Genomes and Genes
Summary: Animals considered to be wild or feral or not adapted for domestic use. It does not include wild animals in zoos for which ANIMALS, ZOO is available.
Publications218 found, 100 shown here
- Bovine tuberculosis in Michigan wildlife and livestockStephen M Schmitt
Wildlife Disease Laboratory, Rose Lake Wildlife Research Station, Michigan Department of Natural Resources, East Lansing, Michigan 48823, USA
Ann N Y Acad Sci 969:262-8. 2002..The measures of apparent TB prevalence have been decreased by half since 1997, providing hopeful preliminary evidence that eradication strategies are succeeding...
- Fingerprints of global warming on wild animals and plantsTerry L Root
Center for Environmental Science and Policy, Institute for International Studies, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA
Nature 421:57-60. 2003....
- Risk factors associated with bovine tuberculosis in traditional cattle of the livestock/wildlife interface areas in the Kafue basin of ZambiaM Munyeme
Department of Disease Control, University of Zambia, School of Veterinary Medicine, P O Box 32379, Lusaka, Zambia
Prev Vet Med 85:317-28. 2008..0) of being positive compared to sedentary herds (OR=1.0). The results in this study provide preliminary information about potential risk factors that were found to be associated with BTB status in cattle...
- Emerging infectious diseases of wildlife--threats to biodiversity and human healthP Daszak
Institute of Ecology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
Science 287:443-9. 2000Emerging infectious diseases (EIDs) of free-living wild animals can be classified into three major groups on the basis of key epizootiological criteria: (i) EIDs associated with "spill-over" from domestic animals to wildlife ..
- Thelazia callipaeda (Spirurida, Thelaziidae) in wild animals: report of new host species and ecological implicationsDomenico Otranto
Dipartimento di Sanità Pubblica e Zootecnia, Universita degli Studi di Bari, Valenzano, BA, Italy
Vet Parasitol 166:262-7. 2009..The role the wild fauna plays in maintaining and spreading eyeworm infection in humans and domestic animals is also discussed...
- A molecular survey of Piroplasmida and Hepatozoon isolated from domestic and wild animals in Burgos (northern Spain)Consuelo Gimenez
Departamento de Microbiologia y Parasitologia, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad de Alcala, Crta Madrid Barcelona, Km 33, 600, 28871 Alcala de Henares, Spain
Vet Parasitol 162:147-50. 2009..The present study indicates that piroplasmid protozoa are present at a low to moderate frequency in some domestic herbivores in the Burgos area. They also infect certain wild mammalian species, which may act as zoonotic carriers...
- Mycobacterial infections in domestic and wild animals due to Mycobacterium marinum, M. fortuitum, M. chelonae, M. porcinum, M. farcinogenes, M. smegmatis, M. scrofulaceum, M. xenopi, M. kansasii, M. simiae and M. genavenseH Bercovier
Institute of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Ein Karem, Jerusalem 91010, Israel
Rev Sci Tech 20:265-90. 2001....
- Mechanisms of antibiotic resistance in Escherichia coli isolates recovered from wild animalsDaniela Costa
Departamento de Ciências Veterinárias, Universidade de Tras os Montes e Alto Douro, Vila Real, Portugal
Microb Drug Resist 14:71-7. 2008Seventy-two fecal samples obtained from wild animals in Portugal were sampled on Levine agar plates (non-supplemented with antibiotics), and Escherichia coli isolates were recovered from 56 of them (78%), obtaining a total of 112 E...
- Is ITS-2 rDNA suitable marker for genetic characterization of Sarcoptes mites from different wild animals in different geographic areas?S Alasaad
Departamento de Biologia Animal, Biología Vegetal y Ecología, Universidad de Jaen, Campus Las Lagunillas, S N, E 23071 Jaén, Spain
Vet Parasitol 159:181-5. 2009..These results demonstrated that ITS-2 rDNA does not appear to be suitable for examining genetic diversity among mite populations...
- The role of wildlife in emerging and re-emerging zoonosesR G Bengis
Veterinary Investigation Centre, PO Box 12, Skukuza, Kruger National Park, 1350, South Africa
Rev Sci Tech 23:497-511. 2004There are huge numbers of wild animals distributed throughout the world and the diversity of wildlife species is immense...
- Animal-side serologic assay for rapid detection of Mycobacterium bovis infection in multiple species of free-ranging wildlifeK P Lyashchenko
Chembio Diagnostic Systems, Inc, 3661 Horseblock Road, Medford, NY 11763, USA
Vet Microbiol 132:283-92. 2008..bovis infection to domestic livestock...
- Susceptibility of wood ducks to H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza virusJustin D Brown
Southeastern Cooperative Wildlife Disease Study, Department of Population Health, Wildlife Health Building, College of Veterinary Medicine, The University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602, USA
J Wildl Dis 43:660-7. 2007....
- Evaluation of the influence of supplemental feeding of white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) on the prevalence of bovine tuberculosis in the Michigan wild deer populationRoseAnn Miller
Population Medicine Center, College of Veterinary Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824-1314, USA
J Wildl Dis 39:84-95. 2003..R. = 0.1, 95% C.I. = 0.01-0.3). The results of this study suggest that banning the practice of supplemental feeding is a valid policy for control of bovine tuberculosis in free-ranging white-tailed deer...
