esophageal cyst

Summary

Summary: Any fluid-filled closed cavity or sac (CYSTS) that is lined by an EPITHELIUM and found in the ESOPHAGUS region.

Top Publications

  1. Trojan J, Mousset S, Caspary W, Hoepffner N. An infected esophageal duplication cyst in a patient with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma mimicking persistent disease. Dis Esophagus. 2005;18:287-9 pubmed
    ..Thus, this report further demonstrated the impact of EUS and EUS-FNA for management of posterior mediastinal cystic lesions in selected cases...
  2. McNally J, Charles A, Spicer R, Grier D. Mixed foregut cyst associated with esophageal atresia. J Pediatr Surg. 2001;36:939-40 pubmed
    ..J Pediatr Surg 36:939-940. ..
  3. Joyce A, Zhang P, Kochman M. Complete endoscopic resection of an esophageal duplication cyst (with video). Gastrointest Endosc. 2006;64:288-9 pubmed
  4. Versleijen M, Drenth J, Nagengast F. A case of esophageal duplication cyst with a 13-year follow-up period. Endoscopy. 2005;37:870-2 pubmed
    ..During a 13-year follow-up period, no growth of the cyst was documented, nor did symptoms develop during this period. Close EUS observation may eliminate the need for surgery in asymptomatic patients...
  5. Sundaramoorthi T, Behranwala A, Codispoti M, Mankad P. Asymptomatic congenital oesophageal cyst infiltrating the lung: an unusual complication. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2000;18:117-9 pubmed
    ..Histological examination later showed an oesophageal duplication cyst with a fistula to the left upper lobe of the lung. We present this unusual complication of an oesophageal cyst infiltrating the lung in an asymptomatic child...
  6. Kang C, Cho D, Cho K, Jo M. Thoracoscopic stapled resection of multiple esophageal duplication cysts with different pathological findings. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2008;34:216-8 pubmed publisher
    ..No postoperative complications, including esophageal mucosal injury, occurred. A follow-up chest computed tomography revealed the complete resection of the cysts...
  7. Takemura M, Yoshida K, Morimura K. Thoracoscopic resection of thoracic esophageal duplication cyst containing ectopic pancreatic tissue in adult. J Cardiothorac Surg. 2011;6:118 pubmed publisher
    ..We describe a case with esophageal duplication cyst, which contained the ectopic pancreatic tissue in the solid portion, resected under the thoracoscopic approach in adult...
  8. Lee S, Kim H, Kim S, Jung S, Park K. Thoracoscopic resection of a cervical esophageal duplication cyst in a 3-month-old infant: a case report. J Pediatr Surg. 2013;48:873-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we present a case of a cervical esophageal duplication cyst in an infant, which could be resected via thoracoscopic approach only...
  9. Singal A, Bhatnagar V, Mitra D. Oesophageal duplication cyst causing neonatal haemoptysis. Trop Gastroenterol. 2004;25:99-100 pubmed
    ..The postoperative period was uneventful and histopathological examination revealed it to be a duplication cyst with ectopic gastric mucosa. Thus, the diagnosis was made retrospectively...

More Information

Publications79

  1. Yasufuku M, Hatakeyama T, Maeda K, Yamamoto T, Iwai Y. Bronchopulmonary foregut malformation: a large bronchogenic cyst communicating with an esophageal duplication cyst. J Pediatr Surg. 2003;38:e2 pubmed
    ..These lesions were resected followed by an uneventful recovery...
  2. Sodhi K, Saxena A, Narasimha Rao K, Singh M, Suri S. Esophageal duplication cyst: an unusual cause of respiratory distress in infants. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2005;21:854-6 pubmed
    ..We report 2 such cases of esophageal duplication cyst in infants, causing acute respiratory distress. Excision was curative...
  3. Kumar D, Samujh R, Rao K. Infected esophageal duplication cyst simulating empyema. Indian Pediatr. 2003;40:423-5 pubmed
    ..We report a case of infected esophageal duplication cyst initially confused with empyema in a two years old boy...
  4. Bodner J, Zitt M, Ott H, Wetscher G, Wykypiel H, Lucciarini P, et al. Robotic-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (RATS) for benign and malignant esophageal tumors. Ann Thorac Surg. 2005;80:1202-6 pubmed
    ..Ideal indications for this new technology have yet to be established. The esophagus possesses attributes that are interesting for general thoracic robotic surgeons...
