lepidoptera

Summary

Summary: A large order of insects comprising the butterflies and moths.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Toward reconstructing the evolution of advanced moths and butterflies (Lepidoptera: Ditrysia): an initial molecular study
    Jerome C Regier
    Center for Biosystems Research, University of Maryland Biotechnology Institute, College Park, 20742, USA
    BMC Evol Biol 9:280. 2009
  2. ncbi RNA interference in Lepidoptera: an overview of successful and unsuccessful studies and implications for experimental design
    Olle Terenius
    Department of Ecology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden
    J Insect Physiol 57:231-45. 2011
  3. pmc Galleria mellonella as a model system for studying Listeria pathogenesis
    Krishnendu Mukherjee
    Institute for Phytopathology and Applied Zoology, Justus Liebig University, Frankfurter Strasse 107, 35392 Giessen, Germany
    Appl Environ Microbiol 76:310-7. 2010
  4. pmc Extreme diversity of tropical parasitoid wasps exposed by iterative integration of natural history, DNA barcoding, morphology, and collections
    M Alex Smith
    The Biodiversity Institute of Ontario, University of Guelph, Guelph Ontario, N1G 2W1 Canada
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:12359-64. 2008
  5. ncbi Biochemistry and genetics of insect resistance to Bacillus thuringiensis
    Juan Ferré
    Department of Genetics, University of Valencia, 46110 Burjassot Valencia, Spain
    Annu Rev Entomol 47:501-33. 2002
  6. pmc Allopatry as a gordian knot for taxonomists: patterns of DNA barcode divergence in arctic-alpine lepidoptera
    Marko Mutanen
    Zoological Museum, Department of Biology, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
    PLoS ONE 7:e47214. 2012
  7. pmc DNA barcoding the geometrid fauna of Bavaria (Lepidoptera): successes, surprises, and questions
    Axel Hausmann
    Entomology Department, Zoological Collection of the State of Bavaria, Munich, Germany
    PLoS ONE 6:e17134. 2011
  8. pmc Mitochondrial genome sequence and expression profiling for the legume pod borer Maruca vitrata (Lepidoptera: Crambidae)
    Venu M Margam
    Department of Entomology, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e16444. 2011
  9. pmc Census of the bacterial community of the gypsy moth larval midgut by using culturing and culture-independent methods
    Nichole A Broderick
    Department of Entomology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 70:293-300. 2004
  10. pmc Can deliberately incomplete gene sample augmentation improve a phylogeny estimate for the advanced moths and butterflies (Hexapoda: Lepidoptera)?
    Soowon Cho
    Department of Entomology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    Syst Biol 60:782-96. 2011

Detail Information

Publications335 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Toward reconstructing the evolution of advanced moths and butterflies (Lepidoptera: Ditrysia): an initial molecular study
    Jerome C Regier
    Center for Biosystems Research, University of Maryland Biotechnology Institute, College Park, 20742, USA
    BMC Evol Biol 9:280. 2009
    In the mega-diverse insect order Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths; 165,000 described species), deeper relationships are little understood within the clade Ditrysia, to which 98% of the species belong...
  2. ncbi RNA interference in Lepidoptera: an overview of successful and unsuccessful studies and implications for experimental design
    Olle Terenius
    Department of Ecology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden
    J Insect Physiol 57:231-45. 2011
    ..However, in Lepidoptera (moths and butterflies) RNAi has many times proven to be difficult to achieve...
  3. pmc Galleria mellonella as a model system for studying Listeria pathogenesis
    Krishnendu Mukherjee
    Institute for Phytopathology and Applied Zoology, Justus Liebig University, Frankfurter Strasse 107, 35392 Giessen, Germany
    Appl Environ Microbiol 76:310-7. 2010
    ..isolated from a wide variety of settings from both the clinic and the environment...
  4. pmc Extreme diversity of tropical parasitoid wasps exposed by iterative integration of natural history, DNA barcoding, morphology, and collections
    M Alex Smith
    The Biodiversity Institute of Ontario, University of Guelph, Guelph Ontario, N1G 2W1 Canada
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:12359-64. 2008
    ....
  5. ncbi Biochemistry and genetics of insect resistance to Bacillus thuringiensis
    Juan Ferré
    Department of Genetics, University of Valencia, 46110 Burjassot Valencia, Spain
    Annu Rev Entomol 47:501-33. 2002
    ..The understanding of the biochemical and genetic basis of resistance to Bt can help design appropriate management tactics to delay or reduce the evolution of resistance in insect populations...
  6. pmc Allopatry as a gordian knot for taxonomists: patterns of DNA barcode divergence in arctic-alpine lepidoptera
    Marko Mutanen
    Zoological Museum, Department of Biology, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
    PLoS ONE 7:e47214. 2012
    ..on the levels and patterns of sequence divergence among populations of 122 arctic-alpine species of Lepidoptera from the Alps, Fennoscandia and North America...
  7. pmc DNA barcoding the geometrid fauna of Bavaria (Lepidoptera): successes, surprises, and questions
    Axel Hausmann
    Entomology Department, Zoological Collection of the State of Bavaria, Munich, Germany
    PLoS ONE 6:e17134. 2011
    ..The present study provides a comprehensive DNA barcode library for the Geometridae, one of the most diverse of insect families...
  8. pmc Mitochondrial genome sequence and expression profiling for the legume pod borer Maruca vitrata (Lepidoptera: Crambidae)
    Venu M Margam
    Department of Entomology, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e16444. 2011
    ..14,054 bp near complete sequencing of the mitochondrial genome of the legume pod borer (LPB), Maruca vitrata (Lepidoptera: Crambidae), which we subsequently used to estimate divergence and relationships within the lepidopteran ..
  9. pmc Census of the bacterial community of the gypsy moth larval midgut by using culturing and culture-independent methods
    Nichole A Broderick
    Department of Entomology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 70:293-300. 2004
    Little is known about bacteria associated with Lepidoptera, the large group of mostly phytophagous insects comprising the moths and butterflies...
  10. pmc Can deliberately incomplete gene sample augmentation improve a phylogeny estimate for the advanced moths and butterflies (Hexapoda: Lepidoptera)?
    Soowon Cho
    Department of Entomology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    Syst Biol 60:782-96. 2011
    ..poorly understood deeper relationships in the large clade Ditrysia ( > 150,000 species) of the insect order Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths)...
  11. pmc Parallel evolution of Bacillus thuringiensis toxin resistance in lepidoptera
    Simon W Baxter
    Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, United Kingdom
    Genetics 189:675-9. 2011
    ..Here we report genetic mapping of a membrane transporter (ABCC2) to a locus controlling Bt Cry1Ac toxin resistance in two lepidopterans, implying that this protein plays a critical role in Bt function...
