bronchogenic cyst


Summary: A usually spherical cyst, arising as an embryonic out-pouching of the foregut or trachea. It is generally found in the mediastinum or lung and is usually asymptomatic unless it becomes infected.

Top Publications

  1. Weber T, Roth T, Beshay M, Herrmann P, Stein R, Schmid R. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery of mediastinal bronchogenic cysts in adults: a single-center experience. Ann Thorac Surg. 2004;78:987-91 pubmed
    ..In support of the thoracoscopic approach we report our single-center experience in this rare entity...
  2. Galluccio G, Lucantoni G. Mediastinal bronchogenic cyst's recurrence treated with EBUS-FNA with a long-term follow-up. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2006;29:627-9; discussion 629 pubmed
    ..The usefulness of FNA in bronchogenic cyst's treatment is underestimated...
  3. Paik S, Jang K, Han H, Oh Y, Lee K, Choi D. Retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst mimicking pancreatic pseudocyst in a patient with colorectal cancer. J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2005;20:802-3 pubmed
  4. Mampilly T, Kurian R, Shenai A. Bronchogenic cyst -- cause of refractory wheezing in infancy. Indian J Pediatr. 2005;72:363-4 pubmed
    ..However, as the wheezing persisted a detailed evaluation was done which revealed a bronchogenic cyst. Surgical excision of the cyst was done and the child improved symptomatically...
  5. Chen C. Bronchogenic cyst in the interatrial septum with a single persistent left superior vena cava. J Chin Med Assoc. 2006;69:89-91 pubmed
    ..This paper presents a unique case of a 70-year-old male who was diagnosed with a bronchogenic cyst in the interatrial septum with a concomitant persistent left superior vena cava...
  6. Weinrich M, Lausberg H, Pahl S, Schäfers H. A bronchogenic cyst of the right ventricular endocardium. Ann Thorac Surg. 2005;79:e13-4 pubmed
    ..The tumor was resected using extracorporeal circulation and cardioplegic arrest. Histopathology study revealed a bronchogenic cyst with ciliated epithelium.
  7. Kim K, Kim W, Cheon J, Lee H, Kim C, Kim I, et al. Complex bronchopulmonary foregut malformation: extralobar pulmonary sequestration associated with a duplication cyst of mixed bronchogenic and oesophageal type. Pediatr Radiol. 2001;31:265-8 pubmed
    ..This unusual combination of an extralobar pulmonary sequestration and a foregut cyst points to a common embryological pathogenesis...
  8. de Perrot M, Pache J, Spiliopoulos A. Carcinoma arising in congenital lung cysts. Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2001;49:184-5 pubmed
    We report on a patient presenting with a bronchioloalveolar carcinoma fortuitously detected in the wall of a bronchogenic cyst. Evidence suggests that unstable epithelial cells contained within the cyst wall may lead to premalignant ..
  9. Hisatomi E, Miyajima K, Yasumori K, Okamura H, Nonaka M, Watanabe J, et al. Retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst: a rare case showing the characteristic imaging feature of milk of calcium. Abdom Imaging. 2003;28:716-20 pubmed
    ..We report a rare case of retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst showing characteristic imaging features of milk of calcium on plain abdominal radiography and computed ..

More Information


  1. Sauvat F, Fusaro F, Jaubert F, Galifer B, Revillon Y. Paraesophageal bronchogenic cyst: first case reports in pediatric. Pediatr Surg Int. 2006;22:849-51 pubmed
    We described for the first time a paraesophageal intra-abdominal bronchogenic cyst, first considered as hepatic tumor, in a young boy. Resection was successfully realized by laparoscopy...
  2. Ozel S, Kazez A, Koseogullari A, Akpolat N. Scapular bronchogenic cysts in children: case report and review of the literature. Pediatr Surg Int. 2005;21:843-5 pubmed
    ..Surgical excision of the lesion was performed and pathological examination revealed a cutaneous bronchogenic cyst. CBC have been reported in 64 cases in the literature...