  5. Moulton M, Moir C, Matsumoto J, Thompson D. Esophageal duplication cyst: a rare cause of biphasic stridor and feeding difficulty. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2005;69:1129-33 pubmed
  6. Wiechowska Kozłowska A, Wunsch E, Majewski M, Milkiewicz P. Esophageal duplication cysts: endosonographic findings in asymptomatic patients. World J Gastroenterol. 2012;18:1270-2 pubmed publisher
    ..Increasing availability of new diagnostic modalities such as endoscopic ultrasonography may change the current view regarding the prevalence of esophageal duplication cysts and prove that they may, in fact, not be such rare findings...
  7. Will U, Meyer F, Bosseckert H. Successful endoscopic treatment of an esophageal duplication cyst. Scand J Gastroenterol. 2005;40:995-9 pubmed
    ..This method is considered to be feasible and a reasonable treatment alternative to the more invasive surgical approach...
  8. Kin K, Iwase K, Higaki J, Yoon H, Mikata S, Miyazaki M, et al. Laparoscopic resection of intra-abdominal esophageal duplication cyst. Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech. 2003;13:208-11 pubmed
    ..A laparoscopic approach utilizing intraoperative esophagoscopy is easy and safe for removal of intra-abdominal esophageal duplication cysts...
  9. Herbella F, Tedesco P, Muthusamy R, Patti M. Thoracoscopic resection of esophageal duplication cysts. Dis Esophagus. 2006;19:132-4 pubmed
    ..The authors describe two cases of esophageal duplication resected via a left thoracoscopic approach...
  10. Singh S, Lal P, Sikora S, Datta N. Squamous cell carcinoma arising from a congenital duplication cyst of the esophagus in a young adult. Dis Esophagus. 2001;14:258-61 pubmed
    ..He responded well to radical treatment using concurrent chemo-irradiation, and continues to be free of disease after a follow-up of 14 months...
  11. Fernando H, Erdem C, Daly B, Shemin R. Robotic assisted thoracic surgery for resection of an esophageal cyst. Dis Esophagus. 2006;19:509-11 pubmed
    ..We present the case of a 58-year-old man presenting with an esophageal cyst. This was removed using a robotic assisted, VATS (video assisted thoracic surgery) approach...
  12. Turkyilmaz A, Eroglu A, Subasi M, Findik G. Intramural esophageal bronchogenic cysts: a review of the literature. Dis Esophagus. 2007;20:461-5 pubmed
    ..With accurate diagnosis and treatment the prognosis is excellent and serious complications may be prevented...
  13. Chafik A, Benjelloun A, Qassif H, El Fikri A, El Barni R, Zrara I. Intramural esophageal bronchogenic cysts. Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann. 2011;19:69-71 pubmed publisher
    ..Bronchogenic cysts are most frequently located in the middle mediastinum near the carina. Esophageal bronchogenic cysts are extremely rare. An intramural esophageal bronchogenic cyst was successfully resected from a 51-year-old man...
  14. Noguchi T, Hashimoto T, Takeno S, Wada S, Tohara K, Uchida Y. Laparoscopic resection of esophageal duplication cyst in an adult. Dis Esophagus. 2003;16:148-50 pubmed
    ..Although computed tomography (CT) scan and endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) both assisted in determining the correct preoperative diagnosis, the definitive diagnosis was made following pathological examination of the resected lesion...
  15. Neo E, Watson D, Bessell J. Acute ruptured esophageal duplication cyst. Dis Esophagus. 2004;17:109-11 pubmed
    ..Conventionally this is achieved via a thoracotomy, however thoracoscopic-assisted excision may have a role...
  16. Ringley C, Bochkarev V, Oleynikov D. Esophageal duplication cyst--a guest case in robotic and computer-assisted surgery from the University of Nebraska Medical Center. MedGenMed. 2006;8:25 pubmed
  17. Rattan K, Magu S, Rohilla S. Mediastinal foregut duplication cysts. Indian J Pediatr. 2004;71:103-5 pubmed
    ..The authors report 4 cases of mediastinal foregut duplication cyst in children diagnosed on CT/MRI and confirmed on histopathology. In none of the cases the cysts had intraspinal extension nor heterotopic gastric mucosa. ..
  18. Fukumoto T, Uyama T, Sakiyama S, Kondo K, Monden Y. Mediastinal esophageal cyst causing unilateral hyperlucent lung. Jpn J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1999;47:141-3 pubmed
    ..we describe an infant with a unilateral hyperlucent lung due to compression on the left main bronchus by an esophageal cyst, visualized by chest computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging...
