Summary: A sulfanilamide anti-infective agent. It has a spectrum of antimicrobial action similar to other sulfonamides.

Top Publications

  1. Dolliver H, Kumar K, Gupta S. Sulfamethazine uptake by plants from manure-amended soil. J Environ Qual. 2007;36:1224-30 pubmed
    ..The objective of this study was to evaluate plant uptake of a sulfonamide-class antibiotic, sulfamethazine, in corn (Zea mays L.), lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.), and potato (Solanum tuberosum L...
  2. Perez S, Eichhorn P, Aga D. Evaluating the biodegradability of sulfamethazine, sulfamethoxazole, sulfathiazole, and trimethoprim at different stages of sewage treatment. Environ Toxicol Chem. 2005;24:1361-7 pubmed
    The aerobic biodegradability of four antimicrobials (sulfamethazine, sulfamethoxazole, sulfathiazole, and trimethoprim) was investigated in sewage collected at four treatment stages (primary treatment, activated sludge treatment, aerobic ..
  3. Aust M, Godlinski F, Travis G, Hao X, McAllister T, Leinweber P, et al. Distribution of sulfamethazine, chlortetracycline and tylosin in manure and soil of Canadian feedlots after subtherapeutic use in cattle. Environ Pollut. 2008;156:1243-51 pubmed publisher
    ..point sources for the flow of antibiotics into the environment due to common use of antibiotics such as sulfamethazine, chlortetracycline and tylosin...
  4. Sharma R, Munns K, Alexander T, Entz T, Mirzaagha P, Yanke L, et al. Diversity and distribution of commensal fecal Escherichia coli bacteria in beef cattle administered selected subtherapeutic antimicrobials in a feedlot setting. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2008;74:6178-86 pubmed publisher was to investigate the influence of administration of chlortetracycline alone (T) or in combination with sulfamethazine (TS) on the development of resistance, dissemination of defined strain types, and prevalence of resistance ..
  5. Teixidó M, Hurtado C, Pignatello J, Beltrán J, Granados M, Peccia J. Predicting contaminant adsorption in black carbon (biochar)-amended soil for the veterinary antimicrobial sulfamethazine. Environ Sci Technol. 2013;47:6197-205 pubmed publisher
    ..soil at 0, 1, or 2% levels to determine whether they would predictably reduce the pore water concentration of sulfamethazine (SMT)...
  6. Kim K, Owens G, Ok Y, Park W, Lee D, Kwon S. Decline in extractable antibiotics in manure-based composts during composting. Waste Manag. 2012;32:110-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Three different antibiotics, chlortetracycline (CTC), sulfamethazine (SMZ), and tylosin (TYL) at three different concentrations (2, 10, and 20mgkg(-1)) were also applied to a ..
  7. Furusawa N. A clean and rapid liquid chromatographic technique for sulfamethazine monitoring in pork tissues without using organic solvents. J Chromatogr Sci. 2003;41:377-80 pubmed
    A rapid method for the isolation and high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) determination of sulfamethazine (SMZ) in pork tissues (kidney, liver, and muscle) without using organic solvents is developed...
  8. Sasanya J, Okeng J, Ejobi F, Muganwa M. Use of sulfonamides in layers in Kampala district, Uganda and sulfonamide residues in commercial eggs. Afr Health Sci. 2005;5:33-9 pubmed
    ..Each farmer provided sixty eggs for analysis of sulfadiazine and sulfamethazine residues...
  9. Yi X, Tran N, Yin T, He Y, Gin K. Removal of selected PPCPs, EDCs, and antibiotic resistance genes in landfill leachate by a full-scale constructed wetlands system. Water Res. 2017;121:46-60 pubmed publisher
    ..DCF), N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide (DEET), gemfibrozil (GFZ), lincomycin (LIN), salicylic acid (SA), and sulfamethazine (SMZ) were the most frequently detected compounds in raw landfill leachate...

More Information


  1. Cui C, Jin L, Jiang L, Han Q, Lin K, Lu S, et al. Removal of trace level amounts of twelve sulfonamides from drinking water by UV-activated peroxymonosulfate. Sci Total Environ. 2016;572:244-251 pubmed publisher
    ..Sulfaguanidine, sulfadiazine, sulfamerazine, sulfamethazine, sulfathiazole, sulfamethoxydiazine, and sulfadimethoxine were be effectively removed by direct UV photolysis ..
