lymphocele

Summary

Summary: Cystic mass containing lymph from diseased lymphatic channels or following surgical trauma or other injury.

Top Publications

  1. Silas A, Forauer A, Perrich K, Gemery J. Sclerosis of postoperative lymphoceles: avoidance of prolonged catheter drainage with use of a fibrin sealant. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2006;17:1791-5 pubmed
    ..To review experience with fibrin-based tissue sealant sclerosis of postsurgical lymphoceles at a single institution...
  2. Doehn C, Fornara P, Fricke L, Jocham D. Laparoscopic fenestration of posttransplant lymphoceles. Surg Endosc. 2002;16:690-5 pubmed
    A lymphocele is a common finding after renal transplantation and occurs in up to 20% of patients. The majority of patients are asymptomatic. However, once a lymphocele has become symptomatic (e.g...
  3. Bailey S, Mone M, Holman J, Nelson E. Laparoscopic treatment of post renal transplant lymphoceles. Surg Endosc. 2003;17:1896-9 pubmed
    Traditionally, a post transplant lymphocele (PTL) is drained by widely opening the wall connecting the lymphocele cavity to the intraperitoneal space via laparotomy...
  4. Fortenbery E, Blue P, Van Nostrand D, Anderson J. Lymphocele: the spectrum of scintigraphic findings in lymphoceles associated with renal transplant. J Nucl Med. 1990;31:1627-31 pubmed
    b>Lymphocele is a well recognized complication of renal transplant surgery...
  5. Tinelli A, Mynbaev O, Tsin D, Giorda G, Malvasi A, Guido M, et al. Lymphocele prevention after pelvic laparoscopic lymphadenectomy by a collagen patch coated with human coagulation factors: a matched case-control study. Int J Gynecol Cancer. 2013;23:956-63 pubmed publisher
    ..laparoscopy application of TachoSil seems to reduce the rate of postoperative lymphoceles after PL, providing a useful additional treatment option for reducing drainage volume and preventing lymphocele development after PL.
  6. Kumar R, Bharathi Dasan J, Choudhury S, Guleria S, Padhy A, Malhotra A. Scintigraphic patterns of lymphocele in post-renal transplant. Nucl Med Commun. 2003;24:531-5 pubmed
    b>Lymphocele is a common cause of fluid collection in post-renal transplant patients. Most of these patients are routinely followed up with 99mTc diethylenetriaminepentaacetate renal dynamic scintigraphy...
  7. Gayer G, Halperin R, Vasserman M, Siegel Y. Bilateral pelvic urinomas following ureteral injury from surgery: lymphocele look-alikes on computed tomography. Emerg Radiol. 2005;11:167-9 pubmed
    ..We want to emphasize the crucial role of CT, especially with delayed scanning, in reaching this diagnosis...
  8. Varga Z, Hegele A, Olbert P, Hofmann R, Schrader A. Laparoscopic peritoneal drainage of symptomatic lymphoceles after pelvic lymph node dissection using methylene blue instillation. Urol Int. 2006;76:335-8 pubmed
    ..We report the results of a simplified laparoscopic approach to drain lymphoceles after radical prostatectomy plus pelvic lymphadenectomy using methylene blue instillation...
  9. Zargar Shoshtari M, Soleimani M, Salimi H, Mehravaran K. Symptomatic lymphocele after kidney transplantation: a single-center experience. Urol J. 2008;5:34-6 pubmed
    In a retrospective study, we evaluated the frequency, clinical presentation, and management of lymphocele in kidney transplant recipients operated on in a single center.

More Information

Publications101 found, 100 shown here

  1. Naselli A, Andreatta R, Introini C, Fontana V, Puppo P. Predictors of symptomatic lymphocele after lymph node excision and radical prostatectomy. Urology. 2010;75:630-5 pubmed publisher
    To identify the prognostic factors of symptomatic lymphocele.
  2. Lucewicz A, Wong G, Lam V, Hawthorne W, Allen R, Craig J, et al. Management of primary symptomatic lymphocele after kidney transplantation: a systematic review. Transplantation. 2011;92:663-73 pubmed publisher
    Management of lymphoceles after kidney transplantation is highly variable. The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the different approaches of lymphocele management among kidney transplant recipients.
  3. Munoz P. Management of urinary tract infections and lymphocele in renal transplant recipients. Clin Infect Dis. 2001;33 Suppl 1:S53-7 pubmed
    ..The incidence of lymphocele after renal transplantation varies, and its treatment is still controversial. Management options are discussed.
  4. Langer R, Kahan B. Incidence, therapy, and consequences of lymphocele after sirolimus-cyclosporine-prednisone immunosuppression in renal transplant recipients. Transplantation. 2002;74:804-8 pubmed
    ..In a retrospective study we sought to dissect the factors associated with an increased occurrence of clinically significant perinephric fluid collections and lymphoceles among sirolimus-treated renal transplant recipients...
