dermoid cyst

Summary

Summary: A tumor consisting of displaced ectodermal structures along the lines of embryonic fusion, the wall being formed of epithelium-lined connective tissue, including skin appendages, and containing keratin, sebum, and hair. (Stedman, 25th ed)

Top Publications

  1. Neugroschl C, David P, Sadeghi N, Soebert A, Pirotte B, Rorive S, et al. Unusual CT features of dermoid cyst in the posterior fossa. Eur Radiol. 2002;12:2726-9 pubmed
    A dermoid cyst of the posterior fossa in a 73-year-old man is reported...
  2. Takemori M, Nishimura R. MRI findings of an ovarian dermoid cyst with malignant transformation. Magn Reson Med Sci. 2003;2:105-8 pubmed
    The ovarian dermoid cyst is the most common ovarian tumor. However, malignant transformation developing from a dermoid cyst is very rare. Because of this rarity, few reports exist of preoperative diagnosis of this tumor by MRI...
  3. Kudo N, Hasegawa K, Ogose A, Hotta T, Watanabe K, Tojo T, et al. Malignant transformation of a lumbar intradural dermoid cyst. J Orthop Sci. 2007;12:300-2 pubmed
  4. Fleming J, Platt S, Kent M, Freeman A, Schatzberg S. Cervical dermoid sinus in a cat: case presentation and review of the literature. J Feline Med Surg. 2011;13:992-6 pubmed publisher
    ..To the authors' knowledge, a dermoid sinus in this location has not been described previously in the cat. The prognosis following surgical resection appears favorable...
  5. Jakobiec F, Pineda R, Rivera R, Hsu Winges C, Cherwek D. Epicorneal polypoidal lipodermoid: lack of association of central corneal lesions with goldenhar syndrome verified with a review of the literature. Surv Ophthalmol. 2010;55:78-84 pubmed publisher
    ..Other epibulbar choristomas that can be confused with lipodermoids are described...
  6. Tong T, Simpson D. Case report: Spinal dermoid sinus in a Burmese cat with paraparesis. Aust Vet J. 2009;87:450-4 pubmed publisher
    ..The cat recovered hindlimb function after surgery and remains asymptomatic 50 months after surgery except for a persistent inability to urinate voluntarily...
  7. Punguyire D, Iserson K. Mesenteric dermoid cyst in a child. Pan Afr Med J. 2011;10:41 pubmed
    ..A huge mesenteric dermoid cyst was surgically removed...
  8. Yang C, Cheng Y, Kang W, Huang M, Hwang J. A case of dermoid cyst ruptured into the lung. Respirology. 2007;12:931-3 pubmed
    ..The patient was asymptomatic. She underwent video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery and a ruptured dermoid cyst was observed and the contents had infiltrated into the right pulmonary parenchyma...
  9. Dange N, Mahore A, Goel A. Ruptured giant dermoid cyst of the cavernous sinus. J Clin Neurosci. 2010;17:1056-8 pubmed publisher
    We report a 27-year-old male with a giant dermoid cyst of the cavernous sinus that extended into the posterior fossa and ruptured, causing meningitis and hydrocephalus...

More Information

Publications74

  1. Kondo W, Bourdel N, Cotte B, Tran X, Botchorishvili R, Jardon K, et al. Does prevention of intraperitoneal spillage when removing a dermoid cyst prevent granulomatous peritonitis?. BJOG. 2010;117:1027-30 pubmed publisher
  2. Burger M, Holland P, Napier B. Submental midline dermoid cyst in a 25-year-old man. Ear Nose Throat J. 2006;85:752-3 pubmed
    ..Histologic examination of the cystic contents identified epidermis, sebaceous glands, and hair follicles along with copious sebaceous material. These findings are consistent with a dermoid cyst.
  3. Detweiler M, David E, Arif S. Ruptured intracranial dermoid cyst presenting with neuropsychiatric symptoms: a case report. South Med J. 2009;102:98-100 pubmed publisher
    ..This case illustrates the need to include an underlying brain tumor in the differential diagnosis when encountering new onset auditory and visual phenomena in patients with chronic mood and/or anxiety disorders...
