- Interaction of Escherichia coli and macrophages: alteration by treatment of bacteria with beta-lactam antibiotics
Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology,
Zentralbl Bakteriol Mikrobiol Hyg A 266:116-26. 1987
..These changes of morphology lead to problems in the comparison of such bacterial forms with untreated organisms. Therefore, in this study outer membrane vesicles from bacteria were used as a model to investigate the effect ..
- Nosocomial pansinusitis in orotracheally intubated critically ill patients
Department of Intensive Care, University Hospital, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Belgium
Acta Otorhinolaryngol Belg 49:251-5. 1995
..2) aspiration of both maxillary sinuses yielded pus, cultures of which revealed a high concentration of micro organisms. Nosocomial pneumonia and bacteremia were considered related to the N P if the organisms found in the sinus were ..
- Specific spoilage organisms in breweries and laboratory media for their detection
Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Department of Dairy and Food Science, Food Microbiology, Frederiksberg, Denmark
Int J Food Microbiol 33:139-55. 1996
The Gram positive bacteria are generally regarded as the most hazardous beer spoilage organisms in modern breweries, especially the lactobacilli: L. brevis, L. lindneri, L. curvatus, L. casei, L. buchneri, L. coryneformis, L...
- HACEK group endocarditis at the Riyadh Armed Forces Hospital
N el Khizzi
Division of Microbiology, Armed Forces Hospital, Riyadh, KSA
J Infect 34:69-74. 1997
INTRODUCTION: Fastidious Gram-negative organisms classified as the HACEK group (Haemophilus spp., Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, Cardiobacterium hominis, Eikenella corrodens and Kingella spp...
- Nasopharyngeal carriage of community-acquired, antibiotic-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae in a Zambian paediatric population
Department of Medicine, John Radcliffe Hospital, University of Oxford, England
Bull World Health Organ 75:453-62. 1997
..Pneumococci were isolated from 71.9% of the children; the odds of carrying organisms were twice as high among children < 2 years of age compared with older children...
- [Studies on respiratory infections in primary care clinic (II). Distribution and antibiotic sensitivity to 45 agents of bacteria isolated from patients with respiratory infections visiting a doctor in private practice]
Department of Internal Medicine, Research Institute for Chest Diseases and Cancer, Tohoku University
Kansenshogaku Zasshi 64:66-75. 1990
..Staphylococcus aureus and other strains were documented simultaneously in 6 out of 7 cases in which multi-organisms were recovered. Many strains of Staphylococcus aureus were isolated from young patients throughout the year...
- Melatonin in relation to cellular antioxidative defense mechanisms
R J Reiter
Department of Cellular and Structural Biology, University of Texas Health Science Center, USA
Horm Metab Res 29:363-72. 1997
Melatonin's actions in organisms are more widespread than originally envisaged...
- 2,2,2-Trifluoroethanol-induced enteropathy in rats: chemically or bacterially mediated effects
J C Kim
Wadsworth Center for Laboratories and Research, New York State Department of Health, Albany 12201
Toxicol Pathol 15:388-400. 1987
..Intestinal epithelial villi lost their cellular tissue integrity. Coccobacillary organisms were numerous in the ulcerated intestine. Hemolytic E...
- [Detection of bactericidal antibody in the breast milk of a mother infected with enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7]
Department of Infectious Diseases Research, National Children's Medical Research Center
Kansenshogaku Zasshi 73:451-6. 1999
..As a result, breast milk samples (both colostrum and mature milk) from a patient were demonstrated to kill the organisms. One of 4 healthy milk samples, showed bactericidal activity though it was negative in O157-LPS antibody...
- The role of phosphatidylglycerol as a functional effector and membrane anchor of the D1-core peptide from photosystem II-particles of the cyanobacterium Oscillatoria chalybea
, , , Bundesrepublik Deutschland
Z Naturforsch C 50:380-90. 1995
..spatial separation of the synthesis- and incorporation-site in the membrane, developed during evolution in eukaryotic organisms, might have changed the requirement on the mobility and the orientation of D1 in photosynthetic membranes.
- [Pathogenic bacteria isolated from the sputum of the patients with pulmonary emphysema]
Second Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Fukuoka University
Kansenshogaku Zasshi 69:1251-9. 1995
..influenza) were isolated. FEV1.0 had a similar tendency as VC in terms of isolated organisms from the patients with emphysema. Similarly, PO2 of the patients from whom MSSA or E...
- [Development of chromogenic agar medium for isolation of enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli O26]
University of Tokyo
Kansenshogaku Zasshi 75:291-9. 2001
..have been few studies for isolation of other serotypes of EHEC, and media appropriate for isolation of such organisms, especially from food samples, are not yet available. Among such serotypes, E...
- [Incidence of resistance and risk factors for resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis. A retrospective study of 1,055 patients of a specialty hospital 1984 to 1993]
Pneumologie 50:28-35. 1996
..born in Germany, 32% of 101 patients with a history of prior antituberculosis drug therapy had resistant organisms, versus 4.2% of 698 patients without prior therapy (OR 10.7; 95% CI 6.1-18.7)...
