Summary: A benign tumor consisting of vascular and smooth muscle elements.

Top Publications

  1. Tochika N, Takeshita A, Sonobe H, Matsumoto M, Kobayashi M, Araki K. Angiomyofibroblastoma of the vulva: report of a case. Surg Today. 2001;31:557-9 pubmed
    ..When AAM is suspected, the peripheral tissues should also be resected to prevent recurrence...
  2. Vrtik M, Larbalestier R, Cameron D, Gupta A, Sinniah R. Giant superior mediastinal angioleiomyoma. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2004;128:786-8 pubmed
  3. Bisceglia M, Fisher C, Suster S, Kazakov D, Cooper K, Michal M. Tumoral, quasitumoral and pseudotumoral lesions of the superficial and somatic soft tissue: new entities and new variants of old entities recorded during the last 25 years. Part IV: excerpta II. Pathologica. 2004;96:436-63 pubmed
  4. Mentzel T, Dei Tos A, Sapi Z, Kutzner H. Myopericytoma of skin and soft tissues: clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical study of 54 cases. Am J Surg Pathol. 2006;30:104-13 pubmed
    ..Most cases of myopericytoma behave in a benign fashion, but local recurrences and rarely metastases may occur in atypical and malignant neoplasms...
  5. Matsuoka H, Nishio W, Sakamoto T, Harada H, Sashikata T, Tsubota N. Mediastinal angioleiomyoma. Ann Thorac Surg. 2002;73:1653-4 pubmed
    ..We removed the tumor through a midline sternotomy. Microscopic examination revealed a highly vascular mesenchymal tumor without cellular dysplasia or mitotic figures...
  6. Matsuyama A, Hisaoka M, Hashimoto H. Angioleiomyoma: a clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical reappraisal with special reference to the correlation with myopericytoma. Hum Pathol. 2007;38:645-51 pubmed
    ..The concentric structures of myoid cells in angioleiomyomas were, however, consistently negative for desmin. Our data further support the close kinship between angioleiomyoma and myopericytoma that has been recently suggested...
  7. Beissert M, Kenn W, Schultz G, Keberle M, Eck M, Hahn D. Hepatic angiomyoma: CT and MRI findings. Abdom Imaging. 2002;27:40-2 pubmed
    b>Angiomyoma is a benign tumor that arises from soft muscular tissue within the blood vessel wall. This lesion has been found in different organs. The preferential location of these tumors is the lower extremity...
  8. Nasu K, Fujisawa K, Takai N, Miyakawa I. Angiomyofibroblastoma of the vulva. Int J Gynecol Cancer. 2002;12:228-31 pubmed
  9. Kunimatsu N, Kunimatsu A, Kojima K, Hirabayasi Y, Ohtomo K. A case of renal angioleiomyoma with rapid growing: CT findings with histopathological correlation. Radiat Med. 2004;22:437-41 pubmed
    ..It is important to know that the CT findings of real angioleiomyoma may show hypervascularity but are atypical for renal cell carcinoma (RCC), and a tendency for growth may be present...

More Information

Publications101 found, 100 shown here

  1. Yasuda A, Mizuno A, Mishima A, Sasaki S, Ochi N, Wakasugi T, et al. Posterior mediastinal angioleiomyoma: report of a case. J Thorac Imaging. 2007;22:363-5 pubmed
    ..Because mediastinal angioleiomyomas are very rare, they are difficult to diagnose preoperatively. However, we believe that CT and MRI can be of significant help in the differential diagnosis...
  2. Ide F, Mishima K, Saito I. Angiomyoma in the submandibular gland: a rare location for a ubiquitous tumour. J Laryngol Otol. 2003;117:1001-2 pubmed
    b>Angiomyoma is a common soft tissue tumour of the head and neck that sometimes presents to the otolaryngologist; however, it seldom occurs in the major salivary glands...
  3. Zheng W, Zhou K, Chen Z, Shen J, Chen C, Zhang S. Characterization of focal hepatic lesions with SPIO-enhanced MRI. World J Gastroenterol. 2002;8:82-6 pubmed
    ..No specific manifestations were found in the other 6 miscellaneous lesions after SPIO enhancement. SPIO enhanced-MRI can improve the characterization confidence for diagnosis of focal hepatic lesions. ..
