wolves

Summary

Summary: Any of several large carnivorous mammals of the family CANIDAE that usually hunt in packs.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Genome-wide SNP and haplotype analyses reveal a rich history underlying dog domestication
    Bridgett M VonHoldt
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, 621 Charles E Young Drive South, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA
    Nature 464:898-902. 2010
  2. pmc mtDNA data indicate a single origin for dogs south of Yangtze River, less than 16,300 years ago, from numerous wolves
    Jun feng Pang
    State Key Laboratory of Genetic Resources and Evolution, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, China
    Mol Biol Evol 26:2849-64. 2009
  3. ncbi Top predators as biodiversity regulators: the dingo Canis lupus dingo as a case study
    Mike Letnic
    Hawkesbury Institute for the Environment, University of Western Sydney, Locked Bag 1797, Penrith, NSW, Australia
    Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 87:390-413. 2012
  4. ncbi A simple reason for a big difference: wolves do not look back at humans, but dogs do
    Adam Miklosi
    Department of Ethology, Eotvos University, Budapest, Pázmány P 1c, 1117, Hungary
    Curr Biol 13:763-6. 2003
  5. pmc Prdm9, a major determinant of meiotic recombination hotspots, is not functional in dogs and their wild relatives, wolves and coyotes
    Violeta Muñoz-Fuentes
    Estación Biológia de Doñana EBD CSIC, Sevilla, Spain
    PLoS ONE 6:e25498. 2011
  6. ncbi Differential sensitivity to human communication in dogs, wolves, and human infants
    József Topál
    Research Institute for Psychology, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, 1132 Budapest, Hungary
    Science 325:1269-72. 2009
  7. pmc A detailed picture of the origin of the Australian dingo, obtained from the study of mitochondrial DNA
    Peter Savolainen
    Department of Biotechnology, Royal Institute of Technology, SE 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:12387-90. 2004
  8. ncbi Wolves modulate soil nutrient heterogeneity and foliar nitrogen by configuring the distribution of ungulate carcasses
    Joseph K Bump
    School of Forest Resources and Environmental Science, 1400 Townsend Drive, Michigan Technological University, Houghton, Michigan 49931, USA
    Ecology 90:3159-67. 2009
  9. ncbi Does interference competition with wolves limit the distribution and abundance of coyotes?
    Kim Murray Berger
    Department of Wildland Resources, Utah State University, Logan, UT 84322 5230, USA
    J Anim Ecol 76:1075-85. 2007
  10. ncbi Detecting hybridization between wild species and their domesticated relatives
    Ettore Randi
    Istituto Nazionale per la Fauna Selvatica, 40064 Ozzano Emilia BO, Italy
    Mol Ecol 17:285-93. 2008

Detail Information

Publications277 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Genome-wide SNP and haplotype analyses reveal a rich history underlying dog domestication
    Bridgett M VonHoldt
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, 621 Charles E Young Drive South, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA
    Nature 464:898-902. 2010
    ..Here we show that dog breeds share a higher proportion of multi-locus haplotypes unique to grey wolves from the Middle East, indicating that they are a dominant source of genetic diversity for dogs rather than wolves ..
  2. pmc mtDNA data indicate a single origin for dogs south of Yangtze River, less than 16,300 years ago, from numerous wolves
    Jun feng Pang
    State Key Laboratory of Genetic Resources and Evolution, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, China
    Mol Biol Evol 26:2849-64. 2009
    ..results indicate that the domestic dog originated in southern China less than 16,300 ya, from several hundred wolves. The place and time coincide approximately with the origin of rice agriculture, suggesting that the dogs may have ..
  3. ncbi Top predators as biodiversity regulators: the dingo Canis lupus dingo as a case study
    Mike Letnic
    Hawkesbury Institute for the Environment, University of Western Sydney, Locked Bag 1797, Penrith, NSW, Australia
    Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 87:390-413. 2012
    ..Finally, we discuss key issues that require consideration or warrant research before the ecological effects of dingoes can be incorporated formally into biodiversity conservation programs...
  4. ncbi A simple reason for a big difference: wolves do not look back at humans, but dogs do
    Adam Miklosi
    Department of Ethology, Eotvos University, Budapest, Pázmány P 1c, 1117, Hungary
    Curr Biol 13:763-6. 2003
    The present investigations were undertaken to compare interspecific communicative abilities of dogs and wolves, which were socialized to humans at comparable levels...
  5. pmc Prdm9, a major determinant of meiotic recombination hotspots, is not functional in dogs and their wild relatives, wolves and coyotes
    Violeta Muñoz-Fuentes
    Estación Biológia de Doñana EBD CSIC, Sevilla, Spain
    PLoS ONE 6:e25498. 2011
    ..genome that aligned to the last exon of the human Prdm9, containing the entire zinc finger domain, in 4 dogs, 17 wolves and 2 coyotes...
  6. ncbi Differential sensitivity to human communication in dogs, wolves, and human infants
    József Topál
    Research Institute for Psychology, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, 1132 Budapest, Hungary
    Science 325:1269-72. 2009
    ..suggest that communicative signals serve different functions for dogs and infants, whereas human-reared wolves (Canis lupus) do not show doglike context-dependent differences of search errors...
  7. pmc A detailed picture of the origin of the Australian dingo, obtained from the study of mitochondrial DNA
    Peter Savolainen
    Department of Biotechnology, Royal Institute of Technology, SE 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:12387-90. 2004
    ..in 211 Australian dingoes sampled in all states of Australia, 676 dogs from all continents, and 38 Eurasian wolves, and 263 bp were analyzed in 19 pre-European archaeological dog samples from Polynesia...
  8. ncbi Wolves modulate soil nutrient heterogeneity and foliar nitrogen by configuring the distribution of ungulate carcasses
    Joseph K Bump
    School of Forest Resources and Environmental Science, 1400 Townsend Drive, Michigan Technological University, Houghton, Michigan 49931, USA
    Ecology 90:3159-67. 2009
    ..A 50-year record composed of > 3600 moose carcasses from Isle Royale National Park, Michigan, USA, showed that wolves modulate heterogeneity in soil nutrients, soil microbes, and plant quality by clustering prey carcasses over space...
  9. ncbi Does interference competition with wolves limit the distribution and abundance of coyotes?
    Kim Murray Berger
    Department of Wildland Resources, Utah State University, Logan, UT 84322 5230, USA
    J Anim Ecol 76:1075-85. 2007
    Interference competition with wolves Canis lupus is hypothesized to limit the distribution and abundance of coyotes Canis latrans, and the extirpation of wolves is often invoked to explain the expansion in coyote range throughout much of ..
  10. ncbi Detecting hybridization between wild species and their domesticated relatives
    Ettore Randi
    Istituto Nazionale per la Fauna Selvatica, 40064 Ozzano Emilia BO, Italy
    Mol Ecol 17:285-93. 2008
    ..of projects aimed to identify occurrence and extent of introgressive hybridization in European populations of wolves (Canis lupus), wildcats (Felis silvestris), rock partridges and red-legged partridges (Alectoris graeca and ..
