Summary: Any of several large carnivorous mammals of the family CANIDAE that usually hunt in packs.
Publications259 found, 100 shown here
- Genome-wide SNP and haplotype analyses reveal a rich history underlying dog domesticationBridgett M VonHoldt
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, 621 Charles E Young Drive South, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA
Nature 464:898-902. 2010..Here we show that dog breeds share a higher proportion of multi-locus haplotypes unique to grey wolves from the Middle East, indicating that they are a dominant source of genetic diversity for dogs rather than wolves ..
- mtDNA data indicate a single origin for dogs south of Yangtze River, less than 16,300 years ago, from numerous wolvesJun feng Pang
State Key Laboratory of Genetic Resources and Evolution, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, China
Mol Biol Evol 26:2849-64. 2009..results indicate that the domestic dog originated in southern China less than 16,300 ya, from several hundred wolves. The place and time coincide approximately with the origin of rice agriculture, suggesting that the dogs may have ..
- Prdm9, a major determinant of meiotic recombination hotspots, is not functional in dogs and their wild relatives, wolves and coyotesVioleta Muñoz-Fuentes
Estación Biológia de Doñana EBD CSIC, Sevilla, Spain
PLoS ONE 6:e25498. 2011..genome that aligned to the last exon of the human Prdm9, containing the entire zinc finger domain, in 4 dogs, 17 wolves and 2 coyotes...
- A genome-wide perspective on the evolutionary history of enigmatic wolf-like canidsBridgett M VonHoldt
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA
Genome Res 21:1294-305. 2011..Despite the high mobility of these large carnivores, we find distinct hierarchical population units within gray wolves and coyotes that correspond with geographic and ecologic differences among populations...
- Differential sensitivity to human communication in dogs, wolves, and human infantsJózsef Topál
Research Institute for Psychology, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, 1132 Budapest, Hungary
Science 325:1269-72. 2009..suggest that communicative signals serve different functions for dogs and infants, whereas human-reared wolves (Canis lupus) do not show doglike context-dependent differences of search errors...
- A detailed picture of the origin of the Australian dingo, obtained from the study of mitochondrial DNAPeter Savolainen
Department of Biotechnology, Royal Institute of Technology, SE 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:12387-90. 2004..in 211 Australian dingoes sampled in all states of Australia, 676 dogs from all continents, and 38 Eurasian wolves, and 263 bp were analyzed in 19 pre-European archaeological dog samples from Polynesia...
- Comprehension of human pointing gestures in young human-reared wolves (Canis lupus) and dogs (Canis familiaris)Zsófia Virányi
Department of Ethology, Eotvos Lorand University, Budapest, Hungary
Anim Cogn 11:373-87. 2008..Wolf pups, on the contrary, do not attend to this subtle pointing. Accordingly in Studies 2 and 3, these wolves were tested longitudinally with this and four other (easier) human-given cues...
- Genetic evidence for an East Asian origin of domestic dogsPeter Savolainen
Department of Biotechnology, Royal Institute of Technology KTH, 10691 Stockholm, Sweden
Science 298:1610-3. 2002The origin of the domestic dog from wolves has been established, but the number of founding events, as well as where and when these occurred, is not known...
- Landscape heterogeneity shapes predation in a newly restored predator-prey systemMatthew J Kauffman
Division of Biological Sciences, University of Montana, Missoula, MT 59812, USA
Ecol Lett 10:690-700. 2007..Elk in this newly restored predator-prey system should be able to mediate their risk of predation by movement and habitat selection across a heterogeneous risk landscape...
- Intrapopulation variation in gray wolf isotope (delta(15)N and delta(13)C) profiles: implications for the ecology of individualsErin J M Urton
Department of Biology, University of Saskatchewan, 112 Science Place, Saskatoon, SK, S7N 5E2, Canada
Oecologia 145:317-26. 2005..Variance in isotope values for wolves and other carnivores was investigated as a proxy for variation in diet among individuals...
- Importance of accounting for detection heterogeneity when estimating abundance: the case of French wolvesSarah Cubaynes
Centre d Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive, UMR 5175, Campus CNRS, 1919 Route de Mende, F 34293 Montpellier cedex 5, France
Conserv Biol 24:621-6. 2010..In a noninvasive capture-recapture study of wolves we based on genotypes identified in feces and hairs, we found a large underestimation of population size (27% on ..
- Recolonizing carnivores and naïve prey: conservation lessons from Pleistocene extinctionsJ Berger
Program in Ecology, Evolution, and Conservation Biology, University of Nevada, Reno, NV 89512, USA
Science 291:1036-9. 2001..adult moose at disproportionately high rates in Scandinavia, and moose mothers who lost juveniles to recolonizing wolves in North America's Yellowstone region developed hypersensitivity to wolf howls...