  5. Dubeaux V, Oliveira R, Moura V, Pereira J, Henriques F. Assessment of lymphocele incidence following 450 renal transplantations. Int Braz J Urol. 2004;30:18-21 pubmed
    To determine the incidence of lymphocele in the follow-up of patients who underwent renal transplantation, as well as potential factors responsible or associated to its development.
  6. Hamza A, Fischer K, Koch E, Wicht A, Zacharias M, Loertzer H, et al. Diagnostics and therapy of lymphoceles after kidney transplantation. Transplant Proc. 2006;38:701-6 pubmed
    b>Lymphocele incidence after kidney transplantation is as high as 18%...
  7. Zomorrodi A, Buhluli A. Instillation of povidone iodine to treat lymphocele and leak of lymph after renal transplantation. Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl. 2007;18:621-4 pubmed
    ..After one week of instillation, all lymph leaks were completely blocked. Furthermore, nine (90%) cases of lymphocele resolved after 15 days of therapy...
  8. Stolzenburg J, Wasserscheid J, Rabenalt R, Do M, Schwalenberg T, McNeill A, et al. Reduction in incidence of lymphocele following extraperitoneal radical prostatectomy and pelvic lymph node dissection by bilateral peritoneal fenestration. World J Urol. 2008;26:581-6 pubmed publisher
    In our series of 1,900 endoscopic extraperitoneal radical prostatectomies (EERPE) the incidence of symptomatic lymphocele following simultaneous pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND) is between 3 and 14% depending on the extent of lymph ..
  9. Tinelli A, Giorda G, Manca C, Pellegrino M, Prudenzano R, Guido M, et al. Prevention of lymphocele in female pelvic lymphadenectomy by a collagen patch coated with the human coagulation factors: a pilot study. J Surg Oncol. 2012;105:835-40 pubmed publisher
    ..The prevention of lymphoceles was tested using collagen patch coated with the human coagulation factors (TachoSil) on 58 consecutive patients with endometrial cancer who had undergone hysterectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy (PL)...
  10. Kim J, Jeong Y, Kim Y, Kim Y, Kang H, Choi H. Postoperative pelvic lymphocele: treatment with simple percutaneous catheter drainage. Radiology. 1999;212:390-4 pubmed
    To evaluate the effectiveness of simple percutaneous catheter drainage in the treatment of postoperative lymphocele.
  11. Pepper R, Pati J, Kaisary A. The incidence and treatment of lymphoceles after radical retropubic prostatectomy. BJU Int. 2005;95:772-5 pubmed
    ..To determine the incidence and treatment of lymphoceles after retropubic radical prostatectomy (RP)...
  12. Musch M, Klevecka V, Roggenbuck U, Kroepfl D. Complications of pelvic lymphadenectomy in 1,380 patients undergoing radical retropubic prostatectomy between 1993 and 2006. J Urol. 2008;179:923-8; discussion 928-9 pubmed publisher
    ..In particular the influence of the extent of pelvic lymphadenectomy and of other possible risk factors on the complication rate was examined...
  13. Iwan Zietek I, Zietek Z, Sulikowski T, Nowacki M, Zair L, Romanowski M, et al. Minimally invasive methods for the treatment of lymphocele after kidney transplantation. Transplant Proc. 2009;41:3073-6 pubmed publisher
    One common complication after kidney transplantation is a lymphocele. The aim of our work was an analysis of incidence of lymphocele and the effectiveness of minimal invasive methods in the management of this complication.
  14. Tremp M, Sulser T, Seifert H. Delayed infection of a pelvic lymphocele following robotic radical prostatectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy: two cases. Urol Int. 2009;83:479-81 pubmed publisher
    Pelvic lymphocele is an infrequent complication of pelvic surgery, usually presenting shortly after surgery...
  15. Mahrer A, Ramchandani P, Trerotola S, Shlansky Goldberg R, Itkin M. Sclerotherapy in the management of postoperative lymphocele. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2010;21:1050-3 pubmed publisher
    To describe a single-center experience with sclerotherapy of postoperative lymphocele and to determine the risk factors for failure of treatment.
  16. De Maeseneer M, Vandenbroeck C, Lauwers P, Hendriks J, De Hert S, Van Schil P. Early and late complications of silicone patch saphenoplasty at the saphenofemoral junction. J Vasc Surg. 2006;44:1285-90 pubmed
    ..0%) developed a complication after >2 months. Wound infection was registered in 13 limbs (2.8%), lymphocele or lymphedema in the groin or thigh in 15 limbs (3...