  12. ncbi The complete mitochondrial genome of Spilonota lechriaspis Meyrick (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae)
    Jin Liang Zhao
    Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Biodiversity and Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing, 210046, China
    Mol Biol Rep 38:3757-64. 2011
    We determined the nucleotide sequence of the mitochondrial genome (mtgenome) of Spilonota lechriaspis Meyrick (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae)...
  13. ncbi Structural characteristics and phylogenetic analysis of the mitochondrial genome of the sugarcane borer, Diatraea saccharalis (Lepidoptera: Crambidae)
    Weiwei Li
    Sichuan Key Laboratory of Conservation Biology on Endangered Wildlife, College of Life Sciences, Sichuan University, Chengdu, PR China
    DNA Cell Biol 30:3-8. 2011
    ..The complete mitochondrial sequences of D. saccharalis reported in this study can provide useful data in analyzing divergence of lepidopteran insects and in developing DNA-based diagnoses and genetic makers...
  14. pmc DNA barcodes for 1/1000 of the animal kingdom
    Paul D N Hebert
    Biodiversity Institute of Ontario, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada, N1G 2W1
    Biol Lett 6:359-62. 2010
    This study reports DNA barcodes for more than 1300 Lepidoptera species from the eastern half of North America, establishing that 99.3 per cent of these species possess diagnostic barcode sequences...
  15. ncbi Candidate chemosensory ionotropic receptors in a Lepidoptera
    V Olivier
    INRA, UMR 1272 INRA UPMC PISC Physiologie de l Insecte Signalisation et Communication, Route de Saint Cyr, Versailles, France
    Insect Mol Biol 20:189-99. 2011
    ..Our data suggest that we identified members of the insect IR chemosensory receptor family in S. littoralis and we report here the first demonstration of IR expression in Lepidoptera.
  16. pmc Virulence of serotype M3 Group A Streptococcus strains in wax worms (Galleria mellonella larvae)
    Randall J Olsen
    The Methodist Hospital Research Institute, Houston, TX, USA
    Virulence 2:111-9. 2011
    ..We conclude that GAS virulence in wax worms strongly correlates with the data obtained in vertebrate models, and thus, the Galleria mellonella larva is a useful host organism to study GAS pathogenesis...
  17. pmc A mechanism of cell death involving an adenylyl cyclase/PKA signaling pathway is induced by the Cry1Ab toxin of Bacillus thuringiensis
    Xuebin Zhang
    Biological Targets Inc, Dallas, TX 75235, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:9897-902. 2006
    ..The discovery of a toxin-induced cell death pathway specifically linked to BT-R(1) in insect cells should provide insights into how insects evolve resistance to Bt and into the development of new, safer insecticides...
  18. pmc DNA barcodes distinguish species of tropical Lepidoptera
    Mehrdad Hajibabaei
    Department of Integrative Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada N1G 2W1
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:968-71. 2006
    ..Here we show that cytochrome c oxidase I DNA barcodes effectively discriminate among species in three Lepidoptera families from Area de Conservación Guanacaste in northwestern Costa Rica. We found that 97...
  19. pmc Renewable and nonrenewable resources: amino acid turnover and allocation to reproduction in Lepidoptera
    Diane M O'Brien
    Center for Conservation Biology, Department of Biological Sciences, 371 Serra Mall, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 5020, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99:4413-8. 2002
    ..This study demonstrates that female Lepidoptera can synthesize a large fraction of egg amino acids from nectar sugars, using endogenous sources of nitrogen...
  20. ncbi Large-scale evolutionary patterns of host plant associations in the Lepidoptera
    Steph B J Menken
    Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics, Section Evolutionary Biology, University of Amsterdam, Kruislaan 318, 1098 SM Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Evolution 64:1098-119. 2010
    We characterized evolutionary patterns of host plant use across about 2500 species of British Lepidoptera, using character optimization and independent phylogenetic contrasts among 95 operational taxa, and evaluated the extent to which ..
  21. pmc Transcriptome sequencing, and rapid development and application of SNP markers for the legume pod borer Maruca vitrata (Lepidoptera: Crambidae)
    Venu M Margam
    Department of Entomology, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e21388. 2011
    The legume pod borer, Maruca vitrata (Lepidoptera: Crambidae), is an insect pest species of crops grown by subsistence farmers in tropical regions of Africa...
  22. pmc The complete mitochondrial genome of the fall webworm, Hyphantria cunea (Lepidoptera: Arctiidae)
    Fang Liao
    1 College of Life Sciences, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, China
    Int J Biol Sci 6:172-86. 2010
    The complete mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) of the fall webworm, Hyphantria cunea (Lepidoptera: Arctiidae) was determined. The genome is a circular molecule 15 481 bp long...
  23. ncbi Polydnavirus genomes reflect their dual roles as mutualists and pathogens
    Bruce A Webb
    Department of Entomology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506, USA
    Virology 347:160-74. 2006
    ....
  24. ncbi Changes of inheritance mode and fitness in Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) along with its resistance evolution to Cry1Ac toxin
    Ge Mei Liang
    State Key Laboratory for Biology of Plant Diseases and Insect Pests, Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100094, China
    J Invertebr Pathol 97:142-9. 2008
    ..79, 0.64 and 0.59 in their respective BtR-F(16), BtR-F(34) and BtR-F(87) strains...
  25. ncbi The differential effects of herbivory by first and fourth instars of Trichoplusia ni (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) on photosynthesis in Arabidopsis thaliana
    Jennie Y Tang
    Department of Plant Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 265 Morrill Hall, 505 S Goodwin Ave, Urbana, IL 61801 3707, USA
    J Exp Bot 57:527-36. 2006
    ..The mode of feeding by different instars of T. ni determined the photosynthetic response to herbivory, which appeared to be mediated by the level of water stress associated with herbivore damage...
  26. ncbi The complete mitochondrial genome of the yellow coaster, Acraea issoria (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Heliconiinae: Acraeini): sequence, gene organization and a unique tRNA translocation event
    Jing Hu
    College of Life Sciences, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu, 241000, China
    Mol Biol Rep 37:3431-8. 2010
    In this paper, the complete mitochondrial genome of Acraea issoria (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Heliconiinae: Acraeini) is reported; a circular molecule of 15,245 bp in size. For A...