- Landscape heterogeneity and marine subsidy generate extensive intrapopulation niche diversity in a large terrestrial vertebrateChris T Darimont
Department of Biology, PO Box 3020, Station CSC, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC, Canada V8W 3N5
J Anim Ecol 78:126-33. 2009..extensive terrestrial-marine isotopic niche variation among subpopulations, social groups, and individual grey wolves (Canis lupus) that occupy a spatially heterogeneous landscape in coastal British Columbia comprising a mainland ..
- Evaluating prey switching in wolf-ungulate systemsRobert A Garrott
Ecology Department, Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana 59717, USA
Ecol Appl 17:1588-97. 2007..Mathematical models predicting and describing wolf-ungulate interactions are typically limited to the wolves' primary prey, with the potential for prey switching in wolf-multiple-ungulate systems only suggested or assumed ..
- From wild wolf to domestic dog: gene expression changes in the brainPeter Saetre
Department of Evolution, Genomics and Systematics, Uppsala University, Norbyvagen 18D, S 752 36 Uppsala, Sweden
Brain Res Mol Brain Res 126:198-206. 2004Despite the relatively recent divergence time between domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) and gray wolves (Canis lupus), the two species show remarkable behavioral differences...
- A nutritionally mediated risk effect of wolves on elkDavid Christianson
Department of Ecology, Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana 59717, USA
Ecology 91:1184-91. 2010..To quantify risk effects in elk, a species that strongly responds to the presence of wolves, we noninvasively monitored diet selection and nutrient balance in wintering elk in the Upper Gallatin, Montana, ..
- Indirect effects and traditional trophic cascades: a test involving wolves, coyotes, and pronghornKim Murray Berger
Department of Wildland Resources, Utah State University, Logan, Utah 84322 5230, USA
Ecology 89:818-28. 2008..Ecosystem to evaluate whether mesopredator release of coyotes (Canis latrans), resulting from the extirpation of wolves (Canis lupus), accounts for high rates of coyote predation on pronghorn (Antilocapra americana) fawns observed in ..
- Climate and habitat barriers to dispersal in the highly mobile grey wolfEli Geffen
Institute for Nature Conservation Research Tel Aviv University Tel Aviv 69978 Israel
Mol Ecol 13:2481-90. 2004..We suggest two possible mechanisms by which environmental conditions may influence the dispersal decisions made by wolves.
- Echinococcus granulosus in gray wolves and ungulates in Idaho and Montana, USAWilliam J Foreyt
Department of Veterinary Microbiology and Pathology, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington 99164 7040, USA
J Wildl Dis 45:1208-12. 2009We evaluated the small intestines of 123 gray wolves (Canis lupus) that were collected from Idaho, USA (n=63), and Montana, USA (n=60), between 2006 and 2008 for the tapeworm Echinococcus granulosus...
- Genetic evidence for multiple events of hybridization between wolves and domestic dogs in the Iberian PeninsulaRaquel Godinho
Centro de Investigacao em Biodiversidade e Recursos Geneticos, Universidade do Porto, Campus Agrário de Vairão, 4485 661 Vairão, Portugal
Mol Ecol 20:5154-66. 2011..of Bayesian analyses and a parallel set of simulation studies to evaluate (i) the differences between Iberian wolves and dogs, (ii) the frequency and geographical distribution of hybridization and (iii) the directionality of ..
- Does interference competition with wolves limit the distribution and abundance of coyotes?Kim Murray Berger
Department of Wildland Resources, Utah State University, Logan, UT 84322 5230, USA
J Anim Ecol 76:1075-85. 2007Interference competition with wolves Canis lupus is hypothesized to limit the distribution and abundance of coyotes Canis latrans, and the extirpation of wolves is often invoked to explain the expansion in coyote range throughout much of ..
- Genetic differentiation of eastern wolves in Algonquin Park despite bridging gene flow between coyotes and grey wolvesL Y Rutledge
Environmental and Life Sciences Graduate Program, Trent University, 2140 East Bank Drive, Peterborough, Ontario, Canada
Heredity (Edinb) 105:520-31. 2010..Extensive hybridization among grey wolves (Canis lupus), eastern wolves (C. lycaon) and coyotes (C...
- Rapid adaptive evolution of northeastern coyotes via hybridization with wolvesRoland Kays
New York State Museum, Albany, NY 12230, USA
Biol Lett 6:89-93. 2010..range of coyotes over the last 90 years is partly explained by changes to the landscape and local extinctions of wolves, but hybridization may also have facilitated their movement...
- SNPs in ecological and conservation studies: a test in the Scandinavian wolf populationJ M Seddon
Department of Evolutionary Biology, Uppsala University, Norbyvagen 18D, SE 752 36, Uppsala, Sweden
Mol Ecol 14:503-11. 2005..previously been shown to be polymorphic in domestic dogs and four sites were newly identified as polymorphic in wolves. Of the 24 assayed loci, 22 SNPs were found to be variable within the Scandinavian population and, importantly, ..
