peroneal neuropathies


Summary: Disease involving the common PERONEAL NERVE or its branches, the deep and superficial peroneal nerves. Lesions of the deep peroneal nerve are associated with PARALYSIS of dorsiflexion of the ankle and toes and loss of sensation from the web space between the first and second toe. Lesions of the superficial peroneal nerve result in weakness or paralysis of the peroneal muscles (which evert the foot) and loss of sensation over the dorsal and lateral surface of the leg. Traumatic injury to the common peroneal nerve near the head of the FIBULA is a relatively common cause of this condition. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1995, Ch51, p31)

Top Publications

  1. Kang P, Preston D, Raynor E. Involvement of superficial peroneal sensory nerve in common peroneal neuropathy. Muscle Nerve. 2005;31:725-9 pubmed
    ..This is an important pattern to recognize; from a practical standpoint, focal segmental conduction abnormalities in the motor nerve and EMG findings can help to differentiate these lesions from L-5 radiculopathy. ..
  2. Spinner R, Amrami K, Angius D, Wang H, Carmichael S. Peroneal and tibial intraneural ganglia: correlation between intraepineurial compartments observed on magnetic resonance images and the potential importance of these compartments. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;22:E17 pubmed
  3. Chan M, Campbell C, Lim R. De novo footdrop resulting from an isolated acute repetitive strain injury. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2009;25:102-4 pubmed publisher
    ..As in the case of N.K., most cases resolve in weeks to months, and electromyography studies are important to help definitively decide what type of neuronal injury has been sustained. ..
  4. Tsai P, Cheng H, Huang W, Huang M, Chiu F, Chang Y, et al. Outcomes of common peroneal nerve lesions after surgical repair with acidic fibroblast growth factor. J Trauma. 2009;66:1379-84 pubmed publisher
    ..This study demonstrated the potential of this innovative repair strategy with aFGF treatment to facilitate nerve regeneration and motor function recovery following peripheral nerve lesions. ..
  5. Cui R, Huang X, Liu J, Chen Z, Pu C. Electrophysiological characteristics of polyneuropathy in POEMS syndrome: comparison with CIDP. J Clin Neurophysiol. 2012;29:345-8 pubmed publisher
    ..These features may be useful for the differentiation between POEMS syndrome and CIDP. ..
  6. Shah B, Yarbrough C, Price A, Biswas R. An unfortunate injection. BMJ Case Rep. 2016;2016: pubmed publisher
    ..Such injuries can be prevented by proper awareness and training, the implementation of safer injection techniques, and quality assurance methods. ..
  7. Edwards P, Wright M, Hartman J. A practical approach for the differential diagnosis of chronic leg pain in the athlete. Am J Sports Med. 2005;33:1241-9 pubmed
    ..Regardless of the form of treatment, return to activity must be gradual and individualized for each patient to prevent future athletic injury. ..
  8. Burkhardt G, Spencer J, Gifford S, Propper B, Jones L, Sumner N, et al. A large animal survival model (Sus scrofa) of extremity ischemia/reperfusion and neuromuscular outcomes assessment: a pilot study. J Trauma. 2010;69 Suppl 1:S146-53 pubmed publisher
    ..Additional study is necessary to define this threshold and factors that may move it to a more or less favorable position in the setting of extremity injury. ..
  9. Schulze J, Troeger H. [Fibular nerve compression due to an unusual cause. A case report]. Handchir Mikrochir Plast Chir. 2004;36:25-8 pubmed
    ..Neurolysis was performed followed by excision of the tumour. The infection was treated by long term antibiotics without removal of the endoprosthesis. Histological examination revealed the definitive diagnosis. ..

More Information

Publications116 found, 100 shown here

  1. Terrence Jose Jerome J. Superficial peroneal nerve lipoma. Rom J Morphol Embryol. 2009;50:137-9 pubmed
    ..Lipomas arising in the peripheral nerves are rare tumors, with most arising in the forearm and wrist, and most have occurred within the median nerve. This report describes a case with lipoma arising in the superficial peroneal nerve. ..
