Summary: A discipline or occupation concerned with the study of INSECTS, including the biology and the control of insects.

Top Publications

  1. Durnez L, Van Bortel W, Denis L, Roelants P, Veracx A, Trung H, et al. False positive circumsporozoite protein ELISA: a challenge for the estimation of the entomological inoculation rate of malaria and for vector incrimination. Malar J. 2011;10:195 pubmed publisher
  2. Ball T, Ritchie S. Sampling biases of the BG-sentinel trap with respect to physiology, age, and body size of adult Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae). J Med Entomol. 2010;47:649-56 pubmed
    ..aegypti surveillance with consistent sampling outcomes. The sampling bias of the BGS is measurable and can be used to generate more accurate estimates of the adult population and its attributes. ..
  3. Fremdt H, Szpila K, Huijbregts J, Lindström A, Zehner R, Amendt J. Lucilia silvarum Meigen, 1826 (Diptera: Calliphoridae)--a new species of interest for forensic entomology in Europe. Forensic Sci Int. 2012;222:335-9 pubmed publisher
    In Europe, the blowfly genus Lucilia is represented in Forensic Entomology mainly by the species L. ampullacea, L. caesar, L. illustris and L. sericata...
  4. Maia M, Robinson A, John A, Mgando J, Simfukwe E, Moore S. Comparison of the CDC Backpack aspirator and the Prokopack aspirator for sampling indoor- and outdoor-resting mosquitoes in southern Tanzania. Parasit Vectors. 2011;4:124 pubmed publisher
    ..Further longitudinal evaluations of the Prokopack aspirator versus the gold standard pyrethrum spray catch for indoor resting catches are recommended. ..
  5. Johnson A, Wallman J, Archer M. Experimental and casework validation of ambient temperature corrections in forensic entomology. J Forensic Sci. 2012;57:215-21 pubmed publisher
    ..553), examining additional factors affecting ambient temperature correction of weather station data in forensic entomology. Sixteen hypothetical body discovery sites (BDSs) in Victoria and New South Wales (Australia), both in autumn ..
  6. Overgaard H, Saebø S, Reddy M, Reddy V, Abaga S, Matias A, et al. Light traps fail to estimate reliable malaria mosquito biting rates on Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea. Malar J. 2012;11:56 pubmed publisher
    ..Until improved mosquito collection methods are developed that can provide reliable and unbiased HBR estimates, HLCs should continue to serve as the reference method for HBR estimation. ..
  7. Karger A, Kampen H, Bettin B, Dautel H, Ziller M, Hoffmann B, et al. Species determination and characterization of developmental stages of ticks by whole-animal matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry. Ticks Tick Borne Dis. 2012;3:78-89 pubmed publisher
    ..Spectra of developing Ixodes ricinus eggs showed dramatic changes with time, suggesting that, beyond its usefulness for species determination, MALDI-typing may have applications in developmental biology. ..
  8. Richards C, Simonsen T, Abel R, Hall M, Schwyn D, Wicklein M. Virtual forensic entomology: improving estimates of minimum post-mortem interval with 3D micro-computed tomography. Forensic Sci Int. 2012;220:251-64 pubmed publisher
    ..Age specific developmental characters are described. The technique could be used as a measure to estimate a minimum post-mortem interval in cases of suspicious death where pupae are the oldest stages of insect evidence collected. ..
  9. Sikaala C, Killeen G, Chanda J, Chinula D, Miller J, Russell T, et al. Evaluation of alternative mosquito sampling methods for malaria vectors in Lowland South--East Zambia. Parasit Vectors. 2013;6:91 pubmed publisher
    ..RB placed indoors or outdoors and WET had consistently poor sensitivity so it may be useful to evaluate additional alternative methods, such as pyrethrum spray catches and back packer aspirators, for catching resting mosquitoes. ..

More Information


  1. Tchouassi D, Sang R, Sole C, Bastos A, Mithoefer K, Torto B. Sheep skin odor improves trap captures of mosquito vectors of Rift Valley fever. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2012;6:e1879 pubmed publisher
  2. Lehmann K, Werner D, Hoffmann B, Kampen H. PCR identification of culicoid biting midges (Diptera, Ceratopogonidae) of the Obsoletus complex including putative vectors of bluetongue and Schmallenberg viruses. Parasit Vectors. 2012;5:213 pubmed publisher
    ..The PCR assay presented will help to identify culicoid vector species and therefore add to bluetongue and Schmallenberg disease research including vector control and monitoring. ..
