spheniscidae

Summary

Summary: The sole family in the order Sphenisciformes, comprised of 17 species of penguins in six genera. They are flightless seabirds of the Southern Hemisphere, highly adapted for marine life.

Top Publications

  1. doi Recent changes in phytoplankton communities associated with rapid regional climate change along the western Antarctic Peninsula
    Martin Montes-Hugo
    Coastal Ocean Observation Lab, Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, School of Environmental and Biological Sciences, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
    Science 323:1470-3. 2009
  2. doi Reliability of flipper-banded penguins as indicators of climate change
    Claire Saraux
    Universite de Strasbourg, Institut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien, 23 rue Becquerel, 67087 Strasbourg, France
    Nature 469:203-6. 2011
  3. doi The phylogeography of Adelie penguin faecal flora
    Jonathan C Banks
    Department of Biological Sciences, University of Waikato, Private Bag, Waikato Mail Centre, Hamilton, New Zealand
    Environ Microbiol 11:577-88. 2009
  4. doi Are stress hormone levels a good proxy of foraging success? An experiment with king penguins, Aptenodytes patagonicus
    Frederic Angelier
    Centre d Etudes Biologiques de Chize, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 79360, Villiers en Bois, France
    J Exp Biol 212:2824-9. 2009
  5. pmc Yolk androgen deposition without an energetic cost for female rockhopper penguins: a compensatory strategy to accelerate brood reduction?
    Maud Poisbleau
    Max Planck Institute for Ornithology, 78315 Radolfzell, Germany
    Biol Lett 7:605-7. 2011
  6. doi Bacterial diversity in Adélie penguin, Pygoscelis adeliae, guano: molecular and morpho-physiological approaches
    Marek K Zdanowski
    Department of Antarctic Biology, Polish Academy of Sciences, 02 141 Warsaw, Ustrzycka 10, Poland
    FEMS Microbiol Ecol 50:163-73. 2004
  7. doi Measuring foraging activity in a deep-diving bird: comparing wiggles, oesophageal temperatures and beak-opening angles as proxies of feeding
    Nicolas Hanuise
    Centre d Etudes Biologiques de Chize, CEBC CNRS UPR 1934, Villiers en Bois, France
    J Exp Biol 213:3874-80. 2010
  8. ncbi Antennae on transmitters on penguins: balancing energy budgets on the high wire
    Rory P Wilson
    Institut für Meereskunde, Düsternbrooker Weg 20, D 24105 Kiel, Germany
    J Exp Biol 207:2649-62. 2004
  9. ncbi Elevated hormonal stress response and reduced reproductive output in Yellow-eyed penguins exposed to unregulated tourism
    Ursula Ellenberg
    Department of Zoology, University of Otago, 340 Great King St, PO Box 56, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Gen Comp Endocrinol 152:54-63. 2007
  10. doi Ecophysiological response of Adelie penguins facing an experimental increase in breeding constraints
    M Beaulieu
    Institut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien IPHC, Departement Ecologie, Physiologie et Ethologie DEPE, UMR 7178 CNRS UDS, 23 rue Becquerel, 67087 Strasbourg, France
    J Exp Biol 213:33-9. 2010

Research Grants

  1. CRP, eNOS and Endothelial Dysfunction
    Philip W Shaul; Fiscal Year: 2010
  2. Estrogen Modulation of Endothelial Cell Phenotype
    Philip Shaul; Fiscal Year: 2006
  3. Oxysterols, Estrogen, Receptors Anatgonism and Vascular Disease
    Philip Shaul; Fiscal Year: 2006
  4. Cholesterol and Endothelial NO Synthase
    Philip Shaul; Fiscal Year: 2006
  5. CRP, eNOS and Endothelial Dysfunction
    Philip Shaul; Fiscal Year: 2006
  6. REGULATION OF NITRIC OXIDE SYNTHASE IN DEVELOPING LUNG
    Philip Shaul; Fiscal Year: 2005
  7. Cholesterol and Endothelial NO Synthase
    Philip Shaul; Fiscal Year: 2005
  8. CRP, eNOS and Endothelial Dysfunction
    Philip Shaul; Fiscal Year: 2005
  9. Cholesterol and Endothelial NO Synthase
    Philip Shaul; Fiscal Year: 2004
  10. CRP, eNOS and Endothelial Dysfunction
    Philip Shaul; Fiscal Year: 2004

Detail Information

Publications164 found, 100 shown here

  1. doi Recent changes in phytoplankton communities associated with rapid regional climate change along the western Antarctic Peninsula
    Martin Montes-Hugo
    Coastal Ocean Observation Lab, Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, School of Environmental and Biological Sciences, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
    Science 323:1470-3. 2009
    ..Regional changes in phytoplankton coincide with observed changes in krill (Euphausia superba) and penguin populations...
  2. doi Reliability of flipper-banded penguins as indicators of climate change
    Claire Saraux
    Universite de Strasbourg, Institut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien, 23 rue Becquerel, 67087 Strasbourg, France
    Nature 469:203-6. 2011
    ..In addition, our understanding of the effects of climate change on marine ecosystems based on flipper-band data should be reconsidered...
  3. doi The phylogeography of Adelie penguin faecal flora
    Jonathan C Banks
    Department of Biological Sciences, University of Waikato, Private Bag, Waikato Mail Centre, Hamilton, New Zealand
    Environ Microbiol 11:577-88. 2009
    ..There was little support for a correlation between distance between collection sites and community similarity...
  4. doi Are stress hormone levels a good proxy of foraging success? An experiment with king penguins, Aptenodytes patagonicus
    Frederic Angelier
    Centre d Etudes Biologiques de Chize, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 79360, Villiers en Bois, France
    J Exp Biol 212:2824-9. 2009
    ....
  5. pmc Yolk androgen deposition without an energetic cost for female rockhopper penguins: a compensatory strategy to accelerate brood reduction?
    Maud Poisbleau
    Max Planck Institute for Ornithology, 78315 Radolfzell, Germany
    Biol Lett 7:605-7. 2011
    ..Since the B-egg is usually the first to hatch and the only one to produce a fledging chick, we hypothesize that differential yolk androgen deposition may be an adaptive strategy for females to affect brood reduction...
