Summary: Organic compounds that contain only carbon and hydrogen atoms.

Top Publications

  1. Eroglu E, Melis A. "Density equilibrium" method for the quantitative and rapid in situ determination of lipid, hydrocarbon, or biopolymer content in microorganisms. Biotechnol Bioeng. 2009;102:1406-15 pubmed publisher
  2. de Oliveira C, Manfrin M, Sene F, Jackson L, Etges W. Variations on a theme: diversification of cuticular hydrocarbons in a clade of cactophilic Drosophila. BMC Evol Biol. 2011;11:179 pubmed publisher
    We characterized variation and chemical composition of epicuticular hydrocarbons (CHCs) in the seven species of the Drosophila buzzatii cluster with gas chromatography/mass spectrometry...
  3. Everaerts C, Farine J, Cobb M, Ferveur J. Drosophila cuticular hydrocarbons revisited: mating status alters cuticular profiles. PLoS ONE. 2010;5:e9607 pubmed publisher
    ..In Drosophila melanogaster flies, several pheromones perceived either by contact/at a short distance (cuticular hydrocarbons, CHs), or at a longer distance (cis-vaccenyl acetate, cVA), affect courtship and mating behaviours...
  4. Sharma M, Hunt J, Hosken D. Antagonistic responses to natural and sexual selection and the sex-specific evolution of cuticular hydrocarbons in Drosophila simulans. Evolution. 2012;66:665-677 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we assessed the effects of sexual and natural selection on the evolution of cuticular hydrocarbons (CHCs), a character subject to both modes of selection, in?Drosophila simulans...
  5. Thomas M, Simmons L. Short-term phenotypic plasticity in long-chain cuticular hydrocarbons. Proc Biol Sci. 2011;278:3123-8 pubmed publisher
    Cuticular hydrocarbons provide arthropods with the chemical equivalent of the visually extravagant plumage of birds...
  6. Buellesbach J, Gadau J, Beukeboom L, Echinger F, Raychoudhury R, Werren J, et al. Cuticular hydrocarbon divergence in the jewel wasp Nasonia: evolutionary shifts in chemical communication channels?. J Evol Biol. 2013;26:2467-78 pubmed publisher
    ..giraulti CHC profiles, which are no longer used as conspecific recognition cues. Our study constitutes the first report of an apparent abandonment of a sexual recognition cue that the receiver did not adapt to. ..
  7. Singh A, Cameotra S. Efficiency of lipopeptide biosurfactants in removal of petroleum hydrocarbons and heavy metals from contaminated soil. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2013;20:7367-76 pubmed publisher
    This study describes the potential application of lipopeptide biosurfactants in removal of petroleum hydrocarbons and heavy metals from the soil samples collected from industrial dumping site...
  8. Havens J, Etges W. Premating isolation is determined by larval rearing substrates in cactophilic Drosophila mojavensis. IX. Host plant and population specific epicuticular hydrocarbon expression influences mate choice and sexual selection. J Evol Biol. 2013;26:562-76 pubmed publisher
    Sexual signals in cactophilic Drosophila mojavensis include cuticular hydrocarbons (CHCs), contact pheromones that mediate female discrimination of males during courtship...
  9. Syed K, Porollo A, Lam Y, Grimmett P, Yadav J. CYP63A2, a catalytically versatile fungal P450 monooxygenase capable of oxidizing higher-molecular-weight polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, alkylphenols, and alkanes. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2013;79:2692-702 pubmed publisher
    Cytochrome P450 monooxygenases (P450s) are known to oxidize hydrocarbons, albeit with limited substrate specificity across classes of these compounds...

More Information


  1. Tracey R, Manikkam M, Guerrero Bosagna C, Skinner M. Hydrocarbons (jet fuel JP-8) induce epigenetic transgenerational inheritance of obesity, reproductive disease and sperm epimutations. Reprod Toxicol. 2013;36:104-16 pubmed publisher
    ..Observations demonstrate hydrocarbons can promote epigenetic transgenerational inheritance of disease and sperm epimutations, potential biomarkers ..