- Novel repeat polymorphisms of the dopaminergic neurotransmitter genes among dogs and wolvesKrisztina Hejjas
Department of Medical Chemistry, Molecular Biology and Pathobiochemistry, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary
Mamm Genome 18:871-9. 2007..sample involving four dog breeds (German Shepherd, Belgian Tervueren, Groenandael, and Malinois) and European Grey Wolves. A significant difference of allele and genotype frequencies was demonstrated among the analyzed breeds; therefore,..
- Genetic analysis of historic western Great Lakes region wolf samples reveals early Canis lupus/lycaon hybridizationTyler Wheeldon
Natural Resources DNA Profiling and Forensics Centre, Trent University, DNA Building, 2140 East Bank Drive, Peterborough, Ontario, Canada K9J 7B8
Biol Lett 5:101-4. 2009The genetic status of wolves in the western Great Lakes region has received increased attention following the decision to remove them from protection under the US Endangered Species Act...
- Ecological factors influence population genetic structure of European grey wolvesMalgorzata Pilot
Museum and Institute of Zoology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Ul Wilcza 64, 00 679 Warszawa, Poland
Mol Ecol 15:4533-53. 2006..We suggest natal-habitat-biased dispersal as an underlying mechanism linking population ecology with population genetic structure...
- Genetic diversity, population structure, effective population size and demographic history of the Finnish wolf populationJ Aspi
Department of Biology, University of Oulu, Finland
Mol Ecol 15:1561-76. 2006..All methods gave similar estimates of effective population size, approximately 40 wolves. These estimates were slightly larger than the estimated census size of breeding individuals...
- Prevalence of antibodies against canine distemper virus and canine parvovirus among foxes and wolves from SpainR Sobrino
IREC CSIC, UCLM, JCCM, Ronda de Toledo s n, 50013 Ciudad Real, Spain
Vet Microbiol 126:251-6. 2008..Hence, a serologic survey was conducted in an opportunistic sample of 137 foxes (Vulpes vulpes) and 37 wolves (Canis lupus) in Spain for 1997-2007 to detect antibodies against canine distemper virus (CDV) and against canine ..
- Genetic rescue and inbreeding depression in Mexican wolvesRichard J Fredrickson
School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287 4501, USA
Proc Biol Sci 274:2365-71. 2007..Among extant Mexican wolves (Canis lupus baileyi), inbreeding had reduced genetic diversity and potentially lowered fitness, and as a result, ..
- Predator and heterospecific stimuli alter behaviour in cattleBryan M Kluever
School of Natural Resources, The University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
Behav Processes 81:85-91. 2009..Our findings suggest that domestic herbivores react to predatory stimuli, can differentiate between stimuli representing two predatory species, and suggest that cattle may reduce antipredatory behaviour when near heterospecifics...
- Detecting introgressive hybridization between free-ranging domestic dogs and wild wolves (Canis lupus) by admixture linkage disequilibrium analysisA Verardi
Istituto Nazionale per la Fauna Selvatica, via Ca Fornacetta 9, 40064 Ozzano dell Emilia Bologna, Italy
Mol Ecol 15:2845-55. 2006Occasional crossbreeding between free-ranging domestic dogs and wild wolves (Canis lupus) has been detected in some European countries by mitochondrial DNA sequencing and genotyping unlinked microsatellite loci...
- Helminth parasites of wolves (Canis lupus): a species list and an analysis of published prevalence studies in Nearctic and Palaearctic populationsH L Craig
School of Biological Sciences, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, L69 3BX, UK
J Helminthol 79:95-103. 2005..From 27 papers a total of 72 helminth species from 40 genera were recorded that infect wolves, of which 93% were identified from the gastrointestinal tract at necropsy...
- A gene expression signature of confinement in peripheral blood of red wolves (Canis rufus)Erin Kennerly
Department of Genetics, Gardner Hall, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695 7614, USA
Mol Ecol 17:2782-91. 2008..We illustrate this concept in a comparison of free range and confined North American red wolves (Canis rufus)...
- Low-coverage vaccination strategies for the conservation of endangered speciesD T Haydon
Division of Environmental and Evolutionary Biology, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ, UK
Nature 443:692-5. 2006....
- Stable isotopes, ecological integration and environmental change: wolves record atmospheric carbon isotope trend better than tree ringsJoseph K Bump
School of Forest Resources and Environmental Science, Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI 49931, USA
Proc Biol Sci 274:2471-80. 2007....
- Narrow genetic basis for the Australian dingo confirmed through analysis of paternal ancestryArman Ardalan
Science for Life Laboratory, Department of Gene Technology, KTH, Royal Institute of Technology, 17121 Solna, Sweden
Genetica 140:65-73. 2012..Overall genetic evidence suggests a very restricted introduction of the first dingoes into Australia, possibly from New Guinea. This study further confirms the dingo as an isolated feral dog...