  2. Epler M, Keenan D. Differential diagnosis of intractable lateral knee pain with progressive symptoms: a case problem. Electromyogr Clin Neurophysiol. 2005;45:305-12 pubmed
    ..A fibular tunnel release and peroneal nerve decompression was subsequently performed after which complete symptom resolution was achieved, allowing return to full functional activities. ..
  3. Rafai M, El Otmani H, Rafai M, Bouhaajaj F, Largab A, Trafeh M, et al. [Peroneal nerve schwannoma presenting with a peroneal palsy]. Rev Neurol (Paris). 2006;162:866-8 pubmed
    ..Localization on the lower limbs (sciatic nerve) has been reported in 1 percent of cases. The peroneal nerve localizaton has not been reported to date. We underline difficulties of diagnosis inherent to this particular localization. ..
  4. Sternfeld T, Weidenbach H, Lorenzen S, Schmid R. [A 17 year old adolescent with chronic neutropenia, recurrent infections, severe dysphagia and peroneus palsy]. Internist (Berl). 2009;50:1018-21 pubmed publisher
    ..The mode of HIV transmission remained obscure until further research revealed a probable nosocomial infection during early childhood in Romania. ..
  5. Steel H. Triple osteotomy of the innominate bone. 1973. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2004;86-A:644 pubmed
    ..The patients, seven to seventeen years old, were followed two to ten years. Of the fifty-two procedures, forty were satisfactory. Most of the unsatisfactory results were in cases of myelodysplasia, peroneal atrophy, and cerebral palsy. ..
  6. Anselmi S. Common peroneal nerve compression. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2006;96:413-7 pubmed
    ..Decompression of the common peroneal nerve offers a chance for improvement of sensory and motor symptoms in carefully selected patients. ..
  7. Spinner R, Atkinson J, Tiel R. Peroneal intraneural ganglia: the importance of the articular branch. A unifying theory. J Neurosurg. 2003;99:330-43 pubmed
  8. Norlinah M, Hamizah R, Md Isa S, Wan Nazaimoon W, Khalid B. The effects of short-term, rapid glycemic control on the peroneal nerve function and serum VCAM-1 and AGE in type 2 diabetic patients in Malaysia. Indian J Med Sci. 2009;63:131-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Improvement in the serum VCAM-1 and AGE levels correlated significantly with improvement in peroneal nerve conduction velocity only in the insulin group. ..
  9. Matar H, Garg N. Congenital talipes equinovarus associated with hereditary congenital common peroneal nerve neuropathy: a literature review. J Pediatr Orthop B. 2016;25:108-11 pubmed publisher
  10. Ozcakar L, Ozcakar Z. Diagnosing peroneal neuropathy: the quest for the golden fleece. Pediatr Neurol. 2004;30:299; author reply 299 pubmed
  11. Ersozlu S, Ozulku M, Yildirim E, Tandogan R. Common peroneal nerve palsy from an untreated popliteal pseudoaneurysm after penetrating injury. J Vasc Surg. 2007;45:408-10 pubmed
    ..Epineurolysis of the common peroneal nerve was performed a week later through a posterolateral incision. Pain and knee contracture resolved after surgery. Drop foot recovered completely after 1 year. ..
  12. Lee Y, Kim J, Kwak J, Wang I, Lee B. Foot drop secondary to peroneal intraneural cyst arising from tibiofibular joint. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2013;21:2063-5 pubmed publisher
    ..The pathogenesis of the intraneural ganglion of the peroneal nerve may be an articular origin and superior tibiofibular joint is the central point. V. ..
  13. Rowdon G, Richardson J, Hoffmann P, Zaffer M, Barill E. Chronic anterior compartment syndrome and deep peroneal nerve function. Clin J Sport Med. 2001;11:229-33 pubmed
  14. Malas F, Ozcakar L, Fìrat F, Kuyumcu M, Ates O, Sivri B. Drop foot in Crohn's disease: reported nadir incidence of peroneal neuropathy. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2007;13:1586-7 pubmed
  15. Humphreys D, Novak C, Mackinnon S. Patient outcome after common peroneal nerve decompression. J Neurosurg. 2007;107:314-8 pubmed
    ..Common peroneal nerve decompression is a useful procedure to improve sensation and strength as well as to decrease pain. ..
