follicular cyst


Summary: Cyst due to the occlusion of the duct of a follicle or small gland.

Top Publications

  1. Kim S, Kengaku K, Tanaka T, Kamomae H. The therapeutic effects of a progesterone-releasing intravaginal device (PRID) with attached estradiol capsule on ovarian quiescence and cystic ovarian disease in postpartum dairy cows. J Reprod Dev. 2004;50:341-8 pubmed
    ..device (PRID) containing an estradiol benzoate capsule on ovarian dysfunction, including ovarian quiescence, follicular cyst (FC) and luteal cyst or cystic corpus luteum (LC/CCL), in postpartum dairy cows...
  2. Todoroki J, Noguchi J, Kikuchi K, Ohnuma K, Ozawa M, Kaneko H. Plasma concentrations of inhibin A in cattle with follicular cysts: relationships with turnover of follicular waves and plasma levels of gonadotropins and steroid hormones. Domest Anim Endocrinol. 2004;27:333-44 pubmed
    ..Inhibin A plays an important role in the extension of interwave intervals by suppressing recruitment of a new cohort of follicles. ..
  3. Lievaart J, Parlevliet J, Dieleman S, Rientjes S, Bosman E, Vos P. [Transvaginal aspiration as first treatment of ovarian follicular cysts in dairy cattle under field circumstances]. Tijdschr Diergeneeskd. 2006;131:438-42 pubmed
    ..An ovarian follicular cyst was confirmed in 28 cows (50.9%) and was treated by single transvaginal-guided needle aspiration...
  4. Zulu V, Sawamukai Y, Nakada K, Kida K, Moriyoshi M. Relationship among insulin-like growth factor-I, blood metabolites and postpartum ovarian function in dairy cows. J Vet Med Sci. 2002;64:879-85 pubmed
    ..Changes in serum IGF-I early postpartum may help predict both nutritional and reproductive status in dairy cattle...
  5. Cook D, Parfet J, Smith C, Moss G, Youngquist R, Garverick H. Secretory patterns of LH and FSH during development and hypothalamic and hypophysial characteristics following development of steroid-induced ovarian follicular cysts in dairy cattle. J Reprod Fertil. 1991;91:19-28 pubmed
    ..2, respectively) groups during the follicular phase. There were no differences in the FSH, oestradiol-17 beta or progesterone characteristics in cows of any of the 3 groups during the follicular phase.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)..
  6. Dejmek A. Fine needle aspiration cytology of an ovarian luteinized follicular cyst mimicking a granulosa cell tumor. A case report. Acta Cytol. 2003;47:1059-62 pubmed
    ..This report draws attention to a case where abundant, dispersed cells lacking cytoplasm led to the incorrect diagnosis of a granulosa cell tumor...
  7. Oliveira Neto H, Spíndula Filho J, Dallara M, Silva C, Mendonça E, Batista A. Unicystic ameloblastoma in a child: a differential diagnosis from the dentigerous cyst and the inflammatory follicular cyst. J Dent Child (Chic). 2007;74:245-9 pubmed
    ..second premolar in an 11-year-old girl under orthodontic treatment, and discuss its diagnosis and radiographic and microscopic findings, emphasizing its distinction from the dentigerous cyst and the inflammatory follicular cyst.
  8. Hussein H, Boryczko Z, Bostedt H. Acid-base parameters and steroid concentrations in pre-ovulatory follicles and plasma of lactating dairy cows with spontaneous and synchronized oestrus or follicular cyst. Reprod Domest Anim. 2013;48:833-9 pubmed publisher
  9. Calder M, Manikkam M, Salfen B, Youngquist R, Lubahn D, Lamberson W, et al. Dominant bovine ovarian follicular cysts express increased levels of messenger RNAs for luteinizing hormone receptor and 3 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase delta(4),delta(5) isomerase compared to normal dominant follicles. Biol Reprod. 2001;65:471-6 pubmed
    ..Study of cysts at known developmental stages is useful in identifying alterations in follicular steroidogenesis...

