gophers

Summary

Summary: The family Geomyidae of burrowing rodents, commonly called pocket gophers. There are six genera, all found in North America.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Cophylogeny and disparate rates of evolution in sympatric lineages of chewing lice on pocket gophers
    Jessica E Light
    Department of Biological Sciences and Museum of Natural Science, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 45:997-1013. 2007
  2. ncbi Costs and benefits of pocket gopher foraging: linking behavior and physiology
    Stephanie S Romañach
    Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Marine Biology, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106, USA
    Ecology 88:2047-57. 2007
  3. pmc The genetics of adaptive coat color in gophers: coding variation at Mc1r is not responsible for dorsal color differences
    Gabriela Wlasiuk
    The Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Biosciences West Building, The University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
    J Hered 98:567-74. 2007
  4. ncbi Gopher mounds decrease nutrient cycling rates and increase adjacent vegetation in volcanic primary succession
    Raymond P Yurkewycz
    School of the Environment, Washington State University, Vancouver, 14204 NE Salmon Creek Avenue, Vancouver, WA, 98686, USA
    Oecologia 176:1135-50. 2014
  5. ncbi Perceived damage and areas of needed research for wildlife pests of California agriculture
    Roger A Baldwin
    Statewide IPM Program, University of California Cooperative Extension, Parlier, CA, USA
    Integr Zool 9:265-79. 2014
  6. pmc Morphological adaptations for digging and climate-impacted soil properties define pocket gopher (Thomomys spp.) distributions
    Ariel E Marcy
    Department of Biology, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 8:e64935. 2013
  7. ncbi The forensic aspects of contemporary disintegrating rifle bullets
    Lucien C Haag
    Forensic Science Services, Carefree, AZ 85377, USA
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 34:50-5. 2013
  8. ncbi The uptake and distribution of buried radionuclides by pocket gophers (Thomomys bottae)
    R L Budd
    Los Alamos National Laboratory Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545, USA
    J Environ Sci Health A Tox Hazard Subst Environ Eng 39:611-25. 2004
  9. ncbi Body composition and amino acid concentrations of select birds and mammals consumed by cats in northern and central California
    N A Kremen
    Department of Molecular Biosciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis 95616, USA
    J Anim Sci 91:1270-6. 2013
  10. ncbi Grassland restoration with and without fire: evidence from a tree-removal experiment
    Charles B Halpern
    School of Forest Resources, Box 352100, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 2100, USA
    Ecol Appl 22:425-41. 2012

