gracilaria

Summary

Summary: A genus of RED ALGAE in the family Gracilariaceae. It is a highly commercial SEAWEED and a source of AGAR.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Effects of season on the yield and quality of agar from Gracilaria species (Gracilariaceae, Rhodophyta)
    E Marinho-Soriano
    Departamento de Oceanografia e Limnologia, Laboratorio de Macroalgas, UFRN, Praia de Mãe Luiza s n 59014 100, RN, Natal, Brazil
    Bioresour Technol 90:329-33. 2003
  2. ncbi Purification of a lectin from the marine red alga Gracilaria ornata and its effect on the development of the cowpea weevil Callosobruchus maculatus (Coleoptera: Bruchidae)
    Yáskara Fabíola Monteiro Marques Leite
    Universidade Estadual do Rio Grande do Norte, Mossoró, RN, Brasil
    Biochim Biophys Acta 1724:137-45. 2005
  3. ncbi Potential effects of the invasive species Gracilaria vermiculophylla on Zostera marina metabolism and survival
    Johann Martínez-Lüscher
    Institute of Biology, University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, Odense M, Denmark
    Mar Environ Res 69:345-9. 2010
  4. ncbi Antiproliferation and induction of apoptosis in Ca9-22 oral cancer cells by ethanolic extract of Gracilaria tenuistipitata
    Chi Chen Yeh
    Graduate Institute of Natural Products, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung 807, Taiwan
    Molecules 17:10916-27. 2012
  5. ncbi Aqueous extracts of the edible Gracilaria tenuistipitata are protective against H₂O₂-induced DNA damage, growth inhibition, and cell cycle arrest
    Jing Iong Yang
    Department of Seafood Science, National Kaohsiung Marine University, Kaohsiung 811, Taiwan
    Molecules 17:7241-54. 2012
  6. pmc Anti-proliferative effect of methanolic extract of Gracilaria tenuistipitata on oral cancer cells involves apoptosis, DNA damage, and oxidative stress
    Chi Chen Yeh
    Graduate Institute of Natural Products, College of Pharmacy, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
    BMC Complement Altern Med 12:142. 2012
  7. ncbi In vitro antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of two Hawaiian marine Limu: Ulva fasciata (Chlorophyta) and Gracilaria salicornia (Rhodophyta)
    Kannappan Vijayavel
    Kewalo Marine Laboratory, Pacific Biosciences Research Center, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA
    J Med Food 13:1494-9. 2010
  8. ncbi Antioxidant potential of two red seaweeds from the Brazilian coasts
    Bartolomeu W S Souza
    IBB Institute for Biotechnology and Bioengineering, Centre of Biological Engineering, Universidade do Minho, Braga, Portugal
    J Agric Food Chem 59:5589-94. 2011
  9. ncbi White shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei that received the hot-water extract of Gracilaria tenuistipitata showed protective innate immunity and up-regulation of gene expressions after low-salinity stress
    Su Tuen Yeh
    Department of Aquaculture, College of Life Sciences, National Taiwan Ocean University, Keelung 202, Taiwan, ROC
    Fish Shellfish Immunol 28:887-94. 2010
  10. ncbi Two enone fatty acids isolated from Gracilaria verrucosa suppress the production of inflammatory mediators by down-regulating NF-kappaB and STAT1 activity in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells
    Hye Ja Lee
    Department of Pharmacology, College of Medicine, Jeju National University, Jeju, 690 756, Korea
    Arch Pharm Res 32:453-62. 2009

Detail Information

Publications141 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Effects of season on the yield and quality of agar from Gracilaria species (Gracilariaceae, Rhodophyta)
    E Marinho-Soriano
    Departamento de Oceanografia e Limnologia, Laboratorio de Macroalgas, UFRN, Praia de Mãe Luiza s n 59014 100, RN, Natal, Brazil
    Bioresour Technol 90:329-33. 2003
    ..In general, agar extracted from G. gracilis possessed better qualities than agar extracted from G. bursa-pastoris and can be considered a candidate for industrial use...
  2. ncbi Purification of a lectin from the marine red alga Gracilaria ornata and its effect on the development of the cowpea weevil Callosobruchus maculatus (Coleoptera: Bruchidae)
    Yáskara Fabíola Monteiro Marques Leite
    Universidade Estadual do Rio Grande do Norte, Mossoró, RN, Brasil
    Biochim Biophys Acta 1724:137-45. 2005
    A lectin from the marine red alga Gracilaria ornata (Gracilariaceae, Rodophyta) was purified and characterized. The purification procedure consisted of extracting soluble proteins in 0.025 M Tris-HCl buffer, pH 7...
  3. ncbi Potential effects of the invasive species Gracilaria vermiculophylla on Zostera marina metabolism and survival
    Johann Martínez-Lüscher
    Institute of Biology, University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, Odense M, Denmark
    Mar Environ Res 69:345-9. 2010
    The potential threat to seagrasses of the invasive algae, Gracilaria vermiculophylla was assessed through metabolic indicators under experimental conditions...
  4. ncbi Antiproliferation and induction of apoptosis in Ca9-22 oral cancer cells by ethanolic extract of Gracilaria tenuistipitata
    Chi Chen Yeh
    Graduate Institute of Natural Products, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung 807, Taiwan
    Molecules 17:10916-27. 2012
    The water extract of Gracilaria tenuistipitata have been found to be protective against oxidative stress-induced cellular DNA damage, but the biological function of the ethanolic extracts of G. tenuistipitata (EEGT) is still unknown...
  5. ncbi Aqueous extracts of the edible Gracilaria tenuistipitata are protective against H₂O₂-induced DNA damage, growth inhibition, and cell cycle arrest
    Jing Iong Yang
    Department of Seafood Science, National Kaohsiung Marine University, Kaohsiung 811, Taiwan
    Molecules 17:7241-54. 2012
    Potential antioxidant properties of an aqueous extract of the edible red seaweed Gracilaria tenuistipitata (AEGT) against oxidative DNA damage were evaluated...
  6. pmc Anti-proliferative effect of methanolic extract of Gracilaria tenuistipitata on oral cancer cells involves apoptosis, DNA damage, and oxidative stress
    Chi Chen Yeh
    Graduate Institute of Natural Products, College of Pharmacy, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
    BMC Complement Altern Med 12:142. 2012
    Methanolic extracts of Gracilaria tenuistipitata (MEGT) were obtained from the edible red algae. Previously, we found that water extract of G...