- A simple reason for a big difference: wolves do not look back at humans, but dogs doAdam Miklosi
Department of Ethology, Eotvos University, Budapest, Pázmány P 1c, 1117, Hungary
Curr Biol 13:763-6. 2003The present investigations were undertaken to compare interspecific communicative abilities of dogs and wolves, which were socialized to humans at comparable levels...
- Seroprevalence of Neospora caninum in gray wolves in ScandinaviaC Bjorkman
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Dept Clinical Sciences, P O Box 7054, SE 750 07 Uppsala, Sweden
Vet Parasitol 173:139-42. 2010..The aim of this study was to estimate the seroprevalence of N. caninum in Scandinavian gray wolves and to investigate any geographical patterns of the infection...
- Frequency distributions of helminths of wolves in KazakhstanA M Abdybekova
Kazakh State Veterinary Research Institute, Almaty, Kazakhstan
Vet Parasitol 184:348-51. 2012Between 2001 and 2008 a total of 41 wolves (Canis lupus) were necropsied in southern Kazakhstan and their intestinal parasite fauna evaluated. Of these animals 8 (19...
- Home range formation in wolves due to scent markingBrian K Briscoe
Department of Mathematics, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA
Bull Math Biol 64:261-84. 2002Social carnivores, such as wolves and coyotes, have distinct and well-defined home ranges. During the formation of these home ranges scent marks provide important cues regarding the use of space by familiar and foreign packs...
- Mitochondrial DNA data indicate an introduction through Mainland Southeast Asia for Australian dingoes and Polynesian domestic dogsMattias C R Oskarsson
Science for Life Laboratory, Department of Gene Technology, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden
Proc Biol Sci 279:967-74. 2012..This underscores the complex origins of Polynesian culture and the isolation from Neolithic influence of the pre-Neolithic Australian culture...
- The cryptic African wolf: Canis aureus lupaster is not a golden jackal and is not endemic to EgyptEli Knispel Rueness
Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Synthesis, Department of Biology, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
PLoS ONE 6:e16385. 2011..The only grey wolf species to inhabit the African continent is a cryptic species for which the conservation status urgently needs assessment...
- Domestic dog origin of canine distemper virus in free-ranging wolves in Portugal as revealed by hemagglutinin gene characterizationAlexandra Muller
Department of Veterinary Clinics, Institute of Biomedical Science Abel Salazar ICBAS, University of Porto, P 4099 003 Porto, Portugal
J Wildl Dis 47:725-9. 2011Serologic evidence for canine distemper virus (CDV) has been described in grey wolves but, to our knowledge, virus strains circulating in wolves have not been characterized genetically...
- Wolves modulate soil nutrient heterogeneity and foliar nitrogen by configuring the distribution of ungulate carcassesJoseph K Bump
School of Forest Resources and Environmental Science, 1400 Townsend Drive, Michigan Technological University, Houghton, Michigan 49931, USA
Ecology 90:3159-67. 2009..A 50-year record composed of > 3600 moose carcasses from Isle Royale National Park, Michigan, USA, showed that wolves modulate heterogeneity in soil nutrients, soil microbes, and plant quality by clustering prey carcasses over space...
- Phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences reveals distal gut bacterial diversity in wild wolves (Canis lupus)Honghai Zhang
College of Life Science, Qufu Normal University, Qufu, 273165, China
Mol Biol Rep 37:4013-22. 2010The aim of this study was to describe the microbial communities in the distal gut of wild wolves (Canis lupus)...
- Mitochondrial DNA analysis of the Japanese wolf (Canis lupus hodophilax Temminck, 1839) and comparison with representative wolf and domestic dog haplotypesNaotaka Ishiguro
Laboratory of Food and Environmental Hygiene, Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Applied and Biological Sciences, Gifu University, Gifu 501 1193, Japan
Zoolog Sci 26:765-70. 2009..The results provide valuable Information for understanding the taxonomic and phylogenetic relationships of the Japanese wolf, which have long been controversial...
- First report of Thelazia callipaeda (Spirurida, Thelaziidae) in wolves in ItalyDomenico Otranto
Department of Animal Health and Welfare, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Bari, Strada P le per Casamassima Km 3, 70010, Valenzano Bari, Italy
J Wildl Dis 43:508-11. 2007..e., dogs, cats, and foxes). The first three cases of infection by T. callipaeda eyeworms in wolves (Canis lupus) are here described with up to 96 nematodes collected from a single animal...
- Contaminant residue levels in arctic wolves (Canis lupus) from the Yukon Territory, CanadaM Gamberg
Gamberg Consulting, Whitehorse, Canada
Sci Total Environ 243:329-38. 1999Kidney, liver and bone samples were taken from 19 wolves (Canis lupus) collected from two locations in the Yukon Territory. Liver samples pooled by age and sex were analyzed for 22 organochlorine pesticides and 101 PCB congeners...
