epidermal cyst

Summary

Summary: Intradermal or subcutaneous saclike structure, the wall of which is stratified epithelium containing keratohyalin granules.

Top Publications

  1. Hong S, Chung H, Choi J, Koh Y, Choi J, Kang H. MRI findings of subcutaneous epidermal cysts: emphasis on the presence of rupture. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2006;186:961-6 pubmed
    ..Our aim was to describe the MRI findings of subcutaneous epidermal cysts with an emphasis on determining the presence of rupture...
  2. Jakobiec F, Mehta M, Iwamoto M, Hatton M, Thakker M, Fay A. Intratarsal keratinous cysts of the Meibomian gland: distinctive clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical features in 6 cases. Am J Ophthalmol. 2010;149:82-94 pubmed publisher
    ..To describe 6 patients representing a new entity of Meibomian gland keratinous cysts...
  3. Gonzalvo A, Hall N, McMahon J, Fabinyi G. Intramedullary spinal epidermoid cyst of the upper thoracic region. J Clin Neurosci. 2009;16:142-4 pubmed publisher
    ..The average age of presentation is about 35 years and the history of the symptoms is usually long. The treatment is surgical, and complete removal is the goal, if possible...
  4. Cavaleiro L, Viana F, Carneiro C, Miranda M. Proliferating trichilemmal tumor--case report. An Bras Dermatol. 2011;86:S190-2 pubmed
    ..PTT usually presents as a solitary nodule on the scalp of elderly women. We describe a case of a PTT on the gluteal region (buttocks) of a 16-year-old female, presenting as a solitary nodule...
  5. Gasmi M, Jemai R, Fitouri F, Sahli S, Hamzaoui M. Presternal giant epidermal cyst: 2 cases. Tunis Med. 2010;88:250-2 pubmed
    ..Epidermal cysts are a common benign lesion, occurring often above the shoulder and within the face and the scalp. Presternal site and huge volume are quite rare, especially in children...
  6. Dadalı M, Emir L, Sunay M, Ozer E, Erol D. Intrarenal epidermal cyst. Kaohsiung J Med Sci. 2010;26:555-7 pubmed publisher
    Although renal cystic formations are seen frequently and arise with diverse symptoms, epidermal cyst is a very unusual cause of renal masses...
  7. Mongia S, Devi B, Shaji K, Hegde T. Spinal subdural epidermoids - a separate entity: report of 3 cases. Neurol India. 2002;50:529-31 pubmed
    ..In all the cases, the lesion was situated at dorsal level. The clinical features, MRI characteristics and surgical treatment of such rare intradural extramedullary benign tumors are discussed and relevant literature is reviewed...
  8. Ozawa T, Harada T, Ishii M. Giant epidermal cyst extending from sole to dorsum of the foot by penetrating the interosseous muscles. J Dermatol. 2008;35:25-8 pubmed publisher
    We present a 65-year-old man with a giant epidermal cyst extending from sole to dorsum of the foot by penetrating the interosseous muscles...
  9. Satyaprakash A, Sheehan D, Sangueza O. Proliferating trichilemmal tumors: a review of the literature. Dermatol Surg. 2007;33:1102-8 pubmed
    ..These lesions may cause considerable morbidity and even mortality, and recurrence after simple local excision is common...

More Information

Publications91

  1. Moore R, Fagan E, Hulkower S, Skolnik D, O Sullivan G. Clinical inquiries. What's the best treatment for sebaceous cysts?. J Fam Pract. 2007;56:315-6 pubmed
  2. Yagi S, Isaji S, Iida T, Mizuno S, Tabata M, Yamagiwa K, et al. Laparoscopic splenectomy for a huge splenic cyst without preoperative drainage: report of a case. Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech. 2003;13:397-400 pubmed
    ..The postoperative course was uneventful. Laparoscopic splenectomy should be tried first even in patients with a huge cyst, and intraoperative drainage under laparoscopic guidance facilitates laparoscopic splenectomy...
