oligochaeta

Summary

Summary: A class of annelid worms with few setae per segment. It includes the earthworms such as Lumbricus and Eisenia.

Top Publications

  1. doi Accumulation of mercury and methylmercury by mushrooms and earthworms from forest soils
    Stephan R Rieder
    Rhizosphere Processes Group, Swiss Federal Research Institute WSL, 8903 Birmensdorf, Switzerland
    Environ Pollut 159:2861-9. 2011
  2. ncbi Acidovorax-like symbionts in the nephridia of earthworms
    Andreas Schramm
    Department of Ecological Microbiology, University of Bayreuth, D 95440 Bayreuth, Germany
    Environ Microbiol 5:804-9. 2003
  3. ncbi 'Candidatus Lumbricincola', a novel lineage of uncultured Mollicutes from earthworms of family Lumbricidae
    Taras Y Nechitaylo
    Environmental Microbiology Laboratory, Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research, 38124 Braunschweig, Germany
    Environ Microbiol 11:1016-26. 2009
  4. doi Gut wall bacteria of earthworms: a natural selection process
    Dwipendra Thakuria
    UCD School of Biology and Environmental Science, Science Education and Research Centre West, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland
    ISME J 4:357-66. 2010
  5. doi Anti-inflammatory and anti-pyretic activities of earthworm extract-Lampito mauritii (Kinberg)
    M Balamurugan
    Division of Vermibiotechnology, Department of Zoology, Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar 608002, India
    J Ethnopharmacol 121:330-2. 2009
  6. ncbi Sub-lethal toxicity of the antiparasitic abamectin on earthworms and the application of neutral red retention time as a biomarker
    John Jensen
    National Environmental Research Institute, University of Aarhus, P O Box 314, Vejlsoevej 25, DK 8600 Silkeborg, Denmark
    Chemosphere 68:744-50. 2007
  7. pmc Clostridiaceae and Enterobacteriaceae as active fermenters in earthworm gut content
    Pia K Wüst
    Department of Ecological Microbiology, University of Bayreuth, Bayreuth, Germany
    ISME J 5:92-106. 2011
  8. doi Body metal concentrations and glycogen reserves in earthworms (Dendrobaena octaedra) from contaminated and uncontaminated forest soil
    Martin Holmstrup
    National Environmental Research Institute, Aarhus University, Department of Terrestrial Ecology, Vejlsøvej 25, DK 8600 Silkeborg, Denmark
    Environ Pollut 159:190-7. 2011
  9. doi Freeze tolerance and accumulation of cryoprotectants in the enchytraeid Enchytraeus albidus (Oligochaeta) from Greenland and Europe
    Stine Slotsbo
    National Environmental Research Institute, University of Aarhus, Department of Terrestrial Ecology, Silkeborg, Denmark
    Cryobiology 57:286-91. 2008
  10. ncbi Exploration of embryonic origins of germline stem cells and neoblasts in Enchytraeus japonensis (Oligochaeta, Annelida)
    Mutsumi Sugio
    Division of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Hokkaido University, N10, W8, Kita ku, Sapporo 060 0810, Japan
    Gene Expr Patterns 8:227-36. 2008

Detail Information

Publications342 found, 100 shown here

  1. doi Accumulation of mercury and methylmercury by mushrooms and earthworms from forest soils
    Stephan R Rieder
    Rhizosphere Processes Group, Swiss Federal Research Institute WSL, 8903 Birmensdorf, Switzerland
    Environ Pollut 159:2861-9. 2011
    ..Earthworms contained similar Hg concentrations (1.04 mg Hg kg(-1) dw) whereas endogeic earthworms accumulated highest amounts of Hg and methyl-Hg...
  2. ncbi Acidovorax-like symbionts in the nephridia of earthworms
    Andreas Schramm
    Department of Ecological Microbiology, University of Bayreuth, D 95440 Bayreuth, Germany
    Environ Microbiol 5:804-9. 2003
    ..Given the close phylogenetic relationship of the symbionts to proteolytic, free-living Acidovorax species, they may indeed play a role in protein degradation during nitrogen excretion by earthworms...
  3. ncbi 'Candidatus Lumbricincola', a novel lineage of uncultured Mollicutes from earthworms of family Lumbricidae
    Taras Y Nechitaylo
    Environmental Microbiology Laboratory, Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research, 38124 Braunschweig, Germany
    Environ Microbiol 11:1016-26. 2009
    ..A new taxonomic group within the Mollicutes, designated 'Candidatus Lumbricincola', is proposed to include these as yet uncultured organisms...
  4. doi Gut wall bacteria of earthworms: a natural selection process
    Dwipendra Thakuria
    UCD School of Biology and Environmental Science, Science Education and Research Centre West, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland
    ISME J 4:357-66. 2010
    ..Hence, we conclude that the selection of bacteria associated with the gut wall of earthworms is a natural selection process and the strongest determinant of this process is in the order ecological group>habitat>species...
  5. doi Anti-inflammatory and anti-pyretic activities of earthworm extract-Lampito mauritii (Kinberg)
    M Balamurugan
    Division of Vermibiotechnology, Department of Zoology, Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar 608002, India
    J Ethnopharmacol 121:330-2. 2009
    ..Experiments were conducted to understand the therapeutic properties such as anti-inflammatory and anti-pyretic activities of biologically active extract isolated from whole earthworm (Lampito mauritii, Kinberg)...
  6. ncbi Sub-lethal toxicity of the antiparasitic abamectin on earthworms and the application of neutral red retention time as a biomarker
    John Jensen
    National Environmental Research Institute, University of Aarhus, P O Box 314, Vejlsoevej 25, DK 8600 Silkeborg, Denmark
    Chemosphere 68:744-50. 2007
    ..25mg/kg. The change in lysosomal membrane stability showed a good correlation with reproduction and may hence be a potential predicator of the effects on earthworm populations...
  7. pmc Clostridiaceae and Enterobacteriaceae as active fermenters in earthworm gut content
    Pia K Wüst
    Department of Ecological Microbiology, University of Bayreuth, Bayreuth, Germany
    ISME J 5:92-106. 2011
    ....
  8. doi Body metal concentrations and glycogen reserves in earthworms (Dendrobaena octaedra) from contaminated and uncontaminated forest soil
    Martin Holmstrup
    National Environmental Research Institute, Aarhus University, Department of Terrestrial Ecology, Vejlsøvej 25, DK 8600 Silkeborg, Denmark
    Environ Pollut 159:190-7. 2011
    ..These results suggest that coping with different metals in earthworms is associated with differential energy demands depending on the associated detoxification strategy...