- [Incidence of bacterial pneumonia in HIV-positive patients treated with preventive co-trimoxazole or pentamidine]
Medizinische Klinik II,
Pneumologie 52:614-21. 1998
..in the co-trimoxazole group and 13 in the pentamidine group (not significant); the most common causative organisms were S. pneumoniae (n = 4), S. aureus (n = 3) and H. influenzae (n = 3)...
- [Study on sepsis in the elderly at Nagoyashi-Koseiin Geriatric Hospital]
Department of Internal Medicine, Nagoyashi-Koseiin Geriatric Hospital
Kansenshogaku Zasshi 69:1141-50. 1995
..8%), and prior antibiotic use (40.8%). All patients had an underlying disease. 2) Organisms isolated were Escherichia coli (21.2%), Staphylococcus aureus (18...
- [Septicemia associated with hematopoietic disorders and its features according to respective primary disorders]
Second Department of Internal Medicine, Osaka University Medical School
Kansenshogaku Zasshi 70:108-15. 1996
..1% of ALL cases. Forty-seven point two percent of organisms which caused septicemia in ALL patients were isolated from surveillance cultures of the throat just before the ..
- Infection and immunity to Vibrio cholerae, Salmonella typhimurium and Escherichia coli in a rabbit model
P A Guinee
National Institute of Public Health and Environmental Protection, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
Zentralbl Bakteriol Mikrobiol Hyg A 270:260-9. 1988
Cholera disease can be induced in the rabbit by duodenal inoculation (DI) of Vibrio cholerae organisms after ligation of the cecum (C) (DIC model). When ligation of the cecum is omitted, no disease symptoms develop...
- O-Acetylserine sulfhydrylase from Methanosarcina thermophila
Department of Chemistry, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
J Bacteriol 182:45-50. 2000
Cysteine is the major source of fixed sulfur for the synthesis of sulfur-containing compounds in organisms of the Bacteria and Eucarya domains...
- [Neurologic manifestations of infectious endocarditis]
, Tunis, Tunisie
Arch Mal Coeur Vaiss 84:81-6. 1991
..The commonest organism was the staphylococcus (53% of identified organisms) but the number of negative blood cultures was high (50% of cases)...
- [Analysis of 98 cases of thoracic empyema]
Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, Juntendo University School of Medicine
Kansenshogaku Zasshi 65:1583-92. 1991
..were most common. A single organism was isolated in pure culture from 39 cases. Single organisms isolated from fluids were more frequently aerobes (25) than anaerobes (14). The cases harboring Bacteroides spp...
- Detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in formaldehyde solution-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue by polymerase chain reaction in Pott's disease
R H Berk
School of Medicine, Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Dokuz Eylul University, Izmir, Turkey
Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 21:1991-5. 1996
..Direct microscopy is insensitive because clinical samples may contain only few organisms. Recently, polymerase chain reaction has been applied in the rapid amplification and identification of many ..
- [Two cases of spotted fever group rickettsiosis contracted in southern parts of Africa]
Department of Infectious Diseases and Applied Immunology, University of Tokyo
Kansenshogaku Zasshi 72:1311-6. 1998
..clinical features of the two rickettsiosis are reported to be separable, apparent cross reaction between the two organisms hampers the use of conventional antibody determinations for their differentiation...
- Effect of linear alkylbenzene sulfonate (LAS) on ion transport and intracellular calcium in kidney distal epithelial cells (A6)
H F Bjerregaard
Department of Life Sciences and Chemistry, Roskilde University, PO Box 260, 4000 Roskilde, Denmark
Toxicol In Vitro 15:531-7. 2001
..from urban treatment plants in a concentration reported to have physiological and toxic effect on aquatic organisms. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect LAS on ion transport and homeostasis in epithelia cells...
- [Effects of various steroidal and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs on in-vitro IL-10 production of murine peritoneal macrophages infected with Mycobacterium avium complex]
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Shimane Medical University
Kansenshogaku Zasshi 71:910-7. 1997
..drugs (NSAID) on in-vitro IL-10 production of murine peritoneal macrophages (M phi s) infected with MAC organisms. When the IL-10 production by MAC-infected M phi s was measured in terms of protein and mRNA expression of the ..
- [The hygiene of refrigerated and frozen foods]
H J Sinell
Zentralbl Bakteriol Mikrobiol Hyg B 187:533-45. 1989
..Psychrotrophic organisms have particular significance as pathogens or spoilage organisms as they can multiply also during refrigeration; -..
- Zygomycetes in human disease
J A Ribes
Departments of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine and of Clinical Laboratory Sciences, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40536 0084, USA
Clin Microbiol Rev 13:236-301. 2000
..There are two orders of Zygomycetes containing organisms that cause human disease, the Mucorales and the Entomophthorales...
