styrene

Summary

Summary: A colorless, toxic liquid with a strong aromatic odor. It is used to make rubbers, polymers and copolymers, and polystyrene plastics.

Top Publications

  1. Ohyama K, Satoh K, Sakamoto Y, Ogata A, Nagai F. Effects of prenatal exposure to styrene trimers on genital organs and hormones in male rats. Exp Biol Med (Maywood). 2007;232:301-8 pubmed
    b>Styrene trimers migrate from polystyrene food container into foods...
  2. Fracasso M, Doria D, Carrieri M, Bartolucci G, Quintavalle S, De Rosa E. DNA single- and double-strand breaks by alkaline- and immuno-comet assay in lymphocytes of workers exposed to styrene. Toxicol Lett. 2009;185:9-15 pubmed publisher
    Occupational exposure to styrene was studied in 34 workers employed in the production of fiberglass-reinforced plastic sheets and compared to 29 unexposed healthy controls...
  3. Xu R, Wang D, Zhang J, Li Y. Shape-dependent catalytic activity of silver nanoparticles for the oxidation of styrene. Chem Asian J. 2006;1:888-93 pubmed
    ..silver nanoparticles was compared with that of cubic and near-spherical silver nanoparticles in the oxidation of styrene in colloidal solution...
  4. Barthélémy B, Devillers S, Minet I, Delhalle J, Mekhalif Z. Induction heating for surface triggering styrene polymerization on titanium modified with ATRP initiator. J Colloid Interface Sci. 2011;354:873-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The present work aims to study the surface-initiated ATR polymerization of styrene on titanium substrates, using grafted 11-(2-bromoisobutyrate)-undecyl-1-phosphonic acid as initiator and to ..
  5. Babaee R, Bonakdarpour B, Nasernejad B, Fallah N. Kinetics of styrene biodegradation in synthetic wastewaters using an industrial activated sludge. J Hazard Mater. 2010;184:111-7 pubmed publisher
    Kinetics of styrene biodegradation in synthetic wastewaters, containing either styrene or styrene together with ethanol, by an industrial activated sludge obtained from the wastewater treatment unit of a petrochemical complex was studied...
  6. Carlson G. Critical appraisal of the expression of cytochrome P450 enzymes in human lung and evaluation of the possibility that such expression provides evidence of potential styrene tumorigenicity in humans. Toxicology. 2008;254:1-10 pubmed publisher
    b>Styrene is widely used with significant human exposure, particularly in the reinforced plastics industry...
  7. Graebin N, Martins A, Lorenzoni A, Garcia Galan C, Fernandez Lafuente R, Ayub M, et al. Immobilization of lipase B from Candida antarctica on porous styrene-divinylbenzene beads improves butyl acetate synthesis. Biotechnol Prog. 2012;28:406-12 pubmed publisher
    A new biocatalyst of lipase B from Candida antarctica (MCI-CALB) immobilized on styrene-divinylbenzene beads (MCI GEL CHP20P) was compared with the commercial Novozym 435 (immobilized lipase) in terms of their performances as ..
  8. Seeber A, Bruckner T, Triebig G. Occupational styrene exposure and neurobehavioural functions: a cohort study with repeated measurements. Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 2009;82:969-84 pubmed publisher
    Associations between occupational styrene exposure and cognitive as well as psychomotor functions were investigated with a view to answering three questions: (1) are the published results for neurobehavioural impairment reproducible, (2) ..
  9. Chen G, Tanaka C, Henderson D. Relation between outer hair cell loss and hearing loss in rats exposed to styrene. Hear Res. 2008;243:28-34 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Styrene is an ototoxic agent, which targets and destroys OHCs starting from the third row to the second and first rows ..

Scientific Experts

More Information

Publications62

  1. Papaleo B, Caporossi L, Bernardini F, Cristadoro L, Bastianini L, De Rosa M, et al. Exposure to styrene in fiberglass-reinforced plastic manufacture: still a problem. J Occup Environ Med. 2011;53:1273-8 pubmed publisher
    The aim of the work is to define occupational exposure to styrene in fiberglass manufacture; the phase of stretching styrene resins needs some manual handling and leads workers to be exposed to styrene...