  27. pmc Mitochondrial DNA analysis of field populations of Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) and of its relationship to H. zea
    Gajanan T Behere
    Centre for Environmental Stress and Adaptation Research, Department of Genetics, Bio21 Institute of Molecular Science and Biotechnology, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Australia
    BMC Evol Biol 7:117. 2007
    ..armigera has been doubted, due to its wide distribution and plant host range across the Old World. This study explores the global genetic diversity of H. armigera and its evolutionary relationship to H zea...
  28. ncbi Immunity or digestion: glucanase activity in a glucan-binding protein family from Lepidoptera
    Yannick Pauchet
    Department of Entomology, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology, Beutenberg Campus, Hans Knoell Str 8, 07745 Jena, Germany
    J Biol Chem 284:2214-24. 2009
    ..Homologs of this predominantly midgut-expressed gene from many Lepidoptera possess key residues shown to be part of the active site of other glucanases, and form a cluster that is ..
  29. ncbi The genome sequence and evolution of baculoviruses
    Elisabeth A Herniou
    Department of Biological Sciences, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, London SW7 2AZ, United Kingdom
    Annu Rev Entomol 48:211-34. 2003
    ..Examination of gene order conservation revealed a core gene cluster of four genes, helicase, lef-5, ac96, and 38K(ac98), whose relative positions are conserved in all baculovirus genomes...
  30. ncbi Genomic outposts serve the phylogenomic pioneers: designing novel nuclear markers for genomic DNA extractions of lepidoptera
    Niklas Wahlberg
    Department of Zoology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden
    Syst Biol 57:231-42. 2008
    ..We test this approach on Lepidoptera, searching the draft genomic sequence of the silk moth Bombyx mori, for exons > 500 bp in length, removing ..
  31. ncbi Genome of the most widely used viral biopesticide: Anticarsia gemmatalis multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus
    Juliana Velasco de Castro Oliveira
    Laboratório de Evolução Molecular e Bionformática, Departamento de Microbiologia, Instituto de Ciencias Biomedicas, Universidade de Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
    J Gen Virol 87:3233-50. 2006
    ..fumiferana MNPV), sharing eight defining genes, and the Autographa californica MNPV (AcMNPV) lineage (AcMNPV, Rachiplusia ou NPV and Bombyx mori NPV), sharing nine defining genes...
  32. ncbi Sequestration of defensive substances from plants by Lepidoptera
    Ritsuo Nishida
    Laboratory of Chemical Ecology, Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606 8502, Japan
    Annu Rev Entomol 47:57-92. 2002
    ..This review illustrates the biochemical, physiological, and ecological characteristics of phytochemical-based defense systems that can shed light on the evolution of the widely developed sequestering lifestyles among the Lepidoptera.
  33. pmc Characterization of the complete mitochondrial genomes of Cnaphalocrocis medinalis and Chilo suppressalis (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae)
    Huan Na Chai
    Institute of Applied Entomology, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225009, China
    Int J Biol Sci 8:561-79. 2012
    The complete mitochondrial genomes (mitogenomes) of Cnaphalocrocis medinalis and Chilo suppressalis (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) were determined and analyzed. The circular genomes were 15,388 bp long for C. medinalis and 15,395 bp long for C...
  34. pmc Galleria mellonella as a model host to study infection by the Francisella tularensis live vaccine strain
    George Aperis
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Massachusetts General Hospital, Gray Jackson 504, 55 Fruit Street, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    Microbes Infect 9:729-34. 2007
    We used the killing of Galleria mellonella (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae; the greater wax moth) caterpillar by the live vaccine strain (LVS) of Francisella tularensis to develop an invertebrate host system that can be used to study F...
  35. ncbi Sex chromosomes and sex determination in Lepidoptera
    W Traut
    Universitat Lubeck, Zentrum fur Medizinische Strukturbiologie, Institut fur Biologie, Lubeck, Germany
    Sex Dev 1:332-46. 2007
    The speciose insect order Lepidoptera (moths and butterflies) and their closest relatives, Trichoptera (caddis flies), share a female-heterogametic sex chromosome system...
  36. ncbi Barcoding lepidoptera: current situation and perspectives on the usefulness of a contentious technique
    Karina L Silva-Brandão
    Depto de Entomologia e Acarologia, Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz, Univ de São Paulo, Piracicaba, SP
    Neotrop Entomol 38:441-51. 2009
    ..For insects of the order Lepidoptera neither side seems totally correct or wrong, and although many groups of lepidopterans have been taxonomically ..
  37. ncbi Survey of a salivary effector in caterpillars: glucose oxidase variation and correlation with host range
    Herb Eichenseer
    Pioneeer Hi Bred International Crop Genetics Research and Development, Johnston, IA 50131, USA
    J Chem Ecol 36:885-97. 2010
    ..In this study, we examined the labial gland GOX activities in 23 families of Lepidoptera (85 species) and two families of plant-feeding Hymenoptera (three species)...
  38. ncbi The complete nucleotide sequence of the mitochondrial genome of the cabbage butterfly, Artogeia melete (Lepidoptera: Pieridae)
    Guiyun Hong
    Department of Biotechnology, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230009, China
    Acta Biochim Biophys Sin (Shanghai) 41:446-55. 2009
    ..The gene order of A. melete mitogenome is typical of Lepidoptera and differs from the insect ancestral type in the location of trnM. The A...
  39. ncbi Identification of receptors of main sex-pheromone components of three Lepidopteran species
    Hidefumi Mitsuno
    Division of Applied Biosciences, Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan
    Eur J Neurosci 28:893-902. 2008
    ....
  40. pmc A gene-based linkage map for Bicyclus anynana butterflies allows for a comprehensive analysis of synteny with the lepidopteran reference genome
    Patricia Beldade
    Institute of Biology, Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands
    PLoS Genet 5:e1000366. 2009
    ..This is discussed in relation to the identification of the loci contributing to color pattern evolution in butterflies...
  41. pmc Phylogeography and genetic diversity of a widespread Old World butterfly, Lampides boeticus (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae)
    David J Lohman
    Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, 14 Science Drive 4, Singapore 117543, Republic of Singapore
    BMC Evol Biol 8:301. 2008
    ..With a distribution on four continents ranging throughout most of the Old World, Lampides boeticus (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) is one of the most widely distributed species of butterfly...
  42. pmc Contributions of gut bacteria to Bacillus thuringiensis-induced mortality vary across a range of Lepidoptera
    Nichole A Broderick
    Department of Entomology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA
    BMC Biol 7:11. 2009
    ..thuringiensis strain, and environment affect the wide range of susceptibilities among Lepidoptera, but the interaction of gut bacteria with these factors is not understood...
