cystadenocarcinoma

Summary

Summary: A malignant neoplasm derived from glandular epithelium, in which cystic accumulations of retained secretions are formed. The neoplastic cells manifest varying degrees of anaplasia and invasiveness, and local extension and metastases occur. Cystadenocarcinomas develop frequently in the ovaries, where pseudomucinous and serous types are recognized. (Stedman, 25th ed)

Top Publications

  1. Waldmann J, Zielke A, Moll R, Schweinsberg T, Rothmund M, Langer P. Cystadenocarcinoma of the gallbladder. J Hepatobiliary Pancreat Surg. 2006;13:594-9 pubmed
    ..We report on a 75-year-old man with a cystadenocarcinoma of the gallbladder who presented with mild abdominal discomfort and a palpable mass in the right upper ..
  2. Ding G, Wu M, Yang J, Cheng S, Li N, Liu K, et al. Primary hepatic malignant fibrous histiocytoma mimicking cystadenocarcinoma: a case report. Hepatobiliary Pancreat Dis Int. 2006;5:620-3 pubmed
    ..Primary malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the liver is extremely rare; only 28 cases have been reported to date in the English literature...
  3. Devaney K, Goodman Z, Ishak K. Hepatobiliary cystadenoma and cystadenocarcinoma. A light microscopic and immunohistochemical study of 70 patients. Am J Surg Pathol. 1994;18:1078-91 pubmed
    ..The cystadenocarcinoma patients ranged in age from 24 to 90 years at the time of first diagnosis (mean, 59 years); eight patients (..
  4. Pojchamarnwiputh S, Na Chiangmai W, Chotirosniramit A, Lertprasertsuke N. Computed tomography of biliary cystadenoma and biliary cystadenocarcinoma. Singapore Med J. 2008;49:392-6 pubmed
    Biliary cystadenoma (BCA) and biliary cystadenocarcinoma (BCAC) are rare biliary ductal neoplasms of the liver. This study aims to describe the computed tomography (CT) findings of these neoplasms and to distinguish between both entities.
  5. Lempinen M, Halme L, Numminen K, Arola J, Nordin A, Makisalo H. Spontaneous rupture of a hepatic cystadenoma and cystadenocarcinoma: report of two cases. J Hepatobiliary Pancreat Surg. 2005;12:409-14 pubmed
    ..We report on two cases with spontaneous rupture of hepatobiliary cystadenoma and cystadenocarcinoma cysts, initially treated as simple hepatic cysts by aspiration, or by aspiration combined with sclerotherapy...
  6. Wang C, Miao R, Liu H, Du X, Liu L, Lu X, et al. Intrahepatic biliary cystadenoma and cystadenocarcinoma: an experience of 30 cases. Dig Liver Dis. 2012;44:426-31 pubmed publisher
    Intrahepatic biliary cystadenoma and biliary cystadenocarcinoma are extremely rare neoplasms of the liver. They share similar radiological characteristics, and the clinicopathological features are poorly defined...
  7. Kim H. [Biliary cystic neoplasm: biliary cystadenoma and biliary cystadenocarcinoma]. Korean J Gastroenterol. 2006;47:5-14 pubmed
    Biliary cystic tumors, such as cystadenoma and cystadenocarcinoma, are rare cystic tumors of liver accounting for fewer than 5% of all intrahepatic cysts of biliary origin...
  8. Erdogan D, Busch O, Rauws E, van Delden O, Gouma D, van Gulik T. Obstructive jaundice due to hepatobiliary cystadenoma or cystadenocarcinoma. World J Gastroenterol. 2006;12:5735-8 pubmed
    ..The resection specimen revealed a hepatobiliary cystadenocarcinoma. HBC and cystadenocarcinoma may give rise to obstructive jaundice...
