ventriculostomy

Summary

Summary: Surgical creation of an opening in a cerebral ventricle.

Top Publications

  1. Kung D, Policeni B, Capuano A, Rossen J, Jabbour P, Torner J, et al. Risk of ventriculostomy-related hemorrhage in patients with acutely ruptured aneurysms treated using stent-assisted coiling. J Neurosurg. 2011;114:1021-7 pubmed publisher
    ..the treatment of patients with acutely ruptured aneurysms who demonstrate hydrocephalus and require ventriculostomy. Antiplatelet agents in this setting could increase the incidence of ventriculostomy-related hemorrhagic ..
  2. Rehman T, Rehman A, Rehman A, Bashir H, Ali R, Bhimani S, et al. A US-based survey on ventriculostomy practices. Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 2012;114:651-4 pubmed publisher
    ..Although ventriculostomy and ICP monitor placement are among the most commonly performed neurosurgical procedures, the current ..
  3. Hu C, Fan H, Chang C, Wang C, Chen S. Successful treatment of Dandy-Walker syndrome by endoscopic third ventriculostomy in a 6-month-old girl with progressive hydrocephalus: a case report and literature review. Pediatr neonatol. 2011;52:42-5 pubmed publisher
    ..A nearly complete agenesis of the cerebellar vermis was also confirmed. After a successful endoscopic third ventriculostomy, a series of brain magnetic resonance imaging scans, taken during a follow-up survey, showed normal lateral ..
  4. Kulkarni A, Hui S, Shams I, Donnelly R. Quality of life in obstructive hydrocephalus: endoscopic third ventriculostomy compared to cerebrospinal fluid shunt. Childs Nerv Syst. 2010;26:75-9 pubmed publisher
    ..literature, there are essentially no comparisons of quality of life (QOL) outcome after endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) and shunt in childhood hydrocephalus...
  5. Bauer D, McGwin G, Melton S, George R, Markert J. The relationship between INR and development of hemorrhage with placement of ventriculostomy. J Trauma. 2011;70:1112-7 pubmed publisher
    This study seeks to evaluate the relationship between the risk of symptomatic hemorrhage from ventriculostomy placement and International Normalized Ratio (INR) in patients who received a ventriculostomy after traumatic brain injury...
  6. Sonabend A, Korenfeld Y, Crisman C, Badjatia N, Mayer S, Connolly E. Prevention of ventriculostomy-related infections with prophylactic antibiotics and antibiotic-coated external ventricular drains: a systematic review. Neurosurgery. 2011;68:996-1005 pubmed publisher
    b>Ventriculostomy-related infection (VRI) is a severe complication of external ventricular drain use, occurring in 5% to 23% of patients...
  7. Harrop J, Sharan A, Ratliff J, Prasad S, Jabbour P, Evans J, et al. Impact of a standardized protocol and antibiotic-impregnated catheters on ventriculostomy infection rates in cerebrovascular patients. Neurosurgery. 2010;67:187-91; discussion 191 pubmed publisher
    b>Ventriculostomy infections create significant morbidity. To reduce infection rates, a standardized evidence-based catheter insertion protocol was implemented...
  8. Naftel R, Reed G, Kulkarni A, Wellons J. Evaluating the Children's Hospital of Alabama endoscopic third ventriculostomy experience using the Endoscopic Third Ventriculostomy Success Score: an external validation study. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2011;8:494-501 pubmed publisher
    Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) success is dependent on patient characteristics including age, origin of hydrocephalus, and history of shunt therapy...
  9. Woodworth G, See A, Bettegowda C, Batra S, Jallo G, Rigamonti D. Predictors of surgery-free outcome in adult endoscopic third ventriculostomy. World Neurosurg. 2012;78:312-7 pubmed publisher
    Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) is being used increasingly in adults as an alternative to cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunting...

More Information

Publications62

  1. Anik I, Ceylan S, Koc K, Anik Y, Etus V, Genc H. Membranous structures affecting the success of endoscopic third ventriculostomy in adult aqueductus sylvii stenosis. Minim Invasive Neurosurg. 2011;54:68-74 pubmed publisher
    ..pulse (DRIVE) sequence and multiplanar reformat (MPR) images and to evaluate the success of endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) by assessing these membranes in adult aqueduct stenosis...
