Genomes and Genes
Summary: An order of heavy-bodied, largely terrestrial BIRDS including pheasants, TURKEYS, grouse, QUAIL, and CHICKENS.
Publications211 found, 100 shown here
- Use and knowledge of the razor-billed curassow pauxi tuberosa (spix, 1825) (galliformes, cracidae) by a riverine community of the oriental amazonia, brazilFlávio B Barros
Universidade Federal do Para, Campus Universitário de Altamira, Faculdade de Educação, Rua Coronel José Porfírio, 2515, São Sebastião 68372 040, Altamira, Para, Brazil
J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 7:1. 2011..Our study also revealed that the traditional ecological knowledge of the riverines about their environment is considerably large, and that the local biodiversity provides various ecosystem services...
- A molecular timescale for galliform birds accounting for uncertainty in time estimates and heterogeneity of rates of DNA substitutions across lineages and sitesSergio L Pereira
Department of Natural History, Royal Ontario Museum, 100 Queen s Park, Toronto, Ont, Canada M5S 2C6
Mol Phylogenet Evol 38:499-509. 2006A recent molecular timescale for major lineages of the Galliformes indicated that Megapodiidae and possibly Cracidae, originated in the Cretaceous, while the remaining families originated in the Tertiary...
- West Nile virus and greater sage-grouse: estimating infection rate in a wild bird populationBrett L Walker
Wildlife Biology Program, College of Forestry and Conservation, University of Montana, Missoula, MT 59812, USA
Avian Dis 51:691-6. 2007..Our findings also underscore problems with using seroprevalence as a surrogate for infection rate and for identifying competent hosts in highly susceptible species...
- CR1 retroposons provide a new insight into the phylogeny of Phasianidae species (Aves: Galliformes)Zhaofeng Liu
Sichuan Key Laboratory of Conservation Biology on Endangered Wildlife, College of Life Sciences, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan 610064, China
Gene 502:125-32. 2012..It showed that a CR1-based methodology has a great potential to be informative within Phasianidae in resolving relationships of closely related species whose radiation and speciation have occurred very recently...
- Taxon Selection under Split DiversityBui Quang Minh
Center for Integrative Bioinformatics Vienna, Max F Perutz Laboratories, Dr Bohr Gasse 9 6, 1030 Vienna, Austria
Syst Biol 58:586-94. 2009..We illustrate our method using a case study of game birds ("Galliformes") and discuss the different choices of taxa based on our approach and PD.
- Isolation of a 97-kb minimal essential MHC B locus from a new reverse-4D BAC library of the golden pheasantQing Ye
The Key Laboratory of Conservation Biology for Endangered Wildlife of the Ministry of Education and State Conservation Center for Gene Resources of Endangered Wildlife, College of Life Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China
PLoS ONE 7:e32154. 2012..The newly defined genomic structure of the golden pheasant MHC will give an insight into the evolutionary history of the avian MHC...
- Comparative molecular evolution and phylogenetic utility of 3'-UTRs and introns in GalliformesAmber J Bonilla
Department of Biology, The University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
Mol Phylogenet Evol 56:536-42. 2010..the phylogenetic utility and patterns of molecular evolution for 3'-UTRs and introns from five unlinked loci in Galliformes (Aves)...
- The phylogenetic position and speciation dynamics of the genus Perdix (Phasianidae, Galliformes)Xin kang Bao
School of Life Science, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China
Mol Phylogenet Evol 56:840-7. 2010..Speciation in Perdix was likely promoted by the late Pliocene/early Pleistocene intensive uplift of the Tibetan Plateau and by Pleistocene glaciations...
- Transcriptome sequencing of black grouse (Tetrao tetrix) for immune gene discovery and microsatellite developmentBiao Wang
Population Biology and Conservation Biology, Department of Ecology and Genetics, Evolutionary Biology Centre, Uppsala University, Norbyvagen 18 D, 75236 Uppsala, Sweden
Open Biol 2:120054. 2012..Genomic resources generated in this study should greatly benefit future ecological, evolutionary and conservation genetic studies on this species...
- A mitogenomic perspective on the ancient, rapid radiation in the Galliformes with an emphasis on the PhasianidaeYong Yi Shen
Kunming Institute of Zoology, The Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
BMC Evol Biol 10:132. 2010The Galliformes is a well-known and widely distributed Order in Aves...
- Insertion events of CR1 retrotransposable elements elucidate the phylogenetic branching order in galliform birdsVera B Kaiser
Department of Evolutionary Biology, Evolutionary Biology Centre, Uppsala University, Norbyvägen, Uppsala, Sweden
Mol Biol Evol 24:338-47. 2007..We discuss the potential and limitations of using a genome-based retrotransposon approach in resolving problematic phylogenies among birds...
- Fowl play and the price of petrel: long-living Procellariiformes have peroxidation-resistant membrane composition compared with short-living GalliformesWilliam A Buttemer
School of Biological Sciences, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW, Australia
Biol Lett 4:351-4. 2008..of heart phospholipids from long-living Procellariiformes (petrels and albatrosses) to those of shorter living Galliformes (fowl)...
