ants

Summary

Summary: Insects of the family Formicidae, very common and widespread, probably the most successful of all the insect groups. All ants are social insects, and most colonies contain three castes, queens, males, and workers. Their habits are often very elaborate and a great many studies have been made of ant behavior. Ants produce a number of secretions that function in offense, defense, and communication. (From Borror, et al., An Introduction to the Study of Insects, 4th ed, p676)

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Bottom-up effects of plant genotype on aphids, ants, and predators
    Marc T J Johnson
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario M5S 3B2, Canada
    Ecology 89:145-54. 2008
  2. pmc Draft genome of the red harvester ant Pogonomyrmex barbatus
    Chris R Smith
    Department of Biology, Earlham College, Richmond, IN 47374, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:5667-72. 2011
  3. pmc The genome of the fire ant Solenopsis invicta
    Yannick Wurm
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, University of Lausanne, 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:5679-84. 2011
  4. pmc Multi-phase defense by the big-headed ant, Pheidole obtusospinosa, against raiding army ants
    Ming H Huang
    Department of Entomology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA
    J Insect Sci 10:1. 2010
  5. pmc Genomic comparison of the ants Camponotus floridanus and Harpegnathos saltator
    Roberto Bonasio
    Department of Biochemistry, New York University School of Medicine, 522 First Avenue, New York, NY 10016, USA
    Science 329:1068-71. 2010
  6. pmc The genomic impact of 100 million years of social evolution in seven ant species
    Jurgen Gadau
    School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287, USA
    Trends Genet 28:14-21. 2012
  7. ncbi Phylogeny of the ants: diversification in the age of angiosperms
    Corrie S Moreau
    Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, 26 Oxford Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Science 312:101-4. 2006
  8. pmc Draft genome of the globally widespread and invasive Argentine ant (Linepithema humile)
    Christopher D Smith
    Department of Biology and Computer Science, San Francisco State University, San Francisco, CA 94132, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:5673-8. 2011
  9. doi Global invasion history of the fire ant Solenopsis invicta
    Marina S Ascunce
    USDA ARS Center for Medical, Agricultural, and Veterinary Entomology, 1600 1700 Southwest 23rd Drive, Gainesville, FL, USA
    Science 331:1066-8. 2011
  10. ncbi Optimal traffic organization in ants under crowded conditions
    Audrey Dussutour
    Centre de Recherches sur la Cognition Animale, UMR CNRS 5169, Universite Paul Sabatier, 118 route de Narbonne, F 31062 Toulouse Cedex 4, France
    Nature 428:70-3. 2004

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications349 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Bottom-up effects of plant genotype on aphids, ants, and predators
    Marc T J Johnson
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario M5S 3B2, Canada
    Ecology 89:145-54. 2008
    ..the effects of plant genotype (28 genotypes; 1064 plants), aphid density, and the presence/absence of mutualistic ants in affecting the per capita population growth of a specialist aphid herbivore, as well as the effects of plant ..
  2. pmc Draft genome of the red harvester ant Pogonomyrmex barbatus
    Chris R Smith
    Department of Biology, Earlham College, Richmond, IN 47374, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:5667-72. 2011
    ..g., wings and ovaries) show signatures of increased methylation and suggest that ants and bees may have independently co-opted the same gene regulatory mechanisms for reproductive division of labor...
  3. pmc The genome of the fire ant Solenopsis invicta
    Yannick Wurm
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, University of Lausanne, 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:5679-84. 2011
    b>Ants have evolved very complex societies and are key ecosystem members. Some ants, such as the fire ant Solenopsis invicta, are also major pests. Here, we present a draft genome of S...
  4. pmc Multi-phase defense by the big-headed ant, Pheidole obtusospinosa, against raiding army ants
    Ming H Huang
    Department of Entomology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA
    J Insect Sci 10:1. 2010
    Army ants are well known for their destructive raids of other ant colonies...
  5. pmc Genomic comparison of the ants Camponotus floridanus and Harpegnathos saltator
    Roberto Bonasio
    Department of Biochemistry, New York University School of Medicine, 522 First Avenue, New York, NY 10016, USA
    Science 329:1068-71. 2010
    The organized societies of ants include short-lived worker castes displaying specialized behavior and morphology and long-lived queens dedicated to reproduction...
  6. pmc The genomic impact of 100 million years of social evolution in seven ant species
    Jurgen Gadau
    School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287, USA
    Trends Genet 28:14-21. 2012
    b>Ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) represent one of the most successful eusocial taxa in terms of both their geographic distribution and species number...
  7. ncbi Phylogeny of the ants: diversification in the age of angiosperms
    Corrie S Moreau
    Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, 26 Oxford Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Science 312:101-4. 2006
    We present a large-scale molecular phylogeny of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), based on 4.5 kilobases of sequence data from six gene regions extracted from 139 of the 288 described extant genera, representing 19 of the 20 subfamilies...
  8. pmc Draft genome of the globally widespread and invasive Argentine ant (Linepithema humile)
    Christopher D Smith
    Department of Biology and Computer Science, San Francisco State University, San Francisco, CA 94132, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:5673-8. 2011
    b>Ants are some of the most abundant and familiar animals on Earth, and they play vital roles in most terrestrial ecosystems...
  9. doi Global invasion history of the fire ant Solenopsis invicta
    Marina S Ascunce
    USDA ARS Center for Medical, Agricultural, and Veterinary Entomology, 1600 1700 Southwest 23rd Drive, Gainesville, FL, USA
    Science 331:1066-8. 2011
    ..These results illustrate in stark fashion a severe negative consequence of an increasingly massive and interconnected global trade and travel system...
  10. ncbi Optimal traffic organization in ants under crowded conditions
    Audrey Dussutour
    Centre de Recherches sur la Cognition Animale, UMR CNRS 5169, Universite Paul Sabatier, 118 route de Narbonne, F 31062 Toulouse Cedex 4, France
    Nature 428:70-3. 2004
    ..Foraging ants, for example, form attractive trails that support the exploitation of initially unknown food sources in almost the ..
  11. pmc The genome of the leaf-cutting ant Acromyrmex echinatior suggests key adaptations to advanced social life and fungus farming
    Sanne Nygaard
    Centre for Social Evolution, Department of Biology, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken 15, DK 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
    Genome Res 21:1339-48. 2011
    ..We compare this genome with three previously sequenced genomes of ants from different subfamilies and focus our analyses on aspects of the genome likely to be associated with known ..
  12. pmc The genome sequence of the leaf-cutter ant Atta cephalotes reveals insights into its obligate symbiotic lifestyle
    Garret Suen
    Department of Bacteriology, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America
    PLoS Genet 7:e1002007. 2011
    Leaf-cutter ants are one of the most important herbivorous insects in the Neotropics, harvesting vast quantities of fresh leaf material. The ants use leaves to cultivate a fungus that serves as the colony's primary food source...