  4. Titlic M, Jukic I, Kolic K, Rogosic V, Josipovic Jelic Z. An acute headache and hydrocephalus caused by the dermoid cyst. Bratisl Lek Listy. 2008;109:580-1 pubmed
    We present a case report of a 41-year-old man with an acute headache and hydrocephalus caused by the dermoid cyst. The dermoid cyst of the third brain ventricle caused an acute hydrocephalus and an increased intracranial pressure (with ..
  5. Colon J, Maritato K, Mauterer J. Dermoid sinus and bone defects of the fifth thoracic vertebrae in a shih-tzu. J Small Anim Pract. 2007;48:180 pubmed
  6. Yang B, Jin H, Sun L, Cai W, Shi C. Posterior fossa abscesses secondary to dermal sinus associated with dermoid cyst in children. Neuropediatrics. 2008;39:39-42 pubmed publisher
    We report on the rare disease of posterior fossa abscesses secondary to dermal sinus associated with dermoid cyst in 4 pediatric cases seen over a 15-year of period...
  7. Cavazza S, Laffi G, Lodi L, Gasparrini E, Tassinari G. Orbital dermoid cyst of childhood: clinical pathologic findings, classification and management. Int Ophthalmol. 2011;31:93-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Complete excision of the cyst's capsule may be difficult as a result. In our review we have not found cysts with intracranial extension...
  8. El Hakim I, Alyamani A. Alternative surgical approaches for excision of dermoid cyst of the floor of mouth. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2008;37:497-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The intraoral approach was performed in a female patient presenting with a large swelling involving both the submental and sublingual areas, and this approach led to good esthetic results without recurrence...
  9. Cai C, Zhang Q, Hu X, Wang C. Dermoid cyst of the posterior fossa associated with congenital dermal sinus in a child. World J Pediatr. 2008;4:66-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Hydrocephalus and abscess as the principal manifestations of the posterior fossa dermoid cyst are rare...
  10. Bornard N, Pin D, Carozzo C. Bilateral parieto-occipital dermoid sinuses in a Rottweiler. J Small Anim Pract. 2007;48:107-10 pubmed
    ..A hypothesis of an origin at the level of the suture between the parietal and interparietal bones is possible in this case...
  11. Van Der Peijl G, Schaeffer I. Nasal dermoid cyst extending through the frontal bone with no sinus tract in a Dalmatian. J Small Anim Pract. 2011;52:117-20 pubmed publisher
    ..It is proposed that this nasal dermoid cyst that extends through the frontal bone with no sinus tract is classified as a type V subtype c.
  12. Lin H, Silver A, Cunnane M, Sadow P, Kieff D. Lateral dermoid cyst of the floor of mouth: unusual radiologic and pathologic findings. Auris Nasus Larynx. 2011;38:650-3 pubmed publisher
    A lateral dermoid cyst is a rare lesion of the floor of mouth, with only 12 cases reported in the literature. We describe the case of a 60-year-old man with a slowly enlarging mass in the submandibular region...
  13. Benzagmout M, Agharbi S, Chakour K, Chaoui M. Dermoid cyst of the posterior fossa. Neurosciences (Riyadh). 2011;16:153-5 pubmed
    ..The postoperative course was uneventful, and the histological diagnosis was a dermoid cyst. Through this observation, we aim to discuss the clinical, and radiological aspects of the posterior fossa ..
  14. Layadi F, Louhab N, Lmejjati M, Aniba K, Aït Elqadi A, Ait Benali S. Cerebellar dermoid cyst with occipital dermal sinus. Report of two pediatric cases. Pediatr Neurosurg. 2006;42:387-90 pubmed
    Intracranial dermoid cyst is a rare entity accounting for 0.1-0.7% of all intracranial tumors. The most common location is in the posterior fossa, at or near the midline. We present 2 pediatric cases with dermal sinus...
  15. Sanchez Mejia R, Limbo M, Tihan T, Galvez M, Woodward M, Gupta N. Intracranial dermoid cyst mimicking hemorrhage. Case report and review of the literature. J Neurosurg. 2006;105:311-4 pubmed
    ..Findings on a CT scan were indicative of hemorrhage. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed the lesion to be a dermoid cyst with unusual characteristics...
  16. Skorniakov M, Ramírez A, Delgado M, Durán A, Bernal C. Spermatic cord dermoid cyst as paratesticular mass. Case report and bibliographic review. Arch Esp Urol. 2011;64:991-4 pubmed
    Presentation of a new case of dermoid cyst of the spermatic cord and to perform a review of the literature.
