Genomes and Genes
blood borne pathogens
Summary: Infectious organisms in the BLOOD, of which the predominant medical interest is their contamination of blood-soiled linens, towels, gowns, BANDAGES, other items from individuals in risk categories, NEEDLES and other sharp objects, MEDICAL WASTE and DENTAL WASTE, all of which health workers are exposed to. This concept is differentiated from the clinical conditions of BACTEREMIA; VIREMIA; and FUNGEMIA where the organism is present in the blood of a patient as the result of a natural infectious process.
Publications203 found, 100 shown here
- Occupational exposure to blood and risk of bloodborne virus infection among health care workers in rural north Indian health care settingsMichelle Kermode
School of Population Health, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Am J Infect Control 33:34-41. 2005..In contrast, the situation for HCWs in low-income countries is not well documented, and their health and safety remains a neglected issue...
- Risk and management of blood-borne infections in health care workersE M Beltrami
HIV Infections Branch, Hospital Infections Program, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Public Health Service, U S Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
Clin Microbiol Rev 13:385-407. 2000..A sustained commitment to the occupational health of all HCWs will ensure maximum protection for HCWs and patients and the availability of optimal medical care for all who need it...
- Unsafe injections in the developing world and transmission of bloodborne pathogens: a reviewL Simonsen
World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
Bull World Health Organ 77:789-800. 1999..This situation needs to be addressed immediately, as a political and policy issue, with responsibilities clearly defined at the global, country and community levels...
- Hospital bloodborne pathogens programs: program characteristics and blood and body fluid exposure ratesS E Beekmann
Department of Internal Medicine, University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City, USA
Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 22:73-82. 2001..Healthcare workers clearly remain at risk for injury. Further effective interventions are needed for employee training, improving adherence, and providing needlestick prevention devices...
- Percutaneous injury, blood exposure, and adherence to standard precautions: are hospital-based health care providers still at risk?Bradley N Doebbeling
Program in Health Services Research, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA
Clin Infect Dis 37:1006-13. 2003..New strategies for preventing exposures, training, and monitoring adherence are needed...
- Blood and body fluid exposure risks among health care workers: results from the Duke Health and Safety Surveillance SystemJohn M Dement
Department of Community and Family Medicine, Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27705, USA
Am J Ind Med 46:637-48. 2004..Utilizing a new comprehensive occupational health surveillance system, the objective of this research was to better define the BBF exposure risk and risk factors among employees of a large tertiary medical center...
- Transmission of human herpesvirus 8 by blood transfusionWolfgang Hladik
Global Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome Program, National Center for Human Immunodeficiency Virus, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, and Tuberculosis Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Entebbe, Uganda
N Engl J Med 355:1331-8. 2006..Whether human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) is transmissible by blood transfusion remains undetermined. We evaluated the risk of HHV-8 transmission by blood transfusion in Uganda, where HHV-8 is endemic...
- Unsafe injections in low-income country health settings: need for injection safety promotion to prevent the spread of blood-borne virusesMichelle Kermode
Deakin University, Burwood, Victoria, Australia
Health Promot Int 19:95-103. 2004....
- Compliance with universal precautions among health care workers at three regional hospitalsR R Gershon
Department of Environmental Health Science, Johns Hopkins University, The School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205 2179, USA
Am J Infect Control 23:225-36. 1995..Several modifiable variables were identified, and intervention programs that address as many of these factors as possible will probably succeed in facilitating employee compliance...
- Reducing percutaneous injuries at an academic health center: a 5-year reviewMarcia Trapé-Cardoso
Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Connecticut School of Medicine, Farmington, USA
Am J Infect Control 32:301-5. 2004....
- The cost-effectiveness of policies for the safe and appropriate use of injection in healthcare settingsGerald Dziekan
Department of Blood Safety and Clinical Technology, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
Bull World Health Organ 81:277-85. 2003..We modelled the cost-effectiveness of policies for the safe and appropriate use of injections in ten epidemiological subregions of the world in terms of cost per disability-adjusted life year (DALY) averted...
- Benefits of minocycline and rifampin-impregnated central venous catheters. A prospective, randomized, double-blind, controlled, multicenter trialCristóbal León
Intensive Care Unit, Hospital Universitario de Valme, Universidad de Sevilla, Carretera de Cádiz s n, 41014 Sevilla, Spain
Intensive Care Med 30:1891-9. 2004..To determine the efficacy of minocycline and rifampin-impregnated catheters compared to non-impregnated catheters in critically ill patients...
- Transfusion-transmitted malaria in the United States from 1963 through 1999M Mungai
Division of Parasitic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
N Engl J Med 344:1973-8. 2001..CONCLUSIONS: Careful screening of donors according to the recommended exclusion guidelines remains the best way to prevent transfusion-transmitted malaria...