  2. Ingleby F, Hunt J, Hosken D. Genotype-by-environment interactions for female mate choice of male cuticular hydrocarbons in Drosophila simulans. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e67623 pubmed publisher
    ..Our study highlights the importance of taking cross-environment perspectives in order to gain a more comprehensive understanding of the operation of sexual selection. ..
  3. Sele V, Amlund H, Berntssen M, Berntsen J, Skov K, Sloth J. Detection of arsenic-containing hydrocarbons in a range of commercial fish oils by GC-ICPMS analysis. Anal Bioanal Chem. 2013;405:5179-90 pubmed publisher
    ..study describes the use of a simple solid-phase extraction procedure for the extraction of arsenic-containing hydrocarbons from fish oil followed by analysis using gas chromatography (GC) coupled to inductively coupled plasma mass ..
  4. Chang W, Akbari A, Snelgrove J, Frigon D, Ghoshal S. Biodegradation of petroleum hydrocarbons in contaminated clayey soils from a sub-arctic site: the role of aggregate size and microstructure. Chemosphere. 2013;91:1620-6 pubmed publisher
    This study investigates the extent of biodegradation of non-volatile petroleum hydrocarbons (C16-C34) and the associated microbial activity in predominant aggregate sizes during a pilot-scale biopile experiment conducted at 15 °C, with a ..
  5. van Wilgenburg E, Felden A, Choe D, Sulc R, Luo J, Shea K, et al. Learning and discrimination of cuticular hydrocarbons in a social insect. Biol Lett. 2012;8:17-20 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition, we reveal that Argentine ants can discriminate between hydrocarbons with different branching patterns and the same chain length, but not always between hydrocarbons with the same ..
  6. Coulon F, Chronopoulou P, Fahy A, Païssé S, Goñi Urriza M, Peperzak L, et al. Central role of dynamic tidal biofilms dominated by aerobic hydrocarbonoclastic bacteria and diatoms in the biodegradation of hydrocarbons in coastal mudflats. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2012;78:3638-48 pubmed publisher
    ..Throughout the experiment, phylotypes associated with the aerobic degradation of hydrocarbons, including polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) (Cycloclasticus) and alkanes (Alcanivorax, Oleibacter, and ..
  7. Campo L, Calisti R, Polledri E, Barretta F, Stopponi R, Massacesi S, et al. [Assessment of exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in asphalt workers by measurement of urinary 1-hydroxypyrene]. Med Lav. 2011;102:484-93 pubmed
    Asphalt workers are potentially exposed to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs)...
  8. Rocheleau C, Lawson C, Waters M, Hein M, Stewart P, Correa A, et al. Inter-rater reliability of assessed prenatal maternal occupational exposures to solvents, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and heavy metals. J Occup Environ Hyg. 2011;8:718-28 pubmed publisher
    ..92) in the second job set. Inter-rater reliability varied by exposure agent and prevalence, demonstrating the importance of measuring reliability in studies using a multiple expert rater method of exposure assessment. ..
  9. Yew J, Soltwisch J, Pirkl A, Dreisewerd K. Direct laser desorption ionization of endogenous and exogenous compounds from insect cuticles: practical and methodologic aspects. J Am Soc Mass Spectrom. 2011;22:1273-84 pubmed publisher
    ..MS) could be used for the matrix-free analysis of cuticular lipids (unsaturated aliphatic and oxygen-containing hydrocarbons and triacylglycerides) directly from individual Drosophila melanogaster fruit flies (Yew, J. Y.; Dreisewerd, K...
  10. Mallampati R, Patlolla R, Agarwal S, Babu R, Hayden P, Klausner M, et al. Evaluation of EpiDerm full thickness-300 (EFT-300) as an in vitro model for skin irritation: studies on aliphatic hydrocarbons. Toxicol In Vitro. 2010;24:669-76 pubmed publisher
    The aim of this study was to understand the skin irritation effects of saturated aliphatic hydrocarbons (HCs), C9-C16, found jet fuels using in vitro 3-dimensional EpiDerm full thickness-300 (EFT-300) skin cultures...