  6. doi Bacterial diversity in Adélie penguin, Pygoscelis adeliae, guano: molecular and morpho-physiological approaches
    Marek K Zdanowski
    Department of Antarctic Biology, Polish Academy of Sciences, 02 141 Warsaw, Ustrzycka 10, Poland
    FEMS Microbiol Ecol 50:163-73. 2004
    ..The results indicate that the bacterial community in penguin guano is not only one of the richest in Antarctica, but is extremely diverse, both phylogenetically and morpho-physiologically...
  7. doi Measuring foraging activity in a deep-diving bird: comparing wiggles, oesophageal temperatures and beak-opening angles as proxies of feeding
    Nicolas Hanuise
    Centre d Etudes Biologiques de Chize, CEBC CNRS UPR 1934, Villiers en Bois, France
    J Exp Biol 213:3874-80. 2010
    ....
  8. ncbi Antennae on transmitters on penguins: balancing energy budgets on the high wire
    Rory P Wilson
    Institut für Meereskunde, Düsternbrooker Weg 20, D 24105 Kiel, Germany
    J Exp Biol 207:2649-62. 2004
    ..Suggestions are made as to how antenna-induced drag might be minimized for future studies on marine diving animals...
  9. ncbi Elevated hormonal stress response and reduced reproductive output in Yellow-eyed penguins exposed to unregulated tourism
    Ursula Ellenberg
    Department of Zoology, University of Otago, 340 Great King St, PO Box 56, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Gen Comp Endocrinol 152:54-63. 2007
    ..For maintenance of attractive Yellow-eyed penguin-viewing destinations we recommend that tourists stay out of breeding areas and disturbance at penguin landing beaches is reduced...
  10. doi Ecophysiological response of Adelie penguins facing an experimental increase in breeding constraints
    M Beaulieu
    Institut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien IPHC, Departement Ecologie, Physiologie et Ethologie DEPE, UMR 7178 CNRS UDS, 23 rue Becquerel, 67087 Strasbourg, France
    J Exp Biol 213:33-9. 2010
    ..We propose that this flexible use of ecological niches may allow birds facing increased breeding constraints to avoid chronic stress and to minimize the impact on their body condition...
  11. ncbi Outbreaks of avian cholera in Hope Bay, Antarctica
    G A Leotta
    Laboratorio de Diagnóstico e Investigaciones Bacteriológicas, Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Calle 60 y 118, La Plata 1900, Buenos Aires, Argentina
    J Wildl Dis 42:259-70. 2006
    ..This study reports avian cholera in new bird species, their potential role in the transmission of the disease, and the different responses of these species to the disease...
  12. pmc Variability in krill biomass links harvesting and climate warming to penguin population changes in Antarctica
    Wayne Z Trivelpiece
    Antarctic Ecosystem Research Division, Southwest Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:7625-8. 2011
    ....
  13. ncbi Spatially integrated assessment reveals widespread changes in penguin populations on the Antarctic Peninsula
    Heather J Lynch
    640 Life Sciences Building, Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York 11794, USA
    Ecology 93:1367-77. 2012
    ..Aggregating population data at the regional scale also allows us to quantify rates of regional population change in a way not previously possible...
  14. ncbi Habituation of adult Magellanic penguins to human visitation as expressed through behavior and corticosterone secretion
    Brian G Walker
    Department of Biology, University of Washington, Box 351800, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    Conserv Biol 20:146-54. 2006
    ..The physiological differences between tourist-visited and undisturbed groups of Magellanic Penguins emphasize the importance of monitoring the effects of anthropogenic disturbances on wildlife at multiple levels...
  15. ncbi Stable isotopes document seasonal changes in trophic niches and winter foraging individual specialization in diving predators from the Southern Ocean
    Yves Cherel
    Centre d Etudes Biologiques de Chizé and UPR 1934 du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, BP 14, F 79360 Villiers en Bois, France
    J Anim Ecol 76:826-36. 2007
    ..The findings have a number of implications for understanding the functioning of the pelagic ecosystem and on the demography of these species...
  16. pmc Demographic models and IPCC climate projections predict the decline of an emperor penguin population
    Stephanie Jenouvrier
    Department of Biology, MS 34, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:1844-7. 2009
    ..However, given the future projected increases in GHGs and its effect on Antarctic climate, evolution or migration seem unlikely for such long lived species at the remote southern end of the Earth...
  17. doi Yolk androgen deposition in rockhopper penguins, a species with reversed hatching asynchrony
    M Poisbleau
    Max Planck Institute for Ornithology, Vogelwarte Radolfzell, Schlossallee 2, 78315 Radolfzell, Germany
    Gen Comp Endocrinol 170:622-8. 2011
    ..We discuss these results in relation to the chronology of egg formation and the potential effect of the observed differences on embryo development and brood reduction...
  18. doi Maternal deposition of yolk corticosterone in clutches of southern rockhopper penguins (Eudyptes chrysocome chrysocome)
    Maud Poisbleau
    Max Planck Institute for Ornithology, Vogelwarte Radolfzell, Radolfzell, Germany
    Horm Behav 55:500-6. 2009
    ..The adaptive value, if any, of high yolk corticosterone is presently unknown...
  19. ncbi Stroke rates and diving air volumes of emperor penguins: implications for dive performance
    Katsufumi Sato
    International Coastal Research Center, Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo, 2 106 1, Akahama, Otsuchi, Iwate, 028 1102, Japan
    J Exp Biol 214:2854-63. 2011
    ..This was exemplified by a 27.6 min dive, after which the bird required 6 min before it stood up from a prone position, another 20 min before it began to walk, and 8.4 h before it dived again...
  20. pmc An emperor penguin population estimate: the first global, synoptic survey of a species from space
    Peter T Fretwell
    British Antarctic Survey, Cambridge, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 7:e33751. 2012
    ..To address the second of these issues, our work now provides a comprehensive estimate of the total breeding population that can be used in future population models and will provide a baseline for long-term research...
  21. doi Magellanic penguin mortality in 2008 along the SW Atlantic coast
    Pablo García-Borboroglu
    Centro Nacional Patagónico CONICET, Boulevard Brown 3600, 9120 Puerto Madryn, Chubut, Argentina
    Mar Pollut Bull 60:1652-7. 2010
    ..The mortality occurred in the winter of 2008 when sea surface temperature were unusually cold perhaps reducing the prey for penguins...