- Infectious prions in pre-clinical deer and transmission of chronic wasting disease solely by environmental exposureCandace K Mathiason
Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Pathology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, United States of America
PLoS ONE 4:e5916. 2009....
- Disease investigation into free-ranging Kafue lechwe (Kobus leche kafuensis) on the Kafue Flats in ZambiaN D Kock
Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC 27157, USA
Vet Rec 151:482-4. 2002
- Helminths of red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) in DenmarkI Saeed
Danish Centre for Experimental Parasitology, Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, The Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Dyrlaegevej 100, DK 1870 Frederiksberg C, Denmark
Vet Parasitol 139:168-79. 2006..Aggregated distribution was found for several helminth species. The two species E. multilocularis and E. perfoliatus are first records for Denmark...
- Surveillance of influenza A virus in migratory waterfowl in northern EuropeAnders Wallensten
Smedby Health Center, Kalmar, Sweden
Emerg Infect Dis 13:404-11. 2007..We argue that wild bird screening can function as a sentinel system, and we give an example of how it could have been used to forecast a remote and deadly outbreak of influenza A in poultry...
- Molecular evidence of Anaplasma phagocytophilum in Ixodes ricinus ticks and wild animals in AustriaHelene Polin
Department of Neurology, Christian Doppler Klinik, Salzburg, Austria
J Clin Microbiol 42:2285-6. 2004..phagocytophilum...
- Anthropogenic environmental change and the emergence of infectious diseases in wildlifeP Daszak
Institute of Ecology, University of Georgia, Athens GA 30602, USA
Acta Trop 78:103-16. 2001....
- A retrospective study of wildlife rabies in Zimbabwe, between 1992 and 2003D M Pfukenyi
Department of Clinical Veterinary Studies, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Zimbabwe, P O Box MP 167, Mt Pleasant, Harare, Zimbabwe
Trop Anim Health Prod 41:565-72. 2009..During the present study rabies cases were confirmed in 7 additional wild animals. The majority of the positive cases (83...
- In defense of zoos and aquariums: the ethical basis for keeping wild animals in captivityMichael Hutchins
Department of Conservation and Science, American Zoo and Aquarium Association, 8403 Colesville Rd, Ste 710, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
J Am Vet Med Assoc 223:958-66. 2003
- Epizootiology of chronic wasting disease in free-ranging cervids in Colorado and WyomingM W Miller
Colorado Division of Wildlife, Wildlife Research Center, Fort Collins 80526 2097, USA
J Wildl Dis 36:676-90. 2000..Based on prevalence, spatial distribution, and modeling, we suggest CWD has been occurring in northeastern Colorado and southeastern Wyoming for >30 yr, and may be best represented as an epizootic with a protracted time-scale...
- Global consequences of land useJonathan A Foley
Center for Sustainability and the Global Environment SAGE, University of Wisconsin, 1710 University Avenue, Madison, WI 53726, USA
Science 309:570-4. 2005..We face the challenge of managing trade-offs between immediate human needs and maintaining the capacity of the biosphere to provide goods and services in the long term...
- Contact networks in a wildlife-livestock host community: identifying high-risk individuals in the transmission of bovine TB among badgers and cattleMonika Böhm
Environment Department, University of York, York, United Kingdom
PLoS ONE 4:e5016. 2009....
- Mycobacterium bovis infection in wildlife in New ZealandJ D Coleman
Landcare Research, Lincoln, New Zealand
Tuberculosis (Edinb) 81:191-202. 2001....
- The conditions for tool use in primates: implications for the evolution of material cultureC P van Schaik
Department of Biological Anthropology and Anatomy, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708 0383, USA
J Hum Evol 36:719-41. 1999....
- Collaborative research approaches to the role of wildlife in zoonotic disease emergenceP Daszak
Consortium for Conservation Medicine, New York, NY 10001, USA
Curr Top Microbiol Immunol 315:463-75. 2007..We demonstrate how studies on the underlying drivers of disease emergence (bushmeat hunting, wildlife trade, and deforestation) can provide ways to model, predict, and ultimately prevent zoonotic disease emergence and spread...
- Towards improved influenza A virus surveillance in migrating birdsVincent J Munster
Department of Virology, Erasmus Medical Centre, Dr. Molewaterplein 50, 3015 GE Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Vaccine 24:6729-33. 2006..This is particularly relevant if wild bird surveillance studies are used as an "early warning system" for the arrival of the H5N1 HPAI virus in a country or region and to assess the risk posed by these viruses in general...
- Rapid molecular subtyping by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction of the neuraminidase gene of avian influenza A virusesS R Fereidouni
Institute of Diagnostic Virology, Friedrich Loeffler Institut FLI, Federal Research Institute for Animal Health, 17493 Greifswald Insel Riems, Germany
Vet Microbiol 135:253-60. 2009..A universal molecular HA/NA subtyping algorithm for rRT-PCR positive avian influenza virus monitoring samples is proposed which may complement classical serological subtyping of influenza A virus isolates...
- Evaluation of a direct, rapid immunohistochemical test for rabies diagnosisTiziana Lembo
University of Edinburgh, Midlothian, United Kingdom
Emerg Infect Dis 12:310-3. 2006..Compared to the direct fluorescent antibody test, the traditional standard in rabies diagnosis, the dRIT was 100% sensitive and specific...
