subdural space


Summary: Potential cavity which separates the ARACHNOID MATER from the DURA MATER.

Top Publications

  1. Reina M, De Leon Casasola O, Lopez A, De Andrés J, Mora M, Fernández A. The origin of the spinal subdural space: ultrastructure findings. Anesth Analg. 2002;94:991-5, table of contents pubmed
    Previous studies of samples from cranial meninges have created doubts about the existence of a virtual subdural space. We examined the ultrastructure of spinal meninges from three human cadavers immediately after death to see whether ..
  2. Garutti I, Hervias M, Barrio J, Fortea F, De La Torre J. Subdural spread of local anesthetic agent following thoracic paravertebral block and cannulation. Anesthesiology. 2003;98:1005-7 pubmed
  3. Patil S, Veron A, Hosseini P, Bates R, Brown B, Guthikonda B, et al. Metastatic prostate cancer mimicking chronic subdural hematoma: a case report and review of the literature. J La State Med Soc. 2010;162:203-5 pubmed
    ..The diagnosis may have been made sooner with preoperative magnetic resonance imaging. ..
  4. Morace R, Di Gennaro G, Picardi A, Quarato P, Sparano A, Mascia A, et al. Surgery after intracranial investigation with subdural electrodes in patients with drug-resistant focal epilepsy: outcome and complications. Neurosurg Rev. 2012;35:519-26; discussion 526 pubmed publisher
    ..At the last follow-up observation, 34 (57 %) patients were seizure-free (Engel class I). This study suggests that invasive EEG recording with subdural electrodes may be useful and fairly safe for many candidates for epilepsy surgery. ..
  5. Jahanshahi M, Dirnberger G, Liasis A, Towell A, Boyd S. Does the pre-frontal cortex contribute to movement-related potentials? Recordings from subdural electrodes. Neurocase. 2001;7:495-501 pubmed
    ..These preliminary results require replication in a larger series of patients. ..
  6. Ikeda A, Miyamoto S, Shibasaki H. Cortical motor mapping in epilepsy patients: information from subdural electrodes in presurgical evaluation. Epilepsia. 2002;43 Suppl 9:56-60 pubmed
  7. Caldarelli M, Tamburrini G, Di Rocco F. Neurocutaneous melanosis. J Neurosurg. 2005;103:382 pubmed
  8. de la Gala F, Reyes A, Avellanal M, Baticón P, González Zarco L. Trigeminal nerve palsy and Horner's syndrome following epidural analgesia for labor: a subdural block?. Int J Obstet Anesth. 2007;16:180-2 pubmed
    ..Both complications may be attributed to a subdural localization of the catheter, as we demonstrated clinically by a repeat injection and patchy sympathetic block and with the typical image on epidurography. ..
  9. Kim C, Song G, Kim Y, Kim Y, Sung S, Son D, et al. Remote Hemorrhage after Burr Hole Drainage of Chronic Subdural Hematoma. Korean J Neurotrauma. 2017;13:144-148 pubmed publisher
    ..Many reports suggest that placing a catheter in the subdural space for drainage can further reduce the rate of recurrence; however, complications associated with this type of ..

More Information

Publications112 found, 100 shown here

  1. Balestrieri P. Massive subdural or intrathecal anesthesia?. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2005;30:505-6; author reply 506-7 pubmed
  2. Van Gompel J, Stead S, Giannini C, Meyer F, Marsh W, Fountain T, et al. Phase I trial: safety and feasibility of intracranial electroencephalography using hybrid subdural electrodes containing macro- and microelectrode arrays. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;25:E23 pubmed publisher
    ..More research is required to show whether hybrid electrode recordings will improve localization of epileptic foci and tracking the generation of neocortical seizures. ..
  3. Tuite G, Storrs B, Homsy Y, Gaskill S, Polsky E, Reilly M, et al. Attempted bladder reinnervation and creation of a scratch reflex for bladder emptying through a somatic-to-autonomic intradural anastomosis. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2013;12:80-6 pubmed publisher
  4. Olson J, Wander J, Johnson L, Sarma D, Weaver K, Novotny E, et al. Comparison of subdural and subgaleal recordings of cortical high-gamma activity in humans. Clin Neurophysiol. 2016;127:277-284 pubmed publisher
    ..HG signals could be recorded minimally invasively from outside the skull, which could be important for clinical care or brain-computer interface applications. ..
