strabismus

Summary

Summary: Misalignment of the visual axes of the eyes. In comitant strabismus the degree of ocular misalignment does not vary with the direction of gaze. In noncomitant strabismus the degree of misalignment varies depending on direction of gaze or which eye is fixating on the target. (Miller, Walsh & Hoyt's Clinical Neuro-Ophthalmology, 4th ed, p641)

Top Publications

  1. Tonelli E, de Almeida H, Bambirra E. Tissue adhesives for a sutureless fadenoperation: an experimental study in a rabbit model. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2004;45:4340-5 pubmed
    ..n-Butyl-2-cyanoacrylate adhesive performed best in the sutureless Fadenoperation, characterized by precision in the expected distance of myopexy, sufficient resistance to separation, and acceptable inflammatory reaction. ..
  2. Vanderveen D, Bremer D, Fellows R, Hardy R, Neely D, Palmer E, et al. Prevalence and course of strabismus through age 6 years in participants of the Early Treatment for Retinopathy of Prematurity randomized trial. J AAPOS. 2011;15:536-40 pubmed publisher
    To present strabismus data for children who participated in the Early Treatment for Retinopathy of Prematurity (ETROP) randomized trial.
  3. Graeber C, Hunter D, Engle E. The genetic basis of incomitant strabismus: consolidation of the current knowledge of the genetic foundations of disease. Semin Ophthalmol. 2013;28:427-37 pubmed publisher
    In recent years, our understanding of the genetic foundations of incomitant strabismus has grown significantly...
  4. Fujiike K, Mizuno Y, Hiratsuka Y, Yamada M. Quality of life and cost-utility assessment after strabismus surgery in adults. Jpn J Ophthalmol. 2011;55:268-276 pubmed publisher
    To understand the functional and psychosocial aspects of strabismus surgery, an evaluation based on the patient's perspective is essential...
  5. Zhang M, Hutchinson A, Drack A, Cleveland J, Lambert S. Improved ocular alignment with adjustable sutures in adults undergoing strabismus surgery. Ophthalmology. 2012;119:396-402 pubmed publisher
    To assess whether outcomes of strabismus surgery are improved by using the adjustable suture technique and to determine which subgroups of strabismus patients benefit most from the adjustable suture technique.
  6. Hancox J, Sharma S, Mackenzie K, Adams G. The effect on quality of life of long-term botulinum toxin A injections to maintain ocular alignment in adult patients with strabismus. Br J Ophthalmol. 2012;96:838-40 pubmed publisher
    There is considerable evidence to show that strabismus patients report their quality of life (QoL) as lower than normal controls...
  7. Dickmann A, Aliberti S, Rebecchi M, Aprile I, Salerni A, Petroni S, et al. Improved sensory status and quality-of-life measures in adult patients after strabismus surgery. J AAPOS. 2013;17:25-8 pubmed publisher
    ..the change in sensory status and quality-of-life measures in adults with long-standing childhood-onset constant strabismus. Consecutive patients with childhood-onset, long-term constant strabismus were enrolled...
  8. McKean Cowdin R, Cotter S, Tarczy Hornoch K, Wen G, Kim J, Borchert M, et al. Prevalence of amblyopia or strabismus in asian and non-Hispanic white preschool children: multi-ethnic pediatric eye disease study. Ophthalmology. 2013;120:2117-24 pubmed publisher
    To determine the age- and race-specific prevalence of amblyopia in Asian and non-Hispanic white children aged 30 to 72 months and of strabismus in children aged 6 to 72 months.
  9. Chia A, Lin X, Dirani M, Gazzard G, Ramamurthy D, Quah B, et al. Risk factors for strabismus and amblyopia in young Singapore Chinese children. Ophthalmic Epidemiol. 2013;20:138-47 pubmed publisher
    To determine the risk factors for strabismus and amblyopia in young Singapore Chinese children...

More Information

Publications61

  1. Legrand A, Quoc E, Vacher S, Ribot J, Lebas N, Milleret C, et al. Postural control in children with strabismus: effect of eye surgery. Neurosci Lett. 2011;501:96-101 pubmed publisher
    The purpose of this study was to examine the postural control in children with strabismus before and after eye surgery. Control of posture is a complex multi-sensorial process relying on visual, vestibular and proprioceptive systems...
  2. Maconachie G, Gottlob I, McLean R. Risk factors and genetics in common comitant strabismus: a systematic review of the literature. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2013;131:1179-86 pubmed publisher
    Understanding the development of common strabismus is important in locating "at-risk" populations and implementing optimal treatment...