  9. Sato M, Watanabe Y, Tokui K, Kohtani T, Nakata Y, Chen Y, et al. Hepatobiliary cystadenocarcinoma connected to the hepatic duct: a case report and review of the literature. Hepatogastroenterology. 2003;50:1621-4 pubmed
    We present a rare case of hepatobiliary cystadenocarcinoma with biliary communication. A 74-year-old woman had a liver cyst that had enlarged from 5 cm to 8 cm in diameter over the last 2 years...

More Information

Publications77

  1. Pitiakoudis M, Argyropoulou P, Tsaroucha A, Prassopoulos P, Simopoulos C. Cystadenocarcinoma of the appendix: an incidental imaging finding in a patient with adenocarcinomas of the ascending and the sigmoid colon. BMC Gastroenterol. 2003;3:30 pubmed
    ..Primary adenocarcinomas of the appendix are uncommon. Mucoceles that result from mucinous adenocarcinomas of the appendix may be incidentally detected on imaging...
  2. Takayasu K, Mizuguchi Y, Muramatsu Y, Yamasaki S, Sugiura T, Sato C, et al. Late complication of a large simple cyst of the liver mimicking cystadenocarcinoma after sclerotherapy. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2003;181:464-6 pubmed
  3. Kitajima Y, Okayama Y, Hirai M, Hayashi K, Imai H, Okamoto T, et al. Intracystic hemorrhage of a simple liver cyst mimicking a biliary cystadenocarcinoma. J Gastroenterol. 2003;38:190-3 pubmed
    ..We encountered a case of simple liver cyst that was morphologically similar to biliary cystadenocarcinoma, which was complicated by asymptomatic intracystic hemorrhage and successfully treated by right lobectomy...
  4. Law K, Chang T, Tung J. Fertility-sparing treatment of a primary retroperitoneal mucinous cystadenocarcinoma. BJOG. 2006;113:612-4 pubmed
  5. Laco J, Podhola M, Dolezalova H. Low-grade cribriform cystadenocarcinoma of the parotid gland: a neoplasm with favorable prognosis, distinct from salivary duct carcinoma. Int J Surg Pathol. 2010;18:369-73 pubmed publisher
    Low-grade cribriform cystadenocarcinoma of salivary glands is a recently described rare tumor with favorable prognosis...
  6. Yu Q, Chen T, Wan Y, Min J, Cheng Y, Guo H. Intrahepatic biliary cystadenocarcinoma: clinical analysis of 4 cases. Hepatobiliary Pancreat Dis Int. 2009;8:71-4 pubmed
    Intrahepatic biliary cystadenocarcinoma (IBC) is a low-incidence disease which is often misdiagnosed because of insufficient recognition. This study aimed to investigate the clinical features, diagnosis and treatment of the disease.
  7. Weinreb I. Intraductal carcinoma of salivary gland (so-called low-grade cribriform cystadenocarcinoma) arising in an intraparotid lymph node. Head Neck Pathol. 2011;5:321-5 pubmed publisher
    ..various additional names including "low-grade salivary duct carcinoma", "low-grade cribriform cystadenocarcinoma" and "carcinoma in situ" of salivary gland...
  8. Vercelli A, Bellone G, Abate O, Emanuelli G, Cagnasso A. Expression of transforming growth factor-beta isoforms in the skin, kidney, pancreas and bladder in a German shepherd dog affected by renal cystadenocarcinoma and nodular dermatofibrosis. J Vet Med A Physiol Pathol Clin Med. 2003;50:506-10 pubmed
    ..lesions, kidney, bladder and pancreas from a 10-year-old female German shepherd dog (GSD) affected by renal cystadenocarcinoma and nodular dermatofibrosis (RCND) compared with normal GSDs (n = 2)...
  9. Brandwein Gensler M, Hille J, Wang B, Urken M, Gordon R, Wang L, et al. Low-grade salivary duct carcinoma: description of 16 cases. Am J Surg Pathol. 2004;28:1040-4 pubmed
    ..Its resemblance to atypical breast ductal hyperplasia, or micropapillary/cribriform intraductal carcinoma, distinguishes it from high-grade salivary duct carcinoma, papillocystic acinic cell carcinoma, and cystadenocarcinoma.
