mediastinal cyst


Summary: Cysts of one of the parts of the mediastinum: the superior part, containing the trachea, esophagus, thoracic duct and thymus organs; the inferior middle part, containing the pericardium; the inferior anterior part containing some lymph nodes; and the inferior posterior part, containing the thoracic duct and esophagus.

Top Publications

  1. Takeda S, Miyoshi S, Minami M, Ohta M, Masaoka A, Matsuda H. Clinical spectrum of mediastinal cysts. Chest. 2003;124:125-32 pubmed
    ..The purpose of this study was to review our institutional experience with congenital cysts of the mediastinum, emphasizing the clinical spectrum of the disease...
  2. Cagirici U, Ozbaran M, Veral A, Posacioglu H. Ectopic mediastinal pancreas. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2001;19:514-5 pubmed
    ..Herein we report a 45-year-old woman with a cyst containing pancreatic tissue in the mediastinum. The English literature reveals only three previous cases of this extremely rare localisation of the pancreas...
  3. Choi Y, McAdams H, Jeon S, Hong E, Kim Y, Im J, et al. Idiopathic multilocular thymic cyst: CT features with clinical and histopathologic correlation. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2001;177:881-5 pubmed
    ..We performed this study to describe the CT features of idiopathic multilocular thymic cysts with clinical and histopathologic correlation...
  4. Petkar M, Vaideeswar P, Deshpande J. Surgical pathology of cystic lesions of the mediastinum. J Postgrad Med. 2001;47:235-9 pubmed
    ..Mediastinal cysts are uncommonly encountered in a pathologist's experience...
  5. Abbey A, Flores R. Spontaneous resolution of a pericardial cyst. Ann Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2010;16:55-6 pubmed
    ..This describes the first reported case of spontaneous pericardial cyst resolution. In select cases a conservative management may be appropriate; however, larger studies are warranted to verify these findings...
  6. Szabados S, Lenard L, Tornoczky T, Varady E, Verzar Z. Ectopic pancreas tissue appearing in a mediastinal cyst. J Cardiothorac Surg. 2012;7:22 pubmed publisher
    ..After the operation a mediastinal cyst was diagnosed, with a pancreatic tissue by histology.
  7. Weber T, Roth T, Beshay M, Herrmann P, Stein R, Schmid R. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery of mediastinal bronchogenic cysts in adults: a single-center experience. Ann Thorac Surg. 2004;78:987-91 pubmed
    ..In support of the thoracoscopic approach we report our single-center experience in this rare entity...
  8. Restrepo C, Pandit M, Rojas I, Villamil M, Gordillo H, Lemos D, et al. Imaging findings of expansile lesions of the thymus. Curr Probl Diagn Radiol. 2005;34:22-34 pubmed
    ..The basic concepts regarding embryology, anatomy, and histology relevant for the differential diagnosis of an enlarged thymic gland are also described...
  9. Galluccio G, Lucantoni G. Mediastinal bronchogenic cyst's recurrence treated with EBUS-FNA with a long-term follow-up. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2006;29:627-9; discussion 629 pubmed
    ..We report a case of a symptomatic mediastinal cyst treated previously by video-assisted thoracoscopy (VATS) but complicated by pericystic adhesions...

More Information

Publications103 found, 100 shown here

  1. Al Salam S, Al Ashari M. Ectopic pancreatic tissue in the anterior mediastinum. Virchows Arch. 2006;448:661-3 pubmed
  2. Nakajima T, Yasufuku K, Shibuya K, Fujisawa T. Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration for the treatment of central airway stenosis caused by a mediastinal cyst. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2007;32:538-40 pubmed
    Central airway stenosis caused by compression due to mediastinal cyst is rare...
  3. Ehricht A, Pützschler F, Weissmann K, Klenske M. [Ectopic pancreatic tissue within a mediastinal cyst--a rare clinical manifestation]. Zentralbl Chir. 2009;134:178-81 pubmed publisher
    ..The histopathological examination revealed exo- and endocrinic pancreatic tissue and a pancreatic pseudocyst with-out a thoracopancreatic fistula...
  4. Kutlay H, Yavuzer I, Han S, Cangir A. Atypically located pericardial cysts. Ann Thorac Surg. 2001;72:2137-9 pubmed
    ..Pathological examination confirmed the diagnosis of pericardial cyst. Clinicians should include pericardial cyst in the differential diagnosis of mediastinal masses. ..