  17. Langer R, Toth A, Máthé Z, Remport A, Jaray J, Kahan B. [Lymphocele and kidney transplantation]. Orv Hetil. 2007;148:1475-80 pubmed
    b>Lymphocele is a special complication following kidney transplantation...
  18. Radosa M, Diebolder H, Camara O, Mothes A, Anschuetz J, Runnebaum I. Laparoscopic lymphocele fenestration in gynaecological cancer patients after retroperitoneal lymph node dissection as a first-line treatment option. BJOG. 2013;120:628-36 pubmed publisher
    To evaluate laparoscopic lymphocele fenestration (LLF) as a first-line treatment in gynaecological cancer patients with a history of retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (LND). Retrospective cohort study. A tertiary referral centre...
  19. Talbot M, Magarey C. Reduced use of drains following axillary lymphadenectomy for breast cancer. ANZ J Surg. 2002;72:488-90 pubmed
    ..6, 25.7, and 27.9 days, respectively. Patients having no drains placed required more frequent aspirations. The duration of seroma fluid accumulation is not altered by the placement of a suction drain following axillary lymphadenectomy. ..
  20. Uchinami M, Morioka K, Doi K, Nakamura T, Yoshida M, Tanaka K. Retroperitoneal laparoscopic management of a lymphocele after abdominal aortic surgery: a case report. J Vasc Surg. 2005;42:552-5 pubmed
    A retroperitoneal lymphocele is a rare complication of abdominal aortic surgery. We present a case of 77-year-old man who developed a retroperitoneal lymphocele 14 days after undergoing graft replacement for an abdominal aortic aneurysm...
  21. Tondolo V, Citterio F, Massa A, Salerno M, Romagnoli J, Nanni G, et al. Lymphocele after renal transplantation: the influence of the immunosuppressive therapy. Transplant Proc. 2006;38:1051-2 pubmed
    b>Lymphocele is a complication of renal transplantation, representing a lymphatic collection around the grafted kidney...
  22. Stallone G, Infante B, Grandaliano G, Gesualdo L. Management of side effects of sirolimus therapy. Transplantation. 2009;87:S23-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, to limit SRL-related side effects the two golden rules are (1) accurate selection of patients to be treated and (2) avoidance of high SRL doses. ..
  23. Keegan K, Cookson M. Complications of pelvic lymph node dissection for prostate cancer. Curr Urol Rep. 2011;12:203-8 pubmed publisher
    ..This review focuses on the complications associated with PLND, including lymphocele, thromboembolic events, ureteral injury, nerve injury, vascular injury, and lymphedema.
  24. Witters I, Moerman P, Van Assche F, Fryns J. Cystic hygroma colli as the first echographic sign of the fetal akinesia sequence. Genet Couns. 2001;12:91-4 pubmed
    ..Hygroma colli as the first echographic sign of subsequent severe fetal akinesia sequence without muscular dystrophy as seen in the Lethal Multiple Pterygium syndrome has not been previously reported. ..
  25. Oztoprak N, Celebi G, Hekimoglu K, Kalaycioglu B. Evaluation of cervical computed tomography findings in oropharyngeal tularaemia. Scand J Infect Dis. 2008;40:811-4 pubmed publisher
    ..This appears to be the largest series of cervical CECT in oropharyngeal tularaemia reported to date. Tularaemia is a differential diagnosis of massive adenotonsillar enlargement and extensive necrotic cervical lymphadenopathy. ..
  26. Domagala P, Kwiatkowski A, Wszola M, Czerwinski J, Cybula K, Trzebicki J, et al. Complications of transplantation of kidneys from expanded-criteria donors. Transplant Proc. 2009;41:2970-1 pubmed publisher
    ..Complication rates for lymphocele, urinary leak, thrombosis, hematoma, urinary tract infection, and cytomegalovirus infection were recorded...
  27. Surlan M, Popovic P. The role of interventional radiology in management of patients with end-stage renal disease. Eur J Radiol. 2003;46:96-114 pubmed
    ..Interventional treatment consists of percutaneous nephrostomy, balloon dilation, insertion of the double J stents, metallic stent placement and external drainage of the extrarenal collections. ..
  28. Franchi M, Trimbos J, Zanaboni F, v d Velden J, Reed N, Coens C, et al. Randomised trial of drains versus no drains following radical hysterectomy and pelvic lymph node dissection: a European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer-Gynaecological Cancer Group (EORTC-GCG) study in 234 patients. Eur J Cancer. 2007;43:1265-8 pubmed
    ..It was concluded that drains can be safely omitted following radical hysterectomy and pelvic node dissection without pelvic reperitonisation in patients without excessive bleeding during or oozing at the end of surgery. ..
