Genomes and Genes
Summary: A genus of the family Lemuridae consisting of five species: L. catta (ring-tailed lemur), L. fulvus, L. macaco (acoumba or black lemur), L. mongoz (mongoose lemur), and L. variegatus (white lemur). Most members of this genus occur in forested areas on Madagascar and the Comoro Islands.
Publications226 found, 100 shown here
- Description of the gastrointestinal tract of five lemur species: Propithecus tattersalli, Propithecus verreauxi coquereli, Varecia variegata, Hapalemur griseus, and Lemur cattaJ L Campbell
Interdepartmental Nutrition Program and Department of Animal Science, North Carolina State University, Raleigh 27695 7621, USA
Am J Primatol 52:133-42. 2000..of this project was to better define the similarities and differences in gastrointestinal morphology present in lemur species...
- Genetic analysis of hybridization and introgression between wild mongoose and brown lemursJennifer Pastorini
Anthropologisches Institut, Universitat Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
BMC Evol Biol 9:32. 2009..fulvus) at Anjamena in west Madagascar...
- The use of Artificial Neural Networks to classify primate vocalizations: A pilot study on black lemursLuca Pozzi
Dipartimento di Biologia Animale e dell Uomo, Universita di Torino, Italy
Am J Primatol 72:337-48. 2010..The use of neural networks to identify primate vocalizations and the further development of this approach in studying primate communication are discussed...
- Evidence for social learning in wild lemurs (Lemur catta)Rachel L Kendal
Durham University, Durham, England
Learn Behav 38:220-34. 2010..of prosimian primates, our evidence is consistent with social learning within subgroups in the ring-tailed lemur (Lemur catta), supporting the theory of directed social learning (Coussi-Korbel & Fragaszy, 1995)...
- A genome sequence resource for the aye-aye (Daubentonia madagascariensis), a nocturnal lemur from MadagascarGeorge H Perry
Department of Human Genetics, University of Chicago, IL, USA
Genome Biol Evol 4:126-35. 2012..Additionally, the availability of this draft lemur genome sequence allowed us to polarize nucleotide and protein sequence changes to the ancestral primate lineage-a ..
- Female reproductive competition in Eulemur rufifrons: eviction and reproductive restraint in a plurally breeding Malagasy primatePeter M Kappeler
Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology Unit, German Primate Center, Gottingen, Germany
Mol Ecol 21:685-98. 2012..Our study therefore also underscores the notion that potential inclusive fitness benefits from living with relatives may have been generally over-rated and should not be taken for granted...
- Development and application of a phylogenomic toolkit: resolving the evolutionary history of Madagascar's lemursJulie E Horvath
Institute for Genome Sciences and Policy, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708, USA
Genome Res 18:489-99. 2008..Moreover, the methods applied will be broadly applicable to other taxonomic groups where phylogenetic relationships have been notoriously difficult to resolve...
- Edge effects and their influence on lemur density and distribution in Southeast MadagascarShawn M Lehman
Department of Anthropology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario M5S 3G3, Canada
Am J Phys Anthropol 129:232-41. 2006..In total, 415 lemur surveys were conducted during June-October 2003 and May-September 2004 along six 1,250-m transects that ran ..
- A comparison of auditory brainstem responses and behavioral estimates of hearing sensitivity in Lemur catta and Nycticebus coucangMarissa A Ramsier
Department of Anthropology, University of California, Santa Cruz, USA
Am J Primatol 72:217-33. 2010..four methods of threshold determination to construct audiograms for two strepsirrhine primates: the ring-tailed lemur (Lemur catta) and slow loris (Nycticebus coucang)...
- Severe wear and tooth loss in wild ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta): a function of feeding ecology, dental structure, and individual life historyFrank P Cuozzo
Department of Anthropology, University of North Dakota, Box 8374, Grand Forks, ND 58202 8374, USA
J Hum Evol 51:490-505. 2006..The relationship between tooth loss, feeding ecology, dental structure, and individual life history in this population has implications for interpreting behavior based on tooth loss in the hominid fossil record...
- Honest olfactory ornamentation in a female-dominant primateM Boulet
Department of Evolutionary Anthropology, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708 0383, USA
J Evol Biol 23:1558-63. 2010..As odour-gene relationships predictive of health and survivorship emerged during a period critical to mate choice and female competition, we posit that genital scent marks function as honest olfactory ornaments in females...
- Characterizing gastrointestinal transit time in four lemur species using barium-impregnated polyethylene spheres (BIPS)J L Campbell
Interdepartmental Nutrition Program, Department of Animal Science, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina, USA
Am J Primatol 64:309-21. 2004Differences in dietary profiles and gastrointestinal (GI) morphologies observed across lemur species suggest that there may be variation in patterns of digesta flow through the GI tract related to the method of digesta processing...
- Coat condition of ringtailed lemurs, Lemur catta at Berenty Reserve, Madagascar: I. Differences by age, sex, density and tourism, 1996-2006Alison Jolly
Department of Biology and Environmental Science, University of Sussex, Lewes, United Kingdom
Am J Primatol 71:191-8. 2009..Coat condition in ringtailed lemurs, Lemur catta, was recorded during September-November birth seasons of 1996, 1997, 1999, and 2001-2006 at Berenty Reserve, ..