More Information


  1. Ishii S, Ube M, Okada M, Adachi T, Sugimoto J, Inoue Y, et al. Collaborative work on evaluation of ovarian toxicity. 17) Two- or four-week repeated-dose studies and fertility study of sulpiride in female rats. J Toxicol Sci. 2009;34 Suppl 1:SP175-88 pubmed
  2. Hamada M, Kiryu H, Satoh E, Moroi Y, Urabe K, Furue M. A case of genital folliculosebaceous cystic hamartoma with an unique aggregated manifestation. J Dermatol. 2006;33:191-5 pubmed
    ..This is the third case of giant FCH. The clinical presentation and location of giant FCH is unusual. ..
  3. Rubini C, Artese L, Zizzi A, Fioroni M, Ascani G, Goteri G, et al. Immunohistochemical expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in different types of odontogenic cysts. Clin Oral Investig. 2011;15:757-61 pubmed publisher
    ..The present results can support the hypothesis that angiogenesis is an active mechanism in the invasive growth of the OKC. ..
  4. Nishie W, Iitoyo M, Miyazawa H. Follicular cyst in a patient with myotonic dystrophy: a case of cyst with differentiation toward follicular infundibulum, isthmus, inner root sheath, and hair. Am J Dermatopathol. 2001;23:521-4 pubmed
    We report a case of follicular cyst, which developed in a patient with myotonic dystrophy (MyD)...
  5. Dalin A, Gidlund K, Eliasson Selling L. Post-mortem examination of genital organs from sows with reproductive disturbances in a sow-pool. Acta Vet Scand. 1997;38:253-62 pubmed
    ..The anamnestic data together with the PM results indicated that management routines (oestrous detection, insemination, grouping at early pregnancy) needed to be changed. ..
  6. Gokalp H, Gurer M, Alan S. Trichofolliculoma: a rare variant of hair follicle hamartoma. Dermatol Online J. 2013;19:19264 pubmed
    ..A central, dilated keratin plugged ostium with vellus hair(s) is often present. We report a 19-year-old woman with typical clinical and histopathological findings of trichofolliculoma. ..
  7. Dhawan P, Roychoudhury A, Prakash H, Duggal R. Transmigrated mandibular permanent canine: a case report. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent. 2001;19:80-3 pubmed
    ..A case of transmigration of mandibular canine is presented. The importance of anesthetizing the transmigrated tooth from the side of origin is highlighted. ..
  8. Pirklbauer K, Kozakowski N, Russmueller G, Ewers R, Klug C. Manifestation of an ameloblastic carcinoma ten years after follicular cyst enucleation in the mandibular ramus. J Craniomaxillofac Surg. 2012;40:362-5 pubmed publisher
    ..This case report describes the manifestation of an AC 10 years after enucleation of a histologically confirmed follicular cyst in the angle of the mandible.
  9. Tsubota K, Kushima K, Yamauchi K, Matsuo S, Saegusa T, Ito S, et al. Collaborative work on evaluation of ovarian toxicity. 12) Effects of 2- or 4-week repeated dose studies and fertility study of indomethacin in female rats. J Toxicol Sci. 2009;34 Suppl 1:SP129-36 pubmed
    ..These present studies suggest that a precise histopathological examination may be able to predict the effect of test articles on female reproductive functions. ..
  10. May S, Quirey R, Cockerell C. Follicular hybrid cysts with infundibular, isthmic-catagen, and pilomatrical differentiation: a report of 2 patients. Ann Diagn Pathol. 2006;10:110-3 pubmed
    ..We report 2 cases of follicular hybrid cysts, all mixtures of epidermoid, trichilemmal, and matrical differentiation. The cysts, involving the ear and abdomen, occurred in one woman and one man...
  11. Kanitakis J, Euvrard S, Claudy A. Bowen's Disease masquerading clinically as a follicular cyst in a renal transplant recipient. Am J Dermatopathol. 2007;29:412-3 pubmed
    ..disease that developed within the epithelial wall of a hair follicle and masqueraded clinically as a banal follicular cyst in a renal transplant recipient...
  12. Hoang M, Levenson B. Cystic panfolliculoma. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 2006;130:389-92 pubmed
    ..Ber-EP4 strongly labels the germinative cells but not the follicular papillae. CD34 labels the surrounding fibrotic stroma and focally the epithelial component. ..
  13. Wani S, Hao Z. Atypical cystic adenoma of the parathyroid gland: case report and review of literature. Endocr Pract. 2005;11:389-93 pubmed
    ..Treatment options for parathyroid cysts include aspiration, injection of sclerosing agents, and surgical excision. ..