  3. Xu J, Yu X, Huang Y, Chen J, Yu H, Wang Y, et al. The psychosocial effects of strabismus before and after surgical correction in Chinese adolescents and adults. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 2012;49:170-5 pubmed publisher
    To evaluate the psychosocial problems associated with strabismus and the effects of corrective surgery in Chinese adolescents and adults with strabismus...
  4. Golnik K, Motley W, Atilla H, Pilling R, Reddy A, Sharma P, et al. The ophthalmology surgical competency assessment rubric for strabismus surgery. J AAPOS. 2012;16:318-21 pubmed publisher
    To produce an internationally valid tool to assess skill in performing strabismus surgery...
  5. Niechwiej Szwedo E, Chandrakumar M, Goltz H, Wong A. Effects of strabismic amblyopia and strabismus without amblyopia on visuomotor behavior, I: saccadic eye movements. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2012;53:7458-68 pubmed publisher
    ..It has previously been shown that anisometropic amblyopia affects the programming and execution of saccades. The aim of the current study was to investigate the impact of strabismic amblyopia on saccade performance...
  6. Chen J, Jia J, Liu T, Qin M, Li W. Comparison of the effects of dexmedetomidine, ketamine, and placebo on emergence agitation after strabismus surgery in children. Can J Anaesth. 2013;60:385-92 pubmed publisher
    Children undergoing strabismus surgery under sevoflurane anesthesia often experience emergence agitation (EA) and postoperative vomiting (POV)...
  7. Jackson S, Morris M, Gleeson K. The long-term psychosocial impact of corrective surgery for adults with strabismus. Br J Ophthalmol. 2013;97:419-22 pubmed publisher
    Long-term assessments of the impact of strabismus surgery in adults are rare and very limited in focus. Consequently, this study was designed to consider the psychosocial status of adults a minimum of 1 year after surgery...
  8. Koc F, Erten Y, Yurdakul N. Does restoration of binocular vision make any difference in the quality of life in adult strabismus. Br J Ophthalmol. 2013;97:1425-30 pubmed publisher
    To report the effect of restoration of binocular functions in adult strabismus on the health-related quality of life (HRQOL)...
  9. Rosenberg J, Tepper O, Medow N. Strabismus in craniosynostosis. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 2013;50:140-8 pubmed publisher
    b>Strabismus is common in craniosynostosis, with rates from 39% to 90.9% in Crouzon, Apert, Pfeiffer, and Saethre-Chotzen syndromes...
  10. Nihalani B, Hunter D. Adjustable suture strabismus surgery. Eye (Lond). 2011;25:1262-76 pubmed publisher
    Surgical management of strabismus remains a challenge because surgical success rates, short-term and long-term, are not ideal...
  11. Hatt S, Leske D, Liebermann L, Holmes J. Changes in health-related quality of life 1 year following strabismus surgery. Am J Ophthalmol. 2012;153:614-9 pubmed publisher
    To report changes in health-related quality of life (HRQOL) 1 year following strabismus surgery. Retrospective cohort study...
  12. Silbert A, Matta N, Silbert D. Incidence of strabismus and amblyopia in preverbal children previously diagnosed with pseudoesotropia. J AAPOS. 2012;16:118-9 pubmed publisher
    To determine how frequently children diagnosed with pseudoesotropia before 3 years of age are later found to have true strabismus or amblyopia.
  13. Ghasia F, Brunstrom Hernandez J, Tychsen L. Repair of strabismus and binocular fusion in children with cerebral palsy: gross motor function classification scale. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011;52:7664-71 pubmed publisher
    Children with cerebral palsy (CP) tend to be either excluded from studies of strabismus repair or pooled with children who have other neurologic disorders...
  14. Hatt S, Leske D, Bradley E, Cole S, Holmes J. Development of a quality-of-life questionnaire for adults with strabismus. Ophthalmology. 2009;116:139-144.e5 pubmed publisher
    ..the development of a patient-derived, health-related quality-of-life (HRQOL) questionnaire for adults with strabismus. Cross-sectional study...
  15. Kowal L, Wong E, Yahalom C. Botulinum toxin in the treatment of strabismus. A review of its use and effects. Disabil Rehabil. 2007;29:1823-31 pubmed
    ..The first clinical applications of Botulinum Toxin type A (BT-A) were for the treatment of strabismus and for periocular spasms...
