoplasma gallisepticum isolates as revealed by sequencing and restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis of the pvpA gene
    S R Pillai
    Department of Biological Sciences, 101 Life Sciences Building, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University Raleigh, NC 27606, USA
    Avian Dis 47:640-8. 2003
    b>Mycoplasma gallisepticum, a major pathogen of chickens and turkeys, has caused significant declines in house finch (Carpodacus mexicanus) populations in the eastern United States since it was first observed in this species in 1994...
  21. doi House finch populations differ in early inflammatory signaling and pathogen tolerance at the peak of Mycoplasma gallisepticum infection
    James S Adelman
    Department of Biological Sciences, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia 24061, USA
    Am Nat 181:674-89. 2013
    ..finches (Haemorhous [formerly Carpodacus] mexicanus) with different histories with the bacterial pathogen Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG)...
  22. ncbi An experimental model to quantify horizontal transmission of Mycoplasma gallisepticum
    A Feberwee
    Animal Health Service, P O Box 9, 7400 AA, Deventer, The Netherlands
    Avian Pathol 34:355-61. 2005
    Before interventions to control horizontal transmission of Mycoplasma gallisepticum can be tested, a suitable experimental model should be available...
  23. ncbi Experimental infection of house finches with Mycoplasma gallisepticum
    George V Kollias
    Wildlife Health Laboratory, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 6401, USA
    J Wildl Dis 40:79-86. 2004
    b>Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG) has caused an endemic upper respiratory and ocular infection in the eastern house finch (Carpodacus mexicanus) after the epidemic first described in 1994...
  24. ncbi Effects of cyclosporin A on the immune responses and pathogenesis of a virulent strain of Mycoplasma gallisepticum in chickens
    K Ganapathy
    Department of Veterinary Pathology, University of Liverpool, Leahurst, Neston, South Wirral, CH64 7TE, UK
    Avian Pathol 32:495-502. 2003
    Immune responses to the virulent S6 strain of Mycoplasma gallisepticum in immunocompetent and cyclosporin A (CsA)-treated specific pathogen free chickens were investigated, and pathogenesis of the M. gallisepticum strain was also examined...
  25. pmc Mycoplasma gallisepticum infection in the grey partridge Perdix perdix: outbreak description, histopathology, biochemistry and antioxidant parameters
    Frantisek Vitula
    Department of Veterinary Ecology and Environmental Protection, Faculty of Veterinary Hygiene and Ecology, University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Brno, Czech Republic
    BMC Vet Res 7:34. 2011
    ..The objective of this study was to describe the outbreak, pathology, and blood and tissue biochemical responses in a flock of grey partridges naturally infected with Mycoplasma gallisepticum.
  26. doi Mycoplasma gallisepticum produces a histone-like protein that recognizes base mismatches in DNA
    Dmitri Kamashev
    Research Institute for Physico Chemical Medicine, Moscow 119435, Russia
    Biochemistry 50:8692-702. 2011
    ..We found that the histone-like protein encoded by the himA/hup_2 gene of Mycoplasma gallisepticum (mgHU) recognizes typical MMR substrates, in contrast to homologues from other species...
  27. doi Phytopathogenicity of avian mycoplasma Mycoplasma gallisepticum S6: morphologic and ultracytostructural changes in plants infected with the vegetative forms and the viable but nonculturable forms of the bacterium
    Vladislav M Chernov
    Kazan Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Lobachevski 2 31, P O Box 30, 420111 Kazan, Russia
    Microbiol Res 165:346-50. 2010
    The data obtained in this study proved that Mycoplasma gallisepticum S6 known as avian pathogen had a phytopathogenic potential...
  28. ncbi Chemokine and cytokine gene expression profiles in chickens inoculated with Mycoplasma gallisepticum strains Rlow or GT5
    Javed Mohammed
    Department of Animal Science, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, United States
    Vaccine 25:8611-21. 2007
    b>Mycoplasma gallisepticum infection in chickens leads to tracheitis, airsacculitis, poor feed conversion and reduced egg production, resulting in considerable economic hardship on the poultry industry...
  29. ncbi Re-exposure of captive house finches that recovered from Mycoplasma gallisepticum infection
    Keila V Sydenstricker
    Wildlife Health Laboratory, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 6401, USA
    J Wildl Dis 41:326-33. 2005
    Fourteen house finches were reinoculated (re-exposed) with 0.05 ml (3.24x10(5) colony forming units/ml) of Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG) in the conjunctival sac of each eye...
  30. ncbi Further western spread of Mycoplasma gallisepticum infection of house finches
    David H Ley
    North Carolina State University, College of Veterinary Medicine, Raleigh, North Carolina, USA
    J Wildl Dis 42:429-31. 2006
    b>Mycoplasma gallisepticum, an important pathogen of poultry, especially chickens and turkeys, emerged in 1994 as the cause of conjunctivitis in house finches (Carpodacus mexicanus) in their eastern range of North America...