- [Clinical features of enterococcal septicemia and antimicrobial susceptibilities for clinical isolates of enterococci in Nagoya University Hospital]
Department of Clinical Laboratory, Nagoya University Hospital
Kansenshogaku Zasshi 65:1111-5. 1991
Enterococci are important causative organisms of nosocomial infections as well as methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa...
- Early post-splenectomy sepsis after missile injury in adults
Y A Ellias
Basrah Teaching Hospital, Iraq
Ann R Coll Surg Engl 73:185-8. 1991
..This was significant (P < 0.005). Gram-negative coliforms were the most common organisms isolated comprising 72.5% and 67.8%, in contrast to pneumococci isolated in 5.9% and 3...
- [Study on septicaemia in infants and children in the past 20 years. Part 1. An analysis of causal organisms]
Department of Pediatrics, Kashiwa Hospital, Jikei University School of Medicine
Kansenshogaku Zasshi 70:775-83. 1996
Causal organisms and their changes were evaluated in 158 cases of septicaemia admitted to Jikei University Hospital from 1975 to 1994. Eighty patients (50.6%) were aged less than 1 year, and 37 patients (23.4%) were newborns...
- [Study on bacteremia due to community-acquired infection in infants and children without underlying diseases]
Department of Pediatrics, Asahikawa Kosei Hospital
Kansenshogaku Zasshi 72:1197-201. 1998
..The causative organisms were Escherichia coli in 7, Haemophilus influenzae in 4, Streptococcus pneumoniae in 4, Staphylococcus aureus in ..
- Diethylene glycol poisoning in Gurgaon, India, 1998
National Institute of Communicable Diseases, 22 Shamnath Marg, Delhi 110054, India
Bull World Health Organ 79:88-95. 2001
..Samples of drinking-water and water from a tube-well were tested for coliform organisms. FINDINGS: Most of the children (26/36) were from the Gurgaon district in Haryana or had visited Gurgaon town ..
- Sexually transmittable organisms in the urethra of males with and without urethritis
Zentralbl Bakteriol Mikrobiol Hyg A 265:268-75. 1987
..The organisms were isolated in patients with and without urethritis as follows: N. gonorrhoeae with urethritis 19...
- Common solvent toxicity: autoxidation of respiratory redox-cyclers enforced by membrane derangement
T R Garbe
Research Institute of Innovative Technology for the Earth, Kyoto, Japan
Z Naturforsch C 56:483-91. 2001
..effects of chemically diverse solvents strikingly reveal the unifying motif of oxidant toxicity both in higher organisms and in aerobic bacteria...
- [Forgotten episodes of the birth of cortisone]
Takeda Science Foundation, Juso, Yodogawa-ku, Osaka
Yakushigaku Zasshi 36:70-5. 2001
..of progesterone derived from diosgenin of the Mexican yam and a microbiological oxidation process developed by a chance discovery of suitable organisms. The former is attributed to R. E. Marker and the latter to D. H. Peterson.
- Bioregenerative [correction of bioregnerative] life support: not a picnic
W M Knott
National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Kennedy Space Center, FL, USA
Gravit Space Biol Bull 11:31-9. 1998
..A solely bioregenerative life support system includes plants as a biomass production module and microbial organisms in bioreactors as a resource recovery module...
- Delayed infections after posterior TSRH spinal instrumentation for idiopathic scoliosis: revisited
B R Richards
Department of Orthopaedics, Texas Scottish Rite Hospital for Children, Dallas, Texas 75219, USA
Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 26:1990-6. 2001
..presentation (infection) from index operation, clinical picture, sedimentation rate, presence of pseudarthrosis, organisms grown on culture, type of wound closure, and duration of antibiotics were examined...
- Do sterols reduce proton and sodium leaks through lipid bilayers?
T H Haines
Department of Chemistry, City College of the City University of New York and Biochemistry, City University of New York Medical School, New York, NY 10031, USA
Prog Lipid Res 40:299-324. 2001
..Sodium gradients are used for animal plasma membranes, all other living organisms use proton gradients...
- [Legionella pneumophila serogroup 3 isolated from a patient of pneumonia developed after drowning in bathtub of a hot spring spa]
Department of Clinical Laboratory, Takinomiya General Hospital
Kansenshogaku Zasshi 69:1356-64. 1995
..Patient recovered by erythromycin treatment and was discharged on the 59th hospital day. L. pneumophila SG3 organisms were again isolated from the spa water where the patient drawn...
- Interaction of quaternary ammonium and phosphonium salts with photosynthetic membranes
, , , Germany
Z Naturforsch C 56:1057-66. 2001
..We suggest a 3-step interaction of ABDAC with the thylakoid membranes of photosynthetic organisms similar to our earlier discussion (Bader and HÃ¶per (1993), Z. Naturforsch. 49c, 87-94)...