  10. Buetow P, Buck J, Pantongrag Brown L, Ros P, Devaney K, Goodman Z, et al. Biliary cystadenoma and cystadenocarcinoma: clinical-imaging-pathologic correlations with emphasis on the importance of ovarian stroma. Radiology. 1995;196:805-10 pubmed
    To evaluate cross-sectional imaging in the distinction of biliary cystadenoma from cystadenocarcinoma and in the determination of the presence of ovarian stroma.
  11. Beltraminelli H, Buechner S, Hausermann P. Pancreatic panniculitis in a patient with an acinar cell cystadenocarcinoma of the pancreas. Dermatology. 2004;208:265-7 pubmed
    ..and peripheral eosinophilia in whom the skin symptoms led to a diagnosis of an underlying acinar cell cystadenocarcinoma. The panniculitis involved initially the legs, but soon thereafter lesions developed on the trunk and upper ..
  12. Miyata R, Shimazu M, Kawachi S, Tanabe M, Aiura K, Wakabayashi G, et al. Left trisegmentectomy and combined resection of the inferior vena cava, without reconstruction, for giant cystadenocarcinoma of the liver. J Hepatobiliary Pancreat Surg. 2005;12:272-6 pubmed
    A 54-year-old woman with giant liver cystadenocarcinoma underwent left trisegmentectomy with combined resection of the inferior vena cava (IVC) and the right hepatic vein...
  13. Kawahara A, Harada H, Mihashi H, Akiba J, Kage M. Cytological features of cystadenocarcinoma in cyst fluid of the parotid gland: Diagnostic pitfalls and literature review. Diagn Cytopathol. 2010;38:377-81 pubmed publisher
    b>Cystadenocarcinoma is a rare malignant tumor, with an estimated incidence of 2% of malignant salivary gland tumors...
  14. Terada T, Takeuchi T, Taniguchi M. Hepatobiliary cystadenocarcinoma with cystadenoma elements of the gall bladder in an old man. Pathol Int. 2003;53:790-5 pubmed
    Hepatobiliary cystadenoma and cystadenocarcinoma of the gall bladder have rarely been reported. An 88-year-old Japanese man was admitted to our clinic because of hypochondralgia and jaundice...
  15. Ishak K, Willis G, Cummins S, Bullock A. Biliary cystadenoma and cystadenocarcinoma: report of 14 cases and review of the literature. Cancer. 1977;39:322-38 pubmed
    ..features and long-term follow-up of eight patients with biliary cystadenoma and six patients with biliary cystadenocarcinoma are reported and the previous literature is reviewed...
  16. Lingaas F, Comstock K, Kirkness E, Sørensen A, Aarskaug T, Hitte C, et al. A mutation in the canine BHD gene is associated with hereditary multifocal renal cystadenocarcinoma and nodular dermatofibrosis in the German Shepherd dog. Hum Mol Genet. 2003;12:3043-53 pubmed
    Hereditary multifocal renal cystadenocarcinoma and nodular dermatofibrosis (RCND) is a naturally occurring canine kidney cancer syndrome that was originally described in German Shepherd dogs...
  17. Koc M, Yanilmaz M, Yildirim H, Gok U, Cobanoglu B. MRI findings of papillary cystadenocarcinoma of the submandibular gland. Diagn Interv Radiol. 2010;16:20-3 pubmed publisher
    Papillary cystadenocarcinoma is an extremely rare malignant tumor of the salivary glands...
  18. Skalova A, Vanecek T, Sima R, Laco J, Weinreb I, Perez Ordonez B, et al. Mammary analogue secretory carcinoma of salivary glands, containing the ETV6-NTRK3 fusion gene: a hitherto undescribed salivary gland tumor entity. Am J Surg Pathol. 2010;34:599-608 pubmed publisher
    ..salivary gland neoplasm, with features resembling both salivary acinic cell carcinoma (AciCC) and low-grade cystadenocarcinoma, and displaying strong similarities to breast secretory carcinoma...
