lice

Summary

Summary: A general name for small, wingless, parasitic insects, previously of the order Phthiraptera. Though exact taxonomy is still controversial, they can be grouped in the orders ANOPLURA (sucking lice), MALLOPHAGA (biting lice), and Rhynchophthirina (elephant-lice).

Top Publications

  1. doi A hitchhiker's guide to parasite transmission: The phoretic behaviour of feather lice
    Christopher W Harbison
    Department of Biology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA
    Int J Parasitol 39:569-75. 2009
  2. ncbi Multiple origins of parasitism in lice: phylogenetic analysis of SSU rDNA indicates that the Phthiraptera and Psocoptera are not monophyletic
    Anna Murrell
    Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Parasitology Section, School of Molecular and Microbial Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, 4072, Australia
    Parasitol Res 97:274-80. 2005
  3. ncbi Critical evaluation of five methods for quantifying chewing lice (Insecta: Phthiraptera)
    D H Clayton
    Department of Biology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City 84112-0840, USA
    J Parasitol 87:1291-300. 2001
  4. pmc In vitro screening of anti-lice activity of Pongamia pinnata leaves
    John Samuel Anbu Jeba Sunilson
    School of Pharmacy, Masterskill University College of Health Sciences, Taman Kemacahaya 11, Jalan Kemacahaya, Cheras, Selangor, Malaysia
    Korean J Parasitol 47:377-80. 2009
  5. ncbi Grooming site preferences determined by lice infection among Japanese macaques in Arashiyama
    Koichiro Zamma
    Laboratory of Human Evolution Studies, Department of Zoology, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Kitashirakawa Oiwake cho, Sakyo, Japan
    Primates 43:41-9. 2002
  6. ncbi Differences in straggling rates between two genera of dove lice (Insecta: Phthiraptera) reinforce population genetic and cophylogenetic patterns
    Noah Kerness Whiteman
    Department of Biology, International Center for Tropical Ecology, University of Missouri Saint Louis, Research Building 223, 8001 Natural Bridge Road, Saint Louis, MO 63121, USA
    Int J Parasitol 34:1113-9. 2004
  7. ncbi Effectiveness of ovide against malathion-resistant head lice
    Anthony M R Downs
    Arch Dermatol 141:1318. 2005
  8. ncbi Phylogenetic analysis of partial sequences of elongation factor 1alpha identifies major groups of lice (Insecta: Phthiraptera)
    R H Cruickshank
    Division of Environmental and Evolutionary Biology, Institute of Biomedical and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Graham Kerr Building, Glasgow, G12 8QQ, United Kingdom
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 19:202-15. 2001
  9. doi Descriptions of eight new species of feather lice in the genus Columbicola (Phthiraptera: Philopteridae), with a comprehensive world checklist
    Sarah E Bush
    Natural History Museum, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas 66045 7163, USA
    J Parasitol 95:286-94. 2009
  10. pmc Pubic lice (Pthirus pubis): history, biology and treatment vs. knowledge and beliefs of US college students
    Alice L Anderson
    Carol Belk Building, Department of Health Education and Promotion, Environmental Health Program, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC 27858, USA
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 6:592-600. 2009

Research Grants

  1. Rapid Detection and Identification of Zoonotic Pathogens
    John Dunn; Fiscal Year: 2007
  2. SPOTTED FEVER RICKETTSIAL ANTIGENS
    David Walker; Fiscal Year: 2003
  3. Hemin Receptor Gene Family of Bartonella quintana
    MICHAEL MINNICK; Fiscal Year: 2006
  4. Hemin Receptor Gene Family of Bartonella quintana
    MICHAEL MINNICK; Fiscal Year: 2003
  5. The Role of Plasmids in Rickettsia Biology
    ULRIKE GERTRUD MUNDERLOH; Fiscal Year: 2010
  6. Identification of Metabolic Virulence Factors in the Epidemic Typhus Rickettsia
    JONATHON AUDIA; Fiscal Year: 2007
  7. PERMEABILITY OF THE EPIDEMIC TYPHUS RICKETTSIA
    JONATHON PETER AUDIA; Fiscal Year: 2010
  8. PERMEABILITY OF THE EPIDEMIC TYPHUS RICKETTSIA
    Herbert Winkler; Fiscal Year: 2007
  9. PERMEABILITY OF THE EPIDEMIC TYPHUS RICKETTSIA
    Herbert Winkler; Fiscal Year: 2009
  10. Elucidating the Rickettsia prowazekii EnvZ/OmpR Regulon
    JONATHON AUDIA; Fiscal Year: 2007

Detail Information

Publications188 found, 100 shown here

  1. doi A hitchhiker's guide to parasite transmission: The phoretic behaviour of feather lice
    Christopher W Harbison
    Department of Biology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA
    Int J Parasitol 39:569-75. 2009
    ..For example, feather-feeding lice that parasitise birds disperse to new hosts by hitchhiking on parasitic louse flies, which fly between individual ..
  2. ncbi Multiple origins of parasitism in lice: phylogenetic analysis of SSU rDNA indicates that the Phthiraptera and Psocoptera are not monophyletic
    Anna Murrell
    Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Parasitology Section, School of Molecular and Microbial Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, 4072, Australia
    Parasitol Res 97:274-80. 2005
    ..The Paraneoptera (Hemipteroid Assemblage) comprises the orders Thysanoptera (thrips), Hemiptera (bugs), Phthiraptera (lice) and Psocoptera (booklice and barklice)...
  3. ncbi Critical evaluation of five methods for quantifying chewing lice (Insecta: Phthiraptera)
    D H Clayton
    Department of Biology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City 84112-0840, USA
    J Parasitol 87:1291-300. 2001
    Five methods for estimating the abundance of chewing lice (Insecta: Phthiraptera) were tested. To evaluate the methods, feral pigeons (Columba livia) and 2 species of ischnoceran lice were used...
  4. pmc In vitro screening of anti-lice activity of Pongamia pinnata leaves
    John Samuel Anbu Jeba Sunilson
    School of Pharmacy, Masterskill University College of Health Sciences, Taman Kemacahaya 11, Jalan Kemacahaya, Cheras, Selangor, Malaysia
    Korean J Parasitol 47:377-80. 2009
    ..of pediculocidal drug resistance towards head louse laid the foundation for research in exploring novel anti-lice agents from medicinal plants...
  5. ncbi Grooming site preferences determined by lice infection among Japanese macaques in Arashiyama
    Koichiro Zamma
    Laboratory of Human Evolution Studies, Department of Zoology, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Kitashirakawa Oiwake cho, Sakyo, Japan
    Primates 43:41-9. 2002
    ..Thus, the ecology of lice might affect grooming behavior of Japanese macaques...
