flatfishes

Summary

Summary: Common name for the order Pleuronectiformes. A very distinctive group in that during development they become asymmetrical, i.e., one eye migrates to lie adjacent to the other. They swim on the eyeless side. FLOUNDER, sole, and turbot, along with several others, are included in this order.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Molecular cloning and expression analysis of a hepcidin antimicrobial peptide gene from turbot (Scophthalmus maximus)
    Song Lin Chen
    Key Lab for Sustainable Utilization of Marine Fisheries Resources, Ministry of Agriculture, Yellow Sea Fisheries Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, Nanjing Road 106, Qingdao 266071, China
    Fish Shellfish Immunol 22:172-81. 2007
  2. ncbi Comparative expression analysis in mature gonads, liver and brain of turbot (Scophthalmus maximus) by cDNA-AFLPS
    Xoana Taboada
    Departamento de Genetica, Facultad de Biología CIBUS, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela Avda Lope Gómez de Marzoa, 15782 Santiago de Compostela, Spain
    Gene 492:250-61. 2012
  3. pmc Identification of the major sex-determining region of turbot (Scophthalmus maximus)
    Paulino Martínez
    Departamento de Xenética, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Facultade de Veterinaria, 27002 Lugo, Spain
    Genetics 183:1443-52. 2009
  4. ncbi Thyroid hormones down-regulate thyrotropin beta subunit and thyroglobulin during metamorphosis in the flatfish Senegalese sole (Solea senegalensis Kaup)
    Manuel Manchado
    IFAPA Centro El Toruño, Junta de Andalucia, Camino Tiro de pichón s n, 11500 El Puerto de Santa Maria, Cadiz, Spain
    Gen Comp Endocrinol 155:447-55. 2008
  5. ncbi Gene expression profiles of the spleen, liver, and head kidney in turbot (Scophthalmus maximus) along the infection process with Aeromonas salmonicida using an immune-enriched oligo-microarray
    Adrián Millán
    Departamento de Genetica, Facultad de Veterinaria, Campus de Lugo, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, 27002 Lugo, Spain
    Mar Biotechnol (NY) 13:1099-114. 2011
  6. pmc Comparative sequence analysis of the complete set of 40S ribosomal proteins in the Senegalese sole (Solea senegalensis Kaup) and Atlantic halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus L.) (Teleostei: Pleuronectiformes): phylogeny and tissue- and development-specific
    Manuel Manchado
    IFAPA Centro El Toruño, Junta de Andalucía Camino Tiro de pichón s n, El Puerto de Santa María, Cadiz, Spain
    BMC Evol Biol 7:107. 2007
  7. pmc An Expressed Sequence Tag (EST)-enriched genetic map of turbot (Scophthalmus maximus): a useful framework for comparative genomics across model and farmed teleosts
    Carmen Bouza
    Departamento de Genetica, Facultade de Veterinaria, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela USC, Campus de Lugo, 27002, Lugo, Spain
    BMC Genet 13:54. 2012
  8. ncbi Sex determination in flatfishes: Mechanisms and environmental influences
    J Adam Luckenbach
    Department of Biology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695, USA
    Semin Cell Dev Biol 20:256-63. 2009
  9. ncbi Dietary lipid levels have a remarkable impact on the expression of growth-related genes in Senegalese sole (Solea senegalensis Kaup)
    C Campos
    Faculty of Biosciences and Aquaculture, Bodø University College, NO 8049 Bodø, Norway
    J Exp Biol 213:200-9. 2010
  10. ncbi A novel rearrangement in the mitochondrial genome of tongue sole, Cynoglossus semilaevis: control region translocation and a tRNA gene inversion
    Xiaoyu Kong
    Marine Biodiversity Collection of South China Sea, Laboratory of Marine Bioresource Sustainable Utilization, South China Sea Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 164 West Xingang Road, Guangzhou, China
    Genome 52:975-84. 2009

Detail Information

Publications284 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Molecular cloning and expression analysis of a hepcidin antimicrobial peptide gene from turbot (Scophthalmus maximus)
    Song Lin Chen
    Key Lab for Sustainable Utilization of Marine Fisheries Resources, Ministry of Agriculture, Yellow Sea Fisheries Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, Nanjing Road 106, Qingdao 266071, China
    Fish Shellfish Immunol 22:172-81. 2007
    ..The hepcidin transcripts were detected in turbot embryonic cell line (TEC). Challenge of TEC cells with the pathogenic bacteria significantly elevated hepcidin mRNA levels...
  2. ncbi Comparative expression analysis in mature gonads, liver and brain of turbot (Scophthalmus maximus) by cDNA-AFLPS
    Xoana Taboada
    Departamento de Genetica, Facultad de Biología CIBUS, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela Avda Lope Gómez de Marzoa, 15782 Santiago de Compostela, Spain
    Gene 492:250-61. 2012
    ..We found slight but important differences between sexes which deserve further investigation...
  3. pmc Identification of the major sex-determining region of turbot (Scophthalmus maximus)
    Paulino Martínez
    Departamento de Xenética, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Facultade de Veterinaria, 27002 Lugo, Spain
    Genetics 183:1443-52. 2009
    ..A small proportion of families did not fit perfectly with this model, which suggests that other minor genetic and/or environmental factors are involved in sex determination in this species...
  4. ncbi Thyroid hormones down-regulate thyrotropin beta subunit and thyroglobulin during metamorphosis in the flatfish Senegalese sole (Solea senegalensis Kaup)
    Manuel Manchado
    IFAPA Centro El Toruño, Junta de Andalucia, Camino Tiro de pichón s n, 11500 El Puerto de Santa Maria, Cadiz, Spain
    Gen Comp Endocrinol 155:447-55. 2008
    ..Moreover, the TU+T4 treated larvae exhibited similar or lower mRNA levels than in the control. Present results demonstrate that TH mediate metamorphosis and down-regulate TSH beta and Tg at transcriptional level in Senegalese sole...
  5. ncbi Gene expression profiles of the spleen, liver, and head kidney in turbot (Scophthalmus maximus) along the infection process with Aeromonas salmonicida using an immune-enriched oligo-microarray
    Adrián Millán
    Departamento de Genetica, Facultad de Veterinaria, Campus de Lugo, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, 27002 Lugo, Spain
    Mar Biotechnol (NY) 13:1099-114. 2011
    ..The information obtained will aid to understand the turbot immune response and will specifically be valuable to develop strategies of defense to A. salmonicida to achieve more resistant broodstocks for turbot industry...
