oligochaeta

Summary

Summary: A class of annelid worms with few setae per segment. It includes the earthworms such as Lumbricus and Eisenia.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Effects of earthworm invasion on plant species richness in northern hardwood forests
    Andrew R Holdsworth
    University of Minnesota, Conservation Biology Graduate Program, 187 McNeal Hall, 1985 Buford Avenue, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Conserv Biol 21:997-1008. 2007
  2. ncbi Earthworm invasion as the driving force behind plant invasion and community change in northeastern North American forests
    Victoria A Nuzzo
    Natural Area Consultants, Richford, NY 13835, USA
    Conserv Biol 23:966-74. 2009
  3. ncbi Freeze tolerance and accumulation of cryoprotectants in the enchytraeid Enchytraeus albidus (Oligochaeta) from Greenland and Europe
    Stine Slotsbo
    National Environmental Research Institute, University of Aarhus, Department of Terrestrial Ecology, Silkeborg, Denmark
    Cryobiology 57:286-91. 2008
  4. ncbi Pollutant-induced alterations of granulocyte morphology in the earthworm Eisenia foetida
    Antonio Calisi
    Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Biologiche e Ambientali, Universita del Salento, Via provinciale Lecce Monteroni, Lecce, Italy
    Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 72:1369-77. 2009
  5. ncbi Earthworms, as ecosystem engineers, influence multiple aspects of a salamander's ecology
    Tami S Ransom
    Department of Biology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904 4328, USA
    Oecologia 165:745-54. 2011
  6. ncbi cDNA cloning and expression analysis of Eisenia fetida (Annelida: Oligochaeta) phytochelatin synthase under cadmium exposure
    Franck Brulle
    Laboratoire d Ecologie Numérique et d Ecotoxicologie, EA 3570, Universite de Lille 1, Cite Scientifique, Batiment SN3, 59655 Villeneuve d Ascq cedex, France
    Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 71:47-55. 2008
  7. ncbi Pyrosequencing of prey DNA in reptile faeces: analysis of earthworm consumption by slow worms
    David S Brown
    Cardiff School of Biosciences, Biomedical Sciences Building, Cardiff University, Museum Avenue, Cardiff CF10 3AX, UK
    Mol Ecol Resour 12:259-66. 2012
  8. pmc Earthworm-mycorrhiza interactions can affect the diversity, structure and functioning of establishing model grassland communities
    Johann G Zaller
    Department of Integrative Biology and Biodiversity Research, Institute of Zoology, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Vienna, Vienna, Austria
    PLoS ONE 6:e29293. 2011
  9. ncbi Early-phase immunodetection of metallothionein and heat shock proteins in extruded earthworm coelomocytes after dermal exposure to metal ions
    Joanna Homa
    Department of Evolutionary Immunobiology, Institute of Zoology, Jagiellonian University, R Ingardena 6, PL 30 060 Krakow, Poland
    Environ Pollut 135:275-80. 2005
  10. pmc Clostridiaceae and Enterobacteriaceae as active fermenters in earthworm gut content
    Pia K Wüst
    Department of Ecological Microbiology, University of Bayreuth, Bayreuth, Germany
    ISME J 5:92-106. 2011

Detail Information

Publications379 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Effects of earthworm invasion on plant species richness in northern hardwood forests
    Andrew R Holdsworth
    University of Minnesota, Conservation Biology Graduate Program, 187 McNeal Hall, 1985 Buford Avenue, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Conserv Biol 21:997-1008. 2007
    ..Our results provide regional evidence that invasion by Lumbricus species may be an important mechanism in reduced plant-species richness and changes in plant communities in mature forests dominated by sugar maples...
  2. ncbi Earthworm invasion as the driving force behind plant invasion and community change in northeastern North American forests
    Victoria A Nuzzo
    Natural Area Consultants, Richford, NY 13835, USA
    Conserv Biol 23:966-74. 2009
    ..Thus, a focus on management of invasive plant species may be insufficient to protect northeastern forest understory species...
  3. ncbi Freeze tolerance and accumulation of cryoprotectants in the enchytraeid Enchytraeus albidus (Oligochaeta) from Greenland and Europe
    Stine Slotsbo
    National Environmental Research Institute, University of Aarhus, Department of Terrestrial Ecology, Silkeborg, Denmark
    Cryobiology 57:286-91. 2008
    ..was investigated in three geographically different populations of the enchytraeid Enchytraeus albidus (Oligochaeta). E. albidus is widely distributed from the high Arctic to temperate Western Europe. Our results show that E...
  4. ncbi Pollutant-induced alterations of granulocyte morphology in the earthworm Eisenia foetida
    Antonio Calisi
    Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Biologiche e Ambientali, Universita del Salento, Via provinciale Lecce Monteroni, Lecce, Italy
    Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 72:1369-77. 2009
    ..We recommend the use of morphometric alterations of granulocytes as a suitable biomarker of pollutant effect to be included in a multibiomarker strategy including responses at different levels of biological organization...
  5. ncbi Earthworms, as ecosystem engineers, influence multiple aspects of a salamander's ecology
    Tami S Ransom
    Department of Biology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904 4328, USA
    Oecologia 165:745-54. 2011
    ..cinereus during intraspecific encounters, in the presence of a predator and over the winter, they may serve as an important belowground-aboveground linkage in eastern forests where salamanders are common...
  6. ncbi cDNA cloning and expression analysis of Eisenia fetida (Annelida: Oligochaeta) phytochelatin synthase under cadmium exposure
    Franck Brulle
    Laboratoire d Ecologie Numérique et d Ecotoxicologie, EA 3570, Universite de Lille 1, Cite Scientifique, Batiment SN3, 59655 Villeneuve d Ascq cedex, France
    Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 71:47-55. 2008
    ..Temporal- and dose-profiling of the transcriptional regulation of phytochelatin synthase and MT in response to cadmium was performed by using real-time PCR...