  16. Kilic E, Ozgüçlü E, Erol O, Ozcakar L. Bilateral foot drop after intestinal surgery: peroneal neuropathy unabated in elderly patients. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2007;55:1897 pubmed
  17. Hawkes C, McNamara B, O Mahony O, Dempsey E. Your diagnosis? Congenital foot drop. Eur J Pediatr. 2013;172:1145-7 pubmed publisher
    ..A term infant was noted to have right-sided foot drop. We discuss the role of neurophysiology and diagnostic imaging. ..
  18. Saleh K, Hoeffel D, Kassim R, Burstein G. Complications after revision total knee arthroplasty. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2003;85-A Suppl 1:S71-4 pubmed
  19. de Kool B, van Neck J, Blok J, Walbeehm E, Hekking I, Visser G. Ultrasound imaging of the rabbit peroneal nerve. J Peripher Nerv Syst. 2005;10:369-74 pubmed
    ..We conclude that ultrasound imaging of the rabbit peroneal nerve is feasible and that it is a promising tool for different research areas within the field of experimental neuroscience. ..
  20. Lui T, Chan L. Deep peroneal nerve injury following external fixation of the ankle: case report and anatomic study. Foot Ankle Int. 2011;32:S550-5 pubmed publisher
    ..The nerve is particularly at risk in Zone 2 and 3. The study provided an anatomic basis for the safe application of a unilateral external fixator of the tibia. ..
  21. Giannakopoulou C, Korakaki E, Hatzidaki E, Manoura A, Aligizakis A, Velivasakis E. Peroneal nerve palsy: a complication of umbilical artery catheterization in the full-term newborn of a mother with diabetes. Pediatrics. 2002;109:e66 pubmed
    ..Frequent inspection after the procedure has been performed is of the utmost importance especially in these neonates who often suffer from cardiopulmonary disease and require catheterization of their umbilical artery. ..
  22. Shank J, Morgan S, Smith W, Meyer F. Bilateral peroneal nerve palsy following emergent stabilization of a pelvic ring injury. J Orthop Trauma. 2003;17:67-70 pubmed
    ..The authors report a case of bilateral peroneal nerve palsy related to the use of external compressive wraps in a patient with pelvic ring injury. ..
  23. Matsubara K, Nigami H, Harigaya H, Osaki M, Baba K. Peroneal mononeuropathy in pediatric Hodgkin's disease. Leuk Lymphoma. 2000;40:205-7 pubmed
    ..This case shows for the first time that habitual leg crossing during potentially neurotoxic chemotherapy could induce peroneal mononeuropathy in a pediatric cancer patient. ..
  24. Dow D, Cederna P, Hassett C, Dennis R, Faulkner J. Electrical stimulation prior to delayed reinnervation does not enhance recovery in muscles of rats. Restor Neurol Neurosci. 2007;25:601-10 pubmed
    ..The primary factors that inhibited reinnervation and recovery following delayed reinnervation were not alleviated by the electrical stimulation during the period of muscle denervation. ..
  25. Scheller C, Richter H, Scheuerle A, Kretschmer T, Konig R, Antoniadis G. Intraneural perineuriomas; a rare entity. Clinical, surgical and neuropathological details in the management of these lesions. Zentralbl Neurochir. 2008;69:134-8 pubmed publisher
    ..No relapse could be observed. In cases of slow-progressive neurological deficits of a peripheral nerve in young patients the differential diagnosis should include the intraneural perineuriomas. ..
  26. Petit Lacour M, Pico F, Rappoport N, Gagey O, Said G. Fluctuating peroneal nerve palsy caused by an intraneural cyst. J Neurol. 2002;249:490-1 pubmed
  27. Pavesi G, Cattaneo L, Chierici E, Marbini A, Sasso E, Mancia D. Small fibers peroneal mononeuropathy in a patient with Sjögren's syndrome. J Endocrinol Invest. 2004;27:177-9 pubmed
    ..Asymmetric peripheral nerve involvement is not uncommon in SS, though, to our knowledge, it has never been reported of a mononeuropathy involving primarily small fibers. ..