  14. Rizzo A, Minoia G, Trisolini C, Mutinati M, Spedicato M, Jirillo F, et al. Reactive oxygen species (ROS): involvement in bovine follicular cysts etiopathogenesis. Immunopharmacol Immunotoxicol. 2009;31:631-5 pubmed publisher
    ..4 +/- 13.36 U.Carr vs. 84.89 +/- 26.99 U.Carr) (p<0.05), thus suggesting that an alteration of the cascade responsible for ROS production may be implicated in the complex etipathogenesis of COF. ..
  15. Leonardi R, Perrotta R, Loreto C, Musumeci G, Crimi S, Dos Santos J, et al. Toll-like receptor 4 expression in the epithelium of inflammatory periapical lesions. An immunohistochemical study. Eur J Histochem. 2015;59:2547 pubmed publisher
    ..Twenty-one periapical cysts (PC) and 10 PG were analyzed; 7 dentigerous non-inflamed follicular cyst (DC) served as control. TLR4 expression was assessed by immunohistochemistry...
  16. Sanusi T, Qu X, Li Y, Zhang J, Wang M, Zhao Y, et al. Follicular hybrid cyst: a combination of bullous pilomatricoma and epidermoid cyst. Int J Clin Exp Pathol. 2013;6:3019-22 pubmed
    ..Hybrid cyst such as trichilemmal cyst, epidermoid and pilomatricoma cysts maybe have same clinical features or mimicking each others, but we can distinguish them from histopathology evaluation...
  17. Bouvier D, Leheis B, Duprez J, Bittar E, Coudert J. Dentinogenesis imperfecta: long-term rehabilitation in a child. J Dent Child (Chic). 2008;75:192-6 pubmed
    ..Discovery of a follicular cyst is also reported and its treatment is described.
  18. da Silva T, de Sá A, Zardo M, Consolaro A, Lara V. Inflammatory follicular cyst associated with an endodontically treated primary molar: a case report. ASDC J Dent Child. 2002;69:271-4, 234 pubmed
    This is a case study of an inflammatory follicular cyst associated with an endodontically treated deciduous molar with radiographic and microscopic diagnosis...
  19. Singh N, Kumar N, Chandrashekar L, Thappa D, Kar R, Srinivas B. Umbilicated nodule over eyebrow. Dermatol Online J. 2013;19:19622 pubmed
    ..Trichofolliculoma is a pilosebaceous follicle hamartoma in which several hairs are formed within single pilosebaceous unit and protrude out of single orifice. Herein we report a 45-year-old woman with a trichofolliculoma of the eyebrow. ..
  20. Pappalardo S, Tanteri L, Brutto D, Marescalco M, Carlino V, Consolo G, et al. Mandibular osteomyelitis due to Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Case report. Minerva Stomatol. 2008;57:323-9 pubmed
    ..This report describes a case of mandibular osteomyelitis in a surgical site after enucleation of a follicular cyst and extraction of the associated tooth...
  21. Seifi S, Shafigh E, Allaie A. Quantitative and qualitative analysis of argyrophilic nuclear organizer regions in follicular cyst, keratocystic odontogenic tumor and ameloblastoma. J Cancer Res Ther. 2011;7:280-5 pubmed publisher
    ..odontogenic tumor that exhibits a more aggressive behavior than keratocystic odontogenic tumor (KCOT) and follicular cyst. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the proliferation index nuclear organizer regions (NORs) and their ..
  22. Khan F, Nabi S, Pande M, Das G, Sarkar M. Bilateral follicular cysts in a water buffalo. Trop Anim Health Prod. 2011;43:539-41 pubmed publisher
    ..The results of our study suggest that follicular cysts in buffalo are oestrogenically inactive and have an altered concentration of certain biochemical and hormonal constituents. ..
  23. Al Jaradi M, Sallam A, Jabr H, Borda A, Decaussin Petrucci M, Berger N. Prevalence of differentiated thyroid cancer in 810 cases of surgically treated goiter in Yemen. Ann Saudi Med. 2005;25:394-7 pubmed
    ..In this study, males and elderly patients with goiter had a higher chance of having malignancy. ..
  24. Bagavandoss P, England B, Asirvatham A, Bruot B. Transient induction of polycystic ovary-like syndrome in immature hypothyroid rats. Proc Soc Exp Biol Med. 1998;219:77-84 pubmed
    ..To explore the intraovarian changes that lead to follicular cyst formation in hypothyroidism, we have created a prepubertal hypothyroid rat model...