  3. Gharabaghi A, Koerbel A, Samii A, Safavi Abbasi S, Tatagiba M, Samii M. Epidermoid cysts of the cavernous sinus. Surg Neurol. 2005;64:428-33; discussion 433 pubmed
    ..Epidermoid cysts involving the cavernous sinus are rare lesions. They can be divided into 3 different categories: extracavernous, interdural, and true intracavernous...
  4. Kiriakopoulos A, Tsakayannis D, Papadopoulos S, Linos D. Laparoscopic management of a ruptured giant epidermoid splenic cyst. JSLS. 2005;9:349-51 pubmed
    ..We herein report a unique case of a giant epidermoid splenic cyst that ruptured spontaneously and was successfully treated with the laparoscopic approach...
  5. Iaconetta G, Carvalho G, Vorkapic P, Samii M. Intracerebral epidermoid tumor: a case report and review of the literature. Surg Neurol. 2001;55:218-22 pubmed
    ..5% of intracranial epidermoid tumors. Cell entrapment from the mesectodermal origin of the neural crest within the primitive cerebral hemisphere may lead to the formation of such rare intracerebral lesions...
  6. Ko K, Peck K, Oh W, Lee N, Lee J, Song J. New species of Bordetella, Bordetella ansorpii sp. nov., isolated from the purulent exudate of an epidermal cyst. J Clin Microbiol. 2005;43:2516-9 pubmed
    A gram-negative bacillus, SMC-8986(T), which was isolated from the purulent exudate of an epidermal cyst but could not be identified by a conventional microbiologic method, was characterized by a variety of phenotypic and genotypic ..
  7. Matsubayashi H, Kuraoka K, Kobayashi Y, Yokota T, Iiri Y, Shichijo K, et al. Ruptured epidermoid cyst and haematoma of spleen: a diagnostic clue of high levels of serum carcinoembryonic antigen, carbohydrate antigen 19-9 and Sialyl Lewis x. Dig Liver Dis. 2001;33:595-9 pubmed
    ..Pathological diagnosis of the round-hypovascular lesion was epidermoid cyst and crescent-hypervascular lesion was haemorrhage (haematoma)...
  8. Niemann C, Owens D, Hülsken J, Birchmeier W, Watt F. Expression of DeltaNLef1 in mouse epidermis results in differentiation of hair follicles into squamous epidermal cysts and formation of skin tumours. Development. 2002;129:95-109 pubmed
  9. Palmieri I, Natale E, Crafa F, Cavallaro A, Mingazzini P. Epithelial splenic cysts. Anticancer Res. 2005;25:515-21 pubmed
    ..The etiopathogenesis of these cysts is controversial, even if Burrig's theory is the most accredited. The histological distinction between epidermoid and mesothelial cysts may be difficult, particularly for monostratified epithelium...
  10. Lim S, Kim C. Intrarenal epidermal cyst. Pathol Int. 2003;53:574-8 pubmed
    An epidermal cyst is a very unusual cause of a renal mass, with only three cases reported in English literature. The authors report a case of this in a 51-year-old man with left flank pain and hematuria...
  11. Ferrara P, Costa S, Rigante D, Mule A, D Aleo C, Pulitano S, et al. Intramedullary epidermoid cyst presenting with abnormal urological manifestations. Spinal Cord. 2003;41:645-8 pubmed
    ..Report of an epidermoid cyst with intramedullary localization...
  12. Di Carlo I, Fasone M, Toro A. Epidermoid cyst of the spleen in the laparoscopic era. Dig Surg. 2005;22:53-4 pubmed
  13. Kaido T, Okazaki A, Kurokawa S, Tsukamoto M. Pathogenesis of intraparenchymal epidermoid cyst in the brain: a case report and review of the literature. Surg Neurol. 2003;59:211-6 pubmed
    ..Intracranial epidermoid cysts are relatively common; however, epidermoid cysts in the brain parenchyma are rare. In addition, the etiology of intraparenchymal epidermoid cysts is not clear...