  9. doi Freeze tolerance and accumulation of cryoprotectants in the enchytraeid Enchytraeus albidus (Oligochaeta) from Greenland and Europe
    Stine Slotsbo
    National Environmental Research Institute, University of Aarhus, Department of Terrestrial Ecology, Silkeborg, Denmark
    Cryobiology 57:286-91. 2008
    ..was investigated in three geographically different populations of the enchytraeid Enchytraeus albidus (Oligochaeta). E. albidus is widely distributed from the high Arctic to temperate Western Europe. Our results show that E...
  10. ncbi Exploration of embryonic origins of germline stem cells and neoblasts in Enchytraeus japonensis (Oligochaeta, Annelida)
    Mutsumi Sugio
    Division of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Hokkaido University, N10, W8, Kita ku, Sapporo 060 0810, Japan
    Gene Expr Patterns 8:227-36. 2008
    ....
  11. doi Pollutant-induced alterations of granulocyte morphology in the earthworm Eisenia foetida
    Antonio Calisi
    Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Biologiche e Ambientali, Universita del Salento, Via provinciale Lecce Monteroni, Lecce, Italy
    Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 72:1369-77. 2009
    ..We recommend the use of morphometric alterations of granulocytes as a suitable biomarker of pollutant effect to be included in a multibiomarker strategy including responses at different levels of biological organization...
  12. pmc Design, validation and annotation of transcriptome-wide oligonucleotide probes for the oligochaete annelid Eisenia fetida
    Ping Gong
    Environmental Services, SpecPro Inc, Vicksburg, Mississippi, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 5:e14266. 2010
    ..This approach is particularly applicable to organisms with a wealth of EST sequences but unfinished genome...
  13. ncbi Enchytraeus albidus (Enchytraeidae): a test organism in a standardised avoidance test? Effects of different chemical substances
    Mónica J B Amorim
    CESAM Centre for Environmental and Marine Studies and Department of Biology, University of Aveiro, 3810 193 Aveiro, Portugal
    Environ Int 34:363-71. 2008
    ..Here we proposed to standardize the Enchytraeid avoidance test in a way similar to what is currently done for the earthworm and collembolan avoidance tests by the International Standardisation Organisation (ISO)...
  14. doi Assessing joint toxicity of chemicals in Enchytraeus albidus (Enchytraeidae) and Porcellionides pruinosus (Isopoda) using avoidance behaviour as an endpoint
    Susana Loureiro
    CESAM Centre for Environmental and Marine Studies and Department of Biology, University of Aveiro, 3810 193 Aveiro, Portugal
    Environ Pollut 157:625-36. 2009
    ..This study highlights the importance of dose dependencies when testing chemical mixtures and that avoidance tests can also be used to asses the effects of mixture toxicity...
  15. ncbi Avoidance behaviour of Enchytraeus albidus: effects of benomyl, carbendazim, phenmedipham and different soil types
    Mónica J B Amorim
    Departamento de Biologia, Universidade de Aveiro, 3810 193 Aveiro, Portugal
    Chemosphere 59:501-10. 2005
    ..It is proposed to standardize the Enchytraeid Avoidance Test as it is currently done for the Earthworm Avoidance Test by the International Standard Organization (ISO)...
  16. doi Influence of temperature and soil type on the toxicity of three pesticides to Eisenia andrei
    P Mangala C S De Silva
    Department of Animal Ecology, VU University, De Boelelaan 1085, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Chemosphere 76:1410-5. 2009
    ..We conclude that toxicity of pesticides in tropics may not be predicted from data generated under temperate conditions, even within the same species...
  17. doi Reduction of total coliform numbers during vermicomposting is caused by short-term direct effects of earthworms on microorganisms and depends on the dose of application of pig slurry
    Fernando Monroy
    Departamento de Ecoloxia e Bioloxia Animal, Universidade de Vigo, 36310 Vigo, Spain
    Sci Total Environ 407:5411-6. 2009
    ..fetida than by interactions with the earthworm-shaped microbial community...
  18. pmc A feeding induced switch from a variable to a homogenous state of the earthworm gut microbiota within a host population
    Knut Rudi
    Hedmark University College, Hamar, Norway
    PLoS ONE 4:e7528. 2009
    ..Since feeding represents a main perturbation of the gut microbiota, we determined the effect of a single dose of feed on the microbiota associated with an earthworm population in a simulated microenvironment...
  19. doi Differential gene expression analysis in Enchytraeus albidus exposed to natural and chemical stressors at different exposure periods
    Sara C Novais
    Department of Biology and CESAM, University of Aveiro, 3810 193 Aveiro, Portugal
    Ecotoxicology 21:213-24. 2012
    ..Some genes were differentially expressed in a stress specific manner and, in general, the responses were related with effects in the energy metabolism and cell growth...
  20. doi Development of a microarray for Enchytraeus albidus (Oligochaeta): preliminary tool with diverse applications
    Mónica J B Amorim
    CESAM and Department of Biology, University of Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal
    Environ Toxicol Chem 30:1395-402. 2011
    ..albidus. It demonstrates the usefulness of cDNA normalization in the production of cDNA libraries of ecotoxicological standard organisms that are not genome models like E. albidus...
  21. doi Can avoidance in Enchytraeus albidus be used as a screening parameter for pesticides testing?
    Sara C Novais
    CESAM and Department of Biology, University of Aveiro, 3810193 Aveiro, Portugal
    Chemosphere 79:233-7. 2010
    ..From an ecological point of view, avoidance tests are relevant but due to lower sensitivity and higher variability it is recommended that the enchytraeid avoidance test should not be used for risk assessment purposes...
  22. pmc Earthworm effects without earthworms: inoculation of raw organic matter with worm-worked substrates alters microbial community functioning
    Manuel Aira
    Departamento de Ecoloxia e Bioloxia Animal, Facultade de Bioloxia, Universidade de Vigo, Vigo, Spain
    PLoS ONE 6:e16354. 2011
    ..e. effects derived from earthworm activities such as cast ageing). Here we test whether indirect earthworm effects affect microbial community functioning in the substrate, as when earthworms are present (i. e., direct effects)...
  23. ncbi Verminephrobacter eiseniae gen. nov., sp. nov., a nephridial symbiont of the earthworm Eisenia foetida (Savigny)
    Nicolas Pinel
    Department of Microbiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 7242, USA
    Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 58:2147-57. 2008
    ..nov. is proposed for the earthworm nephridial symbionts. The name Verminephrobacter eiseniae sp. nov. is proposed for the type species with strain EF01-2(T) (=ATCC BAA-1489(T)=DSM 19286(T)) as the type strain of the type species...
