Genomes and Genes
Summary: Animals considered to be wild or feral or not adapted for domestic use. It does not include wild animals in zoos for which ANIMALS, ZOO is available.
Publications254 found, 100 shown here
- Fingerprints of global warming on wild animals and plantsTerry L Root
Center for Environmental Science and Policy, Institute for International Studies, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA
Nature 421:57-60. 2003....
- Worldwide phylogeography of wild boar reveals multiple centers of pig domesticationGreger Larson
Henry Wellcome Ancient Biomolecules Centre, University of Oxford, Department of Zoology, South Parks Road OX1 3PS, UK
Science 307:1618-21. 2005..In contrast, new genetic data reveal multiple centers of domestication across Eurasia and that European, rather than Near Eastern, wild boar are the principal source of modern European domestic pigs...
- Global patterns of influenza a virus in wild birdsBjorn Olsen
Department of Infectious Diseases, Umea University, SE 90187 Umea, Sweden
Science 312:384-8. 2006....
- Emerging infectious diseases of wildlife--threats to biodiversity and human healthP Daszak
Institute of Ecology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
Science 287:443-9. 2000Emerging infectious diseases (EIDs) of free-living wild animals can be classified into three major groups on the basis of key epizootiological criteria: (i) EIDs associated with "spill-over" from domestic animals to wildlife populations ..
- Multiple Ebola virus transmission events and rapid decline of central African wildlifeEric M Leroy
Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement, UR034, Centre International de Recherches Medicales de Franceville, BP 769 Franceville, Gabon
Science 303:387-90. 2004..Surveillance of animal mortality may help to predict and prevent human Ebola outbreaks...
- From the discovery of the Malta fever's agent to the discovery of a marine mammal reservoir, brucellosis has continuously been a re-emerging zoonosisJacques Godfroid
Département de Bactériologie et d Immunologie, Centre d Etude et de Recherches Vétérinaires et Agrochimiques, 99 Groeselenberg, 1180 Uccle, Belgium
Vet Res 36:313-26. 2005..e. B. cetaceae and B. pinnipediae, represents a new zoonotic threat but the pathogenicity for humans of the different Brucella species found in cetaceans and pinnipeds still has to be clearly established...
- Positive and negative effects of widespread badger culling on tuberculosis in cattleChristl A Donnelly
Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, St Mary s Campus, Norfolk Place, London W2 1PG, UK
Nature 439:843-6. 2006..These findings are biologically consistent with previous studies but will present challenges for policy development...
- Experimental identification of social learning in wild animalsSimon M Reader
Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Learn Behav 38:265-83. 2010..We review experimental approaches taken in the field and with wild animals brought into captivity and note how these approaches can be extended...
- Population phylogenomic analysis of mitochondrial DNA in wild boars and domestic pigs revealed multiple domestication events in East AsiaGui Sheng Wu
State Key Laboratory of Genetic Resources and Evolution, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650223, China
Genome Biol 8:R245. 2007..Previously reported evidence indicates that pigs were independently domesticated in multiple places throughout the world. However, a detailed picture of the origin and dispersal of domestic pigs in East Asia has not yet been reported...
- Genetic relationship amongst the major non-coding regions of mitochondrial DNAs in wild boars and several breeds of domesticated pigsN Okumura
Society for Techno Innovation of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, 446 1, Ippaizuka, Kamiyokoba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 0854, Japan
Anim Genet 32:139-47. 2001..This time of divergence would predate the historical period when the pig is thought to have been domesticated from the wild boar...
- Animal movements and the spread of infectious diseasesEric M Fèvre
Centre for Infectious Diseases and Centre for Tropical Veterinary Medicine, Royal Dick School of Veterinary Studies, University of Edinburgh, Easter Bush, Roslin, Midlothian EH25 9RG, UK
Trends Microbiol 14:125-31. 2006..Measures based on heightened surveillance are proposed that mitigate the risks of new pathogen introductions...
- Risk factors associated with bovine tuberculosis in traditional cattle of the livestock/wildlife interface areas in the Kafue basin of ZambiaM Munyeme
Department of Disease Control, University of Zambia, School of Veterinary Medicine, P O Box 32379, Lusaka, Zambia
Prev Vet Med 85:317-28. 2008..0) of being positive compared to sedentary herds (OR=1.0). The results in this study provide preliminary information about potential risk factors that were found to be associated with BTB status in cattle...
- Universal primer set for amplification and sequencing of HA0 cleavage sites of all influenza A virusesAstrid Gall
Institute of Diagnostic Virology, Friedrich Loeffler Institut, Südufer 10, 17493 Greifswald Insel Riems, Germany
J Clin Microbiol 46:2561-7. 2008....
- Active surveillance for avian influenza viruses in wild birds and backyard flocks in Northern Italy during 2004 to 2006Calogero Terregino
OIE FAO and National Reference Laboratory for Newcastle Disease and Avian Influenza, Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale delle Venezie, Legnaro, Padova, Italy
Avian Pathol 36:337-44. 2007....
- Wild Mandrillus sphinx are carriers of two types of lentivirusS Souquiere
Laboratoire de Virologie, UGENET, SEGC, Réserve de la Lopé, Centre International de Recherches Medicales, Franceville, Gabon
J Virol 75:7086-96. 2001....