  5. Endo S, Saito N, Hasegawa T, Sato Y, Sohara Y. Tracheocele: surgical and thoracoscopic findings. Ann Thorac Surg. 2005;79:686-7 pubmed
    ..The tracheocele was removed, and our operative and thoracoscopic findings are reported herein. The causes and possible clinical implications of tracheocele are discussed. ..
  6. van der Laan M, van Keulen E, Phaff M, Eerenberg J. Pericardial cyst located in the anterior mediastinum mimicking a thymoma. A presentation of two cases. Minerva Chir. 2007;62:133-6 pubmed
    ..At other locations these cysts may pose a diagnostic problem. We present two cases of an atypically located pericardial cyst and a short review of the literature. ..
  7. Wright C. Mediastinal tumors and cysts in the pediatric population. Thorac Surg Clin. 2009;19:47-61, vi pubmed publisher
    ..CT imaging facilitates the diagnostic evaluation of mediastinal masses in children. Airway compression is always a concern with large mediastinal tumors in children given their relative softer and smaller airway. ..
  8. Chon S, Shinn S, Song D, Jeong M. Double primary tumor, thymic mass and posterior mediastinal neurogenic tumor, in a patient with acute pancreatitis performed with single-staged robotic-assisted thoracoscopic surgery. Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech. 2010;20:e176-8 pubmed publisher
    ..We discuss the positioning and details of the procedure carried out in a 52-year-old woman with acute pancreatitis. ..
  9. Miller J, Lemaire S, Reardon M, Coselli J, Espada R. Intermittent brachiocephalic vein obstruction secondary to a thymic cyst. Ann Thorac Surg. 2000;70:662-3 pubmed
    ..Evaluation revealed a thymic cyst causing extrinsic compression of the left brachiocephalic vein. The cyst was resected with complete resolution of the left neck swelling. ..
  10. Suzuki Y, Ogawa N, Mukai K, Ishiwa N. [A case of mediastinal thoracic duct cyst]. Kyobu Geka. 2001;54:1066-9 pubmed
    ..The histological diagnosis was thoracic duct cyst. The postoperative course was uneventful, and the patient was discharged 9 days after operation. The patient remains disease-free at 8 months after the operation. ..
  11. Wang Z, Reddy G, Gotway M, Yeh B, Hetts S, Higgins C. CT and MR imaging of pericardial disease. Radiographics. 2003;23 Spec No:S167-80 pubmed
    ..Given the many potential applications of these modalities in the evaluation of pericardial diseases, familiarity with the CT and MR imaging features of these diseases is important. ..
  12. Khariwala S, Nicollas R, Triglia J, Garabedian E, Marianowski R, van den Abbeele T, et al. Cervical presentations of thymic anomalies in children. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2004;68:909-14 pubmed
    ..Radiologic imaging is important but is not histologically specific. Definitive diagnosis and cure requires complete surgical excision. ..
  13. Bouziri A, Khaldi A, Louati H, Menif K, Khayati A, Ben Jaballah N. Respiratory failure revealing a multilocular thymic cyst in an infant. Ann Thorac Surg. 2010;90:305-8 pubmed publisher
    ..We report an unusual case of a multilocular thymic cyst diagnosed in a 3-month-old girl, causing severe respiratory failure. We believe that this unusual presentation has not been previously reported in the literature. ..
  14. Aydin Y, Ogul H, Turkyilmaz A, Eroglu A. Surgical treatment of mediastinal cysts: report on 29 cases. Acta Chir Belg. 2012;112:281-6 pubmed
    ..The average postoperative hospitalization period was 7.3 days (2-14 days). A surgical approach to mediastinal cysts offers histological analysis, pathological diagnosis, curative treatment, and prevention from complications. ..
  15. Ponn R. Simple mediastinal cysts: resect them all?. Chest. 2003;124:4-6 pubmed
  16. Eifinger F, Ernestus K, Benz Bohm G, Körber F, Hünseler C, Hekmat K, et al. True thymic hyperplasia associated with severe thymic cyst bleeding in a newborn: case report and review of the literature. Ann Diagn Pathol. 2007;11:358-62 pubmed
    ..The combination of true thymic hyperplasia and cyst bleeding in a newborn has not been previously reported and will be discussed in relation to the available literature on respiratory distress due to thymic pathology in childhood. ..