- Estimation of population divergence times from non-overlapping genomic sequences: examples from dogs and wolvesPontus Skoglund
Department of Evolutionary Biology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
Mol Biol Evol 28:1505-17. 2011..We applied the method to shotgun sequence data from an ancient wolf together with extant dogs and wolves and found striking resemblance to previously described fine-scale population structure among dog breeds...
- Ancient wolf lineages in IndiaDinesh K Sharma
Wildlife Institute of India, Postbox 18, Dehradun 248001, India
Proc Biol Sci 271:S1-4. 2004..We sequenced mtDNA of recent and historical samples from 45 wolves from throughout lowland peninsular India and 23 wolves from the Himalayas and Tibetan Plateau and compared these ..
- Body size and predatory performance in wolves: is bigger better?Daniel R MacNulty
Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behaviour, University of Minnesota, 1987 Upper Buford Circle, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
J Anim Ecol 78:532-9. 2009..2. This hypothesis was tested with longitudinal data from repeated observations of 94 individually known wolves (Canis lupus) hunting elk (Cervus elaphus) in Yellowstone National Park, USA...
- Summer kill rates and predation pattern in a wolf-moose system: can we rely on winter estimates?Håkan Sand
Grimsö Wildlife Research Station, Department of Ecology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, 73091 Riddarhyttan, Sweden
Oecologia 156:53-64. 2008..summer (June-September) as obtained by applying modern Global Positioning System-collar techniques on individual wolves (Canis lupus) in Scandinavia. Moose (Alces alces) was the dominant prey species both by number (74...
- DLA-DRB1, DQA1, and DQB1 alleles and haplotypes in North American Gray WolvesLorna J Kennedy
Centre for Integrated Genomic Medical Research, University of Manchester, Stopford Building, Oxford Road, Manchester, M13 9PT, UK
J Hered 98:491-9. 2007..Since domestic dogs evolved from Gray Wolves (Canis lupus), common DLA class II alleles should exist...
- A serological survey of infectious disease in Yellowstone National Park's canid communityEmily S Almberg
Department of Natural Resources, Science, and Management, University of Minnesota, St Paul, Minnesota, USA
PLoS ONE 4:e7042. 2009Gray wolves (Canis lupus) were reintroduced into Yellowstone National Park (YNP) after a >70 year absence, and as part of recovery efforts, the population has been closely monitored...
- Effects of wolves on elk and cattle behaviors: implications for livestock production and wolf conservationIsabelle Laporte
Faculty of Environmental Design, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
PLoS ONE 5:e11954. 2010In many areas, livestock are grazed within wolf (Canis lupus) range. Predation and harassment of livestock by wolves creates conflict and is a significant challenge for wolf conservation...
- A signal for independent coastal and continental histories among North American wolvesByron V Weckworth
Division of Biological Sciences, Idaho State University, Pocatello, ID 83209 8007, USA
Mol Ecol 14:917-31. 2005..Pacific Northwest coastal wolves, in particular, have never been analysed...
- Y chromosome haplotyping in Scandinavian wolves (Canis lupus) based on microsatellite markersA K Sundqvist
Department of Evolutionary Biology, Uppsala University, , SE-752 36 Uppsala, Sweden
Mol Ecol 10:1959-66. 2001..In a sample of 100 male wolves from northern Europe we found 17 different Y chromosome haplotypes...
- Legacy lost: genetic variability and population size of extirpated US grey wolves (Canis lupus)Jennifer A Leonard
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1606, USA
Mol Ecol 14:9-17. 2005..However, because wolves disperse over long distances, extant populations in Canada and Alaska might have retained a substantial proportion ..
- Mitochondrial DNA from prehistoric canids highlights relationships between dogs and South-East European wolvesFabio Verginelli
Department of Oncology and Neurosciences, University G D Annunzio, Chieti, Italy
Mol Biol Evol 22:2541-51. 2005..To gain insight into the relationships between ancient European wolves and dogs we analyzed a 262-bp mitochondrial DNA control region fragment retrieved from five prehistoric Italian ..
- Explaining dog wolf differences in utilizing human pointing gestures: selection for synergistic shifts in the development of some social skillsMárta Gácsi
Department of Ethology, Eotvos University, Budapest, Pázmány, Hungary
PLoS ONE 4:e6584. 2009..To reconcile previously contradicting views on the origin of dogs' outstanding performance in utilizing human gestures, we suggest that dog-wolf differences should be studied in a more complex way...
- Lessons learned from the dog genomeRobert K Wayne
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 91302, USA
Trends Genet 23:557-67. 2007..Domestication involved genetic contributions from multiple populations of gray wolves probably through backcrossing...
- More than mere numbers: the impact of lethal control on the social stability of a top-order predatorArian D Wallach
School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
PLoS ONE 4:e6861. 2009..Management decisions involving large social predators must therefore consider social stability to ensure their conservation and ecological functioning...