  24. doi Microbial and nutrient stabilization of two animal manures after the transit through the gut of the earthworm Eisenia fetida (Savigny, 1826)
    Manuel Aira
    Departamento de Ecoloxia e Bioloxia Animal, Universidad de Vigo, Vigo E 36310, Spain
    J Hazard Mater 161:1234-8. 2009
    ..Nevertheless, casts were also characterized by an increased enzyme potential that might lead to a further thorough degradation of pig and cow manure...
  25. doi Reproduction and biochemical responses in Enchytraeus albidus (Oligochaeta) to zinc or cadmium exposures
    Sara C Novais
    CESAM and Department of Biology, University of Aveiro, 3810 193 Aveiro, Portugal
    Environ Pollut 159:1836-43. 2011
    ....
  26. doi Changes in microbial community structure and function during vermicomposting of pig slurry
    María Gómez-Brandón
    Departamento de Ecología y Biología Animal, Universidade de Vigo, E 36310 Vigo, Spain
    Bioresour Technol 102:4171-8. 2011
    ....
  27. ncbi rDNA (18S-28S and 5S) colocalization and linkage between ribosomal genes and (TTAGGG)(n) telomeric sequence in the earthworm, Octodrilus complanatus (Annelida: Oligochaeta: Lumbricidae), revealed by single- and double-color FISH
    R Vitturi
    Dipartimento di Biologia Animale, Universita di Palermo, Palermo, Italy
    J Hered 93:279-82. 2002
    Spermatogonial and metaphase I chromosomes of the lumbricid earthworm Octodrilus complanatus (Annelida: Oligochaeta) were examined using fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) with three repetitive DNA probes-5S rDNA, 18S-26S rDNA, and ..
  28. doi Effect of the earthworms Lumbricus terrestris and Aporrectodea caliginosa on bacterial diversity in soil
    Taras Y Nechitaylo
    Environmental Microbiology Laboratory, Helmholtz Center for Infection Research, Inhoffenstr 7, 38124 Braunschweig, Germany
    Microb Ecol 59:574-87. 2010
    ..In conclusion, our results suggest that some specific bacterial taxonomic groups maintain their diversity and even increase their relative numbers during transit through the gastrointestinal tract of earthworms...
  29. ncbi Earthworm fibrinolytic enzyme: anti-tumor activity on human hepatoma cells in vitro and in vivo
    Hong Chen
    Department of Gastroenterology, Affiliated Zhongda Hospital, Southeast University, Nanjing 210009, China
    Chin Med J (Engl) 120:898-904. 2007
    ..In this study, the anti-tumor activity of EFE, isolated from Eisenia foetida, on human hepatoma cells was evaluated in vitro and in vivo. The potential mechanisms involved were also studied...
  30. ncbi Earthworms and legumes control litter decomposition in a plant diversity gradient
    Alexandru Milcu
    NERC Centre for Population Biology, Division of Biology, Imperial College, Silwood Park, Ascot SL5 7PY, United Kingdom
    Ecology 89:1872-82. 2008
    ..and legumes function as keystone organisms for grassland decomposition processes and presumably contribute to the recorded increase in primary productivity with increasing plant diversity...
  31. doi Ecotoxicological effects of an aged TiO2 nanocomposite measured as apoptosis in the anecic earthworm Lumbricus terrestris after exposure through water, food and soil
    Emmanuel Lapied
    Bioforsk Soil and Environment, Fredrik A Dahls vei 20, As, Norway
    Environ Int 37:1105-10. 2011
    ..No bioaccumulation of TiO(2) nanocomposites could thus be observed...
  32. ncbi Evolution of regeneration and fission in annelids: insights from engrailed- and orthodenticle-class gene expression
    A E Bely
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, State University of New York at Stony Brook, 11794 5245, USA
    Development 128:2781-91. 2001
    ..during regeneration and asexual reproduction (by fission) in the segmented worm Pristina leidyi (Annelida: Oligochaeta)...
  33. ncbi Cryptic speciation of hormogastrid earthworms revealed by mitochondrial and nuclear data
    Marta Novo
    Departamento de Zoología y Antropología Física, Facultad de Biologia, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 56:507-12. 2010
    ....
  34. pmc Earthworm and belowground competition effects on plant productivity in a plant diversity gradient
    Nico Eisenhauer
    J F Blumenbach Institute of Zoology and Anthropology, Georg August University of Gottingen, Berliner Strasse 28, Gottingen, Germany
    Oecologia 161:291-301. 2009
    ..Further, earthworms likely alter competitive interactions among plants and the structure of plant communities by beneficially affecting certain plant functional groups...
  35. pmc Animal ecosystem engineers modulate the diversity-invasibility relationship
    Nico Eisenhauer
    Darmstadt University of Technology, Institute of Zoology, Darmstadt, Germany
    PLoS ONE 3:e3489. 2008
    ..Disturbances by ecosystem engineers affect the distribution, establishment, and abundance of species but this has been ignored in studies on diversity-invasibility relationships...
  36. ncbi A review of lysosomal membrane stability measured by neutral red retention: is it a workable earthworm biomarker?
    C Svendsen
    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Monks Wood, Abbotts Ripton, Huntingdon, Cambridgeshire PE28 2LS, UK
    Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 57:20-9. 2004
    ..Discussion of the biomarker's suitability to each criterion is followed by an overall evaluation of its workability for routine soil quality assessment and caveats for its use...
  37. ncbi Biomarkers responses of the earthworm Eisenia fetida to acetochlor exposure in OECD soil
    Neng Wen Xiao
    Key Lab of Systems Ecology, Research Center for Eco Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100085, PR China
    Chemosphere 65:907-12. 2006
    ..Such a suite of biomarkers could serve as indicators of the health of the soil environment and to evaluate the toxicity of acetochlor on earthworms or as a means of monitoring soil acetochlor pollution...
  38. ncbi Earthworm leukocyte populations specifically harbor lysosomal enzymes that may respond to bacterial challenge
    P Engelmann
    Department of Immunology and Biotechnology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Pecs, Pecs, Hungary
    Cell Tissue Res 316:391-401. 2004
    ..Fifth, we found a 39-kDa molecule that reacted intensely with anti-AcP. Our results suggest that effector earthworm coelomocytes may not eliminate pathogens only by phagocytosis but also by extracellular lysis...