  14. Chiu M, Ho S. Squamous cell carcinoma arising from an epidermal cyst. Hong Kong Med J. 2007;13:482-4 pubmed
    There are few case reports in the English literature concerning malignant transformation of an epidermal cyst into squamous cell carcinoma...
  15. Pampliega Perez A, Martin Estefania C, Caballé Tura M, Portilla Sogorb J, Alvarez Sauco M. [Aseptic meningitis caused by the rupture of an epidermoid cyst]. Rev Neurol. 2003;37:221-4 pubmed
    ..Epidermoid cysts are rare tumours. The aseptic meningitis that comes about as a result of their rupture is frequent after tumour resection, although they may occasionally occur spontaneously...
  16. Kwak J, Park H, Kim J, Kim E, Chung S, Kwon T, et al. Imaging findings in a case of epidermal inclusion cyst arising within the breast parenchyma. J Clin Ultrasound. 2004;32:141-3 pubmed
    ..To our knowledge, reports on epidermal inclusion cysts within the breast parenchyma are rare...
  17. Ikegami T, Kameyama M, Orikasa H, Yamazaki K. Trichilemmal cyst in the pulp of the index finger: a case report. Hand Surg. 2003;8:253-5 pubmed
    ..We reported a case of trichilemmal cyst in the pulp of the index finger. Histopathological features and unusual MR images are discussed...
  18. Kang S, Wojno T, Grossniklaus H. Proliferating trichilemmal cyst of the eyelid. Am J Ophthalmol. 2007;143:1065-7 pubmed
    ..To report a case of proliferating trichilemmal cyst in a 55-year-old woman...
  19. Bonde V, Goel A. Interdural cavernous sinus epidermoid cyst. J Clin Neurosci. 2008;15:212-4 pubmed
    ..The tumor was resected by a basal subtemporal extradural-interdural approach. Following the surgery, the 45-year-old female patient recovered completely from her symptoms of atypical neuralgic facial pains...
  20. Tatagiba M, Iaconetta G, Samii M. Epidermoid cyst of the cavernous sinus: clinical features, pathogenesis and treatment. Br J Neurosurg. 2000;14:571-5 pubmed
    ..MRI is the investigation of choice. Surgical resection can result in excellent recovery of preoperative deficits of cranial nerves (CN) III through VI...
  21. Fujiwara M, Nakamura Y, Ozawa T, Kitoh A, Tanaka T, Wada A, et al. Multilocular giant epidermal cyst. Br J Dermatol. 2004;151:943-5 pubmed
  22. De Barros A, Proust F, Laquerriere A, Dehesdin D, Freger P. [Primary cauda equina epidermoid cyst. A case report]. Neurochirurgie. 2002;48:113-6 pubmed
    ..However, surgical treatment and favorable post-operative course are similar to that observed in intraspinal localizations. MRI is helpful for the preoperative and differential diagnosis and for post-operative follow-up...
  23. Lee J, Bae M, Lee B, Jung M. A large, persistent, solitary vellus hair cyst in the postauricular area. Ear Nose Throat J. 2009;88:E15-7 pubmed
    ..The tumor was surgically excised. We also review the literature on this condition. ..
  24. Sciaudone G, Di Stazio C, Guadagni I, Pellino G, De Rosa M, Selvaggi F. Retrorectal epidermoid cyst--a rare entity: the effectiveness of a transperineal posterior approach. Acta Chir Belg. 2009;109:392-5 pubmed
    ..We found the posterior procedure safe, feasible and effective. ..