  4. Oktem F. Vascular leiomyoma of the hand. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2005;115:1218-9 pubmed
  5. Thienpont E, Geens S, Nelen G. Angioleiomyoma of the knee. A case report. Acta Orthop Belg. 2002;68:76-8 pubmed
    ..Angioleiomyomas are benign soft tissue tumors with a predilection for the lower extremities in middle-aged females. Paroxysmal pain is triggered by pressure, cold and hormonal changes. Simple excision is usually curative. ..
  6. Banerjee K, Datta Gupta S, Mathur S. Vaginal angiomyofibroblastoma. Arch Gynecol Obstet. 2004;270:124-5 pubmed
    ..Angiomyofibroblastoma (AMF) is a rare benign subcutaneous vulvovaginal tumour. The vaginal location of this tumour is very rare with only seven documented cases in literature. We report one case of AMF at this uncommon location. ..
  7. Wang J, Wang C, Xu J, Zhu T. [Intravascular lymphomatosis arising in angioleiomyoma: a case report]. Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi. 2006;35:377-8 pubmed
  8. Mauro C, McGough R, Rao U. Angiomyomatous hamartoma of a popliteal lymph node: an unusual cause of posterior knee pain. Ann Diagn Pathol. 2008;12:372-4 pubmed publisher
    ..There has been 1 report of an angiomyomatous hamartoma of a cervical lymph node, and this is the first reported case occurring in an extremity. We present a case of angiomyomatous hamartoma occurring in a single popliteal lymph node...
  9. Nishio J, Aoki M, Tanaka Y, Iwasaki H, Naito M. Painless angioleiomyoma of the first web space of the hand. In Vivo. 2013;27:519-22 pubmed
    ..Angioleiomyoma should be considered in the differential diagnosis of a well-defined, oval soft tissue mass in the first web space of the hand even when an adjacent tortuous vascular structure is not seen on MRI. ..
  10. Marioni G, Marchese Ragona R, Fernandez S, Bruzon J, Marino F, Staffieri A. Progesterone receptor expression in angioleiomyoma of the nasal cavity. Acta Otolaryngol. 2002;122:408-12 pubmed
    ..We suggest that the growth of this tumour may be hormone-dependent. ..
  11. Lee H, Jang K, Park H, Hwang S, Park S, Choi K, et al. Angiomyofibroblastoma of the vagina in a breast cancer patient. Pathology. 2008;40:534-6 pubmed publisher
  12. Koplin G, Swierzy M, Menenakos C, Schwenk W, Hartmann J. Thoracoscopic resection of a combined esophageal leiomyoma and diverticulum: a case report. Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech. 2011;21:e16-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Though endoscopic enucleations of myoma and resections of diverticula have been described earlier, to our knowledge, we are the first, who performed those procedures in a single operation, which seems to be feasible and safe. ..
  13. Delgado Fernandez J, Penanes J, Torres C, Gordillo Velez C, Manzanares Soler R, Sola R. Infratentorial angioleiomyoma: case report and review of the literature. Rev Neurol. 2016;62:68-74 pubmed
    ..Los angioleiomiomas son tumores benignos asociados con un resultado funcional favorable tras su reseccion completa, que en nuestro caso no presento un alto riesgo de sangrado. ..
  14. Chen H, Wang Q, Zhou S. Transnasal endoscopic resection of vascular leiomyomas of the nasal septum. J Cancer Res Ther. 2016;12:109-11 pubmed publisher
    ..The endoscope technique offers simple, rapid access to the nasal septum, and excellent visualization; it is a safe, minimally invasive, efficient procedure for removing benign nasal septum tumors that leaves no scar on the face. ..
  15. Vijayasaradhi M, Uppin S, Sreedhar V, Sundaram C, Panigrahi M. Frontal intradiploic angioleiomyoma. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2008;2:266-8 pubmed publisher
    ..A left frontal intradiploic angioleiomyoma in a 10-year-old girl is presented with a review of the literature. The pathological and differential diagnosis and management of this rare lesion is discussed. ..
  16. Domanski H. Cytologic features of angioleiomyoma: cytologic-histologic study of 10 cases. Diagn Cytopathol. 2002;27:161-6 pubmed
    ..Smears from ALM are not sufficiently characteristic to permit a histotype diagnosis, but together with typical clinical data (painful or tender nodule) may help to exclude other skin or subcutaneous lesions. ..
  17. Suresh L, Matsumura E, Calixto L, Ruckert E, Aguirre A. Intraosseous angiomyoma of the mandible. Gen Dent. 2007;55:132-5 pubmed
    ..Microscopically, 53% of gnathic leiomyomas have a prominent vascular component that warrants a diagnosis of angiomyoma. Surgical excision is the treatment of choice...