  16. Darakshan A, Amitava A. Cut and paste: a novel method of re-attaching rectus muscles with cyanoacrylate during recessions in strabismus. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2010;58:395-8 pubmed publisher
    ..evaluated the suitability and bio-tolerance of iso-amyl cyanoacrylate in rectus muscle recession surgery for strabismus. We randomized one eye in each of 10 cases of bilateral horizontal rectus recessions to 6/0 polyglactin and the ..
  17. Espinoza G, Lueder G. Conjunctival pyogenic granulomas after strabismus surgery. Ophthalmology. 2005;112:1283-6 pubmed
    To measure the incidence and evaluate treatment of pyogenic granulomas after strabismus surgery. Retrospective observational case series. Four hundred seventy-nine strabismus surgical patients...
  18. Wang Z, Dell Osso L, Tomsak R, Jacobs J. Combining recessions (nystagmus and strabismus) with tenotomy improved visual function and decreased oscillopsia and diplopia in acquired downbeat nystagmus and in horizontal infantile nystagmus syndrome. J AAPOS. 2007;11:135-41 pubmed
    ..To investigate the effects of combined tenotomy and recession procedures on both acquired downbeat nystagmus and horizontal infantile nystagmus...
  19. Brodsky M. Visuo-vestibular eye movements: infantile strabismus in 3 dimensions. Arch Ophthalmol. 2005;123:837-42 pubmed
    Infantile strabismus is accompanied by latent nystagmus, primary inferior oblique muscle overaction, and dissociated vertical divergence...
  20. Han S, Guo Y, Granger Donetti B, Vicci V, Alvarez T. Quantification of heterophoria and phoria adaptation using an automated objective system compared to clinical methods. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt. 2010;30:95-107 pubmed publisher
    ..The broader aim of this research is to establish a tool that will further the basic science of oculomotor control and binocular dysfunctions. ..
  21. Hatt S, Leske D, Bradley E, Cole S, Holmes J. Comparison of quality-of-life instruments in adults with strabismus. Am J Ophthalmol. 2009;148:558-62 pubmed publisher
    To compare two health-related quality-of-life (HRQOL) questionnaires in adults with strabismus: the new 20-item Adult Strabismus (AS-20) questionnaire (developed specifically for Adult Strabismus) and the 25-item National Eye Institute ..
  22. Stanković B, Stojkovic M, Vlajkovic G, Zdravković I, Risovic D. Long-term outcome of strabismus and ptosis surgery in a mother and daughter with congenital fibrosis of extraocular muscles. Vojnosanit Pregl. 2006;63:835-8 pubmed
    ..The aim of this report was to describe a severe, atypical, exposure-induced corneal stromal lysis in two patients...
  23. Carlton J, Kaltenthaler E. Health-related quality of life measures (HRQoL) in patients with amblyopia and strabismus: a systematic review. Br J Ophthalmol. 2011;95:325-30 pubmed publisher
    ..have been developed and applied in ophthalmology; however, their use in the specific fields of amblyopia and strabismus are not as established...
  24. Godeiro K, Kirsch D, Tabuse M, Cronemberger M. Yamada's surgery for treatment of myopic strabismus fixus. Int Ophthalmol. 2009;29:305-8 pubmed publisher
    Myopic strabismus fixus is characterized by acquired progressive esotropia and hypotropia associated with restricted elevation and abduction. Treatment is difficult, with recurrence of the large-angle esotropia even after surgery...
  25. Kowal L, Yahalom C, Shuey N. Chiari 1 malformation presenting as strabismus. Binocul Vis Strabismus Q. 2006;21:18-26 pubmed
    b>Strabismus has been previously reported as a rare presenting feature of the Type 1 Chiari malformation.
  26. Aouad M, Yazbeck Karam V, Nasr V, El Khatib M, Kanazi G, Bleik J. A single dose of propofol at the end of surgery for the prevention of emergence agitation in children undergoing strabismus surgery during sevoflurane anesthesia. Anesthesiology. 2007;107:733-8 pubmed
    ..The authors compared the incidence and severity of emergence agitation in children who received a single dose of propofol at the end of strabismus surgery versus children who received saline.
  27. Kim E, Granger Donetti B, Vicci V, Alvarez T. The relationship between phoria and the ratio of convergence peak velocity to divergence peak velocity. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2010;51:4017-27 pubmed publisher
    ..Future oculomotor models of vergence should incorporate phoria within the design. ..
