Summary: Disease or injury involving multiple SPINAL NERVE ROOTS. Polyradiculitis refers to inflammation of multiple spinal nerve roots.

Top Publications

  1. Miller D, Ray A, Hourihan M. Spinal subdural haematoma: how relevant is the INR?. Spinal Cord. 2004;42:477-80 pubmed
    ..Case report...
  2. Cecchi P, Rizzo P, Faccioli F, Bontempini L, Schwarz A, Bricolo A. Intraneural cavernous malformation of the cauda equina. J Clin Neurosci. 2007;14:984-6 pubmed
    ..The microscopic appearance was suggestive of cavernous angioma with intraneural growth. Clinical, radiological, and surgical features of this unusual lesion (to date, only 12 cases are reported) are discussed. ..
  3. Lam H, Cheung K, Law S, Fung K. Crystal arthropathy of the lumbar spine: a report of 4 cases. J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong). 2007;15:94-101 pubmed
    ..Two had cauda equina syndrome and another 2 had spinal stenosis. To avoid unnecessary surgery, this should be considered in the differential diagnosis when treating patients with histories of gout or pseudogout for spinal problems...
  4. Egli D, Hausmann O, Schmid M, Boos N, Dietz V, Curt A. Lumbar spinal stenosis: assessment of cauda equina involvement by electrophysiological recordings. J Neurol. 2007;254:741-50 pubmed
    ..All patients were assessed by neurological examination, electrophysiological recordings, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the lumbar spine. The electrophysiological recordings focused on spinal lumbar nerve involvement...
  5. Chen H, Hsu P, Tzaan W. "Migration" of traumatic subarachnoid hematoma? A case report. Surg Neurol. 2008;70:213-6; discussion 216 pubmed
    ..Physicians should be aware of descending migration of intracranial SAH as a possible cause of spinal cord or root compression, especially in the patient with late onset spinal symptoms. ..
  6. Longstreth G. Diabetic thoracic polyradiculopathy. Best Pract Res Clin Gastroenterol. 2005;19:275-81 pubmed
    Diabetic thoracic polyradiculopathy usually causes severe, chronic abdominal pain in patients with type 2 diabetes of variable duration. Other diabetic complications, weight loss and paretic abdominal wall protrusion are common...
  7. Coulombe G, Thiessen B, Balkwill S, Aquino Parsons C. Polyradiculopathy post-concomitant chemoradiation for carcinoma of the uterine cervix treated with pelvic and para-aortic fields. Gynecol Oncol. 2005;99:774-7 pubmed
    ..It is becoming more common to include the para-aortic lymph nodes in the radiation fields of patients treated with concomitant weekly cisplatin for node-positive squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix...
  8. Fluckiger M, Damur Djuric N, Hassig M, Morgan J, Steffen F. A lumbosacral transitional vertebra in the dog predisposes to cauda equina syndrome. Vet Radiol Ultrasound. 2006;47:39-44 pubmed
    ..German Shepherd dogs were eight times more likely to develop CES compared with other breeds. Male dogs were twice as likely to develop CES than females. Dogs with an LTV develop CES 1-2 years earlier than dogs without an LTV...
  9. Delanian S, Lefaix J, Maisonobe T, Salachas F, Pradat P. Significant clinical improvement in radiation-induced lumbosacral polyradiculopathy by a treatment combining pentoxifylline, tocopherol, and clodronate (Pentoclo). J Neurol Sci. 2008;275:164-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Two patients with progressive worsening RI lumbosacral polyradiculopathy experienced over several years a significant clinical improvement in their neurological sensorimotor ..

More Information

Publications108 found, 100 shown here

  1. Zeiser R, Grullich C, Bertz H, Pantazis G, Hufert F, Bley T, et al. Late cytomegalovirus polyradiculopathy following haploidentical CD34+-selected hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Bone Marrow Transplant. 2004;33:243-5 pubmed
    ..in the cerebral-spinal fluid, antiviral combination therapy failed to control the rapidly progressing CMV polyradiculopathy (PRP) and encephalitis, which were confirmed by autopsy studies...
  2. Gautschi O, Cadosch D, Hildebrandt G. [Emergency scenario: cauda equina syndrome--assessment and management]. Praxis (Bern 1994). 2008;97:305-12 pubmed
    ..A thourough anamnesis and physical examination are leading to the suspected diagosis. Below, clinical presentation, diagnosis and relevant treatment of the CES are discussed...