  13. pmc Trophallaxis and prophylaxis: social immunity in the carpenter ant Camponotus pennsylvanicus
    Casey Hamilton
    Department of Biology, Northeastern University, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Biol Lett 7:89-92. 2011
    ..antimicrobial activity of the regurgitate droplet, help explain the improved survival of droplet recipient ants relative to controls following an immune challenge...
  14. pmc Reduced genetic variation and the success of an invasive species
    N D Tsutsui
    Department of Biology 0116, University of California at San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093 0116, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 97:5948-53. 2000
    ..Of invasive taxa, ants are among the most widespread and harmful...
  15. pmc An insect herbivore microbiome with high plant biomass-degrading capacity
    Garret Suen
    Department of Energy Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America
    PLoS Genet 6:e1001129. 2010
    ..analyses, metagenomics, and whole-genome sequencing, we reveal that the fungus garden microbiome of leaf-cutter ants is composed of a diverse community of bacteria with high plant biomass-degrading capacity...
  16. ncbi Phylogeny and biogeography of dolichoderine ants: effects of data partitioning and relict taxa on historical inference
    Philip S Ward
    Department of Entomology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Syst Biol 59:342-62. 2010
    b>Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) are conspicuous organisms in most terrestrial ecosystems, often attaining high levels of abundance and diversity...
  17. ncbi Patterns and rates of nucleotide substitution, insertion and deletion in the endosymbiont of ants Blochmannia floridanus
    L Gomez-Valero
    Biologie des Bactéries Intracellulaires, Institute Pasteur, 28 rue du Dr Roux, 75724 Paris, France
    Mol Ecol 17:4382-92. 2008
    ..Accordingly, we found intrapopulational polymorphisms for the detected microsatellites in contrast to the stability associated with these in free-living bacteria such as Escherichia coli...
  18. doi Ancestral developmental potential facilitates parallel evolution in ants
    Rajendhran Rajakumar
    Department of Biology, McGill University, 1205 Avenue Dr Penfield, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, H3A 1B1
    Science 335:79-82. 2012
    ..The recurrent induction of ancestral developmental potential may facilitate the adaptive and parallel evolution of phenotypes...
  19. doi The expression and impact of antifungal grooming in ants
    A Reber
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
    J Evol Biol 24:954-64. 2011
    ..The amount of self-grooming increased in the presence of fungal spores, which shows that the ants are able to detect the risk of infection...
  20. doi The role of multiple pheromones in food recruitment by ants
    A Dussutour
    School of Biological Sciences and Centre for Mathematical Biology, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
    J Exp Biol 212:2337-48. 2009
    ..We establish that the ants' behavior is consistent with the use of two different pheromone signals, both of which recruit nestmates...
  21. ncbi Tooth hardness increases with zinc-content in mandibles of young adult leaf-cutter ants
    Robert M S Schofield
    Department of Physics, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403, USA
    Naturwissenschaften 89:579-83. 2002
    ..We found that Zn is incorporated into the mandibular teeth of leaf-cutter ants during early adult life, reaching concentrations of about 16% of dry mass...
  22. pmc Information needs at the beginning of foraging: grass-cutting ants trade off load size for a faster return to the nest
    Martin Bollazzi
    Department of Behavioral Physiology and Sociobiology, Biocenter, University of Wurzburg, Wurzburg, Germany
    PLoS ONE 6:e17667. 2011
    ....
  23. ncbi Thermolimit respirometry: an objective assessment of critical thermal maxima in two sympatric desert harvester ants, Pogonomyrmex rugosus and P. californicus
    John R B Lighton
    Department of Biological Sciences, University of Nevada at Las Vegas, 4505 Maryland Parkway, Las Vegas, NV 89154 4004, USA
    J Exp Biol 207:1903-13. 2004
    The critical thermal maxima (CT(max)) of two sympatric, diurnal, thermophilic harvester ants from the Mojave Desert, USA (Pogonomyrmex rugosus and P. californicus) were measured by ramping their temperature upwards at a rate of 0...
  24. ncbi The ant odometer: stepping on stilts and stumps
    Matthias Wittlinger
    Department of Neurobiology, University of Ulm, D 89069 Ulm, Germany
    Science 312:1965-7. 2006
    Desert ants, Cataglyphis, navigate in their vast desert habitat by path integration. They continuously integrate directions steered (as determined by their celestial compass) and distances traveled, gauged by as-yet-unknown mechanisms...
  25. pmc The introduction history of invasive garden ants in Europe: integrating genetic, chemical and behavioural approaches
    Line V Ugelvig
    Centre for Social Evolution, Department of Biology, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken 15, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
    BMC Biol 6:11. 2008
    ....
  26. doi Optimisation in a natural system: Argentine ants solve the Towers of Hanoi
    Chris R Reid
    Behaviour and Genetics of Social Insects Laboratory and Centre for Mathematical Biology, School of Biological Sciences A12, University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
    J Exp Biol 214:50-8. 2011
    ..We used the Towers of Hanoi puzzle to test whether Argentine ants can solve a potentially difficult optimisation problem...
  27. pmc Chemical signals associated with life inhibit necrophoresis in Argentine ants
    Dong Hwan Choe
    Department of Entomology, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:8251-5. 2009
    One of the most conspicuous and stereotyped activities of social insects such as ants and honey bees is necrophoresis, the removal of dead colony members from the nest...
  28. doi Ancestral monogamy shows kin selection is key to the evolution of eusociality
    William O H Hughes
    Institute of Integrative and Comparative Biology, University of Leeds, Leeds, LS2 9JT, UK
    Science 320:1213-6. 2008
    ..this idea with a comparative analysis of female mating frequencies in 267 species of eusocial bees, wasps, and ants. We found that mating with a single male, which maximizes relatedness, is ancestral for all eight independent ..
  29. ncbi Specialization and geographic isolation among Wolbachia symbionts from ants and lycaenid butterflies
    Jacob A Russell
    Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA
    Evolution 63:624-40. 2009
    ..symbioses between Wolbachia and their hosts, we surveyed global collections of two diverse families of insects, the ants and lycaenid butterflies...
  30. ncbi Ant nestmate and non-nestmate discrimination by a chemosensory sensillum
    Mamiko Ozaki
    Department of Applied Biology, Faculty of Textile Science, Kyoto Institute of Technology, Matsugasaki, Sakyo ku, Kyoto 606 8585, Japan
    Science 309:311-4. 2005
    In animal societies, chemical communication plays an important role in conflict and cooperation. For ants, cuticular hydrocarbon (CHC) blends produced by non-nestmates elicit overt aggression...
