columbidae

Summary

Summary: Family in the order COLUMBIFORMES, comprised of pigeons or doves. They are BIRDS with short legs, stout bodies, small heads, and slender bills. Some sources call the smaller species doves and the larger pigeons, but the names are interchangeable.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Pathotypical characterization and molecular epidemiology of Newcastle disease virus isolates from different hosts in China from 1996 to 2005
    Zhuo ming Qin
    Institute of Poultry Science, Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Jinan 250100, China
    J Clin Microbiol 46:601-11. 2008
  2. ncbi Parasite mediated mortality and host immune response explain age-related differences in blood parasitism in birds
    Daniel Sol
    Department of Biology, McGill University, 1205 Avenue Docteur Penfield, Montreal, Quebec, H3A 1B1, Canada
    Oecologia 135:542-7. 2003
  3. doi Influenza A virus receptors in the respiratory and intestinal tracts of pigeons
    Yuehuan Liu
    Institute of Animal and Husbandry Medicine, Beijing Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences, Beijing, PR China
    Avian Pathol 38:263-6. 2009
  4. ncbi Single units in the pigeon brain integrate reward amount and time-to-reward in an impulsive choice task
    Tobias Kalenscher
    Department of Biopsychology, Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, GAFO 05 618, Ruhr University Bochum, Universitatsstrasse 150, 44780 Bochum, Germany
    Curr Biol 15:594-602. 2005
  5. pmc Characterization of newly emerging Newcastle disease virus isolates from the People's Republic of China and Taiwan
    L Yu
    Animal Health Biotechnology Laboratory, Institute of Molecular Agrobiology, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117604
    J Clin Microbiol 39:3512-9. 2001
  6. pmc Objectively identifying landmark use and predicting flight trajectories of the homing pigeon using Gaussian processes
    Richard Mann
    Department of Engineering Science, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    J R Soc Interface 8:210-9. 2011
  7. doi More than classical Chlamydia psittaci in urban pigeons
    Konrad Sachse
    Friedrich Loeffler Institut Federal Research Institute for Animal Health, Institute of Molecular Pathogenesis, Jena, Germany
    Vet Microbiol 157:476-80. 2012
  8. pmc Neural correlates of executive control in the avian brain
    Jonas Rose
    Department of Psychology, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    PLoS Biol 3:e190. 2005
  9. ncbi Nonspatial and subdivision-specific working memory deficits after selective lesions of the avian prefrontal cortex
    Bettina Diekamp
    Biopsychology, Department of Psychology, Ruhr University Bochum, 44780 Bochum, Germany
    J Neurosci 22:9573-80. 2002
  10. ncbi Functional aspects of dopamine metabolism in the putative prefrontal cortex analogue and striatum of pigeons (Columba livia)
    Tobias Bast
    Biopsychologie, Fakultat fur Psychologie, Ruhr Universitat Bochum, 44780 Bochum, Germany
    J Comp Neurol 446:58-67. 2002

Research Grants

  1. Responses and Equivalence Classes
    Peter Urcuioli; Fiscal Year: 2005
  2. Responses and Equivalence Classes
    Peter Urcuioli; Fiscal Year: 2003
  3. Basic processes in the development of stimulus classes and emergent behavior
    Peter J Urcuioli; Fiscal Year: 2010
  4. Responses and Equivalence Classes
    Peter Urcuioli; Fiscal Year: 2007
  5. Responses and Equivalence Classes
    Peter Urcuioli; Fiscal Year: 2006
  6. Responses and Equivalence Classes
    Peter Urcuioli; Fiscal Year: 2004
  7. MOLECULAR VARIABLES AFFECTING CHOICE BEHAVIOR
    JAMES MAZUR; Fiscal Year: 2005
  8. MOLECULAR VARIABLES AFFECTING CHOICE BEHAVIOR
    JAMES MAZUR; Fiscal Year: 2008
  9. MOLECULAR VARIABLES AFFECTING CHOICE BEHAVIOR
    JAMES MAZUR; Fiscal Year: 2009
  10. MOLECULAR VARIABLES AFFECTING CHOICE BEHAVIOR
    JAMES MAZUR; Fiscal Year: 2002

Detail Information

Publications221 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Pathotypical characterization and molecular epidemiology of Newcastle disease virus isolates from different hosts in China from 1996 to 2005
    Zhuo ming Qin
    Institute of Poultry Science, Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Jinan 250100, China
    J Clin Microbiol 46:601-11. 2008
    ....
  2. ncbi Parasite mediated mortality and host immune response explain age-related differences in blood parasitism in birds
    Daniel Sol
    Department of Biology, McGill University, 1205 Avenue Docteur Penfield, Montreal, Quebec, H3A 1B1, Canada
    Oecologia 135:542-7. 2003
    ....
  3. doi Influenza A virus receptors in the respiratory and intestinal tracts of pigeons
    Yuehuan Liu
    Institute of Animal and Husbandry Medicine, Beijing Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences, Beijing, PR China
    Avian Pathol 38:263-6. 2009
    ..Overall, the results suggest that SAalpha2,6Gal is the major receptor in the pigeon airway, which may partly contribute to the resistance of pigeons to Asian lineage HPAIV subtype H5N1...
  4. ncbi Single units in the pigeon brain integrate reward amount and time-to-reward in an impulsive choice task
    Tobias Kalenscher
    Department of Biopsychology, Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, GAFO 05 618, Ruhr University Bochum, Universitatsstrasse 150, 44780 Bochum, Germany
    Curr Biol 15:594-602. 2005
    ..Despite increasing knowledge about the pharmacology and anatomy underlying impulsivity, it is still unknown how the brain combines reward amount and time-to-reward information to represent subjective reward value...
  5. pmc Characterization of newly emerging Newcastle disease virus isolates from the People's Republic of China and Taiwan
    L Yu
    Animal Health Biotechnology Laboratory, Institute of Molecular Agrobiology, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117604
    J Clin Microbiol 39:3512-9. 2001
    ..Finally, a cross-protective experiment indicated that at least one strain (Ch-A7/96) among our NDV isolates was an antigenic variant, responsible for recent outbreaks of ND in vaccinated chicken flocks...
  6. pmc Objectively identifying landmark use and predicting flight trajectories of the homing pigeon using Gaussian processes
    Richard Mann
    Department of Engineering Science, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    J R Soc Interface 8:210-9. 2011
    ..We subsequently find that the most informative elements of the flight trajectories coincide with landscape features that have previously been suggested as important components of the homing task...
  7. doi More than classical Chlamydia psittaci in urban pigeons
    Konrad Sachse
    Friedrich Loeffler Institut Federal Research Institute for Animal Health, Institute of Molecular Pathogenesis, Jena, Germany
    Vet Microbiol 157:476-80. 2012
    ..Future surveys in domestic and wild birds will have to take the extended variety of chlamydial organisms into account...
  8. pmc Neural correlates of executive control in the avian brain
    Jonas Rose
    Department of Psychology, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    PLoS Biol 3:e190. 2005
    ..This form of executive control is fundamental not only to working memory, but also to all cognition...
  9. ncbi Nonspatial and subdivision-specific working memory deficits after selective lesions of the avian prefrontal cortex
    Bettina Diekamp
    Biopsychology, Department of Psychology, Ruhr University Bochum, 44780 Bochum, Germany
    J Neurosci 22:9573-80. 2002
    ..Differences in the connections of these subdivisions with striatal areas and other association areas in the frontomedial forebrain underline functional differences. The data indicate a possible segregation of functions in the avian NCL...