  3. Lee T, Tsai I, Tsai W, Jan Y, Lee C. Bronchogenic cyst in the left atrium combined with persistent left superior vena cava: the first case in the literature. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2005;185:116-9 pubmed
  4. Andersson R, Lindell G, Cwikiel W, Dawiskiba S. Retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst as a differential diagnosis of pancreatic mucinous cystic tumor. Dig Surg. 2003;20:55-7 pubmed
    ..The present paper describes a case of bronchogenic cyst in association with the pancreas in which diagnostic work-up was not able to exclude a proliferative ..
  5. Hedayati N, Cai D, McHenry C. Subdiaphragmatic bronchogenic cyst masquerading as an "adrenal incidentaloma". J Gastrointest Surg. 2003;7:802-4 pubmed
    A subdiaphragmatic, retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst arising from the stomach is reported in a patient who was referred for evaluation of what was thought to be an adrenal tumor...
  6. Sashiyama H, Miyazaki S, Okazaki Y, Kaiho T, Nakajima Y, Hoshino T, et al. Esophageal bronchogenic cyst successfully excised by endoscopic mucosal resection. Gastrointest Endosc. 2002;56:141-5 pubmed
  7. Granato F, Luzzi L, Voltolini L, Gotti G. Video-assisted mediastinoscopic resection of two bronchogenic cysts: a novel approach. Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg. 2010;11:335-6 pubmed publisher
    ..More experience of mediastinoscopic treatment of BCs is needed in order to better define its indications, contraindications, risks and complications. ..
  8. Mondello B, Lentini S, Familiari D, Barresi P, Monaco F, Sibilio M, et al. Thoracoscopic resection of a paraaortic bronchogenic cyst. J Cardiothorac Surg. 2010;5:82 pubmed publisher
    ..The authors report the thoracoscopic treatment of a BMC having dense adhesions to the aortic arch. Diagnosis and surgical treatment is described. Review of the literature and surgical options on this topic are discussed. ..
  9. Lin S, Lee L, Chang Y, Lee Y, Ding L, Hsueh P. Infected bronchogenic cyst due to Mycobacterium avium in an immunocompetent patient. J Infect. 2005;51:e131-3 pubmed
    ..This is the first reported case of infected bronchogenic cyst caused by M. avium in humans.
  10. Lim L, Ho K, Goh P. Preoperative diagnosis of a paraesophageal bronchogenic cyst using endosonography. Ann Thorac Surg. 2002;73:633-5 pubmed
    ..We describe the case of an incidental paraesophageal bronchogenic cyst, suspected preoperatively with endoscopic ultrasound and established intraoperatively by thoracoscopic ..
  11. Gillion J, Lagneau M, Balaton A, Convard J, Laroudie M, Hovasse D. [Bronchogenic cyst of the juxtacardiol stomach mimicking a stromal tumor associated with a bronchogenic cyst of the subdiaphragmatic esophagus]. Gastroenterol Clin Biol. 2007;31:1036-8 pubmed
  12. Chung J, Jung M, Lee W, Choi S. Retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst presenting as adrenal tumor in adult successfully treated with retroperitoneal laparoscopic surgery. Urology. 2009;73:442.e13-5 pubmed publisher
    A bronchogenic cyst in the retroperitoneum is rare in adults. A 41-year-old woman presented with an incidental left retroperitoneal mass that was suspicious for an adrenal tumor...
  13. Azeem F, Finlay M, Rathwell C, Awad W. A near fatal presentation of a bronchogenic cyst compressing the left main coronary artery. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2008;135:1395-6 pubmed publisher
  14. Kostopoulos G, Efstathiou A, Skordalaki A, Fessatidis I. Bronchogenic cyst infected by Salmonella enteritidis followed gastroenteritis. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2002;21:935-7 pubmed
    ..We present the unique case of a 24-year-old man who developed respiratory symptoms after Salmonella enteritidis infected bronchogenic cyst following Salmonella gastroenteritis.
  15. Roma A, Varsegi M, Magi Galluzzi C, Ulbright T, Zhou M. The distinction of bronchogenic cyst from metastatic testicular teratoma: a light microscopic and immunohistochemical study. Am J Clin Pathol. 2008;130:265-73 pubmed publisher
    b>Bronchogenic cyst (BC), a rare developmental abnormality of the primitive foregut and usually found above the diaphragm, can occur in the retroperitoneum and other unusual locations where distinction from metastatic teratoma is essential...