  6. pmc Comparative sequence analysis of the complete set of 40S ribosomal proteins in the Senegalese sole (Solea senegalensis Kaup) and Atlantic halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus L.) (Teleostei: Pleuronectiformes): phylogeny and tissue- and development-specific
    Manuel Manchado
    IFAPA Centro El Toruño, Junta de Andalucía Camino Tiro de pichón s n, El Puerto de Santa María, Cadiz, Spain
    BMC Evol Biol 7:107. 2007
    ..Their high representation in cDNA libraries has resulted in the increase of RP sequences available from different organisms and their proposal as appropriate molecular markers for phylogenetic analysis...
  7. pmc An Expressed Sequence Tag (EST)-enriched genetic map of turbot (Scophthalmus maximus): a useful framework for comparative genomics across model and farmed teleosts
    Carmen Bouza
    Departamento de Genetica, Facultade de Veterinaria, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela USC, Campus de Lugo, 27002, Lugo, Spain
    BMC Genet 13:54. 2012
    ..The aim of this study was to construct a higher-resolution turbot genetic map using EST-linked markers, which will turn out to be useful for comparative mapping studies...
  8. ncbi Sex determination in flatfishes: Mechanisms and environmental influences
    J Adam Luckenbach
    Department of Biology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695, USA
    Semin Cell Dev Biol 20:256-63. 2009
    ..This review covers our current knowledge of sex determination and differentiation in flatfishes including possible adaptive significance of ESD and involvement of factors such as aromatase (cyp19).
  9. ncbi Dietary lipid levels have a remarkable impact on the expression of growth-related genes in Senegalese sole (Solea senegalensis Kaup)
    C Campos
    Faculty of Biosciences and Aquaculture, Bodø University College, NO 8049 Bodø, Norway
    J Exp Biol 213:200-9. 2010
    ..In addition to its practical implications, this work provides a valuable contribution towards our understanding of the genetic networks controlling growth in teleosts...
  10. ncbi A novel rearrangement in the mitochondrial genome of tongue sole, Cynoglossus semilaevis: control region translocation and a tRNA gene inversion
    Xiaoyu Kong
    Marine Biodiversity Collection of South China Sea, Laboratory of Marine Bioresource Sustainable Utilization, South China Sea Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 164 West Xingang Road, Guangzhou, China
    Genome 52:975-84. 2009
    ..of 8 protein-coding genes, were found through comparison of the mitogenome sequence with those from other flatfishes. All the features detected and their relationships with the rearrangements, as well as a possible rearrangement ..
  11. pmc Analysis of endocrine disruption in Southern California coastal fish using an aquatic multispecies microarray
    Michael E Baker
    Department of Medicine, University of California San Diego, 9500 Gilman Dr, MC 0724, La Jolla, CA 92093 USA
    Environ Health Perspect 117:223-30. 2009
    ....
  12. ncbi The complete mitochondrial genome of the Senegal sole, Solea senegalensis Kaup. Comparative analysis of tandem repeats in the control region among soles
    Manuel Manchado
    IFAPA Centro El Toruño, 11500 El Puerto de Santa Maria, Cadiz, Spain
    DNA Seq 18:169-75. 2007
    ..senegalensis. Phylogenetic analysis showed that 7 out of 9 of haplotypes bearing three copies grouped in a separate cluster. Possible mechanisms influencing the evolution of control region among soles are discussed...
  13. ncbi Daily locomotor activity and melatonin rhythms in Senegal sole (Solea senegalensis)
    M J Bayarri
    Department of Physiology, Faculty of Biology, University of Murcia, 30100, Murcia, Spain
    Physiol Behav 81:577-83. 2004
    ..In summary, photoperiod is a key factor in synchronizing locomotor activity and melatonin rhythms in the Senegal sole, whose nocturnal habits should be taken into account for their rearing by aquaculture...
  14. ncbi Gene expression profiles of spleen, liver, and head kidney in turbot (Scophthalmus maximus) along the infection process with Philasterides dicentrarchi using an immune-enriched oligo-microarray
    Belén G Pardo
    Departamento de Genetica, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, Campus de Lugo, Lugo, Spain
    Mar Biotechnol (NY) 14:570-82. 2012
    ..The information obtained will aid to understand the turbot immune response and will specifically be valuable to develop strategies of defense to P. dicentrarchi to achieve more resistant broodstocks for turbot industry...
  15. ncbi Artificial gynogenesis and sex determination in half-smooth tongue sole (Cynoglossus semilaevis)
    Song Lin Chen
    Yellow Sea Fisheries Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Fishery Science, Nanjing Road 106, 266071, Qingdao, China
    Mar Biotechnol (NY) 11:243-51. 2009
    ....
  16. ncbi Genomic resources for flatfish research and their applications
    J Cerda
    Laboratory of Institut de Recerca i Tecnologia Agroalimentàries IRTA Institut de Ciències del Mar, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas CSIC, Passeig Maritim 37 49, 08003 Barcelona, Spain
    J Fish Biol 77:1045-70. 2010
    b>Flatfishes are a group of teleosts of high commercial and environmental interest, whose biology is still poorly understood...
  17. ncbi Colonization of turbot tissues by virulent and avirulent Aeromonas salmonicida subsp. salmonicida strains during infection
    R Farto
    Area de Microbiologia, Departamento de Biologia Funcional y Ciencias de la Salud, Facultad de Biologia, Universidad de Vigo, Vigo, Spain
    Dis Aquat Organ 95:167-73. 2011
    ..Comparisons of the distribution profiles of both virulent and avirulent strains during early and late stages of an infection in turbot has provided important information on the route and persistence of an ASS infection in this host...
  18. pmc Transient ectopic overexpression of agouti-signalling protein 1 (asip1) induces pigment anomalies in flatfish
    Raul Guillot
    Department of Fish Physiology and Biotechnology, Instituto de Acuicultura de Torre de la Sal, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Castellon, Spain
    PLoS ONE 7:e48526. 2012
    ..This, in turn, generates a ventral-like differentiation environment in dorsal regions...
  19. ncbi Isolation of an unusual strain of Edwardsiella tarda from turbot and establish a PCR detection technique with the gyrB gene
    J Lan
    Department of Marine Biology, Ocean University of China, Qingdao, China
    J Appl Microbiol 105:644-51. 2008
    ..The aim of this study was to report an unusual Edwardsiella tarda and develop an effective method to identify this bacterium...