- Sarcoptic manage in wildlifeD B Pence
Department of Pathology, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, 3601 4th Street, Lubbock, Texas 79430, USA
Rev Sci Tech 21:385-98. 2002..There is often almost complete alopecia. Isolation and treatment of infected individuals may be warranted, and has met with some success in small remaining populations of certain highly endangered species...
- Parasites of domestic and wild animals in South Africa. XLIV. Fleas (Insecta: Siphonaptera: Pulicidae) collected from 15 carnivore speciesI G Horak
Department of Zoology and Entomology, University of the Free State, PO Box 339, Bioemfontein, 9300 South Africa
Onderstepoort J Vet Res 71:9-14. 2004..Amongst these only Ctenocephalides felis felis and Ctenocephalides felis strongylus are considered specific parasites of carnivores. The remaining ten species normally infest the prey animals of the various carnivores...
- The ascendancy of Amblyomma americanum as a vector of pathogens affecting humans in the United StatesJames E Childs
Viral and Rickettsial Zoonoses Branch, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
Annu Rev Entomol 48:307-37. 2003....
- Infectious prions in pre-clinical deer and transmission of chronic wasting disease solely by environmental exposureCandace K Mathiason
Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Pathology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, United States of America
PLoS ONE 4:e5916. 2009....
- Suburban transmission of Q fever in French Guiana: evidence of a wild reservoirJ Gardon
Laboratoire d Epidémiologie, Institut Pasteur de la Guyane, 97306 Cayenne Cedex, France
J Infect Dis 184:278-84. 2001..Transmission from livestock and dissemination of the bacteria by the wind appeared to be unlikely, which strengthens the hypothesis that a wild reservoir is responsible for transmission...
- Surveillance of influenza A virus in migratory waterfowl in northern EuropeAnders Wallensten
Smedby Health Center, Kalmar, Sweden
Emerg Infect Dis 13:404-11. 2007..We argue that wild bird screening can function as a sentinel system, and we give an example of how it could have been used to forecast a remote and deadly outbreak of influenza A in poultry...
- Handling intensity and the short- and long-term survival of elephant seals: addressing and quantifying research effects on wild animalsClive McMahon
Australian Antarctic Division, Kingston, Tasmania, Australia
Ambio 34:426-9. 2005..In support of this conclusion we were unable to detect any significant differences in the survival rates of the most intensively handled seals and the least intensively handled seals...
- The role of wildlife in emerging and re-emerging zoonosesR G Bengis
Veterinary Investigation Centre, PO Box 12, Skukuza, Kruger National Park, 1350, South Africa
Rev Sci Tech 23:497-511. 2004There are huge numbers of wild animals distributed throughout the world and the diversity of wildlife species is immense...
- Animal-side serologic assay for rapid detection of Mycobacterium bovis infection in multiple species of free-ranging wildlifeK P Lyashchenko
Chembio Diagnostic Systems, Inc, 3661 Horseblock Road, Medford, NY 11763, USA
Vet Microbiol 132:283-92. 2008..bovis infection to domestic livestock...
- Serological evidence of USUTU virus occurrence in north-eastern ItalyR Lelli
Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale dell Abruzzo e Molise G Caporale, Via Campo Boario, Teramo, Italy
Zoonoses Public Health 55:361-7. 2008..Although no virus was rescued from these animals and from wild or farm birds sampled in the area, these results still provided evidence of the circulation of USUV in north-eastern Italy...
- Thelazia callipaeda (Spirurida, Thelaziidae) in wild animals: report of new host species and ecological implicationsDomenico Otranto
Dipartimento di Sanità Pubblica e Zootecnia, Universita degli Studi di Bari, Valenzano, BA, Italy
Vet Parasitol 166:262-7. 2009..The role the wild fauna plays in maintaining and spreading eyeworm infection in humans and domestic animals is also discussed...
- Fecal glucocorticoids reflect socio-ecological and anthropogenic stressors in the lives of wild spotted hyenasPage E Van Meter
Department of Zoology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
Horm Behav 55:329-37. 2009..Further work will be necessary to determine whether interpopulation variation in stress physiology predicts population decline in groups exposed to intensive anthropogenic disturbance...
- Identification of trypanosomes in wild animals from southern Cameroon using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR)S Herder
LRCT IRD CIRAD, TA 207 G, Campus International de Baillarguet, F 34398 Montpellier, France
Parasite 9:345-9. 2002..monticola), in carnivores (Nandinia binotata and Genetta servalina) and in rodents (Cricetomys gambianus and Atherurus africanus). 13 species (54%) were carrying T. brucei s.l. identified as non-gambiense group 1...
- A search for Ebola virus in animals in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Cameroon: ecologic, virologic, and serologic surveys, 1979-1980. Ebola Virus Study TeamsJ G Breman
Smallpox Eradication Unit, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
J Infect Dis 179:S139-47. 1999..This study was limited in time and animal collections and excluded insects and plants. Long-term, prospective, multidisciplinary comparative studies will yield more information than will repeat short forays on the ecology of filoviruses...