  16. Dahl K, Rørvik A, Lanageland M. Bronchogenic cyst in a German shepherd dog. J Small Anim Pract. 2002;43:456-8 pubmed
    ..The definitive gross pathological and histopathological diagnosis was a bronchogenic cyst which had developed secondarily to bronchiectasis. Bronchitis and peribronchitis were also identified...
  17. Tresser N, Dahms B, Berner J. Cutaneous bronchogenic cyst of the back: a case report and review of the literature. Pediatr Pathol. 1994;14:207-12 pubmed
    ..We report a case of a bronchogenic cyst occurring on the back...
  18. Ingu A, Watanabe A, Ichimiya Y, Saito T, Abe T. Retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst: a case report. Chest. 2002;121:1357-9 pubmed
    ..Histologic examination showed that the cyst was bronchogenic in origin. Retroperitoneal bronchogenic cysts are very rare, and only four cases have been reported in the English-language literature...
  19. Sarper A, Ayten A, Golbasi I, Demircan A, Isin E. Bronchogenic cyst. Tex Heart Inst J. 2003;30:105-8 pubmed
    The clinical presentation of the bronchogenic cyst is variable, from respiratory distress at birth to late appearance of symptoms...
  20. Kumar A, Aggarwal S, Halder S, Kumar S, Khilnani G. Thoracoscopic excision of mediastinal bronchogenic cyst: a case report and review of literature. Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci. 2003;45:199-201 pubmed
    ..We report successful thoracoscopic resection of a mediastinal cyst in a 17-year-old male who presented with right-sided chest pain...
  21. Mackenzie T, Guttenberg M, Nisenbaum H, Johnson M, Adzick N. A fetal lung lesion consisting of bronchogenic cyst, bronchopulmonary sequestration, and congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation: the missing link?. Fetal Diagn Ther. 2001;16:193-5 pubmed
    ..The dominant cyst had ciliated respiratory epithelium with cartilage, indicative of a bronchogenic cyst, and the remainder of the specimen had the histologic hallmarks of a congenital cystic adenomatoid ..
  22. Pul N, Pul M. Bronchogenic cyst of the scapular area in an infant: case report and review of the literature. J Am Acad Dermatol. 1994;31:120-2 pubmed
  23. Zvulunov A, Amichai B, Grunwald M, Avinoach I, Halevy S. Cutaneous bronchogenic cyst: delineation of a poorly recognized lesion. Pediatr Dermatol. 1998;15:277-81 pubmed
    b>Bronchogenic cyst is a benign congenital developmental abnormality of the embryonic foregut. The most common extrapulmonary location of these lesions is the mediastinum...
  24. Mehta R, Faquin W, Cunningham M. Cervical bronchogenic cysts: a consideration in the differential diagnosis of pediatric cervical cystic masses. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2004;68:563-8 pubmed
    ..To discuss the clinical and histopathologic features of cervical bronchogenic cysts...
  25. Wang S, Tsai Y, Su C, Shyr Y, Lee R, Tsai W, et al. Retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst mimicking pancreatic cystic lesion. J Chin Med Assoc. 2006;69:538-42 pubmed
    Retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst is detected extremely rarely and often masquerades as other diseases. Here, we report 2 cases of retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst mimicking pancreatic mucinous tumor...
  26. Chu P, Hwang T, Teng T, Lee C. A retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst successfully treated by laparoscopic surgery. Ann Saudi Med. 2007;27:199-200 pubmed
  27. Jo W, Shin J, Lee I. Supradiaphragmatic bronchogenic cyst extending into the retroperitoneum. Ann Thorac Surg. 2006;81:369-70 pubmed
    We experienced a case of bronchogenic cyst located on the left lower pleural space extending into the retroperitoneum in a 33-year-old man with left chest pain...
  28. Onol F, Baytekin F, Dikbas O, Ergönenç T, Tanidir Y. A retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst mimicking adrenal tumour in an adult: is differential diagnosis truly possible?. J Clin Pathol. 2009;62:187-9 pubmed publisher
    ..This is a case of a retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst featuring uncommon histological findings, which raises the question whether these benign lesions can always ..