  18. Michael R, Shah S. Angioleiomyoma of the nasal cavity. Indian J Pathol Microbiol. 2009;52:386-8 pubmed publisher
    ..We review the literature available on nasal angioleiomyoma. When limited to the nasal cavity endoscopic excision is the treatment of choice. ..
  19. Sakata R, Makiyama K, Noguchi G, Sano F, Nakaigawa N, Yao M, et al. [A case of retroperitoneal angioleiomyoma resected by laparoscopy]. Hinyokika Kiyo. 2012;58:75-8 pubmed
    ..Pathlogical diagnosis was an angioleiomyoma. Angioleiomyoma is a rare type of leiomyoma originating from smooth muscle and containing thick-walled vessels. Only a few cases of retroperitoneal angioleiomyoma have been reported. ..
  20. Stanojevic G, Mihailovic D, Nestorovic M, Radojkovic M, Jovanovic M, Stojanovic M, et al. Case of rectal angioleiomyoma in a female patient. World J Gastroenterol. 2013;19:2114-7 pubmed publisher
    ..During the immediate postoperative period, as well as 6 mo later, the patient had an unremarkable postoperative recovery. ..
  21. Chen X, Zhang X, Zhang S, Lu B. Angioleiomyomas in the bilateral broad ligaments. Int J Gynecol Pathol. 2010;29:39-43 pubmed publisher
    ..We believe that angioleiomyoma should be recognized as a delineated variant of leiomyoma in the female genital tract. This rare benign tumor should be differentiated from other mesenchymal neoplasms with prominent blood vessels. ..
  22. Park S, Mun S. Toothache induced by an angioleiomyoma of the nasolabial groove: a case report. J Orofac Pain. 2011;25:75-8 pubmed
    ..Surgical excision is the gold standard for diagnosis and treatment of angioleiomyoma; a preoperative diagnosis may be difficult. Here, a case of angioleiomyoma found in the nasolabial groove and associated with toothache is presented. ..
  23. Horiguchi H, Matsui Horiguchi M, Fujiwara M, Kaketa M, Kawano M, Ohtsubo Shimoyamada R, et al. Angiomyofibroblastoma of the vulva: report of a case with immunohistochemical and molecular analysis. Int J Gynecol Pathol. 2003;22:277-84 pubmed
    ..Because the expression of HMGI-C is regulated by developmental and differentiation processes and is not found in adult normal tissues, HMGI-C may be involved in the tumorigenesis of angiomyofibroblastoma. ..
  24. Ide F, Mishima K, Yamada H, Saito I, Horie N, Shimoyama T, et al. Perivascular myoid tumors of the oral region: a clinicopathologic re-evaluation of 35 cases. J Oral Pathol Med. 2008;37:43-9 pubmed
    ..It has been suggested that MPC forms a morphologic continuum with glomus tumor (GT), solitary myofibroma (SMF), and angioleiomyoma (ALM). This proposed relationship has not yet been assessed in the oral region...
  25. Hakverdi S, Dolapcioglu K, Gungoren A, Yaldiz M, Hakverdi A. Multiple uterine angioleiomyomas mimicking an ovarian neoplasm: a case report. Eur J Gynaecol Oncol. 2009;30:592-4 pubmed
    ..On pathologic examination of the specimen, the tumor was diagnosed as an angioleiomyoma. Here, we present a case of giant-multiple uterine angioleiomyomas mimicking an ovarian neoplasm. ..
  26. Une Y, Shirota K, Nomura Y. Cardiac angioleiomyoma in 44 cattle in Japan (1982-2009). Vet Pathol. 2010;47:923-30 pubmed publisher
    ..The tumors were classified as cardiac angioleiomyoma. Subendocardial multipotential mesenchymal cells, persistent tissue of the endocardial cushion, or valvular interstitial cells were suspected as the origin. ..
  27. Prusac I, Jurić I, Lamovec J, Culic V. Angiomyomatous hamartoma of the popliteal lymph nodes in a patient with Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome: case report. Fetal Pediatr Pathol. 2011;30:320-4 pubmed publisher
    ..He had occasional mild edema of the right leg, but no signs of inflammation or recurrence of the angiomyomas. Our case is the first reported case of angiomyomatous hamartoma in a patient with Klippel-Trenaunay (KT) syndrome...