  2. Bernard R, Vallee F, Mateo J, Marsella M, George B, Payen D, et al. Uncontrollable high-frequency tachypnea: a rare and nearly fatal complication of endoscopic third ventriculostomy: case report and literature review. Minim Invasive Neurosurg. 2010;53:270-2 pubmed publisher
    Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) is considered a safe procedure although it carries its rate of risks and complications that may occasionally be life-threatening...
  3. Di Rocco F, Jucá C, Arnaud E, Renier D, Sainte Rose C. The role of endoscopic third ventriculostomy in the treatment of hydrocephalus associated with faciocraniosynostosis. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2010;6:17-22 pubmed publisher
    The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) in the treatment of hydrocephalus in children with complex craniosynostosis.
  4. Melikian A, Korshunov A. Endoscopic third ventriculostomy in patients with malfunctioning CSF-shunt. World Neurosurg. 2010;74:532-7 pubmed publisher
    ..In formerly shunted patients, endoscopy has somewhat greater risk of serious complications; thus a wider experience is essential when offering them an ETV. ..
  5. Ogiwara H, DiPatri A, Alden T, Bowman R, Tomita T. Endoscopic third ventriculostomy for obstructive hydrocephalus in children younger than 6 months of age. Childs Nerv Syst. 2010;26:343-7 pubmed publisher
    The outcome of endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) is worse in children younger than 2 years old and especially in infants, and controversies still exist whether ETV might be superior to shunt placement in this age group...
  6. Algin O, Turkbey B, Ozmen E, Ocakoglu G, Karaoglanoglu M, Arslan H. Evaluation of spontaneous third ventriculostomy by three-dimensional sampling perfection with application-optimized contrasts using different flip-angle evolutions (3D-SPACE) sequence by 3T MR imaging: preliminary results with variant flip-angle mode. J Neuroradiol. 2013;40:11-8 pubmed publisher
    ..contrasts using different flip-angle evolutions (3D-SPACE) in the diagnosis of spontaneous third ventriculostomy (STV) and to compare it with phase-contrast cine magnetic resonance imaging (PC-MRI)...
  7. El Ghandour N. Endoscopic third ventriculostomy versus ventriculoperitoneal shunt in the treatment of obstructive hydrocephalus due to posterior fossa tumors in children. Childs Nerv Syst. 2011;27:117-26 pubmed publisher
    This study compares endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) and ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS) in the treatment of pediatric patients with marked obstructive hydrocephalus due to midline posterior fossa tumors...
  8. Kulkarni A, Drake J, Kestle J, Mallucci C, Sgouros S, Constantini S. Endoscopic third ventriculostomy vs cerebrospinal fluid shunt in the treatment of hydrocephalus in children: a propensity score-adjusted analysis. Neurosurgery. 2010;67:588-93 pubmed publisher
    Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) has preferentially been offered to patients with more favorable prognostic features compared with shunt...
  9. Schulz M, Bohner G, Knaus H, Haberl H, Thomale U. Navigated endoscopic surgery for multiloculated hydrocephalus in children. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2010;5:434-42 pubmed publisher
    ..Close clinical and radiological follow-up is mandatory because multiple revisions are likely. ..
  10. Yadav Y, Shenoy R, Mukerji G, Parihar V. Water jet dissection technique for endoscopic third ventriculostomy minimises the risk of bleeding and neurological complications in obstructive hydrocephalus with a thick and opaque third ventricle floor. Minim Invasive Neurosurg. 2010;53:155-8 pubmed publisher
    Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) is a procedure of choice in the treatment of obstructive hydrocephalus...
  11. Vindigni M, Tuniz F, Ius T, Cramaro A, Skrap M. Endoscopic third ventriculostomy in patients with secondary triventricular hydrocephalus from a haemorrhage or ischaemia in the posterior cranial fossa. Minim Invasive Neurosurg. 2010;53:106-11 pubmed publisher
    The aim of this project was to evaluate the efficacy of endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) in the treatment of acute hydrocephalus caused by a haemorrhage or ischaemia in the posterior cranial fossa...