  7. ncbi Pyrosequencing of prey DNA in reptile faeces: analysis of earthworm consumption by slow worms
    David S Brown
    Cardiff School of Biosciences, Biomedical Sciences Building, Cardiff University, Museum Avenue, Cardiff CF10 3AX, UK
    Mol Ecol Resour 12:259-66. 2012
    ..Pyrosequencing of prey DNA in faeces showed promise as a practical, rapid and relatively inexpensive means of obtaining detailed and valuable ecological information on the diets of reptiles...
  8. pmc Earthworm-mycorrhiza interactions can affect the diversity, structure and functioning of establishing model grassland communities
    Johann G Zaller
    Department of Integrative Biology and Biodiversity Research, Institute of Zoology, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Vienna, Vienna, Austria
    PLoS ONE 6:e29293. 2011
    ..Nevertheless, this study demonstrates that belowground-aboveground linkages involving earthworms and AMF are important mediators of the diversity, structure and functioning of plant communities...
  9. ncbi Early-phase immunodetection of metallothionein and heat shock proteins in extruded earthworm coelomocytes after dermal exposure to metal ions
    Joanna Homa
    Department of Evolutionary Immunobiology, Institute of Zoology, Jagiellonian University, R Ingardena 6, PL 30 060 Krakow, Poland
    Environ Pollut 135:275-80. 2005
    ..Further experimentation is needed for quantitative analysis of kinetics of metal-induced stress protein expression in earthworm coelomocytes...
  10. pmc Clostridiaceae and Enterobacteriaceae as active fermenters in earthworm gut content
    Pia K Wüst
    Department of Ecological Microbiology, University of Bayreuth, Bayreuth, Germany
    ISME J 5:92-106. 2011
    ....
  11. ncbi 'Candidatus Lumbricincola', a novel lineage of uncultured Mollicutes from earthworms of family Lumbricidae
    Taras Y Nechitaylo
    Environmental Microbiology Laboratory, Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research, 38124 Braunschweig, Germany
    Environ Microbiol 11:1016-26. 2009
    ..A new taxonomic group within the Mollicutes, designated 'Candidatus Lumbricincola', is proposed to include these as yet uncultured organisms...
  12. ncbi Gut wall bacteria of earthworms: a natural selection process
    Dwipendra Thakuria
    UCD School of Biology and Environmental Science, Science Education and Research Centre West, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland
    ISME J 4:357-66. 2010
    ..Hence, we conclude that the selection of bacteria associated with the gut wall of earthworms is a natural selection process and the strongest determinant of this process is in the order ecological group>habitat>species...
  13. ncbi Anti-inflammatory and anti-pyretic activities of earthworm extract-Lampito mauritii (Kinberg)
    M Balamurugan
    Division of Vermibiotechnology, Department of Zoology, Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar 608002, India
    J Ethnopharmacol 121:330-2. 2009
    ..Experiments were conducted to understand the therapeutic properties such as anti-inflammatory and anti-pyretic activities of biologically active extract isolated from whole earthworm (Lampito mauritii, Kinberg)...
  14. ncbi Characterization of water-in-oil microemulsion for oral delivery of earthworm fibrinolytic enzyme
    Mao Bo Cheng
    Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100083, China
    J Control Release 129:41-8. 2008
    ..These findings indicated that the w/o microemulsion may represent a safe and effective oral delivery system for hydrophilic bioactivity macromolecules...
  15. ncbi Metal ion trafficking in earthworms. Identification of a cadmium-specific metallothionein
    S R Stürzenbaum
    School of Biosciences, P O Box 911, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF1 3US, Wales, United Kingdom
    J Biol Chem 276:34013-8. 2001
    ..The structure-function relationship of wMT-2 and its role in cadmium detoxification through sequestration and compartmentalization is discussed...
  16. ncbi The comet assay as biomarker of heavy metal genotoxicity in earthworms
    S A Reinecke
    Department of Zoology, Stellenbosch University, Private Bag X1, Matieland 7602, South Africa
    Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 46:208-15. 2004
    ....
  17. ncbi Adding complexity to the complex: new insights into the phylogeny, diversification and origin of parthenogenesis in the Aporrectodea caliginosa species complex (Oligochaeta, Lumbricidae)
    Rosa Fernandez
    Departamento de Zoología y Antropología Física, Facultad de Biologia, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Calle José Antonio Nováis 2, 28040 Madrid, Spain
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 64:368-79. 2012
    ..Neither the 4× rule nor the GMYC method for species delimitation were successful for distinguishing taxonomically-distinct species...
  18. pmc Metaproteomics of a gutless marine worm and its symbiotic microbial community reveal unusual pathways for carbon and energy use
    Manuel Kleiner
    Symbiosis Group, Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology, 28359 Bremen, Germany
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:E1173-82. 2012
    ..algarvensis symbiosis indicates that the oligotrophic nature of its environment exerted a strong selective pressure in shaping these associations...
  19. ncbi Manganese toxicity in soil for Eisenia fetida, Enchytraeus crypticus (Oligochaeta), and Folsomia candida (Collembola)
    R G Kuperman
    U S Army Edgewood Chemical Biological Center, AMSSB RRT TE E5641 DR KUPERMAN 5183 Blackhawk Road, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD 21010 5424, USA
    Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 57:48-53. 2004
    ..The Eco-SSL requirement for the testing of multiple representative species is well justified. All study results will be submitted to the Eco-SSL Task Group for quality control review prior to inclusion in the Eco-SSL database...
  20. ncbi Patterns of litter disappearance in a northern hardwood forest invaded by exotic earthworms
    Esteban R Suárez
    Department of Natural Resources, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA
    Ecol Appl 16:154-65. 2006
    ....
  21. ncbi Changes in hardwood forest understory plant communities in response to European earthworm invasions
    Cindy M Hale
    Department of Forest Resources, University of Minnesota, St Paul, Minnesota 55108 6112, USA
    Ecology 87:1637-49. 2006
    ..Evidence from these forest sites suggests that earthworm invasion can lead to dramatic changes in the understory community and that the nature of these changes is influenced by the species composition of the invading earthworm community...