  31. ncbi Molecular characterization and determination of antimicrobial resistance of Mycoplasma gallisepticum isolated from chickens
    Somsak Pakpinyo
    Department of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Chulalongkorn University, Patumwan, Bangkok, Thailand
    Vet Microbiol 125:59-65. 2007
    ..characterization, determination of minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and antimicrobial tested on Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG) isolated from chicken farms were investigated...
  32. pmc Identification of fibronectin-binding proteins in Mycoplasma gallisepticum strain R
    Meghan May
    Department of Pathobiology and Veterinary Science, University of Connecticut, 61 North Eagleville Rd, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
    Infect Immun 74:1777-85. 2006
    We have determined that virulent Mycoplasma gallisepticum strain Rlow is capable of binding the extracellular matrix protein fibronectin. Fibronectin was found to be present in M...
  33. doi Mutations in 23S rRNA gene associated with decreased susceptibility to tiamulin and valnemulin in Mycoplasma gallisepticum
    Bei Bei Li
    Key Laboratory of Development and Evaluation of the Chemical and Herbal Drugs for Animal Use, Department of Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of Veterinary Medicine, China Agricultural University, Beijing, China
    FEMS Microbiol Lett 308:144-9. 2010
    b>Mycoplasma gallisepticum is a major etiological agent of chronic respiratory disease (CRD) in chickens and sinusitis in turkeys. The pleuromutilin antibiotics tiamulin and valnemulin are currently used in the treatment of M...
  34. doi In vitro susceptibilities to fluoroquinolones in current and archived Mycoplasma gallisepticum and Mycoplasma synoviae isolates from meat-type turkeys
    Irina Gerchman
    Division of Avian and Aquatic Diseases, Kimron Veterinary Institute, POB 12, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
    Vet Microbiol 131:266-76. 2008
    ..study compared in vitro susceptibility to enrofloxacin and difloxacin in recent (2005-2006) isolates of Mycoplasma gallisepticum and Mycoplasma synoviae from meat-type turkey flocks with archived (1997-2003) isolates and reference ..
  35. ncbi Evaluation and comparison of various PCR methods for detection of Mycoplasma gallisepticum infection in chickens
    Maricarmen Garcia
    Department of Avian Medicine, Poultry Diagnostic and Research Center, College of Veterinary Medicine, The University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602 4875, USA
    Avian Dis 49:125-32. 2005
    Four genetic Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG) polymerase chain reactions (PCRs) (16s rRNA PCR, three newly developed PCR methods that target surface protein genes [mgc2, LP (nested) and gapA (nested)]) were compared for analytical ..
  36. doi Development of a replicable oriC plasmid for Mycoplasma gallisepticum and Mycoplasma imitans, and gene disruption through homologous recombination in M. gallisepticum
    S W Lee
    School of Veterinary Science, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria 3010, Australia
    Microbiology 154:2571-80. 2008
    The genome of Mycoplasma gallisepticum strain R(low) has been sequenced completely, but subsequent genetic studies have been limited by the lack of a replicable vector system. In this study, replicable plasmids were constructed for M...
  37. ncbi Comparison of culture, PCR, and different serologic tests for detection of Mycoplasma gallisepticum and Mycoplasma synoviae infections
    A Feberwee
    Animal Health Service, P O Box 9, 7400 AA Deventer, The Netherlands
    Avian Dis 49:260-8. 2005
    ..pathogen-free layers that were infected at 66 wk of age with recent Mycoplasma synoviae (MS) and Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG) field strains, MS and MG ATCC strains, and Mycoplasma imitans (MIM), respectively...
  38. doi Mycoplasma gallisepticum as the first analyzed bacterium in which RNA is not polyadenylated
    Victoria Portnoy
    Department of Biology, Technion Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel
    FEMS Microbiol Lett 283:97-103. 2008
    ..Here, we analyze polyadenylation in Mycoplasma gallisepticum. Our results suggest this organism as being the first described bacterium in which RNA is not ..
  39. pmc Structural and functional characterization of an organic hydroperoxide resistance protein from Mycoplasma gallisepticum
    Cheryl Jenkins
    Department of Primary Industries, Elizabeth Macarthur Agricultural Institute, Camden, NSW 2570, Australia
    J Bacteriol 190:2206-16. 2008
    ..Here we characterize a homolog of the ohr (organic hydroperoxide resistance) family from Mycoplasma gallisepticum (encoding MGA1142)...
  40. ncbi The effect of mycoplasmosis on carotenoid plumage coloration in male house finches
    Geoffrey E Hill
    Department of Biological Sciences, 331 Funchess Hall, Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama 36849, USA
    J Exp Biol 207:2095-9. 2004
    ..MG targets upper respiratory and ocular tissue. Our observations show that a pathogen that does not directly disrupt carotenoid absorption or transportation can still have a significant effect on carotenoid utilization...