- West Nile virus-associated mortality events in domestic Chukar partridges (Alectoris chukar) and domestic Impeyan pheasants (Lophophorus impeyanus)Arno Wunschmann
Department of Veterinary Population Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota, 1333 Gortner Avenue, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
Avian Dis 50:456-9. 2006..Viral antigen was usually widespread in animals of both species. Spontaneously occurring WNV infection should be considered a differential diagnosis in cases of mortality among select species of galliform birds...
- Phylogeny of major lineages of galliform birds (Aves: Galliformes) based on complete mitochondrial genomesX Z Kan
The Provincial Key Laboratory of the Conservation and Exploitation Research of Biological Resources in Anhui, College of Life Sciences, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu, China
Genet Mol Res 9:1625-33. 2010..We made phylogenetic analyses of 22 species of Galliformes, with two species of Anseriformes as outgroups, using maximum likelihood (ML), maximum parsimony (MP) and ..
- Molecular evolution of the Asian francolins (Francolinus, Galliformes): a modern reappraisal of a classic study in speciationG Forcina
Department of Biology, Protistology Zoology Unit, Via A Volta 6, 56126 Pisa, Italy
Mol Phylogenet Evol 65:523-34. 2012..In Pakistan, we identified F. f. asiae representatives in the Northern Areas and in the Sindh. The latter represents a relict population of Indian fauna within the Pakistani range of the Great Rann of Kachchh...
- Interspecific germline transmission of cultured primordial germ cellsMarie Cecile van de Lavoir
Crystal Bioscience Inc, Emeryville, California, United States of America
PLoS ONE 7:e35664. 2012..From a pragmatic perspective, these data are the basis of a novel strategy to produce endangered species of birds using domesticated hosts that are both tractable and fecund...
- Experimental evidence for the effects of chronic anthropogenic noise on abundance of Greater Sage-Grouse at leksJessica L Blickley
Department of Evolution and Ecology and Graduate Group in Ecology, 2320 Storer Hall, One Shields Avenue, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
Conserv Biol 26:461-71. 2012..Our results highlight the threat of anthropogenic noise to population viability for this and other sensitive species...
- Are large wattles related to particular MHC genotypes in the male pheasant?Mariella Baratti
Institute for Ecosystem Study, C N R, Via Madonna del Piano 10, 50019, Sesto Fiorentino Firenze, Italy
Genetica 138:657-65. 2010..Our results suggest that female pheasants may use the ornament size as a cue to evaluate male quality and thus choose males carrying particular MHC profiles...
- Aromatase expression in the brain of the ruffed grouse (Bonasa umbellus) and comparisons with other galliform birds (Aves, Galliformes)Jeremy R Corfield
Department of Neuroscience, University of Lethbridge, Lethbridge, AB T1K3M4, Canada
J Chem Neuroanat 47:15-27. 2013....
- Sequencing of the core MHC region of black grouse (Tetrao tetrix) and comparative genomics of the galliform MHCBiao Wang
Population Biology and Conservation Biology, Department of Ecology and Genetics, Evolutionary Biology Centre, Uppsala University, Norbyvagen 18 D, Uppsala, SE 752 36, Sweden
BMC Genomics 13:553. 2012..This kind of analysis has previously been severely hampered by the lack of genomic information on avian MHC regions, and the galliformes is still the only bird lineage where such a comparison is possible.
- Can sexual selection drive female life histories? A comparative study on Galliform birdsN Kolm
Institute of Evolutionary Biology, School of Biological Sciences, Ashworth Laboratories, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK
J Evol Biol 20:627-38. 2007..This suggests that sexual selection is linked to changes in female life history traits in Galliformes and we discuss how this link may shape patterns of life history variation among species.
- The Mhc class II of the Black grouse (Tetrao tetrix) consists of low numbers of B and Y genes with variable diversity and expressionTanja Strand
Population Biology and Conservation Biology, Department of Ecology and Evolution, Evolutionary Biology Center, Uppsala University, Norbyvagen 18D, SE 752 36, Uppsala, Sweden
Immunogenetics 59:725-34. 2007..We hypothesize that the YLB genes could have been under purifying selection, just as the mammal Mhc-E gene cluster...
- Is the peacock's train an honest signal of genetic quality at the major histocompatibility complex?M L Hale
School of Biological Sciences, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand
J Evol Biol 22:1284-94. 2009..Our results suggest that females are assessing and responding to male quality in terms of MHC diversity, but this assessment does not appear to be via train length, despite the fact that train length reflects MHC diversity...
- The energetic costs of trunk and distal-limb loading during walking and running in guinea fowl Numida meleagris: I. Organismal metabolism and biomechanicsRichard L Marsh
Department of Biology, Northeastern University, 360 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
J Exp Biol 209:2050-63. 2006..Thus, the increased energy demand of distal limb loading in guinea fowl is predicted to cause increases in energy use by both stance- and swing-phase muscles...
- Mhc class II diversity and balancing selection in greater prairie-chickensJohn A Eimes
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Wisconsin Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI 53201, USA
Genetica 138:265-71. 2010..there is growing evidence that the Mhc of many bird lineages may be more complex, even within the Order Galliformes. In this study, we measured genetic variation and balancing selection at Mhc loci in another galliform, the ..
