Summary: The study of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION and the toxic effects of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS on the ECOSYSTEM. The term was coined by Truhaut in 1969.

Top Publications

  1. Thunders M, Cavanagh J, Li Y. De novo transcriptome assembly, functional annotation and differential gene expression analysis of juvenile and adult E. fetida, a model oligochaete used in ecotoxicological studies. Biol Res. 2017;50:7 pubmed publisher
    ..fetida assembled from RNA sequencing data. This provides important groundwork for subsequent ecotoxicogenomic studies exploring the impact of the environment on global gene expression in E. fetida and other earthworm species. ..
  2. Fabbrocini A, Cassin D, Santucci A, Scirocco T, Specchiulli A, D Adamo R. Early chemical and ecotoxicological responses of the Varano lagoon (SE Italy) to a flood event. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2017;144:178-186 pubmed publisher
    ..Moreover, preliminary data indicate the validity of the approach adopted for the post-flood quality assessment, proving the usefulness of the MOT-test as early-screening tool in the case of extreme events. ..
  3. Zhang Q, Ma X, Dzakpasu M, Wang X. Evaluation of ecotoxicological effects of benzophenone UV filters: Luminescent bacteria toxicity, genotoxicity and hormonal activity. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2017;142:338-347 pubmed publisher
    ..The results indicated potential hazardous effects of BPs UV filters and the importance of the combination of toxicological evaluation methods including in vitro and in vivo assays. ..
  4. Lambert S, Scherer C, Wagner M. Ecotoxicity testing of microplastics: Considering the heterogeneity of physicochemical properties. Integr Environ Assess Manag. 2017;13:470-475 pubmed publisher
    ..Future challenges include new technologies that will enter the plastic production cycle and the impact of these changes on the composition of environmental microplastics. Integr Environ Assess Manag 2017;13:470-475. © 2017 SETAC. ..
  5. Oosterhuis F, Brouwer R, Janssen M, Verhoeven J, Luttikhuizen C. Towards a proportionality assessment of risk reduction measures aimed at restricting the use of persistent and bioaccumulative substances. Integr Environ Assess Manag. 2017;13:1100-1112 pubmed publisher
    ..Integr Environ Assess Manag 2017;13:1100-1112. © 2017 The Authors. Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of Society of Environmental Toxicology & Chemistry (SETAC). ..
  6. Birnbaum L. Is supersize more than just too much food?. Environ Health Perspect. 2012;120:A223-4 pubmed publisher
  7. Head J, Dolinoy D, Basu N. Epigenetics for ecotoxicologists. Environ Toxicol Chem. 2012;31:221-7 pubmed publisher
  8. Guo H, Hashim Z, Su S, Bundschuh J. Environmental Toxicology in Addressing Public Health Challenges in East Asia. Biomed Res Int. 2015;2015:920518 pubmed publisher
  9. Lizano Fallas V, Masís Mora M, Espinoza Villalobos D, Lizano Brenes M, Rodríguez Rodríguez C. Removal of pesticides and ecotoxicological changes during the simultaneous treatment of triazines and chlorpyrifos in biomixtures. Chemosphere. 2017;182:106-113 pubmed publisher
    ..On the other hand, the use of fungal bioaugmentation is discouraged in this matrix. ..

More Information


  1. Weinhold B. Building on success: assessment categories for experimental noncancer end points. Environ Health Perspect. 2009;117:A112-5 pubmed
  2. Kennedy A, Coleman J, Diamond S, Melby N, Bednar A, Harmon A, et al. Assessing nanomaterial exposures in aquatic ecotoxicological testing: Framework and case studies based on dispersion and dissolution. Nanotoxicology. 2017;11:546-557 pubmed publisher
    ..Results indicated that while arithmetic means were effective for expressing the toxicity of more stable materials, time-weighted averaged concentrations were appropriate for the unstable nano-TiO2. ..
  3. Van den Brink P, Rubach M, Culp J, Pascoe T, Maund S, Baird D. Traits-based ecological risk assessment (TERA): realizing the potential of ecoinformatics approaches in ecotoxicology. Integr Environ Assess Manag. 2011;7:169-71 pubmed publisher
  4. Karami A. Gaps in aquatic toxicological studies of microplastics. Chemosphere. 2017;184:841-848 pubmed publisher
    ..This critical review suggests some important strategies to help conduct environmentally-relevant MP bioassays. ..