  19. Akiyoshi T, Yamaguchi K, Chijiiwa K, Tanaka M. Cystadenocarcinoma of the liver without mesenchymal stroma: possible progression from a benign cystic lesion suspected by follow-up imagings. J Gastroenterol. 2003;38:588-92 pubmed
    We herein report a 64-year-old Japanese woman with cystadenocarcinoma of the liver without mesenchymal stroma which had been followed up by imagings for 12 years. A small round cyst grew from 1cm to 4 cm in diameter during 10 years...
  20. Kubota E, Katsumi K, Iida M, Kishimoto A, Ban Y, Nakata K, et al. Biliary cystadenocarcinoma followed up as benign cystadenoma for 10 years. J Gastroenterol. 2003;38:278-82 pubmed
    We describe a case of biliary cystadenocarcinoma that showed a longterm clinical course. A 69-year-old Japanese man was admitted to our hospital because of abdominal discomfort...
  21. Wang L, Liu Y, Lin X, Zhang D, Li Q, Qiu X, et al. Low-grade cribriform cystadenocarcinoma of salivary glands: report of two cases and review of the literature. Diagn Pathol. 2013;8:28 pubmed publisher
    Low-grade cribriform cystadenocarcinoma (LGCCC) is a recently described rare tumor of salivary gland which exhibits clinically indolent behavior...
  22. Siren J, Kärkkäinen P, Luukkonen P, Kiviluoto T, Kivilaakso E. A case report of biliary cystadenoma and cystadenocarcinoma. Hepatogastroenterology. 1998;45:83-9 pubmed
    Three cases of intrahepatic biliary cystadenoma with mesenchymal stroma and one case of biliary cystadenocarcinoma are presented...
  23. Wee A, Nilsson B, Kang J, Tan L, Rauff A. Biliary cystadenocarcinoma arising in a cystadenoma. Report of a case diagnosed by fine needle aspiration cytology. Acta Cytol. 1993;37:966-70 pubmed
    ..We report a case of a 56-year-old woman with a biliary cystadenocarcinoma diagnosed by fine needle aspiration cytology...
  24. Koroglu M, Akhan O, Akpinar E, Oto A, Gumus B. Biliary cystadenoma and cystadenocarcinoma: two rare cystic liver lesions. JBR-BTR. 2006;89:261-3 pubmed
    A case of hepatobiliary cystadenoma with mesenchymal stroma and a case of biliary cystadenocarcinoma are presented. Hepatobiliary cystadenoma and cystadenocarcinoma are rare liver lesions that are difficult to diagnose preoperatively...
  25. Huang Y, Cao Y, Lin J, Gao F, Li F. Acinar cell cystadenocarcinoma of the pancreas in a 4-year-old child. Pancreas. 2006;33:311-2 pubmed
  26. Arai A, Taki M, Mimaki S, Ueda M, Hori S. Low-grade cribriform cystadenocarcinoma of the parotid gland: a case report. Auris Nasus Larynx. 2009;36:725-8 pubmed publisher
    Low-grade cribriform cystadenocarcinoma is a rare tumor that is recognized as a variant of cystadenocarcinoma by the 2005 WHO classification. We report a case of low-grade cribriform cystadenocarcinoma...
  27. Karahan O, Kahriman G, Soyuer I, Ok E. Hepatic von Meyenburg complex simulating biliary cystadenocarcinoma. Clin Imaging. 2007;31:50-3 pubmed
    ..and magnetic resonance imaging showed a periportal multicystic mass simulating biliary cystadenoma/cystadenocarcinoma. The patient underwent laparotomy...
  28. Lewin M, Mourra N, Honigman I, Flejou J, Parc R, Arrive L, et al. Assessment of MRI and MRCP in diagnosis of biliary cystadenoma and cystadenocarcinoma. Eur Radiol. 2006;16:407-13 pubmed
    ..demonstrated six biliary cystadenoma (BCA) including four pseudo-ovarian stroma (POS) and one biliary cystadenocarcinoma (BCAC)...