  3. Sohal A, Riordan A, Mallewa M, Solomon T, Kneen R. Successful treatment of cytomegalovirus polyradiculopathy in a 9-year-old child with congenital human immunodeficiency virus infection. J Child Neurol. 2009;24:215-8 pubmed publisher
    Cytomegalovirus lumbosacral polyradiculopathy is a well-documented complication of human immunodeficiency virus in adults who have a CD4 count of less than 40/microL...
  4. Kothbauer K, Seiler R. Transdural cauda equina incarceration after microsurgical lumbar discectomy: case report. Neurosurgery. 2000;47:1449-51 pubmed
    ..Complications usually occur when they are least expected. We present an unusual case of nerve entrapment after microsurgical discectomy...
  5. Orendacova J, Cizkova D, Kafka J, Lukacova N, Marsala M, Sulla I, et al. Cauda equina syndrome. Prog Neurobiol. 2001;64:613-37 pubmed
    ..Developments in the diagnosis and treatment of patients with back pain, sciatica and with a herniated lumbar disc are mentioned, including many treatment options available...
  6. Anderson S, Baquis G, Jackson A, Monteleone P, Kirkwood J. Ventral polyradiculopathy with pediatric acute lymphocytic leukemia. Muscle Nerve. 2002;25:106-10 pubmed
    ..These findings could represent selective ventral nerve root vulnerability to intrathecal chemotherapy. A selective autoimmune process cannot be excluded...
  7. Zhou L, Zabad R, Lewis R. Ethylene glycol intoxication: electrophysiological studies suggest a polyradiculopathy. Neurology. 2002;59:1809-10 pubmed
  8. Hsia A, Katz J, Hancock S, Peterson K. Post-irradiation polyradiculopathy mimics leptomeningeal tumor on MRI. Neurology. 2003;60:1694-6 pubmed
    ..disease treated with total or subtotal lymphoid radiation 17 to 24 years earlier developed lumbosacral polyradiculopathy associated with nodular meningeal enhancement of the conus medullaris and cauda equina on MRI...
  9. Lenehan B, Sullivan P, Street J, Dudeney S. Epidural abscess causing cauda equina syndrome. Ir J Med Sci. 2005;174:88-91 pubmed
    ..The diagnosis of this condition requires a high index of suspicion. This report demonstrates that with adequate decompression and appropriate antimicrobial treatment a good outcome is achievable. ..
  10. Dussa C, Soni B. Influence of type of management of transverse sacral fractures on neurological outcome. A case series and review of literature. Spinal Cord. 2008;46:590-4 pubmed publisher
    ..There is no statistical evidence of benefit of either surgical or conservative management on the outcome of bladder and bowel function. Presence of a severe angulation, displacement of fracture and neurotomesis dictate poor prognosis. ..
  11. Okoro T, Qureshi A, Sell B, Sell P. The accuracy of assessment of walking distance in the elective spinal outpatients setting. Eur Spine J. 2010;19:279-82 pubmed publisher
    ..012). ODI, LBOS and other parameters measured showed no correlation. Subjective distance perception and estimation is poor in this population. Patients over 60 and those with a professional background are more accurate but still poor. ..
  12. Yamashita A, Matsumoto M. [Risk management in spinal anesthesia]. Masui. 2011;60:1275-83 pubmed
    ..The prediction, early detection and prompt start of the treatment of the complications after spinal anesthesia are important to minimize the risk of adverse outcome. ..
  13. Papasotiriou M, Papachristou E, Marangos M, Koukoulaki M, Savvidaki E, Kalliakmani P, et al. Cytomegalovirus polyradiculopathy of late onset in a young renal transplant recipient. Clin Nephrol. 2013;80:75-8 pubmed
    ..Here, we report a case of CMV polyradiculopathy 6 months after renal transplantation that presented as a Guillain-Barre like syndrome and was successfully ..
  14. Pfefferkorn T, Feddersen B, Schulte Altedorneburg G, Linn J, Pfister H. Tick-borne encephalitis with polyradiculitis documented by MRI. Neurology. 2007;68:1232-3 pubmed
  15. Bejot Y, Catteau A, Hervieu M, Giré P, Caillier M, Benatru I, et al. [Leptomeningeal dissemination after ethmoidal sinus adenocarcinoma surgery: a rare complication]. Rev Neurol (Paris). 2008;164:189-93 pubmed publisher
    ..Diagnosis of carcinomatous meningitis is difficult and is based on clinical data, CSF analysis and gadolinium-enhanced T1-weighted brain and spinal cord MRI. The implication of surgery is discussed. Prognosis of such a disorder is poor. ..