  17. Salmon Hillbertz N, Isaksson M, Karlsson E, Hellmén E, Pielberg G, Savolainen P, et al. Duplication of FGF3, FGF4, FGF19 and ORAOV1 causes hair ridge and predisposition to dermoid sinus in Ridgeback dogs. Nat Genet. 2007;39:1318-20 pubmed
    ..FGFs play a crucial role in development, suggesting that the ridge and dermoid sinus are caused by dysregulation of one or more of the three FGF genes during development...
  18. Castro R, Ribeiro Filho A, Silva V. Dermoid cyst of the anterior fontanelle in adults: case report. Arq Neuropsiquiatr. 2007;65:170-2 pubmed
    ..presented with a congenital tumor of the anterior fontanelle, which histopathological examination revealed a dermoid cyst. Surgical intervention is the treatment of choice to remove this lesion...
  19. Pant I, Joshi S. Cerebellar intra-axial dermoid cyst: a case of unusual location. Childs Nerv Syst. 2008;24:157-9 pubmed
    ..2 to 1.8% of all intracranial tumors and are commonly located in the cisternal spaces, mainly in the cerebellopontine angle and parasellar cisterns. A purely intra-axial position as reported in this paper is quite exceptional...
  20. Souftas V, Polychronidis A, Giatromanolaki A, Perente S, Simopoulos C. Dermoid cyst in the hepatoduodenal ligament: report of a case. Surg Today. 2008;38:959-61 pubmed publisher
    We report an unusual case of a mature cystic teratoma, or dermoid cyst, in the hepatoduodenal ligament of a young woman. Mature cystic teratomas are rarely found in extragonadal sites, especially the hepatoduodenal ligament...
  21. Vargas Fernández J, Lorenzo Rojas J, Aneiros Fernandez J, Sainz Quevedo M. [Dermoid cyst of the floor of the mouth]. Acta Otorrinolaringol Esp. 2007;58:31-3 pubmed
    ..A true dermoid cyst is a cavity covered with epithelium showing keratinisation and presenting identifiable dermal appendices...
  22. Hurwitz J, Fenton A, McCluggage W, McKenna S. Squamous cell carcinoma arising in a dermoid cyst of the ovary: a case series. BJOG. 2007;114:1283-7 pubmed
    Malignant transformation in a dermoid cyst of the ovary is a rare complication, occurring in only 1-2% of cases, with squamous cell carcinoma being the most common type...
  23. Kim I, Jung S, Jung T, Kang S, Kim T. Traumatic rupture of an intracranial dermoid cyst. J Clin Neurosci. 2008;15:469-71 pubmed publisher
    This paper reports the first case in which an intracranial dermoid cyst that underwent traumatic rupture was treated surgically and discusses the importance of the preoperative radiological identification and management of the rupture...
  24. Kudo K, Tsutsumi S, Suga Y, Okura H, Abe Y, Yasumoto Y, et al. Orbital dermoid cyst with intratumoral inflammatory hemorrhage: case report. Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo). 2008;48:359-62 pubmed
    ..The lacrimal gland was not identified. The mass was totally resected. Histological examination indicated dermoid cyst with inflammatory interstitial hemorrhage. No component of vascular malformation or atypia was found...
  25. Savasi I, Lacy J, Gerstle J, Stephens D, Kives S, Allen L. Management of ovarian dermoid cysts in the pediatric and adolescent population. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol. 2009;22:360-4 pubmed publisher
    ..To evaluate the surgical approach used in the management of ovarian dermoid cysts in the pediatric and adolescent population...
  26. Tandon A, Gulleria K, Gupta S, Goel S, Bhargava S, Vaid N. Mature ovarian dermoid cyst invading the urinary bladder. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2010;35:751-3 pubmed publisher
    ..of a 30-year-old patient with pyuria and dysuria, where ultrasound examination clearly demonstrated an ovarian dermoid cyst invading the urinary bladder...
  27. Hachach Haram N, Benyon S, Shanmugarajah K, Kirkpatrick W. Back to basics: a case series of angular dermoid cyst excision. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2013;66:57-60 pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore, we recommend this technique as the optimal technique for lateral eyebrow dermoid cyst excision.