  6. ncbi Differences in straggling rates between two genera of dove lice (Insecta: Phthiraptera) reinforce population genetic and cophylogenetic patterns
    Noah Kerness Whiteman
    Department of Biology, International Center for Tropical Ecology, University of Missouri Saint Louis, Research Building 223, 8001 Natural Bridge Road, Saint Louis, MO 63121, USA
    Int J Parasitol 34:1113-9. 2004
    ..abilities have been implicated for causing disparate evolutionary patterns between Columbicola and Physconelloides lice (Insecta: Phthiraptera)...
  7. ncbi Effectiveness of ovide against malathion-resistant head lice
    Anthony M R Downs
    Arch Dermatol 141:1318. 2005
  8. ncbi Phylogenetic analysis of partial sequences of elongation factor 1alpha identifies major groups of lice (Insecta: Phthiraptera)
    R H Cruickshank
    Division of Environmental and Evolutionary Biology, Institute of Biomedical and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Graham Kerr Building, Glasgow, G12 8QQ, United Kingdom
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 19:202-15. 2001
    As a first attempt to use molecular data to resolve the relationships between the four suborders of lice and within the suborder Ischnocera, we sequenced a 347-bp fragment of the elongation factor 1alpha gene of 127 lice (Insecta: ..
  9. doi Descriptions of eight new species of feather lice in the genus Columbicola (Phthiraptera: Philopteridae), with a comprehensive world checklist
    Sarah E Bush
    Natural History Museum, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas 66045 7163, USA
    J Parasitol 95:286-94. 2009
    Eight new species of lice in the genus Columbicola Ewing are described: C. harbisoni (type host: Phaps histrionica (Gould)), C. koopae (type host: Geophaps scripta (Temminck)), C...
  10. pmc Pubic lice (Pthirus pubis): history, biology and treatment vs. knowledge and beliefs of US college students
    Alice L Anderson
    Carol Belk Building, Department of Health Education and Promotion, Environmental Health Program, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC 27858, USA
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 6:592-600. 2009
    Pubic lice (Pthirus pubis) maintain a worldwide parasitic population infesting two to over 10 percent of human populations, continuing a presence that has been constant since early evidence 10,000 years ago...
  11. ncbi Development of a paw paw herbal shampoo for the removal of head lice
    C M McCage
    Nature s Sunshine Products, Spanish Fork, Utah 84660, USA
    Phytomedicine 9:743-8. 2002
    The development and clinical testing of an herbal lice removal shampoo, containing a standardized extract of paw paw, thymol, and tea tree oil, are described...
  12. ncbi Parasite biodiversity and host defenses: chewing lice and immune response of their avian hosts
    Anders Pape Møller
    Laboratoire de Parasitologie Evolutive, CNRS UMR 7103, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, Bat A, 7eme etage, 7 quai St Bernard, Case 237, 75252 Paris Cedex 05, France
    Oecologia 142:169-76. 2005
    ..While Amblyceran lice tend to occur in contact with host skin, feed on host skin and chew emerging tips of developing feathers to obtain ..
  13. pmc The louse-borne human pathogen Bartonella quintana is a genomic derivative of the zoonotic agent Bartonella henselae
    Cecilia M Alsmark
    Department of Molecular Evolution, Evolutionary Biology Center, Uppsala University, and Department of Medical Sciences, Uppsala University Hospital, Sweden
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:9716-21. 2004
    ....
  14. ncbi Real-time PCR duplex assay for Rickettsia prowazekii and Borrelia recurrentis
    Ju Jiang
    Naval Medical Research Center, Silver Spring, Maryland 20910 7500, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 990:302-10. 2003
    ..duttonii, B. coriaceae, B. afzelii, B. garinii, B. hermsii, or B. burgdorferi nucleic acid. Both assays detected repeatedly only R. prowazekii or B. recurrentis either when tested alone or together in one test tube...
  15. ncbi Correlated evolution of host and parasite body size: tests of Harrison's rule using birds and lice
    Kevin P Johnson
    Illinois Natural History Survey, Champaign 61820, USA
    Evolution 59:1744-53. 2005
    ..We used phylogenetically independent methods to test for Harrison's rule across a large assemblage of bird lice (Insecta: Phthiraptera)...
  16. ncbi Dramatically elevated rate of mitochondrial substitution in lice (Insecta: Phthiraptera)
    Kevin P Johnson
    Illinois Natural History Survey, 607 East Peabody Drive, Champaign 61820, USA
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 26:231-42. 2003
    ..rates of substitution, which incorporate multiple substitutions, and apply these methods to a group of insects (lice, Order: Phthiraptera)...
  17. doi Identification of a Bartonella species in the harbor seal (Phoca vitulina) and in seal lice (Echinophtirius horridus)
    Danny Morick
    Koret School of Veterinary Medicine, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel
    Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 9:751-3. 2009
    To explore whether harbor seals (Phoca vitulina) are exposed to Bartonella spp., 35 seal lice (Echinophtirius horridus) were collected from seven seals, during their rehabilitation period in the Seal Rehabilitation and Research Center at ..
  18. pmc Multiple origins of parasitism in lice
    Kevin P Johnson
    Illinois Natural History Survey, 607 East Peabody Drive, Champaign, IL 61820, USA
    Proc Biol Sci 271:1771-6. 2004
    ..Understanding this diversity requires information on the origin of parasitism in various insect groups. Parasitic lice (Phthiraptera) are the only major group of insects in which all members are permanent parasites of birds or mammals...
  19. ncbi A survey of bacterial diversity in ticks, lice and fleas from Australia
    Anna Murrell
    Department of Microbiology and Parasitology and Institute for Molecular Bioscience, ARC Special Research Centre for Functional and Applied Genomics, University of Queensland, Brisbane, 4072 QLD, Australia
    Parasitol Res 89:326-34. 2003
    We isolated bacteria from ticks, lice and fleas. Partial small subunit rRNA sequences were obtained for each isolate and the closest matches in the FastA database were determined...
  20. ncbi The prevalence of lice infesting students of primary, preparatory and secondary schools in Cairo, Egypt
    T A Morsy
    Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo 11566, Egypt
    J Egypt Soc Parasitol 31:43-50. 2001
    Human lice (head and body) are among the arthropod-ectoparasites of worldwide distribution. Examining students in primary, preparatory and secondary schools recorded prevalence rates of 21.86%, 30.38% and 12.94% respectively...
