Summary: An increased focus or awareness of certain stimuli over others, which influence behavior.
Kinney K, Boffa J, Amir N. Gender Difference in Attentional Bias Toward Negative and Positive Stimuli in Generalized Anxiety Disorder. Behav Ther. 2017;48:277-284 pubmed publisher
..In the present study, we used an exogenous spatial cueing task to examine gender differences in attentional bias for negative and positive information in 118 individuals with a primary diagnosis of GAD...
Lancee J, Yasiney S, Brendel R, Boffo M, Clarke P, Salemink E. Attentional bias modification training for insomnia: A double-blind placebo controlled randomized trial. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0174531 pubmed publisher
b>Attentional bias toward sleep-related information is believed to play a key role in insomnia. If attentional bias is indeed of importance, changing this bias should then in turn have effects on insomnia complaints...
Dondzilo L, Rieger E, Palermo R, Byrne S, Bell J. The mediating role of rumination in the relation between attentional bias towards thin female bodies and eating disorder symptomatology. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0177870 pubmed publisher
..students (ages 17-24) completed a modified dot-probe task to assess whether young women showed a differential attentional bias pattern towards thin and non-thin female bodies...
Bultitude J, Walker I, Spence C. Space-based bias of covert visual attention in complex regional pain syndrome. Brain. 2017;140:2306-2321 pubmed publisher
..It is concluded that inattention in near space in complex regional pain syndrome may arise in parallel with a distorted perception of the body.10.1093/brain/awx152_video1awx152media15495542665001...
Lee K, Kim M, Park J, Park J, Kim K, Shin D, et al
. The effect of distraction by dual work on a CPR practitioner's efficiency in chest compression: A randomized controlled simulation study. Medicine (Baltimore). 2017;96:e8268 pubmed publisher
..The subjective difficulty was not different (P?=?.69). Health care providers who are distracted have a negative effect on the quality of chest compression, in terms of its rate and chest wall recoil. www.ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT03124290. ..
Forschack N, Nierhaus T, Müller M, Villringer A. Alpha-Band Brain Oscillations Shape the Processing of Perceptible as well as Imperceptible Somatosensory Stimuli during Selective Attention. J Neurosci. 2017;37:6983-6994 pubmed publisher
..Interestingly, Rolandic alpha rhythm strength and its influence on stimulus processing are strikingly altered by attention most likely to optimally achieve the behavioral goal. ..
Pitchers K, Phillips K, Jones J, Robinson T, Sarter M. Diverse Roads to Relapse: A Discriminative Cue Signaling Cocaine Availability Is More Effective in Renewing Cocaine Seeking in Goal Trackers Than Sign Trackers and Depends on Basal Forebrain Cholinergic Activity. J Neurosci. 2017;37:7198-7208 pubmed publisher
..Given the importance of contextual cues for triggering relapse and the human cognitive-cholinergic capacity for the processing of such cues, goal trackers model essential aspects of relapse vulnerability. ..
Chen Z, Du J, Xiang M, Zhang Y, Zhang S. Social exclusion leads to attentional bias to emotional social information: Evidence from eye movement. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0186313 pubmed publisher
..Using a self-reporting method, and an eye-tracking technique, this study explored people's need to belong and attentional bias towards the socio-emotional information (pictures of positive and negative facial expressions compared to ..