- Is hunting mortality additive or compensatory to natural mortality? Effects of experimental harvest on the survival and cause-specific mortality of willow ptarmiganBrett K Sandercock
Division of Biology, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506, USA
J Anim Ecol 80:244-58. 2011..Impacts of winter harvest could be minimized by closing the hunting season in early November or by reducing late season quotas...
- Effects of beta-carotene on adult immune condition and antibacterial activity in the eggs of the Grey Partridge, Perdix perdixMarco Cucco
University of Piemonte Orientale, DISAV, via Bellini 25, I 15100 Alessandria, Italy
Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol 147:1038-46. 2007..The broad range of beneficial effects of carotenoids is discussed...
- The oxidation handicap hypothesis and the carotenoid allocation trade-offC Alonso-Alvarez
Instituto de Investigacion en Recursos Cinegeticos, IREC, CSIC, UCLM, JCCM, Ciudad Real, Spain
J Evol Biol 21:1789-97. 2008..The trade-off was apparently solved by reducing redness, allowing increased carotenoid availability, which could have contributed to buffer oxidative stress...
- Waves of genomic hitchhikers shed light on the evolution of gamebirds (Aves: Galliformes)Jan Ole Kriegs
Institute of Experimental Pathology ZMBE University of Münster, Von Esmarch Str, 56, D 48149 Munster, Germany
BMC Evol Biol 7:190. 2007The phylogenetic tree of Galliformes (gamebirds, including megapodes, currassows, guinea fowl, New and Old World quails, chicken, pheasants, grouse, and turkeys) has been considerably remodeled over the last decades as new data and ..
- Genetic structure of Mediterranean chukar (Alectoris chukar, Galliformes) populations: conservation and management implicationsFilippo Barbanera
Department of Biology, Protistology Zoology Unit, Via A Volta 6, Pisa, Italy
Naturwissenschaften 96:1203-12. 2009The chukar (Alectoris chukar, Galliformes) is a species hunted throughout its native range from the East Mediterranean to Manchuria and in the USA, which hosts the world's largest introduced population...
- Testosterone increases bioavailability of carotenoids: insights into the honesty of sexual signalingJ Blas
Department of Biology, University of Saskatchewan, 112 Science Place, Saskatoon, SK, Canada S7N 5E2
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:18633-7. 2006....
- Molecular evidence for hybridization of species in the genus Gallus except for Gallus variusM Nishibori
Department of Bioresource Science and Technology, Graduate School of Biosphere Science, Hiroshima University, Higashi Hiroshima 739 8528, Japan
Anim Genet 36:367-75. 2005..Alternative clustering of RJF and chicken alleles were also observed. These findings taken together strongly indicate that inter-species hybridizations have occurred between GyJF and RJF/chicken and between GyJF and CJF...
- Linking occurrence and fitness to persistence: habitat-based approach for endangered greater sage-grouseCameron L Aldridge
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada
Ecol Appl 17:508-26. 2007..This novel approach to habitat-based population viability modeling has merit for many species of concern...
- Separating behavioral and physiological mechanisms in testosterone-mediated trade-offsFrancois Mougeot
Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Hill of Brathens, Banchory AB31 4BW, Scotland, United Kingdom
Am Nat 166:158-68. 2005....
- Effects of load carrying on metabolic cost and hindlimb muscle dynamics in guinea fowl (Numida meleagris)C P McGowan
Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Concord Field Station, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
J Appl Physiol (1985) 101:1060-9. 2006..As a result, when averaged for the two muscles, EMG intensity increased in direct proportion to the fractional increase in load carried...
- Testosterone and autumn territorial behavior in male red grouse Lagopus lagopus scoticusFrancois Mougeot
Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Banchory, Aberdeenshire AB31 4BW, UK
Horm Behav 47:576-84. 2005..However, the observation that flutamide and ATD treatment did not reduce territorial behavior, suggests that estradiol may also be involved in the regulation of non-breeding aggression...
- Interactions between population processes in a cyclic species: parasites reduce autumn territorial behaviour of male red grouseFranccois Mougeot
Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Hill of Brathens, AB31 4BW, Banchory, Scotland, UK
Oecologia 144:289-98. 2005..We discuss the implications of these findings for our understanding of the processes regulating red grouse populations and causing their complex, unstable population dynamics...
- A multilocus assay reveals high nucleotide diversity and limited differentiation among Scandinavian willow grouse (Lagopus lagopus)Sofia Berlin
Department of Evolutionary Biology, Evolutionary Biology Centre, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
BMC Genet 9:89. 2008..of nucleotide diversity has been examined in the willow grouse, a non-domesticated bird species from the order Galliformes, which also holds the chicken...
- Molecular evidence for species status of the endangered Hainan peacock pheasantJiang Chang
Ministry of Education Key Laboratory for Biodiversity Sciences and Ecological Engineering, College of Life Sciences, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
Zoolog Sci 25:30-5. 2008..is declining, it is now becoming severely endangered and should be ranked as the rarest species in the Order Galliformes in China...