  28. Orozco Covarrubias L, Carrasco Daza D, Julian Gonzalez R, Saez de Ocaris M, Duran McKinster C, Palacios Lopez C, et al. Congenital cutaneous angioleiomyoma. Pediatr Dermatol. 2011;28:460-2 pubmed publisher
    ..Prognosis is good, and recurrences are uncommon. To our knowledge, this is the second report of a congenital angioleiomyoma. ..
  29. Ghanadan A, Abbasi A, Kamyab Hesari K. Cutaneous leiomyoma: novel histologic findings for classification and diagnosis. Acta Med Iran. 2013;51:19-24 pubmed
    ..Here we introduced some distinct histological features for each subtype of the cutaneous leiomyoma which can lead to create novel criteria for classification and diagnosis of the lesion. ..
  30. Mehta R, Faquin W, Franco R. Pathology quiz case 2. Angiomyoma of the larynx. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2004;130:889, 890-1 pubmed
  31. Kuhn E, De Anda J, Manoni S, Netto G, Rosai J. Renal cell carcinoma associated with prominent angioleiomyoma-like proliferation: Report of 5 cases and review of the literature. Am J Surg Pathol. 2006;30:1372-81 pubmed
  32. Gueiros L, Romañach M, Pires Soubhia A, Pires F, Paes de Almeida O, Vargas P. Angioleiomyoma affecting the lips: report of 3 cases and review of the literature. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2011;16:e482-7 pubmed
    ..CD34 was also positive on the endothelial cells. All patients were surgically treated and no recurrence was observed so far. The oral pathologists and clinicians should consider this entity when assessing nodular lesions on upper lip. ..
  33. Ozkan L, Ozkurkcugil C, Gok N, Ozkan T, Yildiz K. Angioleiomyoma of the scrotal wall. J Chin Med Assoc. 2011;74:275-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Scrotal ultrasonography demonstrated a solid mass in the scrotum, and surgical excision was carried out. Pathologic examination revealed that the tumor was angioleiomyoma. ..
  34. Narayama C, Ikeda M, Yasaka M, Sagara Y, Kan no Y, Hayashi I, et al. Aggressive Angiomyxoma of the Vulva with No Recurrence on a 5-year Follow up: A Case Report. Tokai J Exp Clin Med. 2016;41:42-5 pubmed
    ..The first line treatment of AA is complete surgical excision with tumor free margins, it will reduce the recurrence. ..
  35. Chang J, Wang S, Hung C, Tsai T, Hsiao C. Multiple Epstein-Barr virus-associated subcutaneous angioleiomyomas in a patient with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Br J Dermatol. 2002;147:563-7 pubmed
    ..The role of EBV in the pathogenesis of this unique neoplasm is still unknown. ..
  36. Schoenborn A, Maladry D, Le Pelletier F, Mitz V. [Vascular leiomyoma of the hand. Report of a case and review of literature concerning a rare pathology]. Ann Chir Plast Esthet. 2002;47:651-5 pubmed
    ..A review of the literature confirms the rarity of the tumour in the hand. The purpose of this case report is furthermore to consider the differential diagnosis in painful masses of the hand. ..
  37. Marden F, Calilao G, Guzman G, Roy S. Glossal angiomyoma: imaging findings and endovascular treatment. Head Neck. 2004;26:1084-8 pubmed
    An angiomyoma is an uncommon, benign tumor characterized by numerous vascular channels intermixed with bundles of smooth muscle cells. Oral manifestations are quite rare...
  38. Beer T. Cutaneous angiomyolipomas are HMB45 negative, not associated with tuberous sclerosis, and should be considered as angioleiomyomas with fat. Am J Dermatopathol. 2005;27:418-21 pubmed
    ..The author proposes that cutaneous angiomyolipomas should be termed angioleiomyoma with fat to avoid confusion with unrelated non-cutaneous angiomyolipomas that are HMB45 negative and require investigation for tuberous sclerosis. ..
  39. Gassel F, Kraft C, Wallny T, Hess L, Schmitt O. Soft-tissue angioleiomyoma of the hand as a rare differential diagnosis of haemophilic pseudotumour. Haemophilia. 2001;7:528-31 pubmed
    ..Especially in a haemophiliac patient, the growth can easily be mistaken for a pseudotumour because of its clinical and radiological similarities. ..
  40. Wang C, Chang Y, Sheen T. Vascular leiomyoma of the head and neck. Laryngoscope. 2004;114:661-5 pubmed
    ..Imaging study or cytological examination is not helpful for diagnosis. Histological classification is not necessary. Simple excision yields excellent results. ..