  22. ncbi Earthworm leukocyte populations specifically harbor lysosomal enzymes that may respond to bacterial challenge
    P Engelmann
    Department of Immunology and Biotechnology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Pecs, Pecs, Hungary
    Cell Tissue Res 316:391-401. 2004
    ..Fifth, we found a 39-kDa molecule that reacted intensely with anti-AcP. Our results suggest that effector earthworm coelomocytes may not eliminate pathogens only by phagocytosis but also by extracellular lysis...
  23. ncbi Physical mapping of rDNA genes, (TTAGGG)n telomeric sequence and other karyological features in two earthworms of the family Lumbricidae (Annelida: Oligochaeta)
    R Vitturi
    Dipartimento di Biologia Animale, Universita di Palermo, Via Archirafi 18, 90123 Palermo, Italy
    Heredity (Edinb) 85:203-7. 2000
    ..and nuclear DNA amounts of the terrestrial earthworms Octodrilus complanatus and Eisenia foetida (Annelida: Oligochaeta: Lumbricidae)...
  24. ncbi Minimization of excess sludge production for biological wastewater treatment
    Yuansong Wei
    Department of Water Pollution Control Technology, Research Centre for Eco Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100085 Beijing, People s Republic of China
    Water Res 37:4453-67. 2003
    ..Employing any strategy for reducing sludge production may have an impact on microbial community in biological wastewater treatment processes. This impact may influence the sludge characteristics and the quality of effluent...
  25. ncbi Declines in woodland salamander abundance associated with non-native earthworm and plant invasions
    John C Maerz
    Department of Natural Resources, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14851, USA
    Conserv Biol 23:975-81. 2009
    ....
  26. ncbi Prey choice by carabid beetles feeding on an earthworm community analysed using species- and lineage-specific PCR primers
    R Andrew King
    Cardiff School of Biosciences, Biomedical Sciences Building, Cardiff University, Museum Avenue, Cardiff, CF10 3AX, UK
    Mol Ecol 19:1721-32. 2010
    ..melanarius. We concluded that any management system that increases earthworm densities generally, regardless of component species, is likely to be optimal for increasing numbers of this beneficial beetle predator...
  27. ncbi Multiple bacterial symbionts in two species of co-occurring gutless oligochaete worms from Mediterranean sea grass sediments
    Caroline Ruehland
    Symbiosis Group, Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology, Celsiusstrasse 1, D 28359 Bremen, Germany
    Environ Microbiol 10:3404-16. 2008
    ....
  28. ncbi Metallothioneins induction and antioxidative response in aquatic worms Tubifex tubifex (Oligochaeta, Tubificidae) exposed to copper
    Yahia Y Mosleh
    Laboratoire d Eco toxicologie, Unité de Recherche sur la Vigne et le Vin de Champagne UPRES EA 2069, Faculte des Sciences, Universite de Reims Champagne Ardenne, B P 1039, 51687 Reims, Cedex 02, France
    Chemosphere 64:121-8. 2006
    ..44.42%). The high induction of MTs observed during T. tubifex exposure to Cu make them potentially useful biomarkers to monitor metal pollution...
  29. ncbi Elucidating the routes of exposure for organic chemicals in the earthworm, Eisenia andrei (Oligochaeta)
    Tjalling Jager
    Department of Theoretical Biology, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, De Boelelaan 1085, NL 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Environ Sci Technol 37:3399-404. 2003
    ..The rate constant across the skin decreases with K(ow) but was generally higher than data derived from water-only exposure. The relationship with hydrophobicity was less clear for the rate constant across the gut wall...
  30. ncbi Accumulation of mercury and methylmercury by mushrooms and earthworms from forest soils
    Stephan R Rieder
    Rhizosphere Processes Group, Swiss Federal Research Institute WSL, 8903 Birmensdorf, Switzerland
    Environ Pollut 159:2861-9. 2011
    ..Earthworms contained similar Hg concentrations (1.04 mg Hg kg(-1) dw) whereas endogeic earthworms accumulated highest amounts of Hg and methyl-Hg...
  31. ncbi Reduced density and nest survival of ground-nesting songbirds relative to earthworm invasions in northern hardwood forests
    Scott R Loss
    Conservation Biology Graduate Program, University of Minnesota, 1980 Folwell Avenue, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Conserv Biol 25:983-92. 2011
    ..Our findings provide compelling evidence that earthworm invasions may be associated with local declines of forest songbird populations...
  32. ncbi Acidovorax-like symbionts in the nephridia of earthworms
    Andreas Schramm
    Department of Ecological Microbiology, University of Bayreuth, D 95440 Bayreuth, Germany
    Environ Microbiol 5:804-9. 2003
    ..Given the close phylogenetic relationship of the symbionts to proteolytic, free-living Acidovorax species, they may indeed play a role in protein degradation during nitrogen excretion by earthworms...
  33. ncbi Sub-lethal toxicity of the antiparasitic abamectin on earthworms and the application of neutral red retention time as a biomarker
    John Jensen
    National Environmental Research Institute, University of Aarhus, P O Box 314, Vejlsoevej 25, DK 8600 Silkeborg, Denmark
    Chemosphere 68:744-50. 2007
    ..25mg/kg. The change in lysosomal membrane stability showed a good correlation with reproduction and may hence be a potential predicator of the effects on earthworm populations...
  34. ncbi Exploration of embryonic origins of germline stem cells and neoblasts in Enchytraeus japonensis (Oligochaeta, Annelida)
    Mutsumi Sugio
    Division of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Hokkaido University, N10, W8, Kita ku, Sapporo 060 0810, Japan
    Gene Expr Patterns 8:227-36. 2008
    ....
  35. pmc Design, validation and annotation of transcriptome-wide oligonucleotide probes for the oligochaete annelid Eisenia fetida
    Ping Gong
    Environmental Services, SpecPro Inc, Vicksburg, Mississippi, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 5:e14266. 2010
    ..This approach is particularly applicable to organisms with a wealth of EST sequences but unfinished genome...