  29. Vogt D, Henderson J, Chmielewski E. Cystadenoma and cystadenocarcinoma of the liver: a single center experience. J Am Coll Surg. 2005;200:727-33 pubmed
    ..Recurrence and possible malignant transformation are consequences of incomplete excision. Cystadenocarcinomas are very rare tumors that are felt to be biologically indolent...
  30. Tseng C, Pan Y, Chen C, Liu C, Wu D, Wang W, et al. Biliary cystadenocarcinoma associated with atrophy of the left hepatic lobe and hepatolithiasis mimicking intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma: a case report. Kaohsiung J Med Sci. 2004;20:198-203 pubmed
    Biliary cystadenocarcinoma and its benign counterpart, biliary cystadenoma, are rare hepatic cystic tumors arising from the hepatobiliary epithelium...
  31. Liu Q, He Z, Bie P. Solitary pancreatic tuberculous abscess mimicking prancreatic cystadenocarcinoma: a case report. BMC Gastroenterol. 2003;3:1 pubmed
    ..The incidence of pancreatic tuberculosis is extremely rare, and it frequently misdiagnosed as pancreatic neoplasms. The nonsurgical diagnosis of this entity continues to be a challenge...
  32. Ohno A, Mori A, Doi R, Yonenaga Y, Asano N, Uemoto S. Successful left hemihepatectomy and perioperative management of a patient with biliary cystadenocarcinoma, complicated with MELAS syndrome: report of a case. Surg Today. 2010;40:878-82 pubmed publisher
    ..This report presents the case of a 50-year-old woman with biliary cystadenocarcinoma complicated by MELAS who underwent a successful left hemihepatectomy...
  33. Mardi K, Sharma S, Gupta N. Papillary cystadenocarcinoma of submandibular salivary gland: a rare case report. J Cancer Res Ther. 2010;6:330-2 pubmed publisher
    Papillary cystadenocarcinoma is an extremely rare malignant neoplasm characterized by cysts and papillary endophytic projections. It was first defined in 1991 by World Health organization as a separate entity...
  34. Nakazawa T, Kondo T, Yuminomochi T, Nakazawa K, Ishii Y, Mochizuki K, et al. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy of low-grade cribriform cystadenocarcinoma of the salivary gland. Diagn Cytopathol. 2011;39:218-22 pubmed publisher
    Low-grade cribriform cystadenocarcinoma (LGCCC) is a rare tumor, defined in the 2005 WHO classification as a primary salivary duct tumor. Previously, the neoplasm had been recognized as a variant of salivary duct carcinomas...
  35. Kinoshita H, Tanimura H, Onishi H, Kasano Y, Uchiyama K, Yamaue H. Clinical features and imaging diagnosis of biliary cystadenocarcinoma of the liver. Hepatogastroenterology. 2001;48:250-2 pubmed
    Biliary cystadenocarcinoma of the liver is a relatively rare disease. Herein, we reported a case of biliary cystadenocarcinoma with a review of the literature. A 71-year-old female was admitted with the chief complaint of epigastralgia...
  36. Davies W, Chow M, Nagorney D. Extrahepatic biliary cystadenomas and cystadenocarcinoma. Report of seven cases and review of the literature. Ann Surg. 1995;222:619-25 pubmed
    ..The aim of this investigation was to describe the clinical features, diagnosis, pathologic characteristics, and optimal surgical management for patients with extrahepatic biliary cystadenomas...
  37. Altaras M, Jaffe R, Corduba M, Holtzinger M, Bahary C. Primary paraovarian cystadenocarcinoma: clinical and management aspects and literature review. Gynecol Oncol. 1990;38:268-72 pubmed
    Two cases of primary paraovarian-origin serous cystadenocarcinoma, one invasive and one of low malignant potential, are presented. Both were diagnosed in postmenopausal women and were initially treated surgically...