  25. Ramos Ceballos F, Pashaei S, Kincannon J, Morgan M, Smoller B. Bcl-2, CD34 and CD10 expression in basaloid follicular hamartoma, vellus hair hamartoma and neurofollicular hamartoma demonstrate full follicular differentiation. J Cutan Pathol. 2008;35:477-83 pubmed publisher
    ..Bcl-2 stains the outermost cell layer of these tumors. CD10 was also observed to stain matrical cells. These results show the similarities in differentiation between these benign follicular neoplasms and trichoepithelioma. ..
  26. Agrawal A, Borle R, Bhola N, Daga A, Bora S, Sachdeva S. Multiple fractures involving the orbit and incidental finding of large fourth ventricular epidermoid. J Craniofac Surg. 2009;20:261-2 pubmed publisher
  27. Poli F, Wolkenstein P, Revuz J. Back and face involvement in hidradenitis suppurativa. Dermatology. 2010;221:137-41 pubmed publisher
    ..Several had a pilonidal cyst or large epidermal cysts. Isotretinoin had been used by 7 patients with no effect. Some HS patients have specific lesions of the face and back which are not acne and have to be treated differently. ..
  28. Trung D, Praet N, Cam T, Lam B, Manh H, Gabriel S, et al. Assessing the burden of human cysticercosis in Vietnam. Trop Med Int Health. 2013;18:352-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Human and porcine cysticercosis remain public and veterinary public health problems in Northern Vietnam and probably in other parts of the country. ..
  29. Cianci P, Tartaglia N, Altamura A, Fersini A, Vovola F, Sanguedolce F, et al. A recurrent epidermoid cyst of the spleen: report of a case and literature review. World J Surg Oncol. 2016;14:98 pubmed publisher
    ..Sometimes, this target is not achievable. In such circumstances, like recurrent large cyst, anomalous anatomical relationship to the surrounding tissues, total splenectomy is safe and necessary. ..
  30. Oonk M, Pelinck M. [Diagnostic image (389). A woman with a multicystic vulvar mass]. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd. 2008;152:2015 pubmed
    ..A 28-year-old woman presented with a multicystic vulvar mass due to epidermal inclusion cysts, probably caused by trauma to the left labium minus at her last parturition...
  31. Terada T. Cutaneous hybrid tumor composed of epidermal cyst and cystic pilomatricoma expressing p53 and high Ki-67 labeling. Int J Clin Exp Pathol. 2013;6:1187-9 pubmed
    Hybrid tumor composed of epidermal cyst and pilomatricoma has been reported in only four times in the English literature...
  32. Ferguson K, Thomson A, Moir J. Case study: Epidermoid cyst following percutaneous Topaz coblation for plantar fasciitis. Foot (Edinb). 2012;22:46-7 pubmed publisher
    ..We present a case of epidermoid cyst formation following Topaz coblation for plantar fasciitis; a complication we believe is yet to be reported in the literature. ..
  33. Hu X, Hu C, Fang X, Cui L, Zhang Q. Intraparenchymal epidermoid cysts in the brain: diagnostic value of MR diffusion-weighted imaging. Clin Radiol. 2008;63:813-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The hyperintense signal of ECs on DWI is probably caused by the T2 shine-through effect in tumour tissue. ..
  34. Ibáñez Aguirre F, Lejarcegui Achicallende J, Almendral López M, Echenique Elizondo M. [Splenic epidermoid cyst]. Cir Esp. 2008;83:149 pubmed
  35. Arora A, Srivastava D, Gupta H, Kumar V, Kotwal P. Sonographic diagnosis of subungual intraosseous epidermoid cyst. J Clin Ultrasound. 2013;41 Suppl 1:35-7 pubmed publisher
  36. Fukuyama M, Sato Y, Hayakawa J, Ohyama M. Cutaneous Metaplastic Synovial Cyst: Case Report and Literature Review from the Dermatological Point of View. Keio J Med. 2017;66:9-13 pubmed publisher
    ..Preoperative diagnoses are often either epidermal cyst or suture/foreign body granuloma...