  10. ncbi Functional aspects of dopamine metabolism in the putative prefrontal cortex analogue and striatum of pigeons (Columba livia)
    Tobias Bast
    Biopsychologie, Fakultat fur Psychologie, Ruhr Universitat Bochum, 44780 Bochum, Germany
    J Comp Neurol 446:58-67. 2002
    ..They may reflect weaker regulation of extracellular DA, favoring DAergic volume transmission, in associative than striatal forebrain regions...
  11. ncbi Differential increase of extracellular dopamine and serotonin in the 'prefrontal cortex' and striatum of pigeons during working memory
    Dilek Karakuyu
    Biopsychologie, Fakultat fur Psychologie, Ruhr Universitat Bochum, 44780 Bochum, Germany
    Eur J Neurosci 26:2293-302. 2007
    ..Our findings thus show a triple dissociation between transmitters, structures and tasks within the avian 'prefronto'-striatal system...
  12. pmc Histological and global gene expression analysis of the 'lactating' pigeon crop
    Meagan J Gillespie
    CSIRO Livestock Industries, Australian Animal Health Laboratory, 5 Portarlington Road, Geelong, Vic, Australia
    BMC Genomics 12:452. 2011
    ..Studies have investigated the nutritional value of pigeon 'milk' but very little else is known about what it is or how it is produced. This study aimed to gain insight into the process by studying gene expression in the 'lactating' crop...
  13. ncbi The role of dopamine in maintenance and distractability of attention in the "prefrontal cortex" of pigeons
    J Rose
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, Biopsychology, Department of Psychology, Ruhr University of Bochum, 44780 Bochum, Germany
    Neuroscience 167:232-7. 2010
    ..This is comparable to the role dopamine plays in working memory and argues for similar mechanisms underlying selective attention and working memory...
  14. doi Activational rather than navigational effects of odors on homing of young pigeons
    Paulo E Jorge
    Centro de Biologia Ambiental, Museu Nacional de Historia Natural, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal
    Curr Biol 19:650-4. 2009
    ..These findings show that odors, rather than providing navigational information, activate a nonolfactory path integration system...
  15. doi Pathogenicity of Chinese H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses in pigeons
    Beibei Jia
    Animal Influenza Laboratory of the Ministry of Agriculture and National Key Laboratory of Veterinary Biotechnology, Harbin Veterinary Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Harbin, People s Republic of China
    Arch Virol 153:1821-6. 2008
    ..These results indicate that pigeons are susceptible to the more recent Asian H5N1 HPAI and could be a source of infection to other animals, including humans...
  16. doi Navigational abilities of adult and experienced homing pigeons deprived of olfactory or trigeminally mediated magnetic information
    Anna Gagliardo
    Dipartimento di Biologia, University of Pisa, Italy
    J Exp Biol 212:3119-24. 2009
    ..Our data show that even in trained adult pigeons, olfactory cues are needed for homing from unfamiliar locations and that the lack of magnetic information does not affect navigational abilities of experienced adult homing pigeons...
  17. pmc Pigeons combine compass and landmark guidance in familiar route navigation
    Dora Biro
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:7471-6. 2007
    ..Thus, we demonstrate conditions under which compass orientation and landmark guidance must be combined into a system of simultaneous or oscillating dual control...
  18. ncbi The role of the magnetite-based receptors in the beak in pigeon homing
    Roswitha Wiltschko
    Fachbereich Biowissenschaften, J W Goethe Universität Frankfurt, Siesmayerstrasse 70, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
    Curr Biol 20:1534-8. 2010
    ..These findings indicate that the receptors in the beak mediate magnetic "map" information and that this information is normally included in the navigational process yet can be replaced by nonmagnetic factors at most sites...
  19. ncbi Neural correlates of directed forgetting in the avian prefrontal cortex
    Michelle Milmine
    Department of Psychology, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Behav Neurosci 122:199-209. 2008
    ..The authors discuss the extent to which the findings are in line with the view that the sustained activity reflects memory for the sample stimulus or memory for reward...
  20. ncbi From compromise to leadership in pigeon homing
    Dora Biro
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3PS, United Kingdom
    Curr Biol 16:2123-8. 2006
    ..In the context of mass migration of birds and other animals, our results imply that simple self-organizing rules can produce behaviors that improve accuracy in decision-making and thus benefit individuals traveling in groups ...
  21. ncbi Rapid detection of pigeon herpesvirus, fowl adenovirus and pigeon circovirus in young racing pigeons by multiplex PCR
    Markus Freick
    Institute for Virology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Leipzig, An den Tierkliniken 29, D 04103 Leipzig, Germany
    J Virol Methods 148:226-31. 2008
    ..The usefulness of the multiplex PCR was demonstrated by re-investigation of liver samples from young racing pigeons previously tested positive by uniplex PCRs...
  22. pmc Brain cells in the avian 'prefrontal cortex' code for features of slot-machine-like gambling
    Damian Scarf
    Department of Psychology, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    PLoS ONE 6:e14589. 2011
    ..These findings not only add to recent neurophysiological research employing simulated gambling paradigms, but also add to research addressing the functional correspondence between the avian NCL and primate PFC...
  23. ncbi Out of context: NMDA receptor antagonism in the avian 'prefrontal cortex' impairs context processing in a conditional discrimination task
    Silke Lissek
    Institute for Cognitive Neuroscience, Faculty of Psychology, Department of Biopsychology, Ruhr Universitat Bochum, Bochum, Germany
    Behav Neurosci 119:797-805. 2005
    ..Therefore, NMDA receptors in the avian PFC participate in response selection requiring context processing rather than in response selection per se...
  24. doi Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in domestic pigeons (Columba livia) in Guangdong Province of southern China
    C Yan
    State Key Laboratory of Veterinary Etiological Biology, Key Laboratory of Veterinary Parasitology of Gansu Province, Lanzhou Veterinary Research Institute, CAAS, Lanzhou, Gansu Province 730046, PR China
    Vet Parasitol 177:371-3. 2011
    ..gondii in the examined pigeon farms, which poses potential risk for human infection with T. gondii. To our knowledge, this is the first seroprevalence survey of pigeons infected by T. gondii in People's Republic of China...
  25. ncbi A disease complex associated with pigeon circovirus infection, young pigeon disease syndrome
    Rüdiger Raue
    Institute for Virology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Leipzig, An den Tierkliniken 29, D 04103, Leipzig, Germany
    Avian Pathol 34:418-25. 2005
    ..The results of this study indicate that YPDS is a multifactorial disease in which pigeon circovirus might be a crucial factor, possibly by inducing immunosuppression in infected birds...
  26. doi Neuronal encoding of meaning: establishing category-selective response patterns in the avian 'prefrontal cortex'
    Janina A Kirsch
    Department of Biopsychology, Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, Faculty of Psychology, Ruhr University Bochum, 44780 Bochum, Germany
    Behav Brain Res 198:214-23. 2009
    ..This backward shift in time resembles response patterns assumed by the temporal difference (TD) model of reinforcement learning, but goes beyond it, since it reflects the neuronal correlate of functional categories...
  27. ncbi Cognitive impairments after lesions of the neostriatum caudolaterale and its thalamic afferent in pigeons: functional similarities to the mammalian prefrontal system?