- Rapid molecular subtyping by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction of the neuraminidase gene of avian influenza A virusesS R Fereidouni
Institute of Diagnostic Virology, Friedrich Loeffler Institut FLI, Federal Research Institute for Animal Health, 17493 Greifswald Insel Riems, Germany
Vet Microbiol 135:253-60. 2009..A universal molecular HA/NA subtyping algorithm for rRT-PCR positive avian influenza virus monitoring samples is proposed which may complement classical serological subtyping of influenza A virus isolates...
- Susceptibility of wood ducks to H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza virusJustin D Brown
Southeastern Cooperative Wildlife Disease Study, Department of Population Health, Wildlife Health Building, College of Veterinary Medicine, The University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602, USA
J Wildl Dis 43:660-7. 2007....
- Long-term monitoring for avian influenza viruses in wild bird species in ItalyM A De Marco
Istituto Nazionale per la Fauna Selvatica, Ozzano Emilia BO, Italy
Vet Res Commun 27:107-14. 2003
- Influenza A viruses of migrating wild aquatic birds in North AmericaScott Krauss
Department of Infectious Diseases, St Jude Children s Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee 38105, USA
Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 4:177-89. 2004..The viruses reported in this study are available for genomic study to determine whether prediction of host range or pandemic potential is possible...
- Molecular evidence of Anaplasma phagocytophilum in Ixodes ricinus ticks and wild animals in AustriaHelene Polin
Department of Neurology, Christian Doppler Klinik, Salzburg, Austria
J Clin Microbiol 42:2285-6. 2004..phagocytophilum...
- Risk factors associated with the prevalence of tuberculosis-like lesions in fenced wild boar and red deer in south central SpainJoaquin Vicente
Instituts de Investigación en Recursos cinegéticos IREC CSIC UCLM JCCM, Ronda de Toledo s n, 13080 Ciudad Real, Spain
Vet Res 38:451-64. 2007....
- Disease investigation into free-ranging Kafue lechwe (Kobus leche kafuensis) on the Kafue Flats in ZambiaN D Kock
Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
Vet Rec 151:482-4. 2002
- Helminths of red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) in DenmarkI Saeed
Danish Centre for Experimental Parasitology, Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, The Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Dyrlaegevej 100, DK 1870 Frederiksberg C, Denmark
Vet Parasitol 139:168-79. 2006..Aggregated distribution was found for several helminth species. The two species E. multilocularis and E. perfoliatus are first records for Denmark...
- Mycobacterium leprae and Mycobacterium lepraemurium infections in domestic and wild animalsO Rojas-Espinosa
Department of Immunology, National School of Biological Sciences, National Polytechnic Institute Carpio y Plan de Ayala, Colonia Santo Tomas, 11340 Mexico, DF, Mexico
Rev Sci Tech 20:219-51. 2001..Naturally acquired murine leprosy has been observed in rats, mice and cats, but not in humans or any other species. Thus, in contrast to human leprosy, murine leprosy is not a zoonosis...
- Wild boar and red deer display high prevalences of tuberculosis-like lesions in SpainJoaquin Vicente
IREC Instituto de Investigación en Recursos Cinegéticos CSIC UCLM JCCM, Ronda de Toledo s n, 13080 Ciudad Real, Spain
Vet Res 37:107-19. 2006..These results highlight the potential importance of wild boar and red deer in the maintenance of tuberculosis in south central Spain...
- Infections of wild animals with Anaplasma phagocytophila in Austria and the Czech RepublicMiroslav Petrovec
Institute of Microbiology and Immunology, Medical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia
Ann N Y Acad Sci 990:103-6. 2003
- Cost-efficient vaccination of foxes (Vulpes vulpes) against rabies and the need for a new baiting strategyT Selhorst
Federal Research Centre for Virus Diseases of Animals, WHO Collaborating Centre for rabies in Central and Eastern Europe, Institute for Epidemiology, Seetr 55, D 16868, Wusterhausen, Germany
Prev Vet Med 51:95-109. 2001..We concluded that distribution of baits in June was optimal given that the durability of baits is above a threshold of 7 days...
- Prion infectivity in fat of deer with chronic wasting diseaseBrent Race
Rocky Mountain Laboratories, Hamilton, Montana 59840, USA
J Virol 83:9608-10. 2009..Deer fat devoid of muscle contained low levels of CWD infectivity and might be a risk factor for prion infection of other species...
- Declining wild salmon populations in relation to parasites from farm salmonMartin Krkosek
Centre for Mathematical Biology, Department of Mathematical and Statistical Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada
Science 318:1772-5. 2007..These results suggest that salmon farms can cause parasite outbreaks that erode the capacity of a coastal ecosystem to support wild salmon populations...
- Possible avian influenza (H5N1) from migratory bird, EgyptMagdi D Saad
Emerg Infect Dis 13:1120-1. 2007
- Survey of Campylobacter species, VTEC O157 and Salmonella species in Swedish wildlifeH Wahlstrom
Swedish Zoonosis Center, Uppsala
Vet Rec 153:74-80. 2003Samples collected from 791 wild animals (Canada geese, roe deer, hares, moose, wild boar and gulls) shot during hunting were examined for verocytotoxin-producing Escherichia coli (VTEC) O157, and thermophilic Campylobacter and Salmonella ..
