mineral oil


Summary: A mixture of liquid hydrocarbons obtained from petroleum. It is used as laxative, lubricant, ointment base, and emollient.

Top Publications

  1. Cohen J, Keoleian C, Krull E. Penile paraffinoma: self-injection with mineral oil. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2001;45:S222-4 pubmed
    ..After he reluctantly admitted to multiple penile mineral oil self-injections for enlargement, surgical excision was performed...
  2. Popp N, Schlömann M, Mau M. Bacterial diversity in the active stage of a bioremediation system for mineral oil hydrocarbon-contaminated soils. Microbiology. 2006;152:3291-304 pubmed
    Soils contaminated with mineral oil hydrocarbons are often cleaned in off-site bioremediation systems...
  3. Otsuki J, Nagai Y, Chiba K. Peroxidation of mineral oil used in droplet culture is detrimental to fertilization and embryo development. Fertil Steril. 2007;88:741-3 pubmed
    ..Elevated levels of peroxidation in the oil by oxygen exposure or unfavorable storage were found to be the main causes of toxicity. ..
  4. Marques da Silva C, Miranda Rodrigues L, Passos da Silva Gomes A, Mantuano Barradas M, Sarmento Vieira F, Persechini P, et al. Modulation of P2X7 receptor expression in macrophages from mineral oil-injected mice. Immunobiology. 2008;213:481-92 pubmed publisher
    ..We investigated the effect of substances capable of recruiting macrophages into the peritoneal cavity of mice (mineral oil and thioglycolate) on P2X7 receptor expression and function, addressing whether these stimuli can interfere ..
  5. He Q, Yao M. Integration of high volume portable aerosol-to-hydrosol sampling and qPCR in monitoring bioaerosols. J Environ Monit. 2011;13:706-12 pubmed publisher
    ..Yet, caution should be taken in relating the bioaerosol concentrations to health risks as qPCR detects both culturable and non-culturable cells including inactivated ones. ..
  6. Moraitis A, Hewison M, Collins M, Anaya C, Holick M. Hypercalcemia associated with mineral oil-induced sclerosing paraffinomas. Endocr Pract. 2013;19:e50-6 pubmed publisher
    ..We describe a case of extensive skin lesions associated with mineral oil injections in which we provide evidence for cutaneous granuloma synthesis of 1,25(OH)?D in the pathogenesis of ..
  7. Lin J, Kennedy S, Svarovsky T, Rogers J, Kemnitz J, Xu A, et al. High-quality genomic DNA extraction from formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded samples deparaffinized using mineral oil. Anal Biochem. 2009;395:265-7 pubmed publisher
    ..long-term archived FFPE samples using a simple but effective deparaffinization method, removing the wax with mineral oil, and a commercially available DNA extraction kit...
  8. Anckaert E, Adriaenssens T, Romero S, Smitz J. Ammonium accumulation and use of mineral oil overlay do not alter imprinting establishment at three key imprinted genes in mouse oocytes grown and matured in a long-term follicle culture. Biol Reprod. 2009;81:666-73 pubmed publisher
    ..Compared to culture without oil, mineral oil overlay during follicle culture led to a dramatic increase in ammonia levels in culture medium: mean ammonia ..
  9. Agero A, Verallo Rowell V. A randomized double-blind controlled trial comparing extra virgin coconut oil with mineral oil as a moisturizer for mild to moderate xerosis. Dermatitis. 2004;15:109-16 pubmed
    ..This study aimed to determine the effectivity and safety of virgin coconut oil compared with mineral oil as a therapeutic moisturizer for mild to moderate xerosis...

More Information


  1. Boers D, Zeegers M, Swaen G, Kant I, van den Brandt P. The influence of occupational exposure to pesticides, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, diesel exhaust, metal dust, metal fumes, and mineral oil on prostate cancer: a prospective cohort study. Occup Environ Med. 2005;62:531-7 pubmed
    ..exposure to pesticides, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), diesel exhaust, metal dust, metal fumes, and mineral oil in relation to prostate cancer incidence in a large prospective study...
  2. Zhuo H, Huang L, Feng L, Huang H. Mineral oil-, glycerol-, and Vaseline-coated plates as matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization sample supports for high-throughput peptide analysis. Anal Biochem. 2008;378:151-7 pubmed publisher
    ..MALDI-TOF MS) has been developed by coating bare stainless steel plates with one of three adhesives: mineral oil, glycerol, or Vaseline...
  3. Lima R, Santos Brito M, Schäffer G, Lima O, Borba C. Evaluation of the in vitro and in vivo dimorphism of Sporothrix schenckii, Blastomyces dermatitidis, and Paracoccidioides brasiliensis isolates after preservation in mineral oil. Can J Microbiol. 2004;50:445-9 pubmed
    ..Blastomyces dermatitidis and Paracoccidioides brasiliensis isolates, two strains for each species, preserved in mineral oil. S...