- Prevalence of antibodies to Neospora caninum in wild animalsJ P Dubey
US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Animal and Natural Resources Institute, Animal Parasitic Diseases Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland 20705 2350, USA
J Parasitol 91:1217-8. 2005Antibodies to Neospora caninum were determined in several species of wild animals in the United States by the Neospora agglutination test (NAT)...
- Rabies surveillance in the United States during 2004John W Krebs
Viral and Rickettsial Zoonoses Branch, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
J Am Vet Med Assoc 227:1912-25. 2005..In Wisconsin, a teenager contracted rabies from a bat bite and became the first known person to survive rabies despite not having received rabies vaccine prior to symptom onset...
- Mallards and highly pathogenic avian influenza ancestral viruses, northern EuropeVincent J Munster
Department of Virology, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Emerg Infect Dis 11:1545-51. 2005....
- Public health. Pathogen surveillance in animalsT Kuiken
Department of Virology, Erasmus MC, 3015 GE Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Science 309:1680-1. 2005
- Tuberculosis in Tanzanian wildlifeS Cleaveland
Centre for Tropical Veterinary Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Royal Dick School of Clinical Studies, Easter Bush, Roslin, Midlothian, UK EH25 9RG
J Wildl Dis 41:446-53. 2005....
- Prion infectivity in fat of deer with chronic wasting diseaseBrent Race
Rocky Mountain Laboratories, Hamilton, Montana 59840, USA
J Virol 83:9608-10. 2009..Deer fat devoid of muscle contained low levels of CWD infectivity and might be a risk factor for prion infection of other species...
- Calodium hepaticum (syn. Capillaria hepatica) in captive rodents in a zoological gardenS P Redrobe
Bristol Zoo Gardens, Guthrie Road, Clifton, Bristol BS8 3HA, UK
J Comp Pathol 133:73-6. 2005..As C. hepaticum is potentially zoonotic, members of staff in zoos should be careful to avoid soil-to-mouth contact, particularly in prairie dog enclosures...
- Role of terrestrial wild birds in ecology of influenza A virus (H5N1)Adrianus C M Boon
St Jude Children s Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee 38105, USA
Emerg Infect Dis 13:1720-4. 2007..In summary, recent influenza (H5N1) viruses are pathogenic for small terrestrial bird species but the rate of intraspecies transmission in these hosts is very low...
- Pestiviruses in wild animalsS Vilcek
University of Veterinary Medicine, Depatment of Infectious Diseases and Parasitology, Komenskeho 73, 041 81 Kosice, Slovakia
Vet Microbiol 116:1-12. 2006Pestiviruses are not strictly host-species specific and can infect not only domestic but also wild animals. The most important pestivirus, CSFV, infects domestic pigs and wild boars, which may cause a major problem for successful CSFV ..
- Encephalitis in a stone marten (Martes foina) after natural infection with highly pathogenic avian influenza virus subtype H5N1R Klopfleisch
Friedrich Loeffler Institut, Federal Research Institute for Animal Health, Isle of Riems, Rostock, Germany
J Comp Pathol 137:155-9. 2007..This is the first report of natural infection of a mustelid with HPAIV H5N1...
- Characterization of Rabies virus isolated from canids and identification of the main wild canid host in Northeastern BrazilPedro Carnieli
Instituto Pasteur de São Paulo, SP, Brazil
Virus Res 131:33-46. 2008..The results obtained in this study are in concordance with the zoology and ecology of wild canids, and thus, help improve epidemiologic vigilance of rabies and allow a more targeted control of the disease...
- Comparison of multiple-locus variable-number tandem-repeat analysis with other PCR-based methods for typing Brucella suis isolatesDavid García Yoldi
Departamento de Microbiologia y Parasitologia, Universidad de Navarra, c Irunlarrea no 1, 31008, Pamplona, Spain
J Clin Microbiol 45:4070-2. 2007..A perfect concordance was obtained among these molecular assays. However, MLVA was the only method to demonstrate brucellosis outbreaks and to confirm that wildlife is a reservoir for zoonotic brucellosis...
- Differential expression of inflammatory and immune response genes in mesenteric lymph nodes of Iberian red deer (Cervus elaphus hispanicus) naturally infected with Mycobacterium bovisIsabel G Fernandez de Mera
Instituto de Investigacion en Recursos Cinegeticos IREC CSIC UCLM JCCM, Ronda de Toledo s n, 13071 Ciudad Real, Spain
Dev Comp Immunol 32:85-91. 2008..These results contribute to our basic understanding of the mechanisms of pathogenesis and immunity to natural mycobacterial infections and may have important implications for the control of bTB...
- Movements of birds and avian influenza from Asia into AlaskaKevin Winker
University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska 99775, USA
Emerg Infect Dis 13:547-52. 2007....
- Using RRT-PCR analysis and virus isolation to determine the prevalence of avian influenza virus infections in ducks at Minto Flats State Game Refuge, Alaska, during August 2005J A Runstadler
Institute of Arctic Biology, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK 99775, USA
Arch Virol 152:1901-10. 2007..Our success during 2005 indicates Minto Flats will be a valuable study site for a longitudinal research project designed to gain further insight into the natural history, evolution, and ecology of AIV in wild birds...