  41. doi A safety assessment of a fowlpox-vectored Mycoplasma gallisepticum vaccine in chickens
    G Z Zhang
    Department of Preventive Veterinary Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, PR China
    Poult Sci 89:1301-6. 2010
    A recombinant fowlpox virus vaccine expressing key protective Mycoplasma gallisepticum antigens could facilitate in the prevention both of fowlpox virus and M. gallisepticum infections...
  42. ncbi Use of molecular diversity of Mycoplasma gallisepticum by gene-targeted sequencing (GTS) and random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) analysis for epidemiological studies
    Naola M Ferguson
    Department of Avian Medicine, Poultry Diagnostic and Research Center, The University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602 4875, USA
    Microbiology 151:1883-93. 2005
    A total of 67 Mycoplasma gallisepticum field isolates from the USA, Israel and Australia, and 10 reference strains, were characterized by gene-targeted sequencing (GTS) analysis of portions of the putative cytadhesin pvpA gene, the ..
  43. ncbi Induction of macrolide resistance in Mycoplasma gallisepticum in vitro and its resistance-related mutations within domain V of 23S rRNA
    Cong Ming Wu
    Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of Veterinary Medicine, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100094, China
    FEMS Microbiol Lett 247:199-205. 2005
    Antibiotic-resistant mutants of Mycoplasma gallisepticum were selected in vitro from the susceptible strains S6 and BG44T by serial passages in stepwise concentrations of erythromycin, tylosin, or tilmicosin...
  44. ncbi Molecular characterization and typing of enrofloxacin-resistant clinical isolates of Mycoplasma gallisepticum
    I Lysnyansky
    Division of Avian and Aquatic Diseases, Kimron Veterinary Institute, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
    Avian Dis 52:685-9. 2008
    ..The quinolone resistance-determining regions (QRDRs) of these genes were characterized in 25 Mycoplasma gallisepticum strains isolated from commercial poultry flocks during 1997-2007, which exhibited different levels of ..
  45. doi Comparative infectiousness of three passerine bird species after experimental inoculation with Mycoplasma gallisepticum
    Andre A Dhondt
    Cornell University, Laboratory of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY 14850, USA
    Avian Pathol 37:635-40. 2008
    b>Mycoplasma gallisepticum has been isolated from various species of free-living birds, and we therefore tested the hypothesis that bird species other than the main host, the house finch (Carpodacus mexicanus), could play a role in the ..
  46. ncbi Real-time polymerase chain reaction for the qualitative and quantitative detection of Mycoplasma gallisepticum
    D R Mekkes
    Animal Health Service, PO Box 9, 7400 AA, Deventer, The Netherlands
    Avian Pathol 34:348-54. 2005
    ..a real-time polymerase chain reaction (Q-PCR) developed for the qualitative and quantitative detection of Mycoplasma gallisepticum. No cross-reactivity was observed with DNA from other important avian mycoplasmas, including Mycoplasma ..
  47. ncbi Mycoplasma gallisepticum infection in house finches (Carpodacus mexicanus) affects mosquito blood feeding patterns
    Jonathan M Darbro
    Department of Entomology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 77:488-94. 2007
    ..mexicanus) to mosquitoes (Culex pipiens pipiens), repeated the experiment after inoculating finches with Mycoplasma gallisepticum, and then repeated the experiment with the same birds after curing their infections...
  48. ncbi Proteome of the bacterium Mycoplasma gallisepticum
    I A Demina
    Research Institute for Physical Chemical Medicine, Ministry of Public Health of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia
    Biochemistry (Mosc) 74:165-74. 2009
    ..the products of gene expression and posttranslational modifications of proteins of the bacterium Mycoplasma gallisepticum S6...
  49. doi Displaying the protein of Mycoplasma gallisepticum agglutinin on the cell surface of Bacillus thuringiensis with the S-layer protein
    Mei Liu
    State Key Laboratory of Agricultural Microbiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China
    Vet Microbiol 130:99-106. 2008
    ..system of Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) was used to test the possibility of displaying the protein of Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG) agglutinin (pMGA) on the Bt cell surface. By fusing part of pmga1.2 (pmga1...
  50. pmc Transcriptional responses of Mycoplasma gallisepticum strain R in association with eukaryotic cells
    Katharine R Cecchini
    Center of Excellence for Vaccine Research and Department of Pathobiology and Veterinary Science, University of Connecticut, 61 N Eagleville Road, Storrs, CT 06269 3089, USA
    J Bacteriol 189:5803-7. 2007
    b>Mycoplasma gallisepticum is an etiologic agent of chronic respiratory disease in chickens and infectious sinusitis in turkeys. Other than proteins important for cytadherence, few M...