  4. Kuroda Y, Akaogi J, Nacionales D, Wasdo S, Szabo N, Reeves W, et al. Distinctive patterns of autoimmune response induced by different types of mineral oil. Toxicol Sci. 2004;78:222-8 pubmed
    Although mineral oils are generally considered nontoxic and have a long history of use in humans, the mineral oil Bayol F (incomplete Freund's adjuvant, IFA) and certain mineral oil components (squalene and n-hexadecane) induce lupus-..
  5. Morbeck D. Importance of supply integrity for in vitro fertilization and embryo culture. Semin Reprod Med. 2012;30:182-90 pubmed publisher
    ..Embryology laboratories use a variety of approaches to verify the quality of mineral oil, protein, and disposables before clinical use; however, a best practice has not been determined...
  6. Lee D, Kwon J, Lee H, Lee Y, Hur W, Hong Y, et al. Inactivated H9N2 avian influenza virus vaccine with gel-primed and mineral oil-boosted regimen could produce improved immune response in broiler breeders. Poult Sci. 2011;90:1020-2 pubmed publisher
    ..Such gel-primed and mineral oil-boosted regimen has produced encouraging results associated with improved immune responses to an H9N2 LPAI...
  7. Jain V, Bansal A, Aggarwal K, Jain K. Enhanced response of childhood psoriasis to narrow-band UV-B phototherapy with preirradiation use of mineral oil. Pediatr Dermatol. 2008;25:559-64 pubmed publisher
    ..In our study, we evaluated whether the preirradiation use of mineral oil enhanced the efficacy of narrow-band ultraviolet-B phototherapy in childhood psoriasis...
  8. Song X, Bao S, Wu L, Hu S. Ginseng stem-leaf saponins (GSLS) and mineral oil act synergistically to enhance the immune responses to vaccination against foot-and-mouth disease in mice. Vaccine. 2009;27:51-5 pubmed publisher
  9. Sverdrup B, Kallberg H, Bengtsson C, Lundberg I, Padyukov L, Alfredsson L, et al. Association between occupational exposure to mineral oil and rheumatoid arthritis: results from the Swedish EIRA case-control study. Arthritis Res Ther. 2005;7:R1296-303 pubmed
    The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between exposure to mineral oil and the risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and in addition to perform a separate analysis on the major subphenotypes for the ..
  10. Hohaus K, Bley B, Köstler E, Schönlebe J, Wollina U. Mineral oil granuloma of the penis. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2003;17:585-7 pubmed
    ..Temporary impairment of wound healing was overcome by application of topical carbon dioxide gas. A brief review on international literature is given. ..
  11. Cohen J, Keoleian C, Krull E. Penile paraffinoma: self-injection with mineral oil. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2002;47:S251-3 pubmed
    ..After he reluctantly admitted to multiple penile mineral oil self-injections for enlargement, surgical excision was performed...
  12. Morbeck D, Khan Z, Barnidge D, Walker D. Washing mineral oil reduces contaminants and embryotoxicity. Fertil Steril. 2010;94:2747-52 pubmed publisher
    To determine if washing improves the quality of mineral oil used for embryo culture.
  13. Lee S, Cho M, Kim E, Kim T, Lee C, Han J, et al. Renovation of a drop embryo cultures system by using refined mineral oil and the effect of glucose and/or hemoglobin added to a serum-free medium. J Vet Med Sci. 2004;66:63-6 pubmed
    This study was conducted to evaluate whether refining mineral oil and the addition of hemoglobin and/or glucose to a serum-free medium could improve in vitro-development of embryos cultured in a chemically semi-defined microdroplet ..
  14. Hughes P, Morbeck D, Hudson S, Fredrickson J, Walker D, Coddington C. Peroxides in mineral oil used for in vitro fertilization: defining limits of standard quality control assays. J Assist Reprod Genet. 2010;27:87-92 pubmed publisher
    To determine the relative sensitivities of the 1 and 2-cell mouse embryo assays (MEA) and the human sperm motility assay (HSMA) for peroxides in mineral oil. The effect of peroxide on blastocyst cell number and apoptosis was also studied.
  15. Voeller B, Coulson A, Bernstein G, Nakamura R. Mineral oil lubricants cause rapid deterioration of latex condoms. Contraception. 1989;39:95-102 pubmed
    As little as sixty seconds' exposure of commercial latex condoms to mineral oil, a common component of hand lotions and other lubricants used during sexual intercourse, caused approximately 90% decrease in the strength of the condoms, as ..