  7. ncbi In vitro antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of two Hawaiian marine Limu: Ulva fasciata (Chlorophyta) and Gracilaria salicornia (Rhodophyta)
    Kannappan Vijayavel
    Kewalo Marine Laboratory, Pacific Biosciences Research Center, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA
    J Med Food 13:1494-9. 2010
    The antioxidant and antimicrobial properties of two Hawaiian marine algae (Ulva fasciata and Gracilaria salicornia) were evaluated...
  8. ncbi Antioxidant potential of two red seaweeds from the Brazilian coasts
    Bartolomeu W S Souza
    IBB Institute for Biotechnology and Bioengineering, Centre of Biological Engineering, Universidade do Minho, Braga, Portugal
    J Agric Food Chem 59:5589-94. 2011
    In this work, in vitro antioxidant activity of two Brazilian red seaweeds, Gracilaria birdiae and Gracilaria cornea, was characterized...
  9. ncbi White shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei that received the hot-water extract of Gracilaria tenuistipitata showed protective innate immunity and up-regulation of gene expressions after low-salinity stress
    Su Tuen Yeh
    Department of Aquaculture, College of Life Sciences, National Taiwan Ocean University, Keelung 202, Taiwan, ROC
    Fish Shellfish Immunol 28:887-94. 2010
    ..Litopenaeus vannamei which had been immersed in seawater (35 per thousand) containing the hot-water extract of Gracilaria tenuistipitata at 0 (control), 200, 400, and 600 mg L(-1) for 3 h, were subjected to a salinity transfer to 25 ..
  10. ncbi Two enone fatty acids isolated from Gracilaria verrucosa suppress the production of inflammatory mediators by down-regulating NF-kappaB and STAT1 activity in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells
    Hye Ja Lee
    Department of Pharmacology, College of Medicine, Jeju National University, Jeju, 690 756, Korea
    Arch Pharm Res 32:453-62. 2009
    b>Gracilaria verrucosa is a common marine red alga that has anti-oxidant and anti-cancer properties. Recently, we reported that anti-inflammatory constituents of G. verrucosa operate through an unknown mechanism...
  11. ncbi Seasonal variation in the chemical composition of two tropical seaweeds
    E Marinho-Soriano
    Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Depto de Oceanografia e Limnologia, Via Costeira, Praia de Mãe Luiza, s n Natal, 59014 100 RN, Brazil
    Bioresour Technol 97:2402-6. 2006
    The chemical composition of red seaweed Gracilaria cervicornis and brown seaweed Sargassum vulgare from Brazil was investigated...
  12. ncbi Comparative analysis of the complete plastid genome sequence of the red alga Gracilaria tenuistipitata var. liui provides insights into the evolution of rhodoplasts and their relationship to other plastids
    Jonathan C Hagopian
    Departamento de Botanica, Instituto de Biociencias, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
    J Mol Evol 59:464-77. 2004
    We sequenced to completion the circular plastid genome of the red alga Gracilaria tenuistipitata var. liui. This is the first plastid genome sequence from the subclass Florideophycidae (Rhodophyta)...
  13. pmc Aqueous extract of the edible Gracilaria tenuistipitata inhibits hepatitis C viral replication via cyclooxygenase-2 suppression and reduces virus-induced inflammation
    Kuan Jen Chen
    Department of Biotechnology, College of Life Science, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
    PLoS ONE 8:e57704. 2013
    ..vitro cell-based HCV replicon and JFH-1 infection system, we demonstrated that an aqueous extract of the seaweed Gracilaria tenuistipitata (AEGT) concentration-dependently inhibited HCV replication at nontoxic concentrations...
  14. ncbi Stability of agar in the seaweed Gracilaria eucheumatoides (Gracilariales, Rhodophyta) during postharvest storage
    Jumelita B Romero
    Mindanao State University Tawi Tawi, Sanga Sanga, Bongao, 7500 Tawi Tawi, Philippines
    Bioresour Technol 99:8151-5. 2008
    The status of the cell-wall polysaccharide of the red seaweed, Gracilaria eucheumatoides upon postharvest storage was assessed in this study...
  15. ncbi Anti-inflammatory constituents of the red alga Gracilaria verrucosa and their synthetic analogues
    Hung The Dang
    College of Pharmacy, Pusan National University, Busan, Korea
    J Nat Prod 71:232-40. 2008
    A chemical study on the anti-inflammatory components of the red alga Gracilaria verrucosa led to the isolation of new 11-deoxyprostaglandins ( 1- 4), a ceramide ( 5), and a C 16 keto fatty acid ( 6), along with known oxygenated fatty ..
  16. ncbi Different regulation of haloperoxidation during agar oligosaccharide-activated defence mechanisms in two related red algae, Gracilaria sp. and Gracilaria chilensis
    Florian Weinberger
    Station Biologique, UMR 7139 CNRS UPMC and LIA DIAMS, BP74, F 29682 Roscoff, France
    J Exp Bot 58:4365-72. 2007
    The related red seaweeds Gracilaria sp. from the eastern Mediterranean and Gracilaria chilensis from Chile were similar in their enzymatic inventory for halogenation...
  17. ncbi Profiling the transcriptome of Gracilaria changii (Rhodophyta) in response to light deprivation
    Chai Ling Ho
    Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
    Mar Biotechnol (NY) 11:513-9. 2009
    ..In this study, we profiled the transcriptome of Gracilaria changii at two different irradiance levels using a cDNA microarray containing more than 3,000 cDNA probes...
  18. ncbi White shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei that received the hot-water extract of Gracilaria tenuistipitata showed earlier recovery in immunity after a Vibrio alginolyticus injection
    Su Tuen Yeh
    Department of Aquaculture, College of Life Sciences, National Taiwan Ocean University, Keelung, Taiwan, ROC
    Fish Shellfish Immunol 26:724-30. 2009
    White shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei which had been immersed in seawater containing the hot-water extract of Gracilaria tenuistipitata at 0 (control), 200, 400, and 600 mg L(-1) for 3 h, were challenged with Vibrio alginolyticus at 4...
  19. ncbi Effects of UVB radiation on the agarophyte Gracilaria domingensis (Rhodophyta, Gracilariales): changes in cell organization, growth and photosynthetic performance
    Eder C Schmidt
    Post Graduate Program in Cell Biology and Development, Department of Cell Biology, Embryology and Genetics, Federal University of Santa Catarina 88049 900, CP 476, SC Florianópolis, SC, Brazil
    Micron 41:919-30. 2010
    The effects of ultraviolet radiation-B (UVBR) in apical segments of the red macroalgae Gracilaria domingensis (Kützing) Sonder ex Dickie were examined in vitro...
  20. ncbi An immersion of Gracilaria tenuistipitata extract improves the immunity and survival of white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei challenged with white spot syndrome virus
    Yong Chin Lin
    Department of Aquaculture, College of Life Sciences, National Taiwan Ocean University, Keelung 202, Taiwan, ROC
    Fish Shellfish Immunol 31:1239-46. 2011
    ..and resistance against white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) in white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei which received the Gracilaria tenuistipitata extract were examined...