  16. Samieirad S, Khajehahmadi S, Tohidi E, Barzegar M. Unusual Presentation of Guillain-Barré Syndrome After Mandibular Fracture Treatment: A Review of the Literature and a New Case. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2016;74:129.e1-6 pubmed publisher
    ..syndrome (GBS) is a multifactorial and lethal inflammatory demyelinating neuronal disorder with concurrent polyradiculopathy and polyneuropathy presentations...
  17. Hayashi Y, Sakurai T, Kimura A, Ikeda T, Matsuyama Z, Suzuki Y, et al. Selective cauda equina hypertrophy with idiopathic inflammation. Muscle Nerve. 2008;38:1065-9 pubmed publisher
    ..This is the first case of selective cauda equina hypertrophy with idiopathic inflammation. We propose that this is a new disease entity. ..
  18. Bele K, Pendharkar H, Venkat E, Gupta A. Anterior dural ectasia mimicking a lytic lesion in the posterior vertebral body in ankylosing spondylitis. J Neurosurg Spine. 2011;15:636-40 pubmed publisher
    ..Symptomatic patients with long-standing AS should be monitored for the presence of dural ectasia, which can be anterior in location, as is demonstrated in the present case. ..
  19. El Asri A, El Mostarchid B, Akhaddar A, Baallal H, Dao I, Naama O, et al. Arachnoiditis ossificans of the cauda equina. Br J Neurosurg. 2012;26:547-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The pathophysiology and therapeutic strategy of this rare entity are still controversial. ..
  20. Amitendu S, Mak S, Ling J, Ng W. A single institution experience of the incidence of extracranial metastasis in glioma. J Clin Neurosci. 2012;19:1511-5 pubmed publisher
    ..To our knowledge, there has been no published report of PXA with scalp metastasis or vertebral metastasis. ..
  21. Ozgen S, Baykan N, Dogan I, Konya D, Pamir M. Cauda equina syndrome after induction of spinal anesthesia. Neurosurg Focus. 2004;16:e5 pubmed
    ..An acute subdural hematoma caused the syndrome and was believed to have resulted from direct vascular trauma during administration of spinal anesthesia or from vascular trauma combined with thrombocytopenia in the postoperative period. ..
  22. Sokolowski M, Garvey T, Perl J, Sokolowski M, Akesen B, Mehbod A, et al. Postoperative lumbar epidural hematoma: does size really matter?. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2008;33:114-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Few guidelines exist for postoperative lumbar MRI interpretation. The critical ratio is an important contribution. ..
  23. Hsieh C, Tsai W, Liu M. Intradural lumbar cystic schwannoma. Neurosciences (Riyadh). 2011;16:366-8 pubmed
    ..At operation, a well encapsulated cystic mass was found. The pathological examination confirmed a diagnosis of schwannoma. The relevant literature was also reviewed. ..
  24. Baehring J, Batchelor T. Diagnosis and management of neurolymphomatosis. Cancer J. 2012;18:463-8 pubmed
    ..Four clinical patterns are recognized. Most commonly, NL presents as a painful polyneuropathy or polyradiculopathy, followed by cranial neuropathy, painless polyneuropathy, and peripheral mononeuropathy...
  25. Ducati L, Silva M, Brandão M, Romero F, Zanini M. Intradural lumbar disc herniation: report of five cases with literature review. Eur Spine J. 2013;22 Suppl 3:S404-8 pubmed publisher
    ..We concluded that for intradural disc herniations the diagnosis is mainly intraoperative, and the surgical technique has some special aspects. ..
  26. Gitelman A, Hishmeh S, Morelli B, Joseph S, Casden A, Kuflik P, et al. Cauda equina syndrome: a comprehensive review. Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 2008;37:556-62 pubmed
    ..CES occurs in approximately 2% of cases of herniated lumbar discs and is one of the few spinal surgical emergencies. In this article, we review information that is critical in understanding, diagnosing, and treating CES. ..
  27. Wu K, Chiang Y, Lin B, Su H, Poon K, Shen M, et al. Epidural cyst with cauda equina syndrome after epidural anesthesia. Acta Anaesthesiol Taiwan. 2010;48:148-51 pubmed publisher
    ..Surgical decompression was performed with H-reflex monitoring. Epidural injection could result in cystic accumulation complicated with cauda equina syndrome. ..