  11. Sturgis S, Greene M, Gordon D. Hydrocarbons on harvester ant (Pogonomyrmex barbatus) middens guide foragers to the nest. J Chem Ecol. 2011;37:514-24 pubmed publisher
    Colony-specific cuticular hydrocarbons are used by social insects in nestmate recognition. Here, we showed that hydrocarbons found on the mound of Pogonomyrmex barbatus nests facilitate the return of foragers to the nest...
  12. Ramos Padrón E, Bordenave S, Lin S, Bhaskar I, Dong X, Sensen C, et al. Carbon and sulfur cycling by microbial communities in a gypsum-treated oil sands tailings pond. Environ Sci Technol. 2011;45:439-46 pubmed publisher
    ..Based on our data, we hypothesize that the emission of sulfide due to SRB activity in the gypsum treated pond is also limited due to its high solubility and oxidation in surface waters...
  13. Strobel G, Knighton B, Kluck K, Ren Y, Livinghouse T, Griffin M, et al. The production of myco-diesel hydrocarbons and their derivatives by the endophytic fungus Gliocladium roseum (NRRL 50072). Microbiology. 2008;154:3319-28 pubmed publisher
    An endophytic fungus, Gliocladium roseum (NRRL 50072), produced a series of volatile hydrocarbons and hydrocarbon derivatives on an oatmeal-based agar under microaerophilic conditions as analysed by solid-phase micro-extraction (SPME)-GC/..
  14. Paz y Mino C, López Cortés A, Arévalo M, Sánchez M. Monitoring of DNA damage in individuals exposed to petroleum hydrocarbons in Ecuador. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2008;1140:121-8 pubmed publisher
    ..These methods were applied to determine the genotoxicity of hydrocarbons and their residue in human beings...
  15. Calderón Fernández G, Girotti J, Juarez M. Cuticular hydrocarbons of Triatoma dimidiata (Hemiptera: Reduviidae): intraspecific variation and chemotaxonomy. J Med Entomol. 2011;48:262-71 pubmed
    ..The analysis revalidates the earlier division of T dimidiata into three subspecies, T. d. maculipennis, T. d. dimidiata, and T. d. capitata; and an additional subspecies and a distinct species are proposed. ..
  16. Hazen T, Dubinsky E, DeSantis T, Andersen G, Piceno Y, Singh N, et al. Deep-sea oil plume enriches indigenous oil-degrading bacteria. Science. 2010;330:204-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Based on these results, the potential exists for intrinsic bioremediation of the oil plume in the deep-water column without substantial oxygen drawdown...
  17. Bonasio R, Zhang G, Ye C, Mutti N, Fang X, Qin N, et al. Genomic comparison of the ants Camponotus floridanus and Harpegnathos saltator. Science. 2010;329:1068-71 pubmed publisher
    ..Our findings provide clues on the molecular differences between castes in these two ants and establish a new experimental model to study epigenetics in aging and behavior. ..
  18. Grillet M, Everaerts C, Houot B, Ritchie M, Cobb M, Ferveur J. Incipient speciation in Drosophila melanogaster involves chemical signals. Sci Rep. 2012;2:224 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results show that flies' cuticular hydrocarbons (CHs) were involved in this sexual isolation, but that visual and acoustic signals were not...
  19. Zhang J, Zhang X, Liu J, Li R, Shen B. Isolation of a thermophilic bacterium, Geobacillus sp. SH-1, capable of degrading aliphatic hydrocarbons and naphthalene simultaneously, and identification of its naphthalene degrading pathway. Bioresour Technol. 2012;124:83-9 pubmed publisher
    ..This study highlights an important potential use of the thermophilic degradative strain SH-1 in the cleanup of environmental contamination by naphthalene and crude oil and presents a mechanism for naphthalene metabolism. ..