  29. Servais E, Paul S, Port J, Altorki N, Lee P. Carcinoid tumor nested within a bronchogenic cyst. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2008;136:227-8 pubmed publisher
  30. Georghiou G, Vidne B, Saute M. Bronchogenic cyst: an unusual cause of acute retrosternal pain. Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann. 2005;13:99 pubmed
  31. Chafik A, Benjelloun A, Qassif H, El Fikri A, El Barni R, Zrara I. Intramural esophageal bronchogenic cysts. Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann. 2011;19:69-71 pubmed publisher
    Bronchogenic cysts are most frequently located in the middle mediastinum near the carina. Esophageal bronchogenic cysts are extremely rare. An intramural esophageal bronchogenic cyst was successfully resected from a 51-year-old man.
  32. Yoon Y, Lee K, Kim T, Kim J, Shim Y, Han J. Intrapulmonary bronchogenic cyst: CT and pathologic findings in five adult patients. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2002;179:167-70 pubmed
    ..The purpose of our study was to describe the CT and pathologic findings of intrapulmonary bronchogenic cysts in five adult patients...
  33. Das K, Jackson P, D Cruz A. Periscapular bronchogenic cyst. Indian J Pediatr. 2003;70:181-2 pubmed
    ..Histologically they are lined by pseudostratified ciliated columnar epithelium, which can rarely undergo malignant transformation...
  34. Song S, Noh J, Lee S, Son H. Bronchogenic cyst of the stomach masquerading as benign stromal tumor. Pathol Int. 2005;55:87-91 pubmed
    Gastric bronchogenic cyst is an extremely rare lesion. A 62-year-old Korean woman presented with an incidentally found perigastric nodule. An abdominal ultrasonogram and computed tomography showed a 1...
  35. Lardinois D, Gugger M, Ris H. Bronchogenic cyst of the left lower lobe associated with severe hemoptysis. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 1999;16:382-3 pubmed
    ..This rare presentation of an intrapulmonary bronchogenic cyst should be considered as differential diagnosis in patients with cavernous lesion of a lobe...
  36. Parambil J, Gersh B, Knight M, Krowka M, Ryu J. Bronchogenic cyst causing atrial fibrillation by impinging the right inferior pulmonary vein. Am J Med Sci. 2006;331:336-8 pubmed
    ..Surgical exploration revealed a bronchogenic cyst that distorted and stretched the right inferior pulmonary vein as it traversed the posterior mediastinum ..
  37. Díaz Nieto R, Naranjo Torres A, Gomez Alvarez M, Ruiz Rabelo J, Pérez Manrique M, Ciria Bru R, et al. Intraabdominal bronchogenic cyst. J Gastrointest Surg. 2010;14:756-8 pubmed publisher
    b>Bronchogenic cyst is pathology of the respiratory track. It consists of a defect during the embryological development of the tracheobronchial tree...
  38. Kawase Y, Takahashi M, Takemura H, Tomita S, Watanabe G. Surgical treatment of a bronchogenic cyst in the interatrial septum. Ann Thorac Surg. 2002;74:1695-7 pubmed
    ..Tumor enucleation was performed and the resultant atrial septal defect was closed by an autopericardial patch...
  39. Ishikawa T, Kawabata G, Okada H, Arakawa S, Kamidono S, Fujisawa M. Retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst managed with retroperitoneoscopic surgery. J Urol. 2003;169:1078-9 pubmed
  40. Matsubayashi J, Ishida T, Ozawa T, Aoki T, Koyanagi Y, Mukai K. Subphrenic bronchopulmonary foregut malformation with pulmonary-sequestration-like features. Pathol Int. 2003;53:313-6 pubmed
    ..This case is important in understanding the pathogenesis of foregut anomalies (i.e. bronchopulmonary foregut malformations), which range from pulmonary sequestrations to bronchogenic cysts and foregut duplication cysts...
  41. Wei X, Omo A, Pan T, Li J, Liu L, Hu M. Left ventricular bronchogenic cyst. Ann Thorac Surg. 2006;81:e13-5 pubmed
    ..Complete excision was achieved through a left anterolateral thoracotomy without extracorporeal circulation...
  42. Jona J. Extramediastinal bronchogenic cysts in children. Pediatr Dermatol. 1995;12:304-6 pubmed
    ..The histologic presence of ciliated, pseudostratified, columnar or cuboidal epithelium, mucus-secreting glands, smooth muscles, and occasional cartilage establishes the diagnosis...