  41. McCluggage W, Boyde A. Uterine angioleiomyomas: a report of 3 cases of a distinctive benign leiomyoma variant. Int J Surg Pathol. 2007;15:262-5 pubmed
    ..Uterine angioleiomyoma has a close morphological resemblance to the similarly named skin tumor. We review uterine smooth-muscle and other mesenchymal neoplasms in which prominent vascular channels are a feature. ..
  42. Lach B, Benoit B. Primary composite angiogenic leiomyosarcoma-epithelioid angiosarcoma of the brain. Ultrastruct Pathol. 2000;24:339-46 pubmed
  43. Furugaki K, Satoh H, Shinohara M, Saimura M, Nagai E, Yonemasu H, et al. Benign pseudotumorous lesion (fibroangiomyomatous hyperplasia with elastosis) in the gallbladder. J Gastroenterol. 2001;36:504-7 pubmed
    ..To our knowledge, this case may be the first report of a pseudotumorous lesion of the gallbladder with elastosis in Japan...
  44. Woertler K. Soft tissue masses in the foot and ankle: characteristics on MR Imaging. Semin Musculoskelet Radiol. 2005;9:227-42 pubmed
    ..This article reviews the MR appearance of the most common benign and malignant soft tissue masses in the foot and ankle together with their clinical, radiographic, and pathological findings...
  45. Cizmeci O, Tuncer S, Tuzlali S. Leiomyoma of the nasal dorsum and excision with open rhinoplasty approach. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2007;60:689-90 pubmed
  46. Lim K, Moon J, Yoon D, Cha J, Lee I, Min S. Angiomyofibroblastoma arising from the posterior perivesical space: a case report with MR findings. Korean J Radiol. 2008;9:382-5 pubmed publisher
    ..We present a case of an angiomyofibroblastoma that involved the posterior perivesical space in a 48-year-old woman. We have documented the magnetic resonance imaging features of this case...
  47. Yoo H, Choi J, Chung J, Oh J, Lee G, Choi J, et al. Angioleiomyoma in soft tissue of extremities: MRI findings. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2009;192:W291-4 pubmed publisher
    ..The purpose of our study was to describe the MRI findings of angioleiomyoma in the soft tissue of the extremities...
  48. Jalgaonkar A, Dachepalli S, Farid M, Rao S. Angioleiomyoma of the knee: case series and an unusual cause of knee pain. J Knee Surg. 2011;24:33-7 pubmed
    ..Early investigation by MRI expedites the diagnosis, and surgical excision results in complete resolution of symptoms...
  49. Herren D, Zimmermann A, Buchler U. Vascular leiomyoma in an index finger undergoing malignant transformation. J Hand Surg Br. 1995;20:484-7 pubmed
    ..We report a case of vascular leiomyoma of the pulp of the index finger that recurred twice and underwent malignant change. Ray resection proved to be curative. An extensive literature review is given...
  50. Gomez Dermit V, Gallardo E, Landeras R, Echevarría F, García Barredo R. Subcutaneous angioleiomyomas: gray-scale and color Doppler sonographic appearances. J Clin Ultrasound. 2006;34:50-4 pubmed
    ..To describe the gray-scale Doppler and sonographic features of a series of subcutaneous angioleiomyomas...
  51. Alameda F, Munné A, Baro T, Iglesias M, Condom E, Lloreta Trull J, et al. Vulvar angiomyxoma, aggressive angiomyxoma, and angiomyofibroblastoma: an immunohistochemical and ultrastructural study. Ultrastruct Pathol. 2006;30:193-205 pubmed
  52. Korn B, Glasgow B, Kikkawa D. Epiphora as a presenting sign of angioleiomyoma of the lacrimal sac. Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg. 2007;23:490-2 pubmed
    ..Following complete excision, the epiphora resolved and there is no evidence of tumor recurrence at 1 year of follow-up. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of an angioleiomyoma in the lacrimal sac...
  53. Hsu T, Changchien C, Huang C, Lin H. Angioleiomyoma originating from the ovary of an eleven-year-old premenarchal girl. Gynecol Obstet Invest. 2008;65:262-5 pubmed publisher
    ..ALM has not previously been described to originate from the ovary. We present a case herein of a premenarchal girl with a large ALM originating from the ovary...