- H5N1 in wild and domestic birds in Europe--remaining vigilant in response to an ongoing public health threatHoward Needham
European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, Stockholm, Sweden
Euro Surveill 12:E071206.1. 2007
- First introduction of highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza A viruses in wild and domestic birds in Denmark, Northern EuropeKaroline Bragstad
Laboratory for Virus Research and Development, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen S, Denmark
Virol J 4:43. 2007..HP H5N1 virus was isolated in Denmark for the first time in March 2006. A total of 44 wild birds were found positive for the HP H5N1 infection. In addition, one case was reported in a backyard poultry flock...
- Pesticides and the intoxication of wild animalsP Berny
College of Veterinary Medicine Toxicology, Marcy l Etoile, France
J Vet Pharmacol Ther 30:93-100. 2007..review the wildlife-poisoning surveillance systems and their results regarding the circumstances of exposure of wild animals, the pesticides involved and the species exposed...
- Molecular analysis of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus of subtype H5N1 isolated from wild birds and mammals in northern GermanySiegfried Weber
Institute of Molecular Biology, Friedrich Loeffler Institut, 17493 Greifswald Insel Riems, Germany
J Gen Virol 88:554-8. 2007..In addition, an H5N1 isolate originating from a single outbreak in poultry in Germany was found to be related closely to the H5N1 viruses circulating at that time in the wild-bird population...
- Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus subtype H5N1 in Mute swans in the Czech RepublicAlexander Nagy
State Veterinary Institute Prague, National Reference Laboratory for Avian Influenza, Sidlistni 136 24, 165 03 Prague 6, Czech Republic
Vet Microbiol 120:9-16. 2007..This is the first report of highly pathogenic avian influenza subtype H5N1 in the Czech Republic. The potential role of swan as an effective vector of avian influenza virus is also discussed...
- From the discovery of the Malta fever's agent to the discovery of a marine mammal reservoir, brucellosis has continuously been a re-emerging zoonosisJacques Godfroid
Département de Bactériologie et d Immunologie, Centre d Etude et de Recherches Vétérinaires et Agrochimiques, 99 Groeselenberg, 1180 Uccle, Belgium
Vet Res 36:313-26. 2005..e. B. cetaceae and B. pinnipediae, represents a new zoonotic threat but the pathogenicity for humans of the different Brucella species found in cetaceans and pinnipeds still has to be clearly established...
- Interspecies transmission of an H7N3 influenza virus from wild birds to intensively reared domestic poultry in ItalyLaura Campitelli
Department of Virology, Istituto Superiore Sanita, Rome, Italy
Virology 323:24-36. 2004....
- Implications of agricultural and wildlife policy on management and eradication of bovine tuberculosis and brucellosis in free-ranging wood bison of northern CanadaJ S Nishi
Resources, Wildlife, and Economic Development RWED, Government of the Northwest Territories GNWT, Fort Smith, Northwest Territories X0E 0P0, Canada
Ann N Y Acad Sci 969:236-44. 2002....
- Impact on blood Pb levels of maternal and early infant feeding practices of First Nation Cree in the Mushkegowuk Territory of northern Ontario, CanadaRhona M Hanning
Department of Pediatrics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L8N 3Z5
J Environ Monit 5:241-5. 2003..Although blood and milk Pb levels were largely within acceptable ranges, the presence of some elevated levels and association between blood Pb and traditional game consumption may reflect the legacy of using lead-containing ammunition...
- Ecologic correlates of Toxoplasma gondii exposure in free-ranging neotropical mammalsBenoit de Thoisy
Parasitologie Mycologie, EA 3593, UFR Médecine Antilles Guyane, BP 6006, F 97306 Cayenne, French Guiana
J Wildl Dis 39:456-9. 2003..Terrestrial mammals were significantly more exposed to T. gondii than other mammals. This result is concordant with oral exposure to T. gondii related to ground dwelling behavior and/or carnivory...
- Health concerns prompt US review of exotic-pet tradeErika Check
Nature 427:277. 2004
- Molecular epidemiology of terrestrial rabies in the former Soviet UnionIvan V Kuzmin
Rabies Group, Institute for Natural Foci Infections, Prospekt Mira, 7, Omsk, 644080 Russia
J Wildl Dis 40:617-31. 2004..In the glycoprotein gene, evidence of positive selection was strongly suggested in codons 156, 160, and 183. At these sites, no link between amino acid substitutions and phylogenetic placement or specific host species was detected...
- Diversities and similarities in PFGE profiles of Campylobacter jejuni isolated from migrating birds and humansT Broman
Department of Infectious Diseases Department of Molecular Biology, , Ume, Sweden
J Appl Microbiol 96:834-43. 2004..jejuni to humans. Our study demonstrates that strains isolated from birds most often are different from clinical strains, but that some strain similarities occur, notably in birds strongly associated with human activities...
- Detection of avian paramyxoviruses and influenza viruses amongst wild bird populations in VictoriaI Peroulis
Department of Primary Industries, Primary Industries Research Victoria, Attwood, Victoria 3049
Aust Vet J 82:79-82. 2004..To isolate and characterise avian paramyxoviruses and other haemagglutinating viruses amongst Victorian wild bird populations...
- Alterations in development of reproductive and endocrine systems of wildlife populations exposed to endocrine-disrupting contaminantsL J Guillette
Department of Zoology, 223 Bartram Hall, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
Reproduction 122:857-64. 2001..The possible role of contaminants in altering sex determination mechanisms is also examined...