- Estimation of the risk of bloodborne pathogens to health care workers after a needlestick injury in TaiwanJ Shiao
Department of Nursing, National Yang Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan
Am J Infect Control 30:15-20. 2002..To estimate the number of health care workers (HCWs) in Taiwan at risk annually for contracting hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and HIV after a needlestick and sharps injury (NSI) with a used hollow-bore needle...
- Seroprevalence of human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis B and C viruses and syphilis infections among blood donors at the Muhimbili National Hospital in Dar es Salaam, TanzaniaMecky I N Matee
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, School of Medicine, Muhimbili University College of Health Sciences, PO Box 65001, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
BMC Public Health 6:21. 2006..Most of the donated blood is screened for HIV alone...
- Estimation of the global burden of disease attributable to contaminated sharps injuries among health-care workersAnnette Prüss-Ustün
Protection of the Human Environment, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
Am J Ind Med 48:482-90. 2005..The global burden of hepatitis B (HBV), hepatitis C (HCV), and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection due to percutaneous injuries among health care workers (HCWs) is estimated...
- Injection use in two districts of Pakistan: implications for disease preventionNaveed Zafar Janjua
Department of Com, munity Health Sciences, Aga Khan University, Stadium Road, Karachi 74800, Pakistan
Int J Qual Health Care 17:401-8. 2005..To estimate the annual number of injections per person in Sindh province of Pakistan and to describe their distribution with regard to prescribers, settings, and safety...
- Risk of exposure to bloodborne infection for Italian healthcare workers, by job category and work area. Studio Italiano Rischio Occupazionale da HIV GroupV Puro
Centro di Riferimento AIDS, National Institute for Infectious Diseases--IRCCS Lazzaro Spallanzani, Rome, Italy
Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 22:206-10. 2001..Job- and area-specific exposure rates permit monitoring of the effectiveness of targeted interventions and control measures over time...
- Community-based programs for safe disposal of used needles and syringesG E Macalino
Department of Epidemiology, The Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol 18:S111-9. 1998..To review issues related to discarded syringes in the community and to describe community-based programs for the safe disposal of used needles and syringes...
- Preventing blood-borne infections through pharmacy syringe sales and safe community syringe disposalT Stephen Jones
Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, Intervention, Research, and Support, National Center for HIV, STD and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
J Am Pharm Assoc (Wash) 42:S6-9. 2002
- Incidence of bloodborne virus infection and risk behaviours in a cohort of injecting drug users in Victoria, 1990-1995N Crofts
Epidemiology and Social Research Unit, Macfarlane Burnet Centre for Medical Research, Melbourne, Vic
Med J Aust 167:17-20. 1997..To assess changes in risk behaviours for transmission of bloodborne viruses and incidences and prevalences of these viruses in a field-recruited cohort of injecting drug users...
- Blood and body fluid exposure and risk to health care workersAfia Zafar
J Pak Med Assoc 56:428-9. 2006
- HIV post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP)--effect on management of bloodborne pathogen exposures in the health care environmentPaula DesRoches
Employee Health Services, Emory Healthcare, Atlanta, GA, USA
AAOHN J 51:370-2. 2003
- Occupational exposure to hepatitis C virus infectionDiana Ng
Brown Medical School, Providence, RI, USA
Med Health R I 86:165-7. 2003
- Prevention and management of occupational exposures to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)David P Calfee
Department of Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
Mt Sinai J Med 73:852-6. 2006..can substantially reduce the risk of transmission of HIV. In this article, the basic concepts of exposure prevention and management are reviewed...
- Health care workers' action strategies in situations that involve a risk of blood exposureUlla Britt Lymer
Department of Health and Environment, Division of Clinical Microbiology and Infection Control, Faculty of Health Sciences, Linkoping University, Sweden
J Clin Nurs 12:660-7. 2003..The process of managing this conflict is labelled 'balancing', which most often results in the choice of a diagnosis-related strategy...
- Prevalence and risk factors for bloodborne exposure and infection in correctional healthcare workersRobyn R M Gershon
Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 28:24-30. 2007..Design. Cross-sectional risk assessment study with a confidential questionnaire and serological testing performed during 1999-2000...
- Occupational blood and body fluid exposure in an Australian teaching hospitalP Bi
Department of Public Health, The University of Adelaide, and Occupational Health and Safety Unit, Flinders Medical Centre, Adelaide, SA, Australia
Epidemiol Infect 134:465-71. 2006..1%). This study indicated that emphasis on work practice, attire, disposal systems and education strategies, as well as the use of safety sharps should be employed to reduce work-related injuries among HCWs in Australia...