  51. pmc Identification of a virulence-associated determinant, dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase (lpd), in Mycoplasma gallisepticum through in vivo screening of transposon mutants
    P Hudson
    Center of Excellence for Vaccine Research and Department of Pathobiology and Veterinary Science, University of Connecticut, 61 N Eagleville Rd, U 89, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
    Infect Immun 74:931-9. 2006
    To effectively analyze Mycoplasma gallisepticum for virulence-associated determinants, the ability to create stable genetic mutations is essential. Global M. gallisepticum mutagenesis is currently limited to the use of transposons...
  52. pmc Duplex PCR to differentiate between Mycoplasma synoviae and Mycoplasma gallisepticum on the basis of conserved species-specific sequences of their hemagglutinin genes
    B Ben Abdelmoumen Mardassi
    Laboratoire des Mycoplasmes Institut Pasteur de Tunis, Tunis, Tunisia
    J Clin Microbiol 43:948-58. 2005
    ..PCR assay targeting the hemagglutinin multigene families, vlhA and pMGA, of Mycoplasma synoviae and Mycoplasma gallisepticum, respectively...
  53. pmc Mycoplasma gallisepticum invades chicken erythrocytes during infection
    Gunther Vogl
    Institute of Bacteriology, Mycology and Hygiene, Department of Pathobiology, University of Veterinary Medicine of Vienna, Veterinaerplatz 1, A 1210 Vienna, Austria
    Infect Immun 76:71-7. 2008
    Recently, it was demonstrated using in vitro assays that the avian pathogen Mycoplasma gallisepticum is able to invade nonphagocytic cells...
  54. ncbi Effect of selected water temperatures used in Mycoplasma gallisepticum vaccine reconstitution on titer at selected time intervals
    S L Branton
    United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Poultry Research Unit, Mississippi State, MS 39762, USA
    Avian Dis 52:291-6. 2008
    ..for vaccine reconstitution and/or administration, including two of the three commercially available live Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG) vaccines...
  55. ncbi Mycoplasma gallisepticum hemagglutinin V1hA, pyruvate dehydrogenase PdhA, lactate dehydrogenase, and elongation factor Tu share epitopes with Mycoplasma imitans homologues
    Miha Lavric
    Department of Animal Science, Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, 1230 Domzale, Slovenia
    Avian Dis 49:507-13. 2005
    b>Mycoplasma gallisepticum is a major pathogen of poultry. Mycoplasma imitans is genetically and antigenically closely related to M. gallisepticum, but so far, only a few proteins of M...
  56. pmc Seasonality and wildlife disease: how seasonal birth, aggregation and variation in immunity affect the dynamics of Mycoplasma gallisepticum in house finches
    Parviez R Hosseini
    Laboratory of Ornithology, Cornell University, 159 Sapsucker Woods Road, Ithaca, NY 14850, USA
    Proc Biol Sci 271:2569-77. 2004
    ..immunity in affecting wildlife disease dynamics, focusing on the dynamics of house finch conjunctivitis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG) in Carpodacus mexicanus)...
  57. ncbi Testing the efficacy of fermented wheat germ extract against Mycoplasma gallisepticum infection of chickens
    L Stipkovits
    Veterinary Medical Research Institute of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, Hungary
    Poult Sci 83:1844-8. 2004
    The effect of fermented wheat germ extract (FWGE, Immunovet-HBM) was studied in chickens challenged with Mycoplasma gallisepticum. Ninety M. gallisepticum- and M. synoviae-free 3-wk-old chickens were exposed to aerosol infection of M...
  58. ncbi Contrasting natural experiments confirm competition between House Finches and House Sparrows
    Caren B Cooper
    Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, 159 Sapsucker Woods Rd, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14850, USA
    Ecology 88:864-70. 2007
    ..Finches following the emergence of a new disease (mycoplasmal conjunctivitis) caused by a novel strain of Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG) in 1994 has provided a natural experiment and an opportunity to revisit the hypothesis that ..
  59. ncbi Molecular characterization of Mycoplasma gallisepticum isolates from turkeys
    S H Kleven
    Department of Avian Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602 4875, USA
    Avian Dis 48:562-9. 2004
    b>Mycoplasma gallisepticum was isolated from several turkey flocks at different locations in the United States that were clinically affected with respiratory disease...
  60. ncbi Morphologic changes in chicken cells after in vitro exposure to Mycoplasma gallisepticum
    K M Lam
    Department of Population Health and Reproduction, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Avian Dis 48:488-93. 2004
    b>Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG) was used to expose chicken peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs), red blood cells (RBCs), heterophils, and chicken tumor cells (MSB-1 and HD-11 cells)...