  39. pmc Beneficial effect of Verminephrobacter nephridial symbionts on the fitness of the earthworm Aporrectodea tuberculata
    Marie B Lund
    Department of Biological Sciences, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark
    Appl Environ Microbiol 76:4738-43. 2010
    Almost all lumbricid earthworms (Oligochaeta: Lumbricidae) harbor species-specific Verminephrobacter (Betaproteobacteria) symbionts in their nephridia (excretory organs)...
  40. ncbi The strong induction of metallothionein gene following cadmium exposure transiently affects the expression of many genes in Eisenia fetida: a trade-off mechanism?
    F Brulle
    Laboratoire d Ecologie Numérique et d Ecotoxicologie, EA 3570, Universite de Lille 1, Cite Scientifique, Batiment SN3, 59655 Villeneuve d Ascq cedex, France
    Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol 144:334-41. 2007
    ..A strong decrease of the number of transcripts was also detected for most effectors soon after the exposure to cadmium suggesting that a trade-off mechanism occurs...
  41. ncbi The relation between lysosomal biomarker and population responses in a field population of Microchaetus sp. (oligochaeta) exposed to the fungicide copper oxychloride
    M S Maboeta
    Department of Zoology, Stellenbosch University, X1, Matieland 7602, South Africa
    Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 52:280-7. 2002
    ....
  42. ncbi Gene expression profile in the anterior regeneration of the earthworm using expressed sequence tags
    Sung Jin Cho
    Department of Life Science, Chung Ang University, Seoul
    Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 73:29-34. 2009
    ..Among 1,159 ESTs sequenced, we found several gene encoding signaling molecules, such as Notch and Distal-less. The ESTs used in this study should provide a resource for future research in earthworm regeneration...
  43. pmc Earthworm-mycorrhiza interactions can affect the diversity, structure and functioning of establishing model grassland communities
    Johann G Zaller
    Department of Integrative Biology and Biodiversity Research, Institute of Zoology, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Vienna, Vienna, Austria
    PLoS ONE 6:e29293. 2011
    ..Nevertheless, this study demonstrates that belowground-aboveground linkages involving earthworms and AMF are important mediators of the diversity, structure and functioning of plant communities...
  44. doi Diversity and host specificity of the Verminephrobacter-earthworm symbiosis
    Marie B Lund
    Department of Biological Sciences, Microbiology, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark
    Environ Microbiol 12:2142-51. 2010
    ..Betaproteobacteria) were detected in the nephridia of 19 out of 23 investigated earthworm species (Oligochaeta: Lumbricidae) by 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH)...
  45. ncbi Morphallactic regeneration as revealed by region-specific gene expression in the digestive tract of Enchytraeus japonensis (Oligochaeta, Annelida)
    Makoto Takeo
    Department of Natural History Sciences, Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University, Japan
    Dev Dyn 237:1284-94. 2008
    ..These results suggest that there is morphallactic as well as epimorphic or inductive regulation of the body patterning during regeneration of E. japonensis...
  46. ncbi Survival and reproduction of enchytraeid worms, Oligochaeta, in different soil types amended with energetic cyclic nitramines
    Sabine G Dodard
    Biotechnology Research Institute, National Research Council of Canada, 6100 Royalmount Avenue, Montreal, Quebec H4P 2R2, Canada
    Environ Toxicol Chem 24:2579-87. 2005
    ..Examination of data shows that CL-20 should be considered as a potential reproductive toxicant to soil invertebrates, and that safeguards should be considered to minimize the potential for release of CL-20 into the environment...
  47. ncbi cDNA cloning and expression analysis of Eisenia fetida (Annelida: Oligochaeta) phytochelatin synthase under cadmium exposure
    Franck Brulle
    Laboratoire d Ecologie Numérique et d Ecotoxicologie, EA 3570, Universite de Lille 1, Cite Scientifique, Batiment SN3, 59655 Villeneuve d Ascq cedex, France
    Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 71:47-55. 2008
    ..Temporal- and dose-profiling of the transcriptional regulation of phytochelatin synthase and MT in response to cadmium was performed by using real-time PCR...
  48. ncbi Autofluorescence in eleocytes of some earthworm species
    Justyna Cholewa
    Department of Evolutionary Immunobiology, Institute of Zoology, Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland
    Folia Histochem Cytobiol 44:65-71. 2006
    ..The function (if any) and inter-species differences of the autofluorescent coelomocytes still remain elusive...
  49. pmc Transmission of nephridial bacteria of the earthworm Eisenia fetida
    Seana K Davidson
    Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 2700, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 72:769-75. 2006
    ..Whether this is due to the developmental stage of the host or the physiological state of the symbiont remains to be investigated...
  50. ncbi Germline regeneration: the worms' turn
    David A Weisblat
    Dept of Molecular and Cell Biology, 385 LSA, University of California, Berkeley, 94720 3200, USA
    Curr Biol 16:R453-5. 2006
    ..New primordial germ cells arise from piwi-expressing germline stem cells that are distinct from somatic stem cells...
  51. ncbi Flow cytometric quantification of proliferating coelomocytes non-invasively retrieved from the earthworm, Dendrobaena veneta
    Joanna Homa
    Department of Evolutionary Immunobiology, Institute of Zoology, Jagiellonian University, R Ingardena 6, 30 060 Krakow, Poland
    Dev Comp Immunol 32:9-14. 2008
    ..The method described here may be very useful for investigations of antigen-driven proliferation of earthworm coelomocytes...
  52. doi Adding complexity to the complex: new insights into the phylogeny, diversification and origin of parthenogenesis in the Aporrectodea caliginosa species complex (Oligochaeta, Lumbricidae)
    Rosa Fernandez
    Departamento de Zoología y Antropología Física, Facultad de Biologia, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Calle José Antonio Nováis 2, 28040 Madrid, Spain
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 64:368-79. 2012
    ..Neither the 4× rule nor the GMYC method for species delimitation were successful for distinguishing taxonomically-distinct species...
  53. doi Evolution of a novel developmental trajectory: fission is distinct from regeneration in the annelid Pristina leidyi
    Eduardo E Zattara
    Biology Department, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    Evol Dev 13:80-95. 2011
    ..Differences are not obviously temporally clustered at the beginning, middle, or end of development but rather occur throughout, indicating that divergence has occurred along the entire developmental course of these trajectories...
  54. doi Understanding the biogeography of a group of earthworms in the Mediterranean basin--the phylogenetic puzzle of Hormogastridae (Clitellata: Oligochaeta)
    Marta Novo
    Departamento de Zoología y Antropología Física, Facultad de Biologia, Universidad Complutense de Madrid C José Antonio Nováis, 2, 28040 Madrid, Spain
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 61:125-35. 2011
    ....
