carbofuran

Summary

Summary: A cholinesterase inhibitor that is used as a systemic insecticide, an acaricide, and nematocide. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)

Top Publications

  1. Rawlings N, Cook S, Waldbillig D. Effects of the pesticides carbofuran, chlorpyrifos, dimethoate, lindane, triallate, trifluralin, 2,4-D, and pentachlorophenol on the metabolic endocrine and reproductive endocrine system in ewes. J Toxicol Environ Health A. 1998;54:21-36 pubmed
    ..5 mg/kg), lindane (2.5 mg/kg), or pentachlorophenol (2 mg/kg) 2 times per week for 43 d. Dimethoate (0.2 mg/kg), carbofuran (0.30 mg/kg), 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (10 mg/kg), or triallate (5 mg/kg) was given 3 times per week...
  2. Gupta R, Milatovic S, Dettbarn W, Aschner M, Milatovic D. Neuronal oxidative injury and dendritic damage induced by carbofuran: protection by memantine. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 2007;219:97-105 pubmed
    ..Male Sprague-Dawley rats acutely intoxicated with the carbamate insecticide carbofuran (1...
  3. Brasel J, Collier A, Pritsos C. Differential toxic effects of Carbofuran and Diazinon on time of flight in pigeons (Columba livia): potential for pesticide effects on migration. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 2007;219:241-6 pubmed
    ..b>Carbofuran, a carbamate, and diazinon, an organophosphate, are among the most commonly implicated cholinesterase inhibitors ..
  4. Zeljezic D, Vrdoljak A, Radic B, Fuchs N, Berend S, Orescanin V, et al. Comparative evaluation of acetylcholinesterase status and genome damage in blood cells of industrial workers exposed to carbofuran. Food Chem Toxicol. 2007;45:2488-98 pubmed
    Literature data on carbofuran genotoxicity in vitro and in vivo are very scarce...
  5. Bonner M, Lee W, Sandler D, Hoppin J, Dosemeci M, Alavanja M. Occupational exposure to carbofuran and the incidence of cancer in the Agricultural Health Study. Environ Health Perspect. 2005;113:285-9 pubmed
    b>Carbofuran is a carbamate insecticide registered for use on a variety of food crops including corn, alfalfa, rice, and tobacco...
  6. Ram R, Singh I, Singh D. Carbofuran induced impairment in the hypothalamo-neurohypophyseal-gonadal complex in the teleost, Channa punctalus (Bloch). J Environ Biol. 2001;22:193-200 pubmed
    The effect of chronic exposure to carbofuran (4.5 ppm in static water) for six months on the gonadal histophysiology and hypothalamo-neurohypophyseal complex was studied in Channa punctatus...
  7. Yan Q, Hong Q, Han P, Dong X, Shen Y, Li S. Isolation and characterization of a carbofuran-degrading strain Novosphingobium sp. FND-3. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2007;271:207-13 pubmed
    A gram-negative Novosphingobium sp. strain FND-3 capable of degrading carbofuran was isolated and characterized. The carbofuran-degrading ability of strain FND-3 was investigated under various culture conditions...
  8. Kamboj A, Kiran R, Sandhir R. N-acetylcysteine ameliorates carbofuran-induced alterations in lipid composition and activity of membrane bound enzymes. Mol Cell Biochem. 2006;286:107-14 pubmed
    The present work investigates the protective effects of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) on carbofuran-induced alterations in lipid composition and activity of membrane bound enzymes (Na+-K+-ATPase and Ca2+-ATPase) in the rat brain...
  9. Morales J, Manso J, Cid A, Lodeiro C, Mejuto J. Degradation of carbofuran derivatives in restricted water environments: basic hydrolysis in AOT-based microemulsions. J Colloid Interface Sci. 2012;372:113-20 pubmed publisher
    ..microemulsions on the stability of 2,2-dimethyl-2,3-dihydro-1-benzofuran-7-yl methylcarbamate (carbofuran, CF), 3-hydroxy-2,3-dihydro-2,2-dimethylbenzofuran-7-yl methylcarbamate (3-hydroxycarbofuran, HCF) and 3-keto-2,..

More Information

Publications62

  1. Yazgan M, Wilkins R, Sykas C, Hoque E. Comparison of two methods for estimation of soil sorption for imidacloprid and carbofuran. Chemosphere. 2005;60:1325-31 pubmed
    ..The results of the comparison of the batch with the centrifugation method for imidacloprid and carbofuran pesticides indicate that the batch method overestimates sorption in comparison to the centrifugation method...