  11. ncbi The genealogy and genetic viability of reintroduced Yellowstone grey wolves
    Bridgett M VonHoldt
    University of California, Los Angeles, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, 621 Charles E Young Dr South, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    Mol Ecol 17:252-74. 2008
    ..We have analysed 200 Yellowstone wolves, including all 31 founders, for variation in 26 microsatellite loci over the 10-year reintroduction period (1995-..
  12. ncbi A nutritionally mediated risk effect of wolves on elk
    David Christianson
    Department of Ecology, Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana 59717, USA
    Ecology 91:1184-91. 2010
    ..To quantify risk effects in elk, a species that strongly responds to the presence of wolves, we noninvasively monitored diet selection and nutrient balance in wintering elk in the Upper Gallatin, Montana, ..
  13. ncbi Are wolves saving Yellowstone's aspen? A landscape-level test of a behaviorally mediated trophic cascade
    Matthew J Kauffman
    U S Geological Survey, Wyoming Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, Zoology and Physiology Department, University of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming 82071, USA
    Ecology 91:2742-55. 2010
    ..One BMTC that has been proposed for a wide-ranging active predator system involves the reintroduction of wolves (Canis lupus) to Yellowstone National Park, USA, which is thought to be leading to a recovery of trembling aspen (..
  14. ncbi Ecological factors influence population genetic structure of European grey wolves
    Malgorzata Pilot
    Museum and Institute of Zoology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Ul Wilcza 64, 00 679 Warszawa, Poland
    Mol Ecol 15:4533-53. 2006
    ..We suggest natal-habitat-biased dispersal as an underlying mechanism linking population ecology with population genetic structure...
  15. ncbi Comprehension of human pointing gestures in young human-reared wolves (Canis lupus) and dogs (Canis familiaris)
    Zsófia Virányi
    Department of Ethology, Eotvos Lorand University, Budapest, Hungary
    Anim Cogn 11:373-87. 2008
    ..Wolf pups, on the contrary, do not attend to this subtle pointing. Accordingly in Studies 2 and 3, these wolves were tested longitudinally with this and four other (easier) human-given cues...
  16. ncbi Frequency distributions of helminths of wolves in Kazakhstan
    A M Abdybekova
    Kazakh State Veterinary Research Institute, Almaty, Kazakhstan
    Vet Parasitol 184:348-51. 2012
    Between 2001 and 2008 a total of 41 wolves (Canis lupus) were necropsied in southern Kazakhstan and their intestinal parasite fauna evaluated. Of these animals 8 (19...
  17. ncbi Genetic diversity, population structure, effective population size and demographic history of the Finnish wolf population
    J Aspi
    Department of Biology, University of Oulu, Finland
    Mol Ecol 15:1561-76. 2006
    ..All methods gave similar estimates of effective population size, approximately 40 wolves. These estimates were slightly larger than the estimated census size of breeding individuals...
  18. ncbi From the Apennines to the Alps: colonization genetics of the naturally expanding Italian wolf (Canis lupus) population
    Elena Fabbri
    Istituto Nazionale per la Fauna Selvatica INFS Via Cà Fornacetta 9, 40064, Ozzano Emilia BO, Italy
    Mol Ecol 16:1661-71. 2007
    b>Wolves in Italy strongly declined in the past and were confined south of the Alps since the turn of the last century, reduced in the 1970s to approximately 100 individuals surviving in two fragmented subpopulations in the central-southern ..
  19. ncbi Indirect effects and traditional trophic cascades: a test involving wolves, coyotes, and pronghorn
    Kim Murray Berger
    Department of Wildland Resources, Utah State University, Logan, Utah 84322 5230, USA
    Ecology 89:818-28. 2008
    ..Ecosystem to evaluate whether mesopredator release of coyotes (Canis latrans), resulting from the extirpation of wolves (Canis lupus), accounts for high rates of coyote predation on pronghorn (Antilocapra americana) fawns observed in ..
  20. ncbi Rise and fall of a wolf population: genetic diversity and structure during recovery, rapid expansion and drastic decline
    E Jansson
    Department of Biology, University of Oulu, Oulu, FIN 90014, Finland
    Mol Ecol 21:5178-93. 2012
    The grey wolves (Canis lupus) of Finland have had a varied history, with a period of rapid population expansion after the mid-1990s followed by a decline with a current census size of about 140 wolves...
  21. ncbi Seasonal patterns of predation for gray wolves in the multi-prey system of Yellowstone National Park
    Matthew C Metz
    School of Forest Resources and Environmental Science, Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI 49931, USA
    J Anim Ecol 81:553-63. 2012
    ..2. We assessed seasonal variation in prey composition and kill rate for wolves Canis lupus living on the Northern Range (NR) of Yellowstone National Park...
  22. pmc Dietary differentiation and the evolution of population genetic structure in a highly mobile carnivore
    Małgorzata Pilot
    School of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Durham University, Durham, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 7:e39341. 2012
    ..To address this we analyzed stable isotope profiles (δ(13)C and δ(15)N values) for Eastern European wolves (Canis lupus) as a quantifiable proxy measure of diet for individuals that had been genotyped in an earlier study (..
  23. pmc Bucking the trend in wolf-dog hybridization: first evidence from europe of hybridization between female dogs and male wolves
    Maris Hindrikson
    Department of Zoology, Institute of Ecology and Earth Sciences, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia
    PLoS ONE 7:e46465. 2012
    ..Eight animals exhibiting unusual external characteristics for wolves - six from Estonia and two from Latvia - proved to be wolf-dog hybrids...
  24. ncbi Longitudinal analysis of attitudes toward wolves
    Adrian Treves
    Nelson Institute for Environmental Studies, University of Wisconsin Madison, 550 North Park Street, Madison, WI 53706, U S A
    Conserv Biol 27:315-23. 2013
    ..We examined longitudinal change in individuals' attitudes toward gray wolves (Canis lupus)...
  25. ncbi Intrapopulation variation in gray wolf isotope (delta(15)N and delta(13)C) profiles: implications for the ecology of individuals
    Erin J M Urton
    Department of Biology, University of Saskatchewan, 112 Science Place, Saskatoon, SK, S7N 5E2, Canada
    Oecologia 145:317-26. 2005
    ..Variance in isotope values for wolves and other carnivores was investigated as a proxy for variation in diet among individuals...
  26. ncbi Genetic evidence for multiple events of hybridization between wolves and domestic dogs in the Iberian Peninsula
    Raquel Godinho
    Centro de Investigacao em Biodiversidade e Recursos Geneticos, Universidade do Porto, Campus Agrário de Vairão, 4485 661 Vairão, Portugal
    Mol Ecol 20:5154-66. 2011
    ..of Bayesian analyses and a parallel set of simulation studies to evaluate (i) the differences between Iberian wolves and dogs, (ii) the frequency and geographical distribution of hybridization and (iii) the directionality of ..
  27. pmc A genome-wide perspective on the evolutionary history of enigmatic wolf-like canids
    Bridgett M VonHoldt
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA
    Genome Res 21:1294-305. 2011
    ..Despite the high mobility of these large carnivores, we find distinct hierarchical population units within gray wolves and coyotes that correspond with geographic and ecologic differences among populations...