  55. ncbi Codon optimization, expression, and characterization of recombinant lumbrokinase in goat milk
    Rongliang Hu
    Laboratory of Genetic Engineering, Veterinary Institute, Academy of Military Medical Science, 5333 Xi an Road, Changchun 130062, People s Republic of China
    Protein Expr Purif 37:83-8. 2004
    ..This is the first report on expression and characterization of a genetically engineered lumbrokinase...
  56. doi Effect of Cu-nanoparticles versus one Cu-salt: analysis of stress biomarkers response in Enchytraeus albidus (Oligochaeta)
    Susana I L Gomes
    CESAM and Department of Biology, University of Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal
    Nanotoxicology 6:134-43. 2012
    ..Nevertheless and despite the visible discrimination between nano and the salt form (time and exposure dependent), there was no single or a set of biomarkers that provided the best discrimination...
  57. ncbi Riboflavin as a source of autofluorescence in Eisenia fetida coelomocytes
    Beata Koziol
    Department of Evolutionary Immunobiology, Institute of Zoology, Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland
    Photochem Photobiol 82:570-3. 2006
    ..Additionally, lipofuscins are suspected to participate in this phenomenon...
  58. ncbi Characterization, molecular cloning and localization of calreticulin in Eisenia fetida earthworms
    Marcela Silerová
    Department of Immunology, Institute of Microbiology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Videnska 1083, Prague 4, Czech Republic
    Gene 397:169-77. 2007
    ..Moreover, a high calreticulin expression was measured in the muscular pharynx...
  59. ncbi Amplifying the benefits of agroecology by using the right cultivars
    D Noguera
    UPMC, Bioemco UMR 7618 IBIOS, Centre IRD, 32 avenue Henri Varagnat, 93143 Bondy Cedex, France
    Ecol Appl 21:2349-56. 2011
    ....
  60. ncbi The relationship between lysosomal biomarker and organismal responses in an acute toxicity test with Eisenia Fetida (Oligochaeta) exposed to the fungicide copper oxychloride
    M S Maboeta
    School for Environmental Sciences and Development, Potchefstroom University for Christian Higher Education, Private Bag X6001, Potchefstroom 2520, South Africa
    Environ Res 96:95-101. 2004
    ....
  61. ncbi Resistance of Eisenia fetida (Oligochaeta) to cadmium after long-term exposure
    S A Reinecke
    Department of Zoology, Stellenbosch University, Matieland, 7602, South
    Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 42:75-80. 1999
    ..Increased resistance to the heavy metal cadmium has not yet been determined for terrestrial Oligochaeta. Eisenia fetida was exposed to a sublethal concentration of cadmium sulfate for more than 10 generations...
  62. ncbi The comet assay as biomarker of heavy metal genotoxicity in earthworms
    S A Reinecke
    Department of Zoology, Stellenbosch University, Private Bag X1, Matieland 7602, South Africa
    Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 46:208-15. 2004
    ....
  63. ncbi Distinct carbohydrate recognition domains of an invertebrate defense molecule recognize Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria
    M Bilej
    Department of Immunology, Institute of Microbiology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague 4, Czech Republic
    J Biol Chem 276:45840-7. 2001
    Coelomic fluid of Eisenia foetida earthworms (Oligochaeta, Annelida) contains a 42-kDa defense molecule named CCF for coelomic cytolytic factor...
  64. doi Multiple bacterial symbionts in two species of co-occurring gutless oligochaete worms from Mediterranean sea grass sediments
    Caroline Ruehland
    Symbiosis Group, Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology, Celsiusstrasse 1, D 28359 Bremen, Germany
    Environ Microbiol 10:3404-16. 2008
    ....
  65. doi Mercury, cadmium and lead concentrations in different ecophysiological groups of earthworms in forest soils
    Gregor Ernst
    Soil Sciences, Swiss Federal Research Institute WSL, Zuercherstrasse 111, CH 8903 Birmensdorf, Switzerland
    Environ Pollut 156:1304-13. 2008
    ..Species differences in HM concentrations largely reflect differences in food selectivity and niche separation...
  66. pmc Phylogeny of 16S rRNA, ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase, and adenosine 5'-phosphosulfate reductase genes from gamma- and alphaproteobacterial symbionts in gutless marine worms (oligochaeta) from Bermuda and the Bahamas
    Anna Blazejak
    Max Planck Institute of Marine Microbiology, Celsiusstrasse 1, D 28359 Bremen, Germany
    Appl Environ Microbiol 72:5527-36. 2006
    ....
  67. ncbi Early-phase immunodetection of metallothionein and heat shock proteins in extruded earthworm coelomocytes after dermal exposure to metal ions
    Joanna Homa
    Department of Evolutionary Immunobiology, Institute of Zoology, Jagiellonian University, R Ingardena 6, PL 30 060 Krakow, Poland
    Environ Pollut 135:275-80. 2005
    ..Further experimentation is needed for quantitative analysis of kinetics of metal-induced stress protein expression in earthworm coelomocytes...
  68. ncbi Cloning and expression of earthworm fibrinolytic enzyme PM(246) in Pichia pastoris
    Yan Hu
    College of Life Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, People s Republic of China
    Protein Expr Purif 43:18-25. 2005
    ..The main physiochemical features of the EFE PM(246), including temperature stability, pH resistance, and sensitivity to some protein inhibitors, were also characterized...
  69. pmc Humic acids isolated from earthworm compost enhance root elongation, lateral root emergence, and plasma membrane H+-ATPase activity in maize roots
    Luciano Pasqualoto Canellas
    Centro de Ciências Tecnologias Agropecuárias, Laboratório de Solos, Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense, Avenida Alberto Lamego, 2000, CEP 28015 620, Campos dos Goytacazes, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Plant Physiol 130:1951-7. 2002
    ..These results may shed light on the hormonal activity that has been postulated for these humic substances...
  70. doi Functional analysis of grimp, a novel gene required for mesodermal cell proliferation at an initial stage of regeneration in Enchytraeus japonensis (Enchytraeidae, Oligochaete)
    Makoto Takeo
    Department of Natural History Sciences, Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan
    Int J Dev Biol 54:151-60. 2010
    ..in inhibiting grimp expression by RNA interference (RNAi), thus applying this technique for the first time in Oligochaeta. In knock-down worms, the number of BrdU-positive neoblasts and the non-neoblast grimp-expressing cells in the ..