  2. Ahmed M, Rocha J, Mazzanti C, Morsch A, Cargnelutti D, Correa M, et al. Malathion, carbofuran and paraquat inhibit Bungarus sindanus (krait) venom acetylcholinesterase and human serum butyrylcholinesterase in vitro. Ecotoxicology. 2007;16:363-9 pubmed
    b>Carbofuran and malathion, well known pesticides, and paraquat, a world widely used herbicide, were tested on acetylcholinesterase (AChE) from Bungarus sindanus venom and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) from human serum...
  3. Zhou P, Lu Y, Zhu J, Hong J, Li B, Zhou J, et al. Nanocolloidal gold-based immunoassay for the detection of the N-methylcarbamate pesticide carbofuran. J Agric Food Chem. 2004;52:4355-9 pubmed
    Nanocolloidal gold particles were prepared and labeled to an anti-carbofuran monoclonal antibody (Mab). This conjugate was dispensed on the conjugated pad of a porous glass fiber...
  4. Begum G. Carbofuran insecticide induced biochemical alterations in liver and muscle tissues of the fish Clarias batrachus (linn) and recovery response. Aquat Toxicol. 2004;66:83-92 pubmed
    The effect of carbofuran insecticide on certain metabolites and enzymes of protein and carbohydrate metabolism was evaluated in liver and muscle tissues of the freshwater fish, Clarias batrachus during exposure and following cessation of ..
  5. Campbell S, David M, Woodward L, Li Q. Persistence of carbofuran in marine sand and water. Chemosphere. 2004;54:1155-61 pubmed
    ..the Hawaiian Islands National Wildlife Refuge, where a small area was contaminated by the carbamate insecticide carbofuran. Carbofuran was still detected at microg g(-1) levels in the Laysan sand after its identification in 1998 and ..
  6. Azizullah A, Richter P, Häder D. Comparative toxicity of the pesticides carbofuran and malathion to the freshwater flagellate Euglena gracilis. Ecotoxicology. 2011;20:1442-54 pubmed publisher
    ..This study discusses the comparative toxicity of a carbamate (carbofuran) and an organophosphorus (malathion) pesticide to the freshwater flagellate Euglena gracilis during short- and ..
  7. Zheng T, Zahm S, Cantor K, Weisenburger D, Zhang Y, Blair A. Agricultural exposure to carbamate pesticides and risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma. J Occup Environ Med. 2001;43:641-9 pubmed
    ..Analyses for individual carbamate pesticides found a more consistent association with Sevin but not carbofuran, butylate, or S-ethyl dipropylthiocarbamate plus protectant...
  8. Barata C, Solayan A, Porte C. Role of B-esterases in assessing toxicity of organophosphorus (chlorpyrifos, malathion) and carbamate (carbofuran) pesticides to Daphnia magna. Aquat Toxicol. 2004;66:125-39 pubmed
    ..was exposed to two model organophosphorous and one carbamate pesticides including malathion, chlorpyrifos and carbofuran to assess acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and carboxylesterase (CbE) inhibition and recovery patterns and relate ..
  9. Adhikari S, Sarkar B, Chatterjee A, Mahapatra C, Ayyappan S. Effects of cypermethrin and carbofuran on certain hematological parameters and prediction of their recovery in a freshwater teleost, Labeo rohita (Hamilton). Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2004;58:220-6 pubmed
    Sublethal effects of cypermethrin and carbofuran on hematological parameters and their complete recovery were studied in Labeo rohita as a function of exposure time...
  10. Baligar P, Kaliwal B. Reproductive toxicity of carbofuran to the female mice: effects on estrous cycle and follicles. Ind Health. 2002;40:345-52 pubmed
    b>Carbofuran, a systemic N-methyl carbamate pesticide was orally administered with the doses of 0.4, 0.7, 1 and 1.3 mg/kg body weight/day to normal virgin female Swiss albino mice for 30 days...
  11. Ensibi C, Hernández Moreno D, Míguez Santiyán M, Daly Yahya M, Rodríguez F, Pérez López M. Effects of carbofuran and deltamethrin on acetylcholinesterase activity in brain and muscle of the common carp. Environ Toxicol. 2014;29:386-93 pubmed publisher
    This work investigated the effect from exposure to insecticides carbofuran and deltamethrin on acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity in the brain and muscle of common carp (Cyprinus carpio)...