- Post-exposure prophylaxis for blood borne viral infections in healthcare workersG M Varghese
Department of Medicine and Infectious Diseases, Christian Medical College, Vellore, India
Postgrad Med J 79:324-8. 2003..Healthcare workers have to be educated about post-exposure prophylaxis and each institution needs to adopt a clear protocol...
- Bloodborne pathogens. What you need to know--Part IKatherine T Twitchell
Occupational Health Services, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA, USA
AAOHN J 51:38-45; quiz 46-7. 2003..The general prevalence, risk groups, prophylaxis, and treatment of HBV, HCV, and HIV are elaborated. Common blood tests for each of these pathogens are also explained...
- Occupationally acquired human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection: national case surveillance data during 20 years of the HIV epidemic in the United StatesAnn N Do
Surveillance Branch, Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road NE, MS E 47, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 24:86-96. 2003..To characterize occupationally acquired human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection detected through case surveillance efforts in the United States...
- [Risk bloodborne infections in health care workers]Bartosz Bilski
Z Katedry Profilaktyki Zdrowotnej, Akademii Medycznej im K Marcinkowskiego w Poznaniu
Med Pr 57:375-9. 2006..Therefore, it is essential to draw special attention to under- and post-graduate programs covering all medical professions, in which the problem of occupational and hospital infections should be an obligatory element of training...
- Needlestick injuries among medical studentsJ Megan M Patterson
Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri, USA
Am J Infect Control 31:226-30. 2003..Concern about occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens exists, and medical students, who lack in experience in patient care and surgical technique, may be at an increased exposure risk...
- A comprehensive approach to percutaneous injury prevention during phlebotomy: results of a multicenter study, 1993-1995Francisco Alvarado-Ramy
Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 24:97-104. 2003..To examine a comprehensive approach for preventing percutaneous injuries associated with phlebotomy procedures...
- Healthcare workers' knowledge of inoculation injuries and glove useJoanna C Trim
Department of Clinical Microbiology and Infection Control, University Hospital, Birmingham
Br J Nurs 12:215-21. 2003..However, efficacy of such programmes must be reviewed, alternative strategies evaluated, and the cause of HCWs' limited knowledge determined...
- Management of occupational exposure to hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and human immunodeficiency virusHelene Bednarsh
Boston Public Health Commission, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
Compend Contin Educ Dent 23:561-6, 568-9; quiz 570. 2002..In addition, the CDC's updated guidelines for postexposure management will be reviewed...
- New guidelines for occupational exposure to blood-borne virusesFrancisco Alvarado-Ramy
Epidemic Intelligence Service, Division of Applied Public Health Training, Epidemiology Program Office, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
Cleve Clin J Med 70:457-65. 2003....
- [HIV infection under laboratory conditions]Maria Ganczak
Z Zakładu Higieny, Epidemiologii i Zdrowia Publicznego, Pomorskiej Akademii Medycznej w Szczecinie
Med Pr 57:353-8. 2006..The lack of efficient, multifaceted legislation covering all aspects of occupational exposure to blood-borne pathogens, still observed in Poland, is stressed...
- Differences between hospital- and community-acquired blood exposure incidents revealed by a regional expert counseling centerP Th L van Wijk
Department of Medical Microbiology en Infection Control, Jeroen Bosch Hospital, POB 90153, 5211 ME, s Hertogenbosch, The Netherlands
Infection 34:17-21. 2006..One year (2003) regional analysis of all blood exposure incidents from hospitals as well as from the community...
- [Use of preventive strategies by surgeons and HIV exposure]Maria Ganczak
Zakładu Higieny i Epidemiologii, Pomorskiej Akademii Medycznej w Szczecinie
Wiad Lek 57:221-8. 2004..Improving the comfort of barrier precautions and making them available may also increase the compliance with protection against HIV in the operation room...
- Bloodborne infections: should they be disclosed? Is differential treatment necessary?Christine Kukka
Parents of Kids with Infectious Diseases PKIDs, Scarborough, ME, USA
J Sch Nurs 20:324-30. 2004..It suggests strategies school nurses can employ to protect the civil rights, privacy, and health of all students and school staff...
- [Double gloving in reducing the interoperative risk of blood borne pathogens]Maria Ganczak
Zakład Higieny i Epidemiologii, Pomorska Akademia Medyczna w Szczecinie
Chir Narzadow Ruchu Ortop Pol 69:249-54. 2004..17) in failure rates. The authors conclude double gloving during orthopaedic procedures and changing the gloves every 2 hours may significantly reduce the operating room personnel's risk of exposure to blood borne pathogens.
- Strategies for preventing sharps injuries in the operating roomRamon Berguer
Contra Costa Regional Medical Center, Department of Surgery, 2500 Alhambra Avenue, Martinez, CA 94553, USA
Surg Clin North Am 85:1299-305, xiii. 2005..The article also provides related sources for further information...