  2. McKenna R, Nielsen D. Styrene biosynthesis from glucose by engineered E. coli. Metab Eng. 2011;13:544-54 pubmed publisher
    b>Styrene is a large volume, commodity petrochemical with diverse commercial applications, including as a monomer building-block for the synthesis of many useful polymers...
  3. Harvilchuck J, Pu X, Klaunig J, Carlson G. Indicators of oxidative stress and apoptosis in mouse whole lung and Clara cells following exposure to styrene and its metabolites. Toxicology. 2009;264:171-8 pubmed publisher
    In mice, styrene is hepatotoxic, pneumotoxic, and causes lung tumors. One explanation for the mechanism of toxicity is oxidative stress/damage...
  4. Kuhn D, Bühler B, Schmid A. Production host selection for asymmetric styrene epoxidation: Escherichia coli vs. solvent-tolerant Pseudomonas. J Ind Microbiol Biotechnol. 2012;39:1125-33 pubmed publisher
    ..Asymmetric styrene epoxidation is an example of a reaction which is strongly dependent on the host cell owing to its requirement for ..
  5. Harvilchuck J, Carlson G. Effect of multiple doses of styrene and R-styrene oxide on CC10, bax, and bcl-2 expression in isolated Clara cells of CD-1 mice. Toxicology. 2009;259:149-52 pubmed publisher
    b>Styrene exposure is highest among workers in the reinforced plastics industry with exposure seen for 5 consecutive days during the work week. Styrene is both hepatotoxic and pneumotoxic in mice, in addition to causing lung tumors...
  6. Gargas M, Collins B, Fennell T, Gaudette N, Sweeney L. Disposition of styrene-acrylonitrile (SAN) trimer in female rats: single dose intravenous and gavage studies. Toxicol Lett. 2008;178:1-8 pubmed publisher
    b>Styrene-acrylonitrile trimer (SAN Trimer), a mixture of six isomers (four isomers of 4-cyano-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-alpha-methyl-1-naphthaleneacetonitrile [THAN] and two isomers of 4-cyano-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-1-naphthaleneproprionitrile [THNP]..
  7. Hwang J, Choi C, Park S, Lee E. Biodegradation of gaseous styrene by Brevibacillus sp. using a novel agitating biotrickling filter. Biotechnol Lett. 2008;30:1207-12 pubmed publisher
    ..biomass accumulation, the agitating biotrickling filter (ABTF) system, was developed for treatment of gaseous styrene using Brevibacillus sp...
  8. Hoet P, Lison D. Ototoxicity of toluene and styrene: state of current knowledge. Crit Rev Toxicol. 2008;38:127-70 pubmed publisher
    ..The main objective of this review was to analyze the available scientific literature on the ototoxic effects of styrene and toluene, in order to examine dose-response/effect relationships and the relevance of the prevention strategy ..
  9. Patrauchan M, Florizone C, Eapen S, Gomez Gil L, Sethuraman B, Fukuda M, et al. Roles of ring-hydroxylating dioxygenases in styrene and benzene catabolism in Rhodococcus jostii RHA1. J Bacteriol. 2008;190:37-47 pubmed
    Proteomics and targeted gene disruption were used to investigate the catabolism of benzene, styrene, biphenyl, and ethylbenzene in Rhodococcus jostii RHA1, a well-studied soil bacterium whose potent polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB)-..
  10. Sengoz B, Isikyakar G. Analysis of styrene-butadiene-styrene polymer modified bitumen using fluorescent microscopy and conventional test methods. J Hazard Mater. 2008;150:424-32 pubmed
    This paper presents a laboratory study of modified bitumen containing styrene-butadiene-styrene (SBS) copolymer...
  11. Pinches S, Apps P. Production in food of 1,3-pentadiene and styrene by Trichoderma species. Int J Food Microbiol. 2007;116:182-5 pubmed
    ..of two strains of Trichoderma, isolated from food, to produce the Volatile Organic Compounds 1,3-pentadiene and styrene was investigated...
  12. Pagot Y, Belin J, Husson F, Spinnler H. Metabolism of phenylalanine and biosynthesis of styrene in Penicillium camemberti. J Dairy Res. 2007;74:180-5 pubmed
    The occurrence of styrene in food may be an important aroma defect (celluloid odour), even at very low concentrations (Miltz et al. 1980) causing consumer rejection and is therefore a problem for the food industry...