  22. doi Autonomous gliders reveal features of the water column associated with foraging by adelie penguins
    L Alex Kahl
    Coastal Ocean Observation Lab, Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, School of Environmental and Biological Sciences, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey 08901, USA
    Integr Comp Biol 50:1041-50. 2010
    ....
  23. ncbi In search of human-associated bacterial pathogens in Antarctic wildlife: report from six penguin colonies regularly visited by tourists
    Jonas Bonnedahl
    Department of Molecular Biology, Umea University, Sweden
    Ambio 34:430-2. 2005
    ..There is, however, an urgent need to further investigate the situation in areas closer to permanent Antarctic settlements...
  24. ncbi Plasticity in foraging strategies of inshore birds: how Little Penguins maintain body reserves while feeding offspring
    Claire Saraux
    Universite de Strasbourg, IPHC, 23 rue Becquerel, 67087 Strasbourg, France
    Ecology 92:1909-16. 2011
    ..Inshore seabirds do use dual strategies of alternating short and long trips, but from our data, on a simpler and less flexible way than for offshore birds...
  25. pmc Survival differences and the effect of environmental instability on breeding dispersal in an Adelie penguin meta-population
    Katie M Dugger
    Department of Fisheries and Wildlife, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331 3803, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:12375-80. 2010
    ..Contrary to current thought, breeding penguins are not always philopatric. Rather, stressful conditions can significantly increase dispersal rates...
  26. pmc Abrupt recent shift in delta 13C and delta 15N values in Adélie penguin eggshell in Antarctica
    Steven D Emslie
    Department of Biology and Marine Biology, University of North Carolina, 601 South College Road, Wilmington, NC 28403, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:11666-9. 2007
    ..Our results support the "krill surplus" hypothesis that predicts excess krill availability in the Southern Ocean after this period of exploitation...
  27. ncbi Heart rate and energetics of free-ranging king penguins (Aptenodytes patagonicus)
    G Froget
    School of Biosciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK
    J Exp Biol 207:3917-26. 2004
    ..It is suggested that the regional hypothermia that has been recorded in this species during diving bouts may be at least a contributing factor to such hypometabolism...
  28. ncbi Energy saving processes in huddling emperor penguins: from experiments to theory
    Caroline Gilbert
    IPHC DEPE, UMR 7178, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Universite Louis Pasteur, 23 rue Becquerel, 67087, Strasbourg, France
    J Exp Biol 211:1-8. 2008
    ..These processes, linked together, explain how huddling emperors save energy and maintain a constant body temperature, which ensures a successful incubation in the midst of the austral winter...
  29. pmc Coordinated movements prevent jamming in an Emperor penguin huddle
    Daniel P Zitterbart
    Department of Physics, University of Erlangen Nuremberg, Erlangen, Germany
    PLoS ONE 6:e20260. 2011
    ..Our data show that the dynamics of penguin huddling is governed by intermittency and approach to kinetic arrest in striking analogy with inert non-equilibrium systems, including soft glasses and colloids...
  30. doi Adélie penguins and temperature changes in Antarctica: a long-term view
    Craig D Millar
    Allan Wilson Centre for Molecular Ecology and Evolution, University of Auckland, New Zealand
    Integr Zool 7:113-20. 2012
    ..At this time, temperatures were much lower than now. Hence, this species offers unique long-term information, at both the genomic and ecological levels, about how a species has responded to climate change over more than 40 000 years...
  31. ncbi Huddling behavior in emperor penguins: Dynamics of huddling
    Caroline Gilbert
    Institut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien, Departement Ecologie, Physiologie et Ethologie, UMR 7178, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique and Université Louis Pasteur, Strasbourg Cedex 02, France
    Physiol Behav 88:479-88. 2006
    ..This complex social behavior therefore enables all breeders to get a regular and equal access to an environment which allows them to save energy and successfully incubate their eggs during the Antarctic winter...
  32. doi What ecological factors can affect albumen corticosterone levels in the clutches of seabirds? Timing of breeding, disturbance and laying order in rockhopper penguins (Eudyptes chrysocome chrysocome)
    M Poisbleau
    Max Planck Institute for Ornithology, Vogelwarte Radolfzell, Radolfzell, Germany
    Gen Comp Endocrinol 162:139-45. 2009
    ..Thus, more work is required to explore the hypotheses of passive versus active transfer to eggs and to understand the adaptive value of contrary effects on the amount and concentration of corticosterone...
  33. doi Heart rate as a predictor of energy expenditure in undisturbed fasting and incubating penguins
    R Groscolas
    Institut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien, Departement d Ecologie, Physiologie et Ethologie, UMR 7178, 23 rue Becquerel, 67087 Strasbourg Cedex 02, France
    J Exp Biol 213:153-60. 2010
    ..This result suggests that stress induces a disproportionate increase of f(H) vs O(2) consumption, and that the use of EE/f(H) relationships obtained in stressed birds could lead to underestimated EE values...
  34. pmc Isotopic investigation of contemporary and historic changes in penguin trophic niches and carrying capacity of the southern Indian ocean
    Audrey Jaeger
    Centre d Etudes Biologiques de Chize, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Villiers en Bois, France
    PLoS ONE 6:e16484. 2011
    ....
  35. pmc Studying seabird diet through genetic analysis of faeces: a case study on macaroni penguins (Eudyptes chrysolophus)
    Bruce E Deagle
    School of Zoology, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia
    PLoS ONE 2:e831. 2007
    ..Conventional stomach-content data was also collected, allowing comparison of the approaches...
  36. ncbi Avian malaria (Plasmodium spp) in yellow-eyed penguins: investigating the cause of high seroprevalence but low observed infection
    H J W Sturrock
    Department of Zoology, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    N Z Vet J 55:158-60. 2007
    ..To investigate the cause of a high seroprevalence of antibodies to Plasmodium spp known to cause avian malaria, but extremely low levels of observed infection, in yellow-eyed penguins, Megadyptes antipodes...
  37. doi Measuring corticosterone in seabird egg yolk and the presence of high yolk gestagen concentrations
    Petra Quillfeldt
    Max Planck Institut für Ornithologie, Vogelwarte Radolfzell, Radolfzell, Germany
    Gen Comp Endocrinol 173:11-4. 2011
    ..This was observed for both species. We further found species-specific differences in the actual corticosterone amounts present in the egg yolks...