  20. Siddique T, Penner T, Klassen J, Nesbø C, Foght J. Microbial communities involved in methane production from hydrocarbons in oil sands tailings. Environ Sci Technol. 2012;46:9802-10 pubmed publisher
    Microbial metabolism of residual hydrocarbons, primarily short-chain n-alkanes and certain monoaromatic hydrocarbons, in oil sands tailings ponds produces large volumes of CH(4) in situ...
  21. Lee H, Meinardi S, Pahl M, Vaziri N, Blake D. Exposure to potentially toxic hydrocarbons and halocarbons released from the dialyzer and tubing set during hemodialysis. Am J Kidney Dis. 2012;60:609-16 pubmed publisher
    ..Concentrations of 14 hydrocarbons and halocarbons in patients' breath rapidly increased after the onset of the HD treatment...
  22. Ramos G, Limon Flores A, Ullrich S. JP-8 induces immune suppression via a reactive oxygen species NF-kappabeta-dependent mechanism. Toxicol Sci. 2009;108:100-9 pubmed publisher
    ..These data indicate that ROS and NF-kappabeta are activated by JP-8, and these pathways are involved in COX-2 expression and the induction of immune suppression by jet fuel. ..
  23. Daskalou V, Vreca P, Muri G, Stalikas C. Recent environmental changes in the shallow Lake Pamvotis (NW Greece): evidence from sedimentary organic matter, hydrocarbons, and stable isotopes. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol. 2009;57:21-31 pubmed publisher
    ..The study revealed a distinct spatial distribution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) with values between 34...
  24. Mattie D, Sterner T. Past, present and emerging toxicity issues for jet fuel. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 2011;254:127-32 pubmed publisher
    ..Emerging issues of concern with jet fuels include naphthalene content, immunotoxicity and inhalation exposure characterization and modeling of complex mixtures such as jet fuels. ..
  25. Fan Y, Eliyahu D, Schal C. Cuticular hydrocarbons as maternal provisions in embryos and nymphs of the cockroach Blattella germanica. J Exp Biol. 2008;211:548-54 pubmed publisher
    Cuticular hydrocarbons of arthropods serve multiple functions, including as barriers to water loss and as pheromones and pheromone precursors...
  26. Al Mailem D, Sorkhoh N, Al Awadhi H, Eliyas M, Radwan S. Biodegradation of crude oil and pure hydrocarbons by extreme halophilic archaea from hypersaline coasts of the Arabian Gulf. Extremophiles. 2010;14:321-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The strains could grow on a wide scope of aliphatic and aromatic (both mono-and polynuclear) hydrocarbons, as sole sources of carbon and energy...
  27. Thomas M, Simmons L. Sexual dimorphism in cuticular hydrocarbons of the Australian field cricket Teleogryllus oceanicus (Orthoptera: Gryllidae). J Insect Physiol. 2008;54:1081-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we analyse patterns of sexual dimorphism in the cuticular hydrocarbons of the Australian field cricket Teleogryllus oceanicus using gas chromatography...
  28. Païssé S, Coulon F, Goñi Urriza M, Peperzak L, McGenity T, Duran R. Structure of bacterial communities along a hydrocarbon contamination gradient in a coastal sediment. FEMS Microbiol Ecol. 2008;66:295-305 pubmed publisher
    ..The input station presented particular bacterial community composition associated with a low oil concentration in the sediment, indicating the adaptation of this community to the oil contamination. ..
  29. Thomas M, Simmons L. Male-derived cuticular hydrocarbons signal sperm competition intensity and affect ejaculate expenditure in crickets. Proc Biol Sci. 2009;276:383-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results conform to sperm competition theory, and show for the first time, to our knowledge, that males can detect different intensities of sperm competition by using distinct chemical cues of individual males present on females. ..
  30. Yergeau E, Arbour M, Brousseau R, Juck D, Lawrence J, Masson L, et al. Microarray and real-time PCR analyses of the responses of high-arctic soil bacteria to hydrocarbon pollution and bioremediation treatments. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2009;75:6258-67 pubmed publisher
    ..e., ex situ versus in situ), weathering of the hydrocarbons, indigenous microbial communities, and environmental factors such as soil humidity and temperature...