  5. Duffy M, Greaves T, Keppie N, Burt M. Meningeal worm is a long-lived parasitic nematode in white-tailed deer. J Wildl Dis. 2002;38:448-52 pubmed
    ..Our findings reaffirm the need for reliable antemortem diagnosis to identify non-patent P. tenuis infections to prevent inadvertent introduction of infected animals to non-endemic areas. ..
  6. Hoshida T, Sakaki T. [Functional brain mapping detected by cortical stimulation using chronically implanted subdural electrodes: basic knowledge of clinical nerve physiology for neurosurgeons]. No Shinkei Geka. 2003;31:811-8; discussion 818-9 pubmed
  7. Sanchez I, Concepcion L, Cortes J, Pack C. Dural ectasia in Marfan syndrome. Neurology. 2008;71:1378 pubmed publisher
  8. Flint A, Gean A, Manley G, Rao V, Sheridan W, von Koch C. Temporizing treatment of hyperacute subdural hemorrhage by subdural evacuation port system placement. J Neurosurg. 2011;115:844-8 pubmed publisher
    ..In appropriately selected cases, patients with a hyperacute SDH may benefit from SEPS placement to quickly treat elevated ICP, as a bridge to definitive surgical treatment by craniotomy. ..
  9. Al Aieb A, Peralta R, Ellabib M, El Menyar A, Al Thani H. Traumatic tension pneumocephalus: Two case reports. Int J Surg Case Rep. 2017;31:145-149 pubmed publisher
    ..He developed pneumocephalus involving all ventricles and subdural space and extending down to foramen magnum with tight basal cistern. The patient was managed conservatively...
  10. Dinichert A, Cornelius J, Lot G. Lumboperitoneal shunt for treatment of dural ectasia in ankylosing spondylitis. J Clin Neurosci. 2008;15:1179-82 pubmed publisher
    ..LPS is a routine procedure for a rare indication, which promises improvement or atleast a stabilization of this disabling evolution of the disease. ..
  11. Hersh E, VIRK M, Shao H, Tsiouris A, Bonci G, Schwartz T. Bone flap explantation, steroid use, and rates of infection in patients with epilepsy undergoing craniotomy for implantation of subdural electrodes. J Neurosurg. 2013;119:48-53 pubmed publisher
    ..Leaving the bone in place may increase the frequency of seizures and appearance of asymptomatic subdural hematomas but does not increase the rate of complications. These results may be institution dependent. ..
  12. Winkler P, Vollmar C, Krishnan K, Pfluger T, Bruckmann H, Noachtar S. Usefulness of 3-D reconstructed images of the human cerebral cortex for localization of subdural electrodes in epilepsy surgery. Epilepsy Res. 2000;41:169-78 pubmed
    ..Interobserver reliability was better for 3-D images (93%) than for the 2-D X-rays (43%). These findings suggest that 3-D images aid preoperative planning for resective epilepsy surgery. ..
  13. Nottingham S, Springer J. Temporal and spatial distribution of activated caspase-3 after subdural kainic acid infusions in rat spinal cord. J Comp Neurol. 2003;464:463-71 pubmed
    ..In addition, understanding the apoptotic signaling events activated by glutamate will be important for developing therapies targeting this cell death process. ..
  14. Kubo S, Takimoto H, Nakata H, Yoshimine T. Carbon dioxide insufflation for chronic subdural haematoma: a simple addition to burr-hole irrigation and closed-system drainage. Br J Neurosurg. 2003;17:547-50 pubmed
    ..However, the subdural space with air that entered during surgery sometimes remains for a prolonged period after surgery and may hamper ..
  15. Oberoi G. Inadvertent subdural spread complicating injection of cervical epidural stereoid with local anaesthetic. Anaesth Intensive Care. 2004;32:846 pubmed
  16. Edwards J, Kulwin C, Martin S, Wilson S, Ho C, Fulkerson D. Temporal and optic pathway pilomyxoid astrocytoma mimicking dural-based lesion: case report and review of the literature. Pediatr Neurosurg. 2012;48:253-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Surgery revealed an intraparenchymal lesion of the right temporal lobe. There was hyperintensity on T2 MRI sequences, suggesting infiltration of the tumor along the optic tracts. ..