  28. Kara M, Ozcakar L, Erol O, Kaymak B. Peroneal neuropathy due to ground pad burn injury after a radiofrequency ablation surgery. Ann Surg Oncol. 2007;14:1243-4 pubmed
  29. Sprowson A, Rankin K, Shand J, Ferrier G. Common peroneal and posterior tibial ischemic nerve damage, a rare cause. Foot Ankle Surg. 2010;16:e16-7 pubmed publisher
    ..This represents a previously unreported complication of aorto-femoral bypass surgery...
  30. Kim D, Murovic J, Tiel R, Kline D. Management and outcomes in 318 operative common peroneal nerve lesions at the Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center. Neurosurgery. 2004;54:1421-8; discussion 1428-9 pubmed
    ..Useful function was achieved in 27 (75%) of 36 patients with grafts less than 6 cm in length and in only 88 (44%) of 202 patients with grafts greater than 6 cm in length. ..
  31. Godeiro Júnior C, Oliveira A, Felicio A, Barros N, Gabbai A. Peroneal nerve palsy due to compartment syndrome after facial plastic surgery. Arq Neuropsiquiatr. 2007;65:826-9 pubmed
    ..This report highlights the importance of early diagnosis of compartment syndrome, otherwise, even after fasciotomy, a permanent disability secondary to peripheral nerve compression could occur. ..
  32. Prakash -, Bhardwaj A, Singh D, Rajini T, Jayanthi V, Singh G. Anatomic variations of superficial peroneal nerve: clinical implications of a cadaver study. Ital J Anat Embryol. 2010;115:223-8 pubmed
  33. Gousheh J, Babaei A. A new surgical technique for the treatment of high common peroneal nerve palsy. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2002;109:994-8 pubmed
    ..For the cases in which paralysis was less than 8 months in duration, the results are satisfactory. ..
  34. Nishikawa T, Yamamoto T, Yoshiya S, Kurosaka M. Intermittent peroneal mononeuropathy due to proximal tibiofibular synostosis. J Neurol. 2003;250:352-3 pubmed
  35. Heilbrun M, Tsuruda J, Townsend J, Heilbrun M. Intraneural perineurioma of the common peroneal nerve. Case report and review of the literature. J Neurosurg. 2001;94:811-5 pubmed
    ..The authors also demonstrate the utility of MR neurography in the identification isolated nerve tumors and review the surgical management of this lesion. ..
  36. Spinner R, Desy N, Amrami K. Cystic transverse limb of the articular branch: a pathognomonic sign for peroneal intraneural Ganglia at the superior tibiofibular joint. Neurosurgery. 2006;59:157-66; discussion 157-66 pubmed
  37. Chick G, Alnot J, Silbermann Hoffman O. Intraneural mucoid pseudocysts. A report of ten cases. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2001;83:1020-2 pubmed
    ..Our results are similar to those reported by other authors. A successful surgical outcome depends on early diagnosis before neurological damage has occurred. ..
  38. Moorman C, Pontious J. Compression peroneal nerve palsy causing isolated extensor hallucis longus dysfunction. J Foot Ankle Surg. 2009;48:466-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The authors describe a case of compression-induced peroneal nerve palsy with isolated extensor hallucis longus dysfunction that resulted in hallux lag without gross drop foot deformity. 4. ..
  39. Choi B, Han S, Kim S, Zhu S, Huh J, Jung J, et al. Autologous fibrin glue in peripheral nerve regeneration in vivo. Microsurgery. 2005;25:495-9 pubmed
    ..Our data suggest that fibrin nets formed by fibrinogen, in combination with growth factors present in autologous fibrin glue, might effectively promote peripheral nerve regeneration in nerve defects. ..
  40. Spitz M, Rozenberg R, Silveira P, Barbosa E. Parkinsonism in type 1 Gaucher's disease. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2006;77:709-10 pubmed
  41. El Demellawy D, Bain J, Algawad H, Provias J. Inflammatory pseudotumor of the peroneal nerve: case report and literature review. Ann Diagn Pathol. 2008;12:44-7 pubmed publisher
    ..However, they are amenable to surgical cure with nerve-sparing surgery. Thus, despite their rarity, on dealing with neural S100 negative lesion, their inclusion is mandatory to avoid an unnecessary and a rather aggressive surgery. ..