  16. Kimber I, Carrillo J. Oral exposure to mineral oils: Is there an association with immune perturbation and autoimmunity?. Toxicology. 2016;344-346:19-25 pubmed publisher
    ..Parenteral exposure of rodents to certain mineral oil hydrocarbons has been reported to induce immune perturbation associated with the development of autoimmune ..
  17. Weiser A, Silver R. Foley catheter removal techniques. Urology. 2003;61:257; author reply 257 pubmed
  18. Mullens B, Soto D, Gerry A, Fowler F, Diniz A. Effects of Fatty Acid and Geraniol Repellent-Oil Mixtures Applied to Cattle on Blood Feeding and Reproductive Parameters in Field Populations of Haematobia irritans (Diptera: Muscidae). J Med Entomol. 2017;: pubmed publisher
    ..cattle were treated with 250 ml of a 15% mixture of fatty acids (C8-C9-C10) or 125 ml of 2% geraniol in a mineral oil carrier to assess impacts on horn flies, Haematobia irritans (L.) (Diptera: Muscidae) over two summers...
  19. Spernath A, Aserin A, Ziserman L, Danino D, Garti N. Phosphatidylcholine embedded microemulsions: physical properties and improved Caco-2 cell permeability. J Control Release. 2007;119:279-90 pubmed
    ..water the droplets are spherical; (6) diclofenac permeability through Caco-2 monolayer cells increases when PC is embedded into the interface. ..
  20. Martín López B, Varela I, Marnotes S, Cabaleiro C. Use of oils combined with low doses of insecticide for the control of Myzus persicae and PVY epidemics. Pest Manag Sci. 2006;62:372-8 pubmed
    ..The oils tested were a horticultural mineral oil, a refined rapeseed oil, a refined soya oil and a raw fish oil...
  21. Waqas M, Akhtar N, Shah P, Danish M, Shah A, Braga V, et al. Development of cetyl dimethicone based water-in-oil emulsion containing botanicals: Physical characteristics and stability. Pak J Pharm Sci. 2016;29:173-8 pubmed
    ..5°C, 40±0.5°C and 40°C±0.5°C with 70% RH. The stable formulation consist of 16% mineral oil, 4% of ABIL EM 90(®), 4% grape seeds extract, 1% rose oil and 75% distilled water...
  22. Fogagnolo Mauricio A, Pereira J, Santo Neto H, Marques M. Effects of fish oil containing eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid on dystrophic mdx mice hearts at later stages of dystrophy. Nutrition. 2016;32:855-62 pubmed publisher
    ..Untreated-mdx mice received mineral oil. Heart and diaphragm muscle were evaluated by morphometric (fibrosis), molecular (western blot, inflammatory ..
  23. Trimmer G, Freeman J, Priston R, Urbanus J. Results of chronic dietary toxicity studies of high viscosity (P70H and P100H) white mineral oils in Fischer 344 rats. Toxicol Pathol. 2004;32:439-47 pubmed
    ..Thus, under the conditions of these studies, the No Observable Adverse Effect Level (NOAEL) for these studies was considered to be 1,200 mg/kg/day. ..
  24. Almeida I, Fernandes A, Fernandes L, Pena Ferreira M, Costa P, Bahia M. Moisturizing effect of oleogel/hydrogel mixtures. Pharm Dev Technol. 2008;13:487-94 pubmed
    ..While retaining the mechanical and sensory properties of the hydrogel, the bigels showed simultaneously an enhanced moisturizing effect, making them promising candidates for topical formulations. ..
  25. Graham S, Haughey S, Ervin R, Cancouët E, Bell S, Elliott C. The application of near-infrared (NIR) and Raman spectroscopy to detect adulteration of oil used in animal feed production. Food Chem. 2012;132:1614-1619 pubmed publisher
    ..blends (BVB's) and soya oils, used in the animal feed industry, are sometimes adulterated with transformer and mineral oil as a means of illegally increasing profit...
  26. Sehgal V, Aggarwal A, Syed N, Rasool F, Verma P, Sharma S. Palmoplantar Keratoderma as a Variant of Lichen Planus. Skinmed. 2016;14:56-60 pubmed
    ..varied in size from 5 mm to 4 cm and had prominent adherent scales on top when examined after smearing with mineral oil. Koebnerization was seen over the shin...
  27. TRIMBLE J, Light B. Effect of Penetration Enhancers on the Percutaneous Delivery of Pain Management Actives. Int J Pharm Compd. 2016;20:250-256 pubmed
    ..were loaded in transdermal compositions, prepared using a mixture of lipids (isopropyl palmitate and mineral oil) and one of two selected penetration enhancer mixtures: alkyl dimethicone, phenyl trimethicone, and ..