- The effects of amoxicillin therapy on skin flora in infants
Department of Pediatrics, Georgetown University School of Medicine, Washington, DC, USA
Pediatr Dermatol 17:360-3. 2000
..and Propionibacterium acnes). Other organisms that were less often isolated were aerobic streptococci and Staphylococcus epidermidis...
- Microbiology of nonbullous impetigo
Department of Pediatrics, Bethesda Naval Hospital, Maryland, USA
Pediatr Dermatol 14:192-5. 1997
..fragilis and Peptostreptococcus spp. were isolated from one infection of the buttocks area. Thirty-three organisms isolated from 32 patients (80%) produced the enzyme beta-lactamase...
- [Bacteriological studies on pharyngeal and tracheal colonization in patients of operations and patients in ICU]
Second Department of Internal Medicine, Nagasaki University School of Medicine
Kansenshogaku Zasshi 65:1569-77. 1991
..gram-negative rods such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and yeast liked organisms etc, which were resistant to antibiotics...
- Disseminated toxoplasmosis and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome: diagnosis by transmission electron microscopy
J G Guccion
Pathology and Laboratory Medicine Service, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Washington, DC 20422, USA
Ultrastruct Pathol 19:95-9. 1995
..biopsy performed on the day of his death revealed intracytoplasmic clusters of 3 microns long, oval, basophilic organisms, the exact nature of which was not evident by light microscopy...
- [Clinical significance of positive blood cultures in the Nagasaki Rosai Hospital during the past 6 years]
Department of Internal Medicine, Nagasaki Rosai Hospital
Kansenshogaku Zasshi 68:617-24. 1994
..The distribution of bacteria showed increase percentage of the gram-positive organisms such as coagulase-negative Staphylococcus. Gram-negative organisms in included P. aeruginosa, A...
- Targeting and assembly of an oligomeric bacterial enterotoxoid in the endoplasmic reticulum of Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Department of Molecular Biology, Hebrew University, Hadassah Medical School, Jerusalem, Israel
Mol Microbiol 5:2663-71. 1991
..Analyses of cell lysates from Saccharomyces cerevisiae and E. coli expressing the protein revealed that both organisms were able to assemble Lipo-EtxB into oligomers that were (i) stable in the presence of sodium dodecyl sulphate, (..
- Light-microscopical appearance and ultrastructure of Blastocystis hominis, an intestinal parasite of man
Department of Medical Zoology, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Japan
Zentralbl Bakteriol Mikrobiol Hyg A 264:379-85. 1987
..hominis in the lower ileum and cecum of a patient. When examined light-microscopically, organisms from stool materials, cultures, and aspirated intestinal lumen contents of a patient showed morphological ..
- Properties of aeromonads and their occurrence and hygienic significance in drinking water
D van der Kooij
, KIWA AG
Zentralbl Bakteriol Mikrobiol Hyg B 187:1-17. 1988
..water of the municipal Dune Waterworks of The Hague and reports about the possible health significance of these organisms in drinking water. Literature data indicate that representatives of the motile Aeromonas species A...
- [An epidemiological investigation for MRSA and PRSP in Kinki area. Kinki Infection Working Group]
Second Department of Internal Medicine, Nara Medical University
Kansenshogaku Zasshi 72:701-6. 1998
..Further, MRSA was accompanied by some other organisms (most frequently Pseudomonas aeruginosa) in 64.7% of MRSA positive patients...
- [A clinical study of bacteremia in urology]
Department of Urology, School of Medicine, Kanazawa University
Kansenshogaku Zasshi 64:661-7. 1990
..However, Enterococcus spp. and Candida albicans were recognized as causative organisms of bacteremia via the urinary tract, because the urine culture demonstrated a species identical to that obtained ..
- The phylogenetic position of red algae revealed by multiple nuclear genes from mitochondria-containing eukaryotes and an alternative hypothesis on the origin of plastids
Department of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo, Hongo, Bunkyo ku, Tokyo 113 0033, Japan
J Mol Evol 56:485-97. 2003
..generally included very distant archaebacterial sequences (designated as the outgroup) and/or amitochondrial organisms, which may carry unusual gene substitutions due to parasitism or the absence of mitochondria...
- [Prognostic factors of prosthetic valve endocarditis. Apropos of 122 cases]
, , Paris
Arch Mal Coeur Vaiss 89:671-7. 1996
..The principal causative organisms were Staphylococcus aureus (33%), streptococci (20%), coagular-negative staphylococci (12%), enterococci (10%) ..
- Aerobic and anaerobic microbiology of necrotizing fasciitis in children
Department of Pediatrics, Georgetown University School of Medicine, Washington, USA
Pediatr Dermatol 13:281-4. 1996
..2). Organisms similar to the ones isolated from the NF aspirates were recovered in the blood of all patients except one...
