neurologic gait disorders

Summary

Summary: Gait abnormalities that are a manifestation of nervous system dysfunction. These conditions may be caused by a wide variety of disorders which affect motor control, sensory feedback, and muscle strength including: CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES; or MUSCULAR DISEASES.

Top Publications

  1. Chee R, Murphy A, Danoudis M, Georgiou Karistianis N, Iansek R. Gait freezing in Parkinson's disease and the stride length sequence effect interaction. Brain. 2009;132:2151-60 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings support the possible dual requirement of a reduced step length and a successive step to step amplitude reduction to lead to FOG...
  2. Frazzitta G, Maestri R, Uccellini D, Bertotti G, Abelli P. Rehabilitation treatment of gait in patients with Parkinson's disease with freezing: a comparison between two physical therapy protocols using visual and auditory cues with or without treadmill training. Mov Disord. 2009;24:1139-43 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results suggest that treadmill training associated with auditory and visual cues might give better results than more conventional treatments. Treadmill training probably acts as a supplementary external cue...
  3. Rath S, Schreuders T, Selles R. Early postoperative active mobilisation versus immobilisation following tibialis posterior tendon transfer for foot-drop correction in patients with Hansen's disease. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2010;63:554-60 pubmed publisher
  4. Banala S, Kim S, Agrawal S, Scholz J. Robot assisted gait training with active leg exoskeleton (ALEX). IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng. 2009;17:2-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Improvement is seen as an increase in the size of the patients' gait pattern, increased knee and ankle joint excursions and increase in their walking speeds on the treadmill...
  5. Westlake K, Patten C. Pilot study of Lokomat versus manual-assisted treadmill training for locomotor recovery post-stroke. J Neuroeng Rehabil. 2009;6:18 pubmed publisher
  6. Vigasio A, Marcoccio I, Patelli A, Mattiuzzo V, Prestini G. New tendon transfer for correction of drop-foot in common peroneal nerve palsy. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2008;466:1454-66 pubmed publisher
  7. Patterson S, Rodgers M, Macko R, Forrester L. Effect of treadmill exercise training on spatial and temporal gait parameters in subjects with chronic stroke: a preliminary report. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2008;45:221-8 pubmed
    ..Interlimb symmetry did not change. This study presents preliminary evidence that changes in spatial and temporal gait parameters contribute to the increased velocity of subjects with stroke after T-EX...
  8. Regnaux J, Pradon D, Roche N, Robertson J, Bussel B, Dobkin B. Effects of loading the unaffected limb for one session of locomotor training on laboratory measures of gait in stroke. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2008;23:762-8 pubmed publisher
    ..We investigated changes in the walking movements of each lower extremity after weighting the unaffected leg...
  9. Banz R, Bolliger M, Colombo G, Dietz V, Lunenburger L. Computerized visual feedback: an adjunct to robotic-assisted gait training. Phys Ther. 2008;88:1135-45 pubmed publisher

More Information

Publications62

  1. Mirelman A, Bonato P, Deutsch J. Effects of training with a robot-virtual reality system compared with a robot alone on the gait of individuals after stroke. Stroke. 2009;40:169-74 pubmed publisher
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine whether the transfer of training of LE movements to locomotion was greater using a virtual environment coupled with a robot or with the robot alone...
  2. Giladi N, Tal J, Azulay T, Rascol O, Brooks D, Melamed E, et al. Validation of the freezing of gait questionnaire in patients with Parkinson's disease. Mov Disord. 2009;24:655-61 pubmed publisher
    ..1% using UPDRS item 14 (> or =1) (P < 0.001). FOG-Q was a reliable tool for the assessment of treatment intervention. FOG-Q item 3 was effective as a screening question for the presence of FOG...
  3. Banz R, Riener R, Lunenburger L, Bolliger M. Assessment of walking performance in robot-assisted gait training: a novel approach based on empirical data. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2008;2008:1977-80 pubmed publisher
    ..A higher correlation between the subjects' walking performance and biofeedback values was found for the EDBF method compared to a theory-based biofeedback approach...
  4. Lo A, Triche E. Improving gait in multiple sclerosis using robot-assisted, body weight supported treadmill training. Neurorehabil Neural Repair. 2008;22:661-71 pubmed publisher
    ..A promising outpatient intervention to help improve gait function with potential for addressing this treatment gap is task-repetitive gait training...