  36. pmc A feeding induced switch from a variable to a homogenous state of the earthworm gut microbiota within a host population
    Knut Rudi
    Hedmark University College, Hamar, Norway
    PLoS ONE 4:e7528. 2009
    ..Since feeding represents a main perturbation of the gut microbiota, we determined the effect of a single dose of feed on the microbiota associated with an earthworm population in a simulated microenvironment...
  37. ncbi Influence of temperature and soil type on the toxicity of three pesticides to Eisenia andrei
    P Mangala C S De Silva
    Department of Animal Ecology, VU University, De Boelelaan 1085, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Chemosphere 76:1410-5. 2009
    ..We conclude that toxicity of pesticides in tropics may not be predicted from data generated under temperate conditions, even within the same species...
  38. ncbi Assessing joint toxicity of chemicals in Enchytraeus albidus (Enchytraeidae) and Porcellionides pruinosus (Isopoda) using avoidance behaviour as an endpoint
    Susana Loureiro
    CESAM Centre for Environmental and Marine Studies and Department of Biology, University of Aveiro, 3810 193 Aveiro, Portugal
    Environ Pollut 157:625-36. 2009
    ..This study highlights the importance of dose dependencies when testing chemical mixtures and that avoidance tests can also be used to asses the effects of mixture toxicity...
  39. ncbi Differential gene expression analysis in Enchytraeus albidus exposed to natural and chemical stressors at different exposure periods
    Sara C Novais
    Department of Biology and CESAM, University of Aveiro, 3810 193 Aveiro, Portugal
    Ecotoxicology 21:213-24. 2012
    ..Some genes were differentially expressed in a stress specific manner and, in general, the responses were related with effects in the energy metabolism and cell growth...
  40. ncbi Reduction of total coliform numbers during vermicomposting is caused by short-term direct effects of earthworms on microorganisms and depends on the dose of application of pig slurry
    Fernando Monroy
    Departamento de Ecoloxia e Bioloxia Animal, Universidade de Vigo, 36310 Vigo, Spain
    Sci Total Environ 407:5411-6. 2009
    ..fetida than by interactions with the earthworm-shaped microbial community...
  41. ncbi Enchytraeus albidus (Enchytraeidae): a test organism in a standardised avoidance test? Effects of different chemical substances
    Mónica J B Amorim
    CESAM Centre for Environmental and Marine Studies and Department of Biology, University of Aveiro, 3810 193 Aveiro, Portugal
    Environ Int 34:363-71. 2008
    ..Here we proposed to standardize the Enchytraeid avoidance test in a way similar to what is currently done for the earthworm and collembolan avoidance tests by the International Standardisation Organisation (ISO)...
  42. ncbi Avoidance behaviour of Enchytraeus albidus: effects of benomyl, carbendazim, phenmedipham and different soil types
    Mónica J B Amorim
    Departamento de Biologia, Universidade de Aveiro, 3810 193 Aveiro, Portugal
    Chemosphere 59:501-10. 2005
    ..It is proposed to standardize the Enchytraeid Avoidance Test as it is currently done for the Earthworm Avoidance Test by the International Standard Organization (ISO)...
  43. ncbi Verminephrobacter eiseniae gen. nov., sp. nov., a nephridial symbiont of the earthworm Eisenia foetida (Savigny)
    Nicolas Pinel
    Department of Microbiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 7242, USA
    Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 58:2147-57. 2008
    ..nov. is proposed for the earthworm nephridial symbionts. The name Verminephrobacter eiseniae sp. nov. is proposed for the type species with strain EF01-2(T) (=ATCC BAA-1489(T)=DSM 19286(T)) as the type strain of the type species...
  44. ncbi Microbial and nutrient stabilization of two animal manures after the transit through the gut of the earthworm Eisenia fetida (Savigny, 1826)
    Manuel Aira
    Departamento de Ecoloxia e Bioloxia Animal, Universidad de Vigo, Vigo E 36310, Spain
    J Hazard Mater 161:1234-8. 2009
    ..Nevertheless, casts were also characterized by an increased enzyme potential that might lead to a further thorough degradation of pig and cow manure...
  45. pmc Earthworm effects without earthworms: inoculation of raw organic matter with worm-worked substrates alters microbial community functioning
    Manuel Aira
    Departamento de Ecoloxia e Bioloxia Animal, Facultade de Bioloxia, Universidade de Vigo, Vigo, Spain
    PLoS ONE 6:e16354. 2011
    ..e. effects derived from earthworm activities such as cast ageing). Here we test whether indirect earthworm effects affect microbial community functioning in the substrate, as when earthworms are present (i. e., direct effects)...
  46. ncbi Reproduction and biochemical responses in Enchytraeus albidus (Oligochaeta) to zinc or cadmium exposures
    Sara C Novais
    CESAM and Department of Biology, University of Aveiro, 3810 193 Aveiro, Portugal
    Environ Pollut 159:1836-43. 2011
    ....
  47. ncbi Can avoidance in Enchytraeus albidus be used as a screening parameter for pesticides testing?
    Sara C Novais
    CESAM and Department of Biology, University of Aveiro, 3810193 Aveiro, Portugal
    Chemosphere 79:233-7. 2010
    ..From an ecological point of view, avoidance tests are relevant but due to lower sensitivity and higher variability it is recommended that the enchytraeid avoidance test should not be used for risk assessment purposes...
  48. ncbi Development of a microarray for Enchytraeus albidus (Oligochaeta): preliminary tool with diverse applications
    Mónica J B Amorim
    CESAM and Department of Biology, University of Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal
    Environ Toxicol Chem 30:1395-402. 2011
    ..albidus. It demonstrates the usefulness of cDNA normalization in the production of cDNA libraries of ecotoxicological standard organisms that are not genome models like E. albidus...