  38. Nakajima T, Sugano I, Matsuzaki O, Nagao K, Kondo Y, Miyazaki M, et al. Biliary cystadenocarcinoma of the liver. A clinicopathologic and histochemical evaluation of nine cases. Cancer. 1992;69:2426-32 pubmed
    Nine cases of biliary cystadenocarcinoma of the liver were studied, with emphasis on its clinicopathologic features, mucin profiles, and immunohistochemical characteristics...
  39. Ciocca V, Bombonati A, Palazzo J, Schulz S, Waldman S. Guanylyl cyclase C is a specific marker for differentiating primary and metastatic ovarian mucinous neoplasms. Histopathology. 2009;55:182-8 pubmed publisher
  40. Ito K. Histological evaluation of mixed mesodermal tumor of the ovary. Tohoku J Exp Med. 1994;172:51-7 pubmed
    ..The carcinomatous region of the mixed tumor was endometrioid carcinoma in Patient 1 and serous cystadenocarcinoma in Patient 2, while the sarcomatous region was chondrosarcoma in both patients...
  41. Jiang T, Wang S, Huang L, Zhang S. Clinical significance of serum DKK-1 in patients with gynecological cancer. Int J Gynecol Cancer. 2009;19:1177-81 pubmed publisher
    ..Dickkopf-1 protein detection using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay as a molecular marker can contribute to the detection and the diagnosis of cervical and endometrial cancers, especially for cervical squamous cell cancer. ..
  42. Calò V, Agnese V, Gargano G, Corsale S, Gregorio V, Cascio S, et al. A new germline mutation in BRCA1 gene in a sicilian family with ovarian cancer. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2006;96:97-100 pubmed
    ..In conclusion, the characterization of this mutation could help in the identification of a founder mutation of sicilian area and this may provide significant advantages for genetic counselling. ..
  43. O Grady J. Treatment options for other hepatic malignancies. Liver Transpl. 2000;6:S23-9 pubmed
    ..5. Liver transplantation has been successfully applied to a range of rare hepatic malignancies, but small numbers preclude strong recommendations on the appropriateness of this practice. ..
  44. Oh T, Kim M, Lee S, Seo D, Lee S, Kim E, et al. [Thirteen cases of intrahepatic biliary cystadenoma and cystadenocarcinoma: a single center experience]. Korean J Gastroenterol. 2006;47:379-85 pubmed
    Biliary cystadenoma (BCA) and biliary cystadenocarcinoma (BCACa) are rare cystic neoplasms that usually arise from the liver. We reviewed the clinicopathologic and radiologic findings of 13 cases of intrahepatic biliary cystic neoplasms...
  45. Devoto M, Croxatto J. Primary cystadenocarcinoma of the lacrimal gland. Ophthalmology. 2003;110:2006-10 pubmed
    To report a patient with a cystadenocarcinoma of the lacrimal gland, a tumor not previously described in the ophthalmic literature...
  46. Jonasdottir T, Mellersh C, Moe L, Heggebø R, Gamlem H, Ostrander E, et al. Genetic mapping of a naturally occurring hereditary renal cancer syndrome in dogs. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2000;97:4132-7 pubmed
    Canine hereditary multifocal renal cystadenocarcinoma and nodular dermatofibrosis (RCND) is a rare, naturally occurring inherited cancer syndrome observed in dogs...
  47. Gras E, Pons C, Machin P, Matias Guiu X, Prat J. Loss of heterozygosity at the RB-1 locus and pRB immunostaining in epithelial ovarian tumors: a molecular, immunohistochemical, and clinicopathologic study. Int J Gynecol Pathol. 2001;20:335-40 pubmed
    ..The results suggest that RB-1 may play a role in a subset of ovarian carcinomas, particularly those exhibiting serous differentiation. ..
  48. Varin O, Varin D, Berrevoet F. Cystic lesions in the liver: benign or malignant?. Acta Chir Belg. 2007;107:554-6 pubmed
    ..scan (CT-scan) showed a cyst in the right liver lobe with a largest diameter of 12 cm, suspicious for cystadenocarcinoma. Further staging showed no extrahepatic metastasis...