- Status of oral rabies vaccination in wild carnivores in the United StatesDennis Slate
USDA, APHIS, Wildlife Services, 59 Chenell Drive, Suite 7, Concord, NH 03301, USA
Virus Res 111:68-76. 2005..These key priorities must be addressed to ensure that ORV has the optimal chance of achieving long range programmatic goals of eliminating specific variants of rabies virus in North American terrestrial carnivores...
- Genetic evidence for Near-Eastern origins of European cattleC S Troy
Department of Genetics, Smurfit Institute, Trinity College, Dublin 2, Ireland
Nature 410:1088-91. 2001..In contrast, African diversity is almost exclusively composed of a separate haplogroup, which is encountered only rarely elsewhere. These data provide strong support for a derived Near-Eastern origin for European cattle...
- Wild Mandrillus sphinx are carriers of two types of lentivirusS Souquiere
Laboratoire de Virologie, UGENET, SEGC, Réserve de la Lopé, Centre International de Recherches Medicales, Franceville, Gabon
J Virol 75:7086-96. 2001....
- Wild deer as a source of infection for livestock and humans in the UKMonika Böhm
Environment Department, University of York, Heslington, York YO10 5DD, UK
Vet J 174:260-76. 2007..This paper highlights the need for a monitoring strategy for wildlife diseases, in particular infections in wild deer, in the UK...
- The ascendancy of Amblyomma americanum as a vector of pathogens affecting humans in the United StatesJames E Childs
Viral and Rickettsial Zoonoses Branch, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
Annu Rev Entomol 48:307-37. 2003....
- Earthworms (Oligochaeta, Lumbricidae) and mycobacteriaO A Fischer
Veterinary Research Institute, Hudcova 70, 62132 Brno, Czech Republic
Vet Microbiol 91:325-38. 2003..paratuberculosis. The results suggest that earthworms may become vectors of mycobacteria...
- Prevalence of Schistosoma japonicum infection among animals in fifty villages of Samar province, the PhilippinesT J Fernandez
Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, College of Public Health, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73104, USA
Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 7:147-55. 2007In the Philippines, there is a need to understand the contribution of different domestic and wild animals in transmitting Schistosoma japonicum infection to humans better. The current study describes variation in animal S...
- Detection of West Nile Virus infection in birds in the United States by blocking ELISA and immunohistochemistryMartine Jozan
Orange County Vector Control District, Garden Grove, California 92843, USA
Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 3:99-110. 2003..In combination with detection of WN-specific antigens in tissues by immunohistochemistry (IHC) the blocking ELISA will also be useful for confirming WN infection in diseased birds...
- Avian host range of Chlamydophila spp. based on isolation, antigen detection and serologyE F Kaleta
Klinik fur Vogel, Reptilien, Amphibien und Fische, Fachbereich Veterinarmedizin, Justus Liebig Universitat Giessen, Frankfurter Strasse 91 93, D 35392 Giessen, Germany
Avian Pathol 32:435-61. 2003..g. of Charadriiformes or Cuculiformes), (ii) frequent zoonotic implications (e.g. psittacine and columbiform birds), and (iii) an assumed high susceptibility to infection and subsequent seroconversion (e.g. waterfowl)...
- Risk factors associated with the prevalence of tuberculosis-like lesions in fenced wild boar and red deer in south central SpainJoaquin Vicente
Instituts de Investigación en Recursos cinegéticos IREC CSIC UCLM JCCM, Ronda de Toledo s n, 13080 Ciudad Real, Spain
Vet Res 38:451-64. 2007....
- The role of non-viraemic transmission on the persistence and dynamics of a tick borne virus--Louping ill in red grouse ( Lagopus lagopus scoticus) and mountain hares ( Lepus timidus)Rachel Norman
Stirling Mathematical Ecology Group, Department of Computing Science and Mathematics, University of Stirling, Stirling, FK9 4LA, UK
J Math Biol 48:119-34. 2004..More importantly, if the level of non-viraemic transmission is high enough the virus can persist in the absence of the viraemic host. This result has important implications for the control of tick borne diseases...
- First detection of Bacillus anthracis in feces of free-ranging raptors from central ArgentinaMiguel D Saggese
Area de Animales No Tradicionales, Departamento de Producción, Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias, Universidad de Buenos Aires 1427, Argentina
J Wildl Dis 43:136-41. 2007..Long-term studies to determine the extent of this potential involvement in the epidemiology of anthrax in central Argentina are required...
- Foot-and-mouth disease: susceptibility of domestic poultry and free-living birds to infection and to disease--a review of the historical and current literature concerning the role of birds in spread of foot-and-mouth disease virusesE F Kaleta
Institut fur Geflugelkrankheiten, Justus Liebig Universitat Giessen
Dtsch Tierarztl Wochenschr 109:391-9. 2002..Thus migrating birds may assume an active role in long distance dissemination of FMD viruses...
- Effect of the association of cattle and rusa deer (Cervus timorensis russa) on populations of cattle ticks (Boophilus microplus)N Barre
CIRAD EMVT IAC, Paita, New Caledonia
Ann N Y Acad Sci 969:280-9. 2002..The long-term sustainability of a viable tick population on deer as well as the potential benefit resulting from the association of deer and susceptible cattle in the tick control of cattle are highlighted...