- Epidemiological study on porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) infection in the European wild boar (Sus scrofa)Joaquin Vicente
Instituto de Investigación en Recursos Cinegéticos IREC, CSIC UCLM JCCM, Ronda de Toledo s n, 13005 Ciudad Real, Spain
Vet Res 35:243-53. 2004..One of these was diagnosed as PMWS. The results, in addition to information on piglet mortalities, suggest a potential role of PMWS in piglet mortality in intensively managed wild boar populations...
- Epidemiologic situation of human rabies in Latin America in 2004M C Schneider
Epidemiol Bull 26:2-4. 2005
- Trends in national surveillance for rabies among bats in the United States (1993-2000)Alison M Mondul
Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
J Am Vet Med Assoc 222:633-9. 2003..To describe surveillance trends and epidemiologic features of rabies in bats in the United States, focusing on 3 bat species primarily associated with variants of the rabies virus that affect humans...
- In defense of zoos and aquariums: the ethical basis for keeping wild animals in captivityMichael Hutchins
Department of Conservation and Science, American Zoo and Aquarium Association, 8403 Colesville Rd, Ste 710, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
J Am Vet Med Assoc 223:958-66. 2003
- Anthropogenic environmental change and the emergence of infectious diseases in wildlifeP Daszak
Institute of Ecology, University of Georgia, Athens GA 30602, USA
Acta Trop 78:103-16. 2001....
- A retrospective study of wildlife rabies in Zimbabwe, between 1992 and 2003D M Pfukenyi
Department of Clinical Veterinary Studies, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Zimbabwe, P O Box MP 167, Mt Pleasant, Harare, Zimbabwe
Trop Anim Health Prod 41:565-72. 2009..During the present study rabies cases were confirmed in 7 additional wild animals. The majority of the positive cases (83...
- The initial domestication of goats (Capra hircus) in the Zagros mountains 10,000 years agoM A Zeder
Archaeobiology Program, Department of Anthropology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC 20560 0112, USA
Science 287:2254-7. 2000..Direct accelerator mass spectrometry radiocarbon dates on skeletal elements provide a tight temporal context for the transition...
- Mechanisms of antibiotic resistance in Escherichia coli isolates recovered from wild animalsDaniela Costa
Departamento de Ciências Veterinárias, Universidade de Tras os Montes e Alto Douro, Vila Real, Portugal
Microb Drug Resist 14:71-7. 2008Seventy-two fecal samples obtained from wild animals in Portugal were sampled on Levine agar plates (non-supplemented with antibiotics), and Escherichia coli isolates were recovered from 56 of them (78%), obtaining a total of 112 E...
- Is ITS-2 rDNA suitable marker for genetic characterization of Sarcoptes mites from different wild animals in different geographic areas?S Alasaad
Departamento de Biologia Animal, Biología Vegetal y Ecología, Universidad de Jaen, Campus Las Lagunillas, S N, E 23071 Jaén, Spain
Vet Parasitol 159:181-5. 2009..These results demonstrated that ITS-2 rDNA does not appear to be suitable for examining genetic diversity among mite populations...
- Evaluation of the influence of supplemental feeding of white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) on the prevalence of bovine tuberculosis in the Michigan wild deer populationRoseAnn Miller
Population Medicine Center, College of Veterinary Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 1314, USA
J Wildl Dis 39:84-95. 2003..R. = 0.1, 95% C.I. = 0.01-0.3). The results of this study suggest that banning the practice of supplemental feeding is a valid policy for control of bovine tuberculosis in free-ranging white-tailed deer...
- Public health. Pathogen surveillance in animalsT Kuiken
Department of Virology, Erasmus MC, 3015 GE Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Science 309:1680-1. 2005
- Isolation and characterization of viruses related to the SARS coronavirus from animals in southern ChinaY Guan
Department of Microbiology, The University of Hong Kong, University Pathology Building, Queen Mary Hospital, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, People s Republic of China
Science 302:276-8. 2003..The detection of SCoV-like viruses in small, live wild mammals in a retail market indicates a route of interspecies transmission, although the natural reservoir is not known...
- Epidemiology of chronic wasting disease in free-ranging mule deer: spatial, temporal, and demographic influences on observed prevalence patternsMichael W Miller
Colorado Division of Wildlife, Wildlife Research Center, 317 West Prospect Road, Fort Collins, Colorado 80526 2097, USA
J Wildl Dis 41:275-90. 2005..These factors likely combine in various ways to influence epidemic dynamics on both local and broad geographic scales...
- Epizootiology of chronic wasting disease in free-ranging cervids in Colorado and WyomingM W Miller
Colorado Division of Wildlife, Wildlife Research Center, Fort Collins 80526 2097, USA
J Wildl Dis 36:676-90. 2000..Based on prevalence, spatial distribution, and modeling, we suggest CWD has been occurring in northeastern Colorado and southeastern Wyoming for >30 yr, and may be best represented as an epizootic with a protracted time-scale...
- The conditions for tool use in primates: implications for the evolution of material cultureC P van Schaik
Department of Biological Anthropology and Anatomy, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708 0383, USA
J Hum Evol 36:719-41. 1999....