  38. doi African penguins (Spheniscus demersus) can detect dimethyl sulphide, a prey-related odour
    Gregory B Cunningham
    Percy FitzPatrick Institute DST NRF Centre of Excellence, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch 7701, South Africa
    J Exp Biol 211:3123-7. 2008
    ..The implication of this work is that the detection of changes in the odour landscape (DMS) may assist penguins in identifying productive areas of the ocean for foraging. At-sea studies are needed to investigate this issue further...
  39. ncbi How accurately can we estimate energetic costs in a marine top predator, the king penguin?
    Lewis G Halsey
    Centre for Ornithology, School of Biosciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston B15 2TT, UK
    Zoology (Jena) 110:81-92. 2007
    ..Finally, a statistical method to include easy-to-measure morphometric characteristics, which may improve the accuracy of f(H) - V(O2) prediction equations, is explained...
  40. ncbi Group-specific polymerase chain reaction for DNA-based analysis of species diversity and identity in dietary samples
    S N Jarman
    Australian Antarctic Division, Channel Highway, Kingston, Tasmania 7050, Australia
    Mol Ecol 13:1313-22. 2004
    ..These primers, their design and their application to studying prey diversity and identity in predator diet are described...
  41. pmc Microevolution and mega-icebergs in the Antarctic
    L D Shepherd
    Allan Wilson Centre for Molecular Ecology and Evolution, Institute of Molecular Biosciences, Massey University, Albany, Auckland, New Zealand
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:16717-22. 2005
    ..The latter is likely to be precipitated by mega-icebergs that act to promote migration among penguin colonies that typically show strong natal return...
  42. ncbi Eastern equine encephalitis in a flock of African penguins maintained at an aquarium
    Allison D Tuttle
    Department of Research and Veterinary Services, Mystic Aquarium, 55 Coogan Blvd, Mystic, CT 06355, USA
    J Am Vet Med Assoc 226:2059-62, 2003. 2005
    ..An inability to isolate virus several weeks after illness suggested successful viral clearance in recovered penguins. To the authors' knowledge, EEE infection in any penguin species has not been reported...
  43. pmc Uncoupling protein and ATP/ADP carrier increase mitochondrial proton conductance after cold adaptation of king penguins
    Darren A Talbot
    Medical Research Council Dunn Human Nutrition Unit, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 2XY, UK
    J Physiol 558:123-35. 2004
    ....
  44. pmc Marine pelagic ecosystems: the west Antarctic Peninsula
    Hugh W Ducklow
    School of Marine Science, The College of William and Mary, Gloucester Point, VA 23062, USA
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 362:67-94. 2007
    ..The climate/ecological gradients extending along the WAP and the presence of monitoring systems, field stations and long-term research programmes make the region an invaluable observatory of climate change and marine ecosystem response...
  45. pmc Environmental forcing and Southern Ocean marine predator populations: effects of climate change and variability
    P N Trathan
    British Antarctic Survey, High Cross, Cambridge, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 362:2351-65. 2007
    ..Where species occupy different positions in different regional food webs, there is the potential to make predictions about future change scenarios...
  46. pmc Mutation and evolutionary rates in adélie penguins from the antarctic
    Craig D Millar
    Allan Wilson Centre for Molecular Ecology and Evolution, School of Biological Sciences, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
    PLoS Genet 4:e1000209. 2008
    ..53 and 1.17). Importantly, the latter rate is not statistically different from our estimate of the mutation rate. These results are in contrast to the view that molecular rates are time dependent...
  47. doi Liver and heart mitochondria obtained from Adelie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) offers high resistance to lipid peroxidation
    Mariana Gavazza
    Cátedra Bioquímica, Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, La Plata, Argentina
    Acta Biol Hung 59:185-94. 2008
    ..73 and 100.09 +/- 3.07, respectively. Light emission originating from these organelles showed no statistically significant differences and the polyunsaturated fatty acid profiles did not change during the lipid peroxidation process...
  48. ncbi DDT levels in Antarctic penguins present a complex mystery
    Naomi Lubick
    Environ Sci Technol 42:3909. 2008
  49. pmc Are king penguin populations threatened by Southern Ocean warming?
    Christophe Barbraud
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:E38; author eply E39. 2008
  50. ncbi Divergent responses of Pygoscelis penguins reveal a common environmental driver
    Jefferson T Hinke
    Antarctic Ecosystem Research Division, Southwest Fisheries Science Center, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Oecologia 153:845-55. 2007
    ....
  51. ncbi Microbiaeratin, a new natural indole alkaloid from a Microbispora aerata strain, isolated from Livingston Island, Antarctica
    Veneta Ivanova
    The Stephan Angeloff Institute of Microbiology, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria
    Prep Biochem Biotechnol 37:161-8. 2007
    ..The organism was isolated from penguin excrements collected on the Antarctic Livingston Island. The structure was elucidated by one- and two-dimensional NMR experiments and mass spectrometric investigations...
  52. doi Corticosterone responses to capture and restraint in emperor and Adelie penguins in Antarctica
    John F Cockrem
    Conservation Endocrinology Research Group, Institute of Veterinary Animal and Biomedical Sciences, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand
    Zoolog Sci 25:291-8. 2008
    ..The results for the emperor and Adelie penguins, together with data from other penguin species, suggest that there is no relationship between the size of corticosterone responses and body mass in penguins...
  53. ncbi Gas act
    Nigel Williams
    Curr Biol 18:R6-7. 2008
    ..New research finds that the emperor penguin is able to tolerate extremely low oxygen levels during its dives for food...
  54. ncbi Boom and bust in a polar hot zone
    Erik Stokstad
    Science 315:1522-3. 2007
  55. ncbi Air sac PO2 and oxygen depletion during dives of emperor penguins
    T Knower Stockard
    Center for Marine Biotechnology and Biomedicine, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0204, USA
    J Exp Biol 208:2973-80. 2005
    ..These findings are consistent with a low total body metabolic rate during the dive...
  56. ncbi The penguin feathers as bioindicator of Antarctica environmental state
    R Metcheva
    Institute of Zoology, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Bd Tzar Osvoboditel 1, 1000 Sofia, Bulgaria
    Sci Total Environ 362:259-65. 2006
    ..The concentrations of most of the investigated elements were significantly higher in P. papua than in P. antarctica and this probably could be explained by the different diet and feeding habit of these species...