  31. Mohanty S, Mukherji S. Alteration in cell surface properties of Burkholderia spp. during surfactant-aided biodegradation of petroleum hydrocarbons. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2012;94:193-204 pubmed publisher
    ..Cell surface changes had maximum impact on NAPL degradation in the presence of emulsifying surfactants, Triton X-100 and Igepal CA630. ..
  32. Parisi V, Brubaker G, Zenker M, Prince R, Gieg L, Da Silva M, et al. Field metabolomics and laboratory assessments of anaerobic intrinsic bioremediation of hydrocarbons at a petroleum-contaminated site. Microb Biotechnol. 2009;2:202-12 pubmed publisher
    Field metabolomics and laboratory assays were used to assess the in situ anaerobic attenuation of hydrocarbons in a contaminated aquifer underlying a former refinery...
  33. Thomas M, Simmons L. Cuticular hydrocarbons are heritable in the cricket Teleogryllus oceanicus. J Evol Biol. 2008;21:801-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results provide evidence that variation in CHC profiles can reflect genetic relatedness, supporting the widely held belief that this phenotypic trait is used as a mechanism for chemosensory kin recognition. ..
  34. Houot B, Bousquet F, Ferveur J. The consequences of regulation of desat1 expression for pheromone emission and detection in Drosophila melanogaster. Genetics. 2010;185:1297-309 pubmed publisher
    ..This suggests that the pleiotropic action of desat1 on pheromonal communication depends on the fine regulation of its transcriptional activity. ..
  35. Thomas M, Simmons L. Sexual selection on cuticular hydrocarbons in the Australian field cricket, Teleogryllus oceanicus. BMC Evol Biol. 2009;9:162 pubmed publisher
    ..selection analysis, we characterise directly the form and intensity of sexual selection acting on cuticular hydrocarbons, chemical compounds widely used in the selection of mates in insects...
  36. Gleason J, James R, Wicker Thomas C, Ritchie M. Identification of quantitative trait loci function through analysis of multiple cuticular hydrocarbons differing between Drosophila simulans and Drosophila sechellia females. Heredity (Edinb). 2009;103:416-24 pubmed publisher
    ..Drosophila cuticular hydrocarbons (CHCs) can function as pheromones and consequently affect mate recognition...
  37. Regalbuto J. Engineering. Cellulosic biofuels--got gasoline?. Science. 2009;325:822-4 pubmed publisher
  38. Rodríguez Blanco A, Antoine V, Pelletier E, Delille D, Ghiglione J. Effects of temperature and fertilization on total vs. active bacterial communities exposed to crude and diesel oil pollution in NW Mediterranean Sea. Environ Pollut. 2010;158:663-73 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Hydrocarbons were analyzed after 12 weeks of incubation by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry...
  39. Merhi Z. Gulf Coast oil disaster: impact on human reproduction. Fertil Steril. 2010;94:1575-7 pubmed publisher
  40. Cremer S, d Ettorre P, Drijfhout F, Sledge M, Turillazzi S, Heinze J. Imperfect chemical female mimicry in males of the ant Cardiocondyla obscurior. Naturwissenschaften. 2008;95:1101-5 pubmed publisher
    ..obscurior are guarded through an imperfect chemical female mimicry, still close enough to protect against attacks by the wingless fighters yet dissimilar enough not to elicit their sexual interest. ..
  41. Weiss T, Roth R, Goodson C, Vitha S, Black I, Azadi P, et al. Colony organization in the green alga Botryococcus braunii (Race B) is specified by a complex extracellular matrix. Eukaryot Cell. 2012;11:1424-40 pubmed publisher
    ..alga whose cells associate via a complex extracellular matrix (ECM) and produce prodigious amounts of liquid hydrocarbons that can be readily converted into conventional combustion engine fuels...