- Prevalence of Bordetella avium infection in selected wild and domesticated birds in the eastern USAThomas R Raffel
Ohio Wesleyan University, Delaware, Ohio 43015, USA
J Wildl Dis 38:40-6. 2002..Bordetella avium is present in wild bird populations of multiple species. Transmission from free-living avian populations to domesticated poultry populations may be possible and should be examined...
- Ocelots on Barro Colorado Island are infected with feline immunodeficiency virus but not other common feline and canine virusesSamuel P Franklin
Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Pathology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado 80523, USA
J Wildl Dis 44:760-5. 2008..The high density of ocelots on Barro Colorado Island may contribute to a high prevalence of FIV infection, as would be expected with increased contact rates among conspecifics in a geographically restricted population...
- Rabies in the Mongolian steppesA D Botvinkin
Irkutsk State Medical University, Irkutsk, Russia
Dev Biol (Basel) 131:199-205. 2008..Eleven human rabies cases (0.4 per million inhabitants) were reported in Mongolia from 1994-2004. Wild animals predominated as a source of human infection: five people died following wolf bites, two were exposed to foxes, ..
- Emerging pathogen Cyclospora cayetanensis infection in NepalJ B Sherchand
Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Department of Microbiology-Parasitology/Infectious and Tropical Diseases Research Center, Kathmandu, Nepal
Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 32:143-50. 2001..These results suggest that these sources may be important in the transmission of this parasitosis. However, further studies will be required to obtain definitive answers on transmission...
- Rabies in small animalsSarah N Lackay
Department of Pathology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, 501 D W Brooks Drive, CVM Building, Athens, GA 30602 7388, USA
Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 38:851-61, ix. 2008..These wildlife epizootics present a constant public health threat in addition to the danger of reintroducing rabies to domestic animals. Vaccination is the key to prevent rabies in small animals and rabies transmission to human beings...
- West Nile virus in livestock and wildlifeR G McLean
National Wildlife Health Center, United States Geological Survey, Madison, WI, USA
Curr Top Microbiol Immunol 267:271-308. 2002..Determination of the primary reservoir host species that are involved in the epidemiology of WN virus and the suitable sentinel species for active surveillance are also important research areas...
- [Pigeons and other birds as a reservoir for Cryptococcus spp]Inmaculada Rosario
Enfermedades Infecciosas, Facultad de Veterinaria de Las Palmas, Gran Canaria, Spain
Rev Iberoam Micol 25:S13-8. 2008..These methods allow the comparison between strains from birds to patients living around them, with high level of discrimination...
- Influence of diet on the occurrence of some bacteria in the intestinal flora of wild and pet birdsG Glünder
Clinic for Poultry, School of Veterinary Medicine, Hannover, Germany
Dtsch Tierarztl Wochenschr 109:266-70. 2002..1% of the omnivorous and in 12.4% of the carnivorous and insectivorous birds. The occurrence of enterobacteria and Aeromonas hydrophila in the digestive tract is obviously influenced by the composition of the nutrients...
- Distribution of Cryptosporidium and Giardia spp. in selected species of protected and game mammals from North-Eastern PolandAnna Paziewska
Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Biology, University of Warsaw, Poland
Ann Agric Environ Med 14:265-70. 2007..parvum genotype 2 (zoonotic). The results show the important role of examined species in maintaining the natural sources of Cryptosporidium spp. and Giardia spp. infections in the environment...
- Wildlife and pastoral society--shifting paradigms in disease controlRichard Kock
Epidemiology Unit, OAU IBAR PACE, Nairobi, Kenya
Ann N Y Acad Sci 969:24-33. 2002..especially traditional pastoral systems with a close physical association between people, livestock, and wild animals. Pathogens benefit hugely from the dynamic state created by animal migration, although to some extent the ..
- Multi-host transmission dynamics of Schistosoma japonicum in Samar province, the PhilippinesSteven Riley
Department of Community Medicine and School of Public Health, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China
PLoS Med 5:e18. 2008..Here, we characterize the transmission dynamics of S. japonicum using data from an extensive field study and a mathematical transmission model...
- Current update on drugs for game bird speciesMartha L Needham
Food Animal Residue Avoidance Databank, Department of Medicine and Epidemiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
J Am Vet Med Assoc 231:1506-8. 2007
- Prevalence and distribution of pox-like lesions, avian malaria, and mosquito vectors in Kipahulu Valley, Haleakala National Park, Hawai'i, USASamuel Aruch
U S Geological Survey Biological Resources Discipline, Pacific Island Ecosystems Research Center, PO Box 44, Hawai i National Park, Hawai i 96718, USA
J Wildl Dis 43:567-75. 2007..Mosquito populations in the valley are low, and they are probably influenced by periods of high rainfall that flush stream systems...
- High prevalence of West Nile virus: a continuing risk in acquiring infection from a mosquito biteKamesh R Sirigireddy
Department of Diagnostic Medicine/Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas 66506, USA
Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 6:351-60. 2006..The continued detection of WNV in the mosquitoes is of significant public health concern and calls for continued surveillance and public health activities...
- Serological evidence for Borna disease virus infection in humans, wild rodents and other vertebrates in FinlandPaula M Kinnunen
Division of Microbiology and Epidemiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, P O Box 66, 00014 University of Helsinki, Finland
J Clin Virol 38:64-9. 2007..BDV infection may lead to meningoencephalomyelitis in animals. An association with human neuropsychiatric diseases has been reported, but the causal relationship between BDV and human disease remains unclear...