  31. ncbi Disentangling a rainforest food web using stable isotopes: dietary diversity in a species-rich ant community
    Nico Blüthgen
    Department of Animal Ecology I, University of Bayreuth, 95440, Bayreuth, Germany
    Oecologia 137:426-35. 2003
    For diverse communities of omnivorous insects such as ants, the extent of direct consumption of plant-derived resources vs. predation is largely unknown...
  32. pmc Phase transition between disordered and ordered foraging in Pharaoh's ants
    M Beekman
    Laboratory of Apiculture and Social Insects, Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, Sheffield University, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 98:9703-6. 2001
    ..To our knowledge, this is the first experimental evidence of a behavioral phase transition between a maladaptive (disorganized) and an adaptive (organized) state...
  33. ncbi Loss of functional diversity of ant assemblages in secondary tropical forests
    Jochen H Bihn
    Department of Ecology Animal Ecology, Faculty of Biology, University of Marburg, Karl von Frisch Strasse 8, D 35032 Marburg, Germany
    Ecology 91:782-92. 2010
    ..uses continuous measures of functional diversity and is based on four functional traits related to resource use of ants: body size, relative eye size, relative leg length, and trophic position...
  34. doi Bacterial diversity in Solenopsis invicta and Solenopsis geminata ant colonies characterized by 16S amplicon 454 pyrosequencing
    Heather D Ishak
    Section of Integrative Biology, University of Texas at Austin, 2401 Speedway Drive C0930, Austin, TX 78712, USA
    Microb Ecol 61:821-31. 2011
    ..Overall, 16S amplicon 454 pyrosequencing appears to be a cost-effective approach to screen whole microbial diversity associated with invasive ant species...
  35. doi A review of ant cuticular hydrocarbons
    Stephen Martin
    Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK
    J Chem Ecol 35:1151-61. 2009
    ..Unlike the ubiquitous n-alkanes and monomethylalkanes, there is a huge diversity of species-specific dimethylalkanes that makes them likely candidates for species and nest-mate discrimination signals...
  36. ncbi Symbiotic nitrogen fixation in the fungus gardens of leaf-cutter ants
    Adrián A Pinto-Tomás
    Department of Bacteriology, University of Wisconsin Madison, 1550 Linden Drive, Madison, WI 53706, USA
    Science 326:1120-3. 2009
    ..we reveal that symbiotic nitrogen fixation facilitates the cultivation of specialized fungal crops by leaf-cutter ants. By using acetylene reduction and stable isotope experiments, we demonstrated that N2 fixation occurred in the ..
  37. pmc Friends and foes from an ant brain's point of view--neuronal correlates of colony odors in a social insect
    Andreas Simon Brandstaetter
    Department of Behavioral Physiology and Sociobiology Zoology II, Biozentrum, University of Wurzburg, Wurzburg, Germany
    PLoS ONE 6:e21383. 2011
    ....
  38. ncbi Cheating on a mutualism: indirect benefits of ant attendance to a coccidophagous coccinellid
    Heidi Liere
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Environ Entomol 37:143-9. 2008
    ..The benefit gained from living in close association with ants can be twofold: (1) gaining access to high-density prey areas and (2) gaining enemy-free space...
  39. ncbi Energy gradients and the geographic distribution of local ant diversity
    Michael Kaspari
    Department of Zoology, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019, USA
    Oecologia 140:407-13. 2004
    ..However, inter-province differences in diversity persisted in those residuals--South American communities remained more diverse than those in North America and Australia even after the effects of temperature were removed...
  40. ncbi Long-term aboveground and belowground consequences of red wood ant exclusion in boreal forest
    David A Wardle
    Department of Forest Ecology and Management, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, SE901 83, Umea, Sweden
    Ecology 92:645-56. 2011
    Despite their ubiquity, the role of ants in driving ecosystem processes both aboveground and belowground has been seldom explored, except within the nest. During 1995 we established 16 ant exclusion plots of approximately 1.1 x 1...
  41. ncbi Macronutrient content of plant-based food affects growth of a carnivorous arthropod
    Shawn M Wilder
    Department of Entomology, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 77843, USA
    Ecology 92:325-32. 2011
    ..have aided the evolution of food-for-protection mutualisms and help explain why these interactions are so common in ants. In addition, greater access to plant-based resources in the introduced range of S...
  42. pmc Symbiotic bacteria on the cuticle of the leaf-cutting ant Acromyrmex subterraneus subterraneus protect workers from attack by entomopathogenic fungi
    Thalles C Mattoso
    Department of Entomology and Plant Pathology, State University of North Fluminense, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Biol Lett 8:461-4. 2012
    ..in 1999, the symbiotic filamentous actinobacteria present on the integument of certain species of leaf-cutting ants have been the subject of intense research...
  43. doi Geometry, features, and panoramic views: ants in rectangular arenas
    Antoine Wystrach
    Université de Toulouse UPS, Centre de Recherches sur la Cognition Animale, France
    J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 37:420-35. 2011
    ..Here, we combine a detailed analysis of ants' paths with panoramic images taken from the ant's perspective that can serve as a basis for developing view-based ..
  44. pmc Bacterial gut symbionts are tightly linked with the evolution of herbivory in ants
    Jacob A Russell
    Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, 26 Oxford Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:21236-41. 2009
    b>Ants are a dominant feature of terrestrial ecosystems, yet we know little about the forces that drive their evolution...
  45. pmc Microbiomes of ant castes implicate new microbial roles in the fungus-growing ant Trachymyrmex septentrionalis
    Heather D Ishak
    Section of Integrative Biology, 1 University Station C0930, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712, USA
    Sci Rep 1:204. 2011
    Fungus-growing ants employ several defenses against diseases, including disease-suppressing microbial biofilms on their integument and in fungal gardens...
  46. pmc Generalized antifungal activity and 454-screening of Pseudonocardia and Amycolatopsis bacteria in nests of fungus-growing ants
    Ruchira Sen
    Section of Integrative Biology, University of Texas, Austin, TX 78712, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:17805-10. 2009
    ..Fungus-growing (attine) ants are thought to form such a mutualism with Pseudonocardia bacteria to derive antibiotics that specifically suppress ..
  47. ncbi Evidence of cue synergism in termite corpse response behavior
    Michael D Ulyshen
    USDA Forest Service, Southern Research Station, Starkville, MS 39759, USA
    Naturwissenschaften 99:89-93. 2012
    ..We further predicted that the corpses of predatory ants would elicit a stronger response than those of a benign beetle species or nestmates...
  48. doi Reproductive system, social organization, human disturbance and ecological dominance in native populations of the little fire ant, Wasmannia auropunctata
    Julien Foucaud
    INRA, UMR CBGP, INRA IRD Cirad Montpellier SupAgro, Montferrier sur Lez, France
    Mol Ecol 18:5059-73. 2009
    ..The W. auropunctata model illustrates the strong impact of human disturbance on species' ecological features and the adaptive potential of clonal reproductive systems...