  2. Siegmund W, Franke G, Baumgarten R, Fengler J, Kruger R, Reichardt R. Kinetics of antipyrine and sulfamethazine in patients recovered from dihydralazine-hepatitis. Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther Toxicol. 1989;27:165-9 pubmed
    Pharmacokinetic studies with sulfamethazine (500 mg) and antipyrine (15 mg/kg) were performed in 27 hypertonic patients (16 females, 11 males, 37-78 years) who had recovered from a dihydralazine-induced hepatitis, and 21 patients with ..
  3. Buur J, Baynes R, Smith G, Riviere J. Use of probabilistic modeling within a physiologically based pharmacokinetic model to predict sulfamethazine residue withdrawal times in edible tissues in swine. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2006;50:2344-51 pubmed
    ..incorporated into a physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model were used to predict the amounts of sulfamethazine residues in edible tissues in swine...
  4. Li J, Cheng W, Xu L, Jiao Y, Baig S, Chen H. Occurrence and removal of antibiotics and the corresponding resistance genes in wastewater treatment plants: effluents' influence to downstream water environment. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2016;23:6826-35 pubmed publisher
    ..Different antibiotics showed diverse influences on the downstream lake, and the concentrations of sulfamethazine (SM2) and SMX were observed to increase enormously. The total ARG abundance ascended about 0...
  5. Nanduri B, Lawrence M, Vanguri S, Pechan T, Burgess S. Proteomic analysis using an unfinished bacterial genome: the effects of subminimum inhibitory concentrations of antibiotics on Mannheimia haemolytica virulence factor expression. Proteomics. 2005;5:4852-63 pubmed
    ..concentrations (subMIC) of two antibiotic preparations, chlortetracycline (CTC), and chlortetracycline-sulfamethazine (CTC + SMZ), on protein expression in the bovine respiratory pathogen Mannheimia haemolytica. The M...
  6. Fu Y, Yang C, Yan X. Control of the coordination status of the open metal sites in metal-organic frameworks for high performance separation of polar compounds. Langmuir. 2012;28:6794-802 pubmed publisher
    ..This approach provides reproducible and high performance separation of polar compounds on the open metal sites-containing MOFs. ..
  7. Buur J, Baynes R, Craigmill A, Riviere J. Development of a physiologic-based pharmacokinetic model for estimating sulfamethazine concentrations in swine and application to prediction of violative residues in edible tissues. Am J Vet Res. 2005;66:1686-93 pubmed
    To develop a flow-limited, physiologic-based pharmacokinetic model for use in estimating concentrations of sulfamethazine after IV administration to swine...
  8. Van Brummelen R, Myburgh S, Bissbort S. The influence of porphyrogenic drugs on the glyoxalase enzymes. Res Commun Chem Pathol Pharmacol. 1993;82:339-49 pubmed
    ..The results indicate, that the Heme pathway and the glyoxalase cycle are closely connected...
  9. Bui D, Hauser P. Absorbance detector for capillary electrophoresis based on light-emitting diodes and photodiodes for the deep-ultraviolet range. J Chromatogr A. 2015;1421:203-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Vanillic acid, L-tyrosine and DL-tryptophan as well as the sulfonamides sulfamerazine, sulfathiazole and sulfamethazine were determined at 280 nm. Good linearities over 3 orders of magnitude were obtained...
  10. Guo X, Tu B, Ge J, Yang C, Song X, Dang Z. Sorption of tylosin and sulfamethazine on solid humic acid. J Environ Sci (China). 2016;43:208-215 pubmed publisher
    Tylosin (TYL) and sulfamethazine (SMT) are ionizable and polar antimicrobial compounds, which have seeped into the environment in substantial amounts via fertilizing land with manure or sewage...
  11. Zoppi A, Delrivo A, Aiassa V, Longhi M. Binding of sulfamethazine to ?-cyclodextrin and methyl-?-cyclodextrin. AAPS PharmSciTech. 2013;14:727-35 pubmed publisher
    cyclodextrin (?CD) and methyl-?-cyclodextrin (M?CD) complexes with sulfamethazine (SMT) were prepared and characterized by different experimental techniques, and the effects of ?CD and M?CD on drug solubility were assessed via phase-..