  17. Tanio N, Kadokura M, Kataoka D, Yamamoto S, Nonaka M, Takaba T. [A surgically treated case of capsulated thymoma with thymic cyst]. Kyobu Geka. 2001;54:801-4 pubmed
    ..The solid mass was capsulated and predominantly composed of lymphocytes. The pathological diagnosis was a thymoma (predominantly lymphocytic type) with thymic cyst. She is doing well for 10 years postoperatively. ..
  18. Zhao Y, Collins B, Ramos R. Ciliated epithelial cells in Warthin's tumor on fine-needle aspiration. Diagn Cytopathol. 2003;28:71 pubmed
  19. Kelley D, Gerber M, Willging J. Cervicomediastinal thymic cysts. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 1997;39:139-46 pubmed
    ..We report two cases of thymic anomalies with mediastinal extension and review the embryology, diagnosis, and management of cervicomediastinal thymic cysts. ..
  20. Monnier G, Guerard S, Godon P, Heyraud J, Brichon P, Van de Walle J, et al. [A new case of pericardial thymic cyst]. Arch Mal Coeur Vaiss. 2000;93:875-8 pubmed
    ..Though suggestive of a pericardial cyst in view of its position, curative surgical ablation allowed confirmation of the diagnosis at anatomo-pathological examination. ..
  21. Uchida K, Awamura Y, Nakamura T, Yamaguchi R, Tateyama S. Thymoma and multiple thymic cysts in a dog with acquired myasthenia gravis. J Vet Med Sci. 2002;64:637-40 pubmed
    ..All these findings indicate the neoplastic lesion is thymoma and multiple cysts are considered as thymic or brachial cleft cysts. ..
  22. Scarci M, Attia R, Routledge T, King J. A rare case of high-grade serous ovarian epithelial carcinoma presenting as an isolated cystic mediastinal mass: a case report and brief review of the literature. Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 2010;92:W57-8 pubmed publisher
    ..We report a very unusual primary presentation of ovarian epithelial carcinoma as a single cystic mediastinal mass. We also include a brief review of the literature...
  23. Posligua L, Ylagan L. Fine-needle aspiration cytology of thymic basaloid carcinoma: case studies and review of the literature. Diagn Cytopathol. 2006;34:358-66 pubmed
    ..One case, additionally, had metastasis to a cervical lymph node, and the other two were associated with thymic cysts. The diagnoses on all three cases were thymic basaloid carcinoma. ..
  24. Alvarez Z C, Riveros S P, Miranda T R, Yarur V O. [Mediastinal hydatid cyst. Case report and review]. Rev Chilena Infectol. 2007;24:149-52 pubmed
    ..Presurgical evaluation evidenced a mediastinal tumor extending to the cervical region that was successfully removed. The diagnosis of mediastinal hydatid cyst was confirmed macroscopically and by biopsy. ..
  25. Generali T, Garatti A, Gagliardotto P, Frigiola A. Right mesothelial pericardial cyst determining intractable atrial arrhythmias. Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg. 2011;12:837-9 pubmed publisher
    ..In conclusion, we believe that, although the majority of pericardial cysts need only radiological and clinical follow-up, surgical resection should be performed when the patient is symptomatic and when diagnosis is uncertain. ..
  26. Cheng L, Huang A, Jiang K, Xing S, Wang J, Nie J. Urgent Surgical Approach to Mediastinal Cyst Causing Life-Threatening Tracheal Obstruction. Ann Thorac Surg. 2018;105:e125-e128 pubmed publisher
    ..approach to a patient with symptoms of rapid progressive respiratory compromise resulting from a massive mediastinal cyst. To relieve tracheal compression, ultrasound-guided percutaneous fine-needle aspiration was performed as an ..
  27. Limaiem F, Ayadi Kaddour A, Djilani H, Kilani T, El Mezni F. Pulmonary and mediastinal bronchogenic cysts: a clinicopathologic study of 33 cases. Lung. 2008;186:55-61 pubmed
    ..Complete surgical resection is recommended for all bronchogenic cysts to establish diagnosis, alleviate symptoms, and prevent complications...