- Diet and feeding behaviour of the black-and-white ruffed lemur (Varecia variegata variegata) in the Betampona Reserve, eastern MadagascarA Britt
Department of Human Anatomy and Cell Biology, University of Liverpool, and North of England Zoological Society, Chester Zoo, Chester, UK
Folia Primatol (Basel) 71:133-41. 2000The feeding behaviour and diet of the black-and-white ruffed lemur (Varecia variegata variegata) was investigated in the Betampona Reserve, eastern Madagascar...
- Spatial distribution and population composition of the brown mouse lemur (Microcebus rufus) in Ranomafana National Park, Madagascar, and its implications for social organizationS Atsalis
Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois, USA
Am J Primatol 51:61-78. 2000..trap study, I examined aspects of spatial distribution and population composition in the brown mouse lemur, Microcebus rufus, a 42 g nocturnal strepsirhine...
- What is it going to be? Pattern and potential function of natal coat change in sexually dichromatic redfronted lemurs (Eulemur fulvus rufus)Julia Barthold
Department of Sociobiology and Anthropology, University of Gottingen, Gottingen, Germany
Am J Phys Anthropol 138:1-10. 2009..until the end of the coloration change, we 1) described timing and pattern of pelage developmentin redfronted lemur infants and 2) examined behavioral developmental correlates of the coloration change...
- Scent marking as resource defense by female Lemur cattaAnne S Mertl-Millhollen
Department of Anthropology, University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon, USA
Am J Primatol 68:605-21. 2006Because ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta) are a female-dominant, female-philopatric species in which the females provide the majority of parental care and troop defense, resource defense is a possible function of female lemur scent ..
- Torpor on demand: heterothermy in the non-lemur primate Galago moholiJulia Nowack
Department of Animal Ecology and Conservation, Biocentre Grindel, University of Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany
PLoS ONE 5:e10797. 2010....
- A transitional endogenous lentivirus from the genome of a basal primate and implications for lentivirus evolutionRobert J Gifford
Division of Infectious Diseases, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:20362-7. 2008..Here, we report the discovery of an endogenous lentivirus in the genome of the gray mouse lemur (Microcebus murinus), a strepsirrhine primate from Madagascar, demonstrating that lentiviruses are capable of ..
- A comparative analysis of serial ordering in ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta)Dustin Merritt
Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708 0999, USA
J Comp Psychol 121:363-71. 2007..Lemurs' accuracy and response times were similar to monkeys, thus suggesting that they may share mechanisms for serial organization that dates to a common primate ancestor...
- Genetic assessment of a white-collared x red-fronted lemur hybrid zone at Andringitra, MadagascarYael M Wyner
Department of Entomology, American Museum of Natural History, New York, New York 10024, USA
Am J Primatol 57:51-66. 2002We examined a purported lemur (Eulemur fulvus rufusxE...
- Frequent segmental sequence exchanges and rapid gene duplication characterize the MHC class I genes in lemursYasuhiro Go
Department of Biosystems Science, The Graduate University for Advanced Studies, SOKENDAI, Hayama, 240 0193 Kanagawa, Japan
Immunogenetics 55:450-61. 2003..loci was very small and the persistence time of the polymorphisms was short, suggesting that the origin of the lemur MHC class I genes detected in this study was relatively recent...
- Food procurement and tooth use in two sympatric lemur speciesNayuta Yamashita
Department of Cell and Neurobiology, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089 9112, USA
Am J Phys Anthropol 121:125-33. 2003This study of two lemur species (Lemur catta and Propithecus v. verreauxi) in Madagascar combines observations of food procurement and initial food placement in the mouth with comparisons to food toughness and external properties...
- Primate comparative genomics: lemur biology and evolutionJulie E Horvath
Duke Institute for Genome Sciences and Policy, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA
Trends Genet 23:173-82. 2007..Combining research in chromosome evolution, genome evolution and behavior with lemur comparative genomic sequencing will offer insights into many levels of primate evolution...
- Remarkable species diversity in Malagasy mouse lemurs (primates, Microcebus)A D Yoder
Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Northwestern University Medical School, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 97:11325-30. 2000..This taxonomic revision doubles the number of recognized mouse lemur species...
- Life history of Eulemur fulvus rufus from 1988-1998 in southeastern MadagascarD J Overdorff
Department of Anthropology, University of Texas Austin, 78712 1086, USA
Am J Phys Anthropol 108:295-310. 1999....
- A chronology for late prehistoric MadagascarDavid A Burney
Department of Biological Sciences, Fordham University, Bronx, NY 10458, USA
J Hum Evol 47:25-63. 2004..cf. edwardsi) may have survived until the middle of the Second Millennium A.D. One specimen of Hippopotamus of unknown provenance dates to the period of European colonization...
- Female dominance status and fecal corticoids in a cooperative breeder with low reproductive skew: ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta)S A Cavigelli
Department of Psychology and Institute for Mind and Biology, University of Chicago, IL 60637, USA
Horm Behav 43:166-79. 2003..e., where reproduction is not limited to dominant group members): ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta)...
- Ancient DNA from giant extinct lemurs confirms single origin of Malagasy primatesK Praveen Karanth
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Yale University, P O Box 208105, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:5090-5. 2005..By correlating the geographic location of subfossil specimens with relative amplification success, we reconfirm the global trend of increased success rates of ancient DNA recovery from nontropical localities...