  19. Petroze R, McGahren E. Pediatric chest II: Benign tumors and cysts. Surg Clin North Am. 2012;92:645-58, ix pubmed publisher
    ..The term benign tumors can be a misnomer in that although their histology is not malignant, these tumors can be locally aggressive with significant associated morbidity and potential for mortality. ..
  20. Al Hani H, Al Salem A. Congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation associated with esophageal duplication cyst. Ann Saudi Med. 2005;25:60-2 pubmed
  21. Blanchet A, Depagne C, Nesme P, Perol M, Marchand B, de la Fouchardiere A, et al. [A rare case of thoracoabdominal opacity]. Rev Mal Respir. 2004;21:1171-3 pubmed
  22. Choong C, Meyers B. Benign esophageal tumors: introduction, incidence, classification, and clinical features. Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2003;15:3-8 pubmed
    ..Summaries of important clinical features are provided for leiomyomas, esophageal cysts, fibrovascular polyps, papillomas, granular cell tumors and others. ..
  23. Abu Omar A, Miller C, McDermott A. Acquired pharyngoesophageal diverticulum in childhood. J Laryngol Otol. 2010;124:1298-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Most reported cases in children are congenital in nature. We present a unique acquired case of diverticulum in childhood, together with radiographic evidence of this pathology. ..
  24. Gockel I, Bohl J, Eckardt V, Junginger T. [Esophageal resection for non-specific esophageal motility disorder]. Z Gastroenterol. 2005;43:379-83 pubmed
    ..Esophageal resection provided the only chance of a long-term benefit for our patient with relief of dysphagia. ..
  25. Overhaus M, Decker P, Zhou H, Textor H, Hirner A, Scheurlen C. The congenital duplication cyst: a rare differential diagnosis of retrosternal pain and dysphagia in a young patient. Scand J Gastroenterol. 2003;38:337-40 pubmed
    ..Next to endoscopy and computer tomography, endoscopic ultrasonography is mandatory for a distinguished and accurate preoperative evaluation. Transthoracic excision is crucial for definitive diagnosis and inhibition of complications. ..
  26. Gilg M, Swatek P, Lutfi A, Smolle Juttner F, Langner C. [Congenital esophageal duplication cysts: progressive dysphagia in adulthood]. Pathologe. 2013;34:155-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Diverticula, bronchogenic cysts and cystic neoplasms have to be considered in the differential diagnosis. Congenital cystic esophageal duplication is a rare cause of dysphagia in adulthood. ..
  27. Hara M, Arakawa T, Ogino H, Miyagawa H, Sato Y, Ohba S, et al. A case of isolated esophageal cyst in the posterior mediastinum. Radiat Med. 2001;19:161-4 pubmed
    We report a rare case of posterior mediastinal esophageal cyst associated with pulmonary anomaly that had no connection with the proper esophagus, on either CT or MRI, and suggest including this entity in the differential diagnosis of ..
  28. Hasegawa S, Koga M, Matsubara T, Oga A, Furukawa S. Congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation complicated by esophageal duplication cyst in a 6-month-old girl. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2002;34:398-401 pubmed
    ..The coexistence of these complex anomalies supports the concept that the esophageal duplication cyst is one entity of a broad spectrum of developmental abnormalities caused by abnormal budding of the primitive foregut. ..
  29. Juhasz A, Botos B, Sárkány A, Szontagh Kishazi P, Varga I, Altorjay A. [Considerations in the surgical treatment of enterogenic mediastinal cyst]. Orv Hetil. 2005;146:2417-9 pubmed
    ..Histological examination verified an intramural, esophageal cyst. After the 7th postoperative day the patient was discharged from the hospital, currently she is without ..
  30. Mazzocchi P, Lucandri G, Bascone B, Carotenuto F. [Congenital esophageal cyst: a case report]. Chir Ital. 2003;55:457-63 pubmed
    ..The clinical and therapeutic aspects of these lesions are discussed and compared with other cases reported in the literature. ..
  31. Petrovic S, Ljuština R, Lovrenski J, Milovic I, Barisic N. Persistent wheezing as manifestation of esophageal tubular duplication cyst. Ups J Med Sci. 2011;116:216-9 pubmed publisher
    ..We report a case of thoracic tubular duplication cyst in a 10-month-old boy who presented with persistent wheezing that was unsuccessfully treated in out-patient services. ..