  12. Rodríguez Rodríguez C, García Galán M, Blánquez P, Díaz Cruz M, Barcelo D, Caminal G, et al. Continuous degradation of a mixture of sulfonamides by Trametes versicolor and identification of metabolites from sulfapyridine and sulfathiazole. J Hazard Mater. 2012;213-214:347-54 pubmed publisher
    ..A fluidized bed reactor with T. versicolor pellets degraded a mixture of sulfonamides (SPY, STZ and sulfamethazine, SMZ) by greater than 94% each at a hydraulic residence time of 72 h...
  13. Lindemann M, Kornegay E. Folic acid supplementation to diets of gestating-lactating swine over multiple parities. J Anim Sci. 1989;67:459-64 pubmed
    ..were 1) control, a 14% crude protein corn-soybean meal diet with 110 ppm tylosin, 2) diet 1 plus 110 ppm sulfamethazine, 3) diet 1 plus 1 ppm folic acid and 4) diet 2 plus 1 ppm folic acid...
  14. Wang S, Hu Y, Wang J. Biodegradation of typical pharmaceutical compounds by a novel strain Acinetobacter sp. J Environ Manage. 2018;217:240-246 pubmed publisher
    ..was used to degrade other pharmaceutical compounds, including sulfadiazine (SD), sulfamethazine (SMT), trimethoprim (THM), triclosan (TCS), diclofenac (DFC) and carbamazepine (CBZ)...
  15. Sakai N, Mohd Yusof R, Sapar M, Yoneda M, Ali Mohd M. Spatial analysis and source profiling of beta-agonists and sulfonamides in Langat River basin, Malaysia. Sci Total Environ. 2016;548-549:43-50 pubmed publisher
    ..As a result, 6 compounds (salbutamol, sulfadiazine, sulfapyridine, sulfamethazine, sulfadimethoxine and sulfamethoxazole) were widely detected in mid catchment areas towards estuary...
  16. Kerrigan J, Sandberg K, Engstrom D, LaPara T, Arnold W. Sedimentary record of antibiotic accumulation in Minnesota Lakes. Sci Total Environ. 2018;621:970-979 pubmed publisher
    ..Nine other antibiotics were not detected. Ofloxacin, trimethoprim, sulfapyridine, and sulfamethazine were detected in all of the anthropogenically-impacted studied lakes. Maximum sediment fluxes reached 20...
  17. Avais M, Rashid G, Ijaz M, Khan M, Nasir A, Jahanzaib M, et al. Evaluation of furazolidone, sulfadimidine and amprolium to treat coccidiosis in Beetal goats under field conditions. Pak J Pharm Sci. 2016;29:485-7 pubmed
    ..05). In conclusion, Furazolidone, Sulfadimidine and Amprolium are well-tolerated and any one of these may be recommended to effectively treat coccidiosis in Beetal goats. ..
  18. Oliveira G, Santos Neto A, Zaiat M. Evaluation of sulfamethazine sorption and biodegradation by anaerobic granular sludge using batch experiments. Bioprocess Biosyst Eng. 2016;39:115-24 pubmed publisher
    This study investigated the removal of the veterinary antimicrobial sulfamethazine (SMZ) using anaerobic granular sludge in batch tests...
  19. Maxwell R, Lightfield A. Multiresidue supercritical fluid extraction method for the recovery at low ppb levels of three sulfonamides from fortified chicken liver. J Chromatogr B Biomed Sci Appl. 1998;715:431-5 pubmed
    ..High recoveries of sulfamethazine (SMZ), sulfadimethoxine (SDM) and sulfaquinoxaline (SQX) were obtained from chicken liver samples fortified at ..
  20. Chen B, Zhang W, Cai W. The influence of various genotypes on the metabolic activity of NAT2 in a Chinese population. Eur J Clin Pharmacol. 2006;62:355-9 pubmed
    ..001) and m/m genotypes (P<0.001). MR correlated well with NAT2 genotypes (r=0.947). Various NAT2 genotypes have a significant impact on the metabolic activity of NAT2 in Chinese people. ..
  21. Zang Y, Doll M, Zhao S, States J, Hein D. Functional characterization of single-nucleotide polymorphisms and haplotypes of human N-acetyltransferase 2. Carcinogenesis. 2007;28:1665-71 pubmed
    ..Our results suggest that coding region SNPs confer slow acetylator phenotype by multiple mechanisms that also may vary with arylamine exposures. ..