- A composite molecular phylogeny of living lemuroid primatesMassimiliano Delpero
Dipartimento di Biologia Animale e dell Uomo, Universita di Torino, Torino, Italia
Folia Primatol (Basel) 77:434-45. 2006..3,600 bp to investigate the controversial relationships within the family Lemuridae. Here our analysis was more successful; only the position of Eulemur coronatus remained uncertain...
- External genital morphology of the ring-tailed lemur (Lemur catta): females are naturally "masculinized"Christine M Drea
Department of Biological Anthropology and Anatomy, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708 0383, USA
J Morphol 269:451-63. 2008..The subjects for morphological study were 21 reproductively intact, adult ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta), including 10 females and 11 males, two of which (one per sex) subsequently died of natural causes and also ..
- Body mass of wild ring-tailed lemurs in Berenty Reserve, Madagascar, with reference to tick infestation: a preliminary analysisNaoki Koyama
The Center for African Area Studies, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan
Primates 49:9-15. 2008In 1999, we measured the body mass of 101 wild ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta) inhabiting the Berenty Reserve, Madagascar...
- Sociality in the gray mouse lemur (Microcebus murinus) in northwestern MadagascarU Radespiel
Institute of Zoology, Tierarztliche Hochschule Hannover, Germany
Am J Primatol 51:21-40. 2000The mating system and social organization of the gray mouse lemur (Microcebus murinus) was investigated in two three-month field studies (covering a period before, during, and after the first mating season) in Ampijoroa, northwestern ..
- Divergence dates for Malagasy lemurs estimated from multiple gene loci: geological and evolutionary contextAnne D Yoder
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Yale University, 21 Sachem Street, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
Mol Ecol 13:757-73. 2004..For the mitochondrial DNA data set, we investigate the effects of sampling density within the mouse lemur radiation (genus Microcebus)...
- Spontaneous social orienting and gaze following in ringtailed lemurs (Lemur catta)Stephen V Shepherd
Department of Neurobiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
Anim Cogn 11:13-20. 2008..We used a novel telemetric gaze-tracking system to record orienting behavior of ringtailed lemurs (Lemur catta) interacting with a naturalistic environment...
- Diet and nutrition in wild mongoose lemurs (Eulemur mongoz) and their implications for the evolution of female dominance and small group size in lemursDeborah J Curtis
School of Life Sciences, University of Surrey Roehampton, London SW15 3SN, UK
Am J Phys Anthropol 124:234-47. 2004....
- Evidence of early butchery of giant lemurs in MadagascarVentura R Perez
Department of Anthropology, 240 Hicks Way, University of Massachusetts Amherst, MA 01003 9278, USA
J Hum Evol 49:722-42. 2005..We compared these to the bones (also from Taolambiby) of butchered Propithecus verreauxi, a lemur still living in the region...
- Use of total dietary fiber across four lemur species (Propithecus verreauxi coquereli, Hapalemur griseus griseus, Varecia variegata, and Eulemur fulvus): does fiber type affect digestive efficiency?J L Campbell
Interdepartmental Nutrition Program, Department of Animal Science, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina, USA
Am J Primatol 64:323-35. 2004In vivo digestibility and transit of two experimental diets were compared across four lemur species for which gastrointestinal morphology and preliminary data on physiology differ:Varecia variegata (VV), Eulemur fulvus (EF), Propithecus ..
- Analysis of chromosome conservation in Lemur catta studied by chromosome paints and BAC/PAC probesMaria Francesca Cardone
Sezione di Genetica, DAPEG, Via Amendola 165 A, 70126 Bari, Italy
Chromosoma 111:348-56. 2002..in situ hybridization (FISH) experiments to investigate the chromosome conservation of the ring-tailed lemur (Lemur catta, LCA) with respect to human...
- Olfactory signals and the MHC: a review and a case study in Lemur cattaLeslie A Knapp
Primate Immunogenetics and Molecular Ecology Research Group, Department of Biological Anthropology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom
Am J Primatol 68:568-84. 2006..To explore the relationship between individual odor profiles and MHC alleles, we are studying ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta)...
- Reappraisal of the postcranium of Hadropithecus (Primates, Indroidea)L R Godfrey
Department of Anthropology, University of Massachusetts, Amherst 01003, USA
Am J Phys Anthropol 103:529-56. 1997Hadropithecus stenognathus (Lorenz von Liburnau  Anz. Akad. Wiss. Wien 36:255-257), a giant extinct lemur from Madagascar, has been reconstructed as primarily terrestrial and probably cursorial on the basis of its postcranial ..
- New wrist bones of the Malagasy giant subfossil lemursM W Hamrick
Department of Anthropology and Division of Biomedical Sciences, Kent State University, Kent, OH 44242, USA
J Hum Evol 38:635-50. 2000..Comparative analysis of subfossil lemur wrist morphology complements and expands upon prior inferences based on other regions of the postcranial skeleton, ..