  28. ncbi Recolonizing carnivores and naïve prey: conservation lessons from Pleistocene extinctions
    J Berger
    Program in Ecology, Evolution, and Conservation Biology, University of Nevada, Reno, NV 89512, USA
    Science 291:1036-9. 2001
    ..adult moose at disproportionately high rates in Scandinavia, and moose mothers who lost juveniles to recolonizing wolves in North America's Yellowstone region developed hypersensitivity to wolf howls...
  29. ncbi Mitochondrial DNA from prehistoric canids highlights relationships between dogs and South-East European wolves
    Fabio Verginelli
    Department of Oncology and Neurosciences, University G D Annunzio, Chieti, Italy
    Mol Biol Evol 22:2541-51. 2005
    ..To gain insight into the relationships between ancient European wolves and dogs we analyzed a 262-bp mitochondrial DNA control region fragment retrieved from five prehistoric Italian ..
  30. ncbi Predatory senescence in ageing wolves
    Daniel R MacNulty
    Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Behaviour, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Ecol Lett 12:1347-56. 2009
    ..Here we use longitudinal data from repeated observations of individually-known wolves (Canis lupus) hunting elk (Cervus elaphus) in Yellowstone National Park to demonstrate that adult predatory ..
  31. pmc Severe inbreeding depression in a wild wolf (Canis lupus) population
    Olof Liberg
    Grimsö Wildlife Research Station, Department of Conservation Biology, Swedish University of Agricultural Science, SE 73091 Riddarhyttan, Sweden
    Biol Lett 1:17-20. 2005
    ..In a small, naturally restored, wild population of grey wolves in Scandinavia, founded in 1983, we constructed a pedigree for 24 of the 28 breeding pairs established in the ..
  32. ncbi Estimation of population divergence times from non-overlapping genomic sequences: examples from dogs and wolves
    Pontus Skoglund
    Department of Evolutionary Biology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
    Mol Biol Evol 28:1505-17. 2011
    ..We applied the method to shotgun sequence data from an ancient wolf together with extant dogs and wolves and found striking resemblance to previously described fine-scale population structure among dog breeds...
  33. ncbi Detecting introgressive hybridization between free-ranging domestic dogs and wild wolves (Canis lupus) by admixture linkage disequilibrium analysis
    A Verardi
    Istituto Nazionale per la Fauna Selvatica, via Ca Fornacetta 9, 40064 Ozzano dell Emilia Bologna, Italy
    Mol Ecol 15:2845-55. 2006
    Occasional crossbreeding between free-ranging domestic dogs and wild wolves (Canis lupus) has been detected in some European countries by mitochondrial DNA sequencing and genotyping unlinked microsatellite loci...
  34. ncbi Landscape heterogeneity shapes predation in a newly restored predator-prey system
    Matthew J Kauffman
    Division of Biological Sciences, University of Montana, Missoula, MT 59812, USA
    Ecol Lett 10:690-700. 2007
    ..Elk in this newly restored predator-prey system should be able to mediate their risk of predation by movement and habitat selection across a heterogeneous risk landscape...
  35. pmc Spawning salmon disrupt trophic coupling between wolves and ungulate prey in coastal British Columbia
    Chris T Darimont
    Department of Biology, Box 3020, STN CSC, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia, V8W 3N5, Canada
    BMC Ecol 8:14. 2008
    ..Faecal (n=2203 wolf scats) and isotopic analyses (n=60 wolf hair samples) provide independent data sets, also allowing us to examine how consistent these common techniques are in estimating foraging behaviour...
  36. ncbi The adaptive value of morphological, behavioural and life-history traits in reproductive female wolves
    Daniel R Stahler
    Yellowstone Wolf Project, Yellowstone Center for Resources, Yellowstone National Park, WY, 82190, USA
    J Anim Ecol 82:222-34. 2013
    ..Here, we use 14 years of data from a long-term study of wolves (Canis lupus) in Yellowstone National Park, USA, to evaluate the relative effects of different traits and ..
  37. ncbi Summer movements, predation and habitat use of wolves in human modified boreal forests
    Eliezer Gurarie
    National Marine Mammal Laboratory, NOAA Fisheries, 7600 Sand Point Way NE, Seattle, WA 98115, USA
    Oecologia 165:891-903. 2011
    Grey wolves (Canis lupus), formerly extirpated in Finland, have recolonized a boreal forest environment that has been significantly altered by humans, becoming a patchwork of managed forests and clearcuts crisscrossed by roads, power ..
  38. ncbi Identification of recent hybridization between gray wolves and domesticated dogs by SNP genotyping
    Bridgett M VonHoldt
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    Mamm Genome 24:80-8. 2013
    The ability to detect recent hybridization between dogs and wolves is important for conservation and legal actions, which often require accurate and rapid resolution of ancestry...
  39. ncbi The genomics of selection in dogs and the parallel evolution between dogs and humans
    Guo Dong Wang
    State Key Laboratory of Genetic Resources and Evolution, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, No 32 Jiaochang Donglu, Kunming 650223, China
    Nat Commun 4:1860. 2013
    ..Here we perform whole-genome sequencing of multiple grey wolves, Chinese indigenous dogs and dogs of diverse breeds...
  40. ncbi Importance of accounting for detection heterogeneity when estimating abundance: the case of French wolves
    Sarah Cubaynes
    Centre d Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive, UMR 5175, Campus CNRS, 1919 Route de Mende, F 34293 Montpellier cedex 5, France
    Conserv Biol 24:621-6. 2010
    ..In a noninvasive capture-recapture study of wolves we based on genotypes identified in feces and hairs, we found a large underestimation of population size (27% on ..
  41. ncbi Wolves-coyotes-foxes: a cascade among carnivores
    Taal Levi
    Environmental Studies Department, 1156 High Street, University of California, Santa Cruz, California 95064, USA
    Ecology 93:921-9. 2012
    ..The restoration of gray wolves to many parts of North America, however, could alter this interaction chain...
  42. ncbi Predator and heterospecific stimuli alter behaviour in cattle
    Bryan M Kluever
    School of Natural Resources, The University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
    Behav Processes 81:85-91. 2009
    ..Our findings suggest that domestic herbivores react to predatory stimuli, can differentiate between stimuli representing two predatory species, and suggest that cattle may reduce antipredatory behaviour when near heterospecifics...
  43. pmc Assessing predation risk to threatened fauna from their prevalence in predator scats: dingoes and rodents in arid Australia
    Benjamin L Allen
    School of Agriculture and Food Sciences, The University of Queensland, Queensland, Australia
    PLoS ONE 7:e36426. 2012
    ..Some populations of threatened fauna assumed to derive a benefit from the presence of dingoes may instead be susceptible to dingo-induced declines under certain conditions...
  44. ncbi Group-size-mediated habitat selection and group fusion-fission dynamics of bison under predation risk
    Daniel Fortin
    Centre d Etude de la Forêt and Département de Biologie, Universite Laval, Sainte Foy, Quebec, G1VOA6, Canada
    Ecology 90:2480-90. 2009
    ..These group-size-dependent patterns were consistent with the hypothesis that avoidance of predation risk is the strongest driver of habitat selection...