  28. Venkatesh B, Girotra S, Iyer K, Chakrabarti M, Khurana P, Sen A. Pericardial cyst due to tuberculosis in an adolescent. Ann Card Anaesth. 2008;11:116-8 pubmed
    ..Anaesthesia for patients with these cysts may occasionally turn out to be catastrophic during induction or in postoperative period. Surgery is the preferred choice of treatment in these patients. ..
  29. Akiba T, Marushima H, Masubuchi M, Kobayashi S, Morikawa T. Small symptomatic pericardial diverticula treated by video-assisted thoracic surgical resection. Ann Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2009;15:123-5 pubmed
    ..We recommend that a symptomatic anterior mediastinal cyst be completely resected even if it does not appear large enough to compress the neighboring organs.
  30. Ibrahim M, Hammoud K, Maheshwari M, Pandya A. Congenital cystic lesions of the head and neck. Neuroimaging Clin N Am. 2011;21:621-39, viii pubmed publisher
    ..The imaging options and the value of each for particular masses, as well as present clinical and radiologic images for each, are discussed. ..
  31. Motas C, Motas N, Davidescu M, Rus O, Horvat T. [Hydatid cyst of anterior mediastinum]. Chirurgia (Bucur). 2012;107:115-8 pubmed
    ..Complete surgical excision is the treatment of choice; surgery followed by parasiticide therapy provides complete cure. ..
  32. Swartz M, El Zammar O, Landas S, Battaglia J, Fink G. Enteric cyst with epicardial attachment to the left ventricle. Cardiovasc Pathol. 2006;15:113-5 pubmed
    ..Approaches to the treatment of this rare lesion vary. Due to the patient's history of breast cancer, the lesion was excised for histopathological diagnosis...
  33. Maksimovic R, Seferovic P, Ristic A, Opinćal T, Dunjić M, Markovic Z, et al. [Diagnosis of pericardial cysts: significance of cardiac magnetic resonance and literature review]. Acta Chir Iugosl. 2007;54:53-7 pubmed
    ..The cyst was without septa and without communication with pericardial space. Since there were no significant hemodynamic changes, the patient is on regular follow up. ..
  34. Ilhan E, Altin F, Ugur O, Ozkara S, Kayacioglu I, Aydemir N, et al. An unusual presentation of pericardial cyst: recurrent syncope in a young patient. Cardiol J. 2012;19:188-91 pubmed
    ..Spontaneous hemorrhage into a pericardial cyst is an extremely rare event, and to our knowledge this is the first case in which a pericardial cyst has been shown to cause recurrent syncope. ..
  35. Araki T, Sholl L, Gerbaudo V, Hatabu H, Nishino M. Intrathymic cyst: clinical and radiological features in surgically resected cases. Clin Radiol. 2014;69:732-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Awareness of the spectrum of imaging findings of the entity is essential to improve the diagnostic accuracy and patient management. ..
  36. Nomori H, Horio H, Suemasu K, Orikasa H, Yamazaki K, Nakano K. A case of rapidly enlarging unilocular thymic cyst. J Clin Pathol. 2002;55:636-7 pubmed
  37. Trojan A, Joller Jemelka H, Stahel R, Jacky E, Hersberger M. False-positive human serum chorionic gonadotropin in a patient with a history of germ cell cancer. Oncology. 2004;66:336-8 pubmed
    ..This case stresses the need for verification of beta-hCG levels in patients where clinical results are not in line with laboratory results. ..
  38. Wick M. Cystic lesions of the mediastinum. Semin Diagn Pathol. 2005;22:241-53 pubmed
    ..That information, as well as radiological and pathologic features of these lesions, is discussed in this review. ..
  39. Suzuki K, Koyama S, Yamada S, Kawabata Y. Adenocarcinoma arising in a mediastinal enteric cyst. Intern Med. 2007;46:781-4 pubmed
    ..This is a rare case in which an adenocarcinoma arise from an enteric cyst in the mediastinum. ..
  40. Arbell D, Koplewitz B, Udassin R. Anterior mediastinal cystic lesion: excise rather than delay. Isr Med Assoc J. 2007;9:622-3 pubmed
  41. Thomas de Montpréville V, Dulmet E. Cysts of the posterior mediastinum showing müllerian differentiation (Hattori's cysts). Ann Diagn Pathol. 2007;11:417-20 pubmed
    ..In conclusion, cysts with müllerian differentiation account for a small proportion of mediastinal cysts and have a usual but nonspecific paravertebral location. ..