  71. ncbi Nerve development, growth and differentiation during regeneration in Enchytraeus fragmentosus and Stylaria lacustris (Oligochaeta)
    Monika C M Müller
    Spezielle Zoologie, Fachbereich Biologie chemie, Universitat Osnabruck, D 49069 Osnabruck, Germany
    Dev Growth Differ 46:471-8. 2004
    ..In the investigated 'Oligochaeta' the outgrowing fibers of the ventral nerve cord are soon bundled into at least two distinct connective pairs, ..
  72. ncbi Early segregation of germ and somatic lineages during gonadal regeneration in the annelid Enchytraeus japonensis
    Ryosuke Tadokoro
    Graduate School of Biological Sciences, Nara Institute of Science and Technology, 8916 5 Takayama, Ikoma, Nara 630 0192, Japan
    Curr Biol 16:1012-7. 2006
    ..This is the first report to directly show that the germ and somatic lineages are segregated in asexually growing animals and behave differently during regeneration...
  73. doi Modelling the joint effects of a metal and a pesticide on reproduction and toxicokinetics in Lumbricid earthworms
    L J Lister
    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Monks Wood, Abbots Ripton, Huntingdon, Cambridgeshire PE28 2LS, UK
    Environ Int 37:663-70. 2011
    ....
  74. pmc Glutamine synthetase gene expression during the regeneration of the annelid Enchytraeus japonensis
    Cintia Carla Niva
    Invertebrate Gene Function Research Unit, National Institute of Agrobiological Sciences, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan
    Dev Genes Evol 218:39-46. 2008
    ..These results suggest that EjGS may play roles in regeneration, nerve function, cell proliferation, nitrogenous waste excretion, macromolecule synthesis, and gametogenesis...
  75. ncbi Effect of soil properties and aging on the toxicity of copper for Enchytraeus albidus, Enchytraeus luxuriosus, and Folsomia candida
    Mónica João de Barros Amorim
    Department of Biology, University of Aveiro, 3810 193 Aveiro, Portugal
    Environ Toxicol Chem 24:1875-85. 2005
    ..luxuriosus > E. albidus >> F. candida. Differences in toxicity of offspring survival between enchytraeids and F. candida might be explained by the different routes of uptake...
  76. pmc Molecular and culture-based analyses of prokaryotic communities from an agricultural soil and the burrows and casts of the earthworm Lumbricus rubellus
    Michelle A Furlong
    Department of Microbiology Institute of Ecology, 527 Biological Sciences Building, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602 2605, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 68:1265-79. 2002
    ..These results were consistent with a model where a large portion of the microbial population in soil passes through the gastrointestinal tract of the earthworm unchanged while representatives of some phyla increase in abundance...
  77. ncbi Validating the enchytraeid reproduction test: organisation and results of an international ringtest
    J Römbke
    ECT Oekotoxikologie GmbH, Flörsheim am Main, Germany
    Chemosphere 46:1117-40. 2002
    ..As a result of the ringtest, the ERT draft guideline was significantly improved. The new version is currently being standardised by OECD, ISO and ASTM...
  78. doi Enantioselective bioaccumulation and toxic effects of metalaxyl in earthworm Eisenia foetida
    Peng Xu
    Department of Applied Chemistry, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, PR China
    Chemosphere 83:1074-9. 2011
    ..In addition, biota to soil accumulation factor (BSAF) used to express the bioaccumulation of metalaxyl enantiomers was investigated, and significant difference was observed between rac-metalaxyl and R-metalaxyl...
  79. ncbi Earthworms (Oligochaeta, Lumbricidae) and mycobacteria
    O A Fischer
    Veterinary Research Institute, Hudcova 70, 62132 Brno, Czech Republic
    Vet Microbiol 91:325-38. 2003
    ..paratuberculosis. The results suggest that earthworms may become vectors of mycobacteria...
  80. doi Verminephrobacter aporrectodeae sp. nov. subsp. tuberculatae and subsp. caliginosae, the specific nephridial symbionts of the earthworms Aporrectodea tuberculata and A. caliginosa
    Marie B Lund
    Department of Bioscience, Microbiology, Aarhus University, Ny Munkegade 114, Aarhus C, Denmark
    Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek 101:507-14. 2012
    ..aporrectodeae subsp. caliginosae (type strain, Ac9(T) = DSM 21895(T) = LMG 25312(T)) isolated from the nephridia of the earthworms Aporrectodea tuberculata and A. caliginosa, respectively...
  81. ncbi Stem cell system in asexual and sexual reproduction of Enchytraeus japonensis (Oligochaeta, Annelida)
    Chikako Yoshida-Noro
    Department of Applied Molecular Chemistry, College of Industrial Technology, Advanced Research Institute for the Sciences and Humanities, Nihon University, Chiba 275 8575
    Dev Growth Differ 52:43-55. 2010
    ..These findings indicate that the stem cell system in E. japonensis is regulated by both internal and external environmental factors...
  82. doi Validation of avoidance assays for the screening assessment of soils under different anthropogenic disturbances
    A Sousa
    CESAM Centre for Environmental and Marine Studies and Department of Biology, Universidade de Aveiro, Campus Universitario de Santiago, 3810 193 Aveiro, Portugal
    Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 71:661-70. 2008
    ....
  83. ncbi Accumulation, subcellular distribution and toxicity of copper in earthworm (Eisenia fetida) in the presence of ciprofloxacin
    Rixiang Huang
    State Key Laboratory of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology, Research Center for Eco Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, China
    Environ Sci Technol 43:3688-93. 2009
    ..These results challenge the free ion activity model and suggested that Cu may be partly taken up as Cu-CIP complexes in earthworms, changing the bioavailability, subcellular distribution, and toxicity of Cu to earthworms...
  84. doi Susceptibility of epigeic earthworm Eisenia fetida to agricultural application of six insecticides
    R Das Gupta
    Department of Zoology, Raja NL Khan Women s College, Vidyasagar University, Paschim Medinipore, West Bengal, India
    Chemosphere 84:724-6. 2011
    ..The organophosphate insecticides chlorpyrifos (LC(50) - 28.58 mg kg(-1)), and monocrotophos (LC(50) - 39.75 mg kg(-1)) were found less toxic and ecologically safe because the LC(50) values were much higher than their respective RAD...
  85. ncbi Effects of metals on life cycle parameters of the earthworm Eisenia fetida exposed to field-contaminated, metal-polluted soils
    Johanne Nahmani
    Department of Soil Science, School of Human and Environmental Sciences, University of Reading, Whiteknights, Reading, Berkshire RG6 6DW, United Kingdom
    Environ Pollut 149:44-58. 2007
    ..Studies that use metal-amended artificial soils are not useful to predict toxicity of field multi-contaminated soils...