  21. ncbi The involvement of the HO-1 pathway in the anti-inflammatory action of a sulfated polysaccharide isolated from the red seaweed Gracilaria birdiae
    Edfranck de Sousa Oliveira Vanderlei
    Department of Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, Federal University of Ceara, Campus do Pici, bloco 907, Fortaleza, CE, 60455 760, Brazil
    Inflamm Res 60:1121-30. 2011
    The aim of this study was to investigate the involvement of the hemoxigenase-1 (HO-1) pathway in the anti-inflammatory action of a sulfated polysaccharide from the red seaweed Gracilaria birdiae (SP-Gb).
  22. ncbi Chemical compositions of the marine algae Gracilaria salicornia (Rhodophyta) and Ulva lactuca (Chlorophyta) as a potential food source
    Mehdi Tabarsa
    Department of Fisheries, Tarbiat Modares University, Noor, Mazandaran, Iran
    J Sci Food Agric 92:2500-6. 2012
    The nutritional compositions of two edible red (Gracilaria salicornia) and green (Ulva lactuca) seaweeds were determined to evaluate their possible uses as potential food ingredients.
  23. ncbi Antiinflammatory and antinociceptive effects in mice of a sulfated polysaccharide fraction extracted from the marine red algae Gracilaria caudata
    Luciano de Sousa Chaves
    Biotechnology and Biodiversity Center Research, Laboratory of Experimental Physiopharmacology, Federal University of Piauí CMRV, Parnaiba, PI, Brazil
    Immunopharmacol Immunotoxicol 35:93-100. 2013
    ..and antinociceptive effects in mice of a sulfated polysaccharide fraction (PLS) extracted from the algae Gracilaria caudata...
  24. ncbi Mating system and gene flow in the red seaweed Gracilaria gracilis: effect of haploid-diploid life history and intertidal rocky shore landscape on fine-scale genetic structure
    C R Engel
    Laboratoire de Genetique et Evolution des Populations Vegetales, CNRS UPRESA 8016, Bat SN2, Universite de Lille I, Villeneuve d Ascq 59655, France
    Heredity (Edinb) 92:289-98. 2004
    ..of haploid-diploidy and the intertidal landscape on a fine-scale genetic structure was explored in a red seaweed Gracilaria gracilis...
  25. ncbi Dietary administration of a Gracilaria tenuistipitata extract enhances the immune response and resistance against Vibrio alginolyticus and white spot syndrome virus in the white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei
    Nuttarin Sirirustananun
    Department of Aquaculture, College of Life Sciences, National Taiwan Ocean University, Keelung 202, Taiwan, ROC
    Fish Shellfish Immunol 31:848-55. 2011
    ..were examined after the white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei had been fed diets containing the hot-water extract of Gracilaria tenuistipitata at 0 (control), 0.5, 1.0, and 2.0 g kg(-1) for 7-35 days...
  26. ncbi The immunostimulatory effect of hot-water extract of Gracilaria tenuistipitata on the white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei and its resistance against Vibrio alginolyticus
    Wen Ying Hou
    Department of Aquaculture, College of Life and Resource Sciences, National Taiwan Ocean University, Keelung 202, Taiwan, ROC
    Fish Shellfish Immunol 19:127-38. 2005
    ..3+/-1.5 g) injected individually with hot-water extract of Gracilaria tenuistipitata at 4 or 6 microg g-1. L. vannamei receiving hot-water extract of G...
  27. ncbi Polysaccharides from the red seaweed Gracilaria dura (Gracilariales, Rhodophyta)
    E Marinho-Soriano
    Departamento de Oceanografia e Limnologia, Laboratorio de Macroalgas, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Centro de Biociencias, Praia de Mãe Luiza s n 59014 100, Natal, RN, Brazil
    Bioresour Technol 96:379-82. 2005
    The yield and physical and chemical properties of agars from Gracilaria dura (C. Agardh) J. Agardh, harvested in Thau lagoon (Mediterranean sea, France), were investigated. The agar yield ranged from 32% to 35%...
  28. ncbi Antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory activities of sulphated polysaccharides from the red seaweed Gracilaria cornea
    Chistiane O Coura
    Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Federal University of Ceara, Fortaleza, Ceara, Brazil
    Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol 110:335-41. 2012
    ..In this study, we evaluated the effects of SP from the red seaweed Gracilaria cornea (Gc-TSP) in nociceptive and inflammatory models...
  29. ncbi Effects of copper and cadmium on growth, photosynthesis, and pigment content in Gracilaria lemaneiformis
    J R Xia
    Marine Biology Institute, Shantou University, Shantou, Guangdong 515063, People s Republic of China
    Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 73:979-86. 2004
  30. pmc Sulfated-polysaccharide fraction from red algae Gracilaria caudata protects mice gut against ethanol-induced damage
    Renan Oliveira Silva
    LAFFEX Laboratory of Experimental Physiopharmacology, Biotechnology and Biodiversity Center Research, Federal University of Piauí CMRV, Parnaiba, PI, Brazil
    Mar Drugs 9:2188-200. 2011
    ..the gastroprotective activity of a sulfated-polysaccharide (PLS) fraction extracted from the marine red algae Gracilaria caudata and the mechanism underlying the gastroprotective activity...
  31. ncbi Purification of a lectin from the marine red alga Gracilaria cornea and its effects on the cattle tick Boophilus microplus (Acari: Ixodidae)
    Maria E P Lima
    Departamento de Bioquimica e Biologia Molecular, Universidade Federal do Ceara, Fortaleza CE, Brazil
    J Agric Food Chem 53:6414-9. 2005
    A lectin was purified from the seaweed Gracilaria cornea by hydrophobic interaction chromatography on phenyl-Sepharose CL-4B followed by affinity chromatography on immobilized mucin...
  32. ncbi Up-regulation of lipoxygenase, phospholipase, and oxylipin-production in the induced chemical defense of the red alga Gracilaria chilensis against epiphytes
    Florian Weinberger
    Station Biologique de Roscoff, UMR 7139 CNRS UPMC and LIA DIAMS, Roscoff, France
    J Chem Ecol 37:677-86. 2011
    The red alga Gracilaria chilensis is commercially farmed for the production of agar hydrocolloids, but some susceptible algae in farms suffer from intense epiphyte growth. We investigated the induced chemical defense response of G...