  49. ncbi Changes in microbial community structure and function during vermicomposting of pig slurry
    María Gómez-Brandón
    Departamento de Ecología y Biología Animal, Universidade de Vigo, E 36310 Vigo, Spain
    Bioresour Technol 102:4171-8. 2011
    ....
  50. ncbi rDNA (18S-28S and 5S) colocalization and linkage between ribosomal genes and (TTAGGG)(n) telomeric sequence in the earthworm, Octodrilus complanatus (Annelida: Oligochaeta: Lumbricidae), revealed by single- and double-color FISH
    R Vitturi
    Dipartimento di Biologia Animale, Universita di Palermo, Palermo, Italy
    J Hered 93:279-82. 2002
    Spermatogonial and metaphase I chromosomes of the lumbricid earthworm Octodrilus complanatus (Annelida: Oligochaeta) were examined using fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) with three repetitive DNA probes-5S rDNA, 18S-26S rDNA, and ..
  51. ncbi Effect of the earthworms Lumbricus terrestris and Aporrectodea caliginosa on bacterial diversity in soil
    Taras Y Nechitaylo
    Environmental Microbiology Laboratory, Helmholtz Center for Infection Research, Inhoffenstr 7, 38124 Braunschweig, Germany
    Microb Ecol 59:574-87. 2010
    ..In conclusion, our results suggest that some specific bacterial taxonomic groups maintain their diversity and even increase their relative numbers during transit through the gastrointestinal tract of earthworms...
  52. ncbi Earthworm fibrinolytic enzyme: anti-tumor activity on human hepatoma cells in vitro and in vivo
    Hong Chen
    Department of Gastroenterology, Affiliated Zhongda Hospital, Southeast University, Nanjing 210009, China
    Chin Med J (Engl) 120:898-904. 2007
    ..In this study, the anti-tumor activity of EFE, isolated from Eisenia foetida, on human hepatoma cells was evaluated in vitro and in vivo. The potential mechanisms involved were also studied...
  53. ncbi Earthworms and legumes control litter decomposition in a plant diversity gradient
    Alexandru Milcu
    NERC Centre for Population Biology, Division of Biology, Imperial College, Silwood Park, Ascot SL5 7PY, United Kingdom
    Ecology 89:1872-82. 2008
    ..and legumes function as keystone organisms for grassland decomposition processes and presumably contribute to the recorded increase in primary productivity with increasing plant diversity...
  54. ncbi Bioaccumulation and biological effects in the earthworm Eisenia fetida exposed to natural and depleted uranium
    Anna Giovanetti
    ENEA, Institute of Radiation Protection, CR Casaccia Via Anguillarese 301, 00123 Rome, Italy
    J Environ Radioact 101:509-16. 2010
    ..The results have also shown a statistically significant higher level of impact on the earthworms exposed to natural U compared to depleted U...
  55. ncbi Relationship between hemolytic molecules in Eisenia fetida earthworms
    Petra Procházková
    Department of Immunology, Institute of Microbiology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Videnska 1083, 142 20 Prague 4, Czech Republic
    Dev Comp Immunol 30:381-92. 2006
    ..We document the presence of two distinct genes with a high level of homology. These genes encode fetidin and lysenin but their level of expression differs in individual E. fetida andrei animals...
  56. ncbi Modelling the joint effects of a metal and a pesticide on reproduction and toxicokinetics in Lumbricid earthworms
    L J Lister
    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Monks Wood, Abbots Ripton, Huntingdon, Cambridgeshire PE28 2LS, UK
    Environ Int 37:663-70. 2011
    ....
  57. ncbi Evolution of regeneration and fission in annelids: insights from engrailed- and orthodenticle-class gene expression
    A E Bely
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, State University of New York at Stony Brook, 11794 5245, USA
    Development 128:2781-91. 2001
    ..during regeneration and asexual reproduction (by fission) in the segmented worm Pristina leidyi (Annelida: Oligochaeta)...
  58. ncbi Cryptic speciation of hormogastrid earthworms revealed by mitochondrial and nuclear data
    Marta Novo
    Departamento de Zoología y Antropología Física, Facultad de Biologia, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 56:507-12. 2010
    ....
  59. ncbi Ecotoxicological effects of an aged TiO2 nanocomposite measured as apoptosis in the anecic earthworm Lumbricus terrestris after exposure through water, food and soil
    Emmanuel Lapied
    Bioforsk Soil and Environment, Fredrik A Dahls vei 20, As, Norway
    Environ Int 37:1105-10. 2011
    ..No bioaccumulation of TiO(2) nanocomposites could thus be observed...
  60. pmc Earthworm and belowground competition effects on plant productivity in a plant diversity gradient
    Nico Eisenhauer
    J F Blumenbach Institute of Zoology and Anthropology, Georg August University of Gottingen, Berliner Strasse 28, Gottingen, Germany
    Oecologia 161:291-301. 2009
    ..Further, earthworms likely alter competitive interactions among plants and the structure of plant communities by beneficially affecting certain plant functional groups...
  61. pmc Animal ecosystem engineers modulate the diversity-invasibility relationship
    Nico Eisenhauer
    Darmstadt University of Technology, Institute of Zoology, Darmstadt, Germany
    PLoS ONE 3:e3489. 2008
    ..Disturbances by ecosystem engineers affect the distribution, establishment, and abundance of species but this has been ignored in studies on diversity-invasibility relationships...
  62. ncbi Exotic earthworm effects on hardwood forest floor, nutrient availability and native plants: a mesocosm study
    Cindy M Hale
    Department of Forest Resources, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN 55108 6112, USA
    Oecologia 155:509-18. 2008
    ..rubellus alone. This study corroborates field studies that European earthworm invasions alter North American forest ecosystem processes by initiating a cascade of impacts on plant community composition and soil properties...
  63. ncbi Recommendations for the assessment of TNT toxicity in sediment
    Jason M Conder
    University of North Texas, Department of Biological Sciences, Institute of Applied Sciences, P O Box 310559, Denton, Texas 76203, USA
    Environ Toxicol Chem 23:141-9. 2004
    ....