  22. Atta A, el Zeni -, Samia A. Tissue residues of some sulphonamides in normal and Eimeria stiedai infected rabbits. Dtsch Tierarztl Wochenschr. 1999;106:295-8 pubmed
    ..A withdrawal period of 4 days for SDZ and 5 days for SDD and SQ in healthy rabbits and 7 days for SDZ and 8 days for SDD and SQ in E. stiedai infected rabbits is suggested. ..
  23. Tetzner N, Maniero M, Rodrigues Silva C, Rath S. On-line solid phase extraction-ultra high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry as a powerful technique for the determination of sulfonamide residues in soils. J Chromatogr A. 2016;1452:89-97 pubmed publisher
    ..An analytical method for determining sulfadiazine, sulfathiazole, sulfamethazine, sulfamethoxazole, sulfadimethoxine and sulfaquinoxaline residues in soils employing a solid phase extraction ..
  24. Jimenez V, Companyó R, Guiteras J. Preparation of quality control materials for the determination of sulfonamides in animal feed. Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess. 2009;26:969-77 pubmed publisher
  25. Bai Z, Wang J, Yang Q. Iron doped fibrous-structured silica nanospheres as efficient catalyst for catalytic ozonation of sulfamethazine. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2018;25:10090-10101 pubmed publisher
    ..nanospheres (Fe-KCC-1) was prepared, characterized, and applied as a catalyst for catalytic ozonation of sulfamethazine (SMT). The effects of ozone dosage, catalyst dosage, and initial concentration of SMT were examined...
  26. Nouws J, Mevius D, Vree T, Degen M. Pharmacokinetics and renal clearance of sulphadimidine, sulphamerazine and sulphadiazine and their N4-acetyl and hydroxy metabolites in pigs. Vet Q. 1989;11:78-86 pubmed
    ..Acetylation and hydroxylation speeded up drug elimination, because their renal clearance values were higher than those of the parent drug. ..
  27. Rama A, Lucatello L, Benetti C, Galina G, Bajraktari D. Assessment of antibacterial drug residues in milk for consumption in Kosovo. J Food Drug Anal. 2017;25:525-532 pubmed publisher
    ..specific for ?-lactams (new ?-lactam test), tetracyclines (SNAP tetracycline test), and sulfonamides (SNAP sulfamethazine test)...
  28. Balakrishnan V, Terry K, Toito J. Determination of sulfonamide antibiotics in wastewater: a comparison of solid phase microextraction and solid phase extraction methods. J Chromatogr A. 2006;1131:1-10 pubmed
    ..antibiotics: sulfaguanidine, sulfacetamide, sulfadiazine, sulfathiazine, sulfapyridine, sulfamerazine, sulfamethazine, sulfamethoxazole, sulfadimethoxine, and sulfasalazine...
  29. Tahir I, Iqbal T, Saleem S, Mehboob H, Akhter N, Riaz M. Effect of acetaminophen on sulfamethazine acetylation in male volunteers. Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol. 2016;29:17-22 pubmed publisher
    The effect of acetaminophen on sulfamethazine N-acetylation by human N-acetyltrasferase-2 (NAT2) was studied in 19 (n=19) healthy male volunteers in two different phases...
  30. Martinez M, Kawalek J, Howard K, Ward J, Marroum P, Marnane W, et al. Comparison of bovine in vivo bioavailability of two sulfamethazine oral boluses exhibiting different in vitro dissolution profiles. J Vet Pharmacol Ther. 2006;29:459-67 pubmed was undertaken to determine whether an in vivo/in vitro correlation can be established for bovine sulfamethazine oral boluses and to acquire insight into the magnitude of changes in in vitro product performance that can ..
  31. Tang T, Yang C, Wang L, Jiang X, Dang Z, Huang W. Complexation of sulfamethazine with Cd(II) and Pb(II): implication for co-adsorption of SMT and Cd(II) on goethite. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2018;25:11576-11583 pubmed publisher
    This study quantified the complex stability constants of sulfamethazine (SMT) with cadmium (Cd2+) and lead (Pb2+) under different pH conditions...
  32. Liu Y, Yu X, Zhao R, Shangguan D, Bo Z, Liu G. Quartz crystal biosensor for real-time monitoring of molecular recognition between protein and small molecular medicinal agents. Biosens Bioelectron. 2003;19:9-19 pubmed
    ..Two sulfa-drugs, sulfamethazine (SMZ) and sulfamethoxazole (SMO), were, respectively, immobilized on the gold electrodes of the piezoelectric ..