  45. ncbi Landscape heterogeneity and marine subsidy generate extensive intrapopulation niche diversity in a large terrestrial vertebrate
    Chris T Darimont
    Department of Biology, PO Box 3020, Station CSC, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC, Canada V8W 3N5
    J Anim Ecol 78:126-33. 2009
    ..extensive terrestrial-marine isotopic niche variation among subpopulations, social groups, and individual grey wolves (Canis lupus) that occupy a spatially heterogeneous landscape in coastal British Columbia comprising a mainland ..
  46. ncbi From wild wolf to domestic dog: gene expression changes in the brain
    Peter Saetre
    Department of Evolution, Genomics and Systematics, Uppsala University, Norbyvagen 18D, S 752 36 Uppsala, Sweden
    Brain Res Mol Brain Res 126:198-206. 2004
    Despite the relatively recent divergence time between domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) and gray wolves (Canis lupus), the two species show remarkable behavioral differences...
  47. ncbi Climate and habitat barriers to dispersal in the highly mobile grey wolf
    Eli Geffen
    Institute for Nature Conservation Research Tel Aviv University Tel Aviv 69978 Israel
    Mol Ecol 13:2481-90. 2004
    ..We suggest two possible mechanisms by which environmental conditions may influence the dispersal decisions made by wolves.
  48. ncbi Evaluating prey switching in wolf-ungulate systems
    Robert A Garrott
    Ecology Department, Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana 59717, USA
    Ecol Appl 17:1588-97. 2007
    ..Mathematical models predicting and describing wolf-ungulate interactions are typically limited to the wolves' primary prey, with the potential for prey switching in wolf-multiple-ungulate systems only suggested or assumed ..
  49. ncbi Echinococcus granulosus in gray wolves and ungulates in Idaho and Montana, USA
    William J Foreyt
    Department of Veterinary Microbiology and Pathology, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington 99164 7040, USA
    J Wildl Dis 45:1208-12. 2009
    We evaluated the small intestines of 123 gray wolves (Canis lupus) that were collected from Idaho, USA (n=63), and Montana, USA (n=60), between 2006 and 2008 for the tapeworm Echinococcus granulosus...
  50. ncbi Novel repeat polymorphisms of the dopaminergic neurotransmitter genes among dogs and wolves
    Krisztina Hejjas
    Department of Medical Chemistry, Molecular Biology and Pathobiochemistry, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary
    Mamm Genome 18:871-9. 2007
    ..sample involving four dog breeds (German Shepherd, Belgian Tervueren, Groenandael, and Malinois) and European Grey Wolves. A significant difference of allele and genotype frequencies was demonstrated among the analyzed breeds; therefore,..
  51. pmc More than mere numbers: the impact of lethal control on the social stability of a top-order predator
    Arian D Wallach
    School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    PLoS ONE 4:e6861. 2009
    ..Management decisions involving large social predators must therefore consider social stability to ensure their conservation and ecological functioning...
  52. ncbi Genetic evidence for an East Asian origin of domestic dogs
    Peter Savolainen
    Department of Biotechnology, Royal Institute of Technology KTH, 10691 Stockholm, Sweden
    Science 298:1610-3. 2002
    The origin of the domestic dog from wolves has been established, but the number of founding events, as well as where and when these occurred, is not known...
  53. ncbi Evidence of genetic distinction and long-term population decline in wolves (Canis lupus) in the Italian Apennines
    V Lucchini
    Istituto Nazionale per la Fauna Selvatica, Ozzano Emilia BO, Italy
    Mol Ecol 13:523-36. 2004
    ..Historical information suggests the occurrence of an extensive human-caused contraction in the distribution range of wolves (Canis lupus) during the last few centuries in Europe...
  54. pmc Phylogeographic history of grey wolves in Europe
    Małgorzata Pilot
    Museum and Institute of Zoology, Polish Academy of Sciences, 00 679 Warszawa, Poland
    BMC Evol Biol 10:104. 2010
    ..In this study, we address the question of the genetic consequences of Pleistocene glaciations for European grey wolves. Combining our data with data from published studies, we analysed phylogenetic relationships and geographic ..
  55. ncbi Prevalence of antibodies against canine distemper virus and canine parvovirus among foxes and wolves from Spain
    R Sobrino
    IREC CSIC, UCLM, JCCM, Ronda de Toledo s n, 50013 Ciudad Real, Spain
    Vet Microbiol 126:251-6. 2008
    ..Hence, a serologic survey was conducted in an opportunistic sample of 137 foxes (Vulpes vulpes) and 37 wolves (Canis lupus) in Spain for 1997-2007 to detect antibodies against canine distemper virus (CDV) and against canine ..
  56. ncbi Body size and predatory performance in wolves: is bigger better?
    Daniel R MacNulty
    Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behaviour, University of Minnesota, 1987 Upper Buford Circle, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    J Anim Ecol 78:532-9. 2009
    ..2. This hypothesis was tested with longitudinal data from repeated observations of 94 individually known wolves (Canis lupus) hunting elk (Cervus elaphus) in Yellowstone National Park, USA...
  57. ncbi Predicting prey population dynamics from kill rate, predation rate and predator-prey ratios in three wolf-ungulate systems
    John A Vucetich
    School of Forest Resources and Environmental Science, Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI 49931, USA
    J Anim Ecol 80:1236-45. 2011
    ..First, Isle Royale, Banff and Yellowstone are similar insomuch as they all include wolves preying on large ungulates...
  58. ncbi Genetic differentiation of eastern wolves in Algonquin Park despite bridging gene flow between coyotes and grey wolves
    L Y Rutledge
    Environmental and Life Sciences Graduate Program, Trent University, 2140 East Bank Drive, Peterborough, Ontario, Canada
    Heredity (Edinb) 105:520-31. 2010
    ..Extensive hybridization among grey wolves (Canis lupus), eastern wolves (C. lycaon) and coyotes (C...
  59. pmc Rapid adaptive evolution of northeastern coyotes via hybridization with wolves
    Roland Kays
    New York State Museum, Albany, NY 12230, USA
    Biol Lett 6:89-93. 2010
    ..range of coyotes over the last 90 years is partly explained by changes to the landscape and local extinctions of wolves, but hybridization may also have facilitated their movement...
  60. ncbi SNPs in ecological and conservation studies: a test in the Scandinavian wolf population
    J M Seddon
    Department of Evolutionary Biology, Uppsala University, Norbyvagen 18D, SE 752 36, Uppsala, Sweden
    Mol Ecol 14:503-11. 2005
    ..previously been shown to be polymorphic in domestic dogs and four sites were newly identified as polymorphic in wolves. Of the 24 assayed loci, 22 SNPs were found to be variable within the Scandinavian population and, importantly, ..
  61. ncbi Two centuries of the Scandinavian wolf population: patterns of genetic variability and migration during an era of dramatic decline
    Ø Flagstad
    Department of Evolutionary Biology, Uppsala University, Norbyvagen 18D, S 752 36 Uppsala, Sweden
    Mol Ecol 12:869-80. 2003
    ..Contemporary Finnish wolves, considered to be representative of a large eastern wolf population, were used for comparison...