  21. ncbi The population genetics of host specificity: genetic differentiation in dove lice (Insecta: Phthiraptera)
    Kevin P Johnson
    Illinois Natural History Survey, Champaign, IL 61820, USA
    Mol Ecol 11:25-38. 2002
    ..this study we examined the genetic structure in the mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase I (COI) gene of two genera of lice (Insecta: Phthiraptera) occurring on multiple sympatric species of doves in southern North and Central America...
  22. ncbi Prevalence and population structure of lice (Phthiraptera) on the Indian Red Avadavat
    Nidhi Gupta
    Department of Zoology, Government Raza Postgraduate College, Rampur, India
    Zoolog Sci 24:381-3. 2007
    ..amandava. Adults dominated over nymphs in the overall adult-to-nymph ratio. Sex ratios of both species were skewed (female biased)...
  23. pmc Jail fever (epidemic typhus) outbreak in Burundi
    D Raoult
    , , Marsaille, France
    Emerg Infect Dis 3:357-60. 1997
    ..We also amplified and sequenced from lice gene portions specific for two R...
  24. pmc Typing African relapsing fever spirochetes
    Julie Christine Scott
    Department of Cellular and Molecular Biology, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, South Kensington, London, United Kingdom
    Emerg Infect Dis 11:1722-9. 2005
    ..and a unique clade, distant from those associated with relapsing fever, possibly equivalent to a novel species in ticks from this region. Clinical significance of this spirochete is undetermined...
  25. doi Different genes govern Yersinia pestis pathogenicity in Caenorhabditis elegans and human lice
    Linda Houhamdi
    Unite des Rickettsies, Faculte de Medecine, Institut Federatif de Recherche 48, Centre National de Recherche Scientifique, Unite Mixte de Recherche 6020, Universite de la Mediterranee, 27, Boulevard Jean Moulin, 13385 Marseille Cedex 5, France
    Microb Pathog 44:435-7. 2008
    To assess the role of virulence factors identified in Caenorhabditis elegans in the transmission of plague by lice, we infected 100 lice by feeding them on rabbits and made them bacteremic; the rabbits had been intravenously inoculated ..
  26. ncbi Seabird and louse coevolution: complex histories revealed by 12S rRNA sequences and reconciliation analyses
    A M Paterson
    Ecology and Entomology Group, Lincoln University, P O Box 84, Lincoln, New Zealand
    Syst Biol 49:383-99. 2000
    We investigated the coevolutionary history of seabirds (orders Procellariiformes and Sphenisciformes) and their lice (order Phthiraptera)...
  27. ncbi Bartonella and Rickettsia in fleas and lice from mammals in South Carolina, U.S.A
    Will K Reeves
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Viral and Rickettsial Zoonoses Branch, Mailstop G 13, 1600 Clifton Rd NE, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Vector Ecol 30:310-5. 2005
    ..Thirteen species of lice and fleas were collected from urban animals and screened for the presence of Bartonella and Rickettsia by PCR ..
  28. ncbi A new shampoo based on neem (Azadirachta indica) is highly effective against head lice in vitro
    Jorg Heukelbach
    Department of Community Health, School of Medicine, Federal University of Ceara, Fortaleza, Brazil
    Parasitol Res 99:353-6. 2006
    Because topical compounds based on insecticidal chemicals are the mainstay of head lice treatment, but resistance is increasing, alternatives, such as herbs and oils are being sold to treat head lice...
  29. ncbi Extraordinary number of gene rearrangements in the mitochondrial genomes of lice (Phthiraptera: Insecta)
    C Covacin
    Parasitology Section, School of Molecular and Microbial Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
    Insect Mol Biol 15:63-8. 2006
    ..of the small pigeon louse, Campanulotes bidentatus compar, and part of the mt genomes of nine other species of lice. These species were from six families and the three main suborders of the order Phthiraptera...
  30. ncbi The body louse as a vector of reemerging human diseases
    D Raoult
    Universite de la Mediterranee, Faculte de Medecine, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Unité Propre de Recherche de l Enseignement Superieur Associée 6020, Marseille, France
    Clin Infect Dis 29:888-911. 1999
    ..A small outbreak was also reported in Russia in 1997. Louse infestation appears to become more prevalent worldwide, associated with a decline in social and hygienic conditions provoked by civil unrest and economic instability...
  31. pmc Fossil Liposcelididae and the lice ages (Insecta: Psocodea)
    David Grimaldi
    Department of Entomology American Museum of Natural History Central Park West at 79th Street, New York 10024 5192, USA
    Proc Biol Sci 273:625-33. 2006
    ..is an extinct sister group to all other Liposcelididae and the family is the free-living sister group to the true lice (order Phthiraptera, all of which are ectoparasites of birds and mammals)...
  32. ncbi Molecular evidence for polyphyletic origin of the primary symbionts of sucking lice (phthiraptera, anoplura)
    Václav Hypsa
    Faculty of Biological Sciences, Ceske Budejovice, Czech Republic
    Microb Ecol 54:242-51. 2007
    Based on 16S rDNA analyses, the primary symbionts of sucking lice were found to form a polyphyletic assemblage of several distant lineages that have arisen several times within Enterobacteriaceae and at least once within Legionellaceae...
  33. ncbi Multiple cophylogenetic analyses reveal frequent cospeciation between pelecaniform birds and Pectinopygus lice
    Joseph Hughes
    Department of Environmental and Evolutionary Biology, University of Glasgow, UK
    Syst Biol 56:232-51. 2007
    b>Lice in the genus Pectinopygus parasitize a single order of birds (Pelecaniformes)...
  34. ncbi Reduced taxonomic richness of lice (Insecta: Phthiraptera) in diving birds
    B Felsõ
    Zoological Institute, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Szent Istvan University, Budapest, Rottenbiller st 50, H 1078 Hungary
    J Parasitol 92:867-9. 2006
    Avian lice occupy different habitats in the host plumage that the physical environment outside the host body may affect in several ways. Interactions between host plumage and water may be an important source of such effects...
  35. doi Host specialization differentiates cryptic species of feather-feeding lice
    Jael R Malenke
    Department of Biology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah 84112, USA
    Evolution 63:1427-38. 2009
    ..In addition, we were able to morphologically separate individual lice from the two experimental lineages using discriminant function analysis...
  36. ncbi Prevalence and regional distribution of scab, lice and blowfly strike in Great Britain
    B Bisdorff
    Insect Ecology and Veterinary Parasitology Group, School of Biological Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 1UG
    Vet Rec 158:749-52. 2006
    ..Overall, 9 per cent of the farmers reported at least one outbreak of scab, 10.7 per cent reported an outbreak of lice and 75 per cent reported at least one case of blowfly strike. A mean of 1...
  37. pmc Reinterpreting the origins of flamingo lice: cospeciation or host-switching?