  57. ncbi Do seasonal changes in metabolic rate facilitate changes in diving behaviour?
    J A Green
    School of Biosciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    J Exp Biol 208:2581-93. 2005
    ....
  58. ncbi Emperor penguins adjust swim speed according to the above-water height of ice holes through which they exit
    Katsufumi Sato
    International Coastal Research Center, Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo, 2 106 1 Akahama, Otsuchi, Iwate 028 1102, Japan
    J Exp Biol 208:2549-54. 2005
    ....
  59. pmc Multiple gene evidence for expansion of extant penguins out of Antarctica due to global cooling
    Allan J Baker
    Department of Natural History, Centre for Biodiversity and Conservation Biology, Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Proc Biol Sci 273:11-7. 2006
    ..Thus, global cooling has had a major impact on penguin evolution, as it has on vertebrates generally. Penguins only reached cooler tropical waters in the Galapagos about 4 mya, and have not crossed the equatorial thermal barrier...
  60. ncbi Captain Leslie Russell Blake and Aberdeen University's penguin egg
    Martyn L Gorman
    The Zoology Museum, School of Biological Sciences, King s College, The University of Aberdeen, Scotland
    Curr Biol 15:R402-5. 2005
  61. pmc Holocene elephant seal distribution implies warmer-than-present climate in the Ross Sea
    B L Hall
    Climate Change Institute and Department of Earth Sciences, University of Maine, Orono, ME 04469, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:10213-7. 2006
    ..If, as proposed in the literature, the ice shelf survived this period, it would have been exposed to environments substantially warmer than present...
  62. ncbi Genetic diversity in populations of Gentoo penguins (Pygoscelis papua)
    A S Dranitsina
    National Taras Shevchenko University of Kiev, Faculty of Biology, Kyiv 01033, Prospekt Glushkova 2, Ukraine
    Tsitol Genet 40:57-62. 2006
    ..Nei's distances values ranged from 0.0746 to 0.5787 among the populations and species. The obtained results will be used for further estimation of genetic diversity of Gentoo penguins and determination of their taxonomic status...
  63. ncbi Foraging by deep-diving birds is not constrained by an aerobic diving limit: a model of avian depth-dependent diving metabolic rate
    Erpur Snaer Hansen
    Department of Biology, University of Missouri, St Louis, Missouri 63121, USA
    Am Nat 163:358-74. 2004
    ..These data suggest that, for both small and large species, deep diving birds rarely if ever exceed tADL(d)...
  64. ncbi Corticosterone in relation to body mass in Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) affected by unusual sea ice conditions at Ross Island, Antarctica
    J F Cockrem
    Conservation Endocrinology Research Group, Institute of Veterinary, Animal and Biomedical Sciences, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand
    Gen Comp Endocrinol 149:244-52. 2006
    ..The results indicate that corticosterone and corticosterone responses are elevated in phase III of fasting in the Adelie penguin...
  65. ncbi Mercury concentrations in king penguin (Aptenodytes patagonicus) feathers at Crozet Islands (sub-Antarctic): temporal trend between 1966--1974 and 2000--2001
    Renaud Scheifler
    Universite de Franche Comte, Laboratoire de Biologie Environnementale, EA 3184 MR USC INRA, Place Leclerc, 25030 Besancon Cedex, France
    Environ Toxicol Chem 24:125-8. 2005
    ..These first results may constitute a basis for further ecotoxicological and/or biomonitoring studies of king penguins in these remote ecosystems...
  66. ncbi Competition among penguins and cetaceans reveals trophic cascades in the western Ross Sea, Antarctica
    David G Ainley
    H T Harvey and Associates, 3150 Almaden Expressway, Suite 145, San Jose, California 95118, USA
    Ecology 87:2080-93. 2006
    ..Reduction in the middle-trophic-level prey is expressed in the relaxed grazing pressure on phytoplankton...
  67. ncbi Methane fluxes from tundra soils and snowpack in the maritime Antarctic
    Renbin Zhu
    Institute of Polar Environment, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei City, Anhui Province 230026, PR China
    Chemosphere 59:1583-93. 2005
    ....
  68. ncbi Soil microarthropods in the feathers of Antarctic birds
    D A Krivolutsky
    Institute of Parasitology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninskii pr 33, Moscow, 117071 Russia
    Dokl Biol Sci 397:342-5. 2004
  69. ncbi Green activists enlist penguins to save the world
    Katie McGoldrick
    Nature 444:978-9. 2006
  70. pmc Skuas at penguin carcass: patch use and state-dependent leaving decisions in a top-predator
    Steffen Hahn
    Institute of Ecology, Friedrich Schiller University, Jena, Dornburger Strasse 159, 07743 Jena, Germany
    Proc Biol Sci 272:1449-54. 2005
    ..Thus our results provide evidence that under natural conditions, territorial skuas adjust their foraging decision on actual energy requirements, i.e. offspring number and age...
  71. ncbi Aerobic dive limit. What is it and is it always used appropriately?
    Patrick J Butler
    School of Biosciences, University of Birmingham, B15 2TT, United Kingdom
    Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol 145:1-6. 2006
    ..Possible explanations of how some species routinely dive beyond their cADL are also discussed...
  72. ncbi Estimating the rate of oxygen consumption during submersion from the heart rate of diving animals
    J A Green
    Dept of Zoology, La Trobe Univ, Bundoora, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 292:R2028-38. 2007
    ..6 ml.min(-1).kg(-1)) and occasionally lower than that while resting in air (10.3 ml.min(-1).kg(-1))...
  73. ncbi Changes in body temperature in king penguins at sea: the result of fine adjustments in peripheral heat loss?
    Alexander Schmidt
    Institut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien, Unite Mixte de Recherche 7178, Departement d Ecologie, Physiologie, et Ethologie, Universite Henri Poincare, Strasbourg, France
    Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 291:R608-18. 2006
    ..These two paradoxical features, i.e., lower temperature of deep tissues during activity and normothermic peripheral tissues while inactive, may highlight the key to the energetics of this diving endotherm while foraging at sea...