  20. pmc High-throughput sequence analysis of turbot (Scophthalmus maximus) transcriptome using 454-pyrosequencing for the discovery of antiviral immune genes
    Patricia Pereiro
    Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas, IIM, CSIC, Vigo, Spain
    PLoS ONE 7:e35369. 2012
    ..In order to identify new genes involved in immune defense, we conducted 454-pyrosequencing of the turbot transcriptome after different immune stimulations...
  21. ncbi Design and performance of a turbot (Scophthalmus maximus) oligo-microarray based on ESTs from immune tissues
    Adrián Millán
    Departamento de Genetica, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, Campus de Lugo, 27002 Lugo, Spain
    Mar Biotechnol (NY) 12:452-65. 2010
    ..A set of differentially expressed genes and enriched functions related to immune/defense response were detected at 3 days postchallenging...
  22. pmc QTL detection for Aeromonas salmonicida resistance related traits in turbot (Scophthalmus maximus)
    Silvia T Rodríguez-Ramilo
    Departamento de Bioquimica, Genética e Inmunología, Facultad de Biologia, Universidad de Vigo, 36310 Vigo, Spain
    BMC Genomics 12:541. 2011
    ..The objectives were to identify consistent QTL using different statistical approaches (linear regression and maximum likelihood) and to locate the tightest associated markers for their application in genetic breeding strategies...
  23. ncbi Organic contaminants of emerging concern in sediments and flatfish collected near outfalls discharging treated wastewater effluent to the Southern California Bight
    Keith A Maruya
    Southern California Coastal Water Research Project, Costa Mesa, CA, USA
    Environ Toxicol Chem 31:2683-8. 2012
    ..Mean tissue PBDE and diazepam concentrations were higher in livers from male versus female P. verticalis, suggesting that gender differences also be considered in designing such studies...
  24. ncbi Are flatfishes (Pleuronectiformes) monophyletic?
    Matthew A Campbell
    Department of Biology and Wildlife, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK 99775, USA Electronic address
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 69:664-73. 2013
    ..Notably, the genus Psettodes has been found to be more related to non-flatfishes than to other flatfishes in many recent studies...
  25. ncbi Proliferating cells in suborbital tissue drive eye migration in flatfish
    Baolong Bao
    The Key Laboratory of Exploration and Utilization of Aquatic Genetic Resources, Shanghai Ocean University, Ministry of Education, Shanghai 201306, PR China
    Dev Biol 351:200-7. 2011
    The left/right asymmetry of adult flatfishes (Pleuronectiformes) is remarkable given the external body symmetry of the larval fish. The best-known change is the migration of their eyes: one eye migrates from one side to the other...
  26. ncbi Phylogenetic relationships among ten sole species (Soleidae, Pleuronectiformes) from the Gulf of Cadiz (Spain) based on mitochondrial DNA sequences
    Carlos Infante
    Laboratorio de Identificación de Especies Pesqueras y Acuícolas, C I F P A El Toruño, Consejería de Innovación, Ciencia y Empresa, Junta de Andalucia, 11500, El Puerto de Santa María, Cadiz, Spain
    Mar Biotechnol (NY) 6:612-24. 2004
    ..The fact that M. azevia is also more closely linked to Monochirus hispidus than to its congeneric Microchirus boscanion argues in favor of a taxonomic reorganization of these genera...
  27. ncbi Addressing gene tree discordance and non-stationarity to resolve a multi-locus phylogeny of the flatfishes (Teleostei: Pleuronectiformes)
    Ricardo Betancur-R
    Department of Biological Sciences, The George Washington University, 2023 G St NW, Washington, D C 20052, USA College of Fisheries and Life Science, Shanghai Ocean University, Shanghai 201306, China and National Systematics Laboratory NMFS NOAA, Post Office Box 37012, Smithsonian Institution NHB, WC 60, MRC 153, Washington, D C 20013 7012, USA
    Syst Biol 62:763-85. 2013
    ..We present a detailed analysis of a data set with 20 genes and 214 taxa to study the phylogeny of flatfishes (Pleuronectiformes) and their position among percomorphs...
  28. pmc Coordinated regulation of chromatophore differentiation and melanogenesis during the ontogeny of skin pigmentation of Solea senegalensis (Kaup, 1858)
    Maria J Darias
    Centre de Sant Carles de la Rápita, Unitat de Cultius Experimentals, Institut de Recerca i Tecnologia Agroalimentaries, Sant Carles de la Ràpita, Catalonia, Spain
    PLoS ONE 8:e63005. 2013
    ..In this study we present a first approximation towards explaining the genetic mechanisms for regulating pigmentation ontogeny in Senegalese sole, Solea senegalensis...
  29. ncbi Thyroid and pituitary gland development from hatching through metamorphosis of a teleost flatfish, the Atlantic halibut
    Ingibjörg Eir Einarsdóttir
    Fish Endocrinology Laboratory, Department of Zoology Zoophysiology, Goteborg University, Box 463, 40530 Goteborg, Sweden
    Anat Embryol (Berl) 211:47-60. 2006
    ....
  30. ncbi Scuticociliate cysteine proteinases modulate turbot leucocyte functions
    A Parama
    Departamento de Microbiologia y Parasitologia, Laboratorio de Parasitologia, Instituto de Investigacion y Analisis Alimentarios, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, C Constantino Candeira, S N, 15782 Santiago de Compostela, Spain
    Fish Shellfish Immunol 23:945-56. 2007
    ..dicentrarchi to modulate the innate immune response of turbot, which together with the inflammation mediators produced during infection, may play an important role in pathogenesis of the disease and in the survival of the parasite...
  31. pmc Molecular characterization and expression analysis of five different elongation factor 1 alpha genes in the flatfish Senegalese sole (Solea senegalensis Kaup): differential gene expression and thyroid hormones dependence during metamorphosis
    Carlos Infante
    IFAPA Centro El Toruño, Junta de Andalucia, Camino Tiro de pichón s n, 11500 El Puerto de Santa Maria, Cadiz, Spain
    BMC Mol Biol 9:19. 2008
    ..With regard to this, Senegalese sole (Solea senegalensis) is a commercially important flatfish in which eEF1A gene remains to be characterized...
  32. pmc Complete mitogenome sequences of four flatfishes (Pleuronectiformes) reveal a novel gene arrangement of L-strand coding genes
    Wei Shi
    CAS Key Laboratory of Tropical Marine Bio resources and Ecology, South China Sea Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 164 West Xingang Road, Guangzhou 510301, PR China
    BMC Evol Biol 13:173. 2013
    ..It is difficult, therefore, to propose a mechanism to account for observed changes in mitogenome structure. Mitochondrial gene rearrangements are usually explained by the recombination model or tandem duplication and random loss model...