  61. ncbi Dynamics of a novel pathogen in an avian host: Mycoplasmal conjunctivitis in house finches
    Andre A Dhondt
    Cornell University, Laboratory of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY 14850, USA
    Acta Trop 94:77-93. 2005
    In early 1994, a novel strain of Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG)--a poultry pathogen with a world-wide distribution--emerged in wild house finches and within 3 years had reached epidemic proportions across their eastern North American range...
  62. ncbi A recombinant antigen-based ELISA for the simultaneous differential serodiagnosis of Mycoplasma gallisepticum, Mycoplasma synoviae, and Mycoplasma meleagridis infections
    B Ben Abdelmoumen Mardassi
    Laboratoire des Mycoplasmes, Institut Pasteur de Tunis, 13, Place Pasteur B P 74, 1002 Tunis Belvedere, Tunis, Tunisie
    Avian Dis 52:214-21. 2008
    ..that was found to encode a species-specific antigenic site, and we demonstrated the specificity of the Mycoplasma gallisepticum hemagglutinin protein encoded by pMGA1.2 (a member of the vlhA gene family)...
  63. pmc Correlates of immune protection in chickens vaccinated with Mycoplasma gallisepticum strain GT5 following challenge with pathogenic M. gallisepticum strain R(low)
    Mohammed A Javed
    Department of Animal Science, University of Connecticut, 1390 Storrs Rd, Unit 4163, Storrs, CT 06269 4163, USA
    Infect Immun 73:5410-9. 2005
    Colonization of the avian respiratory tract with Mycoplasma gallisepticum results in a profound inflammatory response in the trachea, air sacs, conjunctiva, and lungs. A live attenuated M...
  64. doi Effects of 6/85-strain Mycoplasma gallisepticum inoculation alone at ten weeks of age or in conjunction with F-strain Mycoplasma gallisepticum inoculation overlays at twenty-two or forty-five weeks of age on the performance of commercial egg-laying hens
    K A Viscione
    Department of Poultry Science, Mississippi State University, and Poultry Research Unit, Agricultural Research Service, USDA, Mississippi State, MS 39762, USA
    Poult Sci 87:588-93. 2008
    The effects of 6/85-strain Mycoplasma gallisepticum (6/85MG) inoculation alone or in conjunction with a F-strain M. gallisepticum (FMG) overlay and its timing on the performance of commercial egg-laying hens were investigated...
  65. ncbi Susceptibility of wild songbirds to the house finch strain of Mycoplasma gallisepticum
    K L Farmer
    Department of Biological Sciences, Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama 36849, USA
    J Wildl Dis 41:317-25. 2005
    Conjunctivitis in house finches (Carpodacus mexicanus), caused by Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG), was first reported in 1994 and, since this time, has become endemic in house finch populations throughout eastern North America...
  66. ncbi Strain differentiating real-time PCR for Mycoplasma gallisepticum live vaccine evaluation studies
    Ziv Raviv
    Department of Population Health, Poultry Diagnostic and Research Center, The University of Georgia, 953 College Station Road, Athens, GA 30602 4875, United States
    Vet Microbiol 129:179-87. 2008
    b>Mycoplasma gallisepticum causes respiratory disease and production losses in poultry. Vaccination of poultry with M. gallisepticum live vaccines is an approach to reduce susceptibility to infection and to prevent the economic losses...
  67. ncbi Age related differences in the immune response to vaccination and infection with Mycoplasma gallisepticum
    J E Gaunson
    School of Veterinary Science, Veterinary Preclinical Centre, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC 3010, Australia
    Vaccine 24:1687-92. 2006
    ..that there are age related differences in the responses of chickens to vaccination and infection with Mycoplasma gallisepticum, but there have not been any systematic comparisons of the responses of young birds to vaccination with ..
  68. ncbi Effects of route of inoculation on Mycoplasma gallisepticum infection in captive house finches
    Keila V Dhondt
    Cornell University, Microbiology and Immunology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Ithaca, NY 14850, USA
    Avian Pathol 36:475-9. 2007
    The routes by which Mycoplasma gallisepticum initiates infection during outbreaks of conjunctivitis in house finches remain uncertain. As M...
  69. doi Effects of prelay ts11-strain Mycoplasma gallisepticum inoculation and time-specific F-Strain M. gallisepticum inoculation overlays on internal egg and eggshell characteristics of commercial laying hens
    A M Vance
    Poultry Research Unit, Agricultural Research Service, USDA, Mississippi State, MS 39762, USA
    Poult Sci 87:1358-63. 2008
    Mycoplasma infections are pandemic in multiage layer chicken flocks, with Mycoplasma gallisepticum being the species of greatest concern to commercial egg producers. Live M...
  70. ncbi Effects of S6-strain Mycoplasma gallisepticum inoculation at ten, twenty-two, or forty-five weeks of age on the blood characteristics of commercial egg-laying hens
    E D Peebles
    Department of Poultry Science, Mississippi State University, Mississippi 39762, USA
    Poult Sci 85:2012-8. 2006
    In 2 consecutive trials of the current study, the effect of the age of application of S6-strain Mycoplasma gallisepticum (S6MG) inoculation on the blood characteristics of commercial layers housed and maintained under controlled ..
