wild animals

Summary

Summary: Animals considered to be wild or feral or not adapted for domestic use. It does not include wild animals in zoos for which ANIMALS, ZOO is available.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Fingerprints of global warming on wild animals and plants
    Terry L Root
    Center for Environmental Science and Policy, Institute for International Studies, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA
    Nature 421:57-60. 2003
  2. ncbi Worldwide phylogeography of wild boar reveals multiple centers of pig domestication
    Greger Larson
    Henry Wellcome Ancient Biomolecules Centre, University of Oxford, Department of Zoology, South Parks Road OX1 3PS, UK
    Science 307:1618-21. 2005
  3. ncbi Global patterns of influenza a virus in wild birds
    Bjorn Olsen
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Umea University, SE 90187 Umea, Sweden
    Science 312:384-8. 2006
  4. ncbi Emerging infectious diseases of wildlife--threats to biodiversity and human health
    P Daszak
    Institute of Ecology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
    Science 287:443-9. 2000
  5. ncbi Multiple Ebola virus transmission events and rapid decline of central African wildlife
    Eric M Leroy
    Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement, UR034, Centre International de Recherches Medicales de Franceville, BP 769 Franceville, Gabon
    Science 303:387-90. 2004
  6. ncbi From the discovery of the Malta fever's agent to the discovery of a marine mammal reservoir, brucellosis has continuously been a re-emerging zoonosis
    Jacques Godfroid
    Département de Bactériologie et d Immunologie, Centre d Etude et de Recherches Vétérinaires et Agrochimiques, 99 Groeselenberg, 1180 Uccle, Belgium
    Vet Res 36:313-26. 2005
  7. ncbi Positive and negative effects of widespread badger culling on tuberculosis in cattle
    Christl A Donnelly
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, St Mary s Campus, Norfolk Place, London W2 1PG, UK
    Nature 439:843-6. 2006
  8. doi Experimental identification of social learning in wild animals
    Simon M Reader
    Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Learn Behav 38:265-83. 2010
  9. pmc Population phylogenomic analysis of mitochondrial DNA in wild boars and domestic pigs revealed multiple domestication events in East Asia
    Gui Sheng Wu
    State Key Laboratory of Genetic Resources and Evolution, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650223, China
    Genome Biol 8:R245. 2007
  10. ncbi Genetic relationship amongst the major non-coding regions of mitochondrial DNAs in wild boars and several breeds of domesticated pigs
    N Okumura
    Society for Techno Innovation of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, 446 1, Ippaizuka, Kamiyokoba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 0854, Japan
    Anim Genet 32:139-47. 2001

Research Grants

  1. ARBOVIRUS PERSISTENCE IN SEASONAL WETLANDS
    William Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2002
  2. ARBOVIRUS PERSISTENCE IN SEASONAL WETLANDS
    William Reisen; Fiscal Year: 1999
  3. ARBOVIRUS PERSISTENCE IN SEASONAL WETLANDS
    William Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2000
  4. Invasion of California by West Nile Virus
    William Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2007
  5. Invasion of California by West Nile Virus
    William Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2006
  6. Invasion of California by West Nile Virus
    William Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2005
  7. Invasion of California by West Nile Virus
    William Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2004
  8. ARBOVIRUS PERSISTENCE IN SEASONAL WETLANDS
    William Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2001
  9. HOST COMPETENCE FACTORS AFFECT ARBOVIRUS TRANSMISSION
    William Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2001
  10. HOST COMPETENCE FACTORS AFFECT ARBOVIRUS TRANSMISSION
    William Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2002

Detail Information

Publications254 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Fingerprints of global warming on wild animals and plants
    Terry L Root
    Center for Environmental Science and Policy, Institute for International Studies, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA
    Nature 421:57-60. 2003
    ....
  2. ncbi Worldwide phylogeography of wild boar reveals multiple centers of pig domestication
    Greger Larson
    Henry Wellcome Ancient Biomolecules Centre, University of Oxford, Department of Zoology, South Parks Road OX1 3PS, UK
    Science 307:1618-21. 2005
    ..In contrast, new genetic data reveal multiple centers of domestication across Eurasia and that European, rather than Near Eastern, wild boar are the principal source of modern European domestic pigs...
  3. ncbi Global patterns of influenza a virus in wild birds
    Bjorn Olsen
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Umea University, SE 90187 Umea, Sweden
    Science 312:384-8. 2006
    ....
  4. ncbi Emerging infectious diseases of wildlife--threats to biodiversity and human health
    P Daszak
    Institute of Ecology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
    Science 287:443-9. 2000
    Emerging infectious diseases (EIDs) of free-living wild animals can be classified into three major groups on the basis of key epizootiological criteria: (i) EIDs associated with "spill-over" from domestic animals to wildlife populations ..
  5. ncbi Multiple Ebola virus transmission events and rapid decline of central African wildlife
    Eric M Leroy
    Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement, UR034, Centre International de Recherches Medicales de Franceville, BP 769 Franceville, Gabon
    Science 303:387-90. 2004
    ..Surveillance of animal mortality may help to predict and prevent human Ebola outbreaks...
  6. ncbi From the discovery of the Malta fever's agent to the discovery of a marine mammal reservoir, brucellosis has continuously been a re-emerging zoonosis
    Jacques Godfroid
    Département de Bactériologie et d Immunologie, Centre d Etude et de Recherches Vétérinaires et Agrochimiques, 99 Groeselenberg, 1180 Uccle, Belgium
    Vet Res 36:313-26. 2005
    ..e. B. cetaceae and B. pinnipediae, represents a new zoonotic threat but the pathogenicity for humans of the different Brucella species found in cetaceans and pinnipeds still has to be clearly established...
  7. ncbi Positive and negative effects of widespread badger culling on tuberculosis in cattle
    Christl A Donnelly
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, St Mary s Campus, Norfolk Place, London W2 1PG, UK
    Nature 439:843-6. 2006
    ..These findings are biologically consistent with previous studies but will present challenges for policy development...
  8. doi Experimental identification of social learning in wild animals
    Simon M Reader
    Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Learn Behav 38:265-83. 2010
    ..We review experimental approaches taken in the field and with wild animals brought into captivity and note how these approaches can be extended...
  9. pmc Population phylogenomic analysis of mitochondrial DNA in wild boars and domestic pigs revealed multiple domestication events in East Asia
    Gui Sheng Wu
    State Key Laboratory of Genetic Resources and Evolution, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650223, China
    Genome Biol 8:R245. 2007
    ..Previously reported evidence indicates that pigs were independently domesticated in multiple places throughout the world. However, a detailed picture of the origin and dispersal of domestic pigs in East Asia has not yet been reported...
  10. ncbi Genetic relationship amongst the major non-coding regions of mitochondrial DNAs in wild boars and several breeds of domesticated pigs
    N Okumura
    Society for Techno Innovation of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, 446 1, Ippaizuka, Kamiyokoba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 0854, Japan
    Anim Genet 32:139-47. 2001
    ..This time of divergence would predate the historical period when the pig is thought to have been domesticated from the wild boar...