  25. Lankford H. Visual vignette. Hyperthyroidism and cystic thyroid mass. Endocr Pract. 2006;12:480 pubmed
  26. Yong Hing C, Bhargava R. Answer to case of the month #117. Follicular cyst in surgically transposed ovary of young woman with Hodgkin's disease. Can Assoc Radiol J. 2007;58:116-7 pubmed
  27. El Tahawy A, Fahmy M. Partial budgeting assessment of the treatment of pyometra, follicular cysts and ovarian inactivity causing postpartum anoestrus in dairy cattle. Res Vet Sci. 2011;90:44-50 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition, the use of GnRH to treat cows with ovarian inactivity resulted in significantly (P<0.05) lower costs and greater total and net return values compared to untreated controls. ..
  28. Guran T, Yeşil G, Guran O, Cesur S, Bosnalı O, Celayir A, et al. A giant ovarian cyst in a neonate with classical 21-hydroxylase deficiency with very high testosterone levels demonstrating a high-dose hook effect. J Clin Res Pediatr Endocrinol. 2012;4:151-3 pubmed publisher
    ..of a neonate with classical 21-OHD who underwent surgery for a giant (10x8x7 cm) unilateral solitary ovarian follicular cyst on the 2nd postnatal day...
  29. Gobikrushanth M, Salehi R, Ambrose D, Colazo M. Categorization of endometritis and its association with ovarian follicular growth and ovulation, reproductive performance, dry matter intake, and milk yield in dairy cattle. Theriogenology. 2016;86:1842-9 pubmed publisher
    ..diameter = 10 mm) follicle, preovulatory size (diameter = 16 mm) follicle, ovulation, presence of follicular cyst, and proportion of ovular cows at 35 and 65 DPP were recorded as the measures of follicular growth and ..
  30. Baughman R, Elzawahry A, Grantham G. Testing your diagnostic skills. Case no. 2. Inflamed follicular cyst. Todays FDA. 2003;15:20-3 pubmed
  31. Takata N, Yokoo S, Komori T. The cytobiological differences between two odontogenic cyst-lining keratinocytes. Kobe J Med Sci. 2011;57:E75-86 pubmed
  32. Gumen A, Wiltbank M. Follicular cysts occur after a normal estradiol-induced GnRH/LH surge if the corpus hemorrhagicum is removed. Reproduction. 2005;129:737-45 pubmed
    ..Thus, the endogenous increase in circulating E2 that induces the GnRH/LH surge and estrus is sufficient to induce cows into a physiological state that resembles follicular cysts if it is not followed by increased circulating P4. ..
  33. Seidenari S, Pellacani G, Nasti S, Tomasi A, Pastorino L, Ghiorzo P, et al. Hereditary trichilemmal cysts: a proposal for the assessment of diagnostic clinical criteria. Clin Genet. 2013;84:65-9 pubmed publisher
  34. Merklen Djafri C, Batard M, Guillaume J, Kleinclauss I, Cribier B. [Folliculosebaceous cystic hamartoma: anatomo-clinical study]. Ann Dermatol Venereol. 2012;139:23-30 pubmed publisher
    ..Prior to the invidualization of this entity, such cases were interpreted as nevus lipomatosus superficialis or "sebaceous" trichofolliculoma, although their histological appearance was inconsistent with such a diagnosis. ..
  35. Longobardi G, Diana G, Poddi V, Pagano I. Follicular cyst of the jaw developing into a keratocyst in a patient with unrecognized Gorlin-Goltz syndrome. J Craniofac Surg. 2010;21:833-6 pubmed publisher
    ..There are many syndromes involving the head and neck region, and specialists are supposed to be alerted when faced with similar typical expressions associated with a characteristic soma so as to avoid delays in diagnosing the syndrome. ..
  36. Baudimont F, Booler H, Casey T, Heier A. Ectopic thyroid in the aortic valve of a Han Wistar rat. Toxicol Pathol. 2010;38:312-4 pubmed publisher
    ..Parafollicular cells were not evident. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first report of intracardiac ectopic thyroid gland in the rat and the first report of ectopic thyroid within a heart valve in a mammal...