  71. ncbi Effects of supplemental dietary phytase and 25-hydroxycholecalciferol on the digestive and reproductive organ characteristics of commercial layers inoculated before or at the onset of lay with the F-strain of Mycoplasma gallisepticum
    E D Peebles
    Department of Poultry Science, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State 39762, USA
    Poult Sci 86:1805-9. 2007
    ..layers that were inoculated prelay (12 wk of age) or at the onset of lay (22 wk of age) with F-strain Mycoplasma gallisepticum (FMG) were assessed at 58 wk of age...
  72. doi Effects of a Prelay 6/85-Strain Mycoplasma gallisepticum inoculation alone or in conjunction with subsequent F-strain M. gallisepticum inoculations during lay on the internal egg characteristics of commercial egg-laying hens
    K A Viscione
    Department of Poultry Science, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS 39762, USA
    Poult Sci 87:1120-4. 2008
    The effects of a prelay 6/85-strain Mycoplasma gallisepticum (6/85 MG) inoculation alone or in conjunction with subsequent F-strain M...
  73. ncbi Effects of an S6 strain of Mycoplasma gallisepticum inoculation before beginning of lay on the leukocytic characteristics of commercial layers
    E D Peebles
    Department of Poultry Science, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS 39762, USA
    Avian Dis 48:196-201. 2004
    ..This set-up was devised in order to assess how a pre-lay inoculation of S6 strain Mycoplasma gallisepticum affects the leukocytic properties of laying chickens...
  74. ncbi Differentiation of mycoplasma gallisepticum strains using molecular methods
    Judit Biro
    Veterinary Medical Research Institute of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, H 1581 Budapest, P O Box 18, Hungary
    Acta Vet Hung 54:437-48. 2006
    Increasing use of Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG) live vaccines has led to a need for the differentiation of MG strains...
  75. ncbi Characterization of a naturally occurring infection of a Mycoplasma gallisepticum house finch-like strain in turkey breeders
    N M Ferguson
    Department of Avian Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, The University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602 4875, USA
    Avian Dis 47:523-30. 2003
    An outbreak of Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG) in commercial turkeys involving very mild clinical signs was difficult to confirm by routine methods...
  76. ncbi Development and validation of a real-time Taqman polymerase chain reaction assay for the detection of Mycoplasma gallisepticum in naturally infected birds
    S A Callison
    Department of Population Health, Poultry Diagnostic and Research Center, College of Veterinary Medicine, The University of Georgia, 953 College Station Road, Athens, GA 30602, USA
    Avian Dis 50:537-44. 2006
    ..of a real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay using a Taqman-labeled probe for the detection of Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MGLP assay)...
  77. ncbi A self-propelled, constant-speed spray vaccinator for commercial layer chickens
    S L Branton
    USDA, Agricultural Research Service, Poultry Research Unit, Mississippi State, MS 39762, USA
    Avian Dis 49:147-51. 2005
    ..well as improved vaccination results (higher positive seroconversion rates) against the poultry pathogen Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG), a bacterium associated with losses of 15...
  78. ncbi Transfer of maternal immunoglobulins and antibodies to Mycoplasma gallisepticum and Mycoplasma synoviae to the allantoic and amniotic fluid of chicken embryos
    Dusan Bencina
    Department of Animal Sciences, Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, 1230, Domzale, Slovenia
    Avian Pathol 34:463-72. 2005
    ..In our study, IgA, IgG and IgM to Mycoplasma gallisepticum and Mycoplasma synoviae were detected in oviduct washings of naturally infected hens and in the ..
  79. ncbi Spatial spread of an emerging infectious disease: conjunctivitis in House Finches
    Parviez R Hosseini
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 1003, USA
    Ecology 87:3037-46. 2006
    In this paper we quantify the rate of spread of the newly emerged pathogen Mycoplasma gallisepticum of the House Finch, Carpodacus mexicanus, in its introduced range...
  80. ncbi Effects of S6-strain Mycoplasma gallisepticum inoculation at 10, 22, or 45 weeks of age on the digestive and reproductive organ characteristics of commercial egg-laying hens
    E D Peebles
    Department of Poultry Science, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State 39762, USA
    Poult Sci 85:825-30. 2006
    Experimental inoculation of commercial laying hens with the S6-strain of Mycoplasma gallisepticum (S6MG) at 20 wk of age, while being maintained under ideal conditions, has previously been shown to affect the lengths and weights of ..