  3. Shaukat A, Breman J, McKenzie F. Using the entomological inoculation rate to assess the impact of vector control on malaria parasite transmission and elimination. Malar J. 2010;9:122 pubmed publisher
    ..While researchers develop new tools, integrated vector management may make the greatest impact on malaria transmission. There are many gaps in the entomological malaria literature and recommendations for future research are provided. ..
  4. Matuszewski S, Bajerlein D, Konwerski S, Szpila K. Insect succession and carrion decomposition in selected forests of Central Europe. Part 3: Succession of carrion fauna. Forensic Sci Int. 2011;207:150-63 pubmed publisher
    ..Implications for methods of PMI estimation (particularly the succession-based method) are discussed...
  5. Bugoro H, Cooper R, Butafa C, Iro ofa C, Mackenzie D, Chen C, et al. Bionomics of the malaria vector Anopheles farauti in Temotu Province, Solomon Islands: issues for malaria elimination. Malar J. 2011;10:133 pubmed publisher
    ..To achieve elimination, any residual transmission should be targeted using integrated vector control incorporating complementary tools such as larviciding and/or zooprophylaxis. ..
  6. Burkot T, Russell T, Reimer L, Bugoro H, Beebe N, Cooper R, et al. Barrier screens: a method to sample blood-fed and host-seeking exophilic mosquitoes. Malar J. 2013;12:49 pubmed publisher
  7. Tomberlin J, Mohr R, Benbow M, Tarone A, VanLaerhoven S. A roadmap for bridging basic and applied research in forensic entomology. Annu Rev Entomol. 2011;56:401-21 pubmed publisher
    ..We suggest a roadmap for decomposition ecology and forensic entomology hinging on a framework built on basic research concepts in ecology, evolution, and genetics...
  8. Sukontason K, Sribanditmongkol P, Ngoen klan R, Klong klaew T, Moophayak K, Sukontason K. Differentiation between Lucilia cuprina and Hemipyrellia ligurriens (Diptera: Calliphoridae) larvae for use in forensic entomology applications. Parasitol Res. 2010;106:641-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Comparison of these characteristics is illustrated in detail. ..
  9. Matuszewski S. Estimating the pre-appearance interval from temperature in Necrodes littoralis L. (Coleoptera: Silphidae). Forensic Sci Int. 2011;212:180-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Several methods of PAI estimation were proposed and their accuracy was initially evaluated with external successional data...
  10. Lunde T, Korecha D, Loha E, Sorteberg A, Lindtjørn B. A dynamic model of some malaria-transmitting anopheline mosquitoes of the Afrotropical region. I. Model description and sensitivity analysis. Malar J. 2013;12:28 pubmed publisher
    ..Mosquito models are important in the prediction of malaria and hence there is a need for a realistic representation of the vectors involved...
  11. Chaki P, Mlacha Y, Msellemu D, Muhili A, Malishee A, Mtema Z, et al. An affordable, quality-assured community-based system for high-resolution entomological surveillance of vector mosquitoes that reflects human malaria infection risk patterns. Malar J. 2012;11:172 pubmed publisher
  12. Frederickx C, Dekeirsschieter J, Brostaux Y, Wathelet J, Verheggen F, Haubruge E. Volatile organic compounds released by blowfly larvae and pupae: new perspectives in forensic entomology. Forensic Sci Int. 2012;219:215-20 pubmed publisher
    ..We concluded, based on the analysis of the released volatile organic compounds, that it is possible to increase the accuracy of the estimated PMI, through improved estimation of the age of blowflies present on the cadaver. ..
  13. Amendt J, Richards C, Campobasso C, Zehner R, Hall M. Forensic entomology: applications and limitations. Forensic Sci Med Pathol. 2011;7:379-92 pubmed publisher
    Forensic entomology is the science of collecting and analysing insect evidence to aid in forensic investigations...
  14. Govella N, Chaki P, Mpangile J, Killeen G. Monitoring mosquitoes in urban Dar es Salaam: evaluation of resting boxes, window exit traps, CDC light traps, Ifakara tent traps and human landing catches. Parasit Vectors. 2011;4:40 pubmed publisher
    ..The particular LLIN evaluated here failed to significantly reduce house entry by An. gambiae s.l. suggesting a negligible repellence effect. ..
  15. Oliveira T, Vasconcelos S. Insects (Diptera) associated with cadavers at the Institute of Legal Medicine in Pernambuco, Brazil: implications for forensic entomology. Forensic Sci Int. 2010;198:97-102 pubmed publisher
  16. Naucke T, Lorentz S, Rauchenwald F, Aspöck H. Phlebotomus (Transphlebotomus) mascittii Grassi, 1908, in Carinthia: first record of the occurrence of sandflies in Austria (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae). Parasitol Res. 2011;109:1161-4 pubmed publisher
    During an entomology survey in July 2009 and July 2010, 4 males and 22 females of Phlebotomus (Transphlebotomus) mascittii were caught in southeastern Carinthia...