- Occupational exposure to bloodborne viruses in the Amsterdam police force, 2000-2003Gerard J B Sonder
GG and GD Amsterdam, Municipal Health Service Amsterdam, Department of Infectious Diseases, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Am J Prev Med 28:169-74. 2005..To assess and evaluate the rate and outcome of occupational exposure to hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in the Amsterdam police force...
- Accidental exposure to biological material in healthcare workers at a university hospital: Evaluation and follow-up of 404 casesEliana Battaggia Gutierrez
Division of Infectious Diseases of the Hospital das Clínicas School of Medicine, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil
Scand J Infect Dis 37:295-300. 2005..Analysis of post-exposure management revealed excess prescription of antiretroviral drugs, vaccine and immunoglobulin. Infection by HCV is the most important risk of concern, in our hospital, in accidents with biological material...
- Effectiveness of protocols for preventing occupational exposure to blood and body fluids in Dutch hospitalsJ van Gemert-Pijnen
Department of Communication Studies, Faculty of Behavioural Sciences, University of Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands
J Hosp Infect 62:166-73. 2006....
- Occupational blood-borne diseases in surgeryDonald E Fry
Department of Surgery, 1 University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131, USA
Am J Surg 190:249-54. 2005..The actual risk and frequency of operating room transmission remains poorly understood by many surgeons...
- Blood exposure: factors promoting health care workers' compliance with guidelines in connection with riskUlla Britt Lymer
Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Linkoping University, Linkoping, Sweden
J Clin Nurs 13:547-54. 2004..Socialization into infection control, routinization, stereotyping, perceptions of patients' wishes and the presence of competing values and norms are examples of such forces...
- [The level of knowledge of post-exposure prohylaxis of blood-borne infections at the workplace observed in nurses]Bartosz Bilski
Katedry Profilaktyki Zdrowotnej, Akademii Medycznej im K Marcinkowskiego w Poznaniu
Med Pr 56:375-8. 2005..Nurses belong to the occupational group that is especially exposed to risk of blood-borne infections. The aim of this study was to assess their knowledge of post-exposure prophylaxis of HIV, HBV and HCV...
- Assessment of occupational exposure to human immunodeficiency virus and hepatitis C virus in a referral hospital in Burundi, Central AfricaFrancoise Le Pont
Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 24:717-8. 2003
- Practice of universal precautions among healthcare workersWilson E Sadoh
Department of Child Health, University of Benin, Nigeria
J Natl Med Assoc 98:722-6. 2006..Compliance with universal precautions has been shown to reduce the risk of exposure to blood and body fluids. This study was aimed at assessing the observance of universal precautions by HCWs in Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria...
- Occupational blood and body fluids exposures in health care workers: four-year surveillance from the Northern France networkAmaud Tarantola
CCLIN Paris Nord, Institut Biomedical des Cordeliers, 15 21 Rue de l Ecole de Médecine, 75006 Paris, France
Am J Infect Control 31:357-63. 2003..These findings are similar to those in other countries and reflect the overall improvement in the management of occupational risk of BBF in health care workers...
- Occupational exposures to human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis B virus, and hepatitis C virus: risk, prevention, and managementJennifer L Cleveland
Division of Oral Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Mailstop F 10, 4770 Buford Highway, Chamblee, GA 30341, USA
Dent Clin North Am 47:681-96. 2003..Finally, resources should be available that permit rapid access to clinical care, testing, counseling, and PEP for exposed DHCP and the testing and counseling of source patients...
- Variation in blood and body fluids exposure when small-gauge needles or peripheral venous catheters were implicated: results of a 4-year surveillance in FranceFrançois L'heriteau
Coordinating Center for Nosocomial Infections Control, Paris, France
Am J Infect Control 34:215-7. 2006..We observed that the BBFE incidence per 100,000 peripheral venous catheters purchased decreased from 12.9 to 4.9, whereas incidence per 100,000 subcutaneous needles purchased increased from 8.7 to 14.3...
- Prevalence of blood-borne pathogens in an urban, university-based general surgical practiceEric S Weiss
Department of Surgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21224, USA
Ann Surg 241:803-7; discussion 807-9. 2005..To measure the current prevalence of blood-borne pathogens in an urban, university-based, general surgical practice...
- Bloodborne pathogen exposure in the OR--what research has taught us and where we need to goDavid L Taylor
US Army OR Specialist Course, Ft Sam Houston, San Antonio, TX, USA
AORN J 83:834-8, 841-6; quiz 849-52. 2006..This article discusses mechanisms of bloodborne pathogen transmission, compliance with standard guidelines, and the social and economic costs of contracting a bloodborne illness. Steps to ensure that HCWs are protected also are outlined...