  81. ncbi Real-time polymerase chain reaction for Mycoplasma gallisepticum in chicken trachea
    K Tayfun Carli
    Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Uludag University, Gorukle Kampusu, 16384 Bursa, Turkey
    Avian Dis 47:712-7. 2003
    In this work, we describe a rapid detection procedure for Mycoplasma gallisepticum from chicken tracheal swabs by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) by LightCycler system, where we were able to monitor the amplification of the ..
  82. ncbi Effects of increased dosages of the Mycoplasma gallisepticum vaccine MYCOVAC-L in layer chickens subsequently challenged with virulent M. gallisepticum: egg production and serologic response
    J D Evans
    USDA, Agricultural Research Service, Poultry Research Unit, Mississippi State, MS 39762, USA
    Avian Dis 51:912-7. 2007
    ..At 22 or 45 wk of age, subsets of 1x- and 15x-vaccinated pullets were challenged with the virulent Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG) strain Rlow. Percent hen-day egg production was determined through week 55...
  83. ncbi Effects of F-strain Mycoplasma gallisepticum inoculation on serum very low density lipoprotein diameter and fractionation of cholesterol among lipoproteins in commercial egg-laying hens
    M R Burnham
    Department of Poultry Science, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, Mississippi 39762, USA
    Poult Sci 82:1630-6. 2003
    Experimental inoculation with the F-strain of Mycoplasma gallisepticum (FMG) at 12 wk of age has been shown to affect the performance, liver, reproductive organs, and yolk lipid characteristics of commercial layers...
  84. ncbi The cellular immune response in the tracheal mucosa to Mycoplasma gallisepticum in vaccinated and unvaccinated chickens in the acute and chronic stages of disease
    J E Gaunson
    School of Veterinary Science, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC 3010, Australia
    Vaccine 24:2627-33. 2006
    b>Mycoplasma gallisepticum causes a lymphoproliferative response in the tracheal mucosa of infected birds...
  85. ncbi Induced expression of the antimicrobial peptide melittin inhibits experimental infection by Mycoplasma gallisepticum in chickens
    Vassili N Lazarev
    Research Institute of Physico Chemical Medicine, Ministry of Health of Russian Federation, 1a, Malaya Pirogovskaya str, 119992, Moscow, Russia Lytech Ltd, 1a, Malaya Pirogovskaya str, 119992, Moscow, Russia
    Microbes Infect 6:536-41. 2004
    ..peptide melittin, expressed from a recombinant plasmid vector, on chickens experimentally infected with Mycoplasma gallisepticum was studied...
  86. ncbi Safety of Mycoplasma gallisepticum vaccine strain 6/85 after backpassage in turkeys
    M M Zaki
    Department of Avian Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602 4875, USA
    Avian Dis 48:642-6. 2004
    The objective of this research was to evaluate the safety of the 6/85 strain vaccine strain of Mycoplasma gallisepticum in turkeys by backpassing the vaccine strain up to 10 times by contact infection in turkeys and challenging turkeys ..
  87. ncbi Experimental infection of chickens and turkeys with Mycoplasma gallisepticum reference strain S6 and North Carolina field isolate RAPD type B
    B Sanei
    Department of Population Health and Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27606, USA
    Avian Dis 51:106-11. 2007
    ..of mycoplasmosis in chicken and turkey flocks in North Carolina between 1999 and 2001, isolates of Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG) from affected flocks were characterized by random amplification of polymorphic DNA (RAPD), and eight ..
  88. ncbi Mycoplasma gallisepticum--induced alterations in cytokine genes in chicken cells and embryos
    K M Lam
    Department of Population Health and Reproduction, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Avian Dis 48:215-9. 2004
    b>Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG) was used to infect the MSB-1 cells, the HD-11 cells, and chicken embryos...
  89. ncbi Safety and efficacy of the avirulent Mycoplasma gallisepticum strain K5054 as a live vaccine in poultry
    N M Ferguson
    Department of Avian Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602 4875, USA
    Avian Dis 48:91-9. 2004
    A Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG) isolate from an atypically mild outbreak in turkey breeders was found to be similar to house finch isolates by DNA analyses...
  90. ncbi The effect of vaccination with a bacterin on the horizontal transmission of Mycoplasma gallisepticum
    A Feberwee
    Animal Health Service, P O Box 9, 7400, AA, Deventer, The Netherlands
    Avian Pathol 35:35-7. 2006
    The effect of an inactivated vaccine on the horizontal transmission of Mycoplasma gallisepticum was quantified in a transmission model...
  91. ncbi Shrinking genomics
    Nicholas R Thomson
    Sanger Institute, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1SA, UK
    Nat Rev Microbiol 2:11. 2004
    Two bacteria are featured this month, and both are at the lower end of the genome size scale. The first, Mycoplasma gallisepticum, belongs to a group of bacteria that have been studied both as important human and animal pathogens and in ..