- Characteristics of a new cellulolytic Clostridium sp. isolated from pig intestinal tract
V H Varel
Roman L Hruska U S Meat Animal Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, Clay Center, Nebraska 68933
Appl Environ Microbiol 58:1645-9. 1992
..The extent of degradation was equal to or better than that observed with the predominant ruminal cellulolytic organisms. On the basis of morphology, motility, spore formation, fermentation products, and the ability to hydrolyze ..
- Bacteriuria in the elderly population in a developing country
F A Orrett
Department of Paraclinical Sciences, The University of West Indies, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Champs Fleurs, Trinidad and Tobago
J Natl Med Assoc 93:238-42. 2001
..The overall prevalence of bacteriuria was 38.5%. More than 90% of the isolates were gram-negative organisms with Proteus species being the predominant pathogen among men, with 68.1% seen among inpatients...
- Light microscopic and ultrastructural evidence of in vivo phagocytosis of Helicobacter pylori by neutrophils
Department of Pathology, New York Veteran Affairs Medical Center, New York 10010, USA
Ultrastruct Pathol 24:319-23. 2000
..pylori organisms. This study leaves open the question of whether, or how, neutrophils damage the gastric mucosa.
- [Surveys on the contamination of marine fish with non-O1 Vibrio cholerae and Vibrio mimicus and food poisoning cases by these organisms]
Toyama Institute of Health
Kansenshogaku Zasshi 65:193-9. 1991
..variation and the concentration of contamination, and the actual cases of domestic food poisoning by these organisms. A 10 year survey revealed that non-O1 Vibrio cholerae (non-O1 V...
- [Trend of bacterial meningitis in children over a 14 year period (1981 through 1994) in Japan--an analysis based on studies in 27 institutions]
Kobe City College of Nursing
Kansenshogaku Zasshi 71:1017-24. 1997
..on dividing these years into 3 periods, 1981-1985, 1986-1990 and 1991-1994, and studied the trend of causative organisms identified in 254 among the 266 patients...
- [Study on azithromycin in treatment of diffuse panbronchiolitis]
First Department of Internal Medicine, Kyorin University School of Medicine
Kansenshogaku Zasshi 69:711-22. 1995
..0 (6/21), cold agglutination reaction (22/28), and CRP (16/36) were also improved. The rate of eradication of organisms isolated from the sputum except for indigenous organisms was 39...
- Late-developing infection in instrumented idiopathic scoliosis
C E Clark
Division of Spinal Surgery, Miami Childrens Hospital, Florida, USA
Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 24:1909-12. 1999
..Of those cultured for 7-10 days (the last 12) 11 were positive, usually for low-virulence skin organisms. After surgery, patients received antibiotics parenterally for 48 hours and orally for 7 days...
- An overview of topical antifungal therapy in dermatomycoses. A North American perspective
A K Gupta
Department of Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Science Center, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Drugs 55:645-74. 1998
Dermatophytes cause fungal infections of keratinised tissues, e.g. skin, hair and nails. The organisms belong to 3 genera, Trichophyton, Epidermophyton and Microsporum...
- [Studies on clinical significance of "Streptococcus milleri group" in respiratory infections]
First Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of the Ryukyus
Kansenshogaku Zasshi 65:1419-29. 1991
..Though not included in the approved lists of bacterial names, "S. milleri group" are regarded as the causative organisms of suppurative infections, such as oral abscess, brain abscess, lung abscess and empyema...
- Temperature-regulated protein synthesis by Leptospira interrogans
J E Nally
Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40546-0099, USA
Infect Immun 69:400-4. 2001
..Increased synthesis of a 25-kDa outer membrane protein was observed when the organisms were shifted from 30 to 37 degrees C...
- Trypanosoma cruzi: a putative vacuolar ATP synthase subunit and a CAAX prenyl protease-encoding gene, as examples of gene identification in genome projects
B M Porcel
Department of Genetics and Pathology, Section of Medical Genetics, Rudbeck Laboratory, Uppsala, SE 751 85, Sweden
Exp Parasitol 95:176-86. 2000
..for further molecular characterization due to their similarity to genes with interesting functions in other organisms and their potential as targets to combat the parasite...
- The ancestry and cumulative evolution of immune reactions
Jolanta M Dzik
Nencki Institute of Experimental Biology, Department of Biochemistry, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Warszawa, Poland
Acta Biochim Pol 57:443-66. 2010
..Even unicellular organisms possess mechanisms for pathogen destruction and self recognition...
- Secretory bulk flow of soluble proteins is efficient and COPII dependent
B A Phillipson
Centre for Plant Sciences, Leeds Institute for Plant Biotechnology and Agriculture, School of Biology, The University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, United Kingdom
Plant Cell 13:2005-20. 2001
..In these organisms, the mechanism of vesicle formation is well understood, but the process of soluble cargo sorting has yet to be ..
- Protective immunity against Vibrio cholerae infection in the rabbit
P A Guinee
National Institute of Public Health and Environmental Hygiene, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
Zentralbl Bakteriol Mikrobiol Hyg A 266:552-62. 1987
..Duodenal inoculation (DI) without ligation of the cecum with live V. cholerae organisms did not cause any disease symptom but induced protection against subsequent challenges with homologous and ..