    O Gunturkun
    Department of Psychology, Ruhr University Bochum, Germany
    J Hirnforsch 38:133-43. 1997
    ..It is concluded that the functional similarities of the prefrontal cortex and the NCL extent at least partly to their thalamic afferent structures, although these diencephalic nuclei differ considerably in their anatomy...
  28. doi Delay activity in avian prefrontal cortex--sample code or reward code?
    Rebecca Browning
    Department of Psychology, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Eur J Neurosci 33:726-35. 2011
    ..Our findings suggest that activity in the avian PFC represents the outcome associated with each sample (reward or no reward) rather than memory for the sample itself...
  29. doi Impact of urban environment and host phenotype on the epidemiology of Chlamydiaceae in feral pigeons (Columba livia)
    J Gasparini
    Laboratoire Ecologie et Evolution EcoEvo, CNRS ENS UPMC UMR 7625, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, 7 quai St Bernard, 75252 Paris, France
    Environ Microbiol 13:3186-93. 2011
    ..Our study thus highlights the importance of considering environmental and host phenotype when investigating the epidemiology of infectious diseases...
  30. ncbi Single unit activity during a Go/NoGo task in the "prefrontal cortex" of pigeons
    T Kalt
    AE Biopsychologie, Fakultat fur Psychologie, Ruhr Universitat Bochum, Germany
    Brain Res 839:263-78. 1999
    ..These neuronal activity patterns suggest that the NCL provides a neural network that participates in the integration and processing of external stimuli in order to generate goal directed behavior...
  31. doi Characterization of the complete mitochondrial genome of the Rock pigeon, Columba livia (Columbiformes: Columbidae)
    X Z Kan
    The Provincial Key Laboratory of the Conservation and Exploitation Research of Biological Resources in Anhui, College of Life Sciences, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu, China
    Genet Mol Res 9:1234-49. 2010
    The rock pigeon (Columba livia), or Rock dove, is a member of the bird family Columbidae. We mapped the complete mitochondrial genome of the Rock pigeon...
  32. ncbi Age-related increase of superoxide generation in the brains of mammals and birds
    Toru Sasaki
    Research Team for Molecular Biomarker, Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology, Tokyo 173 0015, Japan
    Aging Cell 7:459-69. 2008
    ..This suggested that superoxide production itself may increase with age. We speculated that reactive oxygen may be a signal to determine the aging process...
  33. ncbi Elemental versus configural perception in a people-present/people-absent discrimination task by pigeons
    Ulrike Aust
    University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
    Learn Behav 31:213-24. 2003
    ..This result strongly suggests that responding was controlled by both the constituting target components and their spatial relations and, therefore, points to the dual importance of elemental and configural information...
  34. ncbi Navigational abilities of homing pigeons deprived of olfactory or trigeminally mediated magnetic information when young
    Anna Gagliardo
    Dipartimento di Biologia, University of Pisa, Via A Volta 6, Pisa, Italy
    J Exp Biol 211:2046-51. 2008
    ..Our data show that olfactory cues are needed for the development of navigational abilities from unfamiliar locations and that the lack of magnetic information does not affect the development of homing abilities...
  35. ncbi Biological and molecular characterization of Indian isolates of Newcastle disease virus from pigeons
    K Kumanan
    Department of Animal Biotechnology, Madras Veterinary College, Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Chennai 600007, India
    Acta Virol 49:105-9. 2005
    ..Three of these velogenic isolates were phylogenetically related to mesogenic vaccine virus strain and the fourth one to a few exotic velogenic isolates. The lentogenic isolate obtained in this study was identical with the LaSota strain...
  36. ncbi Working memory neurons in pigeons
    Bettina Diekamp
    Biopsychologie, Fakultat fur Psychologie, Ruhr Universitat Bochum, 44780 Bochum, Germany
    J Neurosci 22:RC210. 2002
    ....
  37. ncbi The receptor architecture of the pigeons' nidopallium caudolaterale: an avian analogue to the mammalian prefrontal cortex
    Christina Herold
    C and O Vogt Institute of Brain Research, University of Dusseldorf, 40225 Dusseldorf, Germany
    Brain Struct Funct 216:239-54. 2011
    ..The differences in glutamate receptor distributions may reflect species-specific adaptations...
  38. ncbi Matrix protein gene sequence analysis of avian paramyxovirus 1 isolates obtained from pigeons
    Flavia Zanetti
    Instituto de Biotecnologia, Centro de Investigaciones en Ciencias Veterinarias y Agropecuarias, Instituto Nacional de Tecnologia Agropecuaria, Castelar, Buenos Aires, Argentina
    Virus Genes 26:199-206. 2003
    ..Specifically, isolates from pigeons and doves, members of the Columbidae family were examined...
  39. doi Olfactory lateralization in homing pigeons: a GPS study on birds released with unilateral olfactory inputs
    Anna Gagliardo
    Department of Biology, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy
    J Exp Biol 214:593-8. 2011
    ..g. during flights around a stopover site. These data suggest a more important involvement of the right olfactory system in processing the olfactory information needed for the operation of the navigational map...
  40. ncbi NMDA and D2-like receptors modulate cognitive flexibility in a color discrimination reversal task in pigeons
    Christina Herold
    Institute for Cognitive Neuroscience, Department of Biopsychology, Faculty of Psychology, Ruhr University Bochum
    Behav Neurosci 124:381-90. 2010
    ..Our data support the hypothesis that D2-like receptor mechanisms, like N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor modulations, are involved in cognitive flexibility and relearning processes, but not in initial learning of stimulus-reward association...
  41. ncbi Resistance of immune-suppressed pigeons to subtypes H5N2 and H6N1 low pathogenic avian influenza virus
    Tsung Hsiu Fang
    Graduate Institute of Veterinary Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei
    Avian Dis 50:269-72. 2006
    ..Therefore, it was concluded that the pigeons are resistant to infection with these two LPAIVs and do not serve as transmission hosts, even in the presence of immune dysfunction...
  42. ncbi Characterization of pigeon-origin Newcastle disease virus isolated in China
    Hualei Liu
    National Reference Laboratory for Newcastle Disease, Animal Quarantine Institute, Ministry of Agriculture, Qingdao, China 260032
    Avian Dis 50:636-40. 2006
    ..One isolate, PK9901, was proved to be a lentogenic strain, of genotype II NDV, to which the vaccine strain La Sota belongs...
  43. doi Point of decision: when do pigeons decide to head home?
    Ingo Schiffner
    Fachbereich Biowissenschaften, J W Goethe Universität Frankfurt, Siesmayerstr 70, 60054, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
    Naturwissenschaften 96:251-8. 2009
    ..The behavior during this phase seems to be controlled by flight preparation, exploration, and non-navigational motivations rather than by navigational necessities alone...
  44. ncbi Neurotropism of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus A/chicken/Indonesia/2003 (H5N1) in experimentally infected pigeons (Columbia livia f. domestica)
    R Klopfleisch
    Institute of Infectology, Friedrich Loeffler Institut, Federal Research Institute for Animal Health, 17493 Greifswald Insel Riems, Germany
    Vet Pathol 43:463-70. 2006
    ..Although sentinel chickens and most pigeons did not develop disease, further experiments have to elucidate whether or not Columbiformes are involved in transmission and spread of highly pathogenic avian influenza...