- Cloning endangered gray wolves (Canis lupus) from somatic cells collected postmortemH J Oh
Department of Theriogenology and Biotechnology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul 151 742, Republic of Korea
Theriogenology 70:638-47. 2008..Therefore, somatic cell nuclear transfer has potential for preservation of canine species in extreme situations, including sudden death...
- Sarcoptic mange in Iberian wolves (Canis lupus signatus) in northern SpainG Dominguez
Public Health Services, 09572 Soncillo, Burgos, Spain
Vet Rec 162:754-5. 2008
- Ancient DNA evidence for Old World origin of New World dogsJennifer A Leonard
Department of Organismic Biology, Ecology and Evolution, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1606, USA
Science 298:1613-6. 2002..This unique clade was absent from a large sample of modern dogs, which implies that European colonists systematically discouraged the breeding of native American dogs...
- Canine parvovirus enteritis, canine distemper, and major histocompatibility complex genetic variation in Mexican wolvesPhilip W Hedrick
School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287 4501, USA
J Wildl Dis 39:909-13. 2003..Resistance to pathogens is an important aspect of the management and long-term survival of endangered taxa, such as the Mexican wolf...
- Development of gaze following abilities in wolves (Canis lupus)Friederike Range
Department of Cognitive Biology, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
PLoS ONE 6:e16888. 2011..the ontogeny and habituation patterns of gaze following into distant space and behind barriers in nine hand-raised wolves. We found that these wolves could use conspecific as well as human gaze cues even in the barrier task, which is ..
- Predatory senescence in ageing wolvesDaniel R MacNulty
Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Behaviour, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
Ecol Lett 12:1347-56. 2009..Here we use longitudinal data from repeated observations of individually-known wolves (Canis lupus) hunting elk (Cervus elaphus) in Yellowstone National Park to demonstrate that adult predatory ..
- Phylogeographic history of grey wolves in EuropeMałgorzata Pilot
Museum and Institute of Zoology, Polish Academy of Sciences, 00 679 Warszawa, Poland
BMC Evol Biol 10:104. 2010..In this study, we address the question of the genetic consequences of Pleistocene glaciations for European grey wolves. Combining our data with data from published studies, we analysed phylogenetic relationships and geographic ..
- Combined use of maternal, paternal and bi-parental genetic markers for the identification of wolf-dog hybridsC Vila
Department of Evolutionary Biology, Uppsala University, Sweden
Heredity (Edinb) 90:17-24. 2003..We first characterized the variability of mtDNA and Y chromosome markers in Scandinavian wolves as well as in neighboring wolf populations and in dogs...
- A spatially explicit model for an Allee effect: why wolves recolonize so slowly in Greater YellowstoneAmy Hurford
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alta, Canada T6G 2E9
Theor Popul Biol 70:244-54. 2006..Our results suggest that a reduced probability of finding mates at low densities may slow recolonization rate...
- Dynamics of hybridization and introgression in red wolves and coyotesRichard J Fredrickson
School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287 4601, USA
Conserv Biol 20:1272-83. 2006..endangerment in many taxa and are considered the greatest biological threats to the reintroduced population of red wolves (Canis rufus) in North Carolina (U.S.A.)...
- Prey risk allocation in a grazing ecosystemJustin A Gude
Ecology Department, Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana 59717, USA
Ecol Appl 16:285-98. 2006..We found little evidence that wolves affect elk group sizes, which were strongly influenced by habitat type and hunting by humans...
- Patterns of nucleotide misincorporations during enzymatic amplification and direct large-scale sequencing of ancient DNAM Stiller
Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, D 04103 Leipzig, Germany
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:13578-84. 2006....
- Molecular and evolutionary history of melanism in North American gray wolvesTovi M Anderson
Departments of Genetics and Pediatrics, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
Science 323:1339-43. 2009..We show that the melanistic K locus mutation in North American wolves derives from past hybridization with domestic dogs, has risen to high frequency in forested habitats, and exhibits ..
- Differentiation of tundra/taiga and boreal coniferous forest wolves: genetics, coat colour and association with migratory caribouMarco Musiani
Faculty of Environmental Design, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada T2N 1 N4
Mol Ecol 16:4149-70. 2007..tundra and forested regions of Canada explained differences in migratory behaviour, genetics, and coat colour of wolves. Satellite-telemetry data demonstrated that tundra wolves (n = 19) migrate annually with caribou (n = 19) from ..
- Exposure of free-ranging maned wolves (Chrysocyon brachyurus) to infectious and parasitic disease agents in the Noël Kempff Mercado National Park, BoliviaSharon L Deem
Field Veterinary Program, Wildlife Conservation Society, 2300 Southern Boulevard, Bronx, New York 10460, USA
J Zoo Wildl Med 36:192-7. 2005Maned wolves (Chrysocyon brachyurus) are neotropic mammals, listed as a CITES Appendix II species, with a distribution south of the Amazon forest from Bolivia, through northern Argentina and Paraguay and into eastern Brazil and northern ..