  54. Fujimura T, Okuyama R, Tagami H, Aiba S. Angioleiomyoma with the features of the dermatofibroma. J Dermatol. 2008;35:124-5 pubmed publisher
  55. Gupte C, Butt S, Tirabosco R, Saifuddin A. Angioleiomyoma: magnetic resonance imaging features in ten cases. Skeletal Radiol. 2008;37:1003-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The histological appearances are well documented, but there are relatively few descriptions of the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings...
  56. Gasco J, Franklin B, Rangel Castilla L, Campbell G, Eltorky M, Salinas P. Infratentorial angioleiomyoma: a new location for a rare neoplastic entity. J Neurosurg. 2009;110:670-4 pubmed publisher
  57. Jun F, Li L, Ning L, Yan L, Siquan T, Shixi L. Giant laryngeal angioleiomyomas: a case report with review of literature. Am J Otolaryngol. 2009;30:219-20 pubmed publisher
    ..Its complete resection was the best therapeutic option. Tracheotomy was required in this case depending on the occurrence site if the tumor and its size...
  58. Ramesh P, Annapureddy S, Khan F, Sutaria P. Angioleiomyoma: a clinical, pathological and radiological review. Int J Clin Pract. 2004;58:587-91 pubmed
    ..It causes minimal morbidity and excision is usually curative. Histological examination using smooth muscle Actin stain portraits the smooth muscle bundles clearly...
  59. Jalón Monzón A, García Rodríguez J, Sánchez Trilla A, Regadera Sejas F, Fernández Gómez J, Fernández García M, et al. [Obstructive urethral angioleiomyoma]. Arch Esp Urol. 2004;57:1128-30 pubmed
    ..To report one case of urethral angioleiomyoma because of the rare site, and to review its main characteristics...
  60. Pahwa R, Khurana N, Chaturvedi K. Angiomyoma of the palate--a case report. Indian J Pathol Microbiol. 2004;47:229-30 pubmed
    ..Recurrence is rare and prognosis is excellent. Only a few case reports are available in literature. We report a case of angiomyoma of the palate presenting as an encapsulated swelling in the roof of the mouth.
  61. Lazovic G, Milicevic S, Atanackovic J, Milosevic V, Bozanovic T, Gojnic M. Leiomyoma of the uterus and retroperitoneal angioleiomyoma: case report. Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol. 2007;34:257-8 pubmed
    ..The tumor had a soft consistency and was completely removed. Histopathology showed features of angioleiomyoma. Angioleiomyoma is a rare benign entity; hence a benign course and good prognosis are expected...
  62. Hayashi M, Tomita S, Fukasawa I, Inaba N. Large angioleiomyoma, rich of mast cell and sex hormone receptor expression. Arch Gynecol Obstet. 2009;279:193-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Angioleiomyoma is a rare benign solitary tumor, arising from the vascular smooth muscle. This tumor usually occurs in the subcutis of extremities, uncommonly in abdomen, often presents as a small (<2 cm) and is treated with excision...
  63. Vafiadis M, Kantas I, Panopoulou M, Sivridis E, Exarchakos G. Vascular leiomyoma of the nasal vestibule. Case report and literature review. B-ENT. 2008;4:105-10 pubmed
    ..Hereby, we present a case of vascular leiomyoma arising specifically from the floor of the nasal vestibule in a 68-year-old man, which is unique because it combines the specific tumour localization with the patient's gender...
  64. McParland H, Warnakulasuriya S, Cook R. Angioleiomyoma: an unusual diagnosis for a lump in the cheek. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2009;47:641-2 pubmed publisher
    ..Deep dissection to excise the mass completely caused no damage to nerves and there has been no recurrence...
  65. Gozalo A, Zerfas P, Starost M, Elkins W, Clarke C. Splenic angioleiomyoma in an owl monkey (Aotus nancymae). J Med Primatol. 2010;39:385-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Based on cell morphology, by light and TEM, and IHC a final diagnosis of splenic angioleiomyoma was made. This is, to our knowledge, the first report of an angioleiomyoma in a non-human primate. ..
  66. Jakab C, Rusvai M, Biró N, Szabo Z, Galfi P, Kulka J. Claudin-5-positive angioleiomyoma in the uterus of a degu (Octodon degus ). Acta Vet Hung. 2010;58:331-40 pubmed publisher
    ..As it has been described also in other species, it seems that claudin-5 is a better endothelial marker than CD31 for the detection of normal and neoplastic endothelial cells in different tissues of degus...