- Anemia and anti-erythrocyte antibodies developed after repeated injections of sonicated preparations of Plasmodium berghei and Babesia rodhaini
Department of Veterinary Surgery, College of Agriculture, University of Osaka Prefecture, Japan
Zentralbl Bakteriol Mikrobiol Hyg A 269:100-8. 1988
..berghei preparations. These results suggest that both P. berghei and B. rodhaini organisms have some materials capable of inducing production of the anti-erythrocyte antibodies which mediate ..
- Pneumonia in a nursing home
P J Drinka
Wisconsin Veterans Home, King 54946-0620
J Gen Intern Med 9:650-2. 1994
The authors studied nursing home residents serologically to determine whether atypical organisms were causes of radiologic pneumonia. The study was conducted at the Wisconsin Veterans Home, a facility with on-site microbiology and x-ray...
- [Antimicrobial activities and mechanisms of carbapenem resistance in clinical isolates of carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter spp.]
First Department of Internal Medicine, Nagoya University, School of Medicine
Kansenshogaku Zasshi 75:662-70. 2001
..Referring to the correlations among MICs of carbapenems, MEPM showed a higher activity than IPM and PAPM in both organisms; 29 of the 94 strains (30.9%) of IPM-resistant P. aeruginosa were susceptible to MEPM...
- Lessons from the organization of a proficiency testing program in food microbiology by interlaboratory comparison: analytical methods in use, impact of methods on bacterial counts and measurement uncertainty of bacterial counts
Jean Christophe Augustin
Animal Société Aliment, Ecole Nationale Veterinaire d Alfort, Service d Hygine et Industrie des Denrees Alimentaires d Origine Animale, 7 Avenue du General de Gaulle, F 94704 Maisons Alfort Cedex, France
Food Microbiol 23:1-38. 2006
..proficiency in detection of Salmonella and Listeria monocytogenes, as well as enumeration of aerobic micro-organisms, Enterobacteriaceae, coliforms, beta-glucuronidase-positive Escherichia coli, anaerobic sulfito-reducing ..
- Effects of air pollution on ecosystems and biological diversity in the eastern United States
Gary M Lovett
Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies, Millbrook, New York 12545, USA
Ann N Y Acad Sci 1162:99-135. 2009
..In aquatic ecosystems, effects of acidity, nitrogen, and mercury on organisms and biogeochemical processes are well documented...
- Antimicrobial activity of some macrophytes from Lake Manzalah (Egypt)
M F Fareed
Department of Home Economic, Faculty of Specific Education, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt
Pak J Biol Sci 11:2454-63. 2008
..Nine of these identified organisms were obtained from different sources, Bacillus subtilis 1020, Bacillus cereus 1080, Staphylococcus aureus, ..
- High incidence of antimicrobial resistant organisms including extended spectrum beta-lactamase producing Enterobacteriaceae and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in nasopharyngeal and blood isolates of HIV-infected children from Cape Town, South
Mark F Cotton
Department of Paediatrics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Cape Town South Africa
BMC Infect Dis 8:40. 2008
..Our aim was to describe the organisms and antimicrobial resistance patterns in children enrolled in a prospective study comparing daily and three ..
- The role of UV-B radiation in aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems--an experimental and functional analysis of the evolution of UV-absorbing compounds
Department of Systems Ecology, Vrije Universiteit, De Boelelaan 1087, 1081 HV, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
J Photochem Photobiol B 66:2-12. 2002
..mosses) experienced higher UV-B fluxes than higher plants, which evolved later, are primitive aquatic and land organisms (cyanobacteria, algae, lichens, mosses) better adapted to present-day levels of UV-B than higher plants? ..
- Response of desert biological soil crusts to alterations in precipitation frequency
Canyonlands Field Station, Southwest Biological Science Center, US Geological Survey, 2290 S West Resource Blvd, Moab, UT 84532, USA
Oecologia 141:306-16. 2004
..Because biological soil crust organisms are only metabolically active when wet, and as soil surfaces dry quickly in deserts during late spring, summer, ..
- On sexual behavior and sex-role reversal
Gerard A Schuiling
Division of Human Biology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands
J Psychosom Obstet Gynaecol 26:217-23. 2005
..In multicellular organisms the situation is more complicated than in unicellular organisms, as it is impossible for each cell within a ..
- Cefepime: a review of its use in the management of hospitalized patients with pneumonia
Therese M Chapman
Adis International Inc, Langhorne, Pennsylvania 19407, USA
Am J Respir Med 2:75-107. 2003
..Maxcef, Cepimax, Cepimex, Axepim, a parenteral fourth-generation cephalosporin, is active against many organisms causative in pneumonia...