  11. ncbi Animal movements and the spread of infectious diseases
    Eric M Fèvre
    Centre for Infectious Diseases and Centre for Tropical Veterinary Medicine, Royal Dick School of Veterinary Studies, University of Edinburgh, Easter Bush, Roslin, Midlothian EH25 9RG, UK
    Trends Microbiol 14:125-31. 2006
    ..Measures based on heightened surveillance are proposed that mitigate the risks of new pathogen introductions...
  12. doi Risk factors associated with bovine tuberculosis in traditional cattle of the livestock/wildlife interface areas in the Kafue basin of Zambia
    M Munyeme
    Department of Disease Control, University of Zambia, School of Veterinary Medicine, P O Box 32379, Lusaka, Zambia
    Prev Vet Med 85:317-28. 2008
    ..0) of being positive compared to sedentary herds (OR=1.0). The results in this study provide preliminary information about potential risk factors that were found to be associated with BTB status in cattle...
  13. pmc Universal primer set for amplification and sequencing of HA0 cleavage sites of all influenza A viruses
    Astrid Gall
    Institute of Diagnostic Virology, Friedrich Loeffler Institut, Südufer 10, 17493 Greifswald Insel Riems, Germany
    J Clin Microbiol 46:2561-7. 2008
    ....
  14. ncbi Active surveillance for avian influenza viruses in wild birds and backyard flocks in Northern Italy during 2004 to 2006
    Calogero Terregino
    OIE FAO and National Reference Laboratory for Newcastle Disease and Avian Influenza, Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale delle Venezie, Legnaro, Padova, Italy
    Avian Pathol 36:337-44. 2007
    ....
  15. pmc Wild Mandrillus sphinx are carriers of two types of lentivirus
    S Souquiere
    Laboratoire de Virologie, UGENET, SEGC, Réserve de la Lopé, Centre International de Recherches Medicales, Franceville, Gabon
    J Virol 75:7086-96. 2001
    ....
  16. ncbi Sarcoptic manage in wildlife
    D B Pence
    Department of Pathology, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, 3601 4th Street, Lubbock, Texas 79430, USA
    Rev Sci Tech 21:385-98. 2002
    ..There is often almost complete alopecia. Isolation and treatment of infected individuals may be warranted, and has met with some success in small remaining populations of certain highly endangered species...
  17. ncbi Parasites of domestic and wild animals in South Africa. XLIV. Fleas (Insecta: Siphonaptera: Pulicidae) collected from 15 carnivore species
    I G Horak
    Department of Zoology and Entomology, University of the Free State, PO Box 339, Bioemfontein, 9300 South Africa
    Onderstepoort J Vet Res 71:9-14. 2004
    ..Amongst these only Ctenocephalides felis felis and Ctenocephalides felis strongylus are considered specific parasites of carnivores. The remaining ten species normally infest the prey animals of the various carnivores...
  18. ncbi The ascendancy of Amblyomma americanum as a vector of pathogens affecting humans in the United States
    James E Childs
    Viral and Rickettsial Zoonoses Branch, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Annu Rev Entomol 48:307-37. 2003
    ....
  19. pmc Infectious prions in pre-clinical deer and transmission of chronic wasting disease solely by environmental exposure
    Candace K Mathiason
    Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Pathology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 4:e5916. 2009
    ....
  20. ncbi Suburban transmission of Q fever in French Guiana: evidence of a wild reservoir
    J Gardon
    Laboratoire d Epidémiologie, Institut Pasteur de la Guyane, 97306 Cayenne Cedex, France
    J Infect Dis 184:278-84. 2001
    ..Transmission from livestock and dissemination of the bacteria by the wind appeared to be unlikely, which strengthens the hypothesis that a wild reservoir is responsible for transmission...
  21. pmc Surveillance of influenza A virus in migratory waterfowl in northern Europe
    Anders Wallensten
    Smedby Health Center, Kalmar, Sweden
    Emerg Infect Dis 13:404-11. 2007
    ..We argue that wild bird screening can function as a sentinel system, and we give an example of how it could have been used to forecast a remote and deadly outbreak of influenza A in poultry...
  22. ncbi Handling intensity and the short- and long-term survival of elephant seals: addressing and quantifying research effects on wild animals
    Clive McMahon
    Australian Antarctic Division, Kingston, Tasmania, Australia
    Ambio 34:426-9. 2005
    ..In support of this conclusion we were unable to detect any significant differences in the survival rates of the most intensively handled seals and the least intensively handled seals...
  23. ncbi The role of wildlife in emerging and re-emerging zoonoses
    R G Bengis
    Veterinary Investigation Centre, PO Box 12, Skukuza, Kruger National Park, 1350, South Africa
    Rev Sci Tech 23:497-511. 2004
    There are huge numbers of wild animals distributed throughout the world and the diversity of wildlife species is immense...
  24. ncbi Animal-side serologic assay for rapid detection of Mycobacterium bovis infection in multiple species of free-ranging wildlife
    K P Lyashchenko
    Chembio Diagnostic Systems, Inc, 3661 Horseblock Road, Medford, NY 11763, USA
    Vet Microbiol 132:283-92. 2008
    ..bovis infection to domestic livestock...
  25. ncbi Serological evidence of USUTU virus occurrence in north-eastern Italy
    R Lelli
    Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale dell Abruzzo e Molise G Caporale, Via Campo Boario, Teramo, Italy
    Zoonoses Public Health 55:361-7. 2008
    ..Although no virus was rescued from these animals and from wild or farm birds sampled in the area, these results still provided evidence of the circulation of USUV in north-eastern Italy...
  26. ncbi Thelazia callipaeda (Spirurida, Thelaziidae) in wild animals: report of new host species and ecological implications
    Domenico Otranto
    Dipartimento di Sanità Pubblica e Zootecnia, Universita degli Studi di Bari, Valenzano, BA, Italy
    Vet Parasitol 166:262-7. 2009
    ..The role the wild fauna plays in maintaining and spreading eyeworm infection in humans and domestic animals is also discussed...
  27. pmc Fecal glucocorticoids reflect socio-ecological and anthropogenic stressors in the lives of wild spotted hyenas
    Page E Van Meter
    Department of Zoology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    Horm Behav 55:329-37. 2009
    ..Further work will be necessary to determine whether interpopulation variation in stress physiology predicts population decline in groups exposed to intensive anthropogenic disturbance...
  28. ncbi Identification of trypanosomes in wild animals from southern Cameroon using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR)
    S Herder
    LRCT IRD CIRAD, TA 207 G, Campus International de Baillarguet, F 34398 Montpellier, France
    Parasite 9:345-9. 2002
    ..monticola), in carnivores (Nandinia binotata and Genetta servalina) and in rodents (Cricetomys gambianus and Atherurus africanus). 13 species (54%) were carrying T. brucei s.l. identified as non-gambiense group 1...
  29. ncbi A search for Ebola virus in animals in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Cameroon: ecologic, virologic, and serologic surveys, 1979-1980. Ebola Virus Study Teams
    J G Breman
    Smallpox Eradication Unit, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    J Infect Dis 179:S139-47. 1999
    ..This study was limited in time and animal collections and excluded insects and plants. Long-term, prospective, multidisciplinary comparative studies will yield more information than will repeat short forays on the ecology of filoviruses...