  33. ncbi Agars from three species of Gracilaria (Rhodophyta) from Yucatán Peninsula
    Y Freile-Pelegrin
    Department of Marine Resources, Cinvestav Unidad Merida, A P 73 Cordemex, Merida, 97310 Yucatán, Mexico
    Bioresour Technol 96:295-302. 2005
    b>Gracilaria cervicornis, Gracilaria blodgettii and Gracilaria crassissima growing along the coasts of Yucatán were investigated for their agar content. The effect of different concentrations of NaOH in the alkali treatment was evaluated...
  34. ncbi Polysaccharides from Gracilaria corticata: sulfation, chemical characterization and anti-HSV activities
    Kausik Chattopadhyay
    Natural Products Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, The University of Burdwan, WB 713 104, India
    Int J Biol Macromol 43:346-51. 2008
    In this study, we have analyzed water-extracted polysaccharides of Gracilaria corticata...
  35. ncbi Development of an eco-friendly agar extraction technique from the red seaweed Gracilaria lemaneiformis
    Haiyan Li
    Marine Bioproducts Engineering Group, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116023, China
    Bioresour Technol 99:3301-5. 2008
    The red seaweed, Gracilaria lemaneiformis growing as an aquaculture bioremediator along the coasts of Liaodong Peninsula, China, was investigated for the agar production...
  36. ncbi Study of gelatin-agar intermolecular aggregates in the supernatant of its coacervate
    S Santinath Singh
    Polymer and Biophysics Laboratory, School of Physical Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi 110016, India
    Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces 57:29-36. 2007
    ..Solution ionic strength was found to reduce the axial ratio of these complexes implying the presence of screened polarization-induced electrostatic interaction between the two biopolymers...
  37. ncbi Investigation of the role of a beta(1-4) agarase produced by Pseudoalteromonas gracilis B9 in eliciting disease symptoms in the red alga Gracilaria gracilis
    Declan C Schroeder
    Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of Cape Town, South Africa
    Microbiology 149:2919-29. 2003
    b>Gracilaria species are an important source of agar...
  38. ncbi Identification of polycavernoside A as the causative agent of the fatal food poisoning resulting from ingestion of the red Alga Gracilaria edulis in the Philippines
    Mari Yotsu-Yamashita
    Graduate School of Agricultural Science, Tohoku University, 1 1 Tsutsumidori Amamiyamachi, Aoba ku, Sendai 981 8555, Japan
    Chem Res Toxicol 17:1265-71. 2004
    ..fatal poisoning incidents occurred resulting from ingestion of two edible red alga, Acanthophora specifera and Gracilaria edulis, in Philippines causing eight deaths among 36 patients...
  39. ncbi Gracilarioside and gracilamides from the red alga Gracilaria asiatica
    Yi Sun
    School of Traditional Chinese Materia Medica, Shenyang Pharmaceutical University, Shenyang 110016, People s Republic of China
    J Nat Prod 69:1488-91. 2006
    ..and two gracilamides with unusual cyclopropane-containing alkyl chains were isolated from the red alga Gracilaria asiatica. Their structures were determined by spectroscopic methods and microscale chemical degradation...
  40. ncbi Mercury in surface sediments and benthic organisms from Guaymas Bay, east coast of the Gulf of California
    C Green-Ruiz
    Institute of Marine Sciences and Limnology, Mazatlán Academic Unit, National Autonomous University of Mexico, Av Joel Montes Camarena s n, Col Centro, Mazatlan 82000, Sinaloa, Mexico
    Environ Geochem Health 27:321-9. 2005
    ..20 surface sediment samples and several individuals of Codium amplivesciculatum (3), Enteromorpha clathrata (4), Gracilaria subsecundata (2), Ulva lactuca (2), Chione subrugosa (80) and Crassostrea gigas (40) were collected and their Hg ..
  41. ncbi Natural and anthropogenic nitrogen uptake by bloom-forming macroalgae
    Carol S Thornber
    Department of Biological Sciences, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 02881, USA
    Mar Pollut Bull 56:261-9. 2008
    ..surveys and laboratory culturing experiments to examine the nitrogen content and delta(15)N values of Ulva and Gracilaria, two bloom-forming algal genera in Narragansett Bay, RI (USA)...
  42. ncbi Chlorinated C12 fatty acid metabolites from the red alga Gracilaria verrucosa
    Mohammad Shoeb
    Marine Natural Products Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, University of Aberdeen, Old Aberdeen AB 24 3UE, U K
    J Nat Prod 66:1509-11. 2003
    ..3-nonyloxirane-2 carboxylic acid methyl ester (1), 2-chlorododec-2-en-1-ol (2), and 2-chlorododec-2,11-dien-1-ol (3), were isolated from the red alga Gracilaria verrucosa, and their structures were determined by spectroscopic methods.
  43. ncbi Bioavailability of seaweed iodine in human beings
    Robert Aquaron
    Universite de la Mediterranee, Faculte de Medecine, Laboratoire de Biochimie, Marseille, France
    Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) 48:563-9. 2002
    ..report the results of the iodine bioavailability in healthy subjects from two seaweeds: Laminaria hyperborea and Gracilaria verrucosa selected due to their high level in iodine as a mineral or an organic form and low levels of heavy ..
  44. ncbi Antioxidant activities of four edible seaweeds from the southern coast of Thailand
    Monsuang Yangthong
    Department of Aquatic Science, Faculty of Natural Resources, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Thailand
    Plant Foods Hum Nutr 64:218-23. 2009
    The aqueous extracts of four marine algae, Caulerpa racemosa var. macrophysa, Gracilaria tenuistipitata var. tenuistipitata, Sargassum sp...
  45. ncbi Effects of initial air removal methods on microorganisms and characteristics of fermented plant beverages
    Duangporn Kantachote
    Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai 90112, Thailand
    Pak J Biol Sci 11:173-80. 2008
    ..for removing the initial air on the properties of fermented plant beverages produced from phom-nang seaweed (Gracilaria fisheri) and wild forest noni (Morinda coreia Ham.) were investigated...
  46. ncbi Succession of macrobenthic fauna and nitrogen budget at two artificial tidal flats in Osaka Bay, Japan
    Susumu Yamochi
    Laboratory of Estuarine and Coastal Ecosystem Engineering, Department of Urban Engineering, Graduate School of Urban Engineering, Osaka City University, 3 3 138 Sugimoto, Sumiyoshi, Osaka, Japan
    Mar Pollut Bull 57:137-41. 2008
    ..However, it changed as a sink for nitrogen in 2001-2002 in relation to the growth of seaweeds (Ulva spp. and Gracilaria vermiculophylla) and clams (Tapes philippinarum)...