  28. Khedr E, Alkady E, El Hammady D, Khalifa F, bin Humam S. Repetitive lumbosacral nerve magnetic stimulation improves bladder dysfunction due to lumbosacral nerve injury: a pilot randomized controlled study. Neurorehabil Neural Repair. 2011;25:570-6 pubmed publisher
    ..036, respectively) was found as well. rLMS at 15 Hz may improve urinary dysfunction secondary to lumbosacral nerve injury. Further trials can determine the profile of patients who may benefit and optimal stimulation parameters. ..
  29. Celik E, Kabatas S, Karatas M. Atypical presentation of cauda equina syndrome secondary to lumbar disc herniation. J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil. 2012;25:1-3 pubmed publisher
    ..This article discusses atypical presentation of cauda equina syndrome (CES) secondary to LDH. Early diagnosis and surgery are important factors for a better prognosis in CES. ..
  30. Moen V, Dahlgren N, Irestedt L. Severe neurological complications after central neuraxial blockades in Sweden 1990-1999. Anesthesiology. 2004;101:950-9 pubmed
    ..Obstetric patients carry significantly lower incidence of complications. Osteoporosis is proposed as a previously neglected risk factor. Close surveillance after central neuraxial blockade is mandatory for safe practice. ..
  31. Yagci I, Gunduz O, Ekinci G, Diracoglu D, Us O, Akyuz G. The utility of lumbar paraspinal mapping in the diagnosis of lumbar spinal stenosis. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2009;88:843-51 pubmed publisher
    ..Paraspinal mapping technique is a sensitive method in the diagnosis of lumbar spinal stenosis and reflects physiology of nerve roots better than the limb electromyography. ..
  32. Reda H, Taylor S, Klein C, Boes C. A case of sensory ataxia as the presenting manifestation of neurosarcoidosis. Muscle Nerve. 2011;43:900-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Using imaging, we report a case of cauda equina polyradiculopathy presenting with progressive sensory ataxia without clinical or electrophysiological evidence of motor ..
  33. Inoue N, Ichimura H, Goto S, Hashimoto Y, Ushio Y. MR imaging findings of spinal posterior column involvement in a case of Miller Fisher syndrome. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2004;25:645-8 pubmed
  34. Rooney A, Statham P, Stone J. Cauda equina syndrome with normal MR imaging. J Neurol. 2009;256:721-5 pubmed publisher
    ..While some may have had an alternative organic cause, we propose that these symptoms may have a "functional" origin in many patients. ..
  35. Bersano A, Carpo M, Cappellari A, Bresolin N, Nobile Orazio E. Transient response to immune therapies in post-irradiation lumbosacral radiculoplexopathy. J Neurol. 2004;251:488-90 pubmed
  36. Kotil K, Akcetin M, Bilge T. Cauda equina compression syndrome in a child due to lumbar disc herniation. Childs Nerv Syst. 2004;20:443-4 pubmed
    ..Lumbar disc disease in the pediatric age has been reported infrequently, but to the best of our knowledge, this is the first pediatric case of acute lumber disc herniation presenting with caudal compression. ..
  37. Schroder J, Palkovic S, Wassmann H. Spontaneous spinal epidural haematoma: a therapeutical challenge? Report of an unusual case. Emerg Med J. 2005;22:387-8 pubmed
    ..Awareness and high index of suspicion, and a willingness to seek the prompt help of the imaging department, are crucial to successful management before the opportunity to treat is lost. ..
  38. Volk T. [Complications of spinal anesthesia and how to avoid them]. Anasthesiol Intensivmed Notfallmed Schmerzther. 2010;45:188-95 pubmed publisher
    ..The residual risk for permanent harm can be estimated to be around 0,02 per thousand. ..
  39. Kamerath J, Morgan W. Absent inferior vena cava resulting in exercise-induced epidural venous plexus congestion and lower extremity numbness: a case report and review of the literature. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2010;35:E921-4 pubmed
    ..It is also pertinent to consider performing a hypercoagulable work-up in patients with vascular deformations, as this may prevent future thrombosis. ..
  40. Todd N. Causes and outcomes of cauda equina syndrome in medico-legal practice: a single neurosurgical experience of 40 consecutive cases. Br J Neurosurg. 2011;25:503-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Mismanagement of patients with iatrogenic injuries was associated with a universally poor outcome. ..