- Smelling right: the scent of male lemurs advertises genetic quality and relatednessMarie J E Charpentier
Department of Biological Anthropology and Anatomy, Duke University, 108 Biological Sciences Bldg, Science Drive, Box 90383, Durham, NC 27708 0383, USA
Mol Ecol 17:3225-33. 2008..Beyond showing that semiochemicals could underlie kin recognition and nepotism, we provide a putative olfactory mechanism to guide male-male competition and female mate choice...
- Adaptive and phylogenetic significance of ontogenetic sequences in Archaeolemur, subfossil lemur from MadagascarS J King
Department of Anthropology, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts 01003 9278, USA
J Hum Evol 41:545-76. 2001..of Archaeolemur to that of living strepsirrhines we collected data on Propithecus verreauxi, Eulemur fulvus, and Lemur catta...
- Adult play fighting and potential role of tail signals in ringtailed lemurs (Lemur catta)Elisabetta Palagi
Centro Interdipartimentale Museo di Storia Naturale e del Territorio, Universita di Pisa, Italy
J Comp Psychol 123:1-9. 2009..I focused on adult play fighting and the role of tail-play as a signal in ringtailed lemurs (Lemur catta)...
- Beyond odor discrimination: demonstrating individual recognition by scent in Lemur cattaElisabetta Palagi
Centro Interdipartimentale Museo di Storia Naturale e del Territorio, Universita di Pisa, Via Roma 79, 56011 Calci, Pisa, Italy
Chem Senses 31:437-43. 2006..the basis of this framework, we analyzed by gas chromatography 35 brachial secretions collected from 10 males of Lemur catta...
- Mass change, environmental variability and female fertility in wild Propithecus verreauxiA F Richard
Department of Anthropology, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, 06520, USA
J Hum Evol 39:381-91. 2000..these links is a necessary step toward explaining the function and evolution of distinctive features of lemur biology and behavior...
- Even adult sex ratios in lemurs: Potential costs and benefits of subordinate males in Verreaux's sifaka (Propithecus verreauxi) in the Kirindy Forest CFPF, MadagascarPeter M Kappeler
Department of Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, German Primate Center, 37077 Gottingen, Germany
Am J Phys Anthropol 140:487-97. 2009..Verreaux's sifakas (Propithecus verreauxi), a diurnal lemur, form multimale multifemale groups with the tendency toward even adult sex ratios despite a small average number ..
- Chemical composition of scent marks in the ringtailed lemur (Lemur catta): glandular differences, seasonal variation, and individual signaturesElizabeth S Scordato
Department of Biological Anthropology and Anatomy, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708 0383, USA
Chem Senses 32:493-504. 2007The apocrine and sebaceous scent glands of ringtailed lemurs (Lemur catta) appear to serve different social functions...
- Decoding an olfactory mechanism of kin recognition and inbreeding avoidance in a primateMarylène Boulet
Department of Evolutionary Anthropology, 108 BioSci BLDG, Box 90383, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, 27708, USA
BMC Evol Biol 9:281. 2009..approach that combined analyses of biochemical and microsatellite markers in 17 female and 19 male ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta), we describe odor-gene covariance to establish the feasibility of olfactory-mediated kin recognition.
- Mating season aggression and fecal testosterone levels in male ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta)S A Cavigelli
Department of Psychology, University of Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA
Horm Behav 37:246-55. 2000..tested predictions of the hypothesis in a nonpaternal, seasonal breeding, prosimian primate (ring-tailed lemurs, Lemur catta)...
- A molecular approach to comparative phylogeography of extant Malagasy lemursJennifer Pastorini
Anthropologisches Institut, Universitat Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:5879-84. 2003..This study investigates genetic divergence among most extant lemur taxa in relation to potential geographical boundaries to gene flow...
- Assessing flavivirus, lentivirus, and herpesvirus exposure in free-ranging ring-tailed lemurs in southwestern MadagascarKerry Sondgeroth
Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Pathology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, 80523 USA
J Wildl Dis 43:40-7. 2007The ring-tailed lemur (Lemur catta) is an endangered species found in southwestern Madagascar, and understanding infectious disease susceptibility is an essential step towards the preservation of wild and captive lemur populations...
- Mhc-DRB genes evolution in lemursYasuhiro Go
Primate Research Institute, Kyoto University, Inuyama, Aichi 484 8506, Japan
Immunogenetics 54:403-17. 2002Partial exon 2 sequences (202 bp) of the lemur Mhc-DRB genes were sequenced. A total of 137 novel sequences were detected in 66 lemurs, representing four out of the five extant families...
- Mating first, mating more: biological market fluctuation in a wild prosimianIvan Norscia
Centro Interdipartimentale Museo di Storia Naturale e del Territorio, Universita di Pisa, Calci PI, Italy
PLoS ONE 4:e4679. 2009..prosimians, the most ancestral primate group? To answer the question, we studied a scent-oriented and gregarious lemur, Propithecus verreauxi (sifaka), showing female dominance, promiscuous mating, and seasonal breeding...
- Multimodal signaling in wild Lemur catta: economic design and territorial function of urine markingElisabetta Palagi
Museo di Storia Naturale e del Territorio, Universita di Pisa, 56011, Calci PI, Italy
Am J Phys Anthropol 139:182-92. 2009Urine marking has been neglected in prosimian primates. Captive studies showed that the Malagasy prosimian Lemur catta scent marks with urine, as well as via specialized depositions. L...