  47. ncbi Application of local products R-phycoerythrin and monoclonal antibody as a fluorescent antibody probe to detect Entamoeba histolytica trophozoites
    N Thammapalerd
    Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
    Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 27:297-303. 1996
    R-phycoerythrin (R-PE) was extracted from red algae, Gracilaria fisheri from Pattani Province, Thailand, with 50 mM sodium phosphate buffer, pH 7...
  48. ncbi Comparative studies on utilizing nitrogen capacity between two macroalgae Gracilaria tenuistipitata var. liui (rhodophyta) and Ulva pertusa (chlorophyta). I. Nitrogen storage under nitrogen enrichment and starvation
    J W Liu
    Aquaculture Research Laboratory, Ocean University of Qingdao, Qingdao 266003, China
    J Environ Sci (China) 13:318-22. 2001
    This paper deals with the N storage of Gracilaria tenuistipitata var. liui and Ulva pertusa under ammonium enrichment and starvation...
  49. ncbi Molecular characterization of two large DNA plasmids in the red alga Porphyra pulchra
    D A Moon
    Biology Department, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA
    Curr Genet 32:132-8. 1997
    ..ORF3 or PP6427 and a 411 amino-acid polypeptide previously characterized in plasmid GC2 from the red alga Gracilaria chilensis...
  50. ncbi delta(15)N and delta(13)C in the Mondego estuary food web: seasonal variation in producers and consumers
    Alexandra Baeta
    IMAR Institute of Marine Research, Department of Zoology, University of Coimbra, 3004 517 Coimbra, Portugal
    Mar Environ Res 67:109-16. 2009
    ..Nitrogen isotope ratios in macrophytes (Zostera noltii, Ulva sp., Enteromorpha sp., and Gracilaria sp...
  51. ncbi Affinity for inorganic carbon of Gracilaria tenuistipitata cultured at low and high irradiance
    J M Mercado
    Department of Ecology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Malaga, Spain
    Planta 210:758-64. 2000
    ..level of the mechanism for dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) acquisition was examined in the red macroalga Gracilaria tenuistipitata Zhang et Xia. For this purpose, affinity for external DIC, carbonic anhydrase (CA; EC 4.2.1...
  52. ncbi The occurrence of 15-keto-prostaglandins in the red alga Gracilaria verrucosa
    The Hung Dang
    College of Pharmacy, Pusan National University, Busan, 609 735, Korea
    Arch Pharm Res 33:1325-9. 2010
    New 15-keto-prostaglandins (1-4) were isolated from the MeOH extract of the red alga, Gracilaria verrucosa...
  53. ncbi Aplysiatoxin and debromoaplysiatoxin as the causative agents of a red alga Gracilaria coronopifolia poisoning in Hawaii
    H Nagai
    Department of Pathology, John A Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii, Honolulu 96822, USA
    Toxicon 34:753-61. 1996
    The causative toxins of a red alga Gracilaria coronopifolia poisonings in Hawaii, which broke out in succession in September of 1994, were studied...
  54. ncbi Identification of eicosanoids in the red algae, Gracilaria asiatica, using high-performance liquid chromatography and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry
    J Sajiki
    Public Health Laboratory of Chiba Prefecture, Japan
    J Chromatogr A 795:227-37. 1998
    Identification of eicosanoids which are metabolites of arachidonic acid in red algae Gracilaria asiatica, one of the popular seaweeds in Japan, was carried out using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) interfaced with ..
  55. ncbi Biological denitrification in drinking water treatment using the seaweed Gracilaria verrucosa as carbon source and biofilm carrier
    B Ovez
    Ege University, Engineering Faculty, Chemical Engineering Department, Bornova, Izmir, Turkey
    Water Environ Res 78:430-4. 2006
    ..aspects were investigated with regard to biological denitrification of drinking water using the seaweed Gracilaria verrucosa as the carbon and energy substrate and as physical support for the microbial flora in semibatch, fixed-..
  56. ncbi Neuroprotective effect of seaweeds inhabiting South Indian coastal area (Hare Island, Gulf of Mannar Marine Biosphere Reserve): Cholinesterase inhibitory effect of Hypnea valentiae and Ulva reticulata
    N Suganthy
    Department of Biotechnology, Alagappa University, Karaikudi 630003, Tamil Nadu, India
    Neurosci Lett 468:216-9. 2010
    ..The results showed that of the eight seaweeds screened Hypnea valentiae, Padina gymnospora, Ulva reticulata and Gracilaria edulis exhibited inhibitory activity to AChE with IC(50) value of 2.6, 3.5, 10 and 3mg/ml respectively, while H...
  57. ncbi In vitro anti-influenza virus activities of sulfated polysaccharide fractions from Gracilaria lemaneiformis
    Mei Zhen Chen
    Department of Biology of Shantou University, Shantou, 515063, China
    Virol Sin 25:341-51. 2010
    In this paper, in vitro anti-influenza virus activities of sulfated polysaccharide fractions from Gracilaria lemaneiformis were investigated...
  58. ncbi Seasonal variation in the biomass and agar yield from Gracilaria cervicornis and Hydropuntia cornea from Brazil
    E Marinho-Soriano
    Departamento de Oceanografia e Limnologia, UFRN Laboratório de Macroalgas, Via Costeira, Praia de Mãe Luiza, S N, Natal RN 59014 100, Brazil
    Bioresour Technol 77:115-20. 2001
    ..001). Agar yield from H. cornea ranged from 29% to 41%, with a peak recorded in June. The results above indicate that H. cornea can be considered a good candidate for commercial use...
  59. ncbi A natural anti-inflammatory enone fatty acid inhibits angiogenesis by attenuating nuclear factor-κB signaling in vascular endothelial cells
    Ayana Furuno
    Department of Pharmaceutical Oncology, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kyushu University, Higashi ku, Fukuoka 812 8582, Japan
    Int J Oncol 38:493-501. 2011
    ..anti-inflammatory enone fatty acid, (E)-9-oxooctadec-10-enoic acid (C10), was previously isolated from red alga (Gracilaria verrucosa)...
  60. ncbi Apoptotic activity of fatty acid derivatives may correlate with their inhibition of DNA replication
    Chunhui Miao
    Department of Biomedicinal Chemistry and Institute of Functional Materials, Inje University, Gimhae 621 749, Korea
    Int J Oncol 33:1291-8. 2008
    ..acid (S5C) and (E)-9-oxooctadec-10-enoic acid (S6C), two structurally related fatty acids isolated from Red Alga Gracilaria verrucosa, were compared and their apoptosis-inducing properties characterized against human lung carcinoma (..