  41. Li X, Dou Q, Hu S, Liu J, Kong Q, Zeng J, et al. Treatment of cauda equina syndrome caused by lumbar disc herniation with percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy. Acta Neurol Belg. 2016;116:185-90 pubmed publisher
    ..Hence, PELD could be used as an alternative surgical method for the treatment of CES in properly selected cases and appropriate patient selection and a reasonable surgical approach will give rise to better outcomes. ..
  42. Bach S, Holten K. Guideline update: what's the best approach to acute low back pain?. J Fam Pract. 2009;58:E1 pubmed
    ..Do not refer for surgery in the absence of red flags. ..
  43. Shim T, El Daly H, Carr R, Taibjee S, Gach J. Cutaneous telangiectasia and cauda equina syndrome: a presentation of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Am J Dermatopathol. 2013;35:507-10 pubmed publisher
    ..We speculate that this clinical appearance may arise due to lymphatic or vascular congestion resulting from the dense lymphoid infiltrate in this case. ..
  44. Johnson M. Neurotoxicity of lidocaine: implications for spinal anesthesia and neuroprotection. J Neurosurg Anesthesiol. 2004;16:80-3 pubmed
  45. Hamlat A, Saikali S, Lakehal M, Pommereuil M, Morandi X. Cauda equina syndrome due to an intra-dural sacral cyst in type-1 Gaucher disease. Eur Spine J. 2004;13:249-52 pubmed
  46. Galano E, Gelis A, Oujamaa L, Dutray A, Pelissier J, Dupeyron A. An atypical ballistic traumatic cauda equina syndrome with a positive outcome. Focus on prognostic factors. Ann Phys Rehabil Med. 2009;52:687-93 pubmed publisher
    ..Apart from the influence of a possible surgical act, the neurological and functional prognosis of a traumatic cauda equina syndrome caused by a projectile also depends on its physical characteristics. ..
  47. Khalatbari M, Jalaeikhoo H, Moharamzad Y. Primary intradural extraosseous Ewing's sarcoma of the lumbar spine presenting with acute bleeding. Br J Neurosurg. 2013;27:840-1 pubmed publisher
    ..Emergency surgery was done which demonstrated an acute bleeding. Treatment was followed by the chemotherapy and the adjuvant radiotherapy. Follow-up has been done for 6 years after presentation. ..
  48. Kim K, Wang J, Robertson D, Brodke D, BenDebba M, Block K, et al. Reduction of leg pain and lower-extremity weakness for 1 year with Oxiplex/SP gel following laminectomy, laminotomy, and discectomy. Neurosurg Focus. 2004;17:ECP1 pubmed
    ..Oxiplex/SP Gel was easy to use and safe in patients who underwent unilateral discectomy. A greater benefit in clinical outcome measures was seen over the 12-month follow-up period in gel-treated patients. ..
  49. Humble S. Calcitonin for acute neuropathic pain associated with spinal cord injury. Anaesth Intensive Care. 2011;39:682-6 pubmed
    ..This underutilised drug may be a very useful adjuvant for neuropathic pain associated with spinal cord injury. ..
  50. Ceko M, Seminowicz D, Bushnell M, Olausson H. Anatomical and functional enhancements of the insula after loss of large primary somatosensory fibers. Cereb Cortex. 2013;23:2017-24 pubmed publisher
    ..We, thus, demonstrated plasticity in networks involving the insular cortex following denervation of large-diameter somatosensory afferents. ..
  51. Jones J, Davies S, Werre S, Shackelford K. Effects of body position and clinical signs on L7-S1 intervertebral foraminal area and lumbosacral angle in dogs with lumbosacral disease as measured via computed tomography. Am J Vet Res. 2008;69:1446-54 pubmed publisher
    ..Positional CT is a feasible technique for quantifying dynamic changes in L7-S1 intervertebral foraminal morphology in dogs with LS disease. ..
  52. Guntur Ramkumar P, Kanodia A, Ananthakrishnan G, Roberts R. Chiari II malformation mimicking partial rhombencephalosynapsis? A case report. Cerebellum. 2010;9:111-4 pubmed publisher
    ..Partial rhombencephalosynapsis is a variation of this anomaly with fewer reported cases. We present the case of a patient with Chiari II malformation mimicking partial rhombencephalosynapsis. ..
  53. Winston A, Marriott D, Brew B. Early syphilis presenting as a painful polyradiculopathy in an HIV positive individual. Sex Transm Infect. 2005;81:133-4 pubmed
    ..We describe a case of an HIV positive individual whose first presenting feature of early syphilis was a polyradiculopathy.