  42. Merchant Borna K, Rodrigues E, Smith K, Proctor S, McClean M. Characterization of inhalation exposure to jet fuel among U.S. Air Force personnel. Ann Occup Hyg. 2012;56:736-45 pubmed publisher
    ..where personal air samples were collected and analyzed for benzene, ethylbenzene, toluene, xylenes, total hydrocarbons (THC), and naphthalene...
  43. Choe D, Ramírez S, Tsutsui N. A silica gel based method for extracting insect surface hydrocarbons. J Chem Ecol. 2012;38:176-87 pubmed publisher
    Here, we describe a novel method for the extraction of insect cuticular hydrocarbons using silica gel, herein referred to as "silica-rubbing"...
  44. Wicker Thomas C, Guenachi I, Keita Y. Contribution of oenocytes and pheromones to courtship behaviour in Drosophila. BMC Biochem. 2009;10:21 pubmed publisher
    In Drosophila, cuticular sex pheromones are long-chain unsaturated hydrocarbons synthesized from fatty acid precursors in epidermal cells called oenocytes. The species D...
  45. Taketani R, Franco N, Rosado A, van Elsas J. Microbial community response to a simulated hydrocarbon spill in mangrove sediments. J Microbiol. 2010;48:7-15 pubmed publisher
    ..These results hint at a role of environmental history that is not obvious from community diversity indicators, but is apparent from the response to the applied stress. ..
  46. Keasling J. Manufacturing molecules through metabolic engineering. Science. 2010;330:1355-8 pubmed publisher
    ..In any future, metabolic engineering will soon rival and potentially eclipse synthetic organic chemistry. ..
  47. Hilgaertner J, He X, Camacho D, Badowski M, Witten M, Harris D. The influence of hydrocarbon composition and exposure conditions on jet fuel-induced immunotoxicity. Toxicol Ind Health. 2011;27:887-98 pubmed publisher
    ..Further, the effects of a synthetic jet fuel designed to eliminate polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons were also examined...
  48. Ingleby F, Hunt J, Hosken D. Heritability of male attractiveness persists despite evidence for unreliable sexual signals in Drosophila simulans. J Evol Biol. 2013;26:311-24 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we test the reliability of cuticular hydrocarbons (CHCs) as signals of heritable aspects of male attractiveness in Drosophila simulans...
  49. Etges W, de Oliveira C, Noor M, Ritchie M. Genetics of incipient speciation in Drosophila mojavensis. III. Life-history divergence in allopatry and reproductive isolation. Evolution. 2010;64:3549-69 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, the regional shifts in life histories that evolved once D. mojavensis invaded mainland Mexico from Baja California by shifting host plants were genetically correlated with variation in cuticular hydrocarbon-based mate preferences. ..
  50. Durieux D, Fischer C, Brostaux Y, Sloggett J, Deneubourg J, Vandereycken A, et al. Role of long-chain hydrocarbons in the aggregation behaviour of Harmonia axyridis (Pallas) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae). J Insect Physiol. 2012;58:801-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Long chain hydrocarbons were identified at aggregation sites, comprising saturated and unsaturated homologues...
  51. Lenoir A, Depickère S, Devers S, Christides J, Detrain C. Hydrocarbons in the ant Lasius niger: from the cuticle to the nest and home range marking. J Chem Ecol. 2009;35:913-21 pubmed publisher
    The cuticular hydrocarbons (CHCs) of the ant Lasius niger are described. We observe a high local colony specificity of the body cuticular profile as predicted for a monogynous and multicolonial species...
  52. Bordoloi N, Konwar B. Bacterial biosurfactant in enhancing solubility and metabolism of petroleum hydrocarbons. J Hazard Mater. 2009;170:495-505 pubmed publisher
    ..In the investigation, bacterial isolates capable of utilizing poly-cyclic aromatic hydrocarbons like phenanthrene, pyrene and fluorene were used...