  30. doi Rapid molecular subtyping by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction of the neuraminidase gene of avian influenza A viruses
    S R Fereidouni
    Institute of Diagnostic Virology, Friedrich Loeffler Institut FLI, Federal Research Institute for Animal Health, 17493 Greifswald Insel Riems, Germany
    Vet Microbiol 135:253-60. 2009
    ..A universal molecular HA/NA subtyping algorithm for rRT-PCR positive avian influenza virus monitoring samples is proposed which may complement classical serological subtyping of influenza A virus isolates...
  31. ncbi Susceptibility of wood ducks to H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
    Justin D Brown
    Southeastern Cooperative Wildlife Disease Study, Department of Population Health, Wildlife Health Building, College of Veterinary Medicine, The University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602, USA
    J Wildl Dis 43:660-7. 2007
    ....
  32. ncbi Long-term monitoring for avian influenza viruses in wild bird species in Italy
    M A De Marco
    Istituto Nazionale per la Fauna Selvatica, Ozzano Emilia BO, Italy
    Vet Res Commun 27:107-14. 2003
  33. ncbi Influenza A viruses of migrating wild aquatic birds in North America
    Scott Krauss
    Department of Infectious Diseases, St Jude Children s Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee 38105, USA
    Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 4:177-89. 2004
    ..The viruses reported in this study are available for genomic study to determine whether prediction of host range or pandemic potential is possible...
  34. pmc Molecular evidence of Anaplasma phagocytophilum in Ixodes ricinus ticks and wild animals in Austria
    Helene Polin
    Department of Neurology, Christian Doppler Klinik, Salzburg, Austria
    J Clin Microbiol 42:2285-6. 2004
    ..phagocytophilum...
  35. ncbi Risk factors associated with the prevalence of tuberculosis-like lesions in fenced wild boar and red deer in south central Spain
    Joaquin Vicente
    Instituts de Investigación en Recursos cinegéticos IREC CSIC UCLM JCCM, Ronda de Toledo s n, 13080 Ciudad Real, Spain
    Vet Res 38:451-64. 2007
    ....
  36. ncbi Disease investigation into free-ranging Kafue lechwe (Kobus leche kafuensis) on the Kafue Flats in Zambia
    N D Kock
    Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    Vet Rec 151:482-4. 2002
  37. ncbi Helminths of red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) in Denmark
    I Saeed
    Danish Centre for Experimental Parasitology, Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, The Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Dyrlaegevej 100, DK 1870 Frederiksberg C, Denmark
    Vet Parasitol 139:168-79. 2006
    ..Aggregated distribution was found for several helminth species. The two species E. multilocularis and E. perfoliatus are first records for Denmark...
  38. ncbi Mycobacterium leprae and Mycobacterium lepraemurium infections in domestic and wild animals
    O Rojas-Espinosa
    Department of Immunology, National School of Biological Sciences, National Polytechnic Institute Carpio y Plan de Ayala, Colonia Santo Tomas, 11340 Mexico, DF, Mexico
    Rev Sci Tech 20:219-51. 2001
    ..Naturally acquired murine leprosy has been observed in rats, mice and cats, but not in humans or any other species. Thus, in contrast to human leprosy, murine leprosy is not a zoonosis...
  39. ncbi Wild boar and red deer display high prevalences of tuberculosis-like lesions in Spain
    Joaquin Vicente
    IREC Instituto de Investigación en Recursos Cinegéticos CSIC UCLM JCCM, Ronda de Toledo s n, 13080 Ciudad Real, Spain
    Vet Res 37:107-19. 2006
    ..These results highlight the potential importance of wild boar and red deer in the maintenance of tuberculosis in south central Spain...
  40. ncbi Infections of wild animals with Anaplasma phagocytophila in Austria and the Czech Republic
    Miroslav Petrovec
    Institute of Microbiology and Immunology, Medical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 990:103-6. 2003
  41. ncbi Cost-efficient vaccination of foxes (Vulpes vulpes) against rabies and the need for a new baiting strategy
    T Selhorst
    Federal Research Centre for Virus Diseases of Animals, WHO Collaborating Centre for rabies in Central and Eastern Europe, Institute for Epidemiology, Seetr 55, D 16868, Wusterhausen, Germany
    Prev Vet Med 51:95-109. 2001
    ..We concluded that distribution of baits in June was optimal given that the durability of baits is above a threshold of 7 days...
  42. pmc Prion infectivity in fat of deer with chronic wasting disease
    Brent Race
    Rocky Mountain Laboratories, Hamilton, Montana 59840, USA
    J Virol 83:9608-10. 2009
    ..Deer fat devoid of muscle contained low levels of CWD infectivity and might be a risk factor for prion infection of other species...
  43. ncbi Declining wild salmon populations in relation to parasites from farm salmon
    Martin Krkosek
    Centre for Mathematical Biology, Department of Mathematical and Statistical Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada
    Science 318:1772-5. 2007
    ..These results suggest that salmon farms can cause parasite outbreaks that erode the capacity of a coastal ecosystem to support wild salmon populations...
  44. pmc Possible avian influenza (H5N1) from migratory bird, Egypt
    Magdi D Saad
    Emerg Infect Dis 13:1120-1. 2007
  45. ncbi Survey of Campylobacter species, VTEC O157 and Salmonella species in Swedish wildlife
    H Wahlstrom
    Swedish Zoonosis Center, Uppsala
    Vet Rec 153:74-80. 2003
    Samples collected from 791 wild animals (Canada geese, roe deer, hares, moose, wild boar and gulls) shot during hunting were examined for verocytotoxin-producing Escherichia coli (VTEC) O157, and thermophilic Campylobacter and Salmonella ..
  46. ncbi Epidemiological study on porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) infection in the European wild boar (Sus scrofa)
    Joaquin Vicente
    Instituto de Investigación en Recursos Cinegéticos IREC, CSIC UCLM JCCM, Ronda de Toledo s n, 13005 Ciudad Real, Spain
    Vet Res 35:243-53. 2004
    ..One of these was diagnosed as PMWS. The results, in addition to information on piglet mortalities, suggest a potential role of PMWS in piglet mortality in intensively managed wild boar populations...
  47. ncbi Epidemiologic situation of human rabies in Latin America in 2004
    M C Schneider
    Epidemiol Bull 26:2-4. 2005
  48. ncbi Trends in national surveillance for rabies among bats in the United States (1993-2000)
    Alison M Mondul
    Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    J Am Vet Med Assoc 222:633-9. 2003
    ..To describe surveillance trends and epidemiologic features of rabies in bats in the United States, focusing on 3 bat species primarily associated with variants of the rabies virus that affect humans...
  49. ncbi In defense of zoos and aquariums: the ethical basis for keeping wild animals in captivity
    Michael Hutchins
    Department of Conservation and Science, American Zoo and Aquarium Association, 8403 Colesville Rd, Ste 710, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
    J Am Vet Med Assoc 223:958-66. 2003
  50. ncbi Anthropogenic environmental change and the emergence of infectious diseases in wildlife
    P Daszak
    Institute of Ecology, University of Georgia, Athens GA 30602, USA
    Acta Trop 78:103-16. 2001
    ....