  13. Jang J, Hirai M, Shoda M. Enhancement of styrene removal efficiency in biofilter by mixed cultures of Pseudomonas sp. SR-5. J Biosci Bioeng. 2006;102:53-9 pubmed
    The styrene-degrading bacterium Pseudomonas sp. SR-5 exhibited a high styrene removability in a biofilter. However, the styrene removal efficiency (RE) of SR-5 decreased with time...
  14. Lafeuille J, Buniak M, Vioujas M, Lefevre S. Natural formation of styrene by cinnamon mold flora. J Food Sci. 2009;74:M276-83 pubmed publisher
    ..pure cinnamon samples of diverse origins showed that some samples were naturally contaminated with high levels of styrene, up to 524 microg/g...
  15. Rene E, Spačková R, Veiga M, Kennes C. Biofiltration of mixtures of gas-phase styrene and acetone with the fungus Sporothrix variecibatus. J Hazard Mater. 2010;184:204-14 pubmed publisher
    ..biodegradation performance of a biofilter, inoculated with the fungus Sporothrix variecibatus, to treat gas-phase styrene and acetone mixtures under steady-state and transient conditions was evaluated...
  16. Huang W, Cullis P, Raven E, Roberts G. Control of the stereo-selectivity of styrene epoxidation by cytochrome P450 BM3 using structure-based mutagenesis. Metallomics. 2011;3:410-6 pubmed publisher
    ..J. Mol. Biol., 2007, 373, 633) and styrene. In this paper, additional mutations at Thr438 are shown to decrease the binding of and catalytic activity ..
  17. Ohno H, Kawamura Y. Analysis of acrylonitrile, 1,3-butadiene, and related compounds in acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymers for kitchen utensils and children's toys by headspace gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. J AOAC Int. 2010;93:1965-71 pubmed
    ..their related compounds containing propionitrile (PN) and 4-vinyl-1-cyclohexene (4-VC) in acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) copolymers for kitchen utensils and children's toys...
  18. Nikodinovic Runic J, Flanagan M, Hume A, Cagney G, O Connor K. Analysis of the Pseudomonas putida CA-3 proteome during growth on styrene under nitrogen-limiting and non-limiting conditions. Microbiology. 2009;155:3348-61 pubmed publisher
    Pseudomonas putida CA-3 is a styrene-degrading bacterium capable of accumulating medium-chain-length polyhydroxyalkanoate (mclPHA) when exposed to limiting concentrations of a nitrogen source in the growth medium...
  19. Cruzan G, Bus J, Hotchkiss J, Harkema J, Banton M, Sarang S. CYP2F2-generated metabolites, not styrene oxide, are a key event mediating the mode of action of styrene-induced mouse lung tumors. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol. 2012;62:214-20 pubmed publisher
    b>Styrene induces lung tumors in mice but not in rats. Although metabolism of styrene to 7,8-styrene oxide (SO) by CYP2E1 has been suggested as a mediator of styrene toxicity, lung toxicity is not attenuated in CYP2E1 knockout mice...
  20. Diaz de Cerio O, Hands E, Humble J, Cajaraville M, Craft J, Cancio I. Construction and characterization of a forward subtracted library of blue mussels Mytilus edulis for the identification of gene transcription signatures and biomarkers of styrene exposure. Mar Pollut Bull. 2013;71:230-9 pubmed publisher
    ..responses in the mussel Mytilus edulis exposed to the corrosive and putatively carcinogenic hydrocarbon styrene (3-5 ppm, 3days), a forward subtracted (SSH) cDNA library was produced...
  21. Johnson A, Morata T, Lindblad A, Nylén P, Svensson E, Krieg E, et al. Audiological findings in workers exposed to styrene alone or in concert with noise. Noise Health. 2006;8:45-57 pubmed
    Audiological testing, interviews and exposure measurements were used to collect data on the health effects of styrene exposures in 313 workers from fiberglass and metal-product manufacturing plants and a mail terminal...
  22. Carlson G, Turner M, Mantick N. Effects of styrene and styrene oxide on glutathione-related antioxidant enzymes. Toxicology. 2006;227:217-26 pubmed
    b>Styrene is both hepatotoxic and pneumotoxic in mice. Its mode of action is not clear, but it may be related to oxidative stress including a very large decrease in reduced glutathione (GSH)...