  45. pmc Activational effects of odours on avian navigation
    Paulo E Jorge
    Department of Biological Sciences, Virginia Tech, 4100 Derring Hall, Blacksburg, VA 24061 0406, USA
    Proc Biol Sci 277:45-9. 2010
    ..This test decisively contradicts the olfactory map hypothesis, which predicts that olfactory cues are the primary source of navigational information used by birds...
  46. ncbi A strong magnetic anomaly affects pigeon navigation
    Roswitha Wiltschko
    Fachbereich Biowissenschaften der JW Goethe Universität Frankfurt, Siesmayerstrasse 70, D 60054 Frankfurt am Main, Germany
    J Exp Biol 212:2983-90. 2009
    ..This, in turn, implies that pigeons can sense the respective changes in magnetic intensity. Magnetic cues seem to be included in the normal navigational processes that determine the departure direction...
  47. ncbi How the viewing of familiar landscapes prior to release allows pigeons to home faster: evidence from GPS tracking
    Dora Biro
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, UK
    J Exp Biol 205:3833-44. 2002
    ..Overall, the variety of approaches applied here clearly highlight the potential for future applications of GPS tracking technology in navigation studies...
  48. pmc Influenza virus (H5N1) in live bird markets and food markets, Thailand
    Alongkorn Amonsin
    Chulalongkorn University, Pathumwan, Bangkok, Thailand
    Emerg Infect Dis 14:1739-42. 2008
    ..Twelve subtype H5N1 viruses were isolated. The subtype H5N1 viruses circulating in the markets were genetically related to those that circulated in Thailand during 2004-2005...
  49. ncbi Molecular identification and characterization of novel coronaviruses infecting graylag geese (Anser anser), feral pigeons (Columbia livia) and mallards (Anas platyrhynchos)
    Christine Monceyron Jonassen
    Section for Virology and Serology, National Veterinary Institute, PO Box 8156 Dep, N 0033 Oslo, Norway
    J Gen Virol 86:1597-607. 2005
    ....
  50. ncbi Small-scale spatial cognition in pigeons
    Ken Cheng
    Centre for the Integrative Study of Animal Behaviour, Department of Psychology, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW 2109, Australia
    Behav Processes 72:115-27. 2006
    ..Most recently, single-cell recording from the pigeon's hippocampal formation has revealed cells with different properties from the classic 'place' cells of rats, as well as differences in the two sides of the hippocampus...
  51. ncbi Pigeon homing along highways and exits
    Hans Peter Lipp
    Institute of Anatomy, University of Zurich, CH 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
    Curr Biol 14:1239-49. 2004
    ..However, technical limitations in tracking pigeon routes have prevented proof...
  52. ncbi Protein nonenzymatic modifications and proteasome activity in skeletal muscle from the short-lived rat and long-lived pigeon
    Manel Portero-Otin
    Department of Basic Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Lleida, Avinguda Rovira Roure 44, Lleida 25198, Spain
    Exp Gerontol 39:1527-35. 2004
    ..These results reinforces the role of structural components such as membrane unsaturation and protein composition in determining the longer maximum life span showed by birds compared with mammals of similar body size...
  53. pmc Familiar route loyalty implies visual pilotage in the homing pigeon
    Dora Biro
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:17440-3. 2004
    ..We discuss how visual landmarks may be encoded as waypoints within familiar route maps...
  54. pmc Adaptive criterion setting in perceptual decision making
    Maik C Stüttgen
    Department of Biopsychology, Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, Faculty of Psychology, GAFO 05 620, University of Bochum, Bochum, Germany
    J Exp Anal Behav 96:155-76. 2011
    ..Instead, the rapid adjustments observed can be explained by a model in which reinforcement probabilities for each action, contingent on perceived stimulus intensity, determine choice allocation...
  55. doi Structural and functional homology among chicken, duck, goose, turkey and pigeon interleukin-8 proteins
    Yung Fu Wu
    Graduate Institute of Veterinary Microbiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung, Taiwan
    Vet Immunol Immunopathol 125:205-15. 2008
    ....
  56. ncbi Flight of the dodo
    Beth Shapiro
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, OX1 3PS, UK
    Science 295:1683. 2002
  57. ncbi A GPS-based system for recording the flight paths of birds
    K von Hünerbein
    J W Goethe Universität Frankfurt, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
    Naturwissenschaften 87:278-9. 2000
    ..Prototypes were tested on homing pigeons. The records of complete flight paths with surprising details illustrate the potential of this new method that can be used on a variety of medium-sized and large vertebrates...
  58. ncbi Virulence of pigeon-origin Newcastle disease virus isolates for domestic chickens
    G D Kommers
    Department of Pathology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens 30602-7388, USA
    Avian Dis 45:906-21. 2001
    ..The behavior of the two pigeon-origin APMV-1 isolates when inoculated into chickens was characteristic of velogenic viscerotropic NDVs and included necro-hemorrhagic lesions in the gastrointestinal tract...
  59. ncbi A lightweight microdrive for single-unit recording in freely moving rats and pigeons
    David K Bilkey
    Department of Psychology, University of Otago, PO Box 56, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Methods 30:152-8. 2003
    ..Here we discuss the construction of the device and comment on its use in recording from freely moving rats and pigeons...
  60. ncbi Minute excretion of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus A/chicken/Indonesia/2003 (H5N1) from experimentally infected domestic pigeons (Columbia livia) and lack of transmission to sentinel chickens
    Ortrud Werner
    Institute of Diagnostic Virology, Friedrich Loeffler Institut FLI, Federal Research Institute for Animal Health, 17493 Greifswald Insel Riems, Germany
    J Gen Virol 88:3089-93. 2007
    ..All surviving birds shed virus via the oropharynx and the cloaca at minimal titres and seroconverted. Sentinel chickens reared in direct contact to the pigeons neither developed clinical signs nor seroconverted to the H5N1 virus...
  61. ncbi Eared dove (Zenaida auriculata, Columbidae) as host for St. Louis encephalitis virus (Flaviviridae, Flavivirus)
    Luis A Diaz
    Laboratorio Arbovirus, Instituto de Virología Dr JM Vanella, Facultad de Ciencias Medicas, Universidad Nacional de Cordoba, Cordoba, Argentina
    Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 8:277-82. 2008
    ..quinquefasciatus, and that these mosquitoes also fed on eared doves, they could be considered competent hosts for SLEV...
  62. pmc Risk for infection with highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (H5N1) in backyard chickens, Bangladesh
    Paritosh K Biswas
    Department of Microbiology, Chittagong Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Khulshi, Chittagong, Bangladesh
    Emerg Infect Dis 15:1931-6. 2009
    ..50, p = 0.032). Separating chickens and ducks at night was protective (OR 0.06, 95% CI 0.01-0.45, p = 0.006). Reducing these risks and taking protective measures might reduce the risk for influenza (H5N1) infection in backyard chickens...
  63. ncbi Having the nerve to home: trigeminal magnetoreceptor versus olfactory mediation of homing in pigeons
    A Gagliardo
    Dipartimento di Biologia, University of Pisa, Via Volta 6, Pisa, Italy
    J Exp Biol 209:2888-92. 2006
    ..In the present study, however, we show that an intact ophthalmic branch of the trigeminal nerve is neither necessary nor sufficient for good homing performance from unfamiliar locations, but that an intact olfactory nerve is necessary...