  5. Okuma Y, Yanagisawa N. The clinical spectrum of freezing of gait in Parkinson's disease. Mov Disord. 2008;23 Suppl 2:S426-30 pubmed publisher
    ..Careful observation and gait pattern analysis may lead to a successful management of individual PD patients with FOG...
  6. Hornby T, Campbell D, Kahn J, Demott T, Moore J, Roth H. Enhanced gait-related improvements after therapist- versus robotic-assisted locomotor training in subjects with chronic stroke: a randomized controlled study. Stroke. 2008;39:1786-92 pubmed publisher
    ..Robotic devices that provide consistent symmetrical assistance have been developed to facilitate LT, although their effectiveness in improving locomotor ability has not been well established...
  7. Plotnik M, Giladi N, Hausdorff J. Bilateral coordination of walking and freezing of gait in Parkinson's disease. Eur J Neurosci. 2008;27:1999-2006 pubmed publisher
    ..Poor bilateral coordination of walking may predispose to FOG, especially during challenging tasks that demand a high degree of left-right coordination...
  8. Gannotti M, Gorton G, Nahorniak M, Masso P. Walking abilities of young adults with cerebral palsy: changes after multilevel surgery and adolescence. Gait Posture. 2010;32:46-52 pubmed publisher
    ..After SEMLS, walking abilities in young adulthood were comparable to pre-operative status. A decline in walking abilities was not observed from adolescence to young adulthood...
  9. Tanner C, Ross G, Jewell S, Hauser R, Jankovic J, Factor S, et al. Occupation and risk of parkinsonism: a multicenter case-control study. Arch Neurol. 2009;66:1106-13 pubmed publisher
    ..We examined risk of parkinsonism in occupations (agriculture, education, health care, welding, and mining) and toxicant exposures (solvents and pesticides) putatively associated with parkinsonism...
  10. Sieg P, Taner C, Hakim S, Jacobsen H. Long-term evaluation of donor site morbidity after free fibula transfer. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2010;48:267-70 pubmed publisher
    ..We were not able to identify any risk factors for the development of long-term malfunction...
  11. Park M, Chung C, Lee S, Choi I, Cho T, Yoo W, et al. Effects of distal hamstring lengthening on sagittal motion in patients with diplegia: hamstring length and its clinical use. Gait Posture. 2009;30:487-91 pubmed publisher
    ..Modeled hamstring length is believed to have limited validity in patients with cerebral palsy, because it does not reflect knee kinematics or postoperative change when DHL was combined with multilevel surgery...
  12. Cantiniaux S, Vaugoyeau M, Robert D, Horrelou Pitek C, Mancini J, Witjas T, et al. Comparative analysis of gait and speech in Parkinson's disease: hypokinetic or dysrhythmic disorders?. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2010;81:177-84 pubmed publisher
    ..Similar fundamental hypokinetic impairment and probably a similar rhythmic factor similarly affected the patients' speech and gait. These results suggest a similar physiopathological process in both walking and speaking dysfunction...
  13. Miyakoshi N, Abe E, Suzuki T, Kido T, Chiba M, Shimada Y. Spine-shortening vertebral osteotomy for tethered cord syndrome: report of three cases. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2009;34:E823-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Retrospective case series...
  14. Assaiante C, Chabrol B. [Developmental and locomotor disorders in children]. Rev Neurol (Paris). 2010;166:149-57 pubmed publisher
    ..The last part of this paper is devoted to the possible responses that can be proposed for gait and balance disorders occurring during childhood...
  15. Thoppil D, Ali M, Jain N, Kamboj S, Subramaniam P, Lopez F. Clinical case of the month. A 29-year-old man with acute onset blurry vision, weakness, and gait abnormality. Stroke. J La State Med Soc. 2009;161:308-10, 312 pubmed
    ..A complete resolution of symptoms occurred by the third hospital day. The patient was discharged on full dose aspirin and a statin and was referred for consideration of enrollment in a PFO closure versus medical management trial...
  16. Balasubramanian C, Neptune R, Kautz S. Foot placement in a body reference frame during walking and its relationship to hemiparetic walking performance. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2010;25:483-90 pubmed publisher
    ..The purpose of this study was to quantify foot placement patterns relative to body post-stroke and investigate its relationship to hemiparetic walking performance...