  29. Varnholt H, Thompson L, Pantanowitz L. Salivary gland lymphoepithelial cysts. Ear Nose Throat J. 2007;86:265 pubmed
  30. Tsuji Y, Kawaguchi R, Haruta S, Shigetomi H, Ueda S, Kanayama S, et al. Late onset of pulmonary embolism caused by lymphocyst following pelvic lymphadenectomy. J Obstet Gynaecol Res. 2007;33:734-8 pubmed
    ..This case strongly suggests that prolonged postoperative thromboembolic prophylaxis should be considered in elderly patients undergoing lymphocyst following pelvic surgery. ..
  31. Campistol J, Cockwell P, Diekmann F, Donati D, Guirado L, Herlenius G, et al. Practical recommendations for the early use of m-TOR inhibitors (sirolimus) in renal transplantation. Transpl Int. 2009;22:681-7 pubmed publisher
    ..We present recommendations based on published literature and our clinical experience. Furthermore, guidance is provided on sirolimus use during surgery, both at transplantation and for subsequent operations. ..
  32. Gipson M, Kondo K. Management of lymphoceles after renal transplant: case report of a novel percutaneous image-guided treatment technique. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2013;24:881-4 pubmed publisher
    ..African American man with end-stage renal disease underwent renal transplantation and developed a perigraft lymphocele with an associated progressive increase in serum creatinine 6 weeks after surgery, which failed to resolve with ..
  33. Mikou F, Elkarroumi M, Sefrioui O, Morsad F, Ghazli M, Matar N, et al. [Pelvic lymphocele: report of a case and review of the literature]. J Gynecol Obstet Biol Reprod (Paris). 2002;31:779-82 pubmed
    Lymphadenectomy for pelvic cancer can lead to complications, particularly lymphocele. We report a case of pelvic lymphocele, which occurred in a patient who underwent surgery for stage IIa cervical carcinoma after preoperative ..
  34. Rafii A, Camicas A, Ferron G, Mery E, Gladieff L, Delannes M, et al. A comparative study of laparoscopic extraperitoneal lymphadenectomy [correction of laparoscopy] with the use of ultrasonically activated shears. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2009;201:370.e1-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Seven patients of the control group vs none of the study group (P = .03) experienced a symptomatic lymphocele that required medical treatment; 4 patients had radiologic drainage, and 1 patient had surgical drainage...
  35. Derouiche A, Mechri M, Ktari M, Helal I, Ben Abdallah T, Chebil M. [Lymphoceles after renal transplantation: Study of risk factors]. Prog Urol. 2010;20:301-6 pubmed publisher
    To identify the risk factors of post renal transplant lymphocele. Over a period of 20 years (1986-2006) we carried out 377 renal transplants on 372 patients. Thirty cases of lymphocele were recorded (8%)...
  36. Øyen O, Siwach V, Line P, Pfeffer P, Lien B, Bentdal Ø, et al. Improvement of post-transplant lymphocele treatment in the laparoscopic era. Transpl Int. 2002;15:406-10 pubmed
    ..Rejections, CMV disease, and post-transplant reoperations seem to have an increased incidence in the lymphocele population...
  37. Sato R, Kobayashi S, Uchida K, Yokoyama O, Baba H. Retroperitoneal lymphocele associated with lumbar spine fracture: report of an unusual case. Spinal Cord. 2005;43:687-90 pubmed
    To describe a case of retroperitoneal lymphocele as an extremely rare complication after lumbar spine fracture...
  38. Basic Jukic N, Kes P, Coric M, Kastelan Z, Pasini J, Bubic Filipi L. Posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder in the wall of a lymphocele: a case report. Transplant Proc. 2009;41:1966-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Herein we have reported a case of PTLD arising in the lymphocele wall presenting with B-symptoms and deterioration of graft function...
  39. Todokoro T, Furniss D, Oda K, Kawana K, Narushima M, Mihara M, et al. Effective treatment of pelvic lymphocele by lymphaticovenular anastomosis. Gynecol Oncol. 2013;128:209-14 pubmed publisher
    Pelvic lymphocele can be a severe complication associated with surgical procedures such as pelvic lymphadenectomy. Lymphaticovenular anastomosis (LVA) is increasing in popularity as a surgical treatment for lymphedema...
  40. Ben Mouelli S, Fontaine E, Thomas L, Quenneville V, Beurton D. [Perirenal extension of a pelvic lymphocele after radical prostatectomy]. Prog Urol. 2004;14:230-1 pubmed
    b>Lymphocele is a rare symptomatic complication of iliopelvic lymph node dissection during radical prostatectomy...
  41. López García D, Janeiro Pais J, González Dacal J, Zarraonandia Andraca A, Casas Agudo P, Martínez Breijo S, et al. [Lymphocele after renal transplantation: case report and bibliographic review]. Arch Esp Urol. 2009;62:667-71 pubmed
    To report the case and iconography of a lymphocele after renal transplantation and to review the literature about the diagnosis and the treatment of this surgical complication...