  23. Barua R, Chi L, Fitzpatrick R, Gillard D, Kostyniak P. Determination of volatile organic compounds in biological samples using headspace solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography: toluene and styrene. J Anal Toxicol. 2008;32:379-86 pubmed
    Epidemiological and laboratory investigations have shown that toluene and styrene are toxic compounds that lead to impairment of the nervous system...
  24. Collins J, Bodner K, Bus J. Cancer mortality of workers exposed to styrene in the U.S. Reinforced plastics and composite industry. Epidemiology. 2013;24:195-203 pubmed publisher
    ..have reported increased risk of lymphohematopoietic cancers, lung cancer, and pancreatic cancer after exposure to styrene, although findings across studies are not consistent...
  25. Carlson G. Hepatotoxicity and pneumotoxicity of styrene and its metabolites in glutathione S-transferase-deficient mice. Drug Chem Toxicol. 2011;34:440-4 pubmed publisher
    b>Styrene is known to be hepatotoxic and pneumotoxic in rodents, and these adverse effects are related to its metabolism...
  26. Hirasawa F, Kawagoe M, Wang J, Arany S, Zhou X, Kumagai A, et al. Gadolinium chloride suppresses styrene-induced cytochrome P450s expression in rat liver. Biomed Res. 2007;28:323-30 pubmed
    ..P450s) and antioxidant enzymes, we treated rats with gadolinium chloride (25 mg as Gd/kg body weight) 4 h after styrene (a multiple P450 inducer) treatment (600 mg/kg)...
  27. del Peso Santos T, Bartolomé Martín D, Fernandez C, Alonso S, Garcia J, Diaz E, et al. Coregulation by phenylacetyl-coenzyme A-responsive PaaX integrates control of the upper and lower pathways for catabolism of styrene by Pseudomonas sp. strain Y2. J Bacteriol. 2006;188:4812-21 pubmed
    ..strain Y2 controls expression of the styABCD genes, which are required for the conversion of styrene to phenylacetate, which is further catabolized by the products of two paa gene clusters...
  28. Zamyslowska Szmytke E, Fuente A, Niebudek Bogusz E, Sliwinska Kowalska M. Temporal processing disorder associated with styrene exposure. Audiol Neurootol. 2009;14:296-302 pubmed publisher
    Little evidence exists on the possible adverse effects of styrene on the central part of the auditory system. The present investigation aimed to study the possible association between styrene exposure and temporal processing abilities...
  29. Chen G, Henderson D. Cochlear injuries induced by the combined exposure to noise and styrene. Hear Res. 2009;254:25-33 pubmed publisher
    ..A noise band of 10-20 kHz was used to induce a cochlear injury in the same cochlear region in the rat as styrene exposure...
  30. Triebig G, Bruckner T, Seeber A. Occupational styrene exposure and hearing loss: a cohort study with repeated measurements. Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 2009;82:463-80 pubmed publisher
    Associations between occupational styrene exposure and impairment of hearing function were investigated, guided by three questions: are there hearing losses concerning high frequency and standard audiometric test? Are there dose-response ..
  31. George K, Hay A. Less is more: reduced catechol production permits Pseudomonas putida F1 to grow on styrene. Microbiology. 2012;158:2781-8 pubmed publisher
    Pseudomonas putida F1 is unable to grow on styrene due to the accumulation of 3-vinylcatechol, a toxic metabolite that is produced through the toluene degradation (tod) pathway and causes catechol-2,3-dioxygenase (C23O) inactivation...
  32. Rampioni G, Leoni L, Pietrangeli B, Zennaro E. The interplay of StyR and IHF regulates substrate-dependent induction and carbon catabolite repression of styrene catabolism genes in Pseudomonas fluorescens ST. BMC Microbiol. 2008;8:92 pubmed publisher
    In Pseudomonas fluorescens ST, the promoter of the styrene catabolic operon, PstyA, is induced by styrene and is subject to catabolite repression...
  33. Mooney A, Ward P, O Connor K. Microbial degradation of styrene: biochemistry, molecular genetics, and perspectives for biotechnological applications. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2006;72:1 pubmed publisher
    Large quantities of the potentially toxic compound styrene are produced and used annually by the petrochemical and polymer-processing industries...
