meningoencephalitis

Summary

Summary: An inflammatory process involving the brain (ENCEPHALITIS) and meninges (MENINGITIS), most often produced by pathogenic organisms which invade the central nervous system, and occasionally by toxins, autoimmune disorders, and other conditions.

Top Publications

  1. Cogo P, Scagli M, Gatti S, Rossetti F, Alaggio R, Laverda A, et al. Fatal Naegleria fowleri meningoencephalitis, Italy. Emerg Infect Dis. 2004;10:1835-7 pubmed
    We report the first case of primary amebic meningoencephalitis in Italy, in a 9-year-old boy...
  2. Petraitiene R, Petraitis V, Hope W, Mickiene D, Kelaher A, Murray H, et al. Cerebrospinal fluid and plasma (1-->3)-beta-D-glucan as surrogate markers for detection and monitoring of therapeutic response in experimental hematogenous Candida meningoencephalitis. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2008;52:4121-9 pubmed publisher
    The treatment, diagnosis and therapeutic monitoring of hematogenous Candida meningoencephalitis (HCME) are not well understood...
  3. Hermosilla C, Coumbe K, Habershon Butcher J, Schöniger S. Fatal equine meningoencephalitis in the United Kingdom caused by the panagrolaimid nematode Halicephalobus gingivalis: case report and review of the literature. Equine Vet J. 2011;43:759-63 pubmed publisher
    A fatal case of eosinophilic and granulomatous meningoencephalitis caused by the free-living panagrolaimid nematode Halicephalobus gingivalis is reported in a 10-year-old Welsh gelding in the United Kingdom...
  4. Cervantes Sandoval I, Serrano Luna J, Garcia Latorre E, Tsutsumi V, Shibayama M. Characterization of brain inflammation during primary amoebic meningoencephalitis. Parasitol Int. 2008;57:307-13 pubmed publisher
    Naegleria fowleri is a free-living amoeba and the etiologic agent of primary amoebic meningoencephalitis (PAM)...
  5. N dri K, Kouame K, Sahari R, Hommel D, Hulin A. [Strongyloides stercoralis hyperinfection syndrome with acute meningoencephalitis associated to HTLV-1 and HTLV-2 virus co-infection]. Med Mal Infect. 2008;38:162-4 pubmed publisher
  6. Jung D, Kim J, Park H. Long-term immunosuppressive therapy with cyclosporine plus prednisolone for necrotizing meningoencephalitis in a Pekingese dog. J Vet Med Sci. 2012;74:765-9 pubmed
    ..Based on magnetic resonance imaging and cerebrospinal fluid analysis results, meningoencephalitis of unknown etiology was suspected...
  7. Alanio A, Desnos Ollivier M, Dromer F. Dynamics of Cryptococcus neoformans-macrophage interactions reveal that fungal background influences outcome during cryptococcal meningoencephalitis in humans. MBio. 2011;2: pubmed publisher
  8. Ueda M, Kanamori A, Mihara T, Hara H, Mutoh T. [A case of acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) following treatment for pneumococcal meningoencephalitis]. Rinsho Shinkeigaku. 2009;49:96-9 pubmed
    ..Although ADEM usually develops as a complication after viral infection such as measles, rubella, mumps and herpes zoster, this case suggests that ADEM complication should be considered even after pneumococcal meningoencephalitis.
  9. Kitagawa M, Okada M, Kanayama K, Sato T, Sakai T. A canine case of necrotizing meningoencephalitis for long-term observation: clinical and MRI findings. J Vet Med Sci. 2007;69:1195-8 pubmed
    ..On histopathological analysis, the dog was diagnosed with necrotizing meningoencephalitis. This case of a canine necrotizing meningoencephalitis observed over the long term is valuable.

More Information

Publications62

  1. Liu G, Zhang W, Lu C. Complete genome sequence of Streptococcus agalactiae GD201008-001, isolated in China from tilapia with meningoencephalitis. J Bacteriol. 2012;194:6653 pubmed publisher
    ..work describes a whole-genome sequence of Streptococcus agalactiae strain GD201008-001, a pathogen causing meningoencephalitis in cultural tilapia in China...