  17. Bansal S, Turtle M. Inadvertent subdural spread complicating cervical epidural steroid injection with local anaesthetic agent. Anaesth Intensive Care. 2003;31:570-2 pubmed
    ..The most probable diagnosis was a subdural block. Anatomical peculiarities of the epidural and subdural space in the cervical region increase the risk of subdural spread during cervical epidural injection...
  18. Iplikcioglu A, Berkman M, Bek S, Sengoz A. Phenytoin penetration into chronic subdural haematomas. Br J Neurosurg. 2004;18:35-9 pubmed
  19. Gonzalez F, Relova J, Prieto A, Peleteiro M. Evidence of basal temporo-occipital cortex involvement in stereoscopic vision in humans: a study with subdural electrode recordings. Cereb Cortex. 2005;15:117-22 pubmed
    ..Our findings indicate that the fusiform area is involved in the processing of the stereoscopic information and shows responses that suggest a high level of stereoscopic processing. ..
  20. Zijlmans M, Huiskamp G, van Huffelen A, Spetgens W, Leijten F. Detection of temporal lobe spikes: comparing nasopharyngeal, cheek and anterior temporal electrodes to simultaneous subdural recordings. Clin Neurophysiol. 2008;119:1771-7 pubmed publisher
    ..To compare nasopharyngeal (NP), cheek and anterior temporal (AT) electrodes for the detection yield and localization of interictal spikes in temporal lobe epilepsy...
  21. Usui N, Terada K, Baba K, Matsuda K, Nakamura F, Usui K, et al. Very high frequency oscillations (over 1000 Hz) in human epilepsy. Clin Neurophysiol. 2010;121:1825-31 pubmed publisher
    ..Compared to HFO previously reported, VHFO have much higher frequency, more restricted distribution, smaller amplitude, and different timing of onset. Recording of VHFO may be useful for identifying the epileptogenic zone. ..
  22. Vinchon M, Noulé N, Soto Ares G, Dhellemmes P. Subduroperitoneal drainage for subdural hematomas in infants: results in 244 cases. J Neurosurg. 2001;95:249-55 pubmed
    ..The authors prefer bilateral drainage because of the low rate of complications. Drains should be systematically removed after a few months to prevent long-term complications. ..
  23. Tamburrini G, Caldarelli M, Massimi L, Santini P, Di Rocco C. Subdural hygroma: an unwanted result of Sylvian arachnoid cyst marsupialization. Childs Nerv Syst. 2003;19:159-65 pubmed
    ..that a wide opening of the external membrane of SACs may predispose the CSF fluid to accumulate within the subdural space, where its absorption is insufficient...
  24. Towle V, Hunter J, Edgar J, Chkhenkeli S, Castelle M, Frim D, et al. Frequency domain analysis of human subdural recordings. J Clin Neurophysiol. 2007;24:205-13 pubmed
  25. Mack J, Squier W, Eastman J. Anatomy and development of the meninges: implications for subdural collections and CSF circulation. Pediatr Radiol. 2009;39:200-10 pubmed publisher
    ..This review outlines the development and age-specific vascularity of the dura and offers an alternative perspective on the role of the dura in homeostasis of the central nervous system. ..
  26. Pau A, Chiaramonte G, Ghio G, Pisani R. Solitary intracranial subdural osteoma: case report and review of the literature. Tumori. 2003;89:96-8 pubmed
    ..In most patients headache, which was always localized at the site of the lesion, was the most frequent complaint and subsided after complete resection of the neoplasm. The mechanism of origin of such lesions remains unknown. ..
  27. Gil Gouveia R, Miguens J, Coiteiro D. Rupture of middle fossa arachnoid cyst simulating new-onset migraine with aura. Headache. 2010;50:314-9 pubmed publisher
    ..the first report of symptomatic migraine with aura caused by the spontaneous rupture of a middle fossa arachnoid cyst into the subdural space. Brain imaging enabled an accurate diagnosis and, subsequently, adequate surgical management.
  28. Sakura Y, Terada K, Usui K, Baba K, Usui N, Umeoka S, et al. Very high-frequency oscillations (over 1000 Hz) of somatosensory-evoked potentials directly recorded from the human brain. J Clin Neurophysiol. 2009;26:414-21 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, at least three components of HFO could be identified. Only very HFO was localized around primary sensory areas, suggesting a possibility that very HFO may provide an effective method of identifying the central sulcus. ..