- Septic arthritis in childhood
Department of Pediatrics, Yuzuncu Yil University School of Medicine, Kayseri, Turkey
Pediatr Int 42:534-40. 2000
..clinical and laboratory findings, such as symptoms on admission, age, sex, joint involvement and isolated micro-organisms, and a relationship between age and joint involvement in SA...
- Microbiology of airway disease in a cohort of patients with cystic fibrosis
Department of Biology and Pathology Cellular and Molecular Luigi Califano, University of Naples Federico II, Italy
BMC Infect Dis 6:4. 2006
..Furthermore, the increase in multidrug-resistance of such organisms makes the therapeutic management of these patients more problematic...
- [Standardization of laboratory tests for tuberculosis and their proficiency testing]
Kekkaku 78:541-51. 2003
..In the carbolfuchsin procedures (Ziehl-Neelsen, Kinyoun), acid-fast organisms appear red, and in the fluorochrome procedures (auramine O, auramine-rhodamine, acridine orange), the acid-fast ..
- Nosocomial blood stream infection in intensive care units at Assiut University Hospitals (Upper Egypt) with special reference to extended spectrum beta-lactamase producing organisms
Shaaban H Ahmed
Department of Public Health and Biostatistics, Faculty of Medicine, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt
BMC Res Notes 2:76. 2009
..resistance, outcome of infection, risk factors, prevalence of extended spectrum B-lactamase producing organisms and molecular typing of Klebsiella pneumoniae strains to highlight the role of environment as a potential source ..
- Natural organic matter differently modulates growth of two closely related coccal green algal species
Tatyana A Karasyova
Leibniz Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries, Berlin, Germany
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 14:88-93. 2007
Humic substances (HS) comprise the majority of dead and living organic carbon, including organisms. In the environment, they are considered to be chemically inert or at least refractory...
- Emended description of the order Chlamydiales, proposal of Parachlamydiaceae fam. nov. and Simkaniaceae fam. nov., each containing one monotypic genus, revised taxonomy of the family Chlamydiaceae, including a new genus and five new species, and standards
K D Everett
Avian and Swine Respiratory Diseases Research Unit, National Animal Disease Center, US Department of Agriculture, Ames, IA 50010, USA or
Int J Syst Bacteriol 49:415-40. 1999
..not take into account recent analysis of the ribosomal operon or recently identified obligately intracellular organisms that have a chlamydia-like developmental cycle of replication...
- An assessment of the potential toxicity of runoff from an urban roadscape during rain events
Department of Public Technology, Malardalen University, Box 883, 721 23 Västerås, Sweden
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 15:205-10. 2008
..rain events before it enters a detention pond in Västerås, Sweden, using laboratory bioassays with test organisms representing various functional groups in an aquatic ecosystem...
- Applications of carboxylesterase activity in environmental monitoring and toxicity identification evaluations (TIEs)
Craig E Wheelock
Division of Physiological Chemistry II, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics, Karolinska Institutet, Scheeles vag 2, SE 171 77 Stockholm, Sweden
Rev Environ Contam Toxicol 195:117-78. 2008
..This class of enzymes appears to have promise for employment in environmental monitoring with a number of organisms and testing scenarios, and it is appropriate for inclusion in standard monitoring assays...
- Inactivation credit of UV radiation for viruses, bacteria and protozoan (oo)cysts in water: a review
W A M Hijnen
Kiwa Water Research Ltd, P O Box 1072, 3430 BB Nieuwegin, The Netherlands
Water Res 40:3-22. 2006
..that UV radiation is very effective against (oo)cysts of Cryptosporidium and Giardia, two pathogenic micro-organisms of major importance for the safety of drinking water...
- In vitro activity of human milk against the causative organisms of ophthalmia neonatorum in Benin City, Nigeria
S E Ibhanesebhor
Department of Child Health, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Edo State, Nigeria
J Trop Pediatr 42:327-9. 1996
The aim of the study was to evaluate the in vitro activity of term human milk on the organisms of Ophthalmia neonatorum and was a prospective study of consecutive neonates with the organism...
- Microbial genome analyses: global comparisons of transport capabilities based on phylogenies, bioenergetics and substrate specificities
I T Paulsen
Department of Biology, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, CA, 92093 0116, USA
J Mol Biol 277:573-92. 1998
..2) The distribution of topological types is similar in all seven organisms. (3) Transport systems belonging to 67 families were identified within the genomes of these organisms, and about ..
- Evolution of RNA editing sites in the mitochondrial small subunit rRNA of the Myxomycota
Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, The University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, Texas, USA
Methods Enzymol 424:197-220. 2007
..of a particular RNA editing system can be obtained by comparing RNA editing characteristics in contemporary organisms whose phylogenetic relationships are known so that editing patterns in ancestral organisms can be inferred...