  2. Bonvicini F, Marinacci G, Pajno M, Gallinella G, Musiani M, Zerbini M. Meningoencephalitis with persistent parvovirus B19 infection in an apparently healthy woman. Clin Infect Dis. 2008;47:385-7 pubmed publisher
    A case of meningoencephalitis, associated with persistent parvovirus B19 infection, is described in a 36-year-old immunocompetent woman...
  3. Warn P, Livermore J, Howard S, Felton T, Sharp A, Gregson L, et al. Anidulafungin for neonatal hematogenous Candida meningoencephalitis: identification of candidate regimens for humans using a translational pharmacological approach. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2012;56:708-14 pubmed publisher
    Hematogenous Candida meningoencephalitis (HCME) is a serious infection in premature neonates. Anidulafungin is an echinocandin antifungal agent with potent activity against Candida spp...
  4. Dorta Contreras A, Núñez Fernandez F, Pérez Martín O, Lastre González M, Magraner Tarrau M, Bu Coifiu Fanego R, et al. [Peculiarities of meningoencephalitis caused by Angiostrongylus cantonensis in America]. Rev Neurol. 2007;45:755-63 pubmed
    25 years ago was first reported in Cuba and in the western hemisphere an emergent disease: eosinophilic meningoencephalitis due to Angiostrongylus cantonensis larvae.
  5. Benavides J, Garcia Pariente C, Fuertes M, Ferreras M, García Marín J, Juste R, et al. Maedi-visna: the meningoencephalitis in naturally occurring cases. J Comp Pathol. 2009;140:1-11 pubmed publisher
    ..examined at different levels of the central nervous system (CNS) in 64 sheep with natural maedi-visna (MV) meningoencephalitis. All animals showed lesions in more than one of the CNS locations examined; the lesions in the cranial ..
  6. Padilla Docal B, Dorta Contreras A, Bu Coifiu Fanego R. [C3c activation and intrathecal biosynthesis in children suffering from eosinophilic meningoencephalitis due to Angiostrongylus cantonensis]. Rev Neurol. 2009;48:632-5 pubmed
    Eosinophilic meningoencephalitis due to Angiostrongylus cantonensis is an emergent infectious disease in our area...
  7. Pavic I, Cekinović D, Begovac J, Maretic T, Civljak R, Troselj Vukic B. Cryptococcus neoformans meningoencephalitis in a patient with idiopathic CD4+ T lymphocytopenia. Coll Antropol. 2013;37:619-23 pubmed
    Cryptococcus neoformans is a leading cause of invasive cryptoccocal infections which include meningitis/meningoencephalitis, cerebral cryptococcoma, invasive pulmonary and mediastinal infection...
  8. Gupta D, Panda G, Bakhshi S. Successful treatment of acanthamoeba meningoencephalitis during induction therapy of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2008;50:1292-3 pubmed publisher
  9. Charlier C, Nielsen K, Daou S, Brigitte M, Chretien F, Dromer F. Evidence of a role for monocytes in dissemination and brain invasion by Cryptococcus neoformans. Infect Immun. 2009;77:120-7 pubmed publisher
    The pathogenesis of cryptococcosis, including the events leading to the production of meningoencephalitis, is still largely unknown...
  10. Talarico L, Schatzberg S. Idiopathic granulomatous and necrotising inflammatory disorders of the canine central nervous system: a review and future perspectives. J Small Anim Pract. 2010;51:138-49 pubmed publisher
    Granulomatous meningoencephalomyelitis, necrotizing meningoencephalitis, and necrotizing leukoencephalitis are common inflammatory conditions of the canine central nervous system...
  11. Ozdemir O, Sari S, Terzioglu S, Zenciroglu A. Plesiomonas shigelloides sepsis and meningoencephalitis in a surviving neonate. J Microbiol Immunol Infect. 2010;43:344-6 pubmed publisher
    ..The patient was treated with meropenem and survived without any sequelae, although we were not able to identify the source of the infection. In addition, ten previously reported cases of this infection are reviewed...
  12. Cary L, Maul E, Potter C, Wong P, Nelson P, Given C, et al. Balamuthia mandrillaris meningoencephalitis: survival of a pediatric patient. Pediatrics. 2010;125:e699-703 pubmed publisher
    ..We recently cared for a previously healthy 2-year-old boy who was diagnosed with meningoencephalitis secondary to B mandrillaris relatively early in his presentation, which enabled us to initiate targeted ..