  62. ncbi Summer kill rates and predation pattern in a wolf-moose system: can we rely on winter estimates?
    Håkan Sand
    Grimsö Wildlife Research Station, Department of Ecology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, 73091 Riddarhyttan, Sweden
    Oecologia 156:53-64. 2008
    ..summer (June-September) as obtained by applying modern Global Positioning System-collar techniques on individual wolves (Canis lupus) in Scandinavia. Moose (Alces alces) was the dominant prey species both by number (74...
  63. ncbi A signal for independent coastal and continental histories among North American wolves
    Byron V Weckworth
    Division of Biological Sciences, Idaho State University, Pocatello, ID 83209 8007, USA
    Mol Ecol 14:917-31. 2005
    ..Pacific Northwest coastal wolves, in particular, have never been analysed...
  64. ncbi Combined use of maternal, paternal and bi-parental genetic markers for the identification of wolf-dog hybrids
    C Vila
    Department of Evolutionary Biology, Uppsala University, Sweden
    Heredity (Edinb) 90:17-24. 2003
    ..We first characterized the variability of mtDNA and Y chromosome markers in Scandinavian wolves as well as in neighboring wolf populations and in dogs...
  65. pmc Genetic analysis of historic western Great Lakes region wolf samples reveals early Canis lupus/lycaon hybridization
    Tyler Wheeldon
    Natural Resources DNA Profiling and Forensics Centre, Trent University, DNA Building, 2140 East Bank Drive, Peterborough, Ontario, Canada K9J 7B8
    Biol Lett 5:101-4. 2009
    The genetic status of wolves in the western Great Lakes region has received increased attention following the decision to remove them from protection under the US Endangered Species Act...
  66. pmc Genetic rescue and inbreeding depression in Mexican wolves
    Richard J Fredrickson
    School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287 4501, USA
    Proc Biol Sci 274:2365-71. 2007
    ..Among extant Mexican wolves (Canis lupus baileyi), inbreeding had reduced genetic diversity and potentially lowered fitness, and as a result, ..
  67. ncbi Study on the ecological distribution of alveolar Echinococcus in Hulunbeier Pasture of Inner Mongolia, China
    C T Tang
    Parasitology Research Laboratory, College of Life Sciences, Xiamen University, Xiamen, 361005, China
    Parasitology 128:187-94. 2004
    ..Animals examined included wolves (Canis lupus), red foxes (Vulpes vulpes), sand foxes (Vulpes corsac), domestic dogs (Canis familiaris), Microtus ..
  68. pmc Rabies in endangered Ethiopian wolves
    Deborah A Randall
    University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Emerg Infect Dis 10:2214-7. 2004
    ..as a particular threat to wild canids, we report on a rabies outbreak in a subpopulation of endangered Ethiopian wolves in the Bale Mountains, Ethiopia, in 2003 and 2004. Parenteral vaccination of wolves was used to manage the outbreak...
  69. pmc Going coastal: shared evolutionary history between coastal British Columbia and Southeast Alaska wolves (Canis lupus)
    Byron V Weckworth
    Faculty of Environmental Design, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    PLoS ONE 6:e19582. 2011
    ..variation previously identified among wolf populations resulted in recognition of multiple subspecies of wolves in the Pacific Northwest...
  70. ncbi Foraging and feeding ecology of the gray wolf (Canis lupus): lessons from Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming, USA
    Daniel R Stahler
    Yellowstone Center for Resources, Wolf Project, Yellowstone National Park, WY 82190, USA
    J Nutr 136:1923S-1926S. 2006
    The foraging and feeding ecology of gray wolves is an essential component to understanding the role that top carnivores play in shaping the structure and function of terrestrial ecosystems...
  71. ncbi A longitudinal study of the sociosexual dynamics in a captive family group of wolves: the University of Connecticut wolf project
    Susan M Jenks
    Department of Biology, The Sage Colleges, 65 First Street, Troy, NY 12180, USA
    Behav Genet 41:810-29. 2011
    ..He initiated the University of Connecticut wolf project with a family group of wolves housed in a protected enclosure in an isolated area of campus...
  72. ncbi Territory quality determines social group composition in Ethiopian wolves Canis simensis
    Lucy A Tallents
    Wildlife Conservation Research Unit, Zoology Department, University of Oxford, Recanati Kaplan Centre, Tubney House, Abingdon Road, Tubney, Abingdon, Oxon, OX13 5QL, UK
    J Anim Ecol 81:24-35. 2012
    ..2. We explore these drivers of territory size and group size/composition in Ethiopian wolves Canis simensis in the Bale Mountains, Ethiopia, using fine-scale distribution maps of their major prey species ..
  73. pmc Mitochondrial DNA data indicate an introduction through Mainland Southeast Asia for Australian dingoes and Polynesian domestic dogs
    Mattias C R Oskarsson
    Science for Life Laboratory, Department of Gene Technology, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden
    Proc Biol Sci 279:967-74. 2012
    ..This underscores the complex origins of Polynesian culture and the isolation from Neolithic influence of the pre-Neolithic Australian culture...
  74. ncbi Helminth parasites of wolves (Canis lupus): a species list and an analysis of published prevalence studies in Nearctic and Palaearctic populations
    H L Craig
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, L69 3BX, UK
    J Helminthol 79:95-103. 2005
    ..From 27 papers a total of 72 helminth species from 40 genera were recorded that infect wolves, of which 93% were identified from the gastrointestinal tract at necropsy...
  75. ncbi A gene expression signature of confinement in peripheral blood of red wolves (Canis rufus)
    Erin Kennerly
    Department of Genetics, Gardner Hall, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695 7614, USA
    Mol Ecol 17:2782-91. 2008
    ..We illustrate this concept in a comparison of free range and confined North American red wolves (Canis rufus)...
  76. ncbi Domestic dog origin of canine distemper virus in free-ranging wolves in Portugal as revealed by hemagglutinin gene characterization
    Alexandra Muller
    Department of Veterinary Clinics, Institute of Biomedical Science Abel Salazar ICBAS, University of Porto, P 4099 003 Porto, Portugal
    J Wildl Dis 47:725-9. 2011
    Serologic evidence for canine distemper virus (CDV) has been described in grey wolves but, to our knowledge, virus strains circulating in wolves have not been characterized genetically...
  77. ncbi Seroprevalence of Neospora caninum in gray wolves in Scandinavia
    C Bjorkman
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Dept Clinical Sciences, P O Box 7054, SE 750 07 Uppsala, Sweden
    Vet Parasitol 173:139-42. 2010
    ..The aim of this study was to estimate the seroprevalence of N. caninum in Scandinavian gray wolves and to investigate any geographical patterns of the infection...
  78. ncbi Low-coverage vaccination strategies for the conservation of endangered species
    D T Haydon
    Division of Environmental and Evolutionary Biology, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ, UK
    Nature 443:692-5. 2006
    ....
  79. pmc Stable isotopes, ecological integration and environmental change: wolves record atmospheric carbon isotope trend better than tree rings
    Joseph K Bump
    School of Forest Resources and Environmental Science, Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI 49931, USA
    Proc Biol Sci 274:2471-80. 2007
    ....