- Global consequences of land useJonathan A Foley
Center for Sustainability and the Global Environment SAGE, University of Wisconsin, 1710 University Avenue, Madison, WI 53726, USA
Science 309:570-4. 2005..We face the challenge of managing trade-offs between immediate human needs and maintaining the capacity of the biosphere to provide goods and services in the long term...
- Contact networks in a wildlife-livestock host community: identifying high-risk individuals in the transmission of bovine TB among badgers and cattleMonika Böhm
Environment Department, University of York, York, United Kingdom
PLoS ONE 4:e5016. 2009....
- Mycobacterium bovis infection in wildlife in New ZealandJ D Coleman
Landcare Research, Lincoln, New Zealand
Tuberculosis (Edinb) 81:191-202. 2001....
- Mycobacterial infections in domestic and wild animals due to Mycobacterium marinum, M. fortuitum, M. chelonae, M. porcinum, M. farcinogenes, M. smegmatis, M. scrofulaceum, M. xenopi, M. kansasii, M. simiae and M. genavenseH Bercovier
Institute of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Ein Karem, Jerusalem 91010, Israel
Rev Sci Tech 20:265-90. 2001....
- The role of wild animal populations in the epidemiology of tuberculosis in domestic animals: how to assess the riskL A L Corner
Department of Large Animal Clinical Studies, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland
Vet Microbiol 112:303-12. 2006..A detailed analysis of Mycobacterium bovis infection in the Eurasian badger (Meles meles) in Ireland and their role as a reservoir of infection for cattle is also presented...
- A molecular survey of Piroplasmida and Hepatozoon isolated from domestic and wild animals in Burgos (northern Spain)Consuelo Gimenez
Departamento de Microbiologia y Parasitologia, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad de Alcala, Crta Madrid Barcelona, Km 33, 600, 28871 Alcala de Henares, Spain
Vet Parasitol 162:147-50. 2009..The present study indicates that piroplasmid protozoa are present at a low to moderate frequency in some domestic herbivores in the Burgos area. They also infect certain wild mammalian species, which may act as zoonotic carriers...
- Fecal shedding and antimicrobial susceptibility of selected bacterial pathogens and a survey of intestinal parasites in free-living waterfowlD M Fallacara
Department of Veterinary Preventive Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus 43210, USA
Avian Dis 45:128-35. 2001..In addition, the prevalence of endoparasites in these sampled waterfowl ranged from 5% to 66%. Protozoan oocysts were most prevalent followed by nematode ova. No trematode or cestode ovum was recovered from this sampled population...
- Risk to human health from a plethora of simian immunodeficiency viruses in primate bushmeatMartine Peeters
Institue de Recherche pour la Développement, Laboratoire Retrovirus, 911 Avenue Agropolis, BP 5045, 34032 Montpellier Cedex 1, France
Emerg Infect Dis 8:451-7. 2002..These data document for the first time that a substantial proportion of wild monkeys in Cameroon are SIV infected and that humans who hunt and handle bushmeat are exposed to a plethora of genetically highly divergent viruses...
- Wild bird surveillance for the avian influenza virusJustin D Brown
Southeastern Cooperative Wildlife Disease Study, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA
Methods Mol Biol 436:85-97. 2008..Separate sections are included for low pathogenicity avian influenza (LPAI) and HPAI H5N1 viruses because the unique biological characteristics of HPAI H5N1 require a modified surveillance plan tailored to these viruses...
- First introduction of highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza A viruses in wild and domestic birds in Denmark, Northern EuropeKaroline Bragstad
Laboratory for Virus Research and Development, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen S, Denmark
Virol J 4:43. 2007..HP H5N1 virus was isolated in Denmark for the first time in March 2006. A total of 44 wild birds were found positive for the HP H5N1 infection. In addition, one case was reported in a backyard poultry flock...
- Differential expression of inflammatory and immune response genes in mesenteric lymph nodes of Iberian red deer (Cervus elaphus hispanicus) naturally infected with Mycobacterium bovisIsabel G Fernandez de Mera
Instituto de Investigacion en Recursos Cinegeticos IREC CSIC UCLM JCCM, Ronda de Toledo s n, 13071 Ciudad Real, Spain
Dev Comp Immunol 32:85-91. 2008..These results contribute to our basic understanding of the mechanisms of pathogenesis and immunity to natural mycobacterial infections and may have important implications for the control of bTB...
- Impact on blood Pb levels of maternal and early infant feeding practices of First Nation Cree in the Mushkegowuk Territory of northern Ontario, CanadaRhona M Hanning
Department of Pediatrics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L8N 3Z5
J Environ Monit 5:241-5. 2003..Although blood and milk Pb levels were largely within acceptable ranges, the presence of some elevated levels and association between blood Pb and traditional game consumption may reflect the legacy of using lead-containing ammunition...
- Mallards and highly pathogenic avian influenza ancestral viruses, northern EuropeVincent J Munster
Department of Virology, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Emerg Infect Dis 11:1545-51. 2005....
- Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus subtype H5N1 in Mute swans in the Czech RepublicAlexander Nagy
State Veterinary Institute Prague, National Reference Laboratory for Avian Influenza, Sidlistni 136 24, 165 03 Prague 6, Czech Republic
Vet Microbiol 120:9-16. 2007..This is the first report of highly pathogenic avian influenza subtype H5N1 in the Czech Republic. The potential role of swan as an effective vector of avian influenza virus is also discussed...