  51. doi A retrospective study of wildlife rabies in Zimbabwe, between 1992 and 2003
    D M Pfukenyi
    Department of Clinical Veterinary Studies, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Zimbabwe, P O Box MP 167, Mt Pleasant, Harare, Zimbabwe
    Trop Anim Health Prod 41:565-72. 2009
    ..During the present study rabies cases were confirmed in 7 additional wild animals. The majority of the positive cases (83...
  52. ncbi The initial domestication of goats (Capra hircus) in the Zagros mountains 10,000 years ago
    M A Zeder
    Archaeobiology Program, Department of Anthropology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC 20560 0112, USA
    Science 287:2254-7. 2000
    ..Direct accelerator mass spectrometry radiocarbon dates on skeletal elements provide a tight temporal context for the transition...
  53. doi Mechanisms of antibiotic resistance in Escherichia coli isolates recovered from wild animals
    Daniela Costa
    Departamento de Ciências Veterinárias, Universidade de Tras os Montes e Alto Douro, Vila Real, Portugal
    Microb Drug Resist 14:71-7. 2008
    Seventy-two fecal samples obtained from wild animals in Portugal were sampled on Levine agar plates (non-supplemented with antibiotics), and Escherichia coli isolates were recovered from 56 of them (78%), obtaining a total of 112 E...
  54. doi Is ITS-2 rDNA suitable marker for genetic characterization of Sarcoptes mites from different wild animals in different geographic areas?
    S Alasaad
    Departamento de Biologia Animal, Biología Vegetal y Ecología, Universidad de Jaen, Campus Las Lagunillas, S N, E 23071 Jaén, Spain
    Vet Parasitol 159:181-5. 2009
    ..These results demonstrated that ITS-2 rDNA does not appear to be suitable for examining genetic diversity among mite populations...
  55. ncbi Evaluation of the influence of supplemental feeding of white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) on the prevalence of bovine tuberculosis in the Michigan wild deer population
    RoseAnn Miller
    Population Medicine Center, College of Veterinary Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 1314, USA
    J Wildl Dis 39:84-95. 2003
    ..R. = 0.1, 95% C.I. = 0.01-0.3). The results of this study suggest that banning the practice of supplemental feeding is a valid policy for control of bovine tuberculosis in free-ranging white-tailed deer...
  56. ncbi Public health. Pathogen surveillance in animals
    T Kuiken
    Department of Virology, Erasmus MC, 3015 GE Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Science 309:1680-1. 2005
  57. ncbi Isolation and characterization of viruses related to the SARS coronavirus from animals in southern China
    Y Guan
    Department of Microbiology, The University of Hong Kong, University Pathology Building, Queen Mary Hospital, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, People s Republic of China
    Science 302:276-8. 2003
    ..The detection of SCoV-like viruses in small, live wild mammals in a retail market indicates a route of interspecies transmission, although the natural reservoir is not known...
  58. ncbi Epidemiology of chronic wasting disease in free-ranging mule deer: spatial, temporal, and demographic influences on observed prevalence patterns
    Michael W Miller
    Colorado Division of Wildlife, Wildlife Research Center, 317 West Prospect Road, Fort Collins, Colorado 80526 2097, USA
    J Wildl Dis 41:275-90. 2005
    ..These factors likely combine in various ways to influence epidemic dynamics on both local and broad geographic scales...
  59. ncbi Epizootiology of chronic wasting disease in free-ranging cervids in Colorado and Wyoming
    M W Miller
    Colorado Division of Wildlife, Wildlife Research Center, Fort Collins 80526 2097, USA
    J Wildl Dis 36:676-90. 2000
    ..Based on prevalence, spatial distribution, and modeling, we suggest CWD has been occurring in northeastern Colorado and southeastern Wyoming for >30 yr, and may be best represented as an epizootic with a protracted time-scale...
  60. ncbi The conditions for tool use in primates: implications for the evolution of material culture
    C P van Schaik
    Department of Biological Anthropology and Anatomy, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708 0383, USA
    J Hum Evol 36:719-41. 1999
    ....
  61. ncbi Global consequences of land use
    Jonathan A Foley
    Center for Sustainability and the Global Environment SAGE, University of Wisconsin, 1710 University Avenue, Madison, WI 53726, USA
    Science 309:570-4. 2005
    ..We face the challenge of managing trade-offs between immediate human needs and maintaining the capacity of the biosphere to provide goods and services in the long term...
  62. pmc Contact networks in a wildlife-livestock host community: identifying high-risk individuals in the transmission of bovine TB among badgers and cattle
    Monika Böhm
    Environment Department, University of York, York, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 4:e5016. 2009
    ....
  63. ncbi Mycobacterium bovis infection in wildlife in New Zealand
    J D Coleman
    Landcare Research, Lincoln, New Zealand
    Tuberculosis (Edinb) 81:191-202. 2001
    ....
  64. ncbi Mycobacterial infections in domestic and wild animals due to Mycobacterium marinum, M. fortuitum, M. chelonae, M. porcinum, M. farcinogenes, M. smegmatis, M. scrofulaceum, M. xenopi, M. kansasii, M. simiae and M. genavense
    H Bercovier
    Institute of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Ein Karem, Jerusalem 91010, Israel
    Rev Sci Tech 20:265-90. 2001
    ....
  65. ncbi The role of wild animal populations in the epidemiology of tuberculosis in domestic animals: how to assess the risk
    L A L Corner
    Department of Large Animal Clinical Studies, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland
    Vet Microbiol 112:303-12. 2006
    ..A detailed analysis of Mycobacterium bovis infection in the Eurasian badger (Meles meles) in Ireland and their role as a reservoir of infection for cattle is also presented...
  66. doi A molecular survey of Piroplasmida and Hepatozoon isolated from domestic and wild animals in Burgos (northern Spain)
    Consuelo Gimenez
    Departamento de Microbiologia y Parasitologia, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad de Alcala, Crta Madrid Barcelona, Km 33, 600, 28871 Alcala de Henares, Spain
    Vet Parasitol 162:147-50. 2009
    ..The present study indicates that piroplasmid protozoa are present at a low to moderate frequency in some domestic herbivores in the Burgos area. They also infect certain wild mammalian species, which may act as zoonotic carriers...
  67. ncbi Fecal shedding and antimicrobial susceptibility of selected bacterial pathogens and a survey of intestinal parasites in free-living waterfowl
    D M Fallacara
    Department of Veterinary Preventive Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus 43210, USA
    Avian Dis 45:128-35. 2001
    ..In addition, the prevalence of endoparasites in these sampled waterfowl ranged from 5% to 66%. Protozoan oocysts were most prevalent followed by nematode ova. No trematode or cestode ovum was recovered from this sampled population...
  68. pmc Risk to human health from a plethora of simian immunodeficiency viruses in primate bushmeat
    Martine Peeters
    Institue de Recherche pour la Développement, Laboratoire Retrovirus, 911 Avenue Agropolis, BP 5045, 34032 Montpellier Cedex 1, France
    Emerg Infect Dis 8:451-7. 2002
    ..These data document for the first time that a substantial proportion of wild monkeys in Cameroon are SIV infected and that humans who hunt and handle bushmeat are exposed to a plethora of genetically highly divergent viruses...