  80. pmc The cryptic African wolf: Canis aureus lupaster is not a golden jackal and is not endemic to Egypt
    Eli Knispel Rueness
    Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Synthesis, Department of Biology, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    PLoS ONE 6:e16385. 2011
    ..The only grey wolf species to inhabit the African continent is a cryptic species for which the conservation status urgently needs assessment...
  81. pmc Narrow genetic basis for the Australian dingo confirmed through analysis of paternal ancestry
    Arman Ardalan
    Science for Life Laboratory, Department of Gene Technology, KTH, Royal Institute of Technology, 17121 Solna, Sweden
    Genetica 140:65-73. 2012
    ..Overall genetic evidence suggests a very restricted introduction of the first dingoes into Australia, possibly from New Guinea. This study further confirms the dingo as an isolated feral dog...
  82. ncbi Home range formation in wolves due to scent marking
    Brian K Briscoe
    Department of Mathematics, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA
    Bull Math Biol 64:261-84. 2002
    Social carnivores, such as wolves and coyotes, have distinct and well-defined home ranges. During the formation of these home ranges scent marks provide important cues regarding the use of space by familiar and foreign packs...
  83. ncbi Mitochondrial DNA analysis of the Japanese wolf (Canis lupus hodophilax Temminck, 1839) and comparison with representative wolf and domestic dog haplotypes
    Naotaka Ishiguro
    Laboratory of Food and Environmental Hygiene, Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Applied and Biological Sciences, Gifu University, Gifu 501 1193, Japan
    Zoolog Sci 26:765-70. 2009
    ..The results provide valuable Information for understanding the taxonomic and phylogenetic relationships of the Japanese wolf, which have long been controversial...
  84. ncbi Contaminant residue levels in arctic wolves (Canis lupus) from the Yukon Territory, Canada
    M Gamberg
    Gamberg Consulting, Whitehorse, Canada
    Sci Total Environ 243:329-38. 1999
    Kidney, liver and bone samples were taken from 19 wolves (Canis lupus) collected from two locations in the Yukon Territory. Liver samples pooled by age and sex were analyzed for 22 organochlorine pesticides and 101 PCB congeners...
  85. ncbi First report of Thelazia callipaeda (Spirurida, Thelaziidae) in wolves in Italy
    Domenico Otranto
    Department of Animal Health and Welfare, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Bari, Strada P le per Casamassima Km 3, 70010, Valenzano Bari, Italy
    J Wildl Dis 43:508-11. 2007
    ..e., dogs, cats, and foxes). The first three cases of infection by T. callipaeda eyeworms in wolves (Canis lupus) are here described with up to 96 nematodes collected from a single animal...
  86. ncbi Phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences reveals distal gut bacterial diversity in wild wolves (Canis lupus)
    Honghai Zhang
    College of Life Science, Qufu Normal University, Qufu, 273165, China
    Mol Biol Rep 37:4013-22. 2010
    The aim of this study was to describe the microbial communities in the distal gut of wild wolves (Canis lupus)...
  87. pmc A serological survey of infectious disease in Yellowstone National Park's canid community
    Emily S Almberg
    Department of Natural Resources, Science, and Management, University of Minnesota, St Paul, Minnesota, USA
    PLoS ONE 4:e7042. 2009
    Gray wolves (Canis lupus) were reintroduced into Yellowstone National Park (YNP) after a >70 year absence, and as part of recovery efforts, the population has been closely monitored...
  88. pmc Effects of wolves on elk and cattle behaviors: implications for livestock production and wolf conservation
    Isabelle Laporte
    Faculty of Environmental Design, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    PLoS ONE 5:e11954. 2010
    In many areas, livestock are grazed within wolf (Canis lupus) range. Predation and harassment of livestock by wolves creates conflict and is a significant challenge for wolf conservation...
  89. pmc Ancient wolf lineages in India
    Dinesh K Sharma
    Wildlife Institute of India, Postbox 18, Dehradun 248001, India
    Proc Biol Sci 271:S1-4. 2004
    ..We sequenced mtDNA of recent and historical samples from 45 wolves from throughout lowland peninsular India and 23 wolves from the Himalayas and Tibetan Plateau and compared these ..
  90. ncbi DLA-DRB1, DQA1, and DQB1 alleles and haplotypes in North American Gray Wolves
    Lorna J Kennedy
    Centre for Integrated Genomic Medical Research, University of Manchester, Stopford Building, Oxford Road, Manchester, M13 9PT, UK
    J Hered 98:491-9. 2007
    ..Since domestic dogs evolved from Gray Wolves (Canis lupus), common DLA class II alleles should exist...
  91. ncbi Legacy lost: genetic variability and population size of extirpated US grey wolves (Canis lupus)
    Jennifer A Leonard
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1606, USA
    Mol Ecol 14:9-17. 2005
    ..However, because wolves disperse over long distances, extant populations in Canada and Alaska might have retained a substantial proportion ..
  92. pmc Explaining dog wolf differences in utilizing human pointing gestures: selection for synergistic shifts in the development of some social skills
    Márta Gácsi
    Department of Ethology, Eotvos University, Budapest, Pázmány, Hungary
    PLoS ONE 4:e6584. 2009
    ..To reconcile previously contradicting views on the origin of dogs' outstanding performance in utilizing human gestures, we suggest that dog-wolf differences should be studied in a more complex way...
  93. ncbi Y chromosome haplotyping in Scandinavian wolves (Canis lupus) based on microsatellite markers
    A K Sundqvist
    Department of Evolutionary Biology, Uppsala University, , SE-752 36 Uppsala, Sweden
    Mol Ecol 10:1959-66. 2001
    ..In a sample of 100 male wolves from northern Europe we found 17 different Y chromosome haplotypes...
  94. ncbi Lessons learned from the dog genome
    Robert K Wayne
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 91302, USA
    Trends Genet 23:557-67. 2007
    ..Domestication involved genetic contributions from multiple populations of gray wolves probably through backcrossing...
  95. ncbi Sarcoptic mange in Iberian wolves (Canis lupus signatus) in northern Spain
    G Dominguez
    Public Health Services, 09572 Soncillo, Burgos, Spain
    Vet Rec 162:754-5. 2008
  96. pmc Development of gaze following abilities in wolves (Canis lupus)
    Friederike Range
    Department of Cognitive Biology, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
    PLoS ONE 6:e16888. 2011
    ..the ontogeny and habituation patterns of gaze following into distant space and behind barriers in nine hand-raised wolves. We found that these wolves could use conspecific as well as human gaze cues even in the barrier task, which is ..
  97. ncbi Ancient DNA evidence for Old World origin of New World dogs
    Jennifer A Leonard
    Department of Organismic Biology, Ecology and Evolution, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1606, USA
    Science 298:1613-6. 2002
    ..This unique clade was absent from a large sample of modern dogs, which implies that European colonists systematically discouraged the breeding of native American dogs...