    Kevin P Johnson
    Illinois Natural History Survey, 1816 South Oak Street, Champaign, IL 61820, USA
    Biol Lett 2:275-8. 2006
    ..Recent unexpected phylogenetic results on the relationships of waterbirds and their lice call for a reinterpretation of the origins of the lice of the enigmatic flamingos...
  38. ncbi An experimental model of human body louse infection with Rickettsia typhi
    Linda Houhamdi
    Unite des Rickettsies, IFR 48 CNRS UMR 6020, Université de la Méditerranée Faculté de Médecine, 13385 Marseilles Cedex 5, France
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 990:617-27. 2003
    ..typhi; it remained bacteremic for at least 59 hours. Two hundred body lice infected by feeding on the bacteremic rabbit were compared to 200 uninfected control lice...
  39. doi What's in a name: the taxonomic status of human head and body lice
    Jessica E Light
    Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida, Dickinson Hall, PO Box 117800, Gainesville, FL 32611 7800, USA
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 47:1203-16. 2008
    Human head lice (Anoplura: Pediculidae: Pediculus) are pandemic, parasitizing countless school children worldwide due to the evolution of insecticide resistance, and human body (clothing) lice are responsible for the deaths of millions as ..
  40. ncbi A new ivermectin formulation topically kills permethrin-resistant human head lice (Anoplura: Pediculidae)
    Joseph P Strycharz
    Department of Veterinary and Animal Science, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003, USA
    J Med Entomol 45:75-81. 2008
    ..Permethrin-resistant lice originally obtained from south Florida and maintained on an in vitro rearing system were 100% susceptible to ..
  41. ncbi Clinical presentation of louse-borne relapsing fever among Ethiopian refugees in northern Somalia
    V Brown
    , Paris, France
    Ann Trop Med Parasitol 82:499-502. 1988
    ..The clinical picture was less severe than in previous studies on LBRF. This difference might be due to the fact that the present study was community-based as opposed to the previous studies which were hospital-based...
  42. ncbi Ectoparasitic species from Canis familiaris (Linné) in Buenos Aires province, Argentina
    Alda González
    Facultad de Ciencias Naturales y Museo, CEPAVE, UNLP, Calle 2 No 584, 1900 La Plata, Argentina
    Vet Parasitol 120:123-9. 2004
    ..The prevalence of fleas, ticks and lice was analyzed, as well as their seasonal variations through the different sites studied...
  43. pmc Apes, lice and prehistory
    Robin A Weiss
    University College London, UK
    J Biol 8:20. 2009
    ..Such infidelity may account for the survival of certain types of human lice, and it is currently exemplified by viruses such as HIV.
  44. ncbi Lice infestation and lice control remedies in the Ukraine
    I Kurhanova
    L viv Research Institute of Epidemiology and Hygiene, Zelena St, 12 L viv, Ukraine
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1078:357-60. 2006
    A permanent decrease was seen in the prevalence of lice infestation among population of the Ukraine from 1990-2004. The prevalence of lice infestation among children under 14 years of age was 6-27 times more than that in adults...
  45. ncbi Scalp infestation by Phthirus pubis in a 6-week-old infant
    B S Silburt
    Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, Canada
    Pediatr Dermatol 7:205-7. 1990
    ..It is believed this patient is the first reported case in this age group. Treatment is discussed, as are the family dynamics that put this infant at risk. The authors address the possible association between infestation and child abuse...
  46. ncbi The presence of quill mites (Gabucinia bicaudata) and lice (Struthiolipeurus struthionis) in ostrich wing feathers
    R G Cooper
    Department of Physiology, University of Central England, Franchise Street, Birmingham B42 2SU, UK
    J S Afr Vet Assoc 77:9-11. 2006
    Quill mites (Gabucinia bicaudata) and lice (Struthiolipeurus struthionis) may infest ostrich feathers, resulting in skin damage, pruritus and excessive feather preening and loss...
  47. ncbi Louse-borne bacterial pathogens in lice (Phthiraptera) of rodents and cattle from Egypt
    Will K Reeves
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 1600 Clifton Rd NE, MS G 13, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Parasitol 92:313-8. 2006
    We collected 1,023 lice, representing 5 species, from rats and domestic cattle throughout 13 governorates in Egypt and tested these lice for Anaplasma marginale, Bartonella spp., Brucella spp...
  48. ncbi Rallicola deckeri n. sp. (Phthiraptera: Philopteridae) from Ruddy Woodcreepers Dendrocincla homochroa (Passeriformes: Furnariidae) collected in Campeche, Mexico
    R J Adams
    Department of Biology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City 84112, USA
    J Parasitol 87:118-20. 2001
    A new species of Rallicola Johnston and Harrison (Phthiraptera: Philopteridae) is described from lice collected from a series of Ruddy Woodcreepers Dendrocincla homochroa (Aves: Dendrocolaptinae) in Campeche, Mexico...
  49. ncbi [Scalp delousing: parents prefer products with short duration of action]
    Eduard Gerlach
    Kinderkrankenschwester 25:341. 2006
  50. pmc Arbovirus of marine mammals: a new alphavirus isolated from the elephant seal louse, Lepidophthirus macrorhini
    M La Linn
    Australian Centre for International and Tropical Health and Nutrition, Queensland Institute of Medical Research and the University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
    J Virol 75:4103-9. 2001
    ..The SES virus represents the first arbovirus of marine mammals and illustrates that alphaviruses can inhabit Antarctica and that alphaviruses can be transmitted by lice.
  51. ncbi Patterns in the distribution of avian lice (Phthiraptera: Amblycera, Ischnocera) living on the great grey shrike Lanius excubitor
    Anetta Szczykutowicz
    Department of Animal Taxonomy and Ecology, Adam Mickiewicz University, Umultowska 89, 61 614, Poznan, Poland
    Parasitol Res 98:507-10. 2006
    The lice parasite community of great grey shrike Lanius excubitor collected in NE Slovakia during 1962-1974 was quantitatively studied...
  52. ncbi World Association for the Advancement of Veterinary Parasitology (W.A.A.V.P.) guidelines for evaluating the efficacy of ectoparasiticides against biting lice, sucking lice and sheep keds on ruminants
    P A Holdsworth
    Avcare Limited, Locked Bag 916, Canberra, 2601 ACT, Australia
    Vet Parasitol 136:45-54. 2006
    ..and interpretation of studies for the assessment of the efficacy of ectoparasiticides against biting and sucking lice and sheep keds on ruminants...