  13. Graeff Teixeira C, da Silva A, Yoshimura K. Update on eosinophilic meningoencephalitis and its clinical relevance. Clin Microbiol Rev. 2009;22:322-48, Table of Contents pubmed publisher
    Eosinophilic meningoencephalitis is caused by a variety of helminthic infections...
  14. Di Rienzo A, Iacoangeli M, Rychlicki F, Veccia S, Scerrati M. Decompressive craniectomy for medically refractory intracranial hypertension due to meningoencephalitis: report of three patients. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2008;150:1057-65; discussion 1065 pubmed publisher
    b>Meningoencephalitis may sometimes cause medically refractory intracranial hypertension and brain herniation. In such patients death is common...
  15. Touch S, Grundy J, Hills S, Rani M, Samnang C, Khalakdina A, et al. The rationale for integrated childhood meningoencephalitis surveillance: a case study from Cambodia. Bull World Health Organ. 2009;87:320-4 pubmed
    ..A sentinel surveillance system for Japanese encephalitis was developed and embedded within the routine meningoencephalitis syndromic surveillance system in Cambodia in 2006...
  16. Kim D, Chung J, Yun N, Kim S, Lee J, Han M, et al. Scrub typhus meningitis or meningoencephalitis. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2013;89:1206-11 pubmed publisher
    ..tsutsugamushi induces vasculitis leading to symptoms of systemic organ invasion including meningitis and meningoencephalitis. We conducted a retrospective case-control study of scrub typhus patients to investigate the clinical and ..
  17. Traiber C, Coelho Amaral P, Ritter V, Winge A. Infant meningoencephalitis caused by yellow fever vaccine virus transmitted via breastmilk. J Pediatr (Rio J). 2011;87:269-72 pubmed publisher
    To describe a case of infant meningoencephalitis that was probably caused by yellow fever vaccine virus transmitted via breastmilk.
  18. Charlier C, Dromer F, Lévêque C, Chartier L, Cordoliani Y, Fontanet A, et al. Cryptococcal neuroradiological lesions correlate with severity during cryptococcal meningoencephalitis in HIV-positive patients in the HAART era. PLoS ONE. 2008;3:e1950 pubmed publisher
    Cryptococcal meningoencephalitis has an overall global mortality rate of 20% in AIDS patients despite antifungals. There is a need for additional means of precise assessment of disease severity...
  19. Chen K, Lee H, Lai S, Hsu L, Wang C, Liu J. Apoptosis in meningoencephalitis of Angiostrongylus cantonensis-infected mice. Exp Parasitol. 2008;119:385-90 pubmed publisher
    A hallmark of eosinophilic meningoencephalitis is infiltration of leukocytes into brain parenchyma and subarachnoid space infected by Angiostrongylus cantonensis...
  20. Chiu C, Wen L, Pao H, Wang J. Cortistatin is induced in brain tissue and exerts neuroprotection in a rat model of bacterial meningoencephalitis. J Infect Dis. 2011;204:1563-72 pubmed publisher
    ..We have previously developed a rat model of K. pneumoniae meningoencephalitis. Cortistatin (CST) is a recently discovered neuropeptide with endocrine activities in humans...
  21. Kim D, Kim Y, Cho H, Lee Y. Scrub typhus meningoencephalitis occurring during doxycycline therapy for Orientia tsutsugamushi. Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2011;69:271-4 pubmed publisher
    We report on a scrub typhus patient who contracted meningoencephalitis during doxycycline administration. This is the first case of scrub typhus in which doxycycline concentrations were measured in serum and cerebrospinal fluid...
  22. Li H, Xu F, Gu J, Chen X. A severe eosinophilic meningoencephalitis caused by infection of Angiostrongylus cantonensis. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2008;79:568-70 pubmed
    This paper reports a severe case of eosinophilic meningoencephalitis after infection with Angiostrongylus cantonensis.