  64. ncbi Infectious and lethal doses of H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza virus for house sparrows (Passer domesticus) and rock pigeons (Columbia livia)
    Justin D Brown
    Southeastern Cooperative Wildlife Disease Study, Department of Population Health, Wildlife Health Building, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
    J Vet Diagn Invest 21:437-45. 2009
    ..When infection did occur, the duration of viral shedding was brief, and viral titers were low. The data suggests that pigeons would contribute little to the transmission and spread of H5N1 HPAI virus in poultry...
  65. ncbi Low complex I content explains the low hydrogen peroxide production rate of heart mitochondria from the long-lived pigeon, Columba livia
    Adrian J Lambert
    Medical Research Council Mitochondrial Biology Unit, Hills Road, Cambridge, CB2 0XY, UK
    Aging Cell 9:78-91. 2010
    ..We conclude that mitochondria from the long-lived pigeon display low rates of hydrogen peroxide production because they have low levels of complex I...
  66. ncbi Hyperbolic value addition and general models of animal choice
    J E Mazur
    Department of Psychology, Southern Connecticut State University, New Haven, Connecticut 06515, USA
    Psychol Rev 108:96-112. 2001
    ..Some results favor the hyperbolic value-added model and delay-reduction theory over the contextual-choice model, but more data are needed from choice situations for which the models make distinctly different predictions...
  67. ncbi Afferent and efferent connections of the caudolateral neostriatum in the pigeon (Columba livia): a retro- and anterograde pathway tracing study
    S Kroner
    AE Biopsychologie, Fakultat fur Psychologie, Ruhr Universitat Bochum, Germany
    J Comp Neurol 407:228-60. 1999
    ..This organization might comprise the neural basis for such complex behaviours as working memory or spatial orientation...
  68. ncbi An outbreak of sarcocystosis in psittacines and a pigeon in a zoological collection in Brazil
    R Ecco
    Veterinary School, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Av Antonio Carlos, 6627, Belo Horizonte, MG 31270 901 Minas Gerais, Brazil
    Avian Dis 52:706-10. 2008
    ..This is the first documentation of Sarcocystis infection in psittacines and a pigeon from Brazil...
  69. ncbi Lateralized cognition: asymmetrical and complementary strategies of pigeons during discrimination of the "human concept"
    Y Yamazaki
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, Department of Biopsychology, Faculty of Psychology, Ruhr Universitat Bochum, 44780 Bochum, Germany
    Cognition 104:315-44. 2007
    ..These cognitive dichotomies of the cerebral hemispheres are largely shared by humans, suggesting that lateralized cognitive systems already defined the neural architecture of the common ancestor of birds and mammals...
  70. doi Chlamydial infections in feral pigeons in Europe: Review of data and focus on public health implications
    S Magnino
    National Reference Laboratory for Animal Chlamydioses, Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale della Lombardia e dell Emilia Romagna Bruno Ubertini, Sezione Diagnostica di Pavia, Strada Campeggi 61, 27100 Pavia, Italy
    Vet Microbiol 135:54-67. 2009
    ..The erection of dovecotes and artificial breeding facilities should be considered for providing shelter and a balanced diet to the birds, as well as a chance of interaction for pigeon lovers in a hygienically controlled environment...
  71. ncbi Susceptibility and transmissibility of pigeons to Asian lineage highly pathogenic avian influenza virus subtype H5N1
    Yuehuan Liu
    Key Laboratory of Preventive Veterinary Medicine of Ministry of Agriculture, College of Veterinary Medicine and State Key Laboratory of Agrobiotechnology, China Agricultural University, Beijing, China
    Avian Pathol 36:461-5. 2007
    ..Our data suggest that pigeons are not susceptible to Asian lineage H5N1 HPAIV and do not transmit the virus to chickens...
  72. ncbi Bacteriological survey of feces from feral pigeons in Japan
    Chikako Tanaka
    Laboratory of Veterinary Public Health, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Japan
    J Vet Med Sci 67:951-3. 2005
    ..pecorum in 106 (22.9%) of 463 samples, but E. coli O-157 was not isolated from any of the samples. Our results indicate that pigeon feces are a source of several zoonotic agents for birds, animals and humans...
  73. ncbi Limits of intraocular and interocular transfer in pigeons
    Laura Jiménez Ortega
    Ruhr Universitat Bochum, Germany
    Behav Brain Res 193:69-78. 2008
    ....
  74. ncbi [Detection of some zoonotic agents in the domestic pigeon (Columba livia) in the city of Chillán, Chile]
    Daniel González-Acuña
    Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria, Universidad de Concepcion, Chillan, Chile
    Rev Chilena Infectol 24:199-203. 2007
    ..There is an increase in the population of doves (Columba livia) as well as their contact with healthy and immunocompromised hosts...
  75. ncbi Homing pigeons (Columba livia f. domestica) can use magnetic cues for locating food
    Peter Thalau
    Fachbereich Biowissenschaften, J W Goethe Universität Frankfurt, Siesmayerstr 70, 61231 Frankfurt am Main, Germany
    Naturwissenschaften 94:813-9. 2007
    ..The significant preference of the magnetically marked food depot by the experimental birds shows that homing pigeons cannot only detect a magnetic anomaly but can also use it as a cue for locating hidden food in an open arena...
  76. ncbi Bites of the European pigeon tick (Argas reflexus): Risk of IgE-mediated sensitizations and anaphylactic reactions
    Jörg Kleine-Tebbe
    Division of Allergy, Occupational Dermatology and Environmental Medicine, Clinics and Outpatient Department of Dermatology, Venerology and Allergology, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany
    J Allergy Clin Immunol 117:190-5. 2006
    ..Local and systemic reactions can occur after bites of Argas reflexus (Argas), a soft tick parasitizing pigeons...
  77. pmc Screening of feral pigeon (Colomba livia), mallard (Anas platyrhynchos) and graylag goose (Anser anser) populations for Campylobacter spp., Salmonella spp., avian influenza virus and avian paramyxovirus
    A Lillehaug
    Section for Wildlife Diseases, National Veterinary Institute, Oslo Norway
    Acta Vet Scand 46:193-202. 2005
    ..This is the first time an avian influenza virus has been isolated in Norway. The study demonstrates that the wild bird species examined may constitute a reservoir for important bird pathogens and zoonotic agents in Norway...
  78. pmc Urban feral pigeons (Columba livia) as a source for air- and waterborne contamination with Enterocytozoon bieneusi spores
    Thaddeus K Graczyk
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 73:4357-8. 2007
    ..5 x 10(3) Enterocytozoon bieneusi spores and that 1.3 x 10(3) spores could be inhaled by a nearby person...
  79. ncbi A novel concept of Fe-mineral-based magnetoreception: histological and physicochemical data from the upper beak of homing pigeons
    Gerta Fleissner
    AG NCR, FB Biowissenschaften, J W Goethe Universitat, Siesmayerstr 70, D 60054, Frankfurt a M, Germany
    Naturwissenschaften 94:631-42. 2007
    ..e., amplitude and direction of the local magnetic field, irrespective of the animal's posture or movement and photoreception...
  80. ncbi Epidemiological investigation of Chlamydophila psittaci in pigeons and free-living birds in Croatia
    E Prukner-Radovcić
    Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Avian Diseases, University of Zagreb, Heinzelova 55, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
    Vet Res Commun 29:17-21. 2005
    ..8% antigen-positive birds represents a potential source of infection to humans, especially for elderly people and immunodeficient patients, as well as for poultry in the Zagreb city area...