  42. Akal M, Dikmen E, Sertcelik A, Dizbaysak S. Giant dumbbell-shaped gastroenteric cyst presenting with total situs inversus. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2002;21:133-5 pubmed
    ..The concurrence of these entities has never been reported previously. The cyst occupied a large space in the mediastinum and involved both hemithoraces. ..
  43. Bacchetta M, Korst R, Altorki N, Port J, Isom O, Mack C. Resection of a symptomatic pericardial cyst using the computer-enhanced da Vinci Surgical System. Ann Thorac Surg. 2003;75:1953-5 pubmed
    ..He underwent successful resection using a computer-enhanced robotic surgical system. This case is an example of the continued extension of robotic-assisted thoracic surgery. ..
  44. Walker M, Sieber S, Boorboor S. Migrating pleural mesothelial cyst. Ann Thorac Surg. 2004;77:701-2 pubmed
    ..We herein describe an atypical presentation of a migrating coelomic cyst attached to a pedicle of pericardial fat pad in an asymptomatic 45-year-old woman. A review of the English-language literature revealed only one such case report. ..
  45. Yamaguchi K, Morikawa T, Sugiura H, Okushiba S, Kondo S, Shimizu M, et al. A cyst of benign mediastinal teratoma demonstrating a peculiar development: report of a case. Surg Today. 2002;32:159-62 pubmed
    ..The mechanism of the particular extension of the tumor considered to be: (1) an encasement by anatomical structures and the right-sided hard wall of the tumor, and (2) pancreatic tissue which developed cystic formation...
  46. Song J, Costic J, Seinfeld F, Laub G. Thoracoscopic resection of unusual symptomatic pericardial cysts. J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A. 2002;12:135-7 pubmed
    ..We report a case of thoracoscopic resection of symptomatic pericardial cysts...
  47. Eroglu A, Kurkcuoglu C, Karaoglanoglu N, Tekinbas C, Kaynar H, Onbas O. Primary hydatid cysts of the mediastinum. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2002;22:599-601 pubmed
    ..Because of surrounding vital structures the cyst should be treated without delay...
  48. Bodner J, Wykypiel H, Greiner A, Kirchmayr W, Freund M, Margreiter R, et al. Early experience with robot-assisted surgery for mediastinal masses. Ann Thorac Surg. 2004;78:259-65; discussion 265-6 pubmed
    ..We report the experience of a single institution with the minimally invasive resection of mediastinal masses using the da Vinci robotic surgical system...
  49. Ballouhey Q, Bremont F, Rittie J, Baunin C, Danjoux M, Leobon B, et al. [Pulmonary sequestration and enteric cyst, 2 expressions of the same abnormality]. Arch Pediatr. 2012;19:27-30 pubmed publisher
    ..Regardless of the embryological theory, a literature review confirmed that in presence of one of these two lesions, one should systematically look for the other...
  50. Hamad H, Galrinho A, Abreu J, Valente B, Bakero L, Ferreira R. Giant pericardial cyst mimicking dextrocardia on chest X-ray. Rev Port Cardiol. 2013;32:49-52 pubmed publisher
    ..Giant pericardial cysts are very uncommon and produce symptoms by compressing adjacent structures. In this report, the authors present a case of a symptomatic giant pericardial cyst incorrectly diagnosed as dextrocardia on chest X-ray...
  51. Awad W, Nicholson A, Goldstraw P. Concurrent cysts of the mediastinum, pleura and neck. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2001;20:861-3 pubmed
    ..We know of no other report of concurrent multicystic lesions in the chest and neck and hypothesize that these cysts may have a common embryonic origin...
  52. Debus V, Krasemann T, Semik M. An epicardial cyst in a child. Cardiol Young. 2001;11:660-2 pubmed
    ..Cardiopulmonary bypass was necessary for successful resection of the cyst, leaving behind only the small area in continuity with the coronary artery...