  33. ncbi Insulin-like growth factors I and II in the sole Solea senegalensis: cDNA cloning and quantitation of gene expression in tissues and during larval development
    V Funes
    CIFAP El Toruño, IFAPA, Consejería de Innovación, Ciencia y Empresa, Junta de Andalucia, 11500 El Puerto de Santa Maria, Cadiz, Spain
    Gen Comp Endocrinol 149:166-72. 2006
    ..The abundance of IGF-II transcripts correlated positively with the growth rate during larval development. The putative role of IGF-II on metamorphosis and larval growth is discussed...
  34. ncbi Philasterides dicentrarchi (Ciliophora, Scuticociliatida) as the causative agent of scuticociliatosis in farmed turbot Scophthalmus maximus in Galicia (NW Spain)
    R Iglesias
    Laboratorio de Parasitologia, , Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, Spain
    Dis Aquat Organ 46:47-55. 2001
    ..We discuss possible routes of entry into the host, and environmental factors possibly facilitating infection...
  35. ncbi Histophagous scuticociliatids (Ciliophora) parasitizing turbot Scophthalmus maximus: morphology, in vitro culture and virulence
    Pilar Alvarez-Pellitero
    Instituto de Acuicultura Torre de la Sal CSIC, Ribera de Cabanes, 12595 Castellon, Spain
    Folia Parasitol (Praha) 51:177-87. 2004
    ..The need of further studies to confirm such virulence variability and its implications in pathogenesis and prevention of turbot scuticociliatoses is stressed...
  36. ncbi Molecular characterization, gene expression and transcriptional regulation of thyroid hormone receptors in Senegalese sole
    Manuel Manchado
    IFAPA Centro El Toruño, Junta de Andalucia, Camino Tiro de pichón s n, 11500 El Puerto de Santa Maria, Cadiz, Spain
    Gen Comp Endocrinol 160:139-47. 2009
    ..Overall, these results demonstrate that TRbeta transcription is up-regulated by THs playing a major role during metamorphosis in Senegalese sole...
  37. ncbi Cloning and analysis of a ferritin subunit from turbot (Scophthalmus maximus)
    Wen jiang Zheng
    Institute of Oceanology Chinese Academy of Sciences, 7 Nanhai Road, Qingdao 266071, PR China
    Fish Shellfish Immunol 28:829-36. 2010
    ..Taken together, these results suggest that SmFer1 is likely to play a role in both iron storage and immune defense against microbial infections...
  38. ncbi Detection of quorum sensing signal molecules and mutation of luxS gene in Vibrio ichthyoenteri
    Xuan Li
    Department of Marine Biology, Ocean University of China, 5 Yushan Road, Qingdao 266003, China
    Res Microbiol 161:51-7. 2010
    ..Neither V. ichthyoenteri DA3 nor type strain LMG19664(T) produced any cholerae autoinducer 1 (CAI-1) activity...
  39. ncbi Interleukin-8 of Cynoglossus semilaevis is a chemoattractant with immunoregulatory property
    Jin Sheng Sun
    College of Life Sciences, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300387, PR China
    Fish Shellfish Immunol 30:1362-7. 2011
    ..These results indicate that CsIL8 is a biologically active CXC chemokine with immunoregulatory activity and that CsIL8 is involved in pathogen-induced inflammatory response...
  40. ncbi Risk factors associated with Enteromyxum scophthalmi (Myxozoa) infection in cultured turbot, Scophthalmus maximus (L.)
    M I Quiroga
    Departamento de Ciencias Clínicas Veterinarias, Universidad de Santiago, Campus Universitario, 27002 Lugo, Spain
    Parasitology 133:433-42. 2006
    ....
  41. ncbi Evolutionary affinity of billfishes (Xiphiidae and Istiophoridae) and flatfishes (Plueronectiformes): Independent and trans-subordinal origins of endothermy in teleost fishes
    A G Little
    Department of Biology, Queen s University, 116 Barrie Street, Kingston, Ont, Canada K7L 3N6
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 56:897-904. 2010
    ..show that billfishes are only distantly related to tunas, but rather share strong evolutionary affinities with flatfishes (Pleuronectiformes) and jacks (Carangidae)...
  42. ncbi Transcriptional and proteomic profiling of flatfish (Solea senegalensis) spermatogenesis
    Ignasi Forne
    CSIC UAB Proteomics Laboratory, Instituto de Investigaciones Biomedicas de Barcelona IIBB, Spanish National Research Council CSIC, Facultat de Medicina, UAB, Barcelona, Spain
    Proteomics 11:2195-211. 2011
    ....
  43. ncbi CsCXCe1: A novel Cynoglossus semilaevis CXC chemokine that functions as a chemoattractant and an immunomodulator for peripheral blood leukocytes
    Yong Xin Li
    Key Laboratory of Experimental Marine Biology, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, PR China
    Dev Comp Immunol 37:55-64. 2012
    ..Taken together, these results indicate that CsCXCe1 is likely a new type of CXC chemokine that exerts chemotactic and immunostimulatory effects on PBL...
  44. ncbi Comparative energetics during early development of two marine fish species, Solea senegalensis (Kaup) and Sparus aurata (L.)
    G Parra
    Instituto de Ciencias, , CSIC, Apartado Oficial s/n, Puerto Real, , Spain
    J Exp Biol 204:2175-83. 2001
    ..During the first month after hatching, Solea senegalensis always allocated more energy for growth than did Sparus aurata...
  45. ncbi Molecular regulation of both dietary vitamin A and fatty acid absorption and metabolism associated with larval morphogenesis of Senegalese sole (Solea senegalensis)
    María José Darias
    IRTA, Centre of Aqüicultura, Ctra Poble Nou km 5, 5, 43540 Sant Carles de Ràpita, Tarragona, Spain
    Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol 161:130-9. 2012
    ..The findings revealed that dietary composition induced different strategies for VA and lipid absorption and metabolism affecting, in turn, larval development, growth and health...
  46. ncbi An inflammatory CC chemokine of Cynoglossus semilaevis is involved in immune defense against bacterial infection
    Yong Xin Li
    Key Laboratory of Experimental Marine Biology, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao, PR China
    Fish Shellfish Immunol 31:446-52. 2011
    ..Taken together, these results indicate that CsCCK1 is a functional CC chemokine whose biological activity depends on the DCCL motif and that CsCCK1 plays a role in host immune defense against bacterial infection...