  28. Kovac A. Management of postoperative nausea and vomiting in children. Paediatr Drugs. 2007;9:47-69 pubmed
    ..The two most common emetogenic surgical procedures evaluated in children are strabismus repair and adenotonsillectomy...
  29. Shaaban S, Matsuo T, Fujiwara H, Itoshima E, Furuse T, Hasebe S, et al. Chromosomes 4q28.3 and 7q31.2 as new susceptibility loci for comitant strabismus. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2009;50:654-61 pubmed publisher
    This study was designed to localize chromosomal susceptibility loci for comitant strabismus among Japanese families by genome-wide linkage analyses...
  30. Alvarez T, Vicci V, Alkan Y, Kim E, Gohel S, Barrett A, et al. Vision therapy in adults with convergence insufficiency: clinical and functional magnetic resonance imaging measures. Optom Vis Sci. 2010;87:E985-1002 pubmed publisher
    ..Vision therapy was associated with and may have evoked clinical and cortical activity changes. ..
  31. Yekta A, Fotouhi A, Hashemi H, Dehghani C, Ostadimoghaddam H, Heravian J, et al. The prevalence of anisometropia, amblyopia and strabismus in schoolchildren of Shiraz, Iran. Strabismus. 2010;18:104-10 pubmed publisher
    To determine the prevalence of amblyopia, anisometropia, and strabismus in schoolchildren of Shiraz, Iran.
  32. Chhabra A, Pandey R, Khandelwal M, Subramaniam R, Gupta S. Anesthetic techniques and postoperative emesis in pediatric strabismus surgery. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2005;30:43-7 pubmed
    Postoperative emesis after pediatric strabismus surgery continues to be a problem, despite the use of antiemetics...
  33. Guo S, Wagner R, Gewirtz M, Maxwell D, Pokorny K, Tutela A, et al. Diplopia and strabismus following ocular surgeries. Surv Ophthalmol. 2010;55:335-58 pubmed publisher
    Postoperative diplopia and strabismus may result from a variety of ocular surgical procedures...
  34. Engle E. The genetic basis of complex strabismus. Pediatr Res. 2006;59:343-8 pubmed
    ..my research laboratory combine clinical, genetic, and molecular biologic approaches to the study of congenital strabismus. Strabismus, which is misalignment of the eyes, affects 2-4% of the population and causes loss of binocular ..
  35. Matheron E, Kapoula Z. Vertical phoria and postural control in upright stance in healthy young subjects. Clin Neurophysiol. 2008;119:2314-20 pubmed publisher
    ..Vertical phoria could perhaps indicate the capacity of the central nervous system to integrate optimally proprioceptive cues. ..
  36. Khan A, Shinwari J, Abu Dhaim N, Khalil D, Al Sharif L, Al Tassan N. Potential linkage of different phenotypic forms of childhood strabismus to a recessive susceptibility locus (16p13.12-p12.3). Mol Vis. 2011;17:971-6 pubmed
    To perform linkage analysis on an inbred family with members who exhibit different phenotypic forms of childhood strabismus. Prospective clinical examination and linkage analysis...
  37. Li J, Thompson B, Lam C, Deng D, Chan L, Maehara G, et al. The role of suppression in amblyopia. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011;52:4169-76 pubmed publisher
    ..under conditions of variable interocular contrast, the degree of suppression in 43 amblyopic patients with strabismus, anisometropia, or a combination of both was quantified...
  38. Doble J, Feinberg D, Rosner M, Rosner A. Identification of binocular vision dysfunction (vertical heterophoria) in traumatic brain injury patients and effects of individualized prismatic spectacle lenses in the treatment of postconcussive symptoms: a retrospective analysis. PM R. 2010;2:244-53 pubmed publisher
    ..8% decrease in subjective symptom burden and a relative reduction in VHS-Q score of 48.1%. It appears that vertical heterophoria can be acquired from TBI. ..
  39. Casillas Casillas E, Rosenfield M. Comparison of subjective heterophoria testing with a phoropter and trial frame. Optom Vis Sci. 2006;83:237-41 pubmed
    ..Accordingly, we recommend that subjective measurements of heterophoria in the clinical setting can best be quantified using either the MR or MT techniques in free space. ..