  33. Czeizel A, Rockenbauer M, Sørensen H, Olsen J. The teratogenic risk of trimethoprim-sulfonamides: a population based case-control study. Reprod Toxicol. 2001;15:637-46 pubmed
    ..of two trimethoprim-sulfonamide combinations: trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (cotrimoxazole) and trimethoprim-sulfamethazine during pregnancy...
  34. Campbell D, Schoenwald R, Duffel M, Barfknecht C. Characterization of arylamine acetyltransferase in the rabbit eye. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1991;32:2190-200 pubmed
    The activity of arylamine acetyltransferase with p-aminobenzoic acid (PABA), sulfamethazine (SMZ), and aminozolamide as substrates was studied in rabbit tissue homogenates of the corneal epithelium, stroma-endothelium, iris-ciliary ..
  35. Shimoda M, Okamoto K, Sikazwe G, Fujii C, Son D. Deacetylation as a determinant of sulphonamide pharmacokinetics in pigs. Vet Q. 1997;19:186-91 pubmed
    ..It was, however, not a determinant of SDZ pharmacokinetics because N4-acetylation is not the main elimination route in pigs. ..
  36. He Y, Zhang B, Fan Z. Aptamer based fluorometric sulfamethazine assay based on the use of graphene oxide quantum dots. Mikrochim Acta. 2018;185:163 pubmed publisher
    The authors have developed a homogeneous "off-on" fluorometric method for the determination of the antibiotic sulfamethazine (SMZ)...
  37. Sun M, Chang Z, Van den Brink P, Li J, Zhao F, Rico A. Environmental and human health risks of antimicrobials used in Fenneropenaeus chinensis aquaculture production in China. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2016;23:15689-702 pubmed publisher
    ..For this, we first used the results of an environmental monitoring study performed with the antimicrobial sulfamethazine to parameterize and calibrate the ERA-AQUA model, a mass balance model suited to perform risk assessments of ..
  38. Wen Y, Wang Y, Feng Y. [Monitoring sulfadiazine and sulfamethazine residues in eggs using polymer monolith microextraction coupled with high performance liquid chromatography]. Se Pu. 2006;24:471-4 pubmed
    The method for the quantitative monitoring of sulfadiazine and sulfamethazine residues in eggs was established by coupling polymer monolith microextraction (PMME) with high performance liquid chromatography and ultra-violet detection (..
  39. Li H, Proudman J, Kuenzel W. Differential regulation of gene expression and release of FSH and prolactin by long day and sulfamethazine in chicks. Gen Comp Endocrinol. 2009;161:262-6 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition, the neuroendocrine influence of the compound, sulfamethazine (SMZ), known to enhance light-induced gonadal development in chicks, was studied when applied with or without ..
  40. Tatavarti A, Fahmy R, Wu H, Hussain A, Marnane W, Bensley D, et al. Assessment of NIR spectroscopy for nondestructive analysis of physical and chemical attributes of sulfamethazine bolus dosage forms. AAPS PharmSciTech. 2005;6:E91-9 pubmed
    ..the determination of content uniformity, tablet crushing strength (tablet hardness), and dissolution rate in sulfamethazine veterinary bolus dosage forms...
  41. Gratacós Cubarsí M, Castellari M, Garcia Regueiro J. Detection of sulphamethazine residues in cattle and pig hair by HPLC-DAD. J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2006;832:121-6 pubmed
    ..155 ng/mg. Residues of SMZ (7.2-59.2 ng/mg) were detected both in calf and piglet hairs after a therapeutic treatment with SMZ, while no interfering peak was observed in samples from untreated animals. ..
  42. Duong H, Kim N, Thambi T, Giang Phan V, Lee M, Yin Y, et al. Microneedle arrays coated with charge reversal pH-sensitive copolymers improve antigen presenting cells-homing DNA vaccine delivery and immune responses. J Control Release. 2018;269:225-234 pubmed publisher
    ..The charge reversal pH-responsive copolymer, composed of oligo(sulfamethazine)-b-poly(ethylene glycol)-b-poly(amino urethane) (OSM-b-PEG-b-PAEU), was used as a triggering layer in the ..