  42. Malghem J, Lecouvet F, Vande Berg B, Lebon C, Maldague B. Intraneural mucoid pseudocysts: a report of ten cases. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2003;85:776-7; author reply 777 pubmed
  43. Takahama H, Tsukahara N, Hirayama M, Ito S, Sakuramoto C. Isolated double herpes zoster paresis involving the left facial nerve and the right peroneal nerve following disseminated herpes zoster. J Dermatol. 2007;34:349-52 pubmed
    ..Given that the patient was elderly and had diabetes mellitus, the patient appeared to be an immunocompromised host. We also describe other rare complications of herpes zoster from the published work. ..
  44. Nath R, Lyons A, Paizi M. Successful management of foot drop by nerve transfers to the deep peroneal nerve. J Reconstr Microsurg. 2008;24:419-27 pubmed publisher
    ..Nerve transfer to the deep peroneal nerve is a feasible and effective method of treating deep peroneal nerve injuries of less than 1-year duration. ..
  45. Harvie P, Torres Grau J, Beaver R. Common peroneal nerve palsy associated with pseudotumour after total knee arthroplasty. Knee. 2012;19:148-50 pubmed publisher
    ..The use of serum ion levels is discussed, specifically for the early detection and diagnosis of full-thickness polyethylene liner wear and subsequent revision options. ..
  46. Sen C, Kocaoglu M, Eralp L. The advantages of circular external fixation used in high tibial osteotomy (average 6 years follow-up). Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2003;11:139-44 pubmed
    ..Furthermore, progression of arthritis can be prevented if the mechanical axis passes through the lateral compartment of the knee...
  47. Bottomley N, Williams A, Birch R, Noorani A, Lewis A, Lavelle J. Displacement of the common peroneal nerve in posterolateral corner injuries of the knee. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2005;87:1225-6 pubmed
    ..Whenever bone or soft-tissue avulsion from the fibular head is suspected, the surgeon should expect an abnormal position of the common peroneal nerve and appreciate the increased risk of iatrogenic damage...
  48. Ginanneschi F, Rossi A. Lateral cutaneous nerve of calf neuropathy due to peri-popliteal cystic bursitis. Muscle Nerve. 2006;34:503-4 pubmed
  49. Abidian M, Daneshvar E, Egeland B, Kipke D, Cederna P, Urbanchek M. Hybrid conducting polymer-hydrogel conduits for axonal growth and neural tissue engineering. Adv Healthc Mater. 2012;1:762-7 pubmed publisher
    ..PEDOT is electrodeposited inside the lumen to create fully coated-PEDOT agarose conduits and partially coated-PEDOT agarose conduits...
  50. Kida K, Hara K, Sata T. [Postoperative palsies of the common peroneal nerve and the tibial nerve associated with lateral position]. Masui. 2013;62:217-9 pubmed
    ..It should be noted that lateral positioning may be at a substantial risk of perioperative peripheral neuropathy in patients with diseases causing neural disorder...
  51. Kutílek P, Viteckova S, Svoboda Z, Smrcka P. Kinematic quantification of gait asymmetry in patients with peroneal nerve palsy based on bilateral cyclograms. J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact. 2013;13:244-50 pubmed
    ..The new technique has never been applied before to study the gait asymmetry in patients with peroneal nerve palsy or patients with leg brace...
  52. Rosson G, Dellon A. Superficial peroneal nerve anatomic variability changes surgical technique. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2005;438:248-52 pubmed
  53. Murakami S, Hamajima Y, Watanabe N. [Herpes virus infection in otolaryngology]. Nihon Rinsho. 2006;64 Suppl 3:69-72 pubmed
  54. Yoo J, Min K, Kim C, Cha J. A case of extension loss of great toe due to peroneal nerve compression by an osteochondroma of the proximal fibula. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 2010;130:1071-5 pubmed publisher
    ..The current case deserves attention in that the only clinical manifestation of peroneal nerve entrapment neuropathy by the osteochondroma at the fibular neck was extension loss of great toe...
  55. Boatright S. Compression-caused peroneal neuropathy: commentary from a biopsychologist. South Med J. 2010;103:66-71 pubmed publisher
    ..Finally, compression-caused foot drop may be preventable, a conclusion that could ultimately have important implications in the context of Medicare and Medicaid reimbursement...