  29. Ivamoto H, Lemos H, Atallah A. Surgical Treatments for Chronic Subdural Hematomas: A Comprehensive Systematic Review. World Neurosurg. 2016;86:399-418 pubmed publisher
    ..bed header in the elevated position might reduce the length of hospital stay; (3) irrigation of the subdural space with thrombin solution in patients with high risk of recurrence might reduce this risk; and (4) treatment with ..
  30. Silva Costa Gomes T, Montes A, Sanchez J, Bermejo S, Escolano F. [Cardiorespiratory arrest: a rare complication of subdural block]. Rev Esp Anestesiol Reanim. 2002;49:108-11 pubmed
    ..These data explain the great variability in the clinical manifestations of a subdural block. The case of cardiopulmonary arrest we report is rare in the literature. ..
  31. Mea E, Savoiardo M, Chiapparini L, Casucci G, Bonavita V, Bussone G, et al. Headache and spontaneous low cerebrospinal fluid pressure syndrome. Neurol Sci. 2007;28 Suppl 2:S232-4 pubmed
    ..All SIH patients suffered from headache. Early recognition of SIH may avoid dangerous worsening due to delayed diagnosis. Orthostatic headache, the main symptom, suggests the diagnosis. ..
  32. Sindou M, Ibrahim I, Maarrawi J. Chronic sub-dural hematomas: twist drill craniostomy with a closed system of drainage, for 48 hours only, is a valuable surgical treatment. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2010;152:545-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Twist drill craniostomy with closed drainage system for 48-hour duration is an effective treatment of chronic subdural hematomas. ..
  33. Klimo P, Matthews A, Lew S, Zwienenberg Lee M, Kaufman B. Minicraniotomy versus bur holes for evacuation of chronic subdural collections in infants-a preliminary single-institution experience. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2011;8:423-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The minicraniotomy provides greater visualization of the subdural space and allows more aggressive evacuation of the fluid, better irrigation of the space, the ability to fenestrate ..
  34. Chan S, Ong E. Subdural block--from a spinal? A case report. Ann Acad Med Singapore. 2002;31:525-7 pubmed
    ..The diagnosis of subdural block must be considered in patients with unusual presentations after a spinal anaesthetic. Factors affecting spread of hyperbaric bupivacaine are also highlighted. ..
  35. Iversen B, Rasmussen M, Cold G. The relationship between intracranial pressure and the degree of brain swelling in patients subjected to infratentorial surgery. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2008;150:337-44; discussion 344 pubmed publisher
    ..Thresholds for ICP associated with brain swelling are close to thresholds defined in patients undergoing supratentorial surgery. ..
  36. Simon S, Abrahams J, Sean Grady M, LeRoux P, Rushton S. Intramedullary injection of contrast into the cervical spinal cord during cervical myelography: a case report. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2002;27:E274-7 pubmed
    ..In the event of contrast injection into the spinal cord, administration of high-dose methylprednisolone is recommended. ..
  37. Johnston J, Mangano F, Ojemann J, Park T, Trevathan E, Smyth M. Complications of invasive subdural electrode monitoring at St. Louis Children's Hospital, 1994-2005. J Neurosurg. 2006;105:343-7 pubmed
  38. Theeler B, Keylock J, Yoest S. Teaching NeuroImage: isolated intracranial Rosai-Dorfman disease mimicking a meningioma. Neurology. 2008;70:e42 pubmed publisher
  39. Quiñones Tapia D, Pardo J, Serrano J, Anciones V, Lopez Ibor L. Spontaneous intracranial hypotension: use of unenhanced MRI. Neuroradiology. 2000;42:529-31 pubmed
    ..We maintain that, when subdural collections and perisellar engorgement are detected on unenhanced MRI in the proper clinical setting, contrast enhancement may not be necessary for the diagnosis. ..
  40. Weinand M, Kester M, Labiner D, Ahern G. Time from ictal subdural EEG seizure onset to clinical seizure onset: prognostic value for selecting temporal lobectomy candidates. Neurol Res. 2001;23:599-604 pubmed
  41. van de Beek D, Campeau N, Wijdicks E. The clinical challenge of recognizing infratentorial empyema. Neurology. 2007;69:477-81 pubmed
    ..Neurosurgery should be regarded as first choice therapy. ..