  53. Brauchle R, Risin S, Ghorbani R, Pereira K. Cervical thoracic duct cysts: a case report and review of the literature. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2003;129:581-3 pubmed
  54. Garcia Velloso M, Boán García J, Villar Luque L, Aramendía Beitia J, Lopez Garcia G, Richter Echeverría J. [F-18-FDG positron emission tomography in the diagnosis of ovarian recurrence. Comparison with CT scan and CA 125]. Rev Esp Med Nucl. 2003;22:217-23 pubmed
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical utility of FDG-PET for detecting recurrent disease in patients with ovarian cancer...
  55. Kurkcuoglu I, Eroglu A, Karaoglanoglu N, Tekinbas C, Polat P, Gundogdu C. Mediastinal bronchogenic cyst treated by mediastinoscopic drainage. Surg Endosc. 2003;17:2028-31 pubmed
    ..Mediastinoscopy not only provides diagnostic information but can also be used safely in the treatment of anterior bronchogenic cysts in patients not amenable to a second operation...
  56. Patel J, Park C, Michaels J, Rosen S, Kort S. Pericardial cyst: case reports and a literature review. Echocardiography. 2004;21:269-72 pubmed
    ..The following cases illustrate the usefulness of two-dimensional echocardiography in making an accurate diagnosis of a pericardial cyst, as well as in follow-up of these patients for the development of possible complications...
  57. Wakisaka M, Nakada K, Kitagawa H, Shimada H, Nosaka S. Giant transdiaphragmatic duodenal duplication with an intraspinal neurenteric cyst as part of the split notochord syndrome: report of a case. Surg Today. 2004;34:459-62 pubmed
    ..Her respiratory symptoms were completely resolved by these operations...
  58. Izumi H, Nobukawa B, Takahashi K, Kumasaka T, Miyamoto H, Yamazaki A, et al. Multilocular thymic cyst associated with follicular hyperplasia: clinicopathologic study of 4 resected cases. Hum Pathol. 2005;36:841-4 pubmed
    ..The pathological findings, together with clinical courses of our cases, suggest that inflammation accompanied by autoimmune diseases may play, in part, an important role in the development of MTCs...
  59. Ozbey H, Ratschek M, Hollwarth M. Cervicomediastinal thymic cyst: report of a case. Surg Today. 2005;35:1070-2 pubmed
    ..We report the case of a 7-year-old boy with a large cervicomediastinal thymic cyst to increase the awareness of this unusual entity. We discuss the clinical features, presentation, and pathogenesis of thymic cysts...
  60. Groeneveld J, Tjong A Lieng J, de Meijer P. Resolution of a complex mediastinal pseudocyst in a patient with alcohol-related chronic pancreatitis following abstinence from alcohol. Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2006;18:111-3 pubmed
  61. Moschos C, Kalomenidis I, Roussos C, Stathopoulos G. A 35-year-old male with chronic cough. Eur Respir J. 2007;29:608-11 pubmed
  62. Esme H, Eren S, Sezer M, Solak O. Primary mediastinal cysts: clinical evaluation and surgical results of 32 cases. Tex Heart Inst J. 2011;38:371-4 pubmed
    ..It offers a definitive diagnosis and cure, avoiding the higher morbidity and mortality risks associated with conservative observation...
  63. Kobayashi S, Inoue T, Karube Y, Hayama M, Oyaizu T, Honma K, et al. A case of Mullerian cyst arising in posterior mediastinum. Ann Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2012;18:39-41 pubmed
    ..The newly established mediastinal Mullerian cyst should be included in the differential diagnosis of posterior mediastinal cysts...
  64. Krupiński M, Urbańczyk Zawadzka M, Banyś R, Irzyk M, Laskowicz B, Urbanik A. [Cystic lesion in the topography of occluded aortocoronary saphenous vein bypass]. Przegl Lek. 2013;70:351-2 pubmed
    ..The lesion was revealed in computed tomogrnaphy and also evaluated in the subsequently performed magnetic resonance...
  65. Karadede A, Ulgen M, Temamogullari A, Toprak N. A complicated case of pericardial hydatid cyst manifesting as constrictive pericarditis. Can J Cardiol. 2000;16:673-6 pubmed
    ..A 55-year-old man is presented in whom a hydatid cyst located in the right cardiophrenic angle anterior to the right ventricle ruptured into the pericardial sac, resulting in constrictive pericarditis...