  42. Gill I. Needlescopic urology: current status. Urol Clin North Am. 2001;28:71-83 pubmed
    ..Increased experience and careful comparisons with conventional laparoscopy will determine the true role of needlescopic technology in the armamentarium of the urologic surgeon. ..
  43. Kulkarni S, Burns A, Al Akraa M. Severe ascites following renal transplant biopsy caused by a rupture of a subcapsular lymphocele: treated successfully by retroperitonealization. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2004;19:1022-3 pubmed
  44. Zelken J, Kang C, Huang S, Liao C, Tsao C. Refinements in flap design and inset for pharyngoesophageal reconstruction with free thigh flaps. Microsurgery. 2017;37:112-118 pubmed publisher
    ..in 50% of cases and included fistula (2 cases), fistula and stricture (2 cases), stricture (1 case), and lymphocele (1 case). Four patients required revision for fistula...
  45. Shermak M, Yee K, Wong L, Jones C, Wong J. Surgical management of groin lymphatic complications after arterial bypass surgery. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2005;115:1954-62 pubmed
    ..The authors undertook a retrospective study to define the incidence of groin wound lymphatic complications at their institution and to review their experience with treatment of the complications...
  46. Karthikesalingam A, Walsh S, Sadat U, Tang T, Koraen L, Varty K. Efficacy of closed suction drainage in lower limb arterial surgery: a meta-analysis of published clinical trials. Vasc Endovascular Surg. 2008;42:243-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The primary outcomes were wound infection, seroma/lymphocele formation, and hematoma formation. Pooled odds ratios were calculated for categorical outcomes...
  47. Yao K, Zou Z, Li Z, Zhou F, Qin Z, Liu Z, et al. Fascia lata preservation during inguinal lymphadenectomy for penile cancer: rationale and outcome. Urology. 2013;82:642-7 pubmed publisher
    ..5%), skin necrosis (5.5%), lymphedema (11.8%), seroma formation (1.5%), lymphocele (5%), paresthesia (3.5%), and deep venous thrombosis (0.5%)...
  48. Kim Y, Shin H, Ju W, Kim S. Prevention of lymphocele by using gelatin-thrombin matrix as a tissue sealant after pelvic lymphadenectomy in patients with gynecologic cancers: a prospective randomized controlled study. J Gynecol Oncol. 2017;28:e37 pubmed publisher
    ..to find whether gelatin-thrombin matrix used as a tissue sealant (FloSeal) can prevent the occurrence of pelvic lymphocele in patients with gynecologic cancer who has undergone pelvic lymphadenectomy...
  49. Preuss S, Wittekindt C, Beutner D, Huttenbrink K. Successful OK-432 therapy for a supraclavicular lymphocele: report of a case. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2006;263:692-4 pubmed
    ..We report the successful treatment of a supraclavicular lymphocele by intralesional application of the sclerosing agent OK-432...
  50. Waldert M, Remzi M, Klatte T, Klingler H. FloSeal reduces the incidence of lymphoceles after lymphadenectomies in laparoscopic and robot-assisted extraperitoneal radical prostatectomy. J Endourol. 2011;25:969-73 pubmed publisher
    To evaluate the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of FloSeal(®) hemostatic matrix in preventing lymphocele development after pelvic lymphadenectomy (PLA)...
  51. Yano T, Shimizu D, Ishii Y, Ito O, Sawaizumi M. A Breast Reconstruction Using a Breast Prosthesis and Capsular Flap for a Lymphocele Patient. Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open. 2017;5:e1534 pubmed publisher
    We encountered a very rare condition where the patient had a lymphocele under the skin envelope of the breast following mastectomy during the course of breast reconstruction with a tissue expander...
  52. Lecanu J, Gallas D, Biacabe B, Bonfils P. Lymphocele of the thoracic duct presenting as a left supraclavicular mass: a case report and review of the literature. Auris Nasus Larynx. 2001;28:275-7 pubmed
    ..After review of the literature, the authors recommended surgical treatment of cervical thoracic duct cysts in order to prevent potential complications as traumatic or spontaneous rupture. ..
  53. Magro G, Ippolito O, Torrisi A, Bisceglia M. [Unusual non-neoplastic lesions in the "surgical pathology" of the thyroid]. Pathologica. 2006;98:119-38 pubmed
    ..Lesions of thyroid tissue situated outside of the gland itself are not discussed. ..
  54. Adam J, Bonnichon P, Vacher Lavenu M, Tissier F. [Bilateral lymphoepithelial cysts of the thyroid]. Ann Pathol. 2009;29:245-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Chronic thyroiditis and numerous solid cell nests were also observed in the adjacent parenchyma. We briefly discuss differential diagnosis and current hypothesis concerning the pathogenesis of these peculiar lesions. ..