  61. ncbi Agar polysaccharides from Gracilaria species (Rhodophyta, Gracilariaceae)
    E Marinho-Soriano
    Departamento de Oceanografia e Limnologia, Laboratorio de Macroalgas, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Via Costeira, Praia de Mãe Luiza s n, 59014 100, NatalRN, Brazil
    J Biotechnol 89:81-4. 2001
    Yield, physical and chemical properties of agar from three agarophytes species (Gracilaria gracilis, G. dura and G. bursa-pastoris) were determined. The agar yield from the three species varied significantly (P<0.01)...
  62. ncbi Antioxidant properties of methanol extract and its solvent fractions obtained from selected Indian red seaweeds
    P Ganesan
    Department of Meat, Fish and Poultry Technology, Central Food Technological Research Institute, Mysore 570 020, Karnataka, India
    Bioresour Technol 99:2717-23. 2008
    In vitro antioxidant activities of three selected Indian red seaweeds - viz., Euchema kappaphycus, Gracilaria edulis and Acanthophora spicifera were evaluated...
  63. ncbi Manauealides, some of the causative agents of a red alga Gracilaria coronopifolia poisoning in Hawaii
    H Nagai
    Suntory Institute for Bioorganic Research, Osaka, Japan
    J Nat Prod 60:925-8. 1997
    ..A-C (1-3), compounds related to debromoaplysiatoxin (5), were isolated and characterized from a red alga Gracilaria coronopifolia. Compounds 1 and 2 are presumed to be the causative toxins of G...
  64. ncbi Structural-functional analysis of the oligomeric protein R-phycoerythrin
    Jose Martinez-Oyanedel
    Laboratorio de Biofísica Molecular, Departamento de Bioquimica y Biologia Molecular, Facultad de Ciencias Biologicas, Universidad de Concepcion, Chile
    Biol Res 37:733-45. 2004
    ..Changes in the spectroscopic properties are observed in perturbation experiments, confirming the spatial requirement for an efficient resonance energy transfer among chromophores and through the phycobilisome...
  65. ncbi [Inositol-containing sphingolipid from red algae Gracilaria verrucosa]
    S V Khotimchenko
    Institute of Marine Biology, Far East Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, ul Pal chevskogo 17, Vladivostok, 690041 Russia
    Bioorg Khim 30:190-4. 2004
    An unusual polar lipid was isolated from the red alga Gracilaria verrucosa. Inositol, sphingosine bases, fatty acids, and phosphate were identified by GC and GC-MS analysis among the products of its acid methanolysis...
  66. ncbi Prediction of mono-, bi-, and trivalent metal cation relative toxicity to the seaweed Gracilaria domingensis (Gracilariales, Rhodophyta) in synthetic seawater
    Luiz Fernando Mendes
    Departamento de Bioquimica, Instituto de Quimica, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Environ Toxicol Chem 32:2571-5. 2013
    The present study reports a 48-h aquatic metal-toxicity assay based on daily growth rates of the red seaweed Gracilaria domingensis (Gracilariales, Rhodophyta) in synthetic seawater...
  67. ncbi Total and inorganic arsenic concentrations in different species of economically important algae harvested from coastal zones of Chile
    Oscar Diaz
    Facultad de Quimica y Biologia, Universidad de Santiago de Chile, Casilla 40, Correo 33, Santiago, Chile
    Food Chem Toxicol 50:744-9. 2012
    ..Among species used for phytocolloids production, such as Macrocystis piryfera, Gracilaria chilensis and Gigartina skottsbergii, observed levels of inorganic arsenic were greater than 1 mg kg(-1), the ..
  68. ncbi In vitro and in situ antiyeast activity of Gracilaria changii methanol extract against Candida albicans
    S Sasidharan
    Institute for Research in Molecular Medicine INFORMM, University Sains Malaysia, Minden, Penang, Malaysia
    Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 15:1020-6. 2011
    The Gracilaria (G.) sp are widely used in the traditional medicine in Malaysia. The methanol extract of Gracilaria changii B.M. Xia & I.A. Abbott (Gracilariaciae) was evaluated for antiyeast activity against Candida albicans (Berkhout)...
  69. ncbi Gracilaria lemaneiformis polysaccharide as integrin-targeting surface decorator of selenium nanoparticles to achieve enhanced anticancer efficacy
    Wenting Jiang
    Department of Chemistry and Institute of Hydrobiology, College of Life Science and Technology, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632, China
    ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 6:13738-48. 2014
    The poor permeability of glioma parenchyma represents a major limit for antiglioblastoma drug delivery. Gracilaria lemaneiformis polysaccharide (GLP), which has a high binding affinity to αvβ3 integrin overexpressed in glioma cells, was ..
  70. ncbi The edible red alga, Gracilaria verrucosa, inhibits lipid accumulation and ROS production, but improves glucose uptake in 3T3-L1 cells
    Mi Seon Woo
    Department of Biomedical Science, CHA University, Kyonggi 463 836, South Korea
    Phytother Res 27:1102-5. 2013
    b>Gracilaria verrucosa is a red alga that is widely distributed in seaside areas of many countries. We examined the effect of G. verrucosa extract on adipogenesis, reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, and glucose uptake in 3T3-L1 cells...
  71. ncbi Sequential acid and enzymatic hydrolysis in situ and bioethanol production from Gracilaria biomass
    Fang Chen Wu
    Department of Bioindustry Technology, Da Yeh University, Changhua, Taiwan
    Bioresour Technol 156:123-31. 2014
    b>Gracilaria sp., a red alga, was used as a feedstock for the production of bioethanol. Saccharification of Gracilaria sp...
  72. ncbi Influence of the extraction process on the rheological and structural properties of agars
    Ana M M Sousa
    REQUIMTE, Faculdade de Engenharia, Universidade do Porto, Rua Dr Roberto Frias, 4200 465 Porto, Portugal
    Carbohydr Polym 96:163-71. 2013
    ..MAE produced non-degraded agar comparable with commercial ones and if properly monitored, could be a promising alternative to TWE...
  73. ncbi Selenium and spermine alleviate cadmium induced toxicity in the red seaweed Gracilaria dura by regulating antioxidants and DNA methylation
    Manoj Kumar
    Discipline of Marine Biotechnology and Ecology, Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Gijubhai Badheka Marg, Bhavnagar 364021, India
    Plant Physiol Biochem 51:129-38. 2012
    ..Put) and spermine (Spm) in detoxifying the cadmium (Cd) induced toxicity was studied in the marine red alga Gracilaria dura in laboratory conditions. The Cd exposure (0...
  74. ncbi Equilibrium, kinetic and thermodynamic studies on the biosorption of reactive acid dye on Enteromorpha flexuosa and Gracilaria corticata
    A Sivasamy
    Chemical Engineering Area, Central Leather Research Institute, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Adyar, Chennai, India
    Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 19:1687-95. 2012
    ..Compared to many other biological materials, algae biomass proved to be the better biosorbent due to the presence of cell wall polymers in them...