  64. ncbi A new reactor concept for sludge reduction using aquatic worms
    Hellen J H Elissen
    Department of Environmental Technology, Wageningen University, P O Box 8129, Wageningen 6700 EV, The Netherlands
    Water Res 40:3713-8. 2006
    ..The obtained results show that the proposed reactor concept has a high potential for use in large-scale sludge processing...
  65. ncbi Expression of hunchback protein in a subset of ectodermal teloblasts of the oligochaete annelid Tubifex
    Takashi Shimizu
    Division of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060 0810, Japan
    Dev Genes Evol 212:520-5. 2002
    ..In contrast, hb expression in teloblasts appears to be an innovation evolved in the oligochaetes...
  66. ncbi Cholesterol and lipid/protein ratio control the oligomerization of a sphingomyelin-specific toxin, lysenin
    Reiko Ishitsuka
    Lipid Biology Laboratory, RIKEN Institute of Physical and Chemical Research Discovery Research Institute, 2 1 Hirosawa, Wako Shi, Saitama 351 0198, Japan
    Biochemistry 46:1495-502. 2007
    ..Our results indicate that both cholesterol and the SM/lysenin ratio control the amount of lysenin monomer via altering the state of protein oligomerization, thus affecting hemolysis...
  67. ncbi The world in a river? A preliminary analysis of the 16S rDNA variability of Tubifex species (Clitellata: Tubificidae) from the Lambro River
    Angelica Crottini
    Dipartimento di Biologia, Sezione di Zoologia e Citologia, Universita degli Studi di Milano, Milano, Italy
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 48:1189-203. 2008
    ..Our results show that the genetic variability did not sensibly increase widening the data set, suggesting that the Lambro River populations meet the species' worldwide genetic variability...
  68. ncbi Tungsten effects on survival, growth, and reproduction in the earthworm, Eisenia fetida
    Laura S Inouye
    U S Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Vicksburg, Mississippi 39180, USA
    Environ Toxicol Chem 25:763-8. 2006
    ..Toxicity data for other soil invertebrate species are required to fully establish benchmark levels/ecological soil screening levels for tungsten...
  69. ncbi Exfoliation of the epidermal cells and defecation by amphibian larvae in response to coelomic fluid and lysenin from the earthworm Eisenia foetida
    Hideshi Kobayashi
    Research Laboratory, Zenyaku Kogyo Co, Ltd, Ohizumimachi, Tokyo, Japan
    Biomed Res 27:169-81. 2006
    ..The induction of exfoliation by CF and lysenin was also observed in other amphibian species. In Bufo larvae, defecation was induced both by CF and by lysenin but this effect was independent of exfoliation...
  70. ncbi Lysenin-His, a sphingomyelin-recognizing toxin, requires tryptophan 20 for cation-selective channel assembly but not for membrane binding
    Katarzyna Kwiatkowska
    The Nencki Institute of Experimental Biology, Warsaw, Poland
    Mol Membr Biol 24:121-34. 2007
    ..Their activity disturbs the ion balance of the cell, leading eventually to cell lysis...
  71. ncbi Toxicity and bioaccumulation of reduced TNT metabolites in the earthworm Eisenia andrei exposed to amended forest soil
    Bernard Lachance
    Applied Ecotoxicology Group, Biotechnology Research Institute, National Research Council of Canada, 6100 Royalmount Avenue, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H4P 2R2
    Chemosphere 55:1339-48. 2004
    ..2 for 2-ADNT, 4-ADNT, 2,4-DANT and 2,6-DANT, respectively. Results also suggest that some TNT metabolites are at least as toxic as TNT and should be considered when evaluating the overall toxicity of TNT-contaminated soil to earthworms...
  72. ncbi Oligomerization and pore formation of a sphingomyelin-specific toxin, lysenin
    Akiko Yamaji-Hasegawa
    Supra Biomolecular System Research Group, RIKEN Institute of Physical and Chemical Research Frontier Research System, 2 1 Hirosawa, Wako Shi, Saitama 351 0198, Japan
    J Biol Chem 278:22762-70. 2003
    ..Oligomerization but not binding was affected by the amide-linked fatty acid composition of sphingomyelin, suggesting the role of membrane fluidity in the oligomerization step...
  73. ncbi A full scale worm reactor for efficient sludge reduction by predation in a wastewater treatment plant
    J Tamis
    Department of Biotechnology, Delft University of Technology, Julianalaan 67, 2628 BC, Delft, The Netherlands
    Water Res 45:5916-24. 2011
    ..This is a much better total conversion than reported for anaerobic biodegradability of secondary sludge of 20-30% efficiency in terms of TSS reduction...
  74. ncbi Operation of an aquatic worm reactor suitable for sludge reduction at large scale
    Tim L G Hendrickx
    Wetsus, Centre of Excellence for Sustainable Water Technology, P O Box 1113, 8900 CC Leeuwarden, The Netherlands
    Water Res 45:4923-9. 2011
    ..The new configuration has a low footprint and allows for easy aeration and faeces collection, thereby making it suitable for full scale application...
  75. ncbi Revising lysenin expression of earthworm coelomocytes
    Balazs Opper
    Department of Immunology and Biotechnology, Clinical Center, University of Pecs, Szigeti u 12, Pecs, Hungary
    Dev Comp Immunol 39:214-8. 2013
    ..These results indicate that among subpopulations of coelomocytes, lysenin is mainly produced by chloragocytes and its expression can be modulated by Gram-positive bacterial exposure...
  76. ncbi Effects of zinc exposure on earthworms, Lumbricus terrestris, in an artificial soil
    Steven M Lev
    Urban Environmental Biogeochemistry Laboratory, Towson University, Towson, MD 21252, USA
    Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 84:687-91. 2010
    ..We found support for this model among earthworms exposed to a range of soil Zn levels. Worms showed increasing bioaccumulation of Zn with increasing Zn soil concentrations, but at higher Zn levels worm growth rates decreased...