  66. Midulla P, Dolgin S, Shlasko E. The thymus. Pediatric surgical aspects. Chest Surg Clin N Am. 2001;11:255-67 pubmed
    ..It is apparent that further research is needed to clarify the functional role of the thymus gland in the developing immune system. Until better elucidated, a conservative approach to neonatal thymectomy may be justified...
  67. Tollefsen I, Yoo M, Bland J, Nysted A. Thymic cyst: is a correct preoperative diagnosis possible? Report of a case and review of the literature. Eur J Pediatr. 2001;160:620-2 pubmed
    A case of a giant cervico-mediastinal cyst of thymic origin in an 8-year-old child is presented. The cyst was asymptomatic except for deformity due to its size...
  68. Eloubeidi M, Cohn M, Cerfolio R, Chhieng D, Jhala N, Jhala D, et al. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration in the diagnosis of foregut duplication cysts: the value of demonstrating detached ciliary tufts in cyst fluid. Cancer. 2004;102:253-8 pubmed
    ..In this study, the authors describe the utility of demonstrating detached ciliary tufts (DCTs) in the diagnosis of foregut duplication cysts with EUS-FNA...
  69. McEwing R, Chaoui R. Fetal thymic cyst: prenatal diagnosis. J Ultrasound Med. 2005;24:127-30 pubmed
  70. Burjonrappa S, Taddeucci R, Arcidi J. Mediastinoscopy in the treatment of mediastinal cysts. JSLS. 2005;9:142-8 pubmed
    ..We report 2 successful mediastinal cyst extirpations performed as outpatient procedures and review the literature with regards to its management.
  71. Benito Conejero S, Camacho Vázquez C, Maroto Monserrat F. [Atypically located posttraumatic pericardial cyst]. An Med Interna. 2005;22:594-6 pubmed
    ..The diagnosis was made by imaging techniques and we accomplished conservative alternative because of the favourable evolution. We think that it should be a good option in case of asymptomatic and no complicated cases...
  72. Kolsi M, Daoud S, Abdelmalek M, Masmoudi A, Kammoun S, Frikha I. [Mediastinal localisation of a thoracic duct lymphocele--account of a surgical case]. Rev Mal Respir. 2005;22:1039-42 pubmed
    ..Lymphocele of the thoracic duct is a rare pathological entity occurring as a consequence of deterioration and cystic dilation wall of this vessel. It may be of congenital or degenerative origin...
  73. Stas P, Declercq I, Van Raemdonck D, Dubois C, Desmet W. Cardiac compression by a thymic cyst. Int J Cardiol. 2007;114:e91-2 pubmed
    ..A patient with a giant thymic cyst, causing cardiac compression, is presented. Thymic cysts are uncommon and often asymptomatic...
  74. Sharma R, Harden S, Peebles C, Dawkins K. Percutaneous aspiration of a pericardial cyst: an acceptable treatment for a rare disorder. Heart. 2007;93:22 pubmed
  75. Turkyilmaz Z, Karabulut R, Bayazit Y, Sonmez K, Koybasioglu A, Yilmaz M, et al. Congenital neck masses in children and their embryologic and clinical features. B-ENT. 2008;4:7-18 pubmed
  76. Papadas T, Dimopoulos P, Sampsonas F, Mastronikolis N, Spiropoulos K, Goumas P. Cystic thymoma coexisting with vascular dysplasia. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2008;12:335-8 pubmed
    ..The characteristic clinical presentation, the contribution of imaging, the results of operation, and the follow-up are rather unique. The review of the literature did not reveal similar cases...
  77. Siraj F, Dhawan S, Jain D. Invasive thymoma with osseous metaplasia and cystic change in a case of myasthenia gravis: a rare presentation. Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2011;59:583-6 pubmed publisher
    ..The present case report highlights the rare occurrence of osseous metaplasia in thymomas and the diagnostic challenge that it can pose, especially if it is associated with cystic degeneration...
  78. Nussbaumer P, Furrer M. [The role of video-thoracoscopy in thoracic surgery]. Ther Umsch. 2005;62:77-84 pubmed
    ..No matter how attractive the new techniques may appear, carefully conducted clinical trials should precede the general acceptance and widespread use...
  79. DuPre D, Wallis Crespo C, Hernandez J, Gilbert Barness E. Left chest cyst in 26-week fetus. Fetal Pediatr Pathol. 2004;23:333-8 pubmed
    ..A left chest cyst was found in an 18-week fetus. At autopsy it was found to be a cystic lymphangioma arising from the diaphragm...