  92. ncbi Presence of anaplerotic reactions and transamination, and the absence of the tricarboxylic acid cycle in mollicutes
    J T Manolukas
    Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, Ohio State University, Columbus 43210
    J Gen Microbiol 134:791-800. 1988
    ..fermentative Mollicutes Acholeplasma laidlawii B-PG9, Acholeplasma morum S2, Mycoplasma capricolum 14, Mycoplasma gallisepticum S6, Mycoplasma pneumoniae FH, Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae J and M...
  93. ncbi Differential detection of turkey coronavirus, infectious bronchitis virus, and bovine coronavirus by a multiplex polymerase chain reaction
    C C Loa
    Department of Veterinary Pathobiology and Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907 2065, USA
    J Virol Methods 131:86-91. 2006
    ..infectious bursal disease virus, enterovirus, astrovirus, Salmonella enterica, Escherichia coli, and Mycoplasma gallisepticum. Performance of the assay with serially diluted RNA demonstrated that the multiplex PCR could detect 4...
  94. doi A survey of avian Mycoplasma species for neuraminidase enzymatic activity
    Rebeka Lucijana Bercic
    Department of Animal Science, University of Ljubljana, Biotechnical Faculty, Groblje 3, Domzale, Slovenia
    Vet Microbiol 130:391-7. 2008
    Among 23 currently recognized avian Mycoplasma (AM) species only Mycoplasma gallisepticum, Mycoplasma synoviae, Mycoplasma meleagridis and Mycoplasma iowae cause disease and loss of production in chickens and/or turkeys...
  95. ncbi The characterization of Mycoplasma synoviae EF-Tu protein and proteins involved in hemadherence and their N-terminal amino acid sequences
    D Bencina
    Department of Animal Science, Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, Domzale, Slovenia
    FEMS Microbiol Lett 173:85-94. 1999
    ..Mycoplasma cloacale, Mycoplasma iners and Mycoplasma meleagridis, but not with the proteins from Mycoplasma gallisepticum, Mycoplasma imitans or Mycoplasma iowae...
  96. ncbi Backyard chicken flocks pose a disease risk for neotropic birds in Costa Rica
    Sonia M Hernandez-Divers
    Odum School of Ecology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
    Avian Dis 52:558-66. 2008
    ..infectious bronchitis virus, chicken anemia virus, and infectious bursal disease virus, as well as both Mycoplasma gallisepticum and Mycoplasma synoviae, appear to be significant diseases of this population, and thus, we consider ..
  97. ncbi Occurrence of conjunctivitis, sinusitis and upper region tracheitis in Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica), possibly caused by Mycoplasma gallisepticum accompanied by Cryptosporidium sp. infection
    S Murakami
    Toubu Animal Health and Hygiene Service Center, 1105 3 Kawaba, Togane, Chiba 283 0064, Japan
    Avian Pathol 31:363-70. 2002
    ..In the investigation of pathogens, antigens to Mycoplasma gallisepticum and Pasteurella multocida serotype D were immunolabeled on and demonstrated in the mucosal membranes...
  98. ncbi Mycoplasmal conjunctivitis in songbirds from New York
    B K Hartup
    Division of Wildlife Health, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA
    J Wildl Dis 36:257-64. 2000
    A field study was conducted to determine the prevalence of conjunctivitis and Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG) infections in house finches (Carpodacus mexicanus) and other songbirds common to bird feeders in Tompkins County (New York, USA)...
  99. pmc Homologue of macrophage-activating lipoprotein in Mycoplasma gallisepticum is not essential for growth and pathogenicity in tracheal organ cultures
    Philip F Markham
    Veterinary Preclinical Centre, Department of Veterinary Science, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria 3010, Australia
    J Bacteriol 185:2538-47. 2003
    ..monoclonal antibody B3 is the basis for an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for serological detection of Mycoplasma gallisepticum infection and appears to be constitutively expressed...
  100. ncbi [Antimycoplasmal activities of ofloxacin and commonly used antimicrobial agents on Mycoplasma gallisepticum]
    I Takahashi
    Department of Veterinary Microbiology, Nippon Veterinary and Zootechnical College
    Jpn J Antibiot 42:1166-72. 1989
    In vitro activities of ofloxacin (OFLX), a new quinolone derivative, against 29 strains of Mycoplasma gallisepticum was compared with those of 4 commonly used antimicrobial agents, doxycycline (DOXY), tylosin (TS), spectinomycin (SPCM) ..
  101. ncbi The development of diagnostic real-time TaqMan PCRs for the four pathogenic avian mycoplasmas
    Ziv Raviv
    Department of Population Health, Poultry Diagnostic and Research Center, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602 4875, USA
    Avian Dis 53:103-7. 2009
    Four avian mycoplasmas are commonly recognized as poultry pathogens: Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG), Mycoplasma synoviae (MS), Mycoplasma meleagridis (MM), and Mycoplasma iowae (MI)...