  28. Módenes A, Sanderson K, Trigueros D, Schuelter A, Espinoza Quiñones F, Neves C, et al. Insights on the criteria of selection of vegetable and mineral dielectric fluids used in power transformers on the basis of their biodegradability and toxicity assessments. Chemosphere. 2018;199:312-319 pubmed publisher
    ..Total soy-type vegetable oil has a higher toxic effect than Lubrax-type mineral oil. In the second experiment, the organisms were exposed to increasing percentages of the water-soluble fraction (..
  29. Fiselier K, Fiorini D, Grob K. Activated aluminum oxide selectively retaining long chain n-alkanes: Part II. Integration into an on-line high performance liquid chromatography-liquid chromatography-gas chromatography-flame ionization detection method to remove plant paraffins for . Anal Chim Acta. 2009;634:102-9 pubmed publisher
    ..This property is useful for the analysis of mineral oil contamination of foods and other matrices: it enables the removal of plant n-alkanes, typically ranging from C(..
  30. Brumbaugh D, Accurso F. Persistent silent aspiration in a child with Trisomy 21. Curr Opin Pediatr. 2002;14:231-3 pubmed
  31. Backhouse L, Dias M, Gorce J, Hadgraft J, McDonald P, Wiechers J. GARField magnetic resonance profiling of the ingress of model skin-care product ingredients into human skin in vitro. J Pharm Sci. 2004;93:2274-83 pubmed
    A preliminary study of the ingress of mineral oil, decanol, and glycerine into samples of human abdominal skin tissue in vitro made using magnetic resonance profiling with a GARField magnet is reported...
  32. Sheikh K, Kang Y, Rouse J, Eccleston G. Influence of hydration state and homologue composition of magnesium stearate on the physical chemical properties of liquid paraffin lipogels. Int J Pharm. 2011;411:121-7 pubmed publisher
    ..There is significantly more amorphous MgSt in the unstable solids compared to the stable semisolid lipogels, which are mainly crystalline (confirmed by XRD). ..
  33. Rodríguez Martín M, Sáez Rodríguez M, Carrasco J, Carnerero A, Cabrera R, Pérez Robayna N, et al. Self-induced paraffinoma in a schizophrenic patient. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2007;56:S127-8 pubmed
  34. Laitinen S, Linnainmaa M, Laitinen J, Kiviranta H, Reiman M, Liesivuori J. Endotoxins and IgG antibodies as indicators of occupational exposure to the microbial contaminants of metal-working fluids. Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 1999;72:443-50 pubmed
    ..The types of emulsified MWF used were synthetic fluid, mineral oil or rape seed oil, in grinding, turning and drilling work. The endotoxin concentrations in the air ranged from 0...
  35. Ruetsch S, Kamath Y, Rele A, Mohile R. Secondary ion mass spectrometric investigation of penetration of coconut and mineral oils into human hair fibers: relevance to hair damage. J Cosmet Sci. 2001;52:169-84 pubmed
    An attempt has been made to show the difference in the penetrability of coconut oil and mineral oil in human hair. We have used secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) in combination with a time-of-flight (TOF) mass spectrometer...
  36. Mor R, Sivan A. Biofilm formation and partial biodegradation of polystyrene by the actinomycete Rhodococcus ruber: biodegradation of polystyrene. Biodegradation. 2008;19:851-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Addition of mineral oil (0.005% w/v), but not non-ionic surfactants, increased the biofilm biomass...
  37. Martinez C, Martinez E, Gil M. Importance of oil overlay for production of porcine embryos in vitro. Reprod Domest Anim. 2017;: pubmed publisher
    ..However, little consideration has been given to the use of the mineral oil (MO) to overlay incubation droplets, which, albeit being a routine component of the IVP systems, is a totally ..
  38. Urbanus J, Lobo R, Riley A. European hazard classification advice for crude oil-derived lubricant base oils compared with the proposed mineral oil mist TLV. Appl Occup Environ Hyg. 2003;18:815-7 pubmed
    The notice of intended change for the threshold limit value (TLV) for mineral oil mist contains a notation for human carcinogenicity...
  39. Garrido M, Egea M, Linares M, Martinez B, Viera C, Rubio B, et al. A procedure for sensory detection of androstenone in meat and meat products from entire male pigs: Development of a panel training. Meat Sci. 2016;122:60-67 pubmed publisher
    ..The panel was able to differentiate the meat in the three categories, but only the high level in meat products. Due to the individual features in AND perception, specific training for each type of product is required. ..