  47. ncbi Exploitation of a turbot (Scophthalmus maximus L.) immune-related expressed sequence tag (EST) database for microsatellite screening and validation
    R Navajas-Pérez
    Departamento de Genetica, Facultad de Ciencias, Campus de Fuentenueva s n, Universidad de Granada, 18071 Granada, Spain
    Mol Ecol Resour 12:706-16. 2012
    ..map, and because they are mostly EST-derived, they will be very useful for comparative genomic studies within flatfishes and with model fish species...
  48. ncbi Ferritin M of Cynoglossus semilaevis: an iron-binding protein and a broad-spectrum antimicrobial that depends on the integrity of the ferroxidase center and nucleation center for biological activity
    Wei Wang
    Key Laboratory of Experimental Marine Biology, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 7 Nanhai Road, Qingdao 266071, PR China
    Fish Shellfish Immunol 31:269-74. 2011
    ..These results also indicate the importance of the conserved iron uptake and mineralization sites to the function of CsFerM...
  49. ncbi The physiology of flatfish chromatophores
    Derek Burton
    Department of Biology and Ocean Sciences Centre, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John s, Newfoundland, Canada A1B 3X9
    Microsc Res Tech 58:481-7. 2002
    ..The patterning mechanism is complex, with both morphological and physiological differences at the chromatophore level, as well as involvement of central processing and control, which remains to be analysed...
  50. ncbi Uncovering QTL for resistance and survival time to Philasterides dicentrarchi in turbot (Scophthalmus maximus)
    S T Rodríguez-Ramilo
    Departamento de Bioquimica, Genética e Inmunología, Facultad de Biologia, Universidad de Vigo, Vigo, Spain
    Anim Genet 44:149-57. 2013
    ..Obtained results will be essential to identify candidate genes for resistance and to apply them in marker-assisted selection programs to improve turbot production...
  51. pmc Selection of housekeeping genes for gene expression studies in larvae from flatfish using real-time PCR
    Carlos Infante
    IFAPA Centro El Toruño, CICE, Junta de Andalucia, Camino Tiro de pichón s n, 11500 El Puerto de Santa Maria, Cadiz, Spain
    BMC Mol Biol 9:28. 2008
    ..Therefore, adequate reference genes for accurate normalization are required...
  52. pmc A microsatellite genetic map of the turbot (Scophthalmus maximus)
    Carmen Bouza
    Department of Genetics, University of Santiago de Compostela, Lugo, Spain
    Genetics 177:2457-67. 2007
    ..This map will be suitable for QTL identification of productive traits in this species and for further evolutionary studies in fish and vertebrate species...
  53. ncbi Identification of immune-related genes from kidney and spleen of turbot, Psetta maxima (L.), by suppression subtractive hybridization following challenge with Vibrio harveyi
    C Wang
    Department of Marine Biology, Ocean University of China, Qingdao, China
    J Fish Dis 31:505-14. 2008
    ..Quantitative reverse transcriptase-PCR was performed for the MHC class Ia gene, and it was revealed that the expression level of the MHC class Ia gene in V. harveyi-challenged turbot increased to fourfold that of the controls...
  54. ncbi Molecular identification, polymorphism, and expression analysis of major histocompatibility complex class IIA and B genes of turbot (Scophthalmus maximus)
    Yu xi Zhang
    Key Lab for Sustainable Utilization of Marine Fisheries Resources, Ministry of Agriculture, Yellow Sea Fisheries Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, Qingdao, 266071, China
    Mar Biotechnol (NY) 8:611-23. 2006
    ....
  55. ncbi Characterization of EST-derived microsatellites for gene mapping and evolutionary genomics in turbot
    C Bouza
    Departamento de Xenética, Facultade de Veterinaria, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, 27002 Lugo, Spain
    Anim Genet 39:666-70. 2008
    ..Nineteen were mapped in the turbot consensus map. These EST-derived microsatellites constitute useful tools for genome scanning of turbot populations, marker-assisted selection programmes and comparative mapping...
  56. ncbi Characterization of the capsid protein gene from a nodavirus strain affecting the Atlantic halibut Hippoglossus hippoglossus and design of an optimal reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) detection assay
    S Grotmol
    Institute of Marine Research, Department of Aquaculture, Bergen Nordnes, Norway
    Dis Aquat Organ 39:79-88. 2000
    ..The detection limit of the PCR was 10 to 100 copies of plasmid, while the detection limit of the RT-PCR assay was 100 to 1000 copies of in vitro transcribed viral RNA...
  57. ncbi Identification of intestinal bacteria from Japanese flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) and their ability to digest chitin
    H Sugita
    Department of Marine Science and Resources, Nihon University, Fujisawa, Kanagawa, Japan
    Lett Appl Microbiol 43:336-42. 2006
    ..The aim of the present study was to clarify the taxonomic status of intestinal bacteria isolated from Japanese flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) and describe their ability to digest chitin...
  58. ncbi Immunological responses of turbot (Psetta maxima) to nodavirus infection or polyriboinosinic polyribocytidylic acid (pIC) stimulation, using expressed sequence tags (ESTs) analysis and cDNA microarrays
    Kyoung C Park
    Institute for Marine Biosciences, National Research Council of Canada, Halifax, NS, Canada
    Fish Shellfish Immunol 26:91-108. 2009
    ..Our results indicate that certain genes in turbot have important roles in immune responses to nodavirus infection and dsRNA stimulation...
  59. ncbi Isolation and characterization of Scophthalmus maximus rhabdovirus
    Qi Ya Zhang
    State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology, Institute of Hydrobiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430072, China
    Dis Aquat Organ 74:95-105. 2007
    ..The data suggest that SMRV is likely a novel fish rhabdovirus, although it is closely related to rhabdoviruses in the genus Vesiculovirus...
  60. ncbi Turbot TNFalpha gene: molecular characterization and biological activity of the recombinant protein
    M C Ordás
    Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas CSIC, Eduardo Cabello, 6, 36208 Vigo, Spain
    Mol Immunol 44:389-400. 2007
    ..Finally, turbot rTNFalpha was able to recruit and activate inflammatory cells when injected in gilthead seabream, although to a lesser extent than gilthead seabream rTNFalpha...
  61. ncbi Asymmetric craniofacial remodeling and lateralized behavior in larval flatfish
    Alexander M Schreiber
    Department of Embryology, Carnegie Institution of Washington, 3520 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA
    J Exp Biol 209:610-21. 2006
    b>Flatfishes, such as flounder, are the world's most asymmetric vertebrates...