  43. ncbi Bitter gourd proteinase inhibitors: potential growth inhibitors of Helicoverpa armigera and Spodoptera litura
    Manasi Telang
    Plant Molecular Biology Unit, Division of Biochemical Sciences, National Chemical Laboratory, Pune 411 008, India
    Phytochemistry 63:643-52. 2003
    ..armigera and S. litura. The results advocate use of BGPIs to introduce insect resistance in otherwise susceptible plants...
  44. pmc A molecular phylogeny for yponomeutoidea (insecta, Lepidoptera, ditrysia) and its implications for classification, biogeography and the evolution of host plant use
    Jae Cheon Sohn
    Department of Entomology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, USA
    PLoS ONE 8:e55066. 2013
    Yponomeutoidea, one of the early-diverging lineages of ditrysian Lepidoptera, comprise about 1,800 species worldwide, including notable pests and insect-plant interaction models...
  45. pmc Sialome of a generalist lepidopteran herbivore: identification of transcripts and proteins from Helicoverpa armigera labial salivary glands
    Maria de la Paz Celorio-Mancera
    Department of Entomology, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology, Jena, Germany
    PLoS ONE 6:e26676. 2011
    ..This identification of secreted salivary gland proteins allows a more comprehensive understanding of insect feeding and poses new challenges for the elucidation of protein function...
  46. ncbi Pre-exposure of Galleria mellonella larvae to different doses of Aspergillus fumigatus conidia causes differential activation of cellular and humoral immune responses
    John P Fallon
    Medical Mycology Unit, Department of Biology, National Institute for Cellular Biotechnology, National University of Ireland, Maynooth, Ireland
    Virulence 2:413-21. 2011
    ....
  47. pmc Mobilizing the genome of Lepidoptera through novel sequence gains and end creation by non-autonomous Lep1 Helitrons
    Brad S Coates
    1USDA ARS, Corn Insect and Crop Genetics Research Unit, 113 Genetics Laboratory, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA
    DNA Res 19:11-21. 2012
    ..These findings are important in understanding the structural requirements of genomic DNA sequences that are acquired and transposed by Helitron-like TEs...
  48. pmc Complexity and variability of gut commensal microbiota in polyphagous lepidopteran larvae
    Xiaoshu Tang
    Department of Bioorganic Chemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology, Jena, Germany
    PLoS ONE 7:e36978. 2012
    ..However, the complexity, dynamics and types of interactions between the insect hosts and their gut microbiota are far from being well understood...
  49. ncbi Insecticide resistance in populations of the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella (L.) (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae), from the state of Pernambuco, Brazil
    V C Santos
    Depto de Agronomia Entomologia, Univ Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Recife, PE, Brasil
    Neotrop Entomol 40:264-70. 2011
    ..These results indicated that control failures were associated with resistance by some of the evaluated insecticides, reinforcing the need for resistance management in areas of the state of Pernambuco...
  50. pmc Oral Candida albicans isolates from HIV-positive individuals have similar in vitro biofilm-forming ability and pathogenicity as invasive Candida isolates
    Juliana C Junqueira
    Department of Biosciences and Oral Diagnosis, Univ Estadual Paulista UNESP, Eng, Francisco José Longo, Sao Jose dos Campos, Brazil
    BMC Microbiol 11:247. 2011
    ..We assessed the pathogenicity of the strains by infecting G. mellonella animals with Candida strains and observing survival...
  51. ncbi Complete mitochondrial genome of Kallima inachus (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Nymphalinae): comparison of K. inachus and Argynnis hyperbius
    Xin Min Qin
    College of Life Science, Key Laboratory of Ecology of Rare and Endangered Species and Environmental Protection Guangxi Normal University, Ministry of Education, Guilin, Guangxi 541004, PR China
    Mitochondrial DNA 23:318-20. 2012
    In this paper, we sequenced the complete mitochondrial genome of Kallima inachus (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Nymphalinae), which is considered a rare species in China. The genome is 15,183 bp in size...
  52. pmc The complete mitochondrial genomes of two ghost moths, Thitarodes renzhiensis and Thitarodes yunnanensis: the ancestral gene arrangement in Lepidoptera
    Yong Qiang Cao
    Key Laboratory of Tropical Forest Ecology, Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, China
    BMC Genomics 13:276. 2012
    b>Lepidoptera encompasses more than 160,000 described species that have been classified into 45-48 superfamilies...
  53. pmc Field evolved resistance in Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) to Bacillus thuringiensis toxin Cry1Ac in Pakistan
    Anwaar H K Alvi
    Department of Entomology, PMAS Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan
    PLoS ONE 7:e47309. 2012
    ..Resistance to Cry1Ac was probably due to a single but unstable factor suggesting that crop rotation with non-Bt cotton or other crops could reduce the selection pressure for H. armigera and improve the sustainability of Bt cotton...
  54. pmc Three cadherin alleles associated with resistance to Bacillus thuringiensis in pink bollworm
    Shai Morin
    Department of Entomology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:5004-9. 2003
    ..Together with previous evidence, the results reported here identify the cadherin gene as a leading target for DNA-based screening of resistance to Bt crops in lepidopteran pests...
  55. ncbi Major putative pesticide receptors, detoxification enzymes, and transcriptional profile of the midgut of the tobacco budworm, Heliothis virescens (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)
    Yu Cheng Zhu
    USDA ARS JWDSRC, Stoneville, MS 38776, USA
    J Invertebr Pathol 106:296-307. 2011
    ..Future development resistance management strategies could benefit from this study and help continue research to identify key genes targetable by classic and novel approaches...
  56. ncbi Development, survival and fitness performance of Helicoverpa zea (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in MON810 Bt field corn
    T A Horner
    USDA, APHIS, PPQ, 4700 River Road, Unit 133, Riverdale, MD 20737, USA
    J Econ Entomol 96:914-24. 2003
    ..zea populations. Implications of localized population suppression are discussed...
  57. ncbi Transcriptomic profiling of Microplitis demolitor bracovirus reveals host, tissue and stage-specific patterns of activity
    Kavita Bitra
    Department of Entomology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
    J Gen Virol 92:2060-71. 2011
    ..demolitor, albeit at much lower levels than in P. includens. However, another encapsidated gene (orph-B1) was expressed in adult M. demolitor at similar levels to those detected in P. includens...
  58. ncbi Physiological significance of alternatively spliced exon combinations of the single-copy gene class A chitin synthase in the insect Ostrinia furnacalis (Lepidoptera)
    M Qu
    School of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, China
    Insect Mol Biol 21:395-404. 2012
    ..Spliced exons 2a and 2b have also been observed in Bombyx mori; therefore, this work provides new insights into the regulation of insect chitin synthase, particularly in lepidopteran insects...