  49. pmc Self-organized lane formation and optimized traffic flow in army ants
    I D Couzin
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
    Proc Biol Sci 270:139-46. 2003
    We show how the movement rules of individual ants on trails can lead to a collective choice of direction and the formation of distinct traffic lanes that minimize congestion...
  50. ncbi Proximate mechanisms of male morph determination in the ant Cardiocondyla obscurior
    Alexandra Schrempf
    Biologie I, Universitat Regensburg, Germany
    Evol Dev 8:266-72. 2006
    ....
  51. pmc A single Streptomyces symbiont makes multiple antifungals to support the fungus farming ant Acromyrmex octospinosus
    Ryan F Seipke
    School of Biological Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich Research Park, Norwich, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 6:e22028. 2011
    Attine ants are dependent on a cultivated fungus for food and use antibiotics produced by symbiotic Actinobacteria as weedkillers in their fungus gardens...
  52. pmc Reduced selective constraint in endosymbionts: elevation in radical amino acid replacements occurs genome-wide
    Jennifer J Wernegreen
    Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e28905. 2011
    ..selection against radical amino acid changes is less effective in two insect endosymbiont groups (Blochmannia of ants and Buchnera of aphids), compared to related gamma-Proteobacteria...
  53. doi Temperature limits trail following behaviour through pheromone decay in ants
    Louise van Oudenhove
    Universite de Lyon, F 69000, Lyon Université Lyon 1, CNRS, UMR5558, Laboratoire de Biometrie et Biologie Evolutive, F 69622, Villeurbanne, France
    Naturwissenschaften 98:1009-17. 2011
    ..In the Mediterranean ant communities, this might affect dominant species relying on chemical recruitment, more than subordinate ant species, less dependent on chemical communication and less sensitive to high temperatures...
  54. pmc Specific, non-nutritional association between an ascomycete fungus and Allomerus plant-ants
    Mario X Ruiz-González
    UPS, Laboratoire Evolution et Diversité Biologique, Universite de Toulouse, 118 route de Narbonne, 31062 Toulouse, France
    Biol Lett 7:475-9. 2011
    Ant-fungus associations are well known from attine ants, whose nutrition is based on a symbiosis with basidiomycete fungi. Otherwise, only a few non-nutritional ant-fungus associations have been recorded to date...
  55. pmc Clonal reproduction and genetic caste differences in a queen-polymorphic ant, Vollenhovia emeryi
    Kyohsuke Ohkawara
    Ecological Laboratory, Division of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Natural Science and Technology, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa 920 1192, Japan
    Biol Lett 2:359-63. 2006
    ..The genus Vollenhovia might provide an interesting model system to trace the evolution of unusual caste and sex determination systems...
  56. ncbi Path efficiency of ant foraging trails in an artificial network
    Karla Vittori
    Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Sao Paulo, Av Trabalhador Saocarlense, 400 Centro 13566 590, Sao Carlos, SP, Brazil
    J Theor Biol 239:507-15. 2006
    In this paper we present an individual-based model describing the foraging behavior of ants moving in an artificial network of tunnels in which several interconnected paths can be used to reach a single food source...
  57. doi Evolution of gene expression in fire ants: the effects of developmental stage, caste, and species
    Lino Ometto
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, University of Lausanne, Biophore, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Mol Biol Evol 28:1381-92. 2011
    b>Ants provide remarkable examples of equivalent genotypes developing into divergent and discrete phenotypes...
  58. ncbi Are ants sensitive to the geometry of tunnel bifurcation?
    Grégory Gerbier
    Centre de Recherches sur la Cognition Animale, UMR CNRS 5169, Universite de Toulouse, 118 route de Narbonne, 31062, Toulouse Cedex 4, France
    Anim Cogn 11:637-42. 2008
    ..Because of their small home range compared to vertebrates, central place foraging insects such as ants have for a long time provided a choice model for the study of orientation mechanisms...
  59. ncbi Active random walkers simulate trunk trail formation by ants
    F Schweitzer
    Emory University, Department of Physics, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Biosystems 41:153-66. 1997
    A simple model for interactive structure formation is studied to simulate the trail formation by ants based on local chemical communication...
  60. ncbi Highly similar microbial communities are shared among related and trophically similar ant species
    Kirk E Anderson
    Department of Entomology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
    Mol Ecol 21:2282-96. 2012
    b>Ants dominate many terrestrial ecosystems, yet we know little about their nutritional physiology and ecology...
  61. doi PBAN gene architecture and expression in the fire ant, solenopsis invicta
    Man Yeon Choi
    United States Department of Agriculture Agriculture Research Service, Center of Medical, Agricultural and Veterinary Entomology CMAVE, 1600 SW 23rd Dr, Gainesville, FL 32608, USA
    J Insect Physiol 57:161-5. 2011
    ..The Soi-PBAN mRNA expression level was highest in the head, followed by the thorax, and abdomen of adult ants. Expression in the abdominal tissues was expected to be similar to the head, or at least higher than thorax because ..
  62. ncbi Social insects: Cuticular hydrocarbons inform task decisions
    Michael J Greene
    Department of Biological Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA
    Nature 423:32. 2003
  63. doi Slippery or sticky? Functional diversity in the trapping strategy of Nepenthes carnivorous plants
    Vincent Bonhomme
    Universite Montpellier II, CNRS, UMR AMAP botAnique et bioinforMatique de l Architecture des Plantes, CIRAD TA A51 PS2 Boulevard de la Lironde, Montpellier Cedex 5, France
    New Phytol 191:545-54. 2011
    ..walls of 23 taxa and the viscoelasticity of their digestive liquid and compared their retention efficiency on ants and flies. The amount of wax was shown to vary greatly between species...
  64. pmc Specificity in the symbiotic association between fungus-growing ants and protective Pseudonocardia bacteria
    Matias J Cafaro
    Department of Bacteriology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, 4325 Microbial Sciences Building, 1550 Linden Drive, Madison, WI 53706, USA
    Proc Biol Sci 278:1814-22. 2011
    Fungus-growing ants (tribe Attini) engage in a mutualism with a fungus that serves as the ants' primary food source, but successful fungus cultivation is threatened by microfungal parasites (genus Escovopsis)...
  65. pmc Insect aquaplaning: Nepenthes pitcher plants capture prey with the peristome, a fully wettable water-lubricated anisotropic surface
    Holger F Bohn
    Zoologie II, Biozentrum, Am Hubland, 97074 Wurzburg, Germany
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:14138-43. 2004
    ..By measuring friction forces of weaver ants (Oecophylla smaragdina) on the peristome surface of Nepenthes bicalcarata, we demonstrate that the two factors ..
  66. pmc Benefits for plants in ant-plant protective mutualisms: a meta-analysis
    Matthew D Trager
    Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 5:e14308. 2010
    ..if reproductive effects were predicted from reductions in herbivory and to identify characteristics of the plants, ants and environment that explained variation in ant protection...