  77. ncbi Metabonomic assessment of toxicity of 4-fluoroaniline, 3,5-difluoroaniline and 2-fluoro-4-methylaniline to the earthworm Eisenia veneta (Rosa): identification of new endogenous biomarkers
    Jacob G Bundy
    Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, Biological Chemistry, Faculty of Medicine, South Kensington, London, United Kingdom
    Environ Toxicol Chem 21:1966-72. 2002
    ..These changes could potentially be used as novel biomarkers of xenobiotic toxicity and could be used to determine the mechanism of action of other toxic chemicals...
  78. ncbi Comparison performances of membrane bioreactor and conventional activated sludge prcesses on sludge reduction induced by Oligochaete
    Yuansong Wei
    Department of Water Pollution Control Technology, Research Centre for Eco Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P O Box 2871, Beijing 100085, People s Republic of China
    Environ Sci Technol 37:3171-80. 2003
    ..40 kg of SS/kg of CODremoved and 133 mL/g). Nais had more potential for sludge reduction than Aeolosoma. Worm growth had little impact on effluent quality in the MBR but affected effluent quality very much in the CAS reactor...
  79. ncbi Inheritance of mercury tolerance in the aquatic oligochaete Tubifex tubifex
    Dora Elva Vidal
    Southern California Coastal Water Research Project, 7171 Fenwick Lane Westminster, California 92683, USA
    Environ Toxicol Chem 22:2130-5. 2003
    ..Development of contaminant resistance and adaptation may be common phenomena in aquatic benthic invertebrates, which should be considered during the design and interpretation of toxicity tests...
  80. ncbi Body metal concentrations and glycogen reserves in earthworms (Dendrobaena octaedra) from contaminated and uncontaminated forest soil
    Martin Holmstrup
    National Environmental Research Institute, Aarhus University, Department of Terrestrial Ecology, Vejlsøvej 25, DK 8600 Silkeborg, Denmark
    Environ Pollut 159:190-7. 2011
    ..These results suggest that coping with different metals in earthworms is associated with differential energy demands depending on the associated detoxification strategy...
  81. ncbi Occurrence of Chaetogaster limnaei K. von Baer, 1927 (Oligochaeta, Naididae) associated with Gastropoda mollusks in horticultural channels in Southeastern Brazil
    R T Martins
    Departamento de Zoologia, Instituto de Ciencias Biologicas, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora, MG, Brasil
    Braz J Biol 70:1055-7. 2010
    ..There were recorded 320 specimens of C. limnaei in association with Aplexa rivalis Mastou & Rackett, 1898, Lymnaea columella Say, 1818 and Biomphalaria sp., the latter having the highest number of associated Naididae...
  82. pmc Sliding window analyses for optimal selection of mini-barcodes, and application to 454-pyrosequencing for specimen identification from degraded DNA
    Stéphane Boyer
    Department of Ecology, Faculty of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Lincoln University, Lincoln, New Zealand
    PLoS ONE 7:e38215. 2012
    ....
  83. ncbi Differential metallothionein expression in earthworm (Lumbricus rubellus) tissues
    A J Morgan
    Cardiff School of Biosciences, Cardiff University, PO Box 915, Cardiff Wales, CF10 3TL, UK
    Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 57:11-9. 2004
    ....
  84. ncbi A review of lysosomal membrane stability measured by neutral red retention: is it a workable earthworm biomarker?
    C Svendsen
    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Monks Wood, Abbotts Ripton, Huntingdon, Cambridgeshire PE28 2LS, UK
    Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 57:20-9. 2004
    ..Discussion of the biomarker's suitability to each criterion is followed by an overall evaluation of its workability for routine soil quality assessment and caveats for its use...
  85. ncbi Biomarkers responses of the earthworm Eisenia fetida to acetochlor exposure in OECD soil
    Neng Wen Xiao
    Key Lab of Systems Ecology, Research Center for Eco Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100085, PR China
    Chemosphere 65:907-12. 2006
    ..Such a suite of biomarkers could serve as indicators of the health of the soil environment and to evaluate the toxicity of acetochlor on earthworms or as a means of monitoring soil acetochlor pollution...
  86. ncbi The strong induction of metallothionein gene following cadmium exposure transiently affects the expression of many genes in Eisenia fetida: a trade-off mechanism?
    F Brulle
    Laboratoire d Ecologie Numérique et d Ecotoxicologie, EA 3570, Universite de Lille 1, Cite Scientifique, Batiment SN3, 59655 Villeneuve d Ascq cedex, France
    Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol 144:334-41. 2007
    ..A strong decrease of the number of transcripts was also detected for most effectors soon after the exposure to cadmium suggesting that a trade-off mechanism occurs...
  87. pmc Beneficial effect of Verminephrobacter nephridial symbionts on the fitness of the earthworm Aporrectodea tuberculata
    Marie B Lund
    Department of Biological Sciences, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark
    Appl Environ Microbiol 76:4738-43. 2010
    Almost all lumbricid earthworms (Oligochaeta: Lumbricidae) harbor species-specific Verminephrobacter (Betaproteobacteria) symbionts in their nephridia (excretory organs)...
  88. ncbi Diversity and host specificity of the Verminephrobacter-earthworm symbiosis
    Marie B Lund
    Department of Biological Sciences, Microbiology, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark
    Environ Microbiol 12:2142-51. 2010
    ..Betaproteobacteria) were detected in the nephridia of 19 out of 23 investigated earthworm species (Oligochaeta: Lumbricidae) by 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH)...
  89. ncbi Survival and reproduction of enchytraeid worms, Oligochaeta, in different soil types amended with energetic cyclic nitramines
    Sabine G Dodard
    Biotechnology Research Institute, National Research Council of Canada, 6100 Royalmount Avenue, Montreal, Quebec H4P 2R2, Canada
    Environ Toxicol Chem 24:2579-87. 2005
    ..Examination of data shows that CL-20 should be considered as a potential reproductive toxicant to soil invertebrates, and that safeguards should be considered to minimize the potential for release of CL-20 into the environment...