  5. Curi L, Peltzer P, Martinuzzi C, Attademo M, Seib S, Simoniello M, et al. Altered development, oxidative stress and DNA damage in Leptodactylus chaquensis (Anura: Leptodactylidae) larvae exposed to poultry litter. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2017;143:62-71 pubmed publisher
    ..05), varying from medium to severe damage (comet types II, III and IV). These results showed that PL treatments altered development and growth and induced oxidative stress and DNA damage, resulting ecotoxic for L. chaquensis larvae. ..
  6. Barra Caracciolo A, Cardoni M, Pescatore T, Patrolecco L. Characteristics and environmental fate of the anionic surfactant sodium lauryl ether sulphate (SLES) used as the main component in foaming agents for mechanized tunnelling. Environ Pollut. 2017;226:94-103 pubmed publisher
  7. Hall A, Belanger S, Guiney P, Galay Burgos M, Maack G, Stubblefield W, et al. New approach to weight-of-evidence assessment of ecotoxicological effects in regulatory decision-making. Integr Environ Assess Manag. 2017;13:573-579 pubmed publisher
    ..Integr Environ Assess Manag 2017;13:573-579. © 2017 The Authors. Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of Society of Environmental Toxicology & Chemistry (SETAC). ..
  8. Khan S, Beattie T, Knapp C. The use of minimum selectable concentrations (MSCs) for determining the selection of antimicrobial resistant bacteria. Ecotoxicology. 2017;26:283-292 pubmed publisher
  9. Freitas J, Teresa F, de Almeida E. Influence of temperature on the antioxidant responses and lipid peroxidation of two species of tadpoles (Rhinella schneideri and Physalaemus nattereri) exposed to the herbicide sulfentrazone (Boral 500SC®). Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol. 2017;197:32-44 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings imply that the effects of abiotic factors should be taken into account to evaluate the real risks of exposure of amphibians to commonly used pesticides. ..
  10. Mestre N, Rocha T, Canals M, Cardoso C, Danovaro R, Dell Anno A, et al. Environmental hazard assessment of a marine mine tailings deposit site and potential implications for deep-sea mining. Environ Pollut. 2017;228:169-178 pubmed publisher
    ..A similar approach as in this study could be applied in other areas affected by sediment resuspension and for testing future deep-sea mining sites in order to assess the associated environmental hazards. ..
  11. Dietrich D, Aulock S, Marquardt H, Blaauboer B, Dekant W, KEHRER J, et al. Scientifically unfounded precaution drives European Commission's recommendations on EDC regulation, while defying common sense, well-established science and risk assessment principles. Chem Biol Interact. 2013;205:A1-5 pubmed publisher
  12. Van den Brink P. Assessing aquatic population and community-level risks of pesticides. Environ Toxicol Chem. 2013;32:972-3 pubmed publisher
  13. Stahl R, Stauber J, Clements W. Spectators or participants: How can SETAC become more engaged in international climate change research programs?. Environ Toxicol Chem. 2017;36:1971-1977 pubmed publisher
    ..Environ Toxicol Chem 2017;36:1971-1977. © 2017 SETAC. ..
  14. Brami C, Glover A, Butt K, Lowe C. Avoidance, biomass and survival response of soil dwelling (endogeic) earthworms to OECD artificial soil: potential implications for earthworm ecotoxicology. Ecotoxicology. 2017;26:576-579 pubmed publisher
    Soil dwelling earthworms are now adopted more widely in ecotoxicology, so it is vital to establish if standardised test parameters remain applicable...
  15. Sintra T, Nasirpour M, Siopa F, Rosatella A, Goncalves F, Coutinho J, et al. Ecotoxicological evaluation of magnetic ionic liquids. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2017;143:315-321 pubmed publisher
    ..In order to improve the knowledge for the prospective design of environmentally safer MILs, it is important to expand this study to other aquatic organisms at different trophic levels. ..