- Effect of geological vicariance on mitochondrial DNA differentiation in Common Pheasant populations of the Loess Plateau and eastern ChinaYing Liu
State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology and MOE Key Laboratory for Biodiversity Science and Ecological Engineering, College of Life Sciences, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
Mol Phylogenet Evol 55:409-17. 2010..24-0.22 Ma BP on the Loess Plateau may have been the impetus that effectively facilitated differentiation between different pheasant populations...
- Female crowing and differential responses to simulated conspecific intrusion in male and female Hainan partridge (Arborophila ardens)Canchao Yang
College of Life Sciences, Hainan Normal University, Haikou 571158, P R China
Zoolog Sci 28:249-53. 2011..To our knowledge, this is the first report for female crowing in the genus Arborophila, and the second case for female crowing in the family Phasianidae...
- Cutaneous form of pox infection among captive peafowl (Pavo cristatus) chicksAhrar Khan
Department of Veterinary Pathology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad 38040, Pakistan
Avian Pathol 38:65-70. 2009..Eosinophilic intracytoplasmic inclusions (Bollinger bodies) in keratinocytes were consistently present. It was concluded that avian pox rendered high morbidity, mortality and case fatality in peafowl chicks...
- Isolation and identification of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus subtype H5N1 in peafowl (Pavo cristatus)Mahmoud Moussa Ismail
Department of Clinical Studies, College of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Resources, King Faisal University, Al Ahsa, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Avian Dis 54:357-60. 2010..2 according to the World Health Organization nomenclature. The peafowl H5N1 virus falls into 2.2.2 sublineage II and clusters with the H5N1 viruses isolated from poultry in Saudi Arabia in 2007-08...
- Genetic insight into Mediterranean chukar (Alectoris chukar, Galliformes) populations inferred from mitochondrial DNA and RAPD markersFilippo Barbanera
Department of Biology, Protistology Zoology Unit, University of Pisa, Via A Volta 6, 56126 Pisa, Italy
Genetica 131:287-98. 2007The chukar (Alectoris chukar, Galliformes) is one of the most important game birds as it is widely distributed and hunted over the whole of its range...
- Factors contributing to process variance in annual survival of female greater sage-grouse in MontanaBrendan J Moynahan
Wildlife Biology Program, College of Forestry and Conservation, University of Montana, Missoula 59812, USA
Ecol Appl 16:1529-38. 2006..habitats...
- Evolution of sexual size dimorphism in grouse and allies (Aves: Phasianidae) in relation to mating competition, fecundity demands and resource divisionT Lislevand
Bergen Museum, The Natural History Collections, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
J Evol Biol 22:1895-905. 2009..Taken together, the results are most consistent with the hypothesis that lekking behaviour led to the evolution of male-biased SSD in Phasianidae...
- Development of a pheasant interspecies primordial germ cell transfer to chicken embryo: effect of donor cell sex on chimeric semen productionS J Kang
WCU Biomodulation Major, Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, and Research Institute for Agriculture and Life Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul 151 921, Korea
Theriogenology 72:519-27. 2009....
- A second TCRδ locus in Galliformes uses antibody-like V domains: insight into the evolution of TCRδ and TCRμ genes in tetrapodsZuly E Parra
Department of Biology, Center for Evolutionary and Theoretical Immunology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131 0001, USA
J Immunol 188:3912-9. 2012Analyses of the available avian genomes revealed the presence of a second TCRδ locus in the Galliformes. This second TCRδ locus is nonsyntenic to the conventional TCRα/δ and is unusual in that the V genes are more related to IgH V ..
- Phylogeography of Chinese bamboo partridge, Bambusicola thoracica thoracica (Aves: Galliformes) in south China: inference from mitochondrial DNA control-region sequencesZuhao Huang
School of Life Sciences, JingGangShan University, Ji an, Jiangxi Province, PR China
Mol Phylogenet Evol 56:273-80. 2010..The mtDNA marker suggested the existence of a geographical structure among Chinese bamboo partridge populations, resulting from the synergistic affect of Pleistocene climatic variations...
- Reproduction of wild birds via interspecies germ cell transplantationSeok Jin Kang
Department of Agricultural Biotechnology and Research Institute for Agriculture and Life Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul 151 921, Korea
Biol Reprod 79:931-7. 2008..5%. In conclusion, interspecies germ cell transfer into a developing embryo can be used for wild bird reproduction, and this reproductive technology may be applicable in conserving endangered bird species...
- Cytogenetic repartition of chicken CR1 sequences evidenced by PRINS in Galliformes and some other birdsPhilippe Coullin
UMR 8125, Cytogénétique et génomique des cancers, Institut Gustave Roussy IGR, F94807 Villejuif, Cedex, France
Chromosome Res 13:665-73. 2005..by PRINS using consensus chicken primers on the chromosomes of chicken and species of several bird orders: Galliformes, Anseriformes, Passeriformes and Falconiformes...