  53. ncbi A new species of sucking louse (Insecta, Anoplura) parasitic on Auliscomys (Mammalia, Rodentia) in Argentina
    D D Castro
    Facultad de Ciencias Naturales and Museo de La Plata, Paseo del Bosque, Buenos Aires, Argentina
    J Parasitol 87:263-6. 2001
    ..The geographical ranges of these 2 species are restricted to the Neuquén Province in Argentina. A key to the 9 species of the Hoplopleura travassosi species-group recorded in Argentina is also given...
  54. ncbi Parasites of domestic and wild animals in South Africa. XXXIX. Helminth and arthropod parasites of Angora goats in the southern Karoo
    I G Horak
    Department of Veterinary Tropical Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria, Onderstepoort, South Africa
    Onderstepoort J Vet Res 68:27-35. 2001
    ..africanus occurred on the kids during the first few months of their lives. The larvae of the nasal bot fly, Oestrus ovis were present in kids at 1 month of age, and infestation took place mainly from spring to late summer...
  55. ncbi Preventing parasites in cats
    Michael W Dryden
    Department of Diagnostic Medicine and Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506, USA
    Vet Ther 6:260-7. 2005
    ....
  56. ncbi Clinical efficacy of selamectin in the treatment of naturally acquired infection of sucking lice (Linognathus setosus) in dogs
    Lotta Gunnarsson
    Department of Parasitology, National Veterinary Institute, Uppsala, Sweden
    J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 41:388-94. 2005
    ..in 21 dogs to evaluate the efficacy of selamectin for the treatment of naturally acquired infection of sucking lice (Linognathus setosus [L.setosus]) in dogs. Each dog was randomly assigned to one of two treatment groups...
  57. ncbi The addition of tretinoin to permethrin, pyrethrins, and DDT for production of powerful anti-lice agents
    M R Namazi
    Med Hypotheses 65:992. 2005
  58. ncbi Reconsideration of the longiceps species group of the feather louse genus Columbicola (Phthiraptera: Philopteridae) with descriptions of two new species
    Sarah E Bush
    Natural History Museum, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas 66045 7163, USA
    J Parasitol 92:949-52. 2006
    ..Columbicola wolffhuegeli (Eichler) is removed from synonymy with Columbicola longiceps (Rudow) and is recognized as a valid species. The true host for Columbicola paradoxus Tendeiro has been determined as Lopholaimus antarcticus (Shaw)...
  59. ncbi Wild turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) as a host of ixodid ticks, lice, and Lyme disease spirochetes (Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato) in California state parks
    Robert S Lane
    Department of Environmental Science, Policy and Management, 137 Mulford Hall, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, USA
    J Wildl Dis 42:759-71. 2006
    Rio Grande wild turkeys (Meleagris gallopavo intermedia) were evaluated as potential hosts of ixodid ticks, lice, and Lyme disease spirochetes (Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato [s.l...
  60. ncbi Agitation, pruritus, and ectoparasites on a rat and a mouse
    Wieland Beck
    Institute for Comparative Tropical Medicine and Parasitology, Ludwig Maximilians University Munich, Leopoldstrasse 5, D80802 Munich, Germany
    Lab Anim (NY) 36:17-9. 2007
  61. ncbi Efficacy of a 1% lambdacyhalothrin cattle Pour-on (Saber) against sucking and biting lice infesting beef cattle
    Richard G Endris
    Schering Plough Animal Health, 1095 Morris Avenue, Union, NJ 07065, USA
    Vet Ther 3:387-95. 2002
    ..efficacy of a 1% lambdacyhalothrin pour-on (Saber Pour-on, Schering-Plough Animal Health) for control of sucking lice (Linognathus vituli, Haematopinus eurysternus, Solenopotes capillatus) and biting lice (Damalinia bovis) on beef ..
  62. ncbi Arthropods (Acari, Siphonaptera, Heteroptera, Psocoptera) associated with Nyctalus noctula (Schreber, 1774) (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae) in Southern Poland
    Ryszard Haitlinger
    Department of Zoology and Ecology, Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Kozuchowska 5b, 51 630 Wrocław, Poland
    Wiad Parazytol 54:123-30. 2008
    ..From 101 specimens of Nyctalus noctula collected in Southern Poland during winter, 2637 arthropods of 13 species were obtained: Siphonaptera (3 species), Acari (8 species), Heteroptera (one species) and one specimen of Psocoptera...
  63. doi Patterns of parasite abundance and distribution in island populations of Galápagos endemic birds
    Diego Santiago-Alarcon
    Department of Biology, University of Missouri St Louis and Whitney R Harris World Ecology Center, St Louis, Missouri 63121, USA
    J Parasitol 94:584-90. 2008
    ..We used analyses of variance to estimate the variability of intensity, prevalence, and abundance of 4 species of lice (Insecta: Phthiraptera) infecting Galápagos doves and Galápagos hawks and 1 haemosporidian parasite (Haemosporida:..
  64. doi Host defence mediates interspecific competition in ectoparasites
    Sarah E Bush
    Department of Biology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA
    J Anim Ecol 77:558-64. 2008
    ..the impact of host defence (preening) on competitive interactions between two species of feather-feeding lice: 'wing' lice Columbicola columbae and 'body' lice Campanulotes compar...
  65. ncbi [Trends of faunistic-ecological researches in the Department of Parasitology in Wrocław University]
    Anna Okulewicz
    Zakład Parazytologii, Instytut Genetyki i Mikrobiologii Uniwersytetu Wroclawskiego, ul Przybyszewskiego 63, 51 148 Wrocław
    Wiad Parazytol 53:213-8. 2007
    ..Janiszewska), nematodes (A. Okulewicz), lice (J. Złotorzycka, E. Lonc, M. Modrzejewska)...
  66. ncbi [The inventory of coot (Fulica amra) ectoparasites in the north-west of Algeria]
    N Rouag-Ziane
    Laboratoire d Ecophysiologie Animale, Universite Badji Mokhtar, BP 12, 2300 Annaba Algérie
    Parasite 14:253-6. 2007
    ..Results show that mites are the most abundant parasites (65.6%), followed by lice (Pseudomenopon pilosum, Rallicolo fulicae, Fullicofulo lurida, Incidifrons fulicae, Laemobothrion atrum) 34...
  67. ncbi Segregation of ectoparasitic communities of small forest mammals among ecological niches
    Yu S Balashov
    Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Universitetskaya nab 1, St Petersburg, 199034 Russia
    Dokl Biol Sci 415:280-3. 2007
  68. ncbi Ectoparasites of Chevrier's field mouse, Apodemus chevrieri, in a focus of plague in southwest China
    M Xing-Yuan
    Department of Biology and Genetics, Shantou University, Shantou, Guangdong Province, China
    Med Vet Entomol 21:297-300. 2007
    ..Apodemus chevrieri would appear therefore to be a natural reservoir for plague bacilli and epidemic haemorrhagic fever (Korean haemorrhagic fever) viruses...