  74. pmc Pathotypical characterization and molecular epidemiology of Newcastle disease virus isolates from different hosts in China from 1996 to 2005
    Zhuo ming Qin
    Institute of Poultry Science, Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Jinan 250100, China
    J Clin Microbiol 46:601-11. 2008
    ....
  75. ncbi Antibody response of five bird species after vaccination with a killed West Nile virus vaccine
    Danelle M Okeson
    Center for Conservation and Research, Henry Doorly Zoo, 3701 South Tenth Street, Omaha, Nebraska 68107, USA
    J Zoo Wildl Med 38:240-4. 2007
    ..Significant differences in antibody titer over time were detected for black-footed penguins and both flamingo species...
  76. ncbi Microfilariae in Galápagos penguins (Spheniscus mendiculus) and flightless cormorants (Phalacrocorax harrisi): genetics, morphology, and prevalence
    Jane Merkel
    University of Missouri St Louis, Department of Biology, 223 Research Building, 8001 Natural Bridge Road, St Louis, Missouri 63121, USA
    J Parasitol 93:495-503. 2007
    ....
  77. ncbi Leucocytozoon in captive penguins
    M A Peirce
    Vet Rec 157:819-20. 2005
  78. pmc Isolation and characterization of Mycoplasma sphenisci sp. nov. from the choana of an aquarium-reared jackass penguin (Spheniscus demersus)
    Salvatore Frasca
    Department of Pathobiology and Veterinary Science, University of Connecticut, Unit 3089, 61 North Eagleville Road, Storrs, CT 06269 3089, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 43:2976-9. 2005
    ..Isolation of this mycoplasma expands the known range of species hosting mycoplasmas. The name Mycoplasma sphenisci sp. nov. is proposed for this new species, for which strain UCMJ is the type strain...
  79. ncbi Neuronal storage disease in a group of captive Humboldt penguins (Spheniscus humboldti)
    A Wunschmann
    Department of Veterinary Population Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota, 1333 Gortner Avenue, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Vet Pathol 43:1029-33. 2006
    ..Circumstantial evidence implicates chloroquine therapy as the possible cause of the storage disease...
  80. ncbi Physiological response to feeding in little penguins
    J A Green
    Adaptive and Evolutionary Respiratory Physiology Laboratory, Department of Zoology, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Victoria 3086, Australia
    Physiol Biochem Zool 79:1088-97. 2006
    ....
  81. ncbi Pressure equilibration in the penguin middle ear
    Jacob Sadé
    Tel Aviv University, Sackler School of Medicine, Department of Zoology, Tel Aviv, Israel
    Acta Otolaryngol 128:18-21. 2008
    ..A CC was previously found also in the ME of marine diving mammals and can be expected to exist in other deep diving animals, such as marine turtles...
  82. doi Heart rate regulation and extreme bradycardia in diving emperor penguins
    Jessica U Meir
    Center for Marine Biotechnology and Biomedicine, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0204, USA
    J Exp Biol 211:1169-79. 2008
    ..The classic Scholander-Irving dive response in these emperor penguins contrasts with the absence of true bradycardia in diving ducks, cormorants, and other penguin species...
  83. doi Experimental assessment of the effects of gastrointestinal parasites on offspring quality in chinstrap penguins (Pygoscelis antarctica)
    M J Palacios
    Departamento de Ecología Funcional y Evolutiva, Estación Experimental de Zonas Aridas, CSIC, Carretera de Sacramento s n 04120, La Canada de San Urbano, Almeria, Spain
    Parasitology 139:819-24. 2012
    ....
  84. pmc Coping with continuous human disturbance in the wild: insights from penguin heart rate response to various stressors
    Vincent A Viblanc
    Departement Ecologie, Physiologie et Ethologie, Institut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien, Universite de Strasbourg, France
    BMC Ecol 12:10. 2012
    ..From a research perspective, identifying the effects of human disturbance caused by research-related activities is crucial in order to understand and account for potential biases and derive appropriate conclusions from the data...
  85. doi High prevalence of Leucocytozoon spp. in the endangered yellow-eyed penguin (Megadyptes antipodes) in the sub-Antarctic regions of New Zealand
    L S Argilla
    New Zealand Wildlife Health Centre, Institute of Veterinary, Animal and Biomedical Sciences, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand
    Parasitology 140:672-82. 2013
    ..that is genetically distinct from that found in other yellow-eyed penguin populations. The role of Leucocytozoon in the high levels of chick mortality in the yellow-eyed penguins remains unclear...
  86. pmc High flight costs, but low dive costs, in auks support the biomechanical hypothesis for flightlessness in penguins
    Kyle H Elliott
    Department of Zoology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, Canada R3T 2N2
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 110:9380-4. 2013
    ....
  87. ncbi Penguins and hummingbirds: midbrain atrophy in progressive supranuclear palsy
    Klaus Gröschel
    Department of Neurology, University of Jena, Gottingen, Germany
    Neurology 66:949-50. 2006
  88. ncbi Kidnapping of chicks in emperor penguins: a hormonal by-product?
    Frederic Angelier
    Centre d Etudes Biologiques de Chize, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Villiers en Bois, France
    J Exp Biol 209:1413-20. 2006
    ..We suggest that kidnapping in non-cooperative systems may result from a hormonal byproduct of a reproductive adaptation to extreme conditions...
  89. ncbi Effects of compounding on pharmacokinetics of itraconazole in black-footed penguins (Spheniscus demersus)
    Joseph A Smith
    Fort Wayne Children s Zoo, 3411 Sherman Boulevard, Fort Wayne, Indiana 46808, USA
    J Zoo Wildl Med 41:487-95. 2010
    ..Extrapolating dosing regimens for compounded itraconazole formulations from regimens determined for commercial formulations warrants caution as a result of the significant differences in pharmacokinetics...
  90. ncbi Intraocular pressure in captive black-footed penguins (Spheniscus demevsus) measured by rebound tonometry
    Julio A Mercado
    Audubon Nature Institute, Audubon Aquarium of the Americas, 6500 Magazine St, New Orleans, LA 70118, USA
    J Avian Med Surg 24:138-41. 2010
    ..Rebound tonometry appears to be a safe and repeatable method to obtain IOP values in black-footed penguins...