  23. Fujiwara K, Matsuki N, Shibuya M, Tamahara S, Ono K. Autoantibodies against glial fibrillary acidic protein in canine sera. Vet Rec. 2008;162:592-3 pubmed
  24. Ladelfa M, Del Médico Zajac M, Kotsias F, Delgado F, Muylkens B, Thiry J, et al. Comparative study on the in vitro and in vivo properties of two bovine herpesvirus-5 reference strains. Acta Vet Scand. 2011;53:37 pubmed publisher
    Bovine herpesvirus 5 (BoHV-5) is an alphaherpesvirus responsible for meningoencephalitis in young cattle and it is antigenically and genetically related to bovine herpesvirus 1...
  25. Schatzberg S, Li Q, Porter B, Barber R, Claiborne M, Levine J, et al. Broadly reactive pan-paramyxovirus reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and sequence analysis for the detection of Canine distemper virus in a case of canine meningoencephalitis of unknown etiology. J Vet Diagn Invest. 2009;21:844-9 pubmed
    ..Based on clinical and postmortem findings, the dog's disease was categorized as a meningoencephalitis of unknown etiology...
  26. Vilar Pereira G, Silva A, Pereira I, Silva R, Moreira O, de Almeida L, et al. Trypanosoma cruzi-induced depressive-like behavior is independent of meningoencephalitis but responsive to parasiticide and TNF-targeted therapeutic interventions. Brain Behav Immun. 2012;26:1136-49 pubmed publisher
    ..We have previously shown that C3H/He mice present acute phase-restricted meningoencephalitis with persistent central nervous system (CNS) parasitism, whereas C57BL/6 mice are resistant to T...
  27. Sudan A, Livermore J, Howard S, Al Nakeeb Z, Sharp A, Goodwin J, et al. Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of fluconazole for cryptococcal meningoencephalitis: implications for antifungal therapy and in vitro susceptibility breakpoints. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2013;57:2793-800 pubmed publisher
    ..The MIC may guide the appropriate use of fluconazole. If fluconazole is the only option for induction therapy, then the highest possible dose should be used. ..
  28. Vieira M, Costa C, Ribeiro J, Nunes Filho L, Rabelo M, Almeida Neto W. Soap bubble appearance in brain magnetic resonance imaging: cryptococcal meningoencephalitis. Rev Soc Bras Med Trop. 2013;46:658-9 pubmed publisher
    Although cryptococcal infections begin in the lungs, meningoencephalitis is the most frequently encountered manifestation of cryptococcosis among individuals with advanced immunosuppression...
  29. Alborizi A, Hosseini Nasab A, Zeyaeian M, Sanaei A, Kashef S. A case of hypogammaglobulinemia with enteroviral meningoencephalitis, associated with increased adenosine deaminase in cerebrospinal fluid. Iran J Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2009;8:117-9 pubmed publisher
    We describe the development of enterovirus meningoencephalitis associated with increased adenosine deaminase in cerebrospinal fluid of a 12-year-old boy, a known case of hypogamaglobulinemia despite monthly replacement of IVIg...
  30. Wang B, Jian J, Lu Y, Cai S, Huang Y, Tang J, et al. Complete genome sequence of Streptococcus agalactiae ZQ0910, a pathogen causing meningoencephalitis in the GIFT strain of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). J Bacteriol. 2012;194:5132-3 pubmed publisher
    Streptococcus agalactiae (group B streptococcus [GBS]) is a pathogen that causes meningoencephalitis in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Here, we reported the complete genome sequence of S...
  31. Matsuki N, Takahashi M, Yaegashi M, Tamahara S, Ono K. Serial examinations of anti-GFAP autoantibodies in cerebrospinal fluids in canine necrotizing meningoencephalitis. J Vet Med Sci. 2009;71:99-100 pubmed
    Canine necrotizing meningoencephalitis (NME) is characterized by autoantibodies against glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) in cerebrospinal fluids (CSFs)...
  32. Rissi D, Pierezan F, Sa e Silva M, Flores E, de Barros C. Neurological disease in cattle in southern Brazil associated with Bovine herpesvirus infection. J Vet Diagn Invest. 2008;20:346-9 pubmed
    ..Histological examination in most cases revealed nonsuppurative and necrotizing meningoencephalitis with acute neuronal necrosis, edema, eosinophilic intranuclear inclusion bodies in astrocytes and neurons, ..