  40. Green N, Rousseau D. Oil diffusivity through fat crystal networks. Soft Matter. 2015;11:5523-30 pubmed publisher
    ..we use fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP) to explore the diffusion coefficients of vegetable and mineral oil through fat crystal networks at different solid fat contents (SFC)...
  41. Barreto L, Luz C, Mascarin G, Roberts D, Arruda W, Fernandes Ã. Effect of heat stress and oil formulation on conidial germination of Metarhizium anisopliae s.s. on tick cuticle and artificial medium. J Invertebr Pathol. 2016;138:94-103 pubmed publisher
    ..s.) isolate IP 119 was examined with conidia formulated (suspended) in pure mineral oil or in water (Tween 80, 0.01%), and then applied onto the cuticle of Rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu lato (s.l...
  42. Tan B, Sarafis V, Beattie G, White R, Darley E, Spooner Hart R. Localization and movement of mineral oil in plants by fluorescence and confocal microscopy. J Exp Bot. 2005;56:2755-63 pubmed
    ..microscopy observation indicated that when a 'narrow' distillation fraction of an nC23 horticultural mineral oil was applied to adaxial and opposing abaxial leaf surfaces of potted orange [Citrus x aurantium L...
  43. Fujii M, Shiozawa K, Watanabe Y, Matsumoto M. Effect of phosphatidylcholine on skin permeation of indomethacin from gel prepared with liquid paraffin and hydrogenated phospholipid. Int J Pharm. 2001;222:57-64 pubmed
    ..We concluded that IM was solubilized by phospholipids, high activity in the vehicle led to high partition of IM in skin, and permeation increased due to a high skin concentration. ..
  44. Martin T. Did OSHA lower the mineral oil mist PEL?. Occup Health Saf. 2004;73:10; author reply 10 pubmed
  45. Xue Y, Meats A, Beattie G, Spooner Hart R, Herron G. The influence of sublethal deposits of agricultural mineral oil on the functional and numerical responses of Phytoseiulus persimilis (Acari: Phytoseiidae) to its prey, Tetranychus urticae (Acari: Tetranychidae). Exp Appl Acarol. 2009;48:291-302 pubmed publisher
    ..on excised leaf discs in both control conditions and in a treatment with a sub lethal residue of agricultural mineral oil (AMO) was assessed...
  46. Vieira M, Negrelle I, Webber K, Gosdal M, Truppel S, Kusma S. Pediatrician's knowledge on the approach of functional constipation. Rev Paul Pediatr. 2016;34:425-431 pubmed publisher
    ..4%), manometry and rectal biopsy (both 1.7%). The most common interventions included lactulose (26.6%), mineral oil (17.5%), polyethylene glycol (14.5%), fiber supplement (9.1%) and milk of magnesia (5.4%)...
  47. Bian X, Jing F, Li G, Fan X, Jia C, Zhou H, et al. A microfluidic droplet digital PCR for simultaneous detection of pathogenic Escherichia coli O157 and Listeria monocytogenes. Biosens Bioelectron. 2015;74:770-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The ddPCR platform, which uses a mineral oil-saturated polydimethylsiloxane (OSP) chip to overcome the problem of droplet evaporation, integrates the ..
  48. Song Y, Zhou Q, Song X, Zhang W, Sun T. [Evaluation of eco-toxicity of integral quality of soils]. Huan Jing Ke Xue. 2005;26:130-4 pubmed
    ..The concentration of heavy metal(Cd)and mineral oil is analyzed. The eco-toxicity of soil is evaluated...
  49. Rabahi M, Ferreira A, Madeira J, Galvao P, Pinto S. Lipoid pneumonia secondary to long-term use of evening primrose oil. J Bras Pneumol. 2010;36:657-61 pubmed
    ..Although most of the reported cases have been associated with the use of mineral oil as a laxative, other lipid substances can also cause the disease...
  50. Rakhimova E, Ivanitsa V. [Effect of various storage methods on the viability of myxobacteria]. Mikrobiol Z. 2001;63:3-8 pubmed
    ..drying on paper discs, suspending in distilled water or physiological solution under a layer of mineral oil. The best results on viability preservation of all three studied strains were obtained when using the method of ..
  51. do Nascimento M, de Hoog G, Gomes R, Furuie J, Gelinski J, Najafzadeh M, et al. Shared Physiological Traits of Exophiala Species in Cold-Blooded Vertebrates, as Opportunistic Black Yeasts. Mycopathologia. 2016;181:353-62 pubmed publisher
    ..Ecological traits [thermotolerance and pH tolerance, laccase activity, assimilation of mineral oil, and decolorization of Remazol Brilliant Blue R (RBBR)] were studied in a set of 40 strains of mesophilic ..