  16. Coutellec M, Barata C. Special issue on long-term ecotoxicological effects: an introduction. Ecotoxicology. 2013;22:763-6 pubmed publisher
  17. Bergami E, Pugnalini S, Vannuccini M, Manfra L, Faleri C, Savorelli F, et al. Long-term toxicity of surface-charged polystyrene nanoplastics to marine planktonic species Dunaliella tertiolecta and Artemia franciscana. Aquat Toxicol. 2017;189:159-169 pubmed publisher
    ..The use of long-term end-point has been identified as valuable tool for assessing the impact of nanoplastics on marine planktonic species, being more predictable of real exposure scenarios for risk assessment purposes. ..
  18. Cresswell T, Metian M, Golding L, Wood M. Aquatic live animal radiotracing studies for ecotoxicological applications: Addressing fundamental methodological deficiencies. J Environ Radioact. 2017;178-179:453-460 pubmed publisher
    The use of live animal gamma radioisotope tracer techniques in the field of ecotoxicology allows laboratory studies to accurately monitor contaminant biokinetics in real time for an individual organism...
  19. Pandey L, Bergey E, Lyu J, Park J, Choi S, Lee H, et al. The use of diatoms in ecotoxicology and bioassessment: Insights, advances and challenges. Water Res. 2017;118:39-58 pubmed publisher
  20. Chelinho S, Maleita C, Francisco R, Braga M, da Cunha M, Abrantes I, et al. Toxicity of the bionematicide 1,4-naphthoquinone on non-target soil organisms. Chemosphere. 2017;181:579-588 pubmed publisher
    ..and root-lesion nematodes, Pratylenchus spp. In addition, if higher dosages of 1,4-NTQ bionematicide are necessary, the potential recovery of non-target organisms under real field scenarios also needs to be assessed. ..
  21. Jager T. Bad habits die hard: the NOEC's persistence reflects poorly on ecotoxicology. Environ Toxicol Chem. 2012;31:228-9 pubmed publisher
  22. Hartmann N, Baun A. The nano cocktail: ecotoxicological effects of engineered nanoparticles in chemical mixtures. Integr Environ Assess Manag. 2010;6:311-3 pubmed publisher
  23. de Gelder S, Sæle Ø, de Veen B, Vos J, Flik G, Berntssen M, et al. The polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons benzo[a]pyrene and phenanthrene inhibit intestinal lipase activity in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol. 2017;198:1-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The replacement of fish oil by rapeseed oil in aquafeeds introduces PAHs that could affect lipid digestion. ..
  24. Boyes W, Thornton B, Al Abed S, Andersen C, Bouchard D, Burgess R, et al. A comprehensive framework for evaluating the environmental health and safety implications of engineered nanomaterials. Crit Rev Toxicol. 2017;47:767-810 pubmed publisher
    ..Application, refinement, and demonstration of this framework, along with an associated knowledgebase that includes targeted functional assay data, will allow better de novo predictions of potential exposures and adverse outcomes. ..
  25. Melvin S, Petit M, Duvignacq M, Sumpter J. Towards improved behavioural testing in aquatic toxicology: Acclimation and observation times are important factors when designing behavioural tests with fish. Chemosphere. 2017;180:430-436 pubmed publisher
    ..We recommend that researchers applying behavioural tests with fish, and other species, apply a similar framework to better understand baseline behaviours and the implications of design choices for influencing study outcomes. ..
  26. Philippe C, Grégoir A, Janssens L, Pinceel T, De Boeck G, Brendonck L. Acute and chronic sensitivity to copper of a promising ecotoxicological model species, the annual killifish Nothobranchius furzeri. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2017;144:26-35 pubmed publisher
    ..The successful application of current ecotoxicological protocols on N. furzeri and its sensitivity range comparable to that of other model organisms forms the basis to exploit this species in further ecotoxicological practices. ..
  27. Schlich K, Hoppe M, Kraas M, Fries E, Hund Rinke K. Ecotoxicity and fate of a silver nanomaterial in an outdoor lysimeter study. Ecotoxicology. 2017;26:738-751 pubmed publisher
    ..The results of the laboratory experiment reflect the findings of the lysimeter study and indicate that a risk assessment for AgNM based on data from laboratory tests is acceptable. ..