Research Grants

Scientific Experts

Detail Information

Publications45

  1. ncbi Cophylogeny and disparate rates of evolution in sympatric lineages of chewing lice on pocket gophers
    Jessica E Light
    Department of Biological Sciences and Museum of Natural Science, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 45:997-1013. 2007
    ..and Geomydoecus mexicanus species complexes and compares these to phylogenetic patterns in their hosts (pocket gophers of the rodent family Geomyidae)...
  2. ncbi Costs and benefits of pocket gopher foraging: linking behavior and physiology
    Stephanie S Romañach
    Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Marine Biology, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106, USA
    Ecology 88:2047-57. 2007
    ..By using behavior and simple physiological principles in our model, we were able to observe realistic body mass dynamics and recreate natural movement patterns...
  3. pmc The genetics of adaptive coat color in gophers: coding variation at Mc1r is not responsible for dorsal color differences
    Gabriela Wlasiuk
    The Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Biosciences West Building, The University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
    J Hered 98:567-74. 2007
    The genetics of adaptation is a key problem in evolutionary biology. Pocket gophers of the species Thomomys bottae provide one of the most striking examples of coat color variation in mammals...
  4. ncbi Gopher mounds decrease nutrient cycling rates and increase adjacent vegetation in volcanic primary succession
    Raymond P Yurkewycz
    School of the Environment, Washington State University, Vancouver, 14204 NE Salmon Creek Avenue, Vancouver, WA, 98686, USA
    Oecologia 176:1135-50. 2014
    ..In 2010, 18 years after gopher colonization, we found that gophers were active in ~2.5% of the study area and formed ~328 mounds ha(-1)...
  5. ncbi Perceived damage and areas of needed research for wildlife pests of California agriculture
    Roger A Baldwin
    Statewide IPM Program, University of California Cooperative Extension, Parlier, CA, USA
    Integr Zool 9:265-79. 2014
    ..We found that ground squirrels, pocket gophers, birds, wild pigs, coyotes and voles were the most common agricultural wildlife pest species in California...
  6. pmc Morphological adaptations for digging and climate-impacted soil properties define pocket gopher (Thomomys spp.) distributions
    Ariel E Marcy
    Department of Biology, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 8:e64935. 2013
    ..The allopatric distribution of five species of northern Californian pocket gophers (Thomomys spp.) is hypothesized to result from competitive exclusion...
  7. ncbi The forensic aspects of contemporary disintegrating rifle bullets
    Lucien C Haag
    Forensic Science Services, Carefree, AZ 85377, USA
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 34:50-5. 2013
    ..for use by 'varmint' hunters in high-velocity centerfire rifles where the effect on such animals as prairie dogs, gophers, ground hogs, and other similarly sized animals is nothing short of explosive...
  8. ncbi The uptake and distribution of buried radionuclides by pocket gophers (Thomomys bottae)
    R L Budd
    Los Alamos National Laboratory Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545, USA
    J Environ Sci Health A Tox Hazard Subst Environ Eng 39:611-25. 2004
    ..The noticeably high activity of pocket gophers on closed waste burial sites of various types at Area G resulted in the need to understand possible interactions ..
  9. ncbi Body composition and amino acid concentrations of select birds and mammals consumed by cats in northern and central California
    N A Kremen
    Department of Molecular Biosciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis 95616, USA
    J Anim Sci 91:1270-6. 2013
    ..California: wild-caught mice (n = 7), Norway rats (n = 2), roof rats (n = 2), voles (n = 4), moles (n = 2), gophers (n = 3), and birds (n = 4)...
  10. ncbi Grassland restoration with and without fire: evidence from a tree-removal experiment
    Charles B Halpern
    School of Forest Resources, Box 352100, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 2100, USA
    Ecol Appl 22:425-41. 2012
    ..in available N (especially in burn scars), effects of burning on soils were minimal due, in part, to mixing by gophers. Tree removal greatly benefited meadow species at the expense of forest herbs...
  11. ncbi Four events of host switching in Aspidoderidae (Nematoda) involve convergent lineages of mammals
    F Agustín Jiménez
    Department of Zoology, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, Illinois 62901 6501, USA
    J Parasitol 98:1166-75. 2012
    ..Two of these invasions would suggest that 2 different lineages of dasypodid parasites entered the Northern Hemisphere at different times, which is consistent with the presence of 2 lineages of armadillos in Mexico...
  12. ncbi Geographic genetic architecture of pocket gopher (Thomomys bottae) populations in Baja California, Mexico
    Sergio Ticul Alvarez-Castaneda