  53. Del Piccolo F, Nazzi F, Della Vedova G, Milani N. Selection of Apis mellifera workers by the parasitic mite Varroa destructor using host cuticular hydrocarbons. Parasitology. 2010;137:967-73 pubmed publisher
    ..This study investigates the role of the cuticular hydrocarbons of the European honeybee (Apis mellifera) in host-selection by the mite...
  54. Radican L, Blair A, Stewart P, Wartenberg D. Mortality of aircraft maintenance workers exposed to trichloroethylene and other hydrocarbons and chemicals: extended follow-up. J Occup Environ Med. 2008;50:1306-19 pubmed publisher
    ..Although positive associations with several cancers were observed, and are consistent with the published literature, interpretation is limited due to the small numbers of events for specific exposures. ..
  55. Harris D, Sakiestewa D, Titone D, He X, Hyde J, Witten M. JP-8 jet fuel exposure suppresses the immune response to viral infections. Toxicol Ind Health. 2008;24:209-16 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, short-term, low-concentration JP-8 jet fuel exposures have significant suppressive effects on the immune system which can result in increased severity of viral infections. ..
  56. Guerrieri F, Nehring V, Jørgensen C, Nielsen J, Galizia C, d Ettorre P. Ants recognize foes and not friends. Proc Biol Sci. 2009;276:2461-8 pubmed publisher
    ..tested whether workers of the carpenter ant Camponotus herculeanus use the presence and/or absence of cuticular hydrocarbons to discriminate between nest-mates and non-nest-mates...
  57. Païssé S, Goñi Urriza M, Coulon F, Duran R. How a bacterial community originating from a contaminated coastal sediment responds to an oil input. Microb Ecol. 2010;60:394-405 pubmed publisher
    ..We concluded that "Etang-de-Berre" bacterial communities inhabiting oiled sediments for decades adopted a specific structure depending on oil presence and were able to face hydrocarbon contamination quickly and efficiently. ..
  58. Arienti M, Antony C, Wicker Thomas C, Delbecque J, Jallon J. Ontogeny of Drosophila melanogaster female sex-appeal and cuticular hydrocarbons. Integr Zool. 2010;5:272-82 pubmed publisher
    ..courtship and consists of the male-specific cis-Vaccenyl acetate and sex-specific contact pheromones, cuticular hydrocarbons (CHC), which build up during ontogeny (first 4 days)...
  59. Kroiss J, Svatos A, Kaltenpoth M. Rapid identification of insect cuticular hydrocarbons using gas chromatography-ion-trap mass spectrometry. J Chem Ecol. 2011;37:420-7 pubmed publisher
    Insect cuticular hydrocarbons (CHCs) are not only essential for desiccation resistance, they also play an important role as chemical signals and cues in social as well as solitary insects...
  60. Yang Z, Dean D, Seefeldt L. Molybdenum nitrogenase catalyzes the reduction and coupling of CO to form hydrocarbons. J Biol Chem. 2011;286:19417-21 pubmed publisher
    ..The implications of these findings in understanding the nitrogenase mechanism and the relationship to Fischer-Tropsch production of hydrocarbons from CO are discussed.
  61. El Showk S, van Zweden J, d Ettorre P, Sundstrom L. Are you my mother? Kin recognition in the ant Formica fusca. J Evol Biol. 2010;23:397-406 pubmed publisher
    ..This indicates that recognition entails environmental and genetic components, which allow both discrimination of kin in the absence of prior contact and learning of recognition cues based on group membership. ..
  62. Manilla Pérez E, Lange A, Hetzler S, Steinbüchel A. Occurrence, production, and export of lipophilic compounds by hydrocarbonoclastic marine bacteria and their potential use to produce bulk chemicals from hydrocarbons. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2010;86:1693-706 pubmed publisher
    Petroleum (or crude oil) is a complex mixture of hydrocarbons. Annually, millions of tons of crude petroleum oil enter the marine environment from either natural or anthropogenic sources...