- Unexpected species diversity of Malagasy primates (Lepilemur spp.) in the same biogeographical zone: a morphological and molecular approach with the description of two new speciesMathias Craul
Institute of Zoology, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Hannover, Germany
BMC Evol Biol 7:83. 2007..biogeographic models by exploring the genetic and morphological divergence among populations of a widely distributed lemur genus, the sportive lemur (Lepilemur ssp.) along a 560 km long transect from western to northern Madagascar.
- Sex and seasonal differences in aggression and steroid secretion in Lemur catta: are socially dominant females hormonally 'masculinized'?Christine M Drea
Department of Biological Anthropology and Anatomy, Duke University, 08 Biological Sciences Bldg, Box 90383, Durham, NC 27708 0383, USA
Horm Behav 51:555-67. 2007..Consequently, I examined endocrine profiles and social interaction in the ringtailed lemur (Lemur catta) to search for a potential source of circulating androgen in adult females and an endocrine correlate ..
- Lateral bias to the leading limb in an olfactory social signal by male ring-tailed lemursAnne S Mertl-Millhollen
Department of Anthropology, University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon, USA
Am J Primatol 69:635-40. 2007Because ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta) show handedness during feeding, I investigated whether they also show lateral preference in the limbs used by males during scent marking...
- Coprophagy by wild ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta) in human-disturbed locations adjacent to the Beza Mahafaly Special Reserve, MadagascarKrista D Fish
Department of Anthropology, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80301, USA
Am J Primatol 69:713-8. 2007..the 2003-2004 dry seasons at the Beza Mahafaly Special Reserve, Madagascar, we observed wild ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta) consuming dried fecal matter from three different species...
- Spatial variations in Eulemur fulvus rufus and Lepilemur mustelinus densities in MadagascarShawn M Lehman
Department of Anthropology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
Folia Primatol (Basel) 78:46-55. 2007..Spatial characteristics of food abundance and quality may explain lemur density patterns in Vohibola III. Low E. f...
- Troop fission in wild ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta) at Berenty, MadagascarShinichiro Ichino
Graduate School of Asian and African Area Studies, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan
Am J Primatol 68:97-102. 2006A detailed fission process in a wild ring-tailed lemur (Lemur catta) troop was observed at Berenty Reserve, Madagascar...
- Lemur responses to edge effects in the Vohibola III classified forest, MadagascarShawn M Lehman
Department of Anthropology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
Am J Primatol 68:293-9. 2006..In this study, data are presented regarding how the densities of six lemur species (Avahi laniger, Cheirogaleus major, Eulemur rubriventer, Hapalemur griseus griseus, Microcebus rufus, and ..
- Morphometrics of wild black-and-white ruffed lemurs [Varecia variegata; Kerr, 1792]Andrea L Baden
Interdepartmental Doctoral Program in Anthropological Sciences, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York 11794 4364, USA
Am J Primatol 70:913-26. 2008..g., unusually high lemur population densities, limited food resources, ecological isolation) of this introduced population...
- The value of small size: loss of forest patches and ecological thresholds in southern MadagascarOrjan Bodin
Department of Systems Ecology, Stockholm University, 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden
Ecol Appl 16:440-51. 2006..production of, for example, beans, and (2) seed dispersal services based on the presence of ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta)...
- Biomedical evaluation of two sympatric lemur species (Propithecus verreauxi deckeni and Eulemur fulvus rufus) in Tsiombokibo Classified Forest, MadagascarRandall E Junge
Saint Louis Zoological Park, 1 Government Drive, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
J Zoo Wildl Med 36:581-9. 2005..Enteric bacterial flora included Escherichia coli, Citrobacter ssp., Enterococcus faecalis, Bacillus cereus, Klebsiella ozaenae, Acinetobacter lwofii, and Enterobacter amnigenus...
- Improved recruitment of a lemur-dispersed tree in Malagasy dry forests after the demise of vertebrates in forest fragmentsK H Dausmann
Department of Animal Ecology and Tropical Biology, Biozentrum, Am Hubland, Julius Maximilians University Würzburg, Wurzburg, Germany
Oecologia 157:307-16. 2008..the dry forest of Madagascar, where the usual seed dispersers and vertebrate seed predators were absent, using a lemur-dispersed tree species (Strychnos madagascariensis; Loganiaceae) as an example...
- DNA from extinct giant lemurs links archaeolemurids to extant indriidsLudovic Orlando
Universite de Lyon, Institut de Génomique Fonctionnelle de Lyon, Institut Fédératif Biosciences Gerland Lyon Sud, Universite Lyon 1, CNRS, INRA, Ecole Normale Superieure de Lyon, 69364 Lyon Cedex 07, France
BMC Evol Biol 8:121. 2008....
- Biomedical evaluation of free-ranging red ruffed lemurs (Varecia rubra) within the Masoala National Park, MadagascarChristopher J Dutton
Toronto Zoo, 361A Old Finch Avenue, Scarborough, Ontario M1B 5K7, Canada
J Zoo Wildl Med 39:76-85. 2008....