  32. Machado M, Santos V, Martino R, Makdissi F, Canedo L, Bacchella T, et al. Laparoscopic resection of gastric duplication: successful treatment of a rare entity. Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech. 2003;13:268-70 pubmed
    ..Laparoscopic resection may be added to the surgical armamentarium in the treatment of alimentary tract duplications. ..
  33. Knod J, Garrison A, Frischer J, Dickie B. Foregut duplication cyst associated with esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula: a case report and literature review. J Pediatr Surg. 2013;48:E5-7 pubmed publisher
    ..This is the first documented occurrence in conjunction with Down syndrome and the second case where both anomalies were treated at the initial surgery...
  34. Halum S, Yates C. Granular cell tumor of the esophagus presenting as a duplication cyst. Ear Nose Throat J. 2008;87:135 pubmed
  35. Fung E, Gan K, Lacson A, Lees G, El Hakim H. Esophageal mucoceles causing airway obstruction as a complication of esophageal diversion: two rare pediatric cases and a review of the literature. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2008;72:1563-8 pubmed publisher
    ..A high degree of suspicion, clinical awareness, and the use of the proper diagnostic tools, are essential for a diagnosis of mucoceles in children with a past history of esophageal exclusion...
  36. Javan N, Debnath J, Kumar A, Das C. Oesophageal duplication cyst: an unusual cause of retrosternal pain and dysphagia in an adult. Singapore Med J. 2008;49:e242-4 pubmed
    ..We describe the imaging findings in a rare case of oesophageal duplication cyst simulating cold abscess, causing retrosternal pain and dysphagia in a 25-year-old man...
  37. Junginger T, Heintz A, Bottger T, Menke H. [Thoracoscopic operation of a tumor of the esophageal wall]. Chirurg. 1993;64:819-21 pubmed
    ..Enucleation of the tumor was performed by right videothoracoscopy. The use of thoracoscopic operative technique implies rapid disappearance of complaints and a reduced time of hospitalisation...
  38. Matsuda K, Qiu Y, Furuse T, Kawamura Y, Yokoyama D, Kato A, et al. Bronchogenic and esophageal cyst with laryngeal malformations in a thoroughbred foal. Vet Pathol. 2010;47:351-3 pubmed publisher
    ..Concomitant malformation of the laryngeal muscles and cartilage resulted in a combination of anomalies that have not been reported in the human or veterinary literature...
  39. Uppal P, Kaur J, Agarwala S, Gupta A, Safaya R, Kabra S. Communicating oesophageal duplication cyst with heterotopic pancreatic tissue - an unusual cause of recurrent pneumonia in an infant. Acta Paediatr. 2010;99:1432-3 pubmed publisher
    ..The imaging studies revealed a thin walled cavity communicating with the oesophageal lumen that was excised by surgery. Histopathology showed squamous epithelial lining of cyst with heterotopic pancreatic tissue...
  40. Swartz M, El Zammar O, Landas S, Battaglia J, Fink G. Enteric cyst with epicardial attachment to the left ventricle. Cardiovasc Pathol. 2006;15:113-5 pubmed
    ..Approaches to the treatment of this rare lesion vary. Due to the patient's history of breast cancer, the lesion was excised for histopathological diagnosis...
  41. Parikh D, Samuel M. Congenital cystic lung lesions: is surgical resection essential?. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2005;40:533-7 pubmed
    ..In conclusion, surgical excision of a symptomatic cystic lung lesion that has not responded to medical treatment is recommended...
  42. Goto T, Maeshima A, Oyamada Y, Kato R. Esophageal cyst producing CA19-9 and CA125. Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg. 2010;10:448-50 pubmed publisher
    ..No cartilage or bronchial glands were identified. These findings led to a diagnosis of esophageal cyst. On immunohistochemical staining, the cyst-lining epithelial cells were positive for CA19-9 and CA125...
  43. Gupta B, Meher R, Raj A, Agarwal S. Duplication cyst of oesophagus: a case report. J Paediatr Child Health. 2010;46:134-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Bronchoscopy revealed an external compression on the trachea. Duplication cyst arising from the oesophagus was suggested on CT and MRI. The cyst was surgically excised with resolution of symptoms...
  44. Domínguez Jiménez J, Iglesias Flores E, Pleguezuelo Navarro M, González Galilea A, Gómez Camacho F, Reyes Lopez A, et al. [Spontaneous intramural dissection of the esophagus]. Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2006;29:294-6 pubmed
    ..Because of the persistence of symptoms and diagnostic uncertainty (SIDE versus complicated esophageal duplication cyst) surgery was performed. The definitive diagnosis was SIDE...