- The genealogy and genetic viability of reintroduced Yellowstone grey wolvesBridgett M VonHoldt
University of California, Los Angeles, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, 621 Charles E Young Dr South, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
Mol Ecol 17:252-74. 2008..We have analysed 200 Yellowstone wolves, including all 31 founders, for variation in 26 microsatellite loci over the 10-year reintroduction period (1995-..
- Historical and ecological determinants of genetic structure in arctic canidsL E Carmichael
CW405 Biological Sciences Building, Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada
Mol Ecol 16:3466-83. 2007b>Wolves (Canis lupus) and arctic foxes (Alopex lagopus) are the only canid species found throughout the mainland tundra and arctic islands of North America...
- Detection of Leishmania infantum in captive wolves from Southwestern EuropeNatalia Sastre
Servei Veterinari de Genètica Molecular, Departament de Ciencia Animal i dels Aliments, Facultat de Veterinaria, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain
Vet Parasitol 158:117-20. 2008..For that reason, the serum and peripheral blood samples of 33 captive wolves from the European Breeding of Endangered Species Programme (EEP) were analyzed using the enzyme-linked ..
- Conserving top predators in ecosystemsGuillaume Chapron
Science 320:47. 2008
- Glucocorticoid stress hormones and the effect of predation risk on elk reproductionScott Creel
Department of Ecology, 310 Lewis Hall, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 59717, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:12388-93. 2009..When wolves are present, elk alter their grouping patterns, vigilance, foraging behavior, habitat selection, and diet...
- The IGF1 small dog haplotype is derived from Middle Eastern grey wolvesMelissa M Gray
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
BMC Biol 8:16. 2010....
- Megafaunal extinctions and the disappearance of a specialized wolf ecomorphJennifer A Leonard
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
Curr Biol 17:1146-50. 2007..Nevertheless, wolves disappeared from northern North America in the Late Pleistocene, suggesting they were affected by factors that ..
- Recolonizing wolves and mesopredator suppression of coyotes: impacts on pronghorn population dynamicsKim Murray Berger
Department of Wildland Resources, Utah State University, 5230 Old Main Hill, Logan, Utah 84322, USA
Ecol Appl 18:599-612. 2008..abundance to evaluate whether mesopredator release of coyotes (Canis latrans), resulting from the extirpation of wolves (Canis lupus) throughout much of the United States, contributes to high rates of neonatal mortality in ungulates...
- Endangered wolves cloned from adult somatic cellsMin Kyu Kim
Department of Theriogenology and Biotechnology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea
Cloning Stem Cells 9:130-7. 2007..In each surrogate dog, two fetal sacs were confirmed by early pregnancy diagnosis at 23 days, but only two cloned wolves were delivered...
- Prevalence of antibodies to Neospora caninum in wild animalsJ P Dubey
US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Animal and Natural Resources Institute, Animal Parasitic Diseases Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland 20705 2350, USA
J Parasitol 91:1217-8. 2005..in 5 of 249 bison (Bison bison), 5 of 160 caribou (Rangifer tarandus), 4 of 162 moose (Alces alces), 4 of 122 wolves (Canis lupus), and 1 of 224 musk ox (Ovibos moschatus) but not in 197 black bears (Ursus americanus)...
- Serologic survey for selected disease agents in wolves (Canis lupus) from Alaska and the Yukon Territory, 1984-2000Randall L Zarnke
Alaska Department of Fish and Game, 1300 College Road, Fairbanks, Alaska 99701 1599, USA
J Wildl Dis 40:632-8. 2004b>Wolves (Canis lupus) were captured in several geographic areas of Alaska (USA) and the Yukon Territory (Canada) during 1984-2000. Blood was collected from 1,122 animals...
- The importance of crossroads in faecal marking behaviour of the wolves (Canis lupus)Isabel Barja
Departamento de Biologia, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, 28049 Madrid, Spain
Naturwissenschaften 91:489-92. 2004For wolves (Canis lupus) scats play an important function in territorial marking behaviour...
- The distribution of Echinococcus granulosus in moose: evidence for parasite-induced vulnerability to predation by wolves?Damien O Joly
Department of Biology, University of Saskatchewan, 112 Science Place, Saskatoon, SK, Canada, S7N 5E2
Oecologia 140:586-90. 2004..Heavy infection by E. granulosus may predispose moose to increased risk of predation by wolves. Theory predicts that parasite-induced vulnerability to predation will reduce the degree of aggregation of ..
- Experimental Brucella abortus infection in wolvesS V Tessaro
Lethbridge Laboratory, Canadian Food Inspection Agency, PO Box 640, Lethbridge, Alberta T1J 3Z4, Canada
J Wildl Dis 40:60-5. 2004Four juvenile male wolves (Canis lupus) each received an oral dose of 1.6-1...