  12. Sun X, Zhu Y, Wang X. Amperometric immunosensor based on a protein A/deposited gold nanocrystals modified electrode for carbofuran detection. Sensors (Basel). 2011;11:11679-91 pubmed publisher
    ..modified with protein A/deposited gold nanocrystals (DpAu) was developed for the ultrasensitive detection of carbofuran residues...
  13. Begum G, Vijayaraghavan S. Carbofuran toxicity on total lipids and free fatty acids in air breathing fish during exposure and cessation of exposure--in vivo. Environ Monit Assess. 2001;70:233-9 pubmed
    Clarias batrachus, fish were exposed to sublethal concentration of commercial carbofuran for 144 hr...
  14. Yousef M, Salem M, Ibrahim H, Helmi S, Seehy M, Bertheussen K. Toxic effects of carbofuran and glyphosate on semen characteristics in rabbits. J Environ Sci Health B. 1995;30:513-34 pubmed
    The present study was undertaken to investigate the effect of chronic treatment with two sublethal doses of Carbofuran (carbamate insecticide) and Glyphosate (organophosphorus herbicide) on body weight and semen characteristics in mature ..
  15. Sharma R, Sharma B. In-vitro carbofuran induced genotoxicity in human lymphocytes and its mitigation by vitamins C and E. Dis Markers. 2012;32:153-63 pubmed publisher
    ..The present study was designed to investigate the carbofuran induced genotoxicity and its amelioration by vitamins C and E by treating human peripheral blood lymphocytes (..
  16. Rai D, Sharma B. Carbofuran-induced oxidative stress in mammalian brain. Mol Biotechnol. 2007;37:66-71 pubmed
    Chronic exposure to carbofuran, a carbamate pesticide, via oral administration has been reported to generate reactive oxygen species (ROS) in rat brain. However, information regarding the effect of short-term intraperitoneal (i.p...
  17. Qu Y, Sun Q, Xiao F, Shi G, Jin L. Layer-by-Layer self-assembled acetylcholinesterase/PAMAM-Au on CNTs modified electrode for sensing pesticides. Bioelectrochemistry. 2010;77:139-44 pubmed publisher
    ..CNTs) multilayer modified electrode based on LbL self-assembled technique was employed in the detection of carbofuran in samples...
  18. Shin D, Kim D, Seong C, Song H, Ka J. Genetic and phenotypic diversity of carbofuran-degrading bacteria isolated from agricultural soils. J Microbiol Biotechnol. 2012;22:448-56 pubmed
    Thirty-seven carbofuran-degrading bacteria were isolated from agricultural soils, and their genetic and phenotypic characteristics were investigated. The isolates were able to utilize carbofuran as a sole source of carbon and energy...
  19. Hernández Moreno D, Soler F, Miguez M, Perez Lopez M. Brain acetylcholinesterase, malondialdehyde and reduced glutathione as biomarkers of continuous exposure of tench, Tinca tinca, to carbofuran or deltamethrin. Sci Total Environ. 2010;408:4976-83 pubmed publisher
    In this study, the chronic effect of the insecticides carbofuran and deltamethrin on acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity and malondialdehyde (MDA) and reduced glutathione (GSH) levels were examined in the brain of tench...
  20. Bano N, Musarrat J. Characterization of a novel carbofuran degrading Pseudomonas sp. with collateral biocontrol and plant growth promoting potential. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2004;231:13-7 pubmed
    ..The isolate exhibited efficient degradation of the insecticide carbofuran with a rate constant of 0.035 day(-1), following first-order rate kinetics...
  21. Bretaud S, Saglio P, Saligaut C, Auperin B. Biochemical and behavioral effects of carbofuran in goldfish (Carassius auratus). Environ Toxicol Chem. 2002;21:175-81 pubmed
    The effects of concentration (5, 50, and 500 microg/L) and duration (24, 48 h) of exposure to carbofuran, a carbamate insecticide, were assessed on brain catecholamine (norepinephrine [NE] and dopamine), plasma glucose, and hepatic ..
  22. Javier Benitez F, Acero J, Real F. Degradation of carbofuran by using ozone, UV radiation and advanced oxidation processes. J Hazard Mater. 2002;89:51-65 pubmed
    The degradation of carbofuran (2,3-dihydro-2,2-dimethylbenzofuran-7-yl methylcarbamate), a frequently used carbamate derivative pesticide that is considered a priority pollutant, is carried out in batch reactors by means of single ..