  37. Kim H, Ryu W, Yoon C, Kim K. Keystone-designed buried de-epithelialized flap: A novel technique for obliterating small to moderately sized dead spaces. Medicine (Baltimore). 2017;96:e7008 pubmed publisher
    ..Twenty-eight KBD flaps were evaluated, including 9 cases of fat necrosis, 7 cases of epidermal cyst, and 12 cases of lipoma. Dead space dimensions ranged from 2?×?1...
  38. Fernandez Torres R, Del Pozo J, Castiñeiras I, Sacristan F, Mazaira M, Fonseca E. Treatment of multiple eruptive vellus hair cysts with carbon dioxide laser vaporization and manual lateral pressure. Clin Exp Dermatol. 2009;34:e716-8 pubmed publisher
    ..CO(2) laser vaporization and further extraction of cysts by manual lateral pressure might be an effective method to treat EVHC, achieving good cosmetic results and no recurrence. ..
  39. Wang M, Li G, Jia D, Shen J. Clinical characteristics and surgical outcomes of patients with interdural epidermoid cyst of the cavernous sinus. J Clin Neurosci. 2013;20:53-6 pubmed publisher
    ..The findings suggest that aggressive surgical management is associated with good results and with low complication and recurrence rates, but radical resection at the risk of impairing the cranial nerves is not recommended. ..
  40. Baek H, Lee S, Cho K, Choo H, Lee S, Lee Y, et al. Subungual tumors: clinicopathologic correlation with US and MR imaging findings. Radiographics. 2010;30:1621-36 pubmed publisher
    ..There is some overlap between the US and MR imaging features of subungual tumors; however, certain features can allow accurate diagnosis and expedite management when correlated with clinical and pathologic findings...
  41. Lee J, Park H, Lee J, Cho B. Case of dystrophic calcinosis cutis in epidermal cyst arising from verrucous epidermal nevus. J Dermatol. 2008;35:675-7 pubmed publisher
    ..We report a case of dystrophic calcinosis cutis arising from the lesion of an epidermal cyst on the verrucous epidermal nevus...
  42. Margetis K, Souweidane M. Endoscopic treatment of intraventricular cystic tumors. World Neurosurg. 2013;79:S19.e1-11 pubmed publisher
    ..Intraventricular endoscopy has emerged as a viable option in the treatment of intraventricular cystic tumors. ..
  43. Holman M, Schmitt W, Carlson M, Driscoll C, Beatty C, Link M. Pediatric cerebellopontine angle and internal auditory canal tumors: clinical article. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2013;12:317-24 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings underscore the importance of early screening and close radiological follow-up and may be helpful in patient counseling. ..
  44. Karaca M, Taylan G, Akan M, Eker G, Gideroglu K, Gul A. Idiopathic scrotal calcinosis: surgical treatment and histopathologic evaluation of etiology. Urology. 2010;76:1493-5 pubmed publisher
    ..However, primary closure is usually achievable. Two cases are presented with histopathologic findings of scrotal calcinosis. The possible etiologies are discussed, and the therapeutic alternatives are reviewed. ..
  45. Kaouech E, Becheur M, Cheikh M, Belhadj S, Kallel K, Chaker E. [Subcutaneous dirofilariasis of the upper lip in Tunisia]. Sante. 2010;20:47-8 pubmed publisher
    ..This is the 14th case of dirofilariasis reported in Tunisia. This parasitic disease is probably underestimated in our country. It should be considered for all subcutaneous nodules, regardless of localisation. ..
  46. Henry F, Healy C, O Broin E. Epidermoid cyst post dermofasciectomy. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2010;63:e44-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Epidermoid cysts remain a rare entity in the palmoplanter distribution but also a very unusual finding within the confines of a full thickness skin graft. ..
  47. Ulivieri S, Oliveri G, Filosomi G, Miracco C. Intracranial epidermoid cyst: case report. Ann Ital Chir. 2008;79:445-6 pubmed
    ..We describe an unusual case of pre-pontine epidermoid cyst arising in the temporal lobe and in inter-peduncles cistern: development and surgical treatment are discussed. ..