  59. pmc Towards a global barcode library for Lymantria (Lepidoptera: Lymantriinae) tussock moths of biosecurity concern
    Jeremy R deWaard
    Forest Sciences, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    PLoS ONE 5:e14280. 2010
    ....
  60. ncbi Mitochondrial genome of the cotton bollworm Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) and comparison with other Lepidopterans
    Jiao Yin
    State Key Laboratory for Biology of Plant Diseases and Insect Pests, Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing, People s Republic of China
    Mitochondrial DNA 21:160-9. 2010
    ..The H. armigera A+T-rich region contains a conserved structure combining the motif ATAGA and a 19-bp poly-T stretch, but absence of the 9-bp poly-A element upstream of trnM...
  61. ncbi Simultaneous feeding by aboveground and belowground herbivores attenuates plant-mediated attraction of their respective natural enemies
    Sergio Rasmann
    Evolutionary Entomology, Institute of Zoology, University of Neuchatel, Rue Emile Argand 11, CP 158, CH 2009 Neuchatel, Switzerland
    Ecol Lett 10:926-36. 2007
    ..This first study to measure effects of belowground herbivory on aboveground tritrophic signalling and vice-versa reemphasizes the important role of plants in bridging interactions between spatially distinct components of the ecosystem...
  62. ncbi Complete nucleotide sequence and organization of the mitogenome of the red-spotted apollo butterfly, Parnassius bremeri (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae) and comparison with other lepidopteran insects
    Man Il Kim
    College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Chonnam National University, Gwangju 500 757, Korea
    Mol Cells 28:347-63. 2009
    The 15,389-bp long complete mitogenome of the endangered red-spotted apollo butterfly, Parnassius bremeri (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae) was determined in this study...
  63. ncbi Repetitive genome elements in a European corn borer, Ostrinia nubilalis, bacterial artificial chromosome library were indicated by bacterial artificial chromosome end sequencing and development of sequence tag site markers: implications for lepidopteran g
    Brad S Coates
    USDA ARS, Corn Insects and Crop Genetics Research Unit, Genetics Laboratory, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA
    Genome 52:57-67. 2009
    ..Single-locus sequence tag site markers described here have downstream application for integration within linkage maps and comparative genomic studies...
  64. ncbi Oligopeptide permease is required for expression of the Bacillus thuringiensis plcR regulon and for virulence
    M Gominet
    , CNRS (URA2172, Institut Pasteur, 25 rue du Docteur Roux, 75724 Paris Cedex, France
    Mol Microbiol 40:963-75. 2001
    ..subtilis. However, analysis of plcR expression in DeltaoppB, Deltaspo0A and DeltaoppB Deltaspo0A mutants indicates that Opp is required for plcR expression via a Spo0A-independent mechanism...
  65. pmc Key biosynthetic gene subfamily recruited for pheromone production prior to the extensive radiation of Lepidoptera
    Marjorie A Liénard
    Chemical Ecology and Ecotoxicology, Department of Ecology, Lund University, Ecology Building, SE 22362, Lund, Sweden
    BMC Evol Biol 8:270. 2008
    ..of these compounds and to a large extent they account for the great diversity of pheromone structures in Lepidoptera. A novel desaturase gene subfamily that displays Delta11 catalytic activities has been highlighted to account ..
  66. pmc A maize (E)-beta-caryophyllene synthase implicated in indirect defense responses against herbivores is not expressed in most American maize varieties
    Tobias G Köllner
    Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology, D 07745 Jena, Germany
    Plant Cell 20:482-94. 2008
    ..We argue that the (E)-beta-caryophyllene defense signal was lost during breeding of the North American lines and that its restoration might help to increase the resistance of these lines against agronomically important pests...
  67. ncbi The complete nucleotide sequence of the mitochondrial genome of Phthonandria atrilineata (Lepidoptera: Geometridae)
    Ling Yang
    School of Life Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, 230027, People s Republic of China
    Mol Biol Rep 36:1441-9. 2009
    ..The phylogenetic relationships were reconstructed with the concatenated sequences of the 13 PCGs of the mitochondrial genome, which confirmed that P. atrilineata is most closely related to the superfamily Bombycoidea...
  68. ncbi A helitron-like transposon superfamily from lepidoptera disrupts (GAAA)(n) microsatellites and is responsible for flanking sequence similarity within a microsatellite family
    Brad S Coates
    USDA ARS, Iowa State University, Ames, 50011, USA
    J Mol Evol 70:275-88. 2010
    ..Transposition of MINE-1 members in Lepidoptera has resulted in the disruption of (GAAA)(n) microsatellite loci, has impacted the application of microsatellite-..
  69. ncbi Mapping the larval midgut lumen proteome of Helicoverpa armigera, a generalist herbivorous insect
    Yannick Pauchet
    Department of Entomology and Mass Spectrometry Research Group, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology, Hans Knöll Str 8, D 07745 Jena, Germany
    J Proteome Res 7:1629-39. 2008
    ..Identification of the set of proteins that are secreted into the lumen will enable us to further characterize the nutritional and defensive functions of this important intraorganismal space...
  70. ncbi Silencing a cotton bollworm P450 monooxygenase gene by plant-mediated RNAi impairs larval tolerance of gossypol
    Ying Bo Mao
    National Key Laboratory of Plant Molecular Genetics, Institute of Plant Physiology and Ecology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200032, P R China
    Nat Biotechnol 25:1307-13. 2007
    ....
  71. ncbi Antennal SNMPs (sensory neuron membrane proteins) of Lepidoptera define a unique family of invertebrate CD36-like proteins
    M E Rogers
    Department of Biological Sciences, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina 29208, USA
    J Neurobiol 49:47-61. 2001
    ..The SNMPs are the only identified neuronal members of the CD36 family, and as such expand the activities of this gene family into roles influencing brain function and behavioral action...
  72. pmc Ikappabeta-related vankyrin genes in the Campoletis sonorensis ichnovirus: temporal and tissue-specific patterns of expression in parasitized Heliothis virescens lepidopteran hosts
    Jeremy A Kroemer
    University of Kentucky, Department of Entomology, S 225 Agricultural Sciences Center North, Lexington, KY 40546, USA
    J Virol 79:7617-28. 2005
    ..We hypothesize that PDV vankyrin genes may suppress NF-kappabeta activity during immune responses and developmental cascades in parasitized lepidopteran hosts of C. sonorensis...
  73. ncbi Why are there so many species of herbivorous insects in tropical rainforests?