  54. Calabrò R, Marullo M, Gervasi G, Marino S, Bramanti P. Does intravesical electrostimulation improve neurogenic constipation? A case report. Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2011;23:614-6 pubmed publisher
    ..This report demonstrates that IVES may be considered another viable and less invasive option for controlling constipation secondary to spinal and peripheral nerve lesions...
  55. O Ferrall E, Gendron D, Guiot M, Hall J, Sinnreich M. Lower motor neuron syndrome due to cauda equina hypertrophy with onion bulbs. Muscle Nerve. 2013;48:301-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Although selective nerve root involvement of the sensory roots has been described and termed chronic inflammatory sensory polyradiculoneuropathy (CISP), selective involvement of the proximal motor roots has not been described...
  56. Carod Artal F, Vargas A, Horan T, Marinho P, Coelho Costa P. Schistosoma mansoni myelopathy: clinical and pathologic findings. Neurology. 2004;63:388-91 pubmed
    ..Inflammatory granulomas and a schistosome worm in a leptomeningeal vein of the spinal cord were observed in the one patient coming to necropsy...
  57. Podnar S. Bilateral vs. unilateral electromyographic examination of the external anal sphincter muscle. Neurophysiol Clin. 2004;34:153-7 pubmed
    ..The aim of the present study was to test the hypothesis that information obtained by bilateral examination of the EAS muscle outweighs inconvenience due to additional needle insertions...
  58. Cameron C, Burgess C. Recurrent back pain and fevers. Med J Aust. 2007;186:208-9 pubmed
    ..This case illustrates the difficulty of differentiating infection from CPPD...
  59. Hussin P, Chan C, Saw L, Kwan M. U-shaped sacral fracture: an easily missed fracture with high morbidity. A report of two cases. Emerg Med J. 2009;26:677-8 pubmed publisher
    ..A high index of suspicion with proper clinical and radiographic assessments will decrease the incidence of missed diagnosis and prevent the occurrence of delayed neurological deficits...
  60. Imai A, Yamamoto H, Hatakeyama S, Iwabuchi I, Yoneyama T, Hashimoto Y, et al. Cauda equina symptoms are closely related to male lower urinary tract symptoms. Urol Int. 2010;84:325-9 pubmed publisher
    ..To determine the impact of cauda equina symptoms on male lower urinary tract function, we investigated the related risk factors in healthy Japanese men...
  61. Daniels E, Gordon Z, French K, Ahn U, Ahn N. Review of medicolegal cases for cauda equina syndrome: what factors lead to an adverse outcome for the provider?. Orthopedics. 2012;35:e414-9 pubmed publisher
    ..7% of the cases involved an initial presentation that included loss of bowel or bladder control, this study emphasizes the importance of cautioning all patients with spinal complaints of the potential risk for cauda equina syndrome...
  62. Venkatesan M, Uzoigwe C, Perianayagam G, Braybrooke J, Newey M. Is cauda equina syndrome linked with obesity?. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2012;94:1551-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Those with very large discs (obstructing > 75% of the spinal canal) had a larger BMI than those with small discs (obstructing < 25% of the canal; p < 0.01). We therefore conclude that increasing BMI is associated with CES...
  63. Korse N, Jacobs W, Elzevier H, Vleggeert Lankamp C. Complaints of micturition, defecation and sexual function in cauda equina syndrome due to lumbar disk herniation: a systematic review. Eur Spine J. 2013;22:1019-29 pubmed publisher
    ..Aim of this study is to review current literature on outcome of micturition, defecation and sexual function in CES due to lumbar disk herniation...
  64. Maki Y, Takayama M, Hayashi H, Yokoyama Y, Agawa Y. Cauda Equina Syndrome Due To Dural Sac Shift with Engorgement of the Epidural Venous Plexus: Rare Complication After Lumbar Microdiscectomy. World Neurosurg. 2017;104:1048.e15-1048.e18 pubmed publisher
    ..We also propose laminoplasty as an option to treat dural sac shift with engorgement of the epidural venous plexus. ..
  65. Delobel P, Signate A, El Guedj M, Couppie P, Gueye M, Smadja D, et al. Unusual form of neurocysticercosis associated with HIV infection. Eur J Neurol. 2004;11:55-8 pubmed
    ..We report an unusual case of epidural spinal racemose neurocysticercosis revealed by compression of cauda equina in an HIV-infected man and discuss the potential interactions between T. solium and HIV infections...