  48. Lambert B. Epidermoid cyst of the clitoris: a case report. J Low Genit Tract Dis. 2011;15:161-2 pubmed publisher
    We report a rare case of spontaneous clitoral epidermal cyst without any declared previous female genital mutilation. This patient was successfully and surgically resected with good local and cosmetic results.
  49. Hamidian Jahromi A, Fallahzadeh M, Dela Cruz N, Chu Q. Epidermoid cyst arising from an intrapancreatic accessory spleen: a case report and a review of the literature. J La State Med Soc. 2013;165:153-6 pubmed
    ..We propose that this pathology be considered as a differential diagnosis when assessing patients with cystic lesions in their pancreas, even when they have a history of previous malignancies. ..
  50. Hallaji Z, Akhyani M, Jamshidi S, Modabbernia A, Kamyab K. Bilateral retro-auricular milia en plaque: a case report and review of the literature. Dermatol Online J. 2010;16:12 pubmed
    ..Bilateral retroauricular milia en plaque is very rarely reported. Here, we report another case of bilateral retroauricular milia en plaque and review the previous cases. ..
  51. Park J, Ko D. A histopathologic study of epidermoid cysts in Korea: comparison between ruptured and unruptured epidermal cyst. Int J Clin Exp Pathol. 2013;6:242-8 pubmed
    ..Moreover, the presence of rete ridge in ruptured cystic wall is a valuable variable to recognize the duration of the rupture. ..
  52. Aribandi M, Wilson N. CT and MR imaging features of intracerebral epidermoid--a rare lesion. Br J Radiol. 2008;81:e97-9 pubmed publisher
    ..MR imaging with DWI may help to accurately distinguish the lesion from other cystic tumours of the brain...
  53. Nguyen T, Zuniga R. Skin conditions: benign nodular skin lesions. FP Essent. 2013;407:24-30 pubmed
    ..Ultrasound can aid in diagnosis. The only definitive management is surgical excision with complete removal of the cyst wall or capsule, using minimal-scar segmental extraction or conventional surgical removal...
  54. Karaman E, Duman C, Yagiz C. Giant trichilemmal cyst at the neck region. J Craniofac Surg. 2009;20:961-2 pubmed publisher
    ..Trichilemmal cyst usually occurs in hair-bearing areas such as the neck, trunk, groin, and others. In this article, we report a case with giant TC involving the neck region...
  55. Khalid M, Malik N, Salauddin M, Rashid M. Concomitant bilateral testicular epidermoid cysts. Saudi Med J. 2008;29:907-9 pubmed
    ..We present here, a case of bilateral epidermoid cyst in which characteristic ultrasound (US) findings allowed testis-sparing enucleation instead of radical orchiectomy...
  56. Kano T, Ikota H, Kobayashi S, Iwasa S, Kurosaki S, Wada H. Malignant transformation of an intracranial large epidermoid cyst with leptomeningeal carcinomatosis: case report. Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo). 2010;50:349-53 pubmed
    ..All reported cases of malignant transformation of intracranial epithelial cysts to SCC with leptomeningeal carcinomatosis have occurred in intracranial epidermoid cysts...
  57. Mermuys K, Wilms G, Demaerel P. Epidermoid cyst of the fourth ventricle: diffusion-weighted and flair MR imaging findings. JBR-BTR. 2008;91:58-60 pubmed
    ..We present a case of a pathological proven less common fourth ventricle epidermoid cyst with special emphasis on the use of FLAIR and EPI-DW imaging sequences in the diagnosis...
  58. Morgado B, Agostini P, Rivero A, Silva N. Extensive and ulcerated malignant proliferating trichilemmal (pilar) tumour, arising from multiple, large, degenerated trichilemmal (pilar) cysts. BMJ Case Rep. 2016;2016: pubmed publisher
    ..Additionally, it highlights the importance of adequate social assistance structures for patients in need...