- [Serologic testing after needlestick incidents in hospitals. A questionnaire study]Mette Graversen
Medicinsk Afdeling M, Gastroenterologisk Sektion, Amtssygehuset i Glostrup
Ugeskr Laeger 166:592-5. 2004
- Preventing cross infection of blood borne viruses on haemodialysisK Nilsson
Renal Professional Development Sister, UCL Hospitals NHS Trust, London, UK
EDTNA ERCA J 30:23-6. 2004..A local protocol was subsequently developed and implemented at the author's Trust, which will significantly change practice in the haemodialysis unit...
- Protection of healthcare workers from bloodborne pathogensSusan E Beekmann
Department of Pathology, The University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City, Iowa, USA
Curr Opin Infect Dis 18:331-6. 2005..Nonetheless, a substantial number of parenteral exposures continue to occur. Updated developments are summarized here, and recommendations for the protection of healthcare workers from bloodborne pathogens are provided...
- Potential exposure to hepatitis C virus through accidental blood contact in interventional radiologyNadège Baffoy-Fayard
Inter regional Center for Nosocomial Infection Control, Hospital European Georges Pompidou, Villejuif, France
J Vasc Interv Radiol 14:173-9. 2003..To quantify the prevalence of accidental blood exposure (ABE) among interventional radiologists and contrast that with the prevalence of patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) undergoing interventional radiology procedures...
- Occupational exposure to the risk of HIV infection among health care workers in Mwanza Region, United Republic of TanzaniaB Gumodoka
Bugando Medical Centre, Mwanza, United Republic of Tanzania
Bull World Health Organ 75:133-40. 1997..Reduction of occupational risk of HIV infection among health workers should be an integral part of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) control strategies...
- Risk and prevention of transmission of infectious diseases in dentistryMarcelo W B Araujo
Department of Periodontology and Endodontics, State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Dental Medicine, 3435 Main Street, 250 Squire Hall, Buffalo, New York 14214, USA
Quintessence Int 33:376-82. 2002..Such efforts may lead to the development of safer and more effective medical devices, work practices, and personal protective equipment...
- Abridged version of the updated US Public Health Service guidelines for the management of occupational exposures to hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus, and human immunodeficiency virus and recommendations for postexposure prophylaxisVladislav J Mikulich
UCLA Emergency Medicine Center, UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA, USA
Ann Emerg Med 39:321-8. 2002
- The management of occupational exposures to blood and body fluids: revised guidelines and new methods of implementationDavid L Schriger
UCLA Emergency Medicine Center, UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA, USA
Ann Emerg Med 39:319-21. 2002
- Bloodborne pathogen exposures in a developmental center: 1993-2000G S Lohiya
Fairview Developmental Center, Costa Mesa, California 92626, USA
Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 22:382-5. 2001..Proper follow-up of all potential exposures is crucial to identify transmission promptly, allay anxiety, and prevent unwarranted workmen's compensation claims. Measures are suggested to reduce exposure further...
- Quantifying and reducing the risk of bloodborne pathogen exposureB Stringer
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario
AORN J 73:1135-40, 1142-3, 1145-6; quiz 1147-8, 1151-4. 2001....
- [Guideline 'Needlestick injuries': risk assessment and post-exposure management in practice]W L M Ruijs
Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu, Centrum Infectieziektebestrijding, Interne postbak 13, Bilthoven
Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 152:1967-71. 2008..Antiretroviral postexposure prophylaxis is advised for high-risk injuries with a HIV seropositive source or a source belonging to a risk group for HIV...
- Occupational post-exposure HIV prophylaxisGary Maartens
Division of Clinical Pharmacology, University of Cape Town
S Afr Med J 94:626-7. 2004
- [Accidental exposure to blood by midwives in French maternity units: results of the national surveillance 2003]A Vincent
Centre de Coordination de la Lutte contre les Infections Nosocomiales C CLIN Sud Est, Pavillon 1M, Centre Hospitalier Lyon Sud, 69495 Pierre Benite Cedex
J Gynecol Obstet Biol Reprod (Paris) 35:247-56. 2006..Midwives appear to be the health care workers exposed to the highest rates of bloodborne injury. In this paper - based on a national survey - we describe the bloodborne injuries occurring in this profession...
- Occupational risk of blood-borne viruses in healthcare workers: a 5-year surveillance programVincenzo Baldo
Department of Environmental Medicine and Public Health, Institute of Hygiene, University of Padua, Italy
Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 23:325-7. 2002..This study presents the results of a 5-year surveillance program involving the prospective follow-up of healthcare workers (HCWs) in the Veneto region of Italy exposed to blood-borne viruses...