  69. doi Wild bird surveillance for the avian influenza virus
    Justin D Brown
    Southeastern Cooperative Wildlife Disease Study, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA
    Methods Mol Biol 436:85-97. 2008
    ..Separate sections are included for low pathogenicity avian influenza (LPAI) and HPAI H5N1 viruses because the unique biological characteristics of HPAI H5N1 require a modified surveillance plan tailored to these viruses...
  70. pmc First introduction of highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza A viruses in wild and domestic birds in Denmark, Northern Europe
    Karoline Bragstad
    Laboratory for Virus Research and Development, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen S, Denmark
    Virol J 4:43. 2007
    ..HP H5N1 virus was isolated in Denmark for the first time in March 2006. A total of 44 wild birds were found positive for the HP H5N1 infection. In addition, one case was reported in a backyard poultry flock...
  71. ncbi Differential expression of inflammatory and immune response genes in mesenteric lymph nodes of Iberian red deer (Cervus elaphus hispanicus) naturally infected with Mycobacterium bovis
    Isabel G Fernandez de Mera
    Instituto de Investigacion en Recursos Cinegeticos IREC CSIC UCLM JCCM, Ronda de Toledo s n, 13071 Ciudad Real, Spain
    Dev Comp Immunol 32:85-91. 2008
    ..These results contribute to our basic understanding of the mechanisms of pathogenesis and immunity to natural mycobacterial infections and may have important implications for the control of bTB...
  72. ncbi Impact on blood Pb levels of maternal and early infant feeding practices of First Nation Cree in the Mushkegowuk Territory of northern Ontario, Canada
    Rhona M Hanning
    Department of Pediatrics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L8N 3Z5
    J Environ Monit 5:241-5. 2003
    ..Although blood and milk Pb levels were largely within acceptable ranges, the presence of some elevated levels and association between blood Pb and traditional game consumption may reflect the legacy of using lead-containing ammunition...
  73. pmc Mallards and highly pathogenic avian influenza ancestral viruses, northern Europe
    Vincent J Munster
    Department of Virology, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Emerg Infect Dis 11:1545-51. 2005
    ....
  74. ncbi Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus subtype H5N1 in Mute swans in the Czech Republic
    Alexander Nagy
    State Veterinary Institute Prague, National Reference Laboratory for Avian Influenza, Sidlistni 136 24, 165 03 Prague 6, Czech Republic
    Vet Microbiol 120:9-16. 2007
    ..This is the first report of highly pathogenic avian influenza subtype H5N1 in the Czech Republic. The potential role of swan as an effective vector of avian influenza virus is also discussed...
  75. ncbi Implications of agricultural and wildlife policy on management and eradication of bovine tuberculosis and brucellosis in free-ranging wood bison of northern Canada
    J S Nishi
    Resources, Wildlife, and Economic Development RWED, Government of the Northwest Territories GNWT, Fort Smith, Northwest Territories X0E 0P0, Canada
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 969:236-44. 2002
    ....
  76. ncbi Molecular analysis of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus of subtype H5N1 isolated from wild birds and mammals in northern Germany
    Siegfried Weber
    Institute of Molecular Biology, Friedrich Loeffler Institut, 17493 Greifswald Insel Riems, Germany
    J Gen Virol 88:554-8. 2007
    ..In addition, an H5N1 isolate originating from a single outbreak in poultry in Germany was found to be related closely to the H5N1 viruses circulating at that time in the wild-bird population...
  77. pmc Movements of birds and avian influenza from Asia into Alaska
    Kevin Winker
    University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska 99775, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 13:547-52. 2007
    ....
  78. ncbi Rabies surveillance in the United States during 2004
    John W Krebs
    Viral and Rickettsial Zoonoses Branch, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Am Vet Med Assoc 227:1912-25. 2005
    ..In Wisconsin, a teenager contracted rabies from a bat bite and became the first known person to survive rabies despite not having received rabies vaccine prior to symptom onset...
  79. ncbi Prevalence of antibodies to Neospora caninum in wild animals
    J P Dubey
    US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Animal and Natural Resources Institute, Animal Parasitic Diseases Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland 20705 2350, USA
    J Parasitol 91:1217-8. 2005
    Antibodies to Neospora caninum were determined in several species of wild animals in the United States by the Neospora agglutination test (NAT)...
  80. ncbi Pestiviruses in wild animals
    S Vilcek
    University of Veterinary Medicine, Depatment of Infectious Diseases and Parasitology, Komenskeho 73, 041 81 Kosice, Slovakia
    Vet Microbiol 116:1-12. 2006
    Pestiviruses are not strictly host-species specific and can infect not only domestic but also wild animals. The most important pestivirus, CSFV, infects domestic pigs and wild boars, which may cause a major problem for successful CSFV ..
  81. ncbi Pesticides and the intoxication of wild animals
    P Berny
    College of Veterinary Medicine Toxicology, Marcy l Etoile, France
    J Vet Pharmacol Ther 30:93-100. 2007
    ..review the wildlife-poisoning surveillance systems and their results regarding the circumstances of exposure of wild animals, the pesticides involved and the species exposed...
  82. ncbi Alterations in development of reproductive and endocrine systems of wildlife populations exposed to endocrine-disrupting contaminants
    L J Guillette
    Department of Zoology, 223 Bartram Hall, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
    Reproduction 122:857-64. 2001
    ..The possible role of contaminants in altering sex determination mechanisms is also examined...
  83. pmc Using RRT-PCR analysis and virus isolation to determine the prevalence of avian influenza virus infections in ducks at Minto Flats State Game Refuge, Alaska, during August 2005
    J A Runstadler
    Institute of Arctic Biology, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK 99775, USA
    Arch Virol 152:1901-10. 2007
    ..Our success during 2005 indicates Minto Flats will be a valuable study site for a longitudinal research project designed to gain further insight into the natural history, evolution, and ecology of AIV in wild birds...
  84. ncbi Ecologic correlates of Toxoplasma gondii exposure in free-ranging neotropical mammals
    Benoit de Thoisy
    Parasitologie Mycologie, EA 3593, UFR Médecine Antilles Guyane, BP 6006, F 97306 Cayenne, French Guiana
    J Wildl Dis 39:456-9. 2003
    ..Terrestrial mammals were significantly more exposed to T. gondii than other mammals. This result is concordant with oral exposure to T. gondii related to ground dwelling behavior and/or carnivory...
  85. pmc Evaluation of a direct, rapid immunohistochemical test for rabies diagnosis
    Tiziana Lembo
    University of Edinburgh, Midlothian, United Kingdom
    Emerg Infect Dis 12:310-3. 2006
    ..Compared to the direct fluorescent antibody test, the traditional standard in rabies diagnosis, the dRIT was 100% sensitive and specific...
  86. ncbi Encephalitis in a stone marten (Martes foina) after natural infection with highly pathogenic avian influenza virus subtype H5N1
    R Klopfleisch
    Friedrich Loeffler Institut, Federal Research Institute for Animal Health, Isle of Riems, Rostock, Germany
    J Comp Pathol 137:155-9. 2007
    ..This is the first report of natural infection of a mustelid with HPAIV H5N1...