  59. Shan H, Liang Y, Wang J, Li Y. Study on application of optical clearing technique in skin diseases. J Biomed Opt. 2012;17:115003 pubmed publisher
  60. Niwald A, Orawiec B, Grałek M. [Choristoma of visual organ in children]. Klin Oczna. 2007;109:297-300 pubmed
    ..The aim of this study was to present the clinical and histopathological characteristics of choristoma tumors of the eye in children and to estimate the surgical treatment...
  61. Garcia Carmona F, Pascual Huerta J, Hernandez Toledo J. Plantar epidermoid inclusion cyst as a possible cause of intractable plantar keratosis lesions. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2009;99:148-52 pubmed
    ..Some of the lesions could be directly derived from skin problems aggravated by pressure from the metatarsal head. This should be taken into consideration when addressing the management of these lesions...
  62. Abdou A, Asaad N. Intrarenal epidermoid cyst presented as an enlarged multicystic kidney. Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl. 2010;21:728-31 pubmed
    ..Epidermoid cyst of the kidney could be multiple producing a picture similar to hydronephrosis and broadening the differential diagnosis of multicystic disease of the kidney...
  63. Deonarain J, Ramdial P, Sing Y, Calonje E, Singh B. Subcutaneous palisading granulomatous pseudocysts of Echinococcus granulosus origin. J Cutan Pathol. 2009;36:240-5 pubmed publisher
  64. Bahuleyan B, Daniel R, Chacko G, Chacko A. Epidermoid cysts of the velum interpositum. J Clin Neurosci. 2008;15:1159-61 pubmed publisher
    ..Tumors of the third ventricle displace the internal cerebral veins dorsally. A transcallosal approach was used in both patients to effectively excise the tumors...
  65. England G, Allen P. Selected case from the Arkadi M. Rywlin International Pathology Slide Seminar: benign lymphoepithelial cyst, head of pancreas. Adv Anat Pathol. 2011;18:98-100 pubmed publisher
    ..The pathogenesis is unknown. Pancreatic lymphoepithelial cysts are cured by conservative resection but if they are asymptomatic and are diagnosed before surgery, no treatment is necessary...
  66. Takenouchi T. Key points in dermoscopic diagnosis of basal cell carcinoma and seborrheic keratosis in Japanese. J Dermatol. 2011;38:59-65 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition, the sensitivity and specificity of each feature should be taken into consideration to ensure an accurate dermoscopic diagnosis...
  67. Forsea A, Carstea E, Ghervase L, Giurcaneanu C, Pavelescu G. Clinical application of optical coherence tomography for the imaging of non-melanocytic cutaneous tumors: a pilot multi-modal study. J Med Life. 2010;3:381-9 pubmed
    ..6 mm depth. As such, there is mounting evidence that OCT may be an interesting technique for the diagnosis of skin diseases, including the noninvasive early detection of cutaneous tumors...
  68. Gavriilidis P, Barbanis S, Theodorou V, Christoforidou B. Extraocular sebaceous carcinoma mimicking benign sebaceous cyst. BMJ Case Rep. 2013;2013: pubmed publisher
    ..All haematological, biochemical and tumour markers, imaging and endoscopic examinations were normal. Since SC may appear before the development of internal malignancy, our patient was scheduled for follow-up visits every 3 months...
  69. Agarwal A, Agarwal K. Intrascrotal extratesticular epidermoid cyst. Br J Radiol. 2011;84:e121-2 pubmed publisher
    ..The triad of findings were sonographic appearance of an onion ring, avascularity on Doppler sonography and negative results of tumour markers; these are highly suggestive of an epidermoid cyst...