- Implications of agricultural and wildlife policy on management and eradication of bovine tuberculosis and brucellosis in free-ranging wood bison of northern CanadaJ S Nishi
Resources, Wildlife, and Economic Development RWED, Government of the Northwest Territories GNWT, Fort Smith, Northwest Territories X0E 0P0, Canada
Ann N Y Acad Sci 969:236-44. 2002....
- Molecular analysis of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus of subtype H5N1 isolated from wild birds and mammals in northern GermanySiegfried Weber
Institute of Molecular Biology, Friedrich Loeffler Institut, 17493 Greifswald Insel Riems, Germany
J Gen Virol 88:554-8. 2007..In addition, an H5N1 isolate originating from a single outbreak in poultry in Germany was found to be related closely to the H5N1 viruses circulating at that time in the wild-bird population...
- Movements of birds and avian influenza from Asia into AlaskaKevin Winker
University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska 99775, USA
Emerg Infect Dis 13:547-52. 2007....
- Rabies surveillance in the United States during 2004John W Krebs
Viral and Rickettsial Zoonoses Branch, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
J Am Vet Med Assoc 227:1912-25. 2005..In Wisconsin, a teenager contracted rabies from a bat bite and became the first known person to survive rabies despite not having received rabies vaccine prior to symptom onset...
- Prevalence of antibodies to Neospora caninum in wild animalsJ P Dubey
US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Animal and Natural Resources Institute, Animal Parasitic Diseases Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland 20705 2350, USA
J Parasitol 91:1217-8. 2005Antibodies to Neospora caninum were determined in several species of wild animals in the United States by the Neospora agglutination test (NAT)...
- Pestiviruses in wild animalsS Vilcek
University of Veterinary Medicine, Depatment of Infectious Diseases and Parasitology, Komenskeho 73, 041 81 Kosice, Slovakia
Vet Microbiol 116:1-12. 2006Pestiviruses are not strictly host-species specific and can infect not only domestic but also wild animals. The most important pestivirus, CSFV, infects domestic pigs and wild boars, which may cause a major problem for successful CSFV ..
- Pesticides and the intoxication of wild animalsP Berny
College of Veterinary Medicine Toxicology, Marcy l Etoile, France
J Vet Pharmacol Ther 30:93-100. 2007..review the wildlife-poisoning surveillance systems and their results regarding the circumstances of exposure of wild animals, the pesticides involved and the species exposed...
- Alterations in development of reproductive and endocrine systems of wildlife populations exposed to endocrine-disrupting contaminantsL J Guillette
Department of Zoology, 223 Bartram Hall, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
Reproduction 122:857-64. 2001..The possible role of contaminants in altering sex determination mechanisms is also examined...
- Using RRT-PCR analysis and virus isolation to determine the prevalence of avian influenza virus infections in ducks at Minto Flats State Game Refuge, Alaska, during August 2005J A Runstadler
Institute of Arctic Biology, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK 99775, USA
Arch Virol 152:1901-10. 2007..Our success during 2005 indicates Minto Flats will be a valuable study site for a longitudinal research project designed to gain further insight into the natural history, evolution, and ecology of AIV in wild birds...
- Ecologic correlates of Toxoplasma gondii exposure in free-ranging neotropical mammalsBenoit de Thoisy
Parasitologie Mycologie, EA 3593, UFR Médecine Antilles Guyane, BP 6006, F 97306 Cayenne, French Guiana
J Wildl Dis 39:456-9. 2003..Terrestrial mammals were significantly more exposed to T. gondii than other mammals. This result is concordant with oral exposure to T. gondii related to ground dwelling behavior and/or carnivory...
- Evaluation of a direct, rapid immunohistochemical test for rabies diagnosisTiziana Lembo
University of Edinburgh, Midlothian, United Kingdom
Emerg Infect Dis 12:310-3. 2006..Compared to the direct fluorescent antibody test, the traditional standard in rabies diagnosis, the dRIT was 100% sensitive and specific...
- Encephalitis in a stone marten (Martes foina) after natural infection with highly pathogenic avian influenza virus subtype H5N1R Klopfleisch
Friedrich Loeffler Institut, Federal Research Institute for Animal Health, Isle of Riems, Rostock, Germany
J Comp Pathol 137:155-9. 2007..This is the first report of natural infection of a mustelid with HPAIV H5N1...
- Molecular epidemiology of terrestrial rabies in the former Soviet UnionIvan V Kuzmin
Rabies Group, Institute for Natural Foci Infections, Prospekt Mira, 7, Omsk, 644080 Russia
J Wildl Dis 40:617-31. 2004..In the glycoprotein gene, evidence of positive selection was strongly suggested in codons 156, 160, and 183. At these sites, no link between amino acid substitutions and phylogenetic placement or specific host species was detected...
- Towards improved influenza A virus surveillance in migrating birdsVincent J Munster
Department of Virology, Erasmus Medical Centre, Dr Molewaterplein 50, 3015 GE Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Vaccine 24:6729-33. 2006..This is particularly relevant if wild bird surveillance studies are used as an "early warning system" for the arrival of the H5N1 HPAI virus in a country or region and to assess the risk posed by these viruses in general...