  62. ncbi Molecular cloning, genomic structure, polymorphism and expression analysis of major histocompatibility complex class IIA and IIB genes of half-smooth tongue sole (Cynoglossus semilaevis)
    Tian Jun Xu
    Key Lab for Sustainable Utilization of Marine Fisheries Resources, Ministry of Agriculture, Yellow Sea Fisheries Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, 266071 Qingdao, China
    Fish Shellfish Immunol 27:192-201. 2009
    ..Challenge of half-smooth tongue sole with the pathogenic bacteria, Vibrio anguillarum, resulted in significant changes in the expression of MHC IIA and IIB mRNA in three tissues...
  63. ncbi Development and characterization of a new marine fish cell line from turbot (Scophthalmus maximus)
    N Wang
    Yellow Sea Fisheries Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Fisheries Sciences, 106 Nanjing Road, Qingdao, 266071, China
    Fish Physiol Biochem 36:1227-34. 2010
    ..Finally, significant green fluorescent signals were observed when the TK cells were transfected with pEGFP-N3 vector, indicating its potential utility for fish virus study and genetic manipulation...
  64. ncbi Translational machinery of senegalese sole (Solea senegalensis Kaup) and Atlantic halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus L.): comparative sequence analysis of the complete set of 60s ribosomal proteins and their expression
    Makoto P Matsuoka
    Institute for Marine Biosciences, National Research Council, 1411 Oxford Street, Halifax, Nova Scotia, B3H 3Z1, Canada
    Mar Biotechnol (NY) 10:676-91. 2008
    ..The genomic resources and knowledge developed in this survey will be useful for the study of Pleuronectiformes evolution...
  65. ncbi Stress response and changes in amino acid requirements in Senegalese sole (Solea senegalensis Kaup 1858)
    C Aragão
    CCMAR, Universidade do Algarve, Campus de Gambelas, Faro, Portugal
    Amino Acids 34:143-8. 2008
    ..Plasma amino acid concentrations indicate that their requirements in stressed fish were altered, which probably reflects the synthesis of proteins or other specific compounds related to stress response...
  66. pmc Expressed sequence tags (ESTs) from immune tissues of turbot (Scophthalmus maximus) challenged with pathogens
    Belén G Pardo
    Departamento de Genetica, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, Campus de Lugo, 27002 Lugo, Spain
    BMC Vet Res 4:37. 2008
    ..This information enabled us to obtain a preliminary view of regulated genes in response to these pathogens and it constitutes the basis for subsequent and more accurate microarray analysis...
  67. ncbi Philasterides dicentrarchi (Ciliophora:Scuticociliatida) expresses surface immobilization antigens that probably induce protective immune responses in turbot
    R Iglesias
    Laboratorio de Parasitologia, Instituto de Investigacion y Analisis Alimentarios, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, C Constantino Candeira s n 15782, Santiago de Compostela, Spain
    Parasitology 126:125-34. 2003
    ..dicentrarchi...
  68. ncbi Differential gene expression and dependence on thyroid hormones of two glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenases in the flatfish Senegalese sole (Solea senegalensis Kaup)
    Manuel Manchado
    IFAPA Centro El Toruño, Junta de Andalucia, Camino Tiro de pichón s n, 11500 El Puerto de Santa Maria, Cadiz, Spain
    Gene 400:1-8. 2007
    ..A treatment with the goitrogen thiourea indicated that GAPDH-1 expression was negatively regulated by thyroid hormones. The possible role of GAPDHs in metamorphosis is discussed...
  69. pmc Genomic resources for a commercial flatfish, the Senegalese sole (Solea senegalensis): EST sequencing, oligo microarray design, and development of the Soleamold bioinformatic platform
    Joan Cerdà
    Laboratory of the Institut de Recerca i Tecnologia Agroalimentàries Institut de Ciències del Mar, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, 08003 Barcelona, Spain
    BMC Genomics 9:508. 2008
    ....
  70. ncbi Experimental infection of turbot, Scophthalmus maximus (L.), by Aeromonas salmonicida subsp. achromogenes and evaluation of cross protection induced by a furunculosis vaccine
    B Bjornsdottir
    Institute for Experimental Pathology, University of Iceland, Keldur, Reykjavik, Iceland
    J Fish Dis 28:181-8. 2005
    ..The results of the study indicate that Asa may be a potential threat to turbot farming and that the development of new turbot vaccines is needed...
  71. ncbi A family of Tc1-like transposons from the genomes of fishes and frogs: evidence for horizontal transmission
    M J Leaver
    Institute of Aquaculture, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, UK
    Gene 271:203-14. 2001
    ....
  72. ncbi Seasonal evaluation of reproductive status and exposure to environmental estrogens in hornyhead turbot at the municipal wastewater outfall of Orange County, CA
    Xin Deng
    Department of Environmental Sciences, University of California, Riverside, Riverside, California 92521, USA
    Environ Toxicol 22:464-71. 2007
    ..However, the histopathological and reproductive relevance of the responses appeared to be insignificant and may not affect the population in these locations...
  73. ncbi Ovarian development and plasma sex steroid levels in cultured female Senegalese sole Solea senegalensis
    Angel García-López
    Instituto de Ciencias Marinas de Andalucia, CSIC, 11510 Puerto Real, Cadiz, Spain
    Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol 146:342-54. 2007
    ..We propose the inadequate seasonal thermal regime as the main cause of such dysfunction...
  74. ncbi Vitellogenin, steroid plasma levels and spawning performance of cultured female Senegalese sole (Solea senegalensis)
    José M Guzmán
    Institute of Aquaculture of Torre la Sal, Spanish Council for Scientific Research CSIC, Cabanes, Castellon, Spain
    Gen Comp Endocrinol 156:285-97. 2008
    ..The endocrine and spawning data suggested that F1 female broodstock showed normal VTG and steroid releasing profiles in captivity with occurrence of spontaneous spawning, but no fertilization of the eggs was recorded...
  75. ncbi Development and characterization of 248 novel microsatellite markers in turbot (Scophthalmus maximus)
    B G Pardo
    Departamento de Genetica, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, Spain
    Genome 50:329-32. 2007
    ....
  76. ncbi Molecular cloning of Senegalese sole (Solea senegalensis) follicle-stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone subunits and expression pattern during spermatogenesis
    Joan Cerdà
    Laboratory IRTA Institute of Marine Sciences, CSIC, Passeig Maritim, 37 49, 08003 Barcelona, Spain
    Gen Comp Endocrinol 156:470-81. 2008
    ..These results suggest that FSH and LH may regulate spermatogenesis in Senegalese sole similarly to that described for other teleosts with testis of cystic type and synchronous germ cell development...