  80. Maksimovic R, Dill T, Seferovic P, Ristic A, Alter P, Simeunović D, et al. Magnetic resonance imaging in pericardial diseases. Indications and diagnostic value. Herz. 2006;31:708-14 pubmed
  81. Vazquez F, Aparicio L, Gallo C, Diehl M. Parathyroid carcinoma presenting as a giant mediastinal retrotracheal functioning cyst. Singapore Med J. 2007;48:e304-7 pubmed
    ..We performed a thorough MEDLINE and LILACS database search on published cases of parathyroid carcinoma and functioning parathyroid cysts, and found no case report with identical features to the one presented here...
  82. Adil A, Hashmani S, Khan G. Pleuro pericardial cyst. J Coll Physicians Surg Pak. 2010;20:685-6 pubmed publisher
    ..On surgical excision and histopathological examination, findings were consistent with benign pleuropericardial cyst, confirming the earlier diagnosis...
  83. Gasmi M, Fitouri F, Sahli S, Sghairoun N, Hamzaoui M. [Two cases of juvenile primary mediastinal hydatidosis]. Rev Pneumol Clin. 2010;66:351-4 pubmed publisher
    ..The authors notes that hydatidosis should be considered in the differential diagnosis of a mediastinal cyst mass. Because of the benign nature of the disease, they emphasize that surgical treatment must be conservative...
  84. Byrne B, Falzon C, Johenk P, Romero S. Congenital pericardial cyst in a naval special warfare candidate; clearance for diving after resection. Undersea Hyperb Med. 2011;38:143-8 pubmed
    ..He underwent successful elective surgical resection without post-operative complications. One year post-operatively, he repeated his cardiopulmonary work-up with normal results and successfully completed training...
  85. Burnside N, Nzewi O, Sidhu P. A 15-cm aneurysm of the right coronary artery presenting as a pericardial cyst. Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg. 2012;14:483-4 pubmed publisher
    ..The aneurysm was successfully excised at surgery and her heavily diseased right coronary artery was secured with a saphenous vein graft...
  86. Soysal O, Kutlu R, Sarac K, Aydin A, Ozen S. Teratoma presenting as a cystic lesion on the chest wall. Scand Cardiovasc J. 2000;34:543-4 pubmed
    ..The cystic mass was totally excised via a chest-wall incision without thoracotomy. Pathologic examination showed a benign teratoma containing an immature tooth...
  87. Korinth M, Müller H, Gilsbach J. Neurenteric cyst of the cervical spine with mediastinal extension. Case illustration. J Neurosurg. 2003;98:112 pubmed
  88. Chetty R, Reddi A. Rhabdomyomatous multilocular thymic cyst. Am J Clin Pathol. 2003;119:816-21 pubmed
    ..The muscle elements, most likely, were derived from thymic myoid cells, while the multilocular cyst arose from remnants of the thymomedullary system...
  89. Zaitlin N, Rozenman J, Yellin A. Papillary adenocarcinoma in a thymic cyst: a pitfall of thoracoscopic excision. Ann Thorac Surg. 2003;76:1279-81 pubmed
    ..Complete resection and pleural thermochemotherapy were performed. The patient died 26 months later from systemic metastases. Caution must be exercised when managing nontypical thymic cysts...
  90. Rakheja D, Weinberg A. Multilocular thymic cyst associated with mature mediastinal teratoma: a report of 2 cases. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 2004;128:227-8 pubmed
    ..We describe 2 cases (in a 12-year-old girl and an 11-year-old boy) of acquired thymic cysts occurring in association with cystic teratomas, an association that to our knowledge has not been described previously in the literature...
  91. Sahinoglu Z, Peker H, Etker S, Celayir A, Cesur S. Difficulties in perinatal diagnosis of fetal thoracic foregut cysts: report of two cases. J Obstet Gynaecol. 2005;25:211-4 pubmed
  92. Zhang K, Jia H, Pan E, Wang L. Diagnosis and treatment of mediastinal enterogenous cysts in children. Chin Med Sci J. 2006;21:201-3 pubmed
    ..To investigate the diagnosis and therapy of mediastinal enterogenous cysts in children...