  49. Turkyilmaz Z, Karabulut R, Ozbakir F, Pinarli G, Arda Inan M, Oguz A, et al. Recurrent Sertoli-Leydig cell tumor of ovary in 8-year-old girl. Scott Med J. 2016;61:56-9 pubmed publisher
    ..pattern pose difficult diagnostic problems, with the majority of being misinterpreted as serous papillary cystadenocarcinoma and endodermal sinus tumor...
  50. Wang Z, Lu Y, Han Y, Jiang J, Yuan X. [Dipeptidyl peptidase IV gene expression in ovarian carcinoma cell lines with various maligant behaviour]. Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. 2005;27:205-10 pubmed
    ..952, -0.868, and -0.983. There is a negative correlation between the expression of DPP IV gene and the adhesive and incursive capability of cells of ovarian carcinoma. ..
  51. Zedda M, Bogliolo L, Ariu F, Ledda M, Falchi L, Pinna Parpaglia M, et al. Vaginal fold prolapse in a dog with pyometra and ovarian papillary cystadenocarcinoma. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2016;248:822-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Anatomic and histologic examinations of the excised tissues revealed pyometra and papillary cystadenocarcinoma in the right ovary...
  52. Piura B, Rabinovich A, Yanai Inbar I. Psammomacarcinoma of the peritoneum. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2001;97:231-4 pubmed
    ..The mainstay of treatment is surgical debulking. The role of adjuvant chemotherapy has as yet not been established. ..
  53. López Tomassetti Fernández E, Martin Malagon A, Arteaga Gonzalez I, Muñiz Montes J, Díaz Luis H, Gonzalez Hermoso F, et al. Mucinous cystic neoplasm of the pancreas during pregnancy: the importance of proper management. J Hepatobiliary Pancreat Surg. 2005;12:494-7 pubmed
    ..We conclude that surgical resection of these tumors should be strongly considered in pregnancy. Removal of the tumor appears to be a safe procedure without harmful effects to the fetus. ..
  54. Sidden C, Mortele K. Cystic tumors of the pancreas: ultrasound, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging features. Semin Ultrasound CT MR. 2007;28:339-56 pubmed
  55. Cobellis L, Reis F, Luisi S, Danero S, Pirtoli L, Scambia G, et al. High concentrations of activin A in the peritoneal fluid of women with epithelial ovarian cancer. J Soc Gynecol Investig. 2004;11:203-6 pubmed
    ..The aim of the present study was to evaluate the concentrations of activin A in the peritoneal fluid of women with epithelial (serous) ovarian cancer...
  56. Scheel A, Frasunek J, Meyer W, Strobel P. Cystic endosalpingiosis presenting as chronic back pain, a case report. Diagn Pathol. 2013;8:196 pubmed publisher
    ..After uneventful laparoscopic-assisted vaginal hysterectomy the patient quickly recovered and was relieved of her chronic backache. Virtual slides: http://www.diagnosticpathology.diagnomx.eu/vs/1501709091077524...
  57. Li P, Liu K, Li L, Yang M, Gao W, Feng J, et al. Reduced CMTM5 expression correlates with carcinogenesis in human epithelial ovarian cancer. Int J Gynecol Cancer. 2011;21:1248-55 pubmed publisher
    ..24). The reduced expression of CMTM5 correlates significantly with poorly differentiated ovarian cancer and high preoperative CA125 level. CMTM5 may contribute to the pathogenesis of human epithelial ovarian cancer. ..
  58. Huang S, Chiang J, Jan H, Chou S, Chen T, Chen T. Intra-abdomen Ewing's sarcoma. ANZ J Surg. 2011;81:377-8 pubmed publisher
  59. Attar E, Berkman S, Topuz S, Baysal B, Akhan S, Chambers J. Evolutive peritoneal disease after conservative management and the use of infertility drugs in a patient with stage IIIC borderline micro-papillary serous carcinoma (MPSC) of the ovary: case report. Hum Reprod. 2004;19:1472-5 pubmed
    ..Fertility-sparing surgery is an option for young, childless women who would like to preserve their fertility. However, the treatment must be taken very cautiously and requires rigorous surveillance...