  67. Eley K, Alroyayamina S, Golding S, Tiam R, Watt Smith S. Angioleiomyoma of the hard palate: report of a case and review of the literature and magnetic resonance imaging findings of this rare entity. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol. 2012;114:e45-9 pubmed publisher
    ..In view of the inability to differentiate angioleiomyoma from other pathologies with similar MRI features, simple local excision for definitive histopathologic diagnosis remains recommended...
  68. Danic D, Hadzibegović A, Stojadinović T, Damjanović D, Gudelj A, Mahovne I. Harmonic scalpel surgical treatment of the tongue angioleomyoma--case report and review of the literature. Coll Antropol. 2012;36 Suppl 2:167-70 pubmed
    ..We present a very rare case of angoleomyoma of the tounge base treated with partial glosectomy with harmonic scalpel which shortened surgical procedure, reduced bleeding and postoperative complications...
  69. Tsuji T, Satoh K, Nakano H, Kogo M. Clinical characteristics of angioleiomyoma of the hard palate: report of a case and an analysis of the reported cases. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2014;72:920-6 pubmed publisher
  70. Zizi Sermpetzoglou A, Myoteri D, Arkoumani E, Koulia K, Tsavari A, Alamanou E, et al. Angioleiomyoma of the uterus: report of a distinctive benign leiomyoma variant. Eur J Gynaecol Oncol. 2015;36:210-2 pubmed
    ..The treatment of choice for angioleiomyoma is surgical excision, and either angiomyomectomy or simple hysterectomy are proven to be equally effective; the decision depends on the patient's symptoms and her desire to preserve fertility...
  71. Callé S, Eaton R, Littler J. Vascular leiomyomas in the hand. J Hand Surg Am. 1994;19:281-6 pubmed
    ..The authors review their experience with vascular leiomyomas in the hand and present four cases along with a review of 105 cases found in the English literature...
  72. Holst V, Junkins Hopkins J, Elenitsas R. Cutaneous smooth muscle neoplasms: clinical features, histologic findings, and treatment options. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2002;46:477-90; quiz, 491-4 pubmed
    ..This review discusses the pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, histologic findings, prognosis, treatment options, and controversial areas of cutaneous smooth muscle neoplasms. ( J Am Acad Dermatol 2002;46:477-90.)..
  73. Wang M, Shiao A. Auricle angioleiomyoma. Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi (Taipei). 2002;65:180-2 pubmed
    ..No other similar lesion was found on his face, neck and extremities. The tumor was excised entirely with clear margins. The diagnosis was angioleiomyoma via histology...
  74. Waldherr C, Tabacek G, Suess K, Muller Brand J. [Angioleiomyoma: nuclear medical-radiologic diagnosis of a rare soft tissue tumor]. Nuklearmedizin. 2002;41:N62-4 pubmed
  75. Scheper M, Nikitakis N, Meiller T. A stable swelling of the hard palate. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2007;104:461-4 pubmed
  76. Xu Y, Zhou S, Wang S. Vascular leiomyoma of the larynx: a rare entity. Three case reports and literature review. ORL J Otorhinolaryngol Relat Spec. 2008;70:264-7 pubmed publisher
    ..We conducted a review of the literature to investigate the clinical presentations and histopathologic findings of laryngeal vascular leiomyomas...
  77. Xu Y, Jing Y, Ma S, Ma F, Wang Y, Ma W, et al. Primary angioleiomyoma in the sellar region: a case report and literature review. Clin Neuropathol. 2010;29:21-5 pubmed
    Angioleiomyoma (vascular leiomyomas, angiomyoma) is a rare, benign soft tissue tumor which consists of a mixture of well-differentiated smooth muscle cells and thick-walled vessels...
  78. Rocha Filho J, Shturman L, Okada D, Abbara S, Mamuya W. Intravenous leiomyoma extending into the right ventricle. J Cardiovasc Comput Tomogr. 2010;4:136-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Cardiac computed tomography is useful in assessing the extension and hemodynamic effect of intracardiac masses...
  79. Chung C, Castro E, Yandell P. Periurethral angioleiomyoma in a female patient. Int Urogynecol J. 2012;23:1643-4 pubmed publisher
    ..She underwent transvaginal excision of this mass, and pathology revealed angioleiomyoma. Her urinary urgency has resolved after surgery. No prior periurethral angioleiomyoma has been reported in female patients...