- Aligning conservation priorities across taxa in Madagascar with high-resolution planning toolsC Kremen
Department of Environmental Sciences, Policy and Management, 137 Mulford Hall, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 3114, USA
Science 320:222-6. 2008..Our findings further suggest that high-resolution multitaxonomic approaches to prioritization may be necessary to ensure protection for biodiversity in other global hot spots...
- A comparison of salivary pH in sympatric wild lemurs (Lemur catta and Propithecus verreauxi) at Beza Mahafaly Special Reserve, MadagascarFrank P Cuozzo
Department of Anthropology, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, North Dakota 58202 8374, USA
Am J Primatol 70:363-71. 2008..time between feeding and collection of pH data (from several minutes to nearly 1 hr), salivary pH for each wild lemur was above the "critical" pH of 5.5, below which enamel demineralization occurs...
- The relationship between female rank and reproductive parameters of the ringtailed lemur: a preliminary analysisYukio Takahata
School of Policy Studies, Kwansei Gakuin University, 2 1 Gakuen, Sanda, 669 1337, Japan
Primates 49:135-8. 2008..Between-group competition should lower the values of their reproductive parameters. In sum, these results fit the expectation from Wrangham's (1980) inter group feeding competition model...
- Attacks on a wild infant ring-tailed lemur (Lemur catta) by immigrant males at Berenty, Madagascar: interpreting infanticide by malesShinichiro Ichino
Graduate School of Asian and African Area Studies, Kyoto University, Japan
Am J Primatol 67:267-72. 2005An orphaned infant ring-tailed lemur (Lemur catta) was attacked persistently by immigrant males and disappeared with severe wounds at Berenty Reserve, Madagascar. Prior to the attacks, two troop members disappeared...
- LemursAnne D Yoder
Department of Biology, Duke University, Box 90338, Durham, North Carolina 27708, USA
Curr Biol 17:R866-8. 2007
- Somatic variation in living, wild ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta)Michelle L Sauther
Department of Anthropology, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA
Folia Primatol (Basel) 79:55-78. 2008..Here we provide such information for two distinct wild populations of Lemur catta. Variants observed include microtia, athelia, and female virilization...
- Survey and comparison of major intestinal flora in captive and wild ring-tailed lemur (Lemur catta) populationsLynne M Villers
Indianapolis Zoo, Indianapolis, Indiana 46222, USA
Am J Primatol 70:175-84. 2008..of aerobic bacteria, protozoa and helminths was conducted on captive and wild populations of ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta). Samples were collected from 50 captive lemurs at 11 zoological institutions in the United States...
- Divergent expression of cellular prion protein on blood cells of human and nonhuman primatesKarel Holada
Department of Immunology and Microbiology, 1st Medical Faculty, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic
Transfusion 47:2223-32. 2007..Nonhuman primates are the most relevant models of human prion diseases...
- Biomedical evaluation of free-ranging ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta) in three habitats at the Beza Mahafaly Special Reserve, MadagascarDavid S Miller
Animal Population Health Institute, 300 West Drake, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado 80523, USA
J Zoo Wildl Med 38:201-16. 2007..physical examinations and biomedical sample collection were performed on 70 free-ranging ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta) from three different habitats in the Beza Mahfaly Special Reserve (BMSR), in southern Madagascar, to assess ..
- High diversity in functional properties of melanocortin 1 receptor (MC1R) in divergent primate species is more strongly associated with phylogeny than coat colorTatjana Haitina
Department of Neuroscience, Division of Pharmacology, Biomedical Center, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
Mol Biol Evol 24:2001-8. 2007..MSH binding was lost independently in lemur and New World monkey lineages, whereas high basal levels of MC1R activity occur in lemurs and some New World ..
- Biomedical evaluation of black lemurs (Eulemur macaco macaco) in Lokobe Reserve, MadagascarRandall E Junge
Saint Louis Zoo, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
J Zoo Wildl Med 38:67-76. 2007..Enteric bacterial flora included Enterococcus sp., Staphylococcus sp., Escherichia coli, Streptococcus sp., Klebsiella ozaenae and Bacillus cereus...
- Biodiversity, phylogeography, biogeography and conservation: lemurs as an exampleUrs Thalmann
Anthropological Institute, University Zurich Irchel, and Jane Goodall Institute, Zurich, Switzerland
Folia Primatol (Basel) 78:420-43. 2007....
- Large rivers do not always act as species barriers for Lepilemur spMathias Craul
Institute of Zoology, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Buenteweg 17, 30559, Hannover, Germany
Primates 49:211-8. 2008Sportive lemurs constitute a highly diverse endemic lemur family (24 species) for which many biogeographic boundaries are not yet clarified...
- Effects of reproductive and social variables on fecal glucocorticoid levels in a sample of adult male ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta) at the Beza Mahafaly Reserve, MadagascarLisa Gould
Department of Anthropology, University of Victoria, Victoria, Canada
Am J Primatol 67:5-23. 2005..Males that live in a group with only a few (two or three) males may experience less physiological stress than those that live in groups with more males...
- Dental use wear in extinct lemurs: evidence of diet and niche differentiationLaurie R Godfrey
Department of Anthropology, University of Massachusetts, 240 Hicks Way, Amherst, MA 01003, USA
J Hum Evol 47:145-69. 2004..We draw dietary inferences for each of the 16 extinct lemur species in our database...