  67. doi Piloting in desert ants: pinpointing the goal by discrete landmarks
    Rüdiger Wehner
    Brain Research Institute, University of Zurich, CH 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
    J Exp Biol 213:4174-9. 2010
    ..the larger the image transformations (caused by the landmarks) in the ant's visual field, the faster the homing ants localize the goal. While approaching the goal the ants do not try to fixate the landmarks frontally...
  68. pmc Conflict over male parentage in social insects
    Robert L Hammond
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Batiment de Biologie, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
    PLoS Biol 2:E248. 2004
    ..We have investigated how male parentage varies with colony kin structure and colony size in 50 species of ants, bees, and wasps in a phylogenetically controlled comparative analysis...
  69. pmc The rise of the ants: a phylogenetic and ecological explanation
    Edward O Wilson
    Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138 2902, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:7411-4. 2005
    ..two decades, studies of anatomy, behavior, and, most recently, DNA sequences have clarified the phylogeny of the ants at the subfamily and generic levels...
  70. ncbi Teaching in tandem-running ants
    Nigel R Franks
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 IUG, UK
    Nature 439:153. 2006
    ..uses a technique known as tandem running to lead another ant from the nest to food--with signals between the two ants controlling both the speed and course of the run...
  71. pmc A tunable algorithm for collective decision-making
    Stephen C Pratt
    School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, P O Box 874501, Tempe, AZ 85287 4501, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:15906-10. 2006
    ..uses a stepwise commitment scheme and a quorum rule to integrate information gathered by numerous individual ants visiting several candidate homes...
  72. pmc Dentigerumycin: a bacterial mediator of an ant-fungus symbiosis
    Dong Chan Oh
    Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Nat Chem Biol 5:391-3. 2009
    Fungus-growing ants engage in mutualistic associations with both the fungus they cultivate for food and actinobacteria (Pseudonocardia spp.) that produce selective antibiotics to defend that fungus from specialized fungal parasites...
  73. doi Predation and aggressiveness in host plant protection: a generalization using ants from the genus Azteca
    Alain Dejean
    Écologie des Forêts de Guyane UMR CNRS 8172, Campus agronomique, 97379, Kourou Cedex, France
    Naturwissenschaften 96:57-63. 2009
    ..the ant genus Azteca, a Neotropical group of arboreal species, we aimed to determine the extent to which the ants use predation and/or aggressiveness to protect their host plants from defoliating insects...
  74. pmc Rapid decision-making with side-specific perceptual discrimination in ants
    Nathalie Stroeymeyt
    Department of Biology, Centre for Social Evolution, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
    PLoS ONE 5:e12377. 2010
    ..In mammals, there is mounting evidence that multiple systems of perceptual discrimination based on different neural circuits emphasize either fast responses or accurate treatment of stimuli depending on the context...
  75. ncbi Ant navigation: one-way routes rather than maps
    Rüdiger Wehner
    Institute of Zoology, University of Zurich, Switzerland
    Curr Biol 16:75-9. 2006
    ..has been an upsurge of interest and debate about whether social insects-central-place foragers such as bees and ants-acquire and use cognitive maps, which enable the animal to steer novel courses between familiar sites ...
  76. ncbi Dynamics of aggregation and emergence of cooperation
    J L Deneubourg
    Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Unit of Social Ecology, CP 231, Belgium
    Biol Bull 202:262-7. 2002
    ..One might question how these multiple patterns emerge. Do ants actively initiate the formation of such patterns by modulating the emission of an attracting signal such as the ..
  77. doi Microfungal "weeds" in the leafcutter ant symbiosis
    A Rodrigues
    Center for the Study of Social Insects, UNESP Sao Paulo State University, Av 24A, n 1515 Bela Vista, Rio Claro, Sao Paulo 13506 900, Brazil
    Microb Ecol 56:604-14. 2008
    Leafcutter ants (Formicidae: tribe Attini) are well-known insects that cultivate basidiomycete fungi (Agaricales: Lepiotaceae) as their principal food...
  78. ncbi A community of ants, fungi, and bacteria: a multilateral approach to studying symbiosis
    C R Currie
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, 2041 Haworth Hall, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas 66045 7534, USA
    Annu Rev Microbiol 55:357-80. 2001
    The ancient and highly evolved mutualism between fungus-growing ants and their fungi is a textbook example of symbiosis...
  79. pmc The evolution of genome size in ants
    Neil D Tsutsui
    Department of Environmental Science, Policy and Management, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    BMC Evol Biol 8:64. 2008
    Despite the economic and ecological importance of ants, genomic tools for this family (Formicidae) remain woefully scarce...
  80. ncbi Diet-related modification of cuticular hydrocarbon profiles of the Argentine ant, Linepithema humile, diminishes intercolony aggression
    Grzegorz Buczkowski
    Department of Entomology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695 7613, USA
    J Chem Ecol 31:829-43. 2005
    ..Argentine ants, Linepithema humile, use both genetic and environmentally derived cues to discriminate nestmates from nonnestmates...
  81. doi The nature of culture: technological variation in chimpanzee predation on army ants revisited
    Caspar Schoning
    Institute of Biology, Department of Population Biology, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen 2100, Denmark
    J Hum Evol 55:48-59. 2008
    Chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) predation on army ants (Dorylus, subgenus Anomma) is an impressive example of skillful use of elementary technology, and it has been suggested to reflect cultural differences among chimpanzee communities...
  82. doi Visual experience and age affect synaptic organization in the mushroom bodies of the desert ant Cataglyphis fortis
    Sara Mae Stieb
    Department of Behavioral Physiology and Sociobiology, Biozentrum, University of Wurzburg, Germany
    Dev Neurobiol 70:408-23. 2010
    Desert ants of the genus Cataglyphis undergo an age-related polyethism from interior workers involved in brood care and food processing to short-lived outdoor foragers with remarkable visual navigation capabilities...
  83. doi Simulated visual homing in desert ant natural environments: efficiency of skyline cues
    Kai Basten
    Institute of Neurobiology, University of Tubingen, Auf der Morgenstelle 28, 72076, Tubingen, Germany
    Biol Cybern 102:413-25. 2010
    Desert ants, foraging in cluttered semiarid environments, are thought to be visually guided along individual, habitual routes. While other navigational mechanisms (e.g...
  84. ncbi Evolution. Policing insect societies
    Francis L W Ratnieks
    Laboratory of Apiculture and Social Insects, Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK
    Science 307:54-6. 2005
  85. doi Experimentally increased group diversity improves disease resistance in an ant species
    Anabelle Reber
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Biophore, UNIL Sorge, University of Lausanne, 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
    Ecol Lett 11:682-9. 2008
    ..This experiment suggests that group diversity, be it genetic or environmental, improves the mean resistance of group members to the fungal infection, probably through the sharing of physiological or behavioural defences...