- Occupational risk of blood-borne viruses in healthcare workersFrank Van Laer
Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 23:712. 2002
- Prevalence of safer needle devices and factors associated with their adoption: results of a national hospital surveyRaymond C Sinclair
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Cincinnati, OH 45226, USA
Public Health Rep 117:340-9. 2002..S. hospitals and on the degree to which selected factors influence the use of this technology...
- Post-exposure prophylaxisMarchina E van der Ende
Department of Internal Medicine, Eramus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Int J STD AIDS 13:30-4. 2002..e. nephrolithiasis (due to indinavir) and toxic hepatitis (due to nevirapine). In The Netherlands so far no HIV-seroconversions have been recorded after an occupational accident...
- [Occupational exposure prevention(needlestick injuries) to blood and body fluid]Kiyoshi Kidouchi
Department of Microbiology, Nagoya City Public Health Research Institute
Nihon Rinsho 60:2137-43. 2002
- Awareness of post-exposure prophylaxis guidelines against occupational exposure to HIV in a Mumbai hospitalN L Chogle
Department of Anaesthesia, Critical Care and Pain, Tata Memorial Centre, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Natl Med J India 15:69-72. 2002..We conducted a survey to determine the level of awareness amongst operating room personnel regarding post-exposure prophylaxis in case of needlestick injuries from confirmed or suspected cases of HIV...
- Needle stick injuries--risk from blood contact in dialysisA Wittmann
Bergische Universitat Wuppertal, Germany
J Ren Care 33:70-3. 2007..The protection of health care workers is of prime importance and this paper will discuss the most successful methods of protection. The paper will examine briefly the cost of these protective measures...
- Bloodborne pathogen exposure and recommendations for managementAlan D Tice
Department of Internal Medicine, John A Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii, USA
J Infus Nurs 25:S5-9. 2002..This article will focus on those agents as they pose the greatest known threats and offer the potential for intervention...
- Non-hospital based registered nurses and the risk of bloodborne pathogen exposureRobyn R M Gershon
Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
Ind Health 45:695-704. 2007..Intervention research is warranted to evaluate improved risk reduction practices tailored to this population of RNs...
- Broad-spectrum virus reduction in red cell concentrates using INACTINE PEN110 chemistryA Lazo
V I Technologies, Inc, 134 Coolidge Avenue, Watertown, MA 02472, USA
Vox Sang 83:313-23. 2002..The purpose of this study was to characterize the virucidal effectiveness of the INACTINE PEN110 chemistry in full units of RBCC by using a panel of viruses with diverse properties in composition, size and shape...
- Risk of blood contamination of health care workers in spine surgery. A study of 324 casesD A Wong
University of Colorado, Denver, USA
Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 23:1261-6. 1998..There was no higher risk for skin penetrating injury. Analysis of data suggests that health care workers always should wear double gloves, forearm-reinforced gowns, and eye protection...
- The role of needle exchange programs in HIV preventionD Vlahov
Department of Epidemiology, John Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
Public Health Rep 113:75-80. 1998..NEPs do not result in increased drug use among participants or the recruitment of first-time drug users...
- Guideline for Prevention of Surgical Site Infection, 1999. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Hospital Infection Control Practices Advisory CommitteeA J Mangram
Hospital Infections Program, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Public Health Service, US Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
Am J Infect Control 27:97-132; quiz 133-4; discussion 96. 1999..g., laparoscopic cholecystectomy). Recommend specific antiseptic agents for patient preoperative skin preparations or for healthcare worker hand/forearm antisepsis. Hospitals should choose from products recommended for these activitie..
- Transmission of hepatitis B, hepatitis C and human immunodeficiency viruses through unsafe injections in the developing world: model-based regional estimatesA Kane
Trinity College, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA
Bull World Health Organ 77:801-7. 1999..Our results suggest that unsafe injections may lead to a high number of infections with bloodborne pathogens. A major initiative is therefore needed to improve injection safety and decrease injection overuse in many countries...
- Transmission of HIV, hepatitis B virus, and other bloodborne pathogens in health care settings: a review of risk factors and guidelines for prevention. World Health OrganizationD J Hu
Global Programme on AIDS, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
Bull World Health Organ 69:623-30. 1991....
- Prevalence of hepatitis B virus markers among blood donors in a tertiary hospital in Tabuk, northwestern Saudi ArabiaKamel E El Beltagy
Department of Infection Prevention and Control, King Abdulaziz Medical City, PO Box 22490, Riyadh 11426, Saudi Arabia
Int J Infect Dis 12:495-9. 2008..This study was carried out to determine the prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) markers among blood donors in a tertiary hospital in Tabuk, northwestern Saudi Arabia...
- Percutaneous injuries among dental professionals in Washington StateSyed M Shah
Department of Community Health and Epidemiology, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada
BMC Public Health 6:269. 2006..This study was conducted to identify the circumstances and equipment related to percutaneous injuries among dental professionals...