  45. Hajjar W, El Madany Y, Ashour M, Al Kattan K. Life threatening complications caused by bronchogenic and oesophageal duplication cysts in a child. J Cardiovasc Surg (Torino). 2003;44:135-7 pubmed
    ..Emergency thoracotomy was performed permitting complete resection of intra-mural oesophageal enteric cyst, and a subcarinal bronchogenic cyst. The postoperative course was uneventful...
  46. Song Z, Peng F, Lin L. Isolated oesophageal cyst connected with the bronchus. West Indian Med J. 2007;56:385-7 pubmed
    ..The pathological diagnosis was an oesophageal cyst. No previous case of isolated oesophageal cyst connected to the bronchus has been reported according to the available literature...
  47. Martin N, Kim J, Verma S, Rubin R, Mitchell D, Bergin D, et al. Intra-abdominal esophageal duplication cysts: a review. J Gastrointest Surg. 2007;11:773-7 pubmed
    ..Although intra-abdominal EDCs have been reported in the literature, our two cases and a review of the literature indicate that these lesions are not always adherent to or even near the intra-abdominal esophagus...
  48. Kuwashima S, Chikatsu H, Kohno T, Fujioka M, Hagisawa S, Tsuboi T. Esophageal duplication cyst complicated by Mycobacterium avium complex infection. Pediatr Int. 2005;47:592-4 pubmed
  49. González de Zárate Lorente A, Barrio Gómez de Agüero M, Molina Arias M, Martínez Carrasco M, Antelo Landeira C. [Gastrointestinal malformations: a cause of chest pain]. An Pediatr (Barc). 2007;66:309-12 pubmed
    ..Duplication cysts are inborn defects. Although these malformations are uncommon, clinicians should take them into account in patients with chest pain...
  50. Akutsu Y, Matsubara H, Hayashi H, Okazumi S, Aoki T, Kozu T, et al. Endoscope-assisted thoracoscopic technique for esophageal bronchogenic cyst which presented elevated CA125. Dig Surg. 2006;23:209-14 pubmed
    ..8 U/ml and intratumoral CA125 concentration was 1,690,000 U/ml. Serum CA125 decreased to 16.5 U/ml after surgery. In this paper, we present a new strategy of the treatment for bronchogenic cyst and a review the literature...
  51. Kuga T, Inoue T, Sakano H, Zempo N, Oga A, Esato K. Congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation of the lung with an esophageal cyst: report of a case. J Pediatr Surg. 2001;36:E4 pubmed
    ..of a 7-month-old girl found to have both congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation of the lung (CCAM) and esophageal cyst. She suffered repeated episodes of pneumonia and exhibited signs of respiratory distress on admission to our ..
  52. Kono T, Matsui C, Terada Y, Takubo Y. [Esophageal duplication cyst resected with video-assisted thorasic surgery; report of a case]. Kyobu Geka. 2012;65:836-9 pubmed
    ..Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed that the cystic lesion was filled with protein-rich fluid. The lesion was resected using VATS, and it was pathologically diagnosed to be an esophageal duplication cyst...
  53. Vijayaraghavan R, Belagavi C. True giant intra-abdominal esophageal cyst. Indian J Gastroenterol. 2002;21:198-9 pubmed
    ..We report a 70-year-old lady with a giant, truly intra-abdominal esophageal duplication cyst. She was symptom-free one year after excision of the cyst...
  54. Meining A, Bajbouj M. Erupted cysts in the cervical esophagus result in gastric inlet patches. Gastrointest Endosc. 2010;72:603-5 pubmed publisher
  55. Cevasco M, Menard M, Bafford R, McNamee C. Acute infectious pseudoaneurysm of the descending thoracic aorta and review of infectious aortitis. Vasc Endovascular Surg. 2010;44:697-700 pubmed publisher
    ..A literature review of mycotic thoracic aortic aneurysms and pseudoaneurysms is also presented...
  56. Kim K, Kim W, Cheon J, Lee H, Kim C, Kim I, et al. Complex bronchopulmonary foregut malformation: extralobar pulmonary sequestration associated with a duplication cyst of mixed bronchogenic and oesophageal type. Pediatr Radiol. 2001;31:265-8 pubmed
    ..This unusual combination of an extralobar pulmonary sequestration and a foregut cyst points to a common embryological pathogenesis...