- Convergent evolution in primates and an insectivoreDario Boffelli
Genome Sciences Department, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720, USA
Genomics 83:19-23. 2004..sequence comparisons of multiple species with and without an LPA gene product, such as human, baboon, hedgehog, lemur, and mouse...
- Demography, life history, and social structure in Propithecus diadema edwardsi from 1986-2000 in Ranomafana National Park, MadagascarSharon T Pochron
Department of Anthropology, State University of New York at Stony Brook, Stony Brook, New York 11794, USA
Am J Phys Anthropol 125:61-72. 2004..Specifically, we compare lemur survivorship and fertility patterns to two published composite models: one created for New World and another ..
- Population and social dynamics changes in ring-tailed lemur troops at Berenty, Madagascar between 1989 - 1999Naoki Koyama
The Center for African Area Studies, Kyoto University, Sakyo ku, Kyoto 606 8501, Japan
Primates 43:291-314. 2002..When males joined such a female-group, a new troop was formed. Although promoted by an increase in population, frequent emigrations of females from original troops are the characteristics of ring-tailed lemurs at Berenty...
- Loss of olfactory receptor genes coincides with the acquisition of full trichromatic vision in primatesYoav Gilad
Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
PLoS Biol 2:E5. 2004..the howler monkey, have a significantly higher proportion of OR pseudogenes than do other New World monkeys or the lemur (a prosimian)...
- Demographic and life-history patterns in a population of ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta) at Beza Mahafaly Reserve, Madagascar: a 15-year perspectiveLisa Gould
Department of Anthropology, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia V8W 3P5, Canada
Am J Phys Anthropol 120:182-94. 2003..3%. The greatest variability in fecundity is found among old females. We suggest that ring-tailed lemur females follow an "income breeding" strategy, i.e...
- Predation by Eulemur fulvus fulvus on a nestling of Terpsiphone mutata (Aves: Monarchidae) in dry forest in North-Western MadagascarT Mizuta
Department of Zoology, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan
Folia Primatol (Basel) 73:217-9. 2002
- A comparison of morphological and chemical fruit traits between two sites with different frugivore assemblagesF A Voigt
Institut fur Zoologie, Abt Okologie, Johannes Gutenberg Universitat Mainz, Becherweg 13, 55099 Mainz, Germany
Oecologia 141:94-104. 2004..This suggests that fruit colour more than other morphological and chemical fruit traits, reflects food selection by the different frugivore assemblages of those two sites...
- Microbat paraphyly and the convergent evolution of a key innovation in Old World rhinolophoid microbatsEmma C Teeling
Department of Biology, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99:1431-6. 2002..An important implication of rhinolophoid polyphyly is independent evolution of key anatomical innovations associated with the nasal-emission of echolocation pulses...
- Rapid nonsynonymous evolution of the iron-sulfur protein in anthropoid primatesJeffrey W Doan
Center for Molecular Medicine and Genetics, Wayne State University School of Medicine, 540 E Canfield Avenue, Detroit, MI 48201, USA
J Bioenerg Biomembr 37:35-41. 2005..Nevertheless, we find that the catalytically active ISP has an accelerated rate of amino acid replacement in anthropoid primates whereas the catalytically inactive subunit 9 does not...
- Long-term changes in dominance ranks among ring-tailed lemurs at Berenty Reserve, MadagascarNaoki Koyama
Kyoto University, Ohtsu, Japan
Primates 46:225-34. 2005..was conducted between 1989 and 2001 to monitor changes in the dominance ranks among adult ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta) at Berenty Reserve, Madagascar. Adult females were observed to be dominant over adult males...
- Host range of poliovirus is restricted to simians because of a rapid sequence change of the poliovirus receptor gene during evolutionM Ida-Hosonuma
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Tokyo Metropolitan Institute for Neuroscience, Tokyo, Japan
Arch Virol 148:29-44. 2003..Domain 1 of the PVR orthologs for the ring-tailed lemur and rabbit, which are not susceptible to PV, show only 51 and 61% amino acid sequence identity to that of human ..
- Pollical oblique ligament in humans and non-human primatesMarvin Shrewsbury
Professor Emeritus, San Jose State University, California, USA
J Anat 202:397-407. 2003..the following species examined: chimpanzee, orangutan, gibbon, anubis baboon, hamadryas baboon, squirrel monkey, lemur and marmoset...
- Seroepidemiology of Toxoplasma gondii in zoo animals in selected zoos in the midwestern United StatesSilvia de Camps
Department of Veterinary Preventive Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 1092, USA
J Parasitol 94:648-53. 2008..antibodies were detected in 1 of 3 blue-eyed black lemurs (Eulemur macaco flavifrons), 1 of 21 ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta), 2 of 9 red-ruffed lemurs (Varecia variegata rubra), and 2 of 4 black- and white-ruffed lemurs (Varecia ..
- Comparative aspects of trophoblast development and placentationAnthony M Carter
Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, University of Southern Denmark, Winsloewparken 21, DK 5000 Odense, Denmark
Reprod Biol Endocrinol 2:46. 2004..This is also a likely scenario for Xenarthra and the bats. We argue that a definitive epitheliochorial placenta is a secondary specialization and that it evolved twice, once in the Laurasiatheria and once in the lemurs and lorises...