    Vojtech Novotny
    Institute of Entomology, Czech Academy of Sciences and Department of Zoology, University of South Bohemia, Branisovska 31, 370 05 Ceske Budejovice, Czech Republic
    Science 313:1115-8. 2006
    ..These findings suggest that the latitudinal gradient in insect species richness could be a direct function of plant diversity, which increased sevenfold from our temperate to tropical study sites...
  74. ncbi Knockdown of aminopeptidase-N from Helicoverpa armigera larvae and in transfected Sf21 cells by RNA interference reveals its functional interaction with Bacillus thuringiensis insecticidal protein Cry1Ac
    Swaminathan Sivakumar
    International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, New Delhi 110 067, India
    J Biol Chem 282:7312-9. 2007
    ..BIAcore analysis of HaAPN1/Cry1Ac interaction further established HaAPN1 as a ligand for Cry1Ac. This is the first functional demonstration of insect aminopeptidase-N of H. armigera being a receptor of Cry1Ac protein of B. thuringiensis...
  75. ncbi Identification, cloning and expression of a Cry1Ab cadherin receptor from European corn borer, Ostrinia nubilalis (Hubner) (Lepidoptera: Crambidae)
    Ronald D Flannagan
    Pioneer Hi Bred International Inc, 7301 NW 62nd Avenue, P O Box 85, Johnston, IA 50131 0085, USA
    Insect Biochem Mol Biol 35:33-40. 2005
    ..1 microg/ml. These results in combination suggest strongly that a cadherin-like protein acts as receptor and is involved with Cry1Ab toxicity in O. nubilalis...
  76. ncbi Cell wall composition as a maize defense mechanism against corn borers
    Jaime Barros-Rios
    Misión Biológica de Galicia CSIC, Apartado 28, E 36080 Pontevedra, Spain
    Phytochemistry 72:365-71. 2011
    ..Higher total cell wall, xylose, and 8-coupled diferulates concentrations appear to be possible mechanisms of corn borer resistance...
  77. pmc Biological identifications through DNA barcodes
    Paul D N Hebert
    Department of Zoology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1, Canada
    Proc Biol Sci 270:313-21. 2003
    ..Its assembly will also generate important new insights into the diversification of life and the rules of molecular evolution...
  78. ncbi Genetic structure of the polyphagous pest Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) across the Sub-Saharan cotton belt
    Jean Michel Vassal
    CIRAD, FR 34398 Montpellier, France
    Commun Agric Appl Biol Sci 73:433-7. 2008
    The cotton bollworm Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) is a key pest of various cropping systems in West and Central Africa, and developed insecticide resistance recently...
  79. ncbi Cloning, expression and characterization of four serpin-1 cDNA variants from the spruce budworm, Choristoneura fumiferana
    Y P Zheng
    Great Lakes Forestry Center, Canadian Forest Service, Sault Ste Marie, ON, Canada
    Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol 154:165-73. 2009
    ..Cfserpin-1a could bind with the serine proteinase elastase and form a complex in vitro. We hypothesize that the cloned serpins could be involved in the regulation of cuticle degradation during the insect molting cycle...
  80. ncbi Molecular identification and characterization of two new Lepidoptera chemoreceptors belonging to the Drosophila melanogaster OR83b family
    S Malpel
    INRA UPMC AgroParisTech UMR 1272 PISC Physiologie de l Insecte Signalisation et Communication, Versailles, France
    Insect Mol Biol 17:587-96. 2008
    ..transmembrane domains and an unusual topology with intracellular N-termini and extracellular C-termini, extending to Lepidoptera the hypothesis of an inverted topology for DOR83b orthologues, demonstrated to date only in D. melanogaster.
  81. ncbi Phylogeny of the mega-diverse Gelechioidea (Lepidoptera): adaptations and determinants of success
    Lauri Kaila
    Finnish Museum of Natural History, University of Helsinki, PO Box 17, Helsinki 00014, Finland
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 61:801-9. 2011
    ....
  82. ncbi Molecular identification and phylogenetic analysis of baculoviruses from Lepidoptera
    Johannes A Jehle
    Laboratory for Biotechnological Crop Protection, Department of Phytopathology, Agricultural Service Center Palatinate DLR Rheinpfalz, Breitenweg 71, 67435 Neustadt an der Weinstrasse, Germany
    Virology 346:180-93. 2006
    ....
  83. ncbi Subcellular localization of the fatty acyl reductase involved in pheromone biosynthesis in the tobacco budworm, Heliothis virescens (Noctuidae: Lepidoptera)
    Asa K Hagström
    Pheromone Group, Department of Biology, Lund University, Solvegatan 37, SE 223 62 Lund, Sweden
    Insect Biochem Mol Biol 43:510-21. 2013
    ..These results, together with previous data on the localization of desaturases, confirm the importance of the ER as a subcellular site of pheromone production...
  84. ncbi Evidence that the caterpillar salivary enzyme glucose oxidase provides herbivore offense in solanaceous plants
    Richard O Musser
    Department of Biological Sciences, Western Illinois University, Macomb, Illinois, USA
    Arch Insect Biochem Physiol 58:128-37. 2005
    ..Glucose oxidase is the first insect salivary enzyme shown to suppress wound-inducible herbivore defenses of plants...
  85. ncbi Plant allelochemicals differentially regulate Helicoverpa zea cytochrome P450 genes
    Xianchun Li
    Department of Plant Protection, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, China
    Insect Mol Biol 11:343-51. 2002
    ....
  86. pmc Assessing the value of DNA barcodes for molecular phylogenetics: effect of increased taxon sampling in lepidoptera
    John James Wilson
    Department of Integrative Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada
    PLoS ONE 6:e24769. 2011
    ..Here I test this hypothesis using a large dataset of macrolepidopteran DNA barcodes...
  87. ncbi Coevolution between pathogen-derived proteinases and proteinase inhibitors of host insects
    Andreas Vilcinskas
    Justus Liebig University of Giessen, Institute of Phytopathology and Applied Zoology at the Interdisciplinary Research Center, Giessen, Germany
    Virulence 1:206-14. 2010
    ....
  88. pmc Flavin-dependent monooxygenases as a detoxification mechanism in insects: new insights from the arctiids (lepidoptera)
    Sven Sehlmeyer
    Institute for Pharmaceutical Biology, TU Braunschweig, Braunschweig, Germany
    PLoS ONE 5:e10435. 2010
    ..However, the previously identified senecionine N-oxygenase of the arctiid moth Tyria jacobaeae (Lepidoptera) indicates that FMOs have been recruited during the adaptation of this insect to plants that accumulate toxic ..