- Two centuries of the Scandinavian wolf population: patterns of genetic variability and migration during an era of dramatic declineØ Flagstad
Department of Evolutionary Biology, Uppsala University, Norbyvagen 18D, S 752 36 Uppsala, Sweden
Mol Ecol 12:869-80. 2003..Contemporary Finnish wolves, considered to be representative of a large eastern wolf population, were used for comparison...
- Gray wolves as climate change buffers in YellowstoneChristopher C Wilmers
Department of Environmental Science, Policy and Management, University of California, Berkeley, California, USA
PLoS Biol 3:e92. 2005..In Yellowstone National Park, winter conditions and reintroduced gray wolves (Canis lupus) together determine the availability of winter carrion on which numerous scavenger species depend for ..
- Rabies in endangered Ethiopian wolvesDeborah A Randall
University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
Emerg Infect Dis 10:2214-7. 2004..as a particular threat to wild canids, we report on a rabies outbreak in a subpopulation of endangered Ethiopian wolves in the Bale Mountains, Ethiopia, in 2003 and 2004. Parenteral vaccination of wolves was used to manage the outbreak...
- Evidence of genetic distinction and long-term population decline in wolves (Canis lupus) in the Italian ApenninesV Lucchini
Istituto Nazionale per la Fauna Selvatica, Ozzano Emilia BO, Italy
Mol Ecol 13:523-36. 2004..Historical information suggests the occurrence of an extensive human-caused contraction in the distribution range of wolves (Canis lupus) during the last few centuries in Europe...
- Population size estimation in Yellowstone wolves with error-prone noninvasive microsatellite genotypesScott Creel
Department of Ecology, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 59717, USA
Mol Ecol 12:2003-9. 2003..For faecal genotypes from wolves in Yellowstone National Park, error rates varied substantially among samples, often above the 'worst-case ..
- Species-specific differences and similarities in the behavior of hand-raised dog and wolf pups in social situations with humansMárta Gácsi
Department of Ethology, Eotvos University, Budapest, Pázmány P 1 c 1117 Hungary
Dev Psychobiol 47:111-22. 2005..Dogs and wolves did not differ in their general activity level during the tests...
- MHC class II genes in European wolves: a comparison with dogsJennifer M Seddon
Department of Evolutionary Biology, EBC, Uppsala University, Norbyvagen 18D, 752 36 Uppsala, Sweden
Immunogenetics 54:490-500. 2002..the diversification of species, we present nine DQA, 10 DQB, and 17 DRB1 sequences of the second exon for European wolves and compare them with sequences of North American wolves and dogs...
- Evaluation of d2, a microsatellite measure of inbreeding and outbreeding, in wolves with a known pedigreeP Hedrick
Department of Biology, Arizona State University, Tempe 85287, USA
Evolution 55:1256-60. 2001..We suggest that the measure be examined theoretically to determine when (and how much) the predictive value of the measure is different from that of heterozygosity for inbreeding or outbreeding levels in a variety of different scenarios...
- The domestication of social cognition in dogsBrian Hare
Department of Anthropology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
Science 298:1634-6. 2002..In this study, we found that wolves who were raised by humans do not show these same skills, whereas domestic dog puppies only a few weeks old, even ..
- High-Speed, Depth-Resolved Images of Cardiac physiologyGuy Salama; Fiscal Year: 2007..We focus here on the heart because therein lie salient problems that are ready to be addressed by this new technology. However, the wide range of possible applications may lead to the commercialization of this new technology. ..
- Comparative Genetics of Sweet Taste in CarnivoraPeihua Jiang; Fiscal Year: 2011....
- MD Anderson Cancer Ctr. Gynecology SPORE: Uterine CancerKaren Lu; Fiscal Year: 2007..D., Principal Investigator) will encourage faculty development research. An Internal Advisory Committee and External Advisory Committee will assist in scientific and clinical planning and evaluation of projects. ..
- Field Measures of Functional Tasks for CIT InterventionPaolo Bonato; Fiscal Year: 2006..They will remotely monitor functional upper limb use outside the clinic in the homes and in the community of patients undergoing CIT. ..
- REGULATION OF CELL AND ORGAN SIZE IN VIVOISWAR HARIHARAN; Fiscal Year: 2004..An approach to cloning the genes is also described. Analysis of the mutations identified in the screen will contribute to our understanding of cell size regulation in vivo. ..
- External Costs of ObesityJay Bhattacharya; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- Cardiovascular Disease Following Hypertensive PregnancyMyles Wolf; Fiscal Year: 2007..They believe the results will provide critical insight into mechanisms of CVD in women and potentially suggest means to alter their CVD risk. ..
- STEM CELL DERIVATION OF TWO NEOTROPICAL PRIMATE SPECIESA Schuler; Fiscal Year: 2007....