  12. King J, Auguste K, Halliday W, Drake J, Kulkarni A. Ventriculocystostomy and endoscopic third ventriculostomy/shunt placement in the management of hydrocephalus secondary to giant retrocerebellar cysts in infancy. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2010;5:403-7 pubmed publisher
    ..successfully with ventriculocystostomy in combination with direct hydrocephalus treatment (endoscopic third ventriculostomy or shunt placement)...
  13. Massimi L, Pravatà E, Tamburrini G, Gaudino S, Pettorini B, Novegno F, et al. Endoscopic third ventriculostomy for the management of Chiari I and related hydrocephalus: outcome and pathogenetic implications. Neurosurgery. 2011;68:950-6 pubmed publisher
    ..It can be successfully treated by endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV), possibly improving related CIM and syringomyelia...
  14. Kulkarni A, Riva Cambrin J, Browd S. Use of the ETV Success Score to explain the variation in reported endoscopic third ventriculostomy success rates among published case series of childhood hydrocephalus. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2011;7:143-6 pubmed publisher
    Published case series of endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) for childhood hydrocephalus have reported widely varying success rates...
  15. Knaus H, Matthias S, Koch A, Thomale U. Single burr hole endoscopic biopsy with third ventriculostomy-measurements and computer-assisted planning. Childs Nerv Syst. 2011;27:1233-41 pubmed publisher
    In cases of non-communicating hydrocephalus, a combined endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) and tumor biopsy might be necessary. We suggest a computer-assisted planning procedure to perform ETV and biopsy via a single burr hole...
  16. Kubilay Z, Amini S, Fauerbach L, Archibald L, Friedman W, Layon A. Decreasing ventricular infections through the use of a ventriculostomy placement bundle: experience at a single institution. J Neurosurg. 2013;118:514-20 pubmed publisher
    Ventricular infection after ventriculostomy placement carries a high mortality rate...
  17. Chi H, Chang K, Chang H, Chiu N, Huang F. Infections associated with indwelling ventriculostomy catheters in a teaching hospital. Int J Infect Dis. 2010;14:e216-9 pubmed publisher
    b>Ventriculostomy-associated infections are a serious complication of external ventricular drains. The objective of this study was to analyze the clinical features of and risk factors for such infections.
  18. Akiyama T, Tanizaki Y, Akaji K, Hiraga K, Akiyama T, Takao M, et al. Severe parkinsonism following endoscopic third ventriculostomy for non-communicating hydrocephalus--case report. Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo). 2011;51:60-3 pubmed
    ..caused by intraventricular hemorrhage from an arteriovenous malformation was treated by endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) after repeated ventricular cerebrospinal fluid drainage and removal of ventriculoperitoneal shunt due ..
  19. Warf B, Campbell J, Riddle E. Initial experience with combined endoscopic third ventriculostomy and choroid plexus cauterization for post-hemorrhagic hydrocephalus of prematurity: the importance of prepontine cistern status and the predictive value of FIESTA MRI imaging. Childs Nerv Syst. 2011;27:1063-71 pubmed publisher
    ..Although effective for other etiologies of infant hydrocephalus, the efficacy of combined endoscopic third ventriculostomy and choroid plexus cauterization (ETV/CPC) in PHHP has not been investigated...
  20. Grand W, Leonardo J. Endoscopic third ventriculostomy in adults: a technique for dealing with the neural (opaque) floor. J Neurosurg. 2011;114:446-53 pubmed publisher
    ..is considered an obstacle to safe penetration of the floor of the third ventricle in endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV)...
  21. Faggin R, Calderone M, Denaro L, Meneghini L, D Avella D. Long-term operative failure of endoscopic third ventriculostomy in pediatric patients: the role of cine phase-contrast MR imaging. Neurosurg Focus. 2011;30:E1 pubmed publisher
    Although a rarely reported occurrence, late failure of endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) may occur in children as a result of a variety of factors...