  91. ncbi Perfluorooctanesulfonate and related fluorochemicals in albatrosses, elephant seals, penguins, and polar skuas from the Southern Ocean
    Lin Tao
    Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health, School of Public Health, State University of New York at Albany, Empire State Plaza, P O Box 509, Albany, New York 12201 0509, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 40:7642-8. 2006
    ..Our study documents the existence of low but detectable levels of PFOS and PFOA in Southern Hemisphere fauna, suggesting distribution of these compounds on a global scale...
  92. doi Newcastle disease virus in penguins from King George Island on the Antarctic region
    Luciano M Thomazelli
    Institute of Biomedical Sciences, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Vet Microbiol 146:155-60. 2010
    ..This was complemented by the serological study performed on the blood of the same specimens, which resulted in a 33.3% rate of positivity...
  93. pmc Lost in translation or deliberate falsification? Genetic analyses reveal erroneous museum data for historic penguin specimens
    Sanne Boessenkool
    Department of Zoology, University of Otago, 340 Great King Street, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Proc Biol Sci 277:1057-64. 2010
    ..Our results also serve as a warning to all who use archive specimens to invest time in the verification of collection information...
  94. ncbi Prevalence of Leucocytozoon spp, in the endangered yellow-eyed penguin Megadyptes antipodes
    A G Hill
    New Zealand Wildlife Health Centre, Institute of Veterinary, Animal and Biomedical Sciences, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand
    Parasitology 137:1477-85. 2010
    ..These findings suggest that yellow-eyed penguins on Stewart Island are infected with a regionally isolated, host-specific Leucocytozoon spp. which may contribute to the high chick mortality observed during this period...
  95. ncbi Myoglobin production in emperor penguins
    P J Ponganis
    Center for Marine Biotechnology and Biomedicine, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0204, USA
    J Exp Biol 213:1901-6. 2010
    ..Nutritional limitation in young chicks and post-transcriptional regulation of Mb concentration may also be involved...
  96. doi Polyclonal Aspergillus fumigatus infection in captive penguins
    Sergio Alvarez-Pérez
    Animal Health Department, Faculty of Veterinary, UCM, 28040 Madrid, Spain
    Vet Microbiol 144:444-9. 2010
    ..fumigatus that differ not only in their genotype, but also in mating type and invasiveness. This finding has important consequences for the diagnosis and treatment of avian aspergillosis...
  97. ncbi Intralesional cisplatin chemotherapy and topical cryotherapy for the control of choanal squamous cell carcinoma in an African penguin (Spheniscus demersus)
    Shannon T Ferrell
    Animal Health Department, Fort Worth Zoological Park, 1989 Colonial Parkway, Fort Worth, Texas 76110, USA
    J Zoo Wildl Med 37:539-41. 2006
    ..The penguin remained free of clinical disease for a period of 9 mo, at which time a second cryotreatment was performed. The patient has remained free of all signs of choanal carcinoma for a period of 13 mo since the second cryotreatment...
  98. ncbi The first record of Dirofilaria immitis infection in a Humboldt penguin, Spheniscus humboldti
    Y Sano
    Laboratory of Veterinary Parasitology, Faculty of Agriculture, Iwate University, Morioka, Japan
    J Parasitol 91:1235-7. 2005
    ..In addition, the partial DNA sequence (234 bp) of mitochondrial CO / gene of the filarial worm was identical to that of D. immitis. This is the first report of D. immitis infection in a bird...
  99. ncbi The cold, hard truth about pediatric research
    Philip W Shaul
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390, USA
    Pediatr Res 61:506-9. 2007
  100. ncbi Production of an exopolysaccharide by Antarctic yeast
    K Pavlova
    Laboratory of Applied Microbiology, Institute of Microbiology, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 4002 Plovdiv, Bulgaria
    Folia Microbiol (Praha) 54:343-8. 2009
    ..flavus strain AL(51) was established (55.1 % mannose, 26.1 % glucose, 9.60 % xylose, 1.90 % galactose). The microbial biopolymer has a high molar mass and homogeneity: 82 % of it had M 1.01 MDa...
  101. pmc Does foraging performance change with age in female little penguins (Eudyptula minor)?
    Ilka Zimmer
    Universite de Strasbourg, IPHC, Strasbourg, France
    PLoS ONE 6:e16098. 2011
    ..We suggest middle age penguins forage better than young or old ones because good physical condition and foraging experience could act simultaneously...

Research Grants47

  1. CRP, eNOS and Endothelial Dysfunction
    Philip W Shaul; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The proposed research program will determine how CRP and its cell surface receptors cause hypertension and insulin resistance. ..
  2. Estrogen Modulation of Endothelial Cell Phenotype
    Philip Shaul; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  3. Oxysterols, Estrogen, Receptors Anatgonism and Vascular Disease
    Philip Shaul; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..By investigating a novel mechanism of endogenous ER antagonism, the proposed research will increase our fundamental understanding of the processes underlying estrogen treatment failure. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  4. Cholesterol and Endothelial NO Synthase
    Philip Shaul; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..These studies will provide valuable new information about novel direct actions of HDL and SR-BI in endothelium, thereby expanding our knowledge of the role of HDL in vascular health and disease. ..
  5. CRP, eNOS and Endothelial Dysfunction
    Philip Shaul; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..By meeting these aims, the proposed research will provide mechanistic links between CRP and endothelial dysfunction and vascular disease. ..
  6. REGULATION OF NITRIC OXIDE SYNTHASE IN DEVELOPING LUNG
    Philip Shaul; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Ultimately, we may be able to take greater therapeutic advantage of the effects of E2 on the pulmonary and also coronary and uterine circulations, thereby optimizing the vascular health of both the fetus and the mother. ..
  7. Cholesterol and Endothelial NO Synthase
    Philip Shaul; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..These studies will provide valuable new information about novel direct actions of HDL and SR-BI in endothelium, thereby expanding our knowledge of the role of HDL in vascular health and disease. ..
  8. CRP, eNOS and Endothelial Dysfunction
    Philip Shaul; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..By meeting these aims, the proposed research will provide mechanistic links between CRP and endothelial dysfunction and vascular disease. ..
  9. Cholesterol and Endothelial NO Synthase
    Philip Shaul; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..These studies will provide valuable new information about novel direct actions of HDL and SR-BI in endothelium, thereby expanding our knowledge of the role of HDL in vascular health and disease. ..