  86. ncbi Metal availability in heavy metal-contaminated open burning and open detonation soil: assessment using soil enzymes, earthworms, and chemical extractions
    Sang Hwan Lee
    Technology Research Center, Mine Reclamation Corporation, Seoul 110 727, Republic of Korea
    J Hazard Mater 170:382-8. 2009
    ..Furthermore, CaCl(2) and DTPA extraction methods are proved as promising, precise, and inexpensive surrogate measures of Cd, Cu, Pb, and Zn bioavailability from heavy metal-contaminated soils...
  87. pmc Bioaccumulation of total and methyl mercury in three earthworm species (Drawida sp., Allolobophora sp., and Limnodrilus sp.)
    Zhong Sheng Zhang
    Key Laboratory of Wetland Ecology and Environment, Institute of Northeast Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy of Science, 130012, Changchun, People s Republic of China
    Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 83:937-42. 2009
    ....
  88. doi Comparative effects of Cd and Pb on biochemical response and DNA damage in the earthworm Eisenia fetida (Annelida, Oligochaeta)
    Mei Li
    State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, School of the Environment, Nanjing University, 22 Hankou Road, Nanjing 210093, Jiangsu Province, China
    Chemosphere 74:621-5. 2009
    ..Results showed that DNA damage from Cd was more serious than that from Pb. And this indicated that the earthworm was more sensitive to the effects of Cd...
  89. ncbi Avoidance tests with earthworms and springtails: defining the minimum exposure time to observe a significant response
    Tiago Natal-da-Luz
    Department of Zoology, IMAR Coimbra Interdisciplinary Centre, University of Coimbra, Largo Marques de Pombal, 3004 517 Coimbra, Portugal
    Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 71:545-51. 2008
    ..Results showed that for both organisms a clear response within 24 h of exposure can be obtained. This rapid response enhances the utility of the test for "on site" analysis to evaluate contaminated sites...
  90. pmc Earthworms use odor cues to locate and feed on microorganisms in soil
    Lara Zirbes
    Functional and Evolutionary Entomology, Gembloux Agro Bio Tech, University of Liege, Gembloux, Belgium
    PLoS ONE 6:e21927. 2011
    ....
  91. ncbi Terrestrial avoidance behaviour tests as screening tool to assess soil contamination
    Susana Loureiro
    Department of Biology, University of Aveiro, 3810 193 Aveiro, Portugal
    Environ Pollut 138:121-31. 2005
    ..Furthermore the behaviour parameter was equally or more sensitive then other sublethal parameters (e.g. reproduction or growth), expressing the advantages of Avoidance Behaviour Tests as screening tools in ERA...
  92. ncbi Comparative efficacy of three epigeic earthworms under different deciduous forest litters decomposition
    M C Manna
    Indian Institute of Soil Science, Nabibagh, Berasia Road, Bhopal, 462038, India
    Bioresour Technol 88:197-206. 2003
    ..e. soil respiration, soil microbial biomass carbon and dehydrogenase activity were greater by application of vermicomposts over that after application of inorganic fertilizer in a new plantation of T. grandis...
  93. doi Molecular systematics and phylogeography of the gigantic earthworms of the Metaphire formosae species group (Clitellata, Megascolecidae)
    Chih Han Chang
    Institute of Zoology, National Taiwan University, 1 Roosevelt Road, Section 4, Taipei 106, Taiwan
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 49:958-68. 2008
    ..F., Shen, H.-P., Tsai, S.-C., 2000a. Native and exotic species of terrestrial earthworm (Oligochaeta) in Taiwan with reference to Northeast Asia. Zool. Stud. 39, 285-294, Tsai, C.-F., Tsai, S.-C., Liaw, G.-J...
  94. doi Opening a can of worms: unprecedented sympatric cryptic diversity within British lumbricid earthworms
    R Andrew King
    Cardiff School of Biosciences, Biomedical Sciences Building, Cardiff University, Museum Avenue, Cardiff CF10 3US, UK
    Mol Ecol 17:4684-98. 2008
    ..The cryptic diversity revealed by these results has profound consequences for all areas of earthworm research...
  95. ncbi The effect of earthworms on the fractionation and bioavailability of heavy metals before and after soil remediation
    Metka Udovic
    Agronomy Department, Centre for Soil and Environmental Science, Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, Jamnikarjeva 101, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
    Environ Pollut 148:663-8. 2007
    ..fetida casts was significantly higher than in the bulk of the soil. In remediated soil the Pb bioavailability in the simulated stomach phase increased by 5.1 times...
  96. pmc In situ hydrogen and nitrous oxide as indicators of concomitant fermentation and denitrification in the alimentary canal of the earthworm Lumbricus terrestris
    Pia K Wüst
    Department of Ecological Microbiology, University of Bayreuth, 95445 Bayreuth, Germany
    Appl Environ Microbiol 75:1852-9. 2009
    ..e., emitted H(2)) for microbiota in aerated soils...
  97. ncbi Eisenia fetida (Oligochaeta, Lumbricidae) activates fungal growth, triggering cellulose decomposition during vermicomposting
    Manuel Aira
    Departamento de Ecoloxia e Bioloxia Animal, Universidade de Vigo, Vigo, E 36310, Spain
    Microb Ecol 52:738-47. 2006
    ..fetida triggered fungal growth during vermicomposting. We suggest that this activation is a key step leading to more intense and efficient cellulolysis during vermicomposting of organic wastes...
  98. ncbi Carbon availability controls the growth of detritivores (Lumbricidae) and their effect on nitrogen mineralization
    Alexei V Tiunov
    Laboratory of Soil Zoology, Institute of Ecology and Evolution, Leninsky Prospect 33, 119071 Moscow, Russia
    Oecologia 138:83-90. 2004
    ..The presence of earthworms increases C limitation of soil microorganisms, due to increased availability of N and P in earthworm casts or a direct depletion of easily available carbon resources by earthworms...
  99. ncbi Diversity of microflora in the gut and casts of tropical composting earthworms reared on different substrates
    K Parthasarathi
    Division of Vermibiotechnology, Department of Zoology, Annamalai University, Annamalainagar 608 002, India
    J Environ Biol 28:87-97. 2007
    ....
  100. doi Phylogenetic assessment of the earthworm Aporrectodea caliginosa species complex (Oligochaeta: Lumbricidae) based on mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequences
    Marcos Pérez-Losada
    CIBIO, Centro de Investigacao em Biodiversidade e Recursos Geneticos, Universidade do Porto, Campus Agrário de Vairão, 4485 661 Vairão, Portugal
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 52:293-302. 2009
    ..Moreover our analyses also showed the presence of highly divergent lineages within A. caliginosa, A. trapezoides, and A. longa, suggesting the existence of cryptic diversity within these taxa...