- Factors influencing farmers' concerns regarding bovine tuberculosis in wildlife and livestock around Riding Mountain National ParkRyan K Brook
Department of Environment and Geography, Clayton H Riddell Faculty of Environment, Earth, and Resources, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, Canada R3T 2N2
J Environ Manage 80:156-66. 2006....
- The role of wild animal populations in the epidemiology of tuberculosis in domestic animals: how to assess the riskL A L Corner
Department of Large Animal Clinical Studies, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland
Vet Microbiol 112:303-12. 2006..A detailed analysis of Mycobacterium bovis infection in the Eurasian badger (Meles meles) in Ireland and their role as a reservoir of infection for cattle is also presented...
- [Avian influenza: eradication from commercial poultry is still not in sight]W J M Landman
Gezondheidsdienst voor Dieren, Arnsbergstraat 7, 7418 EZ Deventer
Tijdschr Diergeneeskd 129:782-96. 2004..In the Western world, the renewed interest in free-range housing carries a threat for future outbreaks. The growing ethical objections to the largescale culling of birds require a different approach to the eradication of avian influenza...
- Isolation of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis from free-ranging birds and mammals on livestock premisesJoseph L Corn
Southeastern Cooperative Wildlife Disease Study, College of Veterinary Medicine, The University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
Appl Environ Microbiol 71:6963-7. 2005..The prevalence of infected wild animals by premises ranged from 2.7 to 8.3% in Wisconsin and from 0 to 6.0% in Georgia...
- Reflecting on ethical and legal issues in wildlife diseaseHamish McCallum
School of Integrative Biology, The University of Queensland, Brisbane 4072, Australia
Bioethics 19:336-47. 2005..Many infectious diseases of domestic animals are shared with wild animals, although it is often unclear whether the infection spills over from wild animals to domestic animals or vice ..
- Nesting Ardeid colonies are not a focus of elevated West Nile virus activity in southern CaliforniaW K Reisen
Center for Vectorborne Diseases, Department of Pathology, Microbiology, and Immunology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, California 95616, USA
Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 5:258-66. 2005....
- Lyme disease and babesiosis: preliminary findings on the transmission risk in highly frequented areas of the Monti Sibillini National Park (Central Italy)V Curioni
Department di Biologia Molecolare, Cellulare, Animale, Universita di Camerino, Camerino, Italy
Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 4:214-20. 2004..Mountain grasslands and woods have made it also a suitable habitat for sheep and bovine cattle, as well as for wild animals such as the wild bore and the roe deer...
- Characterization of canarypox-like viruses infecting endemic birds in the Galápagos IslandsTeresa Thiel
Department of Biology, University of Missouri St Louis, Missouri 63121, USA
J Wildl Dis 41:342-53. 2005..This indicates that recombination between poxvirus strains in combination with mutation led to the canarypox-like viruses that are now prevalent in the Galápagos...
- Associations between water quality, Pasteurella multocida, and avian cholera at Sacramento National Wildlife RefugeMargaret A Lehr
Wildlife Department, Humboldt State University, Arcata, California 95521, USA
J Wildl Dis 41:291-7. 2005..Overall, we found no evidence to support the hypothesis that wetland characteristics facilitate the presence of P. multocida and, thereby, allow some wetlands to serve as long-term sources (reservoirs) for P. multocida...
- The sylvatic cycle of Neospora caninum: where do we go from here?Alexa C Rosypal
Center for Molecular Medicine and Infectious Diseases, Department of Biomedical Sciences and Pathobiology, Virginia Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine, Virginia Tech, 1410 Prices Fork Road, Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA
Trends Parasitol 21:439-40. 2005..This complicates parasite-prevention programs but opens many new and exciting avenues of research. Similar canid-ruminant sylvatic cycles might exist in other countries and, if so, need to be investigated...
- Transmission of Neospora caninum between wild and domestic animalsL F P Gondim
Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Illinois, 2001 South Lincoln Avenue, Urbana, Illinois 61802, USA
J Parasitol 90:1361-5. 2004..caninum from deer to canids, because deer carcasses are usually eviscerated in the field. Infection of canids in turn increases the risk of transmitting the parasite to domestic livestock...
- Protecting human and ecological health under viral threats in AsiaS Matsui
Graduate School of Global Environmental Studies, Kyoto University, Yoshida Honmachi, Sakyo ku, Kyoto City, Japan
Water Sci Technol 51:91-7. 2005..It is easy to provide good sanitation practices for human, pigs and chickens, introducing collection and treatment of excreta. Our modern water technology can find good solutions for the problem...
Research Grants101 found, 100 shown here
- ARBOVIRUS PERSISTENCE IN SEASONAL WETLANDSWilliam Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2002..Virus ecology at wetlands in the Coachella Valley of southeastern California with consistent enzootic activity will be compared with wetlands in the southern San Joaquin Valley where virus activity currently is intermittent. ..
- Invasion of California by West Nile VirusWilliam Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- HOST COMPETENCE FACTORS AFFECT ARBOVIRUS TRANSMISSIONWilliam Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2003..Studies will assess how alternating sequential infections between vertebrate and vector species that are part of the natural transmission cycle may alter virus genetics and fitness. ..
- Persistence of West Nile virus in CaliforniaWilliam Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2009..Quantitative delineation of these events and their precursors may allow skillful forecasting and enhance decision support systems to trigger timely intervention. ..
