mitral valve annuloplasty


Summary: A type of heart valve surgery that involves the repair, replacement, or reconstruction of the annulus of the MITRAL VALVE. It includes shortening the circumference of the annulus to improve valve closing capacity and reinforcing the annulus as a step in more complex valve repairs.

Top Publications

  1. Goldberg S, Meredith I, Marwick T, Haluska B, Lipiecki J, Siminiak T, et al. A randomized double-blind trial of an interventional device treatment of functional mitral regurgitation in patients with symptomatic congestive heart failure-Trial design of the REDUCE FMR study. Am Heart J. 2017;188:167-174 pubmed publisher
    ..An exercise echo substudy will also be included. ..
  2. Cheng R, Dawkins S, Tat E, Makar M, Hussaini A, Makkar R, et al. Relation of Residual Mitral Regurgitation Despite Elevated Mitral Gradients to Risk of Heart Failure Hospitalization After MitraClip Repair. Am J Cardiol. 2017;120:1595-1600 pubmed publisher
    ..044). In conclusion, patients with less-than-moderate residual MR despite a MMG of ?5 had a 79% reduction in hazard for subsequent heart failure hospitalization compared with patients with moderate residual MR...
  3. Ragnarsson S, Sjögren J, Stagmo M, Wierup P, Nozohoor S. Assessment of Mitral Valve Repair With Exercise Echocardiography: Artificial Chordae vs Leaflet Resection. Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2017;29:25-32 pubmed publisher
    ..The groups had comparable exercise capacity. MV pressure gradients at rest and peak exercise were similar in both groups. ..
  4. Takagi H, Umemoto T. Similar Survival After Repair vs Replacement for Ischemic Mitral Regurgitation. Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2016;28:748-756 pubmed publisher
    ..There was no evidence of significant publication bias. For patients with IMR, MV repair appears to be unassociated with a significant decrease in both early and late all-cause mortality compared with MV replacement. ..
  5. Chan V, Mesana T. Functional mitral stenosis after mitral valve repair is a true anatomic problem that originates from the time of surgery. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2015;150:1091-2 pubmed publisher
  6. Alozie A, Paranskaya L, Westphal B, Kaminski A, Sherif M, Sindt M, et al. Clinical outcomes of conventional surgery versus MitraClip® therapy for moderate to severe symptomatic mitral valve regurgitation in the elderly population: an institutional experience. BMC Cardiovasc Disord. 2017;17:85 pubmed publisher
    ..The effect of concomitant cardiac pathologies left untreated at the time of interventional mitral valve repair on outcome after MitraClip therapy remain widely unknown. ..
  7. Parikh R, Grant M. Mycobacterium goodii endocarditis following mitral valve ring annuloplasty. Ann Clin Microbiol Antimicrob. 2017;16:14 pubmed publisher
    ..Confirmation of the diagnosis utilizing molecular techniques and drug susceptibility testing allowed for successful treatment of this prosthetic infection. ..
  8. Bonow R, Adams D. The Time Has Come to Define Centers of Excellence in Mitral Valve Repair. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2016;67:499-501 pubmed publisher
  9. Babaliaros V, Greenbaum A, Khan J, Rogers T, Wang D, Eng M, et al. Intentional Percutaneous Laceration of the Anterior Mitral Leaflet to Prevent Outflow Obstruction During Transcatheter Mitral Valve Replacement: First-in-Human Experience. JACC Cardiovasc Interv. 2017;10:798-809 pubmed publisher
    ..This novel catheter technique, which resembles surgical chord-sparing AML resection, may enable TMVR in patients with prohibitive risk of LVOT obstruction or transcatheter heart valve dysfunction. ..

More Information


  1. Iung B, Vahanian A. Percutaneous treatment of mitral regurgitation: from feasibility to clinical application?. Arch Cardiovasc Dis. 2011;104:1-3 pubmed publisher
  2. Zhang X, Hollenberg S. Valvular Heart Disease in Adults: Management of Native Valve Disease. FP Essent. 2017;457:17-22 pubmed
    ..When severe, tricuspid regurgitation can be managed with valve replacement. Pregnant patients with VHD require special management. Women with severe AS or MS should avoid becoming pregnant until VHD is managed definitively. ..
  3. Kamperidis V, van Wijngaarden S, van Rosendael P, Kong W, Leung M, Sianos G, et al. Restrictive Mitral Valve Annuloplasty: Prognostic Implications of Left Ventricular Forward Flow. Ann Thorac Surg. 2017;104:1464-1470 pubmed publisher
    ..We investigated the independent associates of outcomes in heart failure patients with severe secondary MR who underwent surgical mitral valve repair...
  4. Pillai V, Karunakaran J. Repair of Double Orifice Left AV Valve (DOLAVV) with Endocardial Cushion Defect in Adult. Braz J Cardiovasc Surg. 2017;32:338-340 pubmed publisher
    ..We report a case of a 56-year-old lady who successfully underwent surgical correction of DOLAVV with partial atrioventricular canal defect...
  5. Coutinho G, Antunes M. Mitral valve repair for degenerative mitral valve disease: surgical approach, patient selection and long-term outcomes. Heart. 2017;103:1663-1669 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition, transcatheter technology, particularly the MitraClip, is evolving and treading its way in the treatment of high-risk patients with severe MR, but the results are still short of ideal. ..
  6. Pfeiffer S, Gazdag L, Jessl J, Santarpino G. Transapical transcatheter valve-in-ring implantation following mitral annuloplasty. J Card Surg. 2017;32:407-409 pubmed publisher
    ..We report a transapical mitral valve-in-ring implantation in a patient who had undergone mitral valve repair for ischemic mitral regurgitation using a complete semi-rigid Memo 3D mitral ring (LivaNova Group, Milan, Italy). ..
  7. Schubert S, Mehaffey J, Charles E, Kron I. Mitral Valve Repair: The French Correction Versus the American Correction. Surg Clin North Am. 2017;97:867-888 pubmed publisher
    ..Adhering to those unifying principles and ensuring that no patient leaves the operating room with significant persistent mitral regurgitation produces durable results and satisfactory patient outcomes. ..
  8. Yoon S, Whisenant B, Bleiziffer S, Delgado V, Schofer N, Eschenbach L, et al. Transcatheter Mitral Valve Replacement for Degenerated Bioprosthetic Valves and Failed Annuloplasty Rings. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2017;70:1121-1131 pubmed publisher
  9. Grasso C, Attizzani G, Ohno Y, Dipasqua F, Mangiafico S, Ministeri M, et al. Catheter-based edge-to-edge mitral valve repair after percutaneous mitral valve annuloplasty failure. JACC Cardiovasc Interv. 2014;7:e85-6 pubmed publisher