  87. ncbi Molecular epidemiology of terrestrial rabies in the former Soviet Union
    Ivan V Kuzmin
    Rabies Group, Institute for Natural Foci Infections, Prospekt Mira, 7, Omsk, 644080 Russia
    J Wildl Dis 40:617-31. 2004
    ..In the glycoprotein gene, evidence of positive selection was strongly suggested in codons 156, 160, and 183. At these sites, no link between amino acid substitutions and phylogenetic placement or specific host species was detected...
  88. ncbi Towards improved influenza A virus surveillance in migrating birds
    Vincent J Munster
    Department of Virology, Erasmus Medical Centre, Dr Molewaterplein 50, 3015 GE Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Vaccine 24:6729-33. 2006
    ..This is particularly relevant if wild bird surveillance studies are used as an "early warning system" for the arrival of the H5N1 HPAI virus in a country or region and to assess the risk posed by these viruses in general...
  89. ncbi Detection of avian paramyxoviruses and influenza viruses amongst wild bird populations in Victoria
    I Peroulis
    Department of Primary Industries, Primary Industries Research Victoria, Attwood, Victoria 3049
    Aust Vet J 82:79-82. 2004
    ..To isolate and characterise avian paramyxoviruses and other haemagglutinating viruses amongst Victorian wild bird populations...
  90. ncbi H5N1 in wild and domestic birds in Europe--remaining vigilant in response to an ongoing public health threat
    Howard Needham
    European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, Stockholm, Sweden
    Euro Surveill 12:E071206.1. 2007
  91. ncbi Diversities and similarities in PFGE profiles of Campylobacter jejuni isolated from migrating birds and humans
    T Broman
    Department of Infectious Diseases Department of Molecular Biology, Umea University, Umea, Sweden
    J Appl Microbiol 96:834-43. 2004
    ....
  92. pmc Role of terrestrial wild birds in ecology of influenza A virus (H5N1)
    Adrianus C M Boon
    St Jude Children s Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee 38105, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 13:1720-4. 2007
    ..In summary, recent influenza (H5N1) viruses are pathogenic for small terrestrial bird species but the rate of intraspecies transmission in these hosts is very low...
  93. ncbi Status of oral rabies vaccination in wild carnivores in the United States
    Dennis Slate
    USDA, APHIS, Wildlife Services, 59 Chenell Drive, Suite 7, Concord, NH 03301, USA
    Virus Res 111:68-76. 2005
    ..These key priorities must be addressed to ensure that ORV has the optimal chance of achieving long range programmatic goals of eliminating specific variants of rabies virus in North American terrestrial carnivores...
  94. ncbi Calodium hepaticum (syn. Capillaria hepatica) in captive rodents in a zoological garden
    S P Redrobe
    Bristol Zoo Gardens, Guthrie Road, Clifton, Bristol BS8 3HA, UK
    J Comp Pathol 133:73-6. 2005
    ..As C. hepaticum is potentially zoonotic, members of staff in zoos should be careful to avoid soil-to-mouth contact, particularly in prairie dog enclosures...
  95. ncbi Interspecies transmission of an H7N3 influenza virus from wild birds to intensively reared domestic poultry in Italy
    Laura Campitelli
    Department of Virology, Istituto Superiore Sanita, Rome, Italy
    Virology 323:24-36. 2004
    ....
  96. ncbi Genetic evidence for Near-Eastern origins of European cattle
    C S Troy
    Department of Genetics, Smurfit Institute, Trinity College, Dublin 2, Ireland
    Nature 410:1088-91. 2001
    ..In contrast, African diversity is almost exclusively composed of a separate haplogroup, which is encountered only rarely elsewhere. These data provide strong support for a derived Near-Eastern origin for European cattle...
  97. ncbi Tuberculosis in Tanzanian wildlife
    S Cleaveland
    Centre for Tropical Veterinary Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Royal Dick School of Clinical Studies, Easter Bush, Roslin, Midlothian, UK EH25 9RG
    J Wildl Dis 41:446-53. 2005
    ....
  98. ncbi Collaborative research approaches to the role of wildlife in zoonotic disease emergence
    P Daszak
    Consortium for Conservation Medicine, New York, NY 10001, USA
    Curr Top Microbiol Immunol 315:463-75. 2007
    ..We demonstrate how studies on the underlying drivers of disease emergence (bushmeat hunting, wildlife trade, and deforestation) can provide ways to model, predict, and ultimately prevent zoonotic disease emergence and spread...
  99. ncbi Characterization of Rabies virus isolated from canids and identification of the main wild canid host in Northeastern Brazil
    Pedro Carnieli
    Instituto Pasteur de São Paulo, SP, Brazil
    Virus Res 131:33-46. 2008
    ..The results obtained in this study are in concordance with the zoology and ecology of wild canids, and thus, help improve epidemiologic vigilance of rabies and allow a more targeted control of the disease...
  100. ncbi Health concerns prompt US review of exotic-pet trade
    Erika Check
    Nature 427:277. 2004
  101. pmc Comparison of multiple-locus variable-number tandem-repeat analysis with other PCR-based methods for typing Brucella suis isolates
    David García-Yoldi
    Departamento de Microbiologia y Parasitologia, Universidad de Navarra, c Irunlarrea no 1, 31008, Pamplona, Spain
    J Clin Microbiol 45:4070-2. 2007
    ..A perfect concordance was obtained among these molecular assays. However, MLVA was the only method to demonstrate brucellosis outbreaks and to confirm that wildlife is a reservoir for zoonotic brucellosis...

Research Grants101 found, 100 shown here

  1. ARBOVIRUS PERSISTENCE IN SEASONAL WETLANDS
    William Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Virus ecology at wetlands in the Coachella Valley of southeastern California with consistent enzootic activity will be compared with wetlands in the southern San Joaquin Valley where virus activity currently is intermittent. ..
  2. ARBOVIRUS PERSISTENCE IN SEASONAL WETLANDS
    William Reisen; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Virus ecology at wetlands in the Coachella Valley of southeastern California with consistent enzootic activity will be compared with wetlands in the southern San Joaquin Valley where virus activity currently is intermittent. ..
  3. ARBOVIRUS PERSISTENCE IN SEASONAL WETLANDS
    William Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Virus ecology at wetlands in the Coachella Valley of southeastern California with consistent enzootic activity will be compared with wetlands in the southern San Joaquin Valley where virus activity currently is intermittent. ..
  4. Invasion of California by West Nile Virus
    William Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  5. Invasion of California by West Nile Virus
    William Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  6. Invasion of California by West Nile Virus
    William Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  7. Invasion of California by West Nile Virus
    William Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  8. ARBOVIRUS PERSISTENCE IN SEASONAL WETLANDS
    William Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Virus ecology at wetlands in the Coachella Valley of southeastern California with consistent enzootic activity will be compared with wetlands in the southern San Joaquin Valley where virus activity currently is intermittent. ..
  9. HOST COMPETENCE FACTORS AFFECT ARBOVIRUS TRANSMISSION
    William Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Studies will assess how alternating sequential infections between vertebrate and vector species that are part of the natural transmission cycle may alter virus genetics and fitness. ..
  10. HOST COMPETENCE FACTORS AFFECT ARBOVIRUS TRANSMISSION
    William Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Studies will assess how alternating sequential infections between vertebrate and vector species that are part of the natural transmission cycle may alter virus genetics and fitness. ..