  56. Brief J, Brief R, Ergas E, Brief L, Brief A. Peroneal nerve injury with foot drop complicating ankle sprain--a series of four cases with review of the literature. Bull NYU Hosp Jt Dis. 2009;67:374-7 pubmed
    ..Surgical versus conservative treatment is described. The functional impairment associated with foot drop is detailed...
  57. Spiroch P, Cizmar I, Freiwald J, Palčák J. [Restoration of active foot extension following peroneal nerve palsy]. Rozhl Chir. 2012;91:151-7 pubmed
    ..Tendon transfer is a treatment option often used to restore the foot function after the peroneal palsy in cases when reinervation is not clinically satisfactory...
  58. Guzelkucuk U, Skempes D, Kumnerddee W. Common peroneal nerve palsy caused by compression stockings after surgery. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2014;93:609-11 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of this report was to emphasize the importance of the size and length of the compression stockings and regular skin control in avoiding the risk for peroneal nerve palsy. ..
  59. Bregman P, Schuenke M. Current Diagnosis and Treatment of Superficial Fibular Nerve Injuries and Entrapment. Clin Podiatr Med Surg. 2016;33:243-54 pubmed publisher
    ..With the proper tools and skills, surgeons are able to help patients with symptomatic SFN entrapment, patients who often present in some degree of desperation, with the peripheral nerve surgeon as a last resort. ..
  60. Cho B, Park K, Choi S, Im S, SooHoo N. Functional Outcomes Following Anterior Transfer of the Tibialis Posterior Tendon for Foot Drop Secondary to Peroneal Nerve Palsy. Foot Ankle Int. 2017;38:627-633 pubmed publisher
    ..This retrospective comparative study reports the practical function in daily and sports activities after tibialis posterior tendon transfer for foot drop secondary to peroneal nerve palsy...
  61. Pardal Fernández J, Godes Medrano B, Garcia Muñozguren S, Rallo Gutiérrez B, Jerez García P, Marco Giner J. [Lateral peroneal cutaneous nerve entrapment in the leg]. Rev Neurol. 2004;39:494-5 pubmed
  62. Armstrong D, McCarron M, Wright G. Successful treatment of rheumatoid vasculitis-associated foot-drop with infliximab. J Rheumatol. 2005;32:759; author reply 759-60 pubmed
  63. Spinner R, Desy N, Rock M, Amrami K. Peroneal intraneural ganglia. Part I. Techniques for successful diagnosis and treatment. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;22:E16 pubmed
    ..Recent recognition of this fact has proven to be significant in reducing recurrences and improving treatment outcomes for patients. The authors present a stepwise method of assessing and treating peroneal intraneural ganglion cysts...
  64. Johnston J, Lyne D. Intraneural ganglion cyst of the peroneal nerve in a four-year-old girl: a case report. J Pediatr Orthop. 2007;27:944-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Greater access to magnetic resonance imaging may allow diagnosis of cases that were not previously identified...
  65. Kabayel L, Balci K, Turgut N, Kabayel D. Development of entrapment neuropathies in acute stroke patients. Acta Neurol Scand. 2009;120:53-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Stroke is the third most common cause of mortality and is one of the most common causes of morbidity in the world. Polyneuropathies and entrapment neuropathies are known as the complications of stroke...
  66. Solmaz I, Cetinalp E, Gocmez C, Albayrak B, Kural C, Kaya H, et al. Management outcome of peroneal nerve injury at knee level: experience of a single military institution. Neurol Neurochir Pol. 2011;45:461-6 pubmed
    ..We investigated the management outcome of common peroneal nerve decompression at the knee level between the years 2005 and 2009...
  67. Kokotis P, Papadimas G. Electrophysiological contribution of both sensory branches of the superficial peroneal nerve in the diagnosis of peripheral neuropathy. Neurodiagn J. 2012;52:291-300 pubmed
    ..Conclusively, the simultaneous amplitude recording of the terminal sensory peroneal branches can better detect abnormal responses in patients with peripheral neuropathy...