- Persistence of West Nile virus in CaliforniaWilliam K Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2010..Quantitative delineation of these events and their precursors may allow skillful forecasting and enhance decision support systems to trigger timely intervention. ..
- The Genetic Control of Social Behavior in the MouseRobert Blanchard; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- Altered Brain Function in Chemotherapy for Breast CancerBernadine E Cimprich; Fiscal Year: 2010..abstract_text> ..
- DIETARY DEFICIENCIES AND TUBERCULOSIS VACCINE EFFICIENCYDavid McMurray; Fiscal Year: 2004..These experiments will provide important new insights into the contributions of these molecules to loss of tuberculosis vaccine efficacy observed in malnourished subjects. ..
- Impact of obesity on airway responses to air pollutionStephanie Shore; Fiscal Year: 2009..Understanding the mechanistic basis for the augmented pulmonary responses to air pollution may lead to therapeutic strategies for reductions in responses to air pollution in this at risk population. ..
- Molecular Mechanisms of Social BehaviorAnna V Kukekova; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Avian models for aging: telomeres and oxidative damageCarol Vleck; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- Functional Genomics of Cryptosporidium parvumGiovanni Widmer; Fiscal Year: 2007..parvum. A comparison of the host cell response to C. parvum type 1 and type 2 will be performed to probe the molecular basis of the observed difference in virulence between types. ..
- Expanding WNPRC Resources for AIDS-Related ResearchJoseph Kemnitz; Fiscal Year: 2007..Completing this renovation will provide the critical space necessary for the SIV program to expand at the WNPRC and for the investigators to continue their ground-breaking research. ..
- Molecular & Biological Characterization of Trypanosoma cruzi from United StatesMichael Yabsley; Fiscal Year: 2006..cruzi isolates obtained from different transmission cycles. The proposed study incorporates multiple opportunities for undergraduate, graduate, and veterinary students to obtain biomedical research experience. ..
- Genetic Transformation of Cryptosporidium parvumGiovanni Widmer; Fiscal Year: 2005..Approach: Transformation by electroporation of sporozoites with GFP expression plasmids; detection of transformants in cell culture by fluorescent microscopy, anti-GFP antibodies, or reverse-transcriptase PCR. ..
- LYME DISEASE IN WESTERN USA--ECOLOGY AND EPIDEMIOLOGYRobert Lane; Fiscal Year: 1992..The effects of exposure to direct sunlight or of spirochetal infection on questing by immature ticks also will be determined...
- MOLECULAR MECHANISMS OF EIAV PERSISTENCEJERALD OAKS; Fiscal Year: 2001..These studies will provide insight into HIV persistence in HAART patients, and potentially provide a model that can be used to evaluate strategies for actual elimination of lentiviral infections. ..
- IDENTIFICATION OF STEM CELL MARKERS IN MAMMALIAN TESTESIna Dobrinski; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- Genetics of Cryptosporidium parvumGiovanni Widmer; Fiscal Year: 2010..Such valleys will be identified by quantitatively genotyping a selected and a control progeny population with a panel of single nucleotide polymorphisms. ..
- Porcine Respiratory Coronavirus as a SARS ModelLinda Saif; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Genetics of Cryptosporidium parvumGiovanni Widmer; Fiscal Year: 2006..We will test the following two working hypotheses: a) Virulence is determined by multiple genetic loci. b) QTL analysis can be used to identify genomic segments associated with virulence. ..
- Antigenic Relationships of SARS and Animal CoronavirusesLinda Saif; Fiscal Year: 2006..and animal CoVs, to develop SARS CoV antibody specific ELISA tests and to apply these to sera from domestic and wild animals to identify potential animal reservoirs for SARS...
- IMMUNE RESPONSES TO ROTAVIRUS-- ROLE MATERNAL ANTIBODIESLinda Saif; Fiscal Year: 2003..Clarification of the mechanisms of suppression by maternal Ab and means to overcome them will lead to more efficacious vaccines for both RV and other pathogens infecting neonates. ..
- PATHOGENESIS- HUMAN CALICIVIRUSES IN GNOTOBIOTIC ANIMALSLinda Saif; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- ENHANCING THE IMMUNOGENICITY OF HUMAN ROTAVIRUS VACCINESLinda Saif; Fiscal Year: 1993....
- ENHANCING THE IMMUNOGENICITY OF HUMAN ROTAVIRUS VACCINESLinda Saif; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- ENHANCING THE IMMUNOGENICITY OF HUMAN ROTAVIRUS VACCINESLinda Saif; Fiscal Year: 2000..Finally we will examine if selected immunoenhancers (microencapsulation, mucosal adjuvants) can augment the mucosal immune responses to the attenuated and subunit HRV vaccines and increase vaccine efficacy in the Gn pig model. ..
- OOCYTE CRYOPRESERVATION IN RARE BIOMEDICAL MODELSPierre Comizzoli; Fiscal Year: 2007..This multidisciplinary approach will provide new oocyte cryopreservation protocols useful to the management of cat colonies used as biomedical models for human diseases. ..
- Genotypic and Phenotypic Analysis of West Nile virus, Yucatan Peninsula of MexicoBradley Blitvich; Fiscal Year: 2007..This information will help determine why there has not been an epidemic of WNV in the YP, and will identify risk factors associated with WNV disease. ..