  69. ncbi Ectoparasites of the endangered Iberian lynx Lynx pardinus and sympatric wild and domestic carnivores in Spain
    J Millan
    Department of Conservation Biology, Estacion Biologica de Donana CSIC, Seville, Spain
    Med Vet Entomol 21:248-54. 2007
    ..A total of 65% of lynxes were parasitized (50% by ticks, 19% by fleas, 4% by lice, 31% by hippoboscid flies), as were 75% of foxes (58%, 60%, 0%, 19%), 71% of mongooses (50%, 4%, 46%, 0%), 54% of ..
  70. ncbi Population expansion of the poultry fluff louse, Goniocotes gallinae (De Geer, 1778) (Ischnocera, Phthiraptera)
    Arun Kumar Saxena
    Department of Zoology, Government Raza Postgraduate College, Rampur, India
    Zoolog Sci 24:327-30. 2007
    ..059) of G. gallinae were determined. However, doubling-time values recorded during in vivo studies (14 days) was comparatively higher than those during in vitro rearing (11.73 days)...
  71. ncbi Heritability of resistance to infestation with the body louse, Bovicola ovis, in Romney sheep bred for differences in resistance or resilience to gastro-intestinal nematode parasites
    A Pfeffer
    AgResearch Ltd, Hopkirk Research Institute, AgResearch Grasslands, Tennent Drive, Private Bag 11008, Palmerston North, New Zealand
    Int J Parasitol 37:1589-97. 2007
    ..All lambs (n=701) were examined for lice (Bovicola ovis) before artificial infestation; in 2001 the lambs were free of natural infestation, whilst in 2004 ..
  72. ncbi Comparison of two partial least squares infrared spectrometric methods for the quality control of pediculosis lotions
    J Moros
    Analytical Chemistry Department, University of Valencia, 50 Dr Moliner Street, 46100 Burjassot, Valencia, Spain
    Anal Chim Acta 582:174-80. 2007
    ..Results found for commercial samples compared well with those obtained by a liquid chromatography reference method that evidenced the applicability of the proposed strategy for the analysis of commercial formulations...
  73. ncbi North Spain (Burgos) wild mammals ectoparasites
    G Dominguez
    Servicio Veterinario Oficial de Salud Pública, Centro de Salud, 09572 Soncillo, Burgos, Spain
    Parasite 11:267-72. 2004
    ..8%) harboured some ectoparasites. Ticks were found in 60% of the samples, fleas in 51.4%, chewing-lice in 3.8%, and others (Mesostigmata and hippoboscids) in 3.8%. Moreover, 42.5% were single infestation and 57...
  74. ncbi New record of Afrimenopon waar (Eichler) (Phthiraptera: Menoponidae) from budgerigar Melopsittacus undulatus (Psittaciformes: Psittacidae) from Karachi, Pakistan
    Oldrich Sychra
    Department of Biology and Wildlife Diseases, University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Palackeho 1 3, 61242 Brno, Czech Republic
    Parasitol Res 101:505-9. 2007
    Chewing lice of the species Afrimenopon waar (Eichler) were collected from captive budgerigar Melopsittacus undulatus (Shaw) in Pakistan. This is the first record of amblyceran lice from this host...
  75. ncbi A case of pubic lice resistant to pyrethrins
    R Speare
    School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland
    Aust Fam Physician 30:572-4. 2001
    BACKGROUND: Effective therapeutic protocols for the treatment of pubic lice include application of approved insecticidal products to all body and scalp hair, retreatment at seven days, and use of mechanical removal of lice and eggs...
  76. ncbi Blood-sucking lice may disseminate Trypanosoma cruzi infection in baboons
    E R Argañaraz
    Chagas Disease Multidisciplinary Research Laboratory, Faculty of Medicine, University of Brasilia, Brazil
    Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo 43:271-6. 2001
    ..We obtained PCR amplification products from DNA extracted from sucking lice collected from the hair and skin of T...
  77. ncbi Persistent activity of moxidectin long-acting injectable formulations against natural and experimentally enhanced populations of lice infesting cattle
    R M Cleale
    Fort Dodge Animal Health, P O Box 5366, Princeton, NJ 08543 5366, USA
    Vet Parasitol 120:215-27. 2004
    ..to evaluate therapeutic and persistent efficacy of two long-acting injectable formulations of moxidectin against lice populations infesting cattle...
  78. ncbi Use of scanning electron microscopy to confirm the identity of lice infesting communally grazed goat herds
    P J Sebei
    Department of Paraclinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria, Private Bag X04, Onderstepoort, 0110 South Africa
    Onderstepoort J Vet Res 71:87-92. 2004
    b>Lice have been described on goats in commercial farming systems in South Africa but not from flocks on communal grazing...
  79. ncbi Short communication serum copper, zinc, and calcium concentrations in lice-infested sheep
    Y Deger
    Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Yuzuncu Yil, Van, Turkey
    Biol Trace Elem Res 88:87-90. 2002
    ..was to investigate changes in serum concentration of copper, zinc, and calcium in sheep naturally infested with lice (Bovicola caprae, Linognathus africanus, Linognatus ovillus, and Linognattus pedalis)...
  80. ncbi Efficacy of selamectin against biting lice on dogs and cats
    D J Shanks
    Pfizer Global Research and Development, Veterinary Medicine, Pfizer, Sandwich, Kent CT13 9NJ
    Vet Rec 152:234-7. 2003
    ..The treatment had no adverse effects in either the dogs or the cats. Efficacy was assessed by counting the live lice (adults and nymphs) on each animal by using a coat-parting technique on days -3, 7, 14, 21, 28, 35 and 42 for the ..
  81. ncbi Ectoparasite infestations of red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) in Hungary
    T Sréter
    Department of Wildlife Diseases and Parasitology, Central Veterinary Institute, Budapest, Hungary
    Vet Parasitol 115:349-54. 2003
    ....
  82. ncbi 100th anniversary of a great victory over typhus
    J Schoendorff
    Clin Microbiol Infect 9:1256. 2003
  83. ncbi Path coefficient analysis of correlation between breeding cycles of the common myna Acridotheres tristis (Passeriformes: Sturnidae) and its phthirapteran ectoparasites
    Roshani Srivastava
    Department of Zoology, Government Raza Postgraduate College, Rampur Uttar Pradesh 244 901, India
    Folia Parasitol (Praha) 50:315-6. 2003
  84. ncbi Geographical structuring of feather mite assemblages from the Australian brush-turkey (Aves: Megapodiidae)
    Heather C Proctor
    Australian School of Environmental Studies, Griffith University, Nathan 4111, Queensland, Australia
    J Parasitol 90:60-6. 2004
    ..We studied feather mites and lice from Australian brush-turkeys (Aves: Megapodiidae: Alectura lathami) and expected to observe geographical ..