- Molecular phylogenetics and biogeography of Neotropical piping guans (Aves: Galliformes): Pipile Bonaparte, 1856 is synonym of Aburria Reichenbach, 1853Erwin T Grau
Departamento de Biologia, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Caixa Postal 11461, CEP 05422 970, Sao Paulo, Brazil
Mol Phylogenet Evol 35:637-45. 2005..Therefore, we conclude that these palaeogeographic events may have contributed to Neotropical taxa diversification to a greater extent than previously suspected...
- Nematode parasites reduce carotenoid-based signalling in male red grouseJesús Martínez-Padilla
Centre for Ecology and Hydrology Banchory, Banchory, Hill of Brathens, Aberdeenshire AB31 4BW, UK
Biol Lett 3:161-4. 2007..We show that experimentally reduced nematode infection increases plasma carotenoid concentration and comb redness, demonstrating for the first time that nematodes can influence carotenoid-based signals...
- FISH mapping of 57 BAC clones reveals strong conservation of synteny between Galliformes and AnseriformesV Fillon
Laboratoire de Genetique Cellulaire, INRA de Toulouse Auzeville, Castanet Tolosan, France
Anim Genet 38:303-7. 2007..These results demonstrate that the evolution of karyotypes in avian species is the result of fusion and/or fission processes and not translocations...
- Enzootic reticuloendotheliosis in the endangered Attwater's and greater prairie chickensGuillermo Zavala
Department of Population Health, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
Avian Dis 50:520-5. 2006..7 females, and 11 birds of undetermined gender). Reticuloendotheliosis virus was confirmed as a significant cause of mortality in captive prairie chickens...
- Detection of infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) genome in free-living pigeon and guinea fowl in Africa suggests involvement of wild birds in the epidemiology of IBDVChristopher J Kasanga
Laboratory of Veterinary Microbiology, Faculty of Applied Biological Sciences, Gifu Univeristy, 1 1 Yanagido, Gifu, Gifu 501 1193, Japan
Virus Genes 36:521-9. 2008..The detection of IBDV from apparently healthy guinea fowls and pigeons elucidates the role of wild birds in the epidemiology of IBDV...
- Spreading free-riding snow sports represent a novel serious threat for wildlifeRaphael Arlettaz
Zoological Institute, Division of Conservation Biology, University of Bern, Baltzerstrasse 6, 3012 Bern, Switzerland
Proc Biol Sci 274:1219-24. 2007..Disturbance by snow sport free-riders appears to elevate stress, which potentially represents a new serious threat for wildlife. The fitness and survival costs of allostatic adjustments have yet to be estimated...
- Geographical distribution and seasonality of the prevalence of Leucocytozoon lovati in Japanese rock ptarmigans (Lagopus mutus japonicus) found in the alpine regions of JapanKoichi Murata
College of Bioresource Sciences, Nihon University, Fujisawa, Kanagawa, Japan
J Vet Med Sci 69:171-6. 2007..Maejohnen-dake. It is necessary to continue surveying the relationship between the population dynamics of the ptarmigan and the density of the arthropod vector from the perspective of in situ conservation of this endangered species...
- [The helminth and coccidial fauna of pheasants (Phasianus colchicus) in view of the specific environmental conditions in pheasantries and in the wild]Stefan Gassal
Institut für Parasitologie, Veterinärmedizinische Fakultät, Universitat Leipzig
Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 119:295-302. 2006..In one pheasant an acanthocephalus (Plagiorhynchus cylindraceus) was detected for the first time in Germany and in two pheasants a trematode of the genus Echinostoma was present...
- Full genome sequence and some biological properties of reticuloendotheliosis virus strain APC-566 isolated from endangered Attwater's prairie chickensTaylor Barbosa
Department of Population Health, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602 4875, USA
Virus Res 124:68-77. 2007..The LTR was the most divergent region, exhibiting various deletions and insertions. REV APC-566 has a unique insertion of 23 bp in U3 and shares deletions of 19 and 5 bp with chicken syncytial virus and REV inserts in fowlpox virus...
- The effect of an indirect anthelmintic treatment on parasites and breeding success of free-living pheasants Phasianus colchicusR A H Draycott
The Game Conservancy Trust, Fordingbridge, Hampshire, UK
J Helminthol 80:409-15. 2006..gallinarum were significantly lower in pheasants from treatment plots six weeks after the anthelmintic treatment had ceased, but spring treatment did not influence parasite burden in the following winter...
- Cryptic species within the Tetratrichomonas gallinarum species complex revealed by molecular polymorphismIvan Cepicka
Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Science, Charles University, Vinicna 7, Prague 2 128 44, Czech Republic
Vet Parasitol 128:11-21. 2005..gallinarum pathogenicity should be re-examined with regard to specific genetic groups and zoonotic potential of some of these lineages should be considered...
- A noninvasive technique to evaluate human-generated stress in the black grouseMarjana Baltic
Zoological Institute, Division of Conservation Biology, Baltzerstrasse 6, CH 3012 Bern, Switzerland
Ann N Y Acad Sci 1046:81-95. 2005....