  43. Liang M, Yee H, Song J, Marks J. Subdiaphragmatic bronchogenic cysts: a comprehensive review of the literature. Am Surg. 2005;71:1034-41 pubmed
    ..histopathology revealed the mass to be a thin-walled cystic mass lined by ciliated columnar cells and cartilage, consistent with a subdiaphragmatic bronchogenic cyst. A comprehensive literature review of sBC was also performed.
  44. Eom D, Kang G, Kim J, Ryu D. Unusual bronchopulmonary foregut malformation associated with pericardial defect: bronchogenic cyst communicating with tubular esophageal duplication. J Korean Med Sci. 2007;22:564-7 pubmed
    We report a case of unusual bronchopulmonary foregut malformation composed of a mediastinal bronchogenic cyst with sequestrated lung tissue and communicating tubular esophageal duplication associated with complete pericardial defect...
  45. Pujary K, Pujary P, Shetty R, Hazarika P, Rao L. Congenital cervical bronchogenic cyst. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2001;57:145-8 pubmed
    A bronchogenic cyst is a rare developmental aberration that occurs in the paediatric age group. Over 50 cases of bronchogenic cysts have been reported in the literature...
  46. Shah S, Stayer S, Hicks M, Brandt M. Suprasternal bronchogenic cyst. J Pediatr Surg. 2008;43:2115-7 pubmed publisher
    ..We report the presentation and results of resection of a suprasternal, subcutaneous bronchogenic cyst in a 23-month-old female infant that was successfully treated with simple excision.
  47. Vure S, Pang K, Hallam L, Lui M, Croaker D. Congenital midline cervical cleft with an underlying bronchogenic like cyst. Pediatr Surg Int. 2009;25:811-3 pubmed publisher
    ..We report a case of a baby girl aged 3 days with a CMCC associated with a cyst reported as a bronchogenic cyst (BC). The pathology is not specific...
  48. Limaiem F, Ayadi Kaddour A, Djilani H, Kilani T, El Mezni F. Pulmonary and mediastinal bronchogenic cysts: a clinicopathologic study of 33 cases. Lung. 2008;186:55-61 pubmed
    ..Based on radiologic investigations, preoperative diagnosis of bronchogenic cyst was made in only 11 cases (33.34%)...
  49. Granato F, Voltolini L, Ghiribelli C, Luzzi L, Tenconi S, Gotti G. Surgery for bronchogenic cysts: always easy?. Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann. 2009;17:467-71 pubmed publisher
    A few cases of major complications after surgery for bronchogenic cyst have been reported...
  50. Kim Y, Goo J, Han J, Lee K, Lee H, Im J. Subphrenic bronchogenic cyst mimicking a juxtahepatic solid lesion. Abdom Imaging. 2003;28:354-6 pubmed
    ..We report a case of subphrenic bronchogenic cyst that was initially confused with a solid lesion because of its unusual location and atypical appearance on ..
  51. Bocciolini C, Dall Olio D, Cunsolo E, Latini G, Gradoni P, Laudadio P. Cervical bronchogenic cyst: asymptomatic neck mass in an adult male. Acta Otolaryngol. 2006;126:553-6 pubmed
    ..The right lateral neck mass of the patient was identified as a bronchogenic cyst. The embryology, the presentation, the pathological and radiological evaluation, treatment of the cyst and a ..
  52. Liman S, Dogan Y, Topcu S, Karabulut N, Demirkan N, Keser Z. Mycobacterial infection of intraparenchymal bronchogenic cysts. Respir Med. 2006;100:2060-2 pubmed
    ..Cystectomy was performed for the cysts. They were given antituberculosis treatment. No complication or recurrences were detected in follow up period...
  53. Kim K, Kim J, Ahn C, Kim J, Ku Y, Shin O, et al. The first case of intraperitoneal bronchogenic cyst in Korea mimicking a gallbladder tumor. J Korean Med Sci. 2004;19:470-3 pubmed
    We present a case of an intraperitoneal bronchogenic cyst located at inferior surface of the liver, next to the gallbladder which clinically mimicked a gallbladder tumor...