- Detection of avian paramyxoviruses and influenza viruses amongst wild bird populations in VictoriaI Peroulis
Department of Primary Industries, Primary Industries Research Victoria, Attwood, Victoria 3049
Aust Vet J 82:79-82. 2004..To isolate and characterise avian paramyxoviruses and other haemagglutinating viruses amongst Victorian wild bird populations...
- H5N1 in wild and domestic birds in Europe--remaining vigilant in response to an ongoing public health threatHoward Needham
European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, Stockholm, Sweden
Euro Surveill 12:E071206.1. 2007
- Diversities and similarities in PFGE profiles of Campylobacter jejuni isolated from migrating birds and humansT Broman
Department of Infectious Diseases Department of Molecular Biology, Umea University, Umea, Sweden
J Appl Microbiol 96:834-43. 2004....
- Role of terrestrial wild birds in ecology of influenza A virus (H5N1)Adrianus C M Boon
St Jude Children s Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee 38105, USA
Emerg Infect Dis 13:1720-4. 2007..In summary, recent influenza (H5N1) viruses are pathogenic for small terrestrial bird species but the rate of intraspecies transmission in these hosts is very low...
- Status of oral rabies vaccination in wild carnivores in the United StatesDennis Slate
USDA, APHIS, Wildlife Services, 59 Chenell Drive, Suite 7, Concord, NH 03301, USA
Virus Res 111:68-76. 2005..These key priorities must be addressed to ensure that ORV has the optimal chance of achieving long range programmatic goals of eliminating specific variants of rabies virus in North American terrestrial carnivores...
- Calodium hepaticum (syn. Capillaria hepatica) in captive rodents in a zoological gardenS P Redrobe
Bristol Zoo Gardens, Guthrie Road, Clifton, Bristol BS8 3HA, UK
J Comp Pathol 133:73-6. 2005..As C. hepaticum is potentially zoonotic, members of staff in zoos should be careful to avoid soil-to-mouth contact, particularly in prairie dog enclosures...
- Interspecies transmission of an H7N3 influenza virus from wild birds to intensively reared domestic poultry in ItalyLaura Campitelli
Department of Virology, Istituto Superiore Sanita, Rome, Italy
Virology 323:24-36. 2004....
- Genetic evidence for Near-Eastern origins of European cattleC S Troy
Department of Genetics, Smurfit Institute, Trinity College, Dublin 2, Ireland
Nature 410:1088-91. 2001..In contrast, African diversity is almost exclusively composed of a separate haplogroup, which is encountered only rarely elsewhere. These data provide strong support for a derived Near-Eastern origin for European cattle...
- Tuberculosis in Tanzanian wildlifeS Cleaveland
Centre for Tropical Veterinary Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Royal Dick School of Clinical Studies, Easter Bush, Roslin, Midlothian, UK EH25 9RG
J Wildl Dis 41:446-53. 2005....
- Collaborative research approaches to the role of wildlife in zoonotic disease emergenceP Daszak
Consortium for Conservation Medicine, New York, NY 10001, USA
Curr Top Microbiol Immunol 315:463-75. 2007..We demonstrate how studies on the underlying drivers of disease emergence (bushmeat hunting, wildlife trade, and deforestation) can provide ways to model, predict, and ultimately prevent zoonotic disease emergence and spread...
- Characterization of Rabies virus isolated from canids and identification of the main wild canid host in Northeastern BrazilPedro Carnieli
Instituto Pasteur de São Paulo, SP, Brazil
Virus Res 131:33-46. 2008..The results obtained in this study are in concordance with the zoology and ecology of wild canids, and thus, help improve epidemiologic vigilance of rabies and allow a more targeted control of the disease...
- Health concerns prompt US review of exotic-pet tradeErika Check
Nature 427:277. 2004
- Comparison of multiple-locus variable-number tandem-repeat analysis with other PCR-based methods for typing Brucella suis isolatesDavid García-Yoldi
Departamento de Microbiologia y Parasitologia, Universidad de Navarra, c Irunlarrea no 1, 31008, Pamplona, Spain
J Clin Microbiol 45:4070-2. 2007..A perfect concordance was obtained among these molecular assays. However, MLVA was the only method to demonstrate brucellosis outbreaks and to confirm that wildlife is a reservoir for zoonotic brucellosis...
Research Grants101 found, 100 shown here
- ARBOVIRUS PERSISTENCE IN SEASONAL WETLANDSWilliam Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2002..Virus ecology at wetlands in the Coachella Valley of southeastern California with consistent enzootic activity will be compared with wetlands in the southern San Joaquin Valley where virus activity currently is intermittent. ..
- Invasion of California by West Nile VirusWilliam Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- HOST COMPETENCE FACTORS AFFECT ARBOVIRUS TRANSMISSIONWilliam Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2003..Studies will assess how alternating sequential infections between vertebrate and vector species that are part of the natural transmission cycle may alter virus genetics and fitness. ..
- Persistence of West Nile virus in CaliforniaWilliam Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2009..Quantitative delineation of these events and their precursors may allow skillful forecasting and enhance decision support systems to trigger timely intervention. ..