  81. pmc Evidence that pigeons orient to geomagnetic intensity during homing
    Todd E Dennis
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Auckland, New Zealand
    Proc Biol Sci 274:1153-8. 2007
    ..Our study describes a novel behaviour which provides strong evidence that pigeons when homing detect and respond to spatial variation in the Earth's magnetic field--information of potential use for navigation...
  82. pmc Prevalence of Chlamydophila psittaci in fecal droppings from feral pigeons in Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Edou R Heddema
    Department of Medical Microbiology, Room L1 245, P O Box 22660, 1100 DD Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Appl Environ Microbiol 72:4423-5. 2006
    ..psittaci in fresh fecal samples from feral pigeons in Amsterdam, The Netherlands. The prevalence was 7.9% overall (26/331; 95% confidence interval, 5 to 11). Ten genotyped PCR-positive samples were all genotype B...
  83. ncbi Molecular epidemiological analysis of Newcastle disease virus isolated in China in 2005
    Hualei Liu
    National Reference Laboratory for Newcastle Disease, China Animal Health and Epidemiology Center, Qingdao 266032, China
    J Virol Methods 140:206-11. 2007
    ..This study revealed that genotype VIId was the major NDV strain responsible for the 2005 ND epizoonosis that occurred in China...
  84. ncbi A novel sex-specific DNA marker in Columbidae birds
    Chean Ping Wu
    Department of Animal Science, National Chung Hsing University, 250 Kuo Kuang Road, Taichung, Taiwan
    Theriogenology 67:328-33. 2007
    That most Columbidae birds have no conspicuous sexual dimorphism often makes it difficult to identify their sex on the basis of external morphology. In the present study, we report a novel sex-specific DNA marker in Columbidae birds...
  85. ncbi Testing for the presence of magnetite in the upper-beak skin of homing pigeons
    Lanxiang Tian
    Paleomagnetism and Geochronology Laboratory SKL LE, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100029, China
    Biometals 20:197-203. 2007
    ..The results of this study support the idea that homing pigeons may have a magnetite-based receptor, which potentially could be used for sensing the Earth's magnetic field during navigation...
  86. ncbi The quest of influenza A viruses for new hosts
    M Liu
    St Jude Children s Research Hospital, Division of Virology, Department of Infectious Diseases, 332 N Lauderdale, Memphis, TN 38105, USA
    Avian Dis 47:849-56. 2003
    ..Thus, quail may play an important role in the natural history of influenza viruses. The pros and cons of the use of inactivated and recombinant fowl pox-influenza vaccines to control the spread of avian influenza are also evaluated...
  87. ncbi Health hazards posed by feral pigeons
    D Haag-Wackernagel
    Institute of Anatomy, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    J Infect 48:307-13. 2004
    ..In sharp contrast, the immunocompromised patient may have a nearly 1000-fold greater risk of acquiring mycotic disease from feral pigeons and their excreta than does the general population...
  88. ncbi Magnetoreception and its trigeminal mediation in the homing pigeon
    Cordula V Mora
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand
    Nature 432:508-11. 2004
    ..Traditional methods of rendering pigeons anosmic might therefore cause simultaneous impairment of magnetoreception so that future orientation experiments will require independent evaluation of the pigeon's magnetic and olfactory systems...
  89. ncbi Economic context and pigeons' risk-taking: an integrative approach
    J N Goldshmidt
    Department of Psychology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0109, USA
    Behav Processes 65:133-54. 2004
    ..The overall pattern of results thus favors an integrative approach to describing the effect of economic context on general risk sensitivity...
  90. ncbi Positional entropy during pigeon homing II: navigational interpretation of Bayesian latent state models
    Tim Guilford
    Animal Behaviour Research Group, Department of Zoology, South Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3PS, UK
    J Theor Biol 227:25-38. 2004
    ..The first of these two papers details the novel technical developments associated with this work and the second paper contains a navigational interpretation of the results particularly with respect to visual features of the landscape...
  91. ncbi The influenza virus gene pool in a poultry market in South central china
    Ming Liu
    Virology Division, Department of Infectious Diseases, St Jude Children s Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee 38105, USA
    Virology 305:267-75. 2003
    ..A single H4N6 isolate caused disease and systemic spread in chickens. These findings show that quail are broadly susceptible to different subtypes of influenza A virus...
  92. ncbi Phylogenetic analysis reveals extensive evolution of avian paramyxovirus type 1 strains of pigeons (Columba livia) and suggests multiple species transmission
    Dorina Ujvári
    Veterinary Medical Research Institute of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, H 1143 Budapest, Hungaria krt 21, Hungary
    Virus Res 96:63-73. 2003
    ..Shared derived character analysis showed a close genetic relationship to Sudanese viruses from the mid-1970, suggesting that PPMV-1 viruses could be of African origin...
  93. ncbi Ultrastructural analysis of a putative magnetoreceptor in the beak of homing pigeons
    Gerta Fleissner
    Zoologisches Institut, J W Goethe Universität Frankfurt am Main, Siesmayerstrasse 70, D 60054 Frankfurt am Main, Germany
    J Comp Neurol 458:350-60. 2003
    ....
  94. pmc Assessment of virulence of pigeon isolates of Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar typhimurium variant copenhagen for humans
    Frank Pasmans
    Department of Pathology, Bacteriology, and Avian Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, 9820 Merelbeke, Belgium
    J Clin Microbiol 42:2000-2. 2004
    ..However, the high virulence for mice of the tested strain implies that rodents may act as reservoirs...
  95. ncbi Pathogenicity of a Hong Kong-origin H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza virus for emus, geese, ducks, and pigeons
    Laura E Leigh Perkins
    Southeast Poultry Research Laboratory, United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Athens, GA 30605, USA
    Avian Dis 46:53-63. 2002
    ..n. inoculation with the HK/220 virus, whereas ducks and pigeons are more resistant. These latter two species probably played a minimal epidemiologic role in the perpetuation of the H5N1 Hong Kong-origin influenza viruses...
  96. pmc First detection and genotyping of human-associated microsporidia in pigeons from urban parks
    M Haro
    Laboratorio de Genetica, Universidad San Pablo CEU, Boadilla del Monte, Madrid, Spain
    Appl Environ Microbiol 71:3153-7. 2005
    ..It should also contribute to the better design of appropriate prophylactic measures for populations at risk for opportunistic infections...
  97. pmc Parallel working memory for spatial location and food-related object cues in foraging pigeons: binocular and lateralized monocular performance
    H Prior
    AE Biopsychologie, Ruhr Universitat Bochum, D 44780 Bochum, Germany
    Learn Mem 8:44-51. 2001
    ..Results show that on this dual task, discrimination of food-related object cues predominantly involved the left brain hemisphere whereas both hemispheres contributed equally to spatial performance...
  98. ncbi Prevalence and intensity of Haemoproteus columbae in three species of wild doves from Brazil
    E A Adriano
    Departamento de Parasitologia, Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, SP, 13083 970, Brasil
    Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 96:175-8. 2001
    ..The prevalence of this parasite was 100% in Z. auriculata, 51.6% in C. talpacoti and 19.3% in S. squammata. Specimens of Z. auriculata had a higher intensity of infection than the other doves species...
  99. ncbi Adaptive tolerance of CD4+ T cells in vivo: multiple thresholds in response to a constant level of antigen presentation
    C Tanchot
    Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Immunology, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    J Immunol 167:2030-9. 2001
    ..Both the readjustment in sensitivity and the reversal without Ag convincingly demonstrate for the first time a truly adaptive tolerance process in CD4+ T cells in vivo...