  75. ncbi The effects of lead and copper on the cellular architecture and metabolism of the red alga Gracilaria domingensis
    Claudiane Gouveia
    Plant Cell Biology Laboratory, Department of Cell Biology, Embryology and Genetics, Federal University of Santa Catarina, 88049 900, CP 476, Florianopolis, SC, Brazil
    Microsc Microanal 19:513-24. 2013
    The effect of lead and copper on apical segments of Gracilaria domingensis was examined. Over a period of 7 days, the segments were cultivated with concentrations of 5 and 10 ppm under laboratory conditions...
  76. ncbi Fragmentation of mycosporine-like amino acids by hydrogen/deuterium exchange and electrospray ionisation tandem mass spectrometry
    Karina H M Cardozo
    Universidade de Sao Paulo, Instituto de Quimica, Departamento de Bioquimica, Av Professor Lineu Prestes, 748 CP 20780, CEP 05508900, Sao Paulo SP, Brazil
    Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom 20:253-8. 2006
    ..for characterisation of four MAAs (palythine, asterina, palythinol and shinorine) isolated from the macroalgae Gracilaria tenuistipitata Chang et Xia was investigated...
  77. ncbi Positional isomers of sulfated oligosaccharides obtained from agarans and carrageenans: preparation and capillary electrophoresis separation
    Alan G Gonçalves
    Departamento de Bioquimica e Biologia Molecular, Universidade Federal do Parana, Curitiba, Brazil
    Carbohydr Res 340:2123-34. 2005
    ..alvarezii), theta-carrageenan (Gigartina skottsbergii-alkali-treated lambda-carrageenan), agarose 6-sulfate (Gracilaria domingensis), and pyruvylated agarose 2-sulfate (Acanthophora spicifera-alkali-treated pyruvylated agaran ..
  78. ncbi Induction of oxidative stress in the red macroalga Gracilaria tenuistipitata by pollutant metals
    J Collen
    Departamento de Bioquimica, Universidade de Sao Paulo, CP 26077, CEP 05599 970, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
    Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 45:337-42. 2003
    ..concentrations of copper (Cu2+) and cadmium (Cd2+) on the reactive oxygen metabolism of the marine red macroalga Gracilaria tenuistipitata. Additions of either 0...
  79. ncbi Isolation, chemical investigation and antiviral activity of polysaccharides from Gracilaria corticata (Gracilariaceae, Rhodophyta)
    Sutapa Mazumder
    Department of Chemistry, The University of Burdwan, 713 104, WB, Burdwan, India
    Int J Biol Macromol 31:87-95. 2002
    Polysaccharides were sequentially extracted from the agarophyte Gracilaria corticata...
  80. ncbi Two-stage hydrolysis of invasive algal feedstock for ethanol fermentation
    Xin Wang
    Department of Oceanography, University of Hawaii at Manoa, HI 96822, USA
    J Integr Plant Biol 53:246-52. 2011
    ..e. bioethanol) using feedstock of the invasive marine macroalga Gracilaria salicornia...
  81. ncbi Comparative studies on utilizing nitrogen capacity between two macroalgae Gracilaria tenuistipitata var. liui (rhodophyta) and Ulva pertusa (chlorophyta). II. Feedback controls of intracellular nitrogen pools on nitrogen uptake
    J W Liu
    Aquaculture Research Laboratory, Ocean University of Qingdao, Qingdao 266003, China
    J Environ Sci (China) 13:323-7. 2001
    The potential feedback by intracellular nitrogen pools on maximum N uptake (NH4+) rate were determined for Gracilaria tenuistipitata var. liui and Ulva pertusa...
  82. ncbi Bleeding from the small intestine caused by aplysiatoxin, the causative agent of the red alga Gracilaria coronopifolia poisoning
    E Ito
    Research Center for Pathogenic Fungi and Microbial Toxicoses, Chiba University, Japan
    Toxicon 38:123-32. 2000
    ..Then, in the small intestine, similar changes appeared to have occurred, and bleeding was induced in two characteristic ways, one through deposition of fibrin in the lumen and the other via distension of the capillary wall...
  83. pmc Aqueous extract of Gracilaria tenuistipitata suppresses LPS-induced NF-κB and MAPK activation in RAW 264.7 and rat peritoneal macrophages and exerts hepatoprotective effects on carbon tetrachloride-treated rat
    Chin kai Tseng
    Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan Center of Infectious Disease and Signaling Research, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan
    PLoS ONE 9:e86557. 2014
    In addition to the previous investigations of bioactivity of aqueous extract of the edible Gracilaria tenuistipitata (AEGT) against H2O2-induced DNA damage and hepatitis C virus replication, the purpose of this study is to evaluate the ..
  84. ncbi Fate of 14C-chlorpyrifos in the tropical estuarine environment
    D D Nhan
    Vietnam Atomic Energy Commission, 59 Ly Thuong Kiet, Hanoi, Vietnam
    Environ Technol 23:1229-34. 2002
    ..The microcosms containing brackish water, sediment, clams (Meretrix meretrix) and green algae (Gracilaria verucosa) from the Red River estuary, were maintained for 30 days...
  85. ncbi High-sensitivity detection of polysaccharide using phosphodiesters quaternary ammonium salt as probe by decreased resonance light scattering
    Zhanguang Chen
    Department of Chemistry, Shantou University, Shantou 515063, China
    Talanta 79:171-6. 2009
    ..Based on this rare decreased RLS phenomenon, the novel method of the determination of purified polysaccharide of Gracilaria Lemaneiformis (PPGL) at nanogram level was proposed in this contribution...
  86. ncbi MIPS: a calmodulin-binding protein of Gracilaria lemaneiformis under heat shock
    Xuan Zhang
    Key Laboratory of Marine Genetics and Breeding, Ministry of Education, Ocean University of China, Qingdao, 266003, Shandong Province, China
    Mar Biotechnol (NY) 16:475-83. 2014
    To study the Ca(2+)/Calmodulin (CaM) signal transduction pathway of Gracilaria lemaneiformis under heat stress, myo-inositol-1-phosphate synthase (MIPS), a calmodulin-binding protein, was isolated using the yeast two-hybrid system...
  87. ncbi Sulfated-polysaccharide fraction extracted from red algae Gracilaria birdiae ameliorates trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid-induced colitis in rats
    Tarcisio V Brito
    LAFFEX Laboratory of Experimental Physiopharmacology, Biotechnology and Biodiversity Center Research BIOTEC, Federal University of Piaui, Parnaiba, Piaui, Brazil
    J Pharm Pharmacol 66:1161-70. 2014
    The aim of this study was to evaluate the protective effect of the sulfated-polysaccharide (PLS) fraction extracted from the seaweed Gracilaria birdiae in rats with trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid (TNBS)-induced colitis.