  23. Gallegos Avila G, Ancer Rodriguez J, Niderhauser García A, Ortega Martinez M, Jaramillo Rangel G. Multinucleation of spermatozoa and spermatids in infertile men chronically exposed to carbofuran. Reprod Toxicol. 2010;29:458-60 pubmed publisher
    To report the findings encountered in semen samples coming from two infertile men chronically exposed to carbofuran.
  24. Otieno P, Lalah J, Virani M, Jondiko I, Schramm K. Carbofuran and its toxic metabolites provide forensic evidence for furadan exposure in vultures (Gyps africanus) in Kenya. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol. 2010;84:536-44 pubmed publisher
    Forensic analysis of carbofuran residues in weathered tissue samples for evidence of Furadan exposure in vultures (Gps africanus) by HPLC gave concentration (mg/Kg dry tissue weight) ranges of bdl - 0.07 (carbofuran), bdl - 0...
  25. Nikolelis D, Raftopoulou G, Simantiraki M, Psaroudakis N, Nikoleli G, Hianik T. Preparation of a selective receptor for carbofuran for the development of a simple optical spot test for its rapid detection using stabilized in air lipid films with incorporated receptor. Anal Chim Acta. 2008;620:134-41 pubmed publisher
    The present technique describes the preparation of a selective receptor for carbofuran and the development of a simple sensitive spot optical test for the rapid one-shot detection of carbofuran using stabilized lipid films supported on a ..
  26. Sun X, Du S, Wang X, Zhao W, Li Q. A label-free electrochemical immunosensor for carbofuran detection based on a sol-gel entrapped antibody. Sensors (Basel). 2011;11:9520-31 pubmed publisher
    In this study, an anti-carbofuran monoclonal antibody (Ab) was immobilized on the surface of a glassy carbon electrode (GCE) using silica sol-gel (SiSG) technology...
  27. Kamboj A, Kiran R, Sandhir R. Carbofuran-induced neurochemical and neurobehavioral alterations in rats: attenuation by N-acetylcysteine. Exp Brain Res. 2006;170:567-75 pubmed
    b>Carbofuran, a widely used carbamate pesticide, has been reported to cause neurotoxicity. However, the underlying mechanisms involved in carbofuran neurotoxicity are not well understood...
  28. Jiang J, Zhang R, Li R, Gu J, Li S. Simultaneous biodegradation of methyl parathion and carbofuran by a genetically engineered microorganism constructed by mini-Tn5 transposon. Biodegradation. 2007;18:403-12 pubmed
    A genetically engineered microorganism (GEM) capable of simultaneous degrading methyl parathion (MP) and carbofuran was successfully constructed by random insertion of a methyl parathion hydrolase gene (mpd) into the chromosome of a ..
  29. Satar S, Satar S, Sebe A, Yesilagac H. Carbofuran poisoning among farm workers. Mt Sinai J Med. 2005;72:389-92 pubmed
    Accidental or intentional ingestion of carbofuran can produce a life-threatening syndrome that requires prompt diagnosis and treatment. This paper investigates unintentional carbofuran poisoning in farm workers...
  30. Rama Krishna K, Philip L. Adsorption and desorption characteristics of lindane, carbofuran and methyl parathion on various Indian soils. J Hazard Mater. 2008;160:559-67 pubmed publisher
    ..The order of adsorption of pesticides on soils was: lindane>methyl parathion>carbofuran. Compost soil had shown the maximum adsorption capacity...
  31. Yoon J, Oh S, Yoo S, Lee S, Lee H, Choi S, et al. N-nitrosocarbofuran, but not carbofuran, induces apoptosis and cell cycle arrest in CHL cells. Toxicology. 2001;169:153-61 pubmed
    b>Carbofuran (CF) is one of the most widely used carbamate pesticides in the world applied for insect and nematode control...
  32. Zhu Y, Cao Y, Sun X, Wang X. Amperometric immunosensor for carbofuran detection based on MWCNTs/GS-PEI-Au and AuNPs-antibody conjugate. Sensors (Basel). 2013;13:5286-301 pubmed publisher
    In this paper, an amperometric immunosensor for the detection of carbofuran was developed...
  33. Rai D, Sharma R, Rai P, Watal G, Sharma B. Role of aqueous extract of Cynodon dactylon in prevention of carbofuran- induced oxidative stress and acetylcholinesterase inhibition in rat brain. Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand). 2011;57:135-42 pubmed
    The present study was designed to investigate the ameliorating effect of aqueous extract of C. dactylon on carbofuran induced oxidative stress (OS) and alterations in the activity of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) in the brain of rats...