  85. ncbi Comparative survey of the ectoparasite fauna of wild and farm-reared red-legged partridges ( Alectoris rufa), with an ecological study in wild populations
    Javier Millan
    Instituto de Investigación en Recursos Cinegéticos IREC, CSIC UCLM JCCM, P O Box 535, 13080 Ciudad Real, Spain
    Parasitol Res 93:79-85. 2004
    ..Only two louse species (G. obscurus, 8%; C. obscurior, 20%) were found on farmed partridges. Lice prevalence, abundance and species richness were higher in wild birds (44%, 17.0, 1...
  86. ncbi The prevalence of lice on sheep and control practices in South Australia
    P J James
    South Australian Research and Development Institute, 33 Flemington St, Glenside, South Australia 5065
    Aust Vet J 82:563-8. 2004
    To assess the prevalence of infestations of lice in sheep flocks and to survey control practices for lice in South Australia
  87. ncbi [Structure and seasonal dynamics of the biotic community ectoparasites of the bank vole in the Il'men'-Volkhov lowland]
    Iu S Balashov
    Parazitologiia 36:433-46. 2002
    ..In the Oskuy area, the bank voles are the main and additional hosts of 25 ectoparasite species: fleas--8, lice--1, ixodid ticks--2, gamasid mites--7, acariform mites 7...
  88. ncbi First molecular evidence of new Bartonella spp. in fleas and a tick from Peru
    Philippe Parola
    Unite des Rickettsies, Faculte de Medecine, Universite de la Mediterranee, Marseille, France
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 67:135-6. 2002
    Fleas, lice, and ticks collected in Peru in a suburban area of Cusco in November 1998 were tested by polymerase chain reaction for the presence of Bartonella DNA using primers amplifying a fragment of the intergenic spacer region (ITS) ..
  89. ncbi Natural infestation of the chewing lice (Werneckiella equi) on horses and treatment with imidacloprid and phoxim
    N Mencke
    Animal Health Division, Bayer Health Care AG, 51368 Leverkusen, Germany
    Parasitol Res 94:367-70. 2004
    ..At the final evaluation on day 28, complete control of the lice was obtained for the imidacloprid treated horses and only a single moribund louse was found on two horses treated ..
  90. ncbi The efficacy of formulations of triclabendazole and ivermectin in combination against liver fluke (Fasciola hepatica) and gastro-intestinal nematodes in cattle and sheep and sucking lice species in cattle
    C R Stevenson
    Novartis Animal Health Australasia Pty Ltd, Yarrandoo R and D Centre, 245 Western Road, Kemps Creek, New South Wales 2171
    Aust Vet J 80:698-701. 2002
    ..To assess the efficacy of two formulations of triclabendazole and ivermectin in combination against liver fluke (Fasciola hepatica), gastro-intestinal nematodes and sucking louse species in cattle and sheep...
  91. ncbi Arthropod-borne diseases in homeless
    Philippe Brouqui
    Unite des Rickettsies, CNRS UMR 6020, IFR 48, Faculte de Medecine, 27 bd, J Moulin, 13385 Marseille, Cedex 5, France
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1078:223-35. 2006
    ..The living conditions and the crowded shelters provide ideal conditions for the spread of lice, fleas, ticks, and mites...
  92. doi Lousicidal, ovicidal and repellent efficacy of some essential oils against lice and flies infesting water buffaloes in Egypt
    Hanem F Khater
    Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Benha University, Moshtohor, Toukh, 13736, Egypt
    Vet Parasitol 164:257-66. 2009
    ..All treated lice were killed after 0.5-2 min, whereas with d-phenothrin, 100% mortality was reached only after 120 min...
  93. ncbi [Cardiotoxicity of lindane, a gamma isomer of hexachlorocyclohexane]
    Martin Pierre Sauviat
    Laboratoire d Optique et Biosciences, INSERM U 451 CNRS UMR 7645 X ENSTA, Ecole Polytechnique, 91128 Palaiseau, France
    J Soc Biol 196:339-48. 2002
    ..in agriculture and entered also in the composition of some lotions, creams and shampoos used against parasites (lice and scabies)...
  94. ncbi Fumigant and repellent properties of essential oils and component compounds against permethrin-resistant Pediculus humanus capitis (Anoplura: Pediculidae) from Argentina
    Ariel Ceferino Toloza
    Centro de Investigaciones en Plagas e Insecticidas CITEFA CONICET, Juan Bautista De La Salle 4397 B1603ALO Villa Martelli, Provincia de Buenos Aires, Argentina
    J Med Entomol 43:889-95. 2006
    The repeated use of permethrin and other insecticides for the control of head lice, Pediculus humanus capitis De Geer (Anoplura: Pediculidae), during past decades has resulted in the development of marked levels of resistance...
  95. doi Survey on blood-sucking lice (Phthiraptera: Anoplura) of ruminants and pigs with molecular detection of Anaplasma and Rickettsia spp
    S Hornok
    Department of Parasitology and Zoology, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Szent Istvan University, Istvan u 2, 1078 Budapest, Hungary
    Vet Parasitol 174:355-8. 2010
    b>Lice may serve as biological or mechanical vectors for various infectious agents...
  96. ncbi Comparative efficacy of several insecticides for control of cattle lice (Mallophaga: Trichodectidae and Anoplura: Haematopinidae)
    J B Campbell
    West Central Research and Extension Center, University of Nebraska, 461 West University Drive, North Platte, NE 69101 7756, USA
    Vet Parasitol 96:155-64. 2001
    ..at various rates, mixtures, application methods and numbers of treatments and evaluated for control of cattle lice. The insecticides included permethrin at various rates as a pour-on with and without the synergist piperonyl ..
  97. ncbi Outbreak of epidemic typhus associated with trench fever in Burundi
    D Raoult
    WHO Reference Centre for Rickettsial Diseases, Universite de la Mediterranee, Marseille, France
    Lancet 352:353-8. 1998
    ..Reports of sutama among the civilian population date back to late 1995 and, in association with body-louse infestation, the disease has subsequently swept across the higher and colder regions of the country...
  98. pmc Body lice as tools for diagnosis and surveillance of reemerging diseases
    V Roux
    , CNRS UPRES A 6020, , 13385 Marseille, France
    J Clin Microbiol 37:596-9. 1999
    Body lice are vectors of three bacteria which cause human disease: Rickettsia prowazekii, the agent of epidemic typhus; Bartonella quintana, the agent of trench fever; and Borrelia recurrentis, the agent of relapsing fever...