    Centro de Investigaciones Biologicas del Noroeste, SC, Mar Bermejo 195, AP 128, La Paz, Baja California Sur, 23090, Mexico
    Mol Ecol 13:2287-301. 2004
    ..All data suggest that pocket gophers have relatively recently invaded the southern half of peninsular Baja California, with the genetic signature of ..
  13. ncbi Cophylogeny on a fine scale: Geomydoecus chewing lice and their pocket gopher hosts, Pappogeomys bulleri
    James W Demastes
    Department of Biology, University of Northern Iowa, Cedar Falls, Iowa 50614, USA
    J Parasitol 98:262-70. 2012
    Many species of pocket gophers and their ectoparasitic chewing lice have broadly congruent phylogenies, indicating a history of frequent codivergence...
  14. ncbi New species of Arostrilepis (Eucestoda: Hymenolepididae) in members of Cricetidae and Geomyidae (Rodentia) from the western Nearctic
    Arseny A Makarikov
    Institute of Systematics and Ecology of Animals, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Frunze str 11, 630091 Novosibirsk, Russia
    J Parasitol 98:617-26. 2012
    ....
  15. pmc The roots of defense: plant resistance and tolerance to belowground herbivory
    Sean M Watts
    Environmental Studies Institute, Santa Clara University, Santa Clara, California, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e18463. 2011
    ..Pocket gophers (Geomyidae) provide an excellent opportunity to study root herbivory...
  16. ncbi Compensation and the stability of restored grassland communities
    Eric W Seabloom
    Department of Zoology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon 97331, USA
    Ecol Appl 17:1876-85. 2007
    ..Incorporation of diversity-stability relationships into restoration plans will likely increase restoration success. This case study further demonstrates the relevance of community ecology theory to restoration ecology...
  17. ncbi Molecular systematics of the Holarctic Anoplocephaloides variabilis (Douthitt, 1915) complex, with the proposal of Microcephaloides n. g. (Cestoda: Anoplocephalidae)
    Voitto Haukisalmi
    Finnish Forest Research Institute, Vantaa Research Unit, PO Box 18, 01301 Vantaa, Finland
    Syst Parasitol 70:15-26. 2008
    ..krebsi. A redescription is provided for the type-species, M. variabilis n. comb., from pocket gophers (Geomys spp. and Thomomys spp.)...
  18. ncbi Multilocus phylogenetics of a rapid radiation in the genus Thomomys (Rodentia: Geomyidae)
    Natalia M Belfiore
    13101 VLSB 3160, Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, USA
    Syst Biol 57:294-310. 2008
    ..This comparison underscores the risks of overreliance on results from concatenation, and ignoring the properties of coalescence, especially in cases of recent, rapid radiations...
  19. ncbi A novel test for host-symbiont codivergence indicates ancient origin of fungal endophytes in grasses
    C L Schardl
    Department of Plant Pathology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40546 0312, USA
    Syst Biol 57:483-98. 2008
    ..We also applied our method to the well-known gopher-louse data set...
  20. ncbi [Simultaneous bilateral lymphangitic sporotrichosis]
    José Antonio Barba Borrego
    Instituto Dermatológico de Jalisco Dr José Barba Rubio, Centro de Referencia en Micología Médica, CEREMI, Mexico
    Rev Iberoam Micol 26:247-9. 2009
    ..Sporotrichosis is the most frequent subcutaneous mycoses in Jalisco, Mexico. The forms of transmission described in the literature are from bites of different animals and injuries due to utensils...
  21. ncbi Phylogenetic structure of the Thomomys bottae-umbrinus complex in North America
    Sergio Ticul Alvarez-Castaneda
    Centro de Investigaciones Biologicas del Noroeste, S C Mar Bermejo 195, A P 128, Baja California Sur, 23090 La Paz, Mexico
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 54:671-9. 2010
    ..Overall divergence among these groups appears influenced by historical biogeographic events active during the Pliocene and Pleistocene...
  22. ncbi A novel definition of the multivariate coefficient of variation
    Adelin Albert
    University of Liege, Belgium
    Biom J 52:667-75. 2010
    ..As an illustration, the method is applied to electrophoresis data from external quality assessment in laboratory medicine, to phenotypic characteristics of pocket gophers and to a microarray data set.
  23. ncbi The codon-degeneracy model of molecular evolution
    D A McClellan
    Department of Biological Sciences and Museum of Natural Science, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803 3216, USA
    J Mol Evol 50:131-40. 2000
    ..resulted in a failure to reject the CDM as a null hypothesis for the molecular evolution of COI and cyt-b in pocket gophers. Alternative tree topologies and calculations of transition bias for these data result in higher GF scores.
  24. ncbi Thomas George Lee - Implantation and early development of North American rodents
    A M Carter
    Cardiovascular and Renal Research, Institute of Molecular Medicine, University of Southern Denmark, 5000 Odense, Denmark
    Placenta 32:8-10. 2011