  33. Cusi M, Roggi A, Terrosi C, Gori Savellini G, Toti M. Retrospective diagnosis of West Nile virus infection in a patient with meningoencephalitis in Tuscany, Italy. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2011;11:1511-2 pubmed publisher
    ..This emphasizes the importance of maintaining a high level of epidemiological surveillance all over the Italian territory. ..
  34. Poppert S, Hodapp M, Krueger A, Hegasy G, Niesen W, Kern W, et al. Dirofilaria repens infection and concomitant meningoencephalitis. Emerg Infect Dis. 2009;15:1844-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we report a case of D. repens infection with a subcutaneous gravid worm and the patient's concomitant meningoencephalitis and aphasia.
  35. Del Médico Zajac M, Ladelfa M, Kotsias F, Muylkens B, Thiry J, Thiry E, et al. Biology of bovine herpesvirus 5. Vet J. 2010;184:138-45 pubmed publisher
    Bovine herpesvirus 5 (BoHV-5) is an alphaherpesvirus responsible for meningoencephalitis in young cattle and is closely antigenically and genetically related to bovine herpesvirus 1 (BoHV-1)...
  36. Gugliotta J, Goethert H, Berardi V, Telford S. Meningoencephalitis from Borrelia miyamotoi in an immunocompromised patient. N Engl J Med. 2013;368:240-5 pubmed publisher
    ..It is likely that B. miyamotoi is an underrecognized cause of disease, especially in sites where Lyme disease is endemic. ..
  37. Kaliyaperumal S, Dang X, Wuethrich C, Knight H, Pearson C, Mackey J, et al. Frequent infection of neurons by SV40 virus in SIV-infected macaque monkeys with progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy and meningoencephalitis. Am J Pathol. 2013;183:1910-1917 pubmed publisher
    ..Neuronal infection may be an important aspect of both SV40 and JC virus neuropathogenesis in their respective hosts. ..
  38. Nakamura A, Odaka M, Hirata K. [Case of diabetes mellitus associated with cervical pyogenic spondylitis and meningoencephalitis secondary to retropharyngeal abscess caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae]. Brain Nerve. 2008;60:571-4 pubmed
    ..and a latex agglutination test of his CSF revealed Streptococcus pneumoniae to be the causative organism of meningoencephalitis in the patient...
  39. Carniato A, Scotton P, Miotti A, Mengoli C. [Cryptococcus neoformans meningoencephalitis among apparently immunocompetent patients: description of two cases]. Infez Med. 2009;17:41-5 pubmed
    ..healthy person with anamnestic, clinical, CSF and instrumental findings consistent with chronic meningitis/meningoencephalitis, we must also consider cryptococcosis as a possible cause of disease...
  40. Gupta N, Bhaskar H, Duggal S, Ghalaut P, Kundra S, Arora D. Primary amoebic meningoencephalitis: first reported case from Rohtak, North India. Braz J Infect Dis. 2009;13:236-7 pubmed
    ..A possibility of PAM should always be considered in all cases of acute purulent meningoencephalitis in which no bacteria or fungus are found.
  41. Threlkeld Z, Broughton R, Khan G, Berger J. Isolated Histoplasma capsulatum meningoencephalitis in an immunocompetent child. J Child Neurol. 2012;27:532-5 pubmed publisher
    ..We describe an immunocompetent 13-year-old girl with atypical symptoms and unusual radiologic findings due to laboratory-confirmed histoplasma meningoencephalitis. She responded well to antifungal therapy.
  42. Park E, Uchida K, Nakayama H. Comprehensive immunohistochemical studies on canine necrotizing meningoencephalitis (NME), necrotizing leukoencephalitis (NLE), and granulomatous meningoencephalomyelitis (GME). Vet Pathol. 2012;49:682-92 pubmed publisher
    In dogs, there are several idiopathic meningoencephalitides, such as necrotizing meningoencephalitis (NME), necrotizing leukoencephalitis (NLE), and granulomatous meningoencephalomyelitis (GME)...