  17. Schrock L, Ostrem J. A child with progressive dystonia, dysarthria, and spasticity. Rev Neurol Dis. 2010;7:32-3; discussion 39-42 pubmed
    ..Diagnostic strategies focus on the use of neuroimaging and genetic testing to help establish the underlying diagnosis. Therapeutic options are also discussed...
  18. Kohnomi S, Suemaru K, Kawasaki H, Choshi T, Hibino S, Araki H. [Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors are possible therapeutic targets for schizophrenia]. Yakugaku Zasshi. 2009;129:197-201 pubmed
    ..The dopaminergic systems involved in alpha7 nAChR may be different from the systems involved in stereotypy. In addition, this review describes the effects of the alpha7 nicotinic receptor agonists...
  19. Migita K, Ueda Nakata R, Masuda T, Miyashita T, Koga T, Izumi Y, et al. Macrophagic myofascitis associated with rheumatoid arthritis. Rheumatol Int. 2010;30:987-9 pubmed publisher
    ..MMF is known to be associated with vaccination containing aluminum. However, our case was not related to aluminum containing vaccinations and etiologies are unknown. The possible link needs to be discussed...
  20. Palla A, Schmid Priscoveanu A, Studer A, Hess K, Straumann D. Deficient high-acceleration vestibular function in patients with polyneuropathy. Neurology. 2009;72:2009-13 pubmed publisher
    ..Unsteadiness during standing and walking is a frequent complaint of patients with polyneuropathy (PNP)...
  21. Ngo L, Latham N, Jette A, Soukup J, Iezzoni L. Use of physical and occupational therapy by Medicare beneficiaries within five conditions: 1994-2001. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2009;88:308-21 pubmed publisher
    ..To examine the use of physical therapy and occupational therapy among Medicare beneficiaries nationwide before and after the 1997 Balanced Budget Act, which introduced prospective payment for rehabilitation services...
  22. Westwell M, Ounpuu S, DeLuca P. Effects of orthopedic intervention in adolescents and young adults with cerebral palsy. Gait Posture. 2009;30:201-6 pubmed publisher
    ..01), (5) a reduction in excessive hip flexion during terminal stance was found in those patients with psoas lengthening (n=8 sides, preop=18+/-21 degrees, postop=9+/-19 degrees, p=0.04)...
  23. O Donovan K, Greene B, McGrath D, O Neill R, Burns A, Caulfield B. SHIMMER: A new tool for temporal gait analysis. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2009;2009:3826-9 pubmed publisher
    ..0087, 0.0044 and -0.0061 seconds respectively. These results suggest that the SHIMMER is a versatile cost effective tool for use in temporal gait analysis...
  24. Lee H, Hwang S, Cho S, Lee D, You S, Lee K, et al. Novel algorithm for the hemiplegic gait evaluation using a single 3-axis accelerometer. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2009;2009:3964-6 pubmed publisher
    ..90 to 0.99 for patients and ranged from 0.92 to 0.99 for normal subjects. The results showed that the novel algorithm is very useful for estimating not only hemiplegic gait but also normal gait...
  25. Rigoldi C, Galli M, Condoluci C, Carducci F, Onorati P, Albertini G. Gait analysis and cerebral volumes in Down's syndrome. Funct Neurol. 2009;24:147-52 pubmed
    ..An evaluation of high-level motor deficits, reflected in a lack or partial lack of proximal functions, is important in order to define a correct rehabilitation programme...
  26. Fuhrmann R, Wagner A. [Dorsal release of the ankle with transfer of the posterior tibial tendon in patients with paralytic drop foot]. Oper Orthop Traumatol. 2009;21:533-44 pubmed publisher
    ..Realignment of a fixed drop foot to restore gait pattern...
  27. Slavens B, Sturm P, Bajournaite R, Harris G. Upper extremity dynamics during Lofstrand crutch-assisted gait in children with myelomeningocele. Gait Posture. 2009;30:511-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Accurate quantitative assessment is essential for preventing injury in long-term crutch users. This study has potential for improving clinical intervention strategies and therapeutic planning of ambulation for children with MM...
  28. Santiago J, Rosas O, Torrado A, Gonzalez M, Kalyan Masih P, Miranda J. Molecular, anatomical, physiological, and behavioral studies of rats treated with buprenorphine after spinal cord injury. J Neurotrauma. 2009;26:1783-93 pubmed publisher
    ..05, n = 6). These results show that buprenorphine (0.05 mg/kg) can be used as part of the postoperative care to reduce pain after SCI without affecting behavioral, physiological, or anatomical parameters...