  22. Foroughi M, Wong A, Steinbok P, Singhal A, Sargent M, Cochrane D. Third ventricular shape: a predictor of endoscopic third ventriculostomy success in pediatric patients. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2011;7:389-96 pubmed publisher
    The criteria for identifying patients in whom endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) provides control of hydrocephalus remain in evolution...
  23. Sacko O, Boetto S, Lauwers Cances V, Dupuy M, Roux F. Endoscopic third ventriculostomy: outcome analysis in 368 procedures. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2010;5:68-74 pubmed publisher
    Although endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) has been accepted as a procedure of choice for the treatment of obstructive hydrocephalus, the outcome of this treatment remains controversial with regard to age, cause, and long-term ..
  24. Anik I, Etus V, Anik Y, Ceylan S. Role of interpeduncular and prepontine cistern cerebrospinal fluid flow measurements in prediction of endoscopic third ventriculostomy success in pediatric triventricular hydrocephalus. Pediatr Neurosurg. 2010;46:344-50 pubmed publisher
    The aim of the present study was to evaluate the correlation of the clinical success of the endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) procedure with the measurements of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flow through the interpeduncular and ..
  25. Morgenstern P, Osbun N, Schwartz T, Greenfield J, Tsiouris A, Souweidane M. Pineal region tumors: an optimal approach for simultaneous endoscopic third ventriculostomy and biopsy. Neurosurg Focus. 2011;30:E3 pubmed publisher
    Simultaneous endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) and tumor biopsy is a widely accepted therapeutic and diagnostic procedure for patients with noncommunicating hydrocephalus secondary to a pineal region tumor...
  26. Bauer D, McGwin G, Melton S, George R, Markert J. Risk factors for conversion to permanent ventricular shunt in patients receiving therapeutic ventriculostomy for traumatic brain injury. Neurosurgery. 2011;68:85-8 pubmed publisher
    ..To quantify the need for permanent CSF diversion in patients with TBI. Patients who received a ventriculostomy after TBI between June 2007 and July 2008 were identified, and their medical records were abstracted to a ..
  27. Xiao B, Roth J, Udayakumaran S, Beni Adani L, Constantini S. Placement of Ommaya reservoir following endoscopic third ventriculostomy in pediatric hydrocephalic patients: a critical reappraisal. Childs Nerv Syst. 2011;27:749-55 pubmed publisher
    Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) has become standard for obstructive hydrocephalus. Even a successful ETV can obstruct, leading to recurrence of symptoms and even death...
  28. Souweidane M, Morgenstern P, Kang S, Tsiouris A, Roth J. Endoscopic third ventriculostomy in patients with a diminished prepontine interval. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2010;5:250-4 pubmed publisher
    Fenestration of the floor of the third ventricle is vital to the success of endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) in treating patients with noncommunicating hydrocephalus...
  29. Bhagwati S, Mehta N, Shah S. Use of endoscopic third ventriculostomy in hydrocephalus of tubercular origin. Childs Nerv Syst. 2010;26:1675-82 pubmed publisher
    The purpose of this paper was to study the feasibility of endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) as a treatment modality in patients with hydrocephalus of tubercular origin...
  30. Kumar A, Deopujari C, Biyani N. Utility of ventricular access in an acute deterioration after endoscopic third ventriculostomy. J Postgrad Med. 2011;57:123-5 pubmed publisher
    Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) has now been accepted widely as a safe procedure for treatment of non-communicating hydrocephalus...
  31. Yadav Y, Parihar V, Agrawal M, Bhatele P. Endoscopic third ventriculostomy in tubercular meningitis with hydrocephalus. Neurol India. 2011;59:855-60 pubmed publisher
    Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) is increasingly being used as an alternative treatment in tubercular meningitis (TBM) hydrocephalus. This study is aimed to evaluate the role of ETV in TBM hydrocephalus...