  43. Hoa P, Managaki S, Nakada N, Takada H, Shimizu A, Anh D, et al. Antibiotic contamination and occurrence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria in aquatic environments of northern Vietnam. Sci Total Environ. 2011;409:2894-901 pubmed publisher
    ..We found that sulfonamides were commonly detected at all sites. In dry season, while sulfamethazine was a major contaminant in pig farm pond (475-6662 ng/l) and less common in city canal and aquaculture sites, ..
  44. Zhang Z, Li X, Ding S, Jiang H, Shen J, Xia X. Multiresidue analysis of sulfonamides, quinolones, and tetracyclines in animal tissues by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Food Chem. 2016;204:252-62 pubmed publisher
    ..The developed method was applied to the analysis of swine liver and chicken samples from local markets, and sulfamethazine was the most commonly detected compound in the animal samples, with the highest residue level of 998?g/kg.
  45. Li M, Wang C, Yau M, Bolton J, Qiang Z. Sulfamethazine degradation in water by the VUV/UV process: Kinetics, mechanism and antibacterial activity determination based on a mini-fluidic VUV/UV photoreaction system. Water Res. 2017;108:348-355 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, we investigated the VUV/UV photodegradation of sulfamethazine (SMN), one of the most frequently detected antibiotics in the environment...
  46. Fretland A, Leff M, Doll M, Hein D. Functional characterization of human N-acetyltransferase 2 (NAT2) single nucleotide polymorphisms. Pharmacogenetics. 2001;11:207-15 pubmed
    ..Reductions in catalytic activity for the N-acetylation of a sulfonamide drug (sulfamethazine) and an aromatic amine carcinogen (2-aminofluorene) were observed for NAT2 variants possessing G191A (R64Q), ..
  47. Dybing E. Development and implementation of the IPCS conceptual framework for evaluating mode of action of chemical carcinogens. Toxicology. 2002;181-182:121-5 pubmed
    ..animals has been illustrated with d-limonene, sodium saccharin, di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) and sulfamethazine as examples...
  48. Jia M, Wang F, Bian Y, Stedtfeld R, Liu G, Yu J, et al. Sorption of sulfamethazine to biochars as affected by dissolved organic matters of different origin. Bioresour Technol. 2018;248:36-43 pubmed publisher
    Sorption characteristic of sulfamethazine (SMT) to straw biochars pyrolyzed at 300°C (BC300) and 600°C (BC600), and the effect of ubiquitous DOM were investigated...
  49. Kuenzel W, Golden C. Distribution and change in number of gonadotropin-releasing hormone-1 neurons following activation of the photoneuroendocrine system in the chick, Gallus gallus. Cell Tissue Res. 2006;325:501-12 pubmed
    ..chicks was activated by transferring birds to a long photoperiod and by giving them a diet supplemented with sulfamethazine (SMZ), a compound that augments the effect of long-day photostimulation...
  50. Yang C, Hsiao W, Chang B. Biodegradation of sulfonamide antibiotics in sludge. Chemosphere. 2016;150:559-565 pubmed publisher
    ..the degradation of three sulfonamides (100 mg kg(-1) each of sulfamethoxazole, sulfadimethoxine and sulfamethazine) and changes in the microbial communities of sewage sludge...
  51. Wen D, Wu Z, Tang Y, Li M, Qiang Z. Accelerated degradation of sulfamethazine in water by VUV/UV photo-Fenton process: Impact of sulfamethazine concentration on reaction mechanism. J Hazard Mater. 2018;344:1181-1187 pubmed publisher
    The degradation of sulfamethazine (SMN) by VUV/UV photo-Fenton (VPF) process was investigated with a mini-fluidic VUV/UV photoreaction system...
  52. He J, Wang S, Fang G, Zhu H, Zhang Y. Molecularly imprinted polymer online solid-phase extraction coupled with high-performance liquid chromatography-UV for the determination of three sulfonamides in pork and chicken. J Agric Food Chem. 2008;56:2919-25 pubmed publisher
    ..The prepared polymer sorbent shows promise for online solid-phase extraction for HPLC determination of trace levels of sulfonamides in pork and chicken samples. ..
  53. Petersen B, Jenkins S, Yuan S, Lamm C, Szporn A. Nocardia farcinica isolated from bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of a child with cystic fibrosis. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2007;26:858-9 pubmed
    ..We present the first reported case of a child with cystic fibrosis harboring Nocardia farcinica. ..