    ..It now forms part of the Harland W. Mossman Collection at the University of Wisconsin...
  25. ncbi Wildlife ecological screening levels for inhalation of volatile organic chemicals
    Patricia Gallegos
    Neptune and Company, 1505 15th Street, Suite B, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87544, USA
    Environ Toxicol Chem 26:1299-303. 2007
    ....
  26. ncbi Phylogenetic evidence of mitochondrial DNA introgression among pocket gophers in New Mexico (family Geomyidae)
    M Ruedi
    Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, University of California, Berkeley 94720, USA
    Mol Ecol 6:453-62. 1997
    Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) variation in the cytochrome b gene was determined for two divergent taxa of pocket gophers, Thomomys bottae actuosus and T. b. ruidosae...
  27. ncbi A statistical test for host-parasite coevolution
    Pierre Legendre
    Departement de sciences biologiques, Universite de Montreal, C P 6128, Succursale Centre Ville, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3C 3J7
    Syst Biol 51:217-34. 2002
    ..Numerical simulations are used to show that the method has correct rate of type I error and good power except under extreme error conditions. An application to real data (pocket gophers and chewing lice) is presented.
  28. ncbi Phylogenetic analysis of bacterial communities associated with ectoparasitic chewing lice of pocket gophers: a culture-independent approach
    D L Reed
    Museum of Natural Science, Department of Biological Sciences, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA
    Microb Ecol 44:78-93. 2002
    This study identifies the bacteria associated with ectoparasitic chewing lice that live in the fur of pocket gophers. Samples of chewing lice were collected from pocket gopher hosts in Florida, Missouri, New Mexico, and Costa Rica...
  29. ncbi Systematics and phylogeography of pocket gophers in the genera Cratogeomys and Pappogeomys
    James W Demastes
    Department of Biology, University of Northern Iowa, Cedar Falls, Iowa 50614, USA
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 22:144-54. 2002
    ..fumosus, C. neglectus, and C. zinseri, do not appear to be genetically distinct from other gymnurus species group taxa. An historical biogeographic hypothesis is proposed that will be tested using nuclear DNA data...
  30. ncbi Estimating the influence of selection on the variable amino acid sites of the cytochrome B protein functional domains
    D A McClellan
    Department of Zoology, 574 WIDB, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah 84602, USA
    Mol Biol Evol 18:917-25. 2001
    ..Two groups of mammals were considered: pocket gophers of the rodent family Geomyidae, and cetaceans and ungulates of the monophyletic taxon Cetartopdactyla...
  31. ncbi Capsicum-laden soils decrease contact time by northern pocket gophers
    R T Sterner
    U S Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, National Wildlife Research Center, Fort Collins, CO 80521 2154, USA
    Physiol Behav 67:455-8. 1999
    ..00, 0.75, 1.50, and 2.25%) upon soil-contact, soil-digging, and pelage-grooming behaviors in northern pocket gophers (Thomomys talpoides). In 3 alternate-day (1-h/day) exposures to > or = 1...
  32. ncbi Pocket gophers and chewing lice: a test of the maternal transmission hypothesis
    J W Demastes
    Museum of Natural Science, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge 70803, USA
    Mol Ecol 7:1065-9. 1998
    The life-history traits of pocket gophers and their chewing lice suggest that there is little opportunity for transmission of parasites among pocket gophers, with the exception of transmission from mother to offspring...
  33. pmc A genetic record of population isolation in pocket gophers during Holocene climatic change
    E A Hadly
    Mountain Research Center and Department of Biology, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 59717, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 95:6893-6. 1998
    ..time, ancient DNA and morphologic variation was measured over 2,400 years in a Holocene sequence of pocket gophers (Thomomys talpoides) from Lamar Cave, Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming...
  34. ncbi Development of a high performance liquid chromatography/mass spectroscopy method for the determination of strychnine concentrations in insects used to assess potential risks to insectivores
    Randal S Stahl
    US Department of Agriculture, APHIS WS, National Wildlife Research Center, 4101 LaPorte Avenue, Fort Collins, CO 80521, USA
    J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci 811:257-62. 2004
    ..in support of a study to assess potential tertiary risks posed to insectivores by strychnine baited pocket gophers (Thomomys sp.). Necropholous insects are primary consumers of pocket gopher carcasses...
  35. ncbi Photoreceptors and photopigments in a subterranean rodent, the pocket gopher (Thomomys bottae)
    Gary A Williams
    Neuroscience Research Institute and Department of Psychology, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106, USA