- A new genus and four new species of quill mites (Acari: Prostigmata: Syringophiudae) from phasianid birds (Galuformes: Phasianidae)M Skoracki
Department of Animal Morphology, A Mickiewicz University, 28 Czerwca 1956 198, 61 485 Poznan, Poland
Parasite 11:379-86. 2004..lophurus sp. n. from Lophura leucomelanos, G. bochkovi sp. n. from Tragopan sp. and Alectoris barbara, G. francolinus sp. n. from Francolinus levalliantoides, and Mironovia rouloul sp. n. from Rollulus rouloul...
- A multilocus population genetic survey of the greater sage-grouse across their rangeS J Oyler-McCance
U S Geological Survey, Fort Collins Science Center, 2150 Centre Ave, Building C, Fort Collins, CO 80526, USA
Mol Ecol 14:1293-310. 2005..The genetic data presented here, in conjunction with large-scale demographic and habitat data, will provide an integrated approach to conservation efforts for the greater sage-grouse...
- Phylogeographic structure, gene flow and species status in blue grouse (Dendragapus obscurus)George F Barrowclough
Department of Ornithology, American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West at 79th Street, New York, New York 10024, USA
Mol Ecol 13:1911-22. 2004..Genetic, morphological and behavioural evidence suggest that sooty and dusky grouse are species-level taxa; the specific status of a third clade remains ambiguous...
- Molecular phylogeny of avian genus Syrmaticus based on the mitochondrial cytochrome B gene and control regionXiang Jiang Zhan
Ministry of Education Key Laboratory for Biodiversity Science and Ecological Engineering, College of Life Sciences, Beijing Normal University, China
Zoolog Sci 22:427-35. 2005..The origin and speciation processes of the studied group were inferred by combining molecular and biogeographical evidences...
- Genetic evaluation of a proposed introduction: the case of the greater prairie chicken and the extinct heath henEric P Palkovacs
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Yale Institute for Biospheric Studies, Yale University, 165 Prospect Street, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
Mol Ecol 13:1759-69. 2004....
- Phylogeny and molecular evolution of Tetraogallus in ChinaRuan Luzhang
School of Life Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, Gansu, 730000, P R China
Biochem Genet 43:507-18. 2005..The dark-bellied and white-bellied speciation first occurred along with the uplift of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. A maximum glacier (0.80-0.60 Ma BP) led to the formation of T. altaicus...
- [Molecular cloning of activin betaA subunit mature peptide from peafowl and its application in taxonomy and phylogeny]Fang Dong Zou
Key Laboratory for Reproduction and Conservation Genetics of Endangered Wild Life of Sichuan Province, College of Life Science, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064, China
Yi Chuan 27:231-5. 2005....
- Comparative analysis of the prion protein open reading frame nucleotide sequences in peacock and parakeetJian Min Yang
National Animal Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies Laboratory, College of Veterinary Medicine, China Agricultural University, 100094, Beijing, People s Republic of China
Virus Genes 30:193-6. 2005..The present work added two more species data to the collection of the PrP genes and supported the previous findings that the PrP genes are highly conserved across species...
- Survey on helminthofauna in pheasants from Eastern EuropeM P Tampieri
Dipartimento di Sanità Pubblica Veterinaria e Patologia Animale, Universita di Bologna, Ozzano Emilia, Bologna, Italy
Parassitologia 47:241-5. 2005..The release of game from foreign countries, therefore, may always constitute a risk for the autochthonous one due to the spread of new parasitic infections...
- Avoiding bias in parasite excretion estimates: the effect of sampling time and type of faecesD Villanúa
Instituto de Investigación en Recursos Cinegéticos IREC, CSIC UCLM JCCM Ronda de Toledo s n, 13071 Ciudad Real, Spain
Parasitology 133:251-9. 2006..Similarly, in bird species with long caeca, consistent collection of one type of faeces may avoid significant errors in parasite burden estimates...
- Changes in parasite transmission stage excretion after pheasant releaseD Villanúa
Instituto de Investigación en Recursos Cinegéticos IREC, CSIC UCLM JCCM, Ronda de Toledo s n, 13071 Ciudad Real, Spain
J Helminthol 80:313-8. 2006..To avoid these risks it is proposed that improved prophylactic measures should be taken...
- Assays to detect West Nile virus in dead birdsWard B Stone
New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Albany, New York, USA
Emerg Infect Dis 11:1770-3. 2005..The sensitivities of RAMP and VecTest for testing corvid species were 91.0% and 82.1%, respectively...
- Experimental toxoplasmosis in red-legged partridges (Alectoris rufa) fed Toxoplasma gondii oocystsC Martínez-Carrasco
Departamento de Sanidad Animal, Facultad de Veterinaria, Campus Universitario de Espinardo, 30100 Murcia, Spain
Vet Parasitol 130:55-60. 2005..Lesions were not seen in histologic sections of tissues from surviving partridges. These results suggest that red-legged partridges are resistant to clinical toxoplasmosis...
- Liver metal concentrations in Greater Sage-grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus)Rebecca N Dailey
Department of Veterinary Sciences, Wyoming State Veterinary Laboratory, University of Wyoming, 1174 Snowy Range Road, Laramie, Wyoming 82070, USA
J Wildl Dis 44:494-8. 2008..Adult birds had higher concentrations of Ni and Cd compared to juveniles. In addition, Zn and Cu concentrations were significantly elevated in WNv-positive birds...