  37. Hatler T, Hayes S, Anderson L, Silvia W. Effect of a single injection of progesterone on ovarian follicular cysts in lactating dairy cows. Vet J. 2006;172:329-33 pubmed
    ..Blood sampling and ultrasonography continued until ovulation or a new follicular cyst formed. Treatment reduced the lifespan of the cyst by 12 days, from 29.8 +/- 2.3 days in control cows to 17...
  38. Baughman R, Johnson P, Abramson H. Testing your diagnostic skills. Case no. 2. Traumatic (simple) bone cyst. Todays FDA. 2003;15:20, 22 pubmed
  39. Okutsu Y, Itoh M, Takahashi N, Ishizuka B. Exogenous androstenedione induces formation of follicular cysts and premature luteinization of granulosa cells in the ovary. Fertil Steril. 2010;93:927-35 pubmed publisher
    ..To investigate the effects of androstenedione on ovarian follicle development...
  40. Gumen A, Sartori R, Costa F, Wiltbank M. A GnRH/LH surge without subsequent progesterone exposure can induce development of follicular cysts. J Dairy Sci. 2002;85:43-50 pubmed
    ..Progesterone eliminates this condition by reinitiation of GnRH/LH surges in response to estradiol...
  41. Baughman R. Testing your diagnostic skills. Case no. 2: inflamed follicular cyst. Todays FDA. 2005;17:20, 22-3 pubmed
  42. Rizzo A, Cosola C, Mutinati M, Spedicato M, Minoia G, Sciorsci R. Bovine ovarian follicular cysts: in vitro effects of lecirelin, a GnRH analogue. Theriogenology. 2010;74:1559-69 pubmed publisher
    ..The data obtained provide the hypothesis that one of the main mechanisms of action of GnRH, could involve calcium channels...
  43. Tanaka T, Sawai R, Kumai R, Kim S, Kuroiwa T, Kamomae H. Does exogenous progesterone and oestradiol treatment from the mid-luteal phase induce follicular cysts in goats?. Anim Reprod Sci. 2007;97:257-64 pubmed
    ..present study was to investigate the effects of exogenous ovarian steroid treatment, which is known to induce follicular cyst experimentally in cows, on ovarian activity in goats...
  44. Requena L, Jaqueti G, Rutten A, Mentzel T, Kutzner H. Merkel cell carcinoma within follicular cysts: report of two cases. J Cutan Pathol. 2008;35:1127-33 pubmed
    ..The description of five cases of Merkel cell carcinoma within follicular cysts, including the two cases of this report, support some relationship between Merkel cell tumor and the hair follicle...
  45. Garstecka A, Pietrykowski T, Betlejewski S. [The follicular cyst of the mandibula--case report]. Otolaryngol Pol. 2005;59:871-4 pubmed
    ..Cysts may originate in bones and in soft tissues. We are describing the case of the follicular cyst of the mandibula diagnosed for a 55 years old female patient...
  46. Takagi M, Choi Y, Kamishita H, Acosta T, Wijayagunawardane M, Miyamoto A, et al. Oocyte quality of small antral follicles coexisting with cystic follicles in the ovaries of the cow. Anim Reprod Sci. 1998;51:195-203 pubmed
    ..Ovaries, each bearing a follicular cyst (containing > 10 ml of follicular fluids, > 3 cm in diameter, and without a functional corpus luteum), ..
  47. Kim S, Byun S, Lee S. Various tumors in the nasal vestibule. Int J Clin Exp Pathol. 2013;6:2713-8 pubmed
    ..Our aim was to discuss the characteristics of each disease and the considerations thought to be necessary for diagnosis and treatment of nasal vestibular tumors from these cases and the related literature. ..
  48. Albanese M, Procacci P, Sancassani G, Nocini P. Fresh-frozen human bone graft to repair defect after mandibular giant follicular cyst removal: a case report. Cell Tissue Bank. 2012;13:305-13 pubmed publisher
    ..radiographical and histological findings about a case of a young woman affected by a mandibular giant follicular cyst. Conservative tumor resection was followed by immediate reconstructive treatment using fresh frozen human ..
  49. Newkirk K, Frank L. Multiple follicular cysts in four alpacas (Vicugna pacos). Vet Dermatol. 2011;22:275-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we report multiple follicular cysts in four aged alpacas (Vicugna pacos). Based on their histological features, they are most consistent with hybrid cysts. This is the first report of multiple follicular cysts in alpacas...