  52. Gravelle A, Davidovich Pinhas M, Zetzl A, Barbut S, Marangoni A. Influence of solvent quality on the mechanical strength of ethylcellulose oleogels. Carbohydr Polym. 2016;135:169-79 pubmed publisher
    ..Gel strength was positively correlated to solvent polarity when blending soybean oil with either mineral oil or castor oil...
  53. Wieruszeski J, Fritzinger B, Hanoulle X, Martins J, Lippens G. Sandwich-ELISE NMR: reducing the sample volume of NMR samples. J Magn Reson. 2008;193:37-40 pubmed publisher
    ..SEaling (ELISE) protocol, in which an aqueous sample is effectively sealed by the addition of a small layer of mineral oil, or, alternatively, a chloroform sample was sealed by a water layer...
  54. Petry T, Bury D, Fautz R, Hauser M, Huber B, Markowetz A, et al. Review of data on the dermal penetration of mineral oils and waxes used in cosmetic applications. Toxicol Lett. 2017;280:70-78 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, given the absence of dermal uptake, mineral oils and waxes as used in cosmetic products do not present a risk to the health of the consumer. ..
  55. Pavel A, Vlahovici A, Trifan M, Băra I, Creanga D. [Magnetic liquid influence upon some plant species of pharmaceutical interest]. Rev Med Chir Soc Med Nat Iasi. 2001;105:565-9 pubmed
  56. Bos M, De Bosschere H, Deprez P, van Loon G, De Vriese S, Christophe A, et al. Chemical identification of the (causative) lipids in a case of exogenous lipoid pneumonia in a horse. Equine Vet J. 2002;34:744-7 pubmed
  57. Casarotto R, Adamowski J, Fallopa F, Bacanelli F. Coupling agents in therapeutic ultrasound: acoustic and thermal behavior. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2004;85:162-5 pubmed
    ..Experimental. Postgraduate rehabilitation program in Brazil. Four coupling media: gel, mineral oil, white petrolatum, and degassed water. Not applicable...
  58. De Moraes Borba C, Schäffer G. Paracoccidioides brasiliensis: virulence and an attempt to induce the dimorphic process with fetal calf serum. Mycoses. 2002;45:174-9 pubmed
    ..The strains were kept under mineral oil for different periods of time, except for one that was successively subcultured on agar slants...
  59. Fujii M, Buyuktimkin S, Buyuktimkin N, Rytting J. Enhancement of skin permeation of miconazole by phospholipid and dodecyl 2-(N,N-dimethyl amino)propionate (DDAIP). Int J Pharm. 2002;234:121-8 pubmed
    ..Permeation rates through shed snakeskin from an aqueous suspension and a mineral oil suspension were 0.5 microg/cm(2)/h and almost none, respectively...
  60. Swiatkowska B, Szeszenia Dabrowska N, Sobala W, Wilczynska U. [Occupational risk factors for lung cancer--a case-control study, Lód? industrial center]. Med Pr. 2008;59:25-34 pubmed
    ..However, only a small fraction of the study population was exposed to well documented carcinogens. ..
  61. Pleshakova E, Muratova A, Turkovskaia O. [Degradation of mineral oil by Acinetobacter calcoaceticus strain]. Prikl Biokhim Mikrobiol. 2001;37:398-404 pubmed
    ..strain TM-31 has been isolated from a microbial assemblage of a pilot plant purifying waste water polluted with mineral oil. This strain is capable of efficient degradation of components of mineral oil (alkanes, isoalkanes, and alkyl ..
  62. Farage M, Ebrahimpour A, Steimle B, Englehart J, Smith D. Evaluation of lotion formulations on irritation using the modified forearm-controlled application test method. Skin Res Technol. 2007;13:268-79 pubmed
    ..alcohol in the formulation (stearyl and cetearyl alcohol), the presence of silicone and the base formulation (mineral oil, petrolatum of a proprietary formula)...
  63. Jirasripongpun K. The characterization of oil-degrading microorganisms from lubricating oil contaminated (scale) soil. Lett Appl Microbiol. 2002;35:296-300 pubmed
    ..13 and 18.81%, respectively. Nocardia simplex W9 is the best degrader, among all the isolates, on both used and unused lubricating oil. The presence of Nocardia simplex W9 in scale soil enables iron to be recycled by biodegradation. ..
  64. Hong S, Hsu H, Kaunas R, Kameoka J. Collagen microsphere production on a chip. Lab Chip. 2012;12:3277-80 pubmed publisher
    ..Monodisperse microdroplets were generated at a microfluidic T junction between aqueous and mineral oil flows. The flow was heated immediately to 37 °C to initiate collagen fiber assembly within a gelation channel...