  100. ncbi An edge-detection approach to investigating pigeon navigation
    Kam Keung Lau
    Machine Learning Research Group, University of Oxford, UK
    J Theor Biol 239:71-8. 2006
    ..This study demonstrates that some edge-containing land features attract homing pigeons and trigger changes in their navigational states...
  101. ncbi Pigeons (Columba livia) associate time intervals with symbols in a touch screen task: evidence for ordinality but not summation
    Anneke Olthof
    Department of Psychology, Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, ON, Canada
    J Comp Psychol 121:82-94. 2007
    ..All pigeons chose the symbols in order from largest to smallest. This indicates that pigeons formed an ordered representation of symbols associated with different time intervals, even though they did not sum the symbols...

Research Grants92

  1. Responses and Equivalence Classes
    Peter Urcuioli; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  2. Responses and Equivalence Classes
    Peter Urcuioli; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  3. Basic processes in the development of stimulus classes and emergent behavior
    Peter J Urcuioli; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  4. Responses and Equivalence Classes
    Peter Urcuioli; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  5. Responses and Equivalence Classes
    Peter Urcuioli; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  6. Responses and Equivalence Classes
    Peter Urcuioli; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  7. MOLECULAR VARIABLES AFFECTING CHOICE BEHAVIOR
    JAMES MAZUR; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  8. MOLECULAR VARIABLES AFFECTING CHOICE BEHAVIOR
    JAMES MAZUR; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ....
  9. MOLECULAR VARIABLES AFFECTING CHOICE BEHAVIOR
    JAMES MAZUR; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  10. MOLECULAR VARIABLES AFFECTING CHOICE BEHAVIOR
    JAMES MAZUR; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  11. MOLECULAR VARIABLES AFFECTING CHOICE BEHAVIOR
    JAMES MAZUR; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  12. MOLECULAR VARIABLES AFFECTING CHOICE BEHAVIOR
    JAMES MAZUR; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  13. MOLECULAR VARIABLES AFFECTING CHOICE BEHAVIOR
    JAMES MAZUR; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  14. MOLECULAR VARIABLES AFFECTING CHOICE BEHAVIOR
    JAMES MAZUR; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  15. MOLECULAR VARIABLES AFFECTING CHOICE BEHAVIOR
    JAMES MAZUR; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ....
  16. MOLECULAR VARIABLES AFFECTING CHOICE BEHAVIOR
    JAMES MAZUR; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..For these reasons, it seems appropriate to submit this proposal, which will investigate the effects of delayed and uncertain reinforcers, to NIMH...
  17. MOLECULAR VARIABLES AFFECTING CHOICE BEHAVIOR
    JAMES MAZUR; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ....
  18. MOLECULAR VARIABLES AFFECTING CHOICE BEHAVIOR
    JAMES MAZUR; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  19. MOLECULAR VARIABLES AFFECTING CHOICE BEHAVIOR
    JAMES MAZUR; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..For these reasons, it seems appropriate to submit this proposal, which will investigate the effects of delayed and uncertain reinforcers, to NIMH...
  20. Associative Learning
    ROBERT RESCORLA; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..These studies would importantly influence our thinking about elementary associative learning processes. They would illuminate the process of extinction, a process important both to clinical applications and to neural investigations. ..
  21. Associative Learning
    ROBERT RESCORLA; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..These studies would importantly influence our thinking about elementary associative learning processes. They would illuminate the process of extinction, a process important both to clinical applications and to neural investigations. ..
  22. Associative Learning
    ROBERT RESCORLA; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..These studies would importantly influence our thinking about elementary associative learning processes. They would illuminate the process of extinction, a process important both to clinical applications and to neural investigations. ..
  23. Associative Learning
    ROBERT RESCORLA; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..These studies would importantly influence our thinking about elementary associative learning processes. They would illuminate the process of extinction, a process important both to clinical applications and to neural investigations. ..
  24. Associative Learning
    ROBERT RESCORLA; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..These studies would importantly influence our thinking about elementary associative learning processes. They would illuminate the process of extinction, a process important both to clinical applications and to neural investigations. ..
  25. Memory Processing in Primates and Avians
    Anthony Wright; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..g., neurophysiological) on how memory works. ..
  26. Memory Processing in Primates and Avians
    Anthony Wright; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..g., neurophysiological) on how memory works. ..
  27. Learning Processes in Matching-to-Sample by Pigeons
    Anthony Wright; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This research will extend our knowledge of how tasks are learned, problems solved, and conditions that lead to either higher-order concept learning or stimulus-specific learning. ..
  28. Memory Processing in Primates and Avians
    Anthony A Wright; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..g., neurophysiological) on how memory works. ..
  29. Memory Processing in Primates and Avians
    Anthony Wright; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..g., neurophysiological) on how memory works. ..
  30. MEMORY PROCEDURES FOR DRUG ASSESSMENTS
    Anthony Wright; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Understanding how memory works and the mechanisms of drugs and drug abuse on memory is necessary for any effective treatment regime. ..
  31. Memory Processing in Primates and Avians
    Anthony Wright; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..g., neurophysiological) on how memory works. ..
  32. Learning Processes in Matching-to-Sample by Pigeons
    Anthony Wright; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..This research will extend our knowledge of how tasks are learned, problems solved, and conditions that lead to either higher-order concept learning or stimulus-specific learning. ..
  33. MEMORY PROCEDURES FOR DRUG ASSESSMENTS
    Anthony Wright; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Understanding how memory works and the mechanisms of drugs and drug abuse on memory is necessary for any effective treatment regime. ..
  34. MEMORY PROCEDURES FOR DRUG ASSESSMENTS
    Anthony Wright; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Understanding how memory works and the mechanisms of drugs and drug abuse on memory is necessary for any effective treatment regime. ..
  35. MEMORY PROCEDURES FOR DRUG ASSESSMENTS
    Anthony Wright; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Understanding how memory works and the mechanisms of drugs and drug abuse on memory is necessary for any effective treatment regime. ..
  36. Learning Processes in Matching-to-Sample by Pigeons
    Anthony Wright; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..This research will extend our knowledge of how tasks are learned, problems solved, and conditions that lead to either higher-order concept learning or stimulus-specific learning. ..
  37. Memory Processing in Primates and Avians
    Anthony Wright; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Findings should bear upon general processes of visual memory that are shared among such diverse species as avians and primates. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  38. Learning Processes in Matching-to-Sample by Pigeons
    Anthony Wright; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This research will extend our knowledge of how tasks are learned, problems solved, and conditions that lead to either higher-order concept learning or stimulus-specific learning. ..
  39. Learning Processes in Matching-to-Sample by Pigeons
    Anthony Wright; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This research will extend our knowledge of how tasks are learned, problems solved, and conditions that lead to either higher-order concept learning or stimulus-specific learning. ..
  40. Processes of Discrimination and Attention
    DONALD BLOUGH; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The work stresses the collection of quantitative data suitable for mathematical modeling; an exemplar model of discrimination and memory is used to predict key results. ..
  41. Processes of Discrimination and Attention
    DONALD BLOUGH; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The work stresses the collection of quantitative data suitable for mathematical modeling; an exemplar model of discrimination and memory is used to predict key results. ..
  42. Processes of Discrimination and Attention
    DONALD BLOUGH; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The work stresses the collection of quantitative data suitable for mathematical modeling; an exemplar model of discrimination and memory is used to predict key results. ..