  29. Devos D. Patient profile, indications, efficacy and safety of duodenal levodopa infusion in advanced Parkinson's disease. Mov Disord. 2009;24:993-1000 pubmed publisher
    ..Technical problems were commonplace. Duodenal levodopa infusion seems to be an effective last-line therapy for motor complications in Parkinson's disease. Hence, technical improvements and earlier introduction should be considered...
  30. Rath S, Schreuders T, Stam H, Hovius S, Selles R. Early active motion versus immobilization after tendon transfer for foot drop deformity: a randomized clinical trial. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2010;468:2477-84 pubmed publisher
    ..Immobilization after tendon transfers has been the conventional postoperative management. Several recent studies suggest early mobilization does not increase tendon pullout...
  31. Beaman C, Peterson C, Neptune R, Kautz S. Differences in self-selected and fastest-comfortable walking in post-stroke hemiparetic persons. Gait Posture. 2010;31:311-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, the individual kinetic mechanisms used to increase speed could not be predicted from PSR or PP...
  32. Laforet P, Doppler V, Caillaud C, Laloui K, Claeys K, Richard P, et al. Rigid spine syndrome revealing late-onset Pompe disease. Neuromuscul Disord. 2010;20:128-30 pubmed publisher
  33. Murr N, Murman D, Madhavan D. A case of progressive ataxia followed by cognitive and behavioral changes. Rev Neurol Dis. 2010;7:34-6; discussion 43-4 pubmed
    ..The patient presented to our institution 1 month later, with progressive gait difficulty and truncal instability over a 2-week period...
  34. Díaz Allegue M, González Bardanca S, Pato López O, Abeledo Fernández M, Rama Maceiras P. [Epidural anesthesia in labor and conversion disorder]. Rev Esp Anestesiol Reanim. 2009;56:312-4 pubmed
    ..Symptoms are not feigned and cannot be ascribed to a medical disease, the effects of a toxic substance, or culturally normal behavior, yet there is significant clinical, social, and occupational deterioration...
  35. Chang M, Hung W, Liao Y, Lee Y, Hsieh P. Eye of the tiger-like MRI in parkinsonian variant of multiple system atrophy. J Neural Transm (Vienna). 2009;116:861-6 pubmed publisher
  36. McAuley J, Daly P, Curtis C. A preliminary investigation of a novel design of visual cue glasses that aid gait in Parkinson's disease. Clin Rehabil. 2009;23:687-95 pubmed publisher
    ..We piloted the potential benefit of simple custom-designed 'walking glasses' worn by the patient that provide visual and auditory cues to aid in step placement...
  37. De Nunzio A, Grasso M, Nardone A, Godi M, Schieppati M. Alternate rhythmic vibratory stimulation of trunk muscles affects walking cadence and velocity in Parkinson's disease. Clin Neurophysiol. 2010;121:240-7 pubmed publisher
    ..This event might be potentially exploited for improving gait in these patients. Here, we tested this hypothesis by applying alternate muscle vibration during walking in PD...
  38. Duschau Wicke A, von Zitzewitz J, Caprez A, Lunenburger L, Riener R. Path control: a method for patient-cooperative robot-aided gait rehabilitation. IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng. 2010;18:38-48 pubmed publisher
    ..A majority of iSCI subjects was able to actively control their gait timing. Thus, the strategy allows patients to train walking while being helped rather than controlled by the robot...
  39. Nascimbeni A, Gaffuri A, Penno A, Tavoni M. Dual task interference during gait in patients with unilateral vestibular disorders. J Neuroeng Rehabil. 2010;7:47 pubmed publisher
    ..This study investigated DT interference during gait in a middle-aged group of subjects with dizziness and unsteadiness after unilateral vestibular neuronitis and in a healthy control group...
  40. Rethlefsen S, Lening C, Wren T, Kay R. Excessive hip flexion during gait in patients with static encephalopathy: an examination of contributing factors. J Pediatr Orthop. 2010;30:562-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine the contributors to excessive hip flexion during gait in children with cerebral palsy, with and without hip flexion contractures...
  41. Jayaram G, Stinear J. The effects of transcranial stimulation on paretic lower limb motor excitability during walking. J Clin Neurophysiol. 2009;26:272-9 pubmed publisher
  42. Jung R, Belanger A, Kanchiku T, Fairchild M, Abbas J. Neuromuscular stimulation therapy after incomplete spinal cord injury promotes recovery of interlimb coordination during locomotion. J Neural Eng. 2009;6:055010 pubmed publisher
    ..These results suggest that NMES techniques could provide an effective therapeutic tool for neuromotor treatment following iSCI...