  34. Milatovic D, Gupta R, Dekundy A, Montine T, Dettbarn W. Carbofuran-induced oxidative stress in slow and fast skeletal muscles: prevention by memantine and atropine. Toxicology. 2005;208:13-24 pubmed
    ..In addition, we aimed to determine if memantine HCl (MEM), in combination with atropine sulfate (ATS), prevents carbofuran-induced changes in markers of oxidative stress...
  35. Petropoulou S, Gikas E, Tsarbopoulos A, Siskos P. Gas chromatographic-tandem mass spectrometric method for the quantitation of carbofuran, carbaryl and their main metabolites in applicators' urine. J Chromatogr A. 2006;1108:99-110 pubmed
    ..mass spectrometric method has been developed and validated for the determination of two N-methylcarbamates, carbofuran and carbaryl and their metabolites in applicators' urine specimens...
  36. Zhang X, Tsang A, Okino M, Power F, Knaak J, Harrison L, et al. A physiologically based pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic model for carbofuran in Sprague-Dawley rats using the exposure-related dose estimating model. Toxicol Sci. 2007;100:345-59 pubmed
    b>Carbofuran (2,3-dihydro-2,2-dimethyl-7-benzofuranyl-N-methylcarbamate), a broad spectrum N-methyl carbamate insecticide, and its metabolite, 3-hydroxycarbofuran, exert their toxicity by reversibly inhibiting acetylcholinesterase (AChE)...
  37. Anguiano G, Amador A, Moreno Legorreta M, Arcos Ortega F, Vazquez Boucard C. Effects of exposure to oxamyl, carbofuran, dichlorvos, and lindane on acetylcholinesterase activity in the gills of the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas. Environ Toxicol. 2010;25:327-32 pubmed publisher
    ..gigas were analyzed by exposing animals to organophosphate (dichlorvos), carbamate (carbofuran and oxamyl), and organochlorine (lindane) pesticides...
  38. Guo Y, Liu S, Gui W, Zhu G. Gold immunochromatographic assay for simultaneous detection of carbofuran and triazophos in water samples. Anal Biochem. 2009;389:32-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Here two gold-based lateral-flow strips (strip A and strip B) were investigated for simultaneous detection of carbofuran and triazophos...
  39. Valdés Ramírez G, Cortina M, Ramírez Silva M, Marty J. Acetylcholinesterase-based biosensors for quantification of carbofuran, carbaryl, methylparaoxon, and dichlorvos in 5% acetonitrile. Anal Bioanal Chem. 2008;392:699-707 pubmed publisher
    Amperometric acetylcholinesterase biosensors have been developed for quantification of the pesticides carbofuran, carbaryl, methylparaoxon, and dichlorvos in phosphate buffer containing 5% acetonitrile...
  40. Zhang G, Chen L, Chen J, Ren Z, Wang Z, Chon T. Evidence for the Stepwise Behavioral Response Model (SBRM): the effects of Carbamate Pesticides on medaka (Oryzias latipes) in an online monitoring system. Chemosphere. 2012;87:734-41 pubmed publisher
    ..in this study, the behavioral responses (BRs) of medaka (Oryzias latipes) in the exposure of Arprocarb (A), Carbofuran (C) and Methomyl (M) were analyzed in an online monitoring system (OMS)...
  41. Bermúdez Couso A, Fernández Calviño D, Rodríguez Salgado I, Nóvoa Muñoz J, Arias Estévez M. Comparison of batch, stirred flow chamber, and column experiments to study adsorption, desorption and transport of carbofuran within two acidic soils. Chemosphere. 2012;88:106-12 pubmed publisher
    Different methods (batch, column and stirred flow chamber experiments) used for adsorption and desorption of carbofuran studies were compared...
  42. Wang E, Yang X, Ye M, Wang Q, Cai X. [Determination of trace carbaryl and carbofuran in water by online column enrichment-ultra high performance liquid chromatography]. Se Pu. 2011;29:1141-4 pubmed
    ..high performance liquid chromatography (UHPLC) method was developed to determine trace carbaryl and carbofuran in water. The sample was injected into a UHPLC system directly after filtration with 0...
  43. Jia K, Eltzov E, Marks R, Ionescu R. Bioluminescence enhancement through an added washing protocol enabling a greater sensitivity to carbofuran toxicity. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2013;96:61-6 pubmed publisher
    The effects of carbofuran toxicity on a genetically modified bacterial strain E. coli DPD2794 were enhanced using a new bioluminescent protocol which consisted of three consecutive steps: incubation, washing and luminescence reading...