  86. pmc Surface hydrocarbons of queen eggs regulate worker reproduction in a social insect
    Annett Endler
    Lehrstuhl Verhaltensphysiologie und Soziobiologie, Universitat Wurzburg, 97074 Wuerzburg, Germany
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:2945-50. 2004
    ..We conclude that queen-derived hydrocarbon labels inform workers about the presence of a fertile queen and thereby regulate worker reproduction...
  87. pmc Evolutionary convergence and nitrogen metabolism in Blattabacterium strain Bge, primary endosymbiont of the cockroach Blattella germanica
    Maria J López-Sánchez
    Institut Cavanilles de Biodiversitat i Biologia Evolutiva, Universitat de Valencia, Valencia, Spain
    PLoS Genet 5:e1000721. 2009
    ..metabolic capacity of hosts living on nutrient-deficient diets, while the bacteria harbored by omnivorous carpenter ants are involved in nitrogen recycling...
  88. ncbi The life of a dead ant: the expression of an adaptive extended phenotype
    Sandra B Andersen
    Centre for Social Evolution, Department of Biology, University of Copenhagen, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
    Am Nat 174:424-33. 2009
    ..We studied the fungus Ophiocordyceps unilateralis, a locally specialized parasite of arboreal Camponotus leonardi ants. Ant-infecting Ophiocordyceps are known to make hosts bite onto vegetation before killing them...
  89. ncbi Locally adapted social parasite affects density, social structure, and life history of its ant hosts
    Susanne Foitzik
    Department of Biology, Ludwig Maximilians Universitat Munchen, 82152 Planegg Martinsried, Germany
    Ecology 90:1195-206. 2009
    ..americanus: slave-making colonies fared better in their sympatric host population, as they contained more slave-making ant workers and slaves at the end of our 27-month experiment...
  90. doi Ants learn geometry and features
    Antoine Wystrach
    Universite de Toulouse, CNRS UPS UMR 5161, Centre de Recherches sur la Cognition Animale, F 31062 Toulouse Cedex 9, France
    Curr Biol 19:61-6. 2009
    ..While introducing a new concept of flexibility in the view-based matching theory, this study creates a link between two major topics of animal navigation: rotational errors in vertebrates and view-based navigation in insects...
  91. pmc Ants under crowded conditions consume more energy
    Tuan T Cao
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Arizona, BioSciences West room 310, 1041 East Lowell Street, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
    Biol Lett 4:613-5. 2008
    ..study highlights the importance of social space and shows that constraints on social space can significantly affect colony behaviour and energy use in ants. We discuss the implications of our findings regarding social insects in general.
  92. doi How might ants use panoramic views for route navigation?
    Andrew Philippides
    School of Informatics, University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton BN1 9QJ, UK
    J Exp Biol 214:445-51. 2011
    ..To this end we have analysed ants'-perspective views of a habitat within which desert ant navigation is well studied...
  93. pmc How desert ants use a visual landmark for guidance along a habitual route
    Matthew Collett
    School of Psychology, University of Exeter, Exeter EX4 4QG, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:11638-43. 2010
    ..Desert ants traveling between their nest and a food site develop stable, visually guided routes that can wind through desert ..
  94. ncbi Tritrophic effects of birds and ants on a canopy food web, tree growth, and phytochemistry
    Kailen A Mooney
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309 0334, USA
    Ecology 88:2005-14. 2007
    Insectivorous birds and ants co-occur in most terrestrial communities, and theory predicts that emergent properties (i.e., nonadditive effects) can determine their combined influence on arthropods and plants...
  95. pmc Arboreal ants use the "Velcro(R) principle" to capture very large prey
    Alain Dejean
    Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Écologie des Forêts de Guyane UMR CNRS 8172, Campus agronomique, Kourou, France
    PLoS ONE 5:e11331. 2010
    Plant-ants live in a mutualistic association with host plants known as "myrmecophytes" that provide them with a nesting place and sometimes with extra-floral nectar (EFN) and/or food bodies (FBs); the ants can also attend sap-sucking ..
  96. pmc DNA barcoding for effective biodiversity assessment of a hyperdiverse arthropod group: the ants of Madagascar
    M Alex Smith
    Barcode of Life Initiative, Biodiversity Institute of Ontario, Department of Integrative Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada N1G 2W1
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 360:1825-34. 2005
    ..as a tool to accelerate the inventory and analysis of diversity for hyperdiverse arthropods is tested using ants in Madagascar...
  97. ncbi High levels of multiple Wolbachia infection and recombination in the ant Formica exsecta
    Max Reuter
    Institute of Ecology, University of Lausanne, Batiment de Biologie, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Mol Biol Evol 20:748-53. 2003
    ..Our study revealed exceptionally high levels of multiple infection, with all ants harboring four or five distinct Wolbachia strains. Four of these strains were present in all ants analyzed...
  98. pmc Wolbachia transmission dynamics in Formica wood ants
    Lumi Viljakainen
    Department of Biology, PO Box 3000, 90014 University of Oulu, Finland
    BMC Evol Biol 8:55. 2008
    ..5 million years ago (MYA). The aim was to study the relationship of Wolbachia and its ant hosts in terms of vertical and horizontal transmission of the bacteria...
  99. pmc Visual cues for the retrieval of landmark memories by navigating wood ants
    Robert A Harris
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Sussex, Falmer, East Sussex BN1 9QG, United Kingdom
    Curr Biol 17:93-102. 2007
    Even on short routes, ants can be guided by multiple visual memories. We investigate here the cues controlling memory retrieval as wood ants approach a one- or two-edged landmark to collect sucrose at a point along its base...
  100. ncbi Ecology. Cryptic herbivores of the rainforest canopy
    James H Hunt
    Department of Biology, University of Missouri St Louis, St Louis, MO 63121, USA
    Science 300:916-7. 2003
  101. ncbi Quantitative synthesis of context dependency in ant-plant protection mutualisms
    Scott A Chamberlain
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Rice University, Houston, Texas 77005, USA
    Ecology 90:2384-92. 2009
    ..a meta-analysis of ant-plant protection mutualisms to examine the generality of context-dependent effects of ants on herbivory and plant performance (growth, reproduction)...

Research Grants63

  1. Developing Male Contraceptives by Targeting ANT4
    Naohiro Terada; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..to Ant4 at the ADP/ATP binding site, we hypothesize that small molecules which selectively inhibit Ant4 over other Ants can be identified by a molecular docking approach, and that the identified small molecules will inhibit male ..
  2. Developing Male Contraceptives by Targeting ANT4
    Naohiro Terada; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..to Ant4 at the ADP/ATP binding site, we hypothesize that small molecules which selectively inhibit Ant4 over other Ants can be identified by a molecular docking approach, and that the identified small molecules will inhibit male ..