  55. Risaliti A, Sainz Barriga M, Baccarani U, Adani G, Montanaro D, Gropuzzo M, et al. [Surgical complications after kidney transplantation]. G Ital Nefrol. 2004;21 Suppl 26:S43-7 pubmed
    ..Surgical complications still represent a challenge that increments morbidity and mortality among kidney transplant recipients. Data shown may offer some guidance on how to deal with early and late post-transplant surgical complications...
  56. Ulrich F, Niedzwiecki S, Fikatas P, Nebrig M, Schmidt S, Kohler S, et al. Symptomatic lymphoceles after kidney transplantation - multivariate analysis of risk factors and outcome after laparoscopic fenestration. Clin Transplant. 2010;24:273-80 pubmed publisher
    b>Lymphocele formation is a common complication after kidney transplantation, and laparoscopic surgery has become a widely accepted treatment option...
  57. Sun Y, Jia J, Zhang W, Liu B, Zhang Z, Zhao Y. A reproducible in-vivo model of lymphatic malformation in rats. J Comp Pathol. 2011;145:390-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The cystic lesions were consistent with human lymphatic malformation. This animal model could be used to investigate pathogenesis of lymphatic malformation and its responses to candidate therapies...
  58. Scholz H, Petru E, Benedicic C, Haas J, Tamussino K, Winter R. Fibrin application for preventing lymphocysts after retroperitoneal lymphadenectomy in patients with gynecologic malignancies. Gynecol Oncol. 2002;84:43-6 pubmed
    ..We performed a randomized, prospective trial to assess the impact of fibrin glue on the incidence of lymphocysts after systematic pelvic or pelvic and paraaortic lymphadenectomy in patients with gynecologic malignancies...
  59. Aygenc E, Fidan F, Ozdem C. Lymphatic malformation of the parapharyngeal space. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2004;42:33-5 pubmed
    ..We used a transcervical approach to excise the parapharyngeal lesion and 1 year later, there was no sign of recurrence...
  60. Layman R, McNally M, Kilian C, Linn J, Roza A, Johnson C, et al. Does opening the peritoneum at the time of renal transplanation prevent lymphocele formation?. Transplant Proc. 2006;38:3524-6 pubmed
    The occurrence of lymphocele formation following renal transplantation is variable, and the optimal approach to treatment remains undefined...
  61. Tiong H, Flechner S, Zhou L, Wee A, Mastroianni B, Savas K, et al. A systematic approach to minimizing wound problems for de novo sirolimus-treated kidney transplant recipients. Transplantation. 2009;87:296-302 pubmed publisher
  62. Offiah C, Twigg S. Lymphocoele of the thoracic duct: a cause of left supraclavicular fossa. Br J Radiol. 2011;84:e27-30 pubmed publisher
    ..Recognition of the origin of such a neck mass on imaging is crucial to avert unnecessary intervention. A case of such a mass is presented with discussion of the fascinating variable anatomy of the thoracic duct...
  63. Gao M, Gao Y, Yan X, Zheng H, Jiang G, Wang W, et al. [Evaluation of complications of different operation modes in endometrial cancer]. Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi. 2013;35:932-5 pubmed
    ..To analyze the postoperative complications in patients with endometrial carcinoma undergoing surgical operation in different modes and to explore the surgical safety of retroperitoneal lymph node dissection...
  64. Copley P, Ali L, Mirza S. Spontaneous lymphocoele: an unusual cause of an axillary mass. BMJ Case Rep. 2016;2016: pubmed publisher
    ..The incidence of adult-onset lymphocoele without a history of prior trauma or operation is rare. This case report adds to the literature and reviews the various management strategies that have been successfully employed. ..
  65. Cordes B, Seidel F, Sulek M, Giannoni C, Friedman E. Doxycycline sclerotherapy as the primary treatment for head and neck lymphatic malformations. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2007;137:962-4 pubmed
  66. Karam G, Maillet F, Braud G, Battisti S, Hétet J, Glemain P, et al. [Surgical complications in kidney transplantation]. Ann Urol (Paris). 2007;41:261-75 pubmed
    ..The accurate diagnosis and the appropriate management of these complications are the most important tasks for the surgical team. This review is based upon our experience in kidney transplantation and upon the medical published data...
  67. Lu H, Zhou H, Peng Y, Zhang B, Lu X, Wang L, et al. [Influences of lymphatic vessel ligation in pelvic lymphadenectomy on postoperative lymphocyst formation--a randomized controlled trial]. Ai Zheng. 2009;28:1193-7 pubmed
    ..Prevention of this disease is more important than treatment. This randomized study was to evaluate the preventive effect of lymph vessel ligation during pelvic lymphadenectomy on pelvic lymphocyst formation...