  68. Visser L, Hens V, Soethout M, De Deugd Maria V, Pijnenburg J, Brekelmans G. Diagnostic value of high-resolution sonography in common fibular neuropathy at the fibular head. Muscle Nerve. 2013;48:171-8 pubmed publisher
    ..In 30% of patients with common fibular (CF) neuropathy at the fibular head, reliable localization of the site of the lesion by means of electrodiagnostic testing is challenging...
  69. Gabisan G, Gentile D. Acute peroneal compartment syndrome following ankle inversion injury: a case report. Am J Sports Med. 2004;32:1059-61 pubmed
  70. Garozzo D, Ferraresi S, Buffatti P. Surgical treatment of common peroneal nerve injuries: indications and results. A series of 62 cases. J Neurosurg Sci. 2004;48:105-12; discussion 112 pubmed
    ..We report our experience, describing the indications to surgical treatment, the operative technique and the postoperative clinical outcome correlated with the causative mechanisms of the injuries...
  71. Miller B, Downie B, McDonough E, Wojtys E. Complications after medial opening wedge high tibial osteotomy. Arthroscopy. 2009;25:639-46 pubmed publisher
    ..The purpose of this study was to investigate complications of the medial opening wedge high tibial osteotomy (HTO) procedure at our institution...
  72. Kollrack Y, Möllenhoff G. [Exertional compartment syndrome of the lower leg and common peroneal nerve palsy as combined injury after weight lifting]. Sportverletz Sportschaden. 2009;23:165-8 pubmed publisher
    ..A thorough case history provided the clue to understand the resulting pathology. This case shows again the necessity of good medical assistance for athletes in leisure-time sport activities...
  73. Roy P. Electrodiagnostic evaluation of lower extremity neurogenic problems. Foot Ankle Clin. 2011;16:225-42 pubmed publisher
    ..This article focuses on the electrodiagnostic evaluation of neurogenic processes that present as foot and ankle symptoms...
  74. Cho D, Saetia K, Lee S, Kline D, Kim D. Peroneal nerve injury associated with sports-related knee injury. Neurosurg Focus. 2011;31:E11 pubmed publisher
    ..This study analyzes 84 cases of peroneal nerve injuries associated with sports-related knee injuries and their surgical outcome and management...
  75. Anandkumar S. Physical therapy management of entrapment of the superficial peroneal nerve in the lower leg: a case report. Physiother Theory Pract. 2012;28:552-61 pubmed publisher
    ..Reduction of pain was noted in this patient (VAS score of 0 cm by the sixth session) with complete pain resolution maintained at a six-month follow-up...
  76. Taylor P, Humphreys L, Swain I. The long-term cost-effectiveness of the use of Functional Electrical Stimulation for the correction of dropped foot due to upper motor neuron lesion. J Rehabil Med. 2013;45:154-60 pubmed publisher
    ..This study aimed to determine how long the intervention is of benefit, and the total cost of its provision...
  77. Rieck B, Svoboda J, Giesler T. [Improvement of chronic pain syndrome by free tissue transfer. Report of two cases]. Schmerz. 2004;18:311-6 pubmed
    ..In both cases, after an uncomplicated follow-up, quick and complete weaning from the analgesics was possible. One of the patients is completely free of pain...
  78. Crotti F, Carai A, Carai M, Sgaramella E, Sias W. Entrapment of crural branches of the common peroneal nerve. Acta Neurochir Suppl. 2005;92:69-70 pubmed
    ..Most of the patients were found to have myofascial pain syndrome (MPS). MPS patients "feel" entrapments more frequently than others not because of their specific pain tolerance but because they are more prone to develop them...
  79. Daigeler A, Drücke D, Tatar K, Homann H, Goertz O, Tilkorn D, et al. The pedicled gastrocnemius muscle flap: a review of 218 cases. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2009;123:250-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Data regarding donor-site morbidity, postoperative clinical course, and functional and aesthetic outcome after gastrocnemius muscle flaps are rare...
  80. Zheng Y, Wang L, Krupka T, Wang Z, Lu G, Zhang P, et al. The feasibility of using high frequency ultrasound to assess nerve ending neuropathy in patients with diabetic foot. Eur J Radiol. 2013;82:512-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The nerve ending problem is one of the major causes for diabetic feet. In this work, we explored the feasibilities of using high frequency ultrasound (US) in nerve ending problem evaluation for patients with diabetic foot...