  28. Cerrillo C, Barandika G, Igartua A, Areitioaurtena O, Mendoza G. Key challenges for nanotechnology: Standardization of ecotoxicity testing. J Environ Sci Health C Environ Carcinog Ecotoxicol Rev. 2017;35:104-126 pubmed publisher
    ..Specific advice is provided on the preparation of MNM dispersions in the culture media of the organisms, which is considered a key factor to overcome the limitations in the standardization of the test methodologies. ..
  29. Bucher J. Bisphenol A: where to now?. Environ Health Perspect. 2009;117:A96-7 pubmed publisher
  30. Li B, Ma Y, Zhang Y. Oxidative stress and hepatotoxicity in the frog, Rana chensinensis, when exposed to low doses of trichlorfon. J Environ Sci Health B. 2017;52:476-482 pubmed publisher
    ..These results suggest that low doses of trichlorfon could induce oxidative stress, lipid peroxidation, and hepatic lesions in frogs, which shows that even lower, non-lethal doses of trichlorfon are potentially toxic to amphibians. ..
  31. Hermabessiere L, Dehaut A, Paul Pont I, Lacroix C, Jézéquel R, Soudant P, et al. Occurrence and effects of plastic additives on marine environments and organisms: A review. Chemosphere. 2017;182:781-793 pubmed publisher
  32. Archana G, Dhodapkar R, Kumar A. Ecotoxicological risk assessment and seasonal variation of some pharmaceuticals and personal care products in the sewage treatment plant and surface water bodies (lakes). Environ Monit Assess. 2017;189:446 pubmed publisher
    ..Ecotoxicological risk assessment was done to appraise the degree of toxicity of the targeted compounds. Hazard quotient (HQ) values were found to be < 1 indicating no adverse effect on the targeted organism. ..
  33. Cappello T, Maisano M, Mauceri A, Fasulo S. 1H NMR-based metabolomics investigation on the effects of petrochemical contamination in posterior adductor muscles of caged mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2017;142:417-422 pubmed publisher
  34. Szczepańska N, Kudłak B, Nedyalkova M, Simeonov V, Namiesnik J. Application of chemometric techniques in studies of toxicity of selected commercially available products for infants and children. Environ Monit Assess. 2017;189:309 pubmed publisher
  35. Van den Brink P. Ecological risk assessment: from book-keeping to chemical stress ecology. Environ Sci Technol. 2008;42:8999-9004 pubmed
  36. Del Carmen Cuevas Díaz M, Vázquez Luna D, Martínez Hernández S, Guzmán López O, Ortiz Ceballos A. Sensitivity of the Endogeic Tropical Earthworm Pontoscolex corethrurus to the Presence of Heavy Crude Oil. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol. 2017;99:154-160 pubmed publisher
    ..32 mg/kg; however, growth (weight loss) was more sensitive than mortality. Our study revealed that P. corethrurus is sensitive to TPH, thus highlighting the importance of P. corethrurus for petroleum ecotoxicological tests. ..
  37. Xiong J, Kurade M, Jeon B. Ecotoxicological effects of enrofloxacin and its removal by monoculture of microalgal species and their consortium. Environ Pollut. 2017;226:486-493 pubmed publisher
  38. Russo D, Siciliano A, Guida M, Galdiero E, Amoresano A, Andreozzi R, et al. Photodegradation and ecotoxicology of acyclovir in water under UV254 and UV254/H2O2 processes. Water Res. 2017;122:591-602 pubmed publisher
  39. Filho J, Tonetti A, Guimarães M, Silva D. Nutrient recovery from airplane wastewater: composition, treatment and ecotoxicological assay. Water Sci Technol. 2017;75:1952-1960 pubmed publisher
    ..0 and molar ratio Mg:NH4:PO4 equal to 1.5:1.0:1.0. In this case, the removal of ammonia and phosphorus achieved 97.0% and 95.3%, respectively. After this procedure, the toxicity by Vibrio fischeri decreased. ..