  17. Jordaens K, Sonet G, Richet R, Dupont E, Braet Y, Desmyter S. Identification of forensically important Sarcophaga species (Diptera: Sarcophagidae) using the mitochondrial COI gene. Int J Legal Med. 2013;127:491-504 pubmed publisher
    ..For these species, additional markers will be necessary to achieve a 100 % identification success. We further illustrate how such reference databases can improve local reference databases for forensic entomologists...
  18. Harris C, Kihonda J, Lwetoijera D, Dongus S, Devine G, Majambere S. A simple and efficient tool for trapping gravid Anopheles at breeding sites. Parasit Vectors. 2011;4:125 pubmed publisher
    ..This simple and efficient trap has clear potential for the study of oviposition site choice and productivity, gravid dispersal, and vector control techniques which use oviposition behavior as a means of disseminating larvicides. ..
  19. Aly S, Wen J. Applicability of partial characterization of cytochrome oxidase I in identification of forensically important flies (Diptera) from China and Egypt. Parasitol Res. 2013;112:2667-74 pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore, although molecular methods are beneficial especially if the available evidence are immature stage or degraded fragments of insect, we suggest using this fragment only in addition to other identification methods...
  20. Sabu T, Shiju R. Efficacy of pitfall trapping, Winkler and Berlese extraction methods for measuring ground-dwelling arthropods in moist-deciduous forests in the Western Ghats. J Insect Sci. 2010;10:98 pubmed publisher
  21. Pohjoismäki J, Karhunen P, Goebeler S, Saukko P, Sääksjärvi I. Indoors forensic entomology: colonization of human remains in closed environments by specific species of sarcosaprophagous flies. Forensic Sci Int. 2010;199:38-42 pubmed publisher
    ..Fly biology, colonization speed and the significance of indoors forensic entomological evidence are discussed. ..
  22. Mohamed Aly S, Wen J, Wang X, Cai J, Liu Q, Zhong M. Identification of forensically important arthropods on exposed remains during summer season in northeastern Egypt. Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban. 2013;38:1-6 pubmed publisher
    ..To document the arthropod succession pattern and to identify forensically important species in northeastern Egypt (32° 15' E and 30° 36' N) for the first time...
  23. Shelomi M, Matern L, Dinstell J, Harris D, Kimsey R. DEET (N,N-diethyl-meta-toluamide) induced delay of blowfly landing and oviposition rates on treated pig carrion (Sus scrofa L.). J Forensic Sci. 2012;57:1507-11 pubmed publisher
    ..05). Such changes in fly behavior and larval population development would significantly impact the estimation of the period following the death from entomological evidence in decedents wearing DEET at the time of their death...
  24. Briët O, Smith T, Chitnis N. Measurement of overall insecticidal effects in experimental hut trials. Parasit Vectors. 2012;5:256 pubmed publisher
    ..This paper shows that the 2006 recommended quantity for measuring the overall insecticidal effect is problematic, and proposes an alternative quantity with more desirable properties. ..
  25. Kaufmann C, Steinmann I, Hegglin D, Schaffner F, Mathis A. Spatio-temporal occurrence of Culicoides biting midges in the climatic regions of Switzerland, along with large scale species identification by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry. Parasit Vectors. 2012;5:246 pubmed publisher
    ..g. bluetongue virus. In order to define vector-free periods/areas and to assess the vectorial role of the various Culicoides species, a comprehensive knowledge on their spatio-temporal occurrence is required...
  26. Boehme P, Amendt J, Zehner R. The use of COI barcodes for molecular identification of forensically important fly species in Germany. Parasitol Res. 2012;110:2325-32 pubmed publisher
    Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)-based insect identification has become a routine and accurate tool in forensic entomology. In the present study, we demonstrate the utility of the mitochondrial DNA cytochrome oxidase I gene "barcoding ..
  27. Ndiath M, Mazenot C, Gaye A, Konate L, Bouganali C, Faye O, et al. Methods to collect Anopheles mosquitoes and evaluate malaria transmission: a comparative study in two villages in Senegal. Malar J. 2011;10:270 pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore, the sampling technique has to be chosen according to the vector studied and the aim of the study. Only HLC must be considered as the reference method, but in some conditions LT/N can be used as an alternative method. ..