  89. pmc Baculovirus per os infectivity factors form a complex on the surface of occlusion-derived virus
    Ke Peng
    Laboratory of Virology, Wageningen University, Droevendaalsesteeg 1, 6708 PB Wageningen, The Netherlands
    J Virol 84:9497-504. 2010
    ..We propose that PIF1, PIF2, PIF3, and P74 form an evolutionarily conserved complex on the ODV surface, which has an essential function in the initial stages of baculovirus oral infection...
  90. pmc Reduced levels of membrane-bound alkaline phosphatase are common to lepidopteran strains resistant to Cry toxins from Bacillus thuringiensis
    Juan Luis Jurat-Fuentes
    Department of Entomology and Plant Pathology, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e17606. 2011
    ....
  91. ncbi Fusion proteins containing insect-specific toxins as pest control agents: snowdrop lectin delivers fused insecticidal spider venom toxin to insect haemolymph following oral ingestion
    Elaine Fitches
    Central Science Laboratory, Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, Sand Hutton, York YO41 1LZ, UK
    J Insect Physiol 50:61-71. 2004
    ..SFI1/GNA and similar fusion proteins offer a novel and effective approach for delivering haemolymph active toxins by oral administration, which could be used in crop protection by expression in transgenic plants...
  92. pmc Population genetics of ecological communities with DNA barcodes: an example from New Guinea Lepidoptera
    Kathleen J Craft
    Department of Plant Biology, University of Minnesota, Saint Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:5041-6. 2010
    ..Contradictory estimates of host specificity and beta diversity in tropical Lepidoptera (moths and butterflies) from New Guinea and the Americas have sparked debate on the role of host-associated ..
  93. ncbi Purification and characterization of an N-acetylglucosamine-binding lectin from Koelreuteria paniculata seeds and its effect on the larval development of Callosobruchus maculatus (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) and Anagasta kuehniella (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae)
    Maria Ligia Rodrigues Macedo
    Laboratório de Purificação de Proteínas e suas Funções Biológicas, Departamento de Ciencias Naturais, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul UFMS, Avenida Olinto Mancini 1662, Colinos, CP 210, CEP 79603 011 Três Lagoas, MS, Brazil
    J Agric Food Chem 51:2980-6. 2003
    ..65% KpLec produced an LD(50), whereas 0.2% KpLec produced an ED(50). The transformation of genes coding for this lectin could be useful in the development of insect resistance in important agricultural crops...
  94. ncbi Adenanthera pavonina trypsin inhibitor retard growth of Anagasta kuehniella (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae)
    Maria Ligia Rodrigues Macedo
    Laboratório de Purificação de Proteínas e suas Funções Biológicas, Depto De Tecnologia de Alimentos e Saúde Pública, CCBS, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul, CP 549, CEP 79070 900, Brazil
    Arch Insect Biochem Physiol 73:213-31. 2010
    ..In addition, the tryptic activity in ApTI -fed larvae was sensitive to ApTI. These results suggest that ApTI have a potential antimetabolic effect when ingested by A. kuehniella...
  95. pmc Diverse genetic basis of field-evolved resistance to Bt cotton in cotton bollworm from China
    Haonan Zhang
    Key Laboratory of Integrated Management of Crop Diseases and Pests Ministry of Education, College of Plant Protection, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:10275-80. 2012
    ..The results suggest that resistance management strategies must account for diverse resistance alleles in field-selected populations, including nonrecessive alleles...
  96. ncbi Laboratory and field evaluations of transgenic soybean exhibiting high-dose expression of a synthetic Bacillus thuringiensis cry1A gene for control of Lepidoptera
    Ted C MacRae
    Monsanto Company, 700 Chesterfield Parkway West, Chesterfield, MO 63017, USA
    J Econ Entomol 98:577-87. 2005
    ..These results demonstrate that expression of TIC107 in soybean can not only achieve highly efficacious control of several lepidopterans under field conditions but also provide a high dose for effective insect resistance management...
  97. pmc Salivary glucose oxidase from caterpillars mediates the induction of rapid and delayed-induced defenses in the tomato plant
    Donglan Tian
    Department of Entomology, Center for Chemical Ecology, Penn State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, USA
    PLoS ONE 7:e36168. 2012
    ..Examination of saliva from other caterpillar species indicates that saliva from the noctuids Spodoptera exigua and Heliothis virescens also induced Pin2 transcripts...
  98. pmc Molecular phylogeny of the small ermine moth genus Yponomeuta (Lepidoptera, Yponomeutidae) in the palaearctic
    Hubert Turner
    Evolutionary Biology, Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    PLoS ONE 5:e9933. 2010
    The small ermine moth genus Yponomeuta (Lepidoptera, Yponomeutidae) contains 76 species that are specialist feeders on hosts from Celastraceae, Rosaceae, Salicaceae, and several other plant families...
  99. ncbi Physiology and glomerular projections of olfactory receptor neurons on the antenna of female Heliothis virescens (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) responsive to behaviorally relevant odors
    N K Hillier
    Department of Biology, University of Utah, Room 201 South Biology, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA
    J Comp Physiol A Neuroethol Sens Neural Behav Physiol 192:199-219. 2006
    ..Noctuidae: Lepidoptera) were investigated using a combination of cut-sensillum recording and cobalt-lysine staining techniques...
  100. ncbi Mutation in acetylcholinesterase1 associated with triazophos resistance in rice stem borer, Chilo suppressalis (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae)
    Xiaojing Jiang
    Key Laboratory of Monitoring and Management of Plant Diseases and Insects, Ministry of Agriculture, Nanjing Agricultural University, Weigang No 1, Nanjing 210095, China
    Biochem Biophys Res Commun 378:269-72. 2009
    ..The assay offers a prospect for rapid monitoring of resistance and assisting with the appropriate choice of insecticide for combating damage caused by C. suppressalis...
  101. pmc A comprehensive characterization of the caspase gene family in insects from the order Lepidoptera
    Juliette Courtiade
    Department of Entomology, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology, Jena, Germany
    BMC Genomics 12:357. 2011
    ..In Lepidoptera, apoptosis is crucial in processes such as metamorphosis or defending against baculovirus infection...

Research Grants35

  1. Functional Domains of Bacillus thuringiensis Endotoxins
    DONALD DEAN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..these toxins bind to specific receptors on the mosquito midgut as recognized in model insect-toxin studies (the Lepidoptera-toxin paradigm); i.e...
  2. INTERFERENCE WITH STEROID RESPONSE GENES IN LEPIDOPTERA
    Lynn Riddiford; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..this FIRCA proposal is to determine whether the new technique of double stranded RNA interference will work in Lepidoptera to provide us with a means of studying the effects of loss-of-function of these various factors to ascertain ..