  98. ncbi Canine parvovirus enteritis, canine distemper, and major histocompatibility complex genetic variation in Mexican wolves
    Philip W Hedrick
    School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287 4501, USA
    J Wildl Dis 39:909-13. 2003
    ..Resistance to pathogens is an important aspect of the management and long-term survival of endangered taxa, such as the Mexican wolf...
  99. ncbi Cloning endangered gray wolves (Canis lupus) from somatic cells collected postmortem
    H J Oh
    Department of Theriogenology and Biotechnology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul 151 742, Republic of Korea
    Theriogenology 70:638-47. 2008
    ..Therefore, somatic cell nuclear transfer has potential for preservation of canine species in extreme situations, including sudden death...
  100. ncbi Exposure of free-ranging maned wolves (Chrysocyon brachyurus) to infectious and parasitic disease agents in the Noël Kempff Mercado National Park, Bolivia
    Sharon L Deem
    Field Veterinary Program, Wildlife Conservation Society, 2300 Southern Boulevard, Bronx, New York 10460, USA
    J Zoo Wildl Med 36:192-7. 2005
    Maned wolves (Chrysocyon brachyurus) are neotropic mammals, listed as a CITES Appendix II species, with a distribution south of the Amazon forest from Bolivia, through northern Argentina and Paraguay and into eastern Brazil and northern ..
  101. ncbi Endangered wolves cloned from adult somatic cells
    Min Kyu Kim
    Department of Theriogenology and Biotechnology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea
    Cloning Stem Cells 9:130-7. 2007
    ..In each surrogate dog, two fetal sacs were confirmed by early pregnancy diagnosis at 23 days, but only two cloned wolves were delivered...

Research Grants62

  1. Novel TIRF microscopy analyzing trafficking & signaling at the cell cortex
    Derek Toomre; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Consistent with the recovery act's goal, this funding will provide full-time summer employment for 4 undergraduate students and accelerate scientific achievement of the parent DP2 award...
  2. The Role of FGF23 in the Pathogenesis of Chronic Kidney Disease
    ANSEL PHILIP AMARAL; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This research endeavors to determine the direct pathological effects of FGF23 on podocytes and on the glomerular filter function of the kidney, with the eventual aim of revealing a novel therapeutic target for CKD. ..
  3. Hedonic vs. Metabolic Processing by the Nucleus Accumbens
    James Edgar McCutcheon; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g. feeding) and maladaptive (e.g. drug taking) behaviors using multiple levels of analysis - from molecular/cellular to systems/behavioral. ..
  4. Disclosing Genomic Incidental Findings in a Cancer Biobank: An ELSI Experiment
    Susan M Wolf; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  5. Comparative Genetics of Sweet Taste in Carnivora
    Peihua Jiang; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  6. Refining Conceptual Models for the Role of Health Literacy in Health Outcomes
    Michael S Wolf; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We will disseminate our findings on a Web site to promote transparency and allow continued modification of the model as further data become available. ..
  7. Dietary Acid Load, Subclinical Acidosis and Outcomes in Chronic Kidney Disease
    Julia J Scialla; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  8. 4th NY Skeletal Biology and Medicine Conference
    Mone Zaidi; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..The 2011 NYSMB will combine basic, clinical and translational research in a forum designed to provide the most current information on aspects of skeletal development and its relationship to bone disease and its treatment. ..
  9. An Automated, Tailored Information Application for Medication Health Literacy
    Raymond L Ownby; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..PHS 398/2590 (Rev. 11/07) Page Continuation Format Page ..
  10. Development of selection techniques for purifying stem cells from dental tissues
    Shaomian Yao; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Development of safe, simple and efficient techniques to purify stem cells from dental tissues is the foundation for successfully use the strategy both in research and clinical aspects. ..
  11. Genetic architecture of the mammalian (canid) skeleton: The silver fox (V. vulpes
    Lyudmila N Trut; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..At the same time this model will give insights into morphological change (changes in appearance) that may accompany such behavioral disorders. ..
  12. Interdisciplinary Comprehensive Arm Rehab Evaluation (I-CARE) Stroke Initiative
    Steven L Wolf; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  13. STEM CELL DERIVATION OF TWO NEOTROPICAL PRIMATE SPECIES
    A Michele Schuler; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  14. Hospital Discharge and Cognitive Changes in Older Adults
    Lee A Lindquist; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Results from this study will potentially impact the hospital care of seniors by providing information on what avoidable events cause hospital-acquired cognitive dysfunction and delay cognitive recovery. ..
  15. Controlled Affective Processing in Anhedonia
    ELIZABETH AMANDA MARTIN; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Ultimately, it is hoped this program of research will aid in the prevention of schizophrenia-spectrum disorders and in the treatment of negative symptoms in schizophrenia. ..
  16. Genetic variation in white matter hyperintensity and risk of ischemic stroke
    Natalia S Rost; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  17. High-Speed, Depth-Resolved Images of Cardiac physiology
    Guy Salama; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..We focus here on the heart because therein lie salient problems that are ready to be addressed by this new technology. However, the wide range of possible applications may lead to the commercialization of this new technology. ..
  18. Field Measures of Functional Tasks for CIT Intervention
    Paolo Bonato; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..They will remotely monitor functional upper limb use outside the clinic in the homes and in the community of patients undergoing CIT. ..
  19. Studies on Hyperglycemia in Surgical Infection
    Lillian S Kao; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  20. Longitudinal Outcome of College Students with ADHD
    LISA LEE WEYANDT; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Results from this longitudinal investigation will also serve to guide the development of intervention efforts aimed at improving the long-term success of college students with ADHD. ..
  21. HIGH RESOLUTION PHYSICAL MAPS OF 4P AND 5Q
    JOHN WASMUTH; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..In addition to answering specific questions about these two regions of the human genome, the approaches to be developed and used in this project should aid in mapping other portions of the genome...
  22. INTENSE TAI CHI EXERCISE TRAINING IN OLDER ADULTS
    Steven Wolf; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Evaluators will be blinded to the interventions, and all subjects will receive evaluations every four months over two years to ascertain the persistence of improvements. ..
  23. PREVENTIVE CARDIOLOGY
    Robert Suskind; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..The evaluation of the program will assess the changes in knowledge, attitudes, skills and behaviors of the New Orleans students compared to a control group at the LSU Medical School in Shreveport...
  24. Living with the Wolf: Women's Self-Management of Lupus
    Cindy Mendelson; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The findings from this study will provide the first comprehensive glimpse into women's views of illness over time and into the processes that they use to mange and interpret their illness over an extended period. ..
  25. 2009 Annual Wolf Creek Conference on Resuscitation
    Wanchun Tang; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..End of Abstract) ..
  26. Cardiovascular Disease Following Hypertensive Pregnancy
    Myles Wolf; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..They believe the results will provide critical insight into mechanisms of CVD in women and potentially suggest means to alter their CVD risk. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  27. Novel 5-HT treatments for METH post-addiction therapy
    CLARK TEDFORD; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The results of this research will be utilized to explore additional biological screens for other drugs of abuse and subsequent identification of novel therapies. ..
  28. Motor Map Plasticity in Constraint Therapy for Stroke
    George Wittenberg; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This could lead to the development of new rehabilitative strategies based on the interaction between therapeutic interventions and the physiology and anatomy of recovery. ..