  28. Dekeirsschieter J, Frederickx C, Verheggen F, Boxho P, Haubruge E. Forensic entomology investigations from Doctor Marcel Leclercq (1924-2008): a review of cases from 1969 to 2005. J Med Entomol. 2013;50:935-54 pubmed
    Dr. Marcel Leclercq was a pioneer in the field of forensic entomology. He has provided his knowledge of insect biology to many forensic cases, and most of them have found the way to publication...
  29. Matuszewski S, Szafałowicz M. Temperature-dependent appearance of forensically useful beetles on carcasses. Forensic Sci Int. 2013;229:92-9 pubmed publisher
    ..sinuatus, N. littoralis, N. rufipes, N. violacea, C. maxillosus, P. politus, S. semistriatus, S. planiusculus and M. brunneus. Implications for forensic entomology are discussed.
  30. Choi K, Spillings B, Coetzee M, Hunt R, Koekemoer L. A comparison of DNA sequencing and the hydrolysis probe analysis (TaqMan assay) for knockdown resistance (kdr) mutations in Anopheles gambiae from the Republic of the Congo. Malar J. 2010;9:278 pubmed publisher
  31. Russell T, Lwetoijera D, Maliti D, Chipwaza B, Kihonda J, Charlwood J, et al. Impact of promoting longer-lasting insecticide treatment of bed nets upon malaria transmission in a rural Tanzanian setting with pre-existing high coverage of untreated nets. Malar J. 2010;9:187 pubmed publisher
    ..Since 2006, a national-scale programme has promoted the use of longer-lasting insecticide treatment kits (consisting of an insecticide plus binder) co-packaged with all bed nets manufactured in the country...
  32. Venter G, Labuschagne K, Hermanides K, Boikanyo S, Majatladi D, Morey L. Comparison of the efficiency of five suction light traps under field conditions in South Africa for the collection of Culicoides species. Vet Parasitol. 2009;166:299-307 pubmed publisher
    ..It will be important to determine the significance and underlying causes for these differences. ..
  33. Rolon M, Vega M, Román F, Gomez A, Rojas de Arias A. First report of colonies of sylvatic Triatoma infestans (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) in the Paraguayan Chaco, using a trained dog. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2011;5:e1026 pubmed publisher
    ..The colonies found have been small and without apparent infection with Trypanosoma cruzi. During the study, Triatoma sordida and Triatoma guasayana have also been found in ecotopes close to those of T. infestans. ..
  34. Sukontason K, Piangjai S, Siriwattanarungsee S, Sukontason K. Morphology and developmental rate of blowflies Chrysomya megacephala and Chrysomya rufifacies in Thailand: application in forensic entomology. Parasitol Res. 2008;102:1207-16 pubmed publisher
    ..megacephala initiated pupariation at 156 h. This information is potentially useful for estimating the postmortem interval of a corpse in forensic investigations, where the corpse becomes infesting with these fly species. ..
  35. Collins F, Kamau L, Ranson H, Vulule J. Molecular entomology and prospects for malaria control. Bull World Health Organ. 2000;78:1412-23 pubmed
    ..Some of the most important research advances in molecular entomology have concerned the development of sophisticated molecular tools for procedures such as genetic and physical ..
  36. Cuisance D, Antoine Rioux J. Current status of medical and veterinary entomology in France: endangered discipline or promising science?. Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis. 2004;27:377-92 pubmed
    Following alarming statements (French Senate, Académie des Sciences) on the present situation concerning entomology and systematics in France, the Conseil Général Vétérinaire designated one of us (D.C...
  37. Gomes L, Zuben C. Postfeeding radial dispersal in larvae of Chrysomya albiceps (Diptera: Calliphoridae): implications for forensic entomology. Forensic Sci Int. 2005;155:61-4 pubmed
    ..These results can be used in forensic entomology for the postmortem interval estimation of human corpses in medico-criminal investigations.
  38. Richards C, Paterson I, Villet M. Estimating the age of immature Chrysomya albiceps (Diptera: Calliphoridae), correcting for temperature and geographical latitude. Int J Legal Med. 2008;122:271-9 pubmed
    ..For many blowflies, this translates into a sampling interval of approximately every 2 h before hatching, 3 h before first ecdysis and 6 h before second ecdysis. ..
  39. Matuszewski S, Bajerlein D, Konwerski S, Szpila K. An initial study of insect succession and carrion decomposition in various forest habitats of Central Europe. Forensic Sci Int. 2008;180:61-9 pubmed publisher
    ..However, differences between forests in occurrence time and activity period of some taxa were found. Implications of these results for forensic entomology are discussed.