  34. Röder Stolinski C, Fischäder G, Oostingh G, Feltens R, Kohse F, von Bergen M, et al. Styrene induces an inflammatory response in human lung epithelial cells via oxidative stress and NF-kappaB activation. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 2008;231:241-7 pubmed publisher
    b>Styrene is a volatile organic compound (VOC) that is widely used as a solvent in many industrial settings. Chronic exposure to styrene can result in irritation of the mucosa of the upper respiratory tract...
  35. Rene E, Veiga M, Kennes C. Biodegradation of gas-phase styrene using the fungus Sporothrix variecibatus: impact of pollutant load and transient operation. Chemosphere. 2010;79:221-7 pubmed publisher
    Biofiltration of gas-phase styrene was studied using a newly isolated fungus Sporothrix variecibatus, in a perlite biofilter, at inlet concentrations and gas-flow rates ranging from 0.13 to 14 g m(-3) and 0.075 to 0...
  36. Gąszczak A, Bartelmus G, Greń I. Kinetics of styrene biodegradation by Pseudomonas sp. E-93486. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2012;93:565-73 pubmed publisher
    The research into kinetics of styrene biodegradation by bacterial strain Pseudomonas sp. E-93486 coming from VTT Culture Collection (Finland) was presented in this work...
  37. Ahmad M, Bajahlan A. Leaching of styrene and other aromatic compounds in drinking water from PS bottles. J Environ Sci (China). 2007;19:421-6 pubmed
    Bottled water may not be safer, or healthier, than tap water. The present studies have proved that styrene and some other aromatic compounds leach continuously from polystyrene (PS) bottles used locally for packaging...
  38. Di Gennaro P, Ferrara S, Ronco I, Galli E, Sello G, Papacchini M, et al. Styrene lower catabolic pathway in Pseudomonas fluorescens ST: identification and characterization of genes for phenylacetic acid degradation. Arch Microbiol. 2007;188:117-25 pubmed
    Pseudomonas fluorescens ST is a styrene degrading microorganism that, by the sequential oxidation of the vinyl side chain, converts styrene to phenylacetic acid...
  39. Rene E, Montes M, Veiga M, Kennes C. Styrene removal from polluted air in one and two-liquid phase biotrickling filter: steady and transient-state performance and pressure drop control. Bioresour Technol. 2011;102:6791-800 pubmed publisher
    A Sporothrix variecibatus-inoculated biotrickling filter (BTF) was examined for styrene removal, without and with the addition of silicone oil, at different empty bed residence times. The highest elimination capacities (ECs) were 172...
  40. Daruwalla J, Greish K, Malcontenti Wilson C, Muralidharan V, Iyer A, Maeda H, et al. Styrene maleic acid-pirarubicin disrupts tumor microcirculation and enhances the permeability of colorectal liver metastases. J Vasc Res. 2009;46:218-28 pubmed publisher
    ..Pirarubicin, derived from doxorubicin, selectively targets tumors when encapsulated in styrene maleic acid (SMA), forming the macromolecular SMA pirarubicin...
  41. Slyskova J, Dusinska M, Kuricova M, Soucek P, Vodickova L, Susova S, et al. Relationship between the capacity to repair 8-oxoguanine, biomarkers of genotoxicity and individual susceptibility in styrene-exposed workers. Mutat Res. 2007;634:101-11 pubmed
    Genotoxic effects related to exposure to styrene have been a matter of investigation for many years by employing markers of exposure, effect and susceptibility...
  42. Wongvijitsuk S, Navasumrit P, Vattanasit U, Parnlob V, Ruchirawat M. Low level occupational exposure to styrene: its effects on DNA damage and DNA repair. Int J Hyg Environ Health. 2011;214:127-37 pubmed publisher
    The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of styrene exposure at levels below the recommended standards of the Threshold Limit Value (TLV-TWA(8)) of 20 ppm (ACGIH, 2004) in reinforced-fiberglass plastics workers...
  43. Khandar A, Nejati K, Rezvani Z. Syntheses, characterization and study of the use of cobalt (II) Schiff-base complexes as catalysts for the oxidation of styrene by molecular oxygen. Molecules. 2005;10:302-11 pubmed
    ..These complexes catalyze the oxidation of styrene in the presence of dioxygen and excess pyridine...