  77. ncbi Ultrastructure and phylogeny of Philasterides dicentrarchi (Ciliophora, Scuticociliatia) from farmed turbot in NW Spain
    A Parama
    Laboratorio de Parasitologia, Departamento de Microbiologia y Parasitologia, Instituto de Investigacion y Analisis Alimentarios, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, C Constantino Candeira s n, 15782, Santiago de Compostela, Spain
    Parasitology 132:555-64. 2006
    ..dicentrarchi isolates and M. avidus are closely related and a possible synonymy between both ciliates species should be considered...
  78. ncbi Evaluation of relationships between reproductive metrics, gender and vitellogenin expression in demersal flatfish collected near the municipal wastewater outfall of Orange County, California, USA
    Mary Ann Rempel
    Environmental Toxicology Program, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521, USA
    Aquat Toxicol 77:241-9. 2006
    ..These results are consistent with previous studies showing vtg expression in male flatfish, but no alteration in overall flatfish abundance at the sampled sites...
  79. ncbi Synaptonemal complex analysis in spermatocytes and oocytes of turbot, Scophthalmus maximus (Pisces, Scophthalmidae)
    N Cuñado
    Departamento de Genetica, Facultad de Biologia, Universidad Complutense, Madrid, Spain
    Genome 44:1143-7. 2001
    ..No statistical differences in DNA content were revealed between the sexes [Wilcoxon/Mann-Whitney test; P(W(x) = 0.243)]. The SC/DNA content ratio observed in turbot was the highest reported to date in bony fishes (Osteichthyes)...
  80. ncbi Molecular cloning and developmental expression patterns of thyroid hormone receptors and T3 target genes in the turbot (Scophtalmus maximus) during post-embryonic development
    Oriane Marchand
    CNRS UMR 5665, Laboratoire de Biologie Moleculaire et Cellulaire, Ecole Normale Superieure de Lyon, 46 allee d Italie, 69364, 07, France
    Gen Comp Endocrinol 135:345-57. 2004
    ..The fact that TH regulates metamorphosis in amphibian and teleost fishes suggests that TH-regulated metamorphosis is a post-embryonic process conserved in most vertebrates...
  81. ncbi Experimental transmission of Enteromyxum scophthalmi (Myxozoa), an enteric parasite of turbot Scophthalmus maximus
    Maria J Redondo
    Instituto de Acuicultura Torre la Sal CSIC, Ribera de Cabanes, Castellon, Spain
    J Parasitol 88:482-8. 2002
    ..The temperature also affected the course of the infections, which were established earlier at higher water temperature. Direct fish-to-fish transmission of the disease explains the rapid spreading of the turbot enteromyxosis in farms...
  82. ncbi High transcript level of fatty acid-binding protein 11 but not of very low-density lipoprotein receptor is correlated to ovarian follicle atresia in a teleost fish (Solea senegalensis)
    Maria J Agulleiro
    Institut de Recerca i Tecnologia Agroalimentàries Center of Aquaculture, Sant Carles de la Ràpita, Tarragona 43540, Spain
    Biol Reprod 77:504-16. 2007
    ....
  83. ncbi Expression profiling and validation of potential reference genes during Paralichthys olivaceus embryogenesis
    Qiwang Zhong
    Laboratory of Marine Genetics and Breeding, College of Marine Life Science, Ocean University of China, No 5 Yushan Road, Qingdao 266003, People s Republic of China
    Mar Biotechnol (NY) 10:310-8. 2008
    ..olivaceus, but also possible guidance to reference gene selection for embryonic gene expression analyses in other fish species...
  84. ncbi Response of Ig-positive cells to Enteromyxum scophthalmi (Myxozoa) experimental infection in turbot, Scophthalmus maximus (L.): A histopathological and immunohistochemical study
    R Bermudez
    Departamento de Ciencias Clínicas Veterinarias, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, 27002 Lugo, Spain
    Fish Shellfish Immunol 21:501-12. 2006
    ..The results obtained in this study indicate that the infection by E. scophthalmi in turbot induced an immune response that involved changes in the number and distribution of Ig+ cells...
  85. ncbi The pathology of the early stages of the crustacean parasite, Lernaeocera branchialis (L.), on Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua L
    J L Smith
    Institute of Aquaculture, University of Stirling, Stirling, Scotland, UK
    J Fish Dis 30:1-11. 2007
    ..These findings are consistent with the presence of a haematophagous, voluminous and rapidly invasive parasite...
  86. pmc Genotyping and pathogenicity of viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus from free-living turbot (Psetta maxima) in a Turkish coastal area of the Black Sea
    Toyohiko Nishizawa
    Faculty of Fisheries Sciences, Hokkaido University, Hakodate 041 8611, Japan
    Appl Environ Microbiol 72:2373-8. 2006
    ..Thus, it was concluded that mass mortality in the seed-produced turbot larvae was not caused by VHSV infection...
  87. ncbi Characterization of nodavirus and viral encephalopathy and retinopathy in farmed turbot, Scophthalmus maximus (L.)
    R Johansen
    National Veterinary Institute, Oslo, Norway
    J Fish Dis 27:591-601. 2004
    ..In addition, phylogenetic analysis based on an 823 nt region of the sequence indicated that TNV clustered outside the four established fish nodavirus genotypes, suggesting a fifth genotype within the betanodaviruses...
  88. ncbi Distribution of marine birnavirus in cultured olive flounder Paralichthys olivaceus in Korea
    Sung Ju Jung
    Department of Aqualife Medicine, Chonnam National University, Yeosu, Republic of Korea
    J Microbiol 46:265-73. 2008
    ..Coinfection of MABV with bacteria (Streptococcus iniae, Vibrio spp.) and viruses (nervous necrosis virus, lymphocystis disease virus, viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus) was observed...
  89. ncbi Parvicapsula bicornis n. sp. and P. limandae n. sp. (Myxozoa, Parvicapsulidae) in Pleuronectidae (Teleostei, Heterosomata) from Denmark
    Marianne Køie
    Marine Biological Laboratory, University of Copenhagen, 3000 Helsingør, Denmark
    Dis Aquat Organ 76:123-9. 2007
    ..was examined with their partial small subunit rDNA (SSU rDNA) sequences. P. limandae n. sp. and P. asymmetrica appear to be closely related, while P. bicornis n. sp. and P. minibicornis are the most divergent members of the genus...