  43. Srikanth V, Phan T, Chen J, Beare R, Stapleton J, Reutens D. The location of white matter lesions and gait--a voxel-based study. Ann Neurol. 2010;67:265-9 pubmed publisher
    ..WMLs probably contribute to age-related gait decline by disconnecting motor networks served by these tracts...
  44. Shprecher D, Flanigan K, Smith A, Smith S, Schenkenberg T, Steffens J. Clinical and diagnostic features of delayed hypoxic leukoencephalopathy. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2008;20:473-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The authors describe clinical and diagnostic features of three such cases, review the pathophysiology of delayed hypoxic leukoencephalopathy, and discuss features which may help distinguish it from toxic leukoencephalopathy...
  45. Christensen T, Bülow J, Simonsen L, Holstein P, Svendsen O. Bone mineral density in diabetes mellitus patients with and without a Charcot foot. Clin Physiol Funct Imaging. 2010;30:130-4 pubmed publisher
    ..To measure bone mineral density in patients with diabetes mellitus and the complication Charcot osteoarthropathy (CA)...
  46. McGee M, Reese N. Immediate effects of a hippotherapy session on gait parameters in children with spastic cerebral palsy. Pediatr Phys Ther. 2009;21:212-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine the immediate effects of a hippotherapy session on temporal and spatial gait parameters in children with spastic cerebral palsy (CP)...
  47. Kocabas H, Salli A, Demir A, Ozerbil O. Comparison of phenol and alcohol neurolysis of tibial nerve motor branches to the gastrocnemius muscle for treatment of spastic foot after stroke: a randomized controlled pilot study. Eur J Phys Rehabil Med. 2010;46:5-10 pubmed
    ..The aim of this paper was to determine whether the injection of alcohol or phenol into the tibialis posterior nerve relive the symptoms and signs of ankle plantar flexor spasticity...
  48. Conliffe T, Dholakia M, Broyer Z. Herpes zoster radiculopathy treated with fluoroscopically-guided selective nerve root injection. Pain Physician. 2009;12:851-3 pubmed
    ..Reactivation of latent virus within the dorsal root ganglion and axoplasmic transport to epithelial nerve terminals causes the segmental cutaneous rash and neuralgic pain characteristic of herpes zoster...
  49. Horak F, Wrisley D, Frank J. The Balance Evaluation Systems Test (BESTest) to differentiate balance deficits. Phys Ther. 2009;89:484-98 pubmed publisher
    ..By identifying the disordered systems underlying balance control, therapists can direct specific types of intervention for different types of balance problems...
  50. Benninger D, Michel J, Waldvogel D, Candia V, Poryazova R, van Hedel H, et al. REM sleep behavior disorder is not linked to postural instability and gait dysfunction in Parkinson. Mov Disord. 2010;25:1597-604 pubmed publisher
    ..RBD was not associated with any particular motor phenotype. We found no association of RBD with gait disturbances and postural impairment. Human gait and postural control and RBD appear to depend upon different neuronal circuits...
  51. Vitório R, Pieruccini Faria F, Stella F, Gobbi S, Gobbi L. Effects of obstacle height on obstacle crossing in mild Parkinson's disease. Gait Posture. 2010;31:143-6 pubmed publisher
    ..699, P=0.005) over the obstacle. Leading limbs were closer to the obstacle, before and after crossing. Thus PD hypokinesia compromises the approach and crossing phases of obstacle negotiation...
  52. Walsh P, Grange C, Beale N. Anaesthetic management of an obstetric patient with idiopathic acute transverse myelitis. Int J Obstet Anesth. 2010;19:98-101 pubmed publisher
    ..Further complicating issues with this patient included psychotic depression and new-onset neuropathic pain on a background of chronic pain symptoms...
  53. Gobbi L, Oliveira Ferreira M, Caetano M, Lirani Silva E, Barbieri F, Stella F, et al. Exercise programs improve mobility and balance in people with Parkinson's disease. Parkinsonism Relat Disord. 2009;15 Suppl 3:S49-52 pubmed publisher
    ..There were no differences between groups in either mobility or balance results. Both the intensive and adaptive exercise programs improved balance and mobility in patients with PD...