  68. Syversveen T, Midtvedt K, Brabrand K, Øyen O, Foss A, Scholz T. Prophylactic peritoneal fenestration to prevent morbidity after kidney transplantation: a randomized study. Transplantation. 2011;92:196-202 pubmed publisher
    Formation of lymphocele (accumulation of lymphatic fluid) is a common surgical complication following kidney transplantation. This open randomized trial evaluated the effect of prophylactic fenestration on lymphocele formation.
  69. Khoder W, Trottmann M, Seitz M, Buchner A, Stuber A, Hoffmann S, et al. Management of pelvic lymphoceles after radical prostatectomy: a multicentre community based study. Eur J Med Res. 2011;16:280-4 pubmed
    ..Pelvic lymphoceles (LC) following radical prostatectomy (LC-RP) have an incidence up to 27%. LC-managements constitute 50% of surgical interventions performed in post-RP patients...
  70. Zietek Z, Iwan Zietek I, Sulikowski T, Sienko J, Nowacki M, Zukowski M, et al. The outcomes of treatment and the etiology of lymphoceles with a focus on hemostasis in kidney recipients: a preliminary report. Transplant Proc. 2011;43:3008-12 pubmed publisher
    ..Additionally we performed an evaluation of the incidence and effectiveness of treatment methods for lymphoceles...
  71. Ghazi A, Scosyrev E, Patel H, Messing E, Joseph J. Complications associated with extraperitoneal robot-assisted radical prostatectomy using the standardized Martin classification. Urology. 2013;81:324-31 pubmed publisher
    ..To report and identify the predictors of early and long-term complications in a large series of extraperitoneal robot-assisted radical prostatectomy using the standardized Martin criteria...
  72. Lee H, Joo D, Huh K, Kim M, Kim S, Kim Y, et al. Laparoscopic fenestration versus percutaneous catheter drainage for lymphocele treatment after kidney transplantation. Transplant Proc. 2013;45:1667-70 pubmed publisher
    ..Laparoscopic fenestration (LF) and percutaneous catheter drainage (PCD) are widely accepted treatments for symptomatic lymphoceles. The aim of this study was to review the results and compare the outcomes of LF with those of PCD...
  73. Holthouse D, Chleboun J. Talc serodesis--report of four cases. J R Coll Surg Edinb. 2001;46:244-5 pubmed
    ..Talc is a known stimulator of fibrosis in biological systems. We present four cases in which instillation of talc in to serous cavities have produced obliteration of these cavities. No side-effects were noted...
  74. Policarpio Nicolas M, Shami V, Kahaleh M, Adams R, Mallery S, Stanley M, et al. Fine-needle aspiration cytology of pancreatic lymphoepithelial cysts. Cancer. 2006;108:501-6 pubmed
    ..The cytologic features of LECs have been described only in a handful of case reports and may overlap with both benign and malignant pancreatic tumors...
  75. Blana A, Denzinger S, Lenhart M, Wieland W, Ganzer R. Treatment of a recurrent inguinal lymphocele in a penis cancer patient by lymphography and selective ligation of lymphatic vessels. Int J Urol. 2007;14:450-1 pubmed
    We report a case of recurrent inguinal lymphocele formation after inguinal lymphadenectomy treated by lymphographic mapping and selective ligation of the lymphatic vessels...
  76. Matrone A, Russo M, Mollica C, Lombardi D, Lombardi G, Maurea S, et al. Lymphoepithelial pancreatic cyst: an atypical benign pancreatic mass presenting with a "cheerios-like" appearance. JOP. 2010;11:170-2 pubmed
    ..Some of these diagnoses can be excluded by MRI; however, for the final diagnosis, fine needle aspiration or surgical resection may be necessary...
  77. Smyth G, Beitz G, Eng M, Gibbons N, Hickey D, Little D. Long-term outcome of cadaveric renal transplant after treatment of symptomatic lymphocele. J Urol. 2006;176:1069-72 pubmed
    ..Symptomatic post-transplant lymphocele presenting as increased creatinine and hydronephrosis of the allograft was recorded at 0.02%...
  78. Pee Y, Kim K, Choi Y, Jeon S, Park J, Lee S. Lymphocele formation after anterior lumbar interbody fusion at L4-5. Case report. J Neurosurg Spine. 2007;7:566-70 pubmed
    In this report, the authors present the case of patient with a lymphocele in the retroperitoneal area following anterior lumbar interbody fusion at L4-5...
  79. Notohamiprodjo M, Baumeister R, Jakobs T, Bauner K, Boehm H, Horng A, et al. MR-lymphangiography at 3.0 T--a feasibility study. Eur Radiol. 2009;19:2771-8 pubmed publisher
    ..In conclusion, MRL at 3.0 T provides very high spatial resolution and anatomical detail of normal and abnormal peripheral lymph vessels. MRL may thus become a valuable tool for microsurgical treatment planning and monitoring...