- Persistence of West Nile virus in CaliforniaWilliam K Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2010..Quantitative delineation of these events and their precursors may allow skillful forecasting and enhance decision support systems to trigger timely intervention. ..
- The Genetic Control of Social Behavior in the MouseRobert Blanchard; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- Altered Brain Function in Chemotherapy for Breast CancerBernadine E Cimprich; Fiscal Year: 2010..abstract_text> ..
- DIETARY DEFICIENCIES AND TUBERCULOSIS VACCINE EFFICIENCYDavid McMurray; Fiscal Year: 2004..These experiments will provide important new insights into the contributions of these molecules to loss of tuberculosis vaccine efficacy observed in malnourished subjects. ..
- Impact of obesity on airway responses to air pollutionStephanie Shore; Fiscal Year: 2009..Understanding the mechanistic basis for the augmented pulmonary responses to air pollution may lead to therapeutic strategies for reductions in responses to air pollution in this at risk population. ..
- Molecular Mechanisms of Social BehaviorAnna V Kukekova; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Avian models for aging: telomeres and oxidative damageCarol Vleck; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- Functional Genomics of Cryptosporidium parvumGiovanni Widmer; Fiscal Year: 2007..parvum. A comparison of the host cell response to C. parvum type 1 and type 2 will be performed to probe the molecular basis of the observed difference in virulence between types. ..
- Expanding WNPRC Resources for AIDS-Related ResearchJoseph Kemnitz; Fiscal Year: 2007..Completing this renovation will provide the critical space necessary for the SIV program to expand at the WNPRC and for the investigators to continue their ground-breaking research. ..
- Molecular & Biological Characterization of Trypanosoma cruzi from United StatesMichael Yabsley; Fiscal Year: 2006..cruzi isolates obtained from different transmission cycles. The proposed study incorporates multiple opportunities for undergraduate, graduate, and veterinary students to obtain biomedical research experience. ..
- Genetic Transformation of Cryptosporidium parvumGiovanni Widmer; Fiscal Year: 2005..Approach: Transformation by electroporation of sporozoites with GFP expression plasmids; detection of transformants in cell culture by fluorescent microscopy, anti-GFP antibodies, or reverse-transcriptase PCR. ..
- LYME DISEASE IN WESTERN USA--ECOLOGY AND EPIDEMIOLOGYRobert Lane; Fiscal Year: 1992..The effects of exposure to direct sunlight or of spirochetal infection on questing by immature ticks also will be determined...
- MOLECULAR MECHANISMS OF EIAV PERSISTENCEJERALD OAKS; Fiscal Year: 2001..These studies will provide insight into HIV persistence in HAART patients, and potentially provide a model that can be used to evaluate strategies for actual elimination of lentiviral infections. ..
- IDENTIFICATION OF STEM CELL MARKERS IN MAMMALIAN TESTESIna Dobrinski; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- Genetics of Cryptosporidium parvumGiovanni Widmer; Fiscal Year: 2010..Such valleys will be identified by quantitatively genotyping a selected and a control progeny population with a panel of single nucleotide polymorphisms. ..
- Porcine Respiratory Coronavirus as a SARS ModelLinda Saif; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Genetics of Cryptosporidium parvumGiovanni Widmer; Fiscal Year: 2006..We will test the following two working hypotheses: a) Virulence is determined by multiple genetic loci. b) QTL analysis can be used to identify genomic segments associated with virulence. ..
- Antigenic Relationships of SARS and Animal CoronavirusesLinda Saif; Fiscal Year: 2006..and animal CoVs, to develop SARS CoV antibody specific ELISA tests and to apply these to sera from domestic and wild animals to identify potential animal reservoirs for SARS...
- IMMUNE RESPONSES TO ROTAVIRUS-- ROLE MATERNAL ANTIBODIESLinda Saif; Fiscal Year: 2003..Clarification of the mechanisms of suppression by maternal Ab and means to overcome them will lead to more efficacious vaccines for both RV and other pathogens infecting neonates. ..
- PATHOGENESIS- HUMAN CALICIVIRUSES IN GNOTOBIOTIC ANIMALSLinda Saif; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- ENHANCING THE IMMUNOGENICITY OF HUMAN ROTAVIRUS VACCINESLinda Saif; Fiscal Year: 1993....
- ENHANCING THE IMMUNOGENICITY OF HUMAN ROTAVIRUS VACCINESLinda Saif; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- ENHANCING THE IMMUNOGENICITY OF HUMAN ROTAVIRUS VACCINESLinda Saif; Fiscal Year: 2000..Finally we will examine if selected immunoenhancers (microencapsulation, mucosal adjuvants) can augment the mucosal immune responses to the attenuated and subunit HRV vaccines and increase vaccine efficacy in the Gn pig model. ..
- OOCYTE CRYOPRESERVATION IN RARE BIOMEDICAL MODELSPierre Comizzoli; Fiscal Year: 2007..This multidisciplinary approach will provide new oocyte cryopreservation protocols useful to the management of cat colonies used as biomedical models for human diseases. ..
- Genotypic and Phenotypic Analysis of West Nile virus, Yucatan Peninsula of MexicoBradley Blitvich; Fiscal Year: 2007..This information will help determine why there has not been an epidemic of WNV in the YP, and will identify risk factors associated with WNV disease. ..