  81. Irgit K, Cush G. Tendon transfers for peroneal nerve injuries in the multiple ligament injured knee. J Knee Surg. 2012;25:327-33 pubmed
    ..Tibialis posterior tendon transfer procedures have had acceptable success in allowing patients to return to ambulation without assistive device...
  82. Meirer R, Huemer G, Shafighi M, Kamelger F, Hussl H, Piza Katzer H. Sciatic nerve enlargement in the Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber syndrome. Br J Plast Surg. 2005;58:565-8 pubmed
    ..Although rare, a perineural lipoma should be kept in mind in patients with KTWS showing neurological abnormalities...
  83. Ogrin R, Darzins P, Khalil Z. Use of the sensory nerve stimulator to accelerate healing of a venous leg ulcer with sensory nerve dysfunction: a case study. Int Wound J. 2005;2:242-51 pubmed
    ..The observation that sensory nerve function improved provides support for the notion that improvement in healing is mediated by improved nerve function...
  84. Hatzitolios A, Savopoulos C, Ntaios G, Tsirogianni E, Baltatzi M, Apostolopoulou M, et al. Recurrent peripheral facial paresis may constitute the sole clinical manifestation in neuro-behcet disease. Neurologist. 2008;14:77 pubmed publisher
  85. Pirela Cruz M, Hansen U, Terreros D, Rossum A, West P. Interosseous nerve transfers for tibialis anterior muscle paralysis (foot drop): a human cadaver-based feasibility study. J Reconstr Microsurg. 2009;25:203-11 pubmed publisher
    ..A two-incision surgical approach using a fibular window (mobilizing a fibular segment after double osteotomy) and interosseous routing of the transfer is proposed...
  86. Kurita A, Yamamoto K. [Risk management in brachial plexus block]. Masui. 2011;60:1284-91 pubmed
    ..This review focuses on complications of brachial plexus block because it is the most popular peripheral nerve block...
  87. Mahlfeld K, Kayser R, Franke J. [Ultrasonographic visualization of a Baker-cyst as cause of a peroneal nerve palsy in a patient with rheumatoid arthritis]. Unfallchirurg. 2004;107:429-32 pubmed
    ..Ultrasonography is an excellent diagnostic procedure for easy, quick, and reliable differential diagnostic evaluation of a swelling within the popliteal fossa region...
  88. Gerard J, Lambart J. [An unusual foot drop: the fibular intraneural cyst]. Rev Med Brux. 2007;28:195-8 pubmed
    ..Echography and MRI are helpful in the detection of cysts of the knee. Surgical ablation of the cyst arising from the superior tibio-fibular joint is necessary for a good recovery...
  89. Bouche P, Seror R, Psimaras D, Seror P, Ebelin M. [Entrapment neuropathies involving the ulnar nerve at the wrist (and into the hand) and the peroneal nerve]. Rev Neurol (Paris). 2008;164:1073-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Recovery was often incomplete, because of the very marked initial axonal damage. We emphasized the need for rapid diagnosis and surgical treatment...
  90. Papoutsidakis A, Drosos G, Koukou O, Piskopakis N, Verettas D. Peroneal nerve damage by bicortical tibial screw in ACL reconstruction. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2010;18:794-6 pubmed publisher
  91. Mehling I, Lanz U, Prommersberger K, Fuhrmann R, van Schoonhoven J. [Transfer of the posterior tibialis tendon to restore an active dorsiflexion of the foot]. Handchir Mikrochir Plast Chir. 2012;44:29-34 pubmed publisher
    ..As it is known from the literature objective results were mostly fair, but there was a high degree of satisfaction among the patients...
  92. Akisue T, Matsumoto K, Yamamoto T, Kizaki T, Fujita I, Yoshiya S, et al. Neural fibrolipoma of the superficial peroneal nerve in the ankle: a case report with immunohistochemical analysis. Pathol Int. 2002;52:730-3 pubmed
    ..Neural fibrolipoma should be considered as a differential diagnosis when a lipomatous lesion is encountered in the foot or ankle as well as in the upper extremities...