  11. Invasion of California by West Nile Virus
    William Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  12. HOST COMPETENCE FACTORS AFFECT ARBOVIRUS TRANSMISSION
    William Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Studies will assess how alternating sequential infections between vertebrate and vector species that are part of the natural transmission cycle may alter virus genetics and fitness. ..
  13. HOST COMPETENCE FACTORS AFFECT ARBOVIRUS TRANSMISSION
    William Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Studies will assess how alternating sequential infections between vertebrate and vector species that are part of the natural transmission cycle may alter virus genetics and fitness. ..
  14. Persistence of West Nile virus in California
    William Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Quantitative delineation of these events and their precursors may allow skillful forecasting and enhance decision support systems to trigger timely intervention. ..
  15. Persistence of West Nile virus in California
    William K Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Quantitative delineation of these events and their precursors may allow skillful forecasting and enhance decision support systems to trigger timely intervention. ..
  16. In vivo Transcriptional Analysis of Latent Tuberculosis
    ADEL TALAAT; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Transcriptional regulators that could contribute to both chronic and reactivation stages of tuberculosis will be the target for future analysis. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  17. The Genetic Control of Social Behavior in the Mouse
    Robert Blanchard; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  18. Phylogeography and Spatial Dynamics of Epidemic Rabies
    Leslie Real; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  19. Altered Brain Function in Chemotherapy for Breast Cancer
    Bernadine E Cimprich; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  20. DIETARY DEFICIENCIES AND TUBERCULOSIS VACCINE EFFICIENCY
    David McMurray; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..These experiments will provide important new insights into the contributions of these molecules to loss of tuberculosis vaccine efficacy observed in malnourished subjects. ..
  21. GENETIC CONTROL OF LONGEVITY IN MICE
    Richard Miller; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ....
  22. Impact of obesity on airway responses to air pollution
    Stephanie Shore; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Understanding the mechanistic basis for the augmented pulmonary responses to air pollution may lead to therapeutic strategies for reductions in responses to air pollution in this at risk population. ..
  23. Molecular Mechanisms of Social Behavior
    Anna V Kukekova; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  24. Developing Avirulent Rabies Virus Vaccines
    Zhen Fu; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..If the further attenuated rabies viruses no longer causes diseases in animals at any age and by any route of inoculation, yet remain immunoqenic, they can be developed as modified live rabies vaccines for humans and animals. ..
  25. Avian models for aging: telomeres and oxidative damage
    Carol Vleck; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  26. Cellular and Molecular Mediators of Hantavirus Infection
    Sabra Klein; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  27. Porcine Respiratory Coronavirus as a SARS Model
    Linda Saif; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  28. DIETARY DEFICIENCIES AND TUBERCULOSIS VACCINE EFFICACY
    David McMurray; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  29. Biomedical Research Training in the Biology of Aging
    Richard Miller; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..These include the laboratories within the 21,000 sq ft loG itself, as well as a large series of University-supported computer and technical core facilities and libraries. ..
  30. Functional Genomics of Cryptosporidium parvum
    Giovanni Widmer; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..parvum. A comparison of the host cell response to C. parvum type 1 and type 2 will be performed to probe the molecular basis of the observed difference in virulence between types. ..
  31. Expanding WNPRC Resources for AIDS-Related Research
    Joseph Kemnitz; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Completing this renovation will provide the critical space necessary for the SIV program to expand at the WNPRC and for the investigators to continue their ground-breaking research. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  32. Investigating compensatory mechanisms for gene expression in the yeast genome
    Jonathan Gruber; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Because the mechanisms for generating gene products in yeast are similar to those of complex organisms like humans, these findings will generate testable hypotheses about the consequences of regulatory mutations in other species. ..
  33. Altered Brain Function in Chemotherapy for Breast Cancer
    Bernadine Cimprich; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  34. Molecular & Biological Characterization of Trypanosoma cruzi from United States
    Michael Yabsley; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The proposed study incorporates multiple opportunities for undergraduate, graduate, and veterinary students to obtain biomedical research experience. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  35. Host range restriction of human influenza viruses
    Christopher Olsen; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  36. Host range restriction of human influenza viruses
    Christopher Olsen; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  37. Genetics of Longevity and Age-Sensitive Traits in Mice
    Richard Miller; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  38. Genetic Transformation of Cryptosporidium parvum
    Giovanni Widmer; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Approach: Transformation by electroporation of sporozoites with GFP expression plasmids; detection of transformants in cell culture by fluorescent microscopy, anti-GFP antibodies, or reverse-transcriptase PCR. ..
  39. Impact of obesity on airway responses to air pollution
    Stephanie Shore; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Understanding the mechanistic basis for the augmented pulmonary responses to air pollution may lead to therapeutic strategies for reductions in responses to air pollution in this at risk population. ..
  40. LYME DISEASE IN WESTERN USA: ECOLOGY AND EPIDEMIOLOGY
    Robert Lane; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..And anti-complement activity in saliva of human-biting vector ticks (2 spp.) As determinants of reservoir-host competence or vector competence for Bb sl or relapsing fever group spirochetes present in the western USA. ..
  41. ASSEMBLY OF INFECTIOUS BLUETONGUE VIRION FROM CDNA CLONE
    Polly Roy; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..abstract_text> ..
  42. SPATIAL POPULATION DYNAMICS OF RABIES
    Leslie Real; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..These models will be parameterized using the vector-field/GIS patterns of statistical association, and then tested and applied to ongoing and newly emerging rabies epidemics. ..
  43. MOLECULAR MECHANISMS OF EIAV PERSISTENCE
    JERALD OAKS; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..These studies will provide insight into HIV persistence in HAART patients, and potentially provide a model that can be used to evaluate strategies for actual elimination of lentiviral infections. ..
  44. ENHANCING THE IMMUNOGENICITY OF HUMAN ROTAVIRUS VACCINES
    Linda Saif; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Finally we will examine if selected immunoenhancers (microencapsulation, mucosal adjuvants) can augment the mucosal immune responses to the attenuated and subunit HRV vaccines and increase vaccine efficacy in the Gn pig model. ..
  45. LYME DISEASE IN WESTERN USA--ECOLOGY AND EPIDEMIOLOGY
    Robert Lane; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..The effects of exposure to direct sunlight or of spirochetal infection on questing by immature ticks also will be determined...
  46. DIETARY DEFICIENCIES AND TUBERCULOSIS VACCINE EFFICACY
    David McMurray; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..This knowledge will support a rational strategy for successful vaccination of malnourished populations against tuberculosis...
  47. LYME DISEASE IN WESTERN USA--ECOLOGY AND EPIDEMIOLOGY
    Robert Lane; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..The effects of exposure to direct sunlight or of spirochetal infection on questing by immature ticks also will be determined...
  48. BLUETONGUE VIRUS MORPHOGENESIS
    Polly Roy; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Together with the proposed experimental programme, our reagent and knowledge base will allow us to complete the tasks we have specified to offer new insights into virus replication and new suggestions for effective control. ..
  49. MOLECULAR MECHANISMS OF EIAV PERSISTENCE
    JERALD OAKS; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..These studies will provide insight into HIV persistence in HAART patients, and potentially provide a model that can be used to evaluate strategies for actual elimination of lentiviral infections. ..