  42. Umeoka S, Lüders H, Sangani M, Turnbull J. Statistical analysis of transcallosal propagation of spikes arising from the mesial frontal area. Epileptic Disord. 2010;12:325-9 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition, this cross correlation method showed that the left MF spikes, most of the time, preceded the right MF spikes suggesting that the epileptogenic zone was localized in the left MF region. ..
  43. Nejat F, Keshavarzi S, Monajemzadeh M, Mehdizadeh M, Kalaghchi B. Chronic subdural hematoma associated with subdural rhabdomyosarcoma: case report. Neurosurgery. 2007;60:E774-5; discussion E775 pubmed
    ..Whether the subdural hematoma or the tumor was the initial pathology is debatable. We think the sarcoma probably developed gradually because of chronic inflammation and proliferation in the subdural collection. ..
  44. Lesser R, Crone N, Webber W. Subdural electrodes. Clin Neurophysiol. 2010;121:1376-1392 pubmed publisher
    ..We review the indications for these, their uses for localizing epileptogenic regions and for localizing cortical regions supporting movement, sensation, and language. ..
  45. LaViolette P, Rand S, Ellingson B, Raghavan M, Lew S, Schmainda K, et al. 3D visualization of subdural electrode shift as measured at craniotomy reopening. Epilepsy Res. 2011;94:102-9 pubmed publisher
  46. Schmitt M, Eymann R, Antes S, Kiefer M. Subdural or intraparenchymal placement of long-term telemetric intracranial pressure measurement devices?. Acta Neurochir Suppl. 2012;113:109-13 pubmed publisher
    ..Nevertheless, we assume similar underlying reasons for failure in these subdural probes.In conclusion, we favour intraparenchymal placement of telemetric ICP measurement devices. ..
  47. Kothari P, Hanser E, Wang H, Farid N. Active extravasation of gadolinium-based contrast agent into the subdural space following lumbar puncture. Clin Imaging. 2016;40:591-3 pubmed publisher
    ..This is the first reported case of active extravasation of gadolinium-based contrast agent in the spine. ..
  48. Stephan C, Kepes J, SantaCruz K, Wilkinson S, Fegley B, Osorio I. Spectrum of clinical and histopathologic responses to intracranial electrodes: from multifocal aseptic meningitis to multifocal hypersensitivity-type meningovasculitis. Epilepsia. 2001;42:895-901 pubmed
    ..Surgical outcome, excellent in the majority, was independent of the severity or type of inflammation, and there have not been neurologic or systemic sequelae. ..
  49. Lena P, Martin R. Subdural placement of an epidural catheter detected by nerve stimulation. Can J Anaesth. 2005;52:618-21 pubmed
    ..CT scan imaging of subdural positioning of an epidural catheter is presented. ..
  50. Sebastiano F, Di Gennaro G, Esposito V, Picardi A, Morace R, Sparano A, et al. A rapid and reliable procedure to localize subdural electrodes in presurgical evaluation of patients with drug-resistant focal epilepsy. Clin Neurophysiol. 2006;117:341-7 pubmed
    ..Being simple, rapid, unexpensive, and reliable, this procedure holds promise to be useful to optimize epilepsy surgery planning. ..
  51. Kurthen M, Trautner P, Rosburg T, Grunwald T, Dietl T, Kuhn K, et al. Towards a functional topography of sensory gating areas: invasive P50 recording and electrical stimulation mapping in epilepsy surgery candidates. Psychiatry Res. 2007;155:121-33 pubmed
    ..Results suggest that the early stage of sensory gating already involves a top-down modulation of sensory input by frontal areas. ..
  52. Collier C. The intradural space: the fourth place to go astray during epidural block. Int J Obstet Anesth. 2010;19:133-41 pubmed publisher
    Considerable uncertainty exists regarding accidental injection of local anaesthetic into the 'subdural space' during attempted epidural block...
  53. Nakaguchi H, Tanishima T, Yoshimasu N. Relationship between drainage catheter location and postoperative recurrence of chronic subdural hematoma after burr-hole irrigation and closed-system drainage. J Neurosurg. 2000;93:791-5 pubmed
    ..The location of the subdural drainage catheter, the maximum postoperative width of the subdural space, and the percentage of the ipsilateral subdural space occupied by air postoperatively were determined and ..