  54. Jakopovic M, Slobodnjak Z, Krizanac S, Samarzija M. Large cell carcinoma arising in bronchogenic cyst. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2005;130:610-2 pubmed
  55. Goh B, Chan H, Wong W. A rare case of "giant" right-sided retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst. Dig Dis Sci. 2004;49:1491-2 pubmed
  56. Yasufuku M, Hatakeyama T, Maeda K, Yamamoto T, Iwai Y. Bronchopulmonary foregut malformation: a large bronchogenic cyst communicating with an esophageal duplication cyst. J Pediatr Surg. 2003;38:e2 pubmed
    A 1-year-old boy with a bronchopulmonary foregut malformation presented with a large mediastinal bronchogenic cyst associated with pulmonary sequestration, a cervical esophageal duplication cyst, a bronchial communication between these ..
  57. Takeda S, Miyoshi S, Inoue M, Omori K, Okumura M, Yoon H, et al. Clinical spectrum of congenital cystic disease of the lung in children. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 1999;15:11-7 pubmed
    ..The purpose of this study is to review our institutional experience of congenital cystic lung disease, emphasizing the clinical spectrum of the disease related to age, and present some cases with unusual clinical manifestations...
  58. Pérez Alonso P, Fernández Fernández I. Fine needle aspiration cytology of a cutaneous bronchogenic cyst. Acta Cytol. 2003;47:524-6 pubmed
  59. Lee J, Yoon I, Cho S, Jeong S, Park C, Kim M. Congenital cervical bronchogenic cyst in a calf. J Vet Diagn Invest. 2010;22:479-81 pubmed
    The present report describes an extrathoracic bronchogenic cyst in a 30-day-old female calf...
  60. Liu H, Li S, Cao Z, Zhang Z, Ren H. Clinical features and treatment of bronchogenic cyst in adults. Chin Med Sci J. 2009;24:60-3 pubmed
    To investigate the clinical features and management of bronchogenic cyst in the adults.
  61. Manz M, Schmeer T, Horcic M, Meier R, Maurer C. [Bronchogenic cyst: a rare cause of a retroperitoneal mass]. Zentralbl Chir. 2009;134:570-2 pubmed publisher
    ..Subdiaphragmatic and, especially, retroperitoneal locations are rare. The histopathological definition consists of the presence of ciliated epithelium together with cartilage or bronchial mucous glands...
  62. Kim E, Lee W, Jang K. Retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst mimicking a pancreatic cystic tumour. Clin Radiol. 2007;62:491-4 pubmed
  63. Haddadin W, Reid R, Jindal R. A retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst: a rare cause of a mass in the adrenal region. J Clin Pathol. 2001;54:801-2 pubmed
    This report documents a bronchogenic cyst presenting as an adrenal tumour in a 51 year old man with persistent epigastric pain...
  64. Sato M, Irisawa A, Bhutani M, Schnadig V, Takagi T, Shibukawa G, et al. Gastric bronchogenic cyst diagnosed by endosonographically guided fine needle aspiration biopsy. J Clin Ultrasound. 2008;36:237-9 pubmed
    We report a case of a gastric bronchogenic cyst diagnosed via endosonographically guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) biopsy...
  65. Ibanez Aguirre J, Marti Cabane J, Bordas Rivas J, Valenti Ponsa C, Erro Azcárate J, De Simone P. A lump in the neck: cervical bronchogenic cyst mimicking a thyroid nodule. Minerva Chir. 2006;61:71-2 pubmed
  66. Liang M, Marks J. Congenital bronchogenic cyst in the gastric mucosa. J Clin Pathol. 2005;58:1344 pubmed
  67. Tolg C, Abelin K, Laudenbach V, de Heaulme O, Dorgeret S, Lipsyc E, et al. Open vs thorascopic surgical management of bronchogenic cysts. Surg Endosc. 2005;19:77-80 pubmed
    ..The aim of this study was to compare the operative outcome in children undergoing open vs thoracoscopic resection of bronchogenic cysts...
  68. Baumann C, Könü D, Glatzel M, Siegel A. Thoracolumbar intradural extramedullary bronchiogenic cyst. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2005;147:317-9; discussion 319 pubmed
    ..We therefore conclude that intradural extramedullary bronchiogenic cysts may appear also at thoracolumbar levels. Surgical resection can be achieved with good outcome...