  63. Yew J, Dreisewerd K, de Oliveira C, Etges W. Male-specific transfer and fine scale spatial differences of newly identified cuticular hydrocarbons and triacylglycerides in a Drosophila species pair. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e16898 pubmed publisher
    ..However, D. arizonae had higher amounts of most hydrocarbons than D. mojavensis and females of both species exhibited greater hydrocarbon amounts than males...
  64. van Zweden J, Vitikainen E, d Ettorre P, Sundstrom L. Do cuticular hydrocarbons provide sufficient information for optimal sex allocation in the ant Formica exsecta?. J Chem Ecol. 2011;37:1365-73 pubmed publisher
    ..The information on colony kin structure may be encoded in cuticular hydrocarbons (CHCs), assuming that genetic variability translates accurately into chemical variability...
  65. Martin S, Drijfhout F. How reliable is the analysis of complex cuticular hydrocarbon profiles by multivariate statistical methods?. J Chem Ecol. 2009;35:375-82 pubmed publisher
    ..we showed that: (1) in 13 species of Formica ants and seven species of Vespa hornets, at least one group of hydrocarbons in each species was highly (r(2) > 0...
  66. Martin S, Drijfhout F. Nestmate and task cues are influenced and encoded differently within ant cuticular hydrocarbon profiles. J Chem Ecol. 2009;35:368-74 pubmed publisher
    Insect cuticular hydrocarbons (CHCs) are primarily antidesiccation agents, but they also play crucial roles in intra- and interspecific communication, especially among social Hymenoptera...
  67. Villaverde M, Girotti J, Mijailovsky S, Pedrini N, Juarez M. Volatile secretions and epicuticular hydrocarbons of the beetle Ulomoides dermestoides. Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol. 2009;154:381-6 pubmed publisher
    ..We also used CGC-MS to analyze the epicuticular hydrocarbons of U. dermestoides...
  68. Lai C, Huang Y, Wei Y, Chang J. Biosurfactant-enhanced removal of total petroleum hydrocarbons from contaminated soil. J Hazard Mater. 2009;167:609-14 pubmed publisher
    ..9000 mg TPH/kg dry soil. The TPH removal efficiency also increased with an increase in biosurfactant concentration (from 0 to 0.2 mass%) but it did not vary significantly for the contact time of 1 and 7 days. ..
  69. Gras R, Luong J, Hawryluk M, Monagle M. Analysis of part-per-billion level of arsine and phosphine in light hydrocarbons by capillary flow technology and dielectric barrier discharge detector. J Chromatogr A. 2010;1217:348-52 pubmed publisher
    ..gas chromatographic procedure has been developed and implemented for the measurement of arsine and phosphine in hydrocarbons such as propylene at the part-per-billion level...
  70. de Vocht F, Burstyn I, Ferro G, Olsson A, Hashibe M, Kromhout H, et al. Sensitivity of the association between increased lung cancer risk and bitumen fume exposure to the assumptions in the assessment of exposure. Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 2009;82:723-33 pubmed publisher
    ..22-2.23 for cumulative exposure. The small increase in lung cancer risk associated with bitumen fume exposure depends only to a limited extent on the subjective judgments made in the exposure assessment for this cohort. ..
  71. Kunkes E, Simonetti D, West R, Serrano Ruiz J, Gärtner C, Dumesic J. Catalytic conversion of biomass to monofunctional hydrocarbons and targeted liquid-fuel classes. Science. 2008;322:417-21 pubmed publisher
    ..We report a catalytic approach for the conversion of carbohydrates to specific classes of hydrocarbons for use as liquid transportation fuels, based on the integration of several flow reactors operated in a cascade ..
  72. Díaz Requejo M, Pérez P. Coinage metal catalyzed C-H bond functionalization of hydrocarbons. Chem Rev. 2008;108:3379-94 pubmed publisher
  73. Chan S, Yu S. Controlled oxidation of hydrocarbons by the membrane-bound methane monooxygenase: the case for a tricopper cluster. Acc Chem Res. 2008;41:969-79 pubmed publisher
    ..The turnover frequency and kinetic isotope effect predicted by DFT show excellent agreement with experimental data. ..