  50. Melikian A, Kaplanskaia I, Nikitin E, Kovaleva L. [The role of morphological characteristics of lymph nodes in differential diagnosis of reactive lymphadenopathies]. Ter Arkh. 2005;77:37-43 pubmed
    ..To analyse causes of reactive lymphadenitis regarding histological changes in the lymph node, of diagnostic errors; to determine frequency of establishment of nosological diagnosis...
  51. Law A, Rutland B, Horenstein M. Pathologic quiz case: an 84-year-old woman with a skin cyst containing Ziehl-Neelsen-positive structures. Basal cell carcinoma associated with a vellus hair cyst. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 2005;129:e75-6 pubmed
  52. Ambrose D, Schmitt E, Lopes F, Mattos R, Thatcher W. Ovarian and endocrine responses associated with the treatment of cystic ovarian follicles in dairy cows with gonadotropin releasing hormone and prostaglandin F2alpha, with or without exogenous progesterone. Can Vet J. 2004;45:931-7 pubmed
  53. Chuang Y, Hong H, Kuo T. Multiple pigmented follicular cysts of the vulva successfully treated with CO2 laser: case report and literature review. Dermatol Surg. 2004;30:1261-4 pubmed
    A pigmented follicular cyst is an uncommon epithelial cyst, typically occurring as a single asymptomatic pigmented papule or nodule on the head and neck of adult men...
  54. Park J, Hong I, Ki M, Hong K, Ji A, Do S, et al. Multiple perianal infundibular follicular cysts in a dog. Vet Dermatol. 2010;21:303-6 pubmed publisher
    ..To the best of the authors' knowledge, the present report is the first documented case of multiple perianal infundibular follicular cysts in a dog...
  55. Piattelli A, Rubini C, Fioroni M, Favero L, Strocchi R. Expression of transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-beta 1) in odontogenic cysts. Int Endod J. 2004;37:7-11 pubmed
    ..To evaluate the positivity to transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-beta 1) in different types of odontogenic cysts...
  56. Banhidy F, Acs N, Czeizel A. Ovarian cysts, clomiphene therapy, and the risk of neural tube defects. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2008;100:86-8 pubmed
  57. Isobe N, Nakao T, Yoshimura Y. Immunohistochemical localization of 3beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase in the granulosa and theca interna layers of bovine cystic follicles. J Reprod Dev. 2003;49:227-33 pubmed
    ..The differences of frequencies of 3beta-HSD-positive cells in the granulosa and theca interna layers between cystic and atretic follicles may be one of the reasons why regression is delayed in cystic follicles...
  58. Badr A, Lakshmiah G. Folliculosebaceous cystic hamartoma of the nipple: a case report. J Cutan Pathol. 2009;36:597-600 pubmed publisher
    ..e. a variant of trichofolliculoma. FCH of the nipple of female breast is a very rare lesion with only one previous case reported so far in the literature. We report a similar case with a brief review of the literature...
  59. Miyake H, Hara H, Shimojima H, Suzuki H. Follicular hybrid cyst (trichilemmal cyst and pilomatricoma) arising within a nevus sebaceus. Am J Dermatopathol. 2004;26:390-3 pubmed
    ..To our knowledge, this is the first case of follicular hybrid cyst associated with nevus sebaceus. We consider that the cyst in our case is derived from the hair matrix and from the follicular isthmus...
  60. Joshi R, Dunaif A. Ovarian disorders of pregnancy. Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am. 1995;24:153-69 pubmed
    ..Rarely, an acute abdomen can result from hemorrhage or torsion of the mass. Because most of the entities regress spontaneously following delivery, a conservative management approach that includes preserving the ovaries is warranted...
  61. Lin S, Cassarino D. Cystic tricholemmal carcinoma in situ. Am J Dermatopathol. 2013;35:e99-e102 pubmed publisher
    ..We report only the second case of tricholemmal carcinoma in situ, most likely involving a tricholemmal cyst, which was not associated with another tumor or evidence of invasive carcinoma...
  62. Ohira T, Murayama C, Shimizu T, Yoshimura Y, Isobe N. Comparison of cadherin and integrin localization in bovine cystic and healthy follicles. Anim Sci J. 2013;84:303-9 pubmed publisher
    ..These results suggest that granulosa and theca interna cells are detached while maintaining the cell-cell adhesion, resulting in the consequent loss of these layers from the cystic follicle...
