retinal photoreceptor cell inner segment
Summary: The inner portion of a retinal rod or a cone photoreceptor cell, situated between the PHOTORECEPTOR CONNECTING CILIUM and the synapse with the adjacent neurons (RETINAL BIPOLAR CELLS; RETINAL HORIZONTAL CELLS). The inner segment contains the cell body, the nucleus, the mitochondria, and apparatus for protein synthesis.
Saurabh K, Roy R, Sharma P, Chandrasekharan D, Deshmukh K, Vyas C. Age-related Changes in the Foveal Bulge in Healthy Eyes. Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol. 2017;24:48-50 pubmed publisher
..15). Foveal bulge was more commonly seen in younger individuals and its height decreased with age. Age matching across groups should be undertaken in studies using foveal bulge as prognostic tool. ..
Ooshiro T, Iijima H. Postoperative Recovery of Light Sensitivity in Eyes with Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment. Ophthalmologica. 2017;238:52-58 pubmed publisher
..8047) or with its change (p = 0.1242). Light sensitivity in the detached retina in eyes with RRD does not completely recover after successful surgery. ..
Wanek J, Blair N, Chau F, Lim J, Leiderman Y, Shahidi M. Alterations in Retinal Layer Thickness and Reflectance at Different Stages of Diabetic Retinopathy by En Face Optical Coherence Tomography. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2016;57:OCT341-7 pubmed publisher
..05) and INL intensity was higher in all macular subfields (P = 0.04) compared to CNTL. Depth and spatially resolved retinal thickness and reflectance measurements are potential biomarkers for assessment and monitoring of DR. ..
Marangoni D, Yong Z, Kjellstrom S, Vijayasarathy C, A Sieving P, Bush R. Rearing Light Intensity Affects Inner Retinal Pathology in a Mouse Model of X-Linked Retinoschisis but Does Not Alter Gene Therapy Outcome. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2017;58:1656-1664 pubmed publisher
..However, the effect of rearing light intensity does not interact with the efficacy of RS1 gene replacement in Rs1-KO mice. ..
Borrelli E, Abdelfattah N, Uji A, Nittala M, Boyer D, Sadda S. Postreceptor Neuronal Loss in Intermediate Age-related Macular Degeneration. Am J Ophthalmol. 2017;181:1-11 pubmed publisher
..This study supports the concept of postreceptor retinal neuronal loss as a contributor to retinal thinning in intermediate AMD. ..
Greenstein V, Nunez J, Lee W, Schuerch K, Fortune B, Tsang S, et al
. A Comparison of En Face Optical Coherence Tomography and Fundus Autofluorescence in Stargardt Disease. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2017;58:5227-5236 pubmed publisher
..The spatial locations of hyperreflective flecks on the en face preRPE(OS) slab image corresponded to those on the SW-AF images. Wide-field en face OCT imaging has the potential to be a clinically useful tool for the management of STGD1. ..
Runkle A, Kaiser P, Srivastava S, Schachat A, Reese J, Ehlers J. OCT Angiography and Ellipsoid Zone Mapping of Macular Telangiectasia Type 2 From the AVATAR Study. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2017;58:3683-3689 pubmed publisher
..OCT-A was a useful adjunct for determining disease severity. ..
Hendriks M, Verhoeven V, Buitendijk G, Polling J, Meester Smoor M, Hofman A, et al
. Development of Refractive Errors-What Can We Learn From Inherited Retinal Dystrophies?. Am J Ophthalmol. 2017;182:81-89 pubmed publisher
..35]) with the highest degree of hyperopia. Refractive errors, in particular myopia, are common in IRD. The bipolar synapse and the inner and outer segments of the photoreceptor may serve as critical sites for myopia development. ..