  28. De La Luz Orozco Covarrubias M, Salazar Leon J, Tamayo Sanchez L, Duran McKinster C, Ruiz Maldonado R. Dermoid cyst connected with the lacrimal canaliculum. Pediatr Dermatol. 1993;10:69-70 pubmed
    ..Histologically, the tumor proved to be a dermoid cyst. This association has not been reported previously...
  29. Akhaddar A, Jiddane M, Chakir N, El Hassani R, Moustarchid B, Bellakhdar F. Cerebellar abscesses secondary to occipital dermoid cyst with dermal sinus: case report. Surg Neurol. 2002;58:266-70 pubmed
    Hydrocephalus and cerebellar abscesses as the principal manifestations of posterior fossa dermoid cyst are rare. In addition, extradural dermoid cyst of the posterior fossa has been described in only 9 cases in the literature...
  30. Hillyer L, Jackson A, Quinn G, Day M. Epidermal (infundibular) and dermoid cysts in the dorsal midline of a three-year-old thoroughbred-cross gelding. Vet Dermatol. 2003;14:205-9 pubmed
    ..The horse recovered uneventfully. This report is novel in that such midline cysts have not previously been described outside Australia and North America. ..
  31. Davies E, Fransson B, Gavin P. A confusing magnetic resonance imaging observation complicating surgery for a dermoid cyst in a Rhodesian Ridgeback. Vet Radiol Ultrasound. 2004;45:307-9 pubmed
  32. Okada S, Ohaki Y, Inoue K, Nakajo H, Kawamata H, Kumazaki T. A case of dermoid cyst of the ovary with malignant transformation complicated with small intestinal fistula formation. Radiat Med. 2005;23:443-6 pubmed
    ..Microscopic examination revealed a squamous cell carcinoma in the dermoid cyst wall...
  33. González Darder J, Feliu Tatay R, Pesudo Martínez J, Vera Román J. Klippel-Feil syndrome associated with posterior fossa dermoid cyst. Case report. Neurol Res. 2002;24:501-4 pubmed
    A patient with association of Klippel-Feil syndrome and posterior fossa dermoid cyst is presented...
  34. Verswijvel G, Janssens F, Vanboven H, Palmers Y. Spontaneous rupture of mesenteric dermoid cyst: a rare cause of abdominal pain. Eur Radiol. 2004;14:1517-8 pubmed
  35. D Hermies F, Saragoussi J, Meyer A, Morel X, Fayet B, Dighiero P, et al. [Limbal dermoid and Goldenhar syndrome. Report of an anatomoclinical study]. J Fr Ophtalmol. 2001;24:893-6 pubmed
    ..These findings may be limited to dermoid and cutaneous tags, as in our report. Such changes must be looked for in all limbal dermoids...
  36. Canbaz B, Kemerdere R, Ocal E, Tanriverdi T. Intracranial dermoid cyst mimicking a giant thrombosed aneurysm. Neurol India. 2004;52:524-5 pubmed
  37. Nezhat C, Kalyoncu S, Nezhat C, Johnson E, Berlanda N, Nezhat F. Laparoscopic management of ovarian dermoid cysts: ten years' experience. JSLS. 1999;3:179-84 pubmed
    ..Thus, we conclude that laparoscopic management of dermoid cysts is a safe and beneficial method in selected patients when performed by an experienced laparoscopic surgeon. ..
  38. Roman H, Accoceberry M, Bolandard F, Bourdel N, Lenglet Y, Canis M. Laparoscopic management of a ruptured benign dermoid cyst during advanced pregnancy. J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 2005;12:377-8 pubmed
    ..A woman in her 31st week of pregnancy with torsion of a large dermoid cyst and lipogranulomatosis peritonitis due to spilled cyst contents was managed laparoscopically with a favorable ..
  39. Chen J, Chen Y, Lin S, Tseng S. Sylvian fissure dermoid cyst with intratumoral hemorrhage: case report. Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 2005;108:63-6 pubmed
    It is rare for a dermoid cyst to develop intratumoral hemorrhage...
  40. Tsugu H, Fukushima T, Hayashi S, Iwaasa M, Matsuda T. Squamous cell carcinoma arising in an intracranial dermoid cyst--case report. Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo). 2001;41:213-6 pubmed
    ..Histological examination demonstrated squamous cell carcinoma in the dermoid cyst. The patient subsequently received localized radiation therapy of total 55 Gy...