  65. Wojdyła A. Activity of plant and mineral oils in the control of Puccinia pelargonii-zonalis. Commun Agric Appl Biol Sci. 2005;70:193-8 pubmed
    ..Oils from olive, sunflower and Dedal 90 EC, Atpolan 80 EC were the most effective in suppressing urediospores germination. ..
  66. Reis A, Carrilho M, Ghaname E, Pereira P, Giannini M, Nikaido T, et al. Effects of water-storage on the physical and ultramorphological features of adhesives and primer/adhesive mixtures. Dent Mater J. 2010;29:697-705 pubmed
    ..OB, CP+P and SE+P presented more silver uptake. The effects of water-storage were material-dependent, and significantly affected the mechanical properties and silver uptake patterns of adhesives. ..
  67. Koppang E, Bjerkås I, Haugarvoll E, Chan E, Szabo N, Ono N, et al. Vaccination-induced systemic autoimmunity in farmed Atlantic salmon. J Immunol. 2008;181:4807-14 pubmed
    ..The vaccines that are given i.p. contain oil adjuvant such as mineral oil. However, in rodents, a single i.p...
  68. Otsuki J, Nagai Y, Chiba K. Damage of embryo development caused by peroxidized mineral oil and its association with albumin in culture. Fertil Steril. 2009;91:1745-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Blood samples were donated by laboratory staff. Examination of the effects of mineral oil samples with various peroxide value (POV) on culture of erythrocytes and on the passage of a lipophilic tracer, ..
  69. Raynaud C, Crestani B, Grossin M, Piperaud M, Dombret M, Aubier M. Lung infiltrate in a male with a bronchopleural fistula. Eur Respir J. 2003;21:1078-80 pubmed
  70. Goyak K, McKee R, Minsavage G, McGowan C, Daughtrey W, Freeman J. Paving asphalt products exhibit a lack of carcinogenic and mutagenic activity. Int J Toxicol. 2011;30:492-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Neither the paving asphalt nor the vacuum residuum (30% weight/volume and 75% weight/weight in US Pharmacopeia mineral oil, respectively) produced any tumors. The positive control benzo[a]pyrene (0...
  71. Eisenstein M. Tiny droplets make a big splash. Nat Methods. 2006;3:71 pubmed
  72. Li Y, Xie F, Chen J, Fan Q, Zhai L, Hu S. Increased humoral immune responses of pigs to foot-and-mouth disease vaccine supplemented with ginseng stem and leaf saponins. Chem Biodivers. 2012;9:2225-35 pubmed publisher
    ..Our previous investigation showed that ginseng stem and leaf saponins (GSLS) and mineral oil acted synergistically to promote Th1/Th2 immune responses to FMD vaccine in mice...
  73. Rolls E, Verhagen J, Kadohisa M. Representations of the texture of food in the primate orbitofrontal cortex: neurons responding to viscosity, grittiness, and capsaicin. J Neurophysiol. 2003;90:3711-24 pubmed
    ..g., safflower oil), to silicone oil [(Si(CH3)2O)n], and to mineral oil (hydrocarbon) depended on the viscosity of these oils...
  74. Pakrasi P, Jain A. Cyclooxygenase-2 derived PGE2 and PGI2 play an important role via EP2 and PPARdelta receptors in early steps of oil induced decidualization in mice. Placenta. 2008;29:523-30 pubmed publisher
    ..Our data suggest that COX2 derived both PGE2 and PGI2 mediate its function via EP2 and PPARdelta receptors in early steps of decidualization in mice. ..
  75. Lee J, Shim A, Lee S, Kwon B, Kim S, Ko H, et al. Ready-to-use colloidal adjuvant systems for intranasal immunization. J Colloid Interface Sci. 2016;467:121-128 pubmed publisher
    ..A ready-to-use blank ME system composed of mineral oil (oil), Labrasol (surfactant), Tween 80 (cosurfactant), and water was prepared and blended with antigen (Ag) ..
  76. Tanaka D, Takashima M, Mizuta A, Tanaka S, Sakatoku A, Nishikawa A, et al. Acinetobacter sp. Ud-4 efficiently degrades both edible and mineral oils: isolation and characterization. Curr Microbiol. 2010;60:203-9 pubmed publisher
    ..alkM) and triglyceride (Acinetobacter sp. lipA) allowed amplification of these genes in strain Ud-4. To our knowledge, this is the first report on the isolation of a bacterium that can efficiently degrade both edible and mineral oils. ..
  77. Ma X, Li H, Song X. Surface and biological activity of sophorolipid molecules produced by Wickerhamiella domercqiae var. sophorolipid CGMCC 1576. J Colloid Interface Sci. 2012;376:165-72 pubmed publisher
    ..The differences of surface and biological activity in different SL molecules will be of benefit for the applications of these SLs in specific fields such as the detergent, petroleum, pharmaceutical and environment industries. ..