- Evidence-based spectrum of antimicrobial activity for disinfection of bronchoscopesConstanze Wendt
Hygiene Institut, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany
J Hosp Infect 70:60-8. 2008..The aim of this analysis is to define those micro-organisms that may contaminate the bronchoscope during the examination and that may cause disease in other patients...
- Protein replacement therapy and gene transfer in canine models of hemophilia A, hemophilia B, von willebrand disease, and factor VII deficiencyTimothy C Nichols
Department of Pathology, Francis Owen Blood Research Laboratory, Laboratory Medicine at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC 27516 3114, USA
ILAR J 50:144-67. 2009....
- Plasma-derived biological medicines used to promote haemostasisFrederick A Ofosu
Canadian Blood Services, Department of Pathology and Molecular Medicine, McMaster University, 1200 Main Street West, HSC 3N26, Hamilton, ON, Canada L8N 3Z5
Thromb Haemost 99:851-62. 2008..It also considers approaches employed to minimize infectivity of biological medicines derived from human and animal plasmas and to manage patients who develop antibodies (inhibitors) to clotting factor concentrate infusions...
- Advances toward gene therapy for hemophilia at the millenniumR J Kaufman
Department of Biological Chemistry and Howard Hughes Medical Institute, The University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor 48109 0650, USA
Hum Gene Ther 10:2091-107. 1999..In addition, several gene therapy clinical studies for the treatment of hemophilia A and B were initiated in 1999...
- Occupational exposure to blood and body fluids among Turkish nursing students during clinical practice training: frequency of needlestick/sharp injuries and hepatitis B immunisationMelek Serpil Talas
Nursing Department, Ankara University Faculty of Health Sciences, Ankara, Turkey
J Clin Nurs 18:1394-403. 2009..To describe the rate of needlestick/sharp injuries in nursing students, to estimate the rate of vaccination administration and to define nursing students' status using universal precautions for protecting from blood-borne infections...
- Enriched immune-environment of blood-brain barrier deficient areas of normal adult ratsE B Pedersen
Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, University of Odense, Denmark
J Neuroimmunol 76:117-31. 1997....
- The risks of occupational exposure and infection by human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis B virus, and hepatitis C virus in the dialysis setting. Italian Multicenter Study on Nosocomial and Occupational Risk of Infections in DialysisN Petrosillo
Centro di Riferimento AIDS, Ospedale Malattie Infettive Lazzaro Spallanzani, Rome, Italy
Am J Infect Control 23:278-85. 1995..Needle designs incorporating safety features and improvements in dialysis equipment design are also needed to avoid potential exposure...
- Results of inspections in health hazard industries in a region of the state of WashingtonDon J Lofgren
Division of Occupational Safety and Health, Labor and Industries, Tacoma, Washington 98402, USA
J Occup Environ Hyg 5:367-79. 2008..The results can be used for the planning of interventions in other regions and industries...
- In-use barrier integrity of gloves: latex and nitrile superior to vinylA Rego
Rego Dufresne Laboratories, Mission Viejo, CA, USA
Am J Infect Control 27:405-10. 1999..Careful consideration to the degree of barrier effectiveness should be given before glove selection when the potential exposure to bloodborne pathogens or biohazard risks is a concern...
- Infection control guidelines for the cardiac catheterization laboratory: society guidelines revisitedCharles E Chambers
Hershey Medical Center, 500 University Drive H047, Division of Cardiology Hershey, PA 17033, USA
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv 67:78-86. 2006..Additionally, specific CDC recommendation sections highlight recommendations from other published guidelines...
- Health care workers' knowledge on HIV and AIDS: universal precautions and attitude towards PLWHA in Benin-City, NigeriaA O Aisien
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Edo State
Niger J Clin Pract 8:74-82. 2005..The study was designed to test health care workers knowledge about HIV transmission, universal precautions and their attitude towards people living with HIV and AIDS...
- Rapid assessment of injection practices in Cambodia, 2002Sirenda Vong
Division of Viral Hepatitis, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
BMC Public Health 5:56. 2005..0%), HCV (6.5%), and HIV (2.6%) infection in Cambodia have raised concern over injection safety. To estimate the magnitude and patterns of such practices, a rapid assessment of injection practices was conducted...
- Human recombinant factor IX: safety and efficacy studies in hemophilia B patients previously treated with plasma-derived factor IX concentratesD A Roth
Center for Hemostasis and Thrombosis Research, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Blood 98:3600-6. 2001..Despite a lower recovery compared with pdFIX, rFIX controlled hemorrhage in a wide variety of settings and may provide a safety advantage in terms of risk from blood-borne pathogens...