  88. ncbi Cell wall composition affects Cd2+ accumulation and intracellular thiol peptides in marine red algae
    Virginia García-Ríos
    Departamento de Recursos del Mar, CINVESTAV IPN, Unidad Merida, Apdo Postal 73 Cordemex, Merida, Yucatan 97310, Mexico
    Aquat Toxicol 81:65-72. 2007
    Two red macroalgae species, Gracilaria cornea and Chondrophycus poiteaui, were evaluated for their intra and extracellular Cd2+ accumulation capacity, photosynthetic response and thiol peptide production...
  89. ncbi The application of "double isolation" in Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance sustained off-resonance irradiation collisionally-induced dissociation tandem mass spectrometry to remove labile isobaric impurities
    Paul J Gates
    School of Chemistry, University of Bristol, Cantock s Close, Bristol, BS8 1TS, United Kingdom
    Eur J Mass Spectrom (Chichester, Eng) 17:481-4. 2011
    ..1620 isobaric impurity and is not related to asterina-330. This application represents a powerful tool to remove unwanted ions in the MS/MS spectrum that result from fragmentation of isobaric ions...
  90. ncbi Molecular cloning, homology modeling and site-directed mutagenesis of vanadium-dependent bromoperoxidase (GcVBPO1) from Gracilaria changii (Rhodophyta)
    H Baharum
    Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
    Phytochemistry 92:49-59. 2013
    ....
  91. pmc The plastid genome of the red macroalga Grateloupia taiwanensis (Halymeniaceae)
    Michael S Depriest
    Department of Biological Sciences, The University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 8:e68246. 2013
    ..taiwanensis. The plastid genomes from G. taiwanensis and another florideophyte, Gracilaria tenuistipitata var. liui, are very similar in sequence and share significant synteny...
  92. ncbi Life history and aging of captive-reared California sea hares (Aplysia californica)
    Robert Gerdes
    Division of Marine Biology and Fisheries, National Resource for Aplysia, University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, FL, USA
    J Am Assoc Lab Anim Sci 45:40-7. 2006
    ..The feeding protocol for 3 cohorts was unrestricted access to the red macroalga Gracilaria ferox, whereas the remaining cohort was fed standard hatchery rations of G. ferox 4 times per week...
  93. ncbi Biomethanation potential of macroalgae Ulva spp. and Gracilaria spp. and in co-digestion with waste activated sludge
    J C Costa
    IBB Institute for Biotechnology and Bioengineering, Centre of Biological Engineering, Universidade do Minho, 4710 057 Braga, Portugal
    Bioresour Technol 114:320-6. 2012
    Biochemical methane potential of four species of Ulva and Gracilaria genus was assessed in batch assays at mesophilic temperature. The results indicate a higher specific methane production (per volatile solids) for one of the Ulva sp...
  94. pmc Evaluation of macroalgae sulfated polysaccharides on the Leishmania (L.) amazonensis promastigote
    Camila Lehnhardt Pires
    Vicente Unit, State University of São Paulo Júlio Mesquita Filho, UNESP, Praça Infante Dom Henrique, S N, São Vicente 11330 900, SP, Brazil
    Mar Drugs 11:934-43. 2013
    ..polysaccharides from Solieria filiformis (Sf), Botryocladia occidentalis (Bo), Caulerpa racemosa (Cr) and Gracilaria caudata (Gc) were extracted and extensively purified...
  95. ncbi Phospholipases and galactolipases trigger oxylipin-mediated wound-activated defence in the red alga Gracilaria chilensis against epiphytes
    Ulrich Lion
    Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology, Hans Knoll Strasse 8, 07745 Jena, Germany
    Chembiochem 7:457-62. 2006
    We investigated the wound response of the commercially important red alga, Gracilaria chilensis, in order to obtain insight into its interaction with epiphytic pests...
  96. ncbi High-performance liquid chromatographic method to evaluate the hydrogen atom transfer during reaction between 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl-hydrazyl radical and antioxidants
    Ariane Boudier
    CITHEFOR EA 3452, Faculte de Pharmacie, Nancy Universite, Nancy, France
    Anal Chim Acta 711:97-106. 2012
    ....
  97. ncbi Gene cloning, expression and activity analysis of manganese superoxide dismutase from two strains of Gracilaria lemaneiformis (Gracilariaceae, Rhodophyta) under heat stress
    Ning Lu
    Key Laboratory of Marine Genetics and Breeding, Ministry of Education, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266003, China
    Molecules 17:4522-32. 2012
    ..To determine whether Mn-SOD affects heat resistance of Gracilaria lemaneiformis, we cloned Mn-SOD cDNA sequences of two strains of this red alga, wild type and cultivar 981...
  98. ncbi Williopsis californica, Williopsis saturnus, and Pachysolen tannophilus: novel microorganisms for stereoselective oxidation of secondary alcohols
    J D Carballeira Rodríguez
    Biotransformations Group, Department of Organic and Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universidad Complutense, 28040 Madrid, Spain
    Biotechnol Bioeng 87:632-40. 2004
    ..The three strains were immobilized by entrapment using agarose and agar from algae of the Gracilaria genus. The agarose derivatives displayed significant improvement in the stereospecificity of the reactions.
  99. ncbi In vitro antiplasmodial activity of methanolic extracts from seaweeds of South West Coast of India
    S Ravikumar
    School of Marine Sciences, Department of Oceanography and coastal area studies, Alagappa University, Thondi Campus, Thondi 623 409, Ramanathapuram District, Tamil Nadu, India
    Asian Pac J Trop Med 4:862-5. 2011
    ..To identify the in vitro antiplasmodial activity of seaweed plants against Plasmodium falciparumstrains...
  100. ncbi Bioethanol production from Gracilaria verrucosa, a red alga, in a biorefinery approach
    Savindra Kumar
    Marine Biotechnology Laboratory, Department of Botany, University of Delhi, Delhi 110007, India
    Bioresour Technol 135:150-6. 2013
    In this study, Gracilaria verrucosa, red seaweed has been used for production of agar and bioethanol. The algae harvested at various time durations resulted in extraction of ~27-33% agar...
  101. ncbi NH4+ enrichment and UV radiation interact to affect the photosynthesis and nitrogen uptake of Gracilaria lemaneiformis (Rhodophyta)
    Zhiguang Xu
    State Key Laboratory of Marine Environmental Science, Xiamen University, Xiamen, Fujian 361005, China
    Mar Pollut Bull 64:99-105. 2012
    ..Here, we show that UV-B (280-315 nm) significantly reduced the net photosynthetic rate of Gracilaria lemaneiformis...