  78. Varughese S, Teschke K, Brauer M, Chow Y, van Netten C, Kennedy S. Effects of theatrical smokes and fogs on respiratory health in the entertainment industry. Am J Ind Med. 2005;47:411-8 pubmed
    Theatrical fogs (glycol or mineral oil aerosols) are widely used in the entertainment industry to create special effects and make lighting visible...
  79. Whitehouse M. Oily adjuvants and autoimmunity: now time for reconsideration?. Lupus. 2012;21:217-22 pubmed publisher
    ..resistance to those adjuvant-active oils that may be widely distributed in the personal environment, notably mineral oil(s). (The six tables in this article summarize some relevant facts and a few conjectures...
  80. Kanaly R, Bartha R, Watanabe K, Harayama S. Enhanced mineralization of benzo[a]pyrene in the presence of nonaqueous phase liquids. Environ Toxicol Chem. 2001;20:498-501 pubmed
    ..Mineralization was enhanced to the greatest extent when BaP was dissolved in a high-boiling distillation product of diesel fuel. ..
  81. Baynes R, Brooks J, Barlow B, Riviere J. NDELA and nickel modulation of triazine disposition in skin. Toxicol Ind Health. 2005;21:197-205 pubmed
    ..topically applied to porcine skin in an in vitro flow-through diffusion cell system as aqueous soluble oil (mineral oil, MO) or aqueous synthetic (polyethylene glycol, PEG) mixtures...
  82. Kathuria S, Westesson P. Diffuse lipogranulomatosis involving soft tissues of the head and neck due to multiple self-injections of mineral oil. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2008;29:1908-9 pubmed publisher
    ..On further investigation of his history, the patient stated that he had injected mineral oil into his neck to clean out his body from drugs...
  83. Akbar W, Lord J, Nechols J, Loughin T. Efficacy of Bauveria bassiana for red flour beetle when applied with plant essential oils or in mineral oil and organosilicone carriers. J Econ Entomol. 2005;98:683-8 pubmed
    The carriers mineral oil and Silwet L-77 and the botanical insecticides Neemix 4...
  84. Zhao Y, Zheng X, Cao B, Wei Q, Li L, Wei Y, et al. [Establishment of a new method for early embryo culture in vitro]. Yi Chuan. 2004;26:364-6 pubmed
    ..The results showed that whether the suspension in phi35mm dish in nest culture method was covered with mineral oil or not, the developmental rates of embryos had no significant difference...
  85. Pershing L, Reilly C, Corlett J, Crouch D. Effects of vehicle on the uptake and elimination kinetics of capsaicinoids in human skin in vivo. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 2004;200:73-81 pubmed
    ..solutions containing 55% capsaicin, 35% dihydrocapsaicin, and 10% other analogues prepared in three vehicles: mineral oil (MO), propylene glycol (PG), and isopropyl alcohol (IPA)...
  86. Cilurzo F, Minghetti P, Alberti E, Gennari C, Pallavicini M, Valoti E, et al. An investigation into the influence of counterion on the RS-propranolol and S-propranolol skin permeability. J Pharm Sci. 2010;99:1217-24 pubmed publisher
    ..Saline solution (SS) or mineral oil (MO) were selected as vehicles...
  87. Santos M, de Oliveira P, Trufem S. Morphological observations on Absidia corymbifera and Absidia blakesleeana strains preserved under mineral oil. Mycoses. 2003;46:402-6 pubmed
    ..10 strains plus three strains of Absidia ramosa) and Absidia blakesleeana (two strains) preserved under mineral oil at room temperature for periods ranging from 3 to 44 years in The Fungal Culture Collection of Instituto ..
  88. Oliveira G, Moccelini S, Castilho M, Terezo A, Possavatz J, Magalhães M, et al. Biosensor based on atemoya peroxidase immobilised on modified nanoclay for glyphosate biomonitoring. Talanta. 2012;98:130-6 pubmed publisher
    ..was constructed using graphite powder, multiwalled carbon nanotubes, peroxidase immobilised on nanoclay and mineral oil. Square-wave voltammetry was utilised for the optimisation and application of the biosensor, and several ..
  89. Tominaga Y, Kubo T, Kobayashi A, Yasuda K, Kato K, Hosoya K. Synthesis of novel polymer type sulfoxide solid phase combined with the porogen imprinting for enabling selective separation of polychlorinated biphenyls. Chemosphere. 2012;89:378-82 pubmed publisher
  90. Miller F. Is occupational exposure to mineral oil a risk factor for rheumatoid arthritis?. Nat Clin Pract Rheumatol. 2006;2:130-1 pubmed