  66. Metser U, Lerman H, Blank A, Lievshitz G, Bokstein F, Even Sapir E. Malignant involvement of the spine: assessment by 18F-FDG PET/CT. J Nucl Med. 2004;45:279-84 pubmed
    ..The purpose of the study was to assess the role of (18)F-FDG PET/CT in the assessment of secondary malignant involvement of the spinal column...
  67. Martineau P, Ouellet J, Reindl R, Arlet V. Surgical images: musculoskeletal. Delayed cauda equina syndrome due to a sacral insufficiency fracture missed after a minor trauma. Can J Surg. 2004;47:117-8 pubmed
  68. Lang E, Borges J, Carlstedt T. Surgical treatment of lumbosacral plexus injuries. J Neurosurg Spine. 2004;1:64-71 pubmed
    ..The purpose of this study was to analyze therapeutic possibilities and clinical outcomes in patients with lumbosacral plexus injuries to develop surgical concepts of treatment...
  69. Choi J, Lee W, Sung K. Intradural lumbar disc herniation--is it predictable preoperatively? A report of two cases. Spine J. 2007;7:111-7 pubmed
    ..Intradural disc herniations are thought to be rare events, and there have been relatively few literature reports of intradural disc herniations available with regard to magnetic resonance imaging findings...
  70. Lamb C, Pfeiffer D. Statistical briefing: odds and odds ratios. Vet Radiol Ultrasound. 2008;49:220-1 pubmed
  71. Kudo Y, Nishijima Y, Mochida K, Sekido Y, Tachibana S. Gas-filled intradural cyst with migration into the nerve root of the cauda equina. J Neurosurg Spine. 2008;8:482-6 pubmed publisher
    ..The authors report 2 additional patients with gas-filled intradural cysts that migrated into the nerve root of the cauda equina. After surgical treatment their severe leg pain completely resolved...
  72. Moussallem C, El Yahchouchi C, Charbel A, Nohra G. Late spinal subdural haematoma after spinal anaesthesia for total hip replacement. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2009;91:1531-2 pubmed publisher
    ..The patient had received low-molecular-weight heparin anticoagulation which had been delayed until 12 hours postoperatively. No other cause of the haemorrhage could be identified...
  73. Zhou L, Pioro E. Familial ALS with SOD1 mutation misdiagnosed with polyradiculopathy and myopathy. Amyotroph Lateral Scler. 2009;10:476-8 pubmed publisher
    ..He was initially misdiagnosed with a lumbosacral polyradiculopathy because of spinal stenosis and underwent a laminectomy surgery with no benefit...
  74. Conesa X, Pellisé F, Núñez S, Villanueva C, Caceres E. Recurrent adjacent segment disease and cauda equina syndrome. Eur Spine J. 2011;20 Suppl 2:S258-61 pubmed publisher
    ..The reported clinical relevance of ASD is rather low. We describe an unusual case of cauda equina compression at L1-L2 in a patient who had undergone L2-L4 fusion 8 years previously and 2 decompression-fusion surgeries 16 years before...
  75. Franzini A, Ferroli P, Marras C, Broggi G. Huge epidural hematoma after surgery for spinal cord stimulation. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2005;147:565-7; discussion 567 pubmed
    ..This case is unusual because of the almost "holocord" extension of the haematoma and the excellent recovery obtained by prompt surgical treatment...
  76. Stacpoole S, McGuigan C, Lewis S, Phadke R, Stevens J, Choi D, et al. Spinal claudication due to myxopapillary ependymoma. Pract Neurol. 2007;7:394-6 pubmed
  77. Cornec D, Devauchelle Pensec V, Joulin S, Saraux A. Dramatic efficacy of infliximab in cauda equina syndrome complicating ankylosing spondylitis. Arthritis Rheum. 2009;60:1657-60 pubmed publisher
    ..This is the first report of an effective treatment for cauda equina syndrome complicating AS. Our case report strongly supports an inflammatory mechanism to this condition...
  78. Ma B, Wu H, Jia L, Yuan W, Shi G, Shi J. Cauda equina syndrome: a review of clinical progress. Chin Med J (Engl). 2009;122:1214-22 pubmed
    ..Study selection Original milestone articles and critical reviews written by major pioneer investigators about the cauda equina syndrome were selected...