  40. Beauchamp G. Chronic amblyopia and strabismus in children. Arch Ophthalmol. 2007;125:821-2 pubmed
  41. Leone J, Koklanis K, Georgievski Z, Wilkinson R. Macular and retinal nerve fibre layer thickness in strabismus and anisometropic amblyopia. Binocul Vis Strabismus Q. 2008;23:227-34 pubmed
    ..This review summarises the recent literature in this area and discusses various issues relating to this research. ..
  42. Mets M, Beauchamp C, Haldi B. Binocularity following surgical correction of strabismus in adults. J AAPOS. 2004;8:435-8 pubmed
    ..to determine the pre- and postoperative binocular status of adults who have undergone surgical correction of strabismus. A list of all consecutive adult patients who underwent surgery for strabismus between June 1990 and December ..
  43. Nilsson J. The burden of amblyopia and strabismus: justification of treatment and screening revisited. Arch Ophthalmol. 2008;126:143-5; author reply 145-6 pubmed publisher
  44. Trager M, Dirani M, Fan Q, Gazzard G, Selvaraj P, Chia A, et al. Testability of vision and refraction in preschoolers: the strabismus, amblyopia, and refractive error study in singaporean children. Am J Ophthalmol. 2009;148:235-241.e6 pubmed publisher
    ..Preschool children in older age groups are likely to complete these tests successfully, with important implications for determining age limits for screening in the community and clinic. ..
  45. Al Bagdady M, Stewart R, Watts P, Murphy P, Woodhouse J. Bifocals and Down's syndrome: correction or treatment?. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt. 2009;29:416-21 pubmed publisher
    ..commencement, age at bifocal prescription, gender, type of refractive error, visual acuity and the presence of strabismus were examined to evaluate their contribution to accommodation improvement...
  46. Scott A, Miller J, Shieh K. Treating strabismus by injecting the agonist muscle with bupivacaine and the antagonist with botulinum toxin. Trans Am Ophthalmol Soc. 2009;107:104-9 pubmed
    ..BUP) and botulinum toxin (BT) into agonist and antagonist muscles, respectively, to treat horizontal strabismus. We treated both horizontal muscles of 7 patients with comitant horizontal strabismus, 2 patients with partial ..
  47. Hatt S, Leske D, Holmes J. Responsiveness of health-related quality-of-life questionnaires in adults undergoing Strabismus surgery. Ophthalmology. 2010;117:2322-2328.e1 pubmed publisher
    To evaluate the responsiveness of 2 health-related quality-of-life (HRQOL) questionnaires, the Adult Strabismus-20 (AS-20) and National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire-25 (VFQ-25), to changes in HRQOL after strabismus surgery...
  48. Leske D, Hatt S, Holmes J. Test-retest reliability of health-related quality-of-life questionnaires in adults with strabismus. Am J Ophthalmol. 2010;149:672-6 pubmed publisher
    To report the test-retest variability of two health-related quality-of-life instruments: the new Adult Strabismus 20 (AS-20) and the National Eye Institute 25-item Visual Function Questionnaire (NEI VFQ-25), in adults with strabismus...
  49. Ameri A, Jafari A, Anvari F, Ahadzadeghan I, Rajabi M. A new modfied anchored suspension-recession (so-called "hang-back" technique for high risk strabismus surgery. Binocul Vis Strabismus Q. 2010;25:21-30 pubmed
    ..To intruduce a new method for rectus muscle recession in order to minimize the riSk of a lost or slipped muscle and scleral perforation and compare it with the conventional method...
  50. Beauchamp G, Black B, Coats D, Enzenauer R, Hutchinson A, Saunders R, et al. The management of strabismus in adults--III. The effects on disability. J AAPOS. 2005;9:455-9 pubmed
    This is the third article in a series on the various facets of the management of strabismus in adults...
  51. Ying G, Kulp M, Maguire M, Ciner E, Cyert L, Schmidt P. Sensitivity of screening tests for detecting vision in preschoolers-targeted vision disorders when specificity is 94%. Optom Vis Sci. 2005;82:432-8 pubmed
    ..that was used to classify children with respect to the four VIP-targeted vision disorders: amblyopia, strabismus, significant refractive error, and unexplained reduced visual acuity (VA)...
  52. Hess R, Thompson B, Gole G, Mullen K. The amblyopic deficit and its relationship to geniculo-cortical processing streams. J Neurophysiol. 2010;104:475-83 pubmed publisher
    ..development as a consequence of unmatched inputs from the two eyes in early life, arising from a turned eye (strabismus), unequal refractive error (anisometropia), or form deprivation (e.g., cataract)...