  54. Banczerowski P, Lipóth L, Vajda J, Veres R. Surgery of ventral intradural midline cervical spinal pathologies via anterior cervical approach: our experience. Ideggyogy Sz. 2003;56:115-8 pubmed
    ..Postoperative MRI has a great value in early control after the surgery and for follow up the patients. ..
  55. Henle C, Raab M, Cordeiro J, Doostkam S, Schulze Bonhage A, Stieglitz T, et al. First long term in vivo study on subdurally implanted micro-ECoG electrodes, manufactured with a novel laser technology. Biomed Microdevices. 2011;13:59-68 pubmed publisher
    ..Overall, these findings suggest that the concept of the presented ECoG-electrodes is promising for use in long-term implantations. ..
  56. Ide T, Uchida K, Kagawa Y, Suzuki K, Nakayama H. Pathological and immunohistochemical features of subdural histiocytic sarcomas in 15 dogs. J Vet Diagn Invest. 2011;23:127-32 pubmed
    ..The findings suggest that differences in cell origin, molecular expression, or both patterns are responsible for the distribution patterns of canine subdural histiocytic sarcomas. ..
  57. Baumgartner U, Vogel H, Ohara S, Treede R, Lenz F. Dipole source analyses of laser evoked potentials obtained from subdural grid recordings from primary somatic sensory cortex. J Neurophysiol. 2011;106:722-30 pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore, the present results suggest that the LEP may result in a radial dipole consistent with a generator in area 3A and a putative later tangential generator in area 3B. ..
  58. Inoue Y, Mihara T, Tottori T, Seino M. Electrical stimulation of the contralateral mesial temporal structure induces an ipsilateral seizure pattern in mesial temporal lobe epilepsy. Epilepsia. 1999;40:1602-9 pubmed
    ..However, according to our preliminary results, if contralateral stimulation elicits a habitual seizure in the ipsilateral temporal lobe, it might be considered additional confirmatory evidence of seizure lateralization. ..
  59. Lang J, Beck J, Zimmermann M, Seifert V, Raabe A. Clinical evaluation of intraparenchymal Spiegelberg pressure sensor. Neurosurgery. 2003;52:1455-9; discussion 1459 pubmed
    ..The Spiegelberg 3-PN intraparenchymal pressure sensor was clinically evaluated...
  60. Im S, Park S, Oh D, Kang B, Kwon O, Oh C. Subdural cysticercosis mimicking a chronic subdural hematoma. Case illustration. J Neurosurg. 2005;102:389 pubmed
  61. Ferrera R, Ovize M, Claustrat B, Hadour G. Stable myocardial function and endocrine dysfunction during experimental brain death. J Heart Lung Transplant. 2005;24:921-7 pubmed
    ..We suggest that suprarenal gland impairment is among the first events occurring during brain death. Paradoxically, hemodynamic parameters and myocardial function were not found to be altered. ..
  62. Van Gompel J, Worrell G, Bell M, Patrick T, Cascino G, Raffel C, et al. Intracranial electroencephalography with subdural grid electrodes: techniques, complications, and outcomes. Neurosurgery. 2008;63:498-505; discussion 505-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Complications rarely result in permanent morbidity (1.5%). Surgical outcome indicated that 74% of patients experienced a favorable reduction in seizure tendency. ..
  63. Iwasaki M, Enatsu R, Matsumoto R, Novak E, Thankappen B, Piao Z, et al. Accentuated cortico-cortical evoked potentials in neocortical epilepsy in areas of ictal onset. Epileptic Disord. 2010;12:292-302 pubmed publisher
    ..The response of the neocortex to low-frequency stimulation may vary depending on the presence or absence of intrinsic epileptogenicity. ..
  64. Harada S, Tsuji M, Yoshida T. [Contrast-enhanced MR imaging in bacterial meningitis in children--temporal profile and correlation with the prognosis]. No To Hattatsu. 2012;44:315-9 pubmed
    ..the acute and recovery phases of bacterial meningitis in twelve patients, and graded the contrast level of the subdural space and subarachnoid space separately...
  65. Novak L, Molnar L. Recurrent spontaneous pneumocephalus in a shunted patient. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2005;147:339-40; discussion 340 pubmed
  66. Hanaya R, Arita K, Itoh Y, Kiura Y, Iida K, Kurisu K. Zygomatic osteotomy for resection of medial temporal cavernous angioma in dominant hemisphere after subdural grid electroencephalographic study. Hiroshima J Med Sci. 2006;55:39-43 pubmed
    ..The patient has had a favorable postoperative course without suffering any seizure for 4 years. ..