- Evolution of alanine:glyoxylate aminotransferase 1 peroxisomal and mitochondrial targeting. A survey of its subcellular distribution in the livers of various representatives of the classes Mammalia, Aves and AmphibiaC J Danpure
Biochemical Genetics Research Group, MRC Clinical Research Centre, Harrow, United Kingdom
Eur J Cell Biol 64:295-313. 1994..Type II animals include two New World monkeys (common marmoset, cotton-top tamarin), three prosimians (brown lemur, fat-tailed dwarf lemur, pygmy slow loris), five rodents (a hybrid crested porcupine, Colombian ground squirrel, ..
- Cineradiographic study of forelimb movements during quadrupedal walking in the brown lemur (Eulemur fulvus, Primates: Lemuridae)M Schmidt
Institut für Spezielle Zoologie und Evolutionsbiologie mit Museum, Friedrich Schiller Universitat Jena, D 07743 Jena, Germany
Am J Phys Anthropol 111:245-62. 2000Movements of forelimb joints and segments during walking in the brown lemur (Eulemur fulvus) were analyzed using cineradiography (150 frames/sec). Metric gait parameters, forelimb kinematics, and intralimb coordination are described...
- Genetically engineered Mengo virus vaccination of multiple captive wildlife speciesK A Backues
Tulsa Zoo and Living Museum, Oklahoma 74155, USA
J Wildl Dis 35:384-7. 1999..capped mangebey (Cercocebus torquatus), colobus (Colobus guereza), angolan colobus (Colobus angolensis), ruffed lemur (Lemur variegatus ruber and Lemur variegatus variegatus), back lemur (Lemur macaco), ring-tailed lemur (Lemur ..
- Demography of Sex Differences in Health and SurvivalJames W Vaupel; Fiscal Year: 2013....
- Immune Therapy and Imaging in Mouse and Primate Models of Alzheimer's Disease.Einar M Sigurdsson; Fiscal Year: 2013..benefits and side effects, in particular T-cell toxicity and cerebral bleeding, of AB derivative immunotherapy in lemur primates...
- NIH Director's Pioneer AwardCheng C Lee; Fiscal Year: 2010..1) To explore the physiological limits of suspended animation in non-hibernating mammals. 2) To extend findings from the laboratory mouse to other non-hibernating mammals along the evolutionary chain. ..
- SOCIAL STRUCTURE AND DEVELOPMENT OF BEHAVIORMichael Pereira; Fiscal Year: 1992..b>Lemur societies represent a second major system of primate social organization and their investigation is a logical and ..
- MOLECULAR EVOLUTIONARY GENETICS OF COLOR VISIONWen Hsiung Li; Fiscal Year: 2000....
- GOAL DIRECTED MAGNETIC RESONANCE BRAIN MICROIMAGINGRussell Jacobs; Fiscal Year: 2002..Provide comprehensive 3D in vivo atlases of the developing brain in three different species (quail, mouse, and lemur) using MR micro-imaging...
- GOAL DIRECTED MAGNETIC RESONANCE BRAIN MICROIMAGINGRussell Jacobs; Fiscal Year: 2001..Provide comprehensive 3D in vivo atlases of the developing brain in three different species (quail, mouse, and lemur) using MR micro-imaging...
- Bilingual Speech SegmentationDaniel Weiss; Fiscal Year: 2006..In sum, the proposed research will fill gaps in current knowledge regarding both bilingual language acquisition as well as statistical learning. ..
- AN ANIMAL MODEL OF GLUCOCORTICOID RESISTANCEJonathan Scammell; Fiscal Year: 2007..In summary, these studies will provide important insight into the physiological role of FKBP51 while at the same time adding substantial value to the Squirrel Monkey Resource at the University of South Alabama. ..
- DETERMINANTS OF CLINICAL OUTCOME/TOXICITY IN HISPANICSHEINZ LENZ; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- PHARMACOLOGY OF ANTICANCER DRUGS IN ADVANCED AGEHEINZ LENZ; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- Rectal Cancer: Molecular Markers of Outcome and ToxicityHeinz Josef Lenz; Fiscal Year: 2007..Results from this study may aid in the development of future treatment strategies for patients with rectal cancer. ..
- DETERMINANTS OF CANCER RISK AND OUTCOME IN GI ONCOLOGYHEINZ LENZ; Fiscal Year: 2004..This proposal will feature three beginning clinicians responsible for three different patient oriented projects taking advantage of our successful program in molecular outcome research. ..
- A Rodent Model of Behavioral InhibitionSONIA CAVIGELLI; Fiscal Year: 2004..This research will provide the basis for future research on the development and long-term consequences of behavioral inhibition / shyness. ..
- WITHIN-SPECIES VARIATIONS IN VISUAL CAPACITYGERALD JACOBS; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Is Basonuclin essential for OogenesisHung Tseng; Fiscal Year: 2004..Sub aim 1 will use an RNAi approach to reduce the amount of basonuclin in oocytes; Sub aim 2 will use the Cre recombinase to knockout [the] basonuclin gene in oocytes. ..
- Animal models for TMJ research: Functional 3-D loadingKATHERINE RAFFERTY; Fiscal Year: 2003..The data we generate will be used in comparison with finite element predictions of mandibular deformations. ..