  40. Potthoff A, Oelschlägel K, Schmitt Jansen M, Rummel C, Kühnel D. From the sea to the laboratory: Characterization of microplastic as prerequisite for the assessment of ecotoxicological impact. Integr Environ Assess Manag. 2017;13:500-504 pubmed publisher
    ..Only under those prerequisites will reliable hazard assessment of MP be feasible. Integr Environ Assess Manag 2017;13:500-504. © 2017 SETAC. ..
  41. Zhao B. Perspectives of the development strategies for a future toxicity testing system in China: challenges and opportunities. Environ Health Perspect. 2013;121:A264-5 pubmed publisher
  42. Black H. Bringing the bugs back in: environmental health research model combines toxicology and infectious disease. Environ Health Perspect. 2010;118:a353 pubmed publisher
  43. Croce R, Cinà F, Lombardo A, Crispeyn G, Cappelli C, Vian M, et al. Aquatic toxicity of several textile dye formulations: Acute and chronic assays with Daphnia magna and Raphidocelis subcapitata. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2017;144:79-87 pubmed publisher
    ..In our experimental conditions, algae were more sensitive to dye toxicity, particularly when the effects on cell number were considered. ..
  44. Steffens S, Nüßer L, Seiler T, Ruchter N, Schumann M, Döring R, et al. A versatile and low-cost open source pipetting robot for automation of toxicological and ecotoxicological bioassays. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0179636 pubmed publisher
    ..2-fold dilution series and used it for exposure of zebrafish embryos (Danio rerio)-a common model species in ecotoxicology-to cadmium chloride and permethrin...
  45. Birnbaum L, Thayer K, Bucher J, Wolfe M. Implementing systematic review at the National Toxicology Program: status and next steps. Environ Health Perspect. 2013;121:A108-9 pubmed publisher
  46. Chen C, Wilcox B. Ecotoxicology of methylmercury: a transdisciplinary challenge. Ecohealth. 2008;5:393-5 pubmed publisher
  47. Liu L, Xiao Y, Ji Y, Liu M, Chen Y, Zeng Y, et al. CuInS2/ZnS QD exposure induces developmental toxicity, oxidative stress and DNA damage in rare minnow (Gobiocypris rarus) embryos and larvae. Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol. 2017;198:19-27 pubmed publisher
    ..rarus embryos. The information presented in this study will be helpful for fully understanding the toxicity induced by CuInS2/ZnS QDs in fish embryos. ..
  48. Terzopoulou E, Voutsa D. Study of persistent toxic pollutants in a river basin-ecotoxicological risk assessment. Ecotoxicology. 2017;26:625-638 pubmed publisher
    ..Performing risk assessment based on passive sampling, more information was obtained about temporal and spatial variation. SPMDs could be applied as a pre-evaluation before chemical monitoring in biota. ..
  49. Coutellec M, Barata C. An introduction to evolutionary processes in ecotoxicology. Ecotoxicology. 2011;20:493-6 pubmed publisher
  50. Fox M, Brewer L, Martin L. An Overview of Literature Topics Related to Current Concepts, Methods, Tools, and Applications for Cumulative Risk Assessment (2007-2016). Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2017;14: pubmed publisher
    ..This article presents the results of a literature search and discusses a range of selected work with the intention to give a broad overview of relevant topics and provide a starting point for researchers interested in CRA applications. ..
  51. Svartz G, Papa M, Gosatti M, Jordán M, Soldati A, Samter P, et al. Monitoring the ecotoxicity of ?-Al2O3 and Ni/?-Al2O3 nanomaterials by means of a battery of bioassays. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2017;144:200-207 pubmed publisher
    ..These results evidence the vulnerability of wildlife to xenobiotics and the need to develop specific standardized ecotoxicity tests in order to help environmental sustainability and natural species conservation. ..
  52. Reid N, Whitehead A. Functional genomics to assess biological responses to marine pollution at physiological and evolutionary timescales: toward a vision of predictive ecotoxicology. Brief Funct Genomics. 2016;15:358-64 pubmed publisher
    ..We finish by integrating these paradigms into a vision of how genomics approaches could anchor a modernized framework for advancing the predictive capacity of environmental and ecotoxicological science. ..
  53. Burton A. International Environmental Health: new MPH program a first for India. Environ Health Perspect. 2010;118:A 114 pubmed publisher