  80. Walker F, MacGregor F, Ganly I, Ganley I. Spontaneous cervical lymphocoele: case reports and management decisions. J Laryngol Otol. 2010;124:549-51 pubmed publisher
    ..Cystic swellings are less common. Spontaneous cervical lymphocoeles are very rare, and present as fluctuant, asymptomatic, cystic swellings in the neck in otherwise fit individuals...
  81. Achouri A, Huchon C, Bats A, Bensaid C, Nos C, Lecuru F. Complications of lymphadenectomy for gynecologic cancer. Eur J Surg Oncol. 2013;39:81-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, our objective was to evaluate the incidence and risk factors of SPOLs and LLL after pelvic and/or aortocaval lymphadenectomy for gynecologic malignancies...
  82. Pouwer A, Hinten F, van der Velden J, Smolders R, Slangen B, Zijlmans H, et al. Volume-controlled versus short drainage after inguinofemoral lymphadenectomy in vulvar cancer patients: A Dutch nationwide prospective study. Gynecol Oncol. 2017;146:580-587 pubmed publisher
    ..Volume-controlled drainage was associated with significant less lymphocele formation. Moreover, we found no difference in wound infection or primary wound breakdown...
  83. Mandel L. Ultrasound findings in HIV-positive patients with parotid gland swellings. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2001;59:283-6 pubmed
    ..This study aimed to determine the role that ultrasound might play in evaluating parotid swellings in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 disease...
  84. Patel A, Spiker W, Daubs M, Brodke D, Cheng I, Glasgow R. Retroperitoneal lymphocele after anterior spinal surgery. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2008;33:E648-52 pubmed publisher
    ..Case report; Review of Literature...
  85. Hamed O, Muck P, Smith J, Krallman K, Griffith N. Use of vacuum-assisted closure (VAC) therapy in treating lymphatic complications after vascular procedures: new approach for lymphoceles. J Vasc Surg. 2008;48:1520-3, 1523.e1-4 pubmed publisher
    Lymphatic complications, such as lymphocutaneous fistula (LF) and lymphocele, are relatively uncommon after vascular procedures, but their treatment represents a serious challenge...
  86. Minagawa T, Kato H, Kinebuchi Y, Yamaguchi K, Furuhata M, Yagasaki H, et al. [Traumatic subcapsular renal lymphocele: an unusual form of Page kidney]. Nihon Hinyokika Gakkai Zasshi. 2009;100:646-9 pubmed
    ..We diagnosed as Page kidney associated with subcupsular renal lymphocele after trauma. Percutaneous drainage and laparoscopic cyst fenestration were performed...
  87. Klode J, Klötgen K, Korber A, Schadendorf D, Dissemond J. Polidocanol foam sclerotherapy is a new and effective treatment for post-operative lymphorrhea and lymphocele. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2010;24:904-9 pubmed publisher
    The formation of post-operative lymphocele and lymphorrhea following lymph node surgery is a potentially serious complication. Until now there has been no consensus on the most effective treatment for these complications...
  88. Choudhrie A, Kumar S, Gnanaraj L, Devasia A, Chacko N, Kekre N. Symptomatic lymphocoeles post renal transplant. Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl. 2012;23:1162-8 pubmed publisher
    ..88%) were symptomatic. A total of 32 procedures for the treatment of lymphocele were performed in 14 of these patients...
  89. Moteki T, Horikoshi H, Endo K. Relationship between apparent diffusion coefficient and signal intensity in endometrial and other pelvic cysts. Magn Reson Imaging. 2002;20:463-70 pubmed
  90. Wang Y, Zhang Z, Zheng J, Ye W, Wang L, Zhu H. Spontaneous thoracic duct cyst presenting as a left supraclavicular mass - report of a case and review of literature. Phlebology. 2009;24:82-4 pubmed publisher
    ..The treatment of this disease consists of simple excision...
  91. Derouiche A, El Atat R, Mechri M, Garbouj N, Ezzeddine A, Khaled A, et al. Post-kidney transplantation lymphocele due to a lymphatic filariasis. Transplant Proc. 2010;42:2808-12 pubmed publisher
    b>Lymphocele is a well-known complication of renal transplantation. Presenting symptoms are nonspecific; most patients are entirely asymptomatic...
  92. Sim A, Ng L, Cheng C. Occurrence of a lymphocele following renal transplantation. Singapore Med J. 2013;54:259-62 pubmed
    ..The incidence of lymphoceles - lymphatic collections around a transplanted kidney - can be as high as 20%. We aimed to review the presentation, treatment and outcome of patients with lymphoceles...