  57. Cheng T, Chen J, Jan I, Chen C, Wang H, Lin J. Esophageal duplication cyst presenting as a submucosal tumor: diagnosis by endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration. Endoscopy. 2006;38 Suppl 2:E30-1 pubmed
  58. Afzal N, Adil S, Mushtaq A, Rahman A, Amanullah M. Oesophageal duplication cyst presenting as haemoptysis. J Pak Med Assoc. 2013;63:633-4 pubmed
    ..To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of its kind reported from Pakistan...
  59. Espeso A, Verma S, Jani P, Sudhoff H. Mediastinal foregut duplication cyst presenting as a rare cause of breathing difficulties in an adult. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2007;264:1357-60 pubmed
    ..The presentation, diagnosis and management of this potential pitfall for the unwary are outlined...
  60. Avaro J, Gabaudan C, Lafolie T, Peloni J, Guisset M, Bonnet D, et al. [Thoracoscopic resection of an esophageal duplication cyst]. J Chir (Paris). 2007;144:264-6 pubmed
  61. Dai Z, Kang H, Lin S, Bai M, Ma L, Min W, et al. Esophageal cancer with esophageal duplication cyst. Ann Thorac Surg. 2013;96:e15-6 pubmed publisher
    ..The postoperative pathology report confirmed the diagnosis of esophageal squamous cancer (ulcer type) and esophageal duplication cyst with calcification. ..
  62. Bhamidipati C, Smeds M, Dexter E, Kowalski M, Bazaz S. Laparoscopic excision of gastric mass yields intra-abdominal esophageal duplication cyst. Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2013;61:502-4 pubmed publisher
    ..When diagnosis is made, treatment decisions are not always straight forward, although excision is frequently pursued. The current case describes this unique finding and presents laparoscopic excision as a safe treatment alternative. ..
  63. Tsai M, Chu S, Huang S. Congenital esophageal duplication cyst: report of two cases. Acta Paediatr Taiwan. 2003;44:307-9 pubmed
    ..Computed tomography demonstrated cystic masses in the retropharyngeal space. Both patients underwent surgical resection of the cyst and the symptoms were relieved. Histopathologic examination revealed esophageal duplication cysts...
  64. Katayama Y, Kusagawa H, Komada T, Shomura S, Tenpaku H. Bronchopulmonary foregut malformation. Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2011;59:767-70 pubmed publisher
    ..We describe an adult with BPFM composed of ELS and a connecting stalk to the esophagus by a foregut cyst that contains both squamous epithelium and respiratory epithelium...
  65. Westerterp M, van den Berg J, van Lanschot J, Fockens P. Intramural bronchogenic cysts mimicking solid tumors. Endoscopy. 2004;36:1119-22 pubmed
  66. Kim Y, Sohn T, Shim H, Kim C. Intra-abdominal esophageal duplication cyst in an adult. Yonsei Med J. 2005;46:859-61 pubmed
    ..The patient has been doing well without any complaints for 3 months of follow-up period...
  67. Singh K, Naik R. Esophageal cyst--a case report. Indian J Pathol Microbiol. 2006;49:396-7 pubmed
    ..In view of presence of double layer of muscularis and absence of gastric glands, intestinal epithelium or cartilage, it was classified as esophageal cyst. We report this case of esophageal cyst because of its rarity.
  68. Okazaki Y, Matsumoto M, Tsubota K, Nakatsuji S, Fujihira S, Oishi Y. Foregut cyst of the oesophageal wall in a cynomolgus monkey (Macaca fascicularis). J Comp Pathol. 2006;135:259-62 pubmed
    ..Cartilaginous tissue, which is a diagnostic feature of bronchogenic cysts, was not identified in the cyst wall. On the basis of the histopathological features, a foregut cyst of the oesophagus was diagnosed...
  69. Lakranbi M, Fenane H, Maidi Y, Msougar M, Ouadnouni Y, Bouchikh M, et al. [Paraoesophageal cyst revealed by repeated infections]. Rev Mal Respir. 2009;26:994-7 pubmed
    ..We report the case of a paraoesophageal cyst in a 45 year old man revealed by recurrent chest infections and confirmed by examination at surgery...
  70. Chuang K, Huang T, Cheng Y, Chen J, Tzao C, Chang H, et al. Esophageal bronchogenic cyst: a rare entity. Z Gastroenterol. 2007;45:958-60 pubmed
    ..Surgical excision of bronchogenic cysts is considered appropriate because of the high complication rates of subsequent infection, rupture, hemorrhage, and malignant degeneration if left untreated...