  80. Heffernan M, Smoller B, Kohler S. Cutaneous epithelioid angioleiomyoma. Am J Dermatopathol. 1998;20:213-7 pubmed
    ..Cutaneous epithelioid angioleiomyoma represents a rare variant of dermal smooth muscle tumor and could represent the benign counterpart to the recently described epithelioid leiomyosarcoma of the skin...
  81. Nakayama H, Enzan H, Miyazaki E, Kuroda N, Toi M. Lack of CD34 positive stromal cells within angiomyomas (vascular leiomyomas). J Clin Pathol. 2002;55:395-6 pubmed
    ..To investigate the role of CD34 positive stromal cells in the morphogenesis and tumour growth regulation of angiomyomas (vascular leiomyomas)...
  82. Culhaci N, Ozkara E, Yuksel H, Ozsunar Y, Unal E. Spontaneously ruptured uterine angioleiomyoma. Pathol Oncol Res. 2006;12:50-1 pubmed
    ..She underwent total hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. On pathologic examination of the specimen, the tumor was diagnosed as angioleiomyoma. Here, an unusual clinical presentation of uterine angioleiomyoma was reported...
  83. Utikal J, Haus G, Poenitz N, Koenen W, Back W, Dippel E, et al. Cutaneous leiomyosarcoma with myxoid alteration arising in a setting of multiple cutaneous smooth muscle neoplasms. J Cutan Pathol. 2006;33 Suppl 2:20-3 pubmed
    ..Cutaneous leiomyomas and leiomyosarcomas are rare tumors that originate from the arrector muscle of hair follicles or the smooth muscle of blood vessels...
  84. Onesti M, Maruccia M, Carella S, Rossi A, Soda G, Scuderi N. Subcutaneous angioleiomyoma of the nasal tip. Report of a rare case. In Vivo. 2012;26:1091-4 pubmed
    ..Obvious and disfiguring scars do not remain with this surgical approach. The patient had immediate and complete relief of her symptoms, the aesthetic result is very good and her satisfaction is complete...
  85. Ghizoni J, Baroni E, Baroni E, de Oliveira M, Taveira L, Pereira J. Vascular leiomyoma in the oral cavity. Gen Dent. 2013;61:e9-e11 pubmed
    ..The recurrence rate is very low if complete resection is achieved. The study of rare or unusual lesions is very important for the clinical diagnosis of vascular leiomyoma...
  86. Gutiérrez R, Alvarez Argüelles H, González Gómez M, García M, Díaz Flores L. Ultrastructure and histogenesis of the acral calcified angioleiomyoma. Ultrastruct Pathol. 2016;40:24-32 pubmed publisher
  87. Ustun C, Malazgirt Z, Kandemir B, Kocak I, Bolat I, Gumus S. Angiomyofibroblastoma of the vulva: case report. Pathol Int. 1998;48:964-6 pubmed
    ..A case of a 42-year-old female with a perineal angiomyofibroblastoma mimicking a Bartholin's cyst is presented. The pathological and clinical characteristics of this tumor are discussed...
  88. Ma S, Bai C, Yu X, Huang O, Lang J, Li J. [Clinical and pathological analysis of intravenous leiomyomatosis]. Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi. 2005;40:34-7 pubmed
    ..To investigate the clinical and biological characteristics of intravenous leiomyomatosis and the treatment methods, as well as their effect on prognosis...
  89. Chen C, Lai M, Chen C, Fang C. Vascular leiomyoma of the nasal cavity: case report. Chin Med J (Engl). 2007;120:350-2 pubmed
  90. Picciotti P, Cantore I, La Greca C, Di Nardo W, Scarano E. Angioleiomyoma of the external auditory canal. Am J Otolaryngol. 2007;28:235-7 pubmed
  91. Citil R, Ciralik H, Gül A, Sayar H. Auricular angioleiomyoma: a case report. Turk Patoloji Derg. 2011;27:268-70 pubmed publisher
    Angioleiomyoma (vascular leiomyoma or angiomyoma) is a rare, benign smooth muscle tumor that originates in the tunica media of blood vessels. These tumors may be found anywhere in the body. They usually occur in the lower extremity...
  92. Sirohi D, Smith S, Epstein J, Balzer B, Simko J, Balitzer D, et al. Pericytic tumors of the kidney-a clinicopathologic analysis of 17 cases. Hum Pathol. 2017;64:106-117 pubmed publisher
    ..Taken with the experience of others, our series further corroborates that malignant behavior is rare, and that criteria associated with aggression among soft tissue pericytic tumors may not be predictive for those in the kidney. ..