- Molecular insight into a wildlife crime: the case of a peafowl slaughterSandeep Kumar Gupta
Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Hyderabad, India
Forensic Sci Int 154:214-7. 2005....
- Staphylococcal tenosynovitis in pheasantsJohn Robert Dalton
Vet Rec 161:796. 2007
- Parasites of the endangered Cantabrian capercaillie (Tetrao urogallus cantabricus): correlates with host abundance and lek site characteristicsJavier Millan
Fundació Natura Parc, Santa Eugènia Balearic Islands, Spain
Parasitol Res 103:709-12. 2008..Although no relation was found with host abundance, the low parasite species diversity, prevalence, and abundance may indirectly reflect the decline of the Cantabrian capercaillie populations...
- Experimental infection of Attwater's/greater prairie chicken hybrids with the reticuloendotheliosis virusRyan L Bohls
Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA
Avian Dis 50:613-9. 2006..With the exception of a bird that died from bacterial pneumonia 8 wk postinfection, neoplasia, resembling that seen in naturally occurring infections, was observed in all birds, even those receiving as little as 200 TCID50 of virus...
- Two new Eimeria species (Protozoa: Eimeriidae) from wild rock ptarmigans, Lagopus muta islandorum, in IcelandK Skirnisson
Laboratory of Parasitology, Institute for Experimental Pathology, Keldur, University of Iceland, IS 112 Reykjavik, Iceland
Parasitol Res 101:1077-81. 2007..4 x 8.0 (12-15.5 x 6.5-9) microm. Sporocysts contain a diffuse granular residuum, and each sporozoite has two different-sized refractile bodies...
- [Cuclotogaster heterographus (Mallophaga: Lipeuridae) infestation on ring-necked pheasants (Phasianus colchicus) in Konya]Bilal Dik
Selçuk Universitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Parazitoloji Anabilim Dali, Konya
Turkiye Parazitol Derg 30:125-7. 2006..All of the ectoparasites were identified as the chewing lice (Mallophaga), Cuclotogaster heterographus. This is the first study that has recorded the presence of C. heterographus on ring-necked pheasants in Turkey...
- Mycotic proventriculitis in gray partridges (Perdix perdix) on two game bird farmsDesiree S Jansson
Department of Pigs, Poultry and Ruminants, National Veterinary Institute, SE 751 89 Uppsala, Sweden
J Zoo Wildl Med 39:428-37. 2008..The findings presented in this paper suggest that mycotic proventriculitis, presumably associated with M. ornithogaster, may be a serious but possibly opportunistic, although unusual, disease problem in gray partridges on game farms...
- Predation as a cause of neurologic signs and acute mortality in a pheasant flockM P Martin
University of California at Davis, School of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Population Health and Reproduction, 1 Shields Avenue, 1114 Tupper Hall, Davis, CA 95616, USA
Avian Dis 50:463-6. 2006..The relationship of the chronic respiratory disease to the predation episode was not determined but it is possible that pheasants with severe respiratory disease may have had increased susceptibility to predation...
- An observation of Clostridium perfringens in Greater Sage-GrouseChristian A Hagen
Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife, Bend, Oregon 97702, USA
J Wildl Dis 43:545-7. 2007..Clostridial enteritis is known to cause outbreaks of mortality in various domestic and wild birds, and should be considered as a potential cause of mortality in sage-grouse populations...
- Fluid absorption in the small intestine of healthy game birds and those infected with Spironucleus sppS Lloyd
Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Cambridge, UK
Avian Pathol 34:252-7. 2005..Doubling the glucose concentration in the buffer to 40 mM significantly enhanced absorption...
- Adenovirus group II-like infection in chukar partridges (Alectoris chukar)H L Shivaprasad
California Animal Health and Food Safety Laboratory System, Fresno Branch, University of California, Davis, 2789 South Orange Avenue, Fresno, CA 93725, USA
Avian Dis 52:353-6. 2008..Three out of seven chukars were positive for hemorrhagic enteritis virus by serology...
- Trichurid nematodes in ring-necked pheasants from backyard flocks of the State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: frequency and pathologyRoberto Magalhães Pinto
Laboratorio de Helmintos Parasitos de Vertebrados, Departamento de Helmintologia, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz FIOCRUZ, Av Brasil 43565, 21040 900 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 99:721-6. 2004..Gross and microscopic lesions were absent in the pheasants parasitized with E. annulatus and B. obsignata...
- [An outbreak of coccidiosis in partridge (Rhynchotus rufescens), reared in captivity, by Eimeria rhynchoti Reis and Nobrega, 1936 (Apicomplexa: Emeriidae)]Fagner Luiz da C Freitas
Programa de Pós Graduação em Medicina Veterinária, Departamento de Patologia Animal da Universidade Estadual Paulista, Campus de Jaboticabal, Zona Rural, Jaboticabal, SP, 14884900, Brazil
Rev Bras Parasitol Vet 15:85-7. 2006..The sporozoites are contrary extending along the sporocysts wall possessing refracts body of easy visualization...