  63. Kiechl Kohlendorfer U, Maurer K, Unsinn K, Gassner I. Fluid-debris level in follicular cysts: a pathognomonic sign of ovarian torsion. Pediatr Radiol. 2006;36:421-5 pubmed
    ..Early diagnosis of ovarian torsion is mandatory to avoid common complications. Sonography is the imaging modality of choice, but diagnosis is still a challenge...
  64. Grado Ahuir J, Aad P, Spicer L. New insights into the pathogenesis of cystic follicles in cattle: microarray analysis of gene expression in granulosa cells. J Anim Sci. 2011;89:1769-86 pubmed publisher
    ..Further research is required to elucidate the role of these factors in follicular development and cyst formation...
  65. Mikaelian I, Labelle P, Kopal M, De Guise S, Martineau D. Adenomatous hyperplasia of the thyroid gland in beluga whales (Delphinapterus leucas) from the St. Lawrence Estuary and Hudson Bay, Quebec, Canada. Vet Pathol. 2003;40:698-703 pubmed
    ..Comparison between populations could not be performed because of differences in age structures of sample groups. Beluga whales from both populations have unique thyroid lesions among marine mammals...
  66. Lee C, Tseng C, Wang C, Lin Y, Chen C, Wun T, et al. A new quantitative method to evaluate adnexal tumors. Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol. 2010;49:45-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The purpose of this study was to assess endometriomas and follicular cysts using a new quantitative method provided by the picture archiving and communication system...
  67. Kawate N. Studies on the regulation of expression of luteinizing hormone receptor in the ovary and the mechanism of follicular cyst formation in ruminants. J Reprod Dev. 2004;50:1-8 pubmed
    ..5) As a mechanism of the bovine follicular cyst caused by stress, it is suggested that increased secretions of progesterone and cortisol from the adrenal ..
  68. Schwarze R, Threlfall W. Theriogenology question of the month. Follicular cysts. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2008;233:235-7 pubmed publisher
  69. Shi F, Petroff B, Herath C, Ozawa M, Watanabe G, Taya K. Serous cysts are a benign component of the cyclic ovary in the guinea pig with an incidence dependent upon inhibin bioactivity. J Vet Med Sci. 2002;64:129-35 pubmed
  70. Velich N, Németh Z, Hrabák K, Suba Z, Szabo G. Repair of bony defect with combination biomaterials. J Craniofac Surg. 2004;15:11-5 pubmed
    ..The materials used to fill such defects must satisfy various requirements. One of the most important is that they must undergo transformation into autologous bone tissue in the process of remodeling...
  71. Kim I, Kim U. Comparison of the effect of estradiol benzoate plus progesterone and GnRH on the follicular wave emergence and subsequent follicular development in CIDR-treated, lactating dairy cows with follicular cysts. Anim Reprod Sci. 2007;98:197-203 pubmed
  72. Zustin J, Scheuer H, Friedrich R. Podoplanin expression in human tooth germ tissues and cystic odontogenic lesions: an immunohistochemical study. J Oral Pathol Med. 2010;39:115-20 pubmed publisher
    ..Podoplanin expression was described in mouse tooth germ and apical bud cells. The aim of this study was to analyse the podoplanin expression of human tooth germ tissues, adult teeth and odontogenic lesions immunohistochemically...
  73. Seifi S, Feizi F, Khafri T, Aram M. Histomorphometric comparative study of blood vessels and their pattern in follicular cyst, odontogenic keratocyst, and ameloblastoma. J Craniofac Surg. 2013;24:439-45 pubmed publisher
    ..The present study aimed at assessment and histomorphometric analysis of intratumoral and peritumoral (cystic) blood vessels in odontogenic lesions and their pattern on their clinical behavior by immunohistochemistry and morphometry...
  74. Tóth M, Adrienn B, Zsuzsanna S, Szilvia M. [Dentigerous cyst in the mixed dentition]. Fogorv Sz. 2012;105:147-51 pubmed
    ..Simultaneous with the eruption of the permanent teeth, ossification of the bony defect can take place. The reparatory process is completed in one to two years, during this time the patient has been given a space-maintainer...