  32. El Beltagy M, Kamal H, Taha H, Awad M, El Khateeb N. Endoscopic third ventriculostomy before tumor surgery in children with posterior fossa tumors, CCHE experience. Childs Nerv Syst. 2010;26:1699-704 pubmed publisher
    This is a retrospective study to evaluate the effectiveness of endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) performed in children with posterior fossa tumors and hydrocephalus in an attempt to classify the selected cases who could benefit from ..
  33. Wright K, Young P, Brickman C, Sam T, Badjatia N, Pereira M, et al. Rates and determinants of ventriculostomy-related infections during a hospital transition to use of antibiotic-coated external ventricular drains. Neurosurg Focus. 2013;34:E12 pubmed publisher
    The authors evaluated the rates of ventriculostomy-related infections (VRIs) after antibiotic-coated extraventricular drains (ac-EVDs) were introduced as the standard of care...
  34. Gallo P, Szathmari A, De Biasi S, Mottolese C. Endoscopic third ventriculostomy in obstructive infantile hydrocephalus: remarks about the so-called 'unsuccessful cases'. Pediatr Neurosurg. 2010;46:435-41 pubmed publisher
    The failure rate following endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) in infants younger than 2 years of age has been reported to be higher compared with that of older children, and it is unclear whether ETV might be superior to shunt ..
  35. Bouras T, Sgouros S. Complications of endoscopic third ventriculostomy. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2011;7:643-9 pubmed publisher
    Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) is an established treatment for hydrocephalus. Most studies focus on success rate, and complications are insufficiently documented...
  36. Warf B, Kulkarni A. Intraoperative assessment of cerebral aqueduct patency and cisternal scarring: impact on success of endoscopic third ventriculostomy in 403 African children. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2010;5:204-9 pubmed publisher
    ..or aqueduct patency at the time of surgery was sufficiently predictive of the failure of endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) to justify shunt placement at the time of the initial operation...
  37. Parikh D, Foroughi M, Nannapaneni R, Hatfield R. Is the routine placement of a CSF reservoir following endoscopic third ventriculostomy justified?. Br J Neurosurg. 2009;23:521-3 pubmed publisher
    Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) is a well established treatment for selected cases of obstructive hydrocephalus. However, it does carry a significant rate of failure, which can be abrupt and life threatening...
  38. Dincer A, Yildiz E, Kohan S, Memet Ozek M. Analysis of endoscopic third ventriculostomy patency by MRI: value of different pulse sequences, the sequence parameters, and the imaging planes for investigation of flow void. Childs Nerv Syst. 2011;27:127-35 pubmed publisher
    ..state (3D CISS) and cine phase contrast (Cine PC) sequences in determining flow through the endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) fenestration, and to determine the effect of various TSE sequence parameters...
  39. Stachura K, Libionka W, Moskała M. Neuroendoscopic third ventriculostomy in the management of noncommunicating hydrocephalus secondary to giant basilar artery bifurcation aneurysm - case report and review of literature. Neurol Neurochir Pol. 2008;42:255-62 pubmed
    Recently neuroendoscopic third ventriculostomy has become a well-established procedure for the treatment of noncommunicating hydrocephalus...
  40. Devaux B, Joly L, Page P, Nataf F, Turak B, Beuvon F, et al. Laser-assisted endoscopic third ventriculostomy for obstructive hydrocephalus: technique and results in a series of 40 consecutive cases. Lasers Surg Med. 2004;34:368-78 pubmed
    To report a case series of endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) using laser in 40 consecutive patients with obstructive hydrocephalus. Under stereotactic and endoscopic guidance, multiple perforations in the ventricular floor using a 1...
  41. Yadav Y, Jaiswal S, Adam N, Basoor A, Jain G. Endoscopic third ventriculostomy in infants. Neurol India. 2006;54:161-3 pubmed
    Endoscopic third Ventriculostomy (ETV) is one of the surgical options for obstructive hydrocephalus. There are varying opinions about results of ETV in infants. We are therefore presenting the results of ETV in 54 infants...