- Phylogeography of rusty-necklaced partridge (Alectoris magna) in northwestern ChinaZuhao Huang
School of Life Sciences, JingGangShan University, Ji an, Jiangxi Province 343009, China
Mol Phylogenet Evol 43:379-85. 2007..Ball, R.M., Bermingham, E., Lamb, T., Niegel, J.E., Reeb, C.A., Saunders, N.C., 1987. Intraspecific phylogeography: the mitochondrial DNA bridge between population genetics and systematics. Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 18, 489-522]...
- Genetic characterization of avian metapneumovirus subtype C isolated from pheasants in a live bird marketEun Ho Lee
College of Medicine and Medical Research Institute, Chungbuk National University, 12 Gaeshin Dong Heungduk Ku, Cheongju 361 763, Republic of Korea
Virus Res 128:18-25. 2007..This is the first report of the isolation and complete genomic sequence of aMPV subtype C originating from pheasants...
- Recency, range expansion, and unsorted lineages: implications for interpreting neutral genetic variation in the sharp-tailed grouse (Tympanuchus phasianellus)A W Spaulding
Department of Biology, Utah State University, 5305 Old Main Hill, Logan, Utah 84322 5305, USA
Mol Ecol 15:2317-32. 2006..We suggest that in such cases, morphological, ecological, and behavioural data may be particularly important adjuncts to molecular data for the recognition of historically or adaptively divergent groups...
- Co-circulation of distinct genetic lineages of astroviruses in turkeys and guinea fowlG Cattoli
Virology Department, Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale delle Venezie, Legnaro PD, Italy
Arch Virol 152:595-602. 2007..This investigation provides genetic and epidemiological information contributing to a better understanding of enteric viral infections in turkeys and guinea fowl...
- Rapid courtship evolution in grouse (Tetraonidae): contrasting patterns of acceleration between the Eurasian and North American polygynous cladesAllen Spaulding
Department of Biology, Utah State University, 5305 Old Main Hill, Logan, UT 84322 5305, USA
Proc Biol Sci 274:1079-86. 2007..These results suggest that sexual selection has accelerated courtship evolution among grouse, although the microevolutionary details appear to vary among clades...
- Identification of novel polymorphisms in the B-LB locus of Gallus lafayetteiM D Lambourne
Department of Pathobiology, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada
Anim Genet 36:445-8. 2005
- Genetic structure of Przewalski's rock partridge (Alectoris magna) populations in the Longzhong Loess Plateau, ChinaYanke Chen
School of Life Science, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, 730000, P R China
Biochem Genet 44:209-21. 2006..Genetic data indeed suggest that patterns of speciation and population diversification of A. magna in the Longzhong Plateau have been affected by the stability of the climate, natural selection, and human intervention...
- Ancient DNA elucidates the controversy about the flightless island hens (Gallinula sp.) of Tristan da CunhaDick S J Groenenberg
National Museum of Natural History Naturalis, Leiden, The Netherlands
PLoS ONE 3:e1835. 2008..This study confirms that among gallinules seemingly radical adaptations (such as the loss of flight) can readily evolve in parallel on different islands, while conspicuous changes in other morphological characters fail to occur...
- An application of control region sequence as a matrilineage marker for Elliot's pheasant of a zoo populationPing Ping Jiang
College of Life Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, PR China
Anim Biotechnol 16:11-5. 2005..Meanwhile, the matrilineage information may be compensatory data if there were no any pedigree records in captive species for breeding management...
- Effect of supplemental roughage on behavior, physiological stress response, and egg production parameters of farmed partridges (Perdix perdix)J B Kjaer
Federal Agricultural Research Centre, Institute for Animal Welfare and Animal Husbandry, D 29223 Celle, Germany
Poult Sci 86:1640-5. 2007....
- Role of small mammals in the persistence of Louping-ill virus: field survey and tick co-feeding studiesL Gilbert
Institute of Biological Sciences, Department of Biological and Molecular Sciences, Stirling University, Stirling, UK
Med Vet Entomol 14:277-82. 2000Louping-ill (LI) is a tick-borne viral disease of red grouse, Lagopus lagopus scoticus Lath. (Tetraonidae: Galliformes), and sheep, Ovis aries L. (Bovidae: Artiodactyla), that causes economic loss to upland farms and sporting estates...
- Genome Mapping Resources for the BudgerigarEdward Smith; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- MECHANICAL FUNCTION OF MUSCLE DURING MOVEMENTRichard Marsh; Fiscal Year: 2005..Such studies will eventually assist in designing rehabilitative strategies that require an understanding of the diverse roles of muscles during movement. ..
- Development of West Nile virus surveillance systems andLarry Clark; Fiscal Year: 2005..This study will provide both a risk management simulation model and empirical surveillance system. ..
- Bayesian methods for analyzing genetic diversityKENT HOLSINGER; Fiscal Year: 2006..Moreover, we develop refinements to existing user-friendly software implementing the methods we develop and make the software and the associated source code freely available under the GNU General Public license. ..
- Individual muscle function in human walkingCRAIG MCGOWAN; Fiscal Year: 2008..Individual muscle function will be determined through electromyographic (EMG) analysis of experimental data and predictions from the simulations. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..