  75. Lach B, Scheithauer B. Colloid cyst of the third ventricle: a comparative ultrastructural study of neuraxis cysts and choroid plexus epithelium. Ultrastruct Pathol. 1992;16:331-49 pubmed
    ..No ultrastructural similarities were observed between CC and normal or neoplastic neuroepithelium. These ultrastructural findings support the concept of an enterogenous origin of colloid cysts and highlight their similarity to RCC...
  76. Salvetti N, Stangaferro M, Palomar M, Alfaro N, Rey F, Gimeno E, et al. Cell proliferation and survival mechanisms underlying the abnormal persistence of follicular cysts in bovines with cystic ovarian disease induced by ACTH. Anim Reprod Sci. 2010;122:98-110 pubmed publisher
    ..The present study provides new insights into the molecular mechanisms underlying the aberrant persistence of follicular cysts and related diseases...
  77. Juarez A, Rutten A, Kutzner H, Requena L. Cystic trichoblastoma (so-called trichoblastic infundibular cyst): a report of three new cases. J Cutan Pathol. 2012;39:631-6 pubmed publisher
    ..In our opinion, these findings support a neoplastic rather than a cystic nature for this lesion. We discuss the histopathologic differential diagnosis with other follicular cystic lesions showing similar keratinization...
  78. Ates O, Karakaya E, Hakgüder G, Olguner M, Secil M, Akgur F. Laparoscopic excision of a giant ovarian cyst after ultrasound-guided drainage. J Pediatr Surg. 2006;41:E9-11 pubmed
    ..The pathologic examination of the cyst revealed as follicular cyst. Laparoscopic excision of giant ovarian cysts after ultrasound-guided drainage seems to be safe and ..
  79. Kim J, Park C, Park H. Curative effect of autologous platelet-rich plasma on a large cutaneous lesion in a dog. Vet Dermatol. 2009;20:123-6 pubmed publisher
    ..A biopsy of the mass was performed and diagnosed histopathologically as a follicular cyst. A necrotic lesion (2...
  80. El Hassani Y, Beaulieu J, Tschanz E, Marcheix P. [Proliferating trichilemmal tumor of the pulp of a finger: case report and review of the literature]. Chir Main. 2013;32:117-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The main differential diagnosis in this reported case was a whitlow. The origin of this cyst is probably the nail matrix whose keratinization is trichilemmal. Surgical excision biopsy allowed a good clinical outcome...
  81. Tieghi R, Consorti G, Clauser L. Patholologic fracture of the mandible after removal of follicular cyst. J Craniofac Surg. 2011;22:1779-80 pubmed publisher
    The objective of the study was to report a 61-year-old man who presented a complication after mandibular follicular cyst removal.
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    ..CIDR is also likely to be efficacious in lowering the occurrence of follicular cysts in donor herds when it is used for estrous synchronization after embryo recovery...
  84. Iezzi G, Piattelli A, Artese L, Goteri G, Fioroni M, Rubini C. KAI-1 protein expression in odontogenic cysts. J Endod. 2007;33:235-8 pubmed
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    ..Metaplastic ossification, as seen in several traumatic, inflammatory or neoplastic conditions, however, seems to be an exceedingly rare event in trichilemmal cysts and might be associated with previous rupture...
  86. Perez Perez L, Alvarez J, Pereiro Ferreirós M, Peteiro C, Toribio J. [Multiple terminal hair cysts in perianal region]. Actas Dermosifiliogr. 2007;98:213-4 pubmed
  87. Noffke C, Chabikuli N, Nzima N. Impaired tooth eruption: a review. SADJ. 2005;60:422, 424-5 pubmed
    ..The purpose of this article is to provide a review on the pathogenesis and differential radiographic interpretation of impaired tooth eruption...
  88. van de Kerkhof P, van Rossum M, Hengstman G, Bloem B. Follicular cysts and hyperkeratoses as first manifestation, and involvement of the central nervous system as late manifestation of mycosis fungoides. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2005;19:777-9 pubmed
  89. Rizzo A, Annalisa R, Campanile D, Debora C, Mutinati M, Maddalena M, et al. Epidural vs intramuscular administration of lecirelin, a GnRH analogue, for the resolution of follicular cysts in dairy cows. Anim Reprod Sci. 2011;126:19-22 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, an alternative therapeutical approach is available for FC treatment, in order to obtain an easier restoration of the ovarian activity, especially in those cases refractory to classical therapeutic approaches...