  43. Sugita Y, Fujii T, Hayashi I, Aoki T, Yokoyama T, Morimatsu M, et al. Primary amebic meningoencephalitis due to Naegleria fowleri: an autopsy case in Japan. Pathol Int. 1999;49:468-70 pubmed
    ..amebas represented by Naegleria fowleri, Acanthamoeba and Balamutia have been known to cause fatal meningoencephalitis since Fowler and Carter (1965) reported the first four human cases...
  44. Loo K, Ramachandran R, Abdullah B, Chow S, Goh E, Yeap S. Cerebral infarction and cerebral salt wasting syndrome in a patient with tuberculous meningoencephalitis. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 2003;34:636-40 pubmed
    A 38-year old female with underlying systemic lupus erythematosus was admitted with tuberculous meningoencephalitis. After an initial good response to anti-tuberculous treatment, she developed cerebral infarction and profound ..
  45. Tsunemi T, Kamata T, Fumimura Y, Watanabe M, Yamawaki M, Saito Y, et al. Immunohistochemical diagnosis of Cryptococcus neoformans var. gattii infection in chronic meningoencephalitis: the first case in Japan. Intern Med. 2001;40:1241-4 pubmed
    ..We report the first Japanese with cryptococcal meningoencephalitis caused by C. neoformans var. gattii infection that occurred during a trip to Australia...
  46. Cursons R, Sleigh J, Hood D, Pullon D. A case of primary amoebic meningoencephalitis: North Island, New Zealand. N Z Med J. 2003;116:U712 pubmed
  47. Braun L, Tsuchida T, Spiegel H. Meningoencephalitis in a child complicated by myocarditis, quadriparesis and respiratory failure. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2006;25:853, 855-6 pubmed
  48. Bryant U, Lyons E, Bain F, Hong C. Halicephalobus gingivalis-associated meningoencephalitis in a Thoroughbred foal. J Vet Diagn Invest. 2006;18:612-5 pubmed
    ..Microscopically, there was a verminous meningoencephalitis characterized by an eosinophilic and granulomatous inflammatory reaction primarily affecting the cerebellum...
  49. Roffe E, Silva A, Marino A, dos Santos P, Lannes Vieira J. Essential role of VLA-4/VCAM-1 pathway in the establishment of CD8+ T-cell-mediated Trypanosoma cruzi-elicited meningoencephalitis. J Neuroimmunol. 2003;142:17-30 pubmed
    ..The enhanced susceptibility of C3H/He mice to CD8-mediated acute meningoencephalitis is associated with higher up-regulation of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) on CNS vascular ..
  50. Rojas Hernández S, Rodríguez Monroy M, López Revilla R, Reséndiz Albor A, Moreno Fierros L. Intranasal coadministration of the Cry1Ac protoxin with amoebal lysates increases protection against Naegleria fowleri meningoencephalitis. Infect Immun. 2004;72:4368-75 pubmed
    ..immunity against fatal Naegleria fowleri infection in mice, which resembles human primary amoebic meningoencephalitis. Higher immunoglobulin G (IgG) than IgA anti-N...
  51. Shenoy S, Wilson G, Prashanth H, Vidyalakshmi K, Dhanashree B, Bharath R. Primary meningoencephalitis by Naegleria fowleri: first reported case from Mangalore, South India. J Clin Microbiol. 2002;40:309-10 pubmed
    A fatal case of primary amebic meningoencephalitis (PAM) in a 5-month-old infant is described. The disease may have been contracted during bathing. The source of water was from an artificial well...
  52. Weissenbock H, Nowotny N, Caplazi P, Kolodziejek J, Ehrensperger F. Borna disease in a dog with lethal meningoencephalitis. J Clin Microbiol. 1998;36:2127-30 pubmed
    A dog was euthanatized because of progressive neurological signs. Histologically, a nonsuppurative meningoencephalitis was found...
  53. Stahel P, Frei K, Eugster H, Fontana A, Hummel K, Wetsel R, et al. TNF-alpha-mediated expression of the receptor for anaphylatoxin C5a on neurons in experimental Listeria meningoencephalitis. J Immunol. 1997;159:861-9 pubmed
    ..expression of the receptor for C5a (C5aR) in brains of mice with experimental Listeria monocytogenes (LM) meningoencephalitis. In the course of the disease, infiltrating cells in the meninges and the ventricles were found to express ..