- Comparison of the benzoyl-DL-arginine-naphthylamide (BANA) test, DNA probes, and immunological reagents for ability to detect anaerobic periodontal infections due to Porphyromonas gingivalis, Treponema denticola, and Bacteroides forsythus
W J Loesche
Department of Biological and Materials Sciences, University of Michigan School of Dentistry, Ann Arbor 48109 1078
J Clin Microbiol 30:427-33. 1992
..These three organisms are among the few cultivable plaque species that can hydrolyze the synthetic trypsin substrate benzoyl-DL-..
- Temperature effect on entrainment, phase shifting, and amplitude of circadian clocks and its molecular bases
Institute of Cell Biology, Biochemistry and Biotechnology, University of Bremen, Germany
Chronobiol Int 19:807-64. 2002
..h even in the low range of 1-2 degrees C (strong Zeitgeber effect) can entrain all ectothermic (poikilothermic) organisms. This is also reflected by the phase shifts-recorded by phase response curves (PRCs)-that are elicited by step- ..
- Substituent effects on the antibacterial activity of nitrogen-carbon-linked (azolylphenyl)oxazolidinones with expanded activity against the fastidious gram-negative organisms Haemophilus influenzae and Moraxella catarrhalis
M J Genin
Pharmacia and Upjohn, Inc, Kalamazoo, Michigan 49001, USA
J Med Chem 43:953-70. 2000
..prepared in an effort to expand the spectrum of activity of this class of antibiotics to include Gram-negative organisms. Pyrrole, pyrazole, imidazole, triazole, and tetrazole moieties have been used to replace the morpholine ring of ..
- The foaming inhibitor on Nocardia and alike (FIONA) process
Shuk Man Yu
Electrical and Mechanical Services Department, The Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Government, P R China
J Environ Sci Health A Tox Hazard Subst Environ Eng 42:171-7. 2007
A new process to abate foam-causing micro-organisms of the genus of Nocardia sp. and alike was developed in the Sha Tin Sewage Treatment Works of Hong Kong in 2002 under an in-house research and development study...
- Uptake of Escherichia coli, Vibrio cholerae non-O1 and Enterococcus durans by, and depuration of mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis)
Pharmaco Biological Department, Microbiology Section, University of Messina, Contrada Annunziata, 98168 Messina, Italy
Int J Food Microbiol 99:281-6. 2005
..In water contaminated with either single or mixed organisms, the bacteria accumulated rapidly in the mussels reaching high concentrations after 1 h...
- Endophytic bacteria associated with growing shoot tips of banana (Musa sp.) cv. Grand Naine and the affinity of endophytes to the host
Division of Biotechnology, Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Hessarghatta Lake, Bangalore, 560089, India
Microb Ecol 58:952-64. 2009
..in deep-seated shoot tips of banana suckers was made with a view to generate information on the associated organisms, potential endophytic contaminants in tissue-cultured bananas and to assess if the endophytes shared a ..
- Biohazard potential of putative Martian organisms during missions to Mars
Department of Biology and Biochemistry, University of Houston, TX, USA
Aviat Space Environ Med 78:A79-88. 2007
..of NASA's Viking biology experiments of the 1970s have been generally interpreted as inconclusive for surface organisms, and attributed to active but nonbiological chemistries, the possibility of native surface life has never been ..
- The expanding spectrum of Bartonella infections: II. Cat-scratch disease
J W Bass
Department of Pediatrics, Tripler Army Medical Center, Honolulu, HI 96859 5000, USA
Pediatr Infect Dis J 16:163-79. 1997
..With the use of these new taxonomy tools, several organisms previously thought to belong to other genera have been recently described as bartonellae...
- Frequency of recovery of pathogens from the nasopharynx of children with acute maxillary sinusitis before and after the introduction of vaccination with the 7-valent pneumococcal vaccine
Department of Pediatrics, Georgetown University, School of Medicine, Washington, DC, USA
Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 71:575-9. 2007
- Humic substances. Part 2: Interactions with organisms
Christian E W Steinberg
Humboldt University at Berlin, Institute of Biology, Freshwater and Stress Ecology, Germany
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 15:128-35. 2008
..Based on the paradigm of the inertness of being organic, direct interactions of dissolved HS with freshwater organisms are mostly neglected...
- Ciprofloxacin use and susceptibility of Gram-negative organisms to quinolone and non-quinolone antibiotics
Judith A Troughton
Department of Microbiology, Kelvin Laboratories, Royal Victoria Hospital, Belfast Trust, Grosvenor Road, BT126BA Belfast, UK
J Antimicrob Chemother 66:2152-8. 2011
..This study aimed to investigate whether the susceptibility of Gram-negative organisms (GNO) to alternative antimicrobials (co-amoxiclav, doxycycline, aztreonam, piperacillin/tazobactam, meropenem ..
- Evaluation of an automated culture system for detecting bacterial contamination of platelets: an analysis with 15 contaminating organisms
M E Brecher
University of North Carolina Hospitals, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27514, USA
Transfusion 41:477-82. 2001
Approximately 1 in 2000 platelet components are bacterially contaminated. The time to detection of 15 seeded organisms in platelets recovered from an automated culture system was studied.