  43. Processes of Discrimination and Attention
    DONALD BLOUGH; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The work stresses the collection of quantitative data suitable for mathematical modeling; an exemplar model of discrimination and memory is used to predict key results. ..
  44. ATTENTION IN SEARCH AND DISCRIMINATION
    DONALD BLOUGH; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..An exemplar model of discrimination and attention attempts to predict key results of these experiments and integrate them with other discrimination data. ..
  45. ATTENTION IN SEARCH AND DISCRIMINATION
    DONALD BLOUGH; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..An exemplar model of discrimination and attention attempts to predict key results of these experiments and integrate them with other discrimination data. ..
  46. Processes of Discrimination and Attention
    DONALD BLOUGH; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The work stresses the collection of quantitative data suitable for mathematical modeling; an exemplar model of discrimination and memory is used to predict key results. ..
  47. ATTENTION IN SEARCH AND DISCRIMINATION
    DONALD BLOUGH; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..An exemplar model of discrimination and attention attempts to predict key results of these experiments and integrate them with other discrimination data. ..
  48. ATTENTION IN SEARCH AND DISCRIMINATION
    DONALD BLOUGH; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..An exemplar model of discrimination and attention attempts to predict key results of these experiments and integrate them with other discrimination data. ..
  49. Neuropharmacology of GHB discrimination
    Wouter Koek; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Increased knowledge about the activation and modulation of GABAB systems will help to develop effective approaches to treating sleep-, drug abuse-, and other CNS disorders. ..
  50. Neuropharmacology of GHB discrimination
    Wouter Koek; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..By identifying the role of specific receptors in abuse-related effects of GHB, future studies may be better able to develop specific, pharmacologically targeted therapies for GHB abuse. ..
  51. Discriminative Stimulus Effects of Alcohol in Mice
    Wouter Koek; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This future research will increase our understanding of risk factors for alcoholism and drug abuse and will help the development of effective approaches to prevention and treatment. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  52. Behavioral Momentum of Alcohol Self-Administration
    TIMOTHY SHAHAN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Findings from this project may suggest novel behavioral treatments targeted at reducing the persistence of drug and alcohol abuse and preventing relapse. ..
  53. SINGLE CODE/DEFAULT STRATEGY USE BY ANIMALS
    Thomas Zentall; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  54. Effect of Prior Effort on Reward Value
    Thomas Zentall; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The proposed research should have important implications for theories of cognitive dissonance as well as other psychological theories of human social behavior...
  55. Behavioral Momentum of Alcohol Self-Administration
    TIMOTHY SHAHAN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Findings from this project may suggest novel behavioral treatments targeted at reducing the persisence of drug and alcohol abuse and preventing relapse. ..
  56. Effect of Prior Effort on Reward Value
    Thomas Zentall; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The proposed research should have important implications for theories of cognitive dissonance as well as other psychological theories of human social behavior...
  57. SINGLE CODE/DEFAULT STRATEGY USE BY ANIMALS
    Thomas Zentall; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ....
  58. Divided Attention and Reinforcement Variables
    TIMOTHY SHAHAN; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  59. Effect of Prior Effort on Reward Value
    Thomas Zentall; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The proposed research should have important implications for theories of cognitive dissonance as well as other psychological theories of human social behavior...
  60. SINGLE CODE/DEFAULT STRATEGY USE BY ANIMALS
    Thomas Zentall; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ....
  61. Effect of prior event on reward value
    Thomas R Zentall; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..If prior effort or other prior less preferred events affect the value of the reinforcer that follows, it suggests that the value of reinforcers may be enhanced by increasing the effort required to obtain them. ..
  62. Discrimination, Reinforcement, and Resistance to Change
    JOHN NEVIN; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..If so, the same behavioral principles that have been successful in establishing durable new behavior can be used to develop persistent discriminative processes in clinical populations. ..
  63. Discrimination, Reinforcement, and Resistance to Change
    JOHN NEVIN; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..If so, the same behavioral principles that have been successful in establishing durable new behavior can be used to develop persistent discriminative processes in clinical populations. ..
  64. Discrimination, Reinforcement, and Resistance to Change
    JOHN NEVIN; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ....
  65. Discrimination, Reinforcement, and Resistance to Change
    JOHN NEVIN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  66. Discrimination, Reinforcement, and Resistance to Change
    JOHN NEVIN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  67. Discrimination, Reinforcement, and Resistance to Change
    JOHN NEVIN; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..If so, the same behavioral principles that have been successful in establishing durable new behavior can be used to develop persistent discriminative processes in clinical populations. ..
  68. Discrimination Reinforcement and Resistance to Change
    JOHN NEVIN; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  69. Dynamic Models of Reconditioning
    Peter Killeen; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..By providing statistically powerful tests of competing models of underlying behavioral machinery, we may get closer to understanding how to mitigate such fatal obsessions. ..
  70. Dynamic Models of Reconditioning
    Peter Killeen; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..By providing statistically powerful tests of competing models of underlying behavioral machinery, we may get closer to understanding how to mitigate such fatal obsessions. ..
  71. Dynamic Models of Reconditioning
    Peter Killeen; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..By providing statistically powerful tests of competing models of underlying behavioral machinery, we may get closer to understanding how to mitigate such fatal obsessions. ..
  72. Dynamic Models of Reconditioning
    Peter Killeen; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..By providing statistically powerful tests of competing models of underlying behavioral machinery, we may get closer to understanding how to mitigate such fatal obsessions. ..
  73. Contingent Tolerance to Cocaine in Pigeons
    JULIE MARUSICH; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  74. Sex Differences to Effects of Nicotine on Responses Maintained by Environmental S
    BETHANY RAIFF; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  75. Neuropharmacology of GHB discrimination
    Wouter Koek; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Increased knowledge about the activation and modulation of GABAB systems will help to develop effective approaches to treating sleep-, drug abuse-, and other CNS disorders. ..
  76. CELLULAR AND MOLECULAR STUDIES OF VESTIBULAR HAIR CELLS
    MANNING CORREIA; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The two specific aims of this project are linked in that one drives studies of the the effector pKir2.1 and the second directs studies the msucarinic receptors in the pathway proposed above. ..
  77. Contingent Tolerance to Cocaine in Pigeons
    JULIE MARUSICH; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  78. CELLULAR AND MOLECULAR STUDIES OF VESTIBULAR HAIR CELLS
    MANNING CORREIA; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..It is anticipated that that the use of these techniques together will allow electrophysiological and genetic studies of single hair cells in small discrete identifiable locations on the vestibular neuroepithelium. ..
  79. Principles of Behavior Change: Choice and Context
    Edmund Fantino; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The outcomes of these studies are expected to influence the development of improved and individualized forms of behavioral and cognitive therapy as well as guide future research on the neural bases of choice. ..
  80. CELLULAR AND MOLECULAR STUDIES OF VESTIBULAR HAIR CELLS
    MANNING CORREIA; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..It is anticipated that that the use of these techniques together will allow electrophysiological and genetic studies of single hair cells in small discrete identifiable locations on the vestibular neuroepithelium. ..
  81. Divided Attention and Reinforcement Variables
    TIMOTHY SHAHAN; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  82. CELLULAR AND MOLECULAR STUDIES OF VESTIBULAR HAIR CELLS
    MANNING CORREIA; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The two specific aims of this project are linked in that one drives studies of the the effector pKir2.1 and the second directs studies the msucarinic receptors in the pathway proposed above. ..