    J Comp Physiol A Neuroethol Sens Neural Behav Physiol 191:125-34. 2005
    Pocket gophers (Thomomys bottae) are rodents that spend much of their lives in near-lightless subterranean burrows...
  36. ncbi Systematic position of some nearctic Heligmosomoidea (Nematoda: Trichostrongylina) from the U.S. National Parasite collection and their description
    Marie Claude Durette-Desset
    Département de Systématique et Evolution, Museum national d histoire naturelle, UMR 7138 associee au CNRS, CP 52, 61, rue Buffon 75231, Paris 05, France
    J Parasitol 91:893-9. 2005
    ..The most related species is V. chabaudi, which is differentiated from the new species by rays 4 not curved distally, by thick rays 8, and by a dorsal ray enlarged at the level of the arising of rays 8...
  37. ncbi A new species of Vexillata (Nematoda: Ornithostrongylidae) in Attwater's pocket gopher from Texas
    Jorge Falcón-Ordaz
    Laboratorio de Helmintologia, Instituto de Biologia, UNAM, Mexico, DF
    J Parasitol 92:595-9. 2006
    ..The new species differs from V. legallae and V. convoluta in the number and arrangement of cuticular ridges at the posterior region of the body...
  38. ncbi Rodenticide grain bait ingredient acceptance by Norway rats (Rattus norvegicus), California ground squirrels (Spermophilus beecheyi) and pocket gophers (Thomomys bottae)
    Terrell P Salmon
    Department of Wildlife, Fish and Conservation Biology, University of California, Davis, and Farm and Home Advisors Office, UC Cooperative Extension, 5555 Overland Ave, Suite 4101, San Diego, CA 92123, USA
    Pest Manag Sci 62:678-83. 2006
    ..rats [Rattus norvegicus (Berk)], California ground squirrels [Spermophilus beecheyi (Richardson)] and pocket gophers (Thomomys bottae Eyd & Gerv)...
  39. ncbi Northern pocket gophers (Thomomys talpoides) as biomonitors of environmental metal contamination
    Kevin D Reynolds
    The Institute of Environmental and Human Health, Texas Tech University, P O Box 41163, Lubbock, Texas 79409, USA
    Environ Toxicol Chem 25:458-69. 2006
    We live-trapped 40 northern pocket gophers across two years from the Anaconda Smelter Superfund Site, Anaconda, Montana, USA, to determine their exposure to five metal contaminants and effects of exposure on selected measurements...
  40. ncbi Capsicum oleoresin: development of an in-soil repellent for pocket gophers
    Ray T Sterner
    USDA, APHIS, Wildlife Services, National Wildlife Research Center, 4101 LaPorte Avenue, Fort Collins, CO 80521 2154, USA
    Pest Manag Sci 61:1202-8. 2005
    ..study was conducted of the potential use of capsicum oleoresin as an in-soil repellent for northern pocket gophers (Thomomys talpoides)...
  41. ncbi The effects of predator odors in mammalian prey species: a review of field and laboratory studies
    Raimund Apfelbach
    Tierphysiologie, Zoologisches Institut, Universitat Tubingen, Auf der Morgenstelle 28, D 72076 Tubingen, Germany
    Neurosci Biobehav Rev 29:1123-44. 2005
    ..of predator odors has been observed in many mammalian prey species including rats, mice, voles, deer, rabbits, gophers, hedgehogs, possums and sheep...
  42. ncbi Proximal cues of pocket gopher burrow plugging behavior: influence of light, burrow openings, and temperature
    Scott J Werner
    Department of Rangeland Resources, Utah State University, Logan, UT 84322 5230, USA
    Physiol Behav 85:340-5. 2005
    ..e., avoided) light treatments. Burrow openings did not notably affect plugging behavior of T. mazama. Gophers (T...
  43. ncbi [Capsid-targeted viral inactivation for dengue virus infection]
    Cheng feng Qin
    Institute of Microbiology and Epidemiology, Academy of Military Medical Sciences, Beijing 100071, China
    Wei Sheng Wu Xue Bao 45:111-5. 2005
    ..These results paved the road of developing capsid-targeted viral inactivation as a new antiviral strategy against dengue...
  44. ncbi Nucleotide polymorphism at the alcohol dehydrogenase locus of pocket gophers, genus Geomys
    R D Bradley
    Department of Biological Sciences, Texas Tech University, Lubbock 79409, USA
    Mol Biol Evol 15:709-17. 1998
    ..of nucleotide polymorphism at the alcohol dehydrogenase locus (Adh-1) within and among four species of pocket gophers (Geomys bursarius major, G. knoxjonesi, G. texensis llanensis, and G. attwateri)...
  45. ncbi Ticks feeding on northern pocket gophers (Thomomys talpoides) in central Saskatchewan and the unexpected detection of Ixodes scapularis larvae
    Clare A Anstead
    Department of Biology, University of Saskatchewan, 112 Science Place, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada
    J Vector Ecol 36:355-60. 2011
    Morphological examination of ticks feeding on northern pocket gophers, Thomomys talpoides, near Clavet (Saskatchewan, Canada) revealed the presence of two genera, Ixodes and Dermacentor. All adult ticks collected were identified as I...

Research Grants1

  1. High affinity capturing agents for strychnine
    Kit S Lam; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Strychnine is mainly used as a pesticide to control rats, moles, gophers and coyotes. It is colorless and odorless...