  67. Helland C, Wester K. Arachnoid cysts in adults: long-term follow-up of patients treated with internal shunts to the subdural compartment. Surg Neurol. 2006;66:56-61; discussion 61 pubmed
    ..The internal shunt technique is a relatively simple, safe, and efficient alternative method for treatment of arachnoid cysts. It should be considered a valuable alternative in the treatment of arachnoid cysts. ..
  68. Emerson M, Jakobs E, Green W. Ocular autopsy and histopathologic features of child abuse. Ophthalmology. 2007;114:1384-94 pubmed
    ..Their presence on autopsy should raise the suspicion of shaking or blunt nonaccidental trauma. ..
  69. Lee C, Kang D, Hwang S, Park I, Jung J, Han J. Spontaneous rapid reduction of a large acute subdural hematoma. J Korean Med Sci. 2009;24:1224-6 pubmed publisher
    ..a remarkable reduction of the previous ASDH and there was the new appearance of high density in the subdural space adjacent to the falx and the tentorium...
  70. Takayasu T, Harada K, Nishimura S, Onda J, Nishi T, Takagaki H. Chronic subdural hematoma associated with arachnoid cyst. Two case histories with pathological observations. Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo). 2012;52:113-7 pubmed
    ..Pediatric hematoma membranes, similar to adult hematoma membranes, are key in the growth of CSDH. Therefore, simple hematoma evacuation is adequate as a first operation for CSDH associated with arachnoid cyst. ..
  71. Liao C, Xiao F. Subdural effusion protects the aging brain from harmful ventriculomegaly. Med Hypotheses. 2017;108:108-114 pubmed publisher
    ..With progressive loss of brain parenchymal volume (BPV), CSF may shift from cerebral ventricles to the subdural space, forming subdural effusion (SDE), whose role in the brain aging process remains unclear...
  72. Gershon R. Surgical anaesthesia for Caesarean section with a subdural catheter. Can J Anaesth. 1996;43:1068-71 pubmed
    ..It is possible that a high percentage of epidural catheters may be subdural, unbeknownst to the practitioner. ..
  73. Lenz F, Krauss G, Treede R, Lee J, Boatman D, Crone N, et al. Different generators in human temporal-parasylvian cortex account for subdural laser-evoked potentials, auditory-evoked potentials, and event-related potentials. Neurosci Lett. 2000;279:153-6 pubmed
    ..Auditory P3 (event-related) potentials were maximal over the temporal base. These findings demonstrate that the LEP generator is not in secondary somatosensory cortex on the parietal operculum and is different from the P3 generator. ..
  74. Sakayama K, Kidani T, Matsuda Y, Fujibuchi T, Miyazaki T, Takada K, et al. Subdural spinal granuloma resulting from Candida albicans without immunosufficiency: case report. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2002;27:E356-60 pubmed
    ..The effect of treatment by drugs alone was limited. An intraoperative ultrasonography proved useful. The authors concluded that a combination of early surgery and hyperbaric oxygen therapy was effective. ..
  75. Goodman B, Bayazitoglu M, Mallempati S, Noble B, Geffen J. Dural puncture and subdural injection: a complication of lumbar transforaminal epidural injections. Pain Physician. 2007;10:697-705 pubmed
    ..Becoming familiar with the images presented in these cases may help alert the interventionalist of a dural puncture, and thus avoid injection of medications into the intrathecal and subdural spaces. ..
  76. Albayram S, Tuzgen S, Gunduz A, Kilic F, Bas A. Spontaneous intracranial hypotension after labor without spinal intervention. Eur J Neurol. 2008;15:91-3 pubmed
    ..She was treated with a high-volume epidural blood patch (EBP) and her symptoms were relieved. Lactation returned to normal after EBP. She had normal findings on follow-up MRI examination at 6 months. ..
  77. Moore A, Siddiqui N, Kassel E, Carvalho J. Unintentional subdural catheter placement during labor analgesia shows typical radiological pattern but atypical response to the Tsui test. Int J Obstet Anesth. 2010;19:111-4 pubmed publisher
    ..This case adds to the evidence that subdural catheters are difficult to identify clinically, and that electrical stimulation may not differentiate them from epidural catheters. ..