  44. Liu X, Chen J, Gilmore K, Higgins M, Liu Y, Wallace G. Guidance of neurite outgrowth on aligned electrospun polypyrrole/poly(styrene-beta-isobutylene-beta-styrene) fiber platforms. J Biomed Mater Res A. 2010;94:1004-11 pubmed publisher
    ..work was to investigate the potential biomedical application of novel aligned electrospun polypyrrole (PPy)/poly(styrene-beta-isobutylene-beta-styrene) (SIBS) fibers...
  45. Ignatova M, Stoilova O, Manolova N, Markova N, Rashkov I. Electrospun mats from styrene/maleic anhydride copolymers: modification with amines and assessment of antimicrobial activity. Macromol Biosci. 2010;10:944-54 pubmed publisher
    New antimicrobial microfibrous electrospun mats from styrene/maleic anhydride copolymers were prepared...
  46. Lanosa M, Willis D, Jordt S, Morris J. Role of metabolic activation and the TRPA1 receptor in the sensory irritation response to styrene and naphthalene. Toxicol Sci. 2010;115:589-95 pubmed publisher
    ..transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 receptor (TRPA1) in mediating the sensory irritation response to styrene and naphthalene...
  47. Beck J, Merrill G, Palumbo J, O Keeffe T. Strain of Fusarium oxysporum isolated from almond hulls produces styrene and 7-methyl-1,3,5-cyclooctatriene as the principal volatile components. J Agric Food Chem. 2008;56:11392-8 pubmed publisher
    ..the hulls of Prunus dulcis (sweet almond) was found to produce relatively large quantities of the hydrocarbons styrene and two isomers of 7-methyl-1,3,5- cyclooctatriene (MCOT)...
  48. Santini F, Mantovani A, Cristaudo A, Rago T, Marsili A, Buselli R, et al. Thyroid function and exposure to styrene. Thyroid. 2008;18:1065-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of styrene on the thyroid axis in occupationally exposed workers...
  49. Mörbt N, Mögel I, Kalkhof S, Feltens R, Röder Stolinski C, Zheng J, et al. Proteome changes in human bronchoalveolar cells following styrene exposure indicate involvement of oxidative stress in the molecular-response mechanism. Proteomics. 2009;9:4920-33 pubmed publisher
    b>Styrene is a volatile organic compound that is widely used as an intermediate in many industrial settings...
  50. del Peso Santos T, Shingler V, Perera J. The styrene-responsive StyS/StyR regulation system controls expression of an auxiliary phenylacetyl-coenzyme A ligase: implications for rapid metabolic coupling of the styrene upper- and lower-degradative pathways. Mol Microbiol. 2008;69:317-30 pubmed publisher
    Pseudomonas sp. strain Y2 degrades styrene through oxidation to phenylacetic acid via the styABCD operon-encoded enzymes, whose expression is induced in response to styrene by the StyS/StyR two-component regulatory system...
  51. Tischler D, Eulberg D, Lakner S, Kaschabek S, van Berkel W, Schlömann M. Identification of a novel self-sufficient styrene monooxygenase from Rhodococcus opacus 1CP. J Bacteriol. 2009;191:4996-5009 pubmed publisher
    ..to identification of an open reading frame encoding a novel fusion protein, StyA2B, with a putative function in styrene metabolism via styrene oxide and phenylacetic acid...
  52. Iwanade A, Jang J, Hirai M, Shoda M. Enhancement of styrene removal by Pseudomonas sp. SR-5 in mixed culture with a benzoic acid-degrading bacterium in biofilter. Environ Technol. 2005;26:941-9 pubmed
    The growth of a styrene-degrading bacterium, Pseudomonas sp. SR-5, was inhibited by benzoic acid (BA), one of the styrene degradation intermediates, in liquid culture. A benzoic acid-degrading microorganism, Raoultella sp...
  53. Arnold M, Reittu A, von Wright A, Martikainen P, Suihko M. Bacterial degradation of styrene in waste gases using a peat filter. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 1997;48:738-44 pubmed
    A biofiltration process was developed for styrene-containing off-gases using peat as filter material. The average styrene reduction ratio after 190 days of operation was 70% (max...