  41. Loke D, Woolford T. Open septorhinoplasty approach for the excision of a dermoid cyst and sinus with primary dorsal reconstruction. J Laryngol Otol. 2001;115:657-9 pubmed
    ..Here we describe the surgical management of a 37-year-old patient with a longstanding nasal dermoid cyst and discharging sinus...
  42. Nakamura M, Mizuguchi M, Momoi M, Chou H, Masuzawa T. Transient cheiro-oral syndrome due to a ruptured intracranial dermoid cyst. Brain Dev. 2001;23:261-3 pubmed
    We present here a case of episodic, pure cheiro-oral syndrome caused by a ruptured intracranial dermoid cyst. Cranial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) using the fat-suppression method revealed a fatty mass lesion in the subarachnoid space ..
  43. Tangjitgamol S, Manusirivithaya S, Sheanakul C, Leelahakorn S, Thawaramara T, Jesadapatarakul S. Squamous cell carcinoma arising from dermoid cyst: Case reports and review of literature. Int J Gynecol Cancer. 2003;13:558-63 pubmed
    Malignant transformation of a dermoid cyst is rare, with squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) being the most common type...
  44. Aslan O, Ozveren F, Kotil K, Ozdemir B, Kuscuoglu U, Bilge T. Congenital dermoid cyst of the anterior fontanelle in Turkish children--four case reports. Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo). 2004;44:150-2 pubmed
    ..These rare cysts presented as slow-growing soft masses over the anterior fontanelle. The cysts were totally removed without recurrence. Dermoid cysts can be easily cured because of the absence of intracranial extension...
  45. Wells T, Harris G. Orbital dermoid cyst and sinus tract presenting with acute infection. Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg. 2004;20:465-7 pubmed
    ..Complete excision of the dermoid cyst and sinus tract was performed through an eyelid crease approach.
  46. Cha J, Paik S, Park J, Park S, Kim D, Lee H. Ruptured spinal dermoid cyst with disseminated intracranial fat droplets. Br J Radiol. 2006;79:167-9 pubmed
    ..Fat droplets were revealed in the ventricles and the cisternal spaces on brain CT and brain MR. In the English literature, a ruptured spinal dermoid tumour accompanying a tethered spinal cord is extremely rare...
  47. Kaya R, Turkmenoglu O, Dalkilic T, Aydin Y. Removal of an anterior spinal dermoid cyst with fenestra corpectomy in Klippel-Feil syndrome: technical case report. Neurosurgery. 2003;53:1230-3; discussion 1233-4 pubmed
    ..A spinal cord tumor occurring in association with Klippel-Feil syndrome is quite rare. The removal of an anteriorly located spinal cord tumor at the level of block vertebrae creates a surgical challenge...
  48. Burrow R. A nasal dermoid sinus in an English bull terrier. J Small Anim Pract. 2004;45:572-4 pubmed
    ..This tract was surgically excised. Histopathological examination of the excised tissue, together with the clinical findings, led to the diagnosis of nasal dermoid sinus...
  49. Bailey T, Holmberg D, Yager J. Nasal dermoid sinus in an American cocker spaniel. Can Vet J. 2001;42:213-5 pubmed
    ..Contrast radiography and surgical excision showed communication of the tract with the left frontal sinus and rostral cerebral dura, respectively. A dermoid sinus was diagnosed by a combination of gross and histologic findings...
  50. Anderson D, White R. Nasal dermoid sinus cysts in the dog. Vet Surg. 2002;31:303-8 pubmed
    ..To describe the clinical and morphologic characteristics of nasal dermoid sinus cysts in the dog...
  51. Bodner L, Woldenberg Y, Sion Vardy N. Dermoid cyst of the maxilla. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2005;34:453-5 pubmed
    Dermoid cysts of the jaw bones are very rare. A case of an intraosseous dermoid cyst of the maxilla of a 5-year-old-male is reported. The possible origins are described.
  52. Schuetz M, Elsheikh T. Dermoid cyst (mature cystic teratoma) of the cecum. Histologic and cytologic features with review of the literature. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 2002;126:97-9 pubmed
    ..Clinical and pathologic features with review of the literature are presented, and the differential diagnosis for pericolic cystic masses is discussed in detail...