  3. Developing Male Contraceptives by Targeting ANT4
    Naohiro Terada; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..to Ant4 at the ADP/ATP binding site, we hypothesize that small molecules which selectively inhibit Ant4 over other Ants can be identified by a molecular docking approach, and that the identified small molecules will inhibit male ..
  4. A STRATEGY FOR SPREADING GENES IN CHAGAS DISEASE VECTORS
    Ravi Durvasula; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..In closed cage-studies uptake and retention of transgenes by arthropods that do not transmit T. cruzi (ants, crickets, fleas and cockroaches) but-may be exposed to CRUZIGARD will be determined...
  5. A STRATEGY FOR SPREADING GENES IN CHAGAS DISEASE VECTORS
    Ravi Durvasula; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..In closed cage-studies uptake and retention of transgenes by arthropods that do not transmit T. cruzi (ants, crickets, fleas and cockroaches) but-may be exposed to CRUZIGARD will be determined...
  6. A STRATEGY FOR SPREADING GENES IN CHAGAS DISEASE VECTORS
    Ravi Durvasula; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..In closed cage-studies uptake and retention of transgenes by arthropods that do not transmit T. cruzi (ants, crickets, fleas and cockroaches) but-may be exposed to CRUZIGARD will be determined...
  7. A STRATEGY FOR SPREADING GENES IN CHAGAS DISEASE VECTORS
    Ravi Durvasula; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..In closed cage-studies uptake and retention of transgenes by arthropods that do not transmit T. cruzi (ants, crickets, fleas and cockroaches) but-may be exposed to CRUZIGARD will be determined...
  8. MECHANISM OF ACTION OF FIRE ANT VENOM
    NANCY LIND; Fiscal Year: 1980
    Fire ants (Solenopsis spp.) are a pest of economic and medical significance in the United States in part due to the painful, and sometimes dangerous, sting they inflict...
  9. CHEMISTRY OF ARTHROPOD SECRETIONS
    Jerrold Meinwald; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..Among the arthropods to be studied are millipeds, centipedes, opilionids, beetles, ants, and lepidoptera...
  10. Native Pathways tp Sobriety: Pacific Northwest Oral Life Histories
    Lisa Thomas; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..it appears that traditional cultural beliefs and practices contribute to and support the sobriety process;this wan-ants further study and is the primary focus ofthe proposed qualitative study...
  11. Native Pathways tp Sobriety: Pacific Northwest Oral Life Histories
    Lisa Rey Thomas; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..it appears that traditional cultural beliefs and practices contribute to and support the sobriety process;this wan-ants further study and is the primary focus ofthe proposed qualitative study...
  12. Autoimmunity-associated genes in new rat models: validation of human GWAS genes
    ELIZABETH PETERS BLANKENHORN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In our novel rat model of T1D with excellent clinical fidelity and an absolute dependence on environmental perturb ants, we induce T1D in response to exposure to viruses and TLR agonists...
  13. CROSS-CULTURAL PERSONALITY AND EMOTION STRUCTURE
    AUSTIN CHURCH; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..To determine if Filipino mood dimensions have the same determin- ants as in Western studies, personality trait scores and the frequencies of various daily life events will be correlated ..
  14. CROSS-CULTURAL PERSONALITY AND EMOTION STRUCTURE
    AUSTIN CHURCH; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..To determine if Filipino mood dimensions have the same determin- ants as in Western studies, personality trait scores and the frequencies of various daily life events will be correlated ..
  15. FLUOROPHYTOSTEROLS--ARTHROPOD-SPECIFIC METABOLIC POISONS
    Glenn Prestwich; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..g., termites, cockroaches, and fire ants. Tests will also be performed with arthropod and mollusc vectors of infectious and parasitic human diseases, to ..
  16. ANT Defects in Neurodegenerative Diseases
    Douglas Wallace; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The ANTs energetically link the mitochondria with the cytosol by exchanging mitochondrial ATP for cytosolic ADP...
  17. ANT Defects in Neurodegenerative Diseases
    Douglas Wallace; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The ANTs energetically link the mitochondria with the cytosol by exchanging mitochondrial ATP for cytosolic ADP...
  18. ANT Defects in Neurodegenerative Diseases
    Douglas Wallace; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The ANTs energetically link the mitochondria with the cytosol by exchanging mitochondrial ATP for cytosolic ADP...
  19. ANT Defects in Neurodegenerative Diseases
    Douglas Wallace; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The ANTs energetically link the mitochondria with the cytosol by exchanging mitochondrial ATP for cytosolic ADP...
  20. ANT Defects in Neurodegenerative Diseases
    Douglas Wallace; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The ANTs energetically link the mitochondria with the cytosol by exchanging mitochondrial ATP for cytosolic ADP...
  21. Senescence, neurodegeneration, and sensory/motor decline in a social invertebrate
    Ysabel Milton Giraldo; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..1. Like humans, ants are highly dependent on social interactions, and we can experimentally manipulate the social environment in ants to ..
  22. Argentine ants: A system a study genes involved in human behavioral disease
    CHRISTOPHER DAVID SMITH; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Social insects, including ants and bees, are a tractable experimental system to test the in vivo effects of WBSCR genes on complex social ..
  23. Argentine ants: A system a study genes involved in human behavioral disease
    Christopher Smith; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Social insects, including ants and bees, are a tractable experimental system to test the in vivo effects of WBSCR genes on complex social ..
  24. Molecular Mechanisms of Myoblast Fusion
    Elizabeth Chen; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..achieved during myoblast fusion? We propose a series of experiments to investigate the mechanisms by which Ants and Loner are targeted to sites of fusion...
  25. Molecular Mechanisms of Myoblast Fusion
    Elizabeth Chen; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..achieved during myoblast fusion? We propose a series of experiments to investigate the mechanisms by which Ants and Loner are targeted to sites of fusion...
  26. Molecular Mechanisms of Myoblast Fusion
    Elizabeth Chen; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..achieved during myoblast fusion? We propose a series of experiments to investigate the mechanisms by which Ants and Loner are targeted to sites of fusion...
  27. Molecular Mechanisms of Myoblast Fusion
    ELIZABETH HUI CHEN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..achieved during myoblast fusion? We propose a series of experiments to investigate the mechanisms by which Ants and Loner are targeted to sites of fusion...
  28. Cajal Neuroscience Research Center(CNRC)
    Jeffrey Kantor; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Robert Renthal, Ph.D. Genetic determinants of social behavior in ants. Kay Robbins, Ph.D. Data analysis and visualization in support of computational neuroscience...
  29. Cajal Neuroscience Research Center(CNRC)
    RICARDO ROMO; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Robert Renthal, Ph.D. Genetic determinants of social behavior in ants. Kay Robbins, Ph.D. Data analysis and visualization in support of computational neuroscience...