  101. doi Myxobolus cerebralis (Myxozoa), the causative agent of whirling disease, reduces fecundity and feeding activity of Tubifex tubifex (Oligochaeta)
    S Shirakashi
    Clinic for Fish and Reptiles, University of Munich, Munich, Germany
    Parasitology 136:603-13. 2009
    ..cerebralis reduced feeding activity of T. tubifex by approximately 40%. Low energy intake and impaired energetic allocation may be the underlying mechanism behind reduced fecundity of infected T. tubifex...

Research Grants31

  1. STRUCTURAL BASIS FOR ASSEMBLY OF COOPERATIVE HEMOGLOBINS
    WILLIAM ROYER; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Our structural analysis suggests a number of hypotheses for the regulation of function, which we will be testing by mutagenesis, kinetic and structural experiments. ..
  2. STRUCTURAL BASIS FOR ASSEMBLY OF COOPERATIVE HEMOGLOBINS
    WILLIAM ROYER; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Our structural analysis suggests a number of hypotheses for the regulation of function, which we will be testing by mutagenesis, kinetic and structural experiments. ..
  3. Structural basis of regulation of IRF
    WILLIAM ROYER; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..These studies will provide insight into the molecular mechanism of IRF signaling, providing possible targets for rational drug design to combat viral pathogenesis. ..
  4. STRUCTURAL BASIS FOR ASSEMBLY OF COOPERATIVE HEMOGLOBINS
    WILLIAM ROYER; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Our structural analysis suggests a number of hypotheses for the regulation of function, which we will be testing by mutagenesis, kinetic and structural experiments. ..
  5. Ultrafast Time-Resolved Crystallography on Scapharca Hb
    WILLIAM ROYER; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Understanding such principles will aid in the rational manipulation of a number of biological processes. ..
  6. STRUCTURAL BASIS FOR ASSEMBLY OF COOPERATIVE HEMOGLOBINS
    WILLIAM ROYER; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Our structural analysis suggests a number of hypotheses for the regulation of function, which we will be testing by mutagenesis, kinetic and structural experiments. ..
  7. Ultrafast Time-Resolved Crystallography on Scapharca Hb
    WILLIAM ROYER; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Understanding such principles will aid in the rational manipulation of a number of biological processes. ..
  8. Ultrafast Time-Resolved Crystallography on Scapharca Hb
    WILLIAM ROYER; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Understanding such principles will aid in the rational manipulation of a number of biological processes. ..
  9. Structural basis of regulation of IRF
    WILLIAM ROYER; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..These studies will provide insight into the molecular mechanism of IRF signaling, providing possible targets for rational drug design to combat viral pathogenesis. ..
  10. Ultrafast Time-Resolved Crystallography on Scapharca Hb
    WILLIAM ROYER; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Understanding such principles will aid in the rational manipulation of a number of biological processes. ..
  11. STRUCTURAL BASIS FOR ASSEMBLY OF COOPERATIVE HEMOGLOBINS
    WILLIAM ROYER; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  12. STRUCTURAL BASIS FOR ASSEMBLY OF COOPERATIVE HEMOGLOBINS
    WILLIAM ROYER; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ....
  13. STRUCTURAL BASIS FOR ASSEMBLY OF COOPERATIVE HEMOGLOBINS
    WILLIAM ROYER; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ....
  14. STRUCTURAL BASIS FOR COOPERATIVITY IN CLAM HEMOGLOBINS
    WILLIAM ROYER; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Crystallization of a 43OkDa hemoglobin from a related arcid clam, Barbatia reeveana, will be pursued to determine the manner by which a tandem repeat of globin folds can be accommodated while still maintaining cooperative oxygen binding...
  15. STRUCTURAL BASIS FOR COOPERATIVITY IN CLAM HEMOGLOBINS
    WILLIAM ROYER; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..Crystallization of a 43OkDa hemoglobin from a related arcid clam, Barbatia reeveana, will be pursued to determine the manner by which a tandem repeat of globin folds can be accommodated while still maintaining cooperative oxygen binding...
  16. STRUCTURAL BASIS FOR COOPERATIVITY IN CLAM HEMOGLOBINS
    WILLIAM ROYER; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..Crystallization of a 43OkDa hemoglobin from a related arcid clam, Barbatia reeveana, will be pursued to determine the manner by which a tandem repeat of globin folds can be accommodated while still maintaining cooperative oxygen binding...
  17. TGF-beta and axis formation in Helobdella, a lophotrochozoan
    DAVID WEISBLAT; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  18. TGF-beta and axis formation in Helobdella, a lophotrochozoan
    DAVID WEISBLAT; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..They will also contribute to understanding the cellular processes known as epithelial-to-mesenchymal transitions (EMTs), which play a critical role both in normal development and in cancer metastasis. ..
  19. TGF-beta and axis formation in Helobdella, a lophotrochozoan
    David A Weisblat; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..They will also contribute to understanding the cellular processes known as epithelial-to-mesenchymal transitions (EMTs), which play a critical role both in normal development and in cancer metastasis. ..
  20. TGF-beta and axis formation in Helobdella, a lophotrochozoan
    DAVID WEISBLAT; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..They will also contribute to understanding the cellular processes known as epithelial-to-mesenchymal transitions (EMTs), which play a critical role both in normal development and in cancer metastasis. ..
  21. ANALYSIS OF PAIR OF RULE GENES IN SEQUENTIAL SEGMENTATIO
    DAVID WEISBLAT; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  22. ANALYSIS OF PAIR OF RULE GENES IN SEQUENTIAL SEGMENTATIO
    DAVID WEISBLAT; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  23. ANALYSIS OF PAIR OF RULE GENES IN SEQUENTIAL SEGMENTATIO
    DAVID WEISBLAT; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..abstract_text> ..
  24. ANALYSIS OF PAIR OF RULE GENES IN SEQUENTIAL SEGMENTATIO
    DAVID WEISBLAT; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..abstract_text> ..
  25. ANALYSIS OF PAIR OF RULE GENES IN SEQUENTIAL SEGMENTATIO
    DAVID WEISBLAT; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..abstract_text> ..
  26. TGF-beta and axis formation in Helobdella, a lophotrochozoan
    David A Weisblat; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..They will also contribute to understanding the cellular processes known as epithelial-to-mesenchymal transitions (EMTs), which play a critical role both in normal development and in cancer metastasis. ..