  50. IDENTIFICATION OF STEM CELL MARKERS IN MAMMALIAN TESTES
    Ina Dobrinski; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  51. Genetics of Cryptosporidium parvum
    Giovanni Widmer; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Such valleys will be identified by quantitatively genotyping a selected and a control progeny population with a panel of single nucleotide polymorphisms. ..
  52. Functional Genemics of Cryptosporidium parvum
    Giovanni Widmer; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..parvum. A comparison of the host cell response to C. parvum type 1 and type 2 will be performed to probe the molecular basis of the observed difference in virulence between types. ..
  53. ENHANCING THE IMMUNOGENICITY OF HUMAN ROTAVIRUS VACCINES
    Linda Saif; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ....
  54. Porcine Respiratory Coronavirus as a SARS Model
    Linda Saif; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  55. Genetics of Cryptosporidium parvum
    Giovanni Widmer; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Mutations will be mapped to the genome of C. hominis, C. muris and more distantly related apicomplexan to identify those most likely to affect protein function or transcriptional regulation. ..
  56. Genetics of Cryptosporidium parvum
    Giovanni Widmer; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Such valleys will be identified by quantitatively genotyping a selected and a control progeny population with a panel of single nucleotide polymorphisms. ..
  57. IMMUNE RESPONSES TO ROTAVIRUS-- ROLE MATERNAL ANTIBODIES
    Linda Saif; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Clarification of the mechanisms of suppression by maternal Ab and means to overcome them will lead to more efficacious vaccines for both RV and other pathogens infecting neonates. ..
  58. Genetics of Cryptosporidium parvum
    Giovanni Widmer; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..We will test the following two working hypotheses: a) Virulence is determined by multiple genetic loci. b) QTL analysis can be used to identify genomic segments associated with virulence. ..
  59. Antigenic Relationships of SARS and Animal Coronaviruses
    Linda Saif; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..and animal CoVs, to develop SARS CoV antibody specific ELISA tests and to apply these to sera from domestic and wild animals to identify potential animal reservoirs for SARS...
  60. Porcine Respiratory Coronavirus as a SARS Model
    Linda Saif; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  61. PATHOGENESIS- HUMAN CALICIVIRUSES IN GNOTOBIOTIC ANIMALS
    Linda Saif; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ....
  62. Genetics of Cryptosporidium parvum
    Giovanni Widmer; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..We will test the following two working hypotheses: a) Virulence is determined by multiple genetic loci. b) QTL analysis can be used to identify genomic segments associated with virulence. ..
  63. IMMUNE RESPONSES TO ROTAVIRUS-- ROLE MATERNAL ANTIBODIES
    Linda Saif; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Clarification of the mechanisms of suppression by maternal Ab and means to overcome them will lead to more efficacious vaccines for both RV and other pathogens infecting neonates. ..
  64. PATHOGENESIS- HUMAN CALICIVIRUSES IN GNOTOBIOTIC ANIMALS
    Linda Saif; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  65. ENHANCING THE IMMUNOGENICITY OF HUMAN ROTAVIRUS VACCINES
    Linda Saif; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  66. Genetics of Cryptosporidium parvum
    Giovanni Widmer; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..We will test the following two working hypotheses: a) Virulence is determined by multiple genetic loci. b) QTL analysis can be used to identify genomic segments associated with virulence. ..
  67. IMMUNE RESPONSES TO ROTAVIRUS-- ROLE MATERNAL ANTIBODIES
    Linda Saif; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Clarification of the mechanisms of suppression by maternal Ab and means to overcome them will lead to more efficacious vaccines for both RV and other pathogens infecting neonates. ..
  68. PATHOGENESIS- HUMAN CALICIVIRUSES IN GNOTOBIOTIC ANIMALS
    Linda Saif; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  69. Genetics of Cryptosporidium parvum
    Giovanni Widmer; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..We will test the following two working hypotheses: a) Virulence is determined by multiple genetic loci. b) QTL analysis can be used to identify genomic segments associated with virulence. ..
  70. PATHOGENESIS- HUMAN CALICIVIRUSES IN GNOTOBIOTIC ANIMALS
    Linda Saif; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  71. Functional Genemics of Cryptosporidium parvum
    Giovanni Widmer; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..parvum. A comparison of the host cell response to C. parvum type 1 and type 2 will be performed to probe the molecular basis of the observed difference in virulence between types. ..
  72. ENHANCING THE IMMUNOGENICITY OF HUMAN ROTAVIRUS VACCINES
    Linda Saif; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ....
  73. ENHANCING THE IMMUNOGENICITY OF HUMAN ROTAVIRUS VACCINES
    Linda Saif; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  74. IMMUNE RESPONSES TO ROTAVIRUS-- ROLE MATERNAL ANTIBODIES
    Linda Saif; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Clarification of the mechanisms of suppression by maternal Ab and means to overcome them will lead to more efficacious vaccines for both RV and other pathogens infecting neonates. ..
  75. MOLECULAR MECHANISMS OF EIAV PERSISTENCE
    JERALD OAKS; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..These studies will provide insight into HIV persistence in HAART patients, and potentially provide a model that can be used to evaluate strategies for actual elimination of lentiviral infections. ..
  76. Porcine Respiratory Coronavirus as a SARS Model
    Linda Saif; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  77. Genetics of Cryptosporidium parvum
    Giovanni Widmer; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..We will test the following two working hypotheses: a) Virulence is determined by multiple genetic loci. b) QTL analysis can be used to identify genomic segments associated with virulence. ..
  78. ENHANCING THE IMMUNOGENICITY OF HUMAN ROTAVIRUS VACCINES
    Linda Saif; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Finally we will examine if selected immunoenhancers (microencapsulation, mucosal adjuvants) can augment the mucosal immune responses to the attenuated and subunit HRV vaccines and increase vaccine efficacy in the Gn pig model. ..
  79. Functional Genomics of Cryptosporidium parvum
    Giovanni Widmer; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..parvum. A comparison of the host cell response to C. parvum type 1 and type 2 will be performed to probe the molecular basis of the observed difference in virulence between types. ..
  80. OOCYTE CRYOPRESERVATION IN RARE BIOMEDICAL MODELS
    Pierre Comizzoli; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This multidisciplinary approach will provide new oocyte cryopreservation protocols useful to the management of cat colonies used as biomedical models for human diseases. ..
  81. OOCYTE CRYOPRESERVATION IN RARE BIOMEDICAL MODELS
    Pierre Comizzoli; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This multidisciplinary approach will provide new oocyte cryopreservation protocols useful to the management of cat colonies used as biomedical models for human diseases. ..
  82. Genotypic and Phenotypic Analysis of West Nile virus, Yucatan Peninsula of Mexico
    Bradley Blitvich; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This information will help determine why there has not been an epidemic of WNV in the YP, and will identify risk factors associated with WNV disease. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  83. Genotypic and Phenotypic Analysis of West Nile virus, Yucatan Peninsula of Mexico
    Bradley Blitvich; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This information will help determine why there has not been an epidemic of WNV in the YP, and will identify risk factors associated with WNV disease. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..