  3. NEUROENDOCRINE REGULATION OF ENDOCRINE GLANDS
    NOELLE GRANGER; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..The CA of Lepidoptera such as the tobacco hornworm, Manduca sexta, are directly innervated by axons of cerebral neurosecretory and ..
  4. NATURAL GENETIC VARIATION IN VIVO METABOLIC IMPACT
    WARD WATT; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..An insect study system (genus Colias; Lepidoptera, Pieridae) will be used...
  5. EVOLUTION OF IMMUNE RECOGNITION AND EVASION
    Austin L Hughes; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In addition, by increasing our understanding of the population diversity and evolutionary history of human immune system genes, this research will enhance our knowledge of human immune function in health and disease. ..
  6. Gene Duplication and Genome Evolution
    Austin Hughes; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..5) Examining the role of transposable elements in duplication of genomic segments by testing for nonrandom association between these elements and putatively duplicated blocks in the yeast genome. ..
  7. Genetics and evolution of gene copy number polymorphism
    Erik Dopman; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..These long-term objectives have been formulated to test specific predictions for genes with variable copies. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  8. Nutritional and endocrine control of mosquito egg development.
    Aparna Telang; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Identification and characterization of these genes should expand our understanding of hematophagy and pathogen transmission in mosquito vectors. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  9. Enhancement of the Baculovirus Expression Vector System
    Bruce Webb; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The enhanced BEVS technology to be developed with this award has potential to significantly improve efficacy of protein production in all such medical applications. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  10. Baculovirus envelope proteins and insect cells
    GARY BLISSARD; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..In addition, results of many of these studies will be directly applicable to new and exciting biotechnological applications of baculoviruses in mammalian cells. ..
  11. Replication and processing of baculovirus genomes
    GEORGE ROHRMANN; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..From these studies, major advances in the elucidation of this important and possibly novel replication system are expected. ..
  12. Function of Laccases in Anopheles gambiae
    Michael R Kanost; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Disrupting laccase function may provide a new mechanism for controlling mosquito populations. ..
  13. Eradication of a Primary Filariasis Vector Population at an Endemic Field Site
    STEPHEN LEONARD DOBSON; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Integration of the vector eradication strategy and the MDA approach will facilitate filariasis elimination in areas where MDA alone has failed. ..
  14. Engineering transgenic silkworms to produce spider silk fibers
    Donald Jarvis; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..These projects will exploit current knowledge of specific peptide motifs contributing tensile strength or elasticity to spider silks. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  15. Genetics of Wing and Cell-Size Evolution in Nasonia
    John Werren; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ....
  16. PROTEINASE SYSTEMS IN INSECT HEMOLYMPH
    Michael R Kanost; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..sexta, to apply this knowledge to insect vectors of human diseases, and to apply advantages of the M. sexta system for fundamental studies on the regulation of serine protease activity. ..
  17. SECRETIONS OF ARTHROPODS
    Thomas Eisner; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Insects are major vectors of disease. An understanding of how insects depend on natural products for regulation of their biotic interactions is of broad applied significance to both medicine and agriculture. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  18. A Viral Vector for Gene Expression in Insects
    Ranjit Dasgupta; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..We expect to establish FHV vectors as a powerful new system to study gene function in a wide variety of medically important arthropods. ..
  19. Physiological response of Escherichia coli to temperature and desiccation stress
    SUSAN BORNSTEINFORST; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..coli die-off will be important for interpreting monitoring results of beaches and discerning whether elevated E. coli levels reflect human health risk. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  20. Pilot Studies in Biochemistry of Anopheles gambiae
    Michael Kanost; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..gambiae serpins and laccases. This project will be a start toward development of a new research area for the PI (mosquito biochemistry) that will build from his experience in biochemistry of other groups of insects. ..
  21. Evolutionary genomics of new Drosophila genes
    DAVEN PRESGRAVES; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The methods developed will be applicable in comparative analysis of other genomes, including those of humans and their primate relatives. ..
  22. Vector Population Modification Using Wolbachia Symbionts
    Stephen Dobson; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..g., maternal transmission rates and Wolbachia effects on host fitness), simplifying discrimination between Culex infection types, and improving methods for field cage evaluation of Wolbachia control strategies. ..
  23. RECEPTORS FROM MOSQUITO AEDES AEGYPTI EXCRETORY SYSTEM
    PATRICIA PIETRANTONIO; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Aegypti. To test the hypothesis, the applicant proposes to clone the receptor gene, localize the tissue expression by in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry and express the protein in transformed cells. ..
  24. Computations of Fold Changes in Evolution of Proteins
    Nick Grishin; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Finally, we will perform in silico evolution of model proteins under functional constraints and compare the results to those deduced from the analysis of natural sequences and structures. ..
  25. A novel transgenic silkworm system for recombinant glycoprotein production
    Donald L Jarvis; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Finally, these results will be of great interest to bioengineers working to overcome the evolutionary limitations of lower eukaryotic systems for recombinant glycoprotein production. ..
  26. Structural and Functional Studies on Proteins
    Jon Clardy; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This scan, if successful, would provide functional annotation for the endogenous function of previously characterized small molecules. Finally, some polypeptides with antibiotic activity will be investigated. ..
  27. Apoptosis as an anti-viral response in mosquito midgut
    ROLLIE CLEM; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  28. High-throughput Screens for P. falciparum Malaria (RMI)
    Jon Clardy; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Multi-component screens, based on the GFP-assay, will also be developed, identifying chemotypes that reverse drug resistance to previously effective agents. ..
  29. N-GLYCOSYLATION MECHANISM IN INSECT CELLS
    Donald L Jarvis; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  30. APPLICATIONS OF NATURAL PRODUCTS TO CHEMICAL BIOLOGY
    Jon Clardy; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  31. Highly Improved Bacterial Larvicides for Vector Control
    Brian Federici; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This collaboration has the common goal of having new products based on these recombinant bacteria on the market within five years, sooner if possible. ..
  32. Molecular mechanisms of X. nematophila-nematode interaction
    Heidi Goodrich Blair; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..nematophila during colonization, further define a colonization-specific regulon, and expand our knowledge of the role of a ubiquitous transcription factor in the natural ecology of a bacterium. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  33. FUNCTIONAL ANALYSIS OF ANTIAPOPTOTIC IAP PROTEINS
    ROLLIE CLEM; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  34. Phenotypic-based high throughput screens-Plasmodium(RMI)
    Jon Clardy; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Identification of cellular factors involved in parasitic invasion and transmission at the host cell erythrocyte is critical for understanding parasitic pathogenesis and should aid in the development of effective chemotherapeutics. ..