  60. Recchia F, De Filippis S, Rosselli M, Saggio G, Carta G, Rea S. Primary chemotherapy in stage IV ovarian cancer. A prospective phase II study. Eur J Gynaecol Oncol. 2001;22:287-91 pubmed
    ..The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of primary chemotherapy (P-CT) in previously untreated patients with stage IV ovarian cancer (OC)...
  61. Goldstein N, Uzieblo A. WT1 immunoreactivity in uterine papillary serous carcinomas is different from ovarian serous carcinomas. Am J Clin Pathol. 2002;117:541-5 pubmed
    ..The mechanisms underlying these findings are unknown. They raise the possibility of genetic differences between the 2 morphologically similar neoplasms...
  62. Zerbib P, Koury Helou A, Lada P, Brams A, Marescaux J, Chambon J. Cystoadenocarcinoma of the urachus. Rev Fac Cien Med Univ Nac Cordoba. 2002;59:109-11 pubmed
    ..Many authors recommended total cystectomy but recent reports considered that conservative surgical treatment improved the quality of life without modifying the survival rate...
  63. Shono Y, Tsuji T, Horiuchi T, Nakai T, Uchiyama K, Nakatani Y, et al. Nonhepatocytic malignant mixed tumor of the liver in adults: report of a long surviving case. Int Surg. 2008;93:55-8 pubmed
    ..Diagnosis was established after surgery. The patient is still alive 11 years after surgery, and to our knowledge is the longest surviving patient with a primary nonhepatocytic malignant mixed primary tumor of the liver...
  64. Linder J, Geenen J, Catalano M. Cyst fluid analysis obtained by EUS-guided FNA in the evaluation of discrete cystic neoplasms of the pancreas: a prospective single-center experience. Gastrointest Endosc. 2006;64:697-702 pubmed
    ..Reports involving EUS and cyst fluid analysis have been encouraging, including studies of EUS features and/or cyst fluid analysis, which may differentiate pancreatic cystic neoplasms...
  65. Huber D, Cimorelli V, Usel M, Bouchardy C, Rapiti E, Petignat P. How many ovarian cancer patients are eligible for fertility-sparing surgery?. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2013;170:270-4 pubmed publisher
    ..To assess how many epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) patients are eligible for fertility-sparing surgery (FSS) in a population-based study...
  66. Farah Klibi F, Kourda Boujemaa J, Bouaskar I, Dziri C, Rachida Z, Jilani Baltagi S. Cystadenocarcinoma of the appendix: an incidental perioperatory finding in a patient with adenocarcinoma of the ascending and sigmoid colon: case report and review of literature. Pathologica. 2009;101:255-60 pubmed
    ..Although there are many pathology reports of primary cystadenocarcinoma of the appendix, only a limited number of cases have appeared in the radiological or surgical literature...
  67. Mahajan A, Liu Z, Gellert L, Zou X, Yang G, Lee P, et al. HMGA2: a biomarker significantly overexpressed in high-grade ovarian serous carcinoma. Mod Pathol. 2010;23:673-81 pubmed publisher
    ..Our findings suggest that HMGA2 is an important molecular change significantly related to high-grade papillary serous carcinoma and is less common in other histological types of ovarian cancer...
  68. Zergeroglu S, Aksakal O, Demirturk F, Gokmen O. Prognostic importance of the nucleolar organizer region score in ovarian epithelial tumors. Gynecol Obstet Invest. 2001;51:60-3 pubmed
    ..The score of the silver-stained nucleolar organizer region (AgNOR) is frequently found to be high in malignant tumors. We studied AgNOR in ovarian epithelial tumors diagnosed in our hospital between 1993 and 1998...