  99. doi [Ectoparasites. Part 1: lice and fleas]
    P Nenoff
    Haut und Laborarzt Allergologie, Andrologie, Laboratorium für medizinische Mikrobiologie, Str des Friedens 8, 04579 Mölbis
    Hautarzt 60:663-71; quiz 672-3. 2009
    ..The most common forms world-wide are scabies, lice (Pediculosis capitis, corporis, vestimentorum and pubis), tungiasis and the hookworm-associated Larva migrans ..
  100. doi Paranucleospora theridion n. gen., n. sp. (Microsporidia, Enterocytozoonidae) with a Life Cycle in the Salmon Louse (Lepeophtheirus salmonis, Copepoda) and Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar)
    Stian Nylund
    Department of Biology, University of Bergen, 5020 Bergen, Norway
    J Eukaryot Microbiol 57:95-114. 2010
    ..during all known life-cycle stages in salmon, but only in the merogonal stages and early sporogonal stage in salmon lice. All developmental stages of P. theridion are in direct contact with the host cell cytoplasm or nucleoplasm...
  101. ncbi Increased monooxygenase activity associated with resistance to permethrin in Pediculus humanus capitis (Anoplura: Pediculidae) from Argentina
    P Gonzalez Audino
    Centro de Investigaciones de Plagas e Insecticidas CITEFA CONICET, Juan Bautista de La Salle 4397 B1603ALO, Villa Martelli, Buenos Aires, Argentina
    J Med Entomol 42:342-5. 2005
    We studied the profile of permethrin resistance in populations of head lice infesting children 6-12 yr old in schools and their homes in and around Buenos Aires, Argentina...

Research Grants60

  1. Rapid Detection and Identification of Zoonotic Pathogens
    John Dunn; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..the main catalysts that promoted epidemics of these ancient afflictions, which are normally transmitted by fleas, lice and ticks...
  2. SPOTTED FEVER RICKETTSIAL ANTIGENS
    David Walker; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  3. Hemin Receptor Gene Family of Bartonella quintana
    MICHAEL MINNICK; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  4. Hemin Receptor Gene Family of Bartonella quintana
    MICHAEL MINNICK; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Further, since Bartonella Hbp's are possibly members of an outer membrane protein family from several Gram-negative bacteria, data generated from this study will undoubtedly be of broad importance to bacterial pathogenesis. ..
  5. The Role of Plasmids in Rickettsia Biology
    ULRIKE GERTRUD MUNDERLOH; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Many Rickettsia species are associated with blood-feeding arthropods (ticks, lice, fleas and mites) that serve as vectors for their transmission to vertebrate hosts...
  6. Identification of Metabolic Virulence Factors in the Epidemic Typhus Rickettsia
    JONATHON AUDIA; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..prowazekii and are, thus, potential targets for the development of novel antimicrobials to treat this obligate intracytoplasmic pathogen. ..
  7. PERMEABILITY OF THE EPIDEMIC TYPHUS RICKETTSIA
    JONATHON PETER AUDIA; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The hypothesis is that activation and/or translocation is required for enzyme activity and rickettsial entry and we will determine if ExoU and patatin play a role in this process. ..
  8. PERMEABILITY OF THE EPIDEMIC TYPHUS RICKETTSIA
    Herbert Winkler; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The hypothesis is that activation and/or translocation is required for enzyme activity and rickettsial entry and we will determine if ExoU and patatin play a role in this process. ..
  9. PERMEABILITY OF THE EPIDEMIC TYPHUS RICKETTSIA
    Herbert Winkler; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The hypothesis is that activation and/or translocation is required for enzyme activity and rickettsial entry and we will determine if ExoU and patatin play a role in this process. ..
  10. Elucidating the Rickettsia prowazekii EnvZ/OmpR Regulon
    JONATHON AUDIA; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..prowazekii as the model system. Understanding the role of gene regulation in pathogenesis may be critical to developing countermeasures and novel therapies against obligate intracellular Select Agents. ..
  11. Global Analysis of the Rickettsia prowazekii Proteome
    David Wood; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Identification of differences in rickettsial protein expression will increase our understanding of this dynamic process as well as identify potentially new targets for vaccines and diagnostic reagents. ..
  12. Global Analysis of the Rickettsia prowazekii Proteome
    David Wood; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Identification of differences in rickettsial protein expression will increase our understanding of this dynamic process as well as identify potentially new targets for vaccines and diagnostic reagents. ..
  13. DETECTION OF INSECTICIDE RESISTANCE IN HEAD LICE
    John Clark; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..methods that will greatly improve and speed our ability to detect pyrethroid and lindane resistance in head lice and to better and more safely manage head louse infestations worldwide...
  14. Head Louse Resistance and Control of Pediculosis
    John Clark; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..malathion in many pest insects that will allow us to rapidly and efficiently obtain a complete database for head lice and use it to make effective control decisions...
  15. Generation of Genetically Attenuated Rickettsiae
    Abdu Azad; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The underlying hypothesis tested is whether recombinant strains with altered genes maintain their immunogenicity within mammals and provide cross protection to subsequent challenge with virulent strains. ..
  16. Generation of Genetically Attenuated Rickettsiae
    Abdu Azad; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The underlying hypothesis tested is whether recombinant strains with altered genes maintain their immunogenicity within mammals and provide cross protection to subsequent challenge with virulent strains. ..
  17. LYME DISEASE IN WESTERN USA--ECOLOGY AND EPIDEMIOLOGY
    Robert Lane; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..Finally, 3 kinds of archival museum specimens (ticks, woodrat skins, Native American skeletal remains) will be assayed for Bb-nucleic acid with the polymerase chain reaction to determine the antiquity of LD in this region...
  18. LYME DISEASE IN WESTERN USA: ECOLOGY AND EPIDEMIOLOGY
    Robert Lane; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..And anti-complement activity in saliva of human-biting vector ticks (2 spp.) As determinants of reservoir-host competence or vector competence for Bb sl or relapsing fever group spirochetes present in the western USA. ..
  19. LYME DISEASE IN WESTERN USA: ECOLOGY AND EPIDEMIOLOGY
    Robert Lane; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Development of this risk model, which culminates over 2 decades of intensive study, should contribute significantly to our knowledge of the landscape ecology and epidemiology of LD in this region. ..
  20. LYME DISEASE IN WESTERN USA--ECOLOGY AND EPIDEMIOLOGY
    Robert Lane; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..The effects of exposure to direct sunlight or of spirochetal infection on questing by immature ticks also will be determined...
  21. Dissecting Mechanisms of Host Manipulation by Pathogens
    NOAH WHITEMAN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....