  29. AFRICAN AMERICAN ELDERS: END OF LIFE PRESPECTIVES
    Sarah Wilson; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..The results of the study will provide a foundation for designing and testing interventions to promote culturally sensitive end-of- life care for African American elders. ..
  30. ANTIONCOGENIC POTENTIAL OF APOPTOTIC PROTEINASES
    Beni Wolf; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..These studies may delineate apoptotic proteinase inactivation as a novel mechanism of oncogenesis and may therefore define these proteinase as a new class of anti-oncogenes. ..
  31. BREAST CANCER IN WOMEN WITH PROLIFERATIVE BREAST DISEASE
    William Dupont; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ....
  32. Examining Parameters of Constraint-Induced Therapy
    Kathye Light; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..to determine if a booster session of CIT intervention results in significantly improved functional gains. ..
  33. Improving Health Literacy to Reduce Asthma Disparities
    Michael Wolf; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  34. GANGLIOSIDE GM1-MEDIATED TRAFFICKING IN INTESTINAL CELLS
    Anne Wolf; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Wolf on campus at Harvard Medical School will foster her development as an independent investigator capable of determining her own future directions. ..
  35. CPCRA-PHILADELPHIA FIGHT
    Jay Kostman; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..FIGHT is the region's largest provider of consumer education and treatment information. The applicants propose the investigators will contribute in significant ways to enrollment, data quality, and the scientific agenda of the CPCRA. ..
  36. FUNCTIONS OF EBV MEMBRANE ANTIGENS
    Takeshi Sairenji; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..These studies should not only characterize MA components and mechanisms of the immune response to EBV but could also contribute to diagnosis and development of vaccines (although patient immunizations are not part of this proposal)...
  37. STRATEGIES FOR TREATMENT AND PREVENTION OF DIABETES
    Ali Naji; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Immunology and Surgery to focus their investigative efforts on addressing a central question: What are the mechanisms governing progression and recurrence of autoimmune diabetes in genetically susceptible individuals? ..
  38. Characterization of Monkey Embryonic Stem Cells
    Carol Brenner; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..first, middle) The name of tie principal investigatoryprogram director must be provided at the top of each printed page and each continuation page RESEARCH GRANT TABLE OF CONTENTS Page Numbers Face Page 1 Description, ..
  39. Mental Practice Dosing and Mechanisms in Stroke
    Stephen Page; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Identification of MP mechanisms of action and optimal dosing is fundamental to cost-effective, appropriate implementation of this promising, CAM, mind-body technique, and will enable a subsequent MP clinical trial. ..
  40. Mental Practice Clinical/Neural Effects/Subacute Stroke
    Stephen Page; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The study will propel the applicant toward fulfillment of his long-term goal of testing efficacy and mechanisms of CAM interventions in stroke. ..
  41. EEG STUDIES OF DISABLED READERS
    ROSCOE DYKMAN; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Slow namers are expected to have slower reaction times, slower developing N150 and N400 components, and an attenuated ERP anticipatory component. ..
  42. Sexual Learning and Steroid Hormone Interactions
    MELISSA CUSATO; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Once developed, the paradigm will serve as a foundation for an investigation of the role of sex hormones in the development and expression of learned sexual behaviors. ..
  43. Novel DA D1 treatments for METH post-addiction therapy
    CLARK TEDFORD; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The results of this research will be utilized to explore additional biological screens for other drugs of abuse and subsequent identification of novel therapies. ..
  44. Identification of elF3e-Int6p targets in Stress in Pombe
    SABRINA HAWTHORNE; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The proposed research explores a novel role of INT6 in tumorigenesis through basic studies of its involvement in stress-regulated translation. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  45. Telehealth Intervention for Diabetes Self-Management
    GAIL BOND; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This training mechanism will assist Dr. Bond in making the transition to an independent investigator in order to advance the science of nursing in the areas of informatics and chronic illness. ..
  46. Subacute Stroke Recovery: Bimanual Coordination Training
    James Cauraugh; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  47. PEPTIDE SYNTHESIZER
    Sherwin Wilk; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The instrument will be operated and maintained by Dr. Imre Wolf, an accomplished peptide chemist and instrumentation specialist who has operated the Mount Sinai Core facility Milligen peptide synthesizer. ..
  48. EXTREMITY CONSTRAINT INDUCED THERAPY EVALUATION (EXCITE)
    Steven Wolf; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Primary outcome measures are a laboratory motor function test and amount of extremity use in the real world setting. Changes in psychosocial functioning will also be measured. ..
  49. Microsporidiosis:A Therapeutic Target
    Louis Weiss; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  50. THE DEVELOPMENT OF ABILITY CONCEPTIONS
    GAIL HEYMAN; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Together, these studies should provide a nuanced picture of the way in which children of different ages reason about ability, the factors affecting their reasoning, and the motivational consequences. ..
  51. VERY EARLY CONSTRAINT-INDUCED MOVEMENT THERAPY:STROKE
    Alexander Dromerick; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  52. Gene Duplication and Genome Evolution
    Austin Hughes; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..5) Examining the role of transposable elements in duplication of genomic segments by testing for nonrandom association between these elements and putatively duplicated blocks in the yeast genome. ..
  53. CI Therapy and Novel Virtual Environments
    Carolee Winstein; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Phase II will establish a broader application in the clinical environment, incorporate patient perspectives, and longer-term outcomes. ..
  54. Brain and Behavior Correlates of Arm Rehabilitation
    Carolee Winstein; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  55. Aromatase Inhibitor in Males with Adrenal Hyperplasia
    Kyriakie Sarafoglou; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  56. Exercise Substrate Utilization:The Crossover Concept
    George Brooks; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Further, we have the auxiliary personnel and facilities to conduct longitudinal training studies ..
  57. Familial Dilated Cardiomyopathy:Genetic Characterization
    Matthew Taylor; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..In addition, a diverse collection of consultants has been assembled to provide ongoing expertise that is sensitive to the needs of both the research and career development plans of the candidate. ..
  58. Bilateral and Unilateral Training in Chronic Stroke
    Jill Whitall; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In particular our study is aimed at the group of moderate to severely impaired patients who have less opportunity to receive and practice rehabilitation owing to reduced independent use of their paretic hand. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  59. Physiological Signals to MCT Expression
    George Brooks; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Aim 3 studies will involve comparisons of the levels of muscle MCT pre-mRNAs, mRNAs and protein levels. We have the tools to achieve the stated aims. ..
  60. Mechanism/regulation of human intestinal thiamin uptake
    HAMID SAID; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This should ultimately assist us in the designing of effective strategies to optimize thiamin body homeostasis in conditions associated with thiamin deficiency and sub-optimal levels. ..
  61. Children's Conceptions of Lying: East-West Comparisons
    GAIL HEYMAN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..In the legal domain, our findings can assist legal practitioners in developing culturally sensitive procedures to assess child witnesses'competence and credibility in courts of law. ..
  62. TOXOPLASMA ENCEPHALITIS IN AIDS: BRADYZOITE REGULATION
    Louis Weiss; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....