  90. ncbi Gene expression profile in the anterior regeneration of the earthworm using expressed sequence tags
    Sung Jin Cho
    Department of Life Science, Chung Ang University, Seoul
    Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 73:29-34. 2009
    ..Among 1,159 ESTs sequenced, we found several gene encoding signaling molecules, such as Notch and Distal-less. The ESTs used in this study should provide a resource for future research in earthworm regeneration...
  91. ncbi The relation between lysosomal biomarker and population responses in a field population of Microchaetus sp. (oligochaeta) exposed to the fungicide copper oxychloride
    M S Maboeta
    Department of Zoology, Stellenbosch University, X1, Matieland 7602, South Africa
    Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 52:280-7. 2002
    ....
  92. ncbi Morphallactic regeneration as revealed by region-specific gene expression in the digestive tract of Enchytraeus japonensis (Oligochaeta, Annelida)
    Makoto Takeo
    Department of Natural History Sciences, Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University, Japan
    Dev Dyn 237:1284-94. 2008
    ..These results suggest that there is morphallactic as well as epimorphic or inductive regulation of the body patterning during regeneration of E. japonensis...
  93. pmc Transmission of nephridial bacteria of the earthworm Eisenia fetida
    Seana K Davidson
    Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 2700, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 72:769-75. 2006
    ..Whether this is due to the developmental stage of the host or the physiological state of the symbiont remains to be investigated...
  94. ncbi Autofluorescence in eleocytes of some earthworm species
    Justyna Cholewa
    Department of Evolutionary Immunobiology, Institute of Zoology, Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland
    Folia Histochem Cytobiol 44:65-71. 2006
    ..The function (if any) and inter-species differences of the autofluorescent coelomocytes still remain elusive...
  95. ncbi Flow cytometric quantification of proliferating coelomocytes non-invasively retrieved from the earthworm, Dendrobaena veneta
    Joanna Homa
    Department of Evolutionary Immunobiology, Institute of Zoology, Jagiellonian University, R Ingardena 6, 30 060 Krakow, Poland
    Dev Comp Immunol 32:9-14. 2008
    ..The method described here may be very useful for investigations of antigen-driven proliferation of earthworm coelomocytes...
  96. ncbi Germline regeneration: the worms' turn
    David A Weisblat
    Dept of Molecular and Cell Biology, 385 LSA, University of California, Berkeley, 94720 3200, USA
    Curr Biol 16:R453-5. 2006
    ..New primordial germ cells arise from piwi-expressing germline stem cells that are distinct from somatic stem cells...
  97. ncbi Evolution of a novel developmental trajectory: fission is distinct from regeneration in the annelid Pristina leidyi
    Eduardo E Zattara
    Biology Department, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    Evol Dev 13:80-95. 2011
    ..Differences are not obviously temporally clustered at the beginning, middle, or end of development but rather occur throughout, indicating that divergence has occurred along the entire developmental course of these trajectories...
  98. ncbi Effect of Cu-nanoparticles versus one Cu-salt: analysis of stress biomarkers response in Enchytraeus albidus (Oligochaeta)
    Susana I L Gomes
    CESAM and Department of Biology, University of Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal
    Nanotoxicology 6:134-43. 2012
    ..Nevertheless and despite the visible discrimination between nano and the salt form (time and exposure dependent), there was no single or a set of biomarkers that provided the best discrimination...
  99. ncbi Codon optimization, expression, and characterization of recombinant lumbrokinase in goat milk
    Rongliang Hu
    Laboratory of Genetic Engineering, Veterinary Institute, Academy of Military Medical Science, 5333 Xi an Road, Changchun 130062, People s Republic of China
    Protein Expr Purif 37:83-8. 2004
    ..This is the first report on expression and characterization of a genetically engineered lumbrokinase...
  100. ncbi Understanding the biogeography of a group of earthworms in the Mediterranean basin--the phylogenetic puzzle of Hormogastridae (Clitellata: Oligochaeta)
    Marta Novo
    Departamento de Zoología y Antropología Física, Facultad de Biologia, Universidad Complutense de Madrid C José Antonio Nováis, 2, 28040 Madrid, Spain
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 61:125-35. 2011
    ....
  101. ncbi Riboflavin as a source of autofluorescence in Eisenia fetida coelomocytes
    Beata Koziol
    Department of Evolutionary Immunobiology, Institute of Zoology, Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland
    Photochem Photobiol 82:570-3. 2006
    ..Additionally, lipofuscins are suspected to participate in this phenomenon...

Research Grants6

  1. STRUCTURAL BASIS FOR ASSEMBLY OF COOPERATIVE HEMOGLOBINS
    WILLIAM ROYER; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Our structural analysis suggests a number of hypotheses for the regulation of function, which we will be testing by mutagenesis, kinetic and structural experiments. ..
  2. Ultrafast Time-Resolved Crystallography on Scapharca Hb
    WILLIAM ROYER; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Understanding such principles will aid in the rational manipulation of a number of biological processes. ..
  3. Structural basis of regulation of IRF
    WILLIAM ROYER; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..These studies will provide insight into the molecular mechanism of IRF signaling, providing possible targets for rational drug design to combat viral pathogenesis. ..
  4. Redox mechanism of cancer prevention by selenium
    VADIM GLADYSHEV; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..These approaches should yield insight into the mechanism of the anticancer effect of selenium and may lead to the identification of human cancers most susceptible to selenium chemoprevention. ..
  5. 2006 Thiol-based Redox Regulation and Signaling Gordon Research Conference
    VADIM GLADYSHEV; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..A diverse mix of established and emerging leaders in the field, and of junior and senior investigators will be included in the program. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  6. ANALYSIS OF PAIR OF RULE GENES IN SEQUENTIAL SEGMENTATIO
    DAVID WEISBLAT; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..