  79. Ahn T, Lee S, Choi G, Ahn Y, Liu W, Kim H, et al. Effect of intervertebral disk degeneration on spinal stenosis during magnetic resonance imaging with axial loading. Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo). 2009;49:242-7; discussion 247 pubmed
    ..More accurate diagnosis of stenosis can be achieved using MR imaging with axial loading, especially if grade 2 to 4 disk degeneration is present...
  80. Fraser S, Roberts L, Murphy E. Cauda equina syndrome: a literature review of its definition and clinical presentation. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2009;90:1964-8 pubmed publisher
    ..To review the current evidence for the signs and symptoms of cauda equina syndrome (CES)...
  81. Sebesta P, Stulik J, Vyskocil T, Kryl J. [Cauda equina syndrome after elective lumbar spine surgery]. Acta Chir Orthop Traumatol Cech. 2009;76:505-8 pubmed
    ..Its aetiology, pathogenesis and diagnostics are discussed, as well as the methods of prevention and therapy which are still limited and often not beyond experimentation...
  82. Bertelli J, Ghizoni M, Loure Iro Chaves D. Sensory disturbances and pain complaints after brachial plexus root injury: a prospective study involving 150 adult patients. Microsurgery. 2011;31:93-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Even when T1 was the only preserved root, hand sensation was mostly spared. This indicates that overlapping of the dermatomal zones seems much more widespread than previously reported...
  83. Fu Z, Shi J, Liu N, Jia L, Yuan W, Wang Y. Differentiation of neonatal dorsal root ganglion-derived neural stem cells into oligodendrocytes after intrathecal transplantation into a cauda equina lesion model. Genet Mol Res. 2013;12:6092-102 pubmed publisher
  84. Khan A, Synnot K, Cammisa F, Girardi F. Lumbar synovial cysts of the spine: an evaluation of surgical outcome. J Spinal Disord Tech. 2005;18:127-31 pubmed
    ..Our aim was to study the outcomes and results of surgically treated patients with synovial cysts of the lumbar spine in our institution...
  85. Doran M, Du Plessis D, Larner A. Disseminated enteropathy-type T-cell lymphoma: cauda equina syndrome complicating coeliac disease. Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 2005;107:517-20 pubmed
    ..Although rare, disseminated enteropathy-type T-cell lymphoma should enter the differential diagnosis in any patient with coeliac disease developing new neurological signs...
  86. Onal I, Shorbagi A, Goker H, Büyükasýk Y, Ozcakar L, Tufan A, et al. Cauda equina syndrome as a rare manifestation of leukemia relapse during postallograft period. J Natl Med Assoc. 2006;98:808-10 pubmed
    ..We define an interesting presentation of CES as abdominal pain and discuss the rare coexistence of the syndrome and leukemia under the light of the pertinent literature...
  87. Amini A, Liu J, Kan P, Brockmeyer D. Cerebrospinal fluid dissecting into spinal epidural space after lumbar puncture causing cauda equina syndrome: review of literature and illustrative case. Childs Nerv Syst. 2006;22:1639-41 pubmed
    ..The incidence of this phenomenon may be higher than suspected, although most cases may remain asymptomatic...
  88. Skouen J. [Sciatica--compression and inflammation of nerve roots?]. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2007;127:316-8 pubmed
  89. Kwan J. Paraproteinemic neuropathy. Neurol Clin. 2007;25:47-69 pubmed
    ..A methodical diagnostic approach to patients who have a plasma cell dyscrasia and neuropathy is necessary to ensure the appropriate detection of more widespread systemic involvement...
  90. Benjaminsen E, Salvesen R. [A 28-year-old woman with newly-onset urinary incontinence]. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2007;127:438-9 pubmed
    ..The patient went to surgery with laminectomia and extirpation of the hernia. This case illustrates that a disk herniation with a cauda equina syndrome is not necessarily painful...
  91. Arai T, Hoka S. Neurotoxicity of intrathecal local anesthetics. J Anesth. 2007;21:540-1 pubmed
  92. Adilay U, Tugcu B, Gunes M, Gunaldi O, Gunal M, Eseoglu M. Cauda equina syndrome caused by primary lumbosacral and pelvic hydatid cyst: a case report. Minim Invasive Neurosurg. 2007;50:292-5 pubmed
    ..5-2% of all hydatidoses. About half of the bone involvement occurs in vertebrae. The thoracic spine is the most common site of the spinal hydatidosis. Primary hydatid cysts of the lumbar and sacral spinal canal are very rare...