  78. Kajimoto Y, Kihira T, Miwa H, Kondo T. [Hypertrophic pachymeningitis carcinomtosa in a patient with the breast cancer]. No To Shinkei. 2002;54:626-7 pubmed
  79. Wu A, Griebel R, Meguro K, Fourney D. Spinal subdural empyema after a dural tear. Case report. Neurosurg Focus. 2004;17:E10 pubmed
    ..aureus. This represents the first case of spinal subdural empyema in which the spread of infection into the subdural space is believed to have been facilitated by a dural tear...
  80. Rumboldt Z, Lambert L, Talan Hranilovic J, Marjan D, Sajko T. Nonenhancing spinal subdural metastatic tumor. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2005;26:2406-9 pubmed
    ..The hemorrhagic tumor showed no evidence of contrast enhancement. ..
  81. Hoftman N, Ferrante F. Diagnosis of unintentional subdural anesthesia/analgesia: analyzing radiographically proven cases to define the clinical entity and to develop a diagnostic algorithm. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2009;34:12-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Radiographically proven subdural injections were used to further define the clinical presentation of subdural analgesia/analgesia and a new diagnostic algorithm is proposed. ..
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    ..Also, the use of artificial cerebrospinal fluid reduces recurrence of chronic subdural hematoma. The surgical procedures can be the same for patients with bleeding tendencies. ..
  84. Duun Henriksen J, Kjaer T, Madsen R, Jespersen B, Duun Henriksen A, Remvig L, et al. Subdural to subgaleal EEG signal transmission: the role of distance, leakage and insulating affectors. Clin Neurophysiol. 2013;124:1570-7 pubmed publisher
    ..An empirical assessment of the actual area of cerebral sources generating the extracranial EEG provides better opportunities for clinical electroencephalographers to determine the location of origin of particular patterns in the EEG. ..
  85. Mocco J, Komotar R, Ladouceur A, Zacharia B, Goodman R, McKhann G. Radiographic characteristics fail to predict clinical course after subdural electrode placement. Neurosurgery. 2006;58:120-5; discussion 120-5 pubmed
    ..Clinical judgment must guide management and determine the potential need for reoperation. ..
  86. Kalil A. Unintended subdural injection: a complication of epidural anesthesia--a case report. AANA J. 2006;74:207-11 pubmed
    ..The following case and discussion may help illustrate the mechanism behind this complication and how it can be detected, treated, and, possibly, avoided. ..
  87. MacDougall K, Burneo J, McLachlan R, Steven D. Outcome of epilepsy surgery in patients investigated with subdural electrodes. Epilepsy Res. 2009;85:235-42 pubmed publisher
    ..Good results from eventual resective surgery can be achieved in patients needing invasive recordings. Younger patients with temporal lobe epilepsy seem to have the highest likelihood of seizure freedom. ..
  88. Blakely T, Miller K, Zanos S, Rao R, Ojemann J. Robust, long-term control of an electrocorticographic brain-computer interface with fixed parameters. Neurosurg Focus. 2009;27:E13 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings demonstrate that ECoG-based BCIs can be implemented for multiple-day control without the necessity for sophisticated retraining and adaptation. ..
  89. Ikeda A, Yazawa S, Kunieda T, Ohara S, Terada K, Mikuni N, et al. Cognitive motor control in human pre-supplementary motor area studied by subdural recording of discrimination/selection-related potentials. Brain. 1999;122 ( Pt 5):915-31 pubmed
    ..In the more general anticipation of and attention to the forthcoming stimuli, non-primary motor cortices including pre-SMA, SMA-proper and lateral premotor area, and the prefrontal area are commonly involved. ..
  90. Ken S, Di Gennaro G, Giulietti G, Sebastiano F, De Carli D, Garreffa G, et al. Quantitative evaluation for brain CT/MRI coregistration based on maximization of mutual information in patients with focal epilepsy investigated with subdural electrodes. Magn Reson Imaging. 2007;25:883-8 pubmed
    ..42+/-0.61 and 1.15+/-0.53 mm, respectively. The accuracy of the fusion process reached submillimeter range, and results were considered reliable for surgical planning in all studied patients. ..
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    ..can present as high sensory block, sometimes even involving the cranial nerves due to extension of the subdural space into the cranium...