  10. CRP, eNOS and Endothelial Dysfunction
    Philip Shaul; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..By meeting these aims, the proposed research will provide mechanistic links between CRP and endothelial dysfunction and vascular disease. ..
  11. Nitric Oxide in Lung Development and CLD
    Philip Shaul; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..These studies will increase our knowledge of the role of NO in CLD and also test three novel, mechanistically-based therapies. ..
  12. CRP, eNOS and Endothelial Dysfunction
    Philip Shaul; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..By meeting these aims, the proposed research will provide mechanistic links between CRP and endothelial dysfunction and vascular disease. ..
  13. Cholesterol and Endothelial NO Synthase
    Philip Shaul; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..These studies will provide valuable new information about novel direct actions of HDL and SR-BI in endothelium, thereby expanding our knowledge of the role of HDL in vascular health and disease. ..
  14. Oxysterols, Estrogen Receptor Antagonism, and Vascular Disease
    Philip W Shaul; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The proposed research program will determine how 27-hydroxycholesterol, through its impact on estrogen action, contributes to the development of blood vessel disease and to impaired body weight and glucose regulation. ..
  15. Estrogen Modulation of Endothelial Cell Phenotype
    Philip W Shaul; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  16. Oxysterols, Estrogen, Receptors Anatgonism and Vascular Disease
    Philip Shaul; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..By investigating a novel mechanism of endogenous ER antagonism, the proposed research will increase our fundamental understanding of the processes underlying estrogen treatment failure. ..
  17. CRP, eNOS and Endothelial Dysfunction
    Philip Shaul; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The proposed research program will determine how CRP and its cell surface receptors cause hypertension and insulin resistance. ..
  18. Estrogen Modulation of Endothelial Cell Phenotype
    Philip Shaul; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  19. Oxysterols, Estrogen, Receptors Anatgonism and Vascular Disease
    Philip Shaul; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..By investigating a novel mechanism of endogenous ER antagonism, the proposed research will increase our fundamental understanding of the processes underlying estrogen treatment failure. ..
  20. Estrogen Modulation of Endothelial Cell Phenotype
    Philip Shaul; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  21. Oxysterols, Estrogen, Receptors Anatgonism and Vascular Disease
    Philip Shaul; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..By investigating a novel mechanism of endogenous ER antagonism, the proposed research will increase our fundamental understanding of the processes underlying estrogen treatment failure. ..
  22. Estrogen Modulation of Endothelial Cell Phenotype
    Philip Shaul; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  23. REGULATION OF NITRIC OXIDE SYNTHASE IN DEVELOPING LUNG
    Philip Shaul; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Ultimately, we may be able to take greater therapeutic advantage of the effects of E2 on the pulmonary and also coronary and uterine circulations, thereby optimizing the vascular health of both the fetus and the mother. ..
  24. REGULATION OF NITRIC OXIDE SYNTHASE IN DEVELOPING LUNG
    Philip Shaul; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Ultimately, we may be able to take greater therapeutic advantage of the effects of E2 on the pulmonary and also coronary and uterine circulations, thereby optimizing the vascular health of both the fetus and the mother. ..
  25. REGULATION OF CYCLOOXGENASE GENES IN DEVELOPING LUNG
    Philip Shaul; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..These studies will provide fundamental new information about the regulation of pulmonary PGI/2 synthesis in the perinatal period, and about the roles of E/2 and ERs in vascular biology. ..
  26. REGULATION OF CYCLOOXGENASE GENES IN DEVELOPING LUNG
    Philip Shaul; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..These studies will provide fundamental new information about the regulation of pulmonary PGI/2 synthesis in the perinatal period, and about the roles of E/2 and ERs in vascular biology. ..
  27. REGULATION OF NITRIC OXIDE SYNTHASE IN DEVELOPING LUNG
    Philip Shaul; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ....
  28. REGULATION OF NITRIC OXIDE SYNTHASE IN DEVELOPING LUNG
    Philip Shaul; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Ultimately, we may be able to take greater therapeutic advantage of the effects of E2 on the pulmonary and also coronary and uterine circulations, thereby optimizing the vascular health of both the fetus and the mother. ..
  29. REGULATION OF CYCLOOXGENASE GENES IN DEVELOPING LUNG
    Philip Shaul; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..These studies will provide fundamental new information about the regulation of pulmonary PGI/2 synthesis in the perinatal period, and about the roles of E/2 and ERs in vascular biology. ..
  30. CHOLESTEROL AND ENDOTHELIAL NO SYNTHASE TRAFFICKING
    Philip Shaul; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..In doing so, it is anticipated that the proposed work will lead to new preventative measures and treatment modalities for atherosclerosis that complement approaches aimed at cholesterol control. ..
  31. REGULATION OF NITRIC OXIDE SYNTHASE IN DEVELOPING LUNG
    Philip Shaul; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Ultimately, we may be able to take greater therapeutic advantage of the effects of E2 on the pulmonary and also coronary and uterine circulations, thereby optimizing the vascular health of both the fetus and the mother. ..
  32. REGULATION OF CYCLOOXGENASE GENES IN DEVELOPING LUNG
    Philip Shaul; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..These studies will provide fundamental new information about the regulation of pulmonary PGI/2 synthesis in the perinatal period, and about the roles of E/2 and ERs in vascular biology. ..
  33. CHOLESTEROL AND ENDOTHELIAL NO SYNTHASE TRAFFICKING
    Philip Shaul; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..In doing so, it is anticipated that the proposed work will lead to new preventative measures and treatment modalities for atherosclerosis that complement approaches aimed at cholesterol control. ..
  34. REGULATION OF NITRIC OXIDE SYNTHASE IN DEVELOPING LUNG
    Philip Shaul; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ....
  35. REGULATION OF CYCLOOXGENASE GENES IN DEVELOPING LUNG
    Philip Shaul; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..These studies will provide fundamental new information about the regulation of pulmonary PGI/2 synthesis in the perinatal period, and about the roles of E/2 and ERs in vascular biology. ..
  36. CHOLESTEROL AND ENDOTHELIAL NO SYNTHASE TRAFFICKING
    Philip Shaul; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..In doing so, it is anticipated that the proposed work will lead to new preventative measures and treatment modalities for atherosclerosis that complement approaches aimed at cholesterol control. ..