  44. Siano G, Pérez I, García M, Galera M, Goicoechea H. Multivariate curve resolution modeling of liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry data in a comparative study of the different endogenous metabolites behavior in two tomato cultivars treated with carbofuran pesticide. Talanta. 2011;85:264-75 pubmed publisher
    ..coupled to mass spectrometry detection (LC-MS) was carried out for Rambo and Raf tomato cultivars treated with carbofuran pesticide...
  45. De Silva P, Van Gestel C. Comparative sensitivity of Eisenia andrei and Perionyx excavatus in earthworm avoidance tests using two soil types in the tropics. Chemosphere. 2009;77:1609-13 pubmed publisher
    ..with Perionyx excavatus, a tropical species, and Eisenia andrei as the standard species, using chlorpyrifos and carbofuran in artificial and natural soil...
  46. Yu X, Ying G, Kookana R. Reduced plant uptake of pesticides with biochar additions to soil. Chemosphere. 2009;76:665-71 pubmed publisher
    ..of two types of biochars in reducing the bioavailability of two soil-applied insecticides (chlorpyrifos and carbofuran) to Spring onion (Allium cepa). The biochars prepared from the pyrolysis of Eucalyptus spp...
  47. Waseem A, Yaqoob M, Nabi A. Flow-injection determination of carbaryl and carbofuran based on KMnO(4)-Na(2)SO(3) chemiluminescence detection. Luminescence. 2007;22:349-54 pubmed
    A flow-injection method is described for the determination of carbaryl and carbofuran. It was found that a strong chemiluminescence (CL) signal was generated when these pesticides were mixed with Na(2)SO(3) and KMnO(4) in acidic medium...
  48. Nogueira J, Sandra T, Sandra P. Considerations on ultra trace analysis of carbamates in water samples. J Chromatogr A. 2003;996:133-40 pubmed
    ..SIM) mode, showed excellent linear response for the six N-methyl carbamates studied (aldicarb, carbaryl, carbofuran, methomyl, oxamyl and pirimicarb) in the range from 1 to 50 microg/l and a precision having a relative standard ..
  49. Dutra B, Fernandes F, Lauffer A, Oliveira G. Carbofuran-induced alterations in the energy metabolism and reproductive behaviors of Hyalella castroi (Crustacea, Amphipoda). Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol. 2009;149:640-6 pubmed
    ..The objective of this investigation was to examine the potential effects of carbofuran on the biochemical composition (glycogen, proteins, total lipids, triglycerides and cholesterol), levels of ..
  50. Kamboj S, Kumar V, Kamboj A, Sandhir R. Mitochondrial oxidative stress and dysfunction in rat brain induced by carbofuran exposure. Cell Mol Neurobiol. 2008;28:961-9 pubmed publisher
    Repeated low-dose exposure to carbofuran exerts its neurotoxic effects by non-cholinergic mechanisms. Emerging evidence indicates that oxidative stress plays an important role in carbofuran neurotoxicity after sub-chronic exposure...
  51. Chu W, Lau T, Fung S. Effects of combined and sequential addition of dual oxidants (H2O2/S2O8(2-)) on the aqueous carbofuran photodegradation. J Agric Food Chem. 2006;54:10047-52 pubmed
    b>Carbofuran (2,3-dihydro-2,2-dimethylbenzofuran-7-yl methylcarbamate) (CBF) is a widely used insecticide. Traditional methods like hydrolysis and direct photolysis cannot remove CBF effectively. In this study, the photodecay of 0...
  52. Acharid A, Quentel F, Elleouet C, Olier R, Privat M. Coadsorption of carbofuran and lead at the air/water interface. Possible occurrence of non-volatile pollutant cotransfer to the atmosphere. Chemosphere. 2006;62:989-97 pubmed
    The weak solubility of carbofuran allows adsorption at the air/water interface...
  53. Vyas N, Thiele L, Garland S. Possible mechanisms for sensitivity to organophosphorus and carbamate insecticides in eastern screech-owls and American kestrels. Comp Biochem Physiol C Pharmacol Toxicol Endocrinol. 1998;120:151-7 pubmed
    Effects of a single dietary exposure to fenthion and carbofuran on the survival, feeding behavior and brain ChE activity of eastern screech-owls, Otus asio and American kestrels, Falco sparverius, were evaluated...