  30. Cajal Neuroscience Research Center(CNRC)
    RICARDO ROMO; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Robert Renthal, Ph.D. Genetic determinants of social behavior in ants. Kay Robbins, Ph.D. Data analysis and visualization in support of computational neuroscience...
  31. Cajal Neuroscience Research Center(CNRC)
    Guy Bailey; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Robert Renthal, Ph.D. Genetic determinants of social behavior in ants. Kay Robbins, Ph.D. Data analysis and visualization in support of computational neuroscience...
  32. Cajal Neuroscience Research Center(CNRC)
    ROBERT GRACY; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Robert Renthal, Ph.D. Genetic determinants of social behavior in ants. Kay Robbins, Ph.D. Data analysis and visualization in support of computational neuroscience...
  33. PILOT TRIAL OF THALAMIC STIMULATION FOR EPILEPSY
    Robert Fisher; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Applicant's Abstract): This application proposes a clinical pilot study of anterior nucleus thalamic stimulation (ANTS) as a treatment for intractable epilepsy, in order to lay the groundwork for a larger randomized, controlled ..
  34. EFFECT OF RACE ON BONE DENSITY IN CHILDREN
    Vicente Gilsanz; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..variations in the response of bone at the tissue level to these important regulators of bone metabolism also wan-ants further investigation...
  35. PHASE I TRIAL OF DOCETAXEL & K
    Joan Schiller; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..The activity of these agents wan-ants additional investigation to determine the optimal method of combining them...
  36. Total Synthesis of Novel Decahydroquinolines
    EDITH BANNER; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Two of the target alkaloids have been isolated from poison frogs and two from leaf- cutter ants. The total synthesis will serve to establish the absolute configuration and structure of these compounds...
  37. TRANSMEMBRANE WATER AND ION MEASUREMENT SYSTEM (TWIMS)
    LID WONG; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..of the modulation of the temporal changes in the fluorescence of 8-amino-1,3,6-naphthalene tri-sulfonate (ANTS) in D2O, compared to H2O due to bi-directional transport of D2O and H2O across a membrane partition...
  38. TRANSMEMBRANE WATER AND ION MEASUREMENT SYSTEM (TWIMS)
    LID WONG; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..of the modulation of the temporal changes in the fluorescence of 8-amino-1,3,6-naphthalene tri-sulfonate (ANTS) in D2O, compared to H2O due to bi-directional transport of D2O and H2O across a membrane partition...
  39. MECHANISMS AND CONSEQUENCES OF DELETERIOUS EVOLUTION IN BACTERIA
    Jennifer Wernegreen; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..By deciphering fundamental mechanisms that influence bacterial genome evolution, this study will contribute to a predictive framework for understanding how microbes evolve. ..
  40. MECHANISMS AND CONSEQUENCES OF DELETERIOUS EVOLUTION IN BACTERIA
    Jennifer Wernegreen; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..By deciphering fundamental mechanisms that influence bacterial genome evolution, this study will contribute to a predictive framework for understanding how microbes evolve. ..
  41. MOLECULAR EVOLUTIONARY CONSEQUENCES OF ENDOSYMBIOSIS
    Jennifer Wernegreen; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Proteobacteria, including free- living species of enterobacteria and related bacterial endosymbionts of carpenter ants, tsetse flies, and aphids...
  42. MOLECULAR EVOLUTIONARY CONSEQUENCES OF ENDOSYMBIOSIS
    Jennifer Wernegreen; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Proteobacteria, including free- living species of enterobacteria and related bacterial endosymbionts of carpenter ants, tsetse flies, and aphids...
  43. MECHANISMS AND CONSEQUENCES OF DELETERIOUS EVOLUTION IN BACTERIA
    Jennifer J Wernegreen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..By deciphering fundamental mechanisms that influence bacterial genome evolution, this study will contribute to a predictive framework for understanding how microbes evolve. ..
  44. MOLECULAR EVOLUTIONARY CONSEQUENCES OF ENDOSYMBIOSIS
    Jennifer Wernegreen; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Proteobacteria, including free- living species of enterobacteria and related bacterial endosymbionts of carpenter ants, tsetse flies, and aphids...
  45. MOLECULAR EVOLUTIONARY CONSEQUENCES OF ENDOSYMBIOSIS
    Jennifer Wernegreen; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Proteobacteria, including free- living species of enterobacteria and related bacterial endosymbionts of carpenter ants, tsetse flies, and aphids...
  46. MOLECULAR EVOLUTIONARY CONSEQUENCES OF ENDOSYMBIOSIS
    Jennifer Wernegreen; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Proteobacteria, including free- living species of enterobacteria and related bacterial endosymbionts of carpenter ants, tsetse flies, and aphids...
  47. MECHANISMS AND CONSEQUENCES OF DELETERIOUS EVOLUTION IN BACTERIA
    Jennifer Wernegreen; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..By deciphering fundamental mechanisms that influence bacterial genome evolution, this study will contribute to a predictive framework for understanding how microbes evolve. ..
  48. CHEMICAL CONTROL OF SOCIAL BEHAVIOR
    Michael Greene; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Individual ants use chemically mediated interactions, in part, to assess the global needs of the colony...
  49. Microvascular regulation of insulin delivery to human muscle
    Eugene Barrett; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ....
  50. THE EFFECTS OF INSULIN ON THE MICROVASCULATURE
    Eugene Barrett; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..In the latter studies we will test directly whether augmenting or diminishing muscle capillary recruitment affects the simultaneously measured action of insulin to promote glucose uptake by skeletal muscle. ..
  51. SOCIAL AND NEUROENDOCRINE REGULATION OF THE PERIOD GENE
    Gene Robinson; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..abstract_text> ..
  52. Molecular mechanisms of queen bee longevity
    Gene Robinson; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The value of the bee as an aging model will be enhanced significantly with the expected completion of genome sequencing later in '03. ..
  53. Pheromone regulation of gene expression in the brain
    Gene Robinson; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  54. Effects of insulin on the microvasculature
    Eugene Barrett; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..These studies, when successfully completed, should provide a more comprehensive understanding of the role of the microvasculature as a site of regulation of insulin action in health and insulin resistant states. ..
  55. Novel Machine Learning Methods for Analysis of MALDI-TOF Mass Spectrometry Data
    Habtom Ressom; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Furthermore, the peptides represented by the selected candidate biomarkers will be identified. Finally, the performance of the algorithm will be compared with existing methods. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  56. Muscarinic regulation of plasticity in the brain
    Gene Robinson; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Our results will also suggest directions for the development of treatments for the decline in mental function that accompanies human aging. ..
  57. Skin Manifestations of Tuberous Sclerosis
    Jack Arbiser; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Specific Aim 3. To determine whether dysregulation of p16ink4a and PTCH (patched) acts as a modifier of theTS phenotype in transgenic mice expressing dominant negative tuberin. ..