  70. Van Arsdale S. Chest mass mimicking an implanted port. Clin J Oncol Nurs. 2008;12:673-4 pubmed publisher
  71. Jolapara M, Kesavadas C, Radhakrishnan V, Saini J, Patro S, Gupta A, et al. Diffusion tensor mode in imaging of intracranial epidermoid cysts: one step ahead of fractional anisotropy. Neuroradiology. 2009;51:123-9 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, we explore the utility of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and diffusion tensor metrics (DTM) in knowing the microstructural anatomy of epidermoid cysts...
  72. Ye H, Ulbright T. Difficult differential diagnoses in testicular pathology. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 2012;136:435-46 pubmed publisher
    ..Pathologists must, therefore, be familiar with important diagnostic pitfalls in testicular pathology, particularly those that result in different treatments or prognoses...
  73. Manzo G, De Gennaro A, Cozzolino A, Martinelli E, Manto A. DWI findings in a iatrogenic lumbar epidermoid cyst. A case report. Neuroradiol J. 2013;26:469-75 pubmed
    ..DWI can help obtain a correct diagnosis. We describe a case of iatrogenic lumbar epidermoid cyst with DWI findings in a young woman who had undergone epidural anesthesia for Cesarean section three years before the onset of symptoms. ..
  74. Pricola K, Dutta S. Stealth surgery: subcutaneous endoscopic excision of benign lesions of the trunk and lower extremity. J Pediatr Surg. 2010;45:840-4 pubmed publisher
    ..We previously reported our experience with transaxillary subcutaneous endoscopic approach for removal of benign lesions of the neck. Here we report a similar approach for removing benign lesions of the trunk and lower extremity...
  75. Heo M, An J, Yang J. Giant epidermal cyst of the periorbital area. J Craniofac Surg. 2012;23:e10-2 pubmed publisher
    Epidermal cysts of periorbit and intraorbit are common problems to ophthalmologists, but giant periorbital epidermal cyst is exceedingly rare. Only a few cases have been reported previously...
  76. Davies J, Trinh V, Sneed P, McDermott M. Radiotherapy for recurrent epidermoid cyst. J Neurooncol. 2013;112:307-13 pubmed publisher
    ..We here present the cases of three patients with recurrent epidermoid cyst who underwent multiple surgical resections followed by external beam radiation therapy with excellent results to date...
  77. Pereira J, Alves P, Ferreira de Araújo C, Alves Pereira K, Lopes Costa A. Epidermoid cyst in tongue's ventral face. Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 2008;74:476 pubmed
  78. Gopalakrishnan C, Dhakoji A, Nair S. Epidermoid cyst of the brainstem in children: case-based update. J Child Neurol. 2012;27:105-12 pubmed publisher
    ..Neurosurgical judgment at the time of surgery is warranted to ensure maximum resection while minimizing postoperative neurologic deficits...
  79. de Lima M, Granja F. Steatocystoma simplex in penile foreskin: a case report. J Med Case Rep. 2016;10:49 pubmed publisher
    ..As there were no complications, we discharged him the same day. Steatocystoma can be considered a differential diagnosis for cystic lesions on and around the penis. ..
  80. Czernicki T, Kunert P, Nowak A, Wojciechowski J, Marchel A. Epidermoid cysts of the cerebellopontine angle: Clinical features and treatment outcomes. Neurol Neurochir Pol. 2016;50:75-82 pubmed publisher
    ..During long-term follow-up, resolution or improvement of present preoperatively and new postoperative neurological deficits may be expected in most patients. ..
  81. Tirakunwichcha S, Vaivanijkul J. Steatocystoma simplex of the eyelid. Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg. 2009;25:49-50 pubmed publisher
    ..Its clinical appearance is indistinguishable from other cystic lesions of the periorbital area and it should be considered in the differential diagnosis of eyelid lesions. ..
  82. Zaharia D, Kanitakis J. Eruptive vellus hair cysts: report of a new case with immunohistochemical study and literature review. Dermatology. 2012;224:15-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Although benign, this condition is difficult to treat...