  40. Mello R, Aguiar Coelho V. Durations of immature stage development period of Nasonia vitripennis (Walker) (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) under laboratory conditions: implications for forensic entomology. Parasitol Res. 2009;104:411-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Since these insects are gregarious, the reduction of the number of eggs may delay the offspring development. ..
  41. Charabidze D, Bourel B, Hedouin V, Gosset D. Repellent effect of some household products on fly attraction to cadavers. Forensic Sci Int. 2009;189:28-33 pubmed publisher
    ..All these results together confirm the repellent effect of some household products on flies and the necessity for forensic entomologists to consider this hypothesis when estimating the PMI...
  42. Ames C, Turner B, Daniel B. The use of mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase I gene (COI) to differentiate two UK blowfly species -- Calliphora vicina and Calliphora vomitoria. Forensic Sci Int. 2006;164:179-82 pubmed
    ..Seventeen interspecific differences in COI sequence were located. Use of the restriction enzyme SfcI on this gene region provides a simple method for distinguishing between C. vicina and C. vomitoria. ..
  43. Saigusa K, Takamiya M, Aoki Y. Species identification of the forensically important flies in Iwate prefecture, Japan based on mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase gene subunit I (COI) sequences. Leg Med (Tokyo). 2005;7:175-8 pubmed
  44. Harvey M, Mansell M, Villet M, Dadour I. Molecular identification of some forensically important blowflies of southern Africa and Australia. Med Vet Entomol. 2003;17:363-9 pubmed
    One major aspect of research in forensic entomology is the investigation of molecular techniques for the accurate identification of insects...
  45. Wallman J, Donnellan S. The utility of mitochondrial DNA sequences for the identification of forensically important blowflies (Diptera: Calliphoridae) in southeastern Australia. Forensic Sci Int. 2001;120:60-7 pubmed
  46. Manlove J, Disney R. The use of Megaselia abdita (Diptera: Phoridae) in forensic entomology. Forensic Sci Int. 2008;175:83-4 pubmed
    ..Schmitz), as an indicator for post-mortem interval estimation in criminal investigations involving forensic entomology where it is usually the more frequently occurring Calliphorids that are most useful...
  47. Nelson L, Wallman J, Dowton M. Using COI barcodes to identify forensically and medically important blowflies. Med Vet Entomol. 2007;21:44-52 pubmed
    ..The COI barcode sequence was found to be suitable for the identification of Chrysomya species from the east coast of Australia. ..
  48. Maciel de Freitas R, Eiras A, Lourenco de Oliveira R. Field evaluation of effectiveness of the BG-Sentinel, a new trap for capturing adult Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae). Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz. 2006;101:321-5 pubmed
    ..BGS-Traps captured host-seeking females (varying between 68.75 to 89.8%) in detriment of females in other behavioral and physiological stages. BGS-Traps proved to be efficient and can be used for monitoring adult mosquito populations. ..
  49. Michaud J, Moreau G. Predicting the visitation of carcasses by carrion-related insects under different rates of degree-day accumulation. Forensic Sci Int. 2009;185:78-83 pubmed publisher
    Common assumptions in forensic entomology are that insects visit and colonize carcasses following a predictable sequence, and that this succession varies among seasons...
  50. Dadour I, Cook D, Fissioli J, Bailey W. Forensic entomology: application, education and research in Western Australia. Forensic Sci Int. 2001;120:48-52 pubmed
    Forensic entomology as a science and a tool for investigation has had slow beginnings in Australia...
  51. Sukontason K, Narongchai P, Kanchai C, Vichairat K, Sribanditmongkol P, Bhoopat T, et al. Forensic entomology cases in Thailand: a review of cases from 2000 to 2006. Parasitol Res. 2007;101:1417-23 pubmed
    This paper presents and discusses 30 cases of cadavers that had been transferred for forensic entomology investigations to the Department of Forensic Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, northern Thailand, from 2000 to ..
  52. Gomes L, Godoy W, Von Zuben C. A review of postfeeding larval dispersal in blowflies: implications for forensic entomology. Naturwissenschaften. 2006;93:207-15 pubmed
  53. Magbity E, Lines J, Marbiah M, David K, Peterson E. How reliable are light traps in estimating biting rates of adult Anopheles gambiae s.l. (Diptera: Culicidae) in the presence of treated bed nets?. Bull Entomol Res. 2002;92:71-6 pubmed
    ..Hence, it was concluded that light traps can be used as a surrogate for human bait catches in estimating biting rates of A. gambiae mosquitoes in the two communities. ..