- [Occupational exposures to blood and body fluids among health care workers: a questionary survey]Ziya Kuruuzum
Dokuz Eylul Universitesi Tip Fakultesi, Enfeksiyon Hastaliklari ve Klinik Mikrobiyoloji Anabilim Dali, Izmir
Mikrobiyol Bul 42:61-9. 2008..The results support the importance of the use of universal precautions and safety-enhanced devices, introducing effective training and efficient vaccination programs against HBV, in the clinical settings...
- Prevalence of antibodies to syphilis among blood donors in Accra, GhanaAndrew Anthony Adjei
Department of Pathology, University of Ghana Medical School, Accra, Ghana
Jpn J Infect Dis 56:165-7. 2003..In conclusion, our results indicate that syphilis is prevalent among healthy blood donors in Ghana, and that there is a need to introduce the screening of donated blood for syphilis in Ghana...
- Vaccines for Sustainable Therapy of Opiate AddictionFrank M Orson; Fiscal Year: 2010..of illicit opiate drug use, magnifying the health consequences of addiction through the spread of various blood borne pathogens. An especially attractive alternative approach to help treat opiate addiction is vaccination against these ..
- EXPOSURE TO BLOOD AMONG NON-HOSPITAL HEALTH CARE WORKERSJack Leiss; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- Pulse CO-Oximeter for Multiple Hemoglobin SpeciesJONAS POLOGE; Fiscal Year: 2007..This procedure involves several different health care workers, potentially exposes personnel to blood borne pathogens, takes minutes or even hours to get results, and provides only a single data point in time...
- B Cell Subsets as Antigen-presenting Cells in Peripheral Self-toleranceDavid C Parker; Fiscal Year: 2010..New methods to induce immunological tolerance will also have important applications in organ and tissue transplantation, gene therapy, and treatment of chronic infections. ..
- B Cell Subsets as Antigen-presenting Cells in Peripheral Self-toleranceDavid Parker; Fiscal Year: 2007..New methods to induce immunological tolerance will also have important applications in organ and tissue transplantation, gene therapy, and treatment of chronic infections. ..
- Male IDUs in Viet Nam: Ethno-Epidemiology of HIV RiskMichael Clatts; Fiscal Year: 2006..S., with the goal of enhancing the technical capacity of researchers in Viet Nam in identifying and monitoring emerging trends associated with drug abuse and HIV. ..
- Multiplexed Detection of Bioterror AgentsFrancis Barany; Fiscal Year: 2004..In addition, the LDR/PCR virulence gene test from Aim 2 will be expanded to include the major BT toxin and virulence genes. Once verified, our tests will be validated with clinical samples at the CDC. ..
- Identification of vaccine antigens based on expression in bloodPETER BEERNINK; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- Identification of vaccine antigens based on expression in bloodPETER TRIP BEERNINK; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- HIV TRANSMISSION IN CRACK INJECTION PRACTICESMichael Clatts; Fiscal Year: 2002..Ethnographic data and results of laboratory studies will be used to develop a curriculum for training public health practitioners on risk reduction messages and strategies for crack injectors. ..
- Extended Work Schedules and Workplace Injury in NursesAlison Trinkoff; Fiscal Year: 2004..Identifying organizational variables related to nurse's health that, if modified, could reduce the likelihood of worker injury is key to maximizing the quality of health care while maintaining a healthy workforce. ..
- Ketamine Injection and HIV Risk Among High Risk YouthSTEPHEN LANKENAU; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Ketamine Injection and HIV Risk Among High Risk YouthSTEPHEN LANKENAU; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- OUTCOMES OF THE REVISED CA BLOODBORNE PATHOGENS STANDARDMarion Gillen; Fiscal Year: 2001..Health care workers, employers, and policy makers need data to understand the various outcomes of standards designed to protect workers. ..
- Risk Factors and Incidence of Sharps Injuries to NursesSean Clarke; Fiscal Year: 2009..The public health impact relates to better strategies for control of exposure to bloodborne pathogens in healthcare workers as well as improving workplace safety more generally. ..
- Immunotherapeutics for Treatment of Flavivirus InfectionErol Fikrig; Fiscal Year: 2007..The recombinant antibodies will be fully human, produced rapidly and in high titer, free of blood-borne pathogens, and will be promising candidates for further development as a clinical reagent to combat flaviviral infection. ..
- Risk Factors and Incidence of Sharps Injuries to NursesSean Clarke; Fiscal Year: 2007..The public health impact relates to better strategies for control of exposure to bloodborne pathogens in healthcare workers as well as improving workplace safety more generally. ..
- Non-invasive Blood Radioactivity MonitorDavid Schlyer; Fiscal Year: 2004..blood withdrawal techniques which include the reduction of pain, the reduction of risks associated with blood borne pathogens and radiation exposure, and the elimination of the radioactivity dispersion which results from blood ..