  90. ncbi Cloning, characterization and expression analysis of a novel CXC chemokine from turbot (Scophthalmus maximus)
    Yang Liu
    Yellow Sea Fisheries Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Fisheries Sciences, Key Lab for Sustainable Utilization of Marine Fisheries Resources, Ministry of Agriculture, Qingdao, Shandong, China
    Fish Shellfish Immunol 23:711-20. 2007
    ..Furthermore, the expression of CXC chemokine was also dramatically increased after challenge in turbot embryonic cells (TECs). These results indicated that the turbot CXC chemokine played an important role in turbot immune response...
  91. ncbi Tenacibaculum soleae sp. nov., isolated from diseased sole (Solea senegalensis Kaup)
    Maximino Piñeiro-Vidal
    Departamento de Microbiologia y Parasitologia, Edificio CIBUS, Facultad de Biologia, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, Campus Sur, 15782 Santiago de Compostela, Spain
    Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 58:881-5. 2008
    ..1.7T from the 11 recognized Tenacibaculum species, indicating that it represents a novel species, for which the name Tenacibaculum soleae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is strain LL04 12.1.7T (=CECT 7292T =NCIMB 14368T)...
  92. ncbi Expression analysis of Mx protein and evaluation of its antiviral activity against sole aquabirnavirus in SAF-1 and TV-1 cell lines
    Esther Garcia-Rosado
    Departamento de Microbiologia, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Malaga, Campus Teatinos, 29071 Malaga, Spain
    Vet Immunol Immunopathol 121:123-9. 2008
    ....
  93. ncbi Phylogenetic analysis of betanodaviruses isolated from cultured fish in Korea
    Seung Ju Cha
    Pathology Division, National Fisheries Research and Development Institute, Kijang, Pusan 619 902, South Korea
    Dis Aquat Organ 77:181-9. 2007
    ..Results showed that even though their sequences were not identical, all 5 Korean isolates were clustered in the RGNNV genotype. This is the first report on the phylogenetic analysis of fish nodaviruses from cultured fish in Korea...
  94. ncbi Scuticociliate infection and pathology in cultured turbot Scophthalmus maximus from the north of Portugal
    Miguel Filipe Ramos
    Centro Interdisciplinar de Investigacao Marinha e Ambiental, Rua dos Bragas, 289, 4050 123 Porto, Portugal
    Dis Aquat Organ 74:249-53. 2007
    ..To our knowledge this is the first report of the occurrence of epizootic disease outbreaks caused by scuticociliates in marine fish farms in Portugal...
  95. ncbi Cryptic species of Didymobothrium rudolphii (Cestoda: Spathebothriidea) from the sand sole, Solea lascaris, off the Portuguese coast, with an analysis of their molecules, morphology, ultrastructure and phylogeny
    J F Marques
    Universidade de Lisboa, Faculdade de Ciencias, Instituto de Oceanografia, Campo Grande, 1749 016 Lisboa, Portugal
    Parasitology 134:1057-72. 2007
    ..The concordance of genetic differences with variation in host diet according to season and locality could account for sympatric speciation occurring in the central region of the Portuguese coast...
  96. pmc A single residue change in Vibrio harveyi hemolysin results in the loss of phospholipase and hemolytic activities and pathogenicity for turbot (Scophthalmus maximus)
    Boguang Sun
    Department of Marine Biology, Ocean University of China, 5 Yushan Road, Qingdao 266003, People s Republic of China
    J Bacteriol 189:2575-9. 2007
    ..Site-directed mutagenesis revealed that a specific residue, Ser153, was critical for its enzymatic activity and for its virulence in fish...
  97. ncbi Tenacibaculum discolor sp. nov. and Tenacibaculum gallaicum sp. nov., isolated from sole (Solea senegalensis) and turbot (Psetta maxima) culture systems
    Maximino Piñeiro-Vidal
    Departamento de Microbiologia y Parasitologia, Facultad de Biologia, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, Campus Sur 15782, Santiago de Compostela, Spain
    Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 58:21-5. 2008
    ..nov. [type strain LL04 11.1.1(T) (=NCIMB 14278(T)=DSM 18842(T))] and Tenacibaculum gallaicum sp. nov. [type strain A37.1(T) (=NCIMB 14147(T)=DSM 18841(T))] are proposed...
  98. ncbi Scuticociliate proteinases may modulate turbot immune response by inducing apoptosis in pronephric leucocytes
    A Parama
    Departamento de Microbiologia y Parasitologia, Laboratorio de Parasitologia, Instituto de Investigacion y Analisis Alimentarios, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, C Constantino Candeira, S N, 15782 Santiago de Compostela, Spain
    Int J Parasitol 37:87-95. 2007
    ..dicentrarchi may induce host leucocyte programmed cell death via the production of cysteine proteinases, as a mechanism of pathogenesis and evasion of the turbot innate immune response...
  99. ncbi Myxobolus sp. can cause in vivo myoliquefaction in the host Paralichthys orbignyanus (Osteichthyes, Paralichthydae)
    J C Eiras
    Departamento de Zoologia e Antropologia, Faculdade de Ciencias, and CIIMAR, Universidade do Porto, 4099 002 Porto, Portugal
    Dis Aquat Organ 77:255-8. 2007
    ..since the fish were not infected by myxosporeans which are usually associated with this condition (Kudoa spp.), and other causes (bacteria, fungi) were not found. The histopathology of the infection is described...
  100. ncbi In vitro activity of the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug indomethacin on a scuticociliate parasite of farmed turbot
    Anabel Paramá
    Departamento de Microbiologia y Parasitologia, Laboratorio de Parasitologia, Instituto de Investigacion y Analisis Alimentarios, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, 15782 Santiago de Compostela, Spain
    Vet Parasitol 148:318-24. 2007
    ....
  101. ncbi Molecular characterization, phylogeny, and expression of c-type and g-type lysozymes in brill (Scophthalmus rhombus)
    Rosa M Jiménez-Cantizano
    IFAPA Centro El Toruño, Consejería de Innovación Ciencia y Empresa, Junta de Andalucia, Molecular Biology Laboratory, Camino Tiro de pichón s n, 11500 El Puerto de Santa Maria, Cadiz, Spain
    Fish Shellfish Immunol 25:57-65. 2008
    ..In contrast, no induction was observed for c-type lysozyme. All these data suggest that g-type lysozyme is involved in the response against bacterial infections, whereas c-type lysozyme may also play a role in digestion...