  53. Brown J, Morokoff A, Mitchell P, Gonzales M. Unusual imaging appearance of an intracranial dermoid cyst. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2001;22:1970-2 pubmed
    ..We present a case of a posterior fossa dermoid cyst that was not only hyperattenuating on CT scans but also contained a mural nodule with clear evidence of ..
  54. Hinojosa M, Tatagiba M, Harada K, Samii M. Dermoid cyst in the posterior fossa accompanied by Klippel-Feil syndrome. Childs Nerv Syst. 2001;17:97-100 pubmed
    ..and the coincidence of these two rare diseases suggests an interesting idea about the pathogenesis of a dermoid cyst, which the authors consider with reference to an actual case...
  55. Micke O, Schafer U, Willich N. Persistent elevation of CA 19-9 levels in a patient with an extended retroperitoneal dermoid. Anticancer Res. 1999;19:2717-20 pubmed
    ..This is the first case described in English scientific literature of a retroperitoneal dermoid (benign teratoma) as a source of a persistently elevated level of CA 19-9...
  56. Shields J, Shields C, Christian C, Eagle R. Orbital nodular fasciitis simulating a dermoid cyst in an 8-month-old child. Case report and review of the literature. Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg. 2001;17:144-8 pubmed
    To report a clinicopathologic correlation of orbital nodular fasciitis that simulated a dermoid cyst in an infant and to review the literature on orbital nodular fasciitis.
  57. Al Khayat M, Kenyon G. Midline sublingual dermoid cyst. J Laryngol Otol. 1990;104:578-80 pubmed
    ..a combined intra-oral and cervical approach, confirmed it to have originated in ectodermal remnants (congenital dermoid cyst) and to be actively secreting sebum...
  58. Fermin S, Fernández Guerra R, López Camacho O, Alvarez R. Congenital dermoid cyst of the anterior fontanel in mestizo-mulatto children. Childs Nerv Syst. 2001;17:353-5 pubmed
    ..Twenty-seven cases of histologically confirmed congenital dermoid cysts of the anterior fontanel in children are reported...
  59. Tsurubuchi T, Matsumura A, Nakai K, Fujita K, Enomoto T, Iwasaki N, et al. Reversible holocord edema associated with intramedullary spinal abscess secondary to an infected dermoid cyst. Pediatr Neurosurg. 2002;37:282-6 pubmed
    ..magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) associated with an intramedullary spinal abscess secondary to an infected dermoid cyst. The intraoperative findings revealed that the high-intensity lesion on the T2-weighted image was edematous ..
  60. Seah T, Sufyan W, Singh B. Case report of a dermoid cyst at the floor of the mouth. Ann Acad Med Singapore. 2004;33:77-9 pubmed
    ..The cyst was excised and confirmed histopathologically as a dermoid cyst with overlying acute inflammation...
  61. Ibraheim M, Ikomi A, Khan F. A pelvic retroperitoneal schwannoma mimicking an ovarian dermoid cyst in pregnancy. J Obstet Gynaecol. 2005;25:620-1 pubmed
  62. Cornegliani L, Jommi E, Vercelli A. Dermoid sinus in a golden retriever. J Small Anim Pract. 2001;42:514-6 pubmed
    ..The skin lesion was characterised by a fistulous tract in the dorsal cervical region. Surgical dissection revealed a cyst connected by a fibrous cord to the seventh cervical vertebra...
  63. Pfitzmann R, Klupp J, Krenn V, Neuhaus P. A dermoid cyst in the greater omentum as a rare epigastric tumor. Z Gastroenterol. 2004;42:153-5 pubmed
    ..Histology revealed the rare diagnosis of a dermoid cyst. A possible malignant degeneration of the tumor has to be considered, and therefore the tumor should be ..
  64. Tateshima S, Numoto R, Abe S, Yasue M, Abe T. Rapidly enlarging dermoid cyst over the anterior fontanel: a case report and review of the literature. Childs Nerv Syst. 2000;16:875-8 pubmed
    A case report of a rapidly enlarging dermoid cyst over the anterior fontanel is presented...
  65. Goyal A, Singh D, Singh A, Gupta V, Sinha S. Spontaneous rupture of spinal dermoid cyst with disseminated lipid droplets in central canal and ventricles. J Neurosurg Sci. 2004;48:63-5 pubmed
    ..Despite being rarely reported, spinal dermoid cyst can rupture spontaneously, and free fat disseminate into the ventricles, and in extremely rare cases, fat can ..