  42. Kurschel S, Ono S, Oi S. Risk reduction of subdural collections following endoscopic third ventriculostomy. Childs Nerv Syst. 2007;23:521-6 pubmed
    ..tract in a pediatric population in the prevention of subdural fluid collections after endoscopic third ventriculostomy. Twenty-one endoscopic third ventriculostomies were performed in 20 hydrocephalic children with a mean age of ..
  43. Takahashi Y. Long-term outcome and neurologic development after endoscopic third ventriculostomy versus shunting during infancy. Childs Nerv Syst. 2006;22:1591-602 pubmed
    ..with obstructive hydrocephalus who were under 9 months old were initially treated by neuroendoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) after evaluation with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
  44. Cinalli G. Alternatives to shunting. Childs Nerv Syst. 1999;15:718-31 pubmed
  45. Kramer U, Kanner A, Siomin V, Harel S, Constantini S. No evidence of epilepsy following endoscopic third ventriculostomy: a short-term follow-up. Pediatr Neurosurg. 2001;34:121-3 pubmed
    ..We conclude that, in addition to other benefits, ETV minimizes the risk of epilepsy following shunt insertion, probably due to the lack of direct cortical insult. ..
  46. Beems T, Grotenhuis J. Is the success rate of endoscopic third ventriculostomy age-dependent? An analysis of the results of endoscopic third ventriculostomy in young children. Childs Nerv Syst. 2002;18:605-8 pubmed
    Different opinions exist in the literature about the effectiveness of endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) in the treatment of hydrocephalus in young children...
  47. Gorayeb R, Cavalheiro S, Zymberg S. Endoscopic third ventriculostomy in children younger than 1 year of age. J Neurosurg. 2004;100:427-9 pubmed
    ..analyzed data obtained in 36 patients younger than 1 year of age who were treated with endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) for obstructive hydrocephalus at their institution...
  48. Shim K, Kim D, Choi J. Simultaneous endoscopic third ventriculostomy and ventriculoperitoneal shunt for infantile hydrocephalus. Childs Nerv Syst. 2008;24:443-51 pubmed
    ..hydrocephalic infants treated with implantation of a ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS) and endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) simultaneously. Between 1995 and 2006, we treated the 111 hydrocephalic infants...
  49. Yoshimura K, Kubo S, Nagashima M, Hasegawa H, Thminaga S, Yoshimine T. Occlusive hydrocephalus associated with cerebellar infarction treated with endoscopic third ventriculostomy: report of 5 cases. Minim Invasive Neurosurg. 2007;50:270-2 pubmed
  50. Mori H, Oi S, Nonaka Y, Tamogami R, Muroi A. Ventricular anatomy of hydrocephalus associated with myeloschisis and endoscopic third ventriculostomy. Childs Nerv Syst. 2008;24:717-22 pubmed publisher
    ..ventricular regions in patients with myeloschisis and related to successful performance of endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV). Radiological and endoscopic findings of 21 myeloschisis patients were retrospectively reviewed...
  51. Van Beijnum J, Hanlo P, Fischer K, Majidpour M, Kortekaas M, Verdaasdonk R, et al. Laser-assisted endoscopic third ventriculostomy: long-term results in a series of 202 patients. Neurosurgery. 2008;62:437-43; discussion 443-4 pubmed publisher
    Endoscopic third ventriculostomy is a well-known surgical option in the treatment of noncommunicating hydrocephalus...
  52. Chugh A, Husain M, Gupta R, Ojha B, Chandra A, Rastogi M. Surgical outcome of tuberculous meningitis hydrocephalus treated by endoscopic third ventriculostomy: prognostic factors and postoperative neuroimaging for functional assessment of ventriculostomy. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2009;3:371-7 pubmed publisher
    Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) is increasingly being used as an alternative treatment for post-tuberculous meningitis (TBM) hydrocephalus...
  53. Oertel J, Mondorf Y, Baldauf J, Schroeder H, Gaab M. Endoscopic third ventriculostomy for obstructive hydrocephalus due to intracranial hemorrhage with intraventricular extension. J Neurosurg. 2009;